The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Full Text

Volume 9 Number 5
For The Week Ending September 19th 1981.
9th Year of .Publication - 256th Issue

Prime Mtkistar Maurice Bishop left Grenada on September 18th on
a four nation tour which will take him to the other side of the
First stop was Havana, Cuba where he took part in the conclud-
ing discussions on the .982 Cuba/Grenada Joint Technical
agreement. The Prime Minister also held talks with
Premier Fidel Castro and these talks were expected to centre
on the current regional and international situation.

From Cuba, Mr Bishop will fly to Belize where he.will take
part in that countryts independence celebrations, high point
of which is set for midnight September 20th. Next stop
in the Prime Ministerts tour is Mexico where, from September
23rd, he begins a state visit on the invitation of Mexican
President Jose Lopez Portillo. (see story on page 2C0

Before departure, Bishop told reporters at Pearls airport
that his visit to Mexico will deepen Grenada/Mexico relations
and he expected that, at the end of the visit, be and Presi-
dent Lopez Portillo will issue a joint communique on the
regional and international situation.

Next, and final, stop on Mr Bishopts tour is Australia to
attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, and the
Prime Minister said that, at that meeting, Grenada will
present a paper, probably written, on the problems of small
island-states and similarly disadvantaged states.

"We made a similar contribution in 1979 at the Zambia
Commonwealth meeting", he said, "and since then there have
been several conferences (on the problems. of small states)
': continued

Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
p 0 Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies

_ ---rrr rr*r- I

Fage 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 19.9.81

in Grenada, most recently the one jointly sponsored by the Organ-
isation of American States and the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment." (see story on page 18)

The second issue on which Grenada will make a contribution at the
Australia meeting is that of Namibia and Mr Bishop said he will be
working with other Commonwealth Heads of Government to ensure that
the Commonwealth takes a collective stand on the issue.

"We certainly are going to fight for a condemnation of South
Africa's position on this question", he said, "and hope that we
can get some position that would lead, in the shortest possible
space of time, to the eventual independence of Namibia."


The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) announced sweeping
changes in Ministerial portfolios as a result ofa Cabinet re-
shuffle which took place on July 29th.

According to Radio Free Grenada, these changes were announced on
July 29th by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop at a press conference
following a Cabinet meeting at which the changes were approved,

Reports which' have been current here for some time were confirmed
when Mr Bishop. announced the appointment of the PRG's first woman
Minister, Miss Jacqueline Creft, to head the Ministry of Education,
Youth, Social:Affairs, Women's Affairs, Culture and Sport. Miss
.Creft, a long standing member of the New Jewel Movement, was
formerly Secretary (Junior Minister) for Education.

Miss Creft's appointment replaces Mr George! Louison who now has
been made Minister of Agriculture, Land., Forestry, Rural
Development and Cooperatives. Giving up Agriculture, Lands,
Forestry and Cooperatives to Mr Louison, Mr Unison WhitemAn
retains Tourism and has had Foreign Affairs and Civil Aviation
added to his portfolio.

Mr Selwyn Strachan, formerly Minister for Communications, Works
& Labour, now heads a newly created Ministry, that of "National
Mobilisation." Setting out the functions of this Ministry,
the Prime Minister said Mr Strachan would have an "overall roving
and superintending kind of responsibility". This responsib-
ility, he said, will be to ensure that "all the programmes and
policies of the Government and of the revolution are implemented
to the fullest."

The Ministry of National Sqcurity in the Prime Minister's port-
folio has been renamed the "Ministry of Defence & Interior", and
continued -

Week Ending 19.9.81. THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3

remains in Mr Bishop's portfolio. Explaining the change of name,
the Prime Minister said "Defence" covers the Peoples Revolutionary
Army and the Militia while "Interior" covers Police, Prisons, Coast
Guard and the Security Forces.

General Hudson Austin, Commander of the Armed Forces and formerly
Secretary (Junior Minister) for National Security, is now Secretary
for Defence & Interior, and three Deputy Secretaries have been

The first is Lieutenant Colonel Lium James, he has been made Deputy
Secretary for Defence & Interior. Major Einstein Louison, Chief
of Staff of the Peoples Revolutionary Army, has been appointed
Deputy Secretary for Defence, and Deputy Secretary for Interior is
Mr Ian St Bernard, Deputy Commissioner of Police and a member of
the Central Committee of the New Jewel Movement.
Ministry Abolished
The Ministry of Home Affairs, which was held by the Prime Minister,
has been abolished and Mr Vincent Noel, who was Secretary (Junior
Minister) in that Ministry, is now Secretary in the new Ministry of
National Mobilisation held by Mr Selwyn Strachan.

The Ministry of Health & Housing, formerly held by Mr .Norris Bain,
has been split, Mr Bain retaining Housing and Mr Bishop now having
responsibility for Health.

The final change affects the Ministry of Communications, Works &
Labour formerly held by Mr Strachan. In addition to his duties as
Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces and Secretary in the Ministry
of Defence & Interior, General.Hudson Austin will assume responsib-.
ility for Communications, Works & Labour.

Announcing these Ministerial changes, the Prime Minister stressed
that they did not result from dissatisfaction with the performance of
any Minister. The need for the changes, he said, results from the
fact that the PRG feels that, after 2* years, it is necessary for the
Government to review the allocations of Ministerial portfolios in
order to rationalise efficiency.


The Peoples Revolutionary Government has lifted the travel ban it
had imposed on journalist Alister Hughes, NEWSLETTER'S Editor.

Mr Hughes said in Port of Spain on September 5th that he had left
Grenada through Pearls airport on the day before and no difficulties
had been put in his way by the authorities.

- continued -

__ i _I ___

Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending J.v.y.g

On July 2nd last, Mr Hughes was blocked at Pearls airport when:.he
attempted to board a Liat flight to go to Trinidad to attend a
meeting of the Caribbean Press Council (CPC) of which organisation
he is Executive Secretary.

"I was prevented from leaving after I had cleared with airline
officials and the Immigration Authorities had examined my valid
Income Tax Clearance to travelU, Mr Hughes said, "and an immig-
ration official told me the Security Division of the Prime
Minister's office had ordered this action because my income tax
records were being examined."

Radio Free Grenada announced at that time that an immediate
investigation had been ordered into Mr Hughes' tax records. The
announcement said Mr Hughes had refused to pay his income tax and
that the tax assessment of EC$1708.96 for 1979 was too small
"given Hughes' life style."
Huge House
"This could only be right if Hughes' entire income from all sources
was somewhere in the vicinity of EC$800.00 per month", the
announcement said, "but Alister Hughes had himself and his wife to
support, two maids to pay, a huge house with all modern electrical
facilities and a car to maintain, electricity, telephone, water and
gas bills to pay, land and house tax to pay, plus, he has to finance
his frequent trips abroad."

