The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Full Text

For The ideek Ending 9th November 1982
12th Year of Publication - - - 326th Issue
Volume 13 uIumber 15

Two days of bright sunshine gave way on October 31st to overcast skies aad
rainy weather as the Royal Yacht "Britannia" dropped anchor "under the guns"
of.Fort George at 9.00 a.m.

Crowds gathered early at the Carenage in St. George's inner harbour where
Queen Elizabeth II of Grenada and of Great Britain landed at 10.00 on
a specially constructed pier and was greeted by her Representative, Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon and Lady Scoon.

Also at this point, the Queen was greeted by Prime Minister Herbert Blaize
who presented the Ministers of his Cabinet, Dr. Francis Alexis, Mr. George
Brizan, Mr. Ben Jonesi Mr. George McGuire, Dr. Keith Mitchell and Mr. Dan-
iel Williams. He presented also Mr. Marcel peters, Leader of the Opposi-

After a brief "walkabout", the Queen and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh,
motored to York House, Parliament Building, where she addressed both Houses
of Parliament and declared open a special session of the 3rd Parliament.

Shortly after 6.00 a.m. on that day, the "Tyrell Bay", flagship of the Gre-
hada coast guard, left the harbour together with her two police launch
escorts and, just after 8 a.m., "Britannia" was seen approaching the outer
harbour from the west flanked by "Tyrell Bay" on her port side and a British
destroyer escort on her starboard, the "Tyrell Bay" and escort each being
about 1,000 yards from the Royal yacht.

"Britannia" is not a beautiful boat, her foredeck seems too short to be in
proportion with the height of her superstructure and her length. But
there is something majestic in the presentation of her black hull, white
topsides and yellow smokestack.

page 2 THE GRENADA I2 :iSLETTER weeK Wenaing y/-rjio/

She flew the Union Jack at her bow and the White Ensign at her stern.
,"Britannia" has three spars and she flew Grenada's flag from the after spar.
The flags Qo .the other two spars were the Queen's personal ensign and her
flag of the Lord High Admiral of the British fleet.

At parliament hundreds of enthusiastic grenadians thronged the approaches
to York House as the Queen read the Throne Speech.

prepared by the Government of Grenada, the Throne Speech reflects the Gre-
nada Government's policies, and the Queen said the Government will give fur-
ther support to the Royal Grenada police Force and encourage a healthyre--
lationship between the police and the community.

"My Government supports the Regional Security Scheme", she said, "and will
cooperate in any reasonable plan to enhance the security of the Caribbean

Grenada's commitment to the Orwanization of East Caribbean States and to-
"the wider Caribbean community" is emphasized in the speech but there is no
hint of or reference to the "coldness" which existed between St. George"sb
and London following Britain's failure to support the "Rescue Mission" of
25th October 1983. Any anti-British feeling here as a result of that-fail-
ure is so small as to be considered almost nonexistent and the closestthe
Throne Speech gets to commenting on the. elioa~ip .inol~z ed. is a refer-
ence to the--omanmonwealth..

"My Government's faith in the commonwealth is unshakablee. the Queen $aid,
"and my Government will continue to make their contribution towards the
-growth and vitality of the commonwealth".

The speech referred to several matters which are already common knowledge.
Among these are Grenada's commitment to the Organisation of East Caribbean
States, United Nations and the Organisation of American States.

There was reference to the emphasis on development of agriculture and tour-
ism, to the current road reconstruction programme and to the decision to
!'privatise" certain state enterprises. Twoa/matters were introduced in the

"The newly established National Economic Council will design a comprehensive
development strategy to incorporate plans for the reduction of unemployment
and for enhancing economic growth", the Queen said.

The other new matter is the decision to codify the labour laws, and the
.Queen said steps will be taken to create better understanding between em-
ployers and employees.

Dressed in light blue with a light blue hat, the q.ueen left Parliamenrt
with Prince Philip for Government House where she conducted an investiture
of persons honoured in her last Birthday Honours List. The -Duke also

r i rr~rrlbe

-- -- -----------

Week Ending 9/11/85 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3

presented awards in the Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme.

Following this the Queen hosted a luncheon 6n'the "Britannia" and attended
a rally at Queens Park where rain and a muddy Queens Park did not dampen
the enthusiasm of thousands of Grenadians who turned out to give her and
the Duke of Edinburgh a warm welcome.

That welcome was formalised in an address by Prime Minister Herbert Blaize
who said much had happened in Grenada since the Queen visited the island
in February 1966.

"We have experienced *hanrL, n fortunes on several fronts", he said, "we
have had to bear, at times, unusual burdens, but I believe we have come out
of our difficulties and anxieties with added faith and courage".

Mr. Blaize said that, during all the difficult times, Grenadians have been
fortunate in having the 'uE'n as the country's Head of State, as this gave
hope in times of despair and provided the necessary symbol of authority to
make a new beginning.

This reference appears to be to the fact that, after the Marxist revolution
of 1979, the Peoples Revolutionary Government retained the Queen as GrenaA
day's Head of state and Governor General Sir Paul Scoon as her represent-

Because of this, after the assassination of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
and members of his Cabinet on 19th October 1983, sir Paul was able to as-
sume executive authority and request the military intervention which res-
cued the island from anarchy.

Referring to the hundreds of school children assembled for the occasion,
the Prime Minister said it would be their responsibility to keep the torch
of peace and international understanding alight.

"They have inherited a democratic way of life which allows decisions to be
made by consent", he said, "and they will have to grow up learning that our
democracy will work only as well as all the people want it to work".

In her reply, the Queen said this visit brought back many happy memories
of her previous visit nearly 20 years ago . In the last few years, she
said, Grenada has been through momentous events and the island has emerged
with tremendous credit.

