The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Volume 8 Nu~ber 16
For The Week Ending 29th November 1980
8th Year Of Publication -- --249th Issue


Five young men were gunned to death on the night of November
17th in two separate incid ts which Police sources suspect
are manifestations of terrorist activity.

Shortly after eleven o'clock that evening, residents of the
Plains area in the Parish of St Patricks .at the north end of the
island heard gunfire lasting two to three minutes, but it was
not until around dawn that discovery was made of a blue Morris
Mini Car, registration number 668, with the bullet ridden
bodies of four young men.

The car belonged to Donald Stanisclaus, 29, and his body was in
the drivers seat on the right hand side. The bodies of two
of his friends, Andy Courtenay,18, and Stephen Lalsee, 20, Were-
in the back seat. The driver's door was open and the body
of Donald's brother, Dennis,32, who was on holiday from the
United Kingdom, was lying crumpled in the road on the driver's
side of the car with its head in the carts doorway.

Times have not been established, but it appears that, about the
time of this shooting, an abandoned Militia camp at Mt.Rose,
about two miles away, was attacked and a man whose name has
been given as Evan Charles, was killed by gun fire.
continued -

PI Brodoed & Printed by Alifter & Cynthia Hughes
PO Bo0 x 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindioes


~~-` -------"- --


_ i

-- ~---

Page 2 TI GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week:' ding 29.11.80

NEWSLETTER arrived at Plains about.tenh o'clock on, the morning

after the shooting. .The four bodies 'had already been

moved but the car was in place as found. It was on the left

side of the road facing in -the direction of the town of Sauteurs

about 4 miles away, its switch key was turned on, the wind-

shield wipers were upright and -the handbrake was down.
Blood & Glass
All the glasses of the car were smashed, over 30 bullet holes

(apparently of different calibre) were counted, the seats were

soaked in blood and there were pools of blood and broken glass

on the floor boards.- The Police and Peoples Revolutionary

Army were present investigating and there were hundreds of on-


Donald Stanisclaus is reported to be the head of the military

Cadet Corps in St.Patrick's Parish and is also a Sergeant of

Police attached to Pearls, airport. Both Lalsee and Courtenay

are also said to be connected with the St.Patricks Cadet Corps'.

The Stanisclaus brothers are brothers to Superintendent of

Police Raphael Stanisclaus, and Courtenay is the son of Police

Inspector Winston Courtenay who has been a detainee since last

December 18th.

This is the third shooting incident in St Patricks in the last

four and a half months. The first occurred on July 4th' when a

Militia Camp at Mt. Reuil was attacked and a member of the PRA

and a member of the Militia were wounded. The second was on

September 19th when Joseph Charles, suspected of having taken part

in the first shooting, was killed by Security Forces.

Commissioner of Police James Clarkson confirmed to NEWSLETTER on

November 20th that four men were "assisting the Police" in the

investigation of the Plains and Mt Rose shootings, and NEWSLETTER

asked the Commissioner to comment on a report that terrorists

made the attack at Mt Rose and the PRA was alerted and went into

action. The report says the four men in the car at Plains

died as a result of mistaken identity by the PRA.

- Continued -


"The police have heard many rumours in connection with this

incident", Mr Clarkson said, "and every lead is being investigated

but, as yet, we have nothing definite to go on and there is no

official statement to be made."

(670 words)


Thousands of Grenadians crowded the Roman Catholic Church and

Churchyard at Sauteurs, St. Patricks on the afternoon of November

23rd to be present at the funeral of five young men gunned down in

unexplained circumstances on the hight of November 17th.

The bullet ridden bodies of four of these men were found in a car

at Plains, St Patricks, dh Tuesday 18th November, .and the fifth was

shot and killed at an abandoned Militia Camp about two miles away

sometime during the night before.

The funeral was jointly conducted by Roman Cathotic Priest Patrick

MacCormac and Anglican Priest Hermon Bhola and, addressing the

congregation, Father MacCormac pleaded that there should be no

thought of revenge. The attitude should be, he said, "forgive

them for they knew not what they did."

"I am an Irishman", Father MacCormac said, "and I know that civil

war is the l.worst thing that can happen to a country. If you

seek revenge for this act, you have no thought for the welfare of

There was tight security at the funeral, armed, uniformed members

of the Peoples Revolutionary Army being stationed at intervals for

miles on the approach roads to Sauteurs. In the vicinity of the

church, some people were searched including Dr Rupert Japal.

Dr Japal, a member of the Grenada National Party (GNP), was an

unsuccessful candidate in the 1976 General Elections which GNP

fought on a joint manifesto with Mr Maurice Bishop's New Jewel

Movement and Mr Winston Whyte's United People's Party.