Mr Hughes said he had never refused to pay income tax but that, since
last August, he has had an appeal pending before the Income Tax
Commissioners relative to his 1979 assessment. He said that,
according to the-Income Tax Law 1980, his wife Cynthia, as a working
person, should be allowed to file a separate return, and this was
the basis of his appeal.

With reference to the investigation into his tax records, Mr Hughes
said he was summoned to the Income Tax Department on July 15th where
he had an interview with a senior officer of the Department who
examined the accounts he had submitted and declared them to be in

"The only thing he changed", Mr Hughes said, "was a rate of
depreciation which differed slightly from the rate set out in the
new Income Tax Ordinance and which made very little difference in
the final accounts."

This clearance did not lift the travel ban, Mr Hughes said, as the
Acting Comptroller of Income Tax, after reference to the Ministry of
Finance, said the ban would remain in effect until the appeal before
the Commissioners was heard.

"That appeal was heard on August 14th", Mr Hughes said, "and on
August 26th the decision was handed down in my favour. In
continued -

*Irr A ~~

------ -------------

Week Ending 19.981 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5

accordAnce with that decision, returns for me and my wife were
lodged immediately with the Comptroller of Income Tax and, they
having been approved, payment in full of all outstanding tax was
made on September 3rd."

Mr Hughes said, at his request, the Income Tax Department then
issued Tax Clearances for him and his wife but he still was not sure
the travel ban had been lifted.

"When I went to the airport on July 2nd", he said, "I had a valid
clearance from the Income Tax Department to travel but still had
been stopped by an order from the Prime Minister's office and so
hadbeen unable to attend an important meeting of the Caribbean
Press Council. The Annual General Meeting of the Council took
place on September 9th in Barbados and it was essential that, as
Executive Secretary, I should attend that meeting. Even though
I had a Tax Clearance to travel, in view of my previous experience,
I had to put it to the test well in advance so that Members of the
Council, who must come from all over the Caribbean, could know
whether or not the meeting could come off"


The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has repeated its charge
that Grenadian journalist Alister Hughes, Executive Secretary of
the Caribbean Press Council/and NEWSLETTER's Editor, conspired with
the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to overthrow
the PRG.

The charge came in the course of a statement broadcast on September
19th over Radio Free Grenada (RFG) in reply to a release issued on
September 17th by CFC Chairman Aubrey Fraser and CFC Vice-Chairman
Dr Selwyn Ryan. The release referred to the CRC Annual General
Meeting held in Barbados on September 9th and to discussions held
there on the Grenada situation.

"While recognizing that the Government of Grenada had achieved
certain positive things for the people of Grenada", the release
said, "it was nevertheless felt that there was, no justification
for the Government's denial of basic rights to so many of its

In its statement on RFG, the PRG charged that CFC is "headed" by
Mr Hughes who "by his own actions is well known as someone who does
not support the revolution."

"It is the same Alister Hughes who is a member of the infamous gang
of 26 who published the counter-revolutionary 'Grenadian Voice'
continued -

age 6. THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 19.9.81

newspaper as part of a CIA inspired plot to overthrow the revo-
lution earlier this year", the PRG said.

The statement of RFG referred to CFC's expressed particular concern
relative to the detention of Mr Lloyd Noel, former Acting Attorney
General and Minister of Legal Affairs in the PRG. Mr Noel
resigned from the PRG in June 1980 because of "differences of
opinion" and, following the closure of the "Grenadian Voice" three
months ago, has been held in jail since July llth last.
Gang of 26
The PRG said Mr Noel was arrested or" "counter-revolutionary
activities" and was a member of the "CIA backed gang of 26", the
PRG's name for the 26 shareholders in the Company which published
the "Grenadian Voice".

"Birds of a feather flock together", the PRG said, "and therefore
the PRG is not the least surprised that Alister Hughes would use
the Caribbean Press Council to defend Lloyd Noel and make it
appear that he is some innocent Grenadian citizen who was detained
for nothing at all."

The PRG said that knowledge of Noel's "counter revolutionary
activities outside and inside Grenada" is widespread and CFC
"seems to be the only set of people who think that he is innocent
and patriotic."

"It must also be noted that the meeting at which CFC 'made, the.
statement took place several months ago.and the question must be
asked, 'why has the Council taken so lbng before publishing this
statement?' Is it because they were afraid that they would
not be able to make Caribbean people believe the lies contained
therein ?", the PRG asked. "Perhaps Alister Hughes, as Head
of the Council, can answer these questions."

Mr Hughes said in Grenada on September 19th that the credibility
of the PRG statement is undermined by what he called, "either a
woeful ignorance or a deliberate attempt to misinform."

"The PRG should know that, as Executove Secretary, I am not the
Head of CPC", Mr Hughes said. "Mr Aubrey Fraser, Director of
Legal Education of the Council of Legal Education at the Norman
Manley Law School in Jamaica is the Council's Chairman. He
is well known to the PRG and to Grenadians for his outstanding
service to the country as a member of the Duffus Commission in
1973/74 at a time when members of the New Jewel Movement,
including Prime Minister Bishop, had been brutalised by deposed
Prime Minister Gairy's 'Mongoose Gang' He is the Head of CPC
and it was he, together with the Council's Vice-Chairman,
Dr Selwyn Ryan, who issued the release on the directions of the
continued -

Week Ending 19.9.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7

Mr Hughes referred also to the PRG charge that the CPC Annual
General Meeting took place 'several months ago' and the release
had not been published because CFC was "afraid they would not have
been able to make Caribbean people believe the lies contained

"The Annual General Meeting took place 10 days ago in Barbados and,
at least because of the publicity given the difficulty I had in
getting to it, the PRG should know that the meeting has just taken
place and the release was not drawn up several months ago",
Mr Hughes said. "There was no delay in issuing the release put
out by Mr Fraser and Dr Ryan, a release which reflects the unanimous
views of the meeting."
Immpral & Unethical
In its RFG statement, the PRO said it wished to make it clear that it
stands "firmly opposed to the practice of certain people using their
positions in regional organizations to carry out their personal
attacks against the Grenada revolution". "Such practices are
highly immoral and unethical", the PRG said, "and will be resisted
in every possible way by the PRG."

