Title: Water Resources Law - Vol #3
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00003083/00001
 Material Information
Title: Water Resources Law - Vol #3
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: The Report Of The President's Water Resources Policy Commission
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Abstract: Richard Hamann's Collection - Water Resources Law - Vol #3
General Note: Box 12, Folder 9 ( Water Resources Law - Vol #3 - 1950 ), Item 1
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00003083
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

V rT T ir .q


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Water


Resources


Law


THE REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT'S

WATER RESOURCES POLICY COMMISSION
\


1950


U,1V jlF O~FLORIDA
LUJLIL J3ARY .

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IN THREE VOLUMES

Volume 1: General Report
Vowlu 2: Ten Riversin, Amnia' Future
Volume 3: Water-Resources Law

























UITKED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON : 1

For sale by dithetuperndnt of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Oi, Wasington 25, D.








TELEPHONE: EXECUTIVE 300
THE PRESIDENT'S
WATER RESOURCES POLICY COMMISSION
718 EIGHTEENTH STREET. N.W.
WASHINGTON 25, D. C.
COMMISSIONERS
MORRIS L. COOKE
CHAIRMAN
GILBERT F. WHITE February 5, 1951
VICE CHAIRMAN
PAUL S. BURGESS
LEWIS WEBSTER JONES
SAMUEL B. MORRIS
LELAND OLDS
ROLAND R. RENNE

The President;
The White House;

Dear Mr. President:

SAs an aid to the Commission in its appraisal of the
: tion's water-resources policy, pursuant to Executive
Otder No. 10095 and your letter of January 3, 1950, the
Com*ission's legal staff undertook a comprehensive study
and review of existing water-resources legislation. Reports
on the relevant law, together with summaries, were prepared
for the Commission in June 1950. Thereafter, the Commis-
sion directed that the survey be prepared for publication.

For the first time, an attempt has been made to group for
comparative review the more significant aspects of the
numerous laws concerning water resources. I take pleasure
in submitting to you the resulting volume III of the
Commission's report, entitled "Water-Resources Law."

In doing so, I wish to point out that the Commission's
legal staff was composed largely of attorneys detailed
from the various federal agencies. To those individuals
and to the agencies, the Commission expresses its
appreciation.

Moreover, I wish to note that, in large measure, the
Many long hours required in preparation of this volume
were contributed from time available after performance of
the regular duties of the individuals involved.

Yours very sincerely,




Morris L. Cooke,
Chairman.














TELEPHONE: EXECUTIVE 3300
THE PRESIDENT'S
S ..... :WATER REbslttSe PoilY COMMISSION
718 kie NTio rsTifiT. N.W.
) WASHINGTON 25. D. C.
comlsiONEStis -. .
-MORRIS L.. OOOkE-
m RAInRMA December 1, 1950.
GILBERT F. WHITE
VICE CHAIRMAN
PAUL S. BURGESS
-LEWIS WEBSTER JONES
SAMUEL B. MORRIS
LELAND OLDS
ROLAND R. RENNE

Mr. Morris L. Cooke,
Chairman, The President's Water
-,Resources Policy Commission,
4lashington 25, D. C.

Dear Mr. Chairman:

SThere is submitted herewith a survey of federal legisla-
tion concerning water resources' entitled "Water-Resources
Law." This survey summarizes materials assembled during a
comprehensive study and review of all existing water-
resources legislation, a study and review undertaken pur-
suant to the President's letter to you of January 3, 1950.
There is a very large amount of relevant legislation, a
century's accumulation governing and affecting the aotivi-
ties of many federal agencies.

In the main, the survey groups laws on the basis of the.
functional purpose served. Thus, after a preliminary exam-
ination of certain constitutional considerations, attention
-is given to statutes relating to navigation, flood control,
irrigation, power, 9ther public purposes, and related land
uses. These groupings are followed by an examination of the
trends in the different statutes moving toward comprehensive
development. Finally, the different bodies of law are laid
side-by-side and comparatively summarized.

Obviously, such a process makes for unavoidable duplica-
tion. But this organizational treatment seems best adapted
to a review of th eeolutionary development of the several
bodies of law relating to the single subject of water re-
sources.









