The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text

Volume 7 Number 13
For The Week Ending April 28th 1979
7th Year Of Publication - - 211th Issue


Fourteen persons held in preventive detention have been released
by the People's Revolutionary Government. The release took
place on Tuesda* April 24th under authority of an order signed by
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop in his capacity as Minister for
National Security.

Among those released was Mr George Hosten who was Minister of
Finance in the Government of deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy.
Mr Hosten, who was taken into custody on the day of the coup
d'etat, March 13th, fell ill,within a day or two and has been a
patient at the General Hospital since. It is understood that
he suffers from high bloodupresPure.

Also released this week was Mr Jerry Romain who managed state-
owned Radio Grenada in the Gairy regime. Mr Reain was not
among those first to be detained but was taken into custody a few
day -after the coup when, it is alleged, he was found to be
rqqganising". Representations for Mr Romain's release were
made by both the Caribbean Publishing & Broadcasting Association
and the Caribbean Broadcasters' Union.

A third notable freed was Mr Ashton Frame. Mr Frame was, at
one time, a Senator in Mr Gairy's Government where he held the
post of Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance.

SProduced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia iighes
S P 0 Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westiadies
I 8

Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.4.79

Also among those released were four members of the Grenada Volunteer

Constabulary (GVC) and three members of the Police Force. Those

of the GVC are L Marshall, J Ettienne, C Hercules and Vitan George.

IThe policemen are Sargeants M Williams and Josephus Calliste, and
jConstable A Pivotte.

,Of the last four released, E Charles, Norbert Calliste, Leroy Neckles
land Clarence Rapier, nothing is known of the first two mentioned.

*Neckles is brother-in-law to ex-Senator Derek Knight of deposed

Prime Minister Gairy's Government, and Rapier is referred to in the

Report of the Duffus Commission of Inquiry into the breakdown of

law and order in Grenada (1973/74).

The Report states that, on 20th November 1973, Rapler led a gang -f
!"Police Aids" in an attack on a man called Albert Rennie. The

Commissioners found that Rennie was robbed, beaten and "left for
Deadd, and that "there can be no doubt that this man was severely

injured and he is lucky to have survived."
(371 words)


The Preventive Detention Tribunal'appolfted by the People's

Revolutionary Government to hear the cases 61 political prisoners

Commenced its hearings on Thursday (26th).

Four persons were listed for hearing that day and these are P Btizan,

Lloyd St.Louis, Willie Bishop and Norman DeSousa. Briz02''s

connections are not known but the other three detainees hawvetrong

Connections with deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy.

St.Louis is an ex-Magistrate who resigned from the Bench immediately

before the 1976 General Elections to contest a seat under the banner

of Mr Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party. St.Louis was defeated

and has since held the post of Personal Advisor to Mr Gairy.

SEven before this, however, St.Louis has been linked politically with
Mr Gairy. This was as a result of the part he played as
Magistrate in 1973 when he illegally refused bail to six polklcal

opponents of Mr Gairy. These six were members of the New
s (continued)

Week Ending 28.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER P&ag 3

Jewel Movement and included the now Prime Minister, Mr Maurice

Investigating this incident, the Duffus Commission of Inquiry into

the breakdown of law and order in Grenada found St Louis "made no

effort to exercise his discretion in a balanced judicial manner"

and had shown himself "to be unfitted for the responsible post of

Magistrate." In Grenada, Magistrates were appointed and

dismissed by the Judicial & Legal Services Commission headed by the

Chief Justice, but no action was taken against St Louis.
Mongoose Gang
Willie Bishop is also mentioned in the Duffus Commission Report.

The Commission found him to be one of the leaders of the "Mongoose

Gang", the corps of criminals recruited and controlled personally

by then Prime Minister Gairy. Referred to officially as the

"Police Aids", the Commissioners found these thugs were "an

unlawfully constituted body of men, albeit paid from public funds,

whose qualification for service in many cases, particularly among

the leaders, was their known disposition for violence and


Bishop's police record, reported by the Commissioners, is "Nineteen

convictions between July 195, and March 1969, including assault on

police and housebreaking."

Norman Desousa was one of Mr Gairy's unsuccessful candidates in the

1976 General Elections. He competed against Mr Maurice Bishop

for the St George South East seat and lost by 1211 votes to 1319.

