The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Full Text

Alidter Hughes
P ,O Box 65

VolUme 6 Number 21
por The Week Ending September 16th 1978
6th Year of Publication - -- .85th Issue


The Grenada National Party (GNP) and the United People's Party

(UPP), two of the three political parties forming the "Alliance"
in opposition to Government in Parliament, have had talks with

Government relative to the "Operation Bootatring" industrialization


This plan, put forward last month by Prime Minister Gairy for the
industrial development of the island, has created considerable

controversy locally and has been rejected by the New Jewel
Movement (NJI), the.third political party in the Alliance.

Mr Herbert Blaize, GNP Political Leader, first discussed"
"Bootatring" with Prime Minister Gairy a few days after Mr Gairy
had proposed his 'plan to a group of businessmen and others on

August 25th. Mr Blaize had visited Mr Gairy to discuss matters
relating to his constituency, Carriacou & Petit Martinique, and the

opportunity was taken to discuss the industrialisation plan.

The Government owned "West Indian" newspeper, in its issue of fth

September, reports that Mr Blaize told Mr Gairy that "all factions
of the Opposition, in fact, all sectors of the community, should
be involved in this national scheme for which he complimented the
Prime, Minister."

The "West Indian" reports that it eas then Mr Blaize's opinion
that, even at that stage, the three parliamentary leaders of the

opposition should be called into discussion with Mr Gairy.
The newspaper says the Prime Minister told Mr Blaize that
invitations were issued to the three parliamentary leaders of GOP,
UPP and NJM to attend the two fMttiUgc.arll-ed on the iBth and 25th

August to discuss "Operation Bootstring". According to the
"West Indian", the Prime Minister explained to Mr Blaize that
"isaumance qf invitations in general transcend all political party

Alister Hughes
Page 2
line, in other words, business leaders were invited regardless

of party affiliations and that, in the two meeting no politics

was discussed." However, the paper repqots, the Prime Miniater
promised to consider the point raised by Mr Blaise.

On Tuesday (12th) Mr Blaize and Mr Winston hyte, UPP parliamentary

representative, had discussions with the P1ime Minister relative

to "Operation Bootatring". Government officials were present
and the two opposition parliamentarians were given a briefing on

the indUstrialisation plan.

Mr Blaise told NEWSLLTTER today (14th) that he and Mr Ubyte had
met with the Prime Minister after Mr Geiry had issued proper

invitations to the Opposition to discuss "Operation Bootatring".

"It seemed to us, after we asked some questions," Mr Blaise said,
"and the Prime Minister made clarifications, that "Operation

Bootstring boils down to an effort to get local businessmen to

set up industries, using local raw material .and with local
resources with the Government undertaking to participate."

Mr Blaize said that, to the extent that the plan would provide
employment, his party had "no quarrel' with "Operation Boptstring".

His Party feels, however, and he has told Mr Gairy that the
situation of the country demands a much more serious and
fundamental approach to economic problems.
"We must be able to feed ourselves", said Mr Blaise, "and the

surplus from our food production could be used for the
indtstrialisation project." Mr Blaize said he had told the'

Prime Minister that land is the key to 'Greada's problems and,

before any success can be achieved, Grenadians' confidence in
land must be restored.

"For this", he said, "constraint on farmers will have-to be
removed and this means the return by Gooernment to agricultural

producers, of the producers' orgpnis tiomn, the Grenada Cocoa

Association, the Grenada Banana Cooperative Society and the
Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association."


Alister Hughes

Mr Blaise told NEWLERE :tha-t, in reply to this, the Prime

Minister had said this was a "political matter" and that the

agricultural producers were more satisfied today with the
operation of the three agricultural asectiation, than they

ever were before. With this Mr Blaize had disagreed and
the matter rested there.

