The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text


FOU/,AED /7'u .o/WUST /973

For The Week Ending.March 6th 1982
10th Year of Publication - -.265th Issue
Volume 10 Number 3
.... ....--- ,

Teddy Victor, one time close associate and friend of Prime Min-
ister Maurice Bishop, was found guilty on February. 24th in the
High Court of being in possession of an AK47 rifle.

The case stems from an incident on October 14th 1979 when mem-
bers of the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) charge that the
rifle was found in Victor's car. The incident took place on
a lonely country road at night and the allegations were support.
ed by a woman passenger who had'been given a lift by Victor.

Victor was charged under the Terrorism (Prevention) Law which
was passed in October 1980 with unlimited retroactive effect an
which provides for the hearing of charges without a jury. A
further provision of this law is that, at the preliminary in-
quiry in the Magistrates Court, there is no cross examination of
witnesses, evidence being given in the form of signed stmntements

Victor, charged on July 16th 1981, had beem detained since
October 14th 1979, and first appeared in the High Court on
February 3rd when one witness was heard.

The case continued on February 15th and Mr Michael Andrews, ap-
pearing for Victor, requested an adjournment, pleading that
Counsel retained in Trinidad had not arrived. Mr Andrews de-
clared that the case had "political overtones" and he said that,
in order to give Victor the best possible defence, it was ess-
ential that he have barristers from outside Grenada.

Mr Andrews reminded the Court that, on the first day of hearing,
a member of the PRA, who was guarding Victor, had attempted .to

Produced a Printed by Allstr & Cynthia Hgkhe*
P 0 Box 65, St.Gewiges, Grenada, WMstiadies

PPge 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 6.3.82

prevent him (Andrews) from consulting with his client and had att-
empted to pull a gun on hum.

The presiding judge, Mr Justice Satra Singh of Guyana, refused'the
request-for adjournment but, during :the hearing that day (15thy-,ihe
received a cable from Trinidad barrister Mr Gaston Benjamin advising
that he and barrister Mr Osborne Charles had been retained in the
use and that Mr Benjamin expected to arrive in Grenada on the next
aay, the 16th. Mr Singh then decided, after hearing just one
witness, to adjourn until the 16th.

The sole witness heard that day was Ann John who testified that, on
S-e night of October 14th 1979, she was driving in a car with Victor
when they were stopped by the PRA and the rifle was found in Victor's
cI r.
Absent Witness

When the trial resumed on the 16th, Director of Public Prosecutions
(DPP), Jamaica-born.Mr Langston Sibbles, told the presiding judge
that a key witness, Mr Peter David, former member of the Peoples
Revolutionary Army (PRA) and an eyewitness in the case, was absent
from the State. "

Mr Singhts reaction to this information:was to say that Mr David
had been discoutteous to the DPP, the Defence and to the Court by
leaving without advising the DPP, and he said he was granting an
adjournment to the 23rd solely in the interest of the Defence.

The Judge said he .recognised.that, under the rules of evidence in
effect in the hearing of charges laid under the Terrorism
(Prevention) Law, therevis no room for the Defence to crossexamine
Mr David at the preliminary inquiry in the Magistrates Court, and he
felt the Court would be doing the accused an injustice if that
.-itness was not present for examination in the Supreme Court.

Two witnesses gave evidence on February 16th. They were
Lieutenant Kendrick Fraser, a PRA weapons expert trained at Cuba's
Crandma Military Academy, and Sargeant Cosmo Hosten of the Police.
Lieutenent Fraser testified to having tested the rifle alleged to
have been found in Victor's possession and Sargeant Hosten gave
details of Victor's arrest.

When the Court sat again on February 23rd, Mr Peter David, a former
PRA Captain, apologised to the Court for his unavailability when he
was required on February 16th and said that on October 14th 1979, he
was in charge of surveillance on Victor at a discotecque in St Davids

" ePn Victor.drove away from the. Disco, Mr' David and his- men followed
in a car and, becoming suspicious when Victor- began driving faster,
r said, they closed in, stopped him, -searched the car and found the
if le. (continued)

Week Ending 6.3.82

Mr David said there was a woman in the car with Victor,. Ann John
(who gave evidence earlier for the prosecution), and Mr David said
he had drawn her attention to the rifle he had found.