It may also be noted that each chapter excepting the last
concludes with a summary. A brief summary of the entire
survey is printed as chapter 19 of volume 1 of the Commis-
sion's report. Alsq$.inluded as an appendix to volume 3
are independently p'eared, aa~icia o itthe ,water-law doc-
trines of the seventeqA Western Statqs.

In addition to acting as legal consultants to thea.Commis-
sion and its Staff, the following participated direatlyt.
in the preparation of the survey:


Robert L. Avery
Attorney
Bonneville Power Administration
Herbert J. S. Devries
Assistant Chief Counsel
Bureau of Reclamation
Edwin Jason Dryer
General Counsel
Defense Power Administration
George D. Dysart
Attorney
Bonneville Power Administration
Bernard A, Poster. "J. .
Special ousnsel
Federal. Power Commision
Willard W. Gatohell
Assistant General Counsel
Federal Power Commission


Philip M. O'Brien
Assistant to the Judicial Officer
Department of Agriculture
Charles J. O'Keefe
Special Counsel, Office, Chief of Engineers
Department of the Army
Sherman S. Poland
Attorney, The President's Water Resouroea
Policy Commissiea
Miles Q. Romney
Attorney.
Bureau of Reolamation
Harry R; .Van P Ceve. ,Jr,
Attorney, The President's Water Resources
Polio Commisslon


I take this opportunity to express to the legal staff my
deep gratitude for their unfailing cooperation, and also my
thanks to the numerous individuals in the various agencies
who generously aided by consultation and otherwise.

Your legal staff -oins in eilressing our appreciation foi
the privilege of working with the C6mission. and of dider-
taking this assignment in the public servie:

Yours very sincerely,





Bernard A. Foster, Jr.,
General Counsel.


I











Contents


Chapter 1
productionn -..... ... -------- .-- --- 1

hcaptWr 2
Constitutional Considerations--- .------------,i ---- 5
Generally ....-- .......---------.....---....----,,-, 6
Commerce Power .----_..-----... -.,..- --- 8
Na jgti-on C ------------------------ -- 9
Waters Under the Commerce Jurisdiction of Congress.... 12
Navigable Waters of the United States------------- 12
Other Waters --------------.---.--..----. 15
Flood Contrl.------- ----------,- -------- 18
DeVPPel np -----------r ----- ------ 19
Licensing Nonfederal Development of Power_,- ,-------- 21
Some Decisions for Congress Alone-. ....---...- ----- 28
-lMieet of Ul1erise ;ot, Commerce Power Upon Nonfederal
Interests------------ ----.... ... ---------.. 25
Propretary Power...... ----------- -- ------------------- 29
Public lands ----- 30
S Rights to Use of Water-----------.-- -, --- 82
Stignieance in the West ------- ----- 88
S Appropriation and Riparian Doctrines,-------------- 84
Acts of 188 and 1&70. -- ----------.......---. -----..- 85
Desert Land Act4f 18 77,- ---- --------- 87
Effect of the Acts of 186, 1870, and 1827------------ 88
Subsequent Regu at 9 of Useof Waters on Public Lands- 42
Reclamation Projects.---------. ------ ------ 48
S Electric Po-r-, -.... ...---.--..--- ----..... -- 50
Use of Government Property Free from Interference-...-- 52
SWar Power-_.- ...-------. --.... ---- ---. .---- 54
Treaty-Making Power-------------------i,-.- .- 56
General-Welfare Power ---------.. -- ---- .--- 57
Equitable Apportionment----------.. --------- --- 58
Interstate Compaets ----...----. ---------- ---------- 64
Summary------ -------- -----... ..--.... ------ 70
Commerce Power.--------------- ---. ---- -- 70
S Proprietary Power -------- .- ,.- -----...---- 71
War Power -----,---.. ----- ----. --.--..- 72
S Treaty-Making Power-------------------------------- 72
General-Welfare Power--------------------------- 72
Equitable Apportionment.--.------------------------- 72
Interstate Compacts------------------------------- 72








