The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Full Text


For The Week Ending 2nd Mardh 1985
12th Year of publication - - 14th Issue
Volume 13 number 3

Mr. Roy Haverkamp, Charge d'Affaires at the United States Embassy in
Grenada, confirmed to NEWSLETTER on February 16th that the United
States military presence in the island will come to an end on June

"We now have about 100 Military Policemen-and some 150 support person-
nel on the island", he said, and, Commencing April 12th, we will beg-
in a phased withdrawal which will be completed on June 12th".

The U.S. Army came to Grenada in the early hours of October 25th 1983.
Six days earlier, Grenada's Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, members
of his Cabinet and an estimated more than 100 Grenadians had been mur-
dered by the Peoples Revolutionary Army and a Revolutionary Military
Council had placed the p'p.lation under virtual house arrest.

A request by Governor General Sir Paul Sooon for outside assistance
was relayed to president aeagan through Dominica's Prime Minizser
Eugenia Charles acting in her capacity as Chairperson of the Organis-
ation of East Caribbean State.s (OECS) comprising Grenada, St.Vincent,
St.Lucia, Dominica, Antigua and St Kitts/Nevis.

The United States "Rescue Mission" code-named operation "Urgent Fury"
involved, at its peak, over 6000 combat troops. By the fourth day,
all resistance from Cuban and Grenadian forces had been overcome,the
island was secured and, by December 15th, all combat troops had been
evacuated, leaving only a force of Military Police.

Together with the Americans came personnel from Defence and Police
forces of Jamaica, Barbados and countries of the OECS. These units


page 2 THE GRENADA DiL-LELTTER Week Ending 2/3/85

made up the "Caribbean peacekeeping Fbrce" (ePF), and Mr. Have-kamp said
that force also is to be withdrawn.

At the present time, he said, the CPF is under the command of an Officer
of the Jamaica Defence Force but, on June 12th, when CF will have 50
men stationed in Grenada, the command will pass to Brigadier Rudyard
Lewis, coordinator of the Reaicoial Security service ERSS)

RSS is a corps of specially trained policemen drawn front Jamaica, Bar-
bados and the CEC(S countries, and Mr. Haverkamp said the &PF will be dis-
solved on September 20th and the Grenada Police Force, including the is-
land's Special Services ITnit of the RSS-, will assume responsibility for
Grenada's security.

"The withdrawal of our troops is in no way an indication of United States
abandonment of Grenada and the Eastern Caribbean", Mr. Haverkamp 4aid.
"It is a logical development in our security relationship and no one whon
seeks to overthrow a legally constituted Government can take comfort
from the change in the United States' security relationship with Grenada"

The Charge d'Affaires said that, in Septmmbe-r, United States Forces will
take part in a joint exercise with the RSS. The location of that exer-
cise has not yet been fixed, he said, but it will not be in Grenada.


Two Grenqdian newspapers have voiced the opinion of a metin of the com-
munity which is opposed to the announced withdrawal of the Un.ited Stat-hr

According to Mr. Roy Haverkamp, Charge d'affaires at the United St-tes
iEmbassy here, the remnant of the u.S. military presence, 100 Military
policemen and 150 support personnel, will leave Grenada in a phased with-
drawal between April 12th and June 12th.

The independent "Grenadian Voice", in an editorial on February 16th,
said the withdrawal is disturLit._ to most serious thinking Grenadians.

"Ve can countenance a phased withdrawal of American personnel from act-
ive peace-keeping or security duties, except as a back-up", the "Voice"
says, "but they should establish a solid base here". .

The newspaper admits the police Force is being built up rapidly and is
receiving a lot of b:t, asks the "Voice", "since when has in-
start training meant instant quali..cation?"

said the "VoiJr many grenadians feel the American decision to withdraw
s bared on the desire to lo-ve while they are still welcome.

i_ __ -__ _

Week Ending 2/3/85 THL GRENADA 4t5SLETTER Page 3

"They needn't worry", the nvewspaptr eaili, "de,,pite tfh rumbli.,gs or reject-i
ed and discredited elements in the society and their cohort abroad ...
the vast majority of Crenadians do not feel 'occupied. and want a contin-
uing American presence here .... many even want it permanently".

The "Voice" says the need to stay is even more fundamental. Things may
appear calm and stable, the paper seysl but "The ousted forces and system"
are eager for an opportunity to turn the tables.

Also concerned over the withdrawal of the Americans is the "Grenada Guard-
ian", organ of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party (GULP).

"It is difficult to see-the Americaps voluntarily withdrawing from any
country in which the Communists are interested", the newspaper says in an
editorial on February 16th, "i..and it is obvious that the New National
party Government must have brought a little pressure to bear for the Ameri-
cans to act out of character"'

A person must be a Communist or a lunatic, the "Guardian" says, if he can-
not see that the Communists will not miss the slightest opportunity to take
hold of Grrnada again.

"Sir Eric has already vowed& that he and hia. ULP will do all in their pow-
er to have Washington change its decision and have the Americans stay", the
paper says,

"Guardin"' implores prime Minister Blaize to consider, not only the peo-
ples wishes, but also "the obvious economic advantages" a continued Ameri-
can presence offers.


Grenada's Coimmissioner.of Police, Mr. Russell "oppin, has assured the peo-
ple of the island. that their security will be well taken care of aft-r the
United States and Caribbean peacekeeping Forces leave later thiz year.