Asked what his attitude to the industrialization plan is now,
Mr Blaize said there was no part.that he and.hia Party mould play

in "Bootatring". "However", he said, "we have told the Prime
Minister that, any time that Goveramett is prepared to set up an

integrated programme that will take into account the fact that we

are part of CARICOM, that we hate Marketing Protocols, and that
will give some form of self-sufficiency to Grenada, we will be

prepared to make a contribution."

Together with the invitations issued to Messrs Blaize and Whyte

to hold discussions with Mr Gairy, an invitation was sent to

Mr Maurice Bishop, NJM Politioall Leader and Leader of the
Opposition in the House of Representatives, Mr Bishop did not
accept the invitation and had written to Mr Gairy on the matter.
In his letter, the Leader of the Opposition referred to the fact
that, previously, he had been invited to the "Operation Bootatring"

meeting of August 25th "as bne individual to be part of an

audience of 500 'businessmen, planters, bankers, economists'".

And, he expressed the opinion that the new invitation is "a
disrespectful afterthought prompted by considerations other then
the national interest."

"However", said Mr Bishop, "I shall overlook that in the interest

of trying to discover some way of reaching-agreement on matters of
fundamental importance to the people of our country."

-The Leader of the Opposition told the Prime Minister that "it will
not be possible to embark on any serious project if the present
condition of oppression of the people remain", and he said he was

prepared to meet with Mr Gairy only if discussions go beyond the

question of "Operation Bootatring."

Alister Hughes
Page 4
Mr Bishop then set out hi.,proposed .ag*da in three parts.
These are (1) The Rights of the Opposition in a Parliamentary

Democracy, (2) Human and Democratic Rights of the People in a

Parliamentary Democracy, and (3) The Meaningful Economic

Development of Grenada.

Under each of these he placed several -db-heads and, among those

under (1) are "The Use Of Loudspeakers At Public Meetings", and

"Enumeration Of The Electors List And-The Holding Of Pair and Free

Criminal Elements
Head (2) has the largest number of sub-heads, some of which are
"Return Of Farmers Boards To Farmers", "Repeal Of Newspaper Acts",
"End Of Ties With Pacist Chile And Expulsion Of All Maffis And

Criminal Elements From Grenada", and "Coroners Inquests Into
Deaths Of All Murdered Victims." Head (3), in addition to

"Operation Bootatring", has "Problems Holding Back Development",

and "How To Begin Development."

Closining his letter to the Prime Minister, Mr Bishop said he

would insist that the deliberations on these matters be the
subject of a joint release.

There have been speculation that there is a rift in the Alliance

because of the fact that GNP and UPP held discussions with
Government on "Bootatring" while NJM has held off until Mr Gairy

will agree to wider discussions. Asked by NEWSLETTER to comment
on this,,.Mr Blaize rejected the suggestion. "I'm not worried

about that", he said, "whenever something happens, you will always

find people willing to speculate."

Mr Whyte, too, does not think there is any fundamental difference

oof opinion in the Alliance over "Bootstring''. When NHENLETTER
contacted him today (1 4th), he said that GNP, UPP and NJM share
a basic attitude towards "Bootstring", the only difference

being in the practical approach; "In any case", he said,
"there is no official Alliance position towards "Bootatring"
and, until there is, there-can be no talk of a rift."


Alister Hughes
Page 5
There have been no further announcements fror Government as to the

progress made by the committee set up to iJmlement "Operation

(1209 words

The Minister of Finance, Mr George Hoaten, has indicated that the

Director of Audit's Report will be presented shortly.

The indication came during the debate last Friday (8th) in the

House of Representatives on a Motion by Mr Hosten seeking

permission to borrow EC$2 million. In his contribution,

Mr Bernard Coard, member of the Opposition, pointed out that it is

now 7 years since there has been a Report from the Director of
Audit. Mr Coard said that, unless these Reports are placed

before the House for scrutiny, it will never be known whether the

taxpayer's money is being spent according to parliament's


According to the Grenada Constitution, "it shall be the duty of

the Director of Audit to audit and report on the public accounts

of Grenada ...", and he shall submit his Report to the Minister

of Finance "...who shall, not later than seven days after the

House of Representatives first meets after he has received the

Report, lay it before the House."

