Ftr The We-ek Ending 6th April 1985
12th Year of publication - - 31th Issue
Volume 13 Number 4
TCM ADAMS DIES
The death of Prime Minister Tom Adams of Barbados was announced on the
afternoon of March 11th by Barbados' Government's Chief Information
Officer, Mr. John Manning. Mr. Manning said Mr. Adams had died sudden-
ly earlier that afternoon at his official residence.
The acting Governor General had appointed the Deputy Prime Minister,
Mr. H.D. St. John, to be prime Minister, Mr. Manning said.
Mr. Adams 53, was son of the late Sir GrQ tley 'Adams former Prime Min-
ister of Barbados and prime Minister of the West Indies Federation which
coll psed in 1962.
Mr. Adams received his early education in Barbados and attended Magda-
lene College,. Oxford University in the United Kingdom where he ob-
. tained an M.A. degree in Politics, Fhilosophy and Economics.
Called to the Bar in 1959, his career included freelancing as a broad-
caster/producer for the British Broadcasting Corporation. Mr. Adams
was Assistant Secretary General of the Barbados Labour Party and was
Leader of the Opposition in the Barbados House of Assembly before be-
coming Prime Minister in 1976.
Mr. Adams was married with 2 sons.
Cause of his death was not given by Mr. Manning but unconfirmed reports
from Barbados said he suffered a heart attack.
Page 2 TEL 'TiLNiAT.A Nl3LETTF Week Ending 6//8e', 't
-~c ..* PRII J r LERARDgg jO54 *-- "
Barbados' new Prime Minister, Mr. Bernard St. John, annouilce i.n a broad-
cast on the evening ofMarch 11th that the funeral of the late Pri;e Mit-
ister Tom Adams would be on Saturday 16th March ':
In his/firpt 6ffii al statement, Mr.* St. odhn viad Mr. Adamn; dred on tha
afternoon of a heart attack, and the new Prime Minister said there will be
a week of national mourning.
Mr. St. John, 54, qualified as a barrister in the United Yingdom and,call-
ed to the Bar in .1954, became a Queen's Council with a Caribbean reputation.
As Political Leader of the Barbados Labour Party (BLP), he was Leader of
the Opposition in the Barbados House of Assembly in the late 196E- but lost
his seat in the 1971 General Elections and resigned as Political Leader.
It was at this point that Mr. Tom Adams took over leadership of the BLP
and when, in 1976, BLP won the Elections with both Mr. Adams and Mr. St.
John winning their seats, Mr, Adams retained the leadership of the Party
and became prime Minister. Mr. St.1John was made Deputy Political Leader
and Deputy prime Minister.
Barbados held elections again in 1981, both Mr. Adams and Mr. St. John re-
taining their seats and their respective positions in the Party and Govern-
ment. Elections are due to be held again next year.
In addition to holding the portfolio of Deputy Prime Minister, Mr. St.John
was Minister of Caribbean Community (CiRICCM) Affairs and of Tr.de, Indus-
try and Tourism. He recently relinquished responsibility for Tour'iiE,
GUN SALUTE FOR ADAMS
Thousands of Barbadians and visitors from other Caribbean islands, on
March lthk lined the 2-mile funeral route of the late Prime Minister Tom
Adams of Barbados.
The family procession, under Defence Force escort, left the Prime Minister's
official residence, Ilaro Court, and arrived at St. Michael's Cathedral in
Bridgetown at 4.00 p.m.
The route was lined with uniformed groups and when the motor procession
arrived at the Barbados Labour Party headquarters, it was joined by Prime
Minister Bernard St. John, other members of his Cabinet, honorary pall
bearers, visitinr- heads of Govermnent and other dignitaries.
From this point, t-e procession was on foot filing past the crowded pave-
ments, through Trafalgar Sluare with its monument of Lord Nelson, past
parliament Buildings and on to the Cathedral.- -........onti
Week Ending 6/4/85 THE GRENADA IJESLETTVhR Page 3
At 3.30 p.m., as the procession neared the Cathedral, a 21-gun salute boom-
ed over the city, the bursts coming at one minute intervals.
The procession was headed by a detachment of the Barbados Defence Torce,
smart in their green uniforms with yellow trim.
With rifles and swords reversed in traditional mourning style, they slow-
marched to the funeral music of the Royal Barbados Police Band who were
dressed in White tun$cs ad black.pants.
Behind the Defence Force and Police Band came the casket, drawn on a gun
carriage and draped with the Barba],.s flag.
Then followed the widow, Mrs. Gernevieve Adams with her two sons D(,uglas
and ovwdern, both in theiv late teens.
Behind followed the diplomats and dignatories and the procession was brought
up by detachments of the Coast Guard, Police and Defence Force,
At the Cathedral, the eulogy was delivered by the Dean of the Cathedral,
Harold Critchlow, and he said Adams had had a difficult birth and a sickly
childhood, and history would record him as "Adams the Fighter",
"He fo-Ight for life, he fought to live", he said, "and he fought that otherE
may enjoy life",
Dean Critchlow said appreciation of Adams' work in the international field
is attested to by the large number of countries represented at the funeral.
"'.c in Barbados welcome you and thank you for the honour bestowed on us by
your presence", he said.
The DEan had a special welcome for Mr. Burnham of Guyana and Mr. Chambers
of Trinidad, with both countries Mr. Adams having had difficulties.
"With the humility that was characteristic of Prime Minister Adams", he said
"we thank you for the glowing tributes'you paid him".
Dean Critchlow said family life of a public figure can be difficult but Mrs
Adams has the consolation of knowing that the sacrifices she made produced
a man who saw "family" in wider terms than husband, wife and children.
"Mr. Ad-ms'contribution to society has enriched the lives of many and has
made it possible for some to have their own family life", he said.
page 4 T-HL ~i .1D eISL ETTeR Tek Ending 6/4/35
ELEVEN HEADS AT ADAMS'FINJEAL
All flags in Barbados were at half mast on March 16th, business came to a
halt at noon and the country, with a distinguished contingent of diplomats
paid its last respects to the late prime Minister Tom Adams who was buried
Mrk Louis Tull, Barbados Foreign Minister said in an interview in Bridge-
town rith [rL :.LETTERP that' 11: head's'of regional Governinent- would be at the
They are Mr. James Mitchell of St. Vincent, Mr. Forbes Burnham of Guyana,
Mr. Herbert Blaize of Grenada, Mr. George Chambers of Trinidad & Tobago,
Mr. John Compton of St. Lucia, Mr. Ke.ncdy Simmonds of St. Kitts/Nevis, Mr.
John 4 sborne -of 'Mointserrat, Miss, i.Eignia Charles of Dominica, 'Sir,,Lindern
Pindling of the Bahamas, Mr. Edward, Seaga of Jamaica and Mr..John Swan of
Antigua was r-prces.nted by deputy prime Minister Lester Bird and Belize-by
Mr. Eduardo Juan, Minister/Counsellor.
"We have had tremendous support from all the C. RICOM member states", Mr.
Tull said, "and there is obviously the same sense of loss and grief and
shock in the other islands of the Caribbean as we are experiencing here in
The Foreign Minister said the United Yingdom was represented by Baroness
Young, Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the
Queen's r.:preseitative will be Sir Richard Buckley, Duke of Kent.
Mr. Tull said arrangements had been made for the Heads of Government to
meet Prime Minister St. John and he believed the opportunity would be taken
for several bilateral meetings amon- the visiting heads.
The funeral was fixed for 4.00 p.m. at St. Michael's Anglican Cathedral in
Bridgetown and thousands of'Barbadians were expected to turn out.
ADAMS A GREATT iEST INDIAN"
With the passing of Prime Minister Adams of Barbados, Grenadians have lost
a friend who did not fail them in their hour of need.
SPrime Minister Herbert Blaize expressed this in -an interview with NJVSLETT-
ER on March 11th as he told of the shock with which he had heard of Mr.
Adams' sudden death in Barbados.
1"I saw him just last week when we met with Canadian Prime Minister Brian
IMulroney in Je-"ica3, Mr. Blaize sai., "and he looked well and fit".
;________ _ __ ~____ - ----------------^
Week Ending 6/4/8,5 TEiL .GRENADA NE ISLETTER Page 5
_.~~~ ~ _.. ,_,. _
The prime Minister said Mr. Adans came to Jamaica from a long trip to Japan
and arrived in Jamaica just in time to take part in the opening ceremony.
At that time, Mr. Adams showed no ill effects of the trip and, in Jamaica,
he chaired a meeting of the Regional Security Service to which Barbados and
the countries of the Organisation of East Caribbean States belorg.
"Tom Adams means a great deal to Grenadians for the part he played to res-
cue us from our deep situation in October 1983", Mr. Blaize said, "and Gre-
nadians will feel very close to Ba badians in their moment of grief".
