Title: Injection Wells
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00002624/00001
 Material Information
Title: Injection Wells
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Abstract: Injection Wells
General Note: Box 10, Folder 25 ( SF WMD Quarterly Meetings VOL II - 1977 ), Item 20
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00002624
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text







INJECTION WELLS


The Bureau has been investigating problems associated with
the Department's deep well injection program. There have
been several meetings with DER, the WMD's and representatives
of industry.

PROBLEMS:

(1) Lack of definitive DER policy on injection
wells.
(2) Lack of adequate coordination with WMD's on 201
grants program.
(3) Lack of organized review procedure for DWI
permit applications.

SHORT TERM SOLUTIONS:

(1) Consider each DWI permit application on a
case by case basis .
(2) Implement interim Department procedure
addressing problems (2) and (3)
above (See attachment #1 as example)

LONG TERM SOLUTIONS:

(1) Adopt statewide comprehensive rule concerning
procedures for all'possible artificial recharge
projects (similar" o attachment #2).
(2) Adopt specific standards for land spreading
rule, with reference in statewide comprehensive
rule (similar to attachment #3).
(3) Adopt specific standards for underground injec-
tion rule, with reference in statewide comprehensive
rule (per procedures in attachment #4).









INTERAGENCY AGREEMENT


D-rC-r t of E'.i.ro'ne.al Southwest Florida
Regulation Water Management District


Agree to the following Interim Procedure
on Review of Specifications and Permittiq '
of Injection Wells


This agreement is needed to heip both agencies respond in a
reasonable and timely fashion to applications for injection
wells and to improve communications on a staff level especially
for review of grant applications for sewage treatmeAt plants
which plan to Ose injection wells to dispose of treated sewage
effluent.

I. 201 Grant System

A formal sign-off by the DER distrcl, the WM, T allahassee
permitting and the Bureauw.of c~tewater Management and
Grants will be required as a part of the 201 planning pro-
cess at the prelimiajRy design stage (see attached). In
other words, n 20l facilities an will be certified for
subsequent EP funding y te partmen wit
"r nfc.nseni of ,;he Board c.1, of nhe W ;ria
.. ar -te
ter man#ement district. rTis specifically includes
all 201 pLa coend dft well injection as
a means tf. wastewater disposal. cause there is a time
limitation for approval o.xdisap oval of such plans,
if there is not a response from .SWFWMD within a:A irty-
day period, DER will assume approval by the SWFW.MD and
proceed

II. Permitting;

A. Staff review of all deep well injection permit
applications, whether for 201 projects or not, will
be by one representative from the DER district, one
from the water management district and one from the
DER Bureau of Water Resources Management (BWRM).
The DER district will receive and distribute the
application, coordinate any meetings and the general
review response. Initial review and any requests
for additional information must be accomplished
within 30 days of application submittal. The
BWRM will coordinate review in Tallahassee. For
projects involving a federal grant (the 201 facilities
plans) the DER Bureau of Wastewater Management and
Grants will be represented, thus increasing the staff
review; group to four for those projects.







-2-


B. To expedite receiving a final response from all parties
the attached concept approval sheet will be executed
if there is some concern over the granting of a

t feist *;eL pjr, i ~.sid=-cation. For example,
it has generally bee our practice to require a
test well program for e ms intending to dispose of
liquid such as treated sewage effluent. The
test wellprogram can include rather long-term testing
and monitoring. The concept approval is intended to
indicate agency agreement on using injection wells
at a site subject to the findings of the test well
program and would be executed prior to the issuance
of a test well permit by DER and presumably pri -%
to the issuance of a permit for the project your
district.

C. After the results of a test well program have been
evaluated, any application for a construction permit
il consider and issued b DER if justified
by teMtesr well program results. since under
Chapter 373.106, Florida Statutes, the water management
districts are charged with granting written permission
before construction can begin on a recharge well,
the DER construction permit would not be issued unless
the water management district grants its writer


D. In keeping with Chapter 120, Florida Statutes, final
response to a permit request must be provided within
90 days of submittal of the application or, ,if
additional information is requested, within 90 days
of the submittal of that information.

