The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Full Text

For The Week Ending 17th December 1983,
11th Year of Publication -- - -. 29th Issue
Volume 11 Number 16

Mr.- Nicholas Brathwaite, chairman of Grenadats Advisory
Council, said in an. exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER on
December 10th that he sees the role of the United States in
Grenada as ensuring the security of the island and provid-
ing economic, assistance
"I must-emphasise', he said, "that, so far, we have not had
any indication, direct or indirect, of any attempt by the
Americans to influence the future political course of Gre-
Mr. Brathwaite said the Grenada Government will need from
the United States some logistic support with respect to in-
telligence and some patrolling of the waters around Grena-
da's coastline, and this is the type of support he exp.,cts
will be given "during the next few months".
The Council Chairman said there is no danger that the Gre-
nada Government will be so influenced by gratitude to the
Americans that it will have to resist handing over part of
the island's sovereignty to Washington.
"I don't think it might be necessary to resist", he said,
S"I thought the Americans had come in here at the invitation
of the other Organisation of East Caribbean States ('OECS)
countries, Jamaica and Barbados, and their intention was to
help Grenadians".

If at any time, he said, indications appear that the Ameri-
cans wish to influence the political process, then the Ad-
visory Council, in diplomatic terms, will explain to Wash-
ington what the U.S. role should be.

The whole process which has taken place in Grenada during
the past few weeks was aimed- at enabling Grenaians to
elect the government of their choice, Mr. Brathwaite said.
Should it be necessary to


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Page 2 THE GRENADAX NEWSLETTER Week_ dig1 _12/83

outline to thd Americans what their role should be in Grenada, he
said, it will be emphasized to them that Grenadians will not be
able to make that choice if there is pressure or interference of any
kind .

"I would expect that the political parties which will be contesting
the elections will be allowed to do so in a climate which is condu-
cive to free and fair elections"N Mr. Brathwaite said, "and, at the
moment, I do not have any' great concern about American influence on
the future development of the political process in Grenada".

With reference to the role of Governor General Sir Paul Scoon in his
relationship to the Advisory Council, Mr. Brathwaite said Sir Paul
will continue to play the traditional role "which is outlined for him
by the Constitution".

Giving an example, the Chairman said the Constitution provides for
the appointment of the Supervisor of Elections by the Governor Gener-
al in his discretion. As far as the.authority of the Advisory Coun-
cil is concerned, Mr. Brathwaite said, Sir Paul's proclamation rela-
tive to the Council provides for the Chairman to act in a manner sim-
ilar to that of the Prime Minister.

"The Advisory Council does not make recommendations to the Governor
General" he said. "The Advisory Council takes decisions and, as was
clear arising from the recent meeting of the Council, those decisions
are made public by press releases".

Mr. Brathwaite said the Council functions, to a certain extent, as a
Cabinet would function, and its decisions are conveyed to Sir Paul
merely for information.

"In this sense", the Chairman said, "the Council
is an independent body although it is called "advisory".


Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of Grenada's Advisory Council, in an
exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER on December 10th identified three
priorities for the Council.

The first of these, he says, is to get the machinery of the Public
Service back to a level of efficiency and, secondly, there is the
problem of security.


Week Ending 17/12/83 HE GRENADA N SLTTEXR Page 3

"The Council must ensure that Grenadians feel safe and that they
live in an atmosphere conducive to production and productivity",
he said.

The third priority Mr. Brathwaite identified is the high level of
unemployment which, he said, has always been a problem in Grenada.

"The Peoples Revolutionary Government cooked the figures when they
gave information to the public about 'unemployment", he said, "but
the situation has been aggravated further by the displacement of
so many persons as a result of recent events".

The Chairman said that among these displaced persons are "the
2,000 or so" members of the now disbanded Peoples Revolutionary
Army who are, in most cases, on the streets, and the Council will
have to ensure that employment opportunities are created to absorb
them into the society.

"We want reconciliation and unity", Mr. Brathwaite said, "and with-
out their participation in the society, we are not going to get
that unity and reconciliation both of which are vital for the
economic development of the country".

Asked to comment on Governor General Sir Paul Scoon's recent state-
ment that "the cost of Government will have to be reduced", the
Chairman said there would be no programme of widespread dismissals.

"This would aggravate the problem of unemployment", he said, "we
must think of the social situation in the broadest context, and the
important thing would be to sustain employment at the present level
and increase it as time goes by."

"The Council's plans are not just to remove people from jobs, he
said,"but to try to place them in other jobs where they will be
more efficient and productive." Mr. Brathwaite said also that
waste will have to be eliminated.

"Some departments were overstaffed", he said, "and one has to take
a close look at the level of manpower in the Civil Service and re-
duce on public sector spending". It is envisaged, he continued,
that with a new lease of life in the private sector, additional
jobs will be created and the Council'.will try to ensure that people
will not be displaced if they have to be removed from the public
service, but will find employment in the private sector.


Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week. k;diwna..i_/1i/83


The Advisory Council of Grenada has not yet fixed the date for Gen-
eral Elections but, according to the Council's Chairman, it will be
before next Christmas (1984).

"Before the Council was appointed", he said, in an interview with
NEWSLETTER on December 10th, "an earlier forecast was for 6 months,
but most people soon realized that that was too short a period.
Eventually, it was adjusted to one year and, as of now, the Advisory
Council is doing everything possible to meet that general deadline".

Mr. Brathwaite said the Supervisor of Elections will soon be appoint-
ed and enumeration of electors, with the help of the Government of
Barbados, will take place between March and May of 1984. After that,
he continued, the important thing will be for the political parties
to make sure that the action is speeded up and public interest height-

"The whole philosophy underlying the participation of members of the
Advisory Council on this body", he said, "is the belief that a people
have a right to elect the Government of their choice and we are not
going to stay in office a day longer than is necessary for that pro-
cess to take place".

Mr. Brathwaite said the Advisory Council has not discussed the matter
of whether any political party or parties should be banned from taking
part in the elections because the matter is not relevant.

All duly constituted political parties should be allowed to contest
the elections unless there is a contravention of some legal regula-
tions relating to the elections, he said.

"If you are talking about the right of a people to choose the Govern-
ment of their choice", the Chairman said, "then it would be conflict-
ing for you to ban any particular group once it is operating within
the law".

As far as he is concerned, he said "ideology is not a particular
subject in the upcoming elections"..