He has since been employed as Labour Attache at Grenada's London

Embassy and was in Grenada for consultations at the time of the


Hearings'took place yesterday also and four persons were listed

to appear before the Tribunal. They are Sonny Alexander,

J Hallal, Albert Forsythe and Dennis Rush. Nothing is known

of the connections of Alexander and Hallal, but Forsythe was an

Selected member of the House of Representatives and Mr Gairy's

Minister of Communications & Works.

.------------___ 4__.

Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.4.79

iRush is a sergeant of the Police Force. In 1975, when he was a

Corporal, he, with other policemen, tied the hands of Cecil Butler,

a prisoner, behind his back, beat him with a gun butt and kicked

him when he fell. For this, Rush was suspended by the Nigerian

Police Commissioner then heading the Police Force but, when the

Commissioner was recalled to Nigeria, Rush was recalled to duty and

promoted to the rank of sergeant.
No Investigation
There was no official investigation into the beating of Cecil Butler,

but Butler took the matter to Court as a civil case and won. Rush

appealed but the Appeal Court upheld the conviction against him.

On Monday (30th), four more detainees will have their cases heard

by the Preventive Detention Tribunal. These four are Neville

Rennie, Anthony Cherman, Edmond Gilbert and Hubert Alexis. Of

these, Rennie's Connections are not known.

Alexis was an elected member of the House of Representatives and

iDeputy-Speaker of the House. Gilbert, a Civil Servant, is

Bishop of a sect of the Baptist Church in Grenada and has shown

open affiliation with Mr Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party.
Cherman is alleged to have cooperated with Senator Derek Knight,

on the day of the coup, in attempting or organise resistance to

the People's Revolutionary Army.

The results of the deliberations of the Preventive Detention
Committee, Thursday and yesterday, have not been announced.

According to the People's Law under which the Tribunal

operates, it is to make recommendations to the Minister for-

Security as to whether the detainee should be released or not.

The Minister's decision in this matter is final and he is not

bound by the recommendation of the Tribunal.

(652 words)


e"'e persons appointed by the People's Revolutionary Government 4

serve on the Preventive Detention Tribunal are all excellent in
.heir own fields, but none of them has been trained or has


experience in the judicial process.

This is the opinion of the Grenada National Party (GNP) and, in a

telephone interview with NEWSLETTER yesterday (27th), GNP's Political

Leader, Mr Herbert Blaize (who resides in Grenada's sister island of

Carriacou), expressed his Party's concern over the composition of the


"The Tribunal is not a tribunal at all", he said, "in that it

provides no arrangement for judicial process and it does not have

members who are trained or experienced in the judicial process."

Under People's Law number 23 of April 18th, three persons have been

appointed to comprise the Preventive Detention Tribunal. They are

Dr Adolf Bierzynski, a medical practicioner, as Chairman, Mr Bryce

Woodroffe, a businessman, and Mrs Alice McIntyre, a housewife who is

President of the Women's Progressive Association.
In Private
This Tribunal will hear the cases of political prisoners and

Dr Bierzynski told NEWSLETTER (on 21st) that the Tribunal will not

operate like a Court of Law. Sittings will be in private and

detainees, while they will be allowed to call witnesses, will not be

represented by Counsel. The Tribunal, having heard the

detainee's case, will make recommendations to the Minister for

Security, but the Minister will not be bound by these recommendations

and will make the final decision as to whether the detainee will be


Mr Blaize expressed further concern that there is no provision for

guidance to be given to Dr Bierzynski, Mr Woodroffe and Mrs Mclntyre

in the judicial process, and also that there is no provision for

legal representation of the detainee.

"All these things tend to show that it is not intended to give the

people what was expected to be and proclaimed to be a fair hearing",

he said, "so we are suggesting that they make some modifications to.

make the Tribunal a real tribunal, or call' it something else, so

that we will all know that it is not a tribunal but just a screening

committee." (356 words)

ft ;-t

Page 5

R Week Ending 28.4.79


More ships called at Grenada during 1978 than in any year since 1975,

but the total tonnage registered at St.Georges was down by nearly 4%

from the almost equal tonnages of 1976 and 1977.

The total figure for the number of boats calling in 1978 is 348, and

for 1975, 1976 and 1977, the relative totals are 298, 336 and 309.

