The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )

Full Text

The Genadsi_


On Monday June 9th, the jury in the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial spent another day locked away under
ard in a privateroom while the Court undertook a "voirdire". (trial within a trial).
Before Chief Justice Dennis Byron was a statement alleged to have been given to the Police by former
LieutenantColonelof thePeoplesRevolutionaryArmy(PRA), EwartLayne.
The voir dire was to allow the Chief Justice to decide whether the statement could be admitted as evidence.
th exception of accused Liam James, who holds the same rank, Layne is the second highest ranking
f 10 PRA Commissioned Officers in the dock, being junior to only accused Hudson Austin who held the
of General.

e voir dire had not been completed when the Court adjourned and, on the following day ( June 10th),
Bernard Coard asked permission of Mr Byron to have a senotypist record the proceedings of the
l said the stenotypist would be employed at his expense, and the Chief Justice had no objection.

"Anyone can take notes in the Court.", he said,
and typewriters. There is no
need for me to make an order in
Later iii theproceedings, Coard The Mau
told the Chief Justice there would Defence
not have been the daily disruption Lasing
of the Court by the accused if Mr
Byron had agreed to the request Sir Giles
made in April by the Defence Gairy T<
barristers for a stay of the trial. Open He
"This would not have happened NWS Sh
if you had stopped the triaf until
our Appeal was heard", Coard return to the
said. Court session
(June 10th). h
A voir dire started on the a Guard to
previous day (June 9th) with furtherup he
reference to Ewart Layne's
statement continued on the 10th,
butwasnotcompleted. He was in han
he said, and t
Certain witnesses required to to force his ha
ive evidence were not said he had ci
immediately available and the painful and
examination was suspended attackedhim.
e. "He pulled ou
me a blow on
Before Court proceedings of "and when h
June 11th began, the accused een
former General Hudson Austin bleeding he
of the Peoples Revolutionary pushed me out
Army, complained to the Chief
Justice that he has been subject to Austin had his
brutality by a guard at Richmond there was a d
Hill Prison. foearm.a h

Austin, wt
time a Pri
while he i
routine of

"What we do not allow is tape recorders, cameras


rice Bishop Murder Trial
Alleges Judicial Bias
SNov In Opposition
Hands Over Keys
Take Action Aginst Em
art Surgery For Four

.prison after the
on the day before
e had been told by
stretch my hands

idcuffs at the time,
he guard had tried
ndshigher. Austin
onplained this was
the guard then

t his staff and gave
my arm", he said,
Ie realized it was
boxed me and
r. f rte gate lodge."
!lft ar in a sling,


sent to the hospital for an x-ray.

This was not the first time, he
said, that he had been subject to
brutality which, he said, had
started during the "invasion" of
October 1983 on board the
"torture chambers", the USS
"Guam" and USS"Saiphan" ,
"I was kicked out of a flying
United States helicopter on to the
ground". Austin said.
The accused had been talking for
some time when he said he
wished to give the Chief Justice a
"history" of the treatment he had
been subjected to, but Mr Byron
cut him short.

ressmg on his left The High Court is not the forum
e said he had been to investigate the complaints

Swas self at on FOUN Austin was making, Mr yron
said, but he would use his good
son Guard, said that, AUT 1 offices to get the proper
as going through the Uuthorities to make an
being searched on hi340Th ISSUE investigation ertamieta pe



Page 2 Saturday 28th June 1986 The Grenada Newsletter

Austin was followed by accused
Cecil Prime, Ewart Layne,
Bernard Coard and Selwyn
Strachan all of whom made
lengthy address-s to the Court.
2oard told Mr Byron ti e
becausete the accused could get no
dress forth wrongs c jmmitted
against them, he intended to
proceed by pr'vate legal action
against "the crini Ials involved".
e thought the Director of Public
Prosecutions. M:s Velma Hyton,
and the Comrmssione; of Police,
r Russel Toppin, might be
persons affected by the action he

Some time was spent on this day
June 11th) in a voir dire,
nvestigatng admissibility as
evidence of statements cr' ecJ to
have been gxven olun.irily by
some of the accused, and when
te Court rose, this had not been
investigation into one of those
statements was ccmy! -: d on the
allowing day, Jun .., arL
e Chief Justice ruled that it had
een given voluntarily and was
dmissable as evidence.
That statement was from accused
Colville McBlrnette, a member
of the Central Committee and
Secretary for information (Junior
Minister) in the PRG.

n the presence of tite jury, the
statement. was r .i and the Couft
earned that m:-.n -en s U e Central
Committee of the New Jewel
Movement (NJM) feared fortheir
lives on the day Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop was executed.
McBamette recounts events in
Grenada in mid-October 1983
including a rumour Bishop is
leged to have started to the
effect that Bernard and Phyllis
Cordwere planning to kill him.
Because of the 'unstable
situation", McBarnette said, the
Central Committee decided on
October 13th '83 to put Bishop
under house arrest because, "if
e were allowed to go out there,
the situation would get worst"

Bishop was, however, at a Pany
meeting at his office on the 13th
where he denied knowledge of
the rumour and where most of
the members condermed him for
failigtoaccept part decisions.
After that date, the Central
Committee met every day at
Deoutv Prime Miis- .-r PRnir:..

Coard's house (which was next-
door to Bishop's house) and the
Bishop supporters, Unison
Whiteman and George Louison,
were asking that the affairs in
the country continue as they were
previously", McBarrettesaid.

(Alegedly, the crisis in the
Central Cormittee, at that
time,was the question of "joint
leaders:-j" waich Coard
favucre but Bishop resisted)

Said McBarnette in his
statement, if matters went how
Whiteman and Louison wanted,
"that would mean that Comrade
Bishop would have his own

"On tE- night of the 18th October
(193)", ;McE.-re-tte says, "a
delegkri'nr was SLnU to Comrade
Bishno T-:.- ,were Comrades
(Ewart) La'vie, (Liam) James,
(Dave) Bartholomew and General
(Husds::; Austin (all accused).
They were sent to put forward
the proposals of the Central
Comr,:ictee that he remain as
Prime Minister. The feed-back
was that he would think about

McBarnette was at Coard's house
with the Central committee the
following morning (Oct. 19th
'83) and watched a large crowd
free Bishop from house arrest.

"The Ceii~al Committee decided
to go, and went, to Fort
Fre erick", he said. "It was felt
Comrade Bishop would try to
execute us and we went to Fort
Frederick for our own

The Central Comraittee conferred
at Fort Frederick. McBarnette
said,and it was decided to get in
touch with Bishr-i at Fort Rupert
"to see if there wwas any eans of
resolhi::: the problems

A phone call was made to Fort
Rupert and Unison Whiteman
was spoken to but nothing

It was Ian St Bernard, a member
of the Central Committee who
called, and Whiteman told him "it
was best for him to go to a Police
Station and surren er."

