Title: ELMS Bill Passes '93 Legislature, Kicks off New Era in Growth Management
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 Material Information
Title: ELMS Bill Passes '93 Legislature, Kicks off New Era in Growth Management
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: Foresight Vol. 7 no. 1
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Abstract: Jake Varn Collection - ELMS Bill Passes '93 Legislature, Kicks off New Era in Growth Management (JDV Box 91)
General Note: Box 23, Folder 1 ( Miscellaneous Water Papers, Studies, Reports, Newsletters, Booklets, Annual Reports, etc. - 1973 -1992 ), Item 9
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
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Bibliographic ID: WL00004506
Volume ID: VID00001
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Printed on
Recycled Paper
Spring 1993


L O IDA G IIIiI A N E W S L E T T E R IN


ELMS Bill Passes '93 Legislature, Kicks

Off New Era In Growth Management
By James F. Murley


another legislative session is
behind us, and growth
management emerged
intact. Now, the real work begins.
The next two years promise to
be busy ones. We'll rewrite the State
Comprehensive Plan, revise the
regional policy plans, and set the


committees the Third Environ-
mental Land Management Study
Committee (ELMS III), the Disaster
Planning and Response Review
Committee, the Florida Affordable
Housing Study Commission, the
Canal Lands Advisory Committee,
and Partners for a Better Florida.
And the end-of-session verdict


THE ELMS GANG: 1000 Friends recognizes the key role that the ELMS III committee
played in passing this important growth management legislation. From left to right:
Department of Community Affairs Secretary Linda Shelley, Nathaniel P. Reed, John
DeGrove, James Harold Thompson, ELMS Executive Director David Powell, and
James F Murley at the 1000 Friends Tallahassee reception in March. (For more on
the reception, please see page 4.)


stage for updates to local compre-
hensive plans across Florida.
1000 Friends of Florida came
into the session supporting a "citi-
zens' agenda." We urged legislators
to support the recommendations of
several important citizen advisory


for this citizens' agenda? We won
most of them and lost a few.
The emergence of the "Private
Property Rights" bill, with over 50
sponsors, is cause for concern. The
proposed law would have gutted
growth management. By the end of


the session, it became a study
commission. We have recommended
that Gov. Lawton Chiles veto it.
The large number of sponsors
shows that there's a perception out
there that environmental regulations
are hindering economic recovery.
That means that advocates need to
do a better job explaining the ben-
efits of environmental and growth
management programs in Florida.
Another cautionary note about
the state of environmental regulation
in Florida, post-session: This year's
legitimate attempts at streamlining
and efficiency could spell a retreat
from environmental quality stan-
dards next year.
Here's a look at how the citizen
recommendations came out of the
1993 Legislature:
* ELMS III. The passage of the
ELMS bill brings many changes to
growth management, and citizens
(see ELMS Bill page 7)

INSIDE...

2
Reinventing Government

3
"Property Rights" group formed

5
Around The State

8
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Hindsight...............................

The new administration in Washington knows a good thing when it comes
along.
That's why Clinton and Gore tapped Floridian Bill Frederick former Orlando
mayor and advisor to a half-dozen governors to serve on their key task force, the
new National Performance Review. Frederick and the other task force members are
working to do nothing less than "reinvent the federal government."
Frederick, a 1000 Friends of Florida board member, is well-suited to the job.
He has served six Florida governors in various posts: two as members of their
"little Cabinets," under Governor Askew as chairman of the Department of Pollution
Control, and under Governor Graham as chairman of the Environmental Regulation
Commission.
He served on the Speaker's Committee on Water Quality and the Speaker's
Transportation Task Force in 1983, and on the State Comprehensive Plan Committee
from 1986 to 1988.
During a 12-year stint as Mayor of Orlando, he distinguished himself as the kind of leader who isn't afraid to
try new solutions to old problems. That's the kind of thinking that can foster real changes in Florida and in the
nation.
His record of success as a problem-solver led Governor Lawton Chiles to appoint him as chairman of the
Commission for Government by the People and the Government Accountability and Performance (GAP) Commission.
Now, Frederick will bring his considerable talents and vision to the federal arena.
Frederick's "new paradigm" for government which involves reintroducing local ownership to solve
society's problems is particularly timely for Florida communities as we begin rewriting our comprehensive plans
in the next several years.


Reinventing Government
by Bill Frederick, Former Mayor of Orlando


Reinventing government!
Everyone from President
R Clinton to Governor Chiles
is talking the talk: right-sizing,
decentralizing, privatizing, etc. But


Foresight

Foresight is published quarterly by
1000 FRIENDS OF FLORIDA
P.O. Box 5948
Tallahassee, Florida 32314-5948
(904) 222-6277
Executive Director .......... James F. Murley
Planning Director ..........Patricia S. McKay
Legal Director .................Richard Grosso
Florida Greenways Program
Director................ Dr. Mark A. Benedict
Affordable Housing
Director ....................... Jaimie A. Ross
Community Planner ............. ent Wimmer
Executive Assistant ..........Janice D. Dughi
Development Asst............ Kathleen Morris
Bookkeeper .............. Nancey Boatwright
Administrative Asst. .........Elizabeth Cabibi
Greenways Assistant ..........Laila Sherazee
Receptionist........................... Cindee Rye
Editor ........................... Julie Hauserman


who is walking the walk actually
reinventing government? Most
charitably, one must observe that
progress is slow. Clearly with
change, its vocabulary is easier than
its establishment.
Last week in Washington I
attended the orientation meeting of
the National Performance Review.
The National Performance Review is


President Clinton's task force,
chaired by Vice President Gore, to
reinvent the federal government. As
we speak, several hundred federal
employees are hard at work to point
the head of our federal establishment
in a new direction.
The Vice President, in his charge
to the conference, picked up the
"steering and rowing" metaphor.
"Steering and rowing" is a central
concept of reinvented government.
Central government should "steer"


(i.e. set policy) but leave its imple-
mentation to local communities.
The actual execution of the goals,
often the service that government
itself delivers (i.e. the "rowing"),
should evolve from our local com-
munities rather than from a distant,
central bureaucracy. Take, for
example, the goal of reducing
teenage pregnancy. Under the new


paradigm (i.e. the reinvented
model), central government would
shift its focus from efforts (or "in-
put") to measurable goals
("outcomes"). For example, the
reduction of unwanted pregnancies
from 47 per thousand in 1980 to 27
per thousand in 1994 and ultimately
to 18 per thousand in the year 2000
would be a measurable steering
benchmark. Tallahassee would steer
this outcome by permitting local
(see Hindsight page 6)


"We have become a government

solely for the people. America's heritage

is a government by the people."









Preservation 2000


Alive For Another Year


ne of the most critical
environmental programs
in Florida Preservation
2000 is on track for another year,
thanks to a concerted effort by state
environmentalists and quick action
by the 1993 Legislature.
In their 1994 no-new-taxes
budget, legislators included $10
million from general revenue to fund
the fourth series of Preservation
2000 bonds worth
$300 million. The
annual debt service will
be about $25 million.
The money makes
it possible to continue
to save wild places '
across Florida. This
year, it may help
restore the Everglades,
buy land in the ecologi-
cally important Green
Swamp, and conserve
imperiled scrub lands
on the Lake Wales
Ridge, home to 30
endangered plants and
animals. It may buy
remnants of the long-
leaf-pine/wiregrass
forests that once
covered the southeast,
and go toward acquisi- Some P-200
tion of Florida's remain-


ing first-magnitude fresh water
springs.
Since 1990, 170,000 acres of
Florida wilderness have been pro-
tected through Preservation 2000.
The 1994 allocation builds on
the first three years of funding to
produce $1.2 billion of the $3 billion
pledged for the 10-year-long Preser-
vation 2000 initiative.
The P-2000 pot will be divided
this way: The Conservation and


)0 funds could help restore the Everglades.