"As your lueen", she said, "I want to congratulate the people of Grenada on
the way you have prepared for and carried through the recent parliamentary
elections which underlined your commitment to democracy".

More remains to be done, she said, and Grenada's friends in the commonwealth
and beyond will help in the process of reconstruction.


page 4 THE GRENADA NEJSL2TThR Week Ending 9/11/65

The active part being played by young people in reconstruction should be en-
couraged, she said, and adults have a responsibility to recognise the good
in the young and to help them to build on it.

"By the example of decent conduct, honest advice and responsible guidance",
the Queen said, "adults can ensure that the natural exuberance and fine
qualities of young people can be channelled in the right direction..."

Following a reception at Government House and the Beating of the Retreat on
the Carenage by the band of the Royal Marines, Her Majesty boarded the royal
yacht "Britannia" shortly after d-rk, setting sail for Trinidad, the next
stop id' the programme of the royal visit to the Caribbean.

Guest News Story
Kernan T"::"ner
Associated press Chief Of Caribbean Services

Queen Elizabeth II arrived to a festive welcome dampened by rain october 31st
missing by a few days the second anniversary of the U.S.-led military inter-
vention condemned at the time by the British#

Red, green and gold Grensdian flags were hoisted from rooftops of buildings
lining the harbour. A lone U.S. flag fluttered from a pole.

The pomp and circumstance surrounding the visit contrasted sharply with last
thok's low-key, commemoration of the October 25, 1983 invasion. It was a
more somber occasion, with ecumenical Church services and speeches, but lit-
tle popular participation.

The Queen, accompanied by Prince philip, arrived aboard the H.M.Y. Britannia,
the royal yacht used to ferry her on an eight-nation tour of the commonwealth
Caribbean. Trinidad was' the:final .stopTh raveiber slt.

tThe Britannia anchored at the entrance to the narrow harbour.

Fort George, army headquarters knows as Fort Rupert when Marxist prime Minis-
ter Maurice Bishop was executed in 1983, fired a 21-gun salute.

Members of the 560-strong Royal Grenadian Police, trained by the UiS. since
the invasion, roped off the area and stood guard.

IThe monarch stepped ashore from a barge in her role as queen of Grenada, like
Most members of the British Common.::eelth, recognize her as Head of State.

iThe welcoming committee included Governor General Sir Paul Scoon and Prime
.Minister Herbert Blaize, victorious last December in the first elections
_-contInuea- _.._____ -




held here since a 1979 coup put the island on a leftist path culminating
in a radical army junta's bloody takeover of Bishop's government in 1983.
Bishop was executed on October 19, and U.S. and Caribbean Forces interven-
ed six days later.

Nineteen people accused of murdering Bishop are imprisoned and awaiting

Sir Paul, as Queen Eliz-i.teth's representative, remained the only constitu-
tional authority after Bishop's murder and called on the United States and
Grenada's neighbours within the organization of Eastern Caribbean States
to help. He served briefly as Head of Government before turning power
over to an Interim Government.

More than 6,000 U.S. soldiers participated in what is known here as the
"Rescue Mission". All U.S. troops have left the island.

The invasion cost the lives of 19 U.S. soldiers, 42 Cubans who were build-
ing an airport on the island and 24 Grcnadian civilians.

President Reagan said the mission was primarily intended to rescue 800
American medical students.

Little sentiment has been expressed here against the Queen's visit* Most
Grtnadians understand that the Queen, as Head of State, does not partici-
pate in political decisions, and it was her representative on the island
who called for help.

'This (visit) will go a far way:i in healing any breach that was apparent
when they did not take part" said Parliament House Speaker Hudson R.Scipio.

Other leaders said the Queen's visit confirmed Grenada's stability and re-
turn to constitutional rule.

Britain was not asked to help, Prime Minister Blaize said in a news con-
ference, adding that Britain had held the mistaken view that military act-
ion was unnecessary.

"Since that time they have shown that they understand the Grenada situa-
tion and are prepared to be cooperative", he said.

Mr. Blaize reported spending US$118,000 on preparation for the Queen's
visit, including downtown painting, road repairs, street decorations and
the Royal jetty, Political opponents accused the Government of squander-
ing a half million dollars.

"We object to the massive ex-,inditure on the Queen's visit" said Mr. George
Louison, Bishop's Agriculture Minister and a member of the Marxist Maurice
Bishop Patriotic Movement.

*__ I-_ .

Week Ending 9/11/85

Ipge 6' THE GRENADA NE'SLETTER "*e .ek Ending 9/11/85

The Movement distributed a Press Release saying Creat Britain's economic
support of South African apar-heid- had forced the Movement to reject a -for-
mal invitation to attend state functions honouring the queen., -

Former prime Minister Sir Eric Gairy, rightwing Head of the Grenada United
Labor Party, also said he had rejected an invitation. Sir Eric was over-
thrown by Bishop's New Jewel Movement in 1979. Sir Eric's Party won one
parliament seat in the Decemoer election.

Mr. Blaize, in Washington for radiation treatments taeen*dtyk for a prostate
disorder, held a rally in a park across from the White House and later met
with president Reagan.

"Thank God for President Reagan, thank God for the United States of America~
he said then.

The United States has invested heavily in Grenada since the intervention,
approving USS62.2 million so far for U.S. Aid projects on the 133-square
mile island, with a population of 92,000. The aid included US$19 million
to complete the international airport begun by the Cubans.


Doctors who treated Prime M!inister Herbert Blaize at Walter Reed hospital
in Washington have pronounced his health to be "good", but the prime Minis-
ter must return to the hospital in 6 months for a further check.