Additionally, the prime Minister said, Mr. Adams will be missed throughout
the Caribbean. His passing has left a deep void in the Caribbean integre-
tion movement, he said, and Mr. Blaize expressed the hope that, one day,
that void will be filled.
Also expressing great shock over the news was Governor General Sir Paul
Scoon who said Grenadians are very grateful to Mr. Adams for the important
role he played in the events in Grenada in October 1983.
"It was to Tom Adams that I sent my appeal for help",the Governor General
Sir Paul said he got to'know Mr. Adams-after the October 1983 military.in-
tervention when Mr. Adams paid three visits to the island. The Governor
General said he found Mr. Adams very sincere, kind, helpful and "a great
"He v-rv honestly believed in West Indian unity", Sir Paul said, "and he
was the sort of man who would do anything to help another island in the Car-i
ibbean. He will be a great lose to the region and we in Grenada will feel
this loss very much".
Mr. Blaize told NEWSLETTER his Government would send a delegation to Mr.
U.S. VI.C F..CSIDErTT EUSH VISITS
lepiring a light brown suit, maroon tie, black shoes and a white shirt,
United States Vice President George Bush stepped off Airforce II at Point
Saline International Airport at 8.40 a.m. on March 14th.
He looked fresh and alert and smilingly shouted something to some 60 media
personnel coralled by security in a roped off area about 50 feet from where
Mr. Bush alighted. However, his words were lost in the whirr of a nearby
military helicopter waiting to take him away,
Mr. Bush was met by Grenada's Minister of Foreign Affairs Ben Jones and the
Unite d States Charge D'Affaires here, Mr Roy Haverkamp. With them
page 6 TiE GREAPADA NEJ.JSLTTER WEek Ending 6/4/85
Lieutenant Colonel Earl Huron commrndlng the U*S. military in Grenada,
Commander Hardley Lewen of the Caribbean peace Keeping Force and Commis-
sioner of the Royal Grenada Police Force Ruesel Toppin.
The Vice president's visit to Grenada was first announced on March 8th by
they United States Information Service here. At that time, Mr. Bush was
scheduled to stop at Grenada on his way to Brazil to head the United
States delegation at the inauguration of president Tancredo Neves,
Subsequently, following the death of Soviet President Constantine Chernenko,
it was announced that Mr. Bush would attend the funeral in Moscow before
coming to Grenada.
When he landed at Grenada, Mr. Bush was at the end of a flight which took
off from Moscow 16 hours before, at midnight Moscow time. But 21 of those
hours were spent at two refuelling stops. These were at Rhine main Air-
force Base in '7est Germany and Lodgers Field in the Azores.
The blue and silver 707 aircraft, number 86970, gently put her wheels down
at 8.33 a.m. and taxied to an area west of the terminal building where the
welcoming party waited.
Mr. Bush was escorted to the first of three "Black Hawk" helicopters stand-
ing on the apron outside the terminal building and, when he and Mr. Haver-
kamp had boarded, all three taxied slowly out to the runway where,in line
formation, they took off and headed for the Army heliport which is close to
Spice Island Inn on Grand Anse beach where the Vice president rested until
he began his inr~-agements that afternoon.
As Mr. Bush and his helicopter escort left Point Saline, another "Black
Hawk" hovered watchfully a few Lundred feet above and back of the Adminis-
tration Buildings while a smaller helicopter buzzed bee-like in circles
around the area.
Security was tight at the airport and continued so when Mr. Bush visited
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon and Prime Minister Herbert Blaize later
that day and when he attended a public meeting at Tanteen, the playing
fields just east of St. Georgets harbour.
SRETTIADA WAS A "PKCUD MOMENT" FOR. U.S
United States Vice president George Bush said at a Press Conference in
Grenada on March 14th that it is too early to say whether there has been
a change in Washington/Moscow r-lations as a result of the death of Presi-
dent Constantine Chernenko.
Speaking of his visit to h-scow, after"wkich he had flown to Grenqda, Mr.
Bush said he had had a very constructive and worthwhile meeting with the
Soviet leadership -continued-
| ___ ___ m n i_ ^ |[I il- -1 1 '- i~~m ^ :-L j ^ ^ m m [ r T r T ..-
Week Ending 6/4/85 THFE IREUADA NEWSLETTER Fage 7
"The mood was good, the new General Secretary was clearly in control of the
meeting", he said, "he is most outgoing and he agreed we would like to see
improved relations, so, we will just have to wait and see".
Mr. Bush said President Ronald Reagan is determined to see progress made on
the Arms Control talks and Mr. Bush got the feeling that the new Soviet lead
er feels the same way.
The Vice president said that, since 1983, he has said Grenada was a proud
moment" for the United States and, from what he saw during his visit to the
island, the warm welcome he received, the progress made in various areas,
and observing Prime Minister Herbert Blaize's commitment to democracy, all
adds up to the fact that the United States did the right thing in assisting
Grenada to "go the democratic route",.
Questioned on whether the death of Soviet President Chernenko might affect
the current Arms Limitation talks, Mr. Bush said, during his Moscow visit,
he had no indication of a negative shift in this connection,
The Vice Pr'eident declined to speculate on what developments there had to
be in Grenada before the United States would send troops back to the island
after the withdrawal which will be completed in June*
"It is too hard to conjure up the numbers of different scenarios under which
that would happen", he said. "But I am just laying down a very broad statL
ment here that we are vitally interested in the continuation of democracy
and interested that Grenada not be threatened from outside by other powers".
n_". Busli .aid ie had not given any tr.'.ght to the significance of Fidel
Castro's absence from president Chernenko's funeral but he knew that Castrols
brother was there,
"I don't know the reason", he said, "but it didn't come up talking to other
diplomats. It's kind of an unusual arrangement where you don't have too
much interaction with other delegations".
Concerning the death of Prime Minister Tom Adams, Mr. Bush said the United
States had great respect for him and thinks his death is a serious loss.
The Vice President said he ha? the privilege of knowing Mr. Adams and he
expressed his personal respects to Mr. Adam's family and the people of Bar-
"The United States Government feels very strongly that this is a serious lor
of a fine human being", he said.
/ -cs- jr
page 8 THE GRENADA iE JSLETTZR Wek Finding 6/4/8
pa -e 8 "" q- "- .
BUSH: YOU '.ILL NOIT BE IUNPROTECED
Grenada has taken hold of its destiny and, together with the vast majority
of countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, has confidently set off
on a journey down Freedom's Road.
A cheering crowd of more than 15,000 Grenadians heard United States Vice
president ex,-Po thi" opinion at a public meeting winding up a 9-hour
i winia visit to the island on March 14th.
"president Reagan asked me personally to convey to you his best wishes
and to thank you for your hundreds of letters of support especially'
those letters of appreciation for the soldiers who served here", he said.
;th Vice President referred to concern expressed by Grenadians of possible
threats to security when the U.S. military withdraws within a few months,
a concern reflected by the "No, No, No" shouts of the crowd when he men-
tioned the withdrawal.
"Let me assure .ycu, we will not leave you unprotected", he said. ".'le
will continue to support Grenaid's own Police and Paramilitary. They are
well trained and equipped and we are confident they are now prepared to
take on the primary responsibility for Grenada's security".
But Mr. Bush left no doubt as to what the United States sees as its re-
sponsibility if Grenada's forces are unable to fulfil their "primary re-
sponsibilityl for security.
"Let me state this clearly", the Vice President said. "ESnould a security
threat materialise during the witlhrdrawal period, we stand ready to hnlt and
if necessary, reverse the withdrawal of our security forces".
The United States will continue to tr-in and -equip Grenada's forces and
will participate with Grenada and other democratic Caribbean nations in
rcgulirly scheduled joint military exercises, he said.
"We will support each other and will never relax our vigilance gtinist the
forces of oppression", the Vice President said. Despots of Whatever
stripe can forget their designs on this nation, Grenada has found her
future in freedom".
On the economic side, Mr. Bush promised he and President Reagan will do
all they can to aid Grenada's development. Already US$57 million has
been given for completion of the airport and other projects, he said, and
this has provided employment for over 1,000 people.
Week Ending 6/4/85 T!I GREIIDA NEWSLETTER Page 9
REAGAN WRITES BLAZE
United States president Ronald Reagan has assured Grenadians that their
fears which have arisen over security, now that the U.S* military is to be
withdrawn, are groundless.
In a letter to Prime Minister Herbert Blaize,deliyerzd on March 14th by Vice
president George Bush, Mr. Reagan said Grenadians can count on the United
States to ensure the island's security and economic development.
