The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Full Text

Volume 7 Number 14
For The Week Ending May 5th 1979
7th Year Of Publication -- 212th Issue


An unpublished document of the deposed Gairy Government confirms
that two soldiers of the Grenada Defence Force were sent to Chile
for military training.

This document, "Report on the trip to Chile of Captain Abraham and
Sargeant LaCrette", is undated but, from dates mentioned in it,
appears to have been prepared sometime after September of last year.
The Report is not addressed to anyone but is signed by "Major Fitz-
Albert Abraham, Second-in-Command", and was probably submitted to
Lieutenant Colonel Winston Masanto who commanded the Defence Force.

According to the Report, Fitz-Albert Abraham (then a Captain in the
Defence Force) and Sargeant Ian A LaCrette flew to Chile in
September 1977, arriving at Pudahuel Airport, just outside Santiagp,
at 5.00am on Saturday the 24th of that month. A curfew was in
effect and the soldiers had a 30 minute wait before landing..- By
6.OOam they were through customs and immigration but had another
wait ("in the bitter cold of six degrees above zero (which) was
almost unbearable") as no one was there to meet them, they not
being expected for another week.

Abraham, however, solved the problem by looking through a telephone
directory and finding the number of Lieutenant Colonel Jaime '
Garcia to whom he reported their arrival. This Chilean Army

Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
PI Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westinadiq
"-- -- __ ____ ____ __ i "



officer picked up the two Grenadians three hours later and took them

to the Escuela Militar (Military School) which, says the Report, "was
to be our home for the proceeding 34 months"..

Lieutenant Colonel. Gaycia visited Grenada in January 1977 and, at

the ground breaking ceremony for construction of the geodetic dome

to be used as the conference hall of the Organisation of American

States meeting in Grenada that year, presented then Prime Minister

Gairy with a copper platter on behalf of the President and people

of Chile.

At that ceremony, Mr Gairy disclosed

the Chilean Ministry of Defence, and

gift of the copper platter confirmed

Chile could be depended upon for the

assistance he had promised.

that Lieutenant Garcia was of

the Prime Minister said the

that President Pinochet of

economic and military

Spanish Lessons
From October 3rd 1977, the two Grenadian soldiers started Spanish

lessons at the Military Academy. In addition, they had three

classes a week at the "Chilean North America Institute". What

these classes covered is not stated but they continued until 21st

December when there appears to have been a break for Christmas,

military training beginning-on 9th January 1978.

This training was at the "Escuela de Paracaidistas Y Fuerzas

Especiales" (School for Parachutists & Specialist Soldiers) and,

until April 2nd, Abraham and LaCrette received commando training.

"The Chileans fear and respect this course because it is considered

the most trying and daring course in the Chilian Army", Abraham

said, "for three months, one is trained to carry out expeditions

from the land, the sea and the air, precisely, rapidly and

destructively "

Giving details of this course in an appendix to his Report,

Abraham said that, even when the trainees are not spending the

night in the classroom or taking part in an exercise, it is

impossible to sleep because the instructors have a "surprise"

waiting. Explosives are thrown near the tents, there is a

barrage of rifle fire and the trainees must have all their

Week Ending 5.5.79

Page 2

Week Ending 5.5.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3

equipment well prepared "because, immediately, one has to be in a

position of defence surrounding the camp".

Abraham said also that eating is a "luxury". A line is formed to

receive rations but meal time is over not later than when, and

sometimes before the last person in line gets his ration. Explosives

are thrown, there is gunfire and the instructors "shout and make

physical contact with whosoever prefers to eat than to form the

desired defence."

"This is usually the end of the ration",' Abraham says, "the pots are

then turned over and the ration plates scattered all over the place.

Abraham and LaCrette were separated on April 2nd, LaCrette staying

on to do the parachutist course while Abraham had courses in

mountain climbing. The Grenadians saw each other again a month

later when they were taken to the Infantry School, LaCrette being

entered into a course for guides for war dogs while Abraham was

put in a "special combat course which was being held for only the

third time in Chile."
Night Attacks
Details of LaCrette's course are not given but Abraham was trained

in patrol night attacks, attacks by helicopter and amphybian

attacks. He also learned to live as a guerrilla and was trained

to fight against and capture guerrillas.

"So ended three months of pure risks and sacrifices", Abraham

said, "three months during which it was instilled in our bones.

For the commando, the word impossible does not exist."
Abraham said he and LaCrette were well received and treated in

Chile but he complained that their visit was not properly planned,

the training schools were not expecting them when they arrived and

"there was absolutely no programme for us". He complained also

that he did not have a Ceremonial Uniform and "was greatly

embarrassed and had to miss functions and ceremonies."

