Title: Industrial Wastewater Facilities
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00004352/00001
 Material Information
Title: Industrial Wastewater Facilities
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: REGfiles, inc., Tallahassee Florida
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Abstract: Jake Varn Collection - Industrial Wastewater Facilities (JDV Box 95)
General Note: Box 20, Folder 4 ( Industrial Wastewater - 1994-1995 ), Item 1
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
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Bibliographic ID: WL00004352
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text



DEP 62-660


INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES


12/94


TABLE OF CONTENTS


Title


62-660.100
62-660.200
62-660.300
62-660.400
62-660.801

62-660.802
62-660.803
62-660.804
62-660.805
62-660.820
62-660.821
62-660.900


Scope/Intent/Purpose.
Definitions.
Exemptions.
Effluent Limitations.
General Permit for a Wastewater Disposal System for a
Laundromat.
General Permit for a Pesticide Waste Degradation System.
General Permit for Car Wash Systems.
General Permit for Sand and Limestone Mines.
General Permit for Disposal of Tomato Wash Water.
General Permit for Fish Farms.
General Permit for Marine Bivalve Facilities.
Industrial Wastewater Forms.


REGfile-system EDITOR'S NOTES

LISTING OF AMENDMENTS






















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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.100 12/94







62-660.100 Scope/Intent/Purpose.

(1) Section 403.021(2), Florida Statutes (F.S.), as amended, the Florida Air and Water
Pollution Control Act, established that no wastes are to be discharged to any waters of
the state without first being given the degree of treatment necessary to protect the beneficial
uses of such water. Toward this end, Sections 403.085 and 403.086, F.S., set forth require-
ments for the treatment and disposal of domestic and industrial wastewater. Section
1 403.051(3)(a), F.S., mandates that any Department planning, design, construction, modifi-
cation or operating standards, criteria, and requirements for wastewater facilities be devel-
oped as a rule or regulation. This chapter is promulgated to implement the provisions
and requirements of Sections 403.051, 403.085, 403.086, 403.087, 403.088, F.S., concerning
industrial wastewater facilities.

(2) It is the policy of the Department to encourage an applicant, prior to submittal of
a permit application, to study and evaluate wastewater treatment alternative techniques
and to discuss alternatives with the Department.

(a) The Department encourages inclusion of relevant public health, economic, scientific,
energy, engineering and environmental considerations in such evaluations. Each pro-
spective wastewater facility shall be assessed on an individual basis.

(b) The Department encourages environmentally acceptable alternatives which provide
the most economic and energy efficient methods of complying with the requirements
of this rule, and promote the beneficial re-use of treated effluents and residuals.

(3) The Commission, recognizing the complexity of water quality management and the
necessity to temper regulatory actions with the realities of technological progress and
social and economic well-being, nevertheless intends to prohibit any discharge of pollution
that constitutes a hazard to human health.

(4) These rules shall be liberally construed to assure that all waters of the state shall
be free from components of wastewater discharges which, alone or in combination with
other substances, are acutely toxic; are present in concentrations which are carcinogenic,
mutagenic, or teratogenic to humans, animals, or aquatic species; or otherwise pose a
serious threat to the public health, safety, and welfare.

(5) The requirements of this chapter represent the specific requirements of the Florida
Department of Environmental Protection and of Local Pollution Control Programs approved
and established pursuant to Section 403.182, F.S., where such authority has been delegated
to those programs. It may be necessary for wastewater facilities to conform with require-
ments of other agencies, established via interagency agreements (e.g., for mosquito control);
the absence of reference to such arrangements in this chapter does not negate the need
for compliance with those requirements.

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DEP 62-660.100-History 12/94



Specific Authority: 403.061, 403.087, 403.088, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.021, 403.051, 403.061, 403.062, 403.085, 403.086, 403.087, 403.088,
F.S.
History: New 11-27-89, Amended 4-2-90, Formerly 17-660.100.


62-660.200 Definitions. Terms used in this chapter shall have the meaning specified below.
(1) "Conventional pollutants" means five day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), total
suspended solids (TSS), pH, oil and grease, and fecal coliforms.
(2) "Effluent," unless specifically stated otherwise, means treated wastewater flowing out
of the treatment plant.
(3) "Effluent limitation" means any restriction established by the Department on quantities,
rates, or concentrations of chemical, physical, biological, or other constituents which are
discharged from sources into the environment of the state.
(4) "Ground water" means water below the land surface in the zone of saturation where
water is at or above atmospheric pressure.
(5) "Industrial wastewater" means wastewater not otherwise defined as domestic wastewa-
ter, including the runoff and leachate from areas that receive pollutants associated with
industrial or commercial storage, handling or processing.
(6) "Local program" means any county, municipality, or combination thereof that has
established and administers a pollution control program approved by the Department in
compliance with Section 403.182, F.S., as amended.
(7) "Modification" means any alteration, expansion, upgrade, extension, addition, or re-
placement of an existing wastewater facility for which a construction permit is required
from the Department.
(8) "Percolation" means the generally vertical movement of water through soil or other
unconsolidated medium to the water table and to lower aquifers where occurring.
(9) "Permittee" means the person or entity to which a permit for a wastewater facility
is issued by the Department. The term permittede" shall be functionally synonymous
with the terms "owner" and "licensee," but shall not include licensed individuals (e.g.,
operators) unless they are the persons) to whom a facility permit is issued by the Depart-
ment. The term shall extend to a permit "applicant" for the purposes of this chapter.
To the extent that this chapter imposes duties with respect to the construction, operation,
maintenance or monitoring of a facility and for reporting to or securing permits from
the Department, ultimate responsibility lies with the owner of the facility. Nevertheless,
Chapter 403, F.S., creates joint and several liability for those responsible for violations.
(10) "Surface water" means water upon the surface of the earth, whether contained in
bounds created naturally or artificially or diffused. Water from natural springs shall be
classified as surface water when it exits from the spring onto the earth's surface.

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(11) "Technology-based effluent limitation (TBEL)" means a minimum waste treatment
requirement, established by the Department, based on treatment technology. The minimum
treatment requirements may be set at levels more stringent than that which is necessary
to meet water quality standards of the receiving water body as set out specifically in
other sections of this rule.
(12) "Treatment" means the use of any device, system, process or method for preventing,
abating, reducing, treating, separating, recycling, reclaiming, reusing, recovering, or elimi-
nating pollutants in industrial waste.
(13) "Wastewater" means the combination of liquid and water-carried pollutants from
residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions together with any ground
water, surface runoff or leachate that may be present.
(14) "Wastewater facilities" means any or all of the following: the collection/transmission
system, the treatment plant, and the disposal system.
(15) "Waters" shall be as defined in Section 2 403.031(3), F.S.
(16) "Water quality-based effluent limitation (WQBEL)" means an effluent limitation,
which may be more stringent than a technology-based effluent limitation, that has been
determined necessary by the Department to ensure that water quality standards in a receiving
body of water will not be violated.
(17) "Water quality standards" means standards comprised of designated most beneficial
uses (classification of waters), the numerical and narrative criteria applied to the specific
water use or classification, the Florida antidegradation policy, and the moderating provisions
contained in Chapters 5 17-3 and 62-4 of the F.A.C.
Specific Authority: 403.061, 403.087, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.021, 403.061, 403.062, 403.085, 403.086, 403.087, 403.088, F.S.
History: New 11-27-89, Amended 4-2-90, 4-22-93, Formerly 17-660.200.


62-660.300 Exemptions.
(1) Exemptions to Provide for the Experimental Use of Wetlands for Low-Energy Water
and Wastewater Recycling.

(a) To encourage experiments which are designed to lead to the development of new
information regarding low-energy approaches to the advanced treatment of domestic,
agricultural, and industrial wastes and to encourage the conservation of wetlands and
fresh waters, the Secretary shall, upon petition of an affected person, and after public
notice in the Florida Administrative Weekly and in a newspaper of general circulation
in the area of the waters affected, and after opportunity for public hearing pursuant
to Chapter 120, F.S., issue an order, for a period not to exceed five (5) years, specifically
exempting certain sources of pollution which discharge into restricted areas of wetlands,
as approved by the Secretary, from the water quality criteria contained in Rule
S62-302.560, F.A.C., provided that:

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.300(1)(a)1. 12/94



1. the discharger affirmatively demonstrates that the wetlands ecosystem may rea-
sonably be expected to assimilate the waste discharge without significant adverse
impact on the biological community within the receiving waters;

2. granting the exemption is in the public interest and will not adversely affect
public health or the cost of public health or other related programs;

3. the public is restricted from access to the waters under consideration;

4. the waters are not used for recreation;

5. the applicant affirmatively demonstrates that presently specified criteria are un-
necessary for the protection of potable water supplies or human health;

6. the exemption will not interfere with the designated use of contiguous waters;
and

7. scientifically valid experimental controls are provided by the applicant and ap-
proved by the Department to monitor the long-term ecological effects and waste
recycling efficiency.

(b) The petitioner shall affirmatively demonstrate those standards which the petitioner
believes more appropriately apply to the waters for which the exemption is sought.

(c) The Secretary shall specify, by order, only those criteria which the Secretary deter-
mines to have been demonstrated by the preponderance of competent substantial evi-
dence to be more appropriate.

(d) The Department shall modify the petitioner's permit consistent with the Secretary's
order.

(2) Exemption Providing Alternative Criteria for Existing Permitted Discharges Comprising
the Principal Flow.

(a) The Secretary shall, upon the petition of one or more existing wastewater discharge
sources for which a Department permit has been issued prior to the effective date
of this rule, after public notice in the Florida Administrative Weekly and in a newspaper
of general circulation in the area of the waters affected, and after opportunity for
public hearing pursuant to Chapter 120, F.S., issue an order for the duration of the
petitioner's permit exempting waters of the state which are not used for potable water
supplies, or recreation, and contain no significant population of fish and wildlife, from
one or more Class III or Class IV criteria specified in the petition and substituting
appropriate alternative criteria where the discharge of the petitioner(s) comprised a
majority of the flow, excluding runoff from storm drains and other wastewater dis-
charges, during a substantial portion of the year preceding the effective date of this
rule. Provided, however, that such order shall be issued only after an affirmative
demonstration by the petitioners) of the following:

1. The waters for which exemption is sought are:

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DEP 62-660.300(2)(a)1.a. 12/94



a. wholly artificial and not a modified or channelized natural stream; or

b. intermittent watercourses which, in the absence of runoff from storm drains
and wastewater discharges, act as tributaries only following the occurrence of
rainfall and which normally do not contain contiguous areas of standing water;
or

c. are channelized or modified natural watercourses which were historically
intermittent as described in b. above;

2. The waters are not used for potable water supplies, or recreation, and do not
contain a significant population of fish or wildlife;

3. Reasonable assurance has been provided that the alternative criteria will adequate-
ly protect the designated uses of adjacent downstream waters;

4. The alternative criteria are not less stringent than the minimum standards pre-
scribed for all waters at all times in Rule 3 17-3.051, F.A.C.;

5. The alternative criteria are in the public interest and there is no reasonable
relationship between the economic, social, and environmental costs of compliance
with existing criteria and the economic, social and environmental benefits of com-
pliance;

6. Compliance with the alternative criteria will adequately protect present and future
potable water supplies and human health;

7. Compliance with the alternative criteria will adequately protect the population
of animals, plants, or aquatic life then utilizing the waters;

8. The waters are not lakes or ponds; and

9. Achievement of Class III standards would provide no reasonable expectation
of future recreational use of the waters.

(b) The Secretary shall specify by order the alternative criteria, if any, which the
Secretary determines to have been demonstrated by the preponderance of the competent
substantial evidence to be more appropriate than the Class III or Class IV criteria
specified in the petition.

(c) The Department shall modify the petitioner's permit consistent with the Secretary's
order.

(3) Exemption for Existing Effluent Ditches.

(a) The Secretary or a Deputy Assistant Secretary shall, upon the petition of a wastewa-
ter discharger for whom a Department permit has been issued prior to the effective
date of this rule, and after public notice and opportunity for public hearing, issue
an order for the duration of the petitioner's permit exempting waters of the state in
an effluent ditch from all water quality criteria except those specified in Rule 3 17-3.051,

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.300(3)(a) 12/94



F.A.C. In order to qualify for this exemption, the petitioner shall affirmatively demon-
strate that:

1. the ditch is a wholly artificial man-made conveyance that was constructed as
a part of the wastewater treatment process;

2. the ditch contains flowing water only when there is a discharge or immediately
after rainfall;

3. the petitioner has legal control of the ditch and abutting land sufficient to restrict
public access;

4. migration of indigenous aquatic organisms into the ditch will be prevented;
and

5. the ditch is not used for recreation and contains no significant population of
fish or wildlife. "Significant population of fish or wildlife" shall mean the presence
of commercially or recreationally important species or significant quantities of organ-
isms which provide food for such species.

(b) The Department shall modify the petitioner's permit, consistent with the Secretary's
or Deputy Assistant Secretary's order.

Specific Authority: 403.061, 403.087, 403.088, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.021, 403.051, 403.061, 403.062, 403.085, 403.086, 403.087, 403.088,
F.S.
History: New 11-27-89, Amended 4-22-93, Formerly 17-660.300.



62-660.400 Effluent Limitations. The following effluent limitations apply to plants and
installations which discharge industrial wastes into waters of the state.

(1) Effluent Limitations Based on the Availability of Technology.

(a) Section 301 of Public Law 92-500, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amend-
ments of 1972 (FWPCA), as amended, requires all existing point source discharges
of pollutants to meet uniform technology-based effluent limitations as a minimum.
Two levels of effluent limitations are established.

1. The first level is defined as "best practical control technology currently available"
(BPT). FWPCA Section 301(b)(1)(A), 33 U.S.C.A. Section 1311(b)(l)(A). By
no later than July 1, 1977, dischargers were required to apply BPT as defined
by specific effluent limitations issued by the Administrator of the United States
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pursuant to Section 304(b)(1).

2. The second level is defined as either "best available technology economically
achievable" (BAT) or "best conventional pollutant control technology" (BCT).
FWPCA Section 301(b)(2)(A) and 301(b)(2)(E) respectively. By March 31, 1989,

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.400(1)(a)2. 12/94



dischargers of toxic pollutants as defined in Section 307 of FWPCA were required
to apply BAT, as defined by effluent limitations issued by the Administrator pursuant
to FWPCA Section 304(b)(2). Also by March 31, 1989, dischargers of conventional
pollutants as defined in FWPCA Section 303(a)(4) were required to apply BCT
as defined by effluent limitations issued by the Administrator pursuant to FWPCA
Section 304(b)(4).

3. BCT is not an additional effluent limitation for industrial dischargers, but rather
it replaces BAT for the control of conventional pollutants. BAT will remain in
force for all non-conventional and toxic pollutants. Effluent limitations representing
BCT may not be more stringent than BAT. In no case will BCT limitations be
less stringent than BPT.

4. FWPCA Section 306 requires the Administrator to establish effluent limitations
containing performance standards for new sources. For this purpose, "new sources"
are defined as any source the construction of which commenced after the publication
of proposed regulations prescribing standards for these sources. FWPCA Section
306(a)(2), 33 U.S.C.A. Section 1316(a)(2). After the effective date of new sources
performance standards, it is a violation of the Federal Water Pollution Control
Act to operate any new source in violation of such standards. FWPCA Section
306(e).

5. FWPCA Section 307(a) requires and authorizes the Administrator to establish
and promulgate effluent limitations for toxic pollutants, which may include a prohibi-
tion of the discharge of such pollutants or combination of such pollutants. After
the effective date of such effluent standards, it is a violation of the FWPCA to
operate any source in violation of such standard or prohibition.

6. FWPCA Section 307(b) requires and authorizes the Administrator to establish
and promulgate pre-treatment standards for introduction of pollutants into publicly
owned sewage treatment facilities which are not susceptible to treatment by such
facilities or which would interfere with the operation of such treatment works.

(b) The objective of the FWPCA is to restore and maintain the chemical, physical
and biological integrity of the nation's waters, and the Act established, as a national
goal, that the discharge of pollutants into the navigable waters be eliminated by 1985,
Section 101(a), FWPCA.

(c) The FWPCA preserves to each state the power to adopt or enforce any effluent
standard or limitation respecting discharge of pollution or control or abatement of
pollution which is stricter or more stringent than the comparable federal effluent limita-
tion or standard, Section 510, FWPCA.

(d) Pursuant to the above sections of the FWPCA, the EPA has promulgated and
prescribed effluent guidelines and standards (limitations) for new and existing point
sources which discharge pollutants. Dischargers are required to comply with these
regulations and NPDES permits issued pursuant to Section 402 of the Act must be
conditioned upon requirements of Sections 301 and 306 (as well as certain other require-
ments).