Tonnage & Ship Calls
Tonnage Calls %
Kingdom 628,178 105 32.02
Italy 510,291 46 26.01
Greece 210,381 51 10.72
Panana 126,483 32 6.45
!Antilles 112,908 30 5.75
Liberia 105,975 19 5.40
)West Germany 86,672 14 4.42
Holland 58,003 18 2.96
Norway 49,753 4 2.53
USSR 46,251 4 2.36
Singapore 7,802 2 .40
Cyprus 5,522 1 .28
Cayman Islands 5,085 9 .26
Cuba 4,504 2 .23
Barbados 1,815 1 .09
Guyana 1,308 3 .07
Dominica 540 5 .03
Denmark 459 1 .02

1,961,930 348 100.00

These figures are inaccurate to the
extent that tonnages for "Holstedam"
and "Dalmacija" (Liberian and
Yugoslavian), are not available.

Tonnages from 1975 to 1978

are, respectively in millions

of tons, 1.8, 2.0, 2.0 and


Statistics prior to 1975 are

not available at the present

time, but, since 1975, the

United Kingdom has almost

always been the leader in

both the annual tonnage and

number of ship calls. This,

to a large extent, results

from the regular weekly

calls of British ships to

load bananas. The UK

has outstripped all other

countries in the number of

ship calls over the four-

year period and, in total

annual tonnage, was beat


nto second place by a small margin only in one year, 1976.
| Tonnage 1978
Greece and Italy have been the next largest '-.

contributors to totals of tonnage and calls .,..'
over the 1975 to 1978 period, but it should ;''j I ta

be noted that Italy reached this category -' t

!duTing the last two years only. This I othe

increase in Italian shipping reflects the

;increase in ship calls of Italian cruise

irners in the tourist trade. (continued)

Page 6



welzading -28 .4.9. THE l ABU I Page ..9.N.-

An interesting feature of the shipping statistidC is the increase

Sin the number of different coPntries where hipscallig at Grenada
are registered. In 1925, the 298 ship calls represented 14
1 different countries of registry of Whic i-te- leader, the United

Kingdom, had 104 calls or 35%. In 1976, there were 16 different

countries of registry producing 336 ship calls and the leader, again

the UK, had a percentage of 33%.

Monthly Tonnage & Calls

1915 1970
1975 1976 1977 1978
Tonnae CallsTonnge Calls Tonnage Call Tonnage Call
191,993 32 288,54? 40 302,583 40. 271,895 42

232,563 31 226,380 42
396,327 33 282,347 43
S1991,381 29 279,734, 48
114,784 21 38,580 10
47,157 15 56,188 13
109,054 22 9b,399 19
72,741 18 114,150 19
83,920 17 150,761 23
81,507 19 129,718. 21
126,710 23 160,741 25
234.278 38 214,421 33
,890,4 5 298 2,041,961 3 36

258,468 36 214,724 36
239,547 34 =229,341 41
180,478 26 107,915 ,23
88,279 20 129,560 25
67,:983 14 85,538 .20
199,166 20 11,8.6. 29
94,319 17 175,881 29
81,566 15 128,766 23
103,756 23 158,935 25
212;166 25 134,806 26
311.671 39 152,708 29
2,039,982 3091i,961,930 148

These figures are izirccy tott:t ,the extent that tonnages <
for ''Iolstedam" and "DaIlacija",reporting respectively in
May and, eqber 49748, -Avg ot avatla3khe ,

In 1977, the ship'calls totalled 309 and the total of different

countries 9egistrweals 19.L "' i4dig' in' shipalls was the

United Kingdom with.-ltl aAlls, and this tas 36% f tie 'total. The

total number of countries of registry dropped inr'197bfb'l to 18,

with the UK still leading with 105 calls or 30%of the total.

The monthly pattern of shipping established by the years 1975, 1976
and 1977 has', .nt behnDo'mffewd t' Wy'1V97 In the first'three

years of this ipcrdi; there;reree high shippibg tbtnagei' dturiig the

early months of :the ye ,ta-sharp fall in April and Ma," 'a ilight'

rise from July. to October and then a sharp rise at Year's ed d.'"

This pattern reflects the pattern of arrivals of cruise liners

which swell the tonnage of shipping during the Winter Cruise
Season of Octob'r to April. The reason for the slight rise in
_______. ..__: .--.;... -tcsat~a





Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week nding 28.4.79

tonnage during the third quarter of the year is not clear, but it may
be as a result of an increased inflow of goods to merchants stocking
for the Christmas trade.
Monthly Tonnage
1975 1978
400 ---

350 -
130 1977



apparent, there is no corresponding dak at year's end and the mid-

ear rise is more pronounced. Reference to statistics for cruise
liner passenger arrivals at Grenada offers a possible explanation.