"We have not made any direct contact with the Caribbean Community
(CARICCOM) so far, but we have sent out a communique to all regional
or-anisations like CARICOM, and to international organizations and

~- rr Irrre

--- ----------' ------^---------

Week Ending 17/12/83 THE GRENADA WSLETTER Page 5

to governments indicating to them that the Advisory Council-had
been established and is now in control of the Government and ask-
ing them to provide the opportunity for the resumption of normal

This was said by Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of Grenada's
Advisory Council in an interview on December 10th, and he refer-
red to the split in CARICOM over the United States "Rescue Mission"
in Grenada.

"We hope that we can help to heal the wounds", he said, "but the
fact remains that it is difficult for us to take the initiative.
It has to be'combined effort and we are hoping that countries
which, initially, indicated that they would not recognize the in-
terim government will have a change of heart and realise that the
people of Grenada are the ones who experienced a relief as a re-
sult of the action".

Mr. Brathwaite said he respects the right of anyone to argue "leg-
al niceties", but he feels the reality of the situation is that Gre-
nadians' believe there is a new hope for the future political and
economic aspects of their lives.

"We do hope", he said, "that now that Grenadians have reflected
this new hope, that countries will rethink the position they had
taken earlier and will resume normal relations with the interim

With particular reference to Grenada's.relationship with Trinidad
& Tobago and the travel difficulties experienced by Grenadians who
must now secure a visa before entering Trinidad, Mr. Brathwaite
said an approach on this matter has been made to the Government of
Trinidad & Tobago through the President of Trinidad & Tobago, llis
Clarke, but there has not yet been a response.

Funds definitely allocated to the Government of Grenada include
750 thousand sterling from Britain and US$15 million from the
United States.

Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, chairman of Grenada's Advisory Council
disclosed this in an interview on December 10th but he refused to
be definite about a further US$15 million and US$3.5 million said
to be coming from Washington. -continued-

Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Wek_.kEndina 1712/83_

"These have not yet been finalised", he said, "and I do not want
to be too specific with respect to when that is going to be receiv-
ed and how it is going to be dispersed. For the moment, I would
prefer to think of what I am certain of".

Mr. Brathwaite said the Grenada Government has had assurances from
the European Development Fund that aid, which was cut off when the
Revolutionary Military Council took over, will be resumed. Also,
Venezuelan officials in Grenada have given assurances that that
country will offer assistance and a Venezuelan mission is expected
to arrive shortly.

"I think from now on that the momentum will increase with respect
to donor countries and agencies coming to our assistance", he said.

The Chairman said there has not yet been any direct contact with
the Government of Canada, but the Council had received unofficial
word that Canada will be ready to respond to requests from Grenada.


According to Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of Grenada's Advisory
Council, the United States combat troops will be out of Grenada be-
fore Christmas, but Grenadians need not fear for the security of
the island.

"We are making all arrangements to improve the local Police Force",
he said in an interview on December 10th, "we have been assured
that our good friends in the Caribbean, Jamaica, the other Organ-
isation of East Caribbean States (OBCS) countries and Barbados will
continue to supply us with security personnel and we believe that,
gradually, they will be able to keep the situation under control".

On December 8th Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, in a national
broadcast, told Grenadians their security is assured but, at the
same time, he said financial resources will be needed to ensure
that the operational level of the island's policing is maintained
at a .Ligh standard.

Mr. Brathwaite was asked whether the fact that financial resources
still have to be sought for maintaining the Police did not contra-
dict the statement that the security of the island is assured.

"This is not really a contradiction in one sense",he said, "because
what we are hoping is that the forces from the other Caribbean

Week Ending 17/12/83 THE GRENADA N.EW$LETTER Page 7

territories will be able to maintain security once the Americans
have left".

It is a question of numbers, he said, and the Advisory Council
will have to be guided by the assessment of the security forces
with respect to the general situation.

The Council cannot expect the OECS countries to give Grenada much
more in terms of manpower, he continued, but he believed it might
be necessary, if the Council is so advised by the security forces,
to seek assistance from other Commonwealth countries, especially
those in the Caribbean, so that a qualitative and numerical level
of police and army personnel can be maintained.


Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, addressing the nation over Radio
Grenada on December 8th told the people of this island they should
not be fearful that Grenada's tranquility will be disturbed,

"I want to assure you", he said, "that provisions have already been
made for the continued security of our entire country, including
Carriacou and Petit Martinique, after the American combat troops
leave our shores".

Grenadians should have no fears, he said, and he warned "those at
home and abroad" who think they can stir up trouble in the island
that they will have a "rude awakening" and the hand of the law will
fall heavily on them.

The Governor General said financial resources will be needed to en-
sure that the operational level of Grenada's policing is maintained
at a high standard.

"In this connection", he said, "I invite friendly countries, the
Commonwealth, our Caribbean neighbours, as well as those further
afield, who are willing to help, to come to Grenada without further
delay, to discuss how best they can help".

Sir Paul also expressed the hope that "those outside of Grenada who
have suddenly become experts on Grenada and the Grenadian way of
life will appreciate that sovereignty flows from the people".

Admitting that this concept may be debatable, he said that, while
others talk, Grenadians must act decisively and without delay to in-
crease productivity, to create jobs and to preserve what is best in
their heritage.


Page 8 THE GRRNADA NEWSLETTER WeekEndnaji /12/83


Some 7 weeks after Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and scores of Gre-
nadians died at the hands of the Peoples Revolutionary Army, the
people of Grenada stand uncertainly on the threshold of their future.

Some of this uncertainty is centered in Governor General Sir Paul
Scoon's Advisory Council which, appointed a month ago, has not yet
made any real impact. Plagued by.uncertainty as to whether its
announced Chairman, Alister McIntyre, will accept the post, the
Council, apparently, has been "treading softly" through the past

Informed sources say now that Mr* McIntyre has decided not to come to
Grenada and an announcement is to be made shortly to this effect, b;%t,
in the meantime, the Council has not been seen to take charge of the
situation. No effort has been made to demonstrate that the reins
have been grasped firmly and it was only recently that the Coun-
cil began to issue press releases indicating that something is being
done to govern the island.

This inactivity has created a sense of public remoteness from the
interim government and the man-in-the-street has an uncomfortable
sense of vacuums

A sense of vacuum exists also in the commercial community. In this
case, it is a vacuum in the drawers of the cash registers. Super-
market and retail trade operators say business is bad. Five of the
island's hotels are fully occupied but tourism is dead. The U.S.
army and diplomatic mission have taken over these hotels and this
does provide employment for hotel staff, but soldiers on a "rescue
mission" do not spend like tourists on vacation.