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.400(1)(e)


12/94


(e) The Department has reviewed and evaluated the EPA Effluent Guidelines and Stan-
dards which have been published as final regulations in the United States Code of
Federal Regulations, and are in full force and effect on the date of adoption of this
section. With respect to each particular class or category of sources as hereinafter
listed, the following EPA Effluent Guidelines and Standards, as they are contained
in the United States Code of Federal Regulations and are in effect on the date indicated,
are incorporated herein, and adopted by the Department, except where expressly supple-
mented or modified by the Environmental Regulation Commission, and are incorporated
by reference as though fully set forth herein:


EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS;
GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS


1. Environmental Protection Agency
General Provisions for Effluent
Guidelines and Standards

2. Dairy Products


3. Canned and Preserved Fruits
and Vegetables

Citrus Products Subcategory


4. Canned and Preserved Seafood


5. Sugar Processing


6. Textiles


7. Cement Manufacturing


8. Feedlots
(See Rule 62-670, F.A.C.)

9. Electroplating


U.S. CODE OF
FEDERAL
REGULATIONS

40 C.F.R. 401
(Effective 6-4-82)


40 C.F.R. 405
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 407
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 407 Subpart C
(Effective 6-16-76)

40 C.F.R. 408
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 409
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 410
(Effective 9-1-83)

40 C.F.R. 411
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 412
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 413
(Effective 11-7-86)


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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
SDEP 62-660.400(1)(e)10.


EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS;
GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS


Organic Chemicals, Plastics
and Synthetic Fibers

Inorganic Chemicals


Soaps and Detergents


Fertilizer Manufacturing


Petroleum Refining


Iron and Steel Manufacturing


Nonferrous Metals


Phosphate Manufacturing


Steam Electric Power Generating
(See Rule 4 62-660.400(q), F.A.C.)

Ferroalloy Manufacturing


Leather Tanning and Finishing


Glass Manufacturing


Asbestos Manufacturing


U.S. CODE OF
FEDERAL
REGULATIONS

40 C.F.R. 414
(Effective 12-21-87)

40 C.F.R. 415
(Effective 9-25-84)

40 C.F.R. 417
(Effective 6-16-76)

40 C.F.R. 418
(Effective 7-31-87)

40 C.F.R. 419
(Effective 8-12-85)

40 C.F.R. 420
(Effective 6-22-84)

40 C.F.R. 421
(Effective 8-20-87)

40 C.F.R. 422
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 423
(Effective 7-8-83)

40 C.F.R. 424
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 425
(Effective 5-4-88)

40 C.F.R. 426
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 427
(Effective 8-29-79)


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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES


EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS;
GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS


23. Rubber Processing


24. Timber Products


25. Pulp, Paper and Paper Board


26. Builders Paper and Board Mills


27. Meat Products


28. Metal Finishing


29. Coal Mining


30. Offshore Oil and Gas Extraction


31. Mineral Mining and Processing
(See Rule 62-671, F.A.C.)

32. Pharmaceutical Manufacturing


33. Ore Mining and Dressing


34. Paving and Roofing Materials


35. Paint Formulating


U.S. CODE OF
FEDERAL
REGULATIONS

40 C.F.R. 428
(Effective 2-14-78)

40 C.F.R. 429
(Effective 2-17-82)

40 C.F.R. 430
(Effective 2-2-87)

40 C.F.R. 431
(Effective 2-2-87)

40 C.F.R. 432
(Effective 8-22-86)

40 C.F.R. 433
(Effective 11-7-87)

40 C.F.R. 434
(Effective 10-9-85)

40 C.F.R. 435
(Effective 7-21-82)

40 C.F.R. 436
(Effective 12-28-79)

40 C.F.R. 439
(Effective 1-29-87)

40 C.F.R. 440
(Effective 7-7-88)

40 C.F.R. 443
(Effective 6-16-76)

40 C.F.R. 446
(Effective 6-16-76)


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DEP 62-660.400(1)(e)23.


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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
SDEP 62-660.400(1)(e)36.


EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS;
GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS


36. Ink Formulating


37. Gum and Wood Chemicals
Manufacturing

38. Pesticide Chemicals
Manufacturing

39. Explosives Manufacturing


40. Carbon Black Manufacturing


41. Photographic Processing


42. Hospitals


43. Battery Manufacturing Point
Source Category

44. Plastics Molding and Forming


45. Metal Molding and Casting


46. Coil Coating


47. Porcelain Enameling


48. Aluminum Forming


U.S. CODE OF
FEDERAL
REGULATIONS

40 C.F.R. 447
(Effective 6-16-76)

40 C.F.R. 454
(Effective 5-18-76)

40 C.F.R. 455
(Effective 7-25-86)

40 C.F.R. 457
(Effective 6-16-76)

40 C.F.R. 458
(Effective 1-9-78)

40 C.F.R. 459
(Effective 7-14-76)

40 C.F.R. 460
(Effective 5-6-76)

40 C.F.R. 461
(Effective 10-14-86)

40 C.F.R. 463
(Effective 4-30-85)

40 C.F.R. 464
(Effective 12-13-85)

40 C.F.R. 465
(Effective 1-31-85)

40 C.F.R. 466
(Effective 9-6-85)

40 C.F.R. 467
(Effective 2-9-89)


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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.400(1)(e)49.


EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS;


EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS;
GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS


49. Copper Forming


50. Electrical and Electronic
Components

51. Nonferrous Metals Forming and
Metal Powders

(f) Copies of the above effluent limitations
of Federal Regulations may be obtained by
Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.


U.S. CODE OF
FEDERAL
REGULATIONS

40 C.F.R. 468
(Effective 6-20-86)

40 C.F.R. 469
(Effective 1-31-85)

40 C.F.R. 471
(Effective 1-22-86)

as published in the United States Code
writing the United States Environmental


(g) All Department permits issued pursuant to Sections 403.087 and 403.088, Florida
Statutes, shall, as a minimum, require compliance with the above referenced effluent
limitations. In establishing the effluent limitations contained in Rule 62-660.400(1)(e),
F.A.C., which define best practical control technology currently available (BPT), best
conventional pollutant control technology (BCT), and best available technology econom-
ically achievable (BAT), the United States EPA relied on the industrywide information
with respect to specific factors.

(h) In determining BPT, the following factors were considered:

1. Total costs of application of technology in relation to the effluent reduction
benefits to be achieved from such application.

2. The age of equipment and facilities involved.

3. The process involved.
4. The engineering aspects of the application of various types of control techniques.

5. Process changes.

6. Non-water quality environmental impact (including energy requirements).
7. Such other factors as the Administrator deemed appropriate.

(i) The following factors were considered in determining BAT'
1. Age of equipment and facilities involved.
2. Process employed.

3. The engineering aspects of the application of various types of control techniques.

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4. Process changes.

5. The cost of achieving such effluent reduction.

6. Non-water quality environmental impact (including energy requirements).

7. Such other factors as the Administrator of the EPA deemed appropriate.

(j) The following factors were considered in determining BCT:
1. Consideration of the reasonableness of the relationship between the costs of
attaining a reduction in effluents and the effluent reduction benefits derived.

2. A comparison of the cost and level of reduction of such pollutants from the
discharge from publicly owned treatment works to the cost and level of reduction
of such pollutants from a class or category of industrial sources.

3. Age of equipment and facilities involved.

4. Process employed.

5. The engineering aspects of the application of various types of control techniques.

6. Process changes.

7. The cost of achieving such effluent reduction.

8. Non-water quality environmental impact (including energy requirements).

9. Such other factors as the Administrator of the EPA deemed appropriate.

(k) It is possible that the above factors pertaining to a particular source or category
of sources located within the state are fundamentally different from the industrywide
factors considered by the EPA in establishing the limitations. If, based on a preponder-
ance of competent substantial evidence, the Department determines that such fundamen-
tally different factors exist in relation to a particular source, it may establish for such
source, by order or permit condition, and after notice and public hearing, an effluent
limitation which is more or less stringent than the EPA effluent limitation, to the
extent dictated by such fundamentally different factors. In no case shall a Department
permit contain an effluent limitation less stringent than one contained in an NPDES
permit issued to a source by the EPA.

(1) All industrial sources which are included in those classes or categories of industry
listed in Rule 62-660.400(1)(e), F.A.C., shall comply with the applicable guidelines,
standards and limitations in accordance with the time schedules contained therein.
However, no source shall be relieved from complying with any pollution abatement
plan or schedule, including a plant or process modification which is contained in any
currently valid Department permit, or order or judicial judgment. However, this does
not preclude modification of a Department permit, order, or judicial judgment in accor-
dance with applicable rules and regulations.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.400(1)(m) 12/94



(m) The effluent guidelines, standards, and limitations contained in Rule
62-660.400(1)(e), F.A.C., represent minimum levels of treatment based upon available
technology, and are not based on the quality of the waters which receive the industrial
waste discharges. In accordance with Section 301(b)(1)(C) of the FWPCA, Section
403.088, Florida Statutes, and Chapter 62-650, F.A.C., more stringent effluent limita-
tions may be required and applied by Department permits issued pursuant to Section
403.087 and 403.088, Florida Statutes, in order to meet any applicable water quality
standards.
(n) Minimum Treatment Requirements.

1. All sources of industrial waste reasonably expected to be sources of water pollu-
tion which are not contained in the classes or categories of sources contained in
Rule 62-660.400(1)(e), F.A.C., shall, as a minimum level of treatment, provide
secondary waste treatment as required by Section 403.085, Florida Statutes. Such
secondary treatment shall be applied against the total untreated waste produced
by a given plant. For the purposes of this rule, "secondary treatment" shall be
equivalent to "secondary treatment," as defined in Rule 62-600.420(1), F.A.C.,
and applicable to domestic waste (sewage) plants. A comparable degree of treatment
for industrial waste not amenable to biological treatment will be determined and
applied through the issuance of Department permits.

2. The minimum treatment requirement is unrelated to the quality of the water
in the receiving water body. Under Chapter 62-650, F.A.C., more stringent limita-
tions may be required and applied in order to meet and comply with any applicable
water quality standards.

(o) Notwithstanding technology-based effluent limitations contained in this section,
industrial wastes discharged into ground waters shall receive treatment needed to comply
with water quality standards contained in Chapter 62-520, F.A.C.

(p) All sources of industrial waste reasonably expected to be sources of pollution
to Class G-II or G-IV waters, which are not contained in the classes or categories
of sources contained in Rule 62-660.400(1)(e), F.A.C., above, shall provide a minimum
level of treatment such that the waste to be discharged does not affect the mechanical
integrity of the well, does not jeopardize the integrity of the confining zone, and
does not alter the hydrologic characteristics of the injection zone to the point of endan-
gering underground sources of drinking water. The Department shall determine the
level of pre-treatment required to maintain the water quality standards contained in
Chapter 62-520, F.A.C., and to ensure that the operation is in compliance with the
underground injection control requirements contained in Chapter 62-28, F.A.C. The
pre-treatment level shall be set forth in the permit in accordance with Chapter 62-4,
F.A.C.

(q) Discharges from steam electric generating plants existing or licensed by July 1,
1984, shall not be required to be treated to a greater extent than may be necessary
to assure:
1. That the quality of nonthermal components of discharges from nonrecirculated
cooling water systems is as high as the quality of the make-up waters; or

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DEP 62-660.400(1)(q)2. 12/94



2. That the quality of nonthermal components of discharges from recirculated cool-
ing water systems is no lower than is allowed for blowdown from such systems;
or

3. That the quality of noncooling system discharges which receive make-up water
from a receiving body of water that does not meet applicable Department water
quality standards is as high as the quality of the receiving body of water.

(2) Effluent Limitations Based on Water Quality Considerations.

(a) Pursuant to Section 403.061(11), Florida Statutes, and as required by the Federal
Water Quality Act of 1965, Public Law 89-234, 79 Stat. 903, and Section 303 of
the FWPCA, the Department has adopted water quality standards contained in Chapter
5 17-3, F.A.C., which have subsequently been approved by the EPA. The standards
contain water quality criteria which are applicable to each classification of receiving
waters. Section 403.088(2)(b), Florida Statutes, requires the Department to deny an
application for a permit if it finds that the proposed discharge will reduce the quality
of the receiving waters below the classification established for them.

(b) Section 301(b)(1)(C) and Section 302 of the FWPCA provide that all discharges
of industrial wastes may be required to meet, in addition to technology-based effluent
limitations, more stringent limitations required to implement applicable state water
quality standards established pursuant to the Act. This requirement is enforced and
implemented through Section 309 and the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
System established by Section 402 of the Act.

(c) Pursuant to Section 403.087 and Section 403.088, Florida Statutes, no wastes shall
be discharged into waters of the state which will violate applicable state water quality
standards or reduce the quality of the receiving waters below the criteria established
for its respective classification contained in Chapter 5 17-3, F.A.C.

(d) The effluent limitations based on water quality standards shall be determined in
accordance with Chapter 62-650, F.A.C., by application of accepted scientific methods
based upon a consideration of the following:

1. The condition of the receiving body of water including present and future flow
conditions and present and future sources of pollutants.

2. The nature, volume and frequency of the proposed discharge of waste including
any possible synergistic effects with other pollutants which may be present in the
receiving body of water.

Specific Authority: 403.061, 403.062, 403.087, 403.504, 403.704, 403.804, 403.805, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.021, 403.061, 403.086, 403.087, 403.088, 403.091, 8 403.101, 403.121,
403.141, 403.161, 403.182, 403.502, 403.702, 403.708, F.S.
History: New 11-27-89, Amended 4-2-90, 4-22-93, Formerly 17-660.400.


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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.801 12/94



62-660.801 General Permit for a Wastewater Disposal System for a Laundromat.
(1) General Requirements.
(a) This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing or operating
a wastewater disposal system for a laundromat designed and operated in accordance
with this rule, provided that all the conditions of this rule are met.
(b) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 62-4.540,
F.A.C.
(c) The permitted shall complete and submit DEP Form 62-660.900(4), Laundromat
General Permit Notification Form, and required information 30 days before use of
this general permit.
(d) Within 30 days after construction is complete, the engineer of record or another
registered professional engineer shall certify to the Department, using DEP Form
62-660.900(2), Industrial Wastewater Facilities Certificate of Completion of Construc-
tion, that the permitted construction is complete and usable and that it was done in
accordance with the plans submitted to the Department except when minor deviations
were necessary. These deviations and the reasons for them shall be described in
detail.
(e) There shall be no discharge of dry cleaning materials.
(f) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
any other permits required by the Department or any other federal, state, or local
agency.
(g) The design volume of flow shall be less than 10,000 gallons per day. The design
flow shall be determined by multiplying the maximum hourly rate by 12. The maximum
hourly rate shall be based on the number of washing machines, the water used per
cycle, and the maximum expected number of cycles per machine per hour.
(2) Treatment System Design Requirements. All design calculations and drawings shall
be submitted with the notification form, DEP Form 62-660.900(4), Laundromat General
Permit Notification Form. Either a trickling filter or a sand filter system shall be constructed
using all of the components and the design criteria listed below. The chlorination and
disposal system components and design criteria listed in Subsections (3) and (4) of this
rule are required of all systems.
(a) Trickling filter systems shall include, at a minimum, the following components:
1. A screen chamber that contains at least four non-corrosive screens: two 1/4-inch
screens followed by two 1/8-inch screens.
2. A primary settling tank that provides a minimum of four hours detention based
on the maximum hourly rate.
3. A sump pump with an effective capacity equal to, or greater than, the maximum
hourly rate.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.801(2)(a)4. 12/94



4. A recirculation pump that provides a minimum recirculation ratio of 2:1, and
that is piped to provide continuous dosing of the filter 24 hours per day.

5. The following design criteria, if the trickling filter uses rock media:

a. Crushed rock, slag, or an inert manufactured material that will pass through
a 3 1/2-inch square screen and that will be retained on a 2-inch screen.

b. A filter depth of at least 6 feet.

c. A hydraulic loading not to exceed 460 gallons per square foot per day.

d. An organic loading not to exceed 1.24 pounds of BOD per cubic yard per
day.

6. The following design criteria, if the trickling filter uses plastic filter media:

a. A filter depth based on expected performance.

b. A hydraulic loading not to exceed 1,840 gallons per square foot per day.

c. An organic loading not to exceed 5 pounds of BOD per cubic yard per
day.

7. A distribution system, such as a reaction type distributor, to provide uniform
application of waste influent over the filter.

8. Underdrains sloped to prevent ponding and designed to provide adequate ventila-
tion to allow a free flow of air through the filter.

9. A secondary settling tank that provides a minimum detention of one hour at
the maximum hourly rate.

(b) Open sand filter systems shall include, at a minimum, the following components:

1. A screen chamber that contains at least four non-corrosive screens: two 1/4-inch
screens followed by two 1/8-inch screens.

2. A primary settling tank that provides a minimum detention of four hours based
on the maximum hourly rate.

3. At least two filter beds, allowing alternate loading and resting of the beds,
with a maximum filter loading of 4.5 gallons per day per square foot.

4. A gravel base, placed in three layers, each at least six inches thick, over the
underdrains. Suggested gradings for the three layers are: 1 1/2-inch to 3/4-inch;
3/4-inch to 1/4-inch; and 1/4-inch to 1/8-inch. Underdrains shall be sloped to
the outlet, and spaced 10 feet on center. Alternate thicknesses and gradings for
the gravel base may be used, provided the gravel base adequately supports the

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DEP 62-660.801(2)(b)4. 12/94



filter material, prevents the sand from entering the underdrains, and provides uniform
flow over the gravel base and underdrains.

5. At least 30 inches of clean sand placed over the gravel base. The effective
size of the sand shall be between 0.31 and 0.45 millimeters and the uniformity
coefficient shall not be greater than 3.5.

(3) Chlorination Requirements.

(a) A chlorination tank shall be provided, designed for a minimum thirty minute contact
time.

