The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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For The Week Ending 4th February 1984
11th Year of Publication--- 298th Issue
Volume. 12 Number 2


Only one out of every 100 Grenadians resident on the island be-
lieves the United States and Caribbean Forces intervention in
Grenada last October 25th was "a disgraceful episode in Carib-
bean history".

'This is the finding of a survey conducted here by the Trinidad
firm of st. Augustine Research Associates for the "Grenadian
Voice" newspaper, the "Express" of Trinidad, "Nation" of Barba-
dos and "Gleaner" of Jamaica.
On the other hand, 90 out of every 100 Grenadians feel the in-
tervention was a "good thing". In this lot, however, there are
some differences. Three of the 90 persons feel the multi-nat-
ional force should have included troops from Britain and other
Commonwealth countries, and, one other of the 90 feels that only
Caribbean states should have been included in the intervening

Seven hundred and eleven persons were interviewed in compiling
the survey, the field work for which was done in December, and
the ratio of males to females in the sample was 46% to 54%.

Another question asked was whether it is upsetting that Trini-
dad & Tobago ahd Guyana did not join the intervention.

Thirty-five percent could not care less, they said, it just
does not matter at all that*these two Caribbean community coun-
tries stayed out. On the other hand, 31% were upset that they
did not join the intervention and 27% were concerned that Trin-
idad & Tobago, specifically, hold aloof,

Concerning the fate of Mr. Bernard Coard and his wife Phyllis,
Hudson Austin and other members of the ReVteluti-onary Military
Council, 10 out of every 100 renadians would like these people
i 0 nex 65, PStir'.GeC gy Gistetr a& CyWre d tes
PO Bo x 6s, StweorgeQ s, Grenda, wetjn'dles

,... -----~r----- ------

pa e 2 "TE GiI ADA .rJEVSLETTER Week Endin /284

turned loose from jail and "let the people deal with them".

Thirty percent would like to see them tried in a special court while 17%
said the .trials should be in the regular courts. In the survey, nobody
expressed the opinion that they should be set free.

The overwhelming majority of Grenadians feel the United States is "morally
obliged" to complete the International Airport project at Point Salines,
26% disagree with that opinion.

Another question asked in the survey is, "Do you agre- with the opinion
expressed by the United States Administration thet the peoples Revolution-
ary Government was seeking to convert Grenada into a Cuban/Soviet base?"

The survey discloses that 56 out of every 100 Grenadians agree with this
American opinion. Eighteen of the 100 disagree and 24 just don't know.

The survey breaks down the replies to this question into age groups and
says people over 40 are more positive in their reaction than younger peo-
ple. Sixty-six percent of the over-4Os feel the American allegation is
true as compared with 49% of the 22-30, and 54:^ of the :1-40.

In terms of age, 16,f of the sample was in the 16-21 group, 29% in the 22-
30, 20% in the 31-40, and 15% in the 41-50, and 20% in the 51 and over.

In terms of "class", 599 of the sample was classified as "lower class",
30% as "lower middle" or "middle class" and 11% as "upper class". Ac-
cording to the survey document, these classifications were determined by
the interviewers on a set of standards such as job held, place of resid-
ence, colour and deportment.

In reply to the question as to the conversion of Grenada into a Cuban/
Soviet base, 75% of the upper class agreed with the American allegation as
compared with 55-'? of the middle and lower class.

Grenadians were almost unanimous in their opposition to Grenada being turn-
ed into such a base. Of those who believed the allegation, 91% were op-
posed and only 6, would have liked to see a Cuban/Soviet base here.

In this opposition, the older people and the upper class registered 92% and
95% respectively while the under 21s registered 88%.

In other questioning, the poll disclosed that 44% out of every 100 Grenad-
ians feel that, taking everything into consideration, the performance of
Maurice Bishop and his New Jewel Movement (!JIM) was bad for Grenada.

The poll also disclosed that 38 out of every 100 felt Bishop and NJM were
good for the island, 5 didn't know, 4 refused to comment and there were 9
other who gave other opinions.


Week Erndin' 4/2/84 THE G-L_.ADA N:.IE TTER page 3

As to what policies of the peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) upset
Grenadians most, the poll unearthed a mixed bag. Twenty percent disliked
Grenada's involvement with Communist countries like Cuba, Russia and North
Korea, but 19. offered no opinion. Fifteen percent named their dislike
as the policy of intimidating and detaining opponents, and 10% disliked
all PRG policies. Only 7% named failure to call elections, as their
chief dislike.

Twelve percent said they were most upset by the PRG's interference with
press freedom and other civil liberties. In this sectiont Grenada's up-
per class which represented 11% of the survey sample, was more concerned
than other classes about curbs on the press. Nineteen of every 100 of
the upper class cited this area as being bothersome as compared with 11 of
every 100 of the middle and lower classes which repre's-fited 89r of the

On the subject of security, an overwhelming majority of Grenadians, 74 of
every 100, feel that, after the withdrawal of the United States Combat
Troops, a foreign Peace-Keeping Force is necessary to maintain law and or-

Only 6% do not expect any major political violence and these believe the
Royal Grenada Police Force can maintain law and order now. Four % believe
the Grenada Police can take over maintenance of law and ordering 6 months
time while 11% believe the Police can assume this responsibility in 12
months time.

Concerning the behaviour of the foreign troops in Grenada, 45 out of every
100 Grenadians refuted the allegations that these troops interferred with
Grenadians' civil rights, terrorised Grenadian homes and molested Grenr3dian

On the other hand 15 of every 100 said the allegations were true and 62%
of these said the Jamaicans were the worst offenders. Fifteen percent
blamed the Americans, another 15'. blamed the troops from the countries of
the Organisation of East Caribbean States while 8% said Barbadians were
the worst offenders.