- continued -

Week Ending 29.11'. 30

Page 3


Dr Japal was arrested on November 6th last year and was released

on March 25th last. Mr Whyte was detained on October 15th last

year and is still held at Richmbnd Hill prisons.
(284 words)


Some 800 students demonstrated through the streets of St Georges on

Thursday November 20th in protest against the slaying of five young

men on the night of November 17th.

The bullet ridden bodies of four of these men were found in a car on

the morning of Novemb4r.18th, and the fifth was shot and killed at

an abandoned Militia camp about two miles away from where the four

were found. No one has been arrested ih connection with these

incidents but four men are reported to be "assisting the Police"

in their investigations. 1

The demonstration bas led by a banner reading; I'Revolution has ,no

room for terrorist (sic), join the Militia and fight terrorism", and

dozens of placards carried by the students indicated belief that the

killings were the work of terrorists.

Most of the students were in school uniform and some identified were

from the State owned Grenada Boys Secondary School, the Anglican

High School and the Roman Catholic St Joseph's Convent..- The age

group ranged from pre-teen upward and there were five or six adult

cheer leaders. The atmosphere was a carnival one reminiscent of

the anti-Gairy demonstrations of 1974 and the favourite chant

appeared to be "They touch Bishop, they touch us too".

Leading the demonstration was a car with four members of the

Militia of which at least one was armed with a submachine gun.

Also on guard, on foot, Were some half dozen members of the People's

Revolutionary Army in camouflaged uniforms and carrying automatic

(264 words)
*as^ --'*

Week Ending 29.i 80

week Enaing 29.11.80u THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told a rally of some 3000 to 4000

persons on November 16th that, in his "war of words" with Prime

Minister Tom Adams of Barbados, he could have written a 'nice note'

in diplomatic language to the Barbadian Government. However, he

said, he had used other language with a specific purpose.

"We wanted to use language that the masses, not only in our country

but in the Caribbean, will understand", he said. "So, long nose

Uncle Tom, dirty mouth Uncle Tom will get the message once and for

all, leave the people of Grenada alone, hands off Grenada, get your

dirty mouth out of Grenada's business, don't poke your long nose into

Grenada's business !!!"

The controversy between Mr Bishop and Mr Adams started on November

4th when Mr Adams publicly called on the Peoples Revolutionary

Government (PRG) to hold the General Elections it had promised soon

after the revolution of March 13th 1979. Mr Bishop heatedly

replied with the accusation that Mr Adams is interfering in

Grenada's internal affairs. He also dubbed Mr Adams a "yard

fowl" and accused him of being an "Uncle Tom" to the United States

Expectant Dog
"Like an expectant dog barking for his supper", Prime Minister

Bishop said, "he (Mr Adams) rushes in to please his new master,

(Ronald Reagan, like all good yard fowls, by attacking Grenada."

The rally on November 16th was held at Seamoon, an abandoned race

track on the east coast near to pearls airport, and commemorated

"Bloody Sunday", an incident in 1973 when six members of the New

Jewel Movement were attacked by then Premier Eric Gairy's "Mongoose

Gang" of paid criminals.

Mr Bishop, Mr Unison Whiteman (now Minister of Agriculture,

Fisheries & Tourism) and Mr Selwyn Strachan (now Minister of

Communications, Works and Labour), were badly beaten and injured,

and the six were held incommunicado for 24 hours even though

urgently in need of medical attention. This incident raised

great public concern and was the basis on which Mr Gairy was forced
continued -

-r -- t ^^

Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80

to appoint the Ouffus Commission of -Inquiry into the breakdown of

law ana order in Grenada.

Addressing the rally, Mr Bishop said that, when a person is in a

position of strength, he must be magnanimous and, since Mr Adams

had asked for an explanation of his (Mr Bishop's) remarks, he would

give it to him.

The Prime Minister said the reason why he had called Mr Adams a

'yard fowl" is that, in the days of slavery, there were two types

of slave, the 'field slave' and the 'house slave'. The field

slave cut sugar cane under the master's whip, he said, and thought

only about freedom and "how to plan revolution". They were the

"genuine fighters", Mr Bishop said, and Grenadians are their

Kick Me Please
The house slaves, on the other hand, Mr Bishop said, did no work

in the fields and, every time the master passed, they put on smiles

and there was a "bending and bowing and scraping" to the extent

that their heads touched the ground. "And every time they see

master", the Prime Minister said, "they say, 'yes master, please

master, no master, thank you master, kick me please master'."

Mr Bishop said it was the house type slave which had been called

'Uncle Tom', and he wanted his listeners to understand that, when

Mr.Adams had been given the name of 'Tom" at birth, it was a

"scientific.-name". "They called him 'Tom' ", he said, "because

they knew he was an Uncle Tom house slave"

The Prime Minister defined a 'yard fowl' as one which "will kill

his mother for'ten cents", and one which will "bend and bow and

scrape to any extent and any level to get two grains of corn

falling off master's table."

"That:fis hy", he said, "Uncle Tom could not even wait for the people

in America to finish counting their election votes. Uncle Tom

took no chance. He said, 'I'm not waiting for Reagan to say he's

President. Before they say he's President, I say he's President.

I take in front, I want my corn from now.' "
continued -

Week Ending 29.11.80 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7

Mr Bishop said the United States has a "backyard policy" of

believing that the Caribbean is her back yard and "when they spit,

we must open our mouths and collect it. He said Grenadians have

declared they are in nobody's back yard but, wherever there is a

back yard there must be a "yard fowl" and that is the role Mr Adams

is playing.

"That is the explanation and that is the apology that the free people

of revolutionary Grenada send to Uncle Tom", the Prime Minister said,

Mr Bishop said he was disclosing for the first time the fact that

Mr Adams, in the first days of the revolution, "was spending every

effort" to try to stop the United States, Britain, Canada and

France from giving recognition to the revolutionary government.

"This man", he said, "is now going around pretending that it was

because of him that the Government of the United Kingdom gave

recognition to our Government and our country. The opposite is

true. The fact is that he spent several days trying to block that


Mr Bishop said Mr Adams has a "history of constant interference and

constant aggression against the people of Grenada and the Grenada

revolution." He said that, in the early days of the revolution

when there was a move "by some of these people" to try to stop Liat

airlines from coming to Grenada, "Tom Adams was one of the main

people involved in trying to push this move."

The Prime Minister said that, during the first weeks of the

revolution, Prime Minister Adams and Barbados' Foreign Minister

Henry Forde made hostile statements against the Grenada revolution

and people. He said also that the "Beacon", the official organ

of Mr Adams' Barbados Labour Party, has consistently attacked the

Grenada Revolution.

Mr Bishop said the "Beacon" of September 26th last "tried to attack

our fraternal allies and friends from Cuba", and he quoted the

following from that publication :-

"The Cubans recently detained a Magistrate and it was
only after the intervention of the Commissioner of
-continued -


~_ ~ ~f __ __ ^^

Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWLSLETTF_ Week Ending _29.11.80

Police that the Magistrate was released."

"Not even in Grenada itself have I heard the rumour by even the most

vicious counter-revolutionaries even saying that any Magistrate was

ever detained", Mr Bishop said, "but here you have Uncle Tom Adams

and his Party newspaper saying that our Cuban comrades detained a

Criminal Offences
The Prime Minister accused Mr Adams of being part of a conspiracy

and an accessory before and after the fact to criminal offences

attempted to be committed" in Grenada. He said the Peoples

Revolutionary-Government now knows "from what Adams himself has

said" that people have been phoning him (Mr Adams) over the last

few months, after midnight, using his private unlisted.telephone

number, calling on him to assist in the overthrow of the PRG.

"But observe carefully", Mr Bishop said,-"the first time Adams has

told the people of Grenada,. the Government of Grenada, the people

of Barbados and the people of the Caribbean of this is a few days


Mr Bishop said Mr Adams suppression of this "key and vital"

information "threatening the survival of a.Government in the

Caribbean" shows clearly that the Prime Minister of Barbados "has

been involved for some time now in plotting and planning and

scheming to see if he could find ways of overthrowing our Government."

'If Uncle Tom is seriously thinking of maintaining any dreams of

bverthrowing'this revolution", Mr Bishop said, "maintaining any

dreams of helping people to attack our country, if, most amusingly

of all, Uncle Tom is thinking of himself coming down to our country

in a hostile way, he will discover that the people of free

revolutionary Grenada are ready, willing and prepared to fight and

die to defend our revolution."

(1292 words)

*- .
..........................................; w

Week Ending 29.11.80 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9


Security Forces shot and killed two wanted men on November 28th.

Full details are unavailable but reports say the shooting took place

in the Mt.Reuil area in the Parish of St Patricks.

The names of the dead men are given as Glen Simon alias Habib Ali

and Wilber Charles alias Ayub,

Last July 4th there was a shooting incident in the Mt.Reuil area in

which a member of the Peoples Revolutionary Army and a member of the

Militia were wounded, and it is alleged that Simon and Charles

together with Mikey James and Joseph Charles alias Yussuf Abdul

were involved in the incident and were responsible for the


The four men were put on the 'wanted list and Joseph Charles was

shot and killed by Security Forces on September 19th.

An unconfirmed report says four men associated with the dead men

were arrested in the Conference area on the east coast. Another

man, Matthew Pascal, is being sought by the Security Forces.
(162 words)
-..- .... .rU -.


Hearing began in the High Court on November 28th of the application

writ of Habeas Corpus brought by Ralph Thompson against the Minister

of Legal Affairs and Attorney General Kendrick Radix and Commission

-er of Prisons Patrick MacLeish.

Thompson was taken into custody on June 19th, the day a bomb ex-

ploded at a rally at Queen's Park killing three young girls. He

is represented by Barristers Tillman Thomas and Lloyd Noel. Mr.

Noel resigned as Attorney General and a member of the Peoples Rev-

olutionary Government last June.

Addressing Chief Justice Mr. Archibald Nedd in the High Court Mr.

Noel argued that provisions of the law with reference to detention

had not been complied with. He said that, before a person is
continued -

Pa.a 10 THE GRRNADA NEWSLETTER WEk E& ndina 29 .r1 8

detained, a detention order must be made, that older must

state the grounds on which the detention is being made and a

copy of the order must be given to the detainee within 7 days.

Mr. Noel asked the court to note and put an interpretation on

the sequence of events which took place between 23rd and 28th

October. He said his application to the Court for permission

to apply for a writ of Habeas Corpus had been made on October

23rd. A law purporting to amend retroactively the regula-

tions for detention was passed on October 27th. And, accord-

ing to an affidavit made by the Commissioner of Prisons Pat-

rick MacLeish, the Commissioner received, for the first time,

on October 28th, a Detention Order relative to Thompson. That

order was dated June 19th.

Mr. Noel referred also to the "grounds" on Thompson's' purport

-ed Detention Order and said these stated that Thompson was

"reasonably suspected of counselling and conspiring" for il-

legal purposes. Mr. Noel said this is not specific enough

to constitute adequate grounds and he thought this. made the De-#

tention Order invalid.

Guyanese born Crown Council, ex-judge Mr. Edwin Heyliger, in

his reply to Mr. Noel said there could be no question that the

Detention Order was issued and that it is valid. On the

face of it", he told Mr. Justice Nedd, "that Detention Order

was issued on June 19th, it is here attached to the affidavit

of the Commissioner of Prisons, and there is no evidence on

which your Honour can go beyond that".

Referring to the Detention Order, Mr. Nedd commented on the

fact that there was an interval of over four months before

it was received by the Commissioner of Prisons. "What in-

trigues me", he said, is what happened to the Detention

Order before it came to the Commissioner of Prisons".

Mr. Heyliger blamed this delay on "bureaucracy" and said the

reasonable conclusion is that the order "must have been lying
down somewhere". continued -

Week Ending 29.11.80 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11

Mr. Heyliger also argued that the "grounds" given on the Detention

Order were adequate considering the significance of the fact that

it was dated June 19th, the day on which a bomb exploded at the ral-

ly. In that context, he said, it is easy to imply the words, "to

wit the placing of a bomb at Queen's Park" as being included in

the grounds mentioned.

Attorney General Radix tQld Mr. Nedd that, with the exception of

Mr. Noel's arguments relative to the adequacy of the grounds, he

considered that everything Mr. Noel had said was "without efficacy".

He said Mr. Noel's arguments on the matter of grounds had taken him

"by surprise", and he wished some time to consider them. Mr. Nedd

adjourned the hearing until Tuesday December 2nd.

This hearing has generated considerable interest in legal circles in

Grenada as it is the first time the legality of any action of the

Peoples Revolutionary Government has been questioned in court.

( 610 words )


Decreases in the landed cost of gasolene will not be reflected in

the price at which it will be sold to motorists but will result in

revenue for the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG)

This is the effect of Peoples Law 56/1980, the Petroleum ( Increased

Profit Margin) Law which was .passed on November 12th. According to

that law, when there is a reduction in the landed cost of gasolene,

the Minister of Finance may make an Order to have the Oil Companies

pay that reduction into the Treasury.

The section of the Law which authorises that Order reads as follows:

"As from the 9th September 1980 when any reduction
in the landed cost of gasolene imported into the State
occurs and that reduction is not reflected in the con-
trolled selling price of that article but results in
an increased profit margin, to the importer or his
agent, the Minister may make an order in accordance
with section 4 of this Law".