Recreation Lands program (CARL)
gets $150 million; Save Our Rivers
gets $90 million; the Florida Com-
munities Trust gets $30 million, and
the rest goes for additions to parks,
forests, wildlife areas and trails.
Special thanks go to the hun-
dreds of citizens who made their
views heard you made a differ-
ence! The Nature Conservancy
played a pivotal role. Also, thanks
to the following state lawmakers:
Senators James Scott,
Ander Crenshaw, and
Curt Kiser, and Repre-
sentatives Keith J.
Arnold, Ron Saunders,
and John Long.
As always, we
wish that Preservation
2000 had a permanent
funding source.
Governor Lawton
Chiles tried to get a
permanent source of
P-2000 funding from
corporate income tax
this year, but legisla-
tors were committed
to a no-new-taxes
budget. That means
we'll be back next
year, looking for
dollars to protect
Florida's remaining
wilderness.


New "Property Rights"

Foundation Formed In Tallahassee


new group has emerged
from the legislative tussle
over the "Private Property
Rights" bill (SB1000).
The group is the Tallahassee-
based Florida Legal Foundation. Its
directors are Tallahassee lobbyist
Wade Hopping, L.M. "Buddy" Blain,
a Tampa attorney who represents
the Lykes family, and Timothy
Warfel, a Tallahassee lawyer who
heads a conservative group which
ran an unsuccessful campaign to
oust Florida Supreme Court Justice
Rosemary Barkett.
"The purpose basically is to
create a foundation that would try to
establish a balance in legal actions
between the state and the individual


with respect to regulation of property
rights," Warfel told the St. Petersburg
Times. "What we have found is that
there are a number of small property
owners that basically get steamrolled
in judicial or regulatory proceedings,
and we believe these people ought to
have assistance."
The group, which was incorpo-
rated July 9, 1992, joins a long line
of conservative groups formed to
challenge growth management in
Florida during the past decade. The
Southeastern Legal Foundation, the
Claremont Institute, the James
Madison Institute, and Florida Tax
Watch have all taken on Florida's
growth management system at one
time or another.
Eventually, these groups de-


cided to take up another agenda.
1000 Friends of Florida has been
concentrating solely on growth
management for the past five years.
We continue to concentrate on
growth management now, and when
these others leave the arena, we'll
still be doing it.
The final version of Senate
Bill1000 sets up the "Study Com-
mission on Inverse Condemnation
Law," and appropriates $50,000 to
pay for it. The commission is sched-
uled to give the Legislature a report
by December, 1993.
1000 Friends and other environ-
mental groups are urging Gov.
Lawton Chiles to veto the bill. We'll
keep you posted.








Thompson, Shelley Honored

At Tallahassee Reception

bout 250 people attended
our March 15 reception,
which was held at
Tallahassee's Museum of Florida
History. Legislators, 1000 Friends of
Florida members, and other invited
guests hob-nobbed among the Florida
artifacts.
We were pleased to honor two
people who played a critical role in
the Third Environmental Land Man-
agement Study Committee (ELMS Ill)
- DCA Secretary Linda Shelley and
former House Speaker James Harold
Thompson. We presented them each
with a "Friend of Florida" award for
helping to forge consensus among
such a diverse panel of Floridians.
Thompson chaired ELMS and Shelley Eric Draper of The Nature Conservancy Guests mingle in the museum's recep-
served as vice chair. Their leadership chats with Estus Whitfield, the governor's tion area.
helped set the course for a new era in environmental advisor.
Florida growth management.


Gene Adams of the Florida Realtors Association (left) and State Award recipient Linda Shelley, 1000 Friends president Nathaniel
Senator James Hargrett, D-Tampa. P. Reed and 1000 Friends vice president John DeGrove.


ELMS Executive Director David Powell (left), and 1000 Friends Nathaniel P. Reed and State Senator Howard Foreman, D-
board member Robert Davis. Hollywood.
4









Around The State

These reports, gleaned from our activities around the state, show that citizens
are making a difference. By getting involved in their local comprehensive plan-
ning process, citizens can make sure that their local governments practice good
growth management and that's good for Florida.


GROWTH MANAGEMENT
WINS IN KEYS
Citizens in Monroe County
scored a victory for growth manage-
ment on April 16, when the county
commission finally adopted its
much-contested comprehensive
plan.
Two years ago, the state Depart-
ment of Community Affairs found
the Monroe County plan in non-
compliance, and several individuals
and groups including 1000
Friends filed challenges against
the county.
The intervenors said the Monroe
County plan didn't provide adequate
hurricane evacuation provisions, and
didn't provide enough protection for
near-shore water quality, threatened
and endangered species, and other
natural resources in the Keys.
If the county commission hadn't
adopted the plan last month, the
state would have had to write a
complete plan for Monroe County.
It's always best when a community
takes the lead role in its planning
efforts, and a state rewrite of the
Monroe County plan would have
been disappointing.
"This is a victory for the citizens
of Monroe County, who want their
elected officials to take a leadership
role in managing the county's
growth," said 1000 Friends of
Florida Legal Director Richard
Grosso.
Although the adopted plan still
needs improvements, its passage is
a tremendous step towards mean-
ingful protection for the Keys.
Some of the parties who were
(and will continue to be) instrumen-
tal in the fight: Dagney Johnson,
Henry Morgenstern, the county
planning commission, and the
contractor's association.

PROTECTING LAKE JESSUP
In the Orlando area, Seminole
County resident Robert King is trying
to get local governments to agree on
a plan to preserve the south shore of
Lake Jessup. The towns of Oviedo
and Winter Springs want the land
open for development, but King and
the county government hope to turn
it into a greenway. The shore is also


an important link for the east-central
portion of the Florida Trail.

CITIZENS KEEP WALTON
COUNTY ON TRACK
A two-year-old dispute of Walton
County's comprehensive plan
appears to be settled.
Saying the county wasn't doing
enough to protect its outstanding
beaches, coastal lakes, and spec-
tacular sugar-sand dunes, citizen
Bob White challenged the plan, with
1000 Friends of Florida
providing legal repre-
sentation.
An administrative
hearing officer ruled that
the county needed lower
density along the coast,
and more stringent
performance standards
to guide future develop-
ment. Gov. Lawton
Chiles and the Cabinet
agreed.
Despite the county
commission's initial
reluctance to practice
good growth manage-
ment, citizens kept the
issue alive. They helped
elect and educate new Monroe Cour
commissioners who resources in
were dedicated to
growth management.
In early 1992, the county
adopted an amended plan which
does, indeed, provide protection for
this critical stretch of Florida coast.

DADE CITIZENS HELP KILL
BAD PLAN CHANGES
Citizens played a major role in a
comprehensive planning dispute in
Dade County, which was success-
fully resolved in April.
The dispute began when Dade
County adopted several unaccept-
able plan amendments. One change
would have dramatically changed
the character of a unique, rural
neighborhood, and the others were
based on bad planning rationale.
First, the citizens provided the
state Department of Community
Affairs with credible information
about the bad plan amendments.
Dade County resident and 1000


Friends board member Carol Rist
intervened, with 1000 Friends as
legal counsel. DCA agreed that the
amendments didn't comply with
state law.
During the administrative hear-
ing, the citizens provided the major-
ity of witnesses and evidence. Then,
at the last minute, it appeared that

DCA was willing to settle the case on
terms which left critical legal issues
unresolved. The citizens kept the
pressure on, and in the end, made


city's new plan will better protect natural
the Keys.
sure that the settlement agreement
preserved the integrity of the plan
amendment process.