The pll showed also that Grenadians have no great desire to go to the
polls at an early date.

Of the sample,of 711 persons, only 78 or 11 percen"- said elections should
be held by the middle of this year. Another 22% wanted to go to the polls
by the end of 1984, but the largest rro.up, 29;%, want to see the operation
postponed until the end of 1985.

If the elections were held this year, the survey indicates a large number
of Grenadians would not vote or do not know who they would vote for.
Thirty-nine of every 100 persons have not made up their minds as to which

e 4 T. GRF! ADA HEj'lLETTER ek EndinZ 4/2/8

party they like of those known to be offering, themselves, and 23 of the 100
will not enter a polling booths

Some 5 patties are known to be in the race and, of these, the survey indi-
cates that Sir Eric Gairyis Grenada United Labour Party (GULP) is in the
lead. However, with so many people still uncertain and so many unwilling
to vote, only 5 of every 100 persons would put their "X" for GULP.

The New Jewel Movement (NJM) and Grenada National party (GNP) tie for sec-
ond place with 4 each of every 100, the Grenada Democratic Movement (GDM)
gets 3 and United Peoples Party (UPP) gets 1.

Quite apart from how they themselves would vote Gorenadians are uncertain
who would win if an election is called this year Fifty-seven percent are
still figuring out this question while 10% believe there will be no clear
victory for any party&

Six of every 100 people give the edge to GULP; NJM and GNP tie again for
second place with 3 each of every 100, 2 of the 100 believe GDM will romp
home first but nobody gives any chance to UPP.

7!hen it comes to who Grenadians would like not, repeat not to see in the
seat of power, the survey produced very positive indications, Sixty-one
of every 100 persons want to see Sir Eric Gairy banned from contesting the
elections and 51 of every 100 do not want to see even his party GULP allow-
ed to contest.

There was a similar response to NJM. Fifty-one of every 100 Grenadiane
would like to see that party debarred from contesting the elections.

Analysis of the survey showed that persons over 40 years and persons in the
lower class were more anxious than the youth and upper classes to have NJM

As far as GULP is concerned, only 39% of the upper strata wished to see a
ban imposed while 55% of the lower strata wanted to see this party debarred.
The same pattern is reflected in terms of Sir Eric himself. Fifty percent
of the upper classes would put a ban on Gairy while as many as 64% of the
lower classes would deprive him of his civil rights.

"'What the findings show is that the upp(-r strata were more liberal on many
issues than the under class", the survey says. "It also shows very clearly
that the assumption that Gairy would win by a majority of plurality in any
forthcoming election is without foundation and that Gairy might well have
assessed his chances far more accurately than some armchair speculators".

The fear expressed in some quarters that younger Grenadians would support NJM
in any future electoral contest and that violent confrontations might ensue
between Gairyites and Jewelites does not appear to be supported by the evi-
donce presently available", the survey concludes. "It is worth noting that

Week Ending i4/2/4 THE JRE4iDA r'VSLETTER Page 5

52% of the 16-21 and 49% of the 22-30 wanted to have NJM'disbarred".


Oliver Raeburn, Chairman of the Grenada United Labour Party (GULP), the
political party of deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy, confirmed on January
19th that Sir Eric would arrive at pearls Airport at 9.00 a.m. on January

Mr. Raeburn, who was Minister of Agriculture in the Gairy Government, said
application was made on January 18th to Commissioner of police Mervin Hold-
er for a meeting to be held at pearls Airjort on Sir Eric's arrival, but
he had not yet had a reply.

"We are orgiinising busses to carry people from all over the island to the
airport", Mr. ..i.irn said, "and we hope to have some form of welcome there.
After that, most likely there will be a motorcade as far as Grenville."

Grenville is Grenada's second town and is located some 2 miles from Pearls
Airport on the east coast.

Efforts to reac], Commissioner Holder for comment were unsuccessful.

Sir Eric was overthrown on 13th March 1979 in an almost bloodless coup
organised by Maurice Bishop's New Jewel Movement (INJM), Sir Eric had flown
out to New York the day before and has been resident in the United States
since then.

His return on January 21st would mark 1,776 days since he has set foot on
Grenadian soil, but he has paid at least one visit to the Caribbean since
his overthrow,

He arrived in Barbados last August 15th and was granted a 28-day visitor's
visa and, in a Press Conference soon after his arrival, he said he had come
to "check out the area" and see what was going on in his absence.

"The people (Grenadians) expect me back and I expect to be back", Sir Eric
said. "After all, I am the duly elected, constitutional Prime Minister
and the head of the Government of Gr.:nri-, Carriacou and Petit Martinique.
I am in temporary exile. I feel it is incumbent upon me to return be-
cause the people have given me a mandate and that h" not been dissipated
by elections.

They have not withdrawn their votes from me. They have not voted me out".

During Sir Eric's stay in Barbados, the Caribbean News Agency (CANA) re-
ported that the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) had requested the
Barbados Government to arrest him but, according to CANA, the Barbados
Government replied that, without solid supporting evidence of wrongdoing,
that request could not be entertained. -continued-

pa 6 THJ Gi.L:ADA NEWSLETTER Week Endng 4/2_4

There is record of a charge in the Grenada High Court against Sir Erie re-
lative to an incident which took place here on 19th November 1973. Accord-
ing to the Duffus Commission of Inquiry, which investigated the breakdown
of law and order in Grenada under the Gairy regime, 3 political opponents
of Gairy were, on that date, severely mauled by members of Gairys "police

These "aids", also known as the "Mongoose Gang", were, according to the
Duffus Commission, established, recruited and controlled by Sir Eric in his
personal capacity, and the Commissioners said the "aids" "inflicted un-
speakable atrocities upon many citizens of Grenada".

