FOUNDED 17TH AUGUST 1973
For .The Week Ending 12th February 1983.
11th Year of Publication -- - 281st Issue
Volume 11 Number 2
EEC AID FOR REGIONAL PROJECTS
The European Economic Community (EEC) has approved, in grants
and a loan, some 9.1 million European Currency Units (ECU),
worth about EC$22.9 million East Caribbean (EC) .dollars, to
be applied to two regional projects.
Informed sources told NEWSLETTER the money will be divided
between the Liat airline which serves the Eastern Caribbean
(and which is owned by all the Governments of the Eastern
Caribbean including Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago), .and the
Caribbean Tourism Research Centre (CTRC) which is based :in
Barbados and which serves' a~ the countries of the Caribbean
In an outright grant to Liat, the EEC has made BC$7.9125
million available and has agreed to lend the airline another
EC$6.2 million on "special .terms". These terms have not
been specified but informed sources said "special terms"
usually means a 40 year repayment period with a 1C year grace
period and interest at 1% pef annum..
For CTRC, the EEC has made a grant of 3..5 million ECU which,
at a conversion rate of BC$2.50. to 1.00 ECU, is equal to
From his office in Antigua, Liat Managing Director Captain
Arthur Foster, told NEWSLETTER on January 26th that the
application for financial assistance was submitted to the
EEC in August 1981 and was based on a survey made by the
Dutch firm of Consultants, Naco Air Facts, of the airline's
Produced Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
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Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 1 .Z,3
"What the experts recommend", Captain Foster said, "is that our
commUnication equipment be updated, that some of our buildings be re-
novated and that we get some heavy ground equipment such as high-lift
loaders and fork-lifts for cargo and baggage handling"
The Managing Director said the grant money was expected originally to
be about EC$6.9 million but, because of the time lapse since the app-
lication was made, another EC$1 million has Jeen added to take care of
Captain Poster further disclosed that Liat has an application pend-
ing with EEC for a loan of US$14 million and yet another application
with the European Investment Bank (BIB) for a loan of US$8.7 million.
'We hope that both these loans will come through by the end of this
year", he said, "and this money will be used to finance the purchase
of three new aircraft".
With reference to the grant to CTRC, Miss Jane Belfon, Grenada's
Director of Tourism, told NEWSLETTER the money will be used for a
"Among other areas", she said, "this will cover research into the
development of handicraff in the Caribbean."
Miss Belfon said Grenada will not receive any money as a result of
-his project but, together with the other islands, is expected to
benefit greatly from the results of the research.
BISHOP FOR CARICOM/TRUDEAU MEETING
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop will lead the Grenada delegation to the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM)/Canadian Government meeting which takes
place in St Lucia on February 20th and 21st.
Announcing this on February 12th, the State owned Radio Free Grenada
(RFG) said this meeting will be "between CARICOM leaders and the
Canadian Government", but did not say that Prime Minister Pierre
Trudeau of Canada, who arrives in St Lucia on February 19th, will be
at the meeting.
According to RFG, the main focus of the Grenada delegation at the
meeting will be "the economic situation in the region in the context
if the present economic crisis in the capitalist countries.,,
'"he Peoples Revolutionary Government views the up-coming talks as
important because of the opportunity to examine progress in bi-lateral
. olations with the Canadian Government", RFG said.
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THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
This is the second such conference between the Canadian Govei
and countries of the English-steaking Caribbean. The first
held in Ottawa, Canada in 1966 when Mr Lester Pearson was Prime
Minister of Canada and was attended by Heads of Government of the
region, some of whom hold office today. These include Mr V C
Bird of Antigua, Mr John Compton of St Lucia and Mr Forbes Burnham
S.> _-- J-
PRG WANTS GOOD RELATIONS WITH U.S.
In a statement issued on February llth by the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs, the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has restated its
desire for good relations with the United States of America based on
principles of "mutual respect, recognition of the sovereign rites of
the State and non-interference in the internal affairs of the other"
The State-owned Radio Free Grenada (RFG) said on February 12th that
this restating of the PRG's attitude is in response to "a news report
of contact between the White House and the PRG on the issue".