Under crossexamination, Mr David admitted that, just after Victor
was stopped, his men fired a volly:of shots, but he denied that
this was used as a diversion to allow the rifle to be planted in
Victor's car. The volly was fired, he said, to warn the people
in Victorts car and anyone else around.

Mr David also admitted that he gave no statement to the Police
until 14 months after the incident and that the.statement has a
correction. The statement originally said that what he found in
Victor's car was the rifle "and three magazines'. .The words
"and three magazines" are crossed off and, in reply to defence
counsel Mr Michael Andrews,? he said the alteration was made because
"it was a mistake"

Mr David rejected the suggestion thatrthe purpose of the surveill-
ance mission had been to search Victor-ts car and, in reply to the
Judge, said that, if his suspicions ;had not been aroused by Victor's
fast driving, he would not have stopped him but "would have pro-
ceeded as I saw fit."

The Crown's case was then closed, ,Victor , .unsworn statement
from the dock and the Judge ;reserved his decision.
Giving his judgement on February 24th, Mr Justice Satra-Singh said
that, under the provisions of the Terrorism (Prevention) Law, the
onus is placed on the accused to prove, on a balance of probability,
that he did not know that the rifle was in the car. This,
Mr Singh said, Victor'had failed to do.

The Judge said that the maximum sentence 'for the offence is 15
years but, taking into account that Victor has been in jail since
October 1979, and considering the plea for leniency made by
defence lawyer Mr Michael Andrews, he sentenced Victor to 2 years
in prison.

In addition, Mr Singh pointed out, under the provisions of the Law,
it is mandatory that the Court order the forfeiture to the State
of all Victor's property. If he had had the discretion, the
Judge said, he would not have exercised it against Victor. NEWS-
LETTER could not ascertain whether Victor owns any property.

In making his plea for leniency, Mr Andrews said it is most
difficult for barristers to defend persons in Victorts position
where there are strong elements of-political overtones. He
complained of having difficulty getting interviews with clients
and of a member of the PRA drawing his pistol and shouting at him.



Mr Andrews said also that Grenadiar lawyers are afraid of taking
cases of this kind, and he accused the Director of Public ProsecUt-
ions of seizing certain documents which had been sent to him by
Victor Via Mr Pat Macleish, the Commissioner of Prisons.

Referring to the result of the Victor case, Mr Andrews said that,
with the evidence before the Court, the decision was understandable.
"All I can say is congratulations to the PRA", he said, "They pulled
it off. But, the final justice will come eventually to those who
planted the gun on Teddy Victor."


Mr Michael Andrews, defence Counsel in the trial of Teddy Victor,
former close friend and associate of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop,
appealed to the presiding Judge, Mr Justice Satra Singh in the
High Court on February 23rd because he was "feeling shakey.

Mr Andrews pointed out several .uniformed members of the Peoples
Revolutionary Arzy patrolling outside the windows of the Court
armed with automatic rifles, and said this activity was disturbing

Director of Public Prosecutions, Mr Langston Sibbles, told the
Court that, in addition to Victor,. 7 other detainees were appearing
in the nearby Magistrates Court, and this was the reason for the
additional security. Mr Sibbles thought Mr Andrews' uneasiness
was "more in the mind than anything else"

Judge Singh ruled, however, that if the defence Counsel felt uneasy,
the, PRA should not patrol outside the windows of the Court, and he
gave instructions that these armed guards should move.


Roman Catholic Bishops of the Antilles Episcopal Conference have
condemned efforts to involve the Caribbean in the international
power struggle and have spoken out against both the "ideology of
atheistic Marxism" and the "harmful influence of exploitive capit-

"We wish to emphasise", they said, "that both are alien to the
strong religious and social sentiments of our people."

The Bishop's criticism:of these opposing forces came in a Pastoral
better dated February 2nd in Dominica, and was produced at a
continued -

Veek Ending 6.3.82

rPae 4

Week Ending 6,3.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5

meeting of the Conference held in that island.