Eight of the "aids," were charged with and convicted of attempted murder
of the three political opponents of Sir Eric. That case was heard in 1979
and, in 1980, two of the convicted men won cases filed in the Appeal Court.

The Appeal Court said the real purpose of the mauling could be "not the
killing of the victims but rather the instilling into them of such great
fear that they would disclose information about guns which they thought
they had ."

On 31st July 1979, some 4 months after the NJM revolution, a charge of "a--
betting a crime to murder" was laid against Sir Eric and a warrant was is-
sued for his arrest. Cn the basis of this charge, efforts were madetj
the PRG to extradite him from the United States, but without success,

Sir Ericts Barbados visit came to an end on September 8th last when Barba-
dos immigration officials withdrew his visitor's visa and escorted him a-
board a plane bound for the United States. There is now an unanswered
question as to whether the ex-Prime Minister now holds the status of a per-
son Udeported" from Barbados, and whether, because of this uncertainty and
in order to avoid any incident, he may return to Grenada via Trinidad.

There is also a question as to what passport Sir Eric is travelling on. On
December 19th 1980, the Maurice Bishop government withdrew Sir Erices Gre-
nada passport.

;ir Eric Gairy, ex-Prime Minister of Grenada, stepped out of a small white
charteredd plane at precisely 9.17 a.m. on January 21st at pearls Airport,
netting foot on his homeland for the first time since he was deposed on 13th
March 1979 by the Revolution of Maurice Bishop's New Jewel Movement.

With t'ars in his eyes and a choked voice, Sir Eric said it is impossible
to put into words the feelings which flooded him at that moment.

"A:ter nearly 5 years in exile", he said, "and to come back to my country
ere I was born, to be with my people, is more than words can express".

Week Ending 4/2/84 Til GRErJADA iSLETTER P

But the turn out of supporters at the airport must have been disappointing
to Sir Eric, The total crowd was less than 300, including the Press,
employees at the airport, passengers and friends and curious onlookers.
Only two busses arrived with supporters, a regular bus with some 30 persons
and a mini-bus with 16, and the estimate of actual supporters there is un-
der 100. Sir Eric blamed the poor turn out on restrictions convened to
Chairman of his Grenada United Labour party, Mr. Oliver Raeburn, by the

"Last night" he said, "I was in contact with Mr. Raeburn. He told me the
police wrote him and told him that this would not be allowed. There would
be no demonstration, no motorcade and the people would not be allowed to
come here".

However, the letter to Mr. Raeburn from Commissioner of police Mervyn Hold-
er did not forbid Sir Eric's supporters from going to the airport to greet
him. 'vhc-t it did say is that "due to the present state of uneasiness
which still exists in Grenada at this time", Mr. Holder did not think it
"prudent" to permit "the kind of demonstration suggested' by Mr. Raeburne'
application for permission and, consequently, Mr. Holder disapproved of Mr.
Raeburn's "plbns for a demonstration and motorcade".

Prior to Sir Ericis arrival a group of some 20 to 30 persons paraded
around the airport compound in Carnival fashion carrying a banner which
said: "Welcome to our P.M.,, and singing a song which repeated'the words:
"Hold on to Dr. Sir Eric Gairy".

There was no evidence of extra police on duty at the airport and Barbadian
born assistant Commissioner of Police George Rock said there that it had
not been thought necessary to take that step.

Mr. Rock said he did not consider the handful of persons parading with the
banner to be a "demonstration" that was just "high spirits" he said.

"If it comes to a procession", he said, "we will stop it in the best way
we think possible and, if .1 think it will cause a confrontation, then I
have other means of dealing with it".

But, there was no confrontation. After holding an on-the-spot press Con-
ference at the foot of the plane's gangway, Sir Eric moved across the apron
in front of the terminal building and spoke to the crowd awaiting him.

First, he asked them to sing the hymn "Stand up, stand up for Jesus", but
the response did not please him and, after the first verse, he switched to
"Oh God our help in ages past". Following that hymn, he asked the crowd
to join him in prayer.

"Try to keep yo')r minds on your God" Sir Eric said. "Focus your conscious
-ness on God. I will say the words but we will harmonise in mind and con
sciousness", -continued-

T,gte 8 T-i21 G}:.HNADA IIL;'SLETTER jejek Ending 4/2/84'

After the prayer. which included a blessing for President oRegan,.Sir Eric
asked his followers to sing the song which has been the theme of his Trade
Union since it was established in the early 1950s. That song, to the tune
of "The Old Flag" starts: "We'll never let our leader fall".

followingg another brief session with the press, Sir Eric cleared with Immi-
ration and Customs and left for St. George's by car


"There are some things which I did in the past which would not be repeated
if I had to live that life 'gqin".

This admission was made on January 21st by deposed Prime Minister Sir Eric
Gairy as he spoke to the press at Pearls Air!.ort on his return to the island
after an "exile" of nearly 5 years.

Sir Eric said that, during the time he was away from the island, he gained
a "greater respect for moral values, a greater sense of tolerance, general
-ly speaking, and greater respect for the views of others".

Referring to the "things" he had done in the past but would not repeat, the
ex-Prime Minister said he was not talking about false propaganda spread
about him.

"For instance", he said, "they said we had 200 men here in a Mongoose Sec-
ret Police. Anyone who can' prove beyond a shadow of a doubt that we had
ne Secret Police paid, i'll give him half of what I own in this country".