Additionally, Grenada's export crops are not earning the foreign
exchange needed to promote prosperity. At the end of its trading
year last June 30th, the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association show-
ed a loss and had to dig into its depleted reserves to put a little
Christmas money in the hands of the nutmeg producers.

Banana production is improving but sales are down. The entire crop
is under contract to go to the United Kingdom but, each year, there
is a slump in demand at this time because the British housewife pre-
fers to buy her bananas in the summer. And, the banana picture
becomes even more unattractive now that the low value of the pound
sterling adversely affects the price received by the banana producer.

The current cocoa situation is no better. Mr. Norbert Arnold, Manag-
er of the Cocoa Association said on December 8th that, over the past
2 months, cocoa prices on the world market have risen some 80% but



the effect is not being ex,23rienced in Grenada.

"We have been selling our crop in advance", he said, "and we will
not feel the benefits of this increase until 1985".

Topping it all is the uncertainty about security. Grenadians re-
member the fighting whiah raged over their island a few short
weeks ago That's all over now but people still look startled
when there are unexplained loud noises which sound like explosions.
And, there is apprehension that, when the American forces leave
here before Christmas, the way may be open for remnants of the
Peoples Revolutionary Army to commence terrorist activities.

Only time will tell when these uncertainties will evaporate but,
there are hopes. The matter of the chairmanship of the Advisory
Council will be settled soon and the Interim Government should be
able to work better. United States grants should enable suspend-
ed Government projects to be resumed thus helping the economy and
already instituted police training programmes should take care of

But, that's all in the days ahead. Now, Grenadians stand uncer-
tainly on the threshold of their future.


Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite has been appointed Chairman of Grenada's
Advisory Council following Mr. Alister McIntyre's inability to
assume the post.

This was announced on December 8th by Governor General Sir Paul
Scoon in the course of a national broadcast over Radio Grenada, and
he said Dr. Alan Kirton will be deputy Chairman.

Both Mr. Brathwaite and Dr. Kirton were among the original 9 per-
sons appointed to the Council, Mr. Brathwaite then holding the post
of deputy Chairman. With the absence of Mr. McIntyre, Sir Paul
said Mr. Randolph Mark, a small farmer, has norT been appointed to
the Council.

"The Chairman will be holding discussions in the coming weeks with
a view to making any necessary changes in portfolios after Christ-
mas" Sir Paul said.

The Governor General said Mr. William Demas, President of the Carib-
bean Development Bank (CDB) has agreed to be the Council's economic

Week Ending 17/12/83

Page 9

Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 1712/8

consultant, and Mr. Demas will be assisted by Mr. Marios St. Rose,
Director of CDB's economic department.

"This area of government is very important to our present and future
development" Sir Paul said, "and we are taking steps to strengthen
the ministries involved".

The Governor General said steps will be taken to ensure greater part-
icipation by the people in the decision making process. It is his in-
tention, he said, to appoint a "consultative committee" consisting of
people of different walks of life and who will meet from time to time
with the Interim Government to discuss matters of importance.

"This consultative committee will form a link between the Advisory
Council and the ordinary man and woman in the parish", he said, "and
its membership will reflect, not only a wide geographical spread, but
a multiplicity of interests including the voice of youth".


Nearly 500 vehicles, some with trailers, were loaded by the American
forces here on the S.S."Cygnus" which sailed on December 15th. Ad-
ditionally, some 150 vehicles were moved out by air, but 51 quarter-
ton jeeps were left for use by the Military Police who stayed on the
island. This was disclosed in an interview on December 12th by Maj-
or General Jack Farris, Commander of the American forces in Grenada,
and he said the jeeps will be in radio contact with each other through.-
out the island and Carriacou with the help of retransmission units
placed in the mountains of Grenada.

'They will have available to them, if they choose, on these vehicles",
he said, "machine guns, their own rifles and pistols and grenade launch-1
ers so, it is not only a very mobile force but a very well armed force".

Should security forces be required in the sister island of Carriacou,
the General said, four jeeps can be slung under an helicopter which
can also transport 12 men. With 4 of these helicopters stationed
in Grenada, he said, a military police platoon can be moved to Car-
riacou in just a few minutes.


Week Ending 17/12/83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 1


Major General Jack B. Farris, 48, Commander of the American forces
in Grenada, said in an interview on December 12th that the pull-out
of his troops which began on December 12th resulted in an immediate
reduction in strength to 900. By December 15th, he said, there
would be a further reduction to a strength which will remain on the
island for security purposes.

"There will be 300 remaining", he said, "with a Military Police
company of 5 platoons or about 150 personnel. They are fully mob-
ile in jeeps, they have about 40 machine guns mounted on these
jeeps if need be, we have 6 helicopters here to move them and their
weapons and vehicles to Carriacou if necessary and the rest of the
300 personnel are logistics, medical support and that kind of thing".

General Farris said he had developed this"security package" himself,
it has been approved in Washington and he is confident it will fully
satisfy Grenada's needs.

"The package was developed assuming there would be 2 Jamaican
Special Service Units here", the.General said. "Right now, we have
only one but that second one will be here on December 17th, Once
that is here, we will reorientate our boundaries out on the island,
we will have better presence than we have now, and I believe the
presence we have there now is pretty satisfactory".

General Farris said the Military Police are teamed up with the Car-
ibbean Peacekeeping Force (CPF) and the Grenada Police, and they are
on constant patrol, mobile and on foot, checking out the forests and
setting up ambushes in case people are moving with weapons at night.

"We're going to have a presence of CPF, Grenadian Police and Ameri-
cans all over this island to provide the security the Grenadians
need so they will feel confident about their safety", he said.

The General said the-e will be a total of between 900 and 1000 Amer-
ican troops, Military Police and CPF in the island, and it is ex-
pected this figure will be increased by police personnel from the

"What I'm hoping for now is that we will be able to get police in
here from such places as Canada that can serve as very good trainers
and role models on the job with the Grenadian police", General Far-
ris said, "and that will further increase the police expertise we
have here. My police are military police, they are not the kind of
guys that go out and carry a stick and beat the streets, and i hope
we'll be able to get some of those from such places as Canada and
Great Britain and I think the Governor General plans to request
General Farris himself left e sand on December 15th.


Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 1I12/83


Major General Jack Farris, Commander of the American forces in Grena-
da, in an interview on December 12th, rejected the suggestion that
the United States had been guilty of "over-kill" when 8,000 troops
were moved to Grenada for the "Rescue Mission".

"It was not at all". he said, "The best way to ensure that you have
success over an enemy is initially to try to overwhelm him, that dis-
courages him psychologically: it humiliates him. It gives him the
idea that everything is hopeless and, rather than fighting hard, he
tends to surrender, just as the Cubans did".

