The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Full Text

Alister Hughes
P 0 Box 65
St.Georges L G A

Por The Week aidin Uav 6th 1978
In an exclusive interview with NLWSLETTER today (3rd). Mr umanroe
Bishop, Leader of the Opposition in the Grenada House of
Representatives, said Grenada'a,1978 Budget was a deliberate
attempt by the Government to deceive.

Acting for the Minister of Finance, Mr George Hosten (who has not
yet recovered from recent illness), the Acting Minister of
Finance, Mr Uliver Raeburn, presented to the House of
Representatives on April.26th, an E475.4 million Budget. Of
this Budget, EC$23.4 million is estimated to come from external
aid, but Mr Bishop said that, against the background of the
Government's performance, this figure could not be accepted.

"Remember the promises made by the Oairy Government with the 1977
Budget", Mr Bishop said, "Grenadine were told they were getting
an ECW58 million Budget of which B0420 million would come from
external aid. The outturn for 1977 now shows that only a tiny
fraction of this external aid was received and, instead of being
I C58 million, the Budget was a mere EC436.8 million."
Mr Bishop said the 1977 Budget had shown millions of dollars
coming from British Development Aid, the Canadian International
Development Agency, the European Development Fund and other
agencies. Very little of this money had materialized, he said,

and it was clear that, "in a blatant attempt at deception", the
Grenada Government was budgeting with finds it had not secured.

He felt that, in the absence of a satisfactory explanation
concerning the 1977 Budget, the 1978 Budget had to be viewed with
suspicion. He doubted whether the outturn would be anything
close to the estimated EC075.4 million mark.

"We are a little tired of hearing of the great sums of money
which are being attracted to Grenada by what has been called the
'dynamism of Prime Minister Gairy'", Mr Bishop said, "and it is
obvious, from the Government's poor performance last year, that
this talk of an inrush of money is just a lot of hot air."

Alister Hughes
Page 2
Referring to expenditure in the 1978 Budget, the Leader of the
Opposition said Government had not been fair to Civil Servants.
Government had forced their monthly paid employees to accept much
lower salary increases than had been recommended by the Salaries
Revision Commission, he said, and had said that there was difficulty
collecting enough money to meet the monthly wage bill.

"In the face of this", said Mr Bishop, "Prime Minister GaOry's
salary has been increased from EC$1500 a month to EC#2400 a
month. This salary has been made tax free and so the increase
Is far more than the EC0900 a month it appears to be."

ir Bishop said there are several other emoluments given to Prime
Minister Gairy in the 1978 Budget. His travelling allowance
is increased from EC$1400 to 1CX3000 a year, entertainment
allowance from EC#6000 to E$C9000, and a new allowance, a 'duty
allowance', has been created for the Prime Minister. The
figure for this in the 1978 Budget is EC07200.

"Prime Minister Gairy now earns EC$19,200 in allowances and
f4228,800 in salary, making a total of EC#48,000 a year", said
Mr Bishop. "That is EC$4,000 a month and it is tax free.
That, at a minimum, is EC$10,000 a month gross, and when this
mammoth increase is compared with the miserly increases

grudgingly given to Civil Servants, the motivation of Gairy and
his Government is clear."

Also on the question of salaries, the Leader of the Opposition
said that, of the 19 people on the Government side in Parliament
(9 in the House of Representatives and 10 in the Senate), with
the exception of the Deputy Speaker, all are Ministers.
"Between them", said Mr Bishop, "they draw EC$545,600 a year in
salaries and EC$83,640 in allowances, making the fantastic total

of EC$429,240."

As compared with this sum drawn by 18 members on the Government
aide, Mr Bishop said, the Opposition members (6 in the house
and 3 in the Senate), draw IC$54,000 a year.

Alister Hughes
Pagag 3
Mr Bishop said the priorities of the 1978 Budget are significant.

He pointed ott that, while EC#2.1 million recurrent expenditure

had been voted for Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, ECt4.5
million was earmarked for the Police and Military.

"We have no war in this country", said the Leader of the

Opposition. "We have no news that an invasion is about to take

place. Nevertheless, the Gairy Government allocated to the

Police and Military more than twice the recurrent expenditure it

has given to agriculture, the backbone of Grenada's economy. It
is obvious that the waning political strength of the Government
forces it to seek other means of keeping itself in power."

Indicating that the Ministry of Labour, Youth Development & Sport

has been allocated only EC$490,178, and the Ministry of Social
Affairs, Community Development & Cooperatives only 0LC689,178,

Mr Bishop said the Government had proved it has "nothing but
contempt and disregard for labour, the small people, the

ordinary man."

"The truth of the matter", said the Leader of the Opposition, "is
that the Gairy Government is no longer a Labour Government. this

Government which came into power on a wave of popularity in 1952,

very quickly turned around and stabbed the workers and, today, has

abandoned them. A true descriptitL. of the Gairy Government is
one which is for criminals like Zeek, the American million dollar

embezzler who has asylum here, for foreigners, for big business
and for Fesist Governments like those of Chile and South Korea."

Mr Bishop said that Government owns well over one-third of the

arable land in Grenada which is in 100-acre-and-over lots. This,

he said, amounted to over 7,000 acres of land. "In spite of
this", he continued, "the estimates for 1978 show only EC$6,000
from the sale of bananas."
The Leader of the Opposition thought this was clear indication
of corruption and that the profits from Government's estates are

being "bled off by influential people." "The estimates show
that EC$7,000 are expected from the sale of ice", he said, and it

Alistcsz Hughes
Base 4
is ridiculous to think that returns from Oovernment's considerable

holdings in bananas will realise only EC6,000."

The 1978 Budget sets a record in terms of callousness, lack of

social content, lack of cultural awareness, lack of planning and

in terms of oppressiveness, Mr Bishop said. The position
found itself entirely unable to suppot'lit.
(1061 words)


Teachers at Government-assisted secondary schools in Grenada

staged a 'sick-out' today (4th) in support ~te their claims for

salary increases. Reports say that, of the 10 assisted schools,
the sick-out is almost 100% effective in 8, in one it is less than

50% effective, and the teachers in another have given the
Governing Body until Tuesday 9th to meet their demands.

The complaint of the teachers is that their salaries are far

below those of teachers at the Grenada Boys' Secondary school
(GBSS), the only secondary school owned by Government. The
other secondary schools are owned and run by the Christian
Churches with the help of a Government annual grant, and there
have been complaints for years that the grant is too small.
The situation has been made worse by the fact that Government

will not allow these assisted schools to increase their fees.

As a result of negotiations with Government, teachers at GBSS
recently received salary increases, and a spokesman for the

teachers at the assisted schools told NEHULETTIM today (4th)

that the teachers staging the sick-out want their salaries

brought into line with those of teachers at GBSS.

According to the spokesman, a teacher with two "A" level passes
at an assisted school starts at C10303 a month while a teacher
at GBSS with the same qualifications starts at EC0468. After

4 years service, the teacher at the assisted school would be up
to EC4347 a month while the teacher at GBSS would receive EC$537.

A graduate teacher at an assisted school starts at EC#517 a
nmo-th and moves up to EC$572 after 4 years. A GDSS graduate

Alister Hughes
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week handing 6.&.78
page 9
teacher starts at EC4723 a month, moving up to 'rC799 after 4

Government's 1978 Budget allows WEG650,000 as grants to assisted

schools, and this is EC$150,000 more than last'year. The
teachers feel, however, this is inadequate. "Divided between

all the assisted schools", a spokesman said, "it will result in a

mere pittance which can give teachers hardly more than a 5t

An ad hoc committee of teachers called a meeting last Tuesday

(April 25th) which was attended by representatives from 8
assisted secondary schools. Following that meeting, letters

were sent to the Governing Bodies of all the assisted schools

demanding pay increases equating salaries at assisted schools
with those at GBSS. Lack of response to these letters

resulted in the sick-out.

In an exclusive interview today (4th) with NEWSLETTER, the

Anglican Archdeacon of Grenada, the Reverend Hoskins Huggins,
said the assisted secondary schools in Grenada are nOt in a
financial position to Pay their teachers any more, The

Archdeacon, who is manager of the Anglican High School, said, "We

are in no position to increase salaries until Government either

increases the grant or allows us to increase school fees."

The Archdeacon said Government had been written to repeatedly

with a view to meeting the teachers demands, but without result.
lie understood that Government is now considering the matter.

The assisted secondary schools in Grenada are :-
The Presentation College
Anglican High School
St.Joseph's Convent, St.Georgea.
St.John's Christian Secondary School
St.Rose Secondary School

St.Andrews Anglican secondary School
St.Joseph's Convent, St.Andrews

Me Donald College
Mt Rose Secondary School

St.Davids Secondary School

) St.Georges

) St.John's
) Parish

) St.Andrews
) Parish

) St.Patric
) Parish

) St.Davida


Alister Hughes
Page 6
There is one non-Government secondary sanool is the sister island

of Carriacou, Bishop's College, but it is not known whether this

school is Government assisted.
(604 words)
Grenada may be the first nation in the world to be completely

imaunised against measles, diptheria', polio, tetanus, tuberculosis,

whooping cough and typhoid.

A team of volunteer doctors started a mass immunisation programme

here on April 29th and 7 to 9 thousand people a day have been

innoculated. This rapid operation is made possible by the
1"Jqt Peace Gun", an innoculating device developed by Dr Robert

A Hingson, Director of the Brother's Brother Foundation of

Pittsburg, USA. In an exclusive interview with NEWbLATTiR
today (5th), Dr Hingson described the 'gun'.

'The 'Jet Peace Gun' is a high velocity, mechanical micro jet

that sends medication in repetitive doses from a master reservoir

into the patient", he said. "The medication passes through a

hole, about the size of a human hair, in the nozzle, and goes
fiAe-,ght s at an inch into the patient!. akin where it spreads

out in a spray. That spray replaces the mentally disturbing

experience of the insertion of a needle."

Dr Hingson said 1000 people an hour can be innoculated with the
'gun', and the team in Grenada is equipped with 20.

More than US$150,000 has been invested already in this

programme which is supported by The Brother's Brother

Foundation, The Baptist World Alliance, the United Nations

International Childrens Energency Fund (UNICEF) and the World
Health Organisation (WHO).

The Rotary Clubs of Toronto and Grenada are also associated

with the programme, as is the St.Georges University School of
Medicine, the Grenada Baptist Church and the Jaycees of Grenada.

The operation is under the auspices of the Government of


Alister Hughes
Page 2
Private Sector.
The United Nations has designated next year, "world Health

International Year Of The Child", and Dr Hingson said his team

supports the programme designed by WHO, the UN, UNICEF and the

Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO). "This support cornea

from what we call the 'private sector'", he said, "with the

Grenada Ministry of Health and the Prime Minister of Grenada."

The first phase of the programme ends on May 14th and Dr Hingaon

said that, by that time, Grenada's population of 100,000 plus will

have received permanent immuniastion against measles and

tuberculosis. The population will also have received the

first doses for tetanus.

"Tetanus or 'lock-Jaw' requires two doses", he said, "and we will

do the second dose in June. Some of the children's vaccines

require three doses. The second of these will be done in June

and the third in either November or January."

Special .mphem ia.. ~s being laid on inoculation of the pregnant

mother against what is called "neo-natal tetanus". "This is

tetanus of the umbilical cord", Dr Hingaon said, "and one shot

will protect a woman for 5 pregnancies."

The Grenada programme of total population immunisation is the

pilot for two other programmes. The first will be Liberia with

a population of 2 million and then Haiti, population 5 million.

The Liberian programme starts on July let and the scene of action

moves to Haiti towards the end of this year. Dr Hingson said

the Baptist World Alliance has given US$i million for these three


Dr Hingaon will shortly be delivering a paper on "The

Eradication of Epidemics" to a Rotary Convention in Tokio. He

told NEWSLETTER he believes such eradication can be done world

wide and that the current programme is a prelude to this. "We

have already eliminated small-pox", he said, "the first disease

ever eliminated in the history of mankind. 'he last reported

(cont i nued)

Alister Hughes
page 8
case was in Somalia on October 25th 1977 and, while there waytbe

sporadic minor cases here or there, essentially, the job is
(588 words)


The fradeunion Movement in Grenada has suffered a split with the

resignation of the Grenada Manual Maritime & Intellectual Workers

Union (GMMIWU) from the Trade Union Council. GMMIWU, of which

Prime Minister Gairy is President-General-For-Life, wrote TUC on

April 25th severing connection but giving no reason for the break.

