Title: Water - Contents and Introduction
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Title: Water - Contents and Introduction
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: Life Science Library
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Abstract: Jake Varn Collection - Water - Contents and Introduction
General Note: Box 28, Folder 13 ( Water - 1966 ), Item 1
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
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Bibliographic ID: WL00004712
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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LIFE SCIENCE LIBRARY


WATER


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BOOKS


LIFE WORLD LIBRARY

LIFE NATURE LIBRARY

LIFE SCIENCE LIBRARY

THE LIFE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

GREAT AGES OF MAN

TIME-LIFE LIBRARY OF ART

LIFE PICTORIAL ATLAS OF THE WORLD

THE EPIC OF MAN

THE WONDERS OF LIFE ON EARTH

THE WORLD WE LIVE IN

THE WORLD'S GREAT RELIGIONS

THE LIFE BOOK OF CHRISTMAS

LIFE'S PICTURE HISTORY OF WESTERN MAN

THE LIFE TREASURY OF AMERICAN FOLKLORE

AMERICA'S ARTS AND SKILLS

300 YEARS OF AMERICAN PAINTING

THE SECOND WORLD WAR

LIFE'S PICTURE HISTORY OF WORLD WAR II

PICTURE COOK BOOK

LIFE GUIDE TO PARIS

TIME READING PROGRAM


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LIFE SCIENCE LIBRARY

CONSULTING EDITORS
Ren6 Dubos
Henry Margenau
C. P. Snow





WATER

by Luna B. Leopold, Kenneth S. Davis

and the Editors of LIFE


TIME INCORPORATED, NEW YORK















ABOUT THIS BOOK

THE STORY OF WATER is in many ways the story of life itself. Water is
the major substance of every living thing on earth. Man is dependent on
it not only for drinking but also for power, transportation and irrigation.
As modern technology demands more and more water, ways must be
constantly devised to tap new resources and to make reusable the water
man has polluted.
This book tells of the nature of water, what it can do and how it is
used by man. Each text chapter is supplemented by a picture essay,
which may be read independently. For example, Chapter 2, "A Sun-pow-
ered Cycle," explains the hydrologic cycle; it is followed by a picture es-
say entitled "The Long Voyage from Sea to Sea," which offers a different
perspective on the same ceaseless journey that water makes from sea to
atmosphere to land, and back to sea.


THE AUTHORS
LUNA B. LEOPOLD, chief hydrologist of
the U.S. Geological Survey, is also a civil
engineer, meteorologist and geologist. He
is author of more than 100 scientific pa-
pers, and coauthor of The Flood Control
Controversy and Fluvial Processes in Geomor-
phology. Dr. Leopold has received the
Kirk Bryan award of the Geological Soci-
ety of America and the Veth Medal of the
Royal Netherlands Geographical Society.

KENNETH S. DAVIS is author of River
on the Rampage and is coauthor of Water:
The Mirror of Science. Mr. Davis has also
written a number of novels, biographies
of former President Eisenhower and Ad-
lai E. Stevenson, and Experience of War,
the story of the U.S. in World War II.


THE CONSULTING EDITORS
RENE DUBOS, a member and professor
of Rockefeller University, is a microbiolo-
gist and experimental pathologist famous
for research in antibiotics. He has writ-
ten, among other books, Mirage of Health
and The Dreams of Reason, and is coau-
thor of Health and Disease in this series.

HENRY MARGENAU is Eugene Higgins
Professor of Physics and Natural Philoso-
phy at Yale, and an authority in spectros-
copyand nuclear physics. He wrote Open
Vistas and The Nature of Physical Reality,
and is coauthor of The Scientist in this
series.

C. P. SNOW has won an international au-
dience for his novels, including The New
Men, The Affair and Corridors of Power,
which explore the effects of science on
today's society. He was named to the Brit-
ish Ministry of Technology in 1964.


ON THE COVER
A giant wave, whipped up by a powerful North Pacific storm hundreds of miles away,
crashes into Waimea Bay in the Hawaiian Islands. On the back cover, idealized views of a
raindrop, a snowflake and steam represent the liquid, solid and gaseous states of water.

Water 1966 Time Inc. All rights reserved.
Published simultaneously in Canada. Library of Congress catalogue card number 66-18677.
School and library distribution by Silver Burdett Company.