Mr. Blaize disclosed this in an airport interview on October 27th on his re-
turn to the island after an absence of 7 weeks.

"The doctors talk of my health being good", he said, "and you know that I
arthritis and you can't get rid of that overnight, but so far as the problem
that I went there for is concerned, the prostate disorder, they think they
have completely dealt with it and I will have to return in a few months for
a once over',.

The Prime Minister denied the report that he has had a surgical operation
on his prostate .and said he is not surprised that these "rumours" have been

If one has a prostate "disorder" similar to his, he said, there are 3 ways
of dealing with it One, Mr. Blaize said, is by surgical operation "if it
is serious enough", and the other two ways are by radiation or drugs.

"They chose to do it by radiation", he said, "because it was not necessary
to do a surgical operation".
I I_____________________________-

Week Ending 9/11/85 THE GhREtADk Nj.SL2TTRn Page 7

Mr. Blaize said he had had the full course of radiation and it had gone the
way the doctors expected. The radiation had made him feel tired and
i"dried out" at times, he said, but this was expected and he had not been
allowed to feel too tired because things were happening every day and
"they pretended as though I was running an office in the hospital room".

One of the things which were happening was a meeting with president Reagan
and Mr. Blaize said he issued an invitation to Mr. Reagan to visit Grenada
and this will take place "if it can be worked out".

Another happening att':nd.d by Mr. Blaize was a ceremony at Andrews Air
Force Base on October 25th when "i3Grnada Day" was recognized by the Armed
Forces in the presence of U.S. Secretary of State George Schultz, Secre-
tary of Defence Casper Weinburber and Vice President George Bush...,

Mr. Blaize attended the recent Commonwealth prime Ministers Confr.ence in
the Bahamas and said he had taken the opportunity there to dius'ss the
"visa problem" with Prime Minister George Chambers of Trinidad & Tobago.

Since the military intervention of October 1983, Trinidad & Tobago (and,
Jamaica) has imposed visa restrictions on Grenadians resident in Grenada
and it has been stated that this was to prevent an influx into Trinidad of
ex-members of the Marxist peoples Revolutionary Government and Army.

"We have worked out an arrangement whereby the thing will bbe cleared", he
said. "Mechanisms have been resolved and I expect an exchange of letters
when prime Minister Charnb'rs sets home".

Mr. Blaize said a Trinidadian official is to come to Grenada and arrange-
ments are to be made for Grenadians travelling to Trinidad to get "pre
clearance". There will be an office in Grenada, he said, and when Gre-
nadians have been cleared through that office, they will not have to go
through Immigration in Trinidad.

"The opportunity was taken to discuss the matter -itf the/Bahamas because
the Prime Minister of Trinidad & Tobago and I were both in retreat", he
said, "and we think we have worked out this thing satisfactorily. It is
just to be formalised now and that will be done as fast as possible".

prime Minister Blaize feels the most important achievement of the Bahamas
Conference is that it reached consensus on the South African question.

"All have agreed that the ararth-id system in South Africa must be brought
to an end", he said. "The only question was would it be brought to an
end peacefully or would it have to be the subject of a blood bath".

There could not be complete agreement as to what should be done, he said,
but the feeling, mood and determination was a firm indication of "common-
wealth togetherness".

page 8 T'E GL[EJADA NVESLETTER Week Ending 9/11/85

Nr.. Blaize said he h-d had thv opportunity in the Bahamas to clear the "non-
diihical situation about Grenada with reference to the military intervention.
of October 1983.

"This matter sparked again at the Conference", he said, "and maybe I was too
spirited in my reply, but it was considered that it brought the whole issue
to an end".

Mr. Blaize said no longer will be heard raised the question of the "invasion
of Grenada", of "Grenada's oppression by the United States", of "a big coun-
try taking advantage of other people", and of "Grenada not being given an
opportunity to resolve its internal affairs".

Two days before, Mr. Blaize said, there had been a rally in LaFayette
Square in Washington, near the gfhite House, where it had been recognized
that the observance of "Grenada Day" was useful to bring into focus the
struggles of all other people under communism.

"They brought people from Afganistan, Nicaragua and Angola" he said, "all
of them saying .renada has given them a sense of hope that they too will get
rid of communinsm".

Mr. Blaize said he had spoken at that rally and had pointed out that the les-
son of Grenada is not that the island had been removed from.communism but "to
make sure nobody thinks they are too far or too small to be involved in com-
munism and, once you get out, your friends cannot turn their -backs on. you"..

"They (friends) must see to it that you maintain the aspirations that people
had when they got you free", he said.

Before his return te Grenada, Mr* Blaize, in an interview at Walter Retd
Army Medical Centre on October 23rd, told the United States Information Agen-
cy (USIA) that, at his meeting with president Reagan, he had discussed the
fact that the Grenada Government is persuing its goal towards "settling the

A press Release issued on October 29th by the United States Information Ser-
vice in Grenada reports that Mr. Blaize said also he had met a number of
Congressmen who seemed to understand that the U.S. had invested a great deal
in the "rescue mission" of 25th October 1983.

"These Congressmen also seem to understand that if by any chance the enthus-.
iasm of the United States and its people were to wane", the Prime Minister
said, "it could give the opening : to the communists to come back".

Mr. Blaize told USIA that, in addition to his discussions with Mr. Reagan
and Members of Congress, he had used his time in Jashin ton to seek new in-
vestment and aid for Grenada.


week Ending 9/11/85 THE GRENADA N.SL-:TTJR Page 9

"My administration is giving top priority to updating Grenada's infrastruc-
ture", he said, "and the industrial Development Corporation is charged
with attracting new business ventures to the island".