CHARLOTTE ADOPTS
CONSERVATION PLAN
The Charlotte County Commis-
sion recently adopted a conservation
overlay to its comprehensive plan,
ending a four-year struggle with
citizens and state officials. The
overlay provides protection for
wildlife and wetlands, and limits
development in coastal high hazard
areas.
"They seized the opportunity,
through the comprehensive plan, to
be true stewards of their commu-
nity," said 1000 Friends of Florida
planning director Patti McKay.
Members of 1000 Friends of
Florida helped keep the issue alive,
and in November, helped elect
commissioners who are committed
to growth management.









Staff News...


1000 Friends welcomes a host of
students who will be interning with
us this summer.
Our new planning intern is
Chandra Carpenter, who is finishing
her first year at Florida State
University's
urban and
regional
planning
master's
program.
Chandra
comes to us
through a
scholarship
underwritten
by the
Environmen-
tal Careers
Chandra Carpenter Organization
(ECO), a
national group which works to get
students into the environmental field.
John Lobo is the new afford-
able housing intern. Lobo is getting
two master's degrees at Florida
State University; one in urban and
regional planning, and one in public
administration. He holds a B.A. in
history and political science from
Millsaps College in Jackson, Missis-
sippi.
Bob Williams started as an
intern in the greenways program in
February. He is a first-year graduate
student at FSU's urban and regional
planning program.
Keith Loop and Fred Stalz,
both second-year law students at
FSU, will be our legal interns this
summer.


In other staff news:
Kent Wimmer, our Florida
Greenways program planner, has
been elected to the board of direc-
tors for the Florida Trail Association.
The board oversees construction and
maintenance of the 1,300-mile
Florida Trail, which runs from South
Florida's Big Cypress National
Preserve to the Gulf Islands National
Seashore near Pensacola.
Also, the Department of Natural
Resources appointed Kent to the
Florida Recreational Trails Council,
an advisory board.
1000 Friends of Florida
Planning Director Patti McKay has
been appointed to the Tallahassee-
Leon County Transportation Plan-
ning Advisory Committee, which
makes recommendations about
transportation issues to the metro-
politan planning organization.
Anne O'Neil Nelson was
nominated for the Women in Com-
munications' Spotlight Award, which
recognizes women who have a
record of consistent excellence in the
communications field.
The Florida League of Conser-
vation Voters gave 1000 Friends
media consultant Julie Hauserman
its environmental journalism award
in April. Julie has been writing
about Florida environmental issues
since 1986, and has received honors
from the Florida Audubon Society,
Florida Sierra Club, Florida Wildlife
Federation, the Institute of Southern
Studies, and numerous state and
national journalism organizations.


(Hindsight from page 2)
communities to come to the prob-
lem with different strategies.
Jacksonville, for example, might
work through public schools. Or-
lando might strike a partnership with
a nonprofit such as BETA (Birth,
Education, Training & Acceptance.)
In short, each community would be
"empowered" to seek different
approaches to the problem. The
outcomes would be measured and
the best practice established. Savvy
local communities would engage
volunteers and recruit private
resources for the task. Spending
state tax dollars in this way would
help to decentralize our state gov-
ernment, and happily augment
the scarce tax dollars now available
to the task. Further, and very
importantly, local communities
would have a sense of participation
- "ownership" of the result. Com-
munity-based volunteers would
bring back to the table the creative
energy that made America so
innovative in the past. As with our
homes and cars, we are more
thoughtful and protective of that
which we freely choose to own.
Reintroducing local ownership
and solutions to the countless
problems of our society is what a
correctly reinvented government is
about. This result will require a new
strategic partnership between our
local communities and Tallahassee
and Washington. This new partner-
ship is the organizing principal of the
new paradigm. The word that best
describes this change is "decentrali-
zation." Two things to remember
about this principle: one, decentrali-
zation is not about geography.
Merely shifting HRS offices to our
hometown is reorganization, but not
decentralization. Secondly, decen-
tralization involves empowerment -
clear local authority over the solu-
tion. It involves control of state
funds and, where appropriate, state
employees. In a decentralized effort,
the state's new steering goal is
achieved by shifting its effort from a
huge central bureaucracy to com-
munities that are truly empowered
to direct radical new approaches to
the problems. This kind of commu-
nity rowing would feature
measurable results. It would feature
approaches that seek to prevent
problems, to offer citizens ("custom-
ers" in the vocabulary of the new
model) wider choices. As commu-
nities attack their problems, careful
audit of results would ensure ac-


FLORIDA GREENWAYS

We are pleased to welcome to the pages of Foresight a new
insert, Florida Greenways.
Published by the staff of the Florida Greenways Program, a
joint project of 1000 Friends and The Conservation Fund, this
quarterly insert will keep you up-to-date on the latest news about
our statewide greenways effort, the new Florida Greenways
Commission, and local projects around the state.
The publication is also available for distribution separately,
so if you'd like extra copies, please let us know.
If you have comments or suggestions about Florida
Greenways, please direct them to its editor, Anne O'Neil Nelson,
care of our office.







Volume 1, Number 1






0


Spring 1993


Are You Ready for Greenways?


When Governor Lawton Chiles
created the Florida Green-
ways Commission in January
1993, he asked the group to identify and
officially recognize 150 state, regional
and local greenways by 1995.
"I can't think of a better way to
celebrate Florida's 150th anniversary of
statehood than to applaud how our
communities are preserving their most
precious places," said Lt. Governor
Buddy MacKay, the commission's chair.
"Trails, bicycle paths, parks and
protected natural areas can and should
be integral parts of every Florida com-
munity, just as large regional preserves
are part of our statewide conservation
system."
There are public and private
organizations actively involved in
greenways projects across Florida. (For
two examples, see page 3.) While these
projects are different, they have one
thing in common: all were made possible
by the hard work and dedication of
people who cared passionately about


their communities.
Are you ready to begin a greenways
project?

11 WAYS TO DEVELOP,
FUND & MAINTAIN
A COMMUNITY GREENWAY

1. Map it. Sketch your greenway out
on paper. The better maps you have,
the easier your idea will be to ex-
plain.
2. Put together a citizens' committee.
Dedicated citizens and community
leaders are essential to the success
of your project.
3. Do your homework. Look at land
ownership, physical and social con-
cerns, and community needs.
4. Find support. Anyone from envi-
ronmental and recreation groups to
schools and businesses may be in-
terested in helping make your
greenway a reality. Be prepared to
"sell" them on your idea.
5. Use your comprehensive planning



- _A


process. Get to know your local
plan, and see how your greenway
fits. Contact city and county plan-
ners and get their ideas.
6. Involve local elected officials. Talk
to city and county representatives
about the greenway. Get their sup-
port.
7. Identify funding sources. From
local businesses to the federal gov-
ernment (transportation enhance-
ment funding through the ISTEA
program is a good example) there
are an incredible number of fund-
ing sources out there but you
have to find them.
8. Talk to your local newspaper and
television stations. Once you've
gotten initial support and have your
green%\a\ concept clearly outlined,
be shameless about generating pub-
lcity tor the project
9. Developa management plan. Agree
on issues like n ho covers liability,
who is responsible for upkeep, and
ho\ the green\ i Ill be used and
managed
10. Don't give up' It can take vears to
complete a greenav project. Per-
sistence, humor and hard work are
essential
11. Think big Don't neglect the big.
ger picture Keep in mind how your
project can lit into a comprehen-
sive greent'a\s network.
Florida Greenw\av. was created to
serve as an clearinghouse for greenways
information and action We would like
to hear about \our greenways project,
the challenges \-ou lace, and the tech-
niques you use to- make it a success.
Tha,nk,. iS:. tiuirt laceL. ild, nanonagy rec-
ognized e>,prr .:,n ir ii -,ecr ilit.i s and State Trais
Coordinal...r ui h i, C. ..r.J.:. Division of Parks and
Outdoor Rc~.r.ir.-n r .:.r mrrre,..( ihe ideas included in
this article


A joint project of 1000 Friends of Florida & The Conservatin Fimd.









Welcome!


We are very pleased to present the first
issue of Florida Qreenways.
Cooperative program of 1000 Friends
of Florida and The Conservation Fund, a
national nonprofit dedicated to advancing
land and water conservation across
America, the g.-al .'f Florida Greenways
is the creation of a statewide network of
green. Rather than focusing on the preser-
vation of isolated natural areas and parks,
we are looking for ways to link existing
parks, rivers and wetlands systems through
anetworkofnative habitats andopen spaces.
If you have suggestions or questions
about any of the information in Florida
Greennways, I hope you'll let us know.




Mark Benedict
Director, Florida Greenways Program























Ihe Feoida Greenways Newsletter
is published quarterly by:
The Florida Greenways Program
P.O. Box 5948
Tlaahassee, FL 32314-5948
f904) 222-6277, Fax (904) 222-1117
Program Dirsor Mark A. Benedict, Ph.D.
Editor Anne O'Neil Nelson
Ecrdoi. Anne O'Neil Nelson


"Florida Greenways could change the face of Florida by giving the state a
"green infrastructure" as carefully planned and managed as our highway system.
For this we heartily thank our funding partners the Surdna Founda-
tion, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Elizabeth Ordway
Dunn Foundation, and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation."
Nathaniel P. Reed, President, 1000 Friends of Florida



Florida Greenways


Program Activities Update


FLORIDA GREENWAYS
COMMISSION
On January 22, 1993, Governor
Lawton Chiles signed an executive or-
der establishing the Florida Greenways
Commission and directing it to oversee
the creation of a statewide "network of
green" that will benefit Florida's citi-
zens, native wildlife and environment.
The commission's first meeting is
scheduled for May 17 in Tallahassee. A
national greenways leadership round-
table is being planned in conjunction
with the commission's second meeting
in late June. The roundtable will be
sponsored by the National Park Service,
The Conservation Fund and 1000
Friends of Florida.

CROSS FLORIDA GREENWAY
The Cross Florida Greenway is a
110-mile long recreation and conserva-
tion area being created from the public
lands of the abandoned Cross Florida
Barge Canal. In April, the Legislature
directed the new Department of Envi-
ronmental Protection to manage the
Greenway for resource conservation and
outdoor recreation. The legislation also
addressed required paybacks to counties
along the Greenway, and ordered fur-
ther studies before determining the fate
of Rodman Dam and the Inglis Lock.

LOXAHATCHEE
GREENWAYS NETWORK
Florida Greenways' first local pro-
totype, the Loxahatchee Greenways
Network based in southern Palm Beach
and northern Martn counties, was un-
veiled in May 1992. The prototype is
designed to link a number of natural
sites in the two-county project area.
The project'sNatural Resources and
Geographic Information System (GIS)
Task Force has almost completed 14


natural and cultural resources maps out-
lining land use, vegetative cover, wet-
lands, environmentally sensitive areas,
critical wildlife areas, proposed acquisi-
tions, water resources, recreational re-
sources, future land use, greenway plans,
and connections to other greenways.
With the help of the South Florida
Water Management District, progress
also has been made toward developing a
GIS format that will help locate
greenway connections.

APALACHEE
GREENWAYS NETWORK
The Apalachee Greenways Net-
work focuses on a six-county area sur-
rounding Tallahassee. The project's
steering committee, representing 1000
Friends of Florida, Red Hills Conserva-
tion Association, and the Apalachee
Land Conservancy, has met a number of
times to discuss the initial information-
gathering process.
1000 Friends is sponsoring a map-
ping workshop in Tallahassee on May
21. Experts will help identify regional
environmental, recreation and cultural
features as a first step in a year-long
assessment process.

SUNCOAST
GREENWAYS NETWORK
The Suncoast Greenways Network
seeks to create a river-based wildlife
corridors and recreational greenways
network for west central Florida. The
study will focus on Hillsborough and
Polk counties -specifically on portions
of the Hillsborough, Alafia, Little Mana-
tee, and Peace rivers.
Earlier this year, 1000 Friends helped
create the Hillsborough River Greenways
Task Force as a forum for public and
private interests to discuss how to con-
serve the river's natural resources.










Greenways Spolight


THE PINELLAS TRAIL
The Pinellas Trail is a 47-mile-long
conversion of an abandoned railroad
right of way to a recreational trail for
bicyclists, walkers, joggers and skaters.


Winding through busy downtown ar-
eas, past tidal streams and unspoiled
wetlands, the 15-foot-wide trail cur-


THE INDIAN HEAD
CREEK GREENWAY
Part of the Indian Head Creek
Greenway might have been a holding


rently extends 33 miles, from south St.
Petersburg to Tarpon Springs, creating
the longest park on Florida's west coast.
An additional 14 miles will be com-
pleted by the spring of 1994.
The Pinellas County
Bicycle Advisory Com-
mittee first proposed us-
ing the railroad corridor
as a bicycle path in 1984.
It wasn't until 1989 that
the Pinellas County
Board of County Com-
missioners appropriated
$1.5 million for the first
15-mile segment. By this
time a grassroots move-
ment to support the con-
cept of a linear park had
gained public approval.
A one-percent sales tax
referendum passed in
1989 provided an additional $5.27 mil-
lion.
The trail's first segment opened in


pond if not tor the ettorts of the Indian
Head-Lehigh Neighborhood Associa-
tion. Thanks to the association's perse-
verance and the cooperation of the
City of Tallahassee an
area once slated for
stormwater today features
a mile-long greenway en-
compassing two neighbor-
hood parks and a nature
trail.
The land forming the
greenway was donated to
the county in the 1950s by
the developer of Indian
Head Acres. The land was
used primarily for flood
control until at the neigh-
borhood association's urg-
ing, the land was trans-
ferred to the City Parks and
Recreation Department.
The nature trail was built
by members of the associa-
tion in March 1992, and
Plans call for its extension
in the coming years. Today
the greenway is a tranquil
oasis used byyoung and old
S in the middle of a busy sec-
.- tion of Tallahassee.


1990. By the end of 1992, the Pinellas
County Parks Department estimated
that 953,000 people had used the trail
with 1.5 million expected in 1993.
















