Title: Solid Waste Facilities From the Dept of Environmental Regulation
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00004311/00001
 Material Information
Title: Solid Waste Facilities From the Dept of Environmental Regulation
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
Abstract: Jake Varn Collection - Solid Waste Facilities From the Dept of Environmental Regulation (JDV Box 89)
General Note: Box 19, Folder 11 ( Groundwater Discharge Permitting Materials Solid & Hazardous Waste Management Short Course - 1989 ), Item 5
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00004311
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

V. 9, p. 672-57


Transferred from IOD-12.06, IOD-1207, 10-1-74,
Amended 5-24-79, 5-27-82, 12-10-85, Formerly 17.7.04,
Transferred rom 17-7.040.
Body of water
Department of Environmental Regulation (DER)
brought action to join appellees fmm dumping solid
wastes in and around a watrbody exceeding ten saes.
Trial court erred in denying injunction. Drafters of Rule
17-4.28(2Xd) Inow Rule 17-4.280], F. A. C., intended to
grant DER jurisdiction oer waters which ma either
greater han ten acres or deeper than two feet. Rule
exempts from consideration only those lakes which are less
than ten asa and less than two feet deep. Under Rule
17.7.04(3)(b) and (c) (now Rule 17-701.0401, F. A. C.,
solid waste disposal activities must ca. State,
Department of Environmental Regulation v. McCormick,
App., (5th) 464 So. 2d 632 (1985).
17-701.050 Sanitary Landfill Criteria.
Applicability. The criteria contained in Florida
Administrative Code Rules 17-701.050 and
17-701.060 are applicable to all new landfill
construction permits issued by the Department after
the effective date of this rule. All permits issued
prior to the effective date of this rule which contain
conditions not in conformance with this rule shall be
re-submitted to the District Office of the
Department which issued the permit for purposes of
modification of the permit to conform to this rule.
The re-submission shall occur at least 90 days prior
to the initial placement of waste into any trench or
disposal area after January 1, 1987.
(1) Classification of Sanitary Landfills.
Sanitary landfills are classified into three (3)
different classes based on the amount and type of
wastes received at the landfill. There are varying
requirements throughout this rule depending upon
the class of landfills.
(a) Class I landfills are those which receive an
average of 20 tons or more of solid waste per day as
weighed by scale if available, or 50 cubic yards or
more of solid waste per day as measured in place
after covering. Such sites shall receive an initial
cover at the end of each working day in accordance
with Florida Administrative Code Rule
(b) Class II landfills are those which receive an
average of less than 20 tons of solid waste per day as
weighed by scales if available, or less than 50 cubic
yards of solid waste per day as measured in place
after covering. Such sites shall receive an initial
cover at least once every four days. If Class II sites
receive sewage or industrial sludges, dead animals,
rendering wastes, or other nuisance wastes, Class I
covering frequency shall be required.
(c) Class III landfills are those which receive
only trash or yard trash. Class III sites which are
operated as trash facilities, based on site specific
information, may be exempt from the liner and
leachate and gas controls required in Florida
Administrative Code Rule 17-701.050(4)(a), (b),
(c), (d), (e), (f), (i), (j), and (5)(i), and are required
to apply initial cover once every week. In
determining whether a Class III landfill qualifies

(R. 1/89)
FACILITIES 17-701.050

for the exemptions from certain requirements of
Rule 17-701.050 the Department shall consider the
hydrogeology, types of waste, and methods used to
control types of waste received for disposal. Class III
sites which are operated as yard trash composting
facilities are not required to apply initial cover and,
additionally, are exempt from Florida
Administrative Code Rules 17-701.050(2)(a) and
(b), (3), (4) and (5)(a), (c)4., (d), (f), (h), (i), (j), (k),
(1), (m), (n), and (o). If trash or yard trash is mixed
with other types of solid waste, the disposal site shall
be classified as a Class I or II landfill.
(d) More frequent cover may be required at
Class II and Class III sites if necessary to prevent
health and environmental problems. The
department shall consider proximity to nearby
residences and wells, evidence of dumping of
unauthorized wastes, unlawful fires, littering of
nearby property, odor problems, presence of
vectors, and any other demonstrable potential or
existing problems at such sites when making this
(2) Location Requirements.
(a) Solid waste shall be disposed of only in
landfills where a ground water monitoring plan,
including a hydrogeological survey, has been
completed in accordance with Florida
Administrative Code Rules 17-4.245(6) and
(b) The land disposal site location shall provide
support for the landfill including total wastes to be
disposed of, cover material, and structures to be
built on the site. Site structural acceptability will be
subject to Department approval. A hydrogeological
survey is required and it shall comply with Florida
Administrative Code Rule 17-4.245(6)(d)1. and
include a foundation analysis, prior to construction,
to determine the structural integrity of the subgrade
to support the loads and stresses imposed by the
landfill; or, if feasible, acceptable geotechnical
measures necessary to modify the structural
integrity to accommodate the imposed loads and
stresses. These loads shall not cause failure of the
liner or other containment system. The strength of
the subgrade shall be determined using appropriate
ASTM methods, or equivalent methods, and the
foundation shall be analyzed for all appropriate
short-term, end of construction, and long-term
(c) Site Requirements The land disposal site
location shall:
1. be easily accessible by collection vehicles,
automobiles and where applicable, transfer
2. safeguard against water pollution originating
from the disposal of solid waste;
3. have an adequate quantity of acceptable earth
cover available. The cover material shall be easily
workable and compactable.
4. conform with the proper zoning.
(3) Landfill Design. Class I and Class II
landfills shall have a liner. Landfills may be
designed for sectioned, or phased, construction and
closure at scheduled intervals throughout the life of