The Central Committee then
decided that the Army should
retake Fort Rupert, and the
n-mcured cars left, McBarnett
sy.v T- --' ty-five min-ates later,

according to McBarnette
Calistus Bernard (one of th
accused) returned and reported
(accused) Lieutenant Colon

"The Central Committee the
held a meeting", McBarnett
says, "and it was agreed by all
the Committee members th
Comrade Bishop and his cliqu

As has been the practice of the
accused, they chanted an
clapped before e the statement wa
read to the Court and they were
removed from the Court-room o
the direction of the Chief Justice.

Because of this, McBarnete did
not hear the statement read but,
addressing the Court from the
dock on is return to the Court
room, he said the statement ha
been forced from him under
torture inflicted by Barbadi

"Someday in the future
righteousness shall catch up wit
these people", be said. "Hone
and justice will, indeed, aboun
and, someday, my name will b
cleared. Truth, and not thi
Court, shall set me free"
Before the Court on Friday June
13th was a statement made by
accused Christopher Stroude
That statementhad been admitted'
as evidence by Mr Byron and had
been read to the jury on Friday
6th June.

Invited by the Chief Justice to
cross examine Police Inspecto
Jasper Watson who took the
statement and who was in th
witness bex, Stroude took the
opportunity to address the Court.
Stroude said he had
given himself up on November
4th 1983 after there had bee
"continual harassment" of hi
wife and children and a threat t
use his wife as a hostage in order
The accused related details of his
treatment as a "prisoner of war"
and said that treatment had been
in contravention of the terms of
the Geneva Convention,

Stroude said also that the
statement he had given had been
forced from him by torture.
"There comes a time when your
will to resist deserts you", he
said. rfcWTTrnTTPn' PAXW A

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 28th June 1986 Page 3

ra1l Frm PaI
Stroude declined to cross
examine Inspector Watson,
condemning thetrial as not being
"free and fair" and saying that his
"torture statement" had already
0een accepted by the Court and
ead to the jury.
"This is your Court", he told Mr
Byron," I leave everything up to
The Chief Justice tlitn said he did
not accept as credible the charges
made by Stroude and he
confirmed his ruling that
Stroude's statement was made of
his own free will and is
acceptable to the Court as

The other accused were brought
in one by one, and invited to
question Inspector Watson but
ey all refused. Accused
Bernard Coard made a lengthy
address in the course of which he
charged that torture had been
employed by the Police to obtain
e said also that members of the
press had been seen reading
those statements when they had
ot yet come before the Court
and that pictures of the accused,
taken in prison, had appeared in
e localpress.
following these statements by
he accused, Mr Byron invited
Inspector Watson to reply to the

"In spite of the strange form it
as taken," the Chief Justice told
e Inspector, "you have been
cross-examined, and I now give
ou permissiontoreply."
here were immediate protests by
several of the accused that they
ad not cross-exemined the
ess and, when Inspector
atson began to speak, there
ere chants and stamping from
e accused which necessitated
eir removal from Court.
Inspector Watson later denied all
charges of torture.
Not Awarem
"I am not aware of any
instructions given to execute
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop,
Jacueline Creft, Unison
Whiteman, Fitzroy Bain, Norris
Bain, Keith Hayling, Cecil
Mainland and Brat ullen."

This disclaimer is set out in a
statement given to the Police by
accused, Selwyn Strachan and

read to the Court on Monday
16th June. The Statement
outlines Strachan's association
with the New Jewel Movement
(NJM) and gives details of
developments in October 1983.

"I joined NJM in 1973 as a Party
Organiser", Strachan says, "and
was paid by the Party as a full
time politicianforming Youthand
Women's Groups among other
In 1979, he was still a Party
Organiser but became also Editor
of the Party newspaper and,
"when the Party came to power",
was made Minister of
Communications, Works &
In 1981, he became Minister of
Mobilisation & Labour and, in
1983, "Information" was added
to his portfolio.
"I was a member of the Central
Committee from 1979",
Strachan's statement says, "and
was still a member of that
Committee on 19th October

Strachan says, on 12th October
1983. he attended a meeting of
the Central Committee, chaired
by Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop, to discuss Bishop's
stand on the question of "joint
leadership" of NJM.

"At a previous meeting he
(Bishop) accepted the proposal",
Strachan says, "but at this
meeting he did not"

Strachan says he knew Bishop
was put under house arrest on
October 13th 1983. He had heard
of a rumour to kill Bishop he
said, "and the Security thought it
would be good to keep him safe

As to his movements on October
19th 1983, the day Bishop was
killed, Strachan says he got to his
office in St Georges about 8.15
am. He saw the demonstrations
and, about 10.00 am, went to the
house of accused Bernard Coard
which was next door to Bishop's

"I did not see the Prime Minister
that day but I heard that the
crowd took him from his home",
he said. "I stayed in Mr Coard's
yard until I saw the
demonstration went on to Fort
Ruvert about 11.30 am."

Strachan said he then went back
to his office and, after awhile, he
went to Fort Frederick because
he "heard a lot of talk" that he
should do so.

When he got there, he saw no
members of the Central
Committee. However, about an
hour later, he saw accused Ewart
Layne who told him a "unit" had
been sent to recapture Fort
Strachan left Fort Frederick, he
says. returning there later in the
afternoon when he met accused
Bernard Coard.

"I did not attend any meeting at
Bernard Coard's house on the
morning of 19th October",
Strachan's statement says, "and I
did not see any member of the
Central Committee there th
morning except Bernard Coard."
Strachan says he knew Bishop
and others were shot at Fort
Rupert that day but denies he
Most of Tuesday 17th June was
spent in two "voir dire" (trials
within the trial) for Chief Justice
Byron to decide on the
admissibility or otherwise of two
statements alleged to have been
given to the Police.

These statements relate to
accused Leon Cornwall and Liam
James and the investigation,
which was conducted in the
absence of the jury, had not been
completed when the Court rose at
the end of the day.
Before the voir dire started, there
were statements from the dock
from accused Lester Redhead,
Andy Mitchell, Calistus Bernard
and EwartLayne.
These statements all allege
torture and there were inquiries
into the availability of the Prison
Diary and the "Prisoner of War"
Diary which, the accused said,
wouldconfirm theallegations.

On June 18th, Chief Justice
Byron was forced to rise and
retire to his Chambers in order t
silence one of the accused.

The incident arose over
allegations made by some of the
accused that, on the day before,
they had seen two prosecution
witnesses enter the room where
the jury was sequestered.

Pane 4 Saturday 28th Jne 1986 The Grenada Newsletter

rria Fm Ps. 8a
"This is a matter of principle",
accused John Ventour told Mr
Byron,"It is very wrong and
improper. No one is supposed
to come in contact with the jury,
especially prosecution witnesses.
The Court should carry out an
Ventour's statement was
confirmed by four other accused
and after they had spoken,
Director of Public Prosecutions,
Mrs Velma Hylton, said the jury
had.retired from the Court room
under a Police guard which was
under oath not to allow anyone to
speakto the jury.