On'the future of his New Icitional Party and his staying in office as Prime
Minister and Political Leader, Mr. Blaize said, "I plan to stay as long as
I have the support of the Party, which is such a young Party (that) its
future is certainly long and promising".


Sir Eric Gairy, one-time Prime Minister of Grenada and Political Leader of
the Grenada United Labour Party (GULP), did not meet Queen Elizabeth when
she visited the island on October 3st'.

The "Grenada Gurirdian", official orRan of GULP, in its issue for the week
ending November/said Sir Eric had been invited to attend some of the func-
tions in honour of the queen but the invitations had been returned.

Sir Eric said, "The whole atmosphere is pregnant with hypocracy and sham",
the newsp-per reports.

According to the "Grenada Guardian", Sir Eric said that, with reference to
the money spent on preparations for the Royal visit, Government was "wanton-
ly spending taxpayers money which should be used to provide jobs for the
jobless youths everywhere in Grenada".

"Queen Elizabeth is an extremely intelligent person with a good sense of
humour", Sir Eric said, "and may, when convenient, take a good and hearty
laugh at the raiment of hypocracy and falsehood in which St. George's has
been dressed for her welcome".

Sir Eric felt too that the Queen's should have taken her out of

St. George's into the countryside. He suggested she should have been tak-
en around the island, see a waterfall, see "poor villagers who live on
starvation wages" and "try a drink of coconut water from the hands of a

When he returned from "exile" last year, Sir Eric said, he was told by
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon that he (Gairy) would be treated like an
"ordinary citizen" and Sir Eric felt this does not pay sufficient respect
to his knighthood.

S"Sir Eric Gairy feels that was, invirtue, a disrespect to the Queen and a
suggestion of blame on the ru0e.iI", the n-wsp;iper said. "He feels a man
considered to be an "ordinary citizen" should not be invited as "The Right
Honourable Sir etc" with special stickers (for his car) and other paraphana-
alia such as has been donet".

pagFe- 10 TIi G:.D L3TT ieek Ending 9/11/85

"Scoon would (sic) not be allowed to blow hot and cold at the same time in
connection with my status", Sir uric said. "Moreover, our Gracious Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II knows me personally and I have had the pleasure and priv-
ilege to dine with her on the "Britannia" and also at B.uckingham Palace ..."

Sir Eric was made a Knight Bachelor (Kt. B) by the Queen in her Birthday
Honours List in 1977 when he was Prim:. Minister of Grenada.

Previously, he had announced four other knighthoods conferred upon him.
Thty are the Knighthood of the Grand Cross Doctorate in Political Science
from the Ecclesiastical University of Erngland, the K;night Grand Cross of the
Sovereign Greek Order of St. Dennis of Zqnte, the Knighthood of the Distin-
guished Sovereign Military Order of Malta and the Knighthood of the Order
of Toledo, Spain.

In connection with the last mentioned, his Grace the Archbishop of Toledo,
Dr. D. Marcelo Gonzalez, Primate of Spain, advised N'.L/L.'TTEKR that there is
no Order of Knights of Toledo in his Diocese and "...neither I nor this
Archbishopric granted any award to anyone..." in Grenada.

Vith reference to the British Honour given to Mr. Gairy, shortly after its
announcement, the then British High .:omiisioner to Grenada, Mr. C.E.
Diggines, explained at a press Conference in Grenada that, with reference to
Colonial Honours given to persons in independent countries of the common-
wealtht these honours are awarded on the recommendation of the Government of
the country,


Sir Eric Gairy, President of the Grcnada Manual Maritime and Intellectual
Workers Union (GMMIU',U), said in an interview with NEWVSLTT:.~E on November 6th
the strike called by GMMI au in the agricultural sector continued to be suc-
cessful, especially on the Government-owned farms.

"Of the 23 State farms", he said, "seventeen are on complete strike and
none are working at full cap-acity".

The success of the strike was denied by a source close to the Grenada Farms
Corporation (GFC), the body which manages all State farms.

That source told NEWSLETTc2 the strike is "as good as dead", new workers
are being gradually employed and, daily, the industrial action is having
less and less effect on production from the farms.

The source said the fortnightly shipment of bananas is indication of the
diminishing effect of the strike on Government farms. The average fort-
knightly shipment of bananas from Government farms, he said, is 33 tons.

.,eek Ending 9/11/85 THE GRLNADA NEWSLZTTiR Page 11

The first shipment after the strike was severely affected and that ship-
ment fell to only 11.9 tons.

"The trend for the next two shipments was upward", he said, "and for those
two shipments, GFC shipped,respectively, 28 tons and 30 tons".

As far as the production of other crops is concerned, the source spi.a, the
GFC operation is not yet at full capacity but the work force is being in-
craskd -rcradually and he expected a return to normal within a reasonable

Geest Industries Ltd. is the buyer of Grenada's bananas and their shipment
figures also indicate a diuiinitiing effect of the strike.

A spokesman for the company says the estimate of the island's fortnightly
shipments is 320 tons and the first shipment after the strike started on
September 30th suffered more than a 10 percent fall to 284 tons.

The two shipments since then have showed a trend in the other direction.
The first amounted to 324 tons and the second to 332 tons.

"The 10 Government farms which grow bananas normally produce about 10% of
each shipment", the spokesman said. "Nine of those farms contributed to
the last shipment and the production is almost back to normal".

In his interview, Sir Eric said there are 42 privately owned farms in Gre-
nada but :MNI'iJU is not concentrating its attention on these because the
Union has indications that the private sector is willing to meet the de-
mand of ECI11 and ECJ12 a day for women and men, respectively, which the
Union is now asking.

"We realized that some of the (private sector) employers with whom we
spoke are willing to pay what we are asking for" Sir Eric said. "They
believe the people should get even mearnthantthey. a~as:ltnS'but -t-hey are
afraid to offend Government".