- continued -

Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80

Sources close to the Oil Companies told NEWSLETTER that, as a

result of a glut on the market, gasolene and diesel oil were

imported recently into Grenada at landed costs which showed re-

ductions of ECt22 and EC419 per imperial gallon respectively.

The Government controlled selling price of gasolene is EC$5.25

per imperial gallon and that of diesel oil is EC$5.14 per im-

perial gallon. A suggestion was made by the Oil Companies to

the PRG that these selling prices should be revised to reflect

the lower landed costs, but it was decided instead to stabilize

the prices at their present level and have the Oil Companies pay

the price reduction to Government.

NEWSLETTER is advised that several other Caribbean Community

countries have benefited by the unusual fall in the landed cost

of gasoiene and that this fall has been reflected in lower sell-

ing prices to the public.
( 307 words )


A Government spokesman told NEWSLETTER on November 21st that the

Preventive Detention Tribunal will resume sittings on December


This Tribunal was appointed ont month after the revolution of

March 13th 1979, its purpose being to review cases of persons

detained and make recommendations to the Minister for Security.

Headed by Polish born Dr. Adolph Bierzynski, 65, a medical

practicioner the Tribunal also has in its membership, a house-

wife, Mrs. Alice McIntyre, 55, and businessman Mr. Bryce Wood-

roffe, 61.

The first sitting of the Tribunal was in May 1979. According

to the law creating the Tribunal, sittings should have been

every two months, but the next sitting was not until September

1979 and there have been no more since.

- continued -


The Government spokesman said the infrequency of sittings of the

Tribunal has been because of "counter-revolutionary activity" and

"limited man-power resources".

Recommendations of the Tribunal are not binding on the Minister for

( 152 words )


Many more millions of dollars have come to the Caribbean over the

last 20 months because of the Grenada Revolution which took place

on March 13th 1979.

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop expressed this at a rally on November

16th as part of a reply to a statement by Prime Minister Tom Adams

of Barbados that some countries may withhold aid to the Caribbean

because of the Grenada revolution.

"What the Americans, for example, have realized,", Mr. Bishop said,

"is that in their anxiety to try to prevent other revolutions taking

place in the Caribbean, they have deserted and abandoned their pol-

icy of neglecting the Caribbean and, today, they are out here in


The Prime Minister said the United States is engaged now in "shuttle

diplomacy" out of Barbados, visiting the islands frequently, and,

he said, "now in most islands, certainly Barbados, several more mil-

lions of dollars have gotten into the Treasuries of those islands

because the Americans are trying to pump money to see if they can

get people to stop thinking about their problems".

Mr. Bishop said the Americans are trying to use money to stop "pro-

gressive development" in the Caribbean, and he warned Mr. Adams to

"note another side of the coin". If the Grenada Revolution is over

-thrown, he said, it will mean an end to all of the extra dollars

which the Grenada revolution is responsible for bringing to the

( 234 words )
7.7*. ".-
.. ** 7i- "I'-'"-^

Week Ending 29.11.80



The East Caribbean Currency Authority (FCCA) has published a

Balance Sheet, a Statement of. Income & Expenditure and a State-

ment of General Reserve all with reference to the Authority's

end-of-year figures at 31st March 1980. These Statements, to-

gether with a Report dated June 13th from the Authority's Audi-

tors, Messrs Pannel Fitzpatrick & Co, have been published in

the Government Gazette of November 14th.
(Expressed in East Caribbean Dollars)
1980 1979


Demand Liabilities 123,023,715
Proposed Distribution to
Participating Governments 11,535,060
Bankers Deposits 83,226,085
General Reserve Fund 12,302,371
Special Reserve 1,546,560
Other Liabilities 39,741,740
Represented by;-

External Assets:
Other Securities 68,303,497
Fixed Deposits & Money at call 150,045,490
Bankers Balances 1,376,051
Regional Currencies 4 035,534




Internal Assets:
Participating Governments'
Bankers Balances
Freehold Properties

Other Assets
Interest Accrued on Securities
& Deposits,
Accounts Receivable & Prepaid
Less Accrued Liabilities &







(3,390,985) (885,099)
$9,501,014 $4,008,831

$47,614,959 $35,978,478

$271,375,531 ..$232,546,625


Week Ending 29.11.80

Pagq 14


( ExprLess.d in E-st Caribbean Dollars)

United States Government Securities
Treasury Bills.
Other Securities
Participating Government Securitieg
Treasury Bills



Repurchase Agreements 234,484
Money at Call and on Deposit 19,096,402
Commission on Currency 443,411
Commission on Inter-regional settlements 227,609
Gain on purchase & sale of foreign
currencies 659,443
Loss on sale of United Kingdom Govt.
Securities (4,725)
Income from Commemorative Coin Sales 5
Agency Fees 4,800
Miscellaneous 217

Administration Expenses
Inter-territorial transfer of currency
Supplies of currency
Interest paid on Bankers deposits
Interest on Caricom Multilateral
Clearing Facility



Provision for new coinage (1,500,000
Foreign Currency transactions (71,394
Depreciation of Securities 14,039,801
Amount transferred to General
Reserve Fund (2,349,638
GOVERNMENTS $11,535,060








1 ,508







( Expressed in East Caribbean Dollars)

GENERAL RESERVE FUND At beginning of Year
Year $ 9,952,733
Amount allocated out of Excess of Iniome
over Expenditure to maintain Reserve at
10% of Demand Liabilities 2,349,638
GENERAL RESERVE FUND End of Year $12.302,371



Week Ending 29.11.80

Page 15

'F~.""`~ .~--"m~"



Nutmeg farmers in Grenada have been warned they may have to

tighten their belts. World market conditions are bad and the

warning has come from the Board of Management of the Grenada

Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) in its Report on the Trad-

ing of the Association during the year ended June 30th last.

The cash liquidity position of the Reserve Fund is at an un-

comfortably low level", the Board says, "particularly so in view

of the continuing poor state of the market and the grim prospects

of an even lower trading surplus next year".

The Board's concern is that, for two consecutive years, funds

have had to be taken from Reserves. The system is that pro-

duce is "bought" from the 6000 plus nutmeg farmers during the

year and, depending on the trading surplus, a "bonus" is paid

in time for Christmas. The problem is that, in both 1979 and

1930, the surplus has been poor and has been supplemented from


GCNA has operated since 1947 and has been of tremendous advant-

age. to farmers. Prior to 1947, middle-men dealers bought grow-

ers produce and exported it. Under that system, there was no

unified price for Grenada nutmegs on the world market and compe-

tition for sales to brokers abroad drove prices down. In addi-

tion, profits of export dealers reduced returns to the growers.

By legislation enacted in 1947, GCNA was created to control the

export of nutmegs and develop the Industry. There was great

opposition to this from export :dealers but,. eight years later,

the existence of the Association was more than justified when

it provided a cooperative approach to the destruction caused

by the disastrous hurricane of 1955.

Addressing the legislature a few days after the hurricane, the

Governor, Mr. C.M. Deverell, said that, not only had there

been great loss to individuals and to the State through dam-

- continued -

WeeVk Ending 29.11.80

Page 16


age to property, but destruction to crops would disrupt Grenada's

agriculture for years.

"This is, indeed, a sombre picture", he said, and the situation

it depicts will clearly call for all our resolution and unity of

purpose in the years to come".

The Nutmeg Industry is one of the principal foreign exchange earn-

ers of cr-lnnada and the "unity of purpose" provided by GCNA at that

time was invaluable. Damage to nutmeg plantations was estimated

at 80% and this was the heaviest blow to the Industry since the is-

land began to export nutmegs late in the last century.: The out-

look was dark, there was despair that the plantations could ever

be restored and it was feared that the Industry might disappear

with this disaster.
Rum Punch
The nutmeg (Myristica Fragrans), although incorporated in the nation

-al flag, is not indigenous to Grenada. It came to the island as

a curiosity. In the 1830s, Westindian overseers went to the East

Indies to advise on sugar extraction and, on their return, brought

back the nutmeg especially for the flavour it imparts to rum punch.

The first nutmeg trees were planted in Grenada about 1843 and, in-

side the next few years, many estate Great Houses had trees growing

in their back yards to supply nutmegs for Sunday morning punch par-

ties. In 1851, however, disaster suddenly struck the nutmeg plant-

ations of the Far East, gave the Grenada nutmeg a new perspective

and altered the agricultural history of Grenada.

Far East plantation owners found that, overnight, they were losing

their nutmeg orchards. During the dark hours, a worm attacked the

trees. By next morning, the top branches had withered and, with-

in a few days, the tree was dead.

Many large plantations in Singapore and other parts of the Far East

were reduced rapidly to garden plots. There was a shortage of

nutmegs on the world market and Grenadian planters saw their op-

portunity. By 1860, nutmegs were being planted seriously as an

economic crop and, by the .18BOs, exports were made.
-continued -

Week Ending 29.11.80

Page 17

Pace'18 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80

The plantations in the Far East recovered from their heavy blow

as did the Grenada plantations after the 1955 hurricane. The

Far East Nutmeg Industry is now centered in Indonesia and that

country supplies some 70& of world requirements; Grenada sup-

plies almost all the remainder.

On- f the big problems facing the Nutmeg Industry is that

there is no cooperation between Grenada and Indonesia and so no

control of world prices. Early this year, the GCNA Manager,

Mr. Robin Renwick, visited Indonesia and had talks with offi-

cials there. Contrary to what obtains in Grenada, however,

there is no single Body controlling nutmeg exports from that

country. Mr. Renwick was unable to make any arrangements and

there have been no positive results from his visit.

More recently, Grenada's Minister of Finance Bernard Coard had

discussions with Indonesian Minister of Finance Aii Wardhana

when the two men were in Washington for an International Mone-

tary Fund meeting in September. The Peoples Revolutionary Gov-

ernment has announced that Indonesia has asked for details of

Grenada's nutmeg trade so that a suitable marketing policy may

be developed, but no scheme of cooperation is as yet in effect.

In the meantime, the market outlook continues to be discouraging

and fears Of the GCNA.Boardseem well grounded. GCNA had nearly

BC$4.5 million in liquid cash reserves at the end of the 1978

trading year. During the following year, however, trading con-

ditions deteriorated and cash reserves had to be depleted to

supplement the year-end surplus payment. For the same reason,

reserves had to be used again this year and liquid cash reserves

at the end of the 1980 trading year stood at under EC$1 million.

The worsening situation and falling demand is blamed on the gen-

eral world recession, and GCNA Manager Mr. Robin Renwick told

NEWSLETTER that, since the end of the 1980 nutmeg trading year

last June 30th, the market has become even worse.

"Unless there is an ease in the world recession", he said, "our

prospects for next year are gril'.-.- 9 w
""-S. "' 970 words )

WJeek Ending 29.11.80


Todate, NEWSLETTER has had available only three Statements of Assets

& Liabilities relative to the East Caribbean Currency Authority.

The first related to the month of February and was published in the

issue of 19th April and the second related to May and was published

in the issue of August 30th.

The third Statement relates to July and is as follows:-


Demand Liabilities

Notes in Circulation

Coin in Circulation

Bankers Balances

Unpresented Cheques

International Organisations

Bankers Reserve

General Reserve

Special Reserve

Other Liabilities


External Assets

Fixed Deposits & Money at Call


Regional Currencies

Bankers Balances

Internal Assets

Participating Government Securities
including Treasury Bills

Other Assets

EC$ 99,261,742
















Page 19

`P" cvai
~v-------- ~an~-~,

Page 20 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80


The Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) is to distri-

bute 4 million East Caribbean (EC) dollars to members by the

end of this month.

This amount represents the "surplus" due to growers resulting

from trading in the year ended 30th June last and is about equal

to the amount distributed last year, but it does not reflect an

accurate picture of the state of the industry.

The gross profit from sales in 1979 was EC$8.3 million, a fall

from the EC$11.5 million of 1978, and EC$1.4 million was trans-

ferred from reserves to pay a "surplus" of EC$4.3 million.

In 1980, there has been a further fall in gross profit to EC$7.7

million and EC$1.8 million is being taken from reserves to pay

a"surplus" of EC$ 4 million.

According to GCNA, the decline in profits is as a result of

sharp fall-off in demand and competitors from Singapore and In-

donesia have been exerting pressure by selling at lower prices.

Efforts are now being made through both private and Government

channels to establish joint marketing arrangements with Indone-


In connection with the amount of "surplus" to be paid, the GCNA

m nagement board says that, in deciding to withdraw EC$1.8 mil-

lion from reserves, consideration was given to both the "finan-

cial hardships being experienced by growers" and the "possible

consequences of a cash liquidity problem being caused".

"This substantial transfer from reserves, however", the Board

says, "following the transfer of EC$1.4 million last year,

leaves the cash liquidity position of the Reserve Fund at an

uncomfortably low level".

( 261 words )

-J.n J dg 7'- .t
/.^. ""^--^^^^CB



The Minor Spices Cooperative Marketing Society Ltd (MSCRS) has been

given control over the export from Grenada of cloves, cinnamon, pim-

ento and all other spices with the exception of nutmegs and mace.

Peoples Law 48/1980 of 22nd October 1980 makes the Society the sole

exporter of "minor spices" and authorises the Society to grant a per-

mit to traffickers to trade in these spices with Caribbean Community


NSCMS was registered on June 15th 1971 when 7 members took over from

the operations of the Grenada Inter-Church Council. Those opera-

tions began in 1969 with the purchase and shipment of spices ( other

than nutmegs and mace) and, in 1971, the venture was sufficiently de-

veloped to be handed over to the spice producers through MSCMS.

Early last year, a spokesman for the Society told NEWSLETTER that

one of the principal problems it faced was competition from two or

three big exporters. Formal consideration was given to the possi-

bility of approaching the Gairy Government to establish a Statutory

Body similar to that which controls the export of nutmegs and mace,

but this idea was discarded.

"Members considered it would be unwise to take this step", the spokes-

man said- "When it was considered that Government now has taken con

trol of all the producer cooperatives operating under Statutory Bod-

ies the Nutmeg Association, Cocoa Association and Banana Society -

it was felt that, if Government established a Statutory Body for min-

or spices, producers might lose control here toc'.

It has not yet been possible to get a statement as to what revived

the idea of a Statutory Body to control the export of minor spices,

but Law 48/1980 is evidence that it was revived and acted upon, the

the authority for the control of exports now being MSCMS.

Law 48/1980 authorises the Minister of Agriculture to nominate two

persons to the MSCiS Board of Management.
( 306 words )

Week Ending 29,11.80-

Page 21

Page 22 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80


CIM Funds Seminar For Women

The Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) is to fund a Trade

Union seminar for Grenadian women with the aim of developing

their leadership skills.

CIM, which was established by the Organisation of American

States, held a conference in the Dominican Republic from October

26th to November 4th at which Grenada was represented by Mrs.

Phyllis Coard, Secretary for Women's Affairs in the Peoples Re-

volutionary Government and wife of Minister of Finance Bernard

Coard. The decision to fund the seminar was taken at the Con-


At the Conference, Grenada was elected to serve for 2 years on

the CIM Executive Committee as a representative of the Caribbean

region. Also serving on the Committee will be the United States,

Venezuela, Colombia, Chile and the Dominican Republic.

(126 words)

Cold Storage Facilities For "Albatross III"

Three refrigeration experts from Trinidad arrived in Grenada on

November 14th to examine the possibility of installing cold stor-

age facilities on the State owned 148 nett tons freighter "Al-

batross III".

This boat, formerly owned by the Jim Jones Peoples Temple Cult

of Guyana was purchased by the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-

ment in May last for EC$201 thousand. Minister of Agriculture

Unison Whiteman has said the "Albatross III" will be used to

transport agricultural produce for export.

The gear box of the freighter was found to be defective and

it is now in Trinidad for repairs. The Government Informa-

tion Service says that, when these repairs have been effected

the ship will be sent abroad to be refurbished.

(115 words)

Ueek Ending 29.11.80 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 23

Grenadians On Management Training in Britain

Two Grenadians left the island on November 18th to attend a semin-

ar on Management and National Development at the Royal Institute

of Public Administration in the United Kingdom. They are Mr.

Michael Jerome, Senior Assistant Secretary in the Ministry of Plan-

ning and Mr. Otto George, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of

Health and Housing.

The seminar which runs until December 12th, is sponsored by the

British Overseas Development Administration
( 71 words )


Grenada Against 200 Mile Economic Zone

Grenada has said that establishment of an exclusive 200 mile economy

-ic zone irt the Caribbean will operate against productivity of the

fishing industry and provoke conflicts between countries.

This view was expressed at a recent seminar which took place in

Havana, Cuba recently. The theme of the seminar was "Evaluation

of the Law of the Sea & Fishing in the West-Central Atlantic", and

it was sponsored by the United Nations Food & Agriculture Organ-


Grenada's view is that the small island states in the region should

concentrate their energies on exploitation and conservation of

their fishing resources in a collective way in a collective fishing

(106 words )

:Belfon Predicts Tourism Increase

Tourism Director Miss Jane Belfon has said that, despite indica-

tions that there has been a recession in Grenada's Tourist Indus-

try, a 5% to 8% increase is expected in the 1980-1981 Winter Sea-


According to the Government Information Service, Miss Belfon said

there was a shaxp decrease in visitors from the North American
continued -


Market during the 1979-1980 Season, but this was offset by an

increase of .62% in European visitors during the same period.

Miss Belfor' said there were"3,595 European visitors in 1973

and this figure dropped to 1,858 in 1974 ( the year of dis-

turbances in Grenada). By 1978, there were 6,998 European

visitors, she'said, the figure jumped to 11,371 in the 1979-

80 Season and is expected to double in the 1980-81 Season.
( 130 words )


Alister Hughes
29th November" 1980

Week Ending 29.11.80

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