Mr. Toppin said he has seen, in.the local and regional press, a concern ex.
pressed over security when these forces leave, and he thinks this concern
is both unjustified and out of keeping with reality.

"The time has come", he said, "when Grenadians must begin to have confidence1
in themselves and in the security forces which Grenada has built up over
the past year".

Mr. Toppin's statement comes r-ainst the background of a recent official
statement that the remnant of the i.ited Sta-es Military will leave Grenada
in a ph-sed witLarawal between April 12th arn June 12th. The Caribbean
Speacekeeoing force is albu to be withdrawn and, after September 20th, se-
curity in Granada z:ill be the res onsibility of the Police Force.


Page 4 THE G R2L|JA A J:IE'.SLE2 TER Week cdin 2/3/8$

Two Grenada newspapers have voiced the conce-' of.a section of the com-
munity that, with tne withdrawal of the visiting forces, security of the
island may be at risk.

SAccording to the Commissioner, the Police Force is well trained and able
to take over the responsibility .f security. There will be, he says,
some 550 members of the Force by the middle of this year and about 100
of them will have had para-military training and will be part of the Re-
gional Security Serv ce (RSS) of the countries of the Organisation of
East Caribbean States and of Baloadoss

"Grenada will be joining the RSS", he said, "and once we have become a
member, we will be entitled. to have the assistance of the other member

Mr. Topr'in said, with the strength, training and leadership which the Gre-
nada police Force has, if there is a situation '-.hich it cannot handle,
that situation must be something P'quite extraordinary" and, in t'at event,
there is the RSS with a strength of some 800 men which can be called upon
to assist.

"Grenadians need to be, assured that when the Ame1icans and Caribbean Peace-
keeping Forces leave, things.wil" not become chaotic", he aaid, standd I
give the firm assurance that we are well equipped aad able to safeguard
their security".

There need be no fear, he said, that, with the departure of the visiting
forces, any untoward thing is likely to happen.


A spokesmann for the United states Information Serice here told NEWSLETTER
on February .'Cth that United States Vice-president George Bush will vis-'
Grenada on March 14th.

The spokesman said a release from the White House announced Mr. Bush will
come to the island en route to.Branil where, on March 15th, he will head
the U.S.delegation to the inauguration of President Tancredo Neves.

Other members of the U.S. delegation visiting Grenada will be U.S. Ambass-
ador to Brazil DiegoAseancio and Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-
American Affairs, Langhorne A. Motley.

The spokesman said the U.". Embas here will be in touch with Prime Min-
is&ier Herbert Bla-ze tc arrange detail. of Mr. EBsh's visit 2nd a further
announcement will made.

,.- Bush and his r-legatica wi.. visit Honduras on March 16th on the way
iock from Brazil



Satisfying an election pledge of Frime Minister Herbert Blaize's New Nat-
ional party, on February 14th, Governor General sir Paul Scoon swore in a
Constitutional Review Commission which is headed by Vincentian born Sir
Fred Phillips who was Governor of St. Kitts/Nevis between 1966 and 1968.

On the Commission also is Grenadi-n born Mr. Barry Renwick, retired Puisne
Judge of the Supreme Court of the Organisation of East Caribbean States
(OECS) and now Legal Draftsman to the OECS.

Mr. Michael Andrews, a Grrnadian Barrister row practising in the island is
also on the Commission together with Mr. ?Rlph Carnage, Professor of Law at
the Cave Hill campus, Barba3os, of the University of the West Indies.

The fifth member is Mr. Brynmor Pollard, a senior Counsel of the Guyana
Bar, former Chief parliamentary Court Counsel to the Guyana Government and
now Legal Consultant to the Caribbean Community Secretariat.

Secretary to the Commission is Grenada born Mr, Bernard Gibbs who once held
the post of Assistant Administrator in both St. Vincent and Grenada.

A sixth person, Professor Rindy McIntosh, now resident in North America,
will hold the post of "Associate Member" of the Commission. professor Mc-
Intosh, a native of Grena'da's sister'.island of Carriacou, has been appoint-
ed to promote the special constitutional needs of Carriacou.

Sir Fred told NE'SLETTER in an interview that members of the Commission will1
"more or less" be resident in Grenada over the next 6 months. An inaugural
meeting was held on February 14th and, in addition to written evidence to
be received, there will be further meetings to take oral evidence.

"We hope to hare a package of recommendations ready by September", he said,
"and then it will be up to the Legal DraftsmeL".

Three important directives in the Commissiona' terms of reference, Sir Fred
said, are that recommendations should make proposals to ensure that the
Prime Minister does not serve more than 2 five-year terms, that there are
provisions for re-call by the electorate of elected representatives and that
there is public participation in rovtrnm'-nt business.

I '""' ^t '

March 18th has been fixed as the deadline for t.-e submissica of writer
memoranda to the Grenada Constitution Review Commission (GCRC).

hI is was disclosed in an interview with NEWSLETTER on February .5th by Mrt
Bernard Gibbs, GORC Secretary, and he said a notice to this effect will be
published shortly.


Pa-e 5

-jeck Ending 2/3/85

page 6 THL GhkLNADA. Nr'SLLTTLR Week Ending 2/3/85

"We are also issuing a notice with reference to the holding of public
hearings", he said, "and persons submitting written memoranda may use
these hearings to expand on their memorand'".