IIII. Power Plant Siting

For injection wells which are part of a power plant siting
application the application will go to the power plant
siting office of DER who, by law, must do the permitting.
That office will also take the place of the local DER office
in coordinating meetings, distributing specifications and
coordinating the review response. The DER district person
will, however, provide his review of the project as will
the water management district representative. Also, water
management districts are now automatically parties to all
power plant site hearings by statute.


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The process as described above will appy-
rechar.e- and drainage; wll.s ad -wells ifor


... -: ; '. .- T -: .' .. .


Department' 6f Environnental
Regulatidn "-'' '





Joeft.W. Landers, Jr.


to all types of
d-isposal of industrial,






Southwest Florida
Water Management District


Derrill S. McAteer


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PROJECT DESCRIPTION:


LOCATION:

APPLICANT:

OWNER:

DAT E:


The above named 'project appears from the infor-
mation thus far submitted, to be tentatively approvable. Therefore
By my signature below, I agreewjth ; he, recomanded project concept,
Final approval depends -on satisfactory results for all tests
necessary to fully support the project.


Apcroved by:

ir sector,
DER Division of Permitting

DER District Manager

SLrd Chairman,
Water Management District

Chief,
DER Bureau of Wastewater
and Grants


Date


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"o#4r


Adopted
9/29/76


SPlLES OF TIE HE ." "

pTORTH WEST' rLORaiDA WATEPR .lANAG-i3iNTr DISTRICT .... .....- ,.... .. l~, .; I4
CHAPTER 16G

PART 5

REGULATION OF ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE FACILITIES


16G-5.01.

16G-5.02

16G-5.03

16G-5.64

-1 _6G-5. 041
16G-5.06

16G-5.10

160-5.20

16G-5.33.

16G-5.34

16G-5.38

16G-S.41

16G-5.45

16G-5. 46

16G-5.80

16G-5.81

16G-5.90


..Purpose

Definitions

Implementation

Permits Rsquined

zxemptidon f?10 -ernit Requiremaet

Permit Processing

Content of Application '

Permit Processing Fees .'

Modification of Permitsy

Revocation of Permits ..

Limiting Conditions

-Completion report

Emergency Authorization

Inspectione-

Enforcement

Penalties

FPrms and Instructions


* < *


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16G-5.01 Purpose.--

The nlprpose of thos- rnil-; is to iomp.iant the respon-

sibilities charged to the Northwest Florida Water Management

District by Section 373.106, Florida Statutes. In order to

discharge the assigned responsibilities and provide the bene-

fits as stated in Chapter 371, Florida Statutes, it is imperative

t' ;\:;; 1r:hJe. Flori.-i .teCr Mianagemietitt district be apprised

of construction involving underground formations relating to

artificial recharge in order to assess the impact of the proposed

activity on a local, basin-wide, regional, and district-wide level.

In view of the above needs and benefits, paragraphs 5.04

and 5.10 of these rules describe a system of permitting the con-

struction, repair, modification, or abandonment of systems in-

volving underground formations and inducing artificial recharge.

Paragraphs 5.80 and 5.81 of these rules provide for en-

forcement and penalties.

General Authority Law Implemented

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, F.S.
373.113, F.S.
373.171, F.S.

16G-5.02 Definitions.--

The terms defined in Chapter 373, Florida Statutes, and

Rules 16G-1 and 16G-3, Florida Administrative Code, shall apply

to these rules. The following words and phrases, when used in

these rules shall have the following meaning:

(1) "Artificial Recharge" means the intentional intro-

duction of water into any underground formation.

This definition includes, but is not limited to,

fluidly substances from facilities such as recharge

and injection wells, percolation ponds, and land

application, but does not include fluid substances

from septic tanks for residential use or treated

effluent front a domestic sewage treatment plant










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or less th-tn 100,000 gallons per day (gpd).de-

sign capacity using the land application technique

ot any facility for agricultural irrigation.

(2) "Artificial Recharge Facility" meaAs any facility

for the intentional introduction 6f water into .

ay' u12'e ground ior mat on.
(3)- "DOistrict" means the Northwest Florida Water Manage- .

ment District operating under the authority of

thapter 373, Flori'da Statutes.
(4) "Obpartment" means the Department of Environmental
SRegulation 6r its successor agency or agencies.

