Title: Graham Announces Standards for State Water Policy
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00004524/00001
 Material Information
Title: Graham Announces Standards for State Water Policy
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: State of Fla., Office of the Governor
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Abstract: Jake Varn Collection - Graham Announces Standards for State Water Policy (JDV Box 91)
General Note: Box 23, Folder 1 ( Miscellaneous Water Papers, Studies, Reports, Newsletters, Booklets, Annual Reports, etc. - 1973 -1992 ), Item 27
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
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Bibliographic ID: WL00004524
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text





STATE OF FLORIDA

(ffice of tle Go ernor
THE CAPITOL OCTl
TALLAHASSEE 32301

BOB GRAHAM office of te ,
GOVERNOR

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CONTACT: Steve Hull, Press Secretary
October 23, 1980 488-4801
Jill Chamberlin, Deputy Press
Secretary 488-3121



GRAHAM ANNOUNCES STANDARDS FOR STATE WATER POLICY


TALLAHASSEE--Governor Bob Graham, in remarks prepared for

his address tonight, October 23, 1980, to water management district

board members, called for adoption of a Florida water policy to

avert a potential water crisis in the state.

Graham is scheduled to deliver the evening address to

water board members from throughout the state at their fifth

annual meeting at the Capitol City Country Club, in Tallahassee.

"There is a major difference when you compare a shortage

of oil with a shortage of water: there are alternative sources

of energy...but nowhere on earth is there a substitute for water,"

Graham said.

"It is no overstatement to say that the leadership of the

five water management districts, will, to a great extent, control

the course of Florida's future. Accordingly, I consider my

appointments to these districts to be among the most important

I will make as governor."

Graham said his appointments to state regional planning

councils, under a law passed by the 1980 Legislature, will include

individuals already serving on water management boards in order to

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"integrate water resource management with land management..."

Graham said the water policy, to be developed this year

by the Department of Environmental Regulation, should protect

"natural" water management systems, provide measures to guarantee

that water use is in the public interest, and reflect conservation.

"Florida can no longer afford the all out 'dig it, ditch it,

drain it' approach to development," Graham said.

"We've played all the tricks on mother nature we can get

away with," he said.

In addition, the governor said the state water policy should

require that, when appropriate, those who benefit from water

management projects pay for costs of these projects.

A copy of the Governor's address is attached.


-30-



















ADDRESS


BY GOVERNOR BOB GRAHAM



TO THE

ANNUAL MEETING OF THE FLORIDA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS
GOVERNING BOARD MEMBERS


TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA
OCTOBER 23, 1980










WHEN I WAS GROWING UP, I LIVED IN A CORAL ROCK HOUSE


NORTH OF MIAMI.



THE HOUSE WAS SOLIDLY BUILT, WHICH I SUPPOSE IS WHY



WE ALWAYS HAD NUMEROUS VISITORS WHEN HURRICANES ROLLED IN.



I REMEMBER IN PARTICULAR ONE BAD STORM THAT HIT IN



1947. I AWOKE AS USUAL ON THE MORNING AFTER STORMS WITH



KIDS SLEEPING ALL OVER THE FLOOR IN MY ROOM, AS WE LOOKED



OUT THE WINDOW THERE WAS WATER AS FAR AS YOU COULD SEE. THE



HOUSE HAD LITERALLY BECOME AN ISLAND.


-1-












SOMEONE REMARKED THAT IT WAS COLUMBUS DAY AND


SOMEONE ELSE COMMENTED THAT IF COLUMBUS HAD ARRIVED ON



A DAY LIKE THIS, HE WOULD HAVE TURNED RIGHT AROUND AND



GONE HOME,



THE HISTORY OF WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS IN



FLORIDA IS THE HISTORY OF FLORIDA,


-2-










THE FIRST SUCH AGENCIES WERE CALLED "FLOOD CONTROL


DISTRICTS" BECAUSE IN THOSE DAYS THE ONLY PROBLEM WE HAD


WITH WATER WAS HOW TO GET RID OF IT,


THE PREVAILING VIEW


OF WATER WAS VERY MUCH LIKE THE EARLY MIDWESTERN PIONEER'S


ATTITUDE TOWARD TREES:


THEY WERE IN THE WAY,


THEY HAD TO


BE CLEARED TO MAKE ROOM FOR CABINS AND CROPS, IN FLORIDA,



IT WAS PRIMARILY WATER THAT WAS IN THE WAY.