The 5-man commission, headed by Sir Fred Phillips, was svorn in on Feb-
ruary 14th and public hearings will take place at parliament Building, St.
George's and at a location to be announced in G-':nsada's sister island of
Carriacou. However, Mr. Gibbs says if the Commission finds there is a
need to arrange hearings at other locations in the state, this will be

The Commission's terms of reference are to inquire into the Constitution
which came into force when the island became independent in 1974, and re-
commendations are to be submitted for making "amendments, reforms and
changes" for "promoting the peace, order and good government of Grenada",

Several specific areas are directed by the terms of reference to the at-
tention of the Commissioners, and these include the ensuring that nobody
serves as Prime Minister for more than 10 consecutive years

In their recommendations, the Commissioners are also to ensure that per-
sons elected to parliament are, in the face of "persistent malrepresenta-
tion" or other sufficient cause, subj1et to recall by the people in the
constituencies they represent.

The Conmmssion-rs are mandated to make recommmendatio!.s also for changes
in the Constitution in another area.

Grenada has been without local government t since 1968 whei the then Gairy
Government abolished the St. George's City Council and the District Boards.
The manifesto of the New National Party of Prime Minister Herbert Blaize
states that local Governmena is to e "entrenched" and this move is reflect-
ed in GCRC's terms of reference.

The Commission's recommendations, the terms say, should cover changes in
the Constitution whj sh will encourage wider participation of Grenadians
in the democratic processes of Government "both at parliamentary and
local Government level".

The recommendations are also to ensure that the people of Carriacou and
Petit Martinique, Grenada's sister islands, have a special position in
administration of their own affairs. i


Minister of Lo- I Government Dr. Francis Alr::is, on February 'AOth cor-
pleted a natJ na? round nf public meetings to discuss tie, proposed rein-
troduction of loc-1 .overnmeit in (Grenada.

*; - - -

Veek Ending 2/3/85 E;iL GRENADA ILSLETTER Page 7

Grenadi:;ns first had a measure of Local Government 99 years ago when 'paro-
chial Boards",were set up in each of the country's seven parishes.

The system developed into "District Boards" and the capital City, St.
George's, was made a municipality in 1961, but Local Government came to an
end in 1969.

Addressing the Annual Conference of Local Government bodies, Mr. Herbert
preudhomme, then Minister for Local Government in the United Labour Party
(GULP) Government of Eric Gairy, announced his Government had decided to
dissolve all Local Government bodies.

This move climaxed growing conflict between Central and Local Government.
Central Government was in the hands of GULP while Local Government was dom-
inated by the Grenada National Party (GNP) of Herbert Blaize which, 2 years
previously had been defeated in a General Election, and the dissolution
was seen as politically motivated.

While in power, GNP had commissioned from the United Nations a study of
Local Government in the country and, in this connection, a complete survey
had been done by an expert, Sir Harold Banwell.

Mr. preudhomme told the Conference that his Government had received the
Banwell report and, to facilitate ite recommendations, after the dissolu-
tion of the Local Government bodies, an Interim Commissioner would be ap-

"It is hoped", he said, "that the Interim Commissioner will be able, in the
shortest possible time, with the draftsmen, to reestablish the system of
Local Government which serves the best purposes of this community ..."

Mr. preudhomme assured the Conference that GULP was committedd to the sup-
port and maintenance of Local Government", hut the promised reforms did not
materialise and the country has been without Local Government sirce then.

In its manifesto for the recent General Elections, the New National party
promised reintroduction of Local Government and, commencing January 18th
and ending February 20th Minister Alexis hel. meetings throughout the couin-
try to discuss his Ministry's "position paper".

That paper proposes a system based on "village councils", each representir
some 500 to 700 people. There would be about 75 such councils, each hav-
ing 7 elected members. Additionally, each council would have 2 Central
Government nominees and two ex-officio members, probably the school prifi
pal or district nurse.

It is propo 4'd that village councils be responsible for general welfare of
the village including village road maintenance, primary health, village san-'
itation and water supply.


i _- ___ ^^^^~-- __ ___ _^

Pp e 8 THLE -R'D... NL SLLTHR W-.k Ending 2/3/85

The village councils in a district will elect representatives to the "D*s-
trict Council" in addition to these two, that council will comprise 10
elected members, 3 Central Government nominees and two ex-officio members,
they being the District Medical Officer and the Road Officer*

District Councils will have responsibility for district road maintenance,
health centres and school building,.; In these councils, it is proposr-d
to have a paid executive to administer jgr;nts from the Central Government.

In an interview on February 20th Minister Alexis stressed that the "posi-
tion paper" is intended merely as a basis for discussion and he is grati-
fied by the public's response to it.

"We have been overwhelmed by the response of Grenadian: at these public
meetings", he said, "and the quality of the points made will be of great
value in drawing up our final proposal".

That final proposal, he said, will be ready by the middle. of March and
then there will be another round of discussion.

the draft will be made available for public comment", he said, "what we
have in mind is a 'national workshop' of people from all over the country,
and the feasibility of this proposal is being examined".


South Korean Ambassador Sun Sup Chang completed an official visit to Gre-
nada on February 15th.

Mr. Chang, who is resident in Barbados, arrived here on February 14th and
had discussions with Governor General Sir I-aul Scoon, Prime Minister Herb-
ert Blaize and Foreign Minister Ben Jones.

"We explored the possibility of further economic assistance", Ambassad' r
Chang said in an interview wi-th I'I.VLLTTER on February 15th, "and it is
likely that we will be able to help, imong other ways, in the field of the
supply of sports equipment" .