Sir Eric said the Union is trying to have a meeting with Government to dis-
cuss the matter and he has already had talks with Mr. Ben Jones who was,
at the time of the talks, acting Prime Minister.

"Left to the :Mlinister of agriculturee George Brizan", he said, "there
would be no meeting because it appears he regards the strike as a matter
of politics, but my talk with Mr. Jones leads me to believe we will have
a meeting with Government to resolve the matter".

Sir Eric said his Union has never asked employers to pay the "full econo-
mic wage" which, he said, would be about C,538 per day. What the Union
asked was a figure which took into consideration the fact that the worker
has a piece of land to grow something to sup::l-_mrr..nt the wage received, and
he considered the present -., demands to be reasonable.

i gp -*,i~C*?

Page 12 THE GRE.D., L73LTTER cc Ending 9/11/85

UrJ.:i, -' U: HUrJitGLiR STRIKE

Mrs. Ann Humphrey, wife of Chester Hu:rphrey, who is now held in custody in
Grenada pending his extradition to the United States to answer charges of
gun running, says her husband has been on a hunger strike since September
2nd. He has now been transferred from Richmond Hill Prison to the Gener-
al Hospital in a very low condition, she said in an interview with NEWS-
LETTER on November 1st.

Mr. Humphrey was arrested in the United States in February 1979, a few weeks
before the New Jewel Movement (NJM) revolution of March 1979 and, together
with James Wardally, another Grenadian arrested at the same time, was charg-
ed with smuggling nms to Grenada.

The case was fixed to be heard in Uashington in October 1979, but the two
men jumped bail and arrived in Grenada shortly before the hearing date.

Humphrey and oardally, both prominent members of NJH, played important
roles in the island's Trads, Union Movement. Humphrey was in Grenada at the
time of the military intervention in October 1983 but .J rdally was then on
a Trade Union course behind the "Iron Curtain". He is reported to be resi-
dent now in East Germany and has escaped the extradition proceedings which
were started against Humphrey in July 1984.

The case against Humphrey was heard both in the Magistrates Court and in the
High Court, the decision in both instances going against him, and it is now
to be heard by the Appeal Court.

Mrs. Humphrey says her husband was first brought to the General Hospital
from the Prison on October 30th, was returned to the Prison on October
31st and was brought back to hospital on November 1st.

There are three conditions Humphrey has laid down which must be satisfied
before he will abandon his strike, she said.

"Ch-ster has not been allowed to see his la; y:r", she said, "and the first
condition which must be satisfied is that he must see his lawyer. The oth-
er two conditions are that he must be allowed to see his family and that his
handcuffs be removed".

Mrs. Humphrey says Mr. Clarence Hughes is her husband's lawyer but, when it
was pointed out to her that Mr. !Iuhls is resident in Guyana and Humphrey
would be unable to see him at will, she said there are two Grenadian lawyers
who have not been retained but who iimphrey would like to see.

"Chester asked to see Mr. Fennis Augustine and Mr. Robert Grant who repre-
sented him previously", she said. "They are not really his lawyers but he
asked to see them and this was refused".

As far as seeing her husband is concerned, Mrs. Humphr.;, says she had been
able to get near to him only when he was being moved into th.. hospital
-_________ -r n- -t -

:'aeek Ending 9/11/85 TEL Gi .iJ.-D, iJL SLTTIR Page 13

on November 1st, and she was told by the warders that, on'instructions
from the Prison Authorities, !umphrey is to see no one.

Present also at the interview was Mr. Derek Allard, Chairman of the "Free
Chester Humphrey Campaign" (lCn:C), land he said FC.C: demands Humphrey's im-
mediate "unconditional release",

Mrt Allard is president of the Bank and General Workers Union (BGU) which
was founded by another prominent :JM member, Vince Noel. Noel died in
the massacre of October 19th 19,).

"With all due respect to the Law and with no interference with the Courts",
Mri Allard said, "we feel that no Gren7dian should be extradited from his
homeland to face alleged charges in another country, charges which were
laid some 5 or 6 years ago".

Mr. Allard said this is Humphrey's second hunger strike since he was ar-
rested 20 months ago. Thi first time was last year and, after some 50 or
60 days, family and friends persuaded him to call off the strike.

There was an attempt on November 1st by some friends to reach Humphrey to
persuade him to abandon tha strike, Mr. Allard said, but with the ban on
visitors, he did not think they had been able to achieve anything.

Mr. Allard said a letter was sent on November 1st from FCHC to every memb-
er of Parliament asking their 'gc.d office to ensure the immediate uncon-
ditional release of outstanding Tr:-de Unionist, C':hester Humphrey, from
prison before he dies".

The United States accused Humphrey of sending arms to Grenada in 1978 "to
facilitate the overthrow of the Gairy dictatorship", the letter says, and,
for the past 14 months, the U.S. has sought his extradition.

"The FCHC views with deep concern the very real possibility that Chester
may die if urge-nt action is not taken", the letter says. "We therefore
call on you to help save the life of this outstanding Grenadian citizen".

Humphrey is not allowed visitors but an informed source said his wife was
able to see and speak with him on November 4th.

A spokesman for the Prison Authorities told IN,3LsLrTER, up to the time
Humphrey was transferred to the General Hospital on November 1st, he had
not been on hunger strike but had taken fluids.