"I have asked the Vice President to convey our strong commitment to Grenada,!
security and our support for your country's economic development", the let-
It is not easy to reorganise a Government and a society that has previously
been burdened by Marxist ideology, Mr. Reagan told Mr. Blaize, and he said
the people of the United States recognize that fact.
"We are impressed with the strides Grenada has made in the past 15 months",
the letter says, "please be assured that we will continue to assist you
where we can in achieving the goal of a prosperous, democratically free and
In a letter to Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, delivered by Mr. Bush, Mr.
Reagan complimented Sir Paul on the part he had played in the October 1983
"Your defence of Grenada's democratic transitions (sic) during the October
1983 rescue mission, and since, has earned the respect and gratitude of all
freedom loving people in the w-rld", Mr. Reagan said. "Grenada is free and
on the road torecover its stability. For these accomplishments, you de-
serve much credit".
BLAZE AS1'S TROOPS TO STAY
When prime Minister Herbert Elaize met United States Vice President Bush on
March 14th, he asked that the American military, due to leave Grenada short-
ly, be permitted to stay on for a longer time.
This was disclosed in an interview on that day by Grenada's Foreign Minister
Ben Jones and he said the decision to make this request was sparked by the
"unhappiness" of Grenadians over the planned departure.
I "As far as we are concerned", he said, "we would like them (the U.S. milit-
ary) to stay Yere so that the people can feel as safe as they would like to
Mr. Jones said he had no time limit on how long the Government would like the
troops to stay on but he accepted the suggestion that 2 more years seemed
page 10 THE GRENi.DA NE7'SLETTER Week Ending 6/48
The Foreign Minister said economic aid would also be discussed with Mr.
"We want to get this airport finished as soon as possible", he said, "and
we want to build our infrastructure and to set the economy going as quick-
ly as possible so far am industrialisation is concerned".
Mr. Jones said the priority now for Grenada is the economy and discussions
with Mr. Bush would centre on this. There is a lot of unemployment in Gre-
nada now, he said, and ways must be found to face this problem.
"We have an idea", he said, "that, over the next 5 years, somewhere in the
region of USS500 million might just set us right for general development".
Mr. Jones said the Grenada Government is not concerned with the Leftists
in the country "only except in so far as they have to be recognized", but
Government feels that, if the economy is set right and work is provided
for people, "that will take care of the Leftists".
Concerning the murder trial of the 19 persons (including former Deputy
prime Minister Bernard Coard), Mr. Jones, who is also Minister of Legal Af-
fairs, said the trial will proceed as soon as Defence Counsel can be re-
"As far as Government is concerned", he said, "we are ready to piuceed at
The Minister said the problem is that Government had provided Counsel for
the accused men but they want Defence Counsel of their own choice and the
Government believes that, in the 'ntercst of justice and fair play, the
Government must try to get them the Counsel of their choice.
"We hope no empasse will develop", he said, :b'.t if we cannot secure Coun-
sel of their choice, then we will be forced tc give them what is available".
iThe Minister said it is hoped the trial will start in May or June and, if
necessary, a special si ting of the Court will be arranged.
iKIKP TRICK: WITHDRAWAL L PREMATURE?
iAmbassador Jeane Kirkpatrick, retiring United States Ambassador to the
United Nations has expressed the hope that the United States is not being
premature in its withdrawal of the U.S. military presence from Grenada.
pMrs. Kirkpatrick --:pressed this h..pe to IEWSLETTER in an interview in Lon-
idon, England, where she was attending a conference called to examine the
'"threat to liberal democracy pose,. today by totalitarian communism".
__ I _~I~~_
Week Ending 6/4/85 TIL G "CTiAD;. INE'SLETTER Page 11
It has been announced that the U.S. troops still in Grenada will leave in a
phased withdrawal between April 12th.and June 12th, and Ambassador Kirkpat-
rick said she could understand the motivation for this.
"The United States is keenly sensitive to the criticism of our friends and
allies about our participation in the Grenada liberation" she said, "and
have been especially eager to withdraw all vestiges of American military
presence in the island".
Mrs. Kirkpatrick said this withdrawal is being done in spite ot the request
by the newly elected Government of 'Ir. Herbert Blaize that aome military
presence should be maintained.
"I note, however, with some satisfaction", she said, "that, during the re-
cent visit to Grenade of Vice President Bush, it has been underscores that
we will remain available to the Grenada Government to help in maintaili q
order if the need arose".
Ambassador Kirkpatrick said the United States is deeply gratified by the
appreciation of the Grenadian people of U.S. efforts in the island and are
"terribly pleased that the.Grenadian people are happy and confirmed in
their return to self government",
NO PR'S3URE TC !'ITHDRAW TROOPS
The United States Embassy in Grenada has denied that any pressure was put
on the United States Government to withdraw the United States military pre-
sence from Grenada.
It has been announced that U.S. troops will be taken away from Grenada in a
phased withdrawal between April 12th and June 12th and, in a recent editor-
ial, the "Grenada Guardian" official organ of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada Unit-
ed Labour Party (GULP), said "It is difficult to see Americans voluntarily
withdrawing from any country in which the Communists are interested ...."
"It is obvious", the paper says, "that the New National party Government
must have brought a little pressure on the Americans to act so out of char-
Mr. Roy Havcrkamp, Charge D'Affaires at the U.S. Embassy in Grenada, in a
statement issued on March 5th, says this contention does not correspond to
"Since the Rescue Mission in October 1985", he says, "it has been the policy
of all Governments involved that, when Grenada was in a position to assume
responsibility for its security, the foreign police and military personnel,
who had been invited to remain in Grenada, would depart".
Page 12 TFE GRENADA NE 3SLETTER Week Ending 6/4/85
In January, Mr. Haverkamp said, the Governments participating in the Car-
ibbean peacekeeping Force, and the U.S. Government, in consultation with
the Grenada Government, agreed that all remaining foreign forces could be-
gin to withdraw.
"No pressure to withdraw was brought on the U.S. Government or any other
Government", Mr. Haverkamp says. "I hope these facts will lay to rest
any misunderstanding about the long-standing policy to withdraw U.S. mil-
itary personnel at the appropriate time without jeopardising Grenada's
iUEEN ELIcZA7TH TO VISIT
It has been announced that Britain's .ueen Elizabeth II will pay a one
day visit to Qresada on October 31st.
A spokesman for Governor General Sir Paul Scoon said no further inform-
ation is now available and could not say whether or not she will arrive
in the royal yacht "Brittania".
The spokesman was unable to say also whether the visit is as a result of
an invitation from Sir Paul or the initiative came from London.
The office in Grenada of the representative of the British High Commission-
er was unable to give any information.
"The "ueen is, constitutionally, the Queen of Grenada", a spokesman for
that office said, "and she will be visiting the island in that capacity.
Any announcements relative to that visit must come from Government House".
A new political party was launched on March 6th under the political lead-
ership of the Honorc.rable Marcel Peters, Member of the House of Represent-
Mr. peters was the sole winning candidate of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada
United Labour party (GULP) in the recent General Elections but has now
broken with Sir Eric.
At a press conference to launch his Grenada Democratic Labour party
(GDLP), Mr. peters had with him three former associates of Sir Eric.
These are Messrs Oliver Raeburn and Alb'rt Forcythe, unsuccessful candi-
dates under Sir Eric's banner in the last General Elections, and Mr.
Franklin philbert who campair.:.:d for GULP. All have broken with Sir
Eric and, in his capacity as Leader of the Opposition, Mr. peters has
appo-inted them Senators. -continued-
Week Ending 6/4/85 TiJ GRENADA NE'SLETTER page 13
Reading the party's policy statement, Mr. Raeburnreferred to "ills" in the
community. These include high rates of illegitimacy and unemployment, neg-
lect of children and the aged, drug abuse and lack of opportunities for de-
velopment of skills.
"We the members of the Opposition, and foundation members of GDLP, uphold
the principles of free enterprise, freedom of organisation, freedom of wor-
ship, freedom of the press and freedom of people to elect their represent-
atives", he said, "but we are convinced that, unless a coordinated effort be
made by all existing institutions and organizations to bring under control
these economic and social ills, our Christian values and democratic princi-
ples, once again, will be undermined and the consequences will be far great-
er than what we experienced in October 1983".
Mr. Forsythe said he had been associated with Sir Eric since 1950, Mr.
Raeburn has been associated since 1972 and Messrs. Peters and philbert team-
ed up with Sir Eric in 1984. Mr. Forsythe said, however, that although all
four GDLP foundation members are former members of GULP, the new Party will
not suffer the taint of the adverse image of Gairy's organisation.
"We have learned by the mistakes we have mnade",,he said, "and many of these
mistakes were made by the head of the Party, Eric Gairy. We who were sub-
ordinate officers did not have the influence we now have in our own Party".
Mr. Forsythe said one of GULP's "mistakes" was employment of the "Mongoose
Gang", the criminal group found by the Duffus Commission of Inquiry to have
been recruited by Sir Eric to intimidate his opponents. Mr. Forsythe said
he and his colleagues would not have associated with that kind of behaviour
or that kind of people.
"Soi'e of us did not know that a Mongoose Gang existed, as is now told to us",
Mr. Raeburn said. "We never knew about that. We knew some of the people
said to be in the gang, like Willie and 'pram' Bishop, but we never knew of
an entity called the 'Mongoose Gang' performing those kinds of acts they are
Mr. philbert said formation of GDLP indicates o. break with "one-manship" and
"benevolent dictatorship", and the Party will provide machinery whereby lab-
our supporters can involve themselves in Grenada's development processes.
GDLP does not contemplate establishment of a Trade Union, he said, but, as
Sex-members of GULP, the foundation members of GDLP have a job, first and
Foremost, to look after the people who associated with them in their former
B.ACElGROUND CN GDLP
'The four foundation members of the Grenada Democratic Lqour party (IDLP),
.which was launched on March 6th have given thumb-nail sketches of themselves
land their backgrounds. -continued-
| '- __________________
page 14 THL GRET'ADA NE'J$.LTTER W_-k Ending (/4/95
Mr. Marcel peters, 53, GDLP political Le-der, worked with the Grenda Min-
istry of Agriculture from 1953 to 1984. In June 1984, he decided on a
political career, resigned, and joined the Gr-nsda United Labour Party (GULP)
of sir Eric Gairy to contest the General Elections held on December 3rd 1984,
Mr. Peters was the only successful GULP candidate (The New National Party
of Herbert Plaize captured 14 of the 15 seats in the House of Representa-
tives) and joined Sir Eric in condemnirnig the Elections as rigged. He said
then he would not take his seat in the House of Representatives but subse-
quently changed his position, broke with Sir Eric and was sworn in as a Mem-
ber of the House.
At a Press Conference on March 6th, he disassociated himself from any charge
that the Elections were rigged.
Mr. Albert Forsythe, 57, was a policeman in 1950 when Sir Eric returned from
Aruba and started his Trade Union and political activity.
"Because I informed Gairy of what was takir.g place", he said, "I was asked
Mr. Forsythe said he was, a't that time, attached to the Criminal Investiga-
tion Department. He was covering Sir Eric's public meetings and, at a
meeting in St. George's Market Square, heard Sir Eric "very forcibly" use
the words, "J.e will choke the employers to death".
In conversation with one of Sir Eric's supporters, Mr. Forsythe had said Sir
Eric would be ch-rged for this and subsequently, Sir Eric had spoken to him
and said the words he had actually used were "For their conscience, they
will choke to death".
S"I stupidly went and changed the statement I had already made, he said,"and
my superiors said that by m.ikin6 a second statenrcnt, Sir Eric could not be
incriminated and I was given the option of resignii.g or being fired. I re-
SMr. Forsythe said he knew Sir Eric in the 1950s but did not become a member
of his organisation until 1960 when he won a by-election as "an independent
-andidate with Gairy's support".
Since then, he has been a member of his Party until he resigned recently,
Until a few months before the New Jewel Revolution in 1979, he held Junior
Minister appointments in successive Gairy Governments but was Minister of
Communications and Works for a few months tefore the Gairy Government was
overthrown by NJM,
Mr. Forsythe said ne had been Vice president of Sir Eric's Mental and Manual
Workers Trade Union.
Olivei aa-:iuIjr 58, retired a, a teacher in 1971 and, on a petition by
ibers of the constituency of St. Patricks East, was selected by Sir Eric
Week Ending 6/4/85 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 15
to contest and win in the Elections of 1972. He won agiin in 1976 but
lost in 1984 when he was changed to contest the constituency of St. Pat-
Mr. Raeburn has served in the Gairy administrations as Minister of Agricul-
ture, Minister of Community Development, Minister of Education and Minister
Mr. Franklyn Philbe-rt, 52, was a Civil Servant in the Ministry of Labour
and, under the peoples Revolutionary Government, was acting Labour Commiss-
In the 1950s, he served in the Grenada police Force for 6% years before
migrating to the United Kingdom where he worked and studied politics and
Economics at Ruskin College, Oxford,
He returned to Grenada in 1966 and joined the Civil Service as Community
Development Officer but was dismissed twice after Sir Eric came to power in
1967. On both occasions he won 'ppcals against his dismissal but was
transferred to the Labour Department where he served for 16 years.
PETERS: I '.AS HCT AND SWEATY
The 4 foundation members of the Grenada Democratic Labour Party (GDLP),
which was launched on March 6th, have disassociated themselves with any
suggestion that the General Elections held in December last were rigged.
The 4 foundation members are Tr. Marcel Peters, the only winning candidate
of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party (GULP), Messrs. Albert
Forsythe and Oliver Raeburn, unsuccessful GULP candidates and Mr. Franklyn
philbert who canvassed for GULP. All 4 have broken with Sir Eric.
Mr. peters said, on the day after the Elections, when he was "hot and
sweaty", he joined Sir Eric in branding the Elections as riggc t but, under
quieter circumstances, he now withdraws and disassociates himself from this
The other foundation members joined Mr. peters in his stand.
Said Mr. Raeburn, "All of us agree. We all disassociate ourselves from
the accusation. Not having sufficient evidence, we are convinced that we
should not allow ourselves to get into being associated with the charge th
the Elections were rigged".
>___________________________________________- ^^-----------------------------.....**-.n ----- --- ------ ,.,.. .-------------------------------- ---
Page 16 THE GRENADA INE.LETTLR W. -k Ending 6/4/85
NOT OIULY GAikY'S INFLUENCE
The 4 foundation members of the Grenada Democratic Labour Party (GDLP),
which was launched on March 6th, dispute any suggestion that, at the Gen-
eral Elections last December, people who voted for candidates of Sir Eric
Gairy's Grenada United Labour party (GULP) did so purely on the strength
of Sir Eric's influence.
Of the 4 foundation members, 3 were GULP candidates in the Elections. Mr.
Marcel peters, GDLP Political Leader, is the only winning candidate for
GULP and the other 2 candidates are Messrs. Oliver Raeburn and Albert
Forsythe. The fourth foundation member is Mr. Franklyn Philbert who can-
vassed for GULP.
"I have won a seat on the St. Patrick's District Board on three occasions,"
Mr. Raeburn said, "and I have won a seat in the House of Representatives
on two occasions",
As a teacher for over 20 years, he has a number of supporters, he said,
and when he won an Election it was not solely on Sir Eric's influence.
Some votes were -gined due to GULP support, Mr. Raeburn admitted but he
is convinced that, on his own popularity, he amassed a "sizeable number
Mr. Peters said the same applied to him. He had worked in the Ministry
of Agriculture for 31 years and his entry into politics in 1984 was be-
cause people had asked for him.
"I have the support of at least 80% of the people in my constituency",he
said. "Admittedly, I got support as the GULP candidate, but not all tho
votes, I got a lot of personal notes".
Mr. Forsythe said he had won at the General Elections on 5 occasions and
this was because of his personal strength in the constituency of St.Marks.
In the last Elections, GULP movwd him to contest another constituency and
This indicates, he said, that it was his personal strength in St. Marks
which had brought him victory at the polls in the past, and not GULP
GDLP: YANKEE PLEASE STAY
IThe newly established Grenada Democratic Labour party (GDLP) has protested
to the United States Embassy here over the imminent withdrawal of the U.S.
It has been announced that the troops will go home in a phased withdrawal
beginning April i2th and composting June 12th and, in a letter dated 28th
Week Ending 6/4/85 THE 3RE[:ADA NEWSLETTER Page 17
February, addressed to the Embassy, the 4 GDLP foundation members express
their "grave concern and disapproval".
The foundation members are Mr. Marcel Peters who, at the last Elections won
a seat in the House of Representatives under the banner of Sir Eric Gairy's
Grenada United Labour Party (GULP), Messrs. Albert Forsythe and Oliver Rae-
burn who were unsuccessful GULP candidates, and Mr. Franklyn philbert who
canvassed for GULP.
'We are forced to take this stand", the letter said, "because of the poli-
tical differences which still exist within our society and the possibility
of a recurrence of the incidents of March 13th 1979 and October 1983".
The dates referred to are, respectively, that of the New Jewel Movement
(NJM) revolution which overthrew Gairy,and of the Fort George massacre when
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and an estimated 100 plus Grenadians were
killed by the NJM Peoples Revolutionary Army.
At a Press Conference on'March 6th, Mr. peters said GDLP is not sure Grena-
da can be now secure without the United States military presence. It is
not that he has no confidence in the newly recruited and trained police
Force, he said, but it is too early to judge their efficiency.
Mr. Forsythe said a lesson should be learned by Grenadians' experience with
the Cuban workers on the International Airport project. It had been every
body's understanding, he said, that these men were construction workers, butd
with the military intervention in October they turned out to be soldiers.
"We have GrrLnadians in other parts of the world who are now training as
medicos and in other fields", ie said, "and we don't know whether, when they
return they will be coming back only as medicos or as guerillas".
Mr. peters said GDLP cannot, at this time, say when the party suggests that
the American military presence should cease, but the party feels that pre-
sence is still vital to Grenada to curb any possibility of subversion.
OPPOSITION' RLJGRETS ADAMS' DEATH
The members of the Grenada Parliamentary Opposition today issued a statement
deeply regretting the sudden death on March 11th of Barbados prime Minister
"We are highly appreciative of the part he played in the restoration of
democracy in Grenada", the statement says, "and his general contribution to
the democratic principle in the V/cst Indies and the Commonwealth".
The statement, issued by Senator Oliver Raeburn on behalf of Senator Frank-
lyn philbert, senator Albert Forsythe and Leader of the Opposition Marcel
Peters (all members of the Grenada Democratic Labour party), offers condolen-
ces to Mr. Ad&mas wife, children and Mother, and to all Barbadians.
page 18 THE ;C-RI:iAD,.N E'SLETTER Week Fnding ./4/0' 5
EL.TI.. :S ~ 'ITH MOHAf.MED
When he visited Jamaica recently for the meeting of Caribbean Heads of
Government with Canadian prime Minister Lrian Mulroney, prime Minister
Herbert Blaize took the opportunity to hold discussions with Mr. Kamal-
udin Mohammed, prime Minister George Chambers' special delegate to that
Relations between Grenada and Trinidad & Tobago have been cool since Mr.
Chambers decided not to take part in the "Rescue Mission" of October 1983,
and, in an interview on March 7th Mr. Blaize said his talk with Mr. Moham-
med covered this matter.
"The relationship seems to be becoming more cordial", Mr. Blaize said,"and
we would like to see things return to normal".
Mr. Blaize said he had hoped t'o see Mr. Chambers in Jamaica but he did not
attend the meeting, and Mr. Blaize exrr-assed the opinion that a meeting of
prime Ministers of Grenada and Trinidad & Tobago is necessary to resolve
WEST GER!.,AN .;' rTONMS SCHOLARSHIPS
Mr. Patrick Bubh, -C;ptroller of Customs here, has left Greiada to attend
a threo-nnd-n-half month course in West Germany.
This is announced in a press release from the Embassy of the Federal Re-
ipublic of Germanry in Trinidad.
j"The course will cover all aspects of Customs Administration, such as CUo-
jtoms Investigation, International Customs Agreements, Auditing and the
>Basic Principles of Excise Duties", the release 6a -s.
'This is the second consecutive year in which the West German Government
!has awarded scholarships to senior Customs officials in the Eastern Carib-
bean, and the programme is organized by the Government-owned German Found-
'ation for International Development.
;The seminar takes place primarily in Berlin but Mr. Bubb will also visit
Bremen, Kiel and Cologne before r-etirniiing to Grenada in June.
Thrie other Customs officials from the Eastern Caribbean are taking part
:in this course. They are Mr. Eusebius Alexander of St. Lucia, Mrs.Olive
de Freitas of St. Vincent and Mr. Joseph Lorde of Barbados.
-*f I .* y.-,-
Week Ending 6/4/85 THL ,GRiLNADA NEVJSLETTLR Page 19
'EC$9.5 MILLION EEC "PACKAGE"
The -uronaan Economic Community (-LC) has presented Grenada Government with
a "financial package" worth some EC$9.5 millions
Mr. Bob Visser, EEC Resident Representative, said in an interview on March
11th thai he had presented a letter from the European Commission to the
Prime minister Herbert Blaize outlining the details of the package.
"The bulk of the EC$9.5 million that is, about EC$8.5 million will consist
of grants", Mr. Visser said, and the other part will be made available from
risk capital resources".
Mr. Visser said he explained to Mr. Blaize that this financial package does
not include any additional inputs which may be made available to Grenada un-
der the Regional Cooperation Scheme, the Stabex Scheme for subsidising loss-
es of Foreign Exchange earnings by domestic produce, Food Aid programmes and
possible financing by the European Investment Bank,
Mr. Visser said there will be detailed discussions between the EEC and the
Grenada Government to explore how EEC's support can best be integrated into
Government's development strategies.
ROAD PROJECTS GOING AHEAD
Dr. Keith Mitchell, Minister.of Communications in the Grenada Government,said
in an interview on March 7th that several major road projects undertaken by
Government should all be completed within 30 months.
One of these projects is the Eastern Main Road and work on the link which con-
nects St. Gcorge's with Grenville on the east coast is aairn in pr'gr-cs aft-
er a lapse of some months.
The link which gocs beyond, connecting Grenville with Sauteurs at the north-
ern tip of the island, is to be financed by the European Development Fund at
a cost of UTT4.5 million. Road offices connected with this work were then
being constructed, Dr. Mitchell said, and work was expected to commence short-
The Western Main Road project is to be done in two phases, Dr. Mitchell said.
One is the link between St. George's and Gouyave, halfway up the west coast,
and this is to be financed by the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) at a cost
of EC316 million. The other phase, Gouyave to Sauteurs, is financed by the
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and will cost
TAll arrangements have been made for the financing of the two links", Dr.
!Mitchell said, "and both CDB and USAID are now looking at 'start-up' dates
!to take the work in hand". -continued-
age 20 THE GRENADA NE.'SLETTER Week Ending 6/4/85
The Minister said the road project connecying St. George's with the Point
Saline International Airport at the southern tip of the island is progress-
ing well and will be completed by September.
Dr. Mitchell pointed out two problems affecting the road programme, One
is the difficulty of employing enough people for the road gangs. More
people are needed than have come forward to be employed, he said, and he
thought the wages being offered are not attractive. This problem, he said,
his Ministry has to look into,
The other problem is the relatively slow progress being made on the Eastern
Main Road. This project was started in the regime of the Peoples Revolu-
tionary Government and agreement was then made with the donors that the
work would be done under Government supervision.
Dr. Mitchell said contract work would be faster and the Western Main Road
project will be undertaken on that basis.
TOURIST PLANT EXPANDS
Mr. George Brizan, Minister of Tourism in the Grenada Government, disclos-
ed in an interview on March 7th that that industry is receiving a boost
from both local and foreign investcirs.
The Minister said a German group has already started construction of a
50-room hotel in Grenada's sister island, Carriacou,,and a Grenadian cam-
pany, ANRIC Ltd., is now clearing a site at "True Blue" on Grenada's south
coast for a 30- room hotel.
The True Blue project is funded by the Caribbean Development Bank Mr,
Briz.n said, and building is expected to comm-nce in April.
IA source close to ANRIC told NE~VLETTER that building is to commence within
60 days, and the hotel will be open on December let.
Mr. Brizan said other south coast tourism development is projected.
"There is also the Mount Hartman Resorts project", he said. "This is
being undertaken by an American company and will be a multiple facility
including an hotel, marina and an 18-hole championship golf course".
iThis.project is on Government lands, the Minister said, and the lease is
being prepared. Development will commence within 6 months of the signing
of the lease.
Adalitionally, he said, the Government-owned Grenada Beach Hotel on Grand
YAnse beach, now occupied by the United States military is to be refurbish-
Jed when the troops leave later this year.
Week Ending 6/4/85 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 2.1
"This will make 184 rooms available", Mr. Brizan said, "and we are now
studying a very firm offer from an American company to lease and refurbish,".
The Minister said the Grenada Beach Hotel project will involve a sum in ex-
cess of US35 million.
Cinnamon Hill, a 21-room hotel at MTorne Rouge on Grand Anse beach is to be
expanded, Mr. Brizan said. By December of this year, that hotel will have
60 additional rooms and further expansion is planned to 250 rooms.
Other expansion in the Morne Rouge area will be at the "Blue Horizons" hotel
A spokesman for the Grenadian company, Leisure Vacations Ltd*, owners of the
hotel, told NEViSLETTER expansion is planned from the present 16 rooms to 32
Land in the Morne Rouge area is Government owned. Leisure Vacations Ltd.
have applied for the lease on the lot adjoining the existing hotel and the
spokesman said it is expected Government will deal with this matter shortly
and development will start immediately after
Cost of the "Blue Horizons" expansion is estimated at EC$1 million.
BLAIZE: PUT YOUR MONEY V.HERE YOUR MOUTH IS
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize said in an interview on March 7th that his
Government has had "positive proposals" relative to investment in Grenada.
Key Universal Ltd., he said, a computer card punching organisation which
used to operate in Grenada, has advised that, within a few weeks, they will
reestablish themselves here with 60 employees.
"We are in touch with Caribbean Computer Products Ltd.", Mr. Blaize said,
"and they will start out with a staff of 50 which is expected to grow".
This company, he said, will establish a data processing system in Grenada
which will be linked via satellite with North America.
Other investment in Grenada will be in the field of Agriculture and Mr.
George Brizan, Minister of Agriculture, who was at the interview, gave de-
Mr. Brizan said a company with Grenadian majority interest has been formed,
the minority interest being owned by "a few United States persons who have
had experience in agriculture".
"The project involves creation of a vegetable farm at the Government-owned
La Sagesse estate", he said, "and establishment of a marketing outlet and
packaging depot -;omewhere in the Morne Rouge development area".
FHR- 22 THZ : GRIADA NEWSLETTER W ek Ending 6/4/85
Some 110 acres of land are involved, Mr. Brizan said. A valuation is be-
ing done and a lease is to be prepared The Ministe? said this investment
is close to EC11.6 million and it involves provision of seed to farmers with
adjoining lands and the purchase and marketing of produce from those farmers.
All formalities have been completed, Mr. Brizan said, and he expected the
project to be operative within 60 dsys.
Mr. Blaize referred to the Ingles Company, a manufacturer of wooden toys,
which established itself here in 1984 during the regime of Interim Govern-
ment but which has since folded.
Ingles is a "sad story,, the Prime Minister said, and Government is trying
to avoid repetitions of this nature by handling investors through the Invest-
ment Development Corporation which has been set up.
"The approaches of many investors seem on the level", Mr. Blaize said, "but
I warn them that I will take steps to make sure they can put their money
where their mouth is".
INTERIM UIRFCRT BOARD APPOINTED
An "Interim Board" has been appointed to advise Government on a range of
matters connected with the Point Saline International Airport.
This was disclosed on March 7th in an interview with Dr. Keith Mitchell,
Minister of Communications, and he said the 9 member Board is headed by
prominent Grenadian businessman, Mr. Rawle Charles.
"Some of their Terms of Reference are to look at the management stri-tur.
of the airport", he said, "also to draw up plans for empl.oyigL and traMninq
personnel, and examine the projection of flights into the country".
Government has received and is looking at applications from several air-
lines to provide service into Grenada, he said, but he was unable to give
details of this until Cabinet has made- decisions.
iDr. Mitchell said Trinidad & Tobago's airline, PWTA, is already providing
a service into Point saline, but the visa restrictions imposed on Grenadians
by the Government of Trinidad & Tobago are creating difficulties.
The service is between Grenada and Miami, the Minister said, b'ut 3renadians
must board the aircraft on its southbound trip, passing through Trinidad"s
Ptarco airport before going on to Miami from that ioint.
"Even if a person is only intransit at Piarco", Dr. Mitchell said, "they
must get a visa and this makes it difficult for Grenadians to use the ser-
_ ~ __i____
Week Ending 6/4/85 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 23
Covering another area of -his Ministry, Dt. Mitchell said plans are being ex-
amined for installation of a digital telephone system.
We are looking at several plans, including a joint venture relationship", he
said, "and we have had encouraging discussions with two organizations".
This matter has to go before Cabinet, he said, and he thinks that, due to
the critical nature of the telephone problem, Government will decide, within
a matter of a few months, what is to be done#
U.S. AID FOR THE COMMUNITY SPIRITED
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize has signed a General project Agreement with
the United States for the purpose of making small grants available to assist
small-scale activities of community-spirited groups and organizations.
The agreement was signed on March 11th and it covers an amount of ECS268,820o
Groups and individuals normally eligible for assistance are those.economically
disadvantaged and without access to resources provided by commercial or gov-
ernmental sources of assistance. Normally, grants will not exceed
ECS13,500 per project.
A release issued on March 12th by the United States Information Service
(USIS) says the grant assistance under this agreement is in addition to an
equivalent amount given to Grenadian Community Development Groups last year.
In 1984, some 26 projects were financed under the first grant programme and
these included the Queen ElizLaeth Home for Children, St. Andrews Woodwork
Cooperative, the Kennedy Home for Handicapped Children and the Tourist Vend-
The concept of "self-help" is an integral part of each project, the USIS
release says, and at least 25% of total project costs must be met by the
beneficiary or other donors.
VENEZUIELAN BSINESSMEN VISIT
Mr. Maria Salazar, Minister Advisor in the Venezuelan Ministry of Foreign
Affairs, arrived in Grenada on March 7th at the head of a delegation of Vene
zuelan businessmen seeking joint venture investment projects with the Grena-
dian commercial community.
The 8 businessmen in the delegation held discussions with local businessmen
at a meeting on March 8th and, in preparation for which they talked on March
7th with Senator Charles "Laddie" McIntyre, President of the Grenada Chamber
of Industry and Commerce. -continued-
page 24 THE GREa,,DA NE SLETTLR .e/-8 Ending 6/4/85
They met also With Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, prime Minister Herbert
Blaize and other Government Ministers.
Id BAJIK DOES WELL
For the third consecutive year, Directors of the Grenada Cooperative Bank
Ltd. have recommended that shareholders be paid 16 percent dividend on Ord-
inary shares and 10 percent on preference shares. The Annual General
Meeting will be held on April 11th to consider these recommendations,
This Bank's progress has presented a steady picture of success over the
past 10 years and-Mr. George Williams, Chairman of the Board of Directors,
told I!EiW'LET'R this is a reflection of the service given the public.
"We have geared our operations mainly to long term mortgage financing,"', he
said, "and have helped large numbers of Grenadiins to get their own homes".
In this field, the increase in business since 1974 has been over 500%. In
1974, loans to customers totalled 3 million SEC and, last year, this figure
had climbed to EC$15..i million.
Originiltly opcr-ting only I. tho capital city, St. ~eorge's, the Cooperative .
Bank embarked on an expansion programme in 1977 and 1978, enlarging the city
premises and expanding into the district towns of Grenvrille and Sauteurs.
The results of this expansion are reflected in 45 increase in customer
loans in 1978 over the 1974 fiwgu-e and 95% increase in customer deposits
from EC;2.7 million in 1974 to LCs5.2 million in 1978.
But the increase between 1978 qnd 19FO wari even more dramatic and Mr. Will-
iams attributes this to a special circumstance,
VWhen the P- plos Revolutionary Gcve-rnment bought the Canadian Imperial Bank
of Commerce and renamed it the National Commercial Bank (rCB) in 1980", he
said, "there was a loss of public confidence in that institution and we had
a flood of deposits fleeing from NGB",.
This "flood" shows in that the 17.0 figure for customer deposits was '0310.5
million, an increase of 102% over the 1978 figure of EC$5.2 million. This
increase provided the Bank with a greater cash flow and customer loans rose
by 119% from the 1978 figure of EC!4.5 million to EC$9.5 million in 1980.
Mr. Willinms says the Bank has no plans now to expand to other locations
in the State but consideration is being given to increasing the services
S"We would like co offer a Cull current account service", he said, "and, a
bit further into the future, w" would like to train our staff to undertake
Commercial ban-ing with overseas correspondents". -continued-
Ieek Ending 6/4/85 TEE GRIENADA IE'ESLETTER P-,ge 25
Established in 1932 with the intention of serving persons unable to open
large accounts, the Bank has g-rined the affectionate name of the "Penny
Bank", deposits of as little as one penny being acceptable.
The authorised capital is ECT1.5 million of which EC'393,0tO has been
issued. Of this total, EC?30,000 represents preference shares and the
balance is in Ordinary shares.
GBC NOH FOR SALE
The .rrnadn. Ministry of Finance, in a notice published in the Government
Gazette, says "Recent rumours circulating in the country about the propos-
ed sale by Government of the Grenada Bank of Commerce (GBC) to a foreign
company are alarmist 'and totally unfounded".
This notice seems to be a reaction to a resolution passed, on February
26th, by the Board of Management of the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Associa-I
"'hereas GCNA is aware that there are sufficient Grenadian institutions
and Grenadians willing to purchase GBC ... the Resolution says, "be it
resolved that GCNA calls on Government to make a declaration that GBC will
not be sold to outside financial institutions or people".
The Government Gazette notice says the facts are the Government explored
unofficial information received that the former owners of GBC, Royal Bank
of Canada, wished to repurchase the institutions.
"To date, no formal proposal has been submitted to the Ministry of Finance
nor have any discussions with the all-ealy interested party commenced",
the notice says. "Indeed, it is true to say that exploration has not
even really started since the opportunity to do so has not offered".
The notice says GBC "is presently not, repeat not for sale", and the pub-
lic is assured that if and when sale is contemplated, it will be primarily
NEW JERSEY Ai_;OVES MEDIC;.L SCHOOL
The St. Ge3rgc's University School of Medicine has been granted probation-
ary -pproval by the New Jersey State Board of Medical Exrminers (NJSBME)
to conduct its clinical programmes in New Jersey hospitals.
This was announced on March 13th in a telephone interview from New York
by Mr. Arthur Massolo, Public Relations Consultant to the School of Medi-
cine, and he said the approval is subject to the regulations and condi-
tions of the Board of Examiners. -continued-
Page 26 TE GREADA TgLETTER Week Ending 6/4/85
"The Board met in Trernton, New Jersey, today," Mr. Massola said, "and at
that time made public its decision to give the School of Medicine a 2-year
The Public Relations Consultant said this 7pprov-l permits the School to
continue with on-going clinical progrm.rrtes in new Jersey, and this is the
first time any foreign medical school has been given such approval by the
This approval comes at the end of an extensive two year application proce-
dure which included a visit to the School's Grenada campus by a team of
United States medical educators appointed by the State of New Jersey, Mr.
"We now have s-ud.-nts in 4 New Jers.-; hospitals", Mr. Massolo said, "and
these are St. Michael's Medical Centre in T:ewrk, St. Joseph's Hospital
Medical Centre in patterson, Inglewood Hospital in Inglewood and Holy n-me
Hospital in Teaneck".
St. George's University School of Medicine opened its doors in Grenada on
17th January 1977 with a student enrollment of 197 and under the open sus-
picion of the Gr.rnida Medical Association (GMA).
In a Press Release, GMA said it was concerned that, before the School was
established, there had been no consultation with any of "the bodies con-
cerned with the practice of the medical profession in the region, and the
training of persons for this profession."
"The GMA is concerned that, in the absence of the necessary consultations
...", the Release said, "the standards of St. George's University School
of Medicine have not been subjected to scrutiny and may not conform to ac-
However,to date, the number of students enrolled has risen to over 1000
and results have proved the standards of the School to be acceptable.
Before being allowed to continue their education in the United States
hospitals, graduates of medical schools foreign to the United States must
take an examination set by the United States Educational Commission for
foreign Medical Students (ECFIM'-).
The results obtained by graduates of the St. George's Medical School in
the ECF13G examinations have been second highest of all medical schools,
world wide, taking the examination, and Mr. Massolo quoted the Chancellor
of the University, Dr. Ch:-rles 'Mlodica, in this connection.
S"Wrile we have been proud of our number 2 ranking in the ECFMG examinations"
SMr. Modica said, "probationary approval by the state of New Jersey, after
they had turned down 2 other foreign medical school applications, is espe-
:ally significant to St. George's University and ita students".
THE OGPE~rDA NEWSLETTER
St. George's Medical School has 3 camrnusoes, the main one being in GreYhada.
One of the others, in Barbados, was established in the unsettled period
following the United States military intervention in 1983 and is to be
closed shortly.. The third campus is in St. Vincent.
FREE TUITION FOR GRENADIAhNS
Over 350 Grenadians are now receiving, free of cost, a 10-week course at the
Liberal Arts International College of the Eastern Caribbean, a faculty of
Grenada's St. George's University.
This was announced at a Press Conference on March 13th by Dr. 'Vellington
Friday, Provost of the College and Dr. Geoffrey Bourne, Vice Chancellor of
St. George's University was established in Grenada in 1977 with a single
faculty, the School of Medicine, and Dr. Bourne said the launching of the
Liberal Arts faculty on March 4th was fulfilment of long term expansion
plans of the University.
On January 21st last, the Vice Chancellor said, the University had started
classes for prc-medical studies and he expected there will be further expan-
sions in due course.
Dr. Friday said St. George's University has a close association with Barry
University in Florida, and the Liberal Arts programme to be carried out by
the International College will be under the auspices of Barry.
"The intention is, initially, to offer courses contained in the Barry Univer-
sity bulletin so that persons taking such courses might take them for Barry
University credits and apply those credits, if they wish to a Bachelor's
degree", Br. Friday said. "Ba-rry University is a fully accredited United
States institution and it oversees the academic programme at International
The University decided, Dr., Friday said, that the college-level courses
being offered at this time should be free of cost as a service to Grenada
and they should be in the fields of Education and Health, two areas identi-
fied by the Minister of Education, Mr. George McGuire, as needing assistance.
The courses are General Biology, Fundamentals of Chemistry, Preparation Col-
lege Mathematics, Elementary Statistics, Psychology and Physics.
Thirtyfour tutors have been employed to teach these subjects and they will
operate at 3 centres. One is in St. George's at the Medical School campus
,where 221 persons have enrolled, one in Grenada's second town of Grenville
in premises made available by Government for 139 students, and the third is
'in Grenada's sister island of Carriacou, also in a Government building,where
12 students will be taught. -continued-
I~ _Ylf~ _
Week Ending 6/4/85
Page 28 TT: GER,.D NEJ3LETTLK "e' Ending 6/L/85
Dr. Friday is Grenadian born and won a seat in Parliament in the General
Elections of 1972 on the ticket of the Grenada National Party of Mr. Her-
bert B~aize4 His win was remarkable in that he defeated the candidate of
Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada Unite' Labour Party::be. innat'on rihytet by a singl-
vote in 2369 votes cast*
Within a few months, he obtained leave from Parliament to study in the Unit-
ed States. .'lien leave was not extended to permit him to complete his
studies, he relinquished his seat in parliament and went on to obtain a
doctorate in International Education.
Returning to Grenada, Dr Friday announced, in 1976, the lasnching of the
"University of the Eastern Caribbean" which was designed, he said.to pro-
vide an educ.tionnl service to "people who need a second chance".
This institution, however, did not get off the ground and, in that year Dr.
Friday became Education Advisor to the Gairy Government, Subsequently,
he was appointed to the Senate and became Sir Eric's Minister of Education.
SAID GIVLS MN:ITAL HOSPIrAL
Contracts have been signed for construction of an 80-bed Mental irspital
on the outskirts of St. George's and a 26-bed Psychiatric wing at Grenada's
General Hospital, both to be financed by the United States Agency for In-
ternational Development (USAID).
This was disclosed on March 7th in an interview by Mr. Daniel "Danny" Wil-
liams, Minister for Health in the Grenada Government, and he said that, ih
addition to the buildings, USAID will pay for the necessary equipment and
training of staff.
Mr. Williams said Grenada's health services suffer from a shortage of
"We inherited a very startling shortage", he said, "and this was because,
after they are trained, many of the nurses leave".
The Minister said he had had discussions with representatives of the Nurs-
ing Association and the Unions which represent nurses, and Government has
decided on taking action in a number of directions to face the shortage
problem. In this connection, he said, the Nursing School was opened re-
cently and there were 34 new entrants.
With reference to Doctors, he sai~, there is no snortage of General Prac-
titioners but there is a need for Specialists.
'There is a particular need for a Surgeon Specialist, he said, and in cer-
.tain other specialist fields, but some Grenadian doctors have been attract-
ed.back home and "e hopes that, in the not too far distant future, the Health
Serviced will be adequately staffed in all fields. -continued-
Week Ending 6/4/85 THE GREILDA EY4EWSLETTER page 29
"We have responded to applications from 2 Surgeon Specialists", Mr. Willim:
said, "and this is-likely to fill the gnr. for a year or two".
The Minister said Grenaditns are grateful for the assistance which has been
given to the country by the HOPE Medical Project team, but Government is
making every effort to become selfsufficient in the provision of specialist-
and other services.
PE.CE CCRFS 1';CRK EXPANDS
Nineteen volunteers of the United States peace Corps are now assisting the
State of Grenada in various fields.
This is disclosed in a press Release from the office of the peace Corps in
Gr:en-d:, and the Release siys the build up of personnel began in January
1984 when volunteers began to re-enter the country,
"Of the 17 volunteers in Grenada, 13 are involved in teaching subjects such
as Mathematics, Science, Spanish and French", the Release says. "One per-
son is a Librarian, one is a Bu.i'iness ;.dvisor to the National Development
nFundation and 2 serve as A'gricultural Economist and Agricultural Statisti-
cian with the Ministry of Industrial Development and Ministry of Agriculture"
The other 2 volunteers are stationed in Carriacou, Grenada's sister island,
one beini a 4-H Club Organiser working with the Ministry of Agriculture and
the other a Spanish teacher at Bishop's College.
Considerable expansion of the Peace Corps' work has taken place since last
October when an office was established and Miss Mary Silewski was appointed
Resident Grenada Director.