(b) A chlorine residual of at least 0.5 mg/1 shall be maintained at all times.
(4) Disposal System Requirements.

(a) The disposal of wastewater shall be to either an absorption field designed in accor-
dance with Rule 62-610.550, F.A.C., or to a percolation pond designed in accordance
with Rule 62-610.500, F.A.C. The design of the absorption field or percolation pond
shall be based on the results of soil testing and mounding analysis as required in
Subsections (b) and (c) below.

(b) At a minimum, the following soil tests shall be conducted at the disposal site
to simulate actual loading conditions during the design life of the absorption field
or percolation pond and to determine the horizontal and vertical permeabilities of
the underlying strata. These tests shall be conducted at a frequency of one test per
1,000 square feet of disposal area.

1. Double-ring infiltrometer tests.

2. Soil borings to a depth of at least ten feet below the disposal site. Lithologic
logs of each boring shall be provided, along with permeability test results from
each distinct soil stratum encountered.

(c) Based on test results in Subsection (b) above, the applicant shall perform a mounding
analysis as described in Rule 62-610.310(3)(c)8., F.A.C.

Specific Authority: 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.088, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 11-27-89, Amended 4-2-90, 1-2-91, 4-22-93, Formerly 17-660.801.


62-660.802 General Permit for a Pesticide Waste Degradation System.
(1) A general permit is hereby granted to any person for the construction and operation
of a pesticide waste degradation system for the evaporation and degradation of pesticide
rinse water generated in the cleaning of pesticide application equipment, which has been
designed and is operated in accordance with the provisions of Rule 62-660.802(3)-(6),
F.A.C., provided that all of the following conditions are met:

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(a) There is no discharge of water or pesticide from the system to the surface or
ground water, or to soil outside of the tank; and
(b) The owner of the system charges no fee for use of the system; and
(c) The owner of the system notifies the appropriate Department District office within
two working days in the event of a leak or spill in excess of twenty-five gallons
associated with the facility or within thirty days in the event that the ownership of
the facility is changed; and
(d) Permittee owns the land upon which the system is to be built or provides a copy
of a legal agreement with the owner of the land which specifies that the land owner
will be responsible for the proper operation and closure of the system; and
(e) The rinse water discharged to the system consists of dilute pesticide solutions
generated from cleaning of the pesticide application equipment or from empty pesticide
containers.

(2) The general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 62-4.540, F.A.C.,
and the following specific conditions:
(a) The system shall not be placed in the one hundred-year flood plain of a river;
within one hundred feet of a lake, pond, wetland system or flowing stream; within
seventy-five feet of a drinking water well; or within twenty-five feet of a property
boundary.
(b) This permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility of obtaining a
dredge and fill permit or any other permit where it is required by the Department,
or any other local, county, state or federal agency.
(3) The system shall include, as a minimum, the components listed below, constructed
of the materials specified or their equivalent or a superior material. Other components
which enhance the operation of the system are not prohibited.

(a) A concrete wash down slab with a six mil or thicker plastic underliner and a
drain that is connected to a tank meeting the requirements of Rule 62-660.802(3)(e),
F.A.C., below.

(b) A sump and pump combination to circulate water coming from the wash down
slab to the tank, or a pipe with sufficient grade to carry water from the wash down
slab to the tank. If a sump is used, it must be constructed of concrete with a six
mil or thicker plastic underliner.
(c) An automatically activated alarm or pump cut-off switch that will be activated
when the evaporation tank overfills.
(d) A low profile removable cover or a roof that prevents rainfall from reaching the
wash down slab.
(e) An evaporation tank constructed of non-earthen material of sufficient structural
strength to withstand the pressure of the contained soil and water.

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(f) Tank media no less than eighteen inches in depth, consisting of a bottom layer
of 1/4- to 3/4-inch gravel, a middle layer of soil, and a top layer of 1/4- to 3/4-inch
gravel, each layer no less than six inches in thickness.

(g) A water distribution system consisting of an eight inch or greater diameter pipe
extending from the bottom of the lower gravel bed to no less than six inches above
the top of the tank. The pipe shall be perforated at the bottom to allow water flow
into the gravel bed. The Department shall approve an alternative distribution system
which provides equivalent or improved distribution and flow of water to the media.

(h) A clear fiberglass or plexiglass roof over the tank which extends over the one
foot berm specified in Rule 9 62-660.802(3)(i), F.A.C., below.

(i) A metal fence with a locking gate surrounding the tank that prevents unauthorized
entry.

(j) If an above-ground tank is used, a concrete slab underneath the tank that is underlain
by a six mil or thicker plastic liner and a slab or gravel bed underlain by a six mil
or thicker plastic liner that extends up and over a one foot berm completely surrounding
the slab or gravel bed.

(k) If an in-ground tank is used, a second, larger tank that completely encloses the
tank containing the water and media, and is equipped with a continuously operating
leak detection system and an automatically activated pump to transfer leakage back
to the primary tank.

(1) If an in-ground tank is used, and placed in the saturated zone, suitable anchoring
devices or structures are used to prevent flotation or dislodgement.

(m) If an accumulation or collection tank is used to accumulate rinse water prior
to discharge to the evaporation tank, or collect excess rinse water when the evaporation
tank is full, this tank shall be stationary and shall be connected by permanent piping
to the evaporation tank, and be placed inside the one foot berm specified in Rule
9 62-660.802(3)(i), F.A.C., above. The tank or tanks shall have no more than a 1,000
gallon capacity.

(4) The system shall have the following capacities and operating characteristics for the
various components:

(a) The evaporation tank shall have enough surface area to evaporate in one month
the volume of pesticide rinse water discharged to it that month and sufficient volume
to hold one month's discharge of pesticide rinse water plus fifty percent. This volume
shall be calculated using only the space above the media layer in the tank.

(b) The sump shall have enough capacity to hold drainage from the slab without
running over.

(c) The pump capacity shall exceed the flow rate of the water supply used to clean
equipment on the slab.

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DEP 62-660.802(4)(d) 12/94



(d) The tank shall be located at least 75 feet from nearby structures to allow optimum
airflow.

(e) If an above-ground tank is used, the tank shall be elevated a minimum of eight
inches above an underlying slab to allow inspection for leaks.

(5) The system shall be operated in the following manner

(a) Prior to the first discharge of pesticide rinse water to the system, clean water
shall be added to the system, including the storage and evaporation tanks, and the
system inspected for leaks.

(b) Water pumped or drained to the tank shall enter the media as described in Rule
62-660.802(3)(f), F.A.C.

(c) If a sump is used it shall be pumped dry at the end of each working day.

(d) Vegetation shall not block airflow across the tank surface or obstruct inspection
of the tank.

(e) If an in-ground tank is used, the leak detection system shall continuously operate
and be checked for proper operation on a weekly basis.

(f) The evaporation tank and accumulation tank shall be inspected for leaks on a
daily basis while in use.

(g) The evaporation tank shall not be filled to within one inch of its top edge during
operation.

(h) An auxiliary tank shall be made available to transfer the contents of the evaporation
tank or accumulation tank should either of these tanks develop a leak or need to
be repaired. This tank may be portable.

(6) The system shall be dismantled and the media disposed of in the following manner:

(a) The appropriate Department District office shall be notified that the facility is
to be dismantled.

(b) Disposal of the media in the tank shall comply with 40 C.F.R. 262 as adopted
by Chapter 6 62-30, F.A.C.

(c) Disposal of system components and media shall be in a manner that does not
contaminate ground or surface water.

(7) Details of recommended construction and operation can be found in the Institute of
Food and Agricultural Sciences Bulletin No. 242. (Available from Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences Editorial Department, G022 McCarty Hall, Gainesville, Florida
32611.)

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.802-History 12/94



Specific Authority: 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.088, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 11-27-89, Amended 4-2-90, 4-22-93, Formerly 17-660.802.



62-660.803 General Permit for Car Wash Systems.

(1) Applicability.

(a) This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing or operating
a car wash treatment, disposal, and recycle system, designed and operated in accordance
with this rule, provided that all of the conditions of this rule are met.

(b) Any residential car wash, as defined below, discharging 4,000 gallons or less of
wastewater per week is exempt from the requirement to obtain this general permit
or a Department industrial wastewater permit if all of the following requirements are
met:

1. Wastewater is not discharged directly to surface waters or to ground waters
through wells or sinkholes that allow direct contact with Class G-I or Class G-II
ground waters as defined in Chapter 62-520, F.A.C.;

2. Best management practices (BMPs) are implemented to minimize runoff from,
or run-on to, the site;

3. The facility maintains a 100 foot setback from public drinking water wells and
a 75 foot setback from private drinking water wells;

4. The car wash discharges into:

a. A percolation system that incorporates a grassed swale or infiltration area
capable of treating both the wastewater and the first half-inch of runoff from
the impervious surface set aside for the car wash. Grit, oil or grease shall
be prevented from leaving the retention area, and any trapped solids and oils
shall be disposed of in accordance with Rule 62-660.803(4), F.A.C., or

b. An existing, permitted, stormwater treatment system, if the discharge will
not violate any condition of the stormwater permit;

5. The wash equipment incorporates a method to determine wash water flows such
as a meter or a non-reset type counter or similar device which measures the number
of cycles and a control timer or similar device which limits the time of each
cycle.

6. A sign is posted which contains, at a minimum, the following language: "NO
ENGINE OR OUTBOARD MOTOR CLEANING OR REPAIRING, NO OIL
CHANGING OR DUMPING, NO COOLANT FLUSHING."

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.803(1)(b)7. 12/94



7. The owner of the facility notifies the Department in writing within 30 days
of completion of construction that a car wash facility has been constructed pursuant
to this exemption.

(c) Car washes that do not qualify for either a general permit or an exemption in
accordance with this rule shall apply for an industrial wastewater permit or connect
to a domestic wastewater treatment facility capable of treating the car wash wastewater.

(2) General Requirements.

(a) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 62-4.540,
F.A.C.

(b) The permitted shall complete and submit DEP Form 62-660.900(5), Car Wash
Recycle System General Permit Notification Form, and required information 30 days
before use of this general permit.

(c) Within 30 days after construction is complete, the engineer of record or another
registered professional engineer shall certify to the Department, using DEP Form
62-660.900(2), Industrial Wastewater Facilities Certification of Completion of Construc-
tion, that the permitted construction is complete and usable and that it was done in
accordance with the plans submitted to the Department except when minor deviations
were necessary. These deviations and the reasons for them shall be described in detail.

(d) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
any other permits required by the Department or any other federal, state, or local
agency.

(3) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.

(a) "Residential car wash" shall mean any facility located in a single-family or multi-
family housing development, which is designed specifically for the purpose of vehicle
washing.

(b) "Rinse water" for car wash recycle systems means the treated or fresh water sprayed
on the car after washing.

(c) "Rollover car wash" means a car wash where the vehicle remains stationary while
the washing, rinsing, waxing, and drying equipment passes over the car.

(d) "Spent process water" for car wash recycle systems means the water contained
in the system (tanks, pumps, and piping) that is no longer suitable for use, because
of the long-term build-up of salts or other contaminants.

(e) "Tunnel car wash" means a car wash where the vehicle is pulled through a building
by conveyor or other means, passing through separate washing, rinsing, waxing, and
drying areas.

(f) "Wand car wash" means a self-service car wash where the vehicle remains stationary
and the car is washed using a high pressure stream of water from a hand-held wand.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.803(3)(g) 12/94



(g) "Wash water" for car wash recycle systems means the water containing detergent
used to remove dirt from the car.

(4) Prohibitions.

(a) This general permit shall not be valid for truck wash facilities.

(b) No engine degreasing solvents shall be used at the facility.

(c) No oil or engine coolant or other solid wastes shall be disposed of at the facility.

(d) There shall be no discharge of wastewaters from the treatment, disposal, or recycle
system to surface waters.

(5) Specific Requirements.

(a) Spent process water shall be disposed of at a Department-permitted wastewater
treatment facility or a pre-treatment facility connected to a Department-permitted waste-
water treatment facility.

(b) Solids from sedimentation tanks and used filter material shall be disposed of at
a Class I or II landfill authorized by the Department to accept solid wastes under
Chapter 62-701, F.A.C.

(c) Any waste oil collected from oil/water separators shall be disposed of by a licensed
used oil recycler in accordance with Chapter 62-710, F.A.C.

(d) Wand or rollover car wash systems using this general permit shall install and
use a total recycle system that recycles both wash water and rinse water with no
discharge of wastewater to waters of the state.

(e) All facilities that provide wax, add drying agents or other additives, or have water
softening equipment shall install a total recycle system that recycles both wash water
and rinse water, with no discharge of wastewater to waters of the state.

(6) Design Requirements. The car wash recycle system shall be designed and operated
to prevent discharge to ground water and surface water except as described in (g) below.

(a) An oil/water separator shall be installed.

(b) A chlorination system shall be installed if the facility is creating an objectionable
odor as defined in Rule 62-296.200, F.A.C.

(c) Recycling equipment, such as sedimentation tanks, filtration units, and pumps,
shall have adequate capacity to handle maximum hourly flows based on expected usage
and the size of the facility.

(d) Recycling equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturers'
recommendations to ensure proper operation.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
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(e) Overhangs or other devices shall be installed on buildings to prevent stormwater
from entering the recycle system.

(f) Curbs around wash bays or tunnel entrances shall be installed or bays or tunnels
shall be elevated to prevent stormwater from entering the recycle system.

(g) Partial Recycle Systems. A tunnel car wash or other car wash that separates
wash and rinse water and recycles wash water may dispose of excess rinse water
to an absorption field system, provided that the following conditions are met:

1. Only rinse water shall be disposed of in the absorption field system. Wash
water is prohibited from disposal.

2. The discharge of rinse water shall not exceed 2,000 gallons per day to the
absorption field.

3. The rinse water shall be treated in a settling tank having a minimum detention
time of 90 minutes based on the maximum discharge rate.
4. The absorption field shall be designed, sized, and installed in accordance with
the technical standards and criteria for absorption fields contained in Chapter 10D-6,
F.A.C.

Specific Authority: 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 1-2-91, Amended 4-22-93, 5-19-94, Formerly 17-660.803.


62-660.804 General Permit for Sand and Limestone Mines.

(1) General Requirements. This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing
or operating a sand or limestone mine designed and operated in accordance with this
rule, provided that all of the conditions of this rule are met.

(a) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 62-4.540,
F.A.C.

(b) A permitted for a sand or limestone mine general permit shall complete and submit
to the Department DEP Form 62-660.900(6), Sand and Limestone Mine General Permit
Notification Form. The general permit will become effective 30 days after Department
receipt of the notification form, unless the Department notifies the permitted that the
project does not qualify for a general permit.

(c) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
a wetlands resource permit or any other permits required by the Department or any
other federal, state, or local agency.

(d) This general permit is not valid for phosphate, peat, or heavy mineral mining
operations.

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(2) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.

(a) "Limestone mine" means any mining operation in which the primary resource
mined is composed principally of calcium or magnesium carbonate, which includes
shell and coquina, along with the associated processing facility, water control system,
and settling ponds.

(b) "Pollutants" mean any product defined as a pollutant in Section 206.9925, F.S.

(c) "Sand mine" means an area of land from which sand is being mined, along with
the associated processing facility, water control system, and settling ponds.

(3) Information Requirements.

(a) The permitted shall submit a site plan, at a suitable scale, which clearly identifies
the following:

1. Locations of discharges and receiving waters for storm events exceeding a
25-year, 24-hour storm event.

2. Existing and proposed areas to be mined.

3. Existing and proposed process wastewater storage areas.

(b) The facility shall have an exemption from ground water monitoring before use
of this general permit.

(c) The facility shall have a permit under Chapter 373, Florida Statutes, for the Manage-
ment and Storage of Surface Waters (MSSW), a consumptive use permit, or one or
more letters of exemption from the Water Management District or delegated agency
that has jurisdiction over the facility.

(d) The facility shall have filed a notice of mining or intent to mine with the Department
of Environmental Protection.

(e) A Best Management Practices (BMP) Plan shall be developed and implemented
for the facility. The BMP Plan shall prevent or minimize the potential for the release
of pollutants to waters of the state from ancillary activities, including material storage
areas, plant site runoff, in-plant transfer, process and material handling areas, and
loading and unloading operations through plant site runoff, spillage or leaks, or drainage
from raw material storage. The BMP Plan shall be subject to the following requirements:

1. The applicant shall maintain the BMP Plan at the facility and shall make the
plan available upon request.

2. The BMP Plan shall be documented in narrative form, and shall include any
necessary plot plans, drawings, or maps. The BMP Plan shall be prepared and
certified by a professional engineer registered in the State of Florida and shall
be reviewed by the plant engineering staff and the plant manager.

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3. The BMP Plan shall identify areas, systems or components of the facility that
have a potential for causing a release of pollutants to waters of the state, due
to equipment failure, improper operation, or natural phenomena such as extreme
rain or winds.

4. The plan shall include a prediction of the direction, rate of flow, and total
quantity of pollutants which could be discharged from the facility as a result of
equipment failure, improper operation, or natural phenomena such as extreme rain
or winds.

5. The BMP Plan shall establish specific preventative and remedial procedures
to prevent pollutants from reaching waters of the state in amounts which will
cause violation of water quality standards.