~ n December 1978, there were 20 cruise liner calls as compared with
I in the corresponding month of 1977. This not a great
difference but it appears that the average size of ship was smaller
I-- -H 4-f

n, in 1978, they carried only 9,202 passengers, 36.5o less than
apparent, there is no corresponding Pdak at year's end and the mid-

jhe December figure of 14,495.
ear rise is more pronounced. statistics which may have tended to flatten
.liner passenger arrivals at Grenada offers a possible explanation.

the Deember 1978, there werease in cruise liner calls as compared the th
quarter of 1978. In July and August of 1977. This is6 and 1977, there were,at
difference but it appears that the average size of ship was smaller
s, in 1978, they carried only 9,202 passengers, 36.5% less than
he December figure of 14,495 .

another feature of the statistics which may have tended to flatten

the peaks is the marked increase in cruise liner calls in the third
'quarter of 1978. In July and August of 1976 and 1977, there were,
respectively, totals of 15 and 14 cruise liners carrying 10,374 and
;9,826 passengers. In July and August 1978, these figures
increased to 26 cruise liners carrying 21,048 passengers.



This increase in mid-year cruise liner arrivals in 1978, coupled

with the fall off in cruise liner calls in December of. that year,

is probably the reason for the different pattern of monthly tonnage

statistics as compared with the previous three years.

Tonnage & Calls
1I75 1978
1975 1976
Tonnage Calls Tonnage Calls

1977 1978
Tonnage Calls Tonnage C.

Cayman Islands
West Germany

These fi
and Yug<

-- 4,339 1 -

2,773 12

3,301 1

473,833 41

39,203 17

28,657 3
95,384 21

67,854 10
390,556 34
65,203 9

34,219 22

-- .





6 1,975
6 1,346

1 52,479
90 316,701
22 104,179
- 180
8 212,923
10 9,947






601,838 104 609,269 110 677,735 111 628,
24,064 4 93,132 8 71,408 6 46,
35,396 10 43,972 17 63,790 12 86,
28,136 10 16,872 6 2,825 1 --
1,890,415 298 2,041,961 336 Z039,982 3091,961,
.gures are inaccurate to the extent that
Sfor "Holstedam" and "Dalmacija" (Liberian
oslavian) reporting in 1978, are not available.

,178 10
251 4
,672 14

,930 B

(702 Words)


His Excellency the Governor General, Sir Paul Scoon and Lady Scoon,

leave the island today (28th) for.a short vacation in Britain.

While in the United Kingdom, Sir Paul will call on the Queen to

Page 9

Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.4.79

be invested with the insignia of a Knight of the Grand Cross of the

Most Distinguished Order of St.Michael and St.George (GCMG). Sir

Paul, 43, who became Governor General with effect from 30th September

1978, was honoured by the Queen with this Knighthood on March 8th


During Sir Paul's absence, Mr Alan LaGrenade will act in the post of

SGovernor General. Mr LaGrenade, a former Cabinet Secretary in

deposed Prime Minister Gairy's Government, is Prime Minister

Maurice Bishop's uncle.
(122 words)


Ash thrown out by St.Vincent's Soufriere volcano is having a
sandpaper effect on that island's bananas, and this has resulted
in a drop of over 50% of banana exports.

This is the report of a team of Windward Island Banana Association
(WINBAN) experts which visited St.Vincent on April 18th. The
Soufriere volcano began erupting on April 13th, and the WINBAN
team found that volcanic ash was settling on banana plantations
all over the island and is causing extensive bruising to the banana
skin, resulting in unsightly scratches and blotches.

The team found also that ash on the hands of workers is bruising
the fruit in the process of harvesting and handling. When banana
leaves and other parts of the banana plant are used to pad the boxes
used for transporting the fruit from the field, this also is
damaging the fruit because this padding is ash-coated,

Almost all the northern half of the island has been declared a
danger zone, and very little harvesting is being done in that region.
Because of this, and because of the large number of rejects
resulting from damage by the volcanic ash, exports in'the week ending
April 21st were down to 268 metric tons as compared with the average
of 620 metric tons over the four previous weeks.

The WINBAN team reported that St.Vincent's banana industry, the
island's major industry, has been so severely affected by the results
of the volcano's eruption, that it is expected there will be "a
major toll on the island's economy".
(256 words)

Alister Hughes
28th Aril 1979

Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID EBL2G8CDZ_59VM52 INGEST_TIME 2011-06-09T03:05:16Z PACKAGE AA00000053_00199