(R. 1/89)

the landfill. Landfill closure design shall address
applicable requirements of Florida Administrative
Code Rules 17-701.071 through 17-701.076.
Landfill design plans shall include:
(a) A map or aerial photograph of the area
showing land use and zoning within 1 mile of the
landfill. This map, or photograph which shall be
taken within one year of the permit application,
shall be of sufficient scale to show all homes,
industrial buildings, wells, watercourses, dry runs,
rock outcroppings, roads and other significant
details. All significant features shall be indicated
and labeled on the map or aerial photograph;
(b) A plot plan of the site showing dimensions,
location of soil borings, proposed trenching or
disposal areas plan, original elevations, and
proposed final contours, any previously filled waste
disposal areas, and fencing. Cross sections shall be
included on the plot plan or on separate sheets
showing both the original and proposed fill
elevations. The scale of the plot plan should not be
greater than 200 feet to the inch;
(c) Topographic maps at a scale of not over 200
feet to the inch with 5-foot contour intervals. These
maps shall show: the proposed fill area; any borrow
area; access roads; grades required for proper
drainage and a typical cross section of a lift; special
drainage devices, if necessary; fencing; equipment
facilities; and all other pertinent information;
(d) A report on the:
1. Current and projected population and area to
be served by the proposed site.
2. Anticipated type, annual quantity and source
of solid waste, expressed in tons or cubic yards of
compacted materials.
3. Anticipated life of the site.
4. Source and characteristics of cover material.
(e) Ground water monitoring plan.
(4) Landfill Performance and Design
Standards. Performance standards established by
the following criteria are the standards which the
landfill is to achieve. Design standards are also
presented herein which may be used to achieve the
performance standards. Alternative designs which
achieve performance standards may be used upon
approval by the Department.
(a) Liner Construction or Installation.
Construction or installation of liners shall be in
accordance with the methods and procedures given
in Lining of Waste Impoundment and Disposal
Facilities, EPA publication SW-870, March 1983,
which is hereby incorporated into this rule by
reference. Copies of this document may be inspected
at the Department's district offices.
(b) Liner Performance Standards. The liner
must be:
1. Constructed of materials that have
appropriate chemical properties and sufficient
strength and thickness to prevent failure due to
pressure gradients (including static head and
external hydrogeologic forces), physical contact
with the waste or leachate to which they are
exposed, climatic conditions, the stress of
installation, and the stress of daily operation;


S2. Installed upon a base, or in a hydrogeological
setting capable of providing support to the liner and
resistance to pressure gradients above and below the
liner to prevent failure of the liner due to settlement,
compression, or uplift; and
3. Installed to cover all surrounding earth likely
to be in contact with the waste or leachate.
(c) Liner Quality Control Plans.
1. Soil liners shall have a soil and liner quality
control plan to provide construction and operating
personnel with adequate information to assure
continuous compliance with the soil and liner
construction requirements. The plan shall include
specifications and construction methods which use
established engineering practices for compaction of
day soils to form a liner and provide for soil and
liner quality control testing procedures and
sampling frequency. Sampling and testing shall be
conducted in the field during construction and after
completion by qualified personnel under the
direction of the professional engineer in charge to
assure the liner will meet the performance
2. Synthetic liners shall be installed in
accordance with a Department approved quality
control plan which incorporates the manufacturer's
specifications and recommendations.
(d) Liner Design Standards.
1. Soil liners:
a. Shall be a minimum of 3 feet of soil, e.g., cay,
with an in-place saturated hydraulic conductivity
not greater than 1 X 10' cm/sec. Saturated
hydraulic conductivity shall not be increased above
1 X 10' cm/sec as a result of contact with the
leachate generated by the landfill. Testing of the
saturated hydraulic conductivity and the effect of
leachate on soil permeability shall be performed in
accordance with test methods given in EPA
publication SW-870, ASTM test procedures or
other tests which may be approved by the
b. Shall not have any lenses, cracks, channels,
root holes, pipes or other structural inconsistencies
that can increase the saturated hydraulic
conductivity of the liner above 1 X 10' an/sec. The
design shall illustrate and describe those instances
in which over excavation of permeable areas and
backfilling may be necessary to seal the permeable
area, e.g., when sand filled sinkholes are
encountered. Where recompacted emplaced soil
liners are used, they shall be placed in layers not
exceeding 12 inches before compaction to maximize
the effectiveness of compaction;
c. May consist of in-situ soils provided they meet
the specifications for soil liners. Testing of in-situ
soil shall be performed in accordance with the soil
liner quality control plan.
2. Synthetic liners:
a. Shall consist of at least a reinforced 30 mil
membrane or a 60 mil unreinforced membrane that
meets minimum requirements of the National
Sanitation Foundation Standard Number 54,
Flexible Membrane Liners, November, 1983,
which standard is hereby incorporated into this rule