Mr Hosten told the House that the Report of the Director of Audit
is now being printed. He did not say what period that Report

(1i93 words)


Minister of Finance, Mr George Hosten, leaves Grenada on Sunday

(17th) to attend the Commonwealth MinisterB' Meeting due to open
in Montreal an Wednesday (20th).

Mr Hosten told NELWSLETTER today f14th) that there was no matter

of particular interest to Grenada which he will raise at the
meeting, but there are several matters of general interest to the

Alister Hughes
Page 6
developing countries which he will put forward.

From Montreal, Mr Hosten will go to Washington for a meeting of

the World Bank and International Monetary Fund beginning September

25th. In connection with this meeting, the Minieter of Pinance
said that, for several years, he has been pushing the case of the

poorer countries to have their international debts remitted or


"I have noted that, in this connection, Britain has given

concessions to India", he said, "and I expect the same facility

to be givenato Grenadal"

Mr Hosten will be accompanied to both meetings by Mr Lauriston

Wilson Jr, permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance.
(165 words)


A three-man Government delegation left Grenada for Alma Ate in

Russia on September 2nd to attend an international conference on

Primary Health. The conference, scheduled to run from

September 6th to 12th, is co-sponsored by the World Health
Organisation and the United Nations International Childrens'

Emergency Fund (UNICEF).

Leading the delegation is Mr Herbert Preudhomme, Deputy Prime
Minister and Minister of Health & Housing. With him are

Senator Henry Bullen, Minister of Statbf responsible for Home

& Foreign Affairs, and Dr Lloyd Alexis, District Medical Officer.

The objective of the conference is exchange of experience and

information on the development of primary health care within the

context of the framework of comprehensive national health systems
and services, and overall national development. The Report of

the conference with recommendations will be submitted to

participating Governments, the World Health assembly and the

UNICEF Executive Board.
(140 words)

AAlister Hughes.
Page 7
Statistics supplied by the Grenada Tourist Board show that, since
1976, cruise liners have brought to the island every year a total
of visitors closely approximating the local population.

In 1972, Grenada's population was 92,772 and, taking the rate of
natural increase as. approximately. 20 per thousand per annum, the
population in 1976 Passenger Arrivals by Cruise Liner
is estimated to be (000) January 1976 To August 1978
104,473. visitor 976'.} f
arrivals that year 23
by cruise liner were 22
103,367. Estimated 2j 1
20 1
population in 1977 I19 __
was 106,562 and "18. --
cruise liner 1976.,
arrivals were 977!1 !
105,925. 14 -Y -

In 1978, cruise 12 -
11 _- V_--__- -
liner arrivals
at 31.8.78 10
totalled 88,75y, an 9 '
increase of over 8 \ i .. _
21,V above the 1977 7 -
figure at the same 5
6 5
date, and, with 4, .
heavy arrival
figures expected fo /
the coming Winter
1 2 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12
Cruise Season, it i 12 = January December
expected that, in
1978, cruise liner passenger arrivals will exceed the estimated
local population of 108,693.

In estimating revenue from cruise liner passengers, the Grenada
Tourist Board uses the figure of EC$50 per passenger. On thin
basis, this section of the tourist trade brought Grenada
EC$5,168,350 in 1976, and EC$5,296,250 in 1977. However,
informed sources in the tourist industry expressed the opinion to

Alister Hughes
Page 8
NEWSLTTER that the Tourist Board estimate la too high.

The sources sgid that, during the Winter Cruise Aeason, more
affluent cruise liner visitors may be expected and the Tourist
Board's estimate may be correct for that time of the Sear,

These "affluent" visitors include tourists from the United States,

Canada, West Germany and boandanavia who, in addition to taking a

shore tour, will spend in the shops and stores and with the street


In the "off" season, when the rates on the cruise liners are lower,
less well-off visitors arrive. These come from Jamaica, Puerto

Rico and Venezuela and are less liberal in their spending. The

sources said that, at that time of the year, the estimate of

revenue should be EC#25 to EC$30 per passenger.