May Day celebrations on Monday (ist) highlighted the division.

In the Queen's Park pavillion, just outside St.Georges, GMIIWU

and three associations of taximen celebrated with a sports meeting.

It is understood that these four unions have banded together

as the "Grenada Trade Union Congress".

The day was marked by the Trade Union Council with a procession

through St.Georges, an ecumenical service in St.Georges Mawket

Square, and celebrations at the Civil Service Osntre.

The Trade Union Council, which is recognized by the Caribbean
Congress of Labour, is comprised of The Civil Service Association,

the Technical & Allied Workers Union, the Grenada Union of Teachers,

the Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union, the Taxi Owners & Drivers
Association and the Commercial & Industrial Workers Union.
(175 words)


Doctors in the Caribbean may have the use of a communications

satellite to aid them in the diagnosis of disease and the

treatment of patients.

This is the aim of an International Tele-health Conference

which was held recently under the auspices of the St,Georges
University School of Medicine at the Holiday Inn, Grenada.

Chaired by His Lxcellency, Dr Fazlollah Reza, Iranian

Ambassador to Canada, the Conference discussed a "tele-health"

Alister Hughes
Pange 9
satellite communication system for the Caribbean, and recommended

that a model project be set up.

In an exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER on Tuesday (2nd),

LMr Grove Smith, Executive Director of the International Tele-

Health Planning uroup, said the term 'tele-health' is new and

needs explaining. essentiallyy, it's the use of television

satelites to transmit health education and also for two-way

consultation", he said.

Mr Smith said the system could be used also for educational

purposes, but he thought the possibilities in medical consultation

were especially exciting. "Here you're talking about two-way

communication", he said, "you're talking ebout nurses in rural

areas actually showing the patient to a doctor or to a specialist

in a medical centre, consulting and discussing what the treatment

should be."
A satellite communications system already exists at the University

of the West Indies campus at Mona, Jamaica, Mn Smith adtd. It is

the aim of the tele-health group to make use of this system and

contact has already been made with some Garibbean Governments.

"Depending on the interest", ILr Smith said, "we intend to present

the United States Government with a plan to develop a prototype

system for the Caribbean."

The Conference, which lasted from April 27th to May lst, was

attended by some two dozen educators, physicians, scientists

and representatives of the communications industry from several

countries. An Advisory Council has been appointed and

includes the names of Dr Hunberto Fernandez-Moran, Divisional

Professor of Biophysics, University of Chicago, Dr Linus Pauling,

Emeritus Professor and Director of the Linus Palling Institute of

molecular Diseases, Stanford University, and Sir Gordon

Wolstenholme, President of the Royal Society of Medicine,


Other delegates included Dr Robert Filep, Professor of Education

& Communication, The Annenberg School of Communications,

Alister Hughea
Page 10
University of Southern California, Dr Gilbert Omenn, Assistant

Director, Office of Science & Technology Policy, The White House,.

Washington, D C, USA, Mr Robert D Strook, Vice-President

Internationd. Operations., United Telecommunications Inc,

Dr Charles Modica, Chancellor, St. Georges university School of

Medicine, Grenada, and Dr William S yields, Chief of Neurology,

University of Texas Faculty of Medicine.

Dr Wellington Friday, Minister of Education & Nationil Training

in the Government of Grenada, was an observer.
(515 words)


The Board of Dinectora of Grenada Electricity Services (GES)

is "little more than a rubber stamp." In its Report

published recently, this opinion is expressed by the Government

appointed Commission of Inquiry into the operation of GES.

The Report says, "this is Just one of the incidents of minority

shareholding in a company without the ability to alter the


This Commission was appointed in May 1977 to probe the financial
operation of GE8 in which the Government of Grenada &;a minority

shareholder. The Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC)

holds 59.3% of the shares and Government holds 40.7%.

Also to be investigateS was the rate structure of the Company
aid the effect of the location of the neat of control of the

Company on labour relations and electricity costs.

The Commission found that while, legally, the seat of

administration of the Company is in Grenada, in foot, this is
not so. All estimates and accounts must be sent to the CDC

Regional Office in Barbados for inspection and comment. 'hey

are then sent to CDC Head Office in London, and then returned

to Grenade with final approval or alterations.