Giving some statistics relative to the mission, General Farris said
4,647 troops were moved into Grenada .on D-Day, October 25th, when
the mission started, and peak strength was on October 31st when
there were 7,355 troops on the island.

"It took us several days to build up to that figure" he said, "be-
cause the airfield at Pearls, at the time we were using it during the
initial phases of the rescue, would take only one C-141 aircraft at a

That bottleneck was remedied when the ramp was cleared and three of
these aircraft could be on the ground together, General Farris iaid,
but the build up was much slower than was expected initially.

Giving other statistics, the General confirmed the figure of 18 Ameri-
cans killed in action and said 115 had been wounded in action. Add-
ditionally, 36 had sustained non-battle injuries. Seventy-one Grena-
dian civilians had been killed, he said, and 364 wounded.

With reference to the Cubans, 27 bodies had been accepted by the Cuban
government and $99 captured persons had been repatriated to Cuba.
I-ere had been $9 wounded Cubans, 1 of which was taken to Puerto Rico
for treatment, one was taken to the "Guam" for treatment and 57 were
sent to Barbadds. 25 men and 11 dependants were evacuated from the
CubanJ Embassy.

Captured equipment was 7 armoured personnel carriers, 45 trucks and
20 trailers. There were 18 anti-aircraft guns, 65x82mm guns, 6,322
rifles, 11 recoilless rifles 111 machine guns and 71 RVGs. In the
line of ammunition, there were 13,000 mortar shells, 5. 08 RPG2/7, .
324,000 x23mm, 2,3201 x 13.5, 6 million 7.62 and 2,475 grenades.

A spokesman for the American forces in Grenada on December 15th cor-
rected- some of the statistics recorded above.

The total of Grenadian civilians killed during the rescue mission, he
said, is 45 and not 71 as previously stated. Also, the number of



Page 13

Cubans killed, and whose bodies were accepted by the Cuban Govern-
ment, is 25 and not 27.

With reference to captured equipment, there were 9 Russian made.
armoured personnel carriers. Eight were of the BTR 80 type and
one was a BRDM type. The 85982mm guns are mortars and the 71
RPGs are hand-held rocket launchers, the ammunition for which is
the 5,600 rounds of RPG2/7.

Other information released is that there were 10 Cuban medicL
assistants who accompanied the 57 wounded Cubans sent to Barbados,
and the total of persons evacuated from the Russian Embassy was 51.


Major General Jack Farris, Commander of the American forces in Gre-
nada, in an interview on-December 12th, expressed the view that
there is "a mutual love affair going on between Americans and Gre-

General Parris said this is perceived by all his soldiers and he
was impressed by the mutual respect and admiration which had de-
veloped by the American forces and the people of the island,

"I have made a lot of good friends here", he said. "I have en-
joyed the Church services here, I have enjoyed talking to the peo-
ple. It's meant a lot to me and I've become very attached to this

General Farris said he has already told his wife that Grenada is
a good place for a vacation and, perhaps next Christmas "when every-
thing is completely up to speed and running again" he and his fam-
ily may come to the island for a visit.
The General/was due to leave the island on December 15th ( and who,
during his stay here on November 1st was promoted from Brig-
adier General to Major General) said he wished to thank all Gre-
nadians for their kindness to him and to all the soldiers who have
been stationed on the island.

"I know that my soldiers and I have never been in a country before
where people were so concerned and so loving and hearing about
other people" he said. "This place exudes that kind of an atmos-
phere and I thank Grenadians for that".


Week Ending 17/12/83

Page L 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Wee _Endin1 7/12/83

Grenadians have two things "going for them", he said, that he be-
lieves will see them through the reconstruction of their government.
The first is their faith in God and the other is their love and care
for each other.

"I think that is a tremendous strength that this nation has", General
Farris said.


At precisely 10*24 a.m. on December 15th, Major General Jack Farris,
who commanded the American forces in Grenada from October 29th last,
relinquished his command and flew out of the island.

The change of command came, according to Army procedure, as the wheels
of aircraft 0270 of the 437th Military Air Wing, carrying General
Farris, lifted off the runway a Point Salines

With the General on that plane were some 80 men of the 18th Airborne
Corps, the last of the combat troops on the island. The plane was
scheduled for a nonstop flight to Pope Airforce Base near Fort Bragg
where General Farris is based.

Before boarding the plane, General Farris said he was leaving with
mixed emotions. He and his troops had become very attached to the
Grenadian people and there was some degree of sadness, he said, but
heleft with a great deal of confidence that "things are going to be
*oood in Grenada".

He said too that he and his combat troops would not be leaving if it
was not thought that the security situation was good and he falt thrt
Grenadians could now go back to their normal way of life.

"The Grenadian people ought to lead the kind of life they have always
lived and enjoy themselves", General Harris said, "have their Christ-
mas masses at midnight, have their parties and gatherings and go back
to the way Grenada always was".

As he made his way to the plane General Farris asked `hat a special
message be conveyed to the Grenadian people,

"Tell them", he said, "that we really love them and we wish them all
a Happy Christmas and a good New Year
Tell them to enjoy themselves,
relax, have a good time and I'll be back in January to see you all a-

Week Ending 17/12/83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 15

As General Farris relinquished command, it fell to Colonel E.V.
Parker who explained that he will be the "Transition Commander"
of the 300 troops (450 military police and 150 support personnel)
remaining on the island and that he will be turning the command
over, finally, to Colonel Arthur Greaves of the Military Police.

"I will be responsible to make sure that everything here, the
Airforce and everything else, gets out smoothly", Colonel Parker
said, "and when we are happy with the movement and Colonel Greaves
is happy with his relationship with the (U.S.) Embassy, and with
the Grenada Government, at that time I will turn the command over
to him and I will leave".

Colonel Parker said the transition period should not last more.
than 1 day or twor He was the last of the combat troops here, he
said, and he did not plan any handing over ceremony to Colonel

"I'll come out here with him", he said. "I'll load my gear on the
aircraft and, once I am 'wheels up' in the aircraft, he assumes


The United States Administration plans, in due course, to establish
an Embassy in Grenada headed by a charge d'Offairs with direct re-
sponsibility to Washington.

This was disclosed in an interview on December 17th by Ambassador
Anthony Gillespie, head of the United States mission to Grenada,
and he said the fact that the Grenada Embassy will have a Charge
d'Affairs and not an Ambassador in no way makes this Embassy second

One type of Charge d'Affairs, he said, has the postscript "ad in-
terim", is subordinate to an Ambassador and takes charge of the
Embassy only when the Ambassador is out of the country.