6. The BMP Plan shall be modified as necessary whenever there is a change at
the facility which increases the potential for the release of pollutants to waters
of the state.

(4) Design Requirements.

(a) A professional engineer registered in the State of Florida shall certify that the
sand or limestone mine is designed to recycle process wastewater and contain process
wastewater and runoff from storm events up to a 25-year, 24-hour storm event.

(b) All earthen dams storing process wastewater and runoff above grade shall be
constructed and maintained in accordance with good engineering practices.

(c) The mine shall be reasonably designed and maintained to prevent entry of unautho-
rized personnel.

(5) Operational Requirements.

(a) There shall be no discharge to surface waters except as a result of storms exceeding
a 25-year, 24-hour storm event.

(b) No chemicals, except water conditioners or pH adjusters which have been approved
by the Department as not adversely affecting the quality of the water contained in
the mine, shall be added to the process water used for transporting, washing or process-
ing of the sand or limestone.

Specific Authority: 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.088, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 1-2-91, Amended 4-22-93, Formerly 17-660.804.







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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
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62-660.805 General Permit for Disposal of Tomato Wash Water.
(1) General Requirements.
(a) This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing or operating
a treatment and disposal system for wash water from the packaging of fresh market
tomatoes with a wash tank discharging between 5,000 and 50,000 gallons per day,
provided that all of the conditions of this rule are met.
(b) Any tomato wash water disposal system with a wash tank discharging less than
5,000 gallons per day is exempt from the requirement to obtain a Department industrial
wastewater permit if:
1. The disposal of the systems wash water does not cause a violation of any Depart-
ment standard for surface or ground water quality, and
2. Wash water is not discharged directly to surface waters or to ground waters
through wells or sinkholes that allow direct contact with Class G-I or Class G-II
ground waters.
(c) Tomato wash water disposal systems discharging greater than 50,000 gallons per
day, or systems not otherwise complying with the requirements of this rule, must
obtain a standard Department industrial wastewater discharge permit.
(d) Tomato wash water disposal systems that discharge to publicly or privately owned
wastewater treatment facilities permitted by the Department are exempt from Department
industrial wastewater permitting and the requirements of this rule.
(e) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 62-4.540,
F.A.C.
(f) The permitted shall complete and submit DEP Form 62-660.900(7), 10 Tomato
Wash Water Disposal General Permit Notification Form, and the information required
by that form 30 days before use of this general permit.

(g) Within 30 days after construction is complete, the engineer of record or another
registered professional engineer shall certify to the Department, using DEP Form
62-660.900(2), Industrial Wastewater Facilities Certificate of Completion of Construc-
tion, that the permitted construction is complete and usable and was done in accordance
with the plans submitted to the Department except when minor deviations were necessary
because of site-specific conditions. These deviations and the reasons for them shall
be described in detail.
(h) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
any other permits required by the Department or any other federal, state, or local
agency.
(2) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.
(a) "Cull tomatoes" means tomatoes that are removed from the packaging process
because of damage or other reasons that make the tomatoes unsuitable for packaging.

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(b) "Land application site" means an area of land used for treatment and disposal
of wastewater by spray irrigation at predetermined rates necessary to prevent degradation
of ground and surface waters.

(c) "Shallow water supply well" means any potable water well which pumps water
from an unconfined water table aquifer.

(d) "Wash water" means the water used to clean and transport tomatoes before packag-
ing.

(e) "Wash tank" means a tank used to collect and hold wash water.

(3) Prohibitions.

(a) This general permit shall not be valid for tomato canning facilities.

(b) Runoff from the land application site to surface waters of the state is prohibited
from all storm events up to and including a 10-year, 1-hour storm event.

(4) Pre-treatment Design and Operation Requirements.

(a) Tomato wash water disposal systems shall include a screening system or a sedimenta-
tion system that filters out leaves, twigs, and other floating objects to prevent clogging
of the spray nozzles.

(b) The permitted shall dispose of solids from the screening or sedimentation systems
with cull tomatoes or in an approved landfill or solid waste management facility.

(5) Land Application Site Design Requirements.

(a) The hydraulic loading rate of the land application site shall be no more than 0.66
inches per day. The hydraulic loading rate shall not cause toxicity to the cover crop.

(b) At the land application site there shall be a minimum unsaturated depth to the
water table of 18 inches during the operational season as determined by soil surveys
or by a professional engineer or professional geologist. If there is not a minimum
unsaturated depth of 18 inches, percolation tests shall be conducted at the site to
assure that the proposed hydraulic loading rate will not cause ponding and that aerobic
conditions will be maintained in the grass cover crop root zone.

(c) A minimum setback distance of ten feet shall be maintained between the wetted
perimeter and the permitted's property boundary.

(d) The wetted perimeter shall not be located within 100 feet of shallow water supply
wells or Class I surface waters.

(e) The land application site shall be graded and bermed as necessary to prevent runoff
of stormwater resulting from all storm events up to and including a 10-year, 1-hour
storm event.

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(f) A minimum of ten spray nozzles shall be used per wetted acre of land. Spray
nozzles shall be designed to promote volatilization of the wash water and to minimize
spray drift off the land application site.

(6) Land Application Site Operation and Maintenance Requirements.

(a) A cover crop of grass shall be maintained at the land application site to aid in
maintaining aerobic conditions, promoting the decomposition of waste, and maintaining
infiltration rates. The grass cover crop shall be mowed regularly during the operating
season to prevent matting of the grass.

(b) The land application site shall be operated to prevent ponding of the spray wash
water.

(c) Routine maintenance of spray heads, risers, or other distribution equipment shall
be performed as needed to ensure optimal operation.

(7) Record Keeping. The permitted shall keep records of the number of days and the
dates of operation of the land application site each year, the volume of wash water disposed
of each day, and the amount of tomatoes (in boxes, pounds, or tons) processed each
week. The records shall be kept for five years and made available to the Department
upon request.

Specific Authority: 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 1-8-92, Formerly 17-660.805.



62-660.820 General Permit for Fish Farms.

(1) Intent/Purpose. This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing
or operating a fish farm designed and operated in accordance with this rule, if all the
conditions of this rule are met. For the purposes of wetland resource permitting require-
ments, production units and required detention facilities shall not be considered waters
of the state if they are constructed entirely outside of waters of the state and are separated
from waters of the state by a control structure.

(2) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.

(a) "Control elevation" means the lowest water level at which a control structure dis-
charges.

(b) "Detention facility" means any facility designed to temporarily store production
unit discharge waters so as to provide for treatment through physical, chemical, or
biological processes with subsequent gradual release of the water.

(c) "Fee-fishing operations" means facilities where the public is charged a fee to
harvest fish by hook and line.

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(d) "Fish farm" means any facility where fish are grown for commercial, research,
or stock enhancement purposes in fresh water with a chloride concentration less than
1,500 milligrams per liter.

(e) "Lake" means any of the water bodies listed in the Gazetteer of Florida Lakes
(1982), which is incorporated herein by reference.

(f) "Non-native fish" means the marine fish species listed as "non-indigenous marine
animals" in Section 370.081, F.S., and the freshwater fish species not indigenous to
the waters of Florida as determined through review of the Atlas of North American
Freshwater Fishes (1980), which is incorporated herein by reference.

(g) "Pond" means any excavation or impoundment designed to hold water, including
production ponds, detention facilities, and retention facilities.

(h) "Production unit" means any pond or tank where fish are cultured for commercial
purposes, excluding the containers used in hatchery and shipping operations.

(i) "Prohibited species" means the fish species listed as "prohibited freshwater non-na-
tive aquatic species" in Rule 39-23.008(3), F.A.C., of the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission (GFC) and the fish species listed as "non-indigenous marine animals"
in Section 370.081, F.S.

(j) "Registered chemical" means any available commercial product bearing an Environ-
mental Protection Agency (EPA) or a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) label
specifying the allowed aquatic use of the product, or bearing a Florida Department
of Agriculture and Consumer Services (DACS) special local need registration number.

(k) "Restricted species" means the species listed as "restricted freshwater non-native
aquatic species" in Rule 39-23.008(2), F.A.C., of the GFC.

(1) "Retention facility" means any facility designed to prevent the release of all produc-
tion unit discharges into surface waters of the state by complete on-site storage, while
retaining the runoff and direct rainfall from an event up to and including a 25-year,
24-hour storm.

(3) Exempt Operations. The types of aquaculture operations set forth in Paragraphs (a)-(c)
below are exempt from Department industrial wastewater permitting requirements if the
farm's discharge does not cause or contribute to new violations of water quality standards
or to continuation of existing violations and the farm does not discharge to Outstanding
Florida Waters (OFWs).

(a) Fee-fishing operations with a standing crop of less than 1,000 pounds of fish
per acre.

(b) Fish farms that grow only native fish, have less than ten acres of production
ponds, and produce less than 10,000 pounds of fish per year.

(c) Fish farms that produce less than 10,000 pounds of fish per year and do not
discharge production unit waters to surface waters of the state.

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(4) Excluded Operations. This general permit shall not be valid for the types of aquaculture
operations set forth in Paragraphs (a)-(h) below. The exclusions apply to both new and
existing operations except as otherwise specifically provided below. Excluded operations
shall apply for a permit to construct or operate an industrial wastewater treatment facility
as described in Rules 62-4 and 62-660, F.A.C.

(a) Fish farms with flow-through or raceway production systems or with individual
production units which, excluding storm-induced discharges, discharge to surface waters
of the state more than 30 days per year. This exclusion does not apply to farms
that discharge to surface waters of the state only from fish hatchery facilities and
fish shipping facilities.

(b) Fish farms with any ponds or production units constructed in areas that are waters
of the state on or after April 30, 1992. This exclusion shall not apply if the construction
was performed under a Department or water management district wetland resource
permit.

(c) Fish farms with any production ponds constructed after April 30, 1992, using
ponds formed by impounding surface waters of the state.

(d) Fish farms with any ponds connected to Class G-I or G-II (Chapter 7 62-3, F.A.C.)
aquifers through wells or sinkholes.

(e) Fish farms growing or holding prohibited species of fish.

(f) Fish farms that, within a contiguous tract of land owned or controlled by one
person or corporation, have more than 300 acres of production ponds.
(g) Fish farms that discharge either production unit waters or detention pond waters
directly to lakes, estuaries, Class I, Class II, or OFWs, or indirectly to these waters
through intermittent water bodies if no dilution occurs prior to confluence. This exclu-
sion for dischargers to OFWs shall not apply if the fish farm existed before designation
of the waters as an OFW and has not increased its production or its discharge to
the OFW after designation of the water as an OFW.
(h) Fish'farms that discharge to surface waters of the state more than 30 days per
year and produce more than 100,000 pounds of fish per year, or are otherwise required
to obtain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit.

(5) Existing Fish Farms.
(a) Fish farms constructed before April 30, 1992, are exempt from the design require-
ments listed in Rules 62-660.820(7)(a) and (b), F.A.C., and the operational requirements
listed in Rules 62-660.820(8)(h)1. and (i), F.A.C., if they meet all other conditions
of this rule and either the criteria listed in Subparagraphs 1. and 2. of this paragraph
or the criteria listed in Subparagraph 3. of this paragraph.
1. All production unit discharges must be routed to a detention facility designed
and constructed to provide at least a one-day residence time for all production
unit discharges, a retention facility, or an on-site ditch system such that the

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suspended solids resulting from production unit drainage and cleaning activities
are retained on site.

2. Fish farms using ditch systems must meet the following criteria:

a. There must be at least 100 linear feet of ditch between the entry point
of any production unit discharge and the point of discharge from the ditch
to waters of the state.

b. The ditch must be constructed and maintained to provide at least one square
foot of ditch cross-section for each acre-foot of peak daily production unit
discharge.

c. There must be a control structure at the point of discharge to waters of
the state. The control structure must be designed and constructed to provide
a minimum of one foot of separation between the control elevation and the
seasonal high water table as reported in the appropriate Soil Conservation Service
(SCS) soil survey, or as determined in a site-specific determination.

d. The ditch system must be maintained to provide at least one foot of vertical
separation between the ditch bottom and the control elevation.

e. For fish farms using hydraulic methods to wash accumulated sediments from
pond bottoms, the standing crop for the farm must always average less than
500 pounds of fish per acre of production ponds and no individual production
pond may be larger than 0.5 acres in surface area.

3. All production pond drawdown operations shall be conducted as follows:

a. Production pond drawdowns must not be conducted concurrent with or within
five days following harvesting activities that disturb bottom sediments.

b. Pond waters must be discharged only from the surface of the pond.

c. Discharge of the last foot of pond water depth must not be conducted during
or within one day following rain storms.

d. Hydraulic methods must not be used to wash accumulated sediment from
pond bottoms.

e. If discharged off site, pond waters must be transported off site using a vege-
tated ditch or swale.

(b) The exemption provided in Rule 62-660.820(5)(a), F.A.C., does not apply to any
new production unit construction at existing fish farms.

(6) General Requirements.

(a) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 62-4.540,
F.A.C.

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(b) An applicant for a fish farm general permit shall complete and submit to the
Department Form 62-660.900(8), or in a geographical area where the Department
has delegated permitting authority for this general permit, application shall be made
under the rules of the entity receiving the delegation. Pond culture fish farms existing
prior to April 30, 1992, must submit this form and supporting documents or the appropri-
ate alternative application form by April 30, 1993. Tank culture fish farms existing
prior to April 14, 1994, must make the submittal by April 14, 1995. The general
permit will become effective 30 days after Department receipt of the completed notifica-
tion form, unless the Department notifies the applicant that the project does not qualify
for a general permit.

(c) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
other permits or licenses required by the Department or any other federal, state, or
local agency. For example:

1. Water management districts require a Management and Storage of Surface Waters
(MSSW) permit unless a fish farm is exempt from Chapter 373, Part IV, F.S.,
or applicable water management district rule.

2. The Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission may require fish farms growing
non-native freshwater fish to obtain licenses or permits to possess the non-native
species.
3. The Department requires fish farms growing non-native marine fish to obtain
licenses or permits to possess the non-native species. Documentation of the ap-
propriate license or permit shall be provided as part of the general permit notification
form.

4. The Department requires a wetland resource permit for a pond, production unit,
or associated culture facility constructed in any area determined to be waters of
the state pursuant to Chapter 403, F.S. Documentation of appropriate wetland
resource permitting shall be provided as part of the general permit notification
form.

5. An industrial wastewater permit from the Department may be required if fish
processing is conducted at a fish farm.

(7) Design Requirements.
(a) Pond Construction. All ponds shall be designed and constructed in accordance
with the standards established by the SCS for excavated and embankment ponds.
The standards are contained in SCS Standards and Specifications for Ponds (Practice
378, October 1987) and Commercial Fish Ponds (Practice 397, June 1984), which
are incorporated herein by reference. The applicant must demonstrate that these design
standards have been met. Ponds that are subject to the mine reclamation requirements
of Rules 16C-36 and 16C-39, F.A.C., and are constructed in accordance with those
requirements are exempt from the SCS design standards referenced above.
(b) Retention or Detention Facility Construction. Each farm shall include, or document
its legal right of access to, either a retention facility capable of retaining all production

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unit discharges on site or a detention facility designed and constructed to meet the
following criteria:

1. Depending on the maximum projected standing crop for the fish farm as described
in Rule 62-660.820(8)(a)-(b), F.A.C., the detention facility shall provide either
a one-day or five-day residence time for all production unit discharges. To provide
the required residence times, the detention facility shall have the capacity to store
either one or five times the expected peak daily production unit discharge volume
below the control elevation. The calculated storage capacity shall exclude the
freeboard required under minimum SCS standards. If the actual depth of the deten-
tion facility is greater than eight feet, the maximum depth that can be used when
calculating the storage capacity shall be limited to eight feet.

2. For single inlet detention facilities, the length to width ratio of the detention
facility shall be at least 1:1 with maximum separation of the inlet and the outlet.

3. For multi-inlet detention facilities, there shall be at least 100 linear feet separation
between the outlet and the nearest inlet.

4. The detention facility shall be designed and constructed to include a littoral
zone for growth of rooted aquatic vegetation. Side slopes shall be 4:1 or flatter
to a depth of 2.0 feet below the control elevation.

(c) All fish farms where restricted species are grown shall meet the design requirements
listed in Rule 39-23.008(2)(b), F.A.C., of the GFC.

(d) All fish farms where grass carp are grown shall meet the design requirements
listed in Rule 39-23.088, F.A.C., of the GFC.

(e) All fish farms that discharge to surface waters of the state shall have a control
structure at the point of discharge to waters of the state.

(8) Operational Requirements.
(a) In individual production units that discharge through a detention facility with a
one-day residence time, feed application rates shall be limited to 180 pounds of dry
feed per acre per day and the standing crop shall be limited to 6,000 pounds of fish
per acre.

(b) In individual production units that discharge to a retention facility or a detention
facility with a five-day residence time, feed application rates shall be limited to 360
pounds of dry feed per acre per day and the standing crop shall be limited to 12,000
pounds of fish per acre.

(c) Limitations on the feed application rate and the standing crop shall not apply
in individual production units that discharge to a retention facility if the applicant
demonstrates the bottom and sides of the production unit are constructed of impermeable
synthetic materials or lined with at least 12 inches of soil with a hydraulic conductivity
of less than 10-7 cm/sec.