The Bishops endorse the view that both exploitive capitalism and
Marxist collectivism are "the idolatrous worship of wealth", the
former in individualistic terms and the latter in collectivist
terms. Both systems, they say, look 6n human beings merely as
"hands" or "cogs", and thus are equally destructive of human dig-

Exploitive Capitalism takes for granted the primacy of capital, its
power and its relentless pursuit of profit-making, the Pastoral
Letter says, and Marxist Communism, although it ideologically sup-
ports a kind of humanism, is more concerned with collective human-
ity and, in practice, becomes a totalitarian'concentration of state

The driving force behind the dialectic bf Marxist collectivism, the
Bishops say, is "class struggle". Its objective i 'a classless
society which is achieved by the "dictatorship of the'proletariat",
but, the Bishops say, in the last analysis, 'this really seth up the
dictatorship of the party.
The Bishops say a problem to be faced in the Caribbean is what they
call the "either/or" mentality, the feeling that the only choice
the people of this region have is between exploitive capitalism and
extreme Marxist collectivism, and the Bishops feel this polarisat.-
ion is being encouraged by international influences and develop-

Conceding that it is for each nation to determine its policy within
the limits of justice, the Bishops express the view that the.two
extremes are not the only options.

"It is possible", they say, "totally to reject uncontrolled ex-
ploitave capitalism with all the injustice to which it leads while
accepting private sector enterprise with proper legislative control
as well as systems-which allow for, and actually encourage, men and
women to work to help themselves and fully develop their powers."

On the other hand, the Bishops say, it is possible to totally re-
ject atheistic Marxism and complete collectivism (i.e,. complete
nationalisation of the means of production) which destroys human
liberty, while accepting a policy which, they say, is sometimes
calledo "Socialist" in'this region.

"So, it is possible to opt for a measure of Government control in
industrial matters", the Bishops say, "indeed, such control is to-
day very generally accepted. It is possible, too, and sometimes,
desirable, to opt for nationalisation of certain key industries and
public utilities."
continued -

P ge 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ebding 6.3.82

On the subject of human rights, the Pastoral Letter says the denial
or neglect of the dignity and rights of individual men, and of women
in particular, lies at the root of many of the problems in the Carib-
bean today. Another difficulty, they say, is the "tragedy" that
so many Caribbean people fail, not only to recognize the himan dig-
nity of others, but also to appreciate sufficiently their own worth.
-ack of self-appreciation and the under-rating of local culture
and products remain a sad legacy of slavery and colonialism", the
Bishops say.

"ie Pastoral Letter deals at some length with what it calls "the
irue role of Government", and notes that harm can come from the
unjust use of the power of Government.

governments have the right and duty to exercise their authority, the
Bishops say, but politicians must be guided by certain principles.
Among these are acceptance of the truth that human rights are God-
given and not something conceded by the State.

"A government which over-rides these God-given rights is defying
God and loses its claim to authenticity", they said.

Another principle the Bishops thought to be essential is that of
the holding of elections regularly.

"The mandate of a government should be ratified by the holding of
properly conducted elections at prescribed intervals, and should
e sustained by constant and widespread consultation with the
people", the Pastoral Letter says. "When a government clings
Po power in defiance of the popular will, it creates misery and
frustration and is destructive of the national spirit."

A concern of the Bishops is that "national security" is being
given an absolute value in some Caribbean countries. This
-esults in human rights and basic freedoms being denied, they say,
and they draw attention to a statement by Pope Paul II during his
visit to the Philippines.

I'Any apparent conflict between the exegences of security and of
the citizens' basic rights must be resolved according to the
fundamental principle upheld always by the Church that social
organisation exists only for the service of man and for the pro-
tection of his dignity", Pope Paul II said, "and that it cannot
claim to serve the common good when human rights are not safe-

rn the subject of.violence and political coups, the Pastoral
-.tter recalls how strongly Pope Paul VI condemned violence as
H means to effect changes of government.
continued -


"Besides the almost inevitable loss of life and human suffering that
would ensue", the Bishops say, "violence is likely to provoke a
reaction of violence. And, how often has a political coup simply
replaced one tyranny with another !1"

The Bishops note that the traditional means of peaceful political
change through free and fair elections has come under assault in the
Caribbean. They say, however, that such elections, even though
they do not always guarantee good government, remain the well-tested
model and a recognized right.