The Ambassador had discussions also with senator Charles McIntyre, Presi-
dent of the Grenada Chamber of Industry & commerce, with a view to orran-
istng a visit to Grenad- of South Korean businessmen interested in joint
venture enterprises.

Ambassador Chang,who took up his post about a -mar ago, is accredited to
Parb-ios and all the countries of the Orianisqtion of Bast Caribbean
S-ates. He was accompanied on this visit by Yr. Myung Hwan Yu Counsel-
lor in the Sout' Korean E.bass in Barbados.


-- ---__ 1

week Ending 2/3/85 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9


The murder case against former Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard and
others will not be heard at the current ,.ssizes. An informed source close
to the Grenada Supreme Court told IEWSLETTER on March let it will be post-
poned to a date to be fixed.

Mr. Coard, and 18 others, inclLding his Jamaican wife Phyllis, Hudson Aus-
tin, General of the peoples Revolutionary Army of the New Jewel Movement,
several of his officers and other members of the peoples Revolutionary Gov-
ernment (PRG) are charged with killing PRG Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
and 9 other persons on October 19th 1983.

They are charged also with causing the death of one other person who, wound-
ed on October 19th, 1983, died 23 days later.

A preliminary inquiry, heard before Chief Magistrate .Lyle St. Paul, took
evidence relative to a charge, on one count, against 20 persons accused of
killing Bishop and 7,others. When the inquiry closed on August 3rd last
year Mr. St. Paul found there was insufficient evidence against one person,
Ian St. Bernard, and he was discharged on that count.

Subsequently, the names of 3 other person were added to the list of mur-
der victims, and the charge rgairst the 19 accused was broken down into 11
separate counts.

At the preliminary i inquiry, the 20 were defended by a team of 7 Jamaican
pBrristers led by Mr, Howard Hamilton Q.C., and efforts have been made to
secure the services of that team -to defend the remaining 19 accused at the
trial in the.Supreme Court.

The 19 have declared themselves financially unable to hire Tefence Counsel
and, acting under provisions of Grenadats laws, the Supreme Court has been
negotiating with the Jamaican Barristers and with some Gre..adian Bjrristers
in an effort to assign and pay for their services to defend the accused.

To March 1st, howe er, these efforts have been unsuccessful and Mr. Coard
and the others accused with him were not yet represented by Counsel.

The source close to the Suprc : Court told 'IE 'SLETTEE on March Ist that,
except for the formalities, the current Assizes had been completed and, be-
fore the actual closure, the case of the 19 would be postponed to "a date
to be fixed".

The fixing of that date, the source said, may be affected by the outcome '
a case to ba heard by the "'pprtal Court which starts its sitting on March 25.

That case brought by Guyanese Barrister Clarence Hughes on behalf of the 19,
chall.r.;es the validity of the Grenada Supx-,ua Court which is a creation of
the PRG. Clef Justice Archibald N-. d heard that case last Octob-e and M'
S.|; m
i X^ -^ I


_ ___ ~~_

___ ~_~____~___

Page 10 THE _rEN.D.'L r''!ST.ETTER Week Ending 2/3/85


Miss Celia Clyne, Registrar of the Grenada Supreme Court, told !;WSLETTER'
on February 25th that the Appe l Court will sit in Grenada on March 25th.

Miss Clyne said the sitting was scheduled originally for February 25th but
she received cabled instructions from the president of the Appeal Court,
Mr. Justice J.O.F. Haynes, that it was to be postponed for a month,

Sources close to the Legal Department told NEWSLETTER that two important
cases are likely to be heard:when the Court sits later this month.

The first is the case brouLht by Guyanese Barrister Clarence Hughes on
behalf of 19 persons accused of murdering the late Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and others on 19th October 1983.

Arguing before Chief Justice Archibald Nedd last October, Mr. Hughes said
the Grenada Constitution, which had been suspended by the peoples Revolu-
tionary Government (PRG) after the revolution of 1979, had age n become
.the "basic norm" in Grenada. Under that norm, he said, the Supreme Court
of the Organisation of East Caribbean States is the principal Court of
Grenada, and that made the Grenada Supreme Court, established by the PRG,

Delivering his judgement on November 14th, Mr. Nedd did not accept Mr.
Hughes' arguments and declared the Grenada Supreme Court valid and legal.
Mr. Hughes has appealed against this judgement.

The other case likely to be heard by the Appeal Court is the charge of
SContempt of Court Dgainst Grenauian Barrister Derek Knight, Q.C.

On February 4th, Mr. Knight was convicted of "Criminal Contempt in the Face
of the Court" arising from an incident which took place in the Chambers
I of Mr. Justice James Patterson on January 30th.

Mr. Knight is alleged to have told Mr. patterson thatt "It does not seem
to make.any sense coming before you to argue", to which Mr. Patterson is
said to have replied, "I consider you rude and insulting and I will not
have you before me until you apologise".

In his defence, Mr. Knight said he had made a remark in an aside to his
Associate Counsel, but Mr. Patterson did not accept this and sentenced
him to 6 weeks "ordinary imprisonment" in addition to paying a fine of
SEC$5,000.00 and costs of EC$1,000,

I Mr. Knight has appealed.

- he o-her two Judges of the Appeal Co.rt are Jastice Dr. Nicholas Liverpool
i and Justice Sir N- -ille peterkin.

I i-----

Week Ending 2//85 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER page 11


prime Minister Herbert Blaize on February 12th branded United States Con-
gressman of Michigan, Mr. George Crockett, a "super hypocrite", and said
the Congressman is totally out of touch with the Grenada situation.