AGRICULTURE WAS THE PREDOMINANT INFLUENCE ON THE


EARLY BOARDS, SIMPLY BECAUSE THE FARMER WAS ONE PERSON



AFFECTED ON A DAILY BASIS BY TOO MUCH OR TOO LITTLE WATER,



THESE DAYS THE BROAD RANGE OF INTERESTS SERVING ON



WATER MANAGEMENT BOARDS REFLECTS THE MORE GENERALIZED



CONCERN ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS VITAL RESOURCE FOR



ALL FLORIDIANS,



HOW VITAL A RESOURCE IS WATER?


-4-










SOME OBSERVERS OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN AMERICA HAVE


BEGUN MAKING AN INTERESTING ,


. PERHAPS STARTLING


COMPARISON, THEY SAY: "IF YOU THOUGHT THE PETROLEUM



CRUNCH WAS BAD WAIT UNTIL THE WATER CRUNCH GETS



HERE."


-5-










THERE IS A MAJOR DIFFERENCE WHEN YOU COMPARE


A SHORTAGE OF OIL WITH A SHORTAGE OF WATER:


ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF ENERGY


THERE ARE


. BUT NOWHERE ON THE


EARTH IS THERE A SUBSTITUTE FOR WATER.



FROM THE AQUEDUCTS OF ANCIENT ROME TO THOSE OF



MODERN CALIFORNIA, THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF WATER HAVE



DETERMINED THE VERY COURSE OF CIVILIZATIONS,










THERE IS ALREADY CONSIDERABLE INTEREST IN WATER



PROBLEMS AROUND THE UNITED STATES AND FLORIDA.


-7-










HERE IS AN ARTICLE FROM THE AUGUST 20, 1979


ISSUE OF FORBES MAGAZINE, ENTITLED "THE WATER CRISIS: IT'S



ALMOST HERE." HERE IS ONE FROM THE OCTOBER 1979 ISSUE OF


BIOSCIENCE ENTITLED "WATER:


THE NEXT RESOURCE CRISIS."


AND HERE IS AN ENTIRE SECTION FROM THE ORLANDO SENTINEL


FROM SEPTEMBER OF THIS YEAR ENTITLED:


"FLORIDA'S WATER:


CLEAN IT OR KILL IT,"


-8-










IT IS NO OVERSTATEMENT TO SAY THAT THE LEADERSHIP


OF THE FIVE WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS WILL, TO A GREAT



EXTENT, CONTROL THE COURSE OF FLORIDA'S FUTURE. ACCORDINGLY,



I CONSIDER MY APPOINTMENTS TO THESE DISTRICTS TO BE AMONG


THE MOST IMPORTANT THAT I WILL MAKE AS GOVERNOR,










WE HAVE AN ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE FOR DEALING


WITH WATER ISSUES IN FLORIDA THAT HAS SERVED AND WILL



CONTINUE TO SERVE US WELL. THE INTENT OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL



REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1975 WAS TO MERGE WATER QUALITY



MANAGEMENT WITH WATER QUANTITY MANAGEMENT BY MESHING



THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION'S



RESPONSIBILITIES WITH THOSE OF THE WATER MANAGEMENT



DISTRICTS.


-10-










THIS MAKES EMINENT GOOD SENSE. WATER IS CLEARLY


NO LONGER AN ISSUE OF LOCAL OR EVEN REGIONAL CONCERN,



SKEPTICS WHO THINK OTHERWISE NEED ONLY LOOK TO THE WESTERN



REGION OF THE UNITED STATES TO SEE WHERE A PAROCHIAL



APPROACH TO WATER LEADS.



SERIOUS DISPUTES OVER WATER IN THAT AREA USUALLY



END UP WITH REGION AGAINST REGION IN THE STATE COURTS, OR



WITH STATE AGAINST STATE IN THE U.S. SUPREME COURT.


-11-





/, )




I HAVE ASKED THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL



REGULATION SECRETARY, JAKE VARN, TO DEVELOP AND ADOPT



A STATE WATER POLICY THIS YEAR. WITH THE D.E.R.'S



STATEWIDE OVERVIEW AND COORDINATING FUNCTION, AND WITH



THE VARIOUS MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS' REGIONAL EXPERTISE, WE



SHOULD HAVE A FLEXIBLE, WORKABLE STRUCTURE TO MEET



FLORIDA'S FUTURE WATER NEEDS.