The PRG said the CPC release has the "full backing of U.S.
imperialism and the CIA", and this is "part and parcel of the whole
international imperialist plan to turn back the revolution through.
propaganda and other forms of destabilisation."

"But the people of Grenada and the people of the region will not be
fooled into turning against the revolution'", the PRG said, "because,
with each passing day, they are coming to realise ,that the revo-
lution has brought tremendous benefits to the Grenadian people,
benefits which no other regional government can boast of having
achieved in such a short space of time."


Grenada's million dollar (East Caribbean) Agro-Industries Plant was
officially opened on September 13th by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop.

Located at True Blue on the island's southern peninsular and near to
the international airport now being constructed, the plant is owned
and operated by Grenada Agro-Industries Ltd, a Company set up by the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG).

Addressing a rally called to mark the opening of the plant, Minister
of Agro-Industries and Fisheries Kendrick Radix said the money
invested in the plant came from local revenue and represented an act
of faith bythe PRG.

- continued -


"This plant", he told the rally, "every cent of it, was contributed
by you the taxpayers of our country, and you must expect that the
workers, managers and supervisors will do their best because we have
invested one million dollars in this plant:- we hope it is going to
make back for the revolution and for the people of the country,
hundreds of millions of dollars in the near future."

The plant, which began operations on 29th December last, employs
30 people full time, 10 people part time and there are 5 people in
its management. It can produce 10,000 units per 8 hour shift
but, because of limitations imposed by requirements of staff
training, electricity cuts, low water pressure, finance and
unavailability of essential supplies, production has been some
30% to 40% over the first half of 1981.

According to plant Manager Ms. Bridget Horsford, these are
necessary growing pains, and solutions to the problems are being
worked out.
"The Ministry of Finance has been our greatest resource", she said,
"in that, despite the monthly threats to stop the loans, they
continued to lend us the money".

Lines now being produced are fruit nectars, mango chutney,.nutmeg
jam and jelly, pepper sauce and a spice sauce. To date, 114.4
thousand units have been manufactured with a sales value of over
EC$204 thousand.

Addressing the rally, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop described
Grenada as a poor, over-exploited country, and said there are
serious implications for Grenadians that the island has an open,
dependent economy which is tied to the capitalist world.

"This has serious implications for the price we can get for the
products we sell", he said, "that-.has serious implications for
how much we have to spend every year to buy goods from the same
capitalist countries,"

Mr Bishop said the opening of the agro-industries plant is
another stage along the road towards the economic transformation
of Grenada and the "disengagement of our economy from imperialism
and the clutches of imperialism."

The Prime Minister spoke of the significance of the plant in the
fields of employment, foreign exchange earnings and culture and
said that, with reference to culture, this includes more than just
reading, writing and education.

"The cultural revolution is also about taste and consumption and
habits of eating", he said, "The cultural revolution means, in
part, that we have to develop a new taste and outlook, we have to
continued --

Week Ending 19.9.81

Week Ending 19.9.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9

see the value of our tannia, manioc, sweep potatoes, dasheen, yams,
callaloo, we have to see the value in all of that, we have to begin
to use that more."

Mr Bishop said that, just as Grenadians have been urged to "Grow
more food and build the revolution", now they should "Eat more
local food and build the revolution."


The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has Passed a law giving
authority to the Minister for National Security to place persons
under house arrest.

Enacted on September 4th, gazetted on September llth and circulated
on September 15th, the Preventive Detentions Regulations (Amendment
No.2) Law 1981, Peoples Law No. 29/1981, is an amendment to Peoples
Law No. 21/1979, the original law authorising the Minister to detain
persons "in such place and under such conditions as the Minister may
from time to time direct".

Under the original law, the Minister may detain a person if he is
satisfied that "with a view to preventing him acting in any manner
prejudicial to public safety or public order or the defence of
Grenada, or with a view to subverting or otherwise sabotaging the
Peoples Revolutionary Government, :t :is necessary to provide for his
preventive detention."
Restriction Order
Against the background of consideration for public safety, public
order and the sabotage of the PRG, the new amendment authorises the
Minister to issue a "Restriction Order" which may have any or all
of 4 conditions.

The first requires the restricted person to report periodically to
a Police Station. The second restricts the movements of the
person to a particular area and the third prohibits his entry into
a particular area. In the fourth condition, the Restriction
Order has the purpose of "restricting his movements to the house in
which he normally resides or to any other place."

As with detainees, persons against whom a Restriction Order has
been made may apply to a Preventive Detention Tribunal which was
appointed shortly after the revolution of March 13th 1979. This
Tribunal reviews the cases of detainees and makes recommendations
to the Minister for National Security, but the Minister is under no
obligation to act in accordance with these recommendations.

- continued -

__ ~ __ _1 __


Originally, the Tribunal should have met every two months but this
was extended to every six months. The most recent sitting of
the Tribunal ended last January.


The Fioles Revolutionary Government .(PMG) has created a 7!-man
Land Developaent and Utilization Commission with powers to ensure
that occupiers of agricultural land measuring 100 acres or more
(whether contiguous or not) fulfil their responsibilities under
the Land Develbpment and Utilization Law passed on August 14th
and gaz-tted oh tihe saue day.

Under that law, it is the responsibility of the occupier to farm
his land "to such extent as may be practicable having regard to
the character and situation of the Unit and other relevant circun-
stances." When the Commission is satisfied that the land is
not being so farmed, it may, after giving the occupier an oppor-
tunity to be heard, declare that land to be "idle",

An appeal against the Commission's decision may be made to the
Minister of Agriculture but, if the appeal fails, the Commission
may cali on the ocLcupiuer of the land to submit a development plan
for the land which has been declared idle.

If the occupier fails to submit such a plan or, having submitted
a plan which is approved by the Commission, if he fails to carry
out that plan to the satisfaction of the Commission, the Minister
of Agriculture "shall have the power to acquire compulsorily a
leasehold interest in the land or any part thereof under the
provisions of this law to the exclusion of any other tenancy,
lease, licence or other right to use or occupy the. land"
Such a lease may be for a maximum of 10 years, the Minister having
the power to renew it for a further 10, the annual rental being
"on the basis that each year's rent shall be equivalent of one
per centum of the unimproved value of the land as agricultural
land at the time of commencement of the lease ...."'

Should there be a mortgage on the land, unless there is an
agreement with the Minister otherwise, interest payments on the
lartgage must be paid by the Minister while the occupier is
responsible for payments towards the capital.