Chapter 3
Navigation- --.... ------- --------- ------- -----.
Water-Borne Transportation------------------------------
Navigation Aids and Rules-----------------------------
Regulation of Water Carriers------------------------
Rates -----------------------------------
Obligation to Serve------------------------------
Certificates ------ ---------------------------
Intercarrier Relations------------.---------------
Ancillary Matters---------------------------------
Exemptions------------------ -----
Water Terminals--------.... --------------------
Inland Waterways Corporation----------------------
Statistics---------------- -- --------------
Improvement of Navigable Waters-----------------------
Corps of Engineers, U. S. Army------------
Preparing for Projects--------.. ---------------- ---
Examinations and Surveys-------------.------------
Other Data---- ----------------------------
Cooperation with Other Agenedais------ ------
Mississippi River Commission----- ----- -----
Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors--------
Authorization of Projects ..------...- .. ----------
General Limitations --------- ---
Continuing- Authorizations -- ------- -----
Harbor Channels------------ ----._ _--
Snag Removal ---------------------
Drift Removal------------- -
Highway, Railway, and Utility epair-- --------
Fishways and Future Deveioptent of Power------
Lakes Survey .---....i.. 2.-- ----- --- --
Alloeation to Navigatioii at Reclamation Projects-- ...
Special Projects ----- ----.......-------
Restrictions on Legislative Consideration--- -
-Fu-nds----_:-- -- ..: -- -----
Prosecution of Projects ---.... .--------------
Operation of Projects-------------------- --- -
Protection of Navigable Waters-------------------------
Bridges -----------...............---------------------------
Alteration of Obstructive Bridges.....--------... .
Drawbridge Operation------------------------------
Regulation of Tolls-----------------------------
Dams, Dikes, and Causeways---------------------------
Wharves, Piers, and Other Structures------------------..
Right to Prohibit Diversion of Water--------------------
Refuse Matter---------------------------------- ----
California D6bris Commission------------------
Vessels -------------------------------------
Logs and Timber--------- ---------------


Page
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121








Navigation--Continued ,: pg.
International Commissions---...-------------____ .. 1
International Joint Commission---------------- .. 121
S International Boundary and Water Commission, Ued
S States and Mexico--------------------.--..----- 122
Summary ----.------.... -----------__-____ 128
Use --....-------------------------------- 12
; Improvemepnt-,____---.--- --- -- 124
Protection ------------------------- ----- 125
International Waters-------------------- ---------_ 125

Chapter 4
;Food Control -------------.---.. ......-.. ---------------- 127
i Jurisdiction..---------------.------- 133


'. Preparing or Projects-- -------.. ._
Examinations and Surveys-.....------ ,.
Cooperation.with Other Agencies,--._,-;-..._
River and Harbor .Board.-.....
Authorization of Projects----- _-----,..--- --
General Limitations----.. ---.--------....
Continuing Authorizations..---..-------_. ._--
Small Projects-.....- ... .. __-- ---
Rescue Work, Repair, Maintenance, ad od tion.
Bank Protection: Highways, Bridge Aproaehes, and
Public Wokks.+----- ...-..---.---_--
Highways, Railways, and Utilities..----.----- ---
Removal of Obstructions and Clearing ~1sanaes--
Evacuation of Flooded Areas ..-.....-
: Insufficient AuthorimatioB....------- -------
Water Supply-........---. ..
School Facilities-----------------------.. --.
Railroad Bridges Altered at Federal Be e-----
Bridges, Future Power, and Fishwa.-_j-._--_ _
Mississippi River.-.......--------- .


Flood Control at Reclamation Projects";_-,- -.-.... -...
A Special Case-------.......l.............
Restrictions on Legislative Consideration .--- i.._
Funds-.--...-----.._ -. -------
Contributions and Advances-..------.... -..-
Navigation and Project-Authorization Laa -+ .--
S Local Gooperation-----------.--- ---......
Planning for Construction Program .-.* ...
S Services of Other Agencies------- --...... --
Weather Bureau--------------------,-_-------
: Prosecution of Projects- ----- ----------
SOperation fl Projeets.s---....-..--- ----.r--
International Commissions--------- -- .i. .-


v cr


0U_1UqKJV_____ ll-------r--~----------- i---Li4~-


nmmarw








Chapter 5 Page
Irrigation ------------------- 151
'irgton ,------------------------ ------- -------
W-gater .ght...---- ------------- ------------- -- -- 154
'Riparian and Appropriation Doctrines1------------- 155
Ground Water.-------------------------------------- 158
Return Flow ----------------------------------- 162
Interstate Rivers..------------- ------------------ 167
Irrigation Water Companies and Irrigation Districts -------- 167
Early Irrigation in the West---------------------------- 175
Reclamation Law ------------------------------ ------- 181
The Reclamation Act of 1902 ----------------------,-- 18
Preparing for Projects-------------------------------- 186
Examinations and Surveys-.------------------ --- '187
Reports-on Examinations and-Surveys---------- i- 192
Authorization of Projects--- .... _-------- -- ------= 193
Prosecution of Projects--------------- ----i-------- -- 197
The Reclamation Fund--.------- ----- ----------- 198
Repayment and Return of Reimbursable Costs------------ 202
Nature of Repayment Obligation---------.---------- 202
Identity of Obligor------------------------------- 206
Repayment Period---------------------- ------- -207
Other Aspects of Repayment----------------------- 208
Admiidstrative Interpretation of Repayment Provisions- 211
Operation of -Projects.-- -------- -- ------------ -- 214
Settlement and Development of Projects ------------ 214
Acreage Limitations ahd Antispeculation Provisions...-- 217
SOperation and Maintenance Charges.- ------ 287
S Disposal of Power--------------------------------- 239
Flood Control and Navigation --- ------------------ 240
Rehabilitation and Betterment -- ------------------ 241
Nonfederal Operation of Projects by Water-Users' Organ-
Izationk .----- ......-------------------- 242
Related Statutes- -- ---------------------------- 242
SWater-Conservation and Utilization Projects. ----- ---- 243
Water Facilities Act------- --- -..--------- 245
Bankhead-Jones Act Amendment_--------------- 246
Indian Irrigation- ...------------------------------ 246
Indians and the Federal Government----.---------.--- 247
; Water Rights....--.-------..---- ----------- -----. 249
Federal- Projects--------------- ---- --- 250
Authorization ---------------- ----------- 250
Repayment of Costs-------------------- ---------- 251
Miscellaneous ------- ------------------ 253
Summary--- ___ -------------------- 254
Water Rights------ ----------------- -------- 254
Irrigation Water Companies and Irrigation Districts------- i 255
Early Irrigation in the West-- ------------------------ 255
Reclamation Law----.---------------------.--- ---- 25
Indian Irrigation ------- ---------------------- 258









Chapter 6
P~ er and Multiple-Purpose Projecte---. -'' --'1 ... .
Nonfederal Development and Operation--. .r----... .,-
Tv: stigations and Surveys.... .............. .,_-
--- --- -- ----- -
Multiple Uses and Comprehensive Development----------
Iaiiance of Licenses-------------------------I----,--
PrIeferenes ... ............. ................
Preference-- ----------------------,-----
Term of License--- ------........._...---...-.
Impooition of Charges-.-------. --......-.--.---- -
P. roeeds from Chargees --------- .-,,_
Rates aBW Svlese _- ---_-.---
Disposition of Projects--------- --------------
Regulation of Interstate Utilities ------------
Rural IIectrflecation Administration---------- -----
Federal Development and Operationi-L..---l -- -
Multiple-Use Projects and Federal Develojtntia ot r -
S Marketing of Federal Power .------------ ----
Power-Market Surveys ----------------
Bates --------_--_-_------ --------
Transmission Linees ---------------
Preference ___.._._ .__ ___*__ __. .


