The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )

Full Text

*-- --'*"*-- ---- ------- -7 --'------ --.- -----. '*


Volume 7 Number 34
For the Week Ending 15th December 1979
7th Year of Publicatig - - 232nd Issue

This issue of NEWSLETtBR is the first-since the issue
for the week ending November 17th, and overs the per- 4
iod rom that date to 15th December.

The editor apologises for the fact that, due to a con-
vergence of circumstances, it has not been possible
over the last few weeks,, to produce NEWSLETTER weekly
and it is hoped that,.in the New Year, this can be cor-

This isA will followed by one which will be date-
lined December' 31st.' That issue, however, will not be
ready for posting until sometime about mid-January as ,
the customary end-of-year supplement will need some time
to produce.

We take this opportunity to wish our subscribers a full
measure of the tri Joy of Christmas and peace in the
New Year. --

Produced & Printed by Alister a Cynthia Hugh
p O Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies

A.i ^

2. THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 15.12.79


Grenada is to have an international airport sited at Point Saline

on the island's south coast.

This was first announced on November 18th, the anniversary of the

date in 1973 when members of the New Jewel Movement (NJM) were

brutally beaten by then Premier Eric Gairy's 'mongoose gang' and

it was expected that construction work would begin shortly.

Making the announcement, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said that,

for the past 8 months, his Government had held discussions with

several countries and organizations on the question of aid for

the construction of the aitort Assistance had come, he said,

from the one country which has consistently come to Grenada's aid.

"The best offer we have at this time that can help us to make a

start this year has come, once again", he said, "from the one

country that has rendered the most assistance to our revolution

over the past eight months, the revolutionary Government 4 Cuba."

This Cuban assistance, Mr. Bishop said, is to be in the form of

85 pieces of heavy and other equipment for use on the airport

construction. Also as a gift, Cuba offered 4,000 tons of cem-

ent and 1,500 tons of steel, In addition, the Cuban Government

will lend 250 technicians to work on the ajiport*project which .

is expected to last three ygass.

Successive Governments of Ginada have considered the possibili-

ty of.tonstructing an international airport but, because of the

island's hilly terrain, the choice of site is limited. Engin-

eers have advised that it can be located only on the east cast

at right angles to the existing Pearls airport runway, or on the

south coast at Point Saline.

Pime Minister Bisnop said his Government had considered both

sites, each having its advantages and disadvantages. The

principal disadvantage of the east coast.s4te is that the new

-anway would be at right angles to the prevailing wind, while

-, --A

Week Ending 15.12.79 THE GRENADA NEWSL~ETR Page 3

the disadvantage of an airport at Point Saline is that its c6nstruc-

tion will destroy several valuable beaches.

It was subsequently announced that the decision hid been made to

locate the new airport at Point Saline and, on December 6th, the

ship "Palm Islands" berthed at St. George's with the promised Cuban

equipment, materials and personnel.

Also arriving on the "Palm Islands" was Senor Miguel Angel Vizcanic

who will be in charge of the airport construction project.

Total cost of construction has been estimated to be between EC$50
and EC$60 million and Cuba's aid is said to represent some EC$25

million of this. The balance is to be raised from the sale of

especial Government Airport Bonds which were put on the market in


S(440 words)


In a broadcast over Radio Free Grenada on December 3rd, the Minister

of Finance, Mr. Bernard Coard, announced that the People s Revolu-

tionary Government (PRG) will embark on f3ur housing schemes entail

-ing expenditure of over EC$7 million.

"The first scheme is for Civil Servants", he said. "There was such

a scheme years ago but it collapsed some time ago and we wish to re-

start it." ?

The Minister said this scheme will be financed by a loan from the

Colonial Li'2 Insurance Co (CLICO) and EC$3 million is to be made

available over the next five years, starting with an immediate pro-

vision of BC$J million.

"et second and third housing schemes are "house repair programmes"

for rural Aorkers. Mr. Coa-d Cascribed t.eese workers as "farm

workers, estate workers, road workers, cocoa and nutmeg processing

r'oxsers, banana boxing plant workers, in other words, the poorest

continued -
^ ____________.';


and lowest paid workers in our country."

The first of these two house repair programmes will be financed

by BC$100,000 allocated from savings effected by the PRG over the

past eight months, and, to be eligible, a rural worker must earn

under $15OEC per month. Each loan will be to a maximum of

EC$1,000. ',

Mr. Coard said one-third of each loan will be given to the bor-

rower as a grant, the remaining two-thirds to be repaid, interest

free, over 10 years. "This scheme will take effect immediately",

he said, "so, literally, within the next few days this scheme

will come into operation and payments will be done through the

N.tioral Commercial Bank in Grenville."

The other house repair programme is similar. It is to be called

| National Housing Repair Programme and will benefit workers

drawing less than BC$250 per month.. The Minister said tbat, o

, in assessing this amount, the incomes of all the persons in the

household will bc taken into account..


This scheme will be financed with BC$300,000 provided by the

Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Mr. Coard

said, and interest free loans will be made up to a maximum of

SECS1,000. Repayments will be over five years.