(5) "tWer", for the purposes of this chapter, includes.
any fluid substance to-be introduced into ,any un n

deiground formation of the District.

(6) *Ground Water" means water "beneath the surface of
the ground, whether or not flowing through knqun..
and definite channels.

(7) "Land: Application" means any and all practices which

result in the intentional discharge of waste W ter

effluents into the ground waters of the Distrioct,.

(8) "Repair" means any action which involves the physical
alteration or replacement of any part of an artificial
recharge facility, but does not include the alteration
or replacement of any portion of that facility which

is above ground surface.

(9) "Recharge Well" means a well for the express purpose

of introducing any waters into any underground:
formation. This definition shall include, but not
oe limited to, a drainage or connector well.

(a) "Dra;-iage W'ell" general! describes a well for
the express purpose of disposing of excess .ur-
face -..-ters by gravity flow into any underground
forma ion.


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(b) "Connector Well" is a well for the express pur-
pose of draining ono aquifer and allowing this

water to chargee another' aquifer (interaquifer

transfer).

(10) "Injection Well" means a well for the express pur-
pose of introducing under preresre any water,, Ih-


other fluid into underground formations. This

includes return wells for air conditioning systems
injecting volumes greater than 10,000 gpd and in-
jection of water under pressure into underground
formations for the possible purpose of storage and
later recovery.

(11) "Under Construction' means that an owner or operator
has undertaken a program of construction or modification,

or that an owner or operator ,as entered into a contractual

obligation to undertake, within a reasonable time, construc-
tion or modification of an artificial recharge facility.

(12) "Percolation Pond" is a body of water enclosed by
a natural or constructed restraint .or purposes of
allowing the water to percolate into the ground water
of the area.

(13) ."Modify" means any alteration to the recharge facility.
(14) "Injection Test Facility" means any facility for
the purposes of determining the characteristics of

the underground formations into which water will
be injected by the completed artificial recharge

facility..

General Authority Law Implemented
Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.019, F.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.106, F.S.
373.171, F.S. 373.303, F.S.


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16G-5.03 Implementation.--
(1) No erzn *ottractu rpait," Idiy'" ori bhdan,
or cause to -b' constructed, replied, ;:ii8, or
fined in 16G-5.02, contrary' to the'prbvii 6ns of! Part
I, Witf r P esou.ces Act of -.9712,- Capter 37', Pl'orida
Statutes, and all rules promulgated thereuad* .. '
(2) Prior permission .hall be obtained'from the 6oh-
west Florida Water Management' DisE'ic'-thrbu ~he
Department'3 NorthBeit Oisittotflef ^iiib rl bze,
for construction, repair, modification, or adan-
donment of any artificial reehartje facility, as
defined in 16G-5.02, except as provided in 16G-5.041
Exemption -from P*rmit Requiremhiet.
(-3) The District may require, as a condition 1f issuing
a permits sucb information froi tha- applida~ritor'
owner as it deems necessary. (See 16G-5.10(3).)
(4) Recharge facilities, in operation or under cdnstkuc-
tion'at the time these rules become effective will
not require a permit:- ]-bt 'may 'e' reviewed bt he t
District as required to avid 'enriirdnnientti' 'ame
_to the wKatehr.soti stai'- y repair' -td- a rehr e
facility e-xistinr or Uhder' construction oh the" -
rfective date of these rules, Wbl,1 require''" permit
under Section 16S-5.04. i t'
General Authority. i... .,J c .feetf'::
Chapter 373.044- ,F.S. e tlton 373.016, r.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.023, F.S.
373.171, F.S. 373.106, P.S.



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PERMITTING SECTION

16C-5.0O Permits Re,.:.c1:Kd.--

Effective January 1, 1977, a permit shall be required

prior to the beginning of construction, repair, modi-

fication, or abandonment of any artificial recharge

facility within the District not exe-mted under

.:.;-.J .;::imptioi from PermLt Requirement.

General Authority Law Implemented

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, F.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.109, F.S.
373.171, F.S.