An informed source close to the Hospital told NEWSLETTER on November 5th
that since his admission, he has refused all food, examination and treat-

Humphrey now occupies a bed in one of the public wards and is guarded by
three Prison Officers. He wa. visit-d c n November 5th by Commissioner of
Prisons,Lionel Maloney. ---
_______________" ___ *SS~ aS '--



Leon Cornwall, in custody in Grenada awaiting trial for the murder of the
late prime Minister Maurice Bishop.and others, has produced a written anal-
ysis of Grenada's 1984 elections, which analysis was considered at a recent
conference in Toronto organised by the U.S. based National Congress of Black

The 15-page document, which appears to have been compiled late in 1984 or
early 1985, indicates the author's access to information and statistics not
easily obtained from a prison cell, and Prison Authorities are unable to say
how thisa-was achieved.

"It is clear Cornwall had'considerable assistance from outside', one source
close to the Prison told NEWSLETTER. "It is impossible to say who gave that
assistance but there are obvious suspects".
Cornwall's "analysis" may be divided into 4 parts. In the first, he con-
demns and' rejects the elections of December 1984, the- second and third are
devoted. to attacking the New National Party (NNP).and Maurice Bishop Patri-
otic Movement (MEPI'), and the final part is a call for the rebuilding of the
New Jewel Movement (IJiM).

..From the Grenadian point of view, Cornwall says, the result of the 1984
elections was not a vote for prime Minister Herbert Blaize and his NNP but
a vote against Sir Eric Gairy and his Grenada United Labour Party.

"The most important factor considered by the Grenadian people during the
'elections" held under U.S. occupation was, at all costs, to stop the re-,
turn of Eric Gairy to power in Grenada", he says.

From Washington's point of view, Cornwall says, the elections had other sig-
nificance. The results, according to him, signify completion of another
phase in the U.S. plan to "justify and legitimise their illegal October 25th
invasion of our country", to hold Grenada as "a surrogate of U.S. imperial-
ism"' shatter confidence in any future "revolutionary process" and give the
impression that democracy is being practiced in Grenada.

The United States will assist NNP to win the support of Gronadians, he says,
but he does not think this will succeed.

i According to him, the "class character" of I:M!P combined with the "deepseated
roots of the Grenada revolution in the consciousness of the Grenadian masses'
Weighs against success in this endeavour.

In his attack on NNP, Mr. Cornwall says this party is "pro-Imperialist",
"pro-Yankee", and "owes its very birth to the efforts of the invaders and
r occupiers of our country".

SHe refers to the meeting at Union Island in the Grenadines in August 1984
When NNP was established, and says that meeting was sponsored by the U.S.
-conti ued-

"*cek Ending 9/11/85

-~---~~ ..

Page 44.

I' i


through "three of its bosom friends", the Prime Ministers of Barbados, St.
Lucia and St. Vincent.

"U.S. Imperialism not only established NNP" he says, "but gave tremendous
other assistance so that the anti-Gairy vote would go to them".

Twice as much space in the document is devoted to the attack on MBPM as is
given to the attack on NNP.

MBPM's total failure in the elections is attributed by Cornwall to"a re-
jection of MBPM opportunism", and he charges that the main MBPM election
platform was the calling for the hanging of the 19 now awaiting trial fo
the murder of Maurice Bishop and others.

"The execution of the 1.J! Central Committee was the MBPM main campaign
theme", he says. "They told the people to forget those men in jail,"they
as good as dead already".".

Cornwall's document goes at length into the "opportunistic" character of
MBPM and says that party missed its chance to get popular support in the
in the elections.

"The Peopl s Revolutionary Army and party membership combined amounts to
some 1200 young, disciplined and energetic comrades living in every Yill-
age throughout Grenada", he said, "who, with a totally different approach
by MBPM, could have worked for them in the 'elections' ".

Cornwall says that, at the time he was writing, it was difficult to say
how the situation would evolve, but it was certain the U.S. would "seek to.
keep Grenada under its heels".

"To.break this Yankee dominance, restore the independence and sovereignty
of our country and liberate our people", he says, "a serious, determined
struggle of popular character must be waged".

The NJM must'find ways of r:.idly reorganising and rebuilding itself, Corn-
wall says, and this must involve "all genuine patriots and progressively-
minded persons" in an "anti-imperialist front".

Th.t front, he says, should be oriented on 2 plants, (1) anti-foreign oc-
cupation, and (2) prop-a~n.a, agitation and "concrete struggle" for the
restoration and continuation of the programmes of the revolution

Addressing the Black L .'.:rs Conference at which Cornwall's document was
circulated, Mrs. Jacqueline Samuels-Brown, one of the Jamaican Defence Bar-,
risters representing Cornwall and the other 18 defendants, is quoted as
saying that the trial is being used to discredit the NJM revolution.

"The trial", she said, "is part of a process to p t.t the final nail in the
coffin of the revolution".


Week Ending 9/11/85

Page 16 THiL G1RENJ.DL i,4LJjLETTHR 'ek: Ending 9/ 1/ 0

Mrs. Samuels-Brown said, according to the Canadian newspaper "Share", that
"authorities are using the trial to justify an American-led military inter-
vention ..."

She alleged that supporters of the NJM revolution are being "intimidated and
silenced" and that "the trial is a continuation of the invasion of Grenada".

There has been a "concerted and deliberate attempt" to prevent the accused
from getting proper representation, Mrs. Samuels-Brown is quoted as saying,
but the prisoners have recently gainedd access to lawyers.


On the recommendation of the Advisory Committee on the prerogative of Mercy
eleven prisoners were released from Richmond Hill Prison on November 8th.

Four were serving terms for murder and they are Lloyd Frcd.rick, Strachan
Julien, Francis Simon and Ralph Charles. Two others, Norris St, Bernard
and Francis .'illiam were convicted of housebreaking and stealing, and one,
Clifton Joseph, was guilty of oianslughter.