S oatI i


Location
The reenway is located in the Indian
Heaj-Lehiqh neighborhood, five min-
utes from downtown Tallahassee. The
trail currently runs from Koucky Park
off of Chocksocka Nene to Apokin
Nene lust south of Apalachee Park-
way (US 27.)
Partners
The Indian Head Creek Greenway is ci
trul cooperative effort between the
Indian Head-Lelhigh Neighborhood
Association Inc. and the Ci of Tallci-
hassee. The neighborhood associa-
tion is responsible forgreenway clean-
up, planting, and building footbridges
associated with the trail's extension.
To Find Out More. Contact:
Grant Gelhardt, President
Indian Head-Lehigh Neighborhood
Association
1906 Chuli Nene
Tallahassee, FL 32301
(904) 942-7608



KII-At. 0I J Q1L01VVLVV we can spotfighL
in fiitio: oufzil k'C'd 111X to hear fTorn
Y_.111


I










News & Notes


FLORIDA COMMUNITIES TRUST.
The Florida Communities Trust will
meet in mid-May to select projects for
the Trust's second year. Forty-five ap-
plicants are vying for $30 million. If
you've got a project the Trust would be
interested in, take heed: the third appli-
cation cycle (for 1994) opens June 25.
For more information, contact the Trust
at (904) 922-2207.
RAILS TO TRAILS. The Department
of Natural Resources' Trails Program
will begin taking applications in May
for fourth-year funding for rail-trail
projects and segments of Florida's Na-
tional Scenic Trail. Application pack-
ets will be mailed out to local govern-
ments, trail groups and other interested
parties. For more information contact
Collier Clark, manager, Trails Program
for DNR (904) 488.7896.
CARL PROJECTS. A number of cur-
rent and proposed projects seeking
CARL funding (including a Cross
Florida Greenway proposal submitted
by 1000 Friends of'Florida) represent
important components of Florida's net-
work of green. The next step a public
hearing on July 16, followed by another
vote of the Land Acquisition Advisory
Council on July 23. Final approval and
ranking are scheduled for December 9
I1 you'd like to know more about project rs
in your area, contact Greg Brock, envi-
ronmental administrator lor DNR'sLand
Acquisition Advisory Council Coordi-
nation section, at 904) 487-1750. Your
support could make a difference at the


upcoming CARL votes.
WALTON COUNTY GREENWAYS.
The Department of Community Affairs
received an appropriation of $800,000
for environmental planning in South
Walton County. The bill calls for DCA
and the county to enter into a contract
with a nonprofit organization consist-
ing of up to 12 individuals, six appointed
by the Governor and six by the Walton
County Commission. The legislation
noted that the plan should be "based on
a complete environmental analysis of
the entire planning area, including pro-
tection of rare and endangered species
and their habitats, and the creation of a
network of greenways."
SPRING CREEK ACQUISITION.
Uniting the three segments of the St.
Marks National Wildlife Refuge is the
idea behind the purchase of 1000 acres
south ofTallahassee known as the Spring
Creek property. Spring Creek contains
important habitat for a variety ofnatiye
wildlife, including bald eagles, bobcat,
black bear, and the eastern indigo snake
- and it's in imminent danger of subdi-
vision development. What's needed is
a Congressional appropriation of
$950,000 from the Land and Water Con-
servation Fund. You can help support
the project by writing Senators Bob
Graham and Connie Mack, and your
local Congressional Representative.
FUNDING FOR RIVERS AND
TRAILS. The National Park Service
Rivers and Trails Coalition is asking for
help in securing adequate funding levels


for the National Park Service Rivers,
Trails and Conservation Assistance Pro-
gram. The program helps government,
private organizations and landowners
conserve rivers and establish trails on
lands outside parks and forests. Urge
your Congressional delegation to sup-
port FY 1994 funding for the program at
a $12 million level, as well as $1.5 mil-
lion for the Park Service's new Partner-
ship Support Program. For information,
contact the Coalition at (202) 293-1774.
FLORIDA WINNERS. Two Florida
greenways projects were approved for
funding under The Conservation Fund's
1992 American Greenways DuPont
Awards. Proposals by the Apalachee
Land Conservancy and the Land Trust
of Dade County were selected from more
than 200 applications from around the
country. The application cycle for 1993
awards will begin this Fall. Call The
Conservation Fund at (703) 525-6300
for more information.

Publications
Greenways Handbook. A publi-
cation put out recently by the National
Park Service's Rivers, Trails and Con-
servation Assistance Program offers valu-
able information and advice to
greenways advocates. How Greenways
Work: A Handbook on Ecology is avail-
able through the Park Service's South-
east Regional Office at 75 Spring Street,
Southwest, Atlanta, GA 30303. Or call
(404) 331-5838.

If you have items for News and Notes,
please let us know.


Florida Greenways
P.O. Box 5948
Tallahassee, Florida 32314-5948
(904) 222-6277
Fax (904) 222-1117


Florida


Printed on Recycled Paper


Non-Profit Org.
POSTAGE PAID
Permit No. 282
Tallahassee, Florida








countability. Wasteful efforts would
be identified and crowded out by
best practices. Such competition is
in the best of our tradition.
A final note on decentralization:
it is not another name for abandon-
ment. The unfunded mandates that
Tallahassee likes to impose on local
communities are a despised symbol
of the old model. Decentralization
symbolizes a new strategic partner-
ship where the state stays with the
funding but amplifies the result
(more or less) by allowing innova-
tion and volunteerism to flourish in
our local communities.
The move to reform our govern-
ment is driven by the recognition
that we are broke. We are spending
a billion dollars a day more than we
collect and our government's credit
card is well past its reasonable
limits. Today, 57% of our personal
income tax merely pays the interest
on our existing debt, and 41% of this
nation's productivity is siphoned off
in taxes. Government's approach to
the problems of crime, homeless-
ness, educational achievement, jobs
everything marking a corner of
our American dream is character-
ized by spiraling costs and dismal
results. When times call loudly for
more from less, the current model of
government predictably offers the
reciprocal: less for more.
Today's wasteful practices are
reason enough to reinvent our
government, but they are not the
most important reason. If tax
revenues were not exhausted if
money were as plentiful as rain
water the need to reinvent our
government would still stand as tall
today. The reason is simple: it
doesn't work. Today's model of
government should more re-
sources magically appear will
forever disappoint us. The micro-
management of our lives by the
careerist politicians and employees
of distant, central government has
sterilized our communities. We have
become a government solely for the
people. America's heritage is a
government by the people. It is a
tradition of local communities,
neighborhoods, and families carving
out solutions that fit their unique
circumstances. It is a time to
reinvent; or perhaps better said, to
restore the social contract between
our people and their government. It
is time to look to our local commu-
nities for answers. It is time to turn
to that which first established and
until recently so faithfully served this
nation: community.


(ELMS Bill from page 1)
have an opportunity to be an impor-
tant part of the process. We describe
a few of the changes below, but for a
more detailed review, please contact
our office at (904) 222-6277.
Transportation. The ELMS
measure passed with a five-cent
local-option gasoline tax attached to it
to pay for transportation improve-
ments. Citizens should encourage
their local officials to use the money
for roads and for innovative transpor-
tation solutions such as public transit
and bike paths.
Transportation planning will
become very important this year.
Florida passed its own Intermodal
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
(also called ISTEA, and pronounced
"ice tea"). The state act mirrors one
passed by the Congress in 1990. Both
acts bring exciting changes to trans-
portation planning, because they
encourage communities to think
beyond road building, and consider
other ways to reduce congestion.
(Please see transportation story, page
9.)
State plan. Citizens will also play
a role in rewriting the State Compre-
hensive Plan. This year, the rewrite
will focus on growth management
issues. Next year, the rest of the state
comp plan revisions will be made,
including changes to the budgeting
and criminal justice elements. The
changes must be approved by the
Legislature.
Regional Plans. The Legislature
did not "sunset" the regional planning
councils. Instead, their role as forums
to solve intergovernmental problems
will be enhanced. Revised regional
plans will focus on transportation,
natural resources, affordable housing,
and hurricane evacuation.
Local comprehensive plans.
Beginning in 1995, the local compre-
hensive plans will be updated. Citi-
zens get an opportunity to see how
well their plan is working, and recom-
mend changes. The ELMS bill gives
citizens more clout in deciding which
plan amendments are reviewed by the
Department of Community Affairs.
In counties with populations over
100,000, particular attention will be
paid to intergovernmental coordina-
tion, especially for large development
projects that are now subject to the
Developments of Regional Impact
review. The DRI review will be phased
out by 1997.
Coastal communities will see
better disaster planning and a require-
ment for new coastal preservation
plans. A new, beefed-up Florida
Communities Trust means more state
grant money for local parks.


* PARTNERS FOR A BETTER
FLORIDA. Two initiatives recom-
mended by the Partners for a Better
Florida Council passed the Jobs
Siting Act, designed to streamline
permitting to attract selected compa-
nies to the state, and the general
permit streamlining bill, designed to
make state environmental regulation
smoother.
We support permit streamlining
that doesn't compromise environmen-
tal protection, and we believe that
these two measures fit that definition.
However, it is up to citizens and to
1000 Friends of Florida to be sure that
these procedures are not misused.

AFFORDABLE HOUSING. We had
hoped to see some action on the
recommendations of the Affordable
Housing Study Commission during the
1993 Legislature, but lawmakers failed
to act on it. We expect legislative
action on this issue next year.
Minor changes were made to fix
glitches in the Sadowski Affordable
Housing Act of 1992.

CANAL LANDS ADVISORY
COMMITTEE. The recommendations
of the advisory committee, and those
of the Govemor and Cabinet, would
have led to a decision to restore the
Ocklawaha River. Unfortunately, they
were sidetracked by the Legislature.
The Legislature ordered studies to
evaluate what actions are necessary to
remove the Rodman Dam by 1995.
On the plus side, the Legislature,
responding to recommendations by
1000 Friends of Florida and Florida
Defenders of the Environment, pro-
vided the authority to ensure that the
Cross Florida Greenway will be
contiguous from end to end, and that
no inappropriate development is
allowed within the greenway.
Citizens and environmental
organizations will have to stay on top
of the new Office of Greenways, which
will be part of Florida's new, merged
environmental agency: the Depart-
ment of Environmental Protection.

DISASTER PLANNING RESPONSE
REVIEW COMMITTEE. This
committee's recommendations were
passed in a measure which included a
surcharge on insurance policies. The
surcharge will fund improved disaster
preparedness planning and improved
evacuation coordination between the
federal, state, and local governments.
We all have to realize that Hurri-
cane Andrew could be followed by one
just as powerful, that hits an even
more populated area. Disaster plan-
ning must become a vital part of
growth management activities in every
community.


I I










Florida Rapidly


Losing Biodiversity


By Julie Hauserman


n the past 50 years less than
a single human lifetime -
Florida's human population has
grown by an incredible 600 percent.
The state's urban areas have in-
creased 650 percent.
The state's native flora and fauna
have paid a serious price, according
to a recent report by government
scientists on the Florida Biodiversity
Task Force.
"At every ecological level -
genetic, species, community, eco-
system and landscape the state
appears to be on the brink of biologi-
cal impoverishment," the report
says.
Today, nearly 17 percent 111
species of Florida's native fish,
reptiles, amphibians, birds, and
mammals are known or suspected to
be declining. Nearly half of all land-
dwelling animals here are known or
suspected to be in decline.
The scientists say that the
plunge in Florida's biological diver-
sity is of worldwide concern, since a
high proportion of the plants and
animals here are found nowhere else
on earth.
More of the report's findings:

Biological diversity is higher in
Florida than in all but three other
states in the continental U.S. That's
because the long peninsula extends
through temperate and subtropical
climatic zones, and the warm and
humid climate makes it a biological
powerhouse. Most of the other land
masses found at Florida's latitudes
are deserts.
About two dozen plant species
grow nowhere else on earth except
in the rapidly developing patches of
high and dry Florida scrub. (Re-
member: South America's rosy
periwinkle was near extinction when
scientists discovered its value in
treating leukemia.) Florida is
second only to Hawaii in the number
of plant species it has on the U.S.
government's endangered list.
Florida's marine environment is
so rich that scientists cannot yet
document the total number of
organisms. They know that more
than 1,000 species of fish occur in
Florida waters. For 30 percent or
more of them, Florida populations
are the only or, at least, the


principal populations
in the continental U.S.
Since the wide-
spread settlement of
Florida in the mid-1800s,
at least 34 species of
native plants and animals
are believed to have
become extinct. (Bison
and wolves once roamed
here.)
There are govern-
ment management plans
for only about half the
Florida species facing
extinction. Thirty of these
animals remain com-
pletely unprotected or are
hunted for sport.
Some of these listed
species are perilously
close to extinction, and
may not have the num-
bers to survive long-term.
There are 30 to 50
Florida panthers, 300 to
400 Key deer, about
1,850 manatees, and 500
to 1,000 black bears.
(The state allows hunters
to kill threatened black bear.)
About 130 miles of Florida's
spectacular 700-mile-long coast has
been covered with seawalls, which
thwart the natural shifting of tide and
sand.
The conversion of wild lands
has been, in some cases, subtle.
Wild lands are turned into agricul-
tural lands, and then to urban lands.
Under our regulatory system, it is
easier to go from agricultural use to
urban use than it is to go from wild
land to urban use.
The critical natural areas that
we have preserved are often cut off
from other wild lands. This fragmen-
tation dooms many animals. (1000
Friends of Florida's Greenways
program aims to link up these wild
lands.)
Pesticides have taken a toll.
The volume of pesticide use on golf
courses and farm fields, and in
mosquito sprayers, is now millions of
pounds annually. Generally, there is
isn't enough information to say how
these poisons affect native plants
and animals until long after exten-
sive damage has been done.
"Exotic" species plants and
animals that people have imported


from other parts of the world are
crowding out native flora and fauna.
Only Hawaii has a greater number of
exotic species than Florida. In the
Everglades, an acre of Australian
melaleuca trees uses three to six
times more water each day than
does the native sawgrass.

The report says that Floridians
overwhelmingly support wildlife
conservation and environmental
protection. "But," it continues,
"public officials and citizens often
don't understand basic wildlife
management principles, for ex-
ample, that all wildlife need habitat,
and that 'important' (high profile,
endangered, charismatic) species
need 'less important' species to
survive."
Extinction is part of evolution.
But habitat destruction has never
happened as fast as it is happening
now, the report says. And this time,
the scientists say, the human race is
clearly responsible for the decline -
and capable of halting it.
A limited number of copies of the
report are available at the governor's
environmental office. To get one, call
(904) 488-5551.









Beyond Gridlock


t an April 30 conference in
Orlando, 1000 Friends of
Florida kicked off its
newest program the Florida
Network for Successful Communi-
ties.
This broad-based effort aims to
keep local citizens, nonprofit organi-
zations, and metropolitan planning
organizations up-to-date on federal,
state and local transportation pro-
grams. In the past two years, there's
been a revolution of sorts in trans-
portation planning, but few people
are aware of it.
A sweeping new federal law,
passed in 1991, requires state
transportation departments to think
beyond road-building. The law is
called the Intermodal Surface Trans-
portation Efficiency Act, or ISTEA
("iced tea") for short.