"That is not the kind of Charge d'Affaiars we are talking about" Mr.
Gillespie said. "There is a Charge d'Affairs, no postscript, that
is an officially accepted diplomatic rank and title under the Vienna
Convention, and he may head a mission full time and is not subordin-
ate, necessarily, to anyone else anywhere who carries the title of



With reference to United States aid to Grenada, Mr.Gillespie said
there are three different categories which have beeR or will be made
available. The first is immediate disaster relief assistance and
the amount authorised for Grenada is about US$400,000. Of this,
he said, about US$250,000 has already been spent.

The next category is called disaster assistance aid and, according
to the Ambassador, the total initially authorised, if the conditics
for its expenditure are met, is US$3 million. In this category,
he said the conditions to be met are that expenditure must be in
areas relative to 'disaster' and to date, some 1.2 million dollars
have been authorised.

A third category of aid is called economic or development assistance
Mr. Gillespie said, and, within the "current continuing resolution"
which allows the U.S. Government to allocate aid, U.S.$15 million have
been made available to Grenada but, as yet, none have been spent.

"We are in the process of hearing from the Grenadian ministries con-
cerned", he said, "the kinds of projects which they believe they most
dearly need and which should get the highest priority for the expend-
iture of those funds".

Mr. Gillespie said Grenada will benefit also from allocation of a fur-
ther US$15 million which is earmarked for security assistance and in
which the islands of the Eastern Caribbean and Jamaica will share.

"These are funds for the Barbados Defence Force, the Jamaica Defence
Force, and other kinds of units, elements and organizations which
form part of the overall Caribbean Peace Force" he said. "This Sec-
urity assistance money is to provide the Defence Forces of those Gov-
ernments with the wherewithal to begin to establish the kind of sec-
drity shield that they, and we, believe is most likely to be effective
in assuring the longer term security of the region".

Mr. Gillesppe, who is based in Washington, and whose official title
is Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Interamerican Affairs with
--esponsibility for the Caribbean, said he is impressed with the ex-
cellent relationships which have developed between him and his staff
and the Grenadian people.

"We have felt the same warmth and the same happiness xrom so many mem-
bers of the Grenadian community as" did our military colleagues", he

Concerning the Advisory Council, the Ambassador said his instructions
are to develop "correct, cordial relations with the Government of
Grenada". He is also to offer any assistance which it is in the

Week.._Ending 17/!2//8

Week Ending 17/12/83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 17

power of the United States to provide.

Mr. Gillespie feels he has been successful in carrying out his in-
structions and his observations are that the Advisory Council is
"They know what they are about", he said, "they don't need a lot
of advice, a lot of guidance, and, certainly they don't need any
real direction. They seem to be doing a very solid job of get-
ting on with the business of putting Grenada back on an even keel."


"In a democratic country, the electoral machinery must always
stand ready to facilitate the people in making their own free

Governor General Sir Paul Scoon expressed this view in the course
of a broadcast to the nation made over Radio Grenada on December
8th. Sir Paul said Grenadian law allows for this and the Govern-
ment is to proceed with the enumeration of electors early in the
New Year.

"I shall appoint a Grenadian Supervisor of Elections shortly",
he said, "and, because we have not done an enumeration for a num-
ber of years, we shall seek help from another Caribbean territory
in this matter".


Addressing the nation over Radio Grenada on December 8th,
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon said Grenada now has both a new
Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner of Police, and also a new
Commissioner of Prisons.

Heading the Police is Barbadian born Mervin H.oder, and his deputy,
also Barbadian, is George Rock. Mr. Rock came to Grenada from
a post he holds in St. Lucia. Commissioner of Prisons is another
Barbadian, Lionel Maloney.

"Plans for the reorganisation and training of the Police are well
under way" Sir Paul said, and, at present we have a Police Advisor
from Britain". -ontinued

Page 18 THE GRSNADA .NEWSLETTER We ekn dijng7/12/83

The Governor General said arrangements are being mad efor police-,
men to be trained at the regional Police Training School in Barba-
dos as from January, and it is being arranged for senior officers
to be trained in the United Kingdom.

Sir Baul disclosed also that police stations which are now closed
will be reopened as soon as the necessary repairs have been done to

Governor General Sir Paul Scoon has said that, for security reasons,
it is necessary to keep some detainees at Richmond Hill Prison, but
he has given instructions that they must bel- treated humanely.

This was disclosed in a national broadcast made over Radio Grenada
on December 8th.

"Charges will be laid shortly where appropriate", he said, "and the
guilty must be treated according to law".

According to an official published list, 47 detainees are now being
held. These include Bernard Coard, deputy Prime Minister in the*
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG), his Jamaica bqxn wife Phyl-
lis, Selwyn Strachan, Minister of Mobilisation and Labour,, apd Chris
DeRiggs, Minister of Health.

Also held are John Ventour, President of the Commercial and Industri-
al Workers Union who was also Secretary of the Trade Union Council,
and Chester Humphrey, 1st Vice-President of the Technical and Allied
Workers Union. 2-

Other detainees are Leon Cornwall, PRG Ambassador to Cuba, Cecil Bel-
fon, Manager of Radio Free Grenada and Justin Roberts who was Com-
missioner of Prisons. %

"It is my wish that the treatment meted out to the present security
detainees must be of a better standard than that endured by the pre-
vious political detainees" Sir Paul said.

Sir Paul said the International Committee of the Red Cross has al-
ready visited the detainees, a privilege, he pointed out, that the
PRG did not give, and he said that Committee has been invited to make
periodic visits to the detention centre.

"I want to make it known", the Governor General said, "that all

Week Ending 17/12/3 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER. Pae 19

political detainees before October 25th are now free, thanks to
the Rescue Mission, and I wish that people abroad will stop writ-
ing me about the detention of former ministers and other persons
who were detained by the previous Government".

These persons are now free, Sir Paul said, and, through the magnam-
inity of the present Government, temporary permits have beer given
to the former FPG Messrs Kendrick Radix and George Louis-
on to enable them to travel abroad, their passports having beDr
seized by their former colleagues -on the Revolutionary MI litary

Informed sources said Messrs Radix and Louison had gone to Tritidh.
to attend a memorial function organised to honour the memory of
slain Prime Minister Maurice Bishop.

The Governor General said also that there will be a full inquiry
into the events of the "massacre", that is the events of *19th Oct-
ober last when Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and members of his
Cabinet were e ecuted by the Peoples Revolutionary Army, and when
scores of Grenadianr are believed to have been shot by the PIA or
in panic, jumped to their deaths over the walls of Fort George.