One aspect of the cruise liner visitor trade which remains

constant almost throughout the year is the "shore tour".
NE'SLETTER was told that, both in the Winter Season and "off"

season, an average of 200 to 300 passengers from every ship take

a shore tour.
Rum Runner
Perhaps the most popular of these tours is that of the "Rum Runner",
a large motorised catamaran which takes 120 passengers. The

fare is US$9 per person and, with free drinks and steel-band

music, the tour extends over some 5 miles of in-shore water with

opportunities to view reefs through the boat's glass bottom.

There is also a stop for bathing at Grenada's well known Grand

Anse beach.

A similar tour is offered by the "Silver Dollar", a trimaran

equipped with motor and rigged with sail. 'his is a smaller
boat taking 30 passengers for snorkeling on in-shore reefs.

Drinks are served free and all equipment -" fins, masks, snorkels
etc eis supplied. The cost of this tour is also US49

per person,

Three tours by taxi are offered. Two of theme are through

the pictutBesgu low hills on the island's south coast, and

include stops for bathing and free drinks at hotels. The cost

Alister Hughes
Page 9
per car is either EC*55 or EC$60, depending on the tour, the

difference being route and hospitality offered.

The third taxi tour travels through Grenada's central mountain

range past Grand Etang, the lake of an extinct volcano, to the

island's second town, Grenville, on the east coast near the

airport. The return trip to St.Georgea is made via the east

and south coast, skirting the spurs of the mountain range which

run to the sea in that area. The cost of this tour in EC065.

Commenting on the increasing cruise liner visitor trade, Mrs
Gertrude Protain, Executive secretary of the Grenada Tourist

Board, expressed the view that shore cruises had played a large

part in attracting visitors. "W'ithout spoiling the natural

beauty of our island", she said, "we have arranged our tours so

that visitors enjoy our attractive environment in the sort of

leisurely comfort which enhances their visit."
(667 words)


The Grenada television station has not carried local programming
for about two weeks and its relay of the Trinidad & Tobago

Television programmes can be received in a limited area only.

A spokesman for the station told NEWSLETTER today (14th) that some
equipment at the relay station had broken down. This resulted

in a complete black-out, he said, which put the station off the

air for two days. However, a technician from the United States

is now visiting the station and, although his field is studio

design and operation, he has been able to get the station back on

the air with some 30/0 of the regular power.

"In some areas reception is now possible", said the spokesman,

"but in others there is complete black-out and we have not

considered it worthwhile to resume local broadcasting."

NEWSLETTER is advised that the faulty apparatus has been returned

to the United States for servicing, but there is no indication as

to when repairs will be effected.

Alister Hughes
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER week Ending 16.9.78
Page 10
In March last year, Mr Joseph Pitt, Manager of Grenada Television,
told NEWSLLTTLR that considerable expansion was planned and that
work had already begun on a relay station at "John Sandy" on the
island's east coast near the airport. "As our antenna is
located at present", he said, "we cover only a limited area

near St.Georges."

Mr Pitt said the relay station should be in operation by June

1977 and that, when it is operative, most of,the east coast
would be covered and a signal may be put even into Grenada's
sister island of Carriaoou.

The spokesman for the station told NEWALETTER, however, that the
relay station has never worked properly. "We have never had

the john Sandy relay working for more than a few hours at a:
time", he said, "there's some fault up there and, up to now,
it has not been fixed."

Grenade Television Co Ltd was incorporated as a private Company

on May 27th 1974 with an authorized capital of EC1250,000
divided into 1,000 shares of EC*250 each, of which 420 have

been issued. Mr Pitt, his wife and children hold 268, 80 are
held by Mr Ralph Alvee of S:.Vincent and 72 by Mr Glenn Evans
of Grenada.

