The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text

For The. Week, oding. ctober- 30th.,1982
10th Year of Publication -277th issue.
Volume 10 Number 15

.*s--=-sa-a- a:";-f -r- *. i. -.a ,5.' /
Mr Justice Satrohan Singh will give his verdict in the "bomb
blast" terrorist murder trial on November 1st.

In this case,'which started on October 18th, 5 persons are
charged under the Terrorism (Prevention) Law with conspiring
to commit acts of terrorism and with causing the deaths of 3
young girls when a bomb exploded at a Government sponsored
rally on 19th June 1980.

Charged with conspiracy are Roland, Russel and Kenneth Budh-
lall; Grace Augustine and tLayne Phillip., while Augustine and
Phillip are charged with actually placing the bomb which
caused the deaths.

The Crown relied heavily on statements alleged to have been
given to the Police by Roland and Russel Budhlall, ,Aug-ustine
and Phillip, and most of the trial was- taken-up,with argu-
ments as to whether these statements are admissible as

Council for the defence have argued that, in the circum-
stances in which these statements were made, they were not
"free and voluntary", and the Trial Judge agreed with this
in the cases of statements made by Augustine and Roland
Budhlall. In the cases of Russel Budhlall and Phillips,
Singh ruled that their statements are admissible. Kenneth
Budhlall did not.make a statement.

When the trial opened, Defence Council Jamaica born Frank
Phipps challenged Prime Minister Maurice Bishop's authority
continued -

Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P 0 BSx 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Wegtindies

Page 2 THE GRENADA NEW LETTER Week Ending 3010.82

to bring the Terrorism (Prevention) Law into effect.

pr Phipps argu.d-bef6re Mr Jdstice Singh that authority for Mr Bishop
to bring the Terrorism (Prevention) Law into effect, as quoted in
that law, is Peoples Law 10/1979. That law says, ,"all Peoples
Laws shall become effective upon oral declaration and/or publication
on Radio Free Grenada by the Prime Minister or in the Official
Gazette under the hand of the Prime Minister.

The Jamaican barrister pointed out to the Court that Peoples Law
10/1979, which is dated 28th March 1979, is signed by Mr Bishop as
Prime Minister, but Mr Bishop did not become Prime Minister until
Peoples Law 11/1979, dated March 29th 1979, appointed him to that
A Nullity
"Mr Bishop had not been appointed Prime Minister on 28th March 1979
when he signed Peoples Law number 10 in that capacity", Mr Phipps
said, "so that law is not effective and, therefore, the Terrorism
(Prevention) Law is a nullity because it used Peoples Law number, 10
as its authority".

Mr Phipps also challenged the indictments made under the Terrorism
(Prevention) Law. ipe pointed out that this law says, "a person
who has committed an act which is an offence uitder the. Criminal
Code, or any Ordinance or Peoples Law shall, if that act is also
an offence under this law, be liable to be prosecuted under this
law whether the act was committed before or after the coming into
force of this law ....."

The Defence Lawyer said any indictments made for offences under the
Terrorism (Prevention) Law must show that these are also offences
under some other part of the Criminal Code, and the indictments in
this case, he said, do not show this.

Mr Phipps said he had never seen a law in criminal jurisdiction with
retroactive effect so he was unable to quote any precedents to
support his submission.

"There can be no authorities here", he said, "because this is an
uncharted sea in criminal law."

Appearing for the Crown, Trinidad barrister MT Alan Alexander
replying to the challenge to Mr Bishop's authority, said that,
according to Peoples Law 10/1979, laws can be made, not only by
publication but by "oral declaration", and it was for the Defence
to prove that Mr Bishop had not been appointed by this method
before March 28th 1979 when Peoples Law 10/1979. was signed by him.

Mr Alexander referred to Peoples Law 1/1979, published by the
Peoples Revolutionary Government on 28th March 1979, in which is
continued -

Week Ending 30.10.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3

stated that "all acts and/or deeds by or under the authority of the
Peoples Revolutionary Government ake hereby deemed and declared to
have been legally done and shall not be called into question in any
Court of Law or otherwise".

For this reason, he said, Peoples Law 10/1979 could not be called
into question as it Was Abong the first 10 laws "enacted by the
PRG3 and orallyy declared by the Prime Minister and publicly
acclaimed on 28th -Marci 1979.

Ruling on these 's'bmissions, Mr Justice Singh said the Declaration
of the Grenada Revolution, made by the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) on 28th March 1979 and incprporating Laws 1 to 10,
establishes the PRG and empowers the PRG to make laws and the :Prime
Minister to make them effective.

He pointed out'that the Declaration says that Laws I to 10 were
"enacted by the PRG, were orally declared by the Prime Minister and
popularly acclaimed".

"There is nothing to say in Laws 1' to 10 thatthey were not orally'
declaredby a Prime Minister", tFe'Trial Judge said, "and LAw
number 1. says that all acts and deeds of-the PRG are deemed and
declared to have been legally done".

Arising.from this ruling. ,-Jamaican Defence Council Noel Edwards
requested an adjournment so that the ruling could be studied, and '
he asked the advice of the Court as to which forum in which the
ruling could 'Ie' "tested"'2.' ''

Mr Justice Singh said it was not for the Court to offer advice 'to
lawyers and he said there is no right given to the accused to
"test" a ruling of the High Court until there is a conviction.

"If what you have in mind. is the examination of your submission in
a Civil Court", he said, "then that should have been done before'
the case started."

In this case, the Crown has relied on evidence given by two persons
who,originally, were charged with the accused with the.same offen-
ces but who have had the charges against them stayed and who gave
evidence for the prosecution.

These persons are Bddie Richardson and Fitzlyn Joseph, the first
claiming that he was present when bombs were manufactured by the
Budhlalls, and Joseph giving evidence that she and.Augustine were
driven to the rally by Layne Phillip and that they took along two
bombs which they placed under the speakers' platform.

- continued -

Page 4 THE GRENAPA NEWSLETTER Week Endinh 30.10.82

The Defence pointed out to the Court that, even though Joseph and
Richardson no longer face charges, they are still in custody, and it
was argued that this provided a powerful incentive for them to give
evidence on behalf of the Crown. In addition, Richardson admitted
to having lied in the Magistrate's Court during the Preliminary
Inquiry and, against this background, Defence Council argued that the
evidence of these two witnesses is unreliable and should not be

In his evidence, examined by Trinidad barrister Alan Alexander
appearing for the Prosecution, Richardson alleged he was present when
Kenneth Budhiall manufactured bomb- in *Pezrot High Woods" somewhere
in St Patricks Parish at the north end of the island.

Richardson, giving detailed descriptions of the connections, said
Budhlall used items looking like "cigars", clocks, flashlight bulbs,
"blue, yellow and red" wires and masking tape. The "cigars"
were packed into dry coconuts which had had their tops cut off, the
connections were made, masking tape was used to hold on the tops of
the coconuts and then a piece of plastic sheeting was set alight
and the "sperm" falling from the burning plastic was used to hide
the masking tape."
Cross Examination
Cross examined by Defence Council Frank Phipps, Richardson admitted
that he is in custody and has be2n in custody since 27th June 1980.
He denied that he had taken part in any conspiracy with the accused
or that he knew of any plans to set a bomb at Queens Park, StGeorges.

He did know of plans to set a bomb at an African Liberation Day rally,
but he did,not take part in those plans and he did not report those
plans to the Police.

In the Preliminary Inquiry, Richardson told the Magistrate that his
statement to the Police had been given under torture and he admitted
to Mr Phipps that he had lied about that.

The other person who gave evidence for the Prosecution was Fitzlyn
Joseph and she told the Court she was one of the party of three
people who transported the bomb to Queens Park and set it in place
on 19th June 1980.

Joseph said that, on that day, one Joseph Charles, alias "Yussif",
gave Grace Augustino and herself two bombs and instructed them to
place these bombs under the pavilion at Queens Park. When
Charles gave them the bombs, she said, they were in St Patricks at
the north end of the island, and she described the trip down to
St Georges in a car which she said was driven by Layne Phillip.

Arrivung at Qtuese-Park, St Georges, they had two identical shop-
ning bags, one which had the bombs and the other had groceries, she
continued -

Week Ending 30.10.82 'THE GRENADA-KNEWSLETTER Page 5

said. Phillip told her to try td:enter the pavillion with the
bag of groceries to test whether the security guards were searching
packages, she said, but she was :too frightened to do that.

She related how, eventually, they met a soldier named "Peter" and
went into the pavillion with him whereAugustine placed the bombs
under the platform where the speakers at the rally would be stand-

Having placed the bombs, she said, she; Augustine and a friend,
Joan Charles, moved some distance away and, when the bomb went off,
they stood for about 5 minutes and then joined the crowd running
away from Queens Park.

According to Joseph, they made contact with Phillip who drove them
back to St Patricks avoiding the Grand Etang road because :"they
must be searching cars".

Joseph told the Court of a conversation in the car in. which Augus-
tine said she had placed the bombs where they would "blow up the
whole pavilionn. Joseph said she had expressed the hope that
nobody had been hurt and Augustine replied that "some have to die
for some to survive".

Next day, Joseph said, Augustine told her not to worry about the
incident but "just pray and ask God for forgiveness".

With reference to the statements alleged to have been given by the
accused, separate "voir dire" (trials within the main trial) were
held and Mr Justice Singh ruled that those given by Russel Budhlall
and Phillips were admissible. He ruled, however, that the state-
ments of Augustine and Roland Budhlall were not given "freely and
voluntarily" and he 'did not accept them as evidence.

In the case of Augustine, she alleged under oath that she had been
sexually assaulted by someone she identified as "Michael" alias

Speaking from the Witness box, she related the circumstances of
her arrest ion 7th' July 1980. She said she was taken from her
home in St Patricks and, after being taken to a soldisrs' camp in
that Parish where obscene words were used to her, she was driven to
Fort Rupert (formerly Fort George) in St Georges.

Fort Rupert is the Headquarters of the Peoples Revolutionary Army
and there, she said, one O.C.Ogilvie said to her, "If you do not
accept what 'you have to accept and 'must accept, I would like to
see you if you survive."

- continued -

Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 30.10.82

She was handcuffed and blindfolded, she .said, and was .driven in a
vehicle for some 6 or, 7 minutes to; a place identified by her as "the
underground cell that Gairy built.for the Jewel boys". She heard
someone ask, "Is the firing squad at hand ?" and someone said to her,
"Have you heard of Idi Amin ? Well, he is the one dealing with yov
now. Have "you anything to';ay before :you -die .?" .

The handcuffs were tightened on her hands, she said, she was questioned
and told, "We want you to go to the Courts and say the Budhlalls gave
you a bomb to put in the Park". ''' '

Later, ,still with, handcuffs tightened and blindfolded, she said she
heard someone shout, "Fire !", and she heard shots. At this point,
she said, she was very frightened and fell on her knees screaming.
*: Assaulted -
Still later, she was left .alone ih a roobmwith Michael, alias "Bread",
she said. The blindfold had been removed but she:was still hand-
cuffed. She was lying on a bed in the room and Michael, who was
armed with a "short gun"', she said, made her put her hands over her
head while he sexually assaulted her with his hands and indecently
exposed himself.

M;ichael was attempting to get on the bed with het, she said, when
she screamed and two men came into the room. These men she
identified as Victor Husbands and Bobby Clarke, the latter, she
said, speaking with a Barbadian accent. A tape recording was
played to her of a woman's voice saying 'something about bombs"
and ,she was told by Husbands, she said, that she cmpst "learn that
statement" '

After this, she, said, Michael gave her "two blue tablets" t' take,
with a glass of milk and 2 Police Officers arrived some 15 minutes
later and questioned her. According to her, she felt dazed at
the time and, when Michael asked her to sign the statement, she did
so because she was frightened and scared for her life.

The Crown closed its case on the 9th day of hearing and Defence
lawyers submitted to the Trial Judge that the Prosecution had not
made out a case,for their ,clients to' answer. Defence Council
Frank Phipps pointed out to the Court that the Terrorism (Pre-
vention) Law,under which the accused were charged, came *into effect
after the purported statements by the:accused were taken by;the
Police. He said there is nothing to implicate the accused except
these statements and he charged that the law had been drafted to
suit 'these statements.

"We are sailing jin uncharted waters", Mr Phipps said, "this is a
U.:-.ique situation and we have to face the law:as it is and not as
we would like it to be."
continued -

Week Ending 30.10.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7

With reference to the evidence of Fitzlyn Joseph who had originally
been charged together with the accused, but who had had the charges
against her dropped, Mr Phipps said there were many discrepencies in
her evidence. He said also this is the first time he had seen a
person in Joseph's position still being in custody while giving

Clearly, he said, she had hope of some advantage from giVing her
evidence and it is a case of "damned if she does and damned if she

Defence Council, Trinidad born Mr Isreal Kahn, also asked the
Court to look at the statements with suspicion and accept a %no
case" submission. He charged that it was not the Police who in-
vestigated the case and said the statements had been written by a
"legal mind" and had been made to tie in with each other.

In this connection, he referred to his "brother-in-law" 1arbadiar,
barrister Mr Bobby Clarke who, he said, had been mentioned in
evidence as a person who is a friend of the Peoples Revolutionary

Ruling on the "no case" submission, Mr Justice Singh accepted the
arguments of the Prosecution that, in law, the Court is bound to
reject the submission if there is evidence on which a jury "might"
convict the accused.

Under the Terrorism (Prevention) Law, there is no jury and the Trial
Judge must differenciate between himself as the person who must
rule on points of law and the person who, in the absence of a jury,
must reach a verdict based on the facts of the case.

In Mr Justice Singh's opinion, without consideration of the "weight"
of the evidence, the Crown had produced evidence on whioh a jury
"might" convict and, for this reason, he overruled the "no case"
submission and called on the accused to make their defence.
No witnesses were called by the Defence and all the accused chose
to make unsworn statements from the dock. They all declared
their innocence and some made allegations of torture while they
were in custody.

Mr Justice Singh reserved his judgement and announced that he will
give his verdict on November 1st.

Trinidad barrister Mr Alan Alexander leads the Prosecution and he
is assisted by another Trinidad barrister, Mr Elton Prescott, and
by the Jamaican born Director of Public Prosecution, Mr Langston

- continued -


Jamaican barristers Messrs Frank'Phipps, Noel Edwards and Earl Delissa
appear for Grace Augustine and Kenneth Budhlall, while Trinidad barris-
ter Mr Gaston Benjamin appears with Grenadian barrister Mr Michael
Andrew for Russel and Roland Budhlall. The fifth accused, Layne
Phillip, is represented by Trinidad barrister Mr Israel Khan and Gre-
nadian barrister Mr Ben jongs.


The London based human rights organisation, Amnesty International, is
taking an interest in the trial of 5 persons charged under the (Preven tgla the deaths1 ^e.'CfJfi oW
girls who died when a bomb exploded at a rally at Queens Park, near
St Georges, on 19th June 1980.

The trial started on Monday 18th October and, during that week,
Mr Clayton Ruby, a Canadian barrister and a member of Amnesty, was
in the High Court watching the proceedings. The Court, presided
over by Mr Justice Satrohan Singh, recognized Mr-Ruby and extended
special privileges to him.

The accused in this case are Roland, Russel and Kenneth Budhlall,
LaynePhililip and Grace Augustine.

Prosecution and Defence closed their cases on October 29th but
Mr Ruby did not observe the closing stages of the trial as he
returned to Canada on October 22nd.


Primie Minister Mau4icE: B~ishop.. lfta~!the i'island on Otabz.1:28tbi i^' AAW
an official 5-day visit to Surinam.

The visit is on the invitation of Lieutenant Colonel Daysi B~uterse,
leader of the military authority holding the reins of Goverrnmnt in

In his letter of invitation, Mr Bouterse said the visit will broaden
Mr Bishop's knowledge of Surinam and will bring the people of
Surinam and Grenada closer together.

The Prime Minister was accompanied by Foreign Minister Unison White-
man and Mr Jimmy Emmanuel, an official of the Ministry of Foreign

Lieutenant Colonel Bouterse paid a 13-day official visit to Grenada
last May and, on that occasion, the Sulinamese leader told reporters
continued -

Week Ending 30.10.82

Page 8L

Week Ending 30.10.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9

that bonds of friendship have developed between Grenada and Surinam
and -'it is good to exchange experiences".

J. ---^'-?cA-..


Governor General Paul Scoon will deliver the commencement add-
ress to the graduating class of St Georges University School of
Medicine on October 31st.

Fifty-nine students who have completed the School's 41 wear pro-
grammew.ill be awarded degrees of Doctor of Medicine, and among
them will be Joy Church, the first Grenadian to be awarded a degree
by the School. Joy Church is a scholarship student and a niece
of Sir Paul.

Five qualified .students from Grenada and 4 from St Vincent (where
St :George. University maintains an affiliate School) are, each year,
granted full university scholarships..,

To date (and not including those who will graduate on October 31st)
415 students have graduated from St Georges University School of
Medicine which was founded in 1977.

All graduates have.passed .the examination of the Educational Comm-
ission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFM3), a national examination
required of all graduates of medical schools foreign to the United
States of America who wish to practice medicine in that country.


The General Hospital in St Georges is to receive,' within the next 2 V
months,.equipment supplied by the St Georges University School of
Medicine which has been operating here since 1977.

The equipment includes refrigerated centrifuges, a photometer,
macrogasmetre, cardiac monitoring equipment, anesthesia equipment
and a cardiac defibrillator.

Under an agreement with the Grenada Government, the School is comm- upgrading Grenada's hospital services and, over the last
seven years, has provided some US$600,000 in new medical equipment.
sv yes---eupn

'ws n,

Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 30.10.82


The State-owned Radio Free Grenada (RFG) reported on October 19th .that
a "spokesman for the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG)" has ex-
pressed "contempt and amusement* tbver a recent report said to have
been published in the United States magazine, "The Washington Times".

According to RFG, the magazine quoted Grenadian born barrister
Michael Sylvester, now resident in the USA, as charging that-Grenada
has received 10 fighter planes in crates from the' Soviet Union and
that the island now poses a threat to its neighbours in the region.

The PRG spokesman described Mr Sylvester as "a known madman and a
liar", and said his statements to the magazine are "part of a general
build-up to isolate the Grenada revolution and set the basis for
direct mercenary invasion of the island.".

RFG said the spokesman declared that, in order to attack the Grenada
revolution, "imperialism was going to the extent of hiding behind a
known madman and liar who even dairy had to get rid of for corruption
and a total loss of credibility."


Police Commissioner tan St Bernard has declared that the task of
building the new Police Service is not an easy one, particularly
because, he said, the Service has been moulded for years under con-
ditions designed to guarantee the defence and support of one part-
icular section of the society.

Mr St Bernard's remarks were made on October 20th at a ceremony to
"emulate" 14 members of the Police Service for their outstanding
work during September.

The Commissioner referred also to the Political Department of the
Police Service and said this Department is designed to guarantee
that the Police Service progresses along with every area of the

"I want to point out the great respect the office of 'Political
Chief' must be seen with and must be treated", he said. "I want
to point out that., irrespective of how we may feel or what the
situation might be, the office of 'Political Chief of the Grenada
Police Service' must be treated with the greatest respect, must be
treated with the greatest importance."

Mr St Bernard said any one who can think seriously and is inter-
ested in seeing the Police Service move forward to transform
itself into the kind of Service that is wanted, will recognize
continued -

Week Ending 30410.82 THS GRENADA NEWSLBTTBR. Page 11

the importance of a Political Department in the Police Service.


The Canadian Government is to donate a law reference library for the
use of the Justices of Grenada's Appeal Court.

Informed sources told NEWSLETTER that the library, which consists of
over 1,800 volumes and cost some BC$70,000, will be handed over to
Chief Justice Archibald Nedd by Canadian High Commissioner Alan
Roger sometime after the Appeal Court commences its sitting on
November 15th.

In addition to reference books relative to English law, the library
contains volumes of the Law Reports of Canada and Ontario which,
sources said, are becoming increasingly important as references in
judgements in Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Courts of Law.

Mr Roger, who is based in Barbados, will arrive in Grenada on Nov-
ember 12th and is expected to take the opportunity to visit Canadian
aid projects now being implemented in Grenada.

These projects include renovation of the Sauteurs Government School
which was built originally with Canadian funds and on which
EC$100,000 has already been spent on renovation. Because of its
proximity to the sea, the electrical and plumbing systems of the
school have corroded and some EC$90,000 is to be spent by the Canad-
ian Government in replacing these systems.

Last September, the Canadian Government launched an BC$20 million
Cocoa Rehabilitation Project which involves replanting 10,000 acres
of worn-out cocoa fields and includes research on pest control and
fertilizer interaction.

Managing this project is Canadian Government appointed Mr Andre
Guillmette and, during his visit to Grenada, the High Commissioner
is expected to hold discussions with Mr Guillmette and other members
of the rehabilitation team on the status of the project.


The Soviet Union is prepared to buy Grenada's traditional export
crops, cocoa, nutmegs and bananas.

Radio Free Grenada (RFG) said on October 30th that this disclosure
had been made by Soviet Ambassador to Grenada, Mr Gennady Sajinev,
who also disclosed that Grenada and Russia have signed a Cultural &
continued -

Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 30.10.82

Trade Agreement as well as an Agreement :on Scientific Technological

Mr Sajinev told RFG the relationship between Grenada and the USSR is
based on principles of peaceful coexistence, friendship, mutually
beneficial cooperation and non-interference in domestic affairs.

The-Ambassador said also that, along with 150 other countries
throughout the world, Grenada enjoys fruitful relations with the
Soviet Union.


The National Marketing & Importing Board (NMIB) has received an order
from Trinidad for over BC$80,000 worth of agro-industrial products.

NMIB General Manager, Mr Densil Wilkes, disclosed this to Radio Free
Grenada (RFG) recently, and said orders have been received also from
the United Kingdom and St Lucia following inquiries received from
those countries.

RFG said these orders include 100 cases each of guava/banana nectar,
riango nectar, tamarind nectar, nutmeg jam and nutmeg jelly. Orders
have been received also for 50 cases of Grenada coffee and 125 cases
of spices.


A project aimed at containment and eradication of Moco disease in the
tainana plantations of Grenada in particular and the Windward Islands
in general was initiated on October 14th.

In a ceremony held in Grenada, the Windward Islands Banana Association
entered into a contract with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
Secretariat to provide the necessary expertise and services and to
conduct the necessary field and laboratory work required in the

Signing on behalf of the Association was Dr Errol Reid, Acting
Director of Research of the Windward Islands Banana Association
(WINBAN) while Mr Bernard Coard, Minister of Finance & Planning
in the Peoples Revolutionary Government signed for the Caricom

The European Development Fund (EDF) has provided a grant of some
DC$800,000 towards the conduct of the project and also signing the
contract was Mr Gerald Watterson, Trinidad based Delegate of the
continued -

.. . __ _1 1 L

Week _Ending 30.10..82 THE GRENADA NEWSL.FITER Page 13

European Economic Commission.

It is hoped that, over an 18-month period, any incidence of the
disease in Dominica, St Lucia and St Vincent will have been detected,
contained and possibly eradicated. It is also expected that,
in Grenada the disease will have been contained and that improved
eradication measures will have brought it under control.

Moco disease, or Bacterial Vascular Wilt disease, is, according to
WINBAN, one of the oldest known banana diseases, and it was first
described in 1840 in Guyana. Since then, it has been found in
Trinidad and in many Spanish-speaking countries of the region.

The disease was discovered in Grenada in 1978 arid, because f ,.the
ease with which it is spread and the difficulty to control, i;r,.o
now poses a serious threat to banana industries of the 'four Winaward

Statement of Assets & Liabilities
As at 31st August 1982

Demand Liabilities
Notes in circulation
Coin in circulation
Bankers' Balances
Unpresented Cheques
International Organisations
Bankers Deposits
General Reserve
Special Reserve
Other Liabilities

EC$ 111,078,606

ICi$ 132,037,405
EC$ 203,477,265


External Assets
Fixed Deposits & money at call FC$25,923,979
Securities 111,770,076
Regional Currencies 4,374,800
Bankers Balances 3,838,951
Internal Assets
Participating Governments Securities
including Treasury Bills
Other Assets

,: ."a f ;' '

EC$ 145,907,806


EC$ 203,477,265


According to figures published by Government's Central Statistical
Office (CSO), the Interim Retail Price Index for October stands at
174.8 points in relation to a base of 100 established in January

In comparison with October 1981, this figure shows a rise of 7.1%
and, compared with September 1982, the increase is 0.68%. The
increase since January 1st 1982 is 5.62%.

The CSO bulletin of October 19th advises that there have been
declines in the prices of onions, tomatoes and cabbages but these
have not offset increases in the prices of bacon, pigeon peas, salted
beef and split peas.

There have also been increases in the indices for household supplies
and housing, CSO said.

-IW '


Cynthia Hughes

30th October 1982

Printer & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies

W!ek Ending 30.10.82

Paae 14

Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd