The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text


Volume 9 Number 7
For The Week Ending October 24th 1981
9th Year of Publication - -- 258th Issue

The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) will host an "Inter-
national Solidarity Conference" month,in order to counter
what has been called "pressures from United States imperialism.
in particular and other forces who would like to see the pro-
cess in Grenada turned back."

Speaking to reporters in Grenada on October 24th, Minister of
Mobilisation Selwyn Strachan said invitations have already
been issued for the conference which will take place at the
Con XCentre on Grand Anse beach from.23rd to 25th

"The pressure which is beingbrought to bear on our revolution
can be seen from many angles", Mr Strachan said. "For example,
on the economic front, the United States Government has been
making every single effort to block all forms of financial
assistance which we have been trying to get to assist the
development of our revolution."

On the propaganda front, Mr Strachan said, 'imperialism' has
been using the media to slander and lie and distort the real-
S of the 'Grenadian process, and has used Caribbean
nalists, 'those who are totally shameless and those who
prepared to sell-out the working people of the region,'
deliberately lie on the revolution and 'distort the real-
i in Grelnda.

Sdi n to this, the Mi ls-er said, the United States has
'up its military thXtat t O'e3f4~da and has been assis-
openly in the training of mercenary' type elements with a
Wto invading Grenada at the best possible opportunity.

Produced & PRinted by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P 0 Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies

~ --lrahl '-----'-~r, I.

- I --- lee I--- r Ir r -- ,~

"age 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.10.81

"In the light of all these", he.said, "we feel that, given the tre-
mendous support the revolution has internationally, given the pres-
tige of the revolution on all continents, we feel that it would be
extremely important at this critical period, a conference
of this sort'in our country so that we can show to the world that
the Grenada revolution does have a lot of friends."

Mr Strachan said the Conference would be used to discuss the sit-
uation in Grenada, outline the different aspects of the revolution
and explain in detail what is taking place in the different areas
of the revolution so that participants in the conference can tak-
bac to their countries the truth about what is happening in
Mr Strachan said invitations to the Conference have already been
accepted by several organizations in the United States including
tthe Black United Front and Grenada-Friendship groups which exist
'in Washington, Detroit, Philadelphia, New York and other cities.

The Minister declined to name "certain individuals" from North
America who, he said, will come to the Conference, but he said
Dr Neville Duncan of the University of the West Indies will be
one of the participants.

imong other representatives at the Conference, Mr Stracha Ad,
will be personnel from the Peoples National Party of Jami he
Working Peoples Party of Guyana, the South West Africa Peol
Organisation of Namibia, the African National Congress, the
.Patriotic Frunt of Zimbabwe, the Polisario Front of the Sahara
Arab Democratic Republic, the Palestine Liberation Organisation,
the Governments of Ethiopia, Nigeria, Iraq, Syria, Lybia, and the
;British Labour Party, the Socialiqt.,Party of France and other
parties of Socialist International.

Invitations have been issued to the local, regional and inter-
national press to be present at the Conference, Mr Strachan said.
"We want .everybody to be there to hear and see for themselves whI
poor little Grenada is attempting to do", he said.

Work on construction of the. International Airport at Point 1"o
is to take another step forward with the arrival in October of C~t
barge of special equipment for use in the filling of Hardy Bay. 0f

-he path of the 'airport's runway which,when completed, will be A '
9000 feet long, crosses an inlet of the sea, Hardy Bay, which is-:,
over 1000 feet wide and a section of which must be filled befft
he runway can be constructed. continued ~ '""


Before construction of the airport began, surveys revealed that..
there was a layer of some 4 to 6 feet of unstable mud at the bottom
of the 20-foot deep bay, and this had to be removed. The American
firm of Layne Dredging Ltd won the contract to remove thit mud, work
was started in July and completed early in September.

Two dykes have been built across the bay and the next step is for
sand to be pumped frpm offshore to fill the space between the dykes.
Work on this has been delayed, however, because, on the way to
Grenada to fulfil the contract, the dredging Company lost a barge
at sea and with it was lost equipment essential to the sand Ailling

This equipment has now been received, work is expected to begin
shortly and should'be completed by the end of November.

Total cost of dredging and filling Hardy Bay is estimated to be
EC$6 million.


There has been sharp reaction here in Commercial circles to state-
ments 'about the island's economy made on October 22nd by Deputy
PriAMinister and Minister of Finance, Trade, Industry & Planning
Berried Ctard.

Mr Coard is reported by Radio Free Grenada as saying that the
island's economy is in "relatively good shape", that "there will be
rapid growth in the economy over the next three years", and that
"the country has managed to withstand a severe economic crisis by
diversifying its economy."

Commercial sources told NEWSLETTER that, far from being in
"relatively good shape", Grenada's economy is in bad shape. "Gross
sales, on the average, may be up two or three percent", bhe source;
&ftid, "but with inflation running at some 18%, the Business
communityy is achieving negative growth."

Supermarket sources canvassed by NEWSLETTER said an indication of
the state of the economy is that sales of meats are down but chicken
sales are up, and a random survey of small retail outlets island-
wide indicated that sales of beer and malt are down by some 7% to

Operators in the construction trade told NEWSLETTER there has been
a steady decline over the last decade but indications are that 1981
will-turn out to be "the worst year we have experienced for a long
time". One vendor of building materials said Government has been
u1fally responsible for about 30% of the business, but this
continued -

Weik ,Ending 24.10.81

Pagg I

FTge 4 THE GRNADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.10.81

percentage has dropped drastically with a corresponding reduction in
the volume of trade.

Commenting on Mr Coard's claim that Grenada's economy has been
diversified, sectors of the Commercial Community did not agree that
this has been achieved. "In claiming diversification", these
sectors said, "the Minister of Finance has referred to projects
-hich are not generating income for Grenadians."
"Mr Coard did not refer to the agro-industries and the fishing
industry which are a start at diversification", they said. "His
reference to the international airport, plans for extending and
dredging the harbour, and work on the roads are all welcome
improvements to the infrastructure which are providing and, in the
future, will provide employment, but they cannot be classified as
diversifications of the economy."

A well ifi ooed section of the Commercial Community, canvassed by
NEWSLETTER, indicated a hope that there will be an increase in
activity in the construction trade next year as hotels may be built
Vy anticipation of the completion of the international airport.

"This will give some relief to the present very lean state of
affairs", these businessmen said, "but it will be only relief.
Grenada's economy still depends almost entirely on the export of
its agricultural crops and, as long as the crisis condition remains
with nutmegs, cocoa and bananas, Mr Coard's 'rapid growth in the
economy over the next three years' remains a dream."


Foreign Minister Unison Whitemen, at a press conference on October
19th following his return from a month long trip which took him to
the United Kingdom, France, other European countries, Australia and
the United States of America, said many Governments he had spokqy
to had expressed concern that the Reagan Administration of the Unted
States is putting pressure on them to change their path of develop-
ment, which path "ensures that the resources of their country are in
the hands of the people."

"The Reagan Administration is saying", he said, "Well look, let us
bring back the multinationals, let us restore the stranglehol#sg r
the U.S. corporations on these economies, sell over your businesses
-o so-called U.S. private enterprise'

'is sort of pressure, the Foreign Minister said, is a very grave
:. ncern because, he thought, it could disrupt the "patriotic
rogrammes" in several countries of the world, but he believed the


people of the world are determined to maintain their resources for
their own interests.