Mr Pitt confirmed to NEWSLETTER that Government has given the

monolopy for the importation of television sets to his Company,
this monolopy to have effect for five years. from the incorporation
of the Company.

In Government's estimates of expenditure for 1978, there appears

the amount of El112,500 for "Purchase of Shares Grenada
Television Company". It could not be ascertained whether
this purchase has been made, but, for the past few months, the

TV station has been under the management of a civil servant,
Mr Norbert Fletcher, trained at the BBC, formerly with the
now defunct Windward Islands Broadcasting Service and now

personal assistant to the Governor General. A staff of
Government mnployeee has also be taken on.
MUSUM (490 words)

Alister Hughes
Page 11
The 8th Conference of Caribbean Chief Scout-Commisaiuners will be -

held in Grenada from October 4th to 8th.

This was disclosed yesterday (13th) by Mr Leslie lierre, Grenada's
Chief Commissioner, in an exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER.
iM Pierre said representatives front '20 countries will be at the
conference, the theme of which is "A Caribbean Programme For More


"The point behind this", he explained, "is that, last November, we

had a task force appointed to frame a prbgramme that is going to
be more relevant to the modern Caribbean boy and more related to

the Caribbean countries' aspirations". The Chief Commissioner
said this is being done rather than adopting the course of
following the programme devised for boys in the United kingdom
and elsewhere.

Countries taking part in the conference are Anguilla, Belize,

Barbados, Bahamas, Grenada, Haiti, Monteerrat, Nedi, St.Vincent,
Turks & Chicos Islands, Antigua, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands,
Dominica, Guyana, Jamaica, StKitts, St.Lucia, Trinidad & Tobago
and Surinam." ,., / o.3 1 C' '0

Special guests at the conference will be Senor Arturo Gavaria,

Regional Executive resident in Costa Rica, Sir Marc Noble,
Commonwealth Commissioner, Senor Rolando Gonzales, Vice-President

of the Inter-American Scout Committee, Mr Graham Buoknoal. United
Kingdom Travelling Commissioner and Mr Maitland Cates., a member of
the Inter-American Scout Committee. Another special guest will
be r W A 'Skipper' Redhead, retired Chief Commissioner of Grenada.

Mr Pierre said that, usually, Commissioners' conferences are held
at the same time that scout jamborees are staged, but, because it

is necessary to get approval for a revised programme of work for
Caribbean scouts, the Grenada conference is being held now out of


"We expect to have a very fruitful conference", he said, "which,

we hope, will result, not only in a better programme for the boys,

Alister Hughea
Page 12
but in many more boys being attracted to the movement,
(310 words)


When the St.Vincent High Court sits on September 16th after its
vacation, Mr James 'Son' Mitchell, mePber of the StVVincent
House of Assembly and President of the St.Vincent New Democratic

Party, will file a Writ of Summons against Mr Ted Rowlands,'
Minister of State of the British Foreign & Commonwealth Office.

The Writ, No.164 dated August 21st, is the outcome of the NDP
challenge of the move made by Premier Milton Cato of the ruling

St.Vincent Labour Party to take the island into independence.
Joint defendants named with Mr Rowlands are the Attorney General

of St.Vincent and the Attorney General of the United Kingdom.

Mr Mitchell's claim, on behalf of NDP, is that "the resolution
tabled, moved and passed in the House of Assembly on 23rd March
1978 is not a resolution empowering the Government of St.Vincent
to terminate the Status of Association with the U.K."

That resolution, moved by Premier Cato, sets out the results of
the General Elections of 9th December 1974 in which the St.Vincent
Labour Party (SLP) received 19,579 ballots out of a total of

28,574 oast. the resolution says that, in the campaign for
those General Elections, "all candidates placed the issue of
independence clearly before the electorate and stated in their
various manifestos and other documents their clear intention to

proceed to independence during the life of this Parliament
should their Party be returned to office."