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(d) Only those chemicals registered or allowed by the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or the Florida Department of Agricul-
ture and Consumer Services for aquatic uses shall be applied to the pond water.
Application rates shall be limited to the rates listed on the product label. At fish
farms constructed after April 30, 1992, no registered chemicals shall be applied to
ponds located within 200 feet of off-site drinking water supply wells. Permittees
shall keep detailed records of all usage of registered chemicals, including the application
rate, date of application, chemical used, and pond identification number. Records
shall be kept for a minimum of five years.

(e) Fertilizer application rates shall be limited to the application rates recommended
by the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences in Fact Sheet FA-17, which is
incorporated here by reference.

(f) No diesel fuel or motor oil shall be applied to any pond on the fish farm.

(g) With the exception of bait, no feeds or fertilizers shall be applied within a fish
farm's detention facility.

(h) Production Unit Discharges.

1. All production unit discharges shall be routed to a retention or detention facility
constructed in accordance with Rule 62-660.820(7)(b), F.A.C. There shall be no
direct discharges of production unit water to surface waters of the state or to G-I
or G-II aquifers through sinkholes or wells.

2. Except for storm-induced discharges, no chemically treated production unit wa-
ters shall be discharged to a detention facility within the holding time required
on the product label or prior to chemical deactivation as required on the product
label.

3. The timing of production unit discharges shall be planned to maintain the required
residence time in the detention facility.

(i) All detention facilities shall be adequately maintained to provide the storage capacity
required by Rule 62-660.820(7)(b), F.A.C.

(j) No discharges from the fish farm shall cause or contribute to new violations of
water quality standards or to continuation of existing violations.

(k) Any dead fish collected from the production units, ditches, detention facilities,
or retention facilities shall be disposed of in a landfill permitted by the Department,
used as fish or livestock feed, composted, or buried on site and immediately covered
with sufficient dirt to control odor and vector problems such as flies.

(1) Any sludge collected from the production units, ditches, detention facilities, or
retention facilities shall be disposed of in a landfill permitted by the Department,
used as a soil amendment, or disposed of on site via land application. The following
criteria must be met for land application of the sludge.

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1. No sludge shall be applied to land growing rootcrops, leafy vegetables, tobacco,
and vegetables to be eaten raw.

2. In no case shall more than four dry tons of sludge be applied per acre per
year.

3. The sludge land application area shall be located no closer than 3,000 feet
from any Class I water body or 200 feet from any other natural body of water,
unless the applicant provides a physical barrier that prevents runoff from the applica-
tion area from reaching the surface water of concern within the distance require-
ments.

4. No sludge land application may be conducted during rain storms or during
periods in which surface soils of the sludge land application area are saturated.

5. No sludge shall be applied within 200 feet of solution cavities, fractures, sink-
holes, drainage wells, or drinking water supply wells.

(m) Fish farms shall not allow the escape of non-native fish or their eggs into waters
of the state.

Specific Authority: 403.0877, 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.0877, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 4-30-92, Amended 4-14-94, Formerly 17-660.820.



62-660.821 General Permit for Marine Bivalve Facilities.

(1) Intent/Purpose. This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing
or operating a marine bivalve facility designed and operated in accordance with this rule,
if all the conditions of this rule are met.

(2) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.

(a) "Culture container" means any tank or vessel used to grow or maintain marine
bivalves, including, but not limited to, upwellers, downwellers, and raceways.

(b) "Depuration facility" means a facility where marine bivalves collected from re-
stricted or conditionally restricted sources as defined by Rule 62R-7.004, Florida Ad-
ministrative Code (F.A.C.), of the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) are
treated by a controlled purification process prior to being marketed for human consump-
tion.

(c) "Hatchery" means a facility where juvenile marine bivalves are grown in batch
culture tanks from larvae to juveniles up to two millimeters in size. The hatchery
may include facilities to maintain and condition up to two thousand adult marine
bivalves as brood stock and facilities to produce algal cultures as feed for the marine
bivalves in the hatchery.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.821(2)(d) 12/94



(d) "Marine bivalve facility" means any facility located outside of waters of the state
where marine bivalves are held or grown for commercial, research, or stock enhancement
purposes and includes hatchery, nursery, depuration, and wet storage facilities.

(e) "Native algae" means the algae indigenous to the waters of Florida.

(f) "Non-native marine bivalves" means any marine bivalve not indigenous to the
waters of Florida as determined through review of The Audubon Society Field Guide
to North American Seashells (1981), which is incorporated here by reference and is
available at Department District offices.

(g) "Nursery" means a facility where juvenile marine bivalves are grown, typically
only to a size appropriate for placement on leased bottom lands for final grow-out,
using only ambient algal populations contained in waters pumped through the facility
as food.

(h) "Pond" means any excavation or earthen impoundment designed to hold water,
including pre-treatment ponds, settling facilities, and retention facilities.

(i) "Registered chemicals" means any available commercial product bearing a United
States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or a Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) label specifying the allowed aquatic use of the product, or bearing a Florida
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (DACS) special local need registra-
tion number.

(j) "Settling facility" means any facility designed to treat facility discharges through
partial removal of settleable solids.

(k) "Wet storage facility" means a facility where marine bivalves collected from per-
mitted or approved sources as defined by Rule 62R-7.004, F.A.C., of the DEP are
treated by a controlled purification process prior to being marketed or transferred to
privately owned or leased bottoms.

(3) Exempt Operations. Non-pumping marine bivalve facilities located in waters of the
state on a shellfish or aquaculture lease authorized by the DEP and marine bivalve facilities
that do not discharge to waters of the state are exempt from Department industrial wastewa-
ter permitting requirements if the facility does not cause or contribute to violations of
water quality standards.

(4) Excluded Operations. This general permit shall not be valid for the types of marine
bivalve facilities set forth in Paragraphs (a)-(c) below. The exclusions apply to both
new and existing operations. The following excluded operations shall apply for a permit
to construct or operate an industrial wastewater treatment facility as described in Chapter
62-4, F.A.C.

(a) Marine bivalve facilities growing or holding non-native species of marine bivalves.

(b) Marine bivalve facilities that, within a contiguous tract of land owned or leased
by one person or corporation, discharge more than one million gallons per day.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.821(4)(c) 12/94



(c) Marine bivalve facilities that add supplemental algal cultures to the non-hatchery
component of the facility and discharge to surface waters of the state.

(5) Existing Facilities. Marine bivalve facilities constructed before the effective date of
this rule are exempt from the design requirements listed in Rule 62-660.821(7)(a) and
(b), F.A.C., if they meet all other conditions of this rule. This exemption does not apply
to any new construction at existing marine bivalve facilities.

(6) General Requirements.

(a) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 62-4.540,
F.A.C.

(b) A permitted for a marine bivalve facility general permit shall complete and submit
to the Department DEP Form 62-660.900(9), or in a geographical area where the
Department has delegated permitting authority for this general permit, the permitted
shall submit an application to the delegated entity, under its rules. Marine bivalve
facilities existing prior to the effective date of this rule shall submit this form or
the appropriate alternative application form within six months of the effective date
of this rule. The general permit shall become effective 30 days after Department
receipt of the notification form, unless the Department notifies the permitted that the
project does not qualify for a general permit.

(c) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility to obtain
other permits or licenses required by the Department or any other federal, state, or
local agency. For example:
1. The DEP requires marine bivalve nurseries and hatcheries to obtain licenses
to collect, maintain, and market the marine bivalves possessed at the facility, wet
storage and depuration facilities to obtain a shellfish processing plant certification
license pursuant to Rule 62R-7.007, F.A.C., of the DEP, and facilities constructed
in any area determined to be waters of the state to obtain easements.

2. If any of the associated culture facilities, including intake and discharge pipes,
are constructed in any area determined to be waters of the state pursuant to Chapter
403, Florida Statutes (F.S.), the marine bivalve facility shall have all appropriate
wetland resource permits from the Department of Environmental Protection or any
water management district delegated jurisdictional authority over the wetlands.
Documentation of appropriate wetland resource permitting shall be provided as
part of the general permit notification form. For the purposes of wetland resource
permitting requirements, pre-treatment ponds and required treatment facilities shall
not be considered waters of the state if they are constructed entirely outside of
waters of the state and are separated from waters of the state by a control structure.

(7) Design Requirements.
(a) Pond Construction. All ponds greater than 0.1 acres in surface area used for
pre-treatment or settling shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the
standards established by the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) for excavated and embank-
ment ponds. The standards are contained in SCS Standards and Specifications for

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.821(7)(a) 12/94



Ponds (Practice 378, October 1987), which is incorporated here by reference. All
designs must be certified as meeting these standards by a professional engineer (P.E.)
registered in the State of Florida. Copies of the P.E. Certification shall be submitted
as part of the general permit application.

(b) Intake and discharge pipes shall be constructed in accordance with a wetland re-
source permit issued pursuant to Chapter 62-312, F.A.C., or to meet the following
criteria:

1. Pipes shall not extend over submerged grass bed communities or more than
200 feet over waters of the state.

2. Pipes shall be six inches or less in diameter.

3. Discharge pipes shall not terminate within twenty feet of submerged grass bed
communities or within fifty feet of a marked navigation channel. Outfall structures
shall not hinder navigation and shall be designed and oriented so as to prevent
bottom scour.

4. There shall be no excavation or dredging in waters of the state associated with
installation of the pipe.

5. Materials placed on the bottom in waters of the state shall be limited to the
pipes and devices used to secure the pipes to the bottom.

(c) All marine bivalve facilities that discharge to surface waters of the state shall
have a control structure at the point of discharge to waters of the state.

(8) Operational Requirements.

(a) Only those chemicals registered or allowed by the EPA, the FDA, or the DACS
for aquatic uses shall be applied to the water in the facility. Application rates shall
be limited to the rates listed on the product label. Permittees shall keep detailed records
of all usage of registered chemicals, including the application rate, date of application,
and chemical used. Records shall be kept for a minimum of five years.

(b) Fertilizer application shall be limited to the batch algae culture tanks in hatchery
facilities.

(c) If chlorine is used to sanitize culture containers or to treat water used to grow
larvae, any rinsate from the containers shall be collected and either dechlorinated prior
to discharge to waters of the state or disposed of in a sanitary sewer system or septic
tank.

(d) Facility Discharges.

1. To reduce the settleable solids content of facility discharges during cleaning
operations, at least one of the following practices shall be followed when cleaning
and rinsing culture containers.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.821(8)(d)l.a. 12/94



a. Waters discharged during cleaning and rinsing operations shall be passed
through a filter, screen, hydroclone, or centrifuge. Filtered materials shall be
disposed of in accordance with Rule 62-660.821(8)(h), F.A.C.

b. A wet vacuum or scoop shall be used to remove settled solids directly from
the culture container. To use this method, flow to the culture container shall
be shut off during actual cleaning and rinsing activities.

c. Waters discharged during cleaning and rinsing operations shall be routed
through an in-line sand filter, an in-line settling basin, or an off-line settling
tank. Flow to settling facilities shall be shut off during sediment removal,
and hydraulic methods shall not be used to wash accumulated sediments from
the settling facility.

2. There shall be no direct discharges of water to G-I, G-II, or G-III aquifers
through sinkholes or wells.

3. No chemically treated waters shall be discharged before the holding time required
on the product label.

(e) Only native algae species shall be cultured as feed for the marine bivalves held
or grown within hatchery facilities, and algal culture production shall be limited to
500 gallons per day.

(f) No discharges from the marine bivalve facility shall cause or contribute to violations
of water quality standards.

(g) Any dead bivalves collected from the facility shall be disposed of in a Department-
permitted sanitary landfill, composted, or buried on site and covered with sufficient
dirt to control odor and vector problems such as flies.

(h) Any sludge collected from culture containers or settling facilities shall be disposed
of in a Department-permitted sanitary landfill, used as a soil amendment, or disposed
of on site via land application. The following criteria must be met for land application
of the sludge.

1. No sludge shall be applied to land growing rootcrops, leafy vegetables, tobacco,
or vegetables to be eaten raw.

2. The sludge land application area shall be located no closer than 3,000 feet
from any Class I water body or 200 feet from any other natural body of water,
unless the applicant provides a physical barrier that prevents runoff from the applica-
tion area from reaching the surface water of concern within the distance require-
ments.

3. No sludge land application may be conducted during rain storms or during
periods in which surface soils of the sludge land application area are saturated.

4. No sludge shall be applied within 200 feet of solution cavities, fractures, sink-
holes, drainage wells, or drinking water supply wells.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660.821-History


12/94


Specific Authority: 403.0877, 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.0877, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 3-8-93, Formerly 17-660.821.



62-660.900 Industrial Wastewater Forms. The forms used by the Department under Chapter
62-660, F.A.C., are adopted and incorporated by reference in this section. The forms are
listed below by rule number, which is the same as the form number, and by subject title.
Copies of the forms may be obtained by writing to the Director, Division of Water Facilities,
Department of Environmental Protection, 2600 Blair Stone Road, Tallahassee, Florida
32399-2400.

(1) Application to Construct/Operate Industrial Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Sys-
tems, 11-30-82.

(2) Industrial Wastewater Facilities Certification of Completion of Construction, 11-30-82.

(3) Application for Renewal of Permit to Operate Domestic/Industrial Wastewater Treatment
and Disposal Systems, 7-31-83.

(4) Laundromat General Permit Notification Form, effective 1-2-91.

(5) Car Wash Recycle System General Permit Notification Form, effective 1-2-91.

(6) Sand and Limestone Mine General Permit Notification Form, effective 1-2-91.

(7) Tomato Wash Water General Permit Notification Form, effective 1-8-92.

(8) Fish Farm General Permit Notification Form, effective 4-14-94.

(9) Marine Bivalve Facility General Permit Notification Form, effective 3-8-93.

Specific Authority: 120.53(1), 403.061, 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 120.53(1), 120.55, 403.0875, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 11-27-89, Amended 4-2-90, 1-2-91, 1-8-92, 4-30-92, 3-8-93, 4-14-94,
Formerly 17-660.900.


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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DEP 62-660 12/94
REGfile'system EDITOR'S NOTES






1 REGfile-system Editor's Note: This reference to Paragraph 403.051(3)(a), F.S., should
probably be to Paragraph 403.051(2)(a), F.S.
2 REGfile-system Editor's Note: The definition for "waters" may be found in s. 403.031(13),
Florida Statutes.

3 REGfile-system Editor's Note: Section 17-3.051, F.A.C., was transferred to Section
17-302.500, F.A.C.

4 REGfile-system Editor's Note: This reference to Subsection 62-660.400(q), F.A.C., should
probably be to Paragraph 62-660.400(1)(q), F.A.C.
5 REGfile-system Editor's Note: Portions of Chapter 17-3, F.A.C., pertaining to surface
water quality standards were transferred to Chapter 17-302, F.A.C.
6 REGfile-system Editor's Note: Chapter 62-30, F.A.C., was renumbered from Chapter 17-30,
F.A.C., effective August 10, 1994. Prior to renumbering to Title 62, F.A.C., Chapter 17-30,
F.A.C., had been transferred to Chapter 17-730, F.A.C.

7 REGfile-system Editor's Note: Chapter 62-3, F.A.C., was renumbered from Chapter 17-3,
F.A.C., effective August 10, 1994. Prior to renumbering to Title 62, F.A.C., portions of
Chapter 17-3, F.A.C., pertaining to Class G-I, G-II and G-III waters were transferred to
Sections 17-520.420 and 17-520.430, F.A.C.
8 REGfile-system Editor's Note: Section 403.101, F.S., expired pursuant to s. 3, ch. 82-44,
Laws of Florida, effective October 1, 1992.

9 REGfile-system Editor's Note: Paragraph 62-660.802(3)(i), F.A.C., was renumbered from
Paragraph 17-660.802(3)(i), F.A.C., effective August 10, 1994. Prior to renumbering to Title
62, F.A.C., Paragraph 17-660.802(3)(i), F.A.C., was renumbered as Paragraph 17-660.802(3)(j),
F.A.C., effective April 22, 1993.

10 REGfile-system Editor's Note: The title for Form 62-660.900(7) as printed on the form
is Tomato Wash Water General Permit Notification Form.

1 REGfile-system Editor's Note: Section 62-302.560, F.A.C., was renumbered from Section
17-302.560, F.A.C., effective August 10, 1994. Prior to renumbering to Title 62, F.A.C.,
Section 17-302.560, F.A.C., was transferred to Section 17-302.530, F.A.C.







Copyright 1994 REGfiles, inc., Tallahassee, Florida






INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES


DEP 62-660


12/94


LISTING OF AMENDMENTS



Chapter/Section Change Effective Date
Description of Change

UPDATE: 4/94

17-660.820 Amendment April 14, 1994
Creating an exemption from permitting for fish farms
that neither exceed 10,000 pounds production per year
nor discharge to surface waters of the state; removing
the exclusion from general permit eligibility for fish
farms that discharge directly to G-III aquifers.

17-660.900(8) Amendment April 14, 1994
Amending the form entitled "Fish Farm General Permit
Notification Form."

UPDATE: 5194

17-660.803 Amendment May 19, 1994
Allowing car washes located in residential areas to dis-
charge up to 4,000 gallons per week of wastewater
without a Department permit; stating that wastewater
generated at these facilities must flow to either a per-
mitted stormwater management facility or a constructed
infiltration area.