Marketing Agencies-_---- ----------------------
Special Projects and Prescribed Areas.------ .---
Boulder Canyon Project .-------- -- --
Fort Peck Project------- ------------ --
Bonneville Power Administratioh..--- ---_-----
Tennessee Valley Authority----------.- --
International Waters..-----------------------------
Summary- -....._--------------~-.
Nonfederal Development aaB Operatibn.i--
Federal Development and Operation------------------

Chlpter 7 ^;
Otier Public Purposes-----------------------------
7 Drainage -- -----------------------.--- --
Army Engineers----------------------- ----
SoI Conservation Service.--------- ..-- -----
Bureau of Reclamation-.....---------- ----------.
Water Supply --- -------------- -----
Reclamation Projects------------------
Army Projects-..-.------------------------
PPO Licensed Projects -------------------
Stock Watering--.-..-------- ------ -
Special Provisions in Arid and Semiarid Areas-. --.-
Miscellaneous--------------- -------
Fish and Wildfe Preservation------------- ----
Becreation ---. ------------- ----- .- ---
f: Sore Protection.----------- .---------. ---


Page
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...... .... -


.








Other Public Purposes-Continued / Page
Sediment and Salinity Control------------------------------- 337
Pollution Control----------------------------------- 338
Collection of Basic Data_----------- ------------- ---------- 342
Geological Survey---------------------------------- 43
Weather Bureau ..------------------------------ 344
Coast and Geodetic Survey----------------------- 345
Department of Agriculture -------------------------- 345
Tennessee Valley Authority .-------------------------- 347
Recent Proposals ----------------------------------- 347
Summary ------------------------------------------ 348

Chapter 8
Related Land Uses--------------- --------------------- 351
California D6bris Commission------------ ------------ -- 353
Forest Land Legislation---------------------- -------- 354
National Forests--------- ----------------------- 354
Weeks Law ----------------------------- -------- 356
Clarke-McNary Act------------------------------ -- 357
McSweeney-McNary Act----------------------------- 358
Sustained-Yield Management----------------- -------- 358
Cooperative Forest Management Act-------------------- 359
Forest Pest Control Act-------------------------- ----- 360
National Park Service------------------------------ -- 360
Indian Lands------------------------------- 362
Tennessee Valley Authority------------------------------ 362
Taylor Grazing Act------------------------------ ---- --- 364
Mining Laws----------------------------- --------_------ 366
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act--------_-------- 366
Soil Conservation Service Program--.------------------ 3 366
Agricultural Conservation Program---.. .----------- 370
Price Support-..._---- --------- ------------------ 372
Retirement of Submarginal Lands------------------- --- 372
Flood-Control Legislation----------- -------------------- 374
Water Facilities Act----------------------------------- 377
Water Conservation and Utilization Act-------------------- 379
Credit Facilities------------------------------------ 379
Research and Education------------- ---------- ---- 880
Summary ------------------------------ 381

Chapter 9
Comprehensive Development.------- -- -------------------- 383
Growth Until World War I- ----------------388
Early Interrelation of Uses.- -- ----------- 88
California Ddbris Commission--------------- ---------- 389
Assertion of Control over Artificial Obstructions------------ 389
Relationship of Forest Cover---- --- -------------- 390
The 1906 General Dam Act------------------------------ 391
Multiple Uses at Reclamation Dams---------------------- 391