This pressure, Mr Whiteman said, is being accompanied by open talk
in the United States of fighting a limited nuclear war.

"I would say also that what I have detected in recent weeks", he
said, "is that, in the United States, there is now open talk, even
in official circles, of fighting a limited nuclear war."
War Not So Bad
The Foreign Minister said this is the first time this matter has
been discussed so openly. In Government circles and in the
media, he said, it is being said, "Nuclear war is not so bad, let us
prepare for one, let us see how we can fight one, after all, we will
lost only 20% of our population."

In Mr Whiteman's opinion, these are dangerous developments which
show the increasinglyy aggressive and warlike nature of the Reagan
Administration and its hostile attitude to other countries which do
not stoop to its dictates."

However, he said, behind all this is increased unrest, unemployment
and hard times in the United States, factors which the Reagan Admin-
istration will find difficult to control and contain.

Mr Whiteman also pinpointed four main factors which, he says,
characterise the present world situation. These are what he
called the increased threats by the United States of America against
"progressive countries", the increased arms build up, increased
difficulties for developing countries and the present crisis facing

In addition to these negative elements which he noted, the Foreign
Minister said there are positive characteristics which should not be
overlooked. These positive aspects, he said, are the increased
unity between the struggles of Caribbean peoples, increased demon-
strations against war in major western capitals, the joint recog-
nition of the freedom fighters in El Salvador by France and Mexico,
and increasing international support for the Grenada revolution.

"The revolution is enjoying growing prestige overseas", he said,
"as more people begin to see its principled stand on international

Mr hiteman said that, during his trip abroad, many countries and
organizations had requested him to have Grenada take up their causes
in international fora.


Week Ebding 24.10.81

Sae 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.10.61


Foreign Minister Unison Whitemen, returning to Grenada after a tour
which took him to several European countries, Australia and the
United States of America, has expressed satisfaction with the success
of his trip.

Mr Whiteman left Grenada in September and, after holding discussions
ia London with representatives of the British Labour Party,
represented Grenada at a meeting of Socialist International (SI)
which began in Paris on September 24th.

The Foreign Minister briefed SI on the concern of the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) that the United States of America
might be planning an invasion of Grenada, and restated Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop's view that the International Community should
"elevate the question of propaganda destabilisation, economic
aggression, mercenary invasion or the threat of mercenary invasion
to the same level that we have already internationally elevated the
question of direct landing of marines."

Following the SI meeting, Mr Whiteman held discussions with
officials of the French Socialist Party of Mr Francois Mitterrand
and, after visiting several European capitals, flew to Australia
and the United States before returning home.

In Australia and the United States, the Foreign Minister met with
resident Grenadian nationals, bringing them up to date on affairs
in the island and setting out the views and positions of the
Peoples Revolutionary Government.

Two commentaries broadcast on October 14th by Radio Free Grenada
(RFG) painted a sombre picture of Grenada's economy. They
indicated that Grenada's deficit in the balance of trade
is increasing and the island can expect difficult days ahead.

The "Cocoa Year" ends in September and export earnings from this
crop have fallen again. In 1979, cocoa earned EC$21.8 million,
but this fell to EC$12.9 million in 1980 and has fallen again to
sC$12.2 million in 1981.

The situation with nutmegs, the commentary said, has been equally
bad. "During the first 6 months of this year", it said, "only
'$4.8 million was earned from nutmeg exports which was about EC$1
lionn less than last year and over EC$2 million less than 1979
r '.n over EC$7 million was earned."

- continued -

Week Ending 24.10.81

The commentary said banana export earnings had not fallen during'
the first 6 months of this year but, "unless something unexpected
happens soon, banana export earnings will actually fall within the
very near future."

The January to June banana export earnings were only 3.6% more than
last year's figure for that period, said the commentary, and
Grenadian farmers are earning less than normal because of the
crisis facing the industry.
The other commentary places blame for this crisis at the door of
"the unfair practices of Geest Industries, the giant milti-national
British Compamy (which) has almost successfully managed to throw
our banana industry on the verge of collapse ...."

The commentary charged that, following the devastation of hurricane
"allen" last year, Geest "used the opportunity of the hurricane
disaster to increase.their profits at the expense of these poor and
devastated islands".

According to the commentary, after the Windward Islands stepped up
production using.hurricane aid money,,Geest .placed quotas on ship-
ments from the islands and refused to accept large quantities of

Further, said the commentary, Geest has "ranted and raved" that the
quality of Windwards bananas is not as good as those from Central
America and has pretended that the quality of Windwards' fruit had
deteriorated substantially since the, hurricane.

"The reality is", the commentary said, "that the hurricane disaster
provided Geest with a glorious opportunity to grab at the relat-
ivaly favourable possibilities of Central America and so they took
shelter in this construction about poor quality."

Approached by NEWSLETTER, officials of Geest Industries Ltd, the
British buyers and marketers of the banana crop from Grenada and
the other Windward Islands, declined to comment on this attack,

Referring to Grenada's "domestic exports", one of the commentaries
said EC$28.3 million had been earned during the first 6 months of
1981. This figure is down by EC$2.5 million from the 1980
figure and some EC$10 million down from the record EC$37.2 million
earned -during the same period in 1979.

The commentary points out that, on the other hand, Grenada is
spending more and more on imports and, during the first half of
1981, EC$69.8 million dollars had been spent, a figure,EC$6 million
more than that spent for imports during the corresponding period in

- continued -




Week Ending 24.10.81

"Sources close to the Ministry of Finance indicate that the people
of Grenada must view this as very serious situation",, the
commentary said, "because there is nothing that can be done over-
night to improve the situation."

The Ministry of Finance sources blame Grenada's bad economic per-
formance on "the economic crisis facing the big capitalist
countries where Grenadian goods are exported." Since, from all
indications, the commentary said, these "big capitalist countries"
will not come out of their crisis in the neat future, it means
that the Grenadian economy will continue to face the crisis
presently being experienced.


The Grenada Productive Farmers Union (PFU) has received a letter
from the St Vincent Farmers Union urging a meeting of regional
banana growers.

Speaking on Radio Free Grenada on October 21st, Mr Gellineau James,
a PFU member, said the letter had been received recently and that
what it suggested is a regional meeting of all farmers' organ-
isations to analyse the position of the Banana industry and produce
firm recommendations.

Concern has been expressed recently over the future of the banana
industry in Grenada and the'other Windward Islands. Windwards
fruit face stiff competition in the United Kingdom from more
attractive Central and South American bananas, and the opinion
has been expressed that the price now being obtained by Windwards
g..owers is uneconomic.

"Certainly, we are going to go for this meeting", Mr James said,
"and we hope that, through meetings of this kind, we will be able
to address the present situation in the banana industry."

The Government owned and operated Mirabeau Farm School has
received a gift of livestock from Heifer Project International
(HPI), a non-governmental organisation with headquarters at Little
Rock, Arkansas in the United States of America.

