The Civil War and the Southernmost State : Battle of Gainesville

Florida Battles: Battle of Gainesville :: Battle of Olustee

Northern Florida and Southern Georgia
Northern Florida and Southern Georgia
Dickison, J.J.  to the Assistant Adjutant General. Gainesville, Florida, August 17, 1864
Dickison, J.J. to the Assistant Adjutant General. Gainesville, Florida, August 17, 1864

This map is of Southern Georgia and Northern Florida, where Gainesville is located.  Gainesville was the site of a railroad junction and depot in Northern Florida, south of Jacksonville.  The first Civil War conflict in Gainesville was fought on February 14, 1864 when a Federal unit defeated a Confederate cavalry unit.  The second Battle of Gainesville was fought on August 17 of the same year when a Confederate force defeated Union troops and drove them out of the town.

Under the command of Colonel Andrew L. Harris, soldiers from 75th Ohio Infantry, reinforced by companies of the 4th Massachusetts Cavalry and supported by the 3rd Rhode Island Artillery were attacked by soldiers of the Second Florida Cavalry under Captain Jonathan J. Dickison during the Battle of Gainesville on August 17, 1864. 

This report about the Confederate victory by Jonathan J. Dickison was written to General W. G. Barth.  In it Dickison describes the number of soldiers involved and other details of the battle including the number of captured Union soldiers.