Grenada's Advisory Council has issued a statement assuring parents,
guardians and relatives of students studying in Cuba, Russia and
East Germany that urgent steps are being taken to make contact with
these students with a view to arranging their early return to Gre-
nada as is relevant or appropriate.

"In this regard", the statement says, "a friendly country has been
approached to establish contact with the students and the Govern-
ments involved to determine the timetable of return as well as the
wishes of the students themselves".

The Council is making efforts to find alternative -opportunities and
sources of funding for those students who may v'.sh to continue their
studies elsewhere.

(^& -''

Page 20 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER WpekEnsdina 1L/.12/83

.. *' ......- on December 17th
A spokesman for the Grenada Ministry of Foreign Affairs said / that
all appointments to the island's foreign missions have been cancelled
but certain persons at those missions are "holding on" pending the mak.
-ing of new arrangements by the Advisory Council.

By proclamation made on October 31st, Governor General Sir Paul Scoon
ordered all Grenadian Ambassadors and High Commissioners to close
their respective offices and return to Grenada with members of their
staffs who are Grenadian citizens.

Informed sources said these instructions were carried out as far as
representation at the United Nations and Organisation of Americar.
States (OAS) is concerned. They were carried out also in Brussels,
Washington, London, Ottawa and Venezuela, but Ambassador Richard
Jacobs, posted to Moscow, did not return. Ambassador to Cuba, Leon
Cornwall, was in Grenada at the time of the United States Rescue Mis-
sion) and is now held in detention-.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman said that, at the United
Nations, where Mr. Caldwell Taylor was Ambassador fok the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG), Gloria Payne-Banfield, the alternate
representative, is now temporarily in charge.

In Brussels, PRG Ambassador Mario Bullen awaits instructions while,
at the O.A.SA) PRG Minister Counsellor and alternate representative
Dennis Noel has taken over from PRG Ambassador Dessima Williams until
new arrangements are made.

PRG Ambassador to Canada, Osbert Benjamin, still awaits instructions
of the Grenada Government as does Matthew Williams, PRG Ambassador
to Venezuela6

An informed source, close to the Advisory Council, said the London
Embassy, which was headed by PRG Ambassador Fennis Augustine, is now
closed but announcement of a new appointment to that mission is to be
made shortly.

Grenada's Advisory Council has asked the British Government to pro-
vide aid in training a Police Force and to repair Bolice Headquart-
ers buildings at Fort George which were damaged during the United
States Rescue Mission last October,

Week Ending 17/12/83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 21

This was disclosed at a press conference on December 6th by Baroness
Young, Minister in the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office who
arrived here on December 5th on an official visit.

"We have said we will be happy to make money available for the re-
habilitation of these buildings which could be used, if the interim
administration wishes, for (police) training purposes", she said,
"and we have set aside altogether about EC$1.2 million under our
first grant of aid".

Baroness Young said the Advisory Council had asked also for aid to
purchase electricity generators, to improve water supplies and to
purchase public works equipment. The Minister said her Government
has made a grant of 700,000 sterling available and it is for the
Interim Government to determine what the priorities are.

"We have obviously talked about the longer term economic problems",
she said, "and particularly the (completion of the international)
airport. This is something which obviously needs very careful
examination and I understand that the United States Government are
assessing what remains to be done and how much it is likely to cost.,

The Minister said the Advisory Council will have to look at the
International Airport Project against their priorities and the
availability of funds.

Baroness Young said she had also discussed with the Advisory Council
the problems which have arisen as a result of the dissolution of
the Peoples Revolutionary Army. There are quite a lot of people
out of work as a result of this, she said, and this will be one of
the things which will be discussed in January when a World Bank
sponsored meeting in Washington of donor countries considers the
needs of the Caribbean.


Alva Clarke, 51, Secretary General of the Commonwealth Broadcasting
Association (CBA), paid an official visit to Gr, eada early in De-
cember to find out how his organisation can assist the Grenada Gov-

"CBA does not have money of its own to give aid" Mr. Clarke told
NEWSLETTER on December 6t4 "but we can influence both money and
technical assistance and it is important for me to see exactly what
is needed". -continued-


The Secretary General said he would have talks in this connection
with Mr. Ray Smith, member of the Advisory Council responsible for

During the United States "Rescue Mission", the Radio Free Grenada
premises were burned out and Mr. Clarke said he presumed the U.S.
would rebuild them.

Mr. Clarke, who arrived in Grenada on December 5th spent 4 days in
the island before visiting Barbados, St. Lucia (his homeland) and
Jamaica, .He said his visit to Jamaica was on the invitation of the
Jamaica Broadcasting Corporation.


A preliminary report by Grenada's[ Ministry of Finance discloses that
the island will have an unfinanced deficit of EC$9.6 million at the
end of this year, 7 million of which is attributable to the period
January to October when the Peoples Revolutionary Government was in

This information was carried in a press release issued on December
6th by the Advisory Council which says this figure includes arrears
of EC$5.1 million owing to the University of the West Indies, the
Organisation of East Caribbean States, the United Nations Education-
al Scientific and Cultural Organisation, the Pan American Health Or-
ganisation and other organizations.

The deficit also includes outstanding claims for goods and service
supplied by local merchants and commodity boards.

"This grave liquidity situation inherited by the Council evidently
arose from the maintenance of the former regime of current and cap-
ital expenditure at unsustainable levels leading to the accumulation
of massive arrears", the release says.

Dealing with the island's public debt, the Council said this stands
at EC$138.4 million. Of this, EC$32,9 million is Domestic Debt and
EC$103.5 million is External Debt.

With reference to Grenada's outstanding indebtedness to regional and
international organizations, the Council wishes to enhance the Gov-
ernment's credit worthiness and has instructed the Ministry of Fin-
ance to submit to the respective institutions an appropriate 12
month repayment programme.

Wek Ending_17/12/83


The Press Release refers to the "suspension" by the International
Monetary Fund (IMF) of the existing Extended Fund Iacility pro-
gramme under which the island expected to receive EC$3.2 million
on November 15th. As a consequence, the Council says, Government
is even more short of cash and the IMF has been invited to review
the programme "in the light of changed circumstances following
recent events in the country".

"The Council was also informed of the impact on the economy and
the consequential shortfall in revenue anticipated following the
events in October", the release says. "It was estimated that re-
current revenue would fall short by approximately EC$4 million and
that approximately.1,500 to 2,000 persons were dislocated and not
gainfully employed".

It was disclosed that the United States Agency for Inteznational
Development has projected US$15 million for economic reconstruction
and development in Grenada, this sum in addition to the US$3 mil-
lion "emergency aid" already approved by the U.S. Congress. Of
this figure, US$ 5 million iS intended for Balance of Payments and
Budgetary Support but these funds will not be received in time to
have an effect on the 1983 out-turn.


Examination of the records of Grenada's-Treasury has shown that
advances of over EC$3.6 million need to be accounted for.

Governor General Sir Paul Scoon disclosed this in a broadcast on
December 9th over Radio Grenada and said there is need to tighten
up on accountability for Government funds.

"I am advised", he said, "that between 1979 and 1983, there are
uncleared accountable advances in the sum of EC$3,635,966 in the
names of former members of the Peoples Revolutionary Government and
public officers".

Some of this money has been recovered from pubI.ic officers who had
to leave Grenada, Sir Paul said, but others have fled without clear-
ing their advances. The Treasury will make every effort to get
those involved to account for these advances, he continued, or to
pay them back.

nihave been further advised", he said, "that the salaries of indi-
vidual members of the now defunct Peoples Revolutionary Army were

Week Ending 17/12/83


not known by the Treasury nor Was there any information on the to-
tal number of soldiers from whom no income tax or national insur-
ance contributions were collected".

"It is my humble view", Sir Paul said, "that such an arrangement
was open to corruption".

The state of Government's finances was not what the Peoples Revolu-
tionary Government had put forward, the Governor General said, and
the Interim Government will have the task of clearing up the situa-
tion it has inherited*


Radio Grenada resumed full broadcasting operations on December 9th
using a 20kw transmitter on two frequencies in the broadcast band,
990 kh and 535 kh.

The Advisory Council said,on December 7tha 6.00 a.m. to 10.00 p.m.
daily schedule will be introduced shortly and the station is to be
managed by BBC trained Grenadian Mr. Norbert "Bunny" Fletcher.

Broadcasting House at Morne Rouge, some 4 miles south of St.Georges
was demolished during the United,States Rescue Mission and the 50 kw
transmitting station, built by the Cubans at Beausejour on the west
coast 5 miles north of St. Georves was put out of action.

Radio Grenada is now located at Point Saline near the International
Airport project.

Mr. Anthony R Rushford, British born legal advisor to Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon, who was appointed -Grenada's At-
torney General on 15th November, has resigned from post and
flew out of the island on December 5th.

Informed sources said Mr, Rushford disclosed before he left that he
was quitting the post because of differences with Sir Paul.

Sources well placed in the Judiciary denied ( on December 5th) know-
ledge of the resignation but said it is "not surprising".


WeMeak Fndinc.-1-7/1?283



The Advisory Council of Grenada has received a report on the state
of the work at the International Airport project and has come to
the decision that, i:r.the interest of the island's economic devel-
opment, the project must be completed.

"In this connection", a press release early in December from the
Council said, "it was agreed that steps be taken immediately to
procure the necessary funds".

With reference to the extent of the damage to construction mater-
ials sustained during the recent United States intervention, a sur-
vey team is to be established to determine the cost of the damage,

This team will comprise the Governments of the United States and
Grenada, and Plessey Airports Limited, the main contractor to the
airport project.


One of Grenada's oldest political parties, the Grenada National
Party (GNP) held discussions early in December with a recently
formed political party with a view to arranging an amalgamation.

Mr. Herbert Blaize, political leader of the GNP a party formed
in 1955 and described by Mr. Blaize as "centerist" said in an
interview on December 7th his Executive has been meeting with mem-
bers of the Grenada Democratic Movement (GDM), a political party
recently formed by Grenadians resident in the United States of

"They are interested in a merger of GNP and GDM" Mr. Blaize said,
"and the merger will mean a merging of names out of which will come
a new name with a new structure and a new presentation to the

The GNP political leader said GDM has been represented in the dis-
cussions by its President Mr. Francis Alexis an" its Public Rela-
tions Officer Mr. Keith Mitchell.

Mr. Blaize said GDM is a "foreign started" political party which
has all Grenadian members. These Grenadians, he said, have been
resident in the United States, Canada, Barbados and other parts
of the world outside Grenada, and GDM has been trying to "alert

Week Ending 17/12/83

Paae 25


the international community as to what was going on in Grenada".

The political leader did nhot disclose the stage 'at which the discus-
sions with GDM stood but said an announcement will probably be made
by the end of January.


Smuggling into Grenada's sister island of Carriacou is having ad-
verse effects on Grenada Breweries Ltd., bottlers of "Carib" beer,
"Giant" malt and "Guinness", and the Company has made representa-
tions to Government in this connection.

In a report considered on December 15th by the Company's Annual Gen-
eral Meeting, Chairman of the Board, Mr. Fred Toppin, says that, up
to 3 years ago, Carriacou was a good market for the Company's products,
but now the Company's share of that market is nil.

Two teams were sent to Carriacou earlier this year in order to assess
the position and discover whether the Company's marketing arrange-
ments should be changed, but it was found that this is not the problem.

"Our surveys proved conclusively that foreign beer is entering Carria-
cou without payment of duty and consumption tax, and at a price vir-
tually impossible for us to match" Mr. Toppin said.

The possibility of such duty free products reaching Grenada is of
Crave concern, he continued, but the Company has not yet heard from
the Government relative to this matter.

The Annual General Meeting considered the recommendation of the
Board of Directors that shareholders be paid a dividend of 6%,
Profit for the year ending 30th June last was EC$705,376 (before tax)
and this closely approximates the 1982 figure of EC$718,474.

However, Mr. Toppin expressed concern over a continuing decline in
sales of the Company's products.

"Fortunately", his report say', "increase efficiency -t the Brewery
.... has meant that profitability was not impaired, but it must be
obvious to all concerned that if the downward trend continues, it
will shortly reach a point where the Brewery is no longer profitable".

Mr. Toppin suggested two courses of action to combat this problem,
the first being a diversification into other products not competit-
ive with those now produced. In this connection, a "quality range

Wee~k_Endinc_ _1712/3


of Soft drinks" is suggested and the Managing Director hoped the
directors would consider this soon.

The other option is the undertaking of a more aggressive marketing

"For too long have we sat back and allowed our products (with the
exception of Guiness) to sell themselves" Mr. Toppin said. "We
are aware of this shortcoming and are actively taking steps to in-
troduce meaningful advertising campaigns during 1984".

The audited balance sheet of the Company shows net assets of
EC$6,002,771 as compared with EC$5,677,311 at the end of the 1982
trading year. Dividends paid in 1982 were 5%.



Cocoa, Banana and Nutmeg producers are to be given back their
rights to elect representatives to the statutory bodies which
control the exports of these commodities and, in a release issued
on December 7th, the Advisory Council said machinery to effect
this will be established shortly.

Under the laws establishing these statutory bodies, producers have
a right to .;lect 'representatives to serve on 'the boards of Manage-
ment. Between 1969 and 1975, however, the Gairy regime ousted
the elected members and, since then, these organizations have been
controlled by Government appointed boards .

Prior to the revolution of 13th March 1979, the New Jewel Movement
(NJM) under Maurice Bishop, consistently campaigned for the return
of these bodies to the farmers' control, and the approved resolu-
tion of the NJM convention of 7th November 1976 called for re-
storation of "the right of all Grenadian farmers to control their
own cocoa, banana and nutmeg boards".

Following the revolution, however, NJM made no move to restore the
farmers' rights and, in protest, the then Chairman of the Grenada
Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) board, Mr. F.J. Archibald,
quit his post.

In a letter to Governor General Sir Paul Scoon early in 1980, Mr.
Archibald tendered his resignation saying that, as there was no
indication that the Government nominated board would be replaced
by an2Bected Board, he could no longer remain with GCNA.

Week Ending 17/12/83

Page 27

Page 28 THE GRENADA NEWSI TTER Weeak. adino 17/_/

The Advisory Council's release of December 7th says that to enable
the business of the Cocoa Board,. Banana Society and Nutmeg Associa-
tion to proceed smoothly, the existing memberships of these Bodies
will be restructured for a short transition period.


The Nutmeg Board, managers of the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Asso-
ciation (GCNA), has reported to nutmeg growers that, during the
trading year ended last June 30th, depressed market conditions and
increased shipping and labour costs produced no-profit results.

"These increased expenses, along with substantially lower end-of-
year inventory value, resulted in an overall trading deficit of
EC$152.3 thousand", the Board's report says.

GCNA, established in law since 1947 as the sole exporters of nutmegs
and mace, has only once before suffered loss on a year's trading.
This was in 1972 when low world market prices and cut-throat compe-
tition from Indonesian nutmeg exporters resulted in EC$109.5 thous
-and loss.

The present loss is the culmination of a downward tend which began
in 1979, In i978, the GCNA surplus on trading was EC$4 million but,
in 1979, this figure dropped to EC$2.8 million, a direct result of
world recession, ;

However, GCNA then held considerable reserves and, drawing on these,
the Board paid producers a "bonus" at year end of EC$4.3 million,

The years 1980, 1981 and 1982 resulted in progressively deteriorat-
ing financial situations for GCNA, actual profits dropping in those
years to EC$2.1 million, EC$457.5 thousand and EC$45.3 thousand res-
pectively. In each of those years, the reserves were tapped and
nutmeg producers were paid "bonuses" of BC$4.0 million, EC$3.1 mil-
lion and EC$1.0 million respectively.

These actions, however, seriously affected the Association's cash-
flow position and, while in 1978, GCNA had over BC$8 million in fix-
ed deposits and bank current accounts, by 1982, the Association had
no fixed deposits and was operating on an overdraft of nearly a mil-
lion EC dollars.

In the just-concluded trading year (which showed a loss of EC$152.5
thousand dollars), the reserves have been tapped again and nutmeg
producers were paid a "bonus" of EC$1.2 million.


,, ~, I,,

Week Ending 17/&2/83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 29

But the Board reports an improvement in the cash-flow position.
This, it said, has come about because smaller deliveries of nut-
megs and mace were made to GCNA during the year and so there was
a reduction in :the total amount paid oit to prodicerS in hadvahces".
However, these smaller deliveries point tb an adVerse circumstance.

"Producers, have been discouraged by the low prices", says Mr. Rob-
in "Chops" Renwick, GCNA manager, "and they have neglected to har-
vest their crops. We have lost considerable poundage which has
been just left to rot under the trees".

In an effort to find new markets, Mr. Renwick visited Argentina,
Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela this year, but there is no immediate
prospect of better times for GCNA.

"The prospect of increasing sales to Argentina and initiating sales
to the other countries are still hampered by the lack of suitable
shipping connections and the serious foreign exchange problems of
the countries concerned", the report of the GCNA board says.


During the period 1973 to 1983, when economic recession and the oil
crisis were having ill effects on the world, Tourism proved itself
to be very resilient and to be the most significant provider of
foreign exchange and employment.for the Caribbean.

This opinion was expressed by Mrs. Audrey Palmer-Hawks, Executive
Director of the Caribbean Tourism Association, as she addressed the
Annual General Meeting of the Grenada Hotel Association on December

"In 1982", she said, "Caribbean Tourism receipts from a total of
7.2 million visitors to the region, generated US$4.016 billion in
foreign exchange earnings",

In that year, Tourism provided direct and indirect employment to
270,000 persons in the region, she said, and generated Government
revenue which, in many cases, was far in excess of Tourism budgets.

In addition, she said, Tourism contributed to almost every other
sector in the economy, including linkages with construction, light
industry, furniture manufacturing, agriculture and fisheries.

Two and a half years ago, she said, Jamaica had to make some hard
decisions when the island's economy was at an alltime low and

mono" I IIII lO

Jamaica's image in the international travel markets seemed almost
beyond redemption, resulting in an impotent tourist industry.

"In addressing the challenges for balanced development', the Execu-
tive Director said, "the Government of Jamaica determined that the
tourism sector was the one sector of the economy capable of immed-
iately earning foreign exchange necessary to purchase a number of
goods and services for other developmental sectors and to quickly
generate necessary employment".

That decision led to a commitment to tourism by the Government ard
Mrs. Palmer-Hawks outlined a series of actions which the Jamaica
Government had taken and which, she said, resulted in a significant
performance by the Jamaican tourist Industry during the last two

In 1982 alone, she said,, Jamaica received 670,000 visitors and the
Jamaica Central Bank reports that receipts from the tourist sector
in that year totalled US$183.9 million, an increase of 9.3% over

"It seems to me", the Executive Director said, "that the current
crisis in Grenada, though unique, fundamentally bears resemblance
to that which Jamaica confronted. Perhaps you in Grenada can draw
parallels with the Jamaica situation and, where applicable, utilise
similar strategies as you meet your challenges".

Alister Hughes Cynthia Hughes
17th December 1983

Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies

Week nding 17/12/83

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