"I do not know if what has been
alleged is true", she told the
Chief Justice, "but, unless the
allegations are that someone has
spoken to the jury, I do not think
the Court is called upon to make

That it is alleged that someone
entered the room is not enough,
she said, the allegation must be
that the jury was spoken to.
It was at this point that accused
Ewart Layne stood and said that,
with reference to what Mrs
Hyton had said, all that the
accused had done was "address a
Byon: "You do not have aright

Lane: What I am saying,
M'tord ......."

Byron: "I order you to be quiet

Layne: "The fact is, Mrs Hylton

At this point the Chief Justice
rose and retired to his Chambers
ut, it was not the end of the
matter. When Mr Byron
returned some three minutes
ter, Laynegottohis feet again.

"As I was saying, M'Lord. .....
But he was cut short.
With a wave of his hand, the
Chief Justice said to the Police,
"Put him out", and Layne was
takenfrom the Court-room.

Mr Byron then called the Police
Sargeant and Policewoman who
were the jury guard and, under
oath, the guard said two
prosecution witnesses had
enteredthe juryroom.

After lunch on the day before,
they said, the witnesses had
asked for and had been given
permission to pass throh the
jury room and use the wasi room
at the back. There had been no
communication between the
witnesses and the jury.
Most of the time on this day
(18th June) was spent in voir dire
relative to statements alleged to
have been given to the Police by
accused Leon Cornwall, Liam
James and John Ventour. The
Chief Justice was expected to
Rive rulings on these on the
following day.
Raeburn Nelson, the only one of
the 18 accused in the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial who has not
disrupted the Court proceedings
with chanting and clapping, and
who has, before this, remained
silent, addressed the Court on
June 19th.
"My voice will be like a biblical
character", he said, "it will be
like John crying in the
Nelson recounted his arrest
which, he said, was the first time
in his life that a policeman had
laid a hand onhim.
He had been held, first of all, he
said, at the "Prisoner-of-War"
Camp at Point Salines
Intenatinal Airport and after had
been taken to Fort George for
There, he had not made any
statement to the Police but had
denied to the Police that he had
ever been a member of either the
New Jewel Movement Central
Committee or Political Bureau.
He had also declared himself
innocent of the murder charges
laid againsthim,
Nelson said no violence had been
used against him, he had not
been exposed to abusive
language and he had not been

Following a ruling by the Chief
Justice of admissibility as
evidence, two short statements
were read to the Court on this
day (June 19th).
They are verbal statements
reportedly aPolice Officer and
allegedly were made by accused
Liam James and Leon Cornwall.

Both James and Cornwall speak
of visitinI Bernard Coard's home

on 19th October 1983, the day
Bishop died, and James says
there was a Central Committe

Both men say they went on to
Fort Frederick from Coard's
residence and James says

Cornwall says that, prese t
Coard's that day, were accuse
Ewart Layne, and Selwy
Strchn,and also Ian St B
who was originally charged wi
the murders but was freed after

"Layne told me there was a battle
at Fort Rupert" Cornwall said,
"and a number of soldiers an
Comrade Bishop and his party
were killed."

The routine of Court disruptions,
established by the accused over
the past weeks, took a new turn
on une 20th.

Beginning Apr 16th, all the
accused, with the exception of
Raeburn Nelson, have chanted,
clapped and stamped every time
the court attempted to swear in a
witness. Before any business
could be done they have had to
be removed from the Court-rom
and the result has been that they
have not been present for the
taking of any evidence.

They have told Chief Justice
Byron they "do nqo recognize"
his Court. They do not wish to
"take part" in the trial, they have
said, and he has told them that,
if they express the wish, they
may be taken out of the Court
room at anytime.

Nevertheless, until June 20th,
they had all persisted in their
stated intention of disruption.
They have chanted in unison,
forcing the Chief Justice to order
their removal from the Court-
On this day, however, after a
long address to the Court by
accused Selwyn Strachan, where
the Chief Justice attempted to pui
a question to a witness, of all the
accused in the dock, onl)

He was removed by the Police
but, in what seemed to be at
arranged plan, 7 of the accused,
in turn, disrupted the proceedings
and were removed from the

I 1 4 1 ,t f .


................. i I

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 28th June 1986 Page5

IarI a Frow Pir. 4
But accused Christopher Stroude
and John Ventour were not part
of that action. Contrary to
everything which has happened
before, they remained silent
seated in the dock, and they
created aprecedentinthis trial.

rheyheard evidencepresented.
With the exception of Raeburn
Nelson who has not taken part in
the disruptive tactics, none of the
accused have heard anything any
witness has had to say. On
20th June, however, Stroude
and Ventour listened as the Chief
JIstice put questions to and got
answers from a witness.

Nevertheless, Stroude's attitude
to recognizingg" the Court and
"taking part" in the trial is in
doubt, because, at a later stage in
the proceedings on that day, he
joined again in the disruptive
tactics and had to be removed
from the Court-room.

But the biggest surprise was
provided by accused Bernard

Many times during this trial, the
Chief Justice has told the
disrupting accused that he would
put no obstacle in their way if
they did not wish to stay in the
Court-room and hear the

"If you want to go outside", he
has told them, "just say so".
But, none of them has
expressed that wish and, on each
occasion, all have told Mr Byron
that, whether they stayed in the
Court-room or not was a matter
When Stroude joined the
disrupters on this day, Coard
stayed with Ventour to hear the
evidence and, at its conclusion,
rose to his feet in the dock.
"May I be excused, Your
Lordship", he said.
The Chief Justice granted him
permission to leave and he
walked out of the dock to be
escorted outside by aPolicemen.
After the weekend, when the
Court sat on Monday 23rd June,
Chief Justice Byron and the jury
were given the names of the 5-
man firing-squad which
allegedlyexecuted PrimeMinister
Maurice Bishop, members of his
Cabinet and others on 19th
October 1983

The information is in a Statement
given to the Police by accused
Cosmos Richardson, (alias
"Inculcate") a former member of
the Peoples Revolutionary Army

In that statement, read to the
Court on June 23rd, Richardson
said, on October 19th 1983, he
was at Camp Fedon on
Grenada's south coast when
accused Leon Cornwall, then a
PRA Lieutenent, addressed the

"Lieutenant Corowall told the
soldiers Comrade Bishop and
some civilian people were
causing disturbance in the town",
he says.
About 50 soldiers in full combat
dress went first to Fort Frederick
from Camp Fedon in three
armoured cars, Richardson says.
There, theirCommanding Officer
had a discussion with the Central
Committee and they then left
with instructions to "recapture
Fort Rupert and carry out
executions of Comrade Bishop
and othersimmediatelyafter".