Mr. Blaize Was responding in an interview with NEWSLETTER to a recent .tate-
ment by Mr. Crockett (who visited Grenada in January) that, although Mr.
Blaize's party won the Elections by a landslide, the memory of former prime
Minister Maurice Bishop lingers on,

"You get the message by looking at the Graffiti or signs on the building,
Mr. Crockett said, "and one sign you saw over and over and over' again is,
'Maurice lives on' ".

Mr. Blaize says Congressman Crockett chose to.ignore the fact that an elec-
tion campaign was waged here recently, and the signs he saw are not a re-
flection of today but were part of that campaign.

"He seems to have completely forgotten that we had an Election just a. couple
of months before,, the Prime Minister said, "and Elections cause people to
write all sorts of things on buildings".

The people who did most of the writing before the General Elections of Dec-
ember 3rd, Mr. Blaize said, had the least chance of winning, and he pointed
out that the t'aurice Bishop Patriotic Movement had attracted very few votes.

*The Prime Minister rejected also Mr, Crockett's charge that United States
officials are involved in Grenadian politics with Mr. Blaize's sanction.

"Mr. Crockett's observations in this connection must be branded as arising
from the same lack of perception with which he has interpreted the left-o-?i
election signs he saw in Grenada", Mr. Blaize said.

The prime Minister said when Mr. Crockett visited his office in January to-
gether with Qther United States Congressmen, he had been very supportive of
the Governmen and what was taking place in Grenada. Against the back-
ground of his recent statements, Mr. Blaize ,aid, Mr. Crockett's attitude
in January now appears to be "super hypocritical".


The Organisation of American States (OAS) granted fellowships to Grenadio,
during 1984 at a cost of US$197,000.

This information was released on jEbruary 2Cth by the OAS Department of
Fellow;..ips a .c Trainir, through the OAS G ..lada office.

This cost covered 28 fellowjnips totslling 210 months of training at in-
Sstitutions i. the United States, Venezuela, jamaica and South Korea.

_ ~~

-----------~-- _-.~ ~-

A feature of the 1984 Fellowship? and Training programme was the Caribbean
Scholars programme (CASP) funded by the United States Agency for Interna-
Stional Development (USAID) and administered by OAS. Of the 28 fellowships
granted, 50Q were funded by CASP.

The 1984 fellowships cover 20 areas of study including Agricultural Econom-
ics, Nutrition, Broadcasting, Electrical Engineering, project Mar.agement,'
Nursing Education and the Computer as a Management Tool.


"inety policemen, prison Guards and CosiEt Guardsmen graduated on February
14th in a ceremony at point Saline Training Camp which is under the direct-
ion of United states Army personnel.

This was the final graduation in phase 2 of a 3 phase trai-ing scheme which
aims to have a 540-man strong police force in Grenada by the middle of this
year. The graduates have now moved to the police Training School at Fort
Gporge, Police Headquarters.

phase 3 started on February 25th -n.a will concentrate on 100 specially chos-
en men who will be trained as a para-military Special Services Urit.

Addressing the graduates, Minister of Agridulture, Mr. George Erizanf said
there can be no progress without stability and stability has more than one

"There is the political dimension, there is the economic dimension"', he said,
"and there is the military or par.-military. dimension".

His Government, he said, is committed, in the political dimension, to the
promotion of democracy, and the reestablishment of Parliament, with its open
debates, is a symbol of-that democracy.

In the economic dimension, he said, Grenadians' expectations are high and
they are impatient to see those expectations saticlied. The Government, he
7aid, will have to use the scarce resources of the island, together with our-
side assistance to develop the country and try to satisfy the people's ex-

"In that scale of things", he said, "the provision of employment and job op-
portunities remains the number one priority and the number one commitment of

'iLe Minister told -he graduates t' !t their part must be played in the milit-
ary dimension of stability in Gren-n?.. They must realise, he sai3, that Gre-
onada belongs to all Grenadia~s and the graduates have a responsibility to all
-*cnadians to periorm their job- to the best of their ability.

continued -
____- ---4


Week Ending 2/3/85

Page 12

Week Ending 2/3/85 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13

"The fundamental right is the right to life", Mr' Brizan said, "therefore
we must be preoccupied with preserving, protecting and enshrining that
right to life".

The right to life of a thousand people cannot be logically respected when
the right to life of one man is disrespected, he said, because t"What is a
thousand but a thousand ones".


Five Grenadian policemen leave for Puerto Rico on March 3rd for a 4-week
course in Criminal Investigation under the sponsorship of the United States
Federal Bureau of Investigation.

A release from the United States Information Service in Grenada says the
course is designed to instruct participants in modern investigation tech-


Police cells, traditionally, are not*the type of place where you will ex-
pect to find barristers and "senior citizens" of the country.

Commissioner of-'policel'tussell Toppin expressed this view in an interview
with NE"iSLETTER on February 22nd as he responded to a charge made recently
by Grenadian Barrister Derek night, Q.C. relative to the cells at Police
Headquarters at Fort George.

Mr. Knight was arrested in January on a charge of Contempt of Court and
spent some hours in one of the cells. After his release, he described the
cell as "filthy" with what appeared to be dried excreta on the floor and
with a stench of urine.

"The cells are not a hotel", Mr. Toppin said, "and yon have mentally de-
ranged and all other kinds of people who will use the cell for all kinds cf
purposes when they are put in it. It is 1,;r job to keep the cells as san-
itary as we can and it would have been an unusual occurrence for him(Knigh.)
to find excreta on the floor".