-companied by two HPI officials, the livestock was flown in from
'i on October 21st on a special chartered aircraft and was
i ceived officially at Pearls airport on behalf of the Peoples
r evolutionaryy Government by Deputy Minister of Finance, Mr Lyden
Smdhanny. continued -

Week Ending 24.10.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9

The gift comprises 28 goats, 30 rabbits, 10 Holstein heifers and 14
Landrace pigs. On official of the Ministry of Agriculture told
NEWSLETTER that 12 Holstein heifers were due to arrive but 2 did
not pass the required vetenary examination before export from the

According to information from the.Ministry of Agriculture, this
livestock will, first of all, be used to upgrade the livestock at
the Mirabeau Farm School and improve the institution's self-
sufficiency. In time, it will be utilised as a revolving herd
for graduates of the School, for farmers who have had the necessary
training in the handling of livestock and for cooperatives.

HPI, whose regional representative is Christian Action For Develop-
ment In The Caribbean (CADEC), depends on donations from United
States Church organizations to provide its grants, and a spokesman
for the Ministry of Agriculture told NEWSLETTER that HPI, about 8
years ago, made a grant of rabbits and Jersey cattle to Grenada's
4-H Clubs.

The Agreement covering the present grant was signed on 20th April
last by Dr Gordon Hatcher, HPI Programme Director and, on behalf of
the Peoples Revolutionary Government by Mr Dennis Noel, Chief
Technical Officer in the Ministry of Agriculture.


The second phase of the National In-Service Teacher Education Pro-
gramme (NISTEP) was inaugurated on October 15th by Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop at a ceremony at the Teachers Training College in
St Georges.

Delivering the feature address, Mr Bishop described the programme
as a fundamental departure from "the colonial educational system
inherited from the past", and outlined three principles which, he
said, guide the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) and the New
Jewel Movement (NJM) in the field of education.

"Our Party has always upheld certain fundamental educational
principles", he said. "One, that education is the right of all, a
right, not a privilege. Two, that education is a continuous and
life-long process. Three, that education is a key factor in the
creation of the new Grenadian man and woman."

This last principle, he said, is aptly summarised in the words of
Jose Marti, the Cuban patriot, "to educate is to prepare for life."

It was disclosed at the ceremony that the results of the first phase
of the programme showed examination results of over 80% in the
continued -

Pqge 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week ending 24.10.01

three centres, St Georges, St Andrews and Carriacou. Carriacou
topped the list with 897.


October 15th marked the second anniversary of the establishment of
ihe National Commercial Bank (NCB), the first branch of which was
opened in Grenada's second town of Grenville on October 15th 1979.

On that date, the Peoples Revolutionary Government took over what
was thenthe only sub-branch in Grenada of the Canadian Imperial
Bank of Commerce (CIBC) and, on March 1st 1980, the PRG took over
the CIBC Head Office in St Georges.

Informed sources said at that time that the price paid by the PRG
for the CIBC assets was slightly less than EC$500,000, but that
NCB had undertaken to honour certain CIBC "liabilities", the
.nature of which was not disclosed.

Speaking to reporters on October 15th, NCB Manager Michael
Archibald said the bank had successfully weathered its first two
years and its profits are on the increase.

"In the first year of operations", he said, "our profits totalldj
some EC$500 thousand odd dollars before tax deductions and, this
year, the projected profits for our second year, which ends in
October, is in the vicinity of EC$1.2 million."
Grenada is served by three other commercial banks, all of them
foreign, and Mr Archibald said that, when NCB was started, it was
.-t the tail end as far as deposits are concerned. Now, he said,
NCB stands second with deposits and is well on the way to becoming
"number one".

"Total deposits now have crossed 30 million dollars", he said, "and,
when we started, it was in the vicinity of 15 million, which is what
we took over from CIBC, so that also has doubled, so I would say we
are on our way to becoming number one which we hope to achieve within
the next five years."

In addition t tVhe Grenville branch, NCB has opened one other branch:
which is in the west coast town of Gouyave, and Mr Archibald said
there are plans to open two more. One is to be in the Parish of
St Davids (ahich has never been served by a bank), and the other is
'o be in the sister island of Carriacou. The St Davids branch
-hould be opened before year's end and the one in Carriacou within
rtr3 first quarter of 1982.

C 7-21

Week Ending 24.10.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11


To mark the second anniversary of its establishment, the State-
owned National Commercial Bank (NCB) has awarded a scholarship to
a secondary school student.

This scholarship, presented by the NCB St Georges Head Office, has
been awarded to Louisa Marryshow, a form three student at the
Bernadette Bailey Secondary School, and is to assist with defraying
expenses for uniforms, books and transportation.

This is the second scholarship provided- by NCB, the first being
awarded by NCB's Grenville, St Andrews to a student of the
St.Andrews Anglican Secondary School.

It has been announced that the NCB Head Office and its two branches
at Grenville, St Andrews and Gouyave, St Johns will each offer one
scholarship annually, the total value of which will be EC$900.


A Community Nutrition Programme coordinator and an officer from the
Ministry of Agriculture represented Grenada at a workshop on
national food and nutrition programmes and projects which opened in
Jamaica on October 19th and ran until October 27th.

Grenada's representatives Were Miss Margaret Lendor of the Com-
munity Nutrition Programme and Mr Earle Francois of the Ministry of

The workshop, at which 17 Caribbean countries were represented, was
jointly sponsored by the Caribbean Food & Nutrition Institute
(CFNI), the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat, the Organ-
isation of American States and the IBM World Trade Americas Far
East Corporation.

The thrust of the workshop was towards study of a draft food and
nutrition strategy for the Caribbean prepared by a CFNI technical
group meeting in Jamaica last year. Aim of the workshop was to
advance regional food and nutritional planning, develop technical
and management skills and upgrade national plans and projects for
CARICOM countries.


Grenada's ailing Spice Industry is to get a boost. This was
disclosed by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop on October 12th at a
press conference called to publicise gains achieved out of
continued -

Fe 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.1l.81

Mr Bishop's discussions with Mexican President Jose Lopez Portillo
in Mexico in September4

Mr Bishop.said the proposal had been discussed that Mexico should
deposit a sum of money in a bank in Grenada, that money to be used
to purchase Grenadian goods, particularly nutmegs, and, more par-
ticularly, minor spices, "now that those industries are in some-
what of a crisis."

Nutmegs are marketed by the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association
and "minor spices" (which includes cloves, cinnamon, pimento and
all other 'spices except nutmegs and mace) are marketed by the
Minor Spices Cooperative Marketing Society.

"I can tell you that, two days ago, a phone call came to Grenada",
Mr Bishop told the press conference, "and this phone call said that,
in the next two weeks, three million dollars will be deposited in a
bank to be set up against the purchase of spices from'our country."
Other gains reported by Mr Bishop are in the fields of petroleum
supply and storage. The Prime Minister said he had reached
concrete agreement with Mexico on the regular supply of oil over
a period and the provision in Grenada of storage above the
30,000 barrel capacity now available.

"If you put 30,000 barrels of oil at the bottom of a big tanker,
they disappear", he said, "you cant even see them. So, one of
the key questions, always, we must, first of all, get some more
storage capacity and, again, with the Mexicans, we agreed on this
and we hope to get some more storage from them very soon."


A two man delegation from the Grenada Media Workers Association
(GMWA) left Grenada in October for Moscow to attend the 9th
Congress of the International Organisation of Journalists (IOJ).

The delegation was led by Mr Ray Donald, GMWA President and the
other member was Mr Don Rojas, GMWA first Vice-President and
Editor of the State-owned "Free West Indian" newspaper.