The Pastoral Letter, entitled "True Freedom & Development in the
Caribbean A Christian Perspective", and released in Grenada on
February 28th by the Roman Catholic Bishop of Grenada, Sydney
Charles, is signed by 16 members of the Antilles Episcopal Confer-

These members are, the Archbishop of Port of Spain, Trinidad,
Anthony Pantin, President of-the Conference,' Aishop of Roseau,
Domonica-,; Arnold Boghaert, Vice-Praesiden-t, Archbishop, of Kingston,
Jamaica, Samuel ,Carter.; ,Arcihbishop of Castrie.s, St- JLucia., Kelvin,
Felix,.Bishop of Nassau', -Bahamas, Lawrence Burke, Bishop of
St Georges, Grenada, Sydney Charles, Bishop of Montego Bay, Jamaica,
Edgerton Clarke, the Titular Bishop of Cadossia, Anlo.ine Demets,
Bishop of Willemstad, Curacao, Willem Ellis, Bishop of Bridgetown,
Barbados & Kingstown, St Vincent, Anthony Dickson, former Bishop of
of Georgetown, Guyana, Richard Lester Guilly, Bishop of Hamilton,
Bermuda, Brian Hennessy, Bishop of Belize, Robert Hodapp, Bishop of
St Johns, Antigua & Basseterre, St"Kitts, Dobalt Reece, Bishop of
Georgetown, Guyana, Benedict Singh and Bishop of Paramaribo,
Aloysuus Zichem.
-., : @ ->-.. ..- -


The European Investment Bank (EIB) has advised the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government (PRG) that it is willing to provide a loan of
Ec$8.7 million for the upgrading of the island's electricity service)

Purpose of the loan will be the modernising and expansion of exist-
ing facilities by installation of a new 2.5 MW diesel generating
plant and the expansion of the transmission and distributing system.

The Bank also proposes a feasibility study of Grenada's hydro-power
potential and of the possibility of installing a new diesel power

Grenada's electricity is supplied by Grenada Electricity Services
Ltd (GES), a Company jointly:owned by the PRG and the Commonwealth
Development Corporation (CDC) and, in May last, Prime Minister
continued -

Week Ending 6.3.82

l e 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 6.3.82

Maurice Bishop announced he.had discovered a "plot" by CDC, Esso
Standard Oil Company and Barclays Bank international to sabotage GES.

Until that time, CDC held 192 shares in GES, giving the Corporation
controlling interest in the Company with 59.3% of the shareholding
but, by Peoples Law 13/1981, the PRG transferred to itself 32,000 of
these shares ^without payment of any further compensation", thus
living the PRG majority control with just over 5% of the share

A team ftom the EIB spent from 2nd to 5th March in Grenada examin-
ing the technical, economic and financial aspects of the electri-
ty supply in Grenada, including the financial and operational
situation of GES.
l *.. ; .Le


The Government of Cuba has presented the Peoples Revolutionary
Government with a gift of four more fishing boats. The
presentation was made on March 2nd and brings to 10 the number of
fishing craft donated to Grenada by Cuba since the two countries
began cooperation-in the fishing industry in August 1979.

Sixteen Cuban crew members arrived with :the new vessels and they
are to train 16 Grenadians .in their operation and maintenance before
returning to Cuba. This will bring to 40 the number of Grenadian
fishermen who have received specialised training i this field
from Cuban instructors.


An industrial complex comprising an asphalt plant, stone crushing
plant and a stony quarry on the south coast was officially
launched by the Peoples Revolutionary Government on March 5th.

.he equipment involved in this complex is part of Cuba's donation
to construction of the international airport now being construct-
ed at Point Saline and, following completion of the runway, will
be used for the paving of roads.

The stone crusher began single-shift runs in July 1981, producing
54,670 cubic yards of gravel by January 31st. Daytime asphalt
operations began in September 1981 with a total output of 17,085
short tons by the end of January. Of this total, 15,945 tons
ore utilised on the airport runway while 1140 tons have gone to-
-_irds resurfacing in the Eastern Main Road Project.

- continued -

Week Ending 6.3.82

The industrial complex has now gone into'double shift operation and
the current monthly output is 7,850 cubic yards of gravel and 7,716
short tons of asphalt which can resurface over 6 miles of road.
*tg: . ,-' .'.. ," .