The other four, Albert Clarke, Alston Hood, Moslyn Bishop and Raphael Briz-
an were in 1979 convicted, together with four others, for attempted murder
and causing grievous bodily harm.

These men were part of the "Mongoose Gang", also known at various times as
the Secret police, Police Aids, Night Ambush Squad, Voluntary Intelligence
Unit for the Protection of property, Voluntary Special Guards, Special Re-
serve Police and Volunteers for the Protection of Human Rights.

According to the Duffus Commission of Inquiry which investigated the break-
down of law and order in Grenada in 1973/74, the "Mangoose Gang" inflicted
"unspeakable atrocities" on many Grenadians and "the responsibility for
their establishment, recruitment and control was peculiarly that of Mr.
Gairy (Sir Eric) in his personal capacity ...,

Two of the four men charged with Clarke, Hood, Bishop and Brizan, in 1980,
won an appear against the sentence of attempted murder but had their sen-
tences for causing grievous bcdilt harm increased. There has been no ap-
peal by. the four men released.

1 -

WVtek Ending 9/11/35 ThL GREl..DA IL..-TTLk Page 17


The Constitution Review Commission, appointed last February to review Gre-
nada's 1974 Independence Constitution, handed its report to Governor Gen-
eral Sir Paul Scoon on November 5th.

The 5-man commission, headed by Sir Fred Phillips, former Governor of St.
Kitts/Nevis, received recommendations from the public at private and pub-
lic hearings for making "amendments, reforms and chnries" for "promoting
the peace, order and good government of Grenada".

In their Terms of Reference, the Commissioners were directed to ensure
that their report included recommendations to provide for a change in the
Constitution to prevent r.rivc,.'i.- from serving as Prime Minister for more
than 10 years,

The Commissioners were also to make provision that persons elected to Par-
liament are, in the face of "persistent malrepresentation" or other suf-
ficient cause, subject to recall by the people in the constituencies they

It is expected that following examination by Cabinet,' the Commi'sion's re-,.
port will be published for public discussion.

i"- d tf T

J R: r iCBLEt Si R i.l- N

The Grenadian economy experienced mixed fortunes during 1984 in the per-
formance of its two main sectors, Agriculture and Tourism.

This is the fin-ing of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) recorded
in its report for the financial year ended 31st March last and, as a .re-
sult of this finding, L',:B says the island's real economic growth is not
expected to exceed one percent.

In 1983, there was a decline of 1.6% in "real growth" and, ECCB says the
1984 improvc~nent resulted largely from an increase in stay-over visitors
and a sharp expansion in construction activity

Some of this construction, the Bank say's, reflects repairs to property
damaged during the October 1983 military intervention,

"Agriculture, which accounts for about 2C0' of the gross domestic product
and provides employment for at least 25% of the island's labour force,
showed no signs of growth in 1984" the'ECCB report says.

Bannans, cocoa, nutn:g- and mace, Grenada's four main agricultural exports,
together earned only Z1C26.9 million in 1984, as compared with EJ530"9'.
million earned in 1983. -continued-

page 18 THE Gr-J .D -.. SLITTL \.-:: Ending 9/11/85

As compared with 1983, the volume of banana exports declined in 1984 and
because of the depreciation of the pound sterling (in which currency the
crop is paid for), export values declined even more substantially, falling
by 3.9% to C57.9 million.

The value of nutmegs exported also declined in 1984 and was EC$3.9 million
lower than the ECB9.5 million earned in 1983.

"As a result of marketing difficulties", the report says, "there was a sig-
nificant accumulation of nutiri.., stocks during the yE.jr".

Macq, a by-pr..duct of nutmeg, also suffered a decline in export value in
1984. Receipts from mace were down by EC$1.1 million (46.4%) while in vol-
ume terms it fell 68.','- to 97 tonnes.

Of the four main agricultural cr:p.:, CCF says, as compared with the preceed-
ing year, only cocoa grew in value exported in 1984. Receipts increased by
EC$1.2 million (10.7%) to EC$12.1 million..

"This, however", -.- rs the ECC& report, ''w.s the result of an in-
crease in the price of cocoa ex;:: ted rather than any increase in volume as
the latter fell by 3.2 %"

The total number of visitors to Grenada in 1984, cruise and stay-over, fell
to 73,669 from the 1983 figure of 82,666, but overall tourist expenditure
increased as a result of a 21.',- increase in stay-over visitors.

The ECCB report says the Caribbean rl.,ion remained the primary source of
visitors to Grenada in 1984 and riicinal stay-over visitors, primarily from
Trinidad, increased by 27% to 13,755.

"The U.S. market, which accounted for 16,' of stay-vver visitors in 1983, in-
creased its share to 21% in 1984", the report sa.ys, "mainly as a result of
increased marketing activity in North 4America".

According to the ECCB re uprt, Grenada's balance of visible trade worsened
by EC$5.1 million in 191.4. Total imports in both 19:3 and 1984 were ap-
proximately EC$154 million and the deteriorated position in the latter year
resulted from a fall of C35.3 million in the value of total exports.

Member countries of ECCB are Antil: i, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St.
Kitts, St. Lucia and St. Vincent, and the Bank's report says, in 1984,
there was a moderate economic recovery in most of these countries.

"Gross domestic product, in real terms, is estimated to have increased to
about 4% for the area", -CCB says, "with the rate be'.inJ somewhat higher
than averast in Antigua and St. Lucia".

According to ECCB, the rate of inflation in the area declined from 3.7% in
1983 to 2.2"; in 1984, and domestic exports (mainly to extra-regional markets)
expanded by almost 11% to EC$526 million. -continued-


Week Ending 9/11/85 IT:i GRENADA NEWSLiTTER Page 19

The increase in exports was not enough to finance the more rapid increase
in retained imports which rose by 15.6% to EC11389 million, the report
says, and the deficit in visible trade balance moved up from ECS730 million
in 1983 to ECS920 million in 1984.