If that was so, he said, some previous occupant may have done this ,.Ad vr.
Knight was put into the cell before there had been time to clean it.


page 4.. THE GREJ\D,\ NTE.SLETTER Week Ending 2/3/85

2,C N;. . gs'r E GBI: TAr.N

The Nutmeg Bortrd of the Grenada Cooperative r!utmeg Association (G'!,',) has
called on the Government of Prime Minister Hecbert Blaize to'consult with
the agricultural communitj- in the making of policies and guidelines for the
effective control, by Grenadians, of the Government-owned Grenada Bank of

This demand is in a resolution passed by the Board on February 26th and
appe-rs to have been prompted by a report circulating that the Grenada
Bank of Commerce is to be sold to interests in Trinidad.

"Whereas GCNA is aware that taere are sufficient Grenadian institutions Grenadians willing to purchase the Grenada Bank of Commerce, thus mak-
ing it a truly Grenadian institution controlled by the people", the reso-
lution says, "be it resolved that GCNA call on Government to make a de-
claration that the Grfnada Bank of Commerce will not be sold to outside
financial institutions or. people".

Mr. Morris Mathlyn, M-narer of the Bank, told NEWSLETTER he does not know
of any plan to sell the Bank to anyone.

"All I can say is ;That we have been told by the Prime Minister", he said,
'Mr. Blaize said that, if Governrent decided. te .Bpsk must be put up for
sale, that sale will be to Grenadians". ..

At the same time, the Nu'meg Board passed another resolution relative to
the other Government-owned Bank, .the National Commercial Bank.

This resolution says that Bank ho'ds substantial sums of money deposited
by farmers, but the Bank's Board of Directors has no representative from
the agricultural community.

The resolution calls on Government to immediately appoint to the's
Board of Directors, one Director "from the joint nomination of GCNA, the
Cocoa Association and the B-nans Cooperative Society ..."

A spokesman for GCNA said today discussions have been held with the other
Stwo agricultural bodies and firm support has been assured for both resol-
utions passed by the Nutmeg Board.

Both Banks were purchased by the peoples Revolutionary Government of prime
SMinister Maurice Bishop,

The National Commercial Bank, formerly the Canadian Imperial Bank of Com-
:merce, was purchased in 1980 and the Grenada Bank of Commerce, formerly
'-he Royal Bank of C-inada, in 198' Neither purchase price was disclosed.


1Teek Ending 2/3/85 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 15

,- ------------ ----------------- ---------------

Dr. Geoffrey Bourne: Vice Chancellor of the St. Georges University School
of Medicine in Grenada, denied to NEWSLEPTER on February ?8th that degrees
issued by his institution are not acceptable in California.

An item in the December issue of "News Notes" published by the University
of the 'est Indies, says the St. Georges School of Medicine is one of 6
Caribbean Medical Schools whose degrees have been declared invalid by the
California State Board of Medical Assurance.

According to "News Notes", the Board charged these Schools with "falsifyi c
credentials and other documents relating to the training and qualifications
of students, illegally recruiting students, failing to register clinical
training programmes in hospitals or failing to register students enrolled
in training".

Dr. Bourne.said the declaration by the State Board against St. Georges
School of Medicine was made and was in effect for a few weeks, but now has
been completely reversed.

"We took legal action against them", he said, "and they have completely
withdrawn the declaration against the school".

The other 5 schools mentioned in "News Notes" are the American University
of the Caribbean in Montserrat, Ross University School of Medicine in Dom-
inica, St. Lucia Health Sciences University in St. Lucia, CIFA's Univer-sitj
School of Medicine in Santo Domingo and the Universidad Technologia de San-
tiago School of Medicine,,,also in the Dominican BRepubiic.

The St. George's University School of Medicine was established in Grenada
in 1977 with an enrollment of ,197, and now has a student body of some 10CC
to 1200.

The main campus is in Grenada but the School also has a campus in St. Vin-
cent and, after the massacre and military intervention in October 1983,and
the consequent disruption of life in Grenada, a third campus was started in

Dr. Bourne told NEWSLETTER, however, that the Barbados campus will be cloj-
ed in May at the end of the present semester.

At the present time, there are some 200 students each at the Barbados and
St. Vincent campuses, 300 plus are in Grenada and the remainder are at
teaching hospitals in the United States and United Kingdom.


~ I__ ____

Page 16 THE GP D NDJ ISLETTER 7W..ek Ending 2/3/85


The Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement (MBPM) has challenged a statement
made by Dr. Keith Mitchell, Minister of Public Utilities, concerning own-
ership of the National Transport crevice e (NTS) put into operation during
the regime of the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG).

In an interview in Janualry,Dr Mitchell said it had been discovered that
Government did not own NTS which has a fleet of thirty-eight 26-seater
busses. That private comp'iny, Dr -Mitchell said, had only. two sharehold-
ers, Hudson Austin, General of the peoples Revolutionary trmy and Gardena
SLouison, believed to be the sister of George and Einstein Louisonj PRG

"These busses" i Dr. Mitchell said, ;"were bought in the company's name
with Government funds at a cost of ECS1*7 million. They were all re-
gistered and licer.cce in the name of Government but were turned over to
the private NTS company and used to create revenue for T:hat services"

A press Release issued by MBPM says it is a lie jhat, NTS was owned by two
individuals and not by the State*

"NTS was formed under the Oompanies Ordinance of Grenadas0 the Releaset
says, "and that law requires signatures of at least 2 people to bring the
company into being. The PRG appointed its Board 'f' Directors there-

The Rel'-is; says "Not a' single 'cent" has ever been paid to any individ-
ual as a shareholder' of the Company and both Austin and Louison "assigned
their single shlrre back to the Government of Grenqd-a".