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CONTENTS


PAGE


INTRODUCTION 7


1 A MAVERICK COMPOUND 8

Picture Essay: The Unpredictable Water Molecule 16


2 A SUN-POWERED CYCLE 32
Picture Essay: The Long Voyage from Sea to Sea 42


3 THE UNDERGROUND RESERVOIR 54
Picture Essay: Mapping a World of Groundwater 62


S SCULPTURING THE PLANET 74
Picture Essay: How Erosion Makes Landscapes 84


5 FOUNTAIN OF LIFE 102
Picture Essay: The Indispensable Fluid 110


WELLSPRINGS OF CIVILIZATION 120
Picture Essay: Profile of a Great River 128


7 THE ALL-PURPOSE SUBSTANCE 144
Picture Essay: Putting Water to Work 154


8 SCARCITY AMIDST PLENTY 170
Picture Essay: The Diary of a Drink 178


APPENDIX 193
The Chemical Content of U.S. Water
The Dictionary of the Hydrologist

FURTHER READING AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 196

INDEX 197

PICTURE CREDITS 200


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TIME-LIFE BOOKS
EDITOR
Norman P. Ross
EXECUTIVE EDITOR
Maitland A. Edey
TEXT DIRECTOR ART DIRECTOR
Jerry Korn Edward A. Hamilton
CHIEF OF RESEARCH
Beatrice T. Dobie
Assistant Text Director: Harold C. Field
Assistant Art Director: Arnold C. Holeywell
Assistant Chiefs of Research:
Monica O. Home, Martha Turner

PUBLISHER
Rhett Austell
General Manager: Joseph C. Hazen Jr.
Planning Director: Frank M. White
Business Manager: John D. McSweeney
Circulation Manager: Joan D. Manley
Publishing Board: Nicholas Benton, Louis Bronzo,
James Wendell Forbes, John S. Wiseman

LIFE MAGAZINE
EDITOR: Edward K. Thompson
MANAGING EDITOR: George P. Hunt
PUBLISHER: Jerome S. Hardy


LIFE SCIENCE LIBRARY
SERIES EDITOR: Martin Mann
Editorial staff for Water:
Associate Editor: Robert G. Mason
Text Editors: L. Robert Tschirky,
Nancy E. Gross, Paul Trachtman
Picture Editor: John Paul Porter
Designer: Edwin Taylor
Associate Designer: Charles Mikolaycak
Staff Writers: Timothy Carr, George Constable,
Leon Greene, Simon Johnson,
Jonathan Kastner, Peter Meyerson
Chief Researcher: Thelma C. Stevens
Researchers: Roxanna Sayre, Rosemary Haverland,
Karen Booth, Adrian Condon, Mollie Cooper,
Owen Fang, Eleanor Feltser, Pamela Johnson,
Frank Kendig, Irene Kleinsinger,
Robert R. MeLaughlin, Barbara Miller,
Donald Newton, Marianna Pinchot,
Susanna Seymour, Rachel Tyrrell
EDITORIAL PRODUCTION
Color Director: Robert L. Young
Copy Staff: Marian Gordon Goldman,
Suzanne Seixas, Dolores A. Littles
Picture Bureau: Margaret K. Goldsmith,
Patricia Maye
Art Assistants: Douglas B. Graham,
Patricia Byrne, Ladislav Svatos


This book, from its conception to final editing, was under the professional direction of Luna B. Leopold.
The text chapters were written by Kenneth S. Davis, the picture essays by the editorial staff. The fol-
lowing individuals and departments of Time Inc. were helpful in the production of the book: Margaret
Bourke-White, Ralph Crane, John Dominis, Fritz Goro, Dmitri Kessel, LIFE staff photographers; Doris
O'Neil, Chief, LIFE Picture Library; Richard M. Clurman, Chief, TIME-LIFE News Service; and Peter
Draz, Chief, Time Inc. Bureau of Editorial Reference.


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INTRODUCTION


SOME 10 YEARS AGO, the engineer Thomson King epitomized the water
problem in the following terms:
"Of all the substances that are necessary to life as we know it on
earth, water is by far the most important, the most familiar, and the
most wonderful; yet most people know very little about it."
More poetically, Byron reflected on the same theme in his Don Juan:
"Till taught by pain
Men really know not what good water's worth."
History is replete with the sagas of armies that fought over water,
of monarchs and priests who worshiped it and health workers who have
blessed it, of civilizations that dwindled after losing or mismanaging
it, of people who died because of it.
Water has many curious facets. It is universally present and has re-
mained unchanged in amount and in character over millions of years. It
is at once the servant and the master of man. Yet the man on the street
is aware of it only when it fails or endangers him. Then its dramatic
impact falls with full force-too often accompanied by false impressions,
conclusions and solutions.
The present volume should serve to clarify and to place in perspec-
tive the mysteries of this exciting commodity and the manifold uses to
which it may be put for the benefit of mankind. It explores the nature
of this extraordinary substance and reviews its place in the atmosphere,
on earth and below the earth's surface. It recalls that the earth's pro-
file was in large measure fashioned by water-and that water eternally
continues to reshape the land. Common sense and simplicity of concept
and statement abound in the exposition of water's impact upon man
and civilization-in antiquity as well as today in virtually every devel-
oping country and in some already developed. Realistic appraisals of
problems and solutions complete a text long desired.
The effort to disclose to man his dependence upon and his benefits
from water is welcome. A society increasingly confronted with water
decision-making should at least understand the ingredients of the prob-
lem. This book should go far to aid in that understanding.

-ABEL WOLMAN
Professor Emeritus of Sanitary Engineering and Water Resources
The Johns Hopkins University




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