Comprehensive Development-Continued pag
Growth Until World War I---Continued
Rainy River and James River Veto Messages- _------_ 392
Inland Waterways Commission---- ___. __- _____ 393
National Conservation Commissi n----- __----- ---- 395
Consideration of Related Uses in Improvements fo0 Naviga-
tion --.--.----------__ _--_________ ___ .- 396
The 1910 General Dam Act------------------- 398
The 1911 Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior---- 398
National Waterways Commission.--__------ -_ -- 99
White River and Coosa River Vetoes--------------------- 401
Consideration of Related Uses in Improvements for Flood
Control ----.---------.----.-----.-----. 402
Waterways Commission ..-------- ---. 403
From World War I to the "Depression" --- ---------- 406
The Federal Water Power Act of 1920-------------------- 406
"308 Reports"_ ------------------------- ---- --. 408
Mississippi River Flood ControL-..------------------- 409
Boulder Canyon Project----------- ---------------- 410
From the "Depression" to Date------------------. ----.------ 410
Tennessee Valley Authority--------------------------- 410
Public-Works Projects----------- ------------------ 410
Mississippi Valley Committee------------------------- 413
National Resources Board---------------------------- 413
National Resources Committee------------- ---------- 414
Navigation and Flood-Control Projects------------------- 415
Reclamation Projects .-----.------------ ------ 418
Forest, Soil, and Water Conservation------------------- 420
Water-Pollution Control------------------------------ 422
National Security Resources Board---------------------- 423
Advance Planning ---------- ---------------- 423
Proposals for Regional Authorities--------------------- 426
Authority for Interagency Coordination ------------- 430
Federal Inter-Agency River Basin Committee.----------- 431
Reorganization Act--------------------------,.-------- 433
Fiscal Coordination---------------------------------- 434
Departmental Coordination of Action of Subordinate Agen-
cies--------...... ----- ----------- -- 484
Department of Agriculture--------- --------- ----- 436
Department of the Interior------------------------ 438
The Relative Spheres of Federal and Nonfederal
Development --------------------------------------- 489
Federal-State Coordination---------------------------- 442
Progress in Coordination within Particular Regions.----------- 450
Alabama-Coosa River Basin--------------------------- 451
Arkansas-White and Red River Basins------------------ 453
Central Valley, California ------------.---------.---- 456
Colorado River Basin -------------------------------- 460
Columbia River Basin--------------------------------- 468
Delaware River Basin------------ ------------------- 466








Comprehensive Development-Continued age
Progress in Coordination within Particular Riegion-Continned
Mississippi Riyer,.--. --r-- -. -------- ------ 471
Missouri River Basin ___ __.-----------.- ----- --------. 471
New England-New York--- ------------ ---------- 476
Ohio River Basin ...-- ..--------. ---.. --------------- 478
Potomac River Basin-------------------------------- 479
Rio Grande Basin-----------. ------------ ---- -....480
Tennessee Valley ..-------- ..- ------.-------. 481
Judicial Views on Comprehensive Development by the United
States-------------------------------- --- 486
Summary .--- ----- -------------------------------- 487
Growth Until World War I------------- -------------- 487
From World War I to the "Depression".-----.. ----------- 488
From the "Depression" to Date .----------- ---------- 489
Authority for Interageney Coordination- --------------. 489
Federal-State Coordination-----------------.. ------ 490
Progress in Coordination Within Particular Regions ------. 490
Judicial Views on Comprehensive Development by the United
States..------------------------------------ -.- 491

Chapter 10
Comparative Summary--------------- 7---- --- -------- 493
Preparing for Projects----------------------- -- 494
Collection of Data-------------- ----- ------------ 494
Stream-Flow and Related Dat--------------- 496
Water-Borne Transportation Data------------------- 500
Power-Resource and Power-Requirement Data-.--. 501
Duplication---------------------- --504
Program Development------------------ ---------505
Distribution of the Responsibility----------- 505
Army Engineers-----------__------------ ---- 505
Department of the Interior------------- __ ---- 506
Department of Agriculture---------- --- --- 507
Federal Power Commission------------------- 507
Land-Management Agencies--------------------- 507
Teinessee Valley Authority---.----------- 508
Duplication and Conflict. ------------------ 508
Measures to Coordinate----------_--------------- 510
Limitations on Program Development---------- ------ 512
Authorizations...---.._ ---------------- 512
Area---------- -------- ----------- ----- 513
Appropriations --------._ ___5----------- 514
Project Evaluation---------------------------- 515
Nonfederal Power Projects --- ----------- 515
Navigation Projects------- ------_ -------------- 515
Flood-Control Projects-------------_-- ----------- 517
Irrigation Projects---------------------- 517
Benefits and Costs ----__- ---------_ 518








Comparative Summary-Continued P' : -
SReview and Authorization of Plans adProjeetsL.:~..--.J 5 20
Review by States and Federal Agencies Other Th~ the Con-
struction Agency---__, ..2J. ..-c.-- -- 520
The 1944 Flood Control Act-.-' L- --LL L- ._ 520
Fish and Wildlife------------ .----_-... .. 522
Water Conservation and Utilization Act.----L__- ---- 522
Intradepartmental Review-- ...- .--_._-_-- 528
Review by the Bureau of the Budget-;--_--- 523
Authorization of Projects --.....-------.-------. -----
Limitations on Legislative Consideration------.--- 525
Navigation and Flood-Control Projects._--I_.-_ ---- 526
Project Modifleation_- L------- .. ----- 527
Utility Repair, Altration, and Relocation .----- 528
Bridges on Dams---------------- ----...28
F ~h,


l WllwaJs ------------------ ----__ .--
Power ----------- ____ -_ .. -------
School Facilities-c ------ --i.... _.__L----..
Other Exceptions------- .----. -. --
Flood-Control Work by the Department of Agriculture--
Irrigation Projects---..-..a L-~.- ..-
Water-Conservation and Utilization Projects-___-.._
Projects Under the Water Facilitie Aetg L ... ..---L
Tennessee Valley Authority--_-------. -i-..... .
International Boundary and Water Commission, -United
States and Mexico ---------- _-_.---
Pattern of Authorization--------------- --
Annual Review by Appropriation Committees--.. ..---...
Restrictions on Use of Water-__--- --------- -----
Background.. ------ ----- ------ .-- -
Federal Water-Resource Projects and Activitle...-------
Navigation and Flood-Control Projects--..--.. -----
Irrigation Projects____----.....:-- --------,
Water-Conservation and Utilization Projects..-----
Nonfederal Power Projects -- --- ..--- _-- ----
National Parks-----... ... ------ --- .....-
Interstate Compacts- -------------------.,-- ----
Treaties ---------------------------.----- --
Design and Prosecution of Projects ----- --- --- ---
Division of Project Responsibility: Efect on Desgn-------
Conditions Precedent to Design and Construction -----
Local Contribution------- --------.- ----
Interest in Lands----------- -- : --- -- ---
Other Conditions-------------.----------------
Special Problems in Construction--...... .-----------
Land Acquisition--------------- --- -----------
Contract or Force Account ------ --------------
Relocation of Inundated Facilities------------
Rate of Construction------ -----.------ .---
Modification of Plans----------- ----------------


0X0
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529
529
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582
584
534
585

585
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589
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542
544
545
545
546
548
547
549

550
550
552
558
553
558
555
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556
558








Comparative Summary-Continued
SOperation and Maintenance of Proect-------------------
Agency Responsibility ----------------
Operation by Nonfederal Agencies--------------------
Relevant Fiscal Provisions....--....-- .----------
Operation for Additional Purposes..... ...---------.....
Recreation-.--------........ -------------
Surplus Water....----.----- ..-----..---------
S Convicts in Project Use ----------.. ------...--- ---
: Project Financing-.--..--.----------..... ... ---------
Special Funds.---------------------
Reclamation Fund ,------------------------
Navigation and Headwater Improvements-------------
Tennessee Valley Authority- .........--------...---
Colorado River Funds--.----........ ----..-----...-
Other Funds --------.............-- -----............
New Construction------- ---- ------- --
Necessity for Appropriations--------------------
Fiscal-Year Financing.---------------------------
Construction...-----------..--- -------------
Operation and Maintenance ----------------
Contributions.--i---------------- ---


Relief and Other Ftwds-
Return of Project Costs.
Navigation and Flood


----ontro-------- -----
Control-----------------------


Irrigation---------------------------------------..
Power --... ------- ----------------
Drainage......---- -------------------
Water Supply Other Than for Irrigation------------
Fish and Wildlife--------- ----------- -
Recreation .. -.................. ------.


Other Project Purposes.
Components of Costs..
Price of Project Products--


ANaviganon .---........ -- -, -------------
Flood Control----------- ------------ ---
Irrigation------.--------------- ------- ---
Power ,------- ------------------ ----
Army Projects--------------------------------
Reclamation Projects..........----.--. --. -...
Tennessee Valley Authority Projects----- .- ..--.
Boulder Canyon Project------------------ ---
Bonneville Project and Fort Peck Project-----....
Indian Projects ------------ ----- --
California Debris Commission Projects----------
Hungry Horse Dam-------------
Review of Rates--------------------------
Pooling of Power Costs and Revenues for Rate
Purposes------_. -------------- --- ...


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611


-------------------------------
-------------------------------
-------------------------


I-






xvii


Comparative Summary-Continued PaMe
SProject Financing-Continued
Price of Project Products-Continued
Drainage-------------------- ------ 612
Water Supply Other Than for Irrigation.-----..---- 618
Fish and Wildlife..- -----.. -- --.. ---. 614
Recreation ------------------..---..---- 615
Other Considerations Related to Project Operation and De-
velopment .-------------- ----.------_-- ------- 616
Preference Provisions.------------- ------ -------- 616
Transmission Facilities--------------. -------- 617
Acreage Limitations-- ---- .................. ---- ----- 618
Payments to State and Local Governments- .-------.- 619
Water-Resource Activities Other Than Project Development- 621
Federal Public Lands ------- -.... ...---- 621
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act-------- 621
Taylor Grazing Act ----- ------- _- ------ 622
Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act------------------- 622
National Forests------------- ---------- 628
Other Forests and Woodlands------ --------- 623
National Parks and Wildlife Refuges---------------- 623
Construction of Water Facilities-------------------- 624
Multiple-Purpose Land Use .--------....... ----- 624
Federal Aid to State and Private Development ----------- 626
Rights-of-Way: Power----------------------------- 626
Rights-of-Way: Irrigation.---- --- -------- 631
Rights-of-Way: General----------------------- 6833
Financial and Technical Assistance ----------- 634
Regulation of Nonfederal Activities--------------------- 637
Hydroelectric Power----------------- ------ 637
Relative Spheres of Federal and Nonfederal Develop-
ment-------------- --- ------------ ------ 688
Nonpower River Structures.----------------------- 639
Water Pollution---------------------------------- 641
Regulation of Water Carriers--------------------- 641
Regulation Through Conditions Imposed Upon Federal
Benefits --- ------------------------- 642
Conclusion-------------------------- --------- 643

Appendix A
Table of Citations:
Cases---------------- ------- --------------- 645
Federal Statutes and Treaties----------------------------- 658
Reorganization Plans--------------------------------- 682
United States Constitution--------------------------- 68
United States Code, cited separately--------------------- 683
State Statutes and Codes--------------------------------- 684
State Constitutions -------- ------------------ 687
Code of Federal Regulations ---------------------------- 688
911611-51-2








Table of Citations-Continued Page
Executive Orders--........-- ----------.....-..- -- 688
Opinions of the Attorney General and the Comptroller General- 689
United States Senate Executives-------- _---------.... -- 689
United States Senate Reports----- ,----_.. ----. ..- 689
United States House of Representatives Reports---.---.. ----- 690
United States Senate Documents ..-- ---...- --------- --- 691
United States House Of RepresentatIves Documents ----- 692
Proposed Resolutions of Congress... ----- -------- 68
United States Senate BiUls-...-------,_-- 698
United States House of Representatives Bills-------- 694
United States Congressional Hearings.---. ------ -- 695
Congressional Record -0------------------------ 696
Annual Reports of Federal Agencies -------------- 698
SBooks, Texts, and Encyclopaedias-----------_------------ 699
Periodicals-------------------------------- ---- 701
Miscellaneous Materials.---------------- ------------702

Appendix B
Summaries of the Water-Law Doctrines of the Seventeen Western
States.----.----- ---------------- 711
Arizona... ..------.------.- --------------_ 711
California---------------- ---- ----------- 715
Colorado --------- -----.----721
Idaho---------------------------------- --27
Kansas.---------------------- ._---- ---------- 781
Montana -------- ---------------------------------- 734
Montana ..7.4
Nebraska..------------------------------------- 738
Nevada------ ---_------ ------------- ---- 742
New Mexico..----------.--- ---------- _-------_ 744
North Dakota----- ----------------------- 748
Oklahoma ..---------.---------------- -----_------- 749
Oregon --- --------------------------------- 752
South Dakota ---- ----------------------------- 757
Texas ---------------- -------__ __ ------ ---- 761
Utah--_... -------------------- --766
Washington------------------------------------------- 770
Wyoming ------------ ------------------ _- 774




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