-12-










THE NEXT STEP IS TO INTEGRATE WATER RESOURCE


MANAGEMENT WITH LAND MANAGEMENT THROUGH REGIONAL PLANNING


COUNCILS,


THAT WILL BE ACCOMPLISHED BY THE APPOINTMENTS


OF WATER MANAGEMENT BOARD MEMBERS TO THE REGIONAL



PLANNING COUNCILS.



WHEN THE REGIONAL PLANNING COUNCIL DEVELOPS REGIONAL



IMPACT DECISIONS, CONCERNS ABOUT WATER USE OR ABUSE WILL



BE REFLECTED,


-13-









WHAT ARE THE NECESSARY ELEMENTS OF A STATE WATER


POLICY?



DEFINITIVE BUT FLEXIBLE:


IT SHOULD BE DEFINITIVE ENOUGH TO PROVIDE FOR



STATEWIDE CONSISTENCY IN THE INTERPRETATION OF LAWS, BUT



FLEXIBLE ENOUGH FOR THE WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS TO



ADOPT SPECIFIC PROGRAMS TAILORED TO THEIR REGIONAL



REQUIREMENTS. SUCH A POLICY SHOULD BE UNDERSTANDABLE,



WORKABLE, AND IT SHOULD BE PRACTICAL,


-14-









N2'.


I SHOULD PROBABLY ADD, GIVEN THE RATE AT WHICH



FLORIDA'S POPULATION IS GROWING, THAT WE NEED A WATER



POLICY SOON. ONE STATISTIC SHOULD MAKE THAT POINT VERY



CLEAR: BY THE YEAR 2000, THE UNITED STATES WILL GROW BY



38 PERCENT. FLORIDA WILL ACCOUNT FOR NEARLY ONE-SIXTH OF



THAT GROWTH, EVEN THOUGH WE CURRENTLY REPRESENT ONLY 4



PERCENT OF THE COUNTRY'S POPULATION.


-15-










WE HAVE ALREADY SEEN THE "WATER WAR SYNDROME" IN


THE TAMPA BAY REGION, AND WE'RE BEGINNING TO SEE SIGNS



OF IT IN CHARLOTTE HARBOR, BREVARD COUNTY, DESTIN/FTWALTON,



AND ALONG THE URBAN EAST COAST.



FLORIDA NEEDS A STATEWIDE PLAN IN PLACE BEFORE



ALL-OUT WATER PROBLEMS BECOME WATER CRISES,


-16-










ELEMENTS OF WATER POLICY:


I WOULD EXPECT A STATE WATER POLICY TO INCLUDE



THE FOLLOWING ELEMENTS:



1. IT SHOULD PROTECT "NATURAL" WATER MANAGEMENT



SYSTEMS, PARTICULARLY WETLANDS AND FLOODPLAINS.



REGULATORY PROGRAMS NEED TO BE STRENGTHENED AND A HIGH



PRIORITY GIVEN TO THE ACQUISITION OF WETLANDS, PARTICULARLY



THOSE ADJACENT TO STATE SOVEREIGN LANDS,


-17-








2, IT SHOULD CLARIFY THE STATUTORY MEANING OF "REASONABLE


BENEFICIAL USE", THE CORNERSTONE OF WATER MANAGEMENT IN FLORIDA,



FLORIDA STATUTE PROPERLY REQUIRES THIS CONCEPT OF "REASONABLE



BENEFICIAL USE" TO BE A YARDSTICK BY WHICH WATER MANAGEMENT



DISTRICTS MEASURE THEIR DECISIONS ON WATER QUANTITY PERMITS.



IT IS ESSENTIAL HOWEVER, THAT THE STATE WATER POLICY



CLEARLY ARTICULATE FACTORS WHICH SHOULD BE CONSIDERED IN



ADHERING TO THIS REQUIREMENT OF "REASONABLE BENEFICIAL



USE."--A VITAL MEASURE OF WATER USE IN THE PUBLIC INTEREST.


-18-








3. IT SHOULD REQUIRE THAT PERMITTED USES OF WATER BE


LIMITED TO REASONABLE, BENEFICIAL USES, AND THAT WATER


CONSERVATION BE A CONDITION OF WATER USE.