"There was, however, an improvement in the Services Account of the Balance
of paymentss" the report says, "as a result of a significant increase in
Tourist earnings which grew by 20.6% to EC$556 million in 19P4.

ECCB points out that, in spite of some improvement in certain economic
areas, problems still remain. The -un-mployment rate for the area appears
to have shown little improvement, the report says, while a number of ter-
ritories continued to experience fiscal difficulties.

^ **'**'.'* -- ---- ^*W


A one-day seminar on "Occupational Safety and Health" opened here on Nov-
ember 6th under the joint sponsorship of the Government of Grenada and the
International Labour (ILO).

The seminar was under the direction of Mr. Astley Leslie, 60, ILO Regional
Advisor and, in an interview with NL.,,L;TTER, he said the Caribbean cannot
avoid the consequences of developments now taking place in the region, par-
ticularly in the field of industry.

"These developments bring with them increased risks which have to be faced
and dealt with by both employers and employees", he said.

The seminar was particularly appropriate at this time to awaken the inter-
est of persons concerned, he said, and to assist them to come to grips with
the kinds of difficulties new developments will bring.

Mr. Leslie said the question of "labour inspection" has been a great con-
cern in ILO and that concern is expressed through the ILO Caribbean Labour
Administration Centre which he heads and which has its office in Barbados.

The ILO Advisor said his office covers the Caribbean from Bermuda to Suri-
nam excluding the Spanish and 7rciich speaking countries and the objective
is "to assist ministries and departments of labour to improve their levels
of efficiency".

"We work entirely with Governments", he said, "although we maintain close
contact with employers and workers organizations in the region and repre-
sentatives of those organizations are invited to our seminars."

Addressing the opening session of the seminar, Minister for Labour, Dr.
Francis Alexis, said the Grenada Government's policy has to objectives,
employment and safety. -continued-

page 20 L GR.14.,D,, JISLLTTh i week Ending 9/1I/85

Unemployment in the island now stands at 24%, he said, and he referred to an
influx of persons who are now employed in Grenada without holding work per-

Something must be done about this, he said, and he has addressed a memoran-
dum to the Ministry of National Security identifying several persons who are
working in the country without work permits.

"It is not that we want to become very parochial or small-minded", he said.
"Grenadians work in several other countries and, if we were to embark on a
process of persecuting non-nationals in the country there would be repercus-

That is not the policy of the Government, Dr. Alexis said, but where work
in the country can be done by nationals, the Ministry of Labour will not is-
sue work permits to non-nationals.

The Minister said Grenada's "Factories Legislation" is old and in need of
repair, and the seminar had come at an appropriate time.

"The matter of updating the Labour Laws is a question bCing actively pursued
now by Government", he said, "and a Labour Code is being got together".

That code should be ready by the end of 1986, he said, and the discussions
of the seminar would serve as a guide to the Labour Department in making the
Safety and Health laws more suitable to Grenada.

Also speaking at the seminar was Mrs. Angela Smith, Director of the Grenada
Employers Federation (GLF). She expressed pleasure that the seminar was
being held and stressed the importance of educating persons to industrial
hazards so that accidents can be prevented.

"Speaking from the employers point of view", she said, "too few of us are
aware of these areas and the time is now when we must do something about it".

The seminar was attended by representatives from the Labour Department, the
GEF and from the Trade Union movement.


Two Grenadians have been given scholarships by the United States Agency for
International Development (U3SAID) to stVdy A~rAit SJthbkf State

A USAID release says Mr. Angus Smith, Budget Officer in the Ministry of
Finance left Grenada in August to attend the Arthur D. Little Management
SEducation Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and is expected to resume
his duties in August 1986.
.. k

Week Ending 9/11/85 T G.-: .-. J 3LTTER Page 21

Mr. Smith, a certified accountant, will study for a Master of Science in
M l araement degree.

The other scholarship has gone to Mr. Irvin F. Ollivierre, Principal of
Grenada Tqc:hers College and Co-ordinator of the In-service Education pro-
gramrrim. He left Grenada in 3': ptember for a one-year course of study at
Harvard University's Graduate Schcol of Education in Cambridge, Massachu-
setts to obtain a Master's iJ::'.re.

Mr. Olivierre holds a University of the I.:st Indies Bachelor of Science
degree in Lducition and has 27 years of teaching experience.

...-.. ..... .....


A 6-year old Grenadian, Andy Paul, successfully underwent open heart sur-
gary at North Shore University Hospital, Mansette, New York, and returned
home on October 17th.

A Press Release issued by the St. Georges University School of Medicine
says Andy is the first child taken outside of Grenada for such surgery,
and the operation was sponsored by the School of 1Medicine with the cooper-
ation of the Ministry of Health, the Rotary Club, BP.lA and LIAT.

St. Georges University School of Medicine has, for some years, been spon-
soring the "Heart to Heart Programme" in conjunction with North Shore Uni-
versity Hospital, the release says, but, until now, the programme has been
limited to St. Vincent where the University also operates Kingstown Medic-
al College.

"Before the military intervention in Grenada", the release says, "the Gov-
ernment was reluctant to send similar heart cases to the United States".

To date, 15 children from St. Vincent have had their hearts repaired free
of cost at North Shore University Hospital, the release says.

-7 I

SAlister H. i., s Cy.thia Hughes

9th November 1985

Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott tr... t, St. Ge!cr -s, Grenada, .'estindies

_ I_ 1^ ~~~ _1~~1_~1 ___ __I II


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