Another provision of the law forbids the owner or occupier of
"agricultural land of any size whatsoever", without the approval
of the Commission, to "sell, lease, let or otherwise charge or
encumber or subdivide the land or any part thereof: or transfer
continued -

Week Endiha "19.9,81


or assign his interest therein or in any part thereof, whether or
not for consideration."

In this law, "Agricultural Land" means land used for agriculture or
land declared by the Commission to be agricultural land.
Another Look
On September 19th, Minister of Legal Affairs, Kendrick Radix,
announced that the PRG is to have another look at this law.

Mr Radix said a number of persons have pointed out "certain
unintended defects" in the law and, within the next few days, the
Ministry of Legal Affairs will reconsider this law with a view to
making the necessary amendments.

"As a result of the great public interest in this law", Mr Radix
said, "and because also of certain views expressed by several
individuals, I wish the general public to know that, in the coming
days, the PRG will re-consider the law with a view to making it in
conformity with the original intention."

That intention, he said, was that the law should apply to lands in
excess of 100 acres only that are idle and underutilized. Acc-
ording to Mr Radix, the intention also includes i.odification of
"certain other provisions which had the effect of restricting the
alienation or transfer of other land."


The Peoples Revolutionary Government has signed an industrial
agreement under which Government employees will receive an average
of 17.3% wage increase effective from January 1st this year. The
agreement also provides for increases of 10% in 1982 and 12.5% in

The agreement was made official at a meeting on August 7th, and
signing on behalf of the workers were the three Unions which have
been negotiating jointly with the PRG. These are the Public
Workers Union (PWU), the Grenada Union of Teachers and the
Technical & Allied Workers Union.

Negotiations relative to this agreement began last December 29th
but became deadlocked soon after. The workers' negotiating
team at that time was demanding a two-year agreement urder which
they required salary increases ranging from 125% for the lowest
salary earners to 70% for the top bracket of salaries.

Government 's offer then was for a three year agreement giving a
12.5% increase this year and 5% in each of 1982 and 1983.
continued -

Week Ending 19.9.81

Page 11

Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 19.9.81

Offers and counter offers followed without agreement being reached
until, on March 3rd, the Unions took industrial action in the form
of a sick-out. In response, the PRG sent employees a series of
warning letters, letters of suspension on half-pay and one letter
of dismissal.

In addition, Mr Robert Robinson, PW President, was transferred
from his post of Labour Commissioner to that of Administrative Road
Officer in St Patricks parish at the extreme north end of the

Final agreement was reached and the document initialed on May 22nd
when the PRG withdrew the letters of warning, suspension and
transfer and the Unions.agreed to accept a three year agreement
with increases of 17.3%, 10% and 12.5% respectively.

Informed sources told NEWSLETTER that the nearly three month delay
in signing the agreement resulted from the fact that the PRG was
trying unsuccessfully to get the Unions to agree to have clauses
inserted in the agreement giving Permanent Secretaries in the
Ministries authority to discipline workers.

At the meeting on Auaust 7th it was agreedd that there.should be a
review of Staff Orders and Public Service Commission Regulations
before the end of this year..


A two day meeting of the Socialist International (SI) Committee for
Latin America and the Caribbean Grenada on July 23rd..
This was the fourth meeting of the Committee which had its first
meeting in Santo Domingo in March 1980 and subsequent meetings in
Caracas in September 1980 and Panama in March of this year.

Three main items were listed on the agenda. First of all,
discussions centred on political and economic development in Latin
America and the Caribbean, and this was followed by a.discussion on
aspects of democracy. The third item was the present situation
in Grenada.

The Press was allowed at the opening ceremony but all other sessions
were closed.

There are 15 member countries of the Committee and the countries
represented at the opening ceremony were Curacao, El Salvador,
Guatemala and Grenada. Also listed on the provisional list of
participants were Argentina, Barbados, Jamaica and two organizations
from Venezuela. It was understood that these countries*
representatives would arrive later.
continued -

Week Ending 19.9.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13

Observers from Socialist International member parties present came
from Canada, France, Sweden and from two Parties in the United
States of America. Spain, listed among the observers, did not
have a representative present.
In addition, there were guests from Antigua, Dominica, St Lucia,
St Vincent, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago, Nicaragua and Puerto Rico,

The initial establishment of Socialist International was in London,
England by Karl Marx in 1864, but the Movement collapsed 12 years
later and was not resusitated until 1889. Following World War I,
there was a division in the Movement which resulted in creation of a
"Third International Comintern" (the Communist International Party)
by Lenin in 1919, while the "Second International" was reorganised
in 1923 as the "Labour and Socialist International."

Socialist International emerged in its present form from the
Frankfurt Congress of 1951 but, since then, new statutes have been
adopted and the organisation has developed along new lines.

President of the Praesidium of Socialist International is Mr Willy
Brandt and the Secretary General is Mr Bernt Carlsson. In the
Caribbean Community, three Parties hold full membership. They are
the Barbados Labour Party, Grenada's New Jewel Movement and
Jamaica's People's National Party (PNP). Mr Michael Manley, FPRP
Political Leader, is a Vice-President of Socialist International.


Delivering the feature address at the opening ceremony of a meeting
of the Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the
Caribbean on July 23rd, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop urged that,
outside of direct invasion by a regular military force, there are
other acts of aggression which should be outlawed internationally.

"The time has come", he said, "that we must move to elevate the
question of propaganda destabilisation, of economic aggression, of
mercenary invasion or the threat of mercenary invasion, to the same
level that we have already internationally elevated the question of
the direct landing of marines."

The United States, Mr Bishop said, has embarked on a massive all-
out offensive against Grenada and the Grenada revolution. One
aspect of this, he said, is a propaganda campaign and he cited as
examples a production by CBS TV and a film produced by the American
Security Council.

"We have also seen in recent times", he said, "that the United
States Communications Agency summoned to Washington different
continued -

'age 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETT#.R Week Ending 19.9.81

Caribbean journalists from every English speaking Caribbean country
except Grenada and one bther and, at that meeting, the attempt was
made to try to establish a basis for getting some of these journal-
ista to embark themselves on a massive-negative propaganda campaign
against the Grenada revolution."

The success of that attempt, Mr Bishop said, can be gauged by the
fact that, within days of their return from this conference, several
regional newspapers, including the "Guardian" and "Express" of
Trinidad, the "Advocate" of Barbados, the "Chronicle" of Dominica
and the "Gleaner" of Jamaica, "embarked on another round of vicious
editorials aimed at trying to discredit the Grenada revolutionary
Total Offensive
The Prime Minister said the United States has also embarked on a
total offensive against the Grenada revolution on the economic
front. The U.S. has blocked financial assistance to Grenada's
farmers, he said, &nd has gone to great lengths to try to stop
Grenada's attempt to get financing for the international airport
project from the European Economic Community.

The United States has also stood in the way of financing from
the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, he said, and had
attempted to get the Caribbean Development Bank to accept grant
money on the condition that Grenada be excluded from the bene-
ficiaries of that grant.

'The time has come", he said, "when international public opinion
must be so mobilized that, not only when marines land in somebody
else's territory that there is a great outcry, but when there is
evidence of a systematic and concerted plan of propaganda destab-
ilisation or.of economic aggression or of political and industrial
destabilisation or of mercenary threat."


The ambition of Socialist International (SI) in the field of the
so-called 'North-South Relations' reflects the organisation's
overriding concern for human rights.

This statement was made on July 23rd by Mr Bernt Carlsson, Secretary
General of SI, at the opening session of the fourth meeting of the
SI International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean
which opened in Grenada on July 23rd.

Mr Carlsson said that when SI uses the term "human rights", this
:-s not limited to the concept of civil and political rights. "We
also include in our definition of human rights the concepts of
continued -

Week Endjng 19,.9.81

economic..and social rights",l he said.

The Secretary General said that, while stressing economic and social
rights, the organisation also keeps in mind the civil and political
human rights as essential as a basis for the progress of man. SI
fights for civil and political human rights, he said, in the
awareness that, in Europe, in the countries where socialists are in
power, it was the Movement of the Left which fought for the
universal right to vote.

It should be kept in mind, Mr Carlsson said, that if the framework
of civil and political human rights did not exist, Karl Marx, the
founder of SI, would not have found it possible to write the books
which were to be used as the foundations for the development of
Socialist thinking.

"He wrote these books", Mr Carlsson said, "in the protection of the
civil and political human rights which existed in England in the
19th century."

The problem of human rights in a global perspective must be conn-
ected with a discussion on a new and fairer distribution of the
wealth of the planet, he said, in the establishment of new trading
patterns and in the liberation of the down-trodden masses of the
Third World.

"We have been witnessing how the new Government of Grenada has been
making tremendous progress in the fields of social and economic
human rights", Mr Carlsson said, "and SI now expects that the New
Jewel Movement will also show, in the near future, similar progress
in the fields of civil and political rights."

The Secretary General said SI will continue to express its full
support for the New Jewel Movement, "especially at these difficult
times when the country is being threatened and cajoled by a power
of immense, superior physical means, the United States."


Concern was expressed in Grenada on July 24th over the fact that
the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has not kept its
promise to hold elections after the revolution of March 13th 1979.

The concern was voiced by Mrs Rita Freedman, Executive Director of
the Social Democrats of the United States of America and an
observer at the meeting of the Socialist International Committee
for Latin America and the Caribbean which ended in Grenada on July
continued -


Page 15

*sge 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 19.9.81

Mrs Freedman said she was very impressed by the progress made by
the PRG in the fields of health and education, but felt she would
be failing in her duty to the concept of Socialism and herself if
she did not express her concern "with reference to certain areas
of the Government of Grenada."

"I referi, she said, "particularly to the fact that, after a lapse
of two and a half years since taking power and promising early
elections, the PRG has not fulfilled this promise."

During the Socialist International meeting just ended at that time,
she said, the PRG had spoken of a "new democracy", a system in
which the people of Grenada are involved in the operations of
Government on a day-to-day basis and not "just 5 seconds every 5

Cannot Accept
She could not accept this "new democracy" as being truly democratic,
she said, and she referred to statements made by Mr Bernt Carlsson,
General Secretary of Socialist International, at the opening
ceremony of the meeting.

"Praising the New Jewel Movement (NJM) for the progress it has made
in promoting social and economic human rights", she said,
"Mr Carlsson said Socialist International hoped NJM would soon
make similar progress in the fields of civil and political rights.
Mr Carlsson obviously would like to see general elections in
Grenada as soon as possible."

During the meeting which had just ended, Mrs Freedman disclosed,
the PRG said a Commission will be set up to draft a Constitution
under which elections will be held, and she urged that this be done
with as little delay as possible,

Mrs Freedman expressed concern also over what she called the "lack
of a free press in Grenada" and the detention of Grenadians "who
have not been charged and brought to trial."

The Executive Director of the Social Democrats of the USA said
that, whatever her criticisms, they were made in the spirit of
true fraternity.

"Grenada certainly made a giant stop forward in the overthrow of
Gairy", she said, "and, whatever criticisms I and my Party may make,
they are put forward in an honest desire to see the best for the
people of this beautiful island."

^ ** .



Mr Bernt Carlsson, General Secretary of Socialist International (SI)
speaking here on July 24th at the end of a two day meeting of the
SI Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, said the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) has aroused admiration in the outside
world for the way it has promoted progress in the fields of social
and economic development.

Mr Carlsson said this development in the fields of Social and
economic human rights is admired, not only by the Left, the SI and
its member Parties, but even by some conservative financial

The General Secretary said, however, that SI promotes human rights
also in fields other than the social and economic.

"We obviously also are promoting human rights in the fields of
civil and political rights", he said, "and we express'the con-
viction that, given the time, the Government of Grenada will also,
in these fields, have the opportunity of progressing from the very
bad situation of arbitrary government which prevailed under 9he
dictatorship of Gairy."


Speaking in Grenada at the end of a two day meeting of the Social-
ist International (SI) Committee for Latin America and the
Caribbean, Mr Antoine Blanca, Personal Assistant to the Socialist
Prime Minister of France, i said the French
Socialist Party will not tolerate any act of aggression against

Mr Blanca, who is responsible for the Latin American section of the
secretariat of the Socialist Party of France, referred to "menaces"
voiced during United States President Ronald Reagan's election
campaign and now being voiced by United States Secretary of State

"Our party has repeatedly expressed that it will not tolerate any
aggression, whatever form it might assume, directed against Cuba",
he said, "be it by way of economic blockade or military action or
whatever measure of aggression, direct or indirect, as might be

Mr Blanca said the relations between his Party and the Communist
Party of Cuba are very good and his Party had been represented at
the Cuban Communist Party Congresses of 1975 and 1980.
continued -

Week Ending 19.9.81

Page 17.

age 18 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 19.9.81

"Of course, it is for sure that this does ,not mean, necessarily,
that there shouldn't be differences between our two Parties", he
said. "The Cuban Communist Party professes Maxxism/Leninism
and we opt for the way of Democratic Socialism, but we also
understand what the geo-political situation of one or the other
Party is."

Mr Blanca said the personal relations between Premier Fidel Castro
and President Francois Mitterand have.always been excellent.


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) have adopted what Mr Bishop says will probably
be regarded as an unorthodox approach to the question of develop-
ment problems of small island-states.

Delivering the feature address on July 13th at the opening
ceremony of a three day conference on these problems, the Prime
Minister said he and the PRG feel, none-the-less, this approach
is valid and correct.

"It aims, not at looking, once again, at the numerous structural
problems which small countries like ours face", he said,"but at
trying to look underneath that to-see what are the underlying
realities, what are the real reasons for the difficulties that
small developing Third World very often nonaligned countries
have to face."

Mr Bishop said the real problem is not the question of smallness
per se, but of 'imperialism'. That, on a day to day basis,
he said, developing countries come up against an international'
system that has been organised to ensure the continuing exploit-
ation and domination of the economies and peoples of developing

This is not a new problem, Mr Bishop said, and he traced the
'history of exploitation of countries like Grenada,

As long ago as 1812, the Prime Minister said, the United States
of America, in pursuit of 'expansionist ambitions, tried to
seize Canada and, in the 1840s, invaded Mexico and seized half
of that country's territory.

"In pursuit of .these expansionist ambitions in 1898", Mr Bishop
said, "the ruling circles in the United States blew up their own
battleship in the harbour of Havana, Cuba, which was then a
Spanish colony. They used that against Spain to argue that
Spain had committed an act of aggression against the United
continued -


States and, on that fabricated pretext, war was declared against
Spain with the true aim to seize Cuba, Puerto Rico and the

In both World War one and two, the Prime Minister said, the USA had
waited to see who would win before joining. In 1917, the USA
"joined the war against Kaizer Germany to see how they could share
in the booty of that inter-imperialist war."

"During the second World War", he continued, "powerful elements in
the United States ruling class were debating seriously which side
they should enter the war on, whether to join Facist Nazi Hitler
against most of humanity or to join the Allies. The decision
was eventually made for them when Pearl Harbour occurred "
CIA Puppets
Referring to several other incidents of American 'aggression'
Mr Bishop said also that, in more recent times, the USA,'in alliance
with South Africa, tried through CIA puppets to seize Angola in
1975 and 1976.'

"Right here in our own region in Latin America and the Caribbean",
he said, "the U.S. has intervened through direct military force
against different Latin American and Caribbean countries over 135
times inv-the past 100 years."

The Prime Minister said it is fair to conclude that 'the ruling
class in the United States, big monopolies and the Governments they
buy and sell every day, has always sought and continues to seek to
seize everybody's land, exploit everybody's wealth and rule every-
body's country.'

Mr Bishop said the triumphh of Socialism', the 'success'of the
decolonisation process' and the 'success of the national liber-
ation struggles', has created a 'dramatic change in the world's
balance of forces', and this, in turn, forced a change in the
methods of the 'imperialists'.

"This has forced the imperialists to move more and more from direct
overt action, from the landing of Marines to covert action", he
said, "to the development of different techniques of destabilisa-

In recent months, he said, Grenada has felt the full brunt of these
techniques of destabilization. The United States has embarked,
he said, on a campaign of economic strangulation against Grenada
and he spoke of alleged U.S. efforts to deprive Grenada of funding
from the European Economic Community, the International Monetary
Fund, the World Bank and the Caribbean Development Bank.

- continued -

Week Ending 19.9.81

Page 19

Page. 20 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 1.9.81

Mr Bishop said Grenada had suffered also from United States propa-
ganda which, he said, is aimed at 'trying:to stop tourists from
coming to our country but aimed also at psychologically preparing
the people of the United States for the eventual invasion of our

"We certainly believe very strongly", he said, "that economic
warfare is increasingly being developed as-a substitute for the
direct landing of troops and, therefore, is as bad as the landing
of troops."

The Prime Minister said the world must condemn propaganda destab-
ilisation as being against international law because this destab-
ilisation is part of a wider tactic which includes economic
aggression, violence, terrorism, and is usually helping to lay
the psychological basis for invasion.

Mr Bishop said that, while he and the PRG looked forward with
great anticipation to the technical results of the conference,
nonetheless, he issued a caveat (warning) from the beginning.

"If all this conference were to achieve was to produce, yet again,
more documentation of a technical character that Showed the
structural difficulties that small countries like ours face", he
said, "the conference will. not have achieved enough."

For the conference to be truly successful, he said, if it is to
show a way forward, it must show that the underlying and sub-
stantial problem "is not the fact of smallness per se, but the
fact of imperialism."

The conference, jointly sponsored by the PRG and the Organisation
of American States, was originally to have been addressed by
Mr Bernard Coard, Minister of Finance, Trade & Planning.
to his indisposition, Mr Bishop substituted for him.


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has expressed his admiration for
the "principled stand of Mexico on international issues and
that country's continuing support for the right of all people
to self determination, freedom and independence."

This expression of regard was contained in a congratulatory
cable'sent on September 16th by Mr Bishop to Mexican President
Jose Lopez Portillo on the occasion of Mexico's 171st annivexa.wry
of the Declaration of Independence.

- continued -


Mexico's move to independence began on September 16th 1810 under
the leadership of Miguel Hidalgo, a Mexican priest; independence
from Spain was achieved finally in 1821 after rule by the
European country for 302 years.

Mr Bishop, who left Grenada on September 18th on a tour which
includes Mexico, (see story on page 1) said in his cable that the
Grenadian people look forward to "strengthening of already warm
relations which exist between the two peoples."


The British Labour Party (BLP) has been pressing the Conservative
Government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher to take a sympa-
thetic and generous attitude towards requests of the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) for aid, particularly with respect
to the new international airport.

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop disclosed this on July 24th when he
made public the text of a cable sent to Grenada to Mr Bernt
Carlsson, General Secretary of Socialist International (SI) and
signed by Mr Ron Heywood, BLP General Secretary. Mr Bishop was,
at the time, speaking at a press conference at the close of a two
day meeting of the SI Latin American and Caribbean Committee.

"We believe the Grenadian revolution deserves the support of all
Democrats and Socialists", the cable said. "Together with the
Government of National Reconstruction in Nicaragua, it offers a
beacon of hope and social justice in Central America and the
Caribbean, a region too long dominated by exploitation and

The BLP policy towards the region is laid out clearly in a Reso-
lution on Central America passed by the BLP International
Committee in July, the cable said, and Mr Bishop gave some details
of this document which was attached to the cable.

"In view of the continuing and increasing U.S. pressure in Central
America and the Caribbean", the Resolution reads, "and the
obstacles placed by the Reagan administration to the achievement
ofpeace and democracy in the region, the National Executive
Committee restates its support for the popular Revolutionary
Government of Grenada and our fraternal party, the New Jewel
Movement led by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop."

The Resolution urges the British Government to respond generously
to Grenada's requests for aid for the international airport, and
deplores the United States' "impertinent meddling in the affairs
of the European Economic Community and the Ass9ciated African,
continued -

Week Ending 19.9.81


Caribbean and Pacific countries, urging the rejection of Grenada's
appeal for funds."

The BLP believes, the Resolution says, that the United States
policies in the region are thoroughly detrimental to the achievement
of democracy there, and must be condemned by the British Government
as a breach of the-principles of self determination of peoples and a
dangerous threat to world peace.

"it the difficult times faced by the Grenadian Government in the
future", the cable to Mr Carlsson said, "we will do everything in
our power to mobilise international opinion in support of the
.democratic and socialist aspirations of the Grenadian people."


Grenada will be represented at a UNESCO seminar for Caribbean
women scheduled to take place in Jamaica from September 27th to

This seminar has been called to 'discuss the Media in the Caribbean
and development in thV Caribbean, and delegates are expected to
attend from Barbados, Guyana, Grenada, Dominica, Jamaica,
Montserrat, St Lucia, St Vincent and Trinidad & Tobago.


Thirty-four members of the 0omtin-Ca.tbolio Church Choir of the west
coast town of Gouyave left Grenada in August for a 7 week tour of
the British Isles in an effort to raise funds for the establishment
of a home for the aged in Gouyave.

Preparations for the tour have been in the making for some time and
were finalised in June when Mr Lloyd Noel, prominent member of the
Gouyave Roman Catholic community, visited Britain and concluded

Mr Noel, a shareholder in the Company which published the newspapers
"The Grenadian Voice" (banned by the Peoples Revolutionary
Government on June 19th) returned to Grenada early in July and was
detained by the PRG on July llth for alleged "counter-revolutionary

Week EiAino 19.9.81

Week Ending 19.9.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 23


Completing a four day official visit to Grenada on June 17th,
Mr Arthur Stanley, British High Commissioner to Grenada (stationed
in Barbados) told NEWSLETTER there are "certain difficulties" in
diplomatic relations between St Georges and London.

"As regards relations between our two countries", he said, "there
have been and, indeed, still are certain difficulties which have
been discussed in private between Ministers in the Grenada
Government and the High Commissioner in London."

Mr Stanley said public statements have not been made by British
Government Ministers on what the "difficulties" are and he did not
therefore wish to enter into public discussion on the issue.

The High Commissioner said he wished to correct the wrong impression
that Britain has cut off aid to Grenada. He said Grenada is
still benefiting from the Independence Aid Agreement of 1974 of
which there was still about 86 thousand remaining to be drawn from
the original.J2 million.

"One of the pieces of business which I had to conduct on this
present trip", he said, "was to take a letter to the Prime Minister
in his capacity of Foreign Minister, suggesting to him that we
extend the period in which this aid can be spent to 31st March
1982, otherwise the period would have, by now, run out."

Mr Stanley said that, in addition, his country contributes 18.7%
to all aid given to Grenada by the Europeah Development Fund, and
Britain also contributes to theCaribbean Development' Bank (over
2 million in 1980) thereby contributing to Grenada projects funded
by the Bank.

"We have given Grenada certain technical assistance", he said, "and
I have brought with me a letter agreeing to meet the entire cost of
sending 4 senior Civil Servants to courses in Britain on Public
Administration, Financial Management and personnel Training, the
request for which technical training was made by the Grenada
Government only 10 days ago."

The Commissioner said he thought that, probably, what caused the
impression that Britain had cut off aid to Grenada was that, after
hurricane "allan" last year, Britain offered emergency aid to
St Vincent, St Lucia and Dominica but not to Grenada.

He said Dominica had had its banana crop destroyed for the second
time within a year, St Lucia and St Vincent had also had their
banana crops destroyed and these three islands depend almost
entirely on bananas for their export earnings. In Grenada, on
the other hand, he said, the banana crop, according to Grenada
Government statistics, is only 19% of the island's aoZicultural
c ontinued -

_-ge 24 THG GRENADAP'EWLETTER Week Ending 19.9,81

production and only 40% of the crop had been destroyed by the

"As far as Grenada was concerned", he said, "we were talking about
only 8% of their agricultural production. These other islands
had their bananas totally destroyed and, since there is only a
limited amount of aid to go around, we decided to put the aid into
these other three countries whose needs were very.much greater."

Mr Stahley said it was also reasonable for Britain to take into
account the fact that Grenada had obtained aid from other sources
and to give this factor consideration when deciding how to dispose
of a limited amount of help which is available.
Onthe question of trade, the High Commissioner said there is now
a considerable amount of trade between Grenada and Britain and
the British Government wished this to continue. He said
Grenada's bananas enjoy "priviliged entry" into the UK and it is
the wish.of the British Government that British Companies bid for
contracts in respect of capital investments in construction in

"British Companies are interested, for example", he said, "in
obtaining contracts in the construction of the airport
at Point Saline, and we have no objection whatsoever to British
Companies going for these contracts and we very much hope they
will succeed. So that, as regards trade, there are absolutely
no restrictions and we are very happy to see trade increase in both


The Ministry of Legal Affairs has drafted a new Rent Control Law
which is being considered by the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment (PRG) and by Parish Councils throughout the State.

An announcement on Radio Free Grenada (RFG) on August 26th said
the law is needed "because of.the difficult situation facing
thousands of Grenadians who have to pay exorbitant rents for sub-
standard houses and apartments."

Under the proposed Law, it will be compulsory for all rented
premises, except those excluded by the PRG, to be assessed and
have rentals fixed by a PRG appointed Board. Landlords will
be required to apply for assessment but, if application is not
:nade, the Board will have the authority to make assessment and fix
the rent. The Board will also have authority to reduce rents.

- continued -


paae 25

"If the premises being rented are in need of repairs", RFG said,
"the landlord will have to do these repairs at no extra cost to the
middle and low income tenants."

When the landlord fails or refuses to do the repairs, RFG said, the
tenant can effect the repairs and deduct the cost from the rent.
Tenants may recover overcharged rents through the Courts and the
proposed law makes provision for landlords to be fined or imprisoned
for breaches of the law.

According to RFG, a spokesman for the Legal Affairs Ministry pointed
out that no landlord who treats his tenant in a fair and decent way
should be afraid of the proposed law.



Minister of Agriculture George Louison and Canadian High Commiss-
ioner to Grenada Alan Rogers, signed a Memorandum of Agreement on
August 26th relative to a Cocoa Rehabilitation Project to be
financed by the Canadian Government.

This project, which involves the replanting of 10,000-acres of cocoa
fields at the rate of some 500,000 trees per year, will cost EC$20
million and includes provision for research on pest control and
fertilizer interaction.

Speaking on the occasipn.of the signing ceremony, Mr Louison said
he is grateful to the Government of Canada and to the Canadian
International Development Agency (CIDA) which will be responsible
for execution of the project.

The Minister said the Cocoa Rehabilitation Project represents
another of the projects with which Canada has assisted Grenada over
the years and, among others, he referred to fish processing, the
Cocoa Fertilizer Scheme, Cocoa Parasite Control, various training
programmes, water development and the School Building Programme.

"More recently", only a few weeks ago", Mr Louison said, "when the
High Commissioner travelled to Grenada, it was for the signing of
another multi-million-dollar project, the Central Garage which will
be of tremendous importance in terms of the up-keep and general
service of our vehicles."

Replying, Mr Rogers expressed his pleasure that the two major
projects of the Cocoa Rehabilitation Scheme and the Central Garage
have started after what he called "a rather long period of a couple
of years of planning and developing a new phase in economic
cooperation between Canada and Grenada."
continued -

Wee~ icjtc 19'.i

1. -- |

Describing the Cocoa Industry as one of the "gut industries" which
will keep Grenada going for some years, Mr Rogers said the Canadian
Government is delighted to participate in something so very import-
ant to Grenadians.


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, addressing a rally called on August
23rd to honour the memory of Jamaican national hero Marcus Garver,
and, referring to. the alleged plan of the United States of America
to invade Grenada, said the threat of mercenary invasion of the
island has been a constant factor in the circumstances of the
Grenada revolution.

He said mercenaries have been training in Miami for a long time and,
while openly using American soil to train and get arms, have been
appearing on American TV and radio admitting they are being trained
for invasion of Nicaragua and Grenada,

Some months ago, he said, these mercenaries contacted deposed Prime
Minister Eric Gairy, trying to work out an invasion of Grenada,
but, when the required finances could not be found, the mercenaries
shifted their attention to an invasion of Dominica.

In their Court trials then being conducted, Mr Bishop said, these
mercenaries have admitted their real plan was to use Dominica as a
beachhead from which they could attack Grenada.
"We have seen over these past months and over these past years, the
actual evidence", the Prime Minister said, "Our people do not
need proof, therefore, of this invasion plan. Our people do not
need to be convinced of the likelihood of such an attack because we
have seen from the first day right up to now that every single day
there is a major struggle that we have to face as a people and as a

Mr Bishop said some people, however, are still asking why Washington
should now be considering the use of United States troops to invade
Grenada when the U.S. can pressure Grenada through propaganda,
through the economic squeeze and by using mercenaries. That
question,Mr Bishop felt, should be looked at in the context of
the fact that "this Administration of Ronald Reagan is getting
more and more frantic and desperate every day."

Mr Bishop spent some time outlining what he said were failures of
the United States to crush the Grenada revolution. Attempts to
ctir up counter-revolution in the island had been unsuccessful, he
-aid, and propaganda used against Grenada had been limited in
continued -

Week BndinU 19,9.8-

Week Ending 19.9.81 THE GRENADA NEW6LET3ER Page 27

success. Also, neither the economic squeeze nor the mercenary
threat have intimidated Grenadians.

"We have to see all this, therefore," the Prime Minister said, "in
the light of the fact that the Americans have come to the conclusion
that the revolution is so popular, so organized, so vigilant, so
strong, that the only possible way in which they are going to be able
to overturn this revolution is if they come with troops and land


Since the inception of the Food Aid Programme in 1979, the Commissiort
of the European Community (CEC) has donated to Grenada a total of
800 tons of Wowdered milk.

This was announced in Grenada on September 14th by Mr G C Watterson,
CEC Delegate then on an official visit to the island.

Mr Watterson said the programme will continue in 1981 with a further
grant of 400 tons of powdered milk and 30 tons of butter oil. Under
the 1981 programme, the first shipment of 100 tons of milk powder
and 30 tons of butter oil is expected to arrive at the end of

Requests .from the Peoples Revolutionary doverhment for further food
aid in 1982 have already been submitted to the CEC headquarters in


Mr G C Watterson, Delegate of the Commission of the European
Community (CEC), then on an official visit to Grenada, announced on
September 14th that the CEC has advised the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) that the "first clearly identified project"
concerning Grenada under the European Development Fund (Lome II), is
a grant of approximately EC$6 million towards infrastructure and
equipment for the new international airport now being constructed
at Point Saline.

Mr Watterson said the PRG is now preparing, for early transmission
to the EDF Committee, a proposal for expenditure of this amount.


l: --


Project Manager of the Grenada international airport construction
project, Mr Ron Smith, disclosed on September 18th that the first
phase of the dredging operations at the airport site had been

The course of the runway runs directly across an inlet of the sea,
Hardy Bay, and the first phase of the EC$6 million dredging job,
which was undertaken in July by the American firm of Layne
Dredging Ltd, was to remove a layer of 4 to 6 feet of mud from the
sea bed in the bay*

Mr Smith said that, on the way to Grenada, the dredging Company
lost a barge at sea with certain vital equipment, and replacements
are now awaited so that the second phase can start. That phase
is the pumping of sand from off-shore to build a causeway across
the 20 foot deep Hardy Bay, and this operation is expected to be
completed towards the end of November.

Another development taking place at the site, Mr Smith Said, is
the concreting of the western end of the runway, the point at which
aircraft will turn around and get ready for take-off.

"This has to be constructed of concrete", Mr Smith said, "because
there is a liklibood of fuel spillage when these aircraft turn
around prior to take-off, and fuel will affect asphalt whereas it
does not affect concrete."

The Project Manager said the asphalt mixing plant has now been
assembled and is undergoing trials and adjustments prior to
commencing work on the runway.

It was announced earlier this year that enough of the runway to
the west of Hardy Bay may be completed by November this year to
permit landing by Liat's Avro aircraft.
I*Ay ool.
/'"'^"VJ_ i~;fnur'r" r +:r3i I ^&iM

Alist i Hughes
19th September 1981

Week En4ing 19,9.81

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