Arriving at Fort Rupert, he says,
they found a large crowd The
first shots came from that crowd,
Richardson says, and then the
first armoured car opened fire on
the crowd.

"I saw soldiers jumping out of
the first armoured", he said,
"and then people started running
The shooting at the crowd lasted
15 to 20 minutes", Richardson
said, and, after, when he went to
the Fort's upper parade square,
he saw, among other soldiers,
accused Lester Redhead, alias
"Goat", armed with an AK

"Bishop playing bad",
Richarson reports Redhead as
saying. I going for the mother
( epletvi elected) now."
Richardson says Redhead
returned with Bishop. Unison
Whiteman, Norris Bain and
"about four other civilians" at
gun point, and, with their hands
in the air, they were lined up
facing thewall.

With the exception of Jacqueline
Creft, who was in the group
facing the wall, they were all
made to take off their shirts and

another accused, Calistu
Bernard, alias "Abdullah",
ordered them to turn and face

"They did so", Richardson said,
" and he (Bernard) told them he
had received an order from the
Central Committee that the
In his statement, Richardson
indicates the five persons who
carried outthe execution order.

One he names as an unidentified
person called Keith Noel. The
other four are accused And
Mitchell, incent Joseph,
Calistus Bernard and himself
Cosmos Richardson.

Bernard was some 55 feet away
from the group and Mitchell was
standing on Bernard's right,
Richardson says. Joseph and
Noel were stationed on te high
wall overlooking the square.

After the group had been ordered
to face the wall again, the
execution began when Bernard
counted to three and said, "Open
fire" Blood
"Some of them fell backwards
and some fell sideways",
Richardson says."The firing
lasted for about three minutes
before Lieutenent Abdullah gave
the order to cease fire. The
bodies were lying in pools of
blood and they were burst up.

One of the bodies, he says, was
"still gasping" and Redhead
ordered Mitchell to "finish it
off"; Mitchell shot the body
through the head.

There were complaints in Court
from the accused on this day
(Jne 23rd) about the quality and
quantity of food being served
them in the prison.
Accused Ventour said the last
time there had been any "proper
diet" was April 11th, the day, he
says, the accused had dismissed
"If they are trying to starve us",
he said, 'ell us so. This
treatment is calculated to break
our spit, morale and
determination to pursue our
principled stand for a free and
There were complaints in this
connection too from Bernard and
Phyllis Coard. Bernard Coard

Page 6 Saturday 28th June 1986 The Grenada Newsletter

Trial From Fast 5
said he is not getting the diet
prescribed for him by the prison
doctor and Phyllis Coard said the
rations given are less than half of
what the prisonrules stipulate.

Byron he would
complaints and

leader Karl
Q .C told Mr
look into these
report to the

"We view this seriously", he
The complaints about food
continued on the next day (June
24th) when Mr Hudson-Phillips
reported to the Court on his
investigation. He told the Chief
Justice it was reported to him that
all prisoners are equally fed as to
content and weight unless a
special diet basbeen ordered.

This drew a heated response
from Bernard Coard that, 'f the
objective of the Prison
Authorities is to starve us, then
let them say so in a principled
manner and we will know what
to do"

Special diets had been ordered
for Bernard and Phyllis Coard,
Mr Hudson-Phillips said, the
former having to receive milk,
fruit and green vegetables "if
possible", and the latter, milk and

"I understand that the doctors
structios are being carried
out", Mr Hudson-Phillips said.
This raised a storm of protest
rom the accused.

What Hudson-Phillips has said
s a total lie", accused John
hyllis Coard too branded the
arister's statement as a "total
ad complete lie" and said she had
received milk only on two
occasions and cocoa only once.
"Nothing Mr Hudson-Phillips
as said detracts from my
medical condition or the reality of
he situation in the prison",
Bernard Coard said.
Mr Hudson-Phillips said the
accused are being treated like any
other prisonerat Richmond Hill.

"One may not like the food in
son", he said, "but, provided
ere is egual treatment to all and
nothing is done to make them
ut to face trial, there is no

"And", he continued, "the
voluble nature of their voices
indicates that they are veryfit."
The Chief Justice said there is a
dispute of fact in the matter that
he is unable to adjudicate in the
trial. There is other action the
accused can take, he said, and he
asked the Prosecution to keep in
touch with the situation.

Supportive evidence was taken
today from policemen with
reference to statements already
put in evidence and read to the
Judge and jury by other
Nothing new of importance came
before the Court but informed
sources said George Louison,
former Minister of Agriculture in
the Peoples Revolutioinary
Government was likely to give
evidence on the following day
(June 25th).
Louison did not take the witness
stand on the 25th, but in a
lengthy heated outburst from the
dock that day accused Ewart
Layne threatened to sue the
doctor who examined him in
1984 after Layne alleged then he
had been tortured.
"He will be sued for medical
malpractice", Layne said in a
voice which broke from time to
time. "Any doctor who is so
bold-faced as to say on oath that I
had only a minor injury and still
ordered an x-ray, must be guilty
of malpractice. Even though I
am dead, my family will pursue
this to the very end.

Before the Court was a statement
alleged to have been given by
Layne to the Barbadian Police
who were investigating the

Layne charged that the evidence
given by the police sergeant who
took the statement is different
now from what the sergeant said
at the Preliminary Inquiry. The
accused man said, because of
this, the sergeant's evidence that
the statement was given
voluntarily should not be

When the Chief Justice admitted
the statement as evidence, saying
he believed the sergeant and not
Layne, this infuriated Layne who
accused Mr Byron of "rudeness".

"You have the guts to challenge
my integrity", he told the Chief

Justice. "What you are doing i
carrying out the instructions o
the Americans in the mo
perverted way".

Layne said it is impossible that h
made a voluntary statement to thi
Police and everybody wh
knows him will know that.
The accused man said that he ha
been tortured in an effort to ge
him to incriminate accuse
Bernard Coard as Head of the
New Jewel Movement Cent
Committee. When he could
stand the torture no longer,
Layne said, he sacrifice
"I decided to give my life
instead", he said. "Inthe face o
these foreign invaders, I did the
only honourable thing a soldier
and a revolutionary ought to do."

Layne, who was a Lieutena
Colonel in the People
Revolutionary Army (PRA), say
in his statement that, on 19t
October 1983, after the crow
had freed Prime Minister Mauric
Bishop from house arrest an
seized PRA Headquarters at For
Rupert, he and the Centra
Committee moved to Fort
Frederick "forrefuge".
From Fort Frederick he had
spoken by phone to Unison
Whitemen at Fort George and
had tried to open negotiations.
He had, however, been repulsed

"I went and raised the situation
with the Comrades of the Centr
Committee" Layne says, 'but by
this time the situation with (them
was one of total paralysis.
could see Comrades felt the
situation was totally out o
h Message
A message was received, he
says, that weapons were being
distributed at Fort Rupert and
orders had been issued there for
elimination of the Centra
Committee. The message said,
too, that the crowd at Fort Rupert
would be armed and a move
made to seize Fort Frederick, he
"It was at this point that I called
General (Hudson) Austin aside
and put it to him that the only
way to save the revolution and
the Party was to move to
recapture Fort Rupert" Laynt
says "and for the Military to take
control for a short period.


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 28th June 1986 Page 7

Frial Prowns P f 6 ,
He realized, Layne says, that the
patter had become a "military
one" and that the Central
Committee was "totally
nefective". Even Austin was
paralysed", he said, and though
he G eral did not agree with
Layne's proposals, he let him
have his way.
Layne then sent the three
armoured cars on the "mission"
with specific instructions.

They were to move to recapture
Fort Rupert. If there was no
resistance, one rocket was to be
fired to create "shock effect" but,
If there was resistance, they were
"to battle it out and the leaders
were to be liqidated".

"My understanding is that, when
the unit arrived at Fort Rupert,
they were fired on", Layne says,
"and a battle took place in which
four soldiers were killed and
quite a number were wounded".

Oe of the Officers in the Unit
which attacked Fort Rupert,
Calistus Bernard, alias Abdullah,
me and reported the casualties
him, Layne says, and told him
at Maurice Bishop and Unision

"I told him that he should
quidate them", he says "(and)
after he reported to me that the
missionhadbeen accomplished."

t was at this stage that Austin
"reluctantly agreed to go along"
ith Layne's proposal that the
RA take power for a brief
riod "in order to control the
tuation", Layne says.

"The members of the Central
committee, when told all thathad
appened.were generally upset",
e said.

Mr George Louison took the
witness stand on the 26th June
and his evidence indicated that
Prime Minister Bishop's
unwillingness to share power
with Deputy Prime Minister
Bernard Coard may have been
e basic factor which started a
of events leading to his
welve months before the
aumatic events of October
1983, Louison said. Coard
isassociated himself from the
central Committee, the NJM
decisionmaking body.
"Coard resigned from the Central
Committee in October 1982",

Louison said, "and the reason
'Bernard gave is what he called
'Bishop's weak leadership'"

And Coard was not the only
disgruntled member. By the
last quarter of 1983, Louison
says, there was general
consciousness in NJM that the
Party had a serious problem on
its hands and had to do
"What was being said is that the
revolution was losing support
among the masses", the ex-
Cabinet Minister testified, "there
was growing protest within the
Party and it was thought that, if
tough measures were not taken
immediately, the revolution stood
a chance of collapsing within 6
In mid-September 1983, the
Central Committee acted, ithelda
four-day meeting to discuss "the
Showing crisis" in the country.
ishop was blamed for the
deteriorating situation and it was
decided he and Bernard Coard
should be joint leaders of NJM.
On 17th September 1983, the day
"Joint Leadershp" came into
effect, Bishop left Grenada on an
official visit to Hungary and
Czechslovakia, and Mr Louison,
who accompanied him on that
trip, testified to an unusual
welcome Bishop had when he
returned on October 8th.

It was customary for the entire
Central Committee to come to the
airport to meet the Prime Minister
when he returned to tie country
but, this time only Selwyn
Strachan, then Minister of
Mobilisation, was there. And he
was not dressed for the occasion.
"He was dressed very casually",
Mr Louison says, "he was
wearing a T-shirt and slippers"
Bishop was dissatisfied with the
decision that he should share
leadership with Coard, Mr
Louison says, and he asked the
Political Bureau, a Committee of
the Central Committee, to reopen

The Political Bureau met on
October 12th 1983 under the
Chairmanship of Bernard Coard
but did not discuss thma matter.
What was discussed was a
charge against Mr Louison that
he was attempting to influence a
section of NJM against "Joint

' The Bureau came to no decision
but, later that day the Central
Committee met and expelled Mr
Louison from both the Bureau
and Central Committee.
The Central Committee alsc
charged Bishop with spreading a
rumour (denied by him) that
Bernard & Phyllis Cord were
planning to kill him and, the next
day, Oct. 13th '83, Mr Louison
was at an NJM General Meeting
of some 300 people when the
rumourwas mentioned again.

"I got to the meeting late". Mr
Louison said, "an I heard
Selwyn Strachan tell the meeting
Maurice had been put under
house arrest because of the
Another speaker at that meeting
was accused Ewart Layne, Mr
Louison said, and he spoke of
Bishop's "treachery".
"History has already condemned
Maurice Bishop", Mr Louison
quotes Layne as saying, "He has
already been moved from the
leadership of the Party and of the
country and the only thing left
decide is whether he should be

Continuing his evidence on
Friday 27th June, Mr Louison,
told the Judge and jury of the
growing tension which led up to
his own arrest and incarceration.

Maurice Bishop had alreadybeen
put under house arrest, he said,
when he and Unison Whitema
had a meeting with accused
Bernard Coa and Selwyn
Strachan to discuss the crisiss in

They met every day from 14th to
17th October, Messrs Louison
and Whiteman expressing the
opinion that the only solution
was to free Bishop from house
arrest and reinstate him as Prime
Minister. Strachan and Coard
were totally opposed to this.

"We pointed out that Grenadians
were becoming more and more
angry over the house arrest of
Maurice", Mr Louison said said,
"and they were likely to protest
against it through mass

Coard thought the people would
eventually accept what had been
done and, if they demonstrated,
they would be allowed to do so

Page 8 Saturday 28th June 1986 The Grenada Newsletter


The Defence inthe Maurice Bishop MurderTrial objected on June 10th to having their Motion heard by Mr
Justice James Patterson.
Filed on June 2nd, the 'Motion challenges several aspects of the trial now being presided over by Chiel
Justice Dennis Byron. It claims that the constitutional rights of the accused have been violated and it as*i
that thetrial be "quashed as anullity".

It asks also that proceedings in the trial be stayed and/orthatthe accused be unconditionally discharged.

But, when the Motion came before Mr Pattersoon n June 10th, Defence barrister Mr Ian Ramsay raise

'We have been instructed by our clients to object to
a hearing by Your Lordship', he told Mr Patterson,
"but this must not be interpreted as any lack of
confidence byCounsel".
Mr Ramsay said the objection lay in certain
statements alleged to have been made by Mr
Patterson in Jamaica and in the United States of
America concerning "certain traumatic events in
Grenada". The defendants feel, he said, thatthese
statements convey a prederteined attitude
dressed by Mr Patterson for details, Mr Ramsay
aid he did not have in Court the details of the
emnts made in the United States, but he did
ave a clipping from the Jamaica "Gleaner" with
erence to statements alleged to have beenmade in
that countryby Mr Patterson.
cordig to that clipping, he said, the occasion
asa diner in March 98 at the Jamaica Pegasus
Hotel organized by the Full Gospel Business Men's
ellowship in honour of Prime Minister Edward



until they had to go back to work
to get money to buy food.

"Coard said many options had
been suggested for dealing with
the situation", Mr Louison said,
"but he felt the easiest to
implement was the proposal that
Bishop leave Grenada and go
somewhere else, maybe Cuba,
and "cool it" for a few years"
The meeting with Coard came to
no solution Mr Louison said, but
Coard promised to take the views
Louison and Whiteman to the
Committee and let them
Whiteman and Louison) have an
eby acertaintime.

When that time came, Mr
uison phoned for the answer
ut was given the message that it
as not yet ready. Twice more
e tried but was put off until the
time he got on to Coard
ho told him the answer would
ot be ready until the next day
d banged the receiver down.

turning to hin home in the
country, Mr Louson found a
uad of soldiers awaiting him.

Mr Ramsay did not quote what Mr Patterson is
alleged to have said and the Judge said what
concerned him is whether a newspaper clipping is
admissable as evidencein this matter.

"You are a barrister of some distinction", he told Mr
Ramsay, "and I would like to hear from you as to
whether you think thisis heresay or not".
Mr Ramsay said he would need time to consider
that, but he did believe that the report of a public
meeting is something on which 'the Court may
Another Defence Banister, Mr Clarence Hughes,
said what is important is not to prove bias in the
mind of the Judge but to assess whether there is a
factual base on which a reasonable person may
believe thathe would notget afairtrial.

Mr Patterson said he would give his ruling on the
following day (June 11th) and, when he sat then,
he rejected the suggestion that he disqualify himself

That was on October 18th 1983.
He was taken into custody and
Bishop was killed on the
following day.
Through a peep-hole in his cell at
Richmond Hill Prisoin, Mr
Louison said he saw the
armoured car attack on Fort
Rupert. He saw people
jumping over the 50 foot walls of
the fort and he saw aflare sent up
from Fort Rupert

The day after the military
intervention started on October
25th 1983, Mr Louison said, he
was able to "break a hole in the
cell wall" and find refuge with a
"friend" in St Georges.
Mr Louison's evidence and,
indeed, all evidence in this case,
has been presented unchallenged
to the jury. Since April 15th,
before the jury was sworn in, the
18 accused have been without
legal representation. They
dismissed all their legal Counsel
from the trial. And, they have
not been present themselves to

They have taken the position th
they do not recognizee" the
Court, that the trial is not "free
and fair" and, consistently, theta
have deliberately disrupted thi
proceedings every day, fori
Chief Justice Dennis Byron to
have them removed from the

On their return, they refuse
have the evidence read to them,
they turn down the opportuni
given to cross-examine witnesses
and say they will not co
with a kangarooCourt
Their only hope seems to be
ned on the Appeal Court.
eir Counsel have filed
motion in that Court alleging th
the constitutional rights o the
accused have been violated and
asking for an Order quashing the

That Motion is to be heard when
the Appeal Court sits on July
21st and, whatever the decision
one way or another, the end of
the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial
is in sight.




The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 28th June 196 Page 9

Sawn Ciu~ ra w

Giving his ruling, the Judge said he had asked Mr
Ramsay's opinion as to whether a newspaper
clipping is notmerely heresay, but "no coherent
response could, be elicited" from the Defence
barrister. ___
The arguments put to him by the Defence were
based purely on heasay, Mr Patterson said, and, in
effect, what was being said to him is, "Somebody,
whose identity we do not know, and who, we
understand from somebody else, has said that you
said .... ..."
"The point is so elementary that the bona fides of the
application, despite all the sophistry of Counsel for
he Applicants, must be called in question,
articule-rly since it was advised by Counsel who,
Sany objective standard, must mainly know

Mr Pattesson said to hide behind the nebulous
phrase, "clients' instructions", is to make the tail
wan the dog, and that an Application "as grave and
weighty" as this should be based on "what amounts
to no evidence", had caused him serious concern.
Dismissing the application for him to disqualify
himself ad aware costs against the Defence Mr
atterson fixed Friday 13th June for the hearing of

hen the Court sat on that day, the Defence applied
Mr Patterson for an Order to stop the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial now being presided over by
Chiefustice Dennis Byron.

nese Senior Counsel Mr Clarence Hughes told
r Patterso that, on the face of it, a casehasbeen
e out, by affidavits attached to the motion, that
e rights of the accused to a fair trial have been
e High Court has a duty, he said, to protect the
hts of the accused and should now issue an Order
the trial until the merits of the Motion can

If the continuation of the trials a contravention of
e right to a fair hearing", he said, "the accused are
tled to the protection guaranteed them by the
photction in this case can be obtained only by
the proceedings of the trial now, he said,
erwise, the contravention will be a continuing
ne iutil thetrial is over.
No Power
hen the Court sat again on Monday 16th June,
rinidadian Queens ounse, Mr Karl Hudson-
ips, for the Prosecution, argued that a Judge of
e rnada High Court has no power to order a
y of prxceedins against another Judge of the
h sitting and hearing any matter,
whatever thenatureof thatmatter.

"There is no known case", he said, "of a Judge
sug a stay against another Judge in a co-equal
Hudson-Phillips also quoted the Supreme Court

According t those Rules, he said, when the
question of violation of Constitutional Rights arise
n any matter, civil or criminal, that questions
besettled by the Judge hearing that matter. -'
All the matters raised in the oMotipn, Mr Hudson-
Philliph said, had been raisedin the Trial before The
Chief Justice and this duplication of proceedings is
On the application of Attorney General, he said,
the Court may deem a person a "vexatious litigant"
and may order that person to get permission from
Judge before filing any more matters in the Courts.
"You do not have such an publication before o
now", Mr Hudson-Phillis to d Mr Patterson, but
you may have to deal with one in the near future"
The Court has a duty to protect itself from abuses
which seem to be increasingly inevdence, he said.
Arguments before Mr Patterson continued on Jun
17th. at the end of which sitting, Mr Patterso
reserved hisjudgement.
On the 17th, for the Prosecution, Mr Hudson-
Phillips Q.C., and Guyanese barrister,
Doodnauth Singh, Senior Counsel' (Guyanese
equivalent of Queens Counsel) quoted authorities
which state that a Judge of one Court may not issue
a stay against a Judge of a Court of equal
On the other hand, Defence Barrister Mr DeLano
Harrison asked Mr Patterson to ignore the
authoritiesquoted bythe Prosecution.
"These are English authorities", he said. "They are
not only not persuasive and should not be followed,
but they are entirelyirrelevantfor our constitution
Mr Harrison said Caribbean authorities should have
the Court's attention and he quoted a case
Trinidad when, he said, a Court had issued a stay
against another Courtof equal jurisdiction.
The Defence barrister said that, at this stage, only
interim relief is being sought in the way of a stay of
proceedings of the tral now being presided over by
the Chief Justice, and even if one only of the 14
Declarations requested amounts to a contraventio
of his clients constitutional rights, that stay ought to
Delivering his judgement on June 19th Mr Justice
James Patterson dismissed the Defence Motion.
"This Court has no jurisdiction to hear and
determine this Motion", Mr Patterson said in his
judgement. "andjurisdictionisthereforedecined".
The Judge went on to say that, if there is such
jurisdiction in his Court, on the facts of this case, he
declines to issue a "conservatory" Order staying the
proceedings before the ChiefJustice.

One of the points argued before Mr Patterson was
whether thee are any
prec=====S--=====- ========dents in which
a Court has ordered a stay of the proceedings in
another Courtof equal jurisdiction.


Page 10 Saturday 28th June 1986 The Grenada Newsletter

Sir Giles Bullard, United Kingdon High
Commissioner to Grenada (resident in Barbados),
on June 13th officially handed over to Minister of
Legal Affairs, Mr Ben Jones, the keys of the
Renovated and improved at a cost of EC$500,000
provided by the United Kingdom Government, the
building was officially opened by Mrs Pauline

In his address, Sir Giles said helping the Royal
Grenada Police Force (RGPF) to recover from the
state it was in three years ago is one of the main
features of his Government s aid programme to
Total of EC$1.5 million had been allocated under
i game he said, and this had been spent in
pr di i et, training and special avisors,
and inbulding Police Stations.
"High morale is a vital ingredient in a well trained
and politicallyimpartial police force". Sir Giles said,
"which in turn is the strongest safeguard any
countrycanhave againstunconstitutional change.
He congratulated the RGPF on "the remarkable
strides they have made over the past three years".

or the prosecution, Mr Karl Hudson-Pillips said
no such precedent can be found and the law
expressly forbids it.
he Defence, by Mr Clarece Hughes, Senior
Counsel, cited a case i te Trinidad & Tobago
ourts in 1975 when a barrister. Mr Ramesh
aharaj, had been convicted of and sentenced to
risonfor Contempt of Court.

isdiction to the one which had sentenced Mr
aharaj, had issued a "conservatory" order freeing
e baister from prison until his Motion that hi
ntcewasunconstitutional could be argued.
With reference to this, Mr Patterson said in his
judgmentt that the Maharaj case is distinguishable
the trial before Mr Bryon in that, in the
Maharaj case, when the conservatory order was
made, there was no-on-going trial in the Court of
Defence Counsel had suggested to him, Mr
atterson said, that, conceivably, he had the power
ad jurisdiction to halt proceedings even mn the
Court ofAppeal.
"Such an interpretation would inevitably reduce the
law to a lower level than the proverbial four-footed
amal (ass) with which the law is sometimes
derisively compared",he said.
presenting the Defence in Court when the
udgement was delivered, Jamaican barrister, Mrs
acqueline Samuels-Brown, asked leave of Mr
atterson to appeal his decision.
"I advise the Court of our intention to appeal", she
sad, "and since this is a matter which involves the

At a meeting of the House of Representatives on
June 27th, Speaker of the House, Mr Hudson
Scipio, announced that Mr Kenny Lalsingh,
Parliamentary Representative for St Patricks West
s now sitting in the Opposition.
Mr Lalsingh, who contested the General Election
of December 1984 on the New National Par
(NNP) ticket, resigned from that party on May 22
following differences with Prime Minister Herbe
3laize and other members of the Party.
SDisciplinary Committee found Mr Lasingh had
'committed an offence against the party" in that h
iad "entered into public controversy with the
ime Minister and with Dr Keith Mitchell, Minister
af Communications & Works"
'e Committee recommended that Mr Lalsinh be
mspended from NNP for 4 years but he resigned
before this was put into effect and, at the House of
representatives meeting, expressed regret ovet

'It is very sad", he said, "in that in such a short
space of time, this sort of thing had to develop
oliticallywhichforcedmetomoveinto opposition
Mr Lalsingh said his position is that he will do
evetg to promote and preserve parliamentary
democracy and he criticized the NNP Government.

"The Government of the day seems to be a 'trial an
error' Government", he said, "a look at the 1986
package would show more amendments than any
responding, Prime Minister Blaize said peso
elected by the people do not have licence to do
hey wish but must conform to rules awo
r Blaize expressed the hope Mr Lalsingh, in his
would learn from "trial and error" and frommisuse
f freedom as icence.
'We hope, one day, this Member will become
enatend be of value to the country, he said.

liberty of the subject, we have a right of appeal.
However, just in case leave should be obtained. I
now seekyour leave."
Mr Patterson said, however, that he has no
jurisdiction in the matterand refused leave.

An appeal against Mr Patterson's judgement was
filed on June 23rd.

One of the grounds for the appeal is that Mr
Patterson failed to disqualify himself, and another is
that he erred in dismissing the Motion on the
grounds that he did not have jurisdiction.
The Appeal Court is asked to reverse Mr Patterson's
judgement, stop the trial before the Chief Justice
and hear and determine the matteritself.
NEWSLETTER was reliably informed on June 28th
that Mr Justice J 0 F Haynes, President of the

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 28th June 1986 Page I
The Grenada Manual Maritime & Intellectual Workers Union (GMMIWU), led by Sir Eric Gairy is to
tae legal action against certain employers of agricultural labour for allegedly ignoring the Unions
This is disclosed in a press release issued by Sir Eric on June 10th and listing employers against
whom the action is to be taken.
"Mr Derek Knight Q C was instructed by GMMIWI to file criminal cases against employers who
blatantly refused to meet with GMMIWU representing the majority of their workers", Sir Eric says.
An issue of the "Grenada Guardian", official organ of GMMIWU, published in September 1985,
gives a background to this matter.
'On April 8th this year (1985) GMMIWIU wrote a ignoring and by-passing the Union, made several
better proposing wage increases and improvement of offers directly to the workers and finally gave an
other conditions of work, to each employer within increase of less than 50% of the Union's demands.
he framework of the Agricultural Industry of which
he Government Farms Corporation (GFC) employs A protest strike called last year by GMMIWU had
e largest number of workers", the "Guardian says. some initial success but eventually failed and the
The large majority of employers, including GFC, legal action now to be taken is the first indicationfor
ever bothered even to acknowledge receipt of the some time that the matter is not dead.
Union's letter"
To date, Sir Eric says, the date for the hearing of
press release on June 10th, Sir Eric says that, these cases has not yet been fixed.
shortly after receiving UMMIWU's letter of April (--_ ---_ -
th 1985, the employers met among themselves,
Two Grenadian children, Michsha Murrel,3, and
ylvester Kenton,3, were flown by Grenada Besides St Georges Univsrsity, the two-island heart
irways, on June 22, to the United States for open programme is supported by community
heartsurgery. organizations, and air transportation is contributed
by Grenada Airways.
nder a programme sponsored by the St Georges by Grenad
University School of Medicine, more than 30 C ....... )
children have successfully undergone open heart
Bla gream fPu 10
Michsha and Sylvester will be operated on at Appeal Court, will arrive in Grenada shortly and sit
Deborah Heart & Lung Centre at Browns Mills, on Monday 30th June to hear the Motion, but is
New Jersey. unlikely to consider the merits of the Motion