According to RFG, the statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
acknowledges that, last November, the PRG received a communication
from the U.S.Embassy in Barbados stating that, with the exception of
the U.S.Ambassador to the Eastern Caribbean, Mr Milan Bish (station-
ed in Barbados), all U.S. personnel at the Barbados Embassy have
been accredited officially to Grenada.
The statement said it is the PRG's understanding that the communicat-,
ion of such information is a routine matter and it noted the exclus-
ion of the Ambassador from the list of persons accredited to Grenada.
The statement said also that the receipt of this information repre-
sents a break in the official silence which the United States has
maintained since the revolution in 1979 on the question of Washing-
ton/St.Georges relations. The statement said too that there was
some contact at "higher levels".
NJM: GUATEMALA'S DEMANDS "UNJUST & PREPOSTEROUS"
The ruling New Jewel Movement (NJM) Party of Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop interprets as a threat to Belize the lifting of the United
States ban on arms shipments to Guatemala.
The State-owned Radio Free Grenada (RFG) said on February 10th that
NJM has written the Guyana based Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
Secretariat expressing concern over this development and charging
Guatemala with responsibility for the breakdown in talks with
Week Ending 12.2.83'.
THE GRENDA NEWSLETTER
a over the Guatemala/Belize border dispute.
,temala's territorial demands are "unjust and preposterous", NJM said,
.id the Party expressed disgust over the "callous United States.restor-
ation of military supplies to Guatemala."
"Giving arms to the fanatical and genocidal regime of Guatemala", NJM
said, "is further proof of the shamelessness and bloodthirstiness of
It is well documented, NJM said, that the Guatemalan regime razes entire
villages killing hundreds of innocent people and, with the resumption
of U.S. arms shipments to Guatemala, the threat to belize has been in-
The Party called on all Government Parties, organizations and individ-
uals to condemn the lifting of the arms ban and to express solidarity
Assistant Secretary of the Grenada Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union,
Mr Stanley Roberts,41, was rearrested at his home before dawn on
January 23rd by Security forces.
Together with Messrs Leslie Pierre, Lloyd Noel and. Tilman -'homas,
:r Roberts was arrested on June l1th 1981 and was released on 21st
Yessrs Pierre, Noel and Thomas, who are still held without charge as
political prisoners, were closely associated with the "Grenadian Voice"
newspaper which was made illegal by retroactive legislation passed by
the Peoples Revolutionary Government. Mr Roberts had no connection
with the "Grenadian Voice".
A source close to Mr Roberts' family told NEWSLETTER that the Security
Forces gave no reason for his rearrest.
CABINET MINISTERS FACE THE PRESS
In a programme said to be designed to further the principle of the
accountability of the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) to the
people of Grenada, the State-owned Radio Free Grenada said on 10th
i'ebruary that it will broadcast a weekly programme under the name
a this programme, the first of which was broadcast on February 6th,
.embers of the PRG Cabinet will answer reporters' questions on
Week Ending 12.2.83
Week Ending 12.2.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5
subjects in their portfolio. The programme was launched with
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop facing questions from reporters from
the Government Information Service (GIS), the State-owned Radio Free
Grenada (RPG) and Television Ftee Grenada (TFG), the official organ
of Mr Bishop's New Jewel Movement, the "New Jewel", Prensa Latina
and the Interpress Third World News Agency.
"Perspective 83" is jointly sponsored by GIS, RFG and TFG.
-. . . -
JUSTICE SINGH RESIGNS
Informed sources told NEWSLETTER on February 1st that Guyanese born
Judge of the Grenada High Court, Mr Justice Satrohan Singh, has
resigned from his post and has taken up an appointment in Dominica
with the Supreme Court of the Organisation of East Caribbean States
(OBCS), formerly the Supreme Court of the Associated States of the
Mr Singh, who has not completed his contract with the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government, has heard all the cases which, so far, have
been tried under the Terrorism (Prevention) Law.
In the Grenada High Court on February 1st, Chief Justice Archibald
Nedd did not take pleas in two cases brought under this Law but
ordered them to "stand down", and legal sources have speculated
that this might indicate that another foreign Judge will be brought
in to hear them.
At .the present time, apart from Grenada born Chief Justice Nedd,
there are no Judges in the State.
DELEGATES TO DISCUSS BUDGET
A conference involving over 1000 delegates from the mass organis-
ations of Grenada has been scheduled for February 15th to discuss
Grenada's Budget Plan for 1983, and the Budget is to be presented
on March 4th.
This was disclosed on February 2nd by Minister of Finance Bernard
Coard in an interview with the State owned Radio Free Grenada, anC
Mr Coard said the conference will include a review of the island's
economic performance in 1982 as well as an exercise in planning for
"We are not just presenting what happened in 1982", he said-, "But
we are presenting what happened in 1982 in comparison with what we
announced in the Budget Plan as what we had planned to do."
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
The Minister of Finance said that, following this exercise, the con-
ference will discuss proposals for the 1983 Budget and, from February
28th to March 3rd, the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) will
meet to dConider how these proposals can be incorporated in the final
"On March 4th, Budget Plan Day", Mr Coard said, "we must now, in that
budgett presentation, deal with.the questions that, have emerged from
all the national discussions .between February 15th, the day of the
national conference of delegates, and right up to March 3rd, ....how
do we see our way to solving, if not all of them, then some of them
In addition to the discussions of the national conference of delegates
of mass organizations, the Budget proposals have been considered by
Government Ministries, Departments and State Enterprises, and are to
be considered in a series of Parish and Zonal Council meetings and at
a special conference for elderly citizens and small and medium sized
CANADIAN AID FOR PORT
The Canadian Government is to assist the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment to update the efficiency and economy of operations at the port of
An Agreement has been signed under which Canada will supply equipment
iand spare parts to Grenada and will provide technical assistance in-
cluding the training of staff of the Grenada Port Authority (GPA).
Under the Agreement, Canada will appoint a team of experts to provide
the GPA with an evaluation needed for implementation of a new Port
Organisation, and the team will also design a programme for repair of
port facilities and equipment.
LEDSON'S REPLACEMENT APPOINTED
Sources close to the Methodist Church told NEWSLETIER on January
26th that the Methodist Synod, which ended in Tobago on January
25th, had appointed the Reverend Phillip Ponce to replace the
Reverend Keith Ledson who left Grenada early in January after his
work permit was revoked by the Peoples Revolutionary Government
'verend Ledson incur-red the displeasure of the PRG when, last
'ocember, he declined to hold a funeral service for a prominent
,ember of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop's New Jewel Movement.
* Week Ending 12.2.83
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
According to Reverend Ledson, the notice given him was very short
and, as the only Methodist Minister in the State, he was unable to
reschedule his Sunday services to accommodate the funeral.
Reverend Ponce,.a Panamanian now serving in St Vincent, is expected
to arrive with his wife and two children shortly. Sources close
to the Methodist Church could not say when he will take up his
CBU'S RUDDER VISITS
Mr Michael Rudder, who was appointed Secretary General of the Carib-
bean Broadcasting Union (CBU) on December 15th last, arrived in
Grenada on January 24th as part of a familiarisation tour of the
Before coming to Grenada, Mr Rudder visited Trinidad, Guyana and
Curacao, and he told NEWSLETTER that, in Curacao, he had been con-
cerned to find that no word had appeared in the media concerning the
controversial tour of South Africa by Westindian cricketers.
"Because black people are involved in this tour.", he said, "people
in the region will take a more analytical and realistic look at the
question of South Africa and sport, and my experience in Curacao
highlights the problem of providing efficient communications for all
CBU is an association of radio and television stations in the Carib-
bean Community, the Bahamas, Surinam and the Netherlands Antilles.
Its President is Mr Terence 0 Holder of the Guyana Broadcasting
Corporation. Prior to Mr Rudder, Trinidadian broadcaster Mr.
Jones P Madeira was CBU Secretary General.
Mr Rudder flew out to St Vincent on January 26th from where he
returned to his headquarters in Barbados.
SOVIETS AID WITH IRRIGATION
Three Soviet experts arrived in Grenada on January 21st on a one-
month assignment to do preliminary studies on the island's irrig-
This development is as a result of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop's
visit to Moscow last July when he received undertakings from the
Russian Government that assistance will be given Grenada in the
undertaking of feasibility studies in a number of areas including
soil and water conservation, irrigation, fisheries and establish-
Week Ending 12,2.83
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLEVPER Week Endig 12.2.83
ment of a machine tool shop and foundry.
Also arising out of Mr Bishop's visit to Moscow was the offer, among
other things, of 400 tons of flour. This gift from the Soviet
Union was -received early in January when 8,800' hundred-pound bags of
flour, purchased by the Russian Government in West Germany, arrived
here and was sold by the Peoples Revolutionary Government to the
operators of the local flour mill, Caribbean Agro Industries Ltd.
NEGOTIATIONS FOR CANADIAN HOTEL
Negotiations may soon be concluded for the building of a Can$16
million complex on Grand Anse, some 4 miles south of St Georges
and in the hotel development area.
Behind this project is the Canadian firm of Carinex Resorts Ltd,
and Carinex Managing Director, Mr Benny Griep, 60, told NEWSLETTER
on February 5th that his negotiations with the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) are at an advanced stage.
"We have reached agreement on several points", he said, "and I have
every.hope that all outstanding matters.will be cleared up soon."
Shortly after the revolution of March 13th 1979, Carinex submitted
to the PRG a US$60 million proposal involving a 5-year development
of the entire Grand Anse beach area and establishment of a Grenada
Mr Griep declined to comment on the scope of the project now being
negotiated by his Company with the PRG but said an announcement will
be made "at the right time".
"It would be improper for me to disclose details at this time", he
said, "but I assure you that Carinex has great faith in the future
.f tourism in Grenada and our project is geared to take advantage
of the opportunities which will come when the international air-
port is opened".
Mr Griep has been a resident of Grenada for the past 16 years,
spending about half of each year in the island and the other half
in his home town, Peace River, Alberta, Canada. He is the
owner of the 70-acre Mount Parnassus estate on the outskirts of
St Georges and is an exporter of both cocoa and nutmegs.
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Week Ending 12.2.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9
GEEST QUITS WITASS
Geest Industries Ltd, the British firm which operates a steamship
line between the United Kingdom, Barbados and the Windward Islands,
announced on January 25th that, 'with effect from May 1st.next, the
Company will cease to be a member 'of the West India Trans-Atlantic
Steamship Lines (WITASS).
WITASS is a group of steamship lines operating out ,f the United
Kingdom and Europe and banded together into a "conference" to regu-
late the rates and rules of freight.
A spokesman for Geest told NEWSLETTER that WITASS is due to increase
its freight rates on March 1st next and, on that date, Geest will
introduce its own freight tariff which will either hold .or reduce
the rates now in effect.
"we feel that these islands of the Eastern Caribbean cannot stand
the increases proposed by WITASS",' the spokesman said, "and we be-
lieve the move we are making will have favourable effects,"
Geest, which is under contract to buy and market the banana crop froid
Grenada, St Vincent, St Lucia and Dominica, operates four ships which
bring cargo from Britain, touching and discharging some at Barbados
before visiting the other four islands to discharge cargo and load
Grenada, with an inadequate supply of bananas to warrant more fre-
quent calls, is visited by a Geest ship every fortnight while the
other islands of the Windwards receive weekly calls.
The Geest spokesman said the,Geest line is the only steamship line
now serving the Windwards out of the United Kingdom. In 1979, he
said, Geest ships discharged some 14,000 freight tons at Grenada but
this figure dropped to 9,000 in both 1980 and 1981. Figures for
1982 are not yet available.
SOVIETS BUY NUTMEGS & COCOA
Under a contract entered into with the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment, the Soviet Union is to buy 500 tons each of nutmegs and cocoa
from Grenada this year "at prevailing market prices".
Manager of the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) Mr.
Robin Renwick, told NEWSLETTER on January 31st that 500 tons
of nutmegs represents some 20% of an average year's export sales.
He expects that a Soviet ship will call in April to load the con-
THE GRENADA .NEWSLETTER
"This business will assist the current year's trading considerably",
The Manager disclosed that a Government to Government trading agree-
ment was signed on llth June 1980 between Moscow and St Georges and,
undet that agreement, a protocol was entered into on 27th July 1982
whereby the- Soyiet Unionlwill buy 500 tons- of nutmegs from GCNA. every
year. for the next 5 years.
The trading agreement also covers the sale of cocoa to the USSR and
Mr Norbert Arnold, Manager of the Grenada Cocoa Association told
NEWSLETTER a Soviet ship will call in March to load 500 tons.
Mr Arnold did not know of any on-going agreement under which Russia
will continue to buy Grenada's cocoa, but an informed source told
iEWSLETTER that negotiations have been concluded for the USSR to
buy 500 tons of cocoa in each of the years 19.83 and 1984, and 1000
tons in each of the years 1985, 1986 and 1987.
The source said that, without affecting 'traditional markets in which
Grenada sells its cocoa, it would not be possible at the present
time to sell 1000 tons of cocoa per year to Russia but, by 1985, the
current Canadian funded cocoa rehabilitation scheme should be pro-
moting increased yields and it will be possible then to fill the
TERRORISM CASES ORDERED TO "STAND DOWN"
Two cases of murder, two cases of rape, one case of indecent assault
.nd two cases under the Terrorism (Prevention) Law were among the 22
'cases set down for hearing at the High Court Assizes which opened
beforee Chief Justice Archibald Nedd on February 1st.
Of the two cases of murder, one is of Roy Jordison,70, a Minister of
Religion of the United Church of Canada who was found allegedly stran-
gled in his suburban home on the east coast last July, and the other
is of Eric Glean,73, popular retired garage operator who died last
September, allegedly killed by a stone thrown at him. In the first
case, there are 3 accused and, in the second, 1.
Wilton Morris DeRavenierre, an ex-policeman, is one of the persons
charged under the Terrorism (Prevention) Law. He is accused of
br-ing in possession of an explosive substance .and, at a press cqn-
-.rence held in November 1979, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop made
c rtain charges against him.
W en DeRavenierre's case was called in the High Court on February 1st,
T ial Judge Mr Justice Nedd did not take any plea of "guilty" or "not
Week Endingq 12.2.83
THE GRENADA NEtS LETTER
guiltyti from the accused but instructed that this case "stand down"
until later in the assizes.
In the other case under the Terrorism (Prevention) Law, no pleas
were taken either and it, too, was ordered to "stand down". In
.this case, 7 persons are accused of shooting 5 persons to death in
Those accused are Jimmy Julian, Densil Richardson, Isaac James,
Annas Pascall and her three children, Matthew, Richard and Catherine
S.. ..e.nAt't ^fir..
ANGLICAN CLERGY EXPRESS CONCERNS
The clergy of the Anglican Province of the Westindies have expressed
their concern that, in some countries of the Caribbean, relation-
ships between Church and State have deteriorated.
This concern is expressed in a communique issued by the Anglican
Synod which met in Belize from 23rd to 28th January and'which was
read on Sunday February 6th in all Angl-ican churches in the Province.
"There has come to our notice, for example", the communique says,
"the withdrawal and refusal of work permits to clergymen and others
for reasons which suggest there is a manipulation of the process
which causes much uneasiness".
The communique also expressed concern over reports of serious curt-
ailment of'freedom of expression and freedom of the press in some
"This development we greatly lament", the communique says. "On the
other hand, we challenge the media, whether privately of Government
owned, that, in the exercise of this freedom they should recognize
their duty and responsibility to create and preserve the freedom
inherent in the concept of democracy."
The Synod, which was presided over by Grenada born Archbishop of the
Westindies and Bishop of the Windward Islands, Cuthbert Woodroffe,
expressed the view that the existing world economic order has pre-
cipitated the "serious dislocation existing in the economies of our
In pursuit of their goals, the communique says, outside forces and
interests compound the problem and have been known deliberately to
exert pressure, thereby destabilising communities. According to
the Synod, these factors have a particularly disruptive effect on
the youth of the Caribbean who not only represent the largest nu-
merical sector but are the future leaders of the Caribbean nations.
- continued -
Week Ending 12.2.83
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
The territorial claims against Guyana and Belize by Venezuela and
Guatemala respectively were taken note of by the Synod and the hope was
expressed that there will be just and peaceful solutions to these
This was the 28th session 6f the Synod of the Anglican Province of the
Westindies and it was held in Belize to celebrate the Centenary of the
founding of the Diocese of Belize, and to mark the Centenary of the
formation of the Province of the Westindies.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY COUNCIL REPORTS PROGRESS
Grenada's Science & Technology Council, established in August 1980,
,as been successful in attracting over US$100,000 as funding for its
This was disclosed at a press conference on February llth by the
Council's Chairman, Mr Kenneth Buchmire, who said that, in addition
to this sum, the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has given
Lhe Council EC$40,000 to finance its activities.
Recounting some of the Council's achievements, Mr Buckmire said the
United States organisation, "Appropriate Technology International"
(ATI), gave US$30,000 for the construction of four biogas digestors,
two of which have been completed. The same organisation is
sponsoring work on an experimental solar drier for fish and on
construction n of a solar drier for mace in the Nutmeg Industry. In
the last mentioned project, Canadian Universities Service Over-
seas (CUSO) is supplying the equipment.
:: Buckmir-e said the Council has undertaken an environmental monit-
oring project which got well under way last year with a grant of
S$6,000 from the Organisation of American States (OAS).
We have a trained person employed at the Central Water Commission
so that he knows how to use some sophisticated equipment which we
have ordered and which should be here soon', he said.
This technician, Mr Buchmire said, will monitor all aspects of both
:resh and salt water in the State, looking particularly for chemical
substances such as pesticides, but he will look also for certain
13r Buckmire referred also to a medicinal plant survey which is being
unded by a BC$5,000 grant from the Commonwealth Science Council.
'Jhat we have done is to go around to several of the indigenous
-.--ple out there", he said, "people who have used 'bush medicine'
,veer the years, people who know how many leaves of the 'Santa
Week Ending 12.2.83
Week Ending 12.2.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13
Maria' bush to use and how many of the 'Poor-man's-Friend', etc."
A record of these medicinal plants is being compiled, categorised
according to their application, line drawings are being made for
identification and the ultimate'aim is production of what may be
called a "Pharmacopoeia of Local Plants of Grenada."
Discussing the Council's plans for 1983, Mr Buckmire said it is ho-
ped the survey of medicinal plants will be completed by June. He
said also that, by the end of 1983, an evaluation will have been
started on the economic value of the "Wing Bean", and an immediate
start is to be made on propagation of the "Leucaena" plant to be
used in combating soil erosion, for reaforestation and as animal
The Biogas and solar projects are expected to be completed and
functional by June, Mr Buckmire said, and funds are being-sought for
development of a more efficient solar drier which will facilitate a
Dried Fruit Industry.
Attention is also to be paid this year to development of simple but
appropriate tools in the agricultural field, including pea-shellers,
cassava graters and seed planters.
The Council has before it for 1983, as a matter of paramount import-
ance, the establishment of a Bureau of Standards, and funds are to
be sought for this project.
"At this stage, when we are thrusting forward into industrialisation',
Mr Buckmire said, "and when we have some sharks out there looking at
us for the first mistake we make, to down-play and maybe put a spoke
in our wheel to prevent us from going forward in our agro-industry,
we must make sure that the products we are putti-lg out are of the
highest quality .
Mr Buckmire said the Bureau of Standards will also address itself to
metrication, which is used by most of Grenada's trading partners,
and to standardisation of building materials to avoid waste.
VENEZ1E_;LANS LOST AT S.A
'Two young Venezuelans, Carlos Betancor,22, and Elelia Marcano-,1l9,
arrive~ in-Grenada on January 25th seeking any assistance they
could get.'to find out what happened to a party of friends and
relativess who disappeared at sea last October.
According to BEfahcor, oh October 16th, eight persons left on- a
fis'linn tr-"D -rom P -npitp-i h1arbour on the island of Margarita'off
the coast of Venezuela. Their 30-foot motor boat, named
Pd-e 14 THS GRENAIDA NEWSLETTER iK weeK ending 242.J
"El Pagaso", was stocked with food and water for three days and the
plan was to go to the island of Los Testigos some 45 miles to the
Captain of the boat was Jose Luis Rodreguez,27, and with him were
Jose Adolfo Betancor,22, (twin brother of Carlos and boy-friend of
Elelia Marcano), Javier Ruez Esevarri,18, Jose Miguel Marquiz,18,
3usana Asenjo Camina,17, Jackelin Benitez Martin,20, Jalel El Hawi,
16, and Humberto Mujica.
The boat and seven of its eight passengers has not been seen since,
no debris has been found in spite of an intensive search, but the
drowned body of Mujica was pulled from the sea on October 2ist,
some 30 miles west of Los Testigos island.
"We have experimented with a boat of similar design", Betancor told
NEWSLETTER, "and have discovered that, when it is swamped, it will
not sink and, from the flow of the tides, my friends may be.drifting
in the area south and south-west of Jamaica or north and north-east
Betancor felt, howeve-r, that the possibility of attack by pirates
could not be ruled out as, he said, there have been incidents of
this kind in that area before.
Challenged as to whether, after three months, there eras any hope of
finding his twin brother and friends, Betancor said, "If we had lost
hope, we would not be here."
At press time, the Venezuelan Embassy in Grenada told NEWSLEITER
there has been no further news of the missing persons.
PAUL WATSON & "SEA SHEPHERD" VISIT
The 700 ton deep water trawler "Sea Shepherd", sailed from Grenada
on February 10th, headed for the east coast of Canada and with the
expressed intention of ramming the first seal hunting ship which
sails from the port of Halifax.
Skippered by Canadian Paul Watson,32, and with a volunteer crew
who have each paid US$1,500 for the privilege, "Sea Shepherd" is
dedicated to the protection of whales and seals, and the threat
to ram is no idle statement.
"This is the second 'Sea Shepherd' dedicated to this cause",
Captain Watson told NEWSLETTER as he readied his ship for sailing,
"and the story of the first boat should indicate that we mean
,.hat we say."
THB- GfabAtA NEWSLETTER
That history relates to the "Sierra", a pirate whaling ship which
operated in the Caribbean about 1970 and later moved its field of
operations to the waters off Portugal and Spain.
With the help of the United States "Fund for Animals" and the
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Captain Watson
acquired the first "Sea Shepherd" early in 1979 and, later that year,
started his hunt for the "Sierra with the intention of destroying
He found her at sea on July 15th but, not wishing to endanger lives,
he took no action then but followed her into the port of Leixores,
Portugal. On the following day, Captain Watson discovered that
"Sierra" was attempting to get away and he decided on a desperate
fourteen of his 16 man crew did not approve of what he proposed to
do so, with just two other men, he took the "Sea Shepherd" out of
the harbour, found the 'ISierra" attempting to get away and rammed
No one was hurt, "Sea Shepherd" Was only slightly damaged but
"Sierra" was able only to just make it back to the shallower waters
of the harbour where she sank. The Por; -iguese empounded "Sea
Shepherd" until a US$i million fine was paid, failing the payment
of which, it was ordered that the owners of "Sierra" should be
given the "Sea Shepherd".
Unable to pay the fine but determined that "Sea Shepherd" should
not be converted into a whaler by the owners of "Sierra", Captain
Watson scuttled his ship and slipped out of Portugal. Some
months later, he said, he heard the sequel to this incident.
"It appears", he said, "that on the dark night of February 5th 1980,
two men went to Lisbon where they found the "Sierra" tied up.
Crossing the harbour in a 'borrowed' dingey, they attached a mag-
netic mine to the hull of "Sierra" below the waterline and left
immediately for Spain. At 6.17 the following morning, an
explosion blew a 10-foot hole in "Sierra" and she capsized and
Captain Watson does not underestimate the danger of the mission he
has set himself but he points out that, in tHe "Sierra" episode,
no one was hurt and he believes the safety precautions on which he
insists keep the risks to a minimum.
"If nothing is done to protect these sea mammals", he said, "they
will be exterminated and I, and those who are with me, feel that
what we are doing is fully worth the risks."
- continued -
Week' Ending 12.2.83
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Captain Watson's mission is financed largely by royalties from the
sale of "Sea .Shepherd, My Fight for Whales & Seales", a book he
wrote last year and based on which a movie is to be made. The
book recounts his daring efforts to save the baby Harp seals of Lab-
rador and his exciting exploits against Soviet and Japanese whalers.
AUSTRALIAN HIGH COMMISSIONER "INTRODUCiD"
The official Government Gazette of February llth notifies that the
Non-Resident High Commissioner of Australia to Grenada, Mr Reginald
Eric Little, presented his Letters of Introduction to Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop on 12th March 1982.
EAST CARIBBEAN CURRENCY AUTHORITY
Statement of Assets & Liabilities
As at 30th November 1982
Notes in circulation
Coin in circulation
Fixed deposits & money at call
Participating Governments' Secu
including Treasury Bills
-1 .-A ;si
^ ^ *^ y
listelr Hughes Cynthia Hughes
12th February 1983
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies
Week Ending 12.2.83