ISTEA requires communities to
include environmental protection
and historic preservation in transpor-
tation planning. It requires them to
consider bikeways and roadside
views. And perhaps even more
important, it requires transportation
decision-makers to look at land-use
planning and find ways to cut
congestion on roadways.
During this past legislative
session, Florida lawmakers passed a
state version of the federal ISTEA,
opening the way for even more
changes in transportation planning
here. Florida's legislation, unfortu-
nately, didn't include an appropria-
tion for these new transportation
alternatives. But citizens can en-
courage their local governments to


use the new, additional five-cent
local option gasoline tax part of
the ELMS bill for these activities.
Among other things, the federal
ISTEA:

* Requires communities to elimi-
nate the negative impacts of
road building.
* Encourages citizen groups to get
involved up-front in finding
solutions to transportation
problems, rather than becoming
NIMBYs after-the-fact.
* Provides money for transporta-
tion "enhancement activities,"
such as pedestrian walkways,
bike paths, acquisition of scenic
or historic easements, landscap-
ing, mitigation of water pollution
from highway runoff, etc.
Under a new funding category, a


minimum of 10 percent of all federal
transportation funds must be used
for these enhancement activities.
Over the next six years, it works out
to nearly $33 billion nationwide -
more than $152 million in Florida.
The new Florida Network for
Successful Communities is intended
to be a clearinghouse that collects
and distributes information. It will
draw on the expertise of diverse
interests, from highway administra-
tors to parks officials, community
planners and ordinary citizens.
If you are interested in contribut-
ing to the network, or receiving
information from it, contact our
planning director, Patti McKay, at
(904) 222-6277.


1000 Friends of Florida is
a statewide growth manage-
ment advocacy group founded
in 1986 by Nathaniel P. Reed
and other concerned Florid-
ians. Our mandate is to
monitor implementation of the
state's landmark growth
management legislation,
which requires every local
government to prepare and
submit to the state a "compre-
hensive plan" detailing how
and where growth will occur.
Our activities also
include review of the State
Comprehensive Plan and
important regional planning
initiatives. 1000 Friends' legal
staff are involved in legal and
administrative challenges to
local comprehensive plans, as
well as other precedent-setting
growth management legal
cases. The Florida Greenways
Program, a joint project of 1000
Friends and The Conservation
Fund, is working to create a
statewide network of native
habitats and other open space
corridors. Our Affordable
Housing Project, funded
through a grant from the
Florida Bar Foundation, is
aimed at helping cities and
counties provide affordable
housing through the compre-
hensive planning process.
1000 Friends is also an
effective advocate on the
national, state, regional and
local level for growth man-
agement-related issues.










Foundations, President's Club


Highlight Membership

G rants from 8 state and national foundations and continuing support from Founding Friends highlighted the year
so far. The numbers below reflect the period January 1 to April 30, 1993.

New Founding Friends
Founding Friends, those who contribute $1000 or more, are the bedrock of 1000 Friends of Florida. We added
12 Founding Friends in the first part of the year:


Mr. Ron Armstrong
Mr. Robert F. Callahan
Mr. Carl B. Drake


Mr. Martin F. C. Emmett
Mrs. William T. Finley, Jr.
Mr. Bill Frederick, Jr.


Mr. Robert D. Gray
Mrs. Gladys Scheerer
Mrs. Mason Scudder


Ms. Elizabeth W. Waterman
Mrs. Sara C. Winston
Col. Howard Wolf


President's Club Renewals
Founding Friends who pledge their continuing support belong to the President's Club. The following 57 people
gave or renewed their commitment through the President's Club:


Mr. Harry C. Adley
Gov. Reubin O'D. Askew
Mrs. A. Watson Armour
Mr. Glenn W. Bailey
Mr. H. P. Bingham, Jr.
Mrs. Georgina P. Bissell, Jr.
Mr. Curtis L. Blake
Rev. Frederick Buechner
Mr. E. Paul Casey
Mr. David L. Chandler
Mr. Richard R. Cheswick
Mr. & Mrs. Hays Clark
Mr. Howard L. Clark
Mrs. Mary H. Clark
Mr. Thomas W. Cushing


Mr. Theodore N. Danforth
Mr. James F. Dolan
Mr. Nelson Doubleday
Mrs. John Duberg
Mr. & Mrs. William T. Dunn, Jr.
Mr. Willis H. du Pont
Mr. & Mrs. William Ethridge
Ms. Emily F. Fairchild
Mr. Donald R. Findlay
Mr. Louis V. Gerstner, Jr.
Mrs. Henry B. Griswold
Mr. T. Marshall Hahn, Jr.
Mr. Frederic C. Hamilton
Mr. Edward H. Hamm
Mr. Francis W. Hatch


Mr. Joe Marlin Hilliard
Mr. Robert A. Lindsay
Mr. Frank Markoe, Jr.
Mr. & Mrs. Robert R. Mathews
Ms. Lenore McCullagh
Mr. William G. McKelvy
Mr. Andrew J. McKenna, Jr.
Mr. & Mrs. Henry W. Meers
Mr. Robert G. Olmsted
Mr. John G. Ordway, Jr.
Mr. & Mrs. Ray Osborne
Mr. Karl G. Otzen
Mr. E. C. Patterson
Mr. William V. Platt
Mr. Scott L. Probasco, Jr.


Mr. Arthur Saarinen
Mr. Daniel C. Searle
Mr. Douglas Seaman
Mr. & Mrs. W. Warren Shelden
Mr. Jerry Sokolow
Mr. Edward C. Steele
Mr. E. Carroll Stollenwerck
Mrs. Oakleigh Thorne
Mr. Russell E. Train
Ms. Jane B. Walker
Mr. Rawleigh Warner, Jr.
Dr. John C. Weber


Founding Friend Renewals
Founding Friends who renewed their commitment in the first part of 1993 were:


Ms. Mary P. Bolton
Dr. Joshua C. Dickinson, Jr.
Mr. David S. Henkel


Mrs. Robert H. Kanzler
Ms. Charlotte M. Kohler
Mr. Richard M. Leach


Miss Joy LeRoy
Mr. Charles E. Perry
Mr. Samuel S. Smith
Sir John R. H. Thouran


Friends
The following "Friends" gave or renewed their commitment to 1000 Friends with their gifts of $500:


Dr. & Mrs. John C. Alley
Mr. Robert B. Calhoun
Mr. & Mrs. Howard L. Clark, Jr.


Ms. Candis M. Harbison
Mr. William L. Matheson
Mr. & Mrs. John L. Peterson


Mr. & Mrs. James Zurn


Foundations
Contributions from state and national private foundations play a crucial role in funding 1000 Friends. The
following foundations gave their support between January 1 and April 30, 1993:


Abra Prentice Charitable Trust
American Conservation Association
The Barra Foundation
Bonaventura Devine Foundation


Mary Flagler Cary Charitable Trust
The Conservation Fund
The Florida Bar Foundation
Richard King Mellon Foundation


Matching Gifts
Individual gifts matched by their employers were received from:
Hobart Lewis Reader's Digest Foundation
10








Corporations
1000 Friends' corporate giving program resulted in pledges from the following businesses:


Capital Clips
Florida Power Corporation


Gator Asphalt Company
GATX Terminals Corporation
Tampa Electric Company


Tambrands, Inc.
Vision Advertising & Design


Rising Renewals
It is especially gratifying when individuals renew their membership at a higher rate. The following people in-
creased their contributions through renewals from January 1 to April 30, 1993:


Ms. Anna L. Alvarez
Mr. Lorence Jon Bielby
Ms. Linda Boczar
Mr. Bram Canter
Mr. Thomas D. Carr
Mr. & Mrs. Allen Clark
Capt. Ed Davidson
Mr. L. Emery Dearborn
Mr. & Mrs. Luther Dyer
Mr. William England
Mr. Jim Eyster
Mr. & Mrs. John Garrity
Dr. Ira Gessner


Ms. Hilda Gilchrist
Mr. & Mrs. Richard Gordon
Mr. & Mrs. Jim Hanifan
Mr. Charles W. Harnden
Ms. Catherine F. Harrelson
Mr. Ronald Hays
Mrs. Meacham Hitchcock
Mr. William P. Holcombe
Mrs. Catherine W. Houghton
Ms. Lynn Huber
Mr. Harry Jones
Mr. D. Burke Kibler
Mrs. Tracy M. Kramer