LETUC.'I. F L.NT ,ANAL1SED
Representatives from Grenada, Barbados, Jamaica, St. Lucia, Suriname, Trini-
dad & Tcb-':o, the United States and the Caribbean Cornmunity Secretariat
wound up on March 14th a 4-day regional coordinating meeting which analysed
the technical development of the Leucaena plant in the Caribbean.
This plant, whose seeds can be used as cattle feed, and which can provide
industrial timber, is a valuable source of soil nitrogen and helps to prev-
ent soil erosion.
It has rApid growth and can be gro:n in poor soil with very little water.
Sponsor of the meeting was the OrganisEtion of American States and technical
assistance was given by the University of Hawaii which has studied the uses
Sof Leucaena in the tropics.
Page 30 T:-;E GRENAD,- IE'. SLETTER Week Endi- 6/4/8
R1 'E ...-7ti ICJT CCT : 'N "'i OCO"
The InterAmerican Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) is to
aid a research project on "Moko" disease in Grenada. Also to benefit
from the project is the nbluggoe"f a specie of banana which must be cook-
ed before it is eaten and which is an important West Indian food item.
Implementation of the project was announced in a Windward Islands Banana'.
Association ('.PINB,.N) Press Release, and WINBAN says the cost of the pro-
ject is being borne by the European Development Fund (EDF).
The services of a crop protection specialist will be made available by
IICA, the VII'TB.J Release says, and IICA will participate in quarterly
meetings of the Moco Disease monitoring committee comprised of represent-
atives from the Caribbean Community Secretariat, the Grenada Banana Co-
operative Society, the Grenada Ministry of Agriculture and WINBAN.
According to "''INtE.l, there is no cure for Moco Disease and it is very
infectious, plants affected show symptoms of "water stress", leaves
yellow prematurely and there is a black rot in the fruit pulp. Treat-
ment consists of eradicating infectedplants together with seemingly un-
infected plants within 12 feet.
Moco was first discovered in Grenadain 1978 and has since cost the Bana-
na industry great losses. It originated in tropical America but now
has worldwide distribution.
The disease :pp:-ared in Trinidad in epidemic proportions in 1890 and the
outbreak almost eliminated the B'iug,.oc which, in that island, has the
same name as the disease.
In 1934, a severe loc-lised outbreak was noted in Trinidad's Rio Claro
district and, in the early 1960s, Moco disease devastated Trinidad's
banana plantations, forcing the island out of commercial production.
PLU7-':-OE C' N "KILL A J .\CKASS"
Bananas were most certainly among the first crops of zouth-east Asia
where agriculture is believed to have had its birth among the primitive
tribes of that region,
This opinion is expressed by the i': ndoard Islands Banana Association
(WINBAN) in a leaflet just published, and WINBAN says it is a reasonable
assumption that the banana, as it is known today, is some tens of thou-
sj nds of years old.
"The earliest records of cultivation come from India and reference to
bananas occurs is the early Ei'.hhist records 500 to 600 years before
the birth of Christ", WINBAN says. "Another reference from Inlia,
Week Ending 6/4/85 THE GRENADA rTE"SLETTER Page 31
about this time, suggests the existence of a plant with 'fruit as big as
tusks' the horn plantain and from that time on, reference in Indian
writings and art are numerous",
It is thought that bananas were introduced to Africa by Arab traders who
travelled from India to East Africa through Southern Arabia. Speculation
is that the plant then spread southwards through Ethiopia to Northern Ugan-
da' but the first positive records of the banana in Africa are, in the year
1300, from Kenya's Indian Ocean port of Mombassa.
"By the time West Africa was first explored in the 15th century", WINBAN
says, "bananas were well established there, and it is assumed they arrived
via the moist centre of the Great Continent".
According to WINBAN, bananas were taken by the Portugese from Africa to the
Canary Islands, off the south coast of Morocco, sometime after 1400. From
there, the plant was taken to America and records show that, in 1516, a
Friar named Tomas de Beilanga introduced bananas to Santo Domingo in the
WTriB.\N says the wellknown banana varieties, "Gros Michel" and "Dwarf caven-
dish" were introduced to the region early in the 19th century, but there is
one variety, well known in the Caribbean but not outside, of whose intro-
duction nothing is known*
This variety is not edible raw. In Grenada it is known as the "bluggoe",
in Trinidad as "Moco", in Antigua as "Bugamont" and in St. Vincent as
Tender and smooth when cooked young, this variety becomes of a coarse text-
ure when it is fully matured, and this is reflected in another name it is
said to be'called in other islands. That name is"mata burro". This is
believed to be a corruption of the Spanish words, "mater burro", the indi-
cation being that, as a food, this variety can kill a jackass.
The WINB.'J leaflet gives the origin of the word "banana" as having come
from the Guinea Coast in West Africa early in the 16th century. There it
was called "banema, or "banama".
As to the origin of the scientific name of the banana family, "Musa",
WINBAN says, this latin woid comes from the Arabic word "Mouz" which is de-
rived from the Sanscrit word "Maoka" or from the Southern Arabian town of the
4 And '/I;B,:. suggests the origin of another name, "Fig", by which the banana
is known throughout the English-speaking Caribbean.
"Whatever the origin of the word (Musa), the Arab of the Dark Ages knew the
word and it entered the Holy Koran as 'The tree of Paradise'", the i'TNBAN
leaflet says. "Possibly this is how the banana first became called 'fig'
When it entered Europe for thefirst time about the 10th century A,D.
Page 32 THE GRENADA NE'J3LETTER Week Ending 6/4/85
"... ". U. L.LI P.'. :..' STC'RY
The swift Banana Company, a subsidiary of the United States based United
Fruit Company, was the pioneer in the growing and shipping of bananas from
This information comes from the .'indward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN)
which has announced publication of a 6-part series on the banana industry
in Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia and Dominica.
That industry, '.I1E..N says, provides regular year-round employment and in-
come for some 20,000 farmers in these islands.
"The story of bananas, however, is a fascinating one", WINBAN says, "a
story of success, tragedy, disasters : a story of care and attention at
every stage of production and distribution of the fruit.: a story of con-
tinuous scientific research to find improved methods of cultivation, pro-
duction and transportation".
The first feature of WINBrA's six part series is a look at the historical
development of the banana industry in St. Lucia. WINBAN says, in 1925,
the Swift Banana Company bought lands in St. Lucia and the British Colonial
Government encouraged small holders to grow bananas in the hope that an in-
dustry might develop.
But, that hope was not realized. The variety of banana then grown was the
"Gros Michael" which is very susceptible to panama Disease and, the Company
went into liquidation when the banana plantations had been destroyed by
A second attempt was made in 1933. This time, it was by the Canadian
Buying Company, another subsidiary of the United Fruit Company, and St.
Lucia's banana farmers were offered a 5-year contract for the sale of all
Bananas delivered at the.wharves in acceptable condition,
As part of the contract, the Canadian Buying Company proposed establish-
ment of a Banana Growers Association, and thus was born the St. Lucia Grow-
ers Association (SLGA).
That was in 1933 and, as a purchasing commodity association, SLGA took up
1its first contract for the period 1934 to 1939.
According to IilB.'., SLGA was a Government statutory board comprised main-
lly of large growers. A guaranteed income derived from immediate payment
proved an incentive for expanded cultivation but, as the volume of ship-
ments increased, the old enemy, panar:im Disease, became more and more of a
'World "iar II kill.d the industry. There were no ships to carry the ban-
,anas and there wcs no revival until 1948.
"hWk Ending 6/4/85 rH: Gce3:.D,, ':SIETTER Page 33
In that year, A Canadian C:7,pJny, Antilles products Ltd., offered St.Lucia
producers a 15-year contract gu-ir.-nteeing the purchase of I million stems
"Three years later, the British Colonial Office supplied a team of agricul-
tural experts to furnish appropriate recommendations for improved product-
ion", WITI3..r says, "(and) their recommendations suggested a change from a
statutory body to a farmers association...."
Government paid a fulltime agricultural officer to serve as the Associa-
tion's Technical Advisor and, by 1973, the St* Lucia Banana Crowers Associ-,
tion functioned as a commercial company with 291 shares and an elected
Board of Directors.
WINE.N quotes one writer as describing the Association as "the middleman,
paying a guaranteed price to the growers while withholding a standardised
tax for maintenance, disease control and insurance.'"
In those days St. Lucia's economy depended to a considerable extent on sug-
ar. ,INlE.r's next installment of the "Banana story in the W1indwards"
deals with the decline of sugar and the emergence of the "Green Gold" of
A-ister Hughes Cynthia Rughes
6th April 1985
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott street, St. Georges, Grenada, Westindies
t ~ -----~- --- ------