The resolution points out also that the SLP has confirmed
repeatedly its intention to proceed to independence and that

"the Government of St.Vincent has advised the Secretary of State
for Foreign & Commonwealth Relations that it intends to implement

its election pledge at the earliest possible time and to requast
the United Kingdom to proceed by virtue of Section 10 (2) of

the West Indies Act."(i.e. to have Britain confer independence -

Alister Hughes
Pae 13
After seven clauses beginning with "and whereas" (some relating
to the intention of the Government to invite the "Opposition and-

all trade unions and interested organizations" to submit
memoranda), the resolution ends,
"Be it resolved that this Honourable House of Assembly

endorses this resolution marklag a further milestone
in the constitutional advancement of our State."

Mr Mitchell has supplied NEWSLETTER with a copy of the Writ of
Summons and a copy of a letter written by him to Mr Rowlands on

September lat. In that letter, Mr Rowlands is advised that he

is being sued and that an Order for service of the Writ will be
sought on September 16th.

"In the mean time", says the letter, "since it is my understanding

that September 11th has been suggested as the date for the
proposed oddatitLtional conference, I have thought it wise to
send you a sealed copy of the suit as verification of the faot
that my Party and I are, indeed, challenging the procedures

followed by the Government of St.Vincent and yourself for

termination of the Status of Association with the United Kingdom."

Mr Mitchell told Mr Rowlands that, in the light of these Court
proceedings, he will not attend the constitutional conference
and that, "in the present circumstances, I also assume that the
proposed conference would not be held."
(536 words)


The S S "Geestland" sailed on September 12th with 13,868 boxes of
bananas weighing 473,959 Iba. There were 469 boxes of
rejected fruit. The Grenada Banana Cooperative Society paid

producers ECO14 per pound on the weight of fruit received at the
boxing plants., but this weight is not yet available.

The price paid by Geest Industries Ltd to the Society on this

shipment is not yet available, the price paid by Geest on the
of Au t 29th
shipment by "Geesttid "//is given, in NEWSLETTEZ of 9th september,

as ECz33.687. An advice has been received that tis figure .a
(Gont ,inua

Alister Hughes
Pae 14
incorrect and should read C0031.264..

The boxing plant weight on the shipment by "Getststar" on
September 5th was 444,883 lbs. The price paid by east on
this shipment to' ,at yet available.

The total weight of bananas shipped in 1978, to date, is
24,701,909 lbs.

(See Story On Page Seven)

Calls Passengers
34 16,851
28 13,714
29 15,766
15 9,236
2 1,484
4 2,683
6 4,095
127 70,108
9 5,903
10 6,294
13 8,797
21 13.2365
180 103,367

During the week

1977 1978
Calls passengers Calls Passengers
28 14,901 3.A4t- a2466 l6
26 13,905 23 13,353V
31 16,976 20 11,503
18 10,447 10
9 4,270 t 4
4 2,610 7 5,119
7 4,724 13 10,555
5.102 4 R k
130 72,935 +i4 8~i
6 3,954 13- f5 TI
7 t1 "1 *,it!4-
14 10,290
22 14.495
179 105,925


ending September 9th, two cruise liners called at

Grenada. The first was, the "Cumard Countess" on September 5th
with 677 passengers. The "Angelina Lauro" berthed on
September 6th but information on her passenger ist is not yet

NEWSLETTER has been invited t& cover the Annual General Meeting
of the Caribbean Conservation ABsociation in Tortola, British
Virgin Islands, from 21st to 24th September. Flight conneotAona
dictate leaving Grenada on Tuesday 19thb .@@eaidi T.eaday 26th
and, for this reason, there will be no isue at PvWBLTER for
the week ending September 23rd. The next issue will be for
the week ending September 30th. NEWSLETTER regrets anU
inconven4 o lister Hughes 15th Se ember 1978
:; ...4



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