GMWA, which was formed last May, has applied for membership of
IOJ and this application was expected to be approved by the
Congress which opened in Moscow in the week ending October 17th.

'.MWA was officially launched on July 11th last and the broad aims
i the association are stated as to assist media workers of the
j-untry to perform their duties properly and to increase part-
.cipation of Grenadian workers in building the Grenada revolution.

Week Ending 24.10.81 THE GRBNADA;NEWSLETTER Page:13


In an editorial carried by Radio Free Grenada (RFG) on October 12th,
the station, commenting on the death of President Anwar Al-Sadat,
said the slain Egyptian leader had "turned back all the progress"
made by his predecessor, Gamal Abdel Nasser who died in 1970.

According to the editorial, Nassar, bravely fighting against
"imperialism", replaced Egypt on the world map, nationalised the
largest foreign companies and distributed thousands of acres of
landlords' land to peasants.

"In close alliance with the Soviet Union", RFG said, "an industrial
base began to be built, the most outstanding reminded of which is
the Aswan Dami providing power for industry, and irrigation for
farming the bleached Egyptian soil."

Nassar was a founder of the Non-Aligned Movement, said the edit-
orial, and he helped to forge its principles of "peace, anti-
imperialism and unity among Third World people".

"It was this love of peace and hatred of injustice which led Nasser
to be the implacable foe of ZionsMz"~q RFG said, "that force which,
backed by U.S. imperialism, had murdered and exiled the Palestine
people from their own land to establish the State of Israel."

The editorial said Nasser will never be forgotten but his successor,
Sadat, "turned back all this progress."
Kick Out
"Sadat's first action was to kick out many of the thousands of
Soviet advisors who adgiven Egypt self less assistance to dL-vQlop her
economy and protect herself from Israeli aggression", RFG said.
"Sadat reintroduced United States imperialism to plunder the wealth
of the country and exploit the people."

Prices sky-rocketed under Sadat, the editorial said, unemployment
soared, there were riots as a result of food shortages but, the
editorial continued, the action for which the Arab world and
"progressive humanity" will never forgive him is the Camp David

"Hailed by imperialism as a great peace initiative", RFG said,
"what the Agreement had really done was to break the unity of the
Arab World, up to then firmly united against Israeli aggression.
This allowed Isreal to step up- its warfare against the Palestinian
refugees, to invade Lebanon, bombing and killing hundreds of
civilians and, generally, to pursue their racist and genocidal
policy without fear of united retaliation."

RFG said it was no surprise that Sadat had been killed by "the
weapons of his own army", an army he had "used against the Egyptian
people on many occasions", and the editorial said the first lesson
continued -

_ i I_____

I___ _

Piae 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.10.79

for Third World countries from the life and death of Sadat is that,
"once again, United States imperialism, in expressing unabashed pain
at Sadat's death, shows wht is the real power behind every Facist
inclined dictator in the world today."

The second lesson, according to RFG, is that, while anyone can fall
to the assassins bullet, traitors to their people can always be
identified by the "absence of mourning on their death.". And
the third.lesson, said the editorial, is that people struggling for
national liberation must be on the alert and never allow "agents
like Sadat to enter and be nurtured by the vanguard party."

hG; noted that reports indicate that Sadat's successor intends to
pursue the same policy carried out by the slain President towards
the United States and Israel.

"However", the editorial concluded, "precisely because Anwar Sadat
was so powerful and held so many levers in,his own hands, his
death increases the possibilities for the ,Egyptian people event-
ually returning to a progressive path."


Speaking at a news conference at the Holiday Inn on October 21st,
Buelena Mohamed Fadel, Polisario Fropt Ambassador to Grenada of the
Sahara Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) who presented his cre-
dentials to Governor General Sir Paul Scoon on October 19th. -
said Grenada is on a correct path and Grenadians have seen the
light after many years of darkness.

-iibassador Fadel said the SADR is very impressed with the progress
the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has made in such a short
time. Before the revolution, he said, Grenada was not known but
now commands international prestige because of its rapid advances
in many areas.

Mr Fadel, who is based in Cuba and is accredited also to Nicaragua,
said he has seen immense participation of the Grenadian people in
the--decision making process here .. "This did not exist in the
past", he said, "and has been achieved despite the economic
difficulties at home and the difficult international situation
which exists in the world today."

The SADR was proclaimed on February 27th 1976 and lays claim to an
ea which was formerly Spanish Sahara (about 103,000 square miles
about a quarter bigger than Guyana).

c the day before the proclamation, Spain had formally turned this
_frican territory over to Morocco on the north and Mauritania on
continued -

Week Ending 24.10.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 15

on the south, but the Saharan nationalists, under the name of the
Polisario Front, declared themselves independent as the SADR.

Both Morocco and Mauritania tried to suppress the Polisario Pront
guerillas, the former claiming the northern two-thirds of the coun-
try while Mauritania laid claim to the southern third.

In August 1979, Mauritania signed a peace agreement with the
Palisario Front and withdrew its territorial claims. Morocco,
however, continues to oppose the Polisario Front, announcing that
the southern part of the region is considered the nation's 37th
Immediate Objective
Referring to the present situation in the SADR, Mr Fadel told the
news conference that Morocco still occupies 10% of his country's
territory, and the immediate objective of his people's present
struggle is the total withdrawal of Moroccan troops.

The Ambassador said Morocco is supported by South Africa, Israel
and the United States of America, and has broken a promise made at
a recent meeting of the Organisation of African Unity. That
promise, he said, was that they would withdraw from the Western
Sahara but, instead, they are :mow charging that foreign troops are
assisting the Polisario Front.

This charge, he said, is aimed at getting more military assistance
from the United States, Israel and South Africa, which countries,
he said, are after the immense riches of the Western Sahara which,
in the past, they exploited for their own interests.

tr Fadel said Grenada was one of the first countries in the English
speaking Caribbean to recognize the SADR as a sovereign republic.
Over 50 countries have recognized SADR since it was declared a
republic in 1976, he said, and among them are Guyana, St Lucia,
Jamaica, Dominica, Cuba, Nicaragua, Mexico and Panama.


A photo exhibition of the life and history of the Bulgarian people
opened on October 23rd at Marryshow House, Extra Mural Centre of
the University of the West Indies in St Georges.

According to a broadcast over Radio Free Grenada on October 21st,
Bulgaria celebrated its 1300th anniversary of independence on
October 18th, and the exhibition is part of a programme of activ-
ities to mark the occasion.

Present in Grenada at that time was Bulgarian Ambassador to Grenad,
Mr Boico Dimetrov, and in Bulgaria, representing the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government and the New Jewel Movement at the anniversary
c onrinue - 16

celebrations was Minister of;Education, Miss Jacqueline Creft.


The Agricultural and General Workers Union (AGWU), Grenada's
youngest trade union formed just after the revolution of March 13th
1979, has been formally accepted as a member of the Grenada Trade
Union Council (TUC).

AGWU's application for membership was considered at the TUC Con-
vention on September 25th, but approval was withheld pending sub-
mission of certain information to TUC.

A TUC official said on October 19th that this information had been
produced and AGWU is now a TUC member. AGWU, representing
agricultural and road workers, is Grenada's second largest trade


Dr Aubrey Armstrong, advisor to the United Nations Caribbean Centre
for Development (CARICAD), said in Grenada on October 21st thatbyth*
fifth module of the current seminar for top management in the
Grenada Public Service, most of the Ministries will have a statement
of their roles, missions and objectives as well as a complete
definition of jobs within their department.