The fourth scheme is for the construction of low income housing,

and this is to be handled through a National Housing Authority

to be established shortly. For this purpose", the Minister

said, "we have been able to get EC$lI million each from Barclays

EBank, the Royal Bank of Canada and the Bank of Nova Scotia,

Sin all, EC$3, million. Added to that, we have been able to

got another EC$I million from OPEC".

The Minister told NEWSLETTER on December 6th that the monies
Available for these schemes have been obtained on very favour-

'le -"-.rms.. Frori ,he three commercial banks, the money has
continued -

Page 4

Week Ending 15.12.79 THE Q3t(tAdgjS UltfS fB

been loaned at 6% interest over 20 years with a three year grace

Period for the commencement of repayments. There is provision for

a review of the interest rate at the end of three years.

SThe money from OPEC is at 1% interest for 10 years. Mr. Coard

could not give details of the loan from CLICO as, he skid, negbtia-

tions had not been completed.

"The introduction of these schemes is the result of 8 months of

Patient negotiation", the Minister said, and it gives me, personal-

ly and the Government, generally, qreat satisfaction to see a hous-

ing scheme of this magnitude introduced for the benefit of the low-

Sest paid workers in our country."

S Mr. Coard thought that the employment these housing schemes will

generate, plus the employment generated by work on the new airport,

will mark a significant step forward in Grenada's economy.
(584 words)


!USAmbassador to Grenada, Miss Sally Angela Shelton, held talks in

Grenada on December 17th with Prime Minister Maurice Bishop concern-

ing the poor relations existing between St. Georges and Wasnington.

Announcing the visit a few days before, Mr. Bishop said Miss Shelton'l

coming to the island was on the invitation of the People's Revolu-

tionary Government (PRG). He said, however, that the PRG takes no

responsibility for the poor relations.

"Relations been bad", he said, "because various American func-

tionaries have come here Ambassadoc Ortiz most notably and

have attempted to dictate to us what we must do in our own country,"

and we are nrt prepared tc a-cept that from anybody".

The Prime Minister said Grenrdians do not .-agard themselves as

belonging to America. They do not see themselves as being "'in a

bac..yard u: in a lake."' Subject to that, and subject to Washihfton'h

continued -

____ __~__L_~ __1_1 _I

Page 5

Pg 6 THE GR9MAfAjR.SIMUBi. Week B' ,ing 15.12.79
--------------------------------------________________ -----------
irecognition that relations must be based on principles of mutual ig
respect, sovereignty and non-interference, the PRG wished to have
ithe best possible relations with the United States.

"Several of our people live in that country", he said, "several
of their people come to our country qs tourists and visitors, we
have absolutely no quarrel with the people of America, never
have had."

Mr. Bishop said he wanted no quarrel with the American Government
but the PRG is not going to be intimidated or bullied, and it is
not going to have anyone tell it how it must develop its own
-process" in Grenada.

iThe Trime Minister said the PRG's position has been to try to
CIA CL4tJ.Ut (lA i*.Q L 4Jj^I Wi. tfl LIC n OIAA LSth iLVJi.tnr

Se-p lan area o lcoummmrPun cat ons open w t e A an e .nv a-* II
tion to Ambassador Shelton to visit for discussions was the

Latest initiative in this connection. He said, however, that
1he had no different approach to offer.

!"'W really have nothing new to say", he declared, "we will be

!just repeating exactly what we have said before because that is
the only basis on which relations can improve."

Mr. bishop said also that ithe question of Eric Gairy remains,

a sore thumb". This was one subject certain to be raised with
Ambassador Shelton because the PRG could not accept a situation
in which a fugitive from justice is using the United States to
provoke acts of aggression against Grenada.

"Just in the last three weeks", the Prime Minister said, "Gairy
went on Radio WLIB, the biggest Black radio station in New York

and, from that station, using that platform in Brooklyn, was put-
Sting out a call that he was attempting to come back to Grenada one
i way or another."

SThe Prime Minister said this meant clearly that Gair' is still

trying tn recr,-it mercenaries and that he "had not yet abandoned

continued -


_ ~ ~II~


Si his throne".

The PRG could not accept that the US can do nothing about

this, Mr. Bishop said, and he intended to tell Ambassador

t'Shelton that a prerequisite to better relations is the US

Government "putting Gairy under manners" for as long as
they choose to leave him in their country.

The Bishop/Shelton discussions took place on December 17tl

and informed sources told NEWSLETTER Bhat they lasted for

over two hours. No release was issued after the talks,

but Radio Free Grenada said one of the- topics discussed

was 'the question of reciprocal action by the US author-

ities for the extradition of Gairy after the release of

American detainee Mary Andrews".

Mary Andrews is an American resident of Grenada who was

detained in July and released late in November.

In connection.iwith Gairy's extradition, Radio Free Grena

said Ambagador Shelton -cold Prime Minister Bishop that I

State Department officials are interested in holding tall

with Grenada's Acting Minister for Legal Affairs, Mr. Ll<

Noel T.h +h e aantimoe thc nrnomiCo has hben maeri +hat






eye will be kept on Gairy.

According to Radio Free Grenada, other topics discussed

included US assistance in the building of Grenada's inter-

national airport and also in the road repair programme which

must be undertaken as a result of damage by recent heavy


In an exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER, Ambassador

Shelton said she thought the discussions went very well.

"They were very frank", she said, "but I thought they "

were very friendly. I haven't been to Grenada for six

months and we had a lot to talk about."

continued -

------ I


Page ---




Page 8 THE GB8WAPIA MBSffMM Week EndiMg $.12.1 79

Miss Shelton declined to say what had been discussed but said p

the talks had covered a wide range of subjects. She hoped

there would be more of the "very frank and friendly dialogue

that we engaged in."

Ambassador Shelton returned to Barbados on December 18th.

(763 words)


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop at a press conference on December

13th termed the British Government's veto of the sale of two

armoured cars to the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG),

' foolish and irresponsible'.

The veto came in the form of a refusal to grant an export

licence to the British manufacturer of the cars, and Mr. Bishop

agreed that it is the SUK's sovereign right to sell to whoever

they wished, including "South Africa or facist countries that

are bent on repressing their own people."

"From our point of view", he said, "obviously this refusal wao

foolish and irresponsible and it reflects one aspect of British

foreign policy, and we are very unhappy and dissatisfied".

The Prime Minister said the British refusal meant the PRG had

to look elsewhere for these armoured cars because they are

needed by the Security Forces. He wished to point out to the

British, however, that they were approached first to supply

this equipment.

"Some of these countries", he said, "have an approach which

seems to say, on the one hand, they have a right to refuse,

they have a right not to help, they have a right to look on

while Gairy rends in mercenaries without assis-'ing the pro-

cess, and, on the other hand, when you try to get it else-

where, that is wrong too."

continued -

Week Ending 5.12 .19 TrE-GRBNADA NEWSLETTER P4a 9

The Prime Minister said the PRG will not accept this and he hoped

0 the British "take good note" of that point.

0 ( 235 words)


The People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) is in no way connected

with the unsuccessful revolution which took place on the St.Vincent

"* Grenadine island of Union on December 7th.

:4 In a statement issued on the evening of the 7th by the Commander of

the People's Revolutionary Army (PRA), Mr. Hudson Austin, it was

made clear that the PRG is pursuing a foreign policy of non-inter-

vention. The statement, which appeared to be a reaction to specu-

lation that the PRG was "exporting" its revolution to neighboring

St. Vincent, was voiced over regional radio stations by Mrs. Phyllis

Coard, Deputy Secretary for Information,

"The PRG wishes to make it clear that any attempt to try to involve

the Grenadian revolution in this affair would be foolish, immature

and irre4onsible", Mrs. Coard said. "We wish to make it further

clear that any attempt to use this affair as a means of attacking

or subverting our revolution will be firmly resisted. This affair

is St. Vincent's business, it is not our business. We are not in-

volved, we are not responsible, we will not take any blame and we

will not become involved".

Asked about the state of preparedness of the PRA, she said it was

always ready for any attack on Grenada. She continued, "We are

not ready tn attack any other country in the region nor do we wish

to become involved in the affairs of other countries in the region"

Full details of the "affair" referred to by Mrs Coard are not avail

-able but it appears that it started shortly before 8.00 am on Fri-

day 7th when a group of arred men attacked -he Police Station, Air-

port and Revenue Office at Union Island, the most southernly of the

St. Vincent Grenadines. The attack was successful and it is

continued -


- --7 -v "----- ---------------- ---

Page 1Q THE GRENADA WEWSLBTTR Week Ending, 1.2.79

reported that the Police Sergeant in charge was the only member

of the Police Force who escaped capture. This sergeant took

refuge on a yacht anchored at Union abd was able from this boat

to advise Police Headquarters in Kingstown, St. Vincent of the

armed takeover.

Union Island with a population of some 4000 has an area of 5

square miles and is located about 35 miles south of St. Vincent.

A contingent of 40 policemen* under Deputy Commissiorar of Pol-

ice Cox was sent by air to Palm Island which lies a mile or two

east of Union. From there, it is reported, a marine assault

was made on Union resulting in the recapture of the island. It

is understood that six men were captured and taken to St.Vincent

one of them dying on arrival. Reports say that nearly 30 fur-

ther arrests were made.

It appears that the revolution was' led by a RLstafarian named

"3cmba" Charles, and was motivated by the feeling that "the

resources of Union Island are being ripped off". This feeling

it is understood, is based r. the report that fishing boqt

from the French Islands take considerable catches in the Grent-

dines. This is of concern to the people of Union who depend

heavily on fishing for their existence.

The Grenada Government announced on December'lOth +hat 4 fugi-

tives from the Union Island incident had arrived at Grenada

and had been arrested. The announcement said that Grenada and

St. Vincent were in contact at both the Commissioners of Police

and Prime Ministers levels and a Vincentian official was expect-

ed to arrive she tly to institute extradition proceedings.

It is reported that "Bomba" Charles is one of the arrested men.
(578 words)


Week Ending 15.1a.79 THE GRNARp NBLETISp Page 1


The People's Revolutionary.Government (PRG) deplores the disturb-

ances which have taken place in St. Vincent and the Grenadines and

strongly condemns any attempt from whatever source to overthrow the

newly elected Government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

These sentiments were expressed by the PRG on December 10th in a

statement issued jointly with the Governments of Antigua, St. Kitts

Dominica, Belize, Barbados, Jamaica, Montserrat ant St. Lucia.

The statement called on all Coveriments in the region "to give full

support to the People's Representatives and to -he maintenance of

the territorial integrity of St. Vincent and the Grenadines."

This statement refers to the uprising which took place on Union Is-

land in the St. Vincent Grenadines on December 7th. In a press

release on December llth publicising the statement, the Grenada Gov

-ernment Information Services said it was understood that five mer

involved in the uprising landed at Carriacou in the Grenada Grenad-

ines on December 10th. The release said they were arrested and

deported. (164 words)


S The People's Revolutionary Army was put on full alert about 7

o'clock on the evening of Sunday 25th November but were given the

order to stand down before the following morning.

The alert came following gunfire ( which came, apparently, from the

waterfront in Grenville or from the nearby Telescope point area)

and residents in GrenvillE say windows were rattled. There were

said to be ten or eleven heavy explosions and there are reports of

"red lights" in the sky which, from the description, were probably

.racer shells.

Reports say that, at the time of the gunfire, thare was a brightly

Slit ship etimated to be some five miles off shore. It is not

known whcche .his shi. was the target but it did not douse its

continued -

Page 2 THE GR84ADA.NMSSLE F Week Ending 15.12.79

lights and did not appear to take avoiding action,

!About two hours after the gunfire washeardC road blocks were er

erected by the PRA in and around Grenville. These road blocks

were removed about 5 o'clock next morning. There has been no

official explanation of the incident.

ft (174 words)


!In an interview broadcast over Radio Free Grenada on November

118th, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop linked the Grenada "Torch-

Light" newspaper with the attempted overthrow of the People's

Revolutionary Government (PRG) disclosed by the Government last


Mr. Bishop said the persons who plotted the overthrow had no

I"mass base", no support from the People's Revolktionary Army,

little support from the Police and no sympathy among the major-

ity of workers. As a result, the Prime Minister said, they were

forced to rely on distortion and manipulation of news through


The reported attempted overthrow occurred on November 2nd and one

of the persons detained in this connection is Mr. Mii4ston Whyte,

Political Leader of the People's Action Liberation Movement.

Referring to Mr. Whyte as "one of the chief organizers of the

plot", Mr. Bishop said there is evidence that he had received

substantial financial backing from Mr. DMB Cromwell, Managing

Director of GrenaOd Publishers Ltd, owners of "Torchlight".

"Torchlight" was closed by the PRG on October 13th for alleged-

ly printing lies and attempting to incite violence. In his

ikterziew, the Prime Minister said the newspaper had published

articles aimed at demoralising tkh PRA and had recempted to

drive a wedge between the Police and the Army".

- continued -

I _

Week Ending 15.2 .79 THE GRENABA NWaSLBTT Page, 13

Mr. Bishop said his Government will not accept "'from the 'torchlight

or anyubig shot in our society direct counter revolutionary activity

We will not accept incitement to violence, we will not accept notor-

ious lies."

(242 words)


Stanley Cyrus, a Grenada born Professor at Howard University is

among persons being held by the People's Revolutionary Government

(PRG) in connection with the reported attempted coup of November 2nd

A statement read over Radio Free Grenada on November 9th said docu-

nented evidence along with testimonies from other detainees implica-

ted Cyrus directly with the plot to overthrow the Government. It

said also that Cyrus had made seve:-.l attempts to "infiltrate the

NJM" and obtain sensitive information concerning the party leadership!

"Information received by the PRG points to the motive for Cyrus:

extensive trade union work throughout the Caribbean and Latin Ameil-

ca prior to his arrival back in Grenada", the statement said. The

Government states further that feedback they have received in Latin

America and the Caribbean indicates that Stanley Cyrus' trips to

those areas were sponsored by the American CIA".

( 141 words)


There is no accurate information as to the number of persons now

being held -,s political prisoners.

Following the hearing in September by the Detention Tribunal of

cases of detainees, it was known that there were then 78 persons

being held as political prisoners. This number was reduced to

68 when the names of 10; charged ith criminal offences

were removed.

SCu Oct'be- 4-4', 20 w'-e released but 20 others were arrested on the

continued -

--0 .

Paggj14 .. THE GRgNADA SWSLTTnR Week Ending .-5.1B.79

fbtl'wing day so thit the total was unchanged. On Nbvember 2nd
'and shortly after, 20 more were arrested bringing the total to

S88 and, on December- 12th it was' announced that over the past three

;weeks, 11 had been released.

This put the total at 77, but it's not known whether all the ar-

rests and releases have been announced and this figure must be

taken as provisional-.