Sir Eric said there was a group of "street fighters" which worked with the
71orld Health Crgaini-ition in eradicating.the mongoose in Grenada and it is
this lot which false propaganda called "tGairy's Mongoose Gang".

Asked whether this gang was the same as that identified by the Duffus Com-
;mission of Inquiry as the "police aids" which terrorised Grenada in 1973,
Sir Eric said the report of that commission is "frighteningly wrong".

'le (sir Herbert Duffus) gave Bishop and his cohorts a blessing and a dress-
ing as though they were saints", he said, "and he said they were not Commun-
ists, the Duffus report should not be mentioned, it does not do justice to
his country. It was dirty"


Sir Eric Gairy returned to Gr' on January 21st for the first time after
having been deposed as Grenada's Prime Minister on 15th March 1979 by the
--- lution of Maurice Bishop's New Jewel Movement (NJM), and said there are

Week Ending 4/2/84 THE GRENADA iA,'SLETTER page 9

at least 3 reasons why he will not be a candidate in the General Elections
scheduled to be held here before the end of the year.

Sir Eric said that, without General Elections the island is in a "vacuum"
and, as long as that continues, Grenada is losing business, money and
friends. He thinks they should be held as soon as possible.

"I suggest that my refraining from participating in the General Elections
will assist in expediting the process".

Secondly, Sir Eric said, if he stays on the sidelines it will give a bet-
ter opportunity for an objective inquiry to be made into the conduct of
his administration and that of the peoples Revolutionary Government,

Sir Eric said he had no doubt that, if he stood for elections, his Party
would win and he would be Prime Minister but, if he isrot in government,
it would give a better opportunity for people to give evidence in the in-
quiry "more objectively".

The third reason given by Sir Eric for his decision not to be a candidate
is that his refraining from contesting the coming elections demonstrates
he is different from a lot of political leaders and different from "a lot
of things they have said about me".

"This demonstrates", he said, "beyond the shadow of a doubt, that I am not
going in for the love of power, I hold on to the power of love".

Sir Eric said he is back in Grenada to be with "the beautiful people of
this country" who, for 33 years, have supported his Trade Union and poli-
tical p.rty, the Grenada United Labour Party which "still stands as the
political beacon of this country


A one day high level meeting to discuss Grenada's security problems opened
under tight security at the Spice Island Inn on January 30th.

A full list of persons attending was not available but they were drawn
from the countries which took part in the military rescue mission in Gre-
nada last Qctober. Those identified include prime Ministers Eugenia
Charles of Dominica, Milton Cato of St. Vincent, Ten Adams of Barbados
and John Compton of St. Lucia, Chief Minister John Osborne of Montserrat
and United States Ambassador in Grenada Tony Guillespie.

Chairman of the meeting was the head of Grenada's Interim Government, Nich-
olas Brathwaite and, in his opening remarks, he quoted the following from
"the anthology of best loved poeir.s of the American people":

If a deed, however humble, helps us
Seek the one whose hands have helped you
Seek him out and thank him so"

F_-i 10 0 THE G r:LE1'ADA : IE'SL"TTER W _.EndinF 4/ /84

'Todgy", Mr. Br'thwaite said, "we have with us the very hands and minds
that were instrumental in bringing aid to Grenada in our hour of despera-
tion, thereby rescuing a people from certain destruction and eternal per-

The Chairman said the action of the governments behind the rescue mission of
October 25th 1983 was not just "an humble deed", it was tan act of magnamityt
dnd he wished to put Grenada's deep gratitude and sincere thanks on record.

"We( are aware of the criticisms voiced abroad both in the foreign pre-s and
the world fora",.Mr. Brathwaite said, "b1cu we believe, in the final analysis
the justification of your actions lay with the 100,000 people of Grenada,
for it is their lives thrt were at stake".

Those who are critical, Mr. Brathwaite said, forget that on October 19th
1983, the day of the massacre at Fort George, armoured vehicles of the Peo-
ples Revolutionary Army "rained bullets and bombs on a defenceless popula-
tion, killing men, women and children, and maiming many in a murderous and
callous display of political violence".

The critics also forget, Mr. Brithwaite continued, the 96-hour "terrifying
curfew" which was impo-sd by the Revolutionary Military Council and the
"virtual hostage of the population on a set of vicious and violent politic-
al thugs".

"To understand the level of fear and'terror during those 4 days", he said,
"one had to be living in Grenada. No newspaper account, not even the most
vivid description, no audio-visual display could capture the desperation of
our population. To know it, one had to live it."

Mr. Brathwaite said the rescue mission has given Grenadians greater faith
in the regional movement as it demonstrated Caribbean leaders' ability to
take hard political decisions and rally to a member country's aid in a mo-
ment of national disaster.

The Chairman the principle of ideological pluralism has been debated
in recent years in various conferences, but the problem he sees is not ideo-
logical pluralism but "constitutional incompatability".

A former government of a country of this rgiorn took an ideological position
xhich made ideological pluralism a reality, he said, but the difference be-
tween that situation and the Grenada situation during the past few years
relates to multi-party systems as distinct from single par y states.

"It was paradoxical", Mr. Brathwaite said, "that those who advocated ideo-
logical pluralism at the regionallevel, insisted on singularity in their
own country".

The Interim Government believes in the system of multi-party- democracy, the
i*airman said, and is committed to ensure that, at the earliest possible
Ice, the people of Grenada will be given an opportunity to elect the gov-
rnment of their choice.