Itm ,



V. 9, p. 672-59


by reference, copies of this document may be
inspected at the Department's district offices;
b. Shall be protected from physical damage from
above and below the membrane, by bedding soil
material underlying the liner and a minimum 24
inch thick protective soil layer on top of the
membrane; both the bedding and protective layer
shall be free of rocks, roots, debris, sharps or
particles larger than 1/4 inch. The lower 12 inches
of material in contact with the top of the liner, if
sufficiently permeable, may be used as a drainage
layer; and
c. Shall have factory and field seams that equal
or exceed the strength requirements defined by
National Sanitation Foundation Standard 54 for
that lining material. All field seams must be visually
inspected and pressure or vacuum tested for seam
continuity using suitable non-destructive
3. Other liner materials. Constructed liners
other than compacted day. soils, e.g., asphalt,
polymeric membranes, concrete, bentonite slurry or
admixture or other suitable material, may be
approved by the Department if it can be shown that
these alternative materials will have performance
equivalent to those stated for soil liners.
(e) Leachate Control Performance Standards.
Landfills shall have a leachate collection and
removal system immediately above the liner that is
designed, constructed, maintained, and operated to
collect and remove leachate from the landfill. The
leachate depth on top of the liner shall not exceed
one foot depth of leachate. The leachate collection
and removal system shall:
1. Be constructed of materials that are
chemically resistant to the waste disposed of in the
landfill and the leachate expected to be generated;
2. Be of sufficient strength and thickness to
prevent collapse under pressures exerted by
overlying wastes, cover materials, and by any
equipment used at the landfill;
3. Be designed and operated to function without
dogging through the active life and closure period of
the landfill; and
4. Be designed and constructed to provide for
removal of the leachate within the drainage system
to a central collection point for treatment and
(f) Leachate Control System Design Standards.
Leachate collection and removal systems shall have:
1. At least a 12 inch drainage layer above the
liner with a hydraulic conductivity permeability of
not less than 1 X 10" cm/sec at a slope to promote
2. A drainage tile or pipe collection system of
appropriate size and spacing, sumps and pumps or
other means to efficiently remove leachate. The
design shall demonstrate through calculations in the
permit application that a maximum one-foot depth
of leachate on the liner will be achieved; and
3. Granular material or synthetic fabric filter
overlying or surrounding the leachate collection and
removal system to prevent dogging of the collection
system by infiltration of fines from the waste or

(R. 1/89)
SFACILITIES 17-701.050

drainage layer; and have a method to test that the
system is not dogged and a method for cleaning the
system if it becomes dogged.
(g) Surface Water Management System
Performance Standards. Landfills shall have
surface water management systems designed,
constructed, operated, and maintained to prevent
surface water flow onto waste filled areas, and a
storm water run-off control system designed,
constructed, operated, and maintained to collect and
control stormwater to meet requirements of Florida
Administrative Code Chapter 17-25 and
requirements of the respective water management
(h) Surface Water Management System Design
1. Storm water controls should be specifically
designed and sized according to local drainage
patterns, soil permeability, annual precipitation,
area land use, and other characteristics of the
contributing watershed;
2. Retention and detention ponds and drainage
ways shall be designed, constructed, and maintained
to meet the requirements of Florida Administrative
Code Chapter 17-25, or requirements of the water
management district where the Department has
delegated storm water permitting to a water
management district;
3. Stormwater management systems shall be
designed to minimize to the maximum extent
possible the mixing of stormwater with leachate.
Stormwater or other surface water which comes into
contact with the solid waste or mixes with leachate
shall be considered leachate and shall be treated to
meet applicable standards of Florida
Administrative Code Chapters 17-3 and 17-4 at the
point of discharge.
(i) Gas Control System Performance Standards.
Landfills shall have a gas control system to prevent:
Explosion and fires due to the accumulation of
methane concentrations on-site or off-site; damage
to vegetation on final cover of closed portions of the
landfill or vegetation beyond the perimeter of the
property on which the landfill is located; and
objectionable odors off-site.
(j) Gas Control System Design Standards.
Landfill gas control systems may:
1. Be designed for site-specific conditions and be
installed in each section of the landfill that has been
filled to design dimensions; and
2. Be installed to reduce gas pressure in the
interior of the landfill by collecting the gasses to
prevent them from moving laterally. Collection
pipes, pathways, or vents shall be installed to the
lower regions of the filled waste or where the more
anaerobic conditions exist. The gas control system
shall not interfere with or cause failure of the liner
or leachate control systems.
(5) Operations.
(a) Ground Water Monitoring.
1. Monitor well location, construction, and
collection of samples shall be as specified in Florida
Administrative Code Rules 17-3.401,17-4.245, and
17-4.246. Guidance for construction of monitor

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