THE PERMITTING


PROCESS IS CRUCIAL TO SEEING THAT THE THEORETICAL GOALS OF



POLICY BECOME ACTUAL FACT.



4. IT SHOULD CONTAIN RESTRICTIONS ON FLOOD HAZARD AREA



DEVELOPMENT, FLORIDA CAN NO LONGER AFFORD THE ALL OUT



"DIG IT, DITCH IT, DRAIN IT" APPROACH TO DEVELOPMENT.



WE'VE PLAYED ALL THE TRICKS ON MOTHER NATURE WE CAN



GET AWAY WITH.


,10..










5. IT SHOULD BE REQUIRED THAT BENEFICIARIES PAY FOR


WATER MANAGEMENT WORKS WHERE APPROPRIATE,



6, FINALLY, IT SHOULD PROVIDE FOR THE CONTROL AND


TREATMENT OF STORMWATER RUN-OFF.


NEW DEVELOPMENT IN


FLORIDA SHOULD BE REQUIRED TO RETAIN RUN-OFF TO APPROXIMATE


PRIOR CONDITIONS,


CONTROL OF EXISTING RUN-OFF PROBLEMS


SHOULD BE DEALT WITH ON A LONG-TERM, COST-EFFECTIVE BASIS.


-20-










WORKING TOGETHER, THE D.E.R. AND THE WATER MANAGEMENT


DISTRICTS SHOULD DEVELOP SOLUTIONS TO FLORIDA'S WATER



RESOURCE PROBLEMS WHICH ARE CONSISTENT WITH THE OVERALL



STATE POLICY. THESE SOLUTIONS SHOULD BE DETAILED AND



AREA SPECIFIC.


-21-











THESE PLANS SHOULD BE IMPLEMENTED THROUGH


REGIONAL DISTRICTS AS RECOMMENDED BY THE RESOURCE



MANAGEMENT TASK FORCE. AND THEY SHOULD BE MODIFIED



AS THE STATE WATER POLICY IS REVISED,


-22-










I ENVISION THE D.E.R. DELEGATING MORE AND MORE OF


ITS DUTIES TO ITS DISTRICT OFFICES OR TO WATER MANAGEMENT



DISTRICTS,SO THAT THE DECISIONS CAN BE MADE AS CLOSE AS



POSSIBLE TO THE PLACE WHERE THOSE DECISIONS WILL BE



IMPLEMENTED. BUT THAT WILL ONLY WORK IF THOSE DECISIONS



ARE ENLIGHTENED, NOT PAROCHIAL, BECAUSE AS WE'VE SEEN



OVER THE YEARS WATER PROBLEMS TRANSCEND LOCAL POLITICAL



BOUNDARIES,


-23-








WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS, ALONG WITH REGIONAL PLANNING


COUNCILS, MUST COME TO GRIPS WITH HOW TO RESPOND TO ISSUES



ON THE-HORIZON NOW: FIRST, PROVIDING AN ADEQUATE WATER



SUPPLY. A GOOD EXAMPLE IS THE RECENT ASSUMPTION OF THE KEYS



AQUEDUCT BY THE SOUTH FLORIDA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT.


SECONDLY, PROVIDING FOR SOLID WASTE-DISPOSALI


THE DE.R.


RECENTLY CONDUCTED A STUDY THAT REVEALED THAT CERTAIN



HAZARDOUS WASTE DUMPING SITES MIGHT CONTAMINATE DRINKING


WATER SUPPLIES IN FLORIDA.










SUCH COOPERATION WILL BECOME INCREASINGLY IMPORTANT



AS THE STATE'S POPULATION GROWS AND THE INTERRELATIONSHIP



OF ALL OF OUR NATURAL RESOURCES BECOMES MORE AND MORE



OBVIOUS. THE DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTES, FOR INSTANCE, WILL



BE OF INCREASING CONCERN TO THE WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS.


-25-











FLORIDA HAS BEEN BLESSED WITH ABUNDANT WATER IN



THE PAST, BUT IN WHAT HAS BEEN CALLED AN ERA OF SHORTAGES,



IT WILL SURELY BE OUR NEXT MAJOR NATURAL RESOURCE CHALLENGE.



THE LEADERSHIP PROVIDED BY MANY OF YOU. HERE TONIGHT



WILL, TO A GREAT EXTENT, DETERMINE FLORIDA'S FUTURE,





















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