The National Cooperative Development Agency (NACDA) has spent over
BC$600,000 on 23 cooperatives from an allocation of BC$900,000
made since the Agency was established in 1960.

This was disclosed on February 14th by NACDA General Secretary Bob
Gordon in his address at the launching of the first fishing co-
operative in St Patricks Parish at the north end of the island, and
Mr Gordon said the Agency has received several proposals this year
for establishment of other cooperatives in Grenada and the sister
island of Carriacou.

"What is interesting", he said, "is that, since January, we have
had no less than 15 separate proposals for cooperatives all over
Grenada, including 2 from Carriacou."

Mr Gordon said these proposals are being processed to ascertain
whether they are financially feasible.

The NACDA General Secretary said 2 more fishing cooperatives were
to be started in the'west coast parish of St Johns on February 28th.


A total of EC$71,000 has been distributed to 81 families since
January 1st this year under the National House Repair Programme

Introduced in January 1980, NHRP is.designed to assist' rural workers
with interest-free loans up to EC$1,000 and the programme is divided{
into two sections.

The first section, open to rural workers earning less than EC$150
per month, gives the applicant, as a grant, one-third of..the loan
applied for, and the balance is repayable over 10 years.

The other section is open to rural workers earning less thah BC$250
per month. In this section, the whole .loan applied for and
granted must be repaid over 5 years.

Since the programme was introduced, 1600 families have benefited.
,'~^-^V*'MRF rx"' *


gje 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 6.3.82


The Government Information Service announced on February 25th that
an industrial consultant from tne United Nations Industrial develop-
ment Organisation (UNIDO) arrived here earlier in February for a 5
week stay.

GIS gave the consultants's name only as "Mr Eder" and said he is to
ke a survey of available raw materials which can serve Grenada's
industrial potential. He will look also into ways in which UNIDO
can assist the island's development.
'a. ^ ^ .... 4'


i February 23rd, Grenada received the sum of $10,290 (Canadian)
presentingg the balance of a total of EC$32,000 pledged by OXFAM-
Canada for agricultural projects of the Community School Day

Twelve schools are to benefit from this grant and the money is to
be used on fencing materials and agricultural tools.

:." :''"Y < .....


Mr Gunter Herterich, a member of the West German Parliament, visited
G-.enada on February 19th as part of a two-week familiarisation tour
of the region.

.,i Grenada, Mr Herterich, who was elected to parliament in 1980,
I d talks with Mr Alberto Ferrari, Resident Representative of the
"aropean Economic Commission, and was expected to hold discussions
witih representatives of the Peoples Revolutionary Government.

The West German parliamentarian had visited Trinidad & Tobago before
cIming to Grenada and he left the island on February 20th for the
cther two destinations on his itinerary, Cuba and Honduras.


Grenada's Peoples Revolutionary Army and Militia on February 21st
completed 48 hours of manoeuvers which are a major event in the
run-up to the 3rd anniversary of the 13th March 1979 revolution
when the New Jewel Movement took over the Government by force of

7-'e last exercises of this nature undertaken by the Armed Forces
v -e 6 months ago when the "Heroes of the Homeland" maneuvers
continued -


were held. The manoeuvers in February were named in honour of
Julian Fedon, a coloured French planter who, in 1795, staged an
unsuccessful revolution against the British.

As part of the "Julian Fedon 3rd Anniversary Manoeuvets", the troops
gathered on the morning of Sunda, 21st February at Seamoon, an
abandoned horse racing track on the east coast near to Pearxs air-
port, where an emulation ceremony was held and scores of certificates
and prizes were distributed. Following this, there was a motor-
cade to St Georges where a rally was held on the Carenage.

Addressong the rally, Prime Minister and Commander of the Forces,
Mr Maurice Bishop, said the manoeuvers had been successful and had
surpassed last August's exercises.
He said, however, some members of the Militia had not attended the
manoeuvers and he warned that the Armed Forces should not get com-
placent for the reason that "recently, imperialism has not been
publicly attacking Grenada". And, emphasing his point that com-
placency is dangerous, he' referred to an incident in Nicaragua.