"I tried but in vain to have one sent to me", he said, "one would

only understand the embarrassment if he has to live through it"


Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 5.5.79

The Report speaks also of financial problems. Abraham and LaCrette

did not have to pay for board and lodging but, during the commando

course, they had, on occasion, to find money for food, shelter and

transportation. In the combat course, Anraham had to take

Anatomy studies at the University and had to find his way there at

his own cost and also buy expensive books.

"Apart from not being prepared for these financial burdens", Abraham

said, "it costed (sic) roughly US$19.00 for every US$100.00 we moved

from Grenada to Chile, and which cost is not inclusive of the loss

incurred to buy these and change it into Chilean pesos."

Abraham and LaCrette returned to Grenada in the latter part of

September 1978 when Abraham was promoted from the rank of Captain

to that of Major. On October 24th, Abraham was paid EC$4029.16

as refund of expenses while in Chile, and, pn 28th December,

LaCrette received a similar refund of EC$2891.42.

In a television interview in Trinidad last year, then Senator Derek

Knight, Minister without Portfolio in the Gairy Government, denied

that any Grenadians had been sent to Chile for military training.

Senator Knight denied also that the Grenada Government had received

arms from Chile. He said then that the cases marked "Medical

Supplies" which were flown into Grenada on 2nd October 1977, contained

life jackets for fishermen.

Both Abraham and LaCrette are now in preventive detention at Richmond

Hill Prison.
(1102 words)


Sixteen more detainees presented their cases to the Preventive

Detention Tribunal this week, bringing to 24 the total of

political prisoners who have had an opportunity to justify

their claim that they should be released.

I*ZSLETTER for the week ending April 28th gave details of 12
persons whose cases were heard on 26th, 27th and iOth April, and

Week Ending 5.5.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5

details of the 12 heard this week are as follows :-

May 2nd
Albert Clarke
Chrysler Thomas
Rupert St.Bernard
Hubert Bassanta Fletcher

Albert Clarke is listed as a member of the "Mongoose Gang" by the

Duffus Commission which inquired into the breakdown of law and order

in Grenada (1973/74). Evidence before the Commissioners was that

on June 9th 1973, together with other members of the "Mongoose Gang",

Clarke attacked and beat Mr Clarence Ferguson, a trade unionist.

Mr Ferguson, who was described by the Commissioners as an "outspoken

critic" of Mr Gairy, was seriously injured and required over 50


In this attack, Mr Ferguson's wife was also injured and his 13 year

old daughter was stripped of her clothes and left naked in the road.

Clarke, who has the alias of "Heads", had 15 convictions between

July 1959 and March 1969, including assault, wounding and damage to


Chrysler Thomas was an elected member of the House of Representative

and a Minister of State in Prime Minister Gairy's Ministry.

Rupert St.Bernard was a Senator in the deposed Government and a

Minister of State in the Ministry of Health & Housing.

Hubert Bassanta Fletcher was returned unopposed in February 1978 in

a bye-election to fill the vacancy created by the assassination of

Innocent Belmar. Both Fletcher and Belmar were members of

Mr Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party. On becoming a member

of the House, Fletcher was made a Minister of State in the Ministry

of Communications & Works.

May 3rd

Kenneth Andrews
Steadman Patrick
Pannel Clarke
Raymond DeSousa

NEWSLETTER has no information on the connections of Andrews, Patrick

and Clarke. Raymond DeSousa was an Assistant Superintendent of

Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 5.5.79

Police and is a brother of Norman DeSousa, Mr Gairy's Labour Attache

in Grenada's High Commission in London. Norman DeSousa is also in

preventive detention.

Raymond DeSousa was involved in an exchange of fire with units of
-the People's Revolutionary Army on March 13th, the day of the


May 4th

George Donovan
Albert Abraham
K Baptiste
E McBain.

No information is available on Baptiste and McBain. George Donovan

was a Senator in Mr Gairy's Government and was Minister of State in

the Prime Minister's Office responsible for Home Affairs, Information

Sand Foreign Affairs.

Albert Abraham was a senior Civil Servant employed in the Ministry

of Education and was also Supervisor of Elections.

There were no hearings scheduled for today (5th), but the following

have been fixed for next week.

May 7th

Herbert Preudhomme
Osbert James
Clinty Samuel
O Telesford

SNo information is available on Telesford. Herbert Preudhomme was

an elected member of the House of Representatives, Deputy Prime

Minister and Minister for Health & Housing.

Osbert James was Acting Commissioner of Police and Clinty Samuel

was a Sargeant of Police. Samuel was convicted in 1975(in a

civil case) of taking part in the beating of a prisoner.

May 8th

Dolton Pope
Donnelly Patrick
Fitz-Albert Abraham
Abraham Steadman Joseph

Co information is available on Pope and Joseph. Donnelly Patrick

is a member of the General Council of Mr Gairy's Grenada United

.-bour Party and Fitz-Albert Abraham, a member of*the Grenada Defence

Week Ending 5.5.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7

Force,.spent a year in military training in Chile. Abraham is

the son of Albert Abraham, Supervisor of Elections. (see detainees

for hearings on May 4th).

May 9th

Ashby Church
George Simon
Norton Noel
Oliver Raeburn

With the exception of Raeburn, nothing is known of the connections

of this group. Oliver Raeburn was an elected member of the House

of Representatives and Minister of Agriculture, Lands & Fisheries.

May 10th

P John
C Paul
Aird Ventour
Winston Masanto

Of this group, only the connections of Massanto are known.

Winston Masanto was Commander of the Grenada Defence Force with the

rank of Lieutenant Commander.

The Preventive Detention Tribunal is headed by Dr Adolf Bierzynski,

a medical practicioner, and the two other members are Mr Bryce

Woodroffe, a businessman, and Mrs Alice McIntyre, a housewife who

is President of the Women's Progressive Association. The Tribunal

hears the cases of political prisoners and recommends to the Minister

for Security whether or not they should be released. The Ministel

makes the final decision.

Mr Herbert Blaize, Political Leader of the Grenada National Party,

has criticized the fact that the Tribunal has neither legal training

nor advice, and that the detainees are not represented by Counsel.

To date, no detainees have been released as a result of the hearings

of the Tribunal. NEWSLETTER is reliably informed that there are,

to date, 73 persons in preventive detention.
(678 words)


The Grenada Sugar Factory will probably not have as many tons of

sugar to grindethis year as it had in 1978, but, because of the more

Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 5.5.79

(favourable ratio of tons of cane to one ton of sugar produced, the
total sugar production this year may be no lower than that of 1978.

This'was disclosed to NEWSLETTER today (5th) by Mr D M B Cromwell,

Managing Director of the Company. "The last grinding day for

this crop will be Friday 25th May", Mr Cromwell said, "and my

estimate, based on the better quality of cane coming in and on our

operations to date, is that we may equal last year's production

even though farmers are bringing in less canes than last year."

In the 1978 crop, the factory ground 11,283 tons of cane to produce

583 tons of sugar, the ratio of cane to sugar being 19.353 to 1.

In the 1979 crop, up to yesterday (4th), 7,455.849 tons of cane

had been ground and this produced 3,971 bags or 397.1 tons of sugar.

On the basis of these figures, the ratio of cane to sugar is

18.776 to 1.
Profit Sharing
The Grenada Sugar Factory Ltd (which is a private Company), grows

no cane but, by arrangement with cane farmers, shares profits with

them after purchasing canes at EC$40 per ton. Profit sharing

is on the basis that, after paying shareholders 10% of the net

profits after tax, 60% of the remainder goes to the farmers.

This arrangement was first introduced for the 1977 crop and, in that

year, cane farmers received EC$8.63 per ton as their share of the

profits. In 1978, this figure dropped to EC$3.77 per ton, but,

after protests by the farmers and intervention by Government, it

was increased to BC$9.31 per ton.

Mr Cromwell said that, under this system of profit sharing, the

farmer did not have an incentive to improve the quality of his

canes as, no matter what the sucrose content of the canes supplied

by the individual farmer, he shared equally in the profit at the

end of the crop. The Managing Director said it is possible

to assess the quality of canes as they are delivered to the

factory with a view to paying for them according to their sucrose

content. This, he thought, would provide an incentive for

:- rrovement of the quality of canes, but he felt it would be

.difficult to get cane farmers to accept this method. *
(404 words)

Week Ending 5.5.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER age 9


The cost of fuel continues its steady upward trend and gasolene is

now being sold at BC$3.45 per imperial gallon.

The latest price rise came into effect on April 26th and is the

second increase within one month and the third for the year. In the

last increase, kerosene is also affected and is now being sold at

EC$3.14 per imperial gallon.

At the second most recent increase, that of April 3rd, propane gas

for cooking advanced to EC$59.12 from EC$57.12 per 100 lb cylinder,

but this item was unaffected in the April 26th price increase.