NTS went into operation in March 1982 and tne National Trarniurt crvlc
Ltd. Company was registered 10 months later in January 1983.

It was a private limited liability company with. an authorised capital of
ECS5 million divided into 50,000 shares of EC$100. The Company was lim-
ited to having 50 shareholders (exclusive cf employees who might have
shares) and those shareholders could be individuals or corporations*

The assignment of shares and 'p-rmission for transfer of shares was in
the hands of a 7-member Board of Directors, 4 of whom were to be appoint-
ed by the Minister responsible for public Utilities. The other 3 came
one each as appointees of the Trade Union Council, the National Youth Or-
ianisation and the National Women's Organisation.

In documents at the Registry of the Supreme Court, only Mr. Austin and Ms.
Louison are iown as shareholders and they each had 5 shares .

*;~- i~ :
''~'^ 0


- --- -- "------~I~~~

Yeek Ending 2/3/85 THE GRENADA EWSLETTER page 1


Mr. George Brizan, Minister of agriculturee in the Grenada Government, has
outlined the very unfavourable position of the island's agricultural indus-

Mr. Brizan was, at the time, February 17th, addressing a workshop for heads
of divisions in his Ministry.

"The Nutmeg industry, which involves'some 7000 producers and some 475 work-
ers", he said, "has had its fair share of problems".

The 1980s, he said, witnessed the demise of this industry with the average
price now obtained on the world market being the lowest in 11 years. The
net trading income of the Grenada Cooperative nutmeg Association has de-
clined from ECS4 millioA in 1978 to a lose of over half a million in 1984.

Plans are underway to establish a nutmeg oil distillation plant in Grenada,
he said. Feasibility studies have been encouraging and this prospect of-
fers some hope for the Nutmeg industry.

The Minister said the Cocoa industry has some' 6,600 producers and, between
1979 and 19S84 earnings fell from EC$27 million to EC16 million.

"In'-rder to keep surplus payments and coCoa producers morale up", he said,
"the Cocoa Board dipped into its reserves which, as a result, have fallen
from C.;12.2 million in 1980 to XCS3 filion in 1983.

Mr. Brizan said nearly half the cocoa p=antations are infected with disease
and a large percentage of the trees "suifer from old age",

The Banana industry supports 1400 farmers and 50O other workers, the Minis-
ter said, but production has fallen by 44% between 1~79 and 1984.

"Yields are low"l, e said, averaging 4.5 tons per acre, low as a '*-ult of
disease, neglect and poor field supervision",

In this industry also, he said, there has had to be a dip into reserves to
bolster payments to and support morale of producers, and the Grenada Banana
Cooperative Society's reserves have fallen from EC%2.5 million in 1977 to
C35106,o00 in 1983.

The Minister said the falling value of the pouwd sterling (in which curren-
cy Grenada receives payment for bananas) has had a "paraly&:in effect" on
the Sanana industry.

"In 1980, one pound sterling worth of banana would have an EC value of
ECS6.15, he said, "while in 1384, a similar pound sterling worth realized
i only EC$3.13.

Mr. Brizan said Government's goal is to eyautcitate the dying Ccconvt indu-
itry where there has been a decline of over 76W in the 1970s. This decline

P~~~g ~1 .i8. TH GRE1.\D .~JS1ETTER -e-EL~r~

he said, resulted from disease, -praedi-l larceny and the age of the plant-

The sole manufacturer in Crenn.:l of edible oil operates at only 15"S, he
said, and, to achieve this, Copra (dried coconut) must be imported.

"In all this gloomy picture", the 'Minister said, ,'exotic fruits have per-
formed well"&

Despite the fact that, between 1982 and 1983i the weight ofexport fruit
declined from 28.5 to 25.3 million pounds he said, earnings increased
from EC$3.8 million to EC$11..8 million*

L4rt Bri'zan said that, in the face of the problems facing the agricultural
industry, Government's strategy is one of rehabilitation and diversifica-
t'ion and, to this end, a loan of US$5 million has been obtained from the
World Bank,

Assistance has also been had from the United States Agency for Internation-
al Development, the British Developmc-et Division and the Caribbean Agricul-
tural and Extension progremme.

"We have tb ensure", he said, '"that the level of our efficiency and the
level of our administrative organism: tibn is such, that all of the material
and financial assistance we rteivcis put to optimum use".

Failing this, he said,' the Ministry wiil perform a disservice to the farm-
ing community and will be an embarrassment to those who have given assiot-


BRIC.1H: TOO MUCli 800,19

Ge r e Brizan s id on Februa
r 18th that in at-

11~ -.: 4 C 4. .v. ~- ny. ,-,.5 *1~~ ~

tempting to aesuscitb e a thet sgarindustry in Grenada, Government has to
"balance it off again. t the adverse health effects of an over-cclsumption
of sugar".

The Minister said this as he addressed a worl':ihop of Heads of Division of
his Ministry.

"'.;,- cannot see .this thing in its narrow perspective", he said, ",there are
'obvious problems and it is my opinion that we in Grenada consume too ruch

This -over-consu gtion, Mr. Briza said, has a paralysing effect on the
health of the population and many, ag-d 40 to 50, are struck wit,. diabetes.

If a is rr -de on Grenada's ,hospitals, he said, the incidence of dia-
betes, prrticul-,rly uic-ag women, .will be found to be amazingly high.


Weck Ending 2/3/-5


page .18

_ ----- ------ -

ieek Ending 2/3/ f T}IL: GRlN;.D. ::'SLETTER Page 19

"Women", he said, "tend to want all kinds of things sweet, swept, sweet".

The Minister said that, in'Grenada, when one asks for- a glass of juice one
gets "sling" (sugar in its sticky, liquid form before crystalization. In
Grenada, he said, milk is served half milk and half "sweetness".

The over-consumption of sugar, he said, is uneconomical in that, when peo-
ple fall sick with diabetes, money has to be found to treat them and, in
addition, it affects the output of a large section of the female population

There is need for development of the sugar industry, Mr, Brizan said, but
there is also need for an educational programme to teach the population tc
contain consumption of sugnr within reasonable limits.


The State Farms Corporation, set up by the Peoples Revolutionary Government
to operate estates owned by the Government, has not been oper-ting satisfac
torily and pppars to be a "bottomless well" into which money can be thrown

This was disclosed on Febru-ry 18th by Minister of Agriculture George Briz-
an as he addressed a worksh.,p of Heads of Divisions in his Ministry, and he
said that between 1981 and 1983, the Corporation lost EC$3.4 million.

"I don't have the figures for 1984", he said, "but indications are that the
situation may be even worse."

Most of the Government-owned farms came into State ownership by forced ac-
quisition by both the Government of Sir Eric Gairy and Maurice Bishop's peo-
ples Revolutionary Government. Many of them have not been paid for and
have claims outstanding against them by their owners.

"In 19831, Mr. Brizan said, "there were 34 state farms with a total acreage
of 7,156. Thirteen of these farms, totalling 1,600 acres have no claim
pending, 12 have claims pendi3; and they total 2,559 acres".

Of the 12 which have not been paid for, 6 owners want their land back and
6 want to be paid. During 1984, he said, 9 farms totalling 2,997 acres
were given back to their owners and 25 farms totalling 4,159 acres remain
under rm-tnagemnt of the Grenada Farms Corporation.

Mr. Briznn said the Corporation received a loan of US$2.7 million from the
Caribbean Development Bank (CDP) and,'up to the present time, about EC4I
million has been spent from that loan.

The Minister said it is pro.-rse-d not to take any more of this loan, to can-
cel the outstanding amount and present the CDB with a plan for creating
model farms on these estates.

| continued -
t ----- C~^ 1

page 20 THE GREL.' D.i NESLETTER Week Ending 2/3/85

"Once we have presented this plan to CDB", he said, "we should request the
release of the 23 estates that have been use- as collateral for the loan
and, whatever funds have been drawn down on loan so far, we will then ag-
ree with CDB on a rescheduling repayment plan".

This, Mr. Brizan said, will ensure maximum production on the estates and
will reduce Government's present cost of maintaining them.


An aircraft of a type said to be the largest in the world landed at Point
Saline International Airport on February 14th.

It was a C5A Galaxy of the United States Military Airlift Commnnd and it
brought helicopters to replace" those now used by the United States Mili-
tary here.

Those in use are 4 Black Hawks UH60 and two smaller helicopters, the OH58
type and, accompanied by their crews, they are being taken back to the
States for service.

The C5A Galaxy is a 4-engined jet with nose loading facilities. It has
20 wheels in its undercarriage.


Sir Paul'Scoon, Governor General of Grenada on February 15th officially
opened the new Heodquarters of the Grenada Red Cross Society,

Located in St. George's, near Government House, these Headquarters are
the premises of the long defunct "'CranJ Hotel",

The main buil'ling is no more than a shell without a roof. It was ac-
quired by the peoples Revolutionary Government with a view to erecting
a Cultural Centre but that project did not materialize. The property
was donated to the Red Cross by tbo Interim Government and one small sec-
tion has been renovated.

Addressing a small but representative gathering, Mr. Godwin Brathwaite,
president of the Society, said Grenada had been helped greatly by the Brit-
ish Red Cross Society after the disaster of hurricane "Janet" in 1955.

Grenadians became interested in t?- work of the Society and a branch of
the British Red Cross Society was formed in 1960.

"The wind of chin"~e of the 1970s caused many dedicated workers in the Socie-
.y to leave the island in searcL of calmer circumstance", he said, "and by

Week Ending 2/3/8- THE GR ENADA r EWSLETTER Page 21
*-. _______ *- --- ` -.-.---

1980, that wind had attained hurricane force and the Society existed in name

Mr. Brathwaite said 1981 marked a turning point when the branch of the Brit-i
ish Red Cross Society died formally ando through legislation, the Grenada
Red Cross Society was born&

The president expressed his thanks to Government for donation of the prop-
erty, to the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and
to the St. Georges University School of Medicine for generous donations.

An official of the Society told tIE4SLETTER, USAID had given the Society
US$5,000. The School of Medicine donated EC$10,000 and will give ECS5,000
annually for 5 years. The Grenada business community has convenanted to
give EC$12,000 he said


Alister Hughes Cynthia Hughes
2nd March 1985

Printed & Published by the proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott street, St. Georges, Grenada, WestindtLei
__ __*i

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