Week Ending 4/2/24 THE _GRNADA 'EVSLETTER Page 11

'.. FRLE \' T'r '.T-Y ELECTII'hNS

"I have often had to tell people from overseas who sought my consent and
advice concerning matters id Grenada that we of the Organisation of East
Caribbean States and others who supported us, have not occupied or taken
over or overpowered Grenada, and that they should seek consent and advice
from the persons who were in the Interim Advisory Council",

This statement was made here on January 30th by prime Minister Eugenia
Charles of Dominica as she addressed a high level one-day meeting convened
at the Spice Island Inn to discuss the problems of Grenada's security.

Miss Charles said the intention of the military intervention last October
25th was to assist along the lines it was felt the majority of Grenadians
wanted, and this is the continuing intention of those who took part in and
supported the intervention.

"We stand ready to assist as you and the people of Grenada desire and re-
quest", the Prime Minister said as she replied to a welcoming address by
Mr. Nicholas Br7thwaite, Chairman of Grenada's Interim Government, "and
as far as we are able within our limited resources".

Miss Charles said she did not wish to appear to be giving unwanted and un-
sought advice, but she wished to be frank and say Grenada should have its
General Elections as soon as possible.

"I say here to you who live in Grenada", she said, "that the longer you put
it off, the more difficult it will become. I assure you that, having liv-
ed through similar but not as extreme circumstances, I am not underestimat-
ing the difficulty".


Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of Grenada's Interim Government, said here
on January 30th that the island's biggest problem now is that of security.

Mr. Brathwaite was, at the time, addressing a high level meeting called to
discuss 3Grcn-ida's security.

"Our purpose here t:day", he said, "is to look at this area and to see how
best we can maintain and if possible insure its continuance and improvement"

A full list of persons attending the meeting was not available but those
identified include the Prime Ministers of Dominica, Barbados, St. Lucia
and St. Vincent, the Chief Minister of Montserrat and the United States
Ambassador in Grenada.

Mr. Brathwaite said the members of the Caribbean Peace Keeping Force in
Grtnida are fully familiar with the island and they face no problem here.


"All the evidence, all the reports from groups and organizations, as well
as statements volunteeredly individuals", he said, "speak of satisfaction
with the peace Keeping Force members. From my own observations, their
conduct and character have been in keeping with the highest traditions".

The Chairman said Grenada will be fortunate if it can have, as early as
in 3 years, a police Force which can keep the island secure, but the In-
terim Government does not intend to be in office as long as that. A
scheme will have to be devised, he said, to ensure normalcy while the Roy-
al Grenada police Force is being trained.

"As peaceful as Grenada is today", Mr. Brathwaite said, "we must continue
to be vigilant. Those who believe in a certain ideology have a persist-
ence which, in itself, poses a constant threat. We cannot, we must not,
we dare not keep our g.inrd down".

The Chairman said the effort "to save Grenada from perdition" was a region-
al and cooperative one and the effort to save the Caribbean from a repoti-
tion of that disaster must also be regional and cooperative.

"Therein lies our greatest strength", he said, "and therein lies the source
of our greatest inspiration".


The New Jewel Movement (NJM) has established a foundation "in the memory,
spirit and name of those who sacrificed all material things they had and
sacrificed their very lives on behalf of the Grenadian working people".

This was disclosed on January 21st at a function held at the New NJM prem-
ises which have been dedicated to Maurice Bishop and the memories of all who
died on October 19th last when Bishop, members of his cabinet and members of
the public were slain by the peoples Revolutionary Army of the NJM.

Addressing some 50 people assembled for the occasion, former Minister of
Agriculture in the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) said the Found-
.tion will put together different forms of recognition "for the names of
our glorious leaders who were so brutally gunned down on October 19th last

"We recall with the greatest of pain", he said, "the year of struggle which
went into building the Grenada revolution. We recall also that, on March
13th 1979, that Maurice Bishop, when he addressed our nation as our leader,
he pointed out that the revolution was for food,work, justice and for bring-
ing benefits to the poor and working people of our country, that the revo-
lution was going to make sure that everyone, no matter of what political
affiliation, would benefit from the gains that our people were to receive
1 the years ahead. continued-

Week Ending 4/2/84 THE G_,A:.AD, NLE.SLETTER page 13

Mr. Louison said that, during the .-.1rs Bishop was leader of the country,
all those objectives were met. The revolution, he said, brought bread,
work, freedom and it ensured that the children of the country got proper
education, that health facilities went forward and that "in fact, the
promises of March 13th were a living realitytt

"But then grew a cancer within the Movement", he said, "and blind ambi-
tion and greed for power by a group of fanatics within the Party and
within the PRG turned back the revolution in the most fatal way nnd gun-
ned down some of our most brilliant leaders't

Louison said Grcnadisns owed it to these "dead heroes" to launch the Found
-ation which will keep their memory alive, and, he said, the Foundation
will attempt to do a number of things.

"First of all", he said, "the Foundation will attempt to gather funds so
that we will be able to build some kind of physical monument in some part
of Grenada . in the name of our martyrs and heroes".

Secondly, Mr. Louison said, efforts will be made to establish a centre
from which photos, jersies, pamphlets, leaflets, books, video-cassettes
and other forms of cassettes and all other kinds of propaganda material
will be distributed in the name of "Maurice Bishop and the heroes and
martyrs of October 19th".

"The Foundation will also assist in raising funds to assist those who lost
all they had on October 19th and subse:quently" he said. "Those who would
have lost their dearly loved ones, br.:adwinners and vital things which
kere meaningful to them".

The Foundation will also seek to have important places in Grenada named
after the persons who died on October 19th, Mr. Louison said.

"We have a number of important and historic places", he said, "not least
among them the International Airport which was personally begun on the ef-
forts of Comrade Maurice Bishop".

Efforts must be made also, Mr. Louison said, to get the remains of those
who died on October 19th and have them put in a "proper place".