16G-5.041 Exemption from Permit Requirement.--

The exemption to these regulations includes those

wells permitted in Chapter 377, Florida Statutes

(any well used for the purpose of obtaining oil,

.natural gas, minerals, or products of mining or

quarrying; wells for inserting media to dispose

of oilbrines, or to repressure oil or natural gas-

bearing formations; wells for storing petroleum

or natural gas or other products) and Section 403.511,

Florida Electrical Power Plant Siting Law.

General Authority Law Implemented

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.044, F.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.106, P.S.
373.171, FPS.

16G-5.06 Permit Processing.--

(1) The District shall complete action upon any permit

application within sixty (60) days after certified

receipt of the application by the Department's Northwest

District Office in Gulf Breeze. In the event that

Water Managcm-ent District action has not been taken

within sixty (60) days, the Department can assume

that the permit has been approved by the District.














'__ M









(2) In the event that an application is incomplete or

otherwise unacceptable in form, item (1) above applies

to the tire f. c,.rtitic"! receipt of the required

information and not of the original application.

If the District requires additional information not

specified in this paragraph or on the application

form, the applicant will be allowed 3 working days
"). :.: c:':; r:;c q.i. ;tr. 2i !:.i I~the' infor-

mation. If the applicant mails the information

within 3 working days, the District will complete its

action in the prescribed sixty (60) days. The time allowed

for District action may be extended one day for each

day after the 3 days have elapsed.

(3) The Water Management District will deal directly

with the applicant to resolve any problems or obtain

answers to any questions relative to the application

or the project with full information to the Department's Gulf

Breeze Office. In the event the Water Management Dis-

trict disapproves the application, the disapproval

will be served on the applicant as prescribed in sub-

paragraph (7) of this section with a copy to the

Department's Gulf Breeze Office. If the DiStrict
approves the application, the written approval of

the Governing Board, required by Section 373.106,

Florida Statutes, will be forwarded to the North-

west District, Department of Environmental Regula-

tion.

(4) The application fee shall accompany the original

application only according to the fee schedule pro-

vided in 16G-5.20.

(5) The issuance of a permit is dependent upon (a) the

application being in the proper form and containing













the required information, (b) the proposed con-

struction, repair, modification, or abandonment

being in accordance with applicable laws, rules,

and orders, and (c) the work being accomplished for

a purpose and in a manner which is consistent with


apartment.

(6) Action upon a permit application by the District

shall result in one of the following:

(a) Permit is granted to construct, repair, modify,

or abandon an artificial recharge facility as

specified on the application.

(b) Permit is granted as in (a) above except that

certain conditions or restrictions are imposed

which may include, but are not limited to:

1. Geologic samples required;

2. Infiltration tests required;

3. Geophysical logs required;

4. Application/injection rate restricted;
'I-
5. :Capacity of pump restricted;

6. Length of casing modified;

7. Total depth altered;

8. Modifications to ground water monitoring

systems.

(c) Permit is not granted due to:

1. Incomplete application;

2. Design not consistent with generally accepted

engineerLng or geologic practices as applied

to local conditions;

3. Location of artificial recharge facility,

based on hydrogeoloqic data which, in the
opinion of the District, could be significantly

detrimental to the water resource or ecology

of the area.








,01_


(7) Notice of Rejection;
(a) ite uL seLCet s:al issue a notice of rejection
whenever it determines that an application for
a permit under 16G-5.10 fails to meet the re-
quirements of Chapter 373, Florida $tatutes, or


thereto, or that the proposed project will be
harmful to the water resources of the District.

(b) The notice of rejection shall: (1) state the
grounds for rejection, and (2) be served in
writing upon the applicant at his last known
address by registered or certified mail and to
the Department.

(c) In the event the applicant or other affected
parties are dissatisfied with the action of the

District as described under this section, the
applicant receiving a notice of rejection may

request a hearing by filing a written petition

to the District within thirty (30) days ,f the
receipt of the notice. The hearing shqil be
conducted pursuant.to Chapter 120, Florida

Statutes, and 16G-1, Florida Adminiktrative Code.

General Authority Law Implemented
Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, F.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.126, F.S.
373.171, F.S. 373.133, F.S.
373.171, F.S.

16G-5.10 Content of Application.--
(1) The.permit shall be obtained from the Department's
District Office, Gulf Breeze. Florida. hv makinr
written application on forms provided by the district
cr the Department and in accoi.dance with the instruc-
tions rrovirld-4 ther:eon. The application shall be
submitted to the Department's Gulf Breeze Office by
th, ot-ner or by his authorized representative.