UPDATE: 12/94

62-660 Transfer August 10, 1994
DEP Letter of Transfer. Renumbering Chapter 17-660,
F.A.C., to Chapter 62-660, F.A.C.


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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DER 17-660.801 5/94



17-660.801 General Permit for a Wastewater Disposal System for a Laundromat.
(1) General Requirements.
(a) This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing or operating
a wastewater disposal system for a laundromat designed and operated in accordance
with this rule, provided that all the conditions of this rule are met.
(b) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 17-4.540,
F.A.C.
(c) The permitted shall complete and submit DER Form 17-660.900(4), Laundromat
General Permit Notification Form, and required information 30 days before use of
this general permit.
(d) Within 30 days after construction is complete, the engineer of record or another
registered professional engineer shall certify to the Department, using DER Form
17-660.900(2), Industrial Wastewater Facilities Certificate of Completion of Construc-
tion, that the permitted construction is complete and usable and that it was done in
accordance with the plans submitted to the Department except when minor deviations
were necessary. These deviations and the reasons for them shall be described in
detail.
(e) There shall be no discharge of dry cleaning materials.
(f) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
any other permits required by the Department or any other federal, state, or local
agency.

(g) The design volume of flow shall be less than 10,000 gallons per day. The design
flow shall be determined by multiplying the maximum hourly rate by 12. The maximum
hourly rate shall be based on the number of washing machines, the water used per
cycle, and the maximum expected number of cycles per machine per hour.
(2) Treatment System Design Requirements. All design calculations and drawings shall
be submitted with the notification form, DER Form 17-660.900(4), Laundromat General
Permit Notification Form. Either a trickling filter or a sand filter system shall be constructed
using all of the components and the design criteria listed below. The chlorination and
disposal system components and design criteria listed in Subsections (3) and (4) of this
rule are required of all systems.
(a) Trickling filter systems shall include, at a minimum, the following components:
1. A screen chamber that contains at least four non-corrosive screens: two 1/4-inch
screens followed by two 1/8-inch screens.
2. A primary settling tank that provides a minimum of four hours detention based
on the maximum hourly rate.
3. A sump pump with an effective capacity equal to, or greater than, the maximum
hourly rate.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DER 17-660.801(2)(a)4. 5/94


4. A recirculation pump that provides a minimum recirculation ratio of 2:1, and
that is piped to provide continuous dosing of the filter 24 hours per day.

5. The following design criteria, if the trickling filter uses rock media:

a. Crushed rock, slag, or an inert manufactured material that will pass through
a 3 1/2-inch square screen and that will be retained on a 2-inch screen.

b. A filter depth of at least 6 feet.

c. A hydraulic loading not to exceed 460 gallons per square foot per day.

d. An organic loading not to exceed 1.24 pounds of BOD per cubic yard per
day.

6. The following design criteria, if the trickling filter uses plastic filter media:

a. A filter depth based on expected performance.

b. A hydraulic loading riot to exceed 1,840 gallons per square foot per day.

c. An organic loading not to exceed 5 pounds of BOD per cubic yard per
day.

7. A distribution system, such as a reaction type distributor, to provide uniform
application of waste influent over the filter.

8. Underdrains sloped to prevent ponding and designed to provide adequate ventila-
tion to allow a free flow of air through the filter.

9. A secondary settling tank that provides a minimum detention of one hour at
the maximum hourly rate.

(b) Open sand filter systems shall include, at a minimum, the following components:

1. A screen chamber that contains at least four non-corrosive screens: two 1/4-inch
screens followed by two 1/8-inch screens.

2. A primary settling tank that provides a minimum detention of four hours based
on the maximum hourly rate.

3. At least two filter beds, allowing alternate loading and resting of the beds,
with a maximum filter loading of 4.5 gallons per day per square foot.

4. A gravel base, placed in three layers, each at least six inches thick, over the
underdrains. Suggested gradings for the three layers are: 1 1/2-inch to 3/4-inch;
3/4-inch to 1/4-inch; and 1/4-inch to 1/8-inch. Underdrains shall be sloped to
the outlet, and spaced 10 feet on center. Alternate thicknesses and gradings for
the gravel base may be used, provided the gravel base adequately supports the

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DER 17-660.801(2)(b)4. 5/94


filter material, prevents the sand from entering the underdrains, and provides uniform
flow over the gravel base and underdrains.
5. At least 30 inches of clean sand placed over the gravel base. The effective
size of the sand shall be between 0.31 and 0.45 millimeters and the uniformity
coefficient shall not be greater than 3.5.

(3) Chlorination Requirements.

(a) A chlorination tank shall be provided, designed for a minimum thirty minute contact
time.

(b) A chlorine residual of at least 0.5 mg/1 shall be maintained at all times.
(4) Disposal System Requirements.
(a) The disposal of wastewater shall be to either an absorption field designed in accor-
dance with Rule 17-610.550, F.A.C., or to a percolation pond designed in accordance
with Rule 17-610.500, F.A.C. The design of the absorption field or percolation pond
shall be based on the results of soil testing and mounding analysis as required in
Subsections (b) and (c) below.

(b) At a minimum, the following soil tests shall be conducted at the disposal site
to simulate actual loading conditions during the design life of the absorption field
or percolation pond and to determine the horizontal and vertical permeabilities of
the underlying strata. These tests shall be conducted at a frequency of one test per
1,000 square feet of disposal area.

1. Double-ring infiltrometer tests.
2. Soil borings to a depth of at least ten feet below the disposal site. Lithologic
logs of each boring shall be provided, along with permeability test results from
each distinct soil stratum encountered.

(c) Based on test results in Subsection (b) above, the applicant shall perform a mounding
analysis as described in Rule 17-610.310(3)(c)8., F.A.C.

Specific Authority: 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.088, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 11-27-89, Amended 1-2-91, 4-22-93.


17-660.802 General Permit for a Pesticide Waste Degradation System.

(1) A general permit is hereby granted to any person for the construction and operation
of a pesticide waste degradation system for the evaporation and degradation of pesticide
rinse water generated in the cleaning of pesticide application equipment, which has been
designed and is operated in accordance with the provisions of Rule 17-660.802(3)-(6),
F.A.C., provided that all of the following conditions are met:

Copyright 1994 REGfiles, inc., Tallahassee, Florida
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(a) There is no discharge of water or pesticide from the system to the surface or
ground water, or to soil outside of the tank; and
(b) The owner of the system charges no fee for use of the system; and
(c) The owner of the system notifies the appropriate Department District office within
two working days in the event of a leak or spill in excess of twenty-five gallons
associated with the facility or within thirty days in the event that the ownership of
the facility is changed; and
(d) Permittee owns the land upon which the system is to be built or provides a copy
of a legal agreement with the owner of the land which specifies that the land owner
will be responsible for the proper operation and closure of the system; and
(e) The rinse water discharged to the system consists of dilute pesticide solutions
generated from cleaning of the pesticide application equipment or from empty pesticide
containers.
(2) The general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 17-4.540, F.A.C.,
and the following specific conditions:
(a) The system shall not be placed in the one hundred-year flood plain of a river;
within one hundred feet of a lake, pond, wetland system or flowing stream; within
seventy-five feet of a drinking water well; or within twenty-five feet of a property
boundary.
(b) This permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility of obtaining a
dredge and fill permit or any other permit where it is required by the Department,
or any other local, county, state or federal agency.

(3) The system shall include, as a minimum, the components listed below, constructed
of the materials specified or their equivalent or a superior material. Other components
which enhance the operation of the system are not prohibited.
(a) A concrete wash down slab with a six mil or thicker plastic underliner and a
drain that is connected to a tank meeting the requirements of Rule 17-660.802(3)(e),
F.A.C., below.
(b) A sump and pump combination to circulate water coming from the wash down
slab to the tank, or a pipe with sufficient grade to carry water from the wash down
slab to the tank. If a sump is used, it must be constructed of concrete with a six
mil or thicker plastic underliner.
(c) An automatically activated alarm or pump cut-off switch that will be activated
when the evaporation tank overfills.
(d) A low profile removable cover or a roof that prevents rainfall from reaching the
wash down slab.
(e) An evaporation tank constructed of non-earthen material of sufficient structural
strength to withstand the pressure of the contained soil and water.

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DER 17-660.802(l)(a)


5/94






(f) Tank media no less than eighteen inches in depth, consisting of a bottom layer
of 1/4- to 3/4-inch gravel, a middle layer of soil, and a top layer of 1/4- to 3/4-inch
gravel, each layer no less than six inches in thickness.

(g) A water distribution system consisting of an eight inch or greater diameter pipe
extending from the bottom of the lower gravel bed to no less than six inches above
the top of the tank. The pipe shall be perforated at the bottom to allow water flow
into the gravel bed. The Department shall approve an alternative distribution system
which provides equivalent or improved distribution and flow of water to the media.

(h) A clear fiberglass or plexiglass roof over the tank which extends over the one
foot berm specified in Rule 9 17-660.802(3)(i), F.A.C., below.

(i) A metal fence with a locking gate surrounding the tank that prevents unauthorized
entry.

(j) If an above-ground tank is used, a concrete slab underneath the tank that is underlain
by a six mil or thicker plastic liner and a slab or gravel bed underlain by a six mil
or thicker plastic liner that extends up and over a one foot berm completely surrounding
the slab or gravel bed.

(k) If an in-ground tank is used, a second, larger tank that completely encloses the
tank containing the water and media, and is equipped with a continuously operating
leak detection system and an automatically activated pump to transfer leakage back
to the primary tank.

(1) If an in-ground tank is used, and placed in the saturated zone, suitable anchoring
devices or structures are used to prevent flotation or dislodgement.

(m) If an accumulation or collection tank is used to accumulate rinse water prior
to discharge to the evaporation tank, or collect excess rinse water when the evaporation
tank is full, this tank shall be stationary and shall be connected by permanent piping
to the evaporation tank, and be placed inside the one foot berm specified in Rule
9 17-660.802(3)(i), F.A.C., above. The tank or tanks shall have no more than a 1,000
gallon capacity.

(4) The system shall have the following capacities and operating characteristics for the
various components:

(a) The evaporation tank shall have enough surface area to evaporate in one month
the volume of pesticide rinse water discharged to it that month and sufficient volume
to hold one month's discharge of pesticide rinse water plus fifty percent. This volume
shall be calculated using only the space above the media layer in the tank.

(b) The sump shall have enough capacity to hold drainage from the slab without
running over.

(c) The pump capacity shall exceed the flow rate of the water supply used to clean
equipment on the slab.

Copyright 1994 REGfiles, inc., Tallahassee, Florida







(d) The tank shall be located at least 75 feet from nearby structures to allow optimum
airflow.

(e) If an above-ground tank is used, the tank shall be elevated a minimum of eight
inches above an underlying slab to allow inspection for leaks.

(5) The system shall be operated in the following manner

(a) Prior to the first discharge of pesticide rinse water to the system, clean water
shall be added to the system, including the storage and evaporation tanks, and the
system inspected for leaks.

(b) Water pumped or drained to the tank shall enter the media as described in Rule
17-660.802(3)(f), F.A.C.

(c) If a sump is used it shall be pumped dry at the end of each working day.

(d) Vegetation shall not block airflow across the tank surface or obstruct inspection
of the tank.

(e) If an in-ground tank is used, the leak detection system shall continuously operate
and be checked for proper operation on a weekly basis.

(f) The evaporation tank and accumulation tank shall be inspected for leaks on a
daily basis while in use.

(g) The evaporation tank shall not be filled to within one inch of its top edge during
operation.

(h) An auxiliary tank shall be made available to transfer the contents of the evaporation
tank or accumulation tank should either of these tanks develop a leak or need to
be repaired. This tank may be portable.

(6) The system shall be dismantled and the media disposed of in the following manner:

(a) The appropriate Department District office shall be notified that the facility is
to be dismantled.

(b) Disposal of the media in the tank shall comply with 40 C.F.R. 262 as adopted
by Chapter 6 17-30, F.A.C.

(c) Disposal of system components and media shall be in a manner that does not
contaminate ground or surface water.

(7) Details of recommended construction and operation can be found in the Institute of
Food and Agricultural Sciences Bulletin No. 242. (Available from Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences Editorial Department, G022 McCarty Hall, Gainesville, Florida
32611.)

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Specific Authority: 403.814, FS.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.088, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 11-27-89, Amended 4-2-90, 4-22-93.



17-660.803 General Permit for Car Wash Systems.

(1) Applicability.

(a) This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing or operating
a car wash treatment, disposal, and recycle system, designed and operated in accordance
with this rule, provided that all of the conditions of this rule are met.

(b) Any residential car wash, as defined below, discharging 4,000 gallons or less of
wastewater per week is exempt from the requirement to obtain this general permit
or a Department industrial wastewater permit if all of the following requirements are
met:

1. Wastewater is not discharged directly to surface waters or to ground waters
through wells or sinkholes that allow direct contact with Class G-I or Class G-II
ground waters as defined in Chapter 17-520, F.A.C.;

2. Best management practices (BMPs) are implemented to minimize runoff from,
or run-on to, the site;

3. The facility maintains a 100 foot setback from public drinking water wells and
a 75 foot setback from private drinking water wells;

4. The car wash discharges into:

a. A percolation system that incorporates a grassed swale or infiltration area
capable of treating both the wastewater and the first half-inch of runoff from
the impervious surface set aside for the car wash. Grit, oil or grease shall
be prevented from leaving the retention area, and any trapped solids and oils
shall be disposed of in accordance with Rule 17-660.803(4), F.A.C., or

b. An existing, permitted, stormwater treatment system, if the discharge will
not violate any condition of the stormwater permit;

5. The wash equipment incorporates a method to determine wash water flows such
as a meter or a non-reset type counter or similar device which measures the number
of cycles and a control timer or similar device which limits the time of each
cycle.

6. A sign is posted which contains, at a minimum, the following language: "NO
ENGINE OR OUTBOARD MOTOR CLEANING OR REPAIRING, NO OIL
CHANGING OR DUMPING, NO COOLANT FLUSHING."

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7. The owner of the facility notifies the Department in writing within 30 days
of completion of construction that a car wash facility has been constructed pursuant
to this exemption.

(c) Car washes that do not qualify for either a general permit or an exemption in
accordance with this rule shall apply for an industrial wastewater permit or connect
to a domestic wastewater treatment facility capable of treating the car wash wastewater.

(2) General Requirements.
(a) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 17-4.540,
F.A.C.

(b) The permitted shall complete and submit DER Form 17-660.900(5), Car Wash
Recycle System General Permit Notification Form, and required information 30 days
before use of this general permit.

(c) Within 30 days after construction is complete, the engineer of record or another
registered professional engineer shall certify to the Department, using DER Form
17-660.900(2), Industrial Wastewater Facilities Certification of Completion of Construc-
tion, that the permitted construction is complete and usable and that it was done in
accordance with the plans submitted to the Department except when minor deviations
were necessary. These deviations and the reasons for them shall be described in detail.

(d) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
any other permits required by the Department or any other federal, state, or local
agency.

(3) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.
(a) "Residential car wash" shall mean any facility located in a single-family or multi-
family housing development, which is designed specifically for the purpose of vehicle
washing.

(b) "Rinse water" for car wash recycle systems means the treated or fresh water sprayed
on the car after washing.

(c) "Rollover car wash" means a car wash where the vehicle remains stationary while
the washing, rinsing, waxing, and drying equipment passes over the car.

(d) "Spent process water" for car wash recycle systems means the water contained
in the system (tanks, pumps, and piping) that is no longer suitable for use, because
of the long-term build-up of salts or other contaminants.

(e) "Tunnel car wash" means a car wash where the vehicle is pulled through a building
by conveyor or other means, passing through separate washing, rinsing, waxing, and
drying areas.

(f) "Wand car wash" means a self-service car wash where the vehicle remains stationary
and the car is washed using a high pressure stream of water from a hand-held wand.

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DER 17-660.803(3)(g) 5/94



(g) "Wash water" for car wash recycle systems means the water containing detergent
used to remove dirt from the car.

(4) Prohibitions.

(a) This general permit shall not be valid for truck wash facilities.

(b) No engine degreasing solvents shall be used at the facility.

(c) No oil or engine coolant or other solid wastes shall be disposed of at the facility.

(d) There shall be no discharge of wastewaters from the treatment, disposal, or recycle
system to surface waters.

(5) Specific Requirements.

(a) Spent process water shall be disposed of at a Department-permitted wastewater
treatment facility or a pre-treatment facility connected to a Department-permitted waste-
water treatment facility.

(b) Solids from sedimentation tanks and used filter material shall be disposed of at
a Class I or II landfill authorized by the Department to accept solid wastes under
Chapter 17-701, F.A.C.

(c) Any waste oil collected from oil/water separators shall be disposed of by a licensed
used oil recycler in accordance with Chapter 17-710, F.A.C.

(d) Wand or rollover car wash systems using this general permit shall install and
use a total recycle system that recycles both wash water and rinse water with no
discharge of wastewater to waters of the state.

(e) All facilities that provide wax, add drying agents or other additives, or have water
softening equipment shall install a total recycle system that recycles both wash water
and rinse water, with no discharge of wastewater to waters of the state.

(6) Design Requirements. The car wash recycle system shall be designed and operated
to prevent discharge to ground water and surface water except as described in (g) below.

(a) An oil/water separator shall be installed.

(b) A chlorination system shall be installed if the facility is creating an objectionable
odor as defined in Rule 17-296.200, F.A.C.

(c) Recycling equipment, such as sedimentation tanks, filtration units, and pumps,
shall have adequate capacity to handle maximum hourly flows based on expected usage
and the size of the facility.

(d) Recycling equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturers'
recommendations to ensure proper operation.

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(e) Overhangs or other devices shall be installed on buildings to prevent stormwater
from entering the recycle system.

(f) Curbs around wash bays or tunnel entrances shall be installed or bays or tunnels
shall be elevated to prevent stormwater from entering the recycle system.

(g) Partial Recycle Systems. A tunnel car wash or other car wash that separates
wash and rinse water and recycles wash water may dispose of excess rinse water
to an absorption field system, provided that the following conditions are met:

1. Only rinse water shall be disposed of in the absorption field system. Wash
water is prohibited from disposal.

2. The discharge of rinse water shall not exceed 2,000 gallons per day to the
absorption field.

3. The rinse water shall be treated in a settling tank having a minimum detention
time of 90 minutes based on the maximum discharge rate.

4. The absorption field shall be designed, sized, and installed in accordance with
the technical standards and criteria for absorption fields contained in Chapter 10D-6,
F.A.C.

Specific Authority: 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 1-2-91, Amended 4-22-93, 5-19-94.


17-660.804 General Permit for Sand and Limestone Mines.

(1) General Requirements. This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing
or operating a sand or limestone mine designed and operated in accordance with this
rule, provided that all of the conditions of this rule are met.

(a) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 17-4.540,
F.A.C.

(b) A permitted for a sand or limestone mine general permit shall complete and submit
to the Department DER Form 17-660.900(6), Sand and Limestone Mine General Permit
Notification Form. The general permit will become effective 30 days after Department
receipt of the notification form, unless the Department notifies the permitted that the
project does not qualify for a general permit.

(c) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
a wetlands resource permit or any other permits required by the Department or any
other federal, state, or local agency.

(d) This general permit is not valid for phosphate, peat, or heavy mineral mining
operations.

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DER 17-660.804(2) 5/94


(2) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.

(a) "Limestone mine" means any mining operation in which the primary resource
mined is composed principally of calcium or magnesium carbonate, which includes
shell and coquina, along with the associated processing facility, water control system,
and settling ponds.

(b) "Pollutants" mean any product defined as a pollutant in Section 206.9925, F.S.

(c) "Sand mine" means an area of land from which sand is being mined, along with
the associated processing facility, water control system, and settling ponds.

(3) Information Requirements.

(a) The permitted shall submit a site plan, at a suitable scale, which clearly identifies
the following:

1. Locations of discharges and receiving waters for storm events exceeding a
25-year, 24-hour storm event.

2. Existing and proposed areas to be mined.

3. Existing and proposed process wastewater storage areas.

(b) The facility shall have an exemption from ground water monitoring before use
of this general permit.

(c) The facility shall have a permit under Chapter 373, Florida Statutes, for the Manage-
ment and Storage of Surface Waters (MSSW), a consumptive use permit, or one or
more letters of exemption from the Water Management District or delegated agency
that has jurisdiction over the facility.

(d) The facility shall have filed a notice of mining or intent to mine with the Department
of Natural Resources.

(e) A Best Management Practices (BMP) Plan shall be developed and implemented
for the facility. The BMP Plan shall prevent or minimize the potential for the release
of pollutants to waters of the state from ancillary activities, including material storage
areas, plant site runoff, in-plant transfer, process and material handling areas, and
loading and unloading operations through plant site runoff, spillage or leaks, or drainage
from raw material storage. The BMP Plan shall be subject to the following requirements:

1. The applicant shall maintain the BMP Plan at the facility and shall make the
plan available upon request.

2. The BMP Plan shall be documented in narrative form, and shall include any
necessary plot plans, drawings, or maps. The BMP Plan shall be prepared and
certified by a professional engineer registered in the State of Florida and shall
be reviewed by the plant engineering staff and the plant manager.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DER !- .c.rl3e3. 5 9-



3. The BMP Plan shall identify areas, systems or components of the facility that
have a potential for causing a release of pollutants to waters of the state, due
to equipment failure, improper operation, or natural phenomena such as extreme
rain or winds.

4. The plan shall include a prediction of the direction, rate of flow, and total
quantity of pollutants which could be discharged from the facility as a result of
equipment failure, improper operation, or natural phenomena such as extreme rain
or winds.

5. The BMP Plan shall establish specific preventative and remedial procedures
to prevent pollutants from reaching waters of the state in amounts which will
cause violation of water quality standards.

6. The BMP Plan shall be modified as necessary whenever there is a change at
the facility which increases the potential for the release of pollutants to waters
of the state.

(4) Design Requirements.

(a) A professional engineer registered in the State of Florida shall certify that the
sand or limestone mine is designed to recycle process wastewater and contain process
wastewater and runoff from storm events up to a 25-year, 24-hour storm event.

(b) All earthen dams storing process wastewater and runoff above grade shall be
constructed and maintained in accordance with good engineering practices.

(c) The mine shall be reasonably designed and maintained to prevent entry of unautho-
rized personnel.

(5) Operational Requirements.

(a) There shall be no discharge to surface waters except as a result of storms exceeding
a 25-year, 24-hour storm event.

(b) No chemicals, except water conditioners or pH adjusters which have been approved
by the Department as not adversely affecting the quality of the water contained in
the mine, shall be added to the process water used for transporting, washing or proces-
sing of the sand or limestone.

Specific Authority: 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.088, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 1-2-91, Amended 4-22-93.







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17-660.805 General Permit for Disposal of Tomato Wash Water.
(1) General Requirements.
(a) This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing or operating
a treatment and disposal system for wash water from the packaging of fresh market
tomatoes with a wash tank discharging between 5,000 and 50,000 gallons per day,
provided that all of the conditions of this rule are met.
(b) Any tomato wash water disposal system with a wash tank discharging less than
5,000 gallons per day is exempt from the requirement to obtain a Department industrial
wastewater permit if:
1. The disposal of the systems wash water does not cause a violation of any Depart-
ment standard for surface or ground water quality, and
2. Wash water is not discharged directly to surface waters or to ground waters
through wells or sinkholes that allow direct contact with Class G-I or Class G-II
ground waters.
(c) Tomato wash water disposal systems discharging greater than 50,000 gallons per
day, or systems not otherwise complying with the requirements of this rule, must
obtain a standard Department industrial wastewater discharge permit.
(d) Tomato wash water disposal systems that discharge to publicly or privately owned
wastewater treatment facilities permitted by the Department are exempt from Department
industrial wastewater permitting and the requirements of this rule.
(e) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 17-4.540,
F.A.C.
(f) The permitted shall complete and submit DER Form 17-660.900(7), 10Tomato
Wash Water Disposal General Permit Notification Form, and the information required
by that form 30 days before use of this general permit.
(g) Within 30 days after construction is complete, the engineer of record or another
registered professional engineer shall certify to the Department, using DER Form
17-660.900(2), Industrial Wastewater Facilities Certificate of Completion of Construc-
tion, that the permitted construction is complete and usable and was done in accordance
with the plans submitted to the Department except when minor deviations were necessary
because of site-specific conditions. These deviations and the reasons for them shall
be described in detail.
(h) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
any other permits required by the Department or any other federal, state, or local
agency.
(2) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.
(a) "Cull tomatoes" means tomatoes that are removed from the packaging process
because of damage or other reasons that make the tomatoes unsuitable for packaging.

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DER 17-660.805(2)(b) 5/94



(b) "Land application site" means an area of land used for treatment and disposal
of wastewater by spray irrigation at predetermined rates necessary to prevent degradation
of ground and surface waters.

(c) "Shallow water supply well" means any potable water well which pumps water
from an unconfined water table aquifer.

(d) "Wash water" means the water used to clean and transport tomatoes before packag-
ing.

(e) "Wash tank" means a tank used to collect and hold wash water.

(3) Prohibitions.

(a) This general permit shall not be valid for tomato canning facilities.

(b) Runoff from the land application site to surface waters of the state is prohibited
from all storm events up to and including a 10-year, 1-hour storm event.

(4) Pre-treatment Design and Operation Requirements.

(a) Tomato wash water disposal systems shall include a screening system or a sedimenta-
tion system that filters out leaves, twigs, and other floating objects to prevent clogging
of the spray nozzles.

(b) The permitted shall dispose of solids from the screening or sedimentation systems
with cull tomatoes or in an approved landfill or solid waste management facility.

(5) Land Application Site Design Requirements.

(a) The hydraulic loading rate of the land application site shall be no more than 0.66
inches per day. The hydraulic loading rate shall not cause toxicity to the cover crop.

(b) At the land application site there shall be a minimum unsaturated depth to the
water table of 18 inches during the operational season as determined by soil surveys
or by a professional engineer or professional geologist. If there is not a minimum
unsaturated depth of 18 inches, percolation tests shall be conducted at the site to
assure that the proposed hydraulic loading rate will not cause ponding and that aerobic
conditions will be maintained in the grass cover crop root zone.

(c) A minimum setback distance of ten feet shall be maintained between the wetted
perimeter and the permitted's property boundary.

(d) The wetted perimeter shall not be located within 100 feet of shallow water supply
wells or Class I surface waters.

(e) The land application site shall be graded and bermed as necessary to prevent runoff
of stormwater resulting from all storm events up to and including a 10-year, 1-hour
storm event.

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DER 17-660.805(5)(f) 5/94



(f) A minimum of ten spray nozzles shall be used per wetted acre of land. Spray
nozzles shall be designed to promote volatilization of the wash water and to minimize
spray drift off the land application site.

(6) Land Application Site Operation and Maintenance Requirements.

(a) A cover crop of grass shall be maintained at the land application site to aid in
maintaining aerobic conditions, promoting the decomposition of waste, and maintaining
infiltration rates. The grass cover crop shall be mowed regularly during the operating
season to prevent matting of the grass.

(b) The land application site shall be operated to prevent ponding of the spray wash
water.

(c) Routine maintenance of spray heads, risers, or other distribution equipment shall
be performed as needed to ensure optimal operation.

(7) Record Keeping. The permitted shall keep records of the number of days and the
dates of operation of the land application site each year, the volume of wash water disposed
of each day, and the amount of tomatoes (in boxes, pounds, or tons) processed each
week. The records shall be kept for five years and made available to the Department
upon request.

Specific Authority: 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.061, 403.087, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 1-8-92.



17-660.820 General Permit for Fish Farms.

(1) Intent/Purpose. This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing
or operating a fish farm designed and operated in accordance with this rule, if all the
conditions of this rule are met. For the purposes of wetland resource permitting require-
ments, production units and required detention facilities shall not be considered waters
of the state if they are constructed entirely outside of waters of the state and are separated
from waters of the state by a control structure.

(2) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.

(a) "Control elevation" means the lowest water level at which a control structure dis-
charges.

(b) "Detention facility" means any facility designed to temporarily store production
unit discharge waters so as to provide for treatment through physical, chemical, or
biological processes with subsequent gradual release of the water.

(c) "Fee-fishing operations" means facilities where the public is charged a fee to
harvest fish by hook and line.

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(d) "Fish farm" means any facility where fish are grown for commercial, research,
or stock enhancement purposes in fresh water with a chloride concentration less than
1,500 milligrams per liter.

(e) "Lake" means any of the water bodies listed in the Gazetteer of Florida Lakes
(1982), which is incorporated herein by reference.

(f) "Non-native fish" means the marine fish species listed as "non-indigenous marine
animals" in Section 370.081, F.S., and the freshwater fish species not indigenous to
the waters of Florida as determined through review of the Atlas of North American
Freshwater Fishes (1980), which is incorporated herein by reference.

(g) "Pond" means any excavation or impoundment designed to hold water, including
production ponds, detention facilities, and retention facilities.

(h) "Production unit" means any pond or tank where fish are cultured for commercial
purposes, excluding the containers used in hatchery and shipping operations.

(i) "Prohibited species" means the fish species listed as "prohibited freshwater non-na-
tive aquatic species" in Rule 39-23.008(3), F.A.C., of the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission (GFC) and the fish species listed as "non-indigenous marine animals"
in Section 370.081, F.S.

(j) "Registered chemical" means any available commercial product bearing an Environ-
mental Protection Agency (EPA) or a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) label
specifying the allowed aquatic use of the product, or bearing a Florida Department
of Agriculture and Consumer Services (DACS) special local need registration number.

(k) "Restricted species" means the species listed as "restricted freshwater non-native
aquatic species" in Rule 39-23.008(2), F.A.C., of the GFC.

(1) "Retention facility" means any facility designed to prevent the release of all produc-
tion unit discharges into surface waters of the state by complete on-site storage, while
retaining the runoff and direct rainfall from an event up to and including a 25-year,
24-hour storm.

(3) Exempt Operations. The types of aquaculture operations set forth in Paragraphs (a)-(c)
below are exempt from Department industrial wastewater permitting requirements if the
farm's discharge does not cause or contribute to new violations of water quality standards
or to continuation of existing violations and the farm does not discharge to Outstanding
Florida Waters (OFWs).
(a) Fee-fishing operations with a standing crop of less than 1,000 pounds of fish
per acre.
(b) Fish farms that grow only native fish, have less than ten acres of production
ponds, and produce less than 10,000 pounds of fish per year.

(c) Fish farms that produce less than 10,000 pounds of fish per year and do not
discharge production unit waters to surface waters of the state.

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(4) Excluded Operations. This general permit shall not be valid for the types of aquaculture
operations set forth in Paragraphs (a)-(h) below. The exclusions apply to both new and
existing operations except as otherwise specifically provided below. Excluded operations
shall apply for a permit to construct or operate an industrial wastewater treatment facility
as described in Rules 17-4 and 17-660, F.A.C.
(a) Fish farms with flow-through or raceway production systems or with individual
production units which, excluding storm-induced discharges, discharge to surface waters
of the state more than 30 days per year. This exclusion does not apply to farms
that discharge to surface waters of the state only from fish hatchery facilities and
fish shipping facilities.

(b) Fish farms with any ponds or production units constructed in areas that are waters
of the state on or after April 30, 1992. This exclusion shall not apply if the construction
was performed under a Department or water management district wetland resource
permit.

(c) Fish farms with any production ponds constructed after April 30, 1992, using
ponds formed by impounding surface waters of the state.
(d) Fish farms with any ponds connected to Class G-I or G-II (Chapter 7 17-3, F.A.C.)
aquifers through wells or sinkholes.
(e) Fish farms growing or holding prohibited species of fish.

(f) Fish farms that, within a contiguous tract of land owned or controlled by one
person or corporation, have more than 300 acres of production ponds.
(g) Fish farms that discharge either production unit waters or detention pond waters
directly to lakes, estuaries, Class I, Class II, or OFWs, or indirectly to these waters
through intermittent water bodies if no dilution occurs prior to confluence. This exclu-
sion for dischargers to OFWs shall not apply if the fish farm existed before designation
of the waters as an OFW and has not increased its production or its discharge to
the OFW after designation of the water as an OFW.

(h) Fish farms that discharge to surface waters of the state more than 30 days per
year and produce more than 100,000 pounds of fish per year, or are otherwise required
to obtain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit.

(5) Existing Fish Farms.
(a) Fish farms constructed before April 30, 1992, are exempt from the design require-
ments listed in Rules 17-660.820(7)(a) and (b), F.A.C., and the operational requirements
listed in Rules 17-660.820(8)(h)1. and (i), F.A.C., if they meet all other conditions
of this rule and either the criteria listed in Subparagraphs 1. and 2. of this paragraph
or the criteria listed in Subparagraph 3. of this paragraph.
1. All production unit discharges must be routed to a detention facility designed
and constructed to provide at least a one-day residence time for all production
unit discharges, a retention facility, or an on-site ditch system such that the

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INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER FACILITIES
DER 17-660.820(5)(a)1. 5/94



suspended solids resulting from production unit drainage and cleaning activities
are retained on site.

2. Fish farms using ditch systems must meet the following criteria:

a. There must be at least 100 linear feet of ditch between the entry point
of any production unit discharge and the point of discharge from the ditch
to waters of the state.

b. The ditch must be constructed and maintained to provide at least one square
foot of ditch cross-section for each acre-foot of peak daily production unit
discharge.

c. There must be a control structure at the point of discharge to waters of
the state. The control structure must be designed and constructed to provide
a minimum of one foot of separation between the control elevation and the
seasonal high water table as reported in the appropriate Soil Conservation Service
(SCS) soil survey, or as determined in a site-specific determination.

d. The ditch system must be maintained to provide at least one foot of vertical
separation between the ditch bottom and the control elevation.

e. For fish farms using hydraulic methods to wash accumulated sediments from
pond bottoms, the standing crop for the farm must always average less than
500 pounds of fish per acre of production ponds and no individual production
pond may be larger than 0.5 acres in surface area.

3. All production pond drawdown operations shall be conducted as follows:

a. Production pond drawdowns must not be conducted concurrent with or within
five days following harvesting activities that disturb bottom sediments.

b. Pond waters must be discharged only from the surface of the pond.

c. Discharge of the last foot of pond water depth must not be conducted during
or within one day following rain storms.

d. Hydraulic methods must not be used to wash accumulated sediment from
pond bottoms.

e. If discharged off site, pond waters must be transported off site using a vege-
tated ditch or swale.