The Foundation is not a political party", he said, "but Maurice Bishop,
Jacqueline Creft, Norris Bain and all the comrades who so honourably gave
their lives were politicians and so, when we distr:iute anything about
them, it will be political ideas that we are distributing".

Week Ending 4/2/34 THE GRIlAT_ PNE! SLETTER 'page 14


Mr. Irving TragEn, head of an Orgnnic'tion of American States (OAS) team
which visited the island in January, said on January 28th, the change of
Government in Grenada caused no disruption of OAS programmes here.

"What we have found in our negotiations with the Government of Grenada",
he said, "is that the essential programmes as defined in 1982 and 1983
form the basis and the framework for the programmes to be carried out in
1984 and 1985".

Mr. Tragen said his team was pleased to find that the planning which had
gone on before could be utilised effectively so there was no Substantial
or significant break in the OAS activities to be carried out in collabora-
tion with the Government of Grenada".

"Our discussions indicate", he said, "that we should be able to move very
expeditiously in implementation in 1984 and, as a result.-of our discussionE
we have worked out a preliminary timetable for moving in high level tech-
nicians to provide the assistance which the Government is renuesthg".

The OAS team head said there are certain funds allocated to Grenada under
the 1982/83 budget which are unspent and, since arrival of the team on
Thursday, it has been reviewing with the Advisory Council the availability
of funds and the use to which they could be put in the 1984/85 period.

In the area of the Council for Educ.ation, Science, Technology and Culture,
he said, US3$28,000 are still available to be spent on programmes which
have already been worked out. In the Economic and Social area, funds
available and unspent equal US98,000.

"Under the 1984/85 budget", he said, "in the area of Education, Science,
Technology and Culture, there were US$193,000 in the budget and, in the
Economic and.Social area, there were USl330,000 for 1984 and US$346,000
for 1985".

Mr. Tragen said that, in rough terms, the sum to be dealt with is about
1 million U.S. dollars for technical cooperation, and his team has been
clarifying with the Government the priorities established.

"In all cases", he said, "the Government has reaffirmed the activity
which had been described. There were changes in the specifics of the
various projects but none of them varied substantially from the areas in
which the initial agreements and requests of the former government had
been made."

Mr. Trngun said thct, based on discussions with specialists in the Gov-
ernment, agreement had been reached on the specific people which must now
be sent to Grrn:uda to begin the process of implementation of the prog
~~cI*I MW

Week Ending 4/2/84 THE Gi1N.,D,. NEWSLETTER Page 1


A "Skills Training" programme which has been suCdessfully implemented in
Barbados, Dominica and St. Lucia is to be introduced in Grenada.

This was disclosed on January 28th by Mr. Irving Tragen, head of an Organ
-isation of American States (OAS) team which visited Grenada, and Mr.
Tragen called the programme "unique" and said it operates outside the
framework of the normal school system.

"It is oriented to the unemployed youth who have left school and who are
without skills and are unemployable", he said, "and it has been based on
an analysis of the labour market and identification of shortages of skills
in the economy".

Mr. Tragen said the programme involves a 3 month intensive training period
followed by placement in jobs. In Barbados, he said, the programme has
proved to be low cost and, over the last 3 or 4 years, some 2,000 youths
have been trained. Eighty percent of these youths, he said, are now
gainfully employed.

"We know the situation in Grenada is different from the situation in Bar-
bados", he said tHas we found the situation in St. Lucia and Dominica dif-
ferent. Ve will be sending one of our experts over here to work with the
governmental authorities in analysing the labour market and seeing what
kir of a programme can be put together".

It is difficult to say'now when the programme will start, Mr. Tragen
said, because Grenada presents a different set of circumstances which must
be analysed. There are trained people here looking for employment, he
said, and there is difficulty in generating resources for jobs and OAS
will have to design something "a little different" from what has been im-
plemented elsewhere,


The ,'Cun7rd Countess", the first cruise liner to call at Grenada since the
United States and Caribbean Forces military intervention last October 25th
docked at St. Georges pier shortly after 11.00 a.m. on February 1st with
650 passengers.

In a festive air contributed to by the Royal Gren-ia Police Force and a
steel band, applauding passengers hanging over the rails from stem to
stern of the ship were welcomed by both Governor General Sir paul Scoon
and Chairman of the Interim Government, Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite.

Dressed in a beige lounge suit and sporting a blue and brown tie and
brown shoes, Sir Paul stood on a specially erected rostrum on the dock

Page 16 TEI GL5'DT.. 1IJENSLETTER Week Ending 4/2/84

and extended to the ship, her Captain Robin Wadsworth and the passengers
"a warm, friendly, Grenadian welcomelf.

"I would like to thank the Cunard Company ...for resuming the regular
visits to Greniada", he said, "and I want to thank you for the confidence
and trust you have in Grenada and the Grenadian people in being the first
cruise ship to visit Grenada since our difficulties of October last".

Ih.: "Cunard Countess" last called at Grenada on September 2?th and was the
last cruise liner to visit the island before the events of October last
which culminated in the military "rescue mission" of October 25th.

In his address, Sir Paul s.sured his listeners that Grenada is a very safe
place and that the island has returned to normalcy "with amazing rapidity".

Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite said his duty to extend a welcome on this occasion
is the most pleasant he has had since he assumed the Chairmanship of the
Interim Administration.

"It is most pleasant", he said, "because it signifies a return to a confi-
dence in Grenada which, over the years, made it quite clear that visitors
to our shores are alwary welcome".

Mr. Maurice Tate, Cunard's General Manager attached to the "Countess" re-
plied to the welcome and said Cunard has appreciated Grenada's beauty since
Cunard ships started calling at Grenada for the first time in 1948.

"Our passengers have expressed a desire to return", he said, "and in the
past had considered this (island) one of the highlights of our itinerary
of a-port-a-day throughout the week".

The Cunard line was very pleased to resume its calls at Gr-enad he said,
and he was grateful for the warm welcome.


The first two passengers to set foot on February 1st on the dock at Gre-
nada from the cruise liner "Cunard Countess" had the surprise of their
lives when tourist officials presented them with gifts.

This was the first visit of a cruise liner to Grenada since the events
of last October when the United States and Caribbean Forces conducted a
military "rescue mission" here. The two passengers who were presented
with gifts were Mr. Bruce Brodsky of New York City and Ms. Lois Fenoglio
of Joliet, Illinois.

Both Mr. Brodsky and Ms Fenoglio said when they booked passages for this
cruise, they did not know the ship was calling at Grenada but they had no
:prehensions about it when they were told.

I ~_

Week Ending 4/2/84 TE G'RE;EAiD. NEWSLETTER Pae 1

"I believe it was Sunday morning when I heard that the island was open
again", Ms. Fcnoglio said, "and everyone on board was thrilled. We knew
the country was a free nation again. president Reagan sent our troops.
We were ver:' confident, no fear, no anything. And, when we heard the
friendly welcome, we were extremely thrilled".

Mr. Brodsky said he had booked passages for his wife and himself on the
"Gunard Countess" sometime in November and had been told the ship would
not touch at Grenada. He did not know of the change of itinerary until
the ship was on the cruise and had sailed from Caracas, Venezuela.

"We had no concern", he said, "we figured that nobody would put a cruise
ship into here if there was any danger to passengers. I heard no appre-
hension at all among the passengers",

Both Governor General Sir Paul Scoon and Head of the Interim Administra-
tion Nicholas Frathwaite were on the docks to publicly extend a welcome
to the ship, her Captain Robin Wadsworth and her complement of 650 pass-
engers. Also on hand were officials of the Tourist Board and Ministry,
Representatives of the ship's agents, The Royal Police Band, a steel band
and the Press.


During the first 95 days following the United States and Caribbean Forces
intervention in Grenada on 25th October last, the United States Agency for
International Development (USAID) has finalised 22 projects with the Gov-
ernment of Grenada and has already paid over US$9.5 million into Grenada's
Treasury in connection with implementation of these projects. Addition-
ally, USAID has pledged a further US$17.5 million.

This was disclosed on January 31st by a USAID official on the occasion of
the initiallinT of an agreement between the Government of Grenada and pro-
ject HOPE, some of the cost of which is to be borne by USAID. Initiall-
ing was done by Mr. Ray Smith, member of the Interim Administration re-
sponsible for Health and Dr. William B. Walsh, President and Founder of
Project HOPE.

Dr. Walsh said the programme is to bring in initially physicians to meet
some immediate health care needs because of certain specialities, and
there will be also family type physicians to assist in the out districts.

t'We will have 20 people here by the end of this week", he said, "and
these are doctors, sanitary engineers and bio-medical technicians to train

Dr. Walsh explained that bio-medical technicians are experts in repairing
medical equipment and they are urgently needed.

page 18 T:!- T=IiADA NEWSLETTER Weeknding 4/1/84

"For example", he said, "some of the equipment here simply is not function-
ing. In Grenada's sister island of Carriacou, there is an X-Ray unit'which
is still in its case and there is new equipment provided by the HOPE project
and the U.S. Government which is coming ih from the States and will have to
be assembled."

Dr. Walsh said Grenada's contribution to the effort to assist the Grenada
Medical Service will be provision of office space, some secretarial help
and transport drivers. Other than this, there will be no cost to Grenada,
the cost of medical personnel and other costs being borne by Project HOPE

The HOPE Project president said he envisioned that Grenada will assume more
and more responsibility for the health programme as the economy improves,
and he felt the cooperation offered to the Grenada Government by the HOPE
Project and USAID will probably stretch over 3 to 5 years.


i. delegation from the Caribbean Congress of Labour (CCL) in January was on
a fact finding mission to Grenada relative to the events of October last when
the United States conducted a military intervention here.

Leading the delegation was Mr. Leonard Archer, CCL President, and, in an in-
terview on January 18th he expressed concern over the state of the Trade Un-
ion movement in the island.

"The first impression we have", he said, "is that there is a leadership void,
.hat the Trade Unions had been infiltrated by the Peoples Revolutionary Gov-
ernment and that they had grown accustomed to a certain amount of direction
and there was fear they. could not function freely".

The president said some of the leadership has "disappeared" and some had
been killed in the October 19th massacre at Fort George, and his delegation
feels the Trade Unions will now have to regyrup and get back to functioning
as a free, independent Trade Union movement.

Mr. Archer said, as far as the United States intervention is concerned,
CCL took the position that it regretted the intervention, felt the inter-
vention came too early, and that there ought to have been time for the Gre-
-adian people to solve their own problem.

"On a matter of principle", he said, "we feel that an outside force coming
into a country to solve the problem is not the way international relations
ought to be conducted".

S-e President said his delegation now knows that the people of Grenada wel-
-v:e the intervention by the American Forces Fnd the delegation will commun-
ate this "strong feeling" to CCL and its affiliates.

Wgek Ending 4/2/84 THZ GRET!DA NEWSLETTER page_ 1

"I feel certain that, in the light of that, we will, perhaps, revise our
stand we took", Mr. Archer said.

The facts gathered by the mission will be reported to CCL and its affili-
ates, the President said, and there will be a report on the conditions in
Grenada and the state of the Trade Union movement. The mission will also
make recommendations to CCL as to what that body can do to help strength-
en Grenada's Trade Unions.

Mr. Archer said there is urgent need to have a strong Trade Union move-
ment in Grenada to protect workers against new investors who might be look
-ing to employ cheap labour.

"We would see that as exploitation of the workers", he said, "and we feel
the need to help the Trade Unions so that the workers' rights can be pro-

It addition to Mr. Archer, the delegation was made up of Mr. Joseph pol-
lydore of Guyana, Mr. Kirtist Augustus, CCL Secretary General, Mr. Enzo
Friso, representing the International Federation of Free Trade Unions and
Mr. Luis Anderson General Secretary of the InterAmerican Regional Organ-
isation of Workers.

The president said his delegation had had discussions with Trade Union
leaders and rank and file of Trade Unions, Covernor General Sir Paul
Scoon, Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of the Advisory Council and Mrs.
Joan purcell, member of the Advisory Council responsible for Labour Af-

"We have, of course", Mr. Archer said, "taken the opportunity to talk to
people as we meet them on the street, taxi drivers and so on, because we
feel the need to talk to as wide a cross-section of the people as possible
so that we can get a better feel of, not only the leadership, but what the
average Grenadian thinks about what has happened in his country",


"The people of Grenada will not sit idly by while this International Air-
port remains unfinished, and the people of our country demand, first of
all, from the invaders, that those who invaded our country must finish
our airport".

This opinion was expressed on January 21st by Mr. Kendrick Radix, ex-
minister of Agro Industries and Fisheries in the Government of slain
prime Minister Maurice Bishop, Mr. Radix was, at the time paying tribute
to Bishop on the occasion of the establishment of a "foundation" to com-
memorate Bishop and others who were shot down on October 19th last by the
peoples Revolutionary Army of the New Jewel Movement..

Page 20 THEL RENADA NE.,SLUTTER Week Ending 4/2/84

"We are saying there will be no compromise on the fundamental principle
that 99% of the 50 million dollars that were raised for the airport was
done through the instrumentality of Comrade Maurice Bishop", Mr. Radix

Mr. Oadix said the record must show the tremendous appreciation of Grenad-
-ians for the material assistance given to Grenada by the Cuban Govern-
ment and people who "unselfishly gave what they had" to assist Grenada.

"To us in Grenada", he said, "the Cuban people are exemplary people and
not the criminals that the propaganda today is trying to make out".

Mr. Radix aid there is a "deafening silence" at the official level with re-
ference to the death of Maurice Bishop.

"Here we have had an exemplary, honest, unconceited, democratic leader in
our country that injected into our economy something like 95 million dol-
lars a year to assist our total development", he said, "and he has died
and there is an official silence now as though he never lived".

Nurses at Grenada's General Hospital in St. George's protested on February
1st against the return to the hospital of a ward sister who is alleged to
have helped to hide General Hudson Austin during the intervention on Oct-
ober 25th of the United States and Caribbean Forces.

Informed sources close to the Hospital said Bernadette Gittens was a staff
nurse before the Maurice Bishop led revolution of March 13th 1979, but re-
signed when a medical board found her unfit to work.

After the revolution, she returned to the hospital but was transferred to
serve the peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) and was promoted to Ward Sister.

An eyewitness, who did not wish to be identified, said that, on October 26th
the day after the intervention began, he saw General Hudson Austin and one
of his officers, Lium James, go to Miss Bernadette Gittens' home in the
Morne Jaloux suburb of St. George's.

"They were dressed in civilian clothes", the eyewitness said, "and James
was carrying a sack over his shoulder. Austin was barefooted",

The eyewitness said General Austin drove away in Ma.Gittens, car and over
the next two days, he became suspicious of Ms. Gittens' movements. He
reported the matter to the American authorities and, as a result, General
Austin was captured,

since the intervention, Ms Gittens returned to the General Hospital for
e first time this morning and one of the placards posted up all over

Week Ending 4/2//84 THE GRr.', DA EJL:.SLETTER Page 21

the hospital's administrative section referred to the capture of General
Austin. It also highlighted the General's mispronounciation of the word
curfew" when he made his broadcast to the people of Grenada on October
19th after the PRA massacre at Fort George.

"Burn-a-det", the placard reads, "you make the nursing profession shame.
You hide the Cuffoo man. No way gal".

As a mark of protest against Ms Gittens, ward sisters at the General Hos-
pital were not wearing the broad black belt which is a part of their uni-

Chief Nursing Officer, Theresa Millam, and Matron Angela Grant had no com-
ment to make but Mr. Douglas Andrews, Hospital Administrator# said the mat-
ter had been referred to the Ministr:.' of Health.

Miss Bernadette Gittens was not available for comment but she was seen
driving away from the Hospital in a car with Ward Sister Merline Rullow.
Nurse Rullow was also transferred from the General Hospital to work with
the PRA and returned to the institution on February 1st for the first time
since the intervention, but none of the placards seen at the hospital re-
fer to her.

"Rullow is not a troublemaker like Gittens" one of the nurses said.

Alister Hughes Cynthia Hughes
4th February 1984

Two errors have been noticed in the last issue of NEWSLETTER, that
for the week ending January 14th.

First, on page 1, it is stated that the issue is "For The eek (sic)
Ending 14th January 1981" This should, of course, have read
"For The Week Ending January th 1984".

Secondly, on the -same page, the Volume number and Issue number are
given as "11" and "18" respectively.

That issue starts a new Volume and the numbers should have been "12"
and "I" respectively.

We're sorry I
printed & published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Huihes,Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies

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