9


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nm-


10


(2) The permit shall contain: owner's name and address,
artifLcial rechage. facility's location (to the

nearest 4 section or by latitude and longitude and

by street address, where applicable), location map,

system description, application/injection rate,
'rscri tion sa:/6r chemical anl .'1s' s of efEfl.ent to

be disposed of, plans and specifications as prepared

by a professional engineer registered in the state
of Florida (or by an organization directed by said

engineer), specific procedures for operation of

the system, the proposed monitoring system, and such

other pertinent information as the District or Oe-

partment may require. The required fee shall be

submitted with the permit application.

(3) Additional information may be required as the Dis-
trict deems necessary. Requests for such information

will 'b made not later than 30 days after the receipt

of the application and may include, but shai not be
limited to: geologic samples and geophysibl lo~gs,

direction of ground water movement, a list oyproposed
construction methods, infiltration tests, weti spe-:
cifications, application/injection rates, evaluation

of rock-waste or soil-waste interaction, a descrip-
tion of the proposed ground water monitoring facilities,

a description of proposed total monitoring facilities,

and the economic and technological 1faCtors r~ta5d

to alternative methods of waste disposal.

General Authority Law Implemented
Chapt.er 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, F.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.109, P.S.
373.171, P.S. 373.-03, F.S.


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16G-5.20 Permit Processing Fees.--
There shall be an application fee to process, evaluate,

and issue a permit for construction, repair, oQdification, or

abandonment involving underground formations there inducing

deliberate artificial recharge. The application fee shall be
.- :1.:. tj th or rweist .r'.cda iater Ylanagement District

and transmitted with the application to the Northwest District

Office, Department of Environmental-Regulation. The application

fee shall be according to the following schedule:
TYPE OF ACTIVITY FEE

1) Construct a percolation pond $ 20.00

2) Construct"a land application facility of 150.00
less than 1,000,000 gpd.: ,

3) Construct a land application: facility of ,350.00
more than 1,000,000 gpd.

4) Construct a recharge well facility:
a) Drainage well 300.00
b) Connector well 100.00

5) Construct a deep well injection facility .500.00
(A deep well is any well. that penetrates the
artesian water system of Florida as determined
by the Florida Bureau of Geologyior Department
of Environmental Regulation).

6) Construction of an injection well for heat 2'5.00
pump return, air conditioning return, etc.

7) Modify or repair any of the-above listed 50%
types of.activities % of applicable
construction fee.

8) Abandon any of the above listed types of 10.00
activities, except well injection systems
and recharge well facilities.

9) Abandon recharge well facility. 50.00

10) Abandon deep well injection facility. 150.00

11) Injection test facility. 50.00
Any fee which in judgment of the applicant is not appro-

priate to describe the type of activity as stated, may request
an ap, earance before the Governing Board through the District
Office for an adjusted fec. The Governing Board may adjust the
fee following this hearing.




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General Authority Law Implemented

.ap3tar 373.044, F.S. Section.373.106, F.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.109,, F.S.
373.171, F.S.. 734-5. ,F.S.

16G-5.33 Modification of Permits.--

(1) Any permitted who d4ese to change the g0opeic :
i'.ication of.. an artiici,-J l techarge facility before ..

construction is completed shall ~ily to t1h ear- '-' 'f 'E

ment's Gulf Breeze Office for an amendment

of his p*rtt. ,Ho additional fee is required to
amend the permit unless additional investigations

.are required by the District in which case an addi-
tioal ife will be assessed by the Governing Board

based uipn the actual increased costs to the District.
As a condition to approving any amended permit, the
District/Lepartment may require restoration of the

site to its original state and sealing and plugging
of any incompleted test or injection wells.
(2) Any change to the information submitted with the
Original permit application must be approved by.
the District and the Department.

General Authority Law Implemented
Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, F.S.
373.113, F.S.
373.171, F.S.
16G-5.34 Revocation"of Permits.--
The District may suspend or revoke a permit to construct,

repair, modify, or abandon an artificial recharge facility by
written notice to the permitted. Any permitