The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )

Full Text

For The Week Ending 17'th September 1983
,31 1th Year of Publication- - - 2th Isue
Volume 11 Number 1

Grenada's deposed Prime Minister, Sir Eric Gairy, was expell-
ed from Barbados on Thursday September 8th. Bsworted by
Barbados' Immigration Chief, Mr Kenrick Hutson, he was taon
from the Holiday Inn and put on Pan American flight 220 bound
for New York and Boston.

Sir Eric arrived in Barbados on August 15th and was granted a
28-day visitor's visat It was the first time he has been in
the Caribbean since 12th March 1979, the day when, as Prime.
Minister, he left Grenada for the United States on afficiaj3
business, and the day before the New Jewel Movement seized Grenada by force of arms.

"I am here to check out the area", he told the press on his,
arrival at Barbados' Grantley Adams international airport,
"and to see what was going on in my absence".

Two days after his arrival, Sir Eric called a press confer-
ence at which he said he had not and would not ask assistance.
from the United States Government to regain the Government of
Grenada. He said also that, because of the "peculiar pos-
ition" in wftich he is placed, he found it difficult to answer
questions as to if, when and how he plans to return to Gre-

As to whether he has a "time frame" for his return to Gre-
nada, he said that was one questiq9nhe could not answer.

"There are things I would like to say and many things I would,
like to do", he said, "but for experience and be*rter judge-
continued -

Pro0ed & Printed by Alister & CentaL. H i hes
P 0 Box 65, St,Qeorgt%, Greht*a., Westindis

~--"R-T- --- _

-- --

Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.9.83

ment I shall not be able to do them. You Would understand what I aq

talking about."

However, he has not given up the idea of recovering the Government of


"The people expect me back there and I expect to be back", Sir Eric

said. "After all, I am the duly elected, constitutional Prime Min-

ister and Head of the Government of Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Mart-

inique. I am in temporary exile. I feel it is incumbent upon me to

return because the people have given me a full mandate and that has

not been dissipated by elections. They have not withdrawn their

votes from me. They have not voted me out."

Grenada's State owned and managed media made no comment or report on
Sir Eric's presence in Barbados. The fact that the island's deposed
Prime Minister was in the region and talking to the media was widely
covered by press, radio and television in the Eastern Caribbean, but
Grenada's Government controlled media made no mention of it.

NEWSLETTER tried several avenues in the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment (PRG) to get a-reaction to Sir Eric's presence in the area and
the statements he was making, but without success.

The Caribbean News Agency (CANA) reported, .however, that Barbadian
officials said the Barbados Government had received inquiries from
the PRG relative to extradition of Sir Eric to Grenada.

Tho ex-Prime Minister is wanted in Grenada to face charges of con-
spiracy to murder, and CANA said the PRG had asked the-Barbados
Government to arrest him. According to CANA, the Barbados Govern-
ment replied that, without slid supporting evideh~nc of criminal
"wrong doing, that request could not be entertained.

For unknown reasons, the Barbados Immigration Department cancelled
Sir Eric's visitor's visa on September 5th, eight days before it was
due to expire, and he was ordered to leave the island immediately.
No reason was given but political observers speculated it may have
been because his passport was due to expire.,on September 8th, four
days before he was booked to leave.

There was also speculation that pressure put on the Barbados Govern-
ment by Sir Eric's opponents may have caused the cutting short of his
stay. The left-wing Movement for National Liberation of Barbados
(iONALI) picketed his hotel in protest against his presence in Bar-
bados and Sir Eric was involved in an incident with a prominent
memberr of MONALI, Mr Norman Faria.
continued -


Mr Faria, who reports from Barbados for Radio Free Grenada, attended
Sir Eric's press conference representing "Caribbean Contact", the
monthly publication of the Caribbean Conference of Churches (CCC).
Sir Eric accused CCC, "Caribbean Contact" and Mr Faria of being
"communist", and ordered Mr Faria out of the conference.

Sir Eric did not comply immediately with the Barbados Immigration
Department's directive to leave but, on September 6th, under tight
security, he paid a visit to the Unites States Embassy in Broad
Street, travelling in what the "Nation" newspaper described as a
"chauffeur-driven, privately owned, American made car". Emerging
from the Embassy some time after and mobbed in the street, he de-
clined to say what had been discussed but admitted he was under
pressure to leave the island.

"What have I done ?", he asked "Nation" reporters who were present.
"Not a damn thing I! I did not stow away. I was given 28 days
by the Immigration and now I was asked to leave before it's time".

He further declined to say whether he had been given political asy-
lum in the USA, but said he was making "a lot of overseas calls" in
an effort to find a country which would have him, his main consider-
ation being the political atmosphere in the countries and the degree
of security available to him.

Immigration Authorities acted two days later when they took Sir Eric
out of Holiday Inn and escorted him aboard a Pan American airlines
jet at Grantly Adams airport. An informed source told the "Nation"
that, when he visited the U.S.Embassy, Sir Eric had been given his
"green card", the document which will enable him to residence with
permission to work in the United States of America and that country's

As he left the hotel, Sir Eric told a "Nation" reporter that "a very
responsible person" in the United States was willing to accept him
and that was where he was going.

There is an unanswered question as to whether the ex-Prime Minister
now holds the status of a person "deported" from Barbados. If this
is so, there is doubt as to whether he can ever return to that is-
land. The alternative is that he is merely a person whose visitor's
visa was revoked and who may apply for such a visa again if he so

There is also a question as to what passport Sir Eric was travelling
on. By notice dated 19th December 1980, published in the Grenada
Government Gazette of 31st December 1980, the Peoples Revolutionary
Government advised that Sir Eric's passport had been withdrawn.

At his August 17th press conference, Sir Eric said he left Grenada
with "three suits and $1,200", and he said he does not earn any
continued -

Wee_ Ending 17.9.83

Page 3

Page 4 I1HE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.9.83

money in the United States.

"I don't earn", he told the press. "It taught for about six weeks, I
think I made less than $1,0004 I do hot teach a thing called 'per-
sonal magnitism', I am involved with some other things, finer things

Sir Eric denied that he is preaching in the United States or that he
has a church in that country. He said he is a Roman Catholic and
"used to go to church't in California where he lives.


A conference, under the auspices of the Non-Aligned Movement, to dic-
cuss the problems of small-island developing countries, opened in Gre-
nada oh September 14th against "an inauspicious and disappointing
international background", according to Grenada's Foreign Minister,
Unison Whiteman.

Delivering the feature address,at the opening session, Mr Whiteman
said the 6th meeting of the United Nations Conference on Trade &
Development (UNCTAD) had come and gone, and the hopes of the Third
World for "serious and meaningful dialogue" have been shattered.

"For developing countries", he said, "the immediate task is to pick
up the pieces and start anew the struggle for equitable, fair and
workable international relationships with the Third World as an equal
partner ."

Mr Whiteman said the "post-UNCTAD task" of small island countries is
both harder and easier. It is harder, he said, that of all the dis-
advantaged countries, small island countries have received the least
international attention. United Nations resolutions and UNCTAD
initiatives have remained unfulfilled for lack of commitment and polit-
ical will in developed countries.

"Indeed", he said, 'tin a recent response to an UNCTAD questionnaire on
international policies in respect of island developing countries, a
considerable number of countries denied that island developing states
were deserving of special international treatment"

The Foreign Minister said three recent events are "propitious" and
make easier the present task for small island developing countries.

The first of these "events", he said, is the growing concern of the
Non-Aligned Movement for the fate of island states, and the then
current meeting in Grenada was a result of this concern.

The second encouraging factor mentioned by Mr Whiteman, is the
decision taken last September by "the Group of 24" and the joint
continued -

Week Ending 17.9.83 THE GRETTAnA NEWSLETTER Page 5

Development Committee of the World Bank and International Nonetary
Fund to highl'.-it the special needs -_Tn characteristics of small
island develop';:- states. That Commnittee, he said, will ca"l for
close examination and appropriate changes in the conditions set out
by 'lending agencies in negotiating loans to small island States.

The third "event", said Mr Whiteman, is "ironically enough, UNCTAD,
itself". UNCTAD has failed to reert the main aspirations of the
developing countries, he said, but both developed and develr,iing
countries had supported an UNCTAD resolution declaring island
developing States to be a disadvantaged group.

"it is these positive signs, all very recent, all falling upon a
long period of scepticism, inactivity and unconcern", he said, "that
create meaningful base for this week's deliberations'.

This conference was the result of a decision of the 7th NOn-Aligned
Summit held in India earlier this year. Seventy delegates from 34
countries and observers from 5 international organizations discussed
the problems of small island developing countries and those attend.
ing the op.'ning ceremony came from North Korea, India, Maldives,
Yugoslavia, Zambia, Uganda, Mauritius, Argentina, Viet Nam, Laos,
Syria, Cyprus, Mozambique, Sao T.-' & Principe, Algeria, Libya,
Scychelles, Cuba, Nicaragua, Antigva, the Bahamas,, Barbados
and Grenada.

Conference sources said other deloga+es. "stranded in Barbados",were
expected to arrive later.

Observers at the conference representizc the Food & Agriculture
Organisation, the United Nations Development Programme, United
Nations Industrial Development Orgianisation, United Nations Confer-
ence on Trade & Development and the U.N. Economic Commission for
Latin America.

Agenda for the conference included discussions on the loan conditions
laid down by the World Bank and International Development Associat-
ion, which conditions, conference told NEWSLETTER, exclude
small island countries. The conference also discussed International
Monetary Fund policies which are sai~ place difficulties in the
way of small island States.

Also for discussion was the impact o- natural disasters on small
islands and the possibility of creating a security system and/or
relief fund.

The conference ended on September 16th.


Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.9.83


Delegates to the conference in Grenada on small island developing
countries rejected the idea of putting into their final conference
document.any ideas and proposals which have been put forward already
by other organizations or by the Non-Aligned Movement.

Grenada's Ambassador to the United Nations, Mr Caldwell Taylor, acting
as spokesman for the conference, told the press on September 16th,
that none of these ideas and proposals have produced any results and
the conference was seeking to blaize new paths.

"We would like to look at approaches that will take our decisions to
the international community", he said.

This conference, which opened on September 14th, was held under the
auspices of the Non-Aligned Movement, its purpose being to examine
the problems of small island developing countries.

Iir Taylor said that, on the first day of the conference, delegates
discussed and agreed on the agenda and, since then, the main thrust
of the conference had been to iron out differences.

These differences, he said, were not fundamental and they involved,
for example, such matters as the wording of a paragraph in the draft
conference document relative to criticism of the International
Monetary Fund (IMF).

"We are differing for the time being on tac.--ics", he said. "How do
we approach the IMF ? How do we approach the World Bank ?
Differences on tactical approaches but, in general, we have very
broad agreement".

f~r Taylor said the draft conference document, which was to come up
for approval on September 16th, the final day of the conference,
must be submitted to the next meeting of Ministers of the Non-
Aligned Movement which takes place in 1985, and then be considered
by the Heads of Government meeting of the Movement which takes place
in 1986.

The Ambassador said the lapse of time betw-.n this conference and
the meetings in 1985 and 1986 was concernirngj olegates and it was
felt that the report of this conference should not be allowed to
lie dormant for this length of time.

"What we must do to keep this momentum between 1'.(3 and 1985 is
what this conference must decide", Mr Taylor said. "What forms of
action can we engage in between 1983 and 1985 to keep our concerns
before the eyes of the international community ? This will be
discussed this evening and tomorrow".

Week Ending 17.9.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7


The small island developing countries of the world want greater re-
presentation on multilateral lending institutions such as the World
Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF).

This was stated in a 16-page document issued at the end of a three-
day conference of experts on small island developing countries. The
document says this representation is necessary so these countries
will have a say in policy making.

In that document are set out the complaints and proposals of the
world's small island states, and prominent among the complaints are
the "deficiencies" of the lending policies of the World Bank, IMF
and International Development Association (IDA).

The gross domestic product per head of population is not an ade-
quate indicator of the amount of money the World Bank should lend tb
a small island state, the document says, and it rejects the argument
that the high cost to the Bank of administering small loans should
prevent small island countries from making such loans.

The document also rejects the argument that, before a project in a
small island country can be financed by the Bank or IDA, its re-
turns must be judged to compare favourably 'with Zeturns on an inter-
national basis.

As far as the IMF is concerned, the conference document says loans
made to compensate for loss of export earnings should be on easier
terms and these loans should be extended to cover loss of earnings
from tourism and other invisible exports.

"The meeting noted the growth in the phenonema of economic aggress-
ion against developing states', the document says. "It noted with
concern the contradictory operational standards of major multilat-
eral institutions which have tended towards discrimination on
political grounds".

The conditions laid down by the World Bank and IMF for granting
credit to developing countries do not take into account the eco-
nomic and social objectives of those countries, the document says,
and these conditions hinder the development process in developing

The document says the policies behind these conditions are inadequ-
ate for dealing with small developing countries, and and it noted
that, in response to this view, the IMF has recently commissioned a
study on small island States.

The meeting urged the IMF to make the results of that study avail-
able to all member countries and, after consultation with island
developing States, to take appropriate action.
continued -

.... .....^

___~ _~~__I_

Page 8 HE GEADA_ NMSWLETTE VWeek Ending i7.9.83

The meeting also recommended that developing countries appoint a
"Third World Watch-Dog Committee" to protect the interests of develop-
ing countries in dealings with the Vorld Bank and IMF.

The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) presented a special paper
to a conference on Small Island Developing Countries which opened in
Grenada on September 14th under the auspices of the Non-Aligned

deputyy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Trade & Planning,
Mr Bernard Coard, told the press the FB3's paper sought to set out a
definition acceptable to the international community as to what is a
"small island developing country".

"We are trying to find a methodology, first of all", he said, "for
determining the precise characteristics that would determine the
location of countries within the framework of disadvantaged countries
in an internationally recognized way".

Mr Coard, who was elected Chairman of the conference, said there are
three categories of "disadvantaged States" recognized by the United
Nations. These he named as "least develcped countries", "land-
locked States" and "island developing counT.ries".

The Minister said there have been many confer-7nces, resolutions and
concrete follow-up action with reference to the needs of the first
two categories, but there has been no follow-up action to the many
United Nations resolutions with respect to "island developing

"We are seeking to ensure that all the resolutions that have been
passed over so many years in the U.N. and many U.N. agencies, as
well as other international fora, are now docutmented and fjrmul1ated
in a more precise way and lead to concrete action", Mr Coard said.

The Minister said Grenada would also present the conference with
proposals for follow-up action including the appointment of a team
of experts from the small island states of the world themselves. He
hoped these experts would meet within the next six months to carry
the work of the conference forward to a technical level.

These experts, he said, should put a package of proposals before the
next meeting of Minister of the Non-Aligned Movement as a first step
to having these proposals before the next meeting of Heads of Govern-
ment of the Non-Aligned Movement.

"This is the scenario for what should be done", Mr Coard said, "but we
will have to see what happens out of the conference, whether this type
continued -


bif approach is acceptable".

The approach suggested by the PRG was accepted and, after the con-
ference, Mr Coard disclosed that Grenada had been asked to consult
with other small island developing countries and other members of
the Non-Aligned Movement with a view to getting these experts to-

Mr Coard said the conclusions of the conference will be the basic
guidelines and terms of reference for the team of experts. The
team will take the deliberations of the conference into the technic-
al and operational spheres, he said, will put forward the require-
ments and proposals of the conference to a range of international
fora, and a progress report will be presented to the bureau of the
Non-Aligned Movement as soon as possible.


A basic problem of the conference 4f Experts on small island devel-
oping States which concluded in Grenada on September 16th was that
of definition.

How small is "small" ? WhtJh exactly is a "small island developing
country" ? What characteric~L.. :-; must exist for a country to be
recrgnir,--':9 being in that -.r and eligible for special aid ?

Cha-rmar' of the confer-n:-c, Aren;.-. :s Minister of Fini ,ce, Bernard
Coax -, said on September 16zh that considerable discussion had taken
place on this subject and some progress had been made. "

"That (the definition) has been worked out to a much higher degree
than previously", he said. "I don't think it has reached the stage
of perfection by anr means, but it is much more defined than before"

Mr Coard said one of the characteristics agreed on is that a small
island developing country is an island with a small population,
typically less than 400,000 and rarely more than I million.

Other characteristics are that the land mass of the country is
usually less than 700 square kilometres and seldom more thah 4,000
square kilometres. The road systems, ports and airports are in a
state of disrepair, electricity, water and sewerage services tend
to breakdown because of their age, and basic infrastructure is
grossly inadequate.

Most of these countries have no central banks, the Minister said,
and commercial banks are mostly branches of multinational cor:porat-
ions having no commitment to local development. The private sector
is involved mainly in import/export trade, there is little local
entrepreneurship and professional and.skilled workers immigrate to
continued -

Week. Ending 17.9.83

Page 9

Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.9.83

the developed countries.

Mr Coard said another characteristic of these states is that, because
of their small size, natural disasters such as hurricanes and earth-
quakes are likely to affect the entire country.

In connection with this, the Minister said the Conference had stress-
ed that international emergency relief for humanitarian purposes is
not enough when an entire country is devastated.

The Conference suggested that, in connection with.this,a study be
made of insurance possibilities of the Non- Aligned Countries Action
Programme of Bconomic Cooperation.


The 6th Conference of the American Association of Jurists (AAJ)
opened here on August 2nd- with delegates drawn from the Caribbean,
North and Latin America ..

Founded some 10 years ago, AAJ, which meets every two years, held
its first conference in Peru and sihctiueit c held. in Pu;nap, Cu(bac~ Jamaica and Nicaragua.

At the conference in Nicaragua, Min.sie: of Justice of that
country, Dr Ernestc Castillo, was elected AAJ President and he
presided '-.r .:.a Grenada conference : ihr.'1 ran until August 28th.
AAJ Secretary is Ms. Deborah Jackson of the United, States of

Represented at the conference were delegates.from Barbados, Trinidad
& Tobago, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St.,Vincent, Guyana, the U.S.
Virgin Islands, the United States of America, Cuba, Nicaragua,
El Salvador and Grenada.

Addressing the conference on August 22nd, Chairman,of the Preparat-
ions Committee, Mr Ashley Taylor of the Grenada Ministry of Foreign
Affairs, said that the principles of AAJ include "the support for
the struggles of the people for self determination, full economic
development and sovereignty of the State over its wealth and national

Mr Taylor said AAJ principles also include "action against imperial-
ism, facism, colonialism, noo-colonialisn and against racial dis-

"Also included among its principles", Mr Taylor said, "is the defence
of real peace based on the principles of peaceful coexistence be-
tween States with different social and:economic systems"
-- continued -

I :

_ I I :

Week Ending 17.9.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11

In March of last year, AAJ sponsored a conference in Grenada to de-
bate a "Caribbean Perspective of Human Rights In The 1980s". It
was disclosed at that meeting that, at its 5th Conference in
Nicaragua, AAJ passed a resolution "to support the Government and
people of free Grenada in their just struggle to build, without
interference, a just and democratic society".

AAJ Secretary General Deborah Jackson said at that time that that
conference was being held in Grenada because it is important that
"progressive lawyers and activists" continue to support the Peoples
Revolutionary Government of Grenada.


The world is now faced with an extremely dangerous and wasteful
period of history.

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop expressed this opinion on August 22nd
as he addressed the opening session of the 6th Conference of the
American Association of Jurists (AAJ), and Mr Bishop said this
period is characterized by growing United States aggressiveness
based on efforts to achieve "world domination"

"The first United States medium-ranae missiles are scheduled for de-
ployment in West Germany in less than 6 months", Mr Bishop said.
"New w-eapon systems for outer space are being developed while dis-
armament talks in Vienna and Geneva are not making any progress".

The Prime Minister said the United States is actively promoting
military manoeuvers all over the world and he mentioned two
manoeuvers' in which the U.S. is involved in Africa and the Middle
East, code named "Bright Star 83" and "Eastern Wind 83".

"And right here in the region there is a U.S. plan for the con-
struction of a US$150 million air and naval base on the Atlantic
coast of Honduras", Mr 3ishop said, "and even as we sit here tonight,
massive military manoeuvers called "Big Pine 2", involving a combat
group of 8 warships carrying over 70 fighter planes and light bomb-
ers, 19 warships carrying 1,600 military personnel, 4 destroyers and
frigates and some 5,600 U.S. ground troops, are taking place on both
the Atlantic and Pacific coasts ofNicaragua".

Mr Bishop called these exercises "intimidatory" and said this had
been confirmed by a "top United States official" who said the
maneuvers are "a demonstration of U.S. resolve that this is an area
of extreme interest to this country".

"To compound this vulgarity", the Prime Minister said, "the same
United States which pretends to be so concerned about non-existent
continued -


military bases in Grenada, illegally plans to construct a new radar
station in the Gulf of Fonseca whose waters are shared by Nicaragua,
El Salvador and Honduras. The United States also plans to improve
Hondurian air strips to accommodate C-130 transport planes which the
Hondurans do not own".

Mr Bishop said these "vulgar acts of intimidation, provocation and
big-stick-ism" are a direct attack on the region's attempts to
secure the atmosphere of peace so necessary to development. These
acts, he said, constitute an "arrogant and haughty dismissal" of
regional and international efforts at peaceful dialogue to resolve
the conflicts of the region.


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has expressed the opinion that the so-
called "trouble spots" of the world have moved closer to the Carib-
bean and Latin America.

Addressing the opening session of the 6th Conference of the American
Association of Jurists (AAJ), Mr Bishop said that, at one time,
these trouble spots and the problem situations which threaten to
ignite global conflict seemed far, but the determination of the
people of this region to attain genuine independence and the reaction
of "imperialism" to this development ha-s made the situation in
Central America and the Caribbean extremely volatile and explosive.

"Imperialism's reply to the liberation struggles of the people of
Cuba, Nicaragua, Surinam and Grenada is to challenge the legality
of those Governments installed by popular uprising or by popular
decision expressed through a revolutionary and non-traditional
formula", he said.

The pretext used by Washington, the Prime Minister said, is expressed
in the mystiquee around the terms 'elections' and 'Human Rights' ".
Failure to conform to the United States concept of 'elections', he
continued, and the U.S. 'narrow interpretation' of what constitutes
human rights, is ostensibly the formula for illegality in the eyes
of the U.S. Administration.

But, he said, a close examination of the trend in Latin America
and the Caribbean will show that the U.S. certificate of legality
has nothing to do with pluralism and elections.

"Where, after all", Mr Bishop asked, "are the elections in Chile,
South Africa, Haiti or South Korea ? The fact is that legality
from Washington's point of view is the creature of the con-
temptable Monroe Doctrine which, in itself, has no basis in
international law". continued -

Page 12

Week Bnding 17.9.83

Week Ending 17.9.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13

The Prime Minister said Washington refuses to accept the idea of
the judicial equality of sovereign states and the right of each to
develop their economic, social and political processes free from
any outside interference or pressure.

"To Washington", he said, "the primary definition of a legal entity
is a Government which is installed by the CIA and which is
aggressively and actively serving the cause of imperialism. This
is why Pinochet in Chile, the Guatemalian Military, the regime in
Honduras, the Duvalier regime in Haiti, the genocidal regime in El
Salvador and the fascists in South Africa have found such favour and
high esteem in the eyes of Reagan and his top advisors".


Addressing the opening session of the 6th Conference of the American
Association of Jurists (AAJ) on August 22nd, Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop said that, within thescenatrio of the United States "threats
to peace, reckless posturings and demented theories of a limited
nuclear war the world economic situation is progressively deter-

Capitalist solutions always negatively impact oh the mass of the
working people, Mr Bishop said, and, in the United States, 20
million people are out of work.

"For the capitalist economy to survive Mr Bishop said, "there are
lay-offs and job restrictions, social security benefits and pensions
reduced, businesses are closed so that the greatest burden is borne
by the poorest sections of the people."

The Prime Minister 'pointed to deteriorating economic conditions in
the Eastern Caribbean, Central and South America and said that in
the face of this "massive economic crisis, the profound and just
aspirations of the hungry and dispossessed millions for a world of
peace, equality, economic independence and development is scorn-
fully negated by the insensitive arms build up".

"The large sums spent by the Lords of War in Washington to intim-
idate the struggling people of our America", he said, "could have
contributed instead to the creation of peace and a better life in
our region.

The Prime Iiinister said the diversion of these large sums to the
manufacture of arms instead of for health and education show that
the s ruggle for peace and disarmament is the first priority in the
struggle for independence and development.

Page 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.9.83

U '16th December 1983


'It is a sign of the unusualness of the times that, in the heart of an
issue of the GRENADA NEWSLETTER for the week ending 17th September
1983P there should appear a "Special Notice To Subscribers" dated
f16th December 1983.

.jWe do not apologise for this. This state of affairs has resulted
-from circumstances beyond our control, but, an explanation is

ilLike all Grenadians, we have been overtaken by recent happenings here.
IJThe traumatic events of October 19th last, and the days following,
tihave thrust us into new and strange circumstances and we have had to
[divide our time between what we have seen to be our duty as Grenadian
..nationals and what have been our obligations as journalists. Per-
1!formance of our national duty, both in Grenada and abroad, has proved
[;to be most time consuming, and we find ourselves falling far short in
flour journalistic obligations.
S*In this, we ask the patience and underst~-iing of our subscribers.
>We are trying hard to come up to date. But, our lives are not yet
back to normal and there is so much to be done '

l1First, the October news must be reported and this probably will mean
aa Special Pdition dcalinc with the October 19th massacre and re-
:lated events. Then, there : thte Annlver7: .--y Supplement f .Aagust H
:,17th still to be completed 3nd tIhe Chronlc- og-il Ca I talogue 0o Events, I
1982, which i3- still in its "rough" state.

+And, time moves on. There are issues of NEWSLETTER to be produced ti
'for November and December .......... and now, it's almost January !

iPlease continue to be patient. We promise that NEWSLETTER will
continue to be your accurate reference to the fact and that, in
ijthe face of many difficulties, every effort is being made to get
These facts to you as soon as possible. I
; f;:V
: r r 7- -

. . . . .

Week Ending 17.9.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 15


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop suggested to the American Association
of Jurists (AAJ), when the Association held its Conference in
Grenada in August, that they should focus on a number of areas
"that would be of tremendous assistance to the poor and working
people of our region".

Mr Bishop said he understood that AAJ is considering organising its
work along the lines of "commissions" operating within the organ-
isation, and he suggested that AAJ should set up a "political and
technical commission.

"A political and technical commission could address the zone-of-
peace question", he said, "and the struggle to have our region de-
clared a zone of peace is one which involves complex questions of a
diplomatic, political and legalistic character including the draft-
ing of treaties an dahost of other tasks which could be undertaken
by a group of progressive lawyers with special expertise in this

This commission could also have its lawyers in the United States
develop bills and measures to be raised in Congress to ensure that
there is no discrimination in the dispension of funds by the United
States under the Caribbean Basin Initiative and other institutions,
he said.

"A recent example of this economic aggression", Mr Bishop said, "is
the announcement by the United States that 4.4 million dollars will
be made available as scholarship assistance through the O.A.S. to
countries of the Caribbean basin but excluding Surinam, Nicaragua
and Grenada".

The Prime Minister suggested another area in which this commission
could be of assistance and that is in the drafting of legislation
to combat "the tactics of aggression and destabilisation" used by
the United States against certain countries in this region.

Mr Bishop suggested also the appointment of an "economic commission"
which would assist developing countries of the region in their deal-
ing with international financial institutions and international
commercial banks.

"Our experience and that of many other developing countries",
Mr Bishop said, "has been that, in seeking to mobilise international
finance from these institutions, we are faced with unreasonable
demands for collateral involving totally unrealistic and unreason-
able guarantees"

The Prime Minister said there might be room also for appointment of
a "cultural commission" which, among other things, would assist in
continued -

S16 THE GRAA NWSETTER Week Ending 17.9.83

the protection of the works of calypsonians', writers, musicians and
artists of the region.

Finally, Mr Bishop suggested an "international commission" of the AAJ
which would prepare statements on critical issues in the region such
as "aggressive military manoeuvers, violations of the sovereignty of
territories, vulgar interference in the internal affairs of territor-
ies and threats to peace in the region."



When the 14th General Assembly of the Caribbean Broadcasting Union
(CBU) opened at the Grenada Beach Hotel on August 27th, principal
focus of the agenda was satellite broadcasting.

.ri Michael Rudder, CBU General Secretary, told NEWSLETTER this type
of broadcasting can be a mixed blessing.

"For the first time", the Secretary General said,"there are many
real possibilities for the Caribbean to take advantage of what
satellites have to offer. They, of course, can be a very
dangerous weaph' but an extremely useful tool."

Mr Rudder said that, at tfe present time, a number of television
stations in the Caribbean (none of them members of CBU), are
relaying live TV from North America off the satellites. He said
the effect of these programmes on the Caribbean people must be of
serious conc!.on -n.d CBU must examine the sociological impact and
also thI :i.f.?- l a.scts of the situation.

"Some stations have been using this material for some time",
Mr Rudder said, "and there have been concerns expressed by various
holders.of copyright. Clearly, when the Caribbean is able to
produce its own programmes and put them up on satellites, we will
then have concerns on our side."

On the panel for the CBU satellite debate were Mr Raymond Smith,
Grenadian television and radio consultant, Mr Curtis White, an
attorney from the United States and a UNESCO consultant, and
Mr Bryan Lodge from station ZBM in Bermuda, which station, the
Secretary General said, has gone through lengthy legal processes
to ensure that it can carry the satellite transmissions legitimately.

Mr Rudder said Mr Karney Osborne of the Antilles TV station in
Montserrat addressed the meeting on the sociological aspects of
satellite broadcasting. Antilles TV has not been a member of CBU
but an application for membership was considered by the meeting.
continued -

Week Ending 17.9.83 THE GRENADA NBS LETTER Page 17

Some.45 to 50 delegates and observers attended the meeting which was
opened by Prime Minis.ter Maurice Bishop.


One third of an EC$40 million received by the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) will be
used to pay off old debts owing by Grenada to the IMF.

Minister of Finance Bernard Coard disclosed this in an interview
early in September with the State owned and managed Radio Free Gre-
nada, and Mr Coard said the IMF debts covered money borrowed by the
PRG and previous Governments.

"By being able to use some of this money to repay these debts",
Mr Coard said, "we don't have to use local funds to pay back these
debts and, therefore, the local funds we would have had before to use
to pay back these debts if we did not have the IMF programme, we can
now use to expand the investment programme."

The Finance Minister said his Government's capital investment pro-
gramme over the next three years (the building of roads, factories
land development etc) will now total EC$278 million, utilising a
third of the IMF loan as well as "other forms of assistance from
around the world".

Grenada's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 1982, according to IMF
calculations was BC$290 million, Mr Coard said, and investing EC$278
ri.'i3 io.c ever 3 years means that almost one third of the GDP will be
invested which, the Minister said, "is probably one of the highest
rates in the entire third world".

The Minister of Finance said the remaining third of the IMF loan
will be used to increase the liquidity of the two State owned banks,
the National Commercial Bank and the Grenada Bank of Commerce.

"This is very important for the economy", Mr Coard said. "It will
build up the reserves of these banks. It will mean they will be
able to earn good interest rates from depositing this money with the
East Caribbean Currency Authority or wherever they wish, which will
increase their profits".


Grenada is to take part in a caucus to arrive at a common position
to confront the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF).
continued -


Week Ending 17.9.83

In an interview with the State owned Radio Free Grenada in mid-Septear.
ber, Minister of Finance Bernard Coard said this caucus would be held
when the Commonwealth Finance Ministers met in Trinidad in the $eefnkd
half of September.

Mr Coard said the Ministers would examine an agenda identical with
that of the IMF Board of Governors and World Bank General Meeting
scheduled for late in September.

"The meeting of Commonwealth Finance Ministers is like a caucus", he
said. "It is like all 48 members of the Commonwealth coming toget-
her to discuss exactly the same issues, using the same agenda as will
be taking place days after at the World Bank and IMF meeting where,
not 48, but 146 countries will be present".

Mr Coard said the Commonwealth Ministers represent about one-third
of the IMF and World Bank membership and the caucus would attempt to
work out common positions on the world economic situation, the Third
World debt problem, more financing of inVestmeht programmes of de-
veloping countries and tariff barriers against Third World countries.

Also go be discussed were the world economic system and the effects
on Third World countries of recession, inflation and unemployment
in developed countries.


Grenada will-be represented at the quarterly meeting of the Board of
Directors of the Caribbean Tourism Association (CTA) which takes
place in the Cayman Islands commencing October 3rd.

The delegation comprises Minister of Tourism & Civil Aviation Lyden
Ramndhanny and Director of Tourism Jane Belfon.

According to Radio Free Grenada, the CTA Directors will consider
ways of attracting more tourists from the European Community, and
the agenda also includes the making of a decision on the venue for the
8th Tourism Conference to be held next year.


The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has been assured of
adequate air service into the new international airport for the
5th Festival of the Revolution in March next year.

Speaking to the State owned and operated Radio Free Grenada,
Minister of Civil Aviation & Tourism Lyden Ramdhanny said on
August 21st that the airport will be opened on March 8th and both
continued -

Page 18


Pan American and BWIA have expressed "firm interest" in having
flights to serve Grenada at that time.

Mr Ramdhanny hoped these two airlines would continue to fly into
Grenada after March 13th 1984 and he said the PRG has had "goo'
responses" also from British Caledonia and British Airways. The
Minister said discussions are continuing with Air Canada, Wardair
and Viassa and the latter has given "firm indication" that there
will be at least two flights per week into Grenada after the airport
has opened.

"But, in terms of the route rights question", he said, "that is on
a country to country basis and discussions are still going on on a
Government to Government basis with a number of countries.",


The Marketing & National Importing Board (MNIB), a creation of the
Peoples Revplutionary Government (PRG), is to enter the retail trade
in competition with the Private Sector.

According to the Government owned and operated Radio Free Grenada,
this was stated by Minister of Finance, Trade & Planning Bernard
Coard as he addressed a seminar for MNIB employees on September 5th.

"One of the key objectives on MNIB must be to carefully select in
the coming period, the coming months, the coming year or two, the
most critical items of importance to the working people of the
country", Mr Coard said, "and not to control the total imports, not
to take over anything as a monopoly, because our official policy
over the coming 2 or 3 years is not to take over any more items as
a monopoly".

The Minister said importations and sales by MNIB would be "on a
strictly competitive basis with the private sector", and he felt
this would force MNIB to reach and exceed the standards of the
private sector in quality of service and price.

MNIB now has a monopoly of imports of sugar, rice, cement and pow-
dered milk in bags, and Mr Coard suggested that among the items
which could be imported to compete with the private sector are
shoes, school uniform material and cooking utensils.

In preparing to compete with the private sector, the Minister said,
MNIB needed to secure a major outlet in the heart of St Georges,
construct its own warehouse to avoid "exorbitant rent" it now has to
pay, and increase the quality and quantity of its management.
continued -

Week Ending 17.9.83

Page 19

Page: 2Q THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.9.83

Mr Coard said also that the question of price control is very


Nine hundred Grenadian children are not being educated.

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop disclosed this on 12th September
according to Radio Free Grenada, and Mr Bishop said the Peoples
Revolutionary Government is to launch a programme through the Min-
istry of Education to ensure that all school-age children go to

The slogan for the programme is "Every Child In School", and
Mr Bishop called for public cooperation to ensure that the pro-
gramme is successful.


Grenada's National Insurance Scheme (NIS) is to receive technical
assistance later this year when a course on "Theory & Practice of
Social Security In Grenada" will be conducted for NIS employees.

The State owned Radio Free Grenada said on September 13th that the
course will run from 7th to llth November and is sponsored by the
Organisation of American States, the International Labour Organ-
isation and the International Social Security Association.

The course, which will include basic theory and financial and ad-
ministrative aspects of the subject, will be open to other employ-
ees in the private and public sectors.


According to the Government Gazette of Septemner 16th 1983, the
non-resident Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of Bulgaria,
Mr Petar Marinkov, presented his Letters of Credence to Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon on Monday 22nd August 1983.


Week Ending 17.9.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 21


According to the Government Gazette of August 26th, the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) has now made all the appointments to
the Constitution Commission which has been charged with producing
a draft Constitution for Grenada.

Minister of Mobilisation & Labour Selwyn Strachan announced on June
4th that three persons had been appointed to this Commission which
must produce the draft Constitution within two years.

Those appointed then were Trinidad born.batrister Mr Alan Alexander
who is to be Chairman, Mr Ashley Taylor, Grenada born barrister who
is legal advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Mr Richard
Hart, Jamaica born solicitor who is Grenada's Attorney General and
Director of Public Prosecutions.

In making the announcement, 'Mr Strachan said two other appointments
were to be made, one being a nominee of the Trade Union Council
(TUC) and the other a joint nominee of the Productive Farmers Union
(PFU) the National Womens Organisation (NWO) and the National Youth
Organisation (NYO).

A notice dated 23rd August 1983, published in the Government
Gazette and signed by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop states that
Mr Thaddeus McEwen is the nominee of the TUC while Ms Merle Collins
is the joint nominee of the PFU, NWO and NYO, and these persons
have been appointed to the Commission.

The notice also appoints Mr Victor Husbands, prominent member of
the New Jewel Movement arnd Peoples Revolutionary Army to be
Secretary to the Commission.

An informed source has advised NEWSLETTER that the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government (PRG) reported to the International Monetary
Fund (IMF) that, at 30th June 1983, total Recurrent Revenue for
1983 collected by the Treasury was EC$38,695,000.

The Head producing the greatest revenue was "Stamp Duty", the
special levy on all imported goods, and this yielded EC$8,019,000.
Personal Income Tax was the next largest producer of revenue with
EC$5,677,000 while Import Duty and Company Income Tax followed with
BC$4,932,000 and EC$4,308,000 respectively.

The biggest drain on the Treasury under Recurrent Expenditure during
the first 6 months of the year was "Wages & Salaries" which took
EC$16,704,000 not including EC$2,299,000 listed under "other
emoluments". continued -


"Goods & Services" cost EC$8,584,000 and EC$8,197,000 was charged to
"other transfers".

The National Insurance Scheme produced a total revenue of EC$560,000
and had a total expenditure of EC$74,000, leaving a "Bank Balance"
of EC$486,000.

The PRG advised the IMF that operating revenue derived from "Non-
Financial Public.Enterprises" amounted to BC$21,644,000. Under
this Head, there was operating expenditure of EC$18,923,000, "other
current revenue" of BC$310,000 and "other current expenditure" of
EC$1,583,000, making a current surplus of EC$1,448,000.

:-T --

Statement of Assets & Liabilities

Demand Liabilities

Notes in circulation
Coin in circulation
Bankers Balances
Unpresented cheques
International Organisations
Bankers Deposits
General Reserve
Special Reserve
Other Liabilities

845,815 EC$156,711,214
*: 29,041,143

External Assets
Fixed Deposits & Money at callEC$ 16,311,826.
Securities 103,331,523
Regional Securities 2,648,340
Bankers Balances 31,068,502 EC$153,360,191
Internal assets
Participating Government's Securities
including Treasury Bills 53,798,031
Other Assets 17,464,464


17th September

17th September

Cynthia Hughes

Printed .& Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies

Page 22

Week Ending 17.9.83


P 0 Box 65
St Georges
21st September 1983

Dear Subscriber,

Production of the enclosed copy of NEWSLETTER for 17th
August 1983 was started one month late !

Not that we forgot or were neglectful. The fact is
that 17th August 1983 is a special day and this led to the delay.

On that date, NEWSLETTER was 10 years old and we have
been working on an Anniversary Supplement to the issue of 17th August.
Into that Supplement we planned to put every major news story, article
and radio voicecast originating in this office between 17th August 1973
and 17th August 1983 and, for months now, we have been working on this.

It is a bigger task than we anticipated !!! We ddd not
finish in time for August 17th and, at this date, we have just got
through 1976. That has taken 143 pages and prospects are that the
Anniversary Supplement will be over 200 pages.

We need more time to complete the Supplement but we
cant hold back the NEWSLETTER issue for August 17th any longer. So,
please be patient; we promise that the Supplement will be worth waiting

It begins with coverage of the events leading up to
the civil commotion of January 1974. The traumatic happenings of that
time are set out and news stories of the aftermath of those events show
surprising and shocking trends which were not obvious at the time.

The political struggles surrounding the crucial General
Elections of 1976 come to life in the language of the news of the day
and the slow but sure developments which led to the revolution of March
13th 1979 are highlighted.

There are, of course, details of that eventful day,
and the course of the history of Grenada since then is traced as the
news follows these unprecedented developments in the Commonwealth

Subscribers will receive their copies of the Supple-
ment as soon as we can get them into the mail. Additional copies may be
had at EC$32.0 or US$12.00 per copy plus postage, the price at which
they will be available to non-subscribers, and orders are invited now.

Alist ghes ynthia Hughes

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