"Without in any way intending to cast any aspersions on the

local members of the Board", the Commissioners say, "we do not
think it unreason~ele to say the Board of Directors in Grenada

Alister Hughes
PEnagLte t
is little more than a rubber stamp."

The Commissioners did not find that industrial relations were made

more difficult by having the effective seat of administrative

control of G3B outside of Grenade. Considering the effect of

this location of the seat of control on the cost of electricity,

the Commissioners took into account the fact that CDC has similar

Companies in 8t.Vincent, St.Lucia, Dominica and Monteerrat.

They thought it impractable for each of these Companies to employ

a full range of experts in the fields of electrical, civil and
mechanical engineering. And the same is true of personnel for
recruitment, training, administration, labour relation~ etc, and

of the purchasing of fuel, plant and spares, and for financial

planning, budgeting etc.

"The five small companies together would seem to justify the
employment in Darbados or elsoewtoe in the Caribbean of a small
team capable of providing the necessary expertise", the

Commissioners say. 1he only aspect of the matter that causes

concern is whether the fees charged for such a group could be:

taken up with the Regional Office and Head Uffice with a plea to

consider the special circumstances of our case."
Government's Debt
Other recommendations are that Government establish a Public

Utilities Commission, that there be a pension scheme for middle
management GE8 employees, and that greater efforts be made to
collect debts. In connection with the last, the Commissioners

publish figures showing that, at the end of 1976, the Government

of Grenada had not paid its debt for electricity for nearly a

year and a half. The outstanding amount was EC$364,000.

The Commission's Report shows figures for sales, gross operating
profit and net profit for the years 1967 to 1976. These

result in the following graph on page 12 :-


Alsater Hughes
Pagte 12.
Grenada Electricity Servicea
aC$ '0000
250 ..- "i ... -

200----- --__-t-----f--J_.. ._

I I / I I

100 -
i Oper

1967 1968 1.969 1.970 $971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976
{62t_ The poor performance in 1974 reflects the civil strife
in Grenade when, for several weeks, no electricity was

Figures (in thousands of EC dollars) for revenue (including
fuel surcharge from 1974), production costs, expenses and

profits are :-
Revenue Costa..
1967 Ec663 5 ECO40





mxoenses EProfit
EC1t52 EC$71
179 24
208 111
255 138
342 118
441 137
509 183
599 -226
744 343
(co661n 214

Alieter HUghe
Pn2e 13
Members of the Commission are Mr Adrian Date, retired Judge of
the Vupree' Court, Mr Joseph Bain, the Grenada Government Director
of Audit, and Mr Glyn Evans, the Grenada Government Electricity

The Commiasioner's Report is dated July 26th 1977 and it was made
public earlier this year.

Grenada was represented by Are Angela Smith at the 18th Annual
General Meeting of the Caribbean Employers Confederation (CEC)
which was held in Antigua from 26th to 28th April. Mrs Smith
is President of the Grenada Employers Federation.

The CEO meeting was opened by Mr Adolphus Freeland, Minister of
Home AffareB & Labour in the Antigua Government, and was addressed
by Mr Lester Bird, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economic
Development & Tourism. Mr Bird's theme was "A Regime of
Reasonableness For Caricom", and he urged CEC members to be
committed to "the urgency of advancing regional integrationn"

Mrs Smith told NEWSLLETER today (5th) that the Antigua meeting
had proved that CEC is a vital Caribbean link. "We are going
from strength to strength", she said, "and the existence of CEO
is evidence of Westindians' recognition of their common destiny."
(141 words)

The S 8 "Geestorest" sailed on May 3rd with 25,027 boxes of
bananas weighing 784,750 Ibe. There were 231 boxes of rejected
fruit and the Grenada Banana Cooperative Society (GBOC) paid
producers ECo 14 per pound on the weight at the boxing plants.

The price paid by Geest Industries Ltd to GBC8, and the boxing
plant weight is not yet available. (63 word)

The latest figures available from the Grenada Tourist Board are
for the week ending April 8th. These are :-
April 3rd "Fairwind" 916 Passengers. Apr. 4 "Jupiter" 319 Pass.
April 4th "Cunard Countess" 671 do. 7 "Britania"924 do.

Alister Hughes 5th May 1978

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