Mr. & Mrs. V. Earl Lines
Mr. Ralph L. Livingston
Mr. Richard Ludlam
Ms. Kathryn C. Lutz
Mr. & Mrs. Tyler Macmillan
Mr. Samuel P. Mickler
Dr. Barbara W. Mozayeny
Ms. Harriet Nash
Mr. David Pearson
Mr. H. Max Quackenbos
Ms. Mildred Qualmann
Dr. & Mrs. Donald H. Riddle
Ms. Aldine C. Rubinstein


General Membership
The following individuals joined 1000 Friends between January 1 and April 30, 1993:


Mr. John W. Sampson
Mr. & Mrs. Bailey B. Sory
Mr. Jim Tollerton
Mr. Jerome L. Tragesser
Mr. Joseph S. Vandiver
Mr. Phong Vo
Mr. John C. Vredenburg
Mr. David E. Ward
Ms. Connie J. Washburn
Mr. C. Allen Watts
Mr. Frank A. Week
Mr. Sandy Weinberg
Dr. George A. Woodruff
Mr. & Mrs. Douglas Yoder


BROWARD COUNTY
Mr. Lewis Biggerstaff

CHARLOTTE COUNTY
Mr. & Mrs. Russell Wessells

DADE COUNTY
Miss Marann P. Andruscavage

DUVAL COUNTY
Mr. A. S. Reehal

HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY
Mr. Ronald C. Sheck
LEE COUNTY
Mr. Timothy A. Gardner


LEON COUNTY
Mr. & Mrs. Alex Cureton
Mrs. Katya Taylor
Mr. Ben G. Watts
MARTIN COUNTY
Mr. William W. Boeschenstein
Mr. & Mrs. Robert F. Callahan
Ms. Mary L. Carpenter
Mrs. Elizabeth Emmet
Mrs. J. A. McChristian
Mrs. Pauline B. Nutting
Mr. & Mrs. William W. Prout
Mr. Frederick D. Remsen
Mr. & Mrs. Harvey L. Rohde
Mr. H. Virgil Sherrill
Mr. Frank Wobst


MONROE COUNTY
Mr. & Mrs. Dieter P. Gerlach
Mr. & Mrs. J. P. Lemon
Ms. Joyce Clark Newman
Mr. L. B. Pokorski
Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Shinkevich

ORANGE COUNTY
Mr. William Kyle Adams
Ms. Joanne Schwebach

PALM BEACH COUNTY
Mr. Minx Boren

PASCO COUNTY
Mr. Pat Mulieri
Mrs. Betty Pool


POLK COUNTY
Ms. Caroline M. Apfel
SARASOTA COUNTY
Ms. Elizabeth Cauley
Ms. June M. Clements
Mr. Frederick M. Derr
Ms. Anne Merrill

VOLUSIA COUNTY
Ms. Cynthia Robinson
WALTON COUNTY
Mr. & Mrs. George Langstaff


r -- --------------- ------ -

"Florida is precariously balanced between change and
preserving what we have and love. Government, organiza- B. -
tions; and individuals must insure we grow sensibly and
equitably. 1000 FRIENDS OF FLORIDA wants to be part of
the solution. Our privately funded organization is deter-
mined to see our growth management laws successfully
implemented.
Please use the reverse side form to mail in your
contribution. I hope you will support 1000 FRIENDS OF I
FLORIDA and be a key to Florida's future." I



Nathaniel Reed
President, 1000 FRIENDS OF FLORIDA
LI..---.....1----...-....... ......... ....J









In Brief


UPCOMING
CONFERENCES
The Carrying Capacity Network
holds its second National Carrying
Capacity Issues Conference June
4-6 at the Hyatt Regency Crystal
City in Arlington, Va. Topics
include population stabilization,
immigration, environmental protec-
tion, ecological economics, re-
source conservation and growth
control. Contact the Carrying
Capacity Network, 1325 G Street,
NW, Suite 1003, Washington, D.C.
20005. Or call at 1-800-466-4866.
The East Central Florida Re-
gional Planning Council and the
Institute of Government at the
University of Central Florida will
examine the Results of the Legisla-
tive Session at a one-day seminar
June 11. The seminar will be held
from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. at the Univer-
sity of Central Florida in Orlando.
It's free. For more information call
Leslie Banks at (407) 623-1075.
The 1993 Annual Sustainable
Florida Symposium will be held
Oct. 12 &13 at the Twin Towers
Hotel and Convention Center in
Orlando. Help develop an environ-
mental policy that will ensure
ongoing preservation of our natural
resources and continuity of our


economic way of life a sustain-
able Florida. The conference is
sponsored by the Environmental
Education Foundation of Florida,
Inc., the Florida Retail Federation,
the Florida Specifier, 1000 Friends
of Florida, and Keep Florida Beauti-
ful, Inc. For more information, call
Keep Florida Beautiful at (904)
561-0700.

COFFEE MUGS
FOR SALE
We're selling handsome, clear
glass coffee mugs with the green
1000 Friends of Florida logo on
them. They are $5.00 each, or four
for $15.00. Get a set! Impress your
friends! Help us pay the rent! To
order, call Cindee Rye at (904) 222-
6277.

GROUP SEEKS
DONATIONS
1000 Friends of Oregon is trying
to raise money for Developments,
the newsletter of the National
Growth Management Leadership
Project. 1000 Friends of Oregon has
been providing the newsletter at no
cost for the past three years. Now,
they are asking subscribers to send


in $25 to pay for publication.
Developments includes news about
growth management initiatives
across the U.S.
To subscribe, send your contri-
bution to: 1000 Friends of Oregon,
534 SW 3rd Avenue #300, Portland,
OR 97204, or call at (503) 497-
1000.

GIS MONOGRAPH
AVAILABLE
A new monograph "Automated
Mapping and GIS for Smaller Com-
munities" is available through the
Florida Institute of Government in
Tallahassee. The monograph
includes the results of a series of
planning workshops last summer in
Orlando, Tampa, and Fort Lauder-
dale. The workshops were con-
ducted by the Homer Hoyt Center
for Land Economics and Real Estate
at Florida State University.
It features eleven case studies
describing the experiences of
implementing GIS in different
Florida cities and counties. To get a
copy, write The Florida Institute of
Government, 325 John Knox Road,
Woodcrest Office Park Suite G-101,
Tallahassee, FL 32303, or call
(904) 487-1870.


i--- ----------------------
5/93
This could be your greatest contribution to Florida's Future! JOIN NOW!

O" New member ] Renewal Special Gift Mr./Mrs./Ms.
O Enclosed is my contribution for annual membership Organization
$ 1000 Founding Friend
$ 500 Friend Address
$100 Sponsor
S$50 Supporter
$ 25 Member City State- Zip -
S I want to learn more about how to get involved. County_ Area Code/Phone
Card Number Make check payable to: 1000 FRIENDS OF FLORIDA, INC.
p Check io DV---- 1000 FRIENDS OF FLORIDA
Expiration Date VISA Post Office Box 5948
SMaterard Tallahassee, FL 32314-5948
Mo. Yr. Card-Issuing Bank Name ALL CONTRIBUTIONS ARE FULLY TAX DEDUCTIBLE IRS 501(c)(3)
NOTE: A COPY OF THE OFFICIAL REGISTRATION AND FINANCIAL INFORMATION MAY BE OBTAINED FROM THE
DIVISION OF CONSUMER SERVICES BY CALLING TOLL FREE (1-800-435-7352) WITHIN THE STATE. REGISTRATION
Cardholder's Signature DOES NOT IMPLY ENDORSEMENT, APPROVAL, OR RECOMMENDATION BY THE STATE.
12




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