As opposed to gasolene, kerosene and propane gas, diesel oil is not

price controlled by Government. Diesel oil did not have a price

increase on March 1st when kerosene, gasolene and propane gas

advanced in price. Diesel did move up, however, on April 19th

to EC$3.00 per imperial gallon and, in the price change of April

26th, moved up again to EC$3.16 per imperial.gallon.

Further price increases of all fuels are expected.

(168 words)


The financial position of Messrs Grenada Publishers Ltd improved

during the year ended December 31st last, but, as the Company's

books still show a high figure of unrelieved losses, the Directors

have been unable to advise payment of a dividend to shareholders.

This is disclosed in the Report of the Directors of the Company to

the annual general meeting scheduled to be held on Friday 11th May.

Publishers of the twice-weekly "Torchlight" and operators of a job

printing department, the Company has an authorised capital of BC$1

million divided into 200,000 shares of EC$5 each. Of this,

35,108 shares valued at BC$175,540 have been issued and fully paid


Inprovement in the Company's financial position has been made

Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 5.5.79

through operations of the newspaper department where, in 1978, gross

profit was up by over 50%. The job printing department, however,

showed a decline of nearly 16%, making the overall gross profit to

be up by a little over 23% from the 1977 figure.

Overhead expenses were lower in 1978 than in 1977, notably under the

heads of "Staff Salaries & Bonuses" and "Interest & Bank Charges",

with the result that net profit before tax for the year was up by

178.48% from EC$13,706 in 1977 to EC$38,169 in 1978.

This improvement allowed the Company to reduce its unrelieved losses

by nearly 4%, but the Directors have pointed out that this still

does not permit payment of a dividend. "We regret that our

financial position still does not enable us to recommend the

payment of any dividend for the year under review", the Directors'

Report says. "It is our hope that the time is not far distant

when we shall be able to offer shareholders some return, however

small, on their investment".

The Directors report also that the libel suit brought against the

Company by deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy was determined last

December with damages and costs of EC$21,235.68 awarded against the

Company. Against this, well-wishers of the Company have

subscribed EC$7,820.00

Grenada Publishers Ltd have appealed this decision and the appeal

is expected to be heard shortly.

The "Torchlight" newspaper is the only independent newspaper in

Grenada, the only other newspaper, "The West Indian", being

Government owned. "Torchlight", however, has sometimes been

accused of being partisan. It is pointed out that the

Managing Director, Mr D M B Cromwell, the Editor, Mr Albert

Xavier (now on vacation), and the Circulation Manager, Mr Simeon

Green, are all prominent members of the United People's Party.

(see page 11.for financial statement)



Statement of Incc
for the year end

Departmental Profit
Newspaper Department
Printing Department

Add: Sundries
Interest receivabl

Deduct Overhead Expenses :-

me and Unrelieved Losses
led 31st December 1978


EC$ 82,785


Staff salaries & bonuses 20,795 31,888
Chairman's fees 1,200
Insurance 2,131 3,294
Printing, postages & stationery 1,170 1,670
Telephone 3,617 3,172
Audit & Accountancy Fee 1,800 1,000
Subsistence & Entertainment 2,199 817
Sundries 1,301 4,660
Libel claim 7,500
Interest & Bank Charges 11,593 15,510
Legal fees 2,675 1,000
Repairing premises 1,771 477
Travelling 4,985 2,767
Bad Debts 1,818 1,925
Depreciation 11,944 8,823

75,319 78,203

Net profit for the year EC$ 38,169 13,706
Less provision for income tax
1979 assessment 9 354 3,051

28,815 10,655
Deduct prior year adjustment (7) (3,847)j
28,808 6,808
Unrelieved losses brought forward (175,915) (182 723)

Unrelieved losses carried forward EC$ 147,17 (Z7 915)


The death occurred in Grenada on May 1st of William O'Brien Donovan,

91, eldest son of William Galway Donovan, editor of the newspaper,

"Federalist & Grenada People", who played a prominent part in

Grenada's history during the early years of this century.





Week Ending 5.5.79


Page 11



Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 5.5.79

William O'Brien Donovan was buried with Roman Catholic rites from
the St.Georges Cathedral on Friday May 4th.
S j (57 words)


SDuring the week ending April 28th, four cruise liners called at

Grenada. They were

April 24th "Statendam" 640 Passengers
25th "Carla C" 810 do

"Sun Princess" 682 do

26th "Britanis" 1122 do

3284 Passengers

Cruise liner passengers for the first four months of this year

total 72,115, and this represents an increase of 23,296 or

47.719% over the corresponding period in 1978. Details are :-

1978 1979

January 16,719 G

February 13,353 15,899

March 11,503 21,340

April 7,244 /f I

48,819 72,115

Alister es
5th y 1979

Full Text

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