S(143 words)


"Ine Grenada Sugar Factory Ltd made an overall net profit of

:EC$268,678.O0 for the year ending 30th June 1979, after provi-

,sion of a workers' bonus of BC$86,207.00 but before provision

for the agreed farmers profit sharing scheme and income tax.

These figures are given in the Directors Report to the share-

'holders which indicates that the' net profit for 1979 is some

;241% higher than the '978 figure of BC$78R769.00.

ihe Report points out, however, that in the manufacture of sugai,

the Compa..y sustained a loss in 1979. The Company is a purely

manufacturing entity dependent on a supply of canes from farmers

;and the amount cf canes received in the 1979 year fell by 1,483

jtins below the 1978 figure of 11,283 tons. Only 58.7 tons of

sugar were produced and there was an operational loss of EC$12,688.

In the manufacture of rum, however, the picture is much brighter.

SSales in 1979 exceed the 1978 sales by BC$270,640.00 and, as a

Result, the Coapar.; will pay workers a bonus of 28% of their in-

:ome which' amountS to EC$86,207.O0.

Thb farmers profit sharing scheme also benefit-;. Under this

scheme, members of fte Cane Farmers Association receive 60% of

'he net profits after 10% has been deducted for shareholders and

before provision for tax. The amount for distribution to farm-

,3 i.. rj$45,05.o0 -hich, -'.vided over the 9,800 tons delivered

continued -

Week Bnding 15.12.79 THE GREADA NEWSLETTER. Page 15

1-. *-------`-- ----- _- ..... .. __ ___
results in EC$14.80 per ton. Farmers are paid BC$40.00 per ton on

delivery so that their total payment per ton in 1979 was EC$54.80.!

Total payment in 1978 was EC$49.31 per ton. .

The Report points out that the Factory requires a minimum of 150

tons of cane a day for efficient operation and the Directors ex-

press the hope that the 1979 results will give farmers greater in-i

centive. But the Report says the forecast for 1980 is that product-

ion will be !ess than 1979.

"It is understood that, for one reason or another, farmers did not

receive the fertilizer the, expected for the 1980 crop", the Di- -

rectors said, and there has been a noticable lag in the cultiva

tion of canes this year."
(369 words)


Three Directors are to be appointed to the Board of Directors cf

the Grenada Sugar Factory Ltd as a first step in Government's de-

clared intention of resuscitating the sugar industry in Grenada.

Sources close to the Company told NEWSLETTER that the Government

Directors designate are Messrs. Ashley Taylor, a barrister n"w em-

ployed in the Legal Department, Lauriston Wilson Jr., Permanent

Secretary in the Ministry of Finance and Michael Kirton. .Mr.

Kirton's associations are notvknown.

These sources said also that Managing Directory of the Company, Mr.

D M B Cromwell, submitted his resignation on September 10th and

this will ake effect on December 31st. Mr. George Williams, mem-

ber of the Board, has been nominated to replace Mr. Cromwell.
( 118 words )


A loan of EC$4.4 million has been made to the Grenada Government

jy th itpr,' tional Monetary Fund for assistance in development
continued -

Page 16 THE GREK

of the Sugar Industry.

ADA NtSUAJI TR Week Ending 15z.12.79

This was announced in the Government owned newspaper "The Free

West Indian" of December 1st. The paper said the loan was
negotiated by the Minister of Finance, Mr. Bernard Coard, when

he attended a meeting of the World Bank in Yugoslavia in Sept-

ember. *

( 69 words)


A four-man Soviet economic and traer mission arrived in Grenada?

)n December 9th for a one week visit.

Compr-jed of Mr. Romonald Tomberg, Chief of the Latin American

and African Department of the Soviet State Committee for For-

eign Economic Relations, Mr. Vasily KruzLiov, Deputy Vice-Presi-

dent in the Ministry of Agriculture and Mr. Michel Emalianor,

Chief in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the team held talks

with Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and other Government Ministers.

The team was expected also to have discussions with representa-

tives of the Chamber of Commerce, the Commercial Banks and the

Boards of the Nutmeg, Cocoa and Banana co-operatives. Techni-

cal officers of the Ministries of Trade, Agriculture and Fish-

eries were also expected to meet the team.

( 119 words)



The role of the Feople's Revolutionary Army (PRA) is to defend

the Grenadian working class under a Socialisc system of Govern-


This is the basis of political classes now being aiven to the

PRA and it is being stressed that, in x society ivided into

classes with opposing interests, the Army cannot be neutral.

irmy Students ar: told that the PRA was born ou' of revolution

.id i st+ know the politics a>-d programmes of the New Jewel
Movement (NJM).
_.. -_ continued _


- "




(Week Ending .....79... THE GRENAD&ESEH ..._... PageE 7L

In these classes, it is explained that the Capitalistic Class is

divided into seven categories. These are Foreign Capitalists

(Imperialists), Regional Capitalists, Big Local Capitalists, Med-

ium Capitalists, Small Capitalists, Land Owners and Managers of

Banks, Big Businesses etc.

There are three sectionstof "working people". These are the

Petty Bourgeoisie, Middle Strata and the Working Class. The Petty

Bourgeoisie are described as persons who own their own small "mea.s

of production" taxi, bus, tools, fishing boats, nets etc. and

who, 'unlike the capitalists' wuok their means of production.

The Middle Scrata consists of Service Workers who carry out an

"intellectual or mental function" in prod action. Thee include

bank workers, commercial and clerical workers, teachers, nurses,

doctors, civil servants, le"yers, engineers, priests, accountants,

salesmen and journalists.


A-cording to the programme for these political classes, the Middl,

Strata does not exploit labour but is exploited oy the capitalis-

+ic class. The programme says, however, that this 'non-product-

ive class takes all the fruits of culture, education etc".

The Working Classes have been divided into si: sections. First

is the Industrial Proletariat ('Factory Workers who create wealth'!

then the Agro-Proletariat and Service Workers. The latter is

comprised of dock workers, technical workers, supermarket workers,

telephone, electricity, water workers, etc.

The last nree sections are described as the 'Semi-Proletariat',

the 'Lumpen Proletariat' and the 'Pre-Proletariat'. In the pro-

gramme for the classes, these sections are not described, but the

programme says "the working class ow-.. nothing but its labour',


"There is no democracy for the Working People under Capitalism",

the nrqT'in,'e says, "only democracy for the Capitalist Class. And

Capitalism leads to poverty, crime, prostitution, gambling, drug
continued -

Pace 18 THE GRA~B$hftBA Week Bnding 35.1a.7
-- ^------_ _ --
addiction, poor medical care, slums, poor/housing and a high
level 8f illiteracy".

The programme says also that there is no planned economy under

Capitalism and this leads to economic crisis with inflation and

high prices. According to the programme, Capitalism also cre-

ates competition which results in more gops being produced

than can be sold.

Instructors in the programme are to point out to PRA students

that "only Socialism offers a new and dignified life to poor

working pep3e". The fundamental? of Socialism and Capitalism

are to be compared. and the instructors are to "deal with all

the bourgeois illusions'".


"Throw them out", the programme sheet says, "provoke reaction

and then deal with them (unemotionally) and simply. Religion,

dictatorship; thi small businessman and farmer no future

under Capitalism. What happens under Socialism ?"

Dealing with the subject of "How can Capitalis.. be defeated?"

the programme says that Capitalists and Imperialists will always

fight back anc' only "struggle" can lead to Socialism. Instruct

-ors are to explain the role of the Working Class, h w it comes

to organise itself into trade unions, how it meets repression

from the Capitalist state, how it comes to see the need for

"united political action" and how it develops its qualities.

The allies of the Working Class are said to be farmers, the

unemployed, selt employed people, middle classes and the in-

telligentsia. PRA students are taught the need for alliance

S with these classes who "all suffer from Imperialism all are

exploited". Instructors are to point out tlat the most im-.

portant allies of the Working Cl.-s are the pea-.ntry and

fishermen and to emphasise that cnly the Working Clase can

lead the strucy'e against Capitalism.

(626 words)

Week Ending 15.,1279 THE G9tIaSIDA SMUT 'S L Page.o 1


A conference on tourism held in Grenada from 3rd to 5th December

has been described as "one of the most healthy tourism experien-

ces which has taken place in recent years."

The description was made by Mr. John Bells Executive Director of

the Caribbean Hotel Association, and he was referring to the Reg-

ional Conference on the Socio-Cultural & Environmental Impacts of

Tourism in Caribbean sponsored by the Caribbean Tourism Research

& Development Centre and hosted by the Government of Grenada.

Mr. Bell, who attended the Conference, told NL'ISLETTER it had pro-

vided an cjportunity Cor the theorists uad the practical operators

in the industry to air their differences. The theorists, and

I don't mean that to be desparaging", he said, "the academic their-

-ists and the Government planners are very concerned about some o

the aspects of tourism as it affects the community, as it affects

the ethnic and cultural heritage of the islands, and I think +hat

what we have achieved in this period of time is an ability to

trade theory with practical fact."

i'r. Bell said he believed that both sides had come to understand the'

the other's position more clearly, and his regret is that more

hoteliers did not attend and put forward theic particular points

of view.

The Conference which was opened by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop,

covered a wide agenda. There were four panel discussions which

ranged from the social effects of seasonal employment in tourism

through 1. reservation, conservation and beautification to behav-

ioural codes for tourists and the pros and cons of providing nude

bathing facilities.

ihis Conference can have considerable im.rct on the Tuture develop

-ment of tourism in the Cac.ibbean and the Prime Minister recognis-

ed this in the course of his opening address. "I trust", he said i

"that -oui conference will prove successful and will begin to

-continued -

- -

Pa1 20. THE G2RB0BA IfL#f2 ., Week lndipg 15,12.79

tackle and to explore the serious problems of redefining tourism,

of making tourism new and relevant, of making tourism to have

more meaning to the lives of the people of our region."

(332 words)


The Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the East Caribbean

Currency Authority (ECCA) at 30th September 1979 shows that as

compared with the Statement for 31st August 1979, there was a

Sdrop of just over a million dollar" in the value of notes and

-oin in circulation.

The Statement fo. 30th September 1979 is as follows:-

Demand Liabilities

Notes in circulation

Coin in circulation

!3.nkers Balances

inpresented Cheques


Bankers Deposits

General Reserve

Special Reserve

Other Liabilities





113 157






Ettznal Assets

Pixed Deposits
& Money at call


Regional Currencies

Bankers Balances


Internal Assets

Participating Govt's
Securities including
Treasury Bills

Other assets









The Hungarian Ambassador to Grenada, Mr. Lajos Nagy, who is

based in Caracas, Venezuela, presented his credentials to Gov-

ernor Genera' Sir Paul Scoon on December 11th.

Grenada and the People's Republic of 'Itngary established die

lomatic relations on 31st July 1977.

( 40 words)

--~--~- --

t Week Endig



Page 21


The Royal Bank of Canada has paid EC$32.876.04 into the Government

Treasury under the provisions of the Banking (Special Deposits)Act.

This Act, which was passed in March 1976, calls on Banks to trans-

fer to Government all monies which have been in the Bank's books

"dormant and unclaimed" for 6 years. Depositors may claim their

money from the Accountant General within a year, failing which, it

"shall lapse 'and become part of the revenues o0 Grenada."

The Government Gazette of NTvemb-r 30th carries a list of 46 "dor-

m-nt and unclaimed" accounts at the Royal Bank of Canada, which ac-

counts ;dd aipt the rum transferred to Jovernment. The smallest

sum in any account is EC$11.82 and the largest is EC$14,307.45.

Fouite n of the depositors* including the largest, are recorded as

- continued -

having foreign addresses.

There are three other commercial banks in Grenada, The Bank of Nrv,-

Scotia, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and Barclays Bank Inter-

national Ltd. Details of "dorm-.nt and unclaimed" accounts at

these Banks have not yet oeen published.
(175 words)


An incident which took place at St. George's Cer tral Police Statiori

on 19th November 1973 had its conclusion on December 6th when

eight former members of deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy's "mon-

goose gang" were sentenced in the High Court to a totli of 203

years for attempted murder.

The men involve are Willie Bishop, Morlyn Bishop, Albert Clarke,

Raphael Brizan, Lloyd Fredrrick, Gordon Noel, Phillip Brizan and

Alston Hood. They were charged with att:,ipting to kill Eric

Campbell, Eslyn Christopih,- and Joseph C ainger, and they have

been detained since the revolution of March lth last.


Page 22 THE GRFNADA N~WSf~fTR Week Ending 35.2.79

The "Mongoose Gang", also known at various times as the Secret

Police, Police Aids,Night Ambush Squad, Voluntary Intelligence

Unit for Protection of Property, Voluntary Special Guards, Spe-

cial Reserve Police and Volunteers for th' Protection of Human

Rights, was a gang of criminals which took orders directly from

Mr. Gairy.

According to the D&ffus Commission -,hich investigated the break-

down of law and order in Grenada in 1973/74, the Mongose Gang

or Police Aids inflicted "unspeakable atrocities" on many Gre-

nadians and "the responsibility for their establishment, recruit

-ment and control was peculiarly that of Mr. Gairy iin his per-

sonal capacity ... e f

The evidence in tMt case arising out of the incident at the

Central Police Station showed that C' mpbhl, Christopher and t

Grainger were severely beaten by the nine men. Christopher had

his head held in a toilet bowl while it was flushed and, but for

the timely arrival of the then Acting Commissioner of Police,

the thr~e men may have been hanged.

The eight accused each received sentences totalling a range of

22 to 29 years but, because some of thp sentences will run con-

currently, actual time served will be some 32 to 16 years. Phil-

lip Brizan and Willie Bishop received the longest sentences -

29 years each.

All the accused had previous convictions. Moslyn Bishop alias

"Pram" had 2j'i~aphael Brizan alias "Buck" 20, Willie Bishop

- 19, and Albert C2 rke alias "Heads" 15.

( 325 'words)


The Government owned hotel "Seasca v-" was officially opened on

Jecembe:- 8th. I

TormcT I: thq "R>cL G, rdens Inn" owned by deposed Prime Minister

EXic GoAry, "Seascao'e" is loctLed in the eastern outskirts of

%t. George's. (31 words)


Week Ending 15 ,12.4 THE GREWADA;WIMSLETTER Page 23


The last statistics given for banana shipments were in NEWSLETTER

for the week ending 17th November 1979 and covered shipments up to

,he "Geestcrest" of 28th August 1979.