Also arranged by the School of Medicine, two He will have before him, and will consider, the
Vincentian children, Colin Williams,9, and Defence petition for an Order stopping the trial
Cherldan Chance, 14, were flown, on the same before Chief Justice Dennis Byron until the merits
to the U.S. for similar treatment at North of the Motion can be considered by the full Appeal
hore University Hospital. Manhasser, New York. Cour which sits in Grenada on July 21st.
Coin and Cheryldan traveled by Pan American
Airways. __ __ __ _

SAi/e:ak' s Bagy C( _ter more will be taken on when manufacturing begins.
In his weekly broadcast on June 13th, Prime
Minister Herbert Blaize said more jobs are being GEF ge Wis Mar
created as a result of Government's Industri a
DevelopmenProgramme. GRENFRUIT, a women's co-operative food
hPrime s referred t, a cessing enterprise in the western town of
The Prime Minister referred to Messrs Grentec, a ouyave isseeking awider outlet for its products.
oin venture of Grenadian and Italian investors now
oducing garments for the United States market. Established in 1981 with manufacturing of candied
ns venture, Mr Blaize said, now employs 130 fruits, the organisation moved into ground spices
rsons and that number is expected to increase to last year and now exports to St Lucia, St Vincent
OO atpeak production. andDominica.
He referred also to Messrs Johnson & Johnson, GRENFRUIT has its eye on the wider Caribbean
producing surgical caps for the U S market and Community market, but is handicapped by high air
emplong 50 persons. The Prime Minister also freightratesandirregularshipcommunications.
spoke of Messrs Rigid Panel Systems, now setting
up a factory to build prefabricated houses. This Together with other local enterprises, the
company, he said, now employs 65 persons and COTrrThD OT PAGdE 12

Page 12 Saturday 28th June 1986 The Grenada Newsletter
IthnShrgP Frun Pmali A S1 I .t

cooperative has been handicapped, too, by
provisions of the Value Added Tax introduced by
Government in the 1986 Budget, but recent
amendments to thatTax should correct this.

The meat processing plant of Messrs Lewis &
Company was officially opened in St Andrews on
June 8th by Minister for Tourism & Agriculture,
Mr George Brizan.
Under the brand name "Tiffany's", the plant will
produce packaged sliced ham, leg-hams, smoked
chicken and processed bacon.

Antoter Neww Hotel
The 20-room Fox Inn Hotel, construction of which
was started in May 1985 close to Point Salines
international Airport, is scheduled to be officially
opened on August 6th.

A venture of Grenadian Mr Carl Wilson Checkley,
e hotel will employ some 35 persons.

The recent meeting of the Standing Committee o
Caribbean Community Ministers responsible fot
Agriculture tentatively allocated US$42. millionfo
regional projects under the Lome 3 Convention.
This was disclosed by Minister of Agriculture, Mr
George Brizanho attended the meeting wch was
held inAntigua on 12th add 13th June.

VA 7TAaendmetesAdlotpis *

The House of Representatives, at its meeting of26th
June, amended the Value Added Tax (VAT) Law to

Locally manufactured goods will pay VAT on only
40% of the value and VAT will be payable only on
the first sale of the goods. All subsequent sales

NIS To vest la low La come Hlousia
The National Insurance Scheme (NIS) Board will
invest EC$1.89 millioninlow income housing.

Fre wyene Indstri EstAe oa Schedale
Government's industrial development project at
Frequente near Point Salines International Airport is
on schedule according to the Governnent
The first phase of the project, sponsored by the
United States Agency for International Development
(USAID) now well under way with construction
Roads, drains, water supply and sewerage,is
estmimatedtocost EC$2.2 million.
Under a Caribbean Development Bank financed
schemes, 40,000 square feet of factory space will be

Ultimate aim is four large buildings partitioned to
ovide number of factory shellswith total space
of 63,000 square feet. Estimated cost is EC$3.7

Factoy Workers L Off

Twenty workers at the Vantage apparel
Manufacturing Co have beenlaid off.
According to the Government Information Service
GIS), Mr Tenso Lau, Vantage Consultant, says
Grenadians show a marked preference for T-shirts
made in Far Eastern countries "where labour is
cheaper and which have centuries of experience
r Lau told GIS Government is seeking a solution
tthe problem and he hopes Vantage will be able to
reopen soon.

peak production. Vantage can employ 40

This was disclosed by Minister for Labour, Dr
Francis Alexis, on June 26th.
Dr Alexis said that, between January and May 1986,
the Grenada Development Bank had received 128
applications for loans to repair and build houses. If
these had been granted, he said, some EC$4.5
millionwould have beenloaned.

Birthday Honoars List 1986

Two Grenadians are on the the Queen's Birthda
Honours List for 1986.
They are Ruprt Elliot Gittens who was made
Commander o6 the Most Excellent Order of the
British Empire (CBE) Civil Division, and Edna
May Cornwall who was made aa Member of the
Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Civil Division.

endisa Graduates asP Doctor

Mrs Beverley (Nelson) LaQua, a Grenadian student
of the St Georges University School of Medicine,
was awarded her degree in medicine at a ceremony
held in the United Natioins building, New York on
June 26th.
Each year, the University provides 5 tuition-free
scholarships for Grenadian students and Mrs Laqua
is the 10th graduate from Grenada.
Two students from St Vincent, (where the
Kingstown Medical College, an affiliate of th(
University, is located), graduated at the same time
St Georges University provides 4 scholarships

ccl1J~hFrTn ~1 PhbtW 12

ea sa r egoa cuera

- ------ ---

wes$rnnn, % AM i1in At" tY

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 28th June 1986 Page 13
ews Darts Fram Pae 12

Mr Mitsuo lijima. Japanese Ambassador to Grenada (resident in Trinidad), presented his credentials to
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon on Monday 16th June.
Mr lijima succeeds Mr Masanao Nishidato who served as Japanese Ambassador to Grenada from October
1983 to March 1985.


Alstr Hughes
Alister Hughes

-C unthia

28th June 1986

Printed & Published by the Proprieors
Aliter & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies
(Post Office Box 65; Phone [809] 440 2538; Telex 3473 Huson Ga)


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