(b) The exemption provided in Rule 17-660.820(5)(a), F.A.C., does not apply to any
new production unit construction at existing fish farms.

(6) General Requirements.

(a) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 17-4.540,
F.A.C.

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(b) An applicant for a fish farm general permit shall complete and submit to the
Department Form 17-660.900(8), or in a geographical area where the Department
has delegated permitting authority for this general permit, application shall be made
under the rules of the entity receiving the delegation. Pond culture fish farms existing
prior to April 30, 1992, must submit this form and supporting documents or the appropri-
ate alternative application form by April 30, 1993. Tank culture fish farms existing
prior to April 14, 1994, must make the submittal by April 14, 1995. The general
permit will become effective 30 days after Department receipt of the completed notifica-
tion form, unless the Department notifies the applicant that the project does not qualify
for a general permit.

(c) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility for obtaining
other permits or licenses required by the Department or any other federal, state, or
local agency. For example:
1. Water management districts require a Management and Storage of Surface Waters
(MSSW) permit unless a fish farm is exempt from Chapter 373, Part IV, F.S.,
or applicable water management district rule.
2. The Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission may require fish farms growing
non-native freshwater fish to obtain licenses or permits to possess the non-native
species.

3. The Department requires fish farms growing non-native marine fish to obtain
licenses or permits to possess the non-native species. Documentation of the ap-
propriate license or permit shall be provided as part of the general permit notification
form.

4. The Department requires a wetland resource permit for a pond, production unit,
or associated culture facility constructed in any area determined to be waters of
the state pursuant to Chapter 403, F.S. Documentation of appropriate wetland
resource permitting shall be provided as part of the general permit notification
form.
5. An industrial wastewater permit from the Department may be required if fish
processing is conducted at a fish farm.

(7) Design Requirements.
(a) Pond Construction. All ponds shall be designed and constructed in accordance
with the standards established by the SCS for excavated and embankment ponds.
The standards are contained in SCS Standards and Specifications for Ponds (Practice
378, October 1987) and Commercial Fish Ponds (Practice 397, June 1984), which
are incorporated herein by reference. The applicant must demonstrate that these design
standards have been met. Ponds that are subject to the mine reclamation requirements
of Rules 16C-36 and 16C-39, F.A.C., and are constructed in accordance with those
requirements are exempt from the SCS design standards referenced above.
(b) Retention or Detention Facility Construction. Each farm shall include, or document
its legal right of access to, either a retention facility capable of retaining all production

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unit discharges on site or a detention facility designed and constructed to meet the
following criteria:

1. Depending on the maximum projected standing crop for the fish farm as described
in Rule 17-660.820(8)(a)-(b), F.A.C., the detention facility shall provide either
a one-day or five-day residence time for all production unit discharges. To provide
the required residence times, the detention facility shall have the capacity to store
either one or five times the expected peak daily production unit discharge volume
below the control elevation. The calculated storage capacity shall exclude the
freeboard required under minimum SCS standards. If the actual depth of the deten-
tion facility is greater than eight feet, the maximum depth that can be used when
calculating the storage capacity shall be limited to eight feet.

2. For single inlet detention facilities, the length to width ratio of the detention
facility shall be at least 1:1 with maximum separation of the inlet and the outlet.

3. For multi-inlet detention facilities, there shall be at least 100 linear feet separation
between the outlet and the nearest inlet.

4. The detention facility shall be designed and constructed to include a littoral
zone for growth of rooted aquatic vegetation. Side slopes shall be 4:1 or flatter
to a depth of 2.0 feet below the control elevation.

(c) All fish farms where restricted species are grown shall meet the design requirements
listed in Rule 39-23.008(2)(b), F.A.C., of the GFC.

(d) All fish farms where grass carp are grown shall meet the design requirements
listed in Rule 39-23.088, F.A.C., of the GFC.

(e) All fish farms that discharge to surface waters of the state shall have a control
structure at the point of discharge to waters of the state.

(8) Operational Requirements.

(a) In individual production units that discharge through a detention facility with a
one-day residence time, feed application rates shall be limited to 180 pounds of dry
feed per acre per day and the standing crop shall be limited to 6,000 pounds of fish
per acre.

(b) In individual production units that discharge to a retention facility or a detention
facility with a five-day residence time, feed application rates shall be limited to 360
pounds of dry feed per acre per day and the standing crop shall be limited to 12,000
pounds of fish per acre.

(c) Limitations on the feed application rate and the standing crop shall not apply
in individual production units that discharge to a retention facility if the applicant
demonstrates the bottom and sides of the production unit are constructed of impermeable
synthetic materials or lined with at least 12 inches of soil with a hydraulic conductivity
of less than 10-7 cm/sec.

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-
(d) Only those chemicals registered or allowed by the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or the Florida Department of Agricul-
ture and Consumer Services for aquatic uses shall be applied to the pond water.
Application rates shall be limited to the rates listed on the product label. At fish
farms constructed after April 30, 1992, no registered chemicals shall be applied to
ponds located within 200 feet of off-site drinking water supply wells. Permittees
shall keep detailed records of all usage of registered chemicals, including the application
rate, date of application, chemical used, and pond identification number. Records
shall be kept for a minimum of five years.

(e) Fertilizer application rates shall be limited to the application rates recommended
by the Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences in Fact Sheet FA-17, which is incorpo-
rated here by reference.

(f) No diesel fuel or motor oil shall be applied to any pond on the fish farm.

(g) With the exception of bait, no feeds or fertilizers shall be applied within a fish
farm's detention facility.

(h) Production Unit Discharges.

1. All production unit discharges shall be routed to a retention or detention facility
constructed in accordance with Rule 17-660.820(7)(b), F.A.C. There shall be no
direct discharges of production unit water to surface waters of the state or to G-I
or G-II aquifers through sinkholes or wells.

2. Except for storm-induced discharges, no chemically treated production unit wa-
ters shall be discharged to a detention facility within the holding time required
on the product label or prior to chemical deactivation as required on the product
label.

3. The timing of production unit discharges shall be planned to maintain the required
residence time in the detention facility.

(i) All detention facilities shall be adequately maintained to provide the storage capacity
required by Rule 17-660.820(7)(b), F.A.C.

(j) No discharges from the fish farm shall cause or contribute to new violations of
water quality standards or to continuation of existing violations.

(k) Any dead fish collected from the production units, ditches, detention facilities,
or retention facilities shall be disposed of in a landfill permitted by the Department,
used as fish or livestock feed, composted, or buried on site and immediately covered
with sufficient dirt to control odor and vector problems such as flies.

(1) Any sludge collected from the production units, ditches, detention facilities, or
retention facilities shall be disposed of in a landfill permitted by the Department,
used as a soil amendment, or disposed of on site via land application. The following
Criteria must be met for land application of the sludge.

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1. No sludge shall be applied to land growing rootcrops, leafy vegetables, tobacco,
and vegetables to be eaten raw.

2. In no case shall more than four dry tons of sludge be applied per acre per
year.

3. The sludge land application area shall be located no closer than 3,000 feet
from any Class I water body or 200 feet from any other natural body of water,
unless the applicant provides a physical barrier that prevents runoff from the applica-
tion area from reaching the surface water of concern within the distance require-
ments.

4. No sludge land application may be conducted during rain storms or during
periods in which surface soils of the sludge land application area are saturated.

5. No sludge shall be applied within 200 feet of solution cavities, fractures, sink-
holes, drainage wells, or drinking water supply wells.

(m) Fish farms shall not allow the escape of non-native fish or their eggs into waters
of the state.

Specific Authority: 403.0877, 403.814, F.S.
Law Implemented: 403.0877, 403.814, F.S.
History: New 4-30-92, Amended 4-14-94.



17-660.821 General Permit for Marine Bivalve Facilities.

(1) Intent/Purpose. This rule authorizes a general permit for any person constructing
or operating a marine bivalve facility designed and operated in accordance with this rule,
if all the conditions of this rule are met.

(2) Definitions. Terms used in this rule shall have the meaning specified below.

(a) "Culture container" means any tank or vessel used to grow or maintain marine
bivalves, including, but not limited to, upwellers, downwellers, and raceways.

(b) "Depuration facility" means a facility where marine bivalves collected from re-
stricted or conditionally restricted sources as defined by Rule 16R-7.004, Florida Ad-
ministrative Code (F.A.C.), of the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) are treated
by a controlled purification process prior to being marketed for human consumption.

(c) "Hatchery" means a facility where juvenile marine bivalves are grown in batch
culture tanks from larvae to juveniles up to two millimeters in size. The hatchery
may include facilities to maintain and condition up to two thousand adult marine
bivalves as brood stock and facilities to produce algal cultures as feed for the marine
bivalves in the hatchery.

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DER 17-660.821(2)(d) 5/94



(d) "Marine bivalve facility" means any facility located outside of waters of the state
where marine bivalves are held or grown for commercial, research, or stock enhancement
purposes and includes hatchery, nursery, depuration, and wet storage facilities.

(e) "Native algae" means the algae indigenous to the waters of Florida.

(f) "Non-native marine bivalves" means any marine bivalve not indigenous to the
waters of Florida as determined through review of The Audubon Society Field Guide
to North American Seashells (1981), which is incorporated here by reference and is
available at Department District offices.

(g) "Nursery" means a facility where juvenile marine bivalves are grown, typically
only to a size appropriate for placement on leased bottom lands for final grow-out,
using only ambient algal populations contained in waters pumped through the facility
as food.

(h) "Pond" means any excavation or earthen impoundment designed to hold water,
including pre-treatment ponds, settling facilities, and retention facilities.

(i) "Registered chemicals" means any available commercial product bearing a United
States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or a Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) label specifying the allowed aquatic use of the product, or bearing a Florida
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (DACS) special local need registra-
tion number.

(j) "Settling facility" means any facility designed to treat facility discharges through
partial removal of settleable solids.

(k) "Wet storage facility" means a facility where marine bivalves collected from per-
mitted or approved sources as defined by Rule 16R-7.004, F.A.C., of the DNR are
treated by a controlled purification process prior to being marketed or transferred to
privately owned or leased bottoms.

(3) Exempt Operations. Non-pumping marine bivalve facilities located in waters of the
state on a shellfish or aquaculture lease authorized by the DNR and marine bivalve facilities
that do not discharge to waters of the state are exempt from Department industrial wastewa-
ter permitting requirements if the facility does not cause or contribute to violations of
water quality standards.

(4) Excluded Operations. This general permit shall not be valid for the types of marine
bivalve facilities set forth in Paragraphs (a)-(c) below. The exclusions apply to both
new and existing operations. The following excluded operations shall apply for a permit
to construct or operate an industrial wastewater treatment facility as described in Chapter
17-4, F.A.C.

(a) Marine bivalve facilities growing or holding non-native species of marine bivalves.

(b) Marine bivalve facilities that, within a contiguous tract of land owned or leased
by one person or corporation, discharge more than one million gallons per day.

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(c) Marine bivalve facilities that add supplemental algal cultures to the non-hatchery
component of the facility and discharge to surface waters of the state.

(5) Existing Facilities. Marine bivalve facilities constructed before the effective date of
this rule are exempt from the design requirements listed in Rule 17-660.821(7)(a) and
(b), F.A.C., if they meet all other conditions of this rule. This exemption does not apply
to any new construction at existing marine bivalve facilities.

(6) General Requirements.
(a) This general permit shall be subject to the general conditions of Rule 17-4.540,
F.A.C.

(b) A permitted for a marine bivalve facility general permit shall complete and submit
to the.Department DER Form 17-660.900(9), or in a geographical area where the
Department has delegated permitting authority for this general permit, the permitted
shall submit an application to the delegated entity, under its rules. Marine bivalve
facilities existing prior to the effective date of this rule shall submit this form or
the appropriate alternative application form within six months of the effective date
of this rule. The general permit shall become effective 30 days after Department
receipt of the notification form, unless the Department notifies the permitted that the
project does not qualify for a general permit.
(c) This general permit does not relieve the permitted of the responsibility to obtain
other permits or licenses required by the Department or any other federal, state, or
local agency. For example:
1. The DNR requires marine bivalve nurseries and hatcheries to obtain licenses
to collect, maintain, and market the marine bivalves possessed at the facility, wet
storage and depuration facilities to obtain a shellfish processing plant certification
license pursuant to Rule 16R-7.007, F.A.C., of the DNR, and facilities constructed
in any area determined to be waters of the state to obtain easements.
2. If any of the associated culture facilities, including intake and discharge pipes,
are constructed in any area determined to be waters of the state pursuant to Chapter
403, Florida Statutes (F.S.), the marine bivalve facility shall have all appropriate
wetland resource permits from the Department of Environmental Regulation or
any water management district delegated jurisdictional authority over the wetlands.
Documentation of appropriate wetland resource permitting shall be provided as
part of the general permit notification form. For the purposes of wetland resource
permitting requirements, pre-treatment ponds and required treatment facilities shall
not be considered waters of the state if they are constructed entirely outside of
waters of the state and are separated from waters of the state by a control structure.

(7) Design Requirements.
(a) Pond Construction. All ponds greater than 0.1 acres in surface area used for
pre-treatment or settling shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the
standards established by the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) for excavated and embank-
ment ponds. The standards are contained in SCS Standards and Specifications for

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Ponds (Practice 378, October 1987), which is incorporated here by reference. All
designs must be certified as meeting these standards by a professional engineer (P.E.)
registered in the State of Florida. Copies of the P.E. Certification shall be submitted
as part of the general permit application.

(b) Intake and discharge pipes shall be constructed in accordance with a wetland re-
source permit issued pursuant to Chapter 17-312, F.A.C., or to meet the following
criteria:

1. Pipes shall not extend over submerged grass bed communities or more than
200 feet over waters of the state.

2. Pipes shall be six inches or less in diameter.

3. Discharge pipes shall not terminate within twenty feet of submerged grass bed
communities or within fifty feet of a marked navigation channel. Outfall structures
shall not hinder navigation and shall be designed and oriented so as to prevent
bottom scour.

4. There shall be no excavation or dredging in waters of the state associated with
installation of the pipe.

5. Materials placed on the bottom in waters of the state shall be limited to the
pipes and devices used to secure the pipes to the bottom.

(c) All marine bivalve facilities that discharge to surface waters of the state shall
have a control structure at the point of discharge to waters of the state.

(8) Operational Requirements.

(a) Only those chemicals registered or allowed by the EPA, the FDA, or the DACS
for aquatic uses shall be applied to the water in the facility. Application rates shall
be limited to the rates listed on the product label. Permittees shall keep detailed records
of all usage of registered chemicals, including the application rate, date of application,
and chemical used. Records shall be kept for a minimum of five years.

(b) Fertilizer application shall be limited to the batch algae culture tanks in hatchery
facilities.

(c) If chlorine is used to sanitize culture containers or to treat water used to grow
larvae, any rinsate from the containers shall be collected and either dechlorinated prior
to discharge to waters of the state or disposed of in a sanitary sewer system or septic
tank.

(d) Facility Discharges.

1. To reduce the settleable solids content of facility discharges during cleaning
operations, at least one of the following practices shall be followed when cleaning
and rinsing culture containers.

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a. Waters discharged during cleaning and rinsing operations shall be passed
through a filter, screen, hydroclone, or centrifuge. Filtered materials shall be
disposed of in accordance with Rule 17-660.821(8)(h), F.A.C.

b. A wet vacuum or scoop shall be used to remove settled solids directly from
the culture container. To use this method, flow to the culture container shall
be shut off during actual cleaning and rinsing activities.

c. Waters discharged during cleaning and rinsing operations shall be routed
through an in-line sand filter, an in-line settling basin, or an off-line settling
tank. Flow to settling facilities shall be shut off during sediment removal,
and hydraulic methods shall not be used to wash accumulated sediments from
the settling facility.

2. There shall be no direct discharges of water to G-I, G-I, or G-III aquifers
through sinkholes or wells.

3. No chemically treated waters shall be discharged before the holding time required
on the product label.

(e) Only native algae species shall be cultured as feed for the marine bivalves held
or grown within hatchery facilities, and algal culture production shall be limited to
500 gallons per day.

(f) No discharges from the marine bivalve facility shall cause or contribute to violations
of water quality standards.

(g) Any dead bivalves collected from the facility shall be disposed of in a Department-
permitted sanitary landfill, composted, or buried on site and covered with sufficient
dirt to control odor and vector problems such as flies.

(h) Any sludge collected from culture containers or settling facilities shall be disposed
of in a Department-permitted sanitary landfill, used as a soil amendment, or disposed
of on site via land application. The following criteria must be met for land application
of the sludge.

1. No sludge shall be applied to land growing rootcrops, leafy vegetables, tobacco,
or vegetables to be eaten raw.

2. The sludge land application area shall be located no closer than 3,000 feet
from any Class I water body or 200 feet from any other natural body of water,
unless the applicant provides a physical barrier that prevents runoff from the applica-
tion area from reaching the surface water of concern within the distance require-
ments.
3. No sludge land application may be conducted during rain storms or during
periods in which surface soils of the sludge land application area are saturated.

4. No sludge shall be applied within 200 feet of solution cavities, fractures, sink-
holes, drainage wells, or drinking water supply wells.

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