The following additional statistics are now available:-


5.9.79 524,335

13.9.79 644,667

26.9.71 *~. 0l1,210

10.10.79 1,113,823

18.10.79 446,556

27.10.79 941,192

4.11.79 597,361

12.11.79 938,530

20.11.79 674,713

28.11.79 784,640













686.139 20,325

(lbs )









- 655,387















Price Rejectsl
ECO (Boxes

18 758

18 448

-8 .,622

16 275

16 245

16 593

16 266

13 438

13 80 I



# Geest Industries Ltd. paid to Grenada Banana

Cooperative Society on shipped weif of fruit

* Grenada Banana Cooperative Society paid to

producers on weight of fruit received at

the boxing plants. 4

Page 24 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER ". Week Ending 15.12.79..


The last statistics given for Cruise Liner Calls were in NEWS-

LETTER for the week ending November 17th and covered calls up to

the week ending November 3rd.

1 The following additional statistics are now available:-

j Passengers Week Ending
November 6th "Cunard Countess" 719

7th "Carla C" 735
154J 10.11.79
November 12th "Fair Wind" 920

13th "Cunard Countess" 718

14th Doric". 708

"Carla C" 724
3070J 17.11.79
November 2-0th "Cunard Countess" 95

21st "Carla C" 722
1417J 24.11.79
;'ovmbcr 25th Doric" 686

"Statendam" 745

27th "Cunard Countess" 718

28th "Carla C" 704
2853 / 1.12.79


SThe fishing trawler "Manzanilla", a gift fro; the Cuban Governy'

ment to the People's Revolutionary Government, went adrift on

Sunday Decemnr 2nd apd,, to date (15th), has not been found.

The 56-foot boat, .sed as a fisheries training school, was

moored at Waltham bay on, the island's west cast. No one was

on board ap the tire.

Both a ri.l and marine searches have been instituted without

success and, on DFacember 10th, G ver ment Info) ation Services

Release said it was estimated that the "Manzanilla" should be, at

hi at time, 45 dc..rees north and 65 degrees west of Grenada or 300

continued -


Week 'EandZia 45A-2.Jg THE GRENADiii. SLETTE Pae 35

miles -nbrth-west of the island,.

In the meantime, Mr. Franklyn Duncan of the Fisheries Div-

ision of the Ministry of Agriculture has been appointed

Principal of the School of Fisheries. Courses offered by

the School include Fish Pot and Lobster Trap construction,

Practical Fishing and Long-line Tuna Fishing.

The first class of 22 students, including some from St.

Lu3ga, began training in September and are due to graduate

by December 31st. The loss of the "Manzanilla" however,

may delay the course.

The Governmect' of Cuba has provided 7 instructors for the

School .' *
( 19 words)


Windward Islands bananas are in danger of being replaced

on the British marked by fruit from South American count-

ries. .

This opinion was expressed by Mr. Ivo Sinsoa, President of

the Windward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN), as he ad-

dressed a joint Management Seminar for Banana Development

Officers and Fruit Quality Officers held in St. Vincent from i

5th to 8th November.

"On the British market the.e days", he said, "there if a

lack of p:-(-fc on from the Windward Islands so they are

getting fruit from the South American countries. This

is going to affect us. The South American fruit will be-

come more widespread on the British Market because of our

shortfall and so the British housewife wi1 get accustomed

to their fruit."

continued -

Page 26 THE GRBNADA NBWSU BTIM Week Ending 15.12.79.

This seminar, organised to develop strategies to get across to

banana farmers the right methods of new cultivation practices,

was attended by participants from Grenada, St. Vincent, St.

Lucia and Dominica.

Participants attended field tours and there were practical train-

ing sessions in twine propping, harvesting grade identification,

field demanding, field box use and field packing.

(174 words)


Gift Fzom Iraq

The government of Iraq has given the People's Revod aionary Gov-

ernment US$2 million. '

Acknowledging the gift, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has assur-

ed the Government of Iraq that Grenada will continue "to support

the Arabs in their struggle for justice and peace in the Middle

ist. The Prime Minister also "reaffirmed full support for the

Palestine Liberation Organisation in %Wir struggle for freedom

and independence".

(63 words)

SStrachan At Transport Conference

Minister of Communications, Works & Labour, Mr. Selwyn Strachan,
SAft the isld on December 7th for St. Lucia to attend the Car-

ibbean Commun y (CARICOM) Conference for Transport ~nisters.

The main item on the agenda was adoption of a p-year Development

Programme for the West Indies Shipping Corporation.

The Cor.ferencer ended on December 12th.

(52 words)

Week Bnding 15.12.79 THE GRENADA NBWSLETTER Page 27


Total Pounds
Shipped to ....

e197 1978
31,956,783 31,329,521
29,564,608 29,805,398
26,133,837 27,881,052
23,926,239. 25,603,992
)23902,72- 23,814,791
19,028,328 21,273,037
16,434,752 18,748,730
13,633,491 15,369,158
10,292,476 12,532,604
8,156,305 '9,576,104
5,720,989 A769,839
* 2,564,180 3,711,002




Total .Dollars (EC)
Earned to ....


961, 9




+ 3:

+ 1i.
- 4.

- i1
- 8


~c. -~- -~Y- ----------


Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID EWZU23QEO_2184F3 INGEST_TIME 2011-06-09T04:09:56Z PACKAGE AA00000053_00220