Dr Armstrong, who is one of the supervisors of,the programme, said
this development will be a significant step forward, not only for
the Grenada Public Service, but for the entire Caribbean.

The U.N. Advisor was speaking at the end of the third module of an
eight module programme, and he said there had been a very high
level of participation and he was very impressed with the
enthusiasm of the participants. There had been follow up on-
the-job work which had produced results, he said, and the train-
ing programme is attracting interest as a model.
Rid orous'
This is the first time in the English speaking Caribbean that top
managers in the Public Service have been taken away from their
desks and put through such a rigorous comprehensive management
training programme, he said. "We are pulling them away from
their desks for three days at a time, eight times during the
course of eight months', Dr Armstrong said, "and we feel that
:mis is going to be a model that we have to look at very care-
continued -

Week Ending 24.10.81

.. -1


Dr Armstrong thought the programme is "pretty important" to the rest
of the Caribbean and that, over the next two years, a number of
Eastern Caribbean countries will be visiting Grenada to look at the
programme and that materials developed for the programme will
probably be used by those countries.


Mr Cecil Belfon, "The Flying Turkey", three times Grenada's Calypso
King, will represent Grenada at the first International Festival of
Latin American and Caribbean Music which takes place in Cuba from
November 23rd.

Radio Free Grenada said on October 21st that the Festival will bring
together artistes from 23 countries and will be staged mainly in
Cuba's Karl Marx Theatre and the National Theatre.


Miss Candida Alleyne, Head of Grenada's Food & Nutrition Council,
disclosed on October 21st that Grenada has requested assistance
from the Caribbean Food & Nutrition Institute (CFNI) for develop-
ment of the island's nutrition programme.

Miss Alleyne said the request was made at a recent meeting in
Jamaica of Heads of Nutrition Units and representatives of Food &
Nutrition Councils in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and Surinam.

"What we have done is to ask for help in determining what the
nutrition problem in the country is", Miss Alleyne said. "For us
to do that, we need something like a national survey and some
smaller in-depth studies on the nutrition problem in some specific

Miss Alleyne said the CFNI has been asked to work with her Council
in organising a national survey next year. Assistance has been
requested also, she said, in developing Grenada's nutrition edu-
cation programme, and CFNI communications expert have been invited
to visit Grenada and assist in preparing audio-visual materials.
This educational programme will start almost immediately and will
be on-going in 1982, she said.

Each panelist at the meeting discussed the question of the exis-
tence of a national policy for community participation, Miss Alleyne
said, and gave some practical examples of community participation
in their countries.

- continued -

Week Ending 24.10.8:1

Page 17


"I must say Grenada had the greatest contribution to make in this
area", she said, "because we were able to say that there is a
national policy for community participation which has already been
implemented, which is in the process of being implemented.1'

Miss Alleyne said that, in Grenada, with the existence of zonal
and Parish Councils which coordinate the work of villages, there is
a national system established for community participation.

The Head of Grenada's Food & Nutrition Council said the other
countries represented at the meeting generally had "model areas"
and, with them, community participation exists only in an ad hoc


The last issue of NEWSLETTER reported several
items of news from earlier this year which, for
reasons beyond the Edirtor's control, had not been
published before.

For those subscribers who require as full a rec-
ord of things Grenadian as possible, we now
carry more of these news items.


The Managing Director of one of Grenada's largest Companies says
there has been a severe decline in Grenada's economy and this
decline relates tp the major productive sectors, agriculture and

In a Report to the shareholders, Mr Fred Toppin, Managing Director
of Jpnas Browne & Hubbard Ltd:(supermarkets, lumber, hardware,
consumer goods, shipping agencies, commission agencies etc) says
sales for his Company totalled EC$18.2 million in 1978, EC$22
million in 1979 and EC$23.9 million in 1980. But, Mr Toppin
says, these increases do not reflect the true position.

"According to our records", he says, "the cost of living, or
xsically the cost of goods and services, rose by 38.2% and, if
a true comparison is to be made, then our sales for 1980 in
relation to 1978 were only EC$13.7 million or approximately 75%
:f the volume attained in 1978." continued -

Week Ending 24.10.81

rigo 18

Week'Ending 24.10 81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 19

Mr Toppin referred to his 1979 Report in which he reflected on the
future and the effects Government's expected projects would have
on the economy but, he said, most of these projects have not yet
come on stream or have been reduced in size. The International
Airport, during the construction period, is not having a marked
effect economically due to the lack of major local imput, he said.
"There can be no doubt that long term forecasting and planning is
difficult, if not impossible, as we seem to be operating in an
atmosphere of depression and uncertainty", Mr Toppin said. "This
cannot be good for the country and can be reversed only if clear
guidelines, rather than general statements, as to the role and
future of the private sector, are made by Government."

The Managing Director said areas of very real concern are elec-
tricity, telephones, roads and water. 'In his opinion, these
services seem to be in a process of rapid deterioration and it is
difficult, if not impossible, for the country to operate unless
adequate standards are maintained in these'essential areas.

The Annual General Meeting of the Company was held on March 5th when
the shareholders approved the Directors' recommendation that a
dividend of 7% be paid on trading for 1980. The dividend paid
for 1979 was 1271%.


The current year is likely to be the most critical in the history
of the Windward Islands Banana Industry. This view was expressed
earlier this year by a visiting high level team from Geest Indus- S
tries Ltd, the sole buyers of Windward Island bananas.

The team, which arrived in Grenada on January 20th, was comprised
of Mr R J Hilbourne, Managing Director of Geest International Ltd,
Mr J A F Hailwood, Chairman of Geest Industries (West Indies) Ltd,
Mr A F Rodriguez, Director of Geest Industries (West Indies) Ltd
with special responsibility for the Geest Caribbean Shipping Line,
and Mr F S Leonce, Technical Director of the Company.

Mr Hilbourne told NEWSLETTER that, since the hurricane damage of
last year with consequent drastic drop in banana tonnage shipped
from the Windward Islands, that was the first time the British
housewife had had as much as 90% of her bananas supplied by Central
and South America.

"Those bananas are of very high quality and are at no higher cost
than Windwards bananas", he said, "and having had them for so many
months, she has had time to get accustomed to them and it will be
difficult to woo her away."
continued -


P.-ge 20 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.10.81

The team expressed concern over the continuing incidence of leaf-
spot disease in Grenada, which island, because of hurricane damage
to the other Windwards, was then the chief supplier of bananas from
the four islands. This is the:third consecutive year, Mr Hil-
bourne said, in which leaf-spot is affecting the Grenada plantations
and resulting in considerable loss of fruit in the United Kingdom.
Buyers, he said, were reacting adversely and sales were affected.

Discussions were held by the team with the Grenada Banana cooperative
Society, the statutory body which is the sole exporter of bananas,
and Mr Hilbourne told NEWSLETTER it had been mutually agreed that
there is urgent need to improve operational practices. The team
also met Mr Unison Whiteman, then Minister of Agriculture, and
Mr Lloyd Benjamin, Manager of Geest Industries (Grenada) Ltd said
the discussions had been cordial and satisfactory.

The team left on January 21st for St Vincent on the second leg of
its tour of the Windward Islands.


It was announced anonymously earlier this year that a new political
party was to be launched in Grenada in mid-1981.

An unsigned document unidentified with any individual or group and
circulated through the mail in mid-January:stated that the launching
would coincide with a "week of farmers' celebrations". The Party
was to be called the "Grenada National Party for Reconstruction and
Liberation" and its slogan to be, "Forward on your knees before God
and on your feet before tyrants."

The document was very strongly against the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) and is similar to two anti-PRG documents
circulated in September and November last. This document is
entitled "Operation Relay" and there is a sub-title, "The Spectre
of Communism is haunting the Caribbean."

"According to our intelligentsia (sic)", the document said, "the
KGB has been in the Caribbean as early as the inception of the
University College of the West Indies in 1958."

The document says the "black power" disturbances in Trinidad in
1970 were a soviet "vehicle for change in Trinidad and other
Caribbean islands", and its failure "did not daunt their spirits".
"They are a very determined people", the document says. "Make
t ouble, fail, make trouble again, fail again, then you must
finally succeed. This is their motto."

- continued -


Sopvi,2t Espionage
The document points out that Egmont :Bay on Grenada's south coast is
now a restricted area and it says the, Soviets have noted this area
as having potential for "a :secured naval base". It points out
also that the international airport now being constructed by the
Cubans at Poont Saline is very close to Egmont Bay and, says the
document, this project has been earmarked by the Soviets as a
military base.

"With Jamaica gone", the document says, "Grenada is now the official
headquarters for espionage by the Soviets in the Caribbean. Thus,
it is riot by chance that (Prime Minister Maurice) Bishop would look
down and make derogatory statements about his CARICOM counterparts.
Bishop's thoughts, words and deeds, expressed and implied, are
politically calculated to serve his masters."

The Russians have held two "dramatic naval exercises" under the
name of "Okean", the document says, and there have been some 250
Soviet ships deployed world-wide and centrally directed from Moscow.
"The Soviets' fleet Admiral Gorchkov who visited Grenada early in
March 1980", the document says, "has stated openly and repeatedly
that such maneuvers are the cardinal, ingredients in achieving a
Communist world."
Express Newspaper
The document promised to continue to monitor the activities of the
Peoples Revolutionary Government and it makes an appeal for funds
which, it said, could be paid into the "Grenada National Party for
Reconstruction and Liberation Support Fund" in care of Trinidad
Express Ltd, Trinidad.

On January 14th, NEWSLETTER contacted by phone Mr Keith Smith,
Managing Editor of the Trinidad Express" newspaper. Mr Smith
said he had not heard of this document and had no knowledge of the
Grenada National Party for Reconstruction and Liberation. "We
know nothing of this matter", he said, "and we disassociate our-
selves from it entirely."


Two Grenadians left the island on September 20th for Barbados to
take part in a 10-week course in Project Management funded by the
Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) and conducted by the CDB Project
Administration Training Unit.

The course began on September 21st and the Grenadian participants
were Mr Lennox Campbell, Senior Assistant Secretary in the Ministry
of Communications & Works, and Mr Hamilton Roberts, an engineer
attacned to the Central Water Commission.

Week Ending 24.10.81

Page 21

Page 22 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.10.81


Industrial action taken by the Agricultural & General Workers Union
(AGWU) against the Grenada Farms Corporation (GFC) was called off
with effect from 27th August.

AGWU President General Fitzey Bain announced that agreement had been
reached with the GFC Board of Management and he called on all workers
to return to their jobs immediately.

The industrial action began on August 19th when workers at the
Government owned Belle Vue estate went on strike. According to
the Union, negotiations have been going on with GFC (the organ-
isation which manages all Government owned estates) since last
March on the questions of holiday pay and incentive pay.

AGWU accused the Board of Management of having a "negative
attitude" towards the discussions and the strike spread to affect
La Sagesse, Laura, Marlmount, Bocage and other Government owned

Mr Bain &aid GFC agreed to pay workers for all public holidays
and to give incentive pay "to various farm workers where such farms
qualify for payment." GFC agreed also to pay workers for the
days they were out on strike.


Elections in Grenada is the concern of the Grenadian people only
and Prime Minister Tom Adams of Barbados is in no position. to
interfere in this matter.

This opinion was expressed in a statement on August 5th by the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) in reply to a call made in
London by Mr Adams for the holding of General Elections in Grenada
as promised by the PRG after the March 13th 1979 overthrow of the

Gairy Government by Mr Maurice Bishop's New Jewel Movement.

"It is necessary to recall", the PRG said, "that immediately after
the recent elections in Barbados, opposition forces as well as
leading newspapers in Barbados, charged that the June 18th
elections were not free and fair."

The PRG statement said thousands of people who went to the polls
in the Barbados elections found they could not cast their votes,
but the Adams Government has done nothing to prove the elections
were free and fair.

because the people of Grenada have been benefiting tremendously
from the many popular programmes which have brought a significant
continued -


improvement to the life of the Grenadian people, the PRG said,
Mr Adams is in no position to talk about "freedom and democracy" in
"Furthermore", the PRG said, "thousands of people are daily involved
in the exercising of true democracy by their participation in the
Centre for Popular Education, Farish and Zonal Councils and the work
of other mass organizations."

The PRG statement claimed that, after two years since the revo-
lution, Grenadians receive free medical attention, free and
increased educational opportunities, increased national unity and
a significant decrease in the crime rate. The statement con-
trasts this with what the PRG said were conditions existing in

"After almost six years of rule by Tom Adams' Barbados Labour Party'
the PRG said, "the Barbadian people are finding it more difficult to
survive from day to day. Cost of living is increasing while
workers' wages are decreasing. Crime in Barbados is rising at an
astronomical rate and the poor are getting poorer while the rich are
getting richer."

Mr Adams loves "royal occasions -to do the work of his masterss, the
PRG said, and the last occasion he "poked his nose into Grenada's
business", he was "drinking up" at an election victory party at the
home of "CIA royalty Ashley Wills, well known Head of C.A operations
in the Eastern Caribbean."

After "a few more drinks", the PRG said, Mr Adams chose another
royal occasion, the wedding of Prince Charles, to "carry out his
orders and, once more, 'wash his mouth' in Grenada's business."

The statement said it would have been a surprise if, "instead of
singing the usual imperialist song", Mr Adams had used his platform
in Britain to join the PRG in condemning the "racist British
Nationality Bill and the increasing repressions being faced by our
sisters and brothers of the Caribbean and other parts of the world
in England."

"The PRG and the people of Grenada have no quarrel with the Bar-
badian people who they continue to regard as brothers and sisters
in one Caribbean struggle for overall betterment", the PRG said.
"However, the people of Grenada stand ready to deal with all
imperialist and CIA yard fowls, pawns and puppets who stand in the
way of their revolution and who choose to join the United States
Government's plan to isolate and turn back the Grenada revolution."


Week Ending 24.10.81



It was announced early in August that the Government of Mexico has
offered the Peoples Revolutionary Government a number of scholar-
ships for post graduate study in a variety of fields, and suitably
qualified Grenadians were invited to apply to the Ministry of
Plannilig, Development and Training.

Applications were also invited for scholarships offered by the
Government of India for study by senior educators in the field of


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said on February 12th that if, as he
wishes, the Caribbean is declared a 'zone of peace', it will mean
that Barbados, "which in recent times has been engaging in hostile
offensive manoeuvers, will no longer be able to so engage in those

Mr Bishop was speaking at the Grand Anse Convention Centre on the
occasion of the presentation of the 1981 Budget by Ministdr of
Finance Bernard Coard, and the Prime Minister asked his listeners
to contrast Barbados' manoeuvers with those held in Grenada.

"When we held military manoeuvers in Grenada 2- weeks ago", he
said, "the kind of manoeuvers we had were obviously defensive
manoeuvers. What our sisters and brothers in the armed forces
were doing was pretending that our country was under attack and
preparing to deal with that eventuality."

Mr Bishop said that, in contrast with this, recent military man-
oeuvers held in Barbados were of an offensive nature and foreign
governments, "the former and present colonial masters", had been
involved. Newspaper pictures, he said, had shown army officers
of these foreign governments "directing the show".
Assault Boats
"What you could have seen of these manoeuvers", Mr Bishop said,
"is that they were offensive in character. You saw people
landing from assault boats and rushing on to beaches. That can
only tell you that what is being practiced and planned for there
is a maneuver of an aggressive and hostile kind."

Mr Bishop said that, in a 'zone of peace', such a manoeuver could
not be practiced as easily, if at all.

The Prime Minister said that, over the past few weeks from the time
'- was speaking, there had been "spy flights" over Grenada with
increasing frequency. He did not identify the country
initiating these flights but he said they took place by night and
continued -

Week Ending 24.10.81

Week Ending 24.1081 .THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 25

Day. "These spy flights", he said, "are an open violation of
the rights of our people, but they are conducted with impunity
because of the belief that we are defenceless."

Mr Bishop complained also of large foreign fishing trawlers
operating in Grenada's waters, cutting the nets of Grenadian
fishermen and using "illegal power nets". He called this an act
of "economic piracy and sabotage."

The Prime Minister said that, if the Caribbean is declared a "zone
of peace", many of these acts would become more difficult to prac-
tice and the people of the region would be guaranteed a period of
real peace and an opportunity to develop their own countries in a
peaceful and progressive way.


Excavation work began in January on the new site for the Government
owned and operated Radio Free Grenada. The site is at Beausejoux
some 5 miles north of St 'Georges bn the West coast.

RFG's studios and main transmitted. plant are located at Morne Rouge
in the hotel development area about four miles south of St Georges,
and the move to Beausejour, which involves an upgrading of power,
is as a result of a technical and scientific cooperation agreement
between the Peoples Revolutionary Government and the Government of
Cuba. Under that agreement, Cuban technicians have now
(November) installed the new transmitted and will train Grenadian
personnel to operate it.

Presenting the 1981 budget on February 12th, Minister of Finance
Bernard Coard disclosed that over CG$1 million would be spent on
radio and television services.

"Capital expenditure on communications, including the building of
a medium wave tower for Radio Free Grenada to enable transmission
throughout Grenada and neighboring areas, and the purchase of
equipment for Television Grenada, has been budgeted to cost EC$1.45
million", he said.

The Minister said that, of this sum, EC$200,000 has been allocated
for television.
Princess Margaret
Radio Grenada (as the station was called up to the time of the revo-
lution) was inaugurated by Britain's Princess Margaret on February
6th 1954 at a rally at Queens Park, St Georges. At that time,
the station was located at Tanteen on the outskirts of St Georges
and operated with 5 Kilowatts on short wave and a local service of
250 watts in the 49 meter band.
continued -

F gc 26 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.10.81

In March 1957, the station was moved to its present location at
Morne Rouge, the 5 kw short wave service being maintained and the
local service being moved to the medium wave band. The power
of the latter service was subsequently increased to 500 watts and
is now operated at 1 kw. The increase in power at the Beau-
sejour site has'Been said tobe.75 kw in the medium wave band.


Another Minister of the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) was
subjected, in February, to what was described as "harassment" at
Barbados's Grantley Adams airport.

On his was to the Non-Aligned Conference in Delhi, India, then
ministerr of Communications, Woeks and Labour Selwyn Strachan was
not accorded ministerial privileges when he landed from LIAT airways
at Grantley Adams on February 6th to connect with an on-going flight.

According to Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, Mr Strachan was "sub-
jected to tremendous harassment and provocation by Customs officials
acting on the instructions of Uncle Tom (Prime Minister Tom Adams of
Barbados) at the Barbados international airport."

Mr Bishop was addressing an Independence Day rally on February 7th
when he gave details of the incident. He said Mr Strachan had,
at first, refused to open his bags but had complied eventually. He
refused,, however, to unpack them as' instructed' by the.Cautouas
officials, and they did that job themselves.

He was then taken to a private room and asked to take off his
clothess to be searched, the Prime Minister said, but he refused to
do so. As a result, he was kept in that room for some four
hours until he was able to board his flight to London.
Mr Bishop said that, a few weeks before, when Air Cubana
established a direct flight link between Cuba and Grenada, "they
saw that, correctly, as yet another link between our country and
the glorious people of Cuba (and) that went a long way in helping
to upset them."

"But they must understand", he said, "that nothing they do, nothing
they say, no threats they make, no actions they could take, will
ever stop us from developing ever closer ties with our revolutionary
comrades from Cuba."

The Prime Minister said also that if "they" were hoping that by
oppiig Mr Strachan as he was going to the Non-Aligned Movement
,meeting Grenada would be stopped from working closely with the
movementt, "that, too, is a dream."
-continued -


This was the third occasion on which the PRG has complained of
harassment of Government Ministers at Grantley Adams International
Airport. Last November, Mr Bishop said then Minister of Agri-
culture, Tourism and Fisheries Unison Whiteman had been threatened
by Barbados Customs officials with having his bags slashed if he
did not open them. At that time, Mr Bishop said, Mr Whiteman
had had similar treatment meted out to him a year before.

Smouldering feelings of ill will between Barbados and Grenada
Governments came into the open last November 4th when Mr Adams
called on the PRG to fulfil its promise to hold early elections as
had been promised after the March 13th 1979 overthrow of the Gairy
Government. Mr Bishop retaliated by accusing Mr Adams of curry-
ing favour with United States President Reagan.

"Like an expectant dog barking for its supper", Mr Bishop said,
"He (Adams) rushes in to please his new master, Peagan, like all
good yard fowls, by attacking Grenada."

Last November, the Barbados Government withdrew diplomatic priv-
ileges and immunities from members of the PRG and prohibited
any statement concerning the PRG from being broadcast on the state
owned radio and television.


"If Cuba continues to kindle in the breast of all genuine patriots
and democrats the hope that, one day, their own countries might be
free, if the Nicaraguan revolution means for Central America that
every patriot wants to be a Sandanista, (it also "correct to say
that) the Grenada Revolution means for the Eastern Caribbean, hope
for the struggling masses."

This thought was expressed on January 9th by Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop as he delivered the feature address at the opening of a
Caribbean Workers Conference sponsored jointly by the United States
based Caribbean Peoples Alliance, the Antigua Caribbean Liberation
Movement and the New Jewel Movement.

Mr Bishop warned, however, that all "progressive leaders in the
region in and out of power" are in danger of assassination. "For
those who have doubts", he said, "let them consider that when
Walter Rodney was assassinated in Guyana, Rodney was not in office,
he was not in power."

The Prime Minister said the killing of Archbishop Romero of El
Salvador was an assassination of a "progressive" in opposition,
and he said a plot to kill Prime Minister Michael Manley of Jamaica
last year was an attempt against a "progressive" in power.
continued -

Week Ending 24.10.81

F-PC 28 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.10.81


"Imperialism is making no grec.t exceptions at this point in time", he
said, "and while they are choosing to organise their ways of trying
to stop the growth of the patriotic, democratic, progressive, social-
ist revolutionary movement in the region, we too are going to have to
come up with strategies to try to counter imperialism's attempts".

!r Bishop said the reaction of Prime Minister Tom Adams of Barbados
to United States President Ronald Reagan's election victory should
tell a lot about how important that victory is for "reaction in the
region, and he said Mr Adams "vulgarity on that particular night
(November 4th) knew no bounds".

"Carter, in America, did:not accept that Reagan had won the election
until after eleven o'clock but, two hours before that, before Carter
himself had thrown in the towel, and while the people of America were
still counting their votes", Mr Bishop said, "this man Tom Adams,
sitting in the American Ambassador's home in Barbados, was already on
the radio station saying to Reagan that he was willing to be a nice

The Prime Minister said Mr Adams' reaction symbolises "the danger of
the period". Without, any-doubt, he.said, what the Reagan victory means
is that the "right wing" in the region has become "a million times" bolder,
more hopeful, confident and certain that the correct path is the "condemned
path of the Puerto Rican model of industrialisation by invitation" and
"laissez-faire capitalism."

"We have to find ways of making sure that our people understand that the
i-iscredited ways, that the old capitalistic formulas and models and pol-
icies could never solve the problems of the region", he said. "We have
to see that discarded method and system as an old worn out tube on which
you already have 25 patches and where there is no room for even a single
patch more."

Mr Bishop said that, against the background of the history of "interven-
tion by the United States" in the region, there is no room for optimism
that a U.S. intervention is no longer possible in the conditions of 1981.
The Prime Minister said the U.S. policy of intervention started with the
Monroe Doctrine in 1823 and, with that as a basis, a number of models and
techniques have been developed by the U.S. He traced the operations of
these "techniques and models" during the last century and this, and he
warned that the United States will "chop and change" its methods to suit
its own purposes.

*i Prime Minister said that "defamation" is one of the more recent methods
-f the United States and "imperialism has been able to draw more and more
, 3tionaries into their dirty task."

:One of the most comical of these recent attempts at defaming the Grenada
vclution", he said, "has come from the press maffia in the continued d

Week Ending 24.10.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 29

region, the usual press gang, the 'Trinidad Guardian', 'Trinidad
Express', 'arbados Advocate' and 'Jamaica Gleaner' "

He said these newspapers have had the "audacity and nerve" to join
together to try to bring Grenada before the Inter-American Comm-
ission on Human Rights alleging violations of human rights. These
newspapers, he said, spend all their time exploiting their workers
and ensuring that the views of the masses are never published.

Among others who attended the Conference were Mr Cheddi Jagan of the
Gpyana Peoples Progressive Party, Mr Tim Hector of the Antigua
Caribbean Liberation Movement, Mr Michael Als of the Trinidad &
Tobago Peoples Popular Movement and Mr Bill Means of the New York
based American Indian Movement. Conference sources told
NEWSLETTER that some 60 persons from 28 countries were expected to
participate. American political activist Miss Angela Davis was
expected to attend the Conference but did not arrive. The
Conference ran until January

The St Georges University School o' Medicine has attacked the Ass-
ociation of American Medical Colleges (AAMC:) for criticizing the
School and said the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical
Graduates (BCFMG) examination results in 1980 "have further under-
lined the academic level of our students and the quality of their

The attack came in the editorial of the School's 1980 "Newsletter"
released in March, and this publication said that, in the July
1980 5CFMG examinations, American students from the School scored
marks of 84%, second only to one other foreign medical school in
Belgium which scored P6%.

The editorial referred specifically to the President of the Assoc-
iation of American Medical Colleges who, the editorial said, "spent
the funds of his organisation for a 2000 mile jaunt to Barbados to
attend a meeting of Caribbean Ministers of Health where, a number of
Ministers told us, he asked them to deny our school clinical facil-
ities in the Caribbean."

"Although, after his 2000 mile journey, this critic was only 120
miles from our School", the editorial said, "he apparently did not
think it worth while to take the brief 20 minute journey to get
first hand knowledge of it."

The St Georges University School of Medicine was established in 1976
under a special law enacted by the Government of now deposed Prime
Minister Eric Gairy. Under that law, the School has the "sole and
.. 1- continued -

- flA i *fl flir *

gae 30 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 2,.J..l

exclusive charter for a medical school" and diplomas issued by the
School will be recognized by the Grenada Government.
Soon after the opening of the School, the Grenada Medical Association
(GMA) expressed concern that, in the absence of consultations with
GMA, the Windward & Leeward Islands Medical Association, the Common-
wealth Caribbean Medical Association, the British Medical Association
and the University of the West Indies (UWI), the Bodies concerned
with the Practice of the Medical profession in the Caribbean, "the
standards of the St Georges University School of Medicine have not
been subjecyed to scrutiny and may not conform to acceptable levels".

An issue of the "New York Times" in June 1977 quotes the GMA Sec-
retary, Dr Bernard Gittens, as saying that the School was "sub-
standard", had set its own standards and that no one was monitoring
the situation.

This concern by the GMA appears to have been well founded. An
investigation made by NEWSLETTER showed that, of the five original
"professors" employed by the School, four did not have the conn-
ections with certain prestigious North American universities, which
connections were claimed by a spokesman for the School.

The School's faculty has since been greatly expanded and changed, and
the Vice-Chancellor is now the distinguished Dr Geoffrey Howard
Bourne, formerly Director of the Yerkes Primate Centre in Atlanta,
Georgia, U.S.A. The School also now has a Board of Academic Trus.-
tees, headed by Sir Gordon Wolstenholm, a member of the Executive of
the General Medical Council of the United Kingdom.

Dr Bernard Gittens, formerly GMA Secretary and now Secretary (Junior
Mi sister) for Health in the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG),
said in October 1980 that there are aspects of the School which need
upgrading and UWI has been asked to monitor the school on behalf of
the PRG.

A team led by UWI Professor E.R. "Mickie" Walrond conducted a survey
of the School late in 1979 and found that, in some aspects, the
School is dificient, Dr Gittens said. "We are not satisfied with
the speed with which those deficiencies are being corrected", he said,
but efforts are being made."

The editorial in the School's newsletter answered the criticisms about
the School by pointing to the success of American students in the
-ECFMG exams, and said that those who read the details of the School's
curriculum will realise that it has laid the ground for an excellent
clinical training.
"Our role in training doctors for developing countries is one that is
ignored by our critics", the editorial said, "and their attempts to
interfere with and hinder our programme is one that affects the stu-
c"nts from those countries as well as the hard working American stu-
ents who constitute our-student body." /

a Ia aflHister Hu 24th October 1981

--------------- -----'~-----------

Full Text

xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID E9845PSW7_HHFHOH INGEST_TIME 2011-05-10T19:22:17Z PACKAGE AA00000053_00246