"Those sisters and brothers i Nicaraguaho are beginning to relax
he said, "would have come in for a big surprise this afternoon be-
cause, this afternoon at Sandino international airport in Managua,
the capital of Nicaragua, a bomb went off killing three people."

Mr Bishop said the lesson of this is that "the imperialists" never
relax but are always planning and scheming, and Grenadians must be
ready always to defend their country.


Mr Blundell Church, Grenada's official Sports Director, said on
February 15th that former three-times World Heavyweight Boxing
Champion Muhammad Ali has been invited to attend the 3rd Anniversary
Celebrations of the March 13th 1979 revolution.

Mr Church said an official invitation has been sent to Ali but he.
has not yet responded. The Sports Director disclosed that a
further letter has been sent to Ali.

,, .. ."


George F Huggins & Co Ltd, local agents for Texacd, was called
upon to pay the sum of BC$68,857.90 to the Controller of Customs on
or before February 28th.

- continued -

Week Ending 6.3.82

_*ge 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 6.3.82

This sum represents increased profits made by Texaco between 20th
August 1981 and 20th January 1982 as a result of a drop in the landed
cost of bottled cooking gas.

An informed source told NEWSLETTER that, last August, when there was
a drop in the landed cost, Texaco applied to the Peoples Revolutionary
Government for permission to continue to sell the gas at the price
.ixed by Government before the drop. The basis of this request was
that there was need for capital expenditure on Texaco's Grenada plant
-nd the increased profit on this gas would be devoted to this invest-

.ne source said that the Government is not satisfied that this in-
creased profit has been spent by Texaco as the Company had indicated
:t would and, for this reason, all extra profit made by Texaco
ring the period had to be paid to Government.

To regularise the matter, Peoples Law 6/1982, Petroleum (Increased
Profit Margin) (Amendment), was passed on 18th February and gazetted
om 26th February. The Order on Hugg ns to pay was made on 19th
February and gazetted on 26th February.


The Windward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN) Research Meteoro-
logical Station in St Lucia reports that, in 1981, rainfall was
'.lightly higher than the average for the last 19 years, but the
distribution through the year was unusual and very favourable for
plant growth.

"ore rain that average fell in the usually dry months of February,
April and May, the report says, July was wetter than usual but
there was below average rainfall in August, September and October,
the three normally wettest months of the year.

April was the wettest month in 1981 with a total of 13.89 inches
which topped the previous highest April total of 7.94 inches
recorded in 1964.

The previous lowest figure for September was 7.9 inches recorded
in 1974; the figure for September 1981 broke that record with a
total of 4.37 inches.

The WINBAN report says that, on examination of the daily records,
it appears that a lot of rain fell in the form of very heavy
showers during two or three days each month. This was
especially trve of the last three months of 1981 and the pattern
continued into January 1982 when 8.50 inches was recorded,
iore than half of this total falling on 27th and 28th.



Through the courtesy of Geest Industries Ltd, a high level team
from Geest and from the Windward Island Banana Association (WINBAN)
flew into Martinique on February 10th to. obserZve the incidence of
Black Sigatoka banana disease in that island..

Black Sigatoka is the most serious banana leaf spot disease known
to the banana industry. The other two are Yellow Sigatoka and
Black Leaf Streak. The latter hs already wiped out the banana
industry in some of the South Pacific island groupings.

Black Sigatoka was first found in Honduras in 1969 and is now pre-
sent in Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panana,
Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia and Martinique. The fungus causing
this disease is veryvirulent in that it produces more wind-borne
spores which infect much quicker than the Yellow Sigatoka organism.

In Martinique, Black Sigatoka was first seen on cultivations on the
east coast on plantains last November, and the organism was ident-
ified in laboratories :in France and Honduras in December/January.

The disease:has also been found in the north, east and south of the
island and the WINBAN/Geest team had the opportunity to observe
field symptoms, discuss the problem with persons associated with
the baanana industry in Martinique and learn of the strategy for
control of: the disease.
continued -

WINBAN Research Meteorological Station
St. Lucia
Rainfall 1981

Month Rainfall(Incbes) Rainfall (MM)
January 4.25 108
February 5.35 135
March 3.06 78
April 13.89 353
May 6.66 169
June 6.73 171
July 12.68 322
August 7.73 196
September 4.37 .111
October 6.97 177
November 8.99 228
December 8.74 Z. .. : 222
89.40 . 2,770

Week Ending 6.3.82

i .~-~i'a ri rr -I.-.i)r~iLI~- ' Li...'.'.r: iShiTJCC~C~LYIC~r. n4i~~~i~~a3sD~P%+1i~'ti i

Paae 13

rge 14 THE GGENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 6.3.82

WINBAN says the islands do not now have-the necessary number of pilots
ahd' adequate aircraftt._o spray effectively the number of cyoles re-
quired for Yellow Sigatoka control, let alone Black Sigatoka. In
the light of this, WINBAN says, the.economics of growing bananas in
certain remote and marginal areas:must be seriously re-examined and
the present inadequate control facilities in the islands drastically
improved with urgency in order to avert the catastrophic effects that
lack Sigatoka may have on the Windward Islands banana industry.

The Geest/WINBAN team was comprised of WINBAN Director of Research
Dr J Edmunds, Geest Industries Technical Director Mr F Leonce,
Plant Pathologist Dr K Cronshaw, Crop Protection Officer Mr E.
...brose, Leaf Spot Coordinator Mr T St Hill and Deputy Coordinator
of the Development Plan Mr D Mackay.


The Government Gazette of February 12th carries the revocation
with effect from February- 5th, of the appointment of Mr Justice
Telford Georges as a Justice of Appeal and President of the Court
of Appeal in Grenada.

Mr Georges, who was appointed to the Court of Appeal on 16th May
1980 and President of .that Court on 17th May 1980, recently accept-
ed an appointment as Chief Justice of Zimbabwe.

The Gazette of February 12th also carries the appointment with
effect from February 5th of Mr Justice Oscar Fitzclarence Haynes
to the post of President of the Court of Appeal.

Other members of the Court of Appeal are Mr Justice Nizk Liverpool
and Mr Justice Fredrik Gladstons Smith.


The most recent Statement of Assets & Liabilities of the East
Caribbean Currency Authority published by the Government
Gazette appears in the issue of March 5th and is for 30th
November 1981.

As compared with the "Liabilities" figures published for 31st
October 1981, money in circulation was same EC$1.7 million more
while Bankers Balances and Bankers Deposits were, respectively,
C$8.6 million and EC$5.6 million down.

_f the "Assets", Fixed Deposits and Money at Call was down by
C$5 million while Bankers' Balances were down EC$ .89 million.
continued -


East Caribbean Currency Authority
Statement of Assets and Liabilities
As At 30th November 1981


Demand Liabilities
Notes in circulation
Coin in circulation
Bankers Balances
Unpresented cheques
International Organisations
Bankets' Deposits
General Reserve
Special Reserve
Other Liabilities


366,137 EC$137,477,004


External Assets
Fixed deposits & money at call EC$115,492,427
Securities 78,381,003
Regional Currencies 2,309,761
Bankers' Balances 2,469,327 BC$198,652,518
Internal Assets
Participating Governments' Securities
including Treasury Bills 44,026,209
Other Assets 6,215,222


~ *~*~ ~-*-


Twenty-six new 26-seater buses arrived at Grenada on February 13th
for a national bus service to be inaugurated by the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) during the 3rd anniversary celebrat-
ions of the March 13th 1979 revolution.

Last September, Minister of National Mobilisation Selwyn Strachan
announced that BC$1 million had been secured from a special fund of
the Organisation of Petroleum Marketing Countries for this project.

Mr Strachan said the proposal to institute a national bus service
had come from the first Parish Council meeting organised by the PRG
in October last.

., ..W, a:-

Page 15 -

Week endingg 6.3.82



NEWSLETTER i, pleased to record the birth, at 6.45 am on Tuesday
19th January last, of Jonathan D~vid Henry Lewis, second child
and first son of Henry and Joan Lewis.

Jonathan is the third grandson and fourth grandchild of the Editors
'nd Publishers of NEWSLETTER, Alister and Cynthia Hughes.

~/.$/// ^r 4*, 1

:er Hughes
6th March 19

Cynthia Hughes

Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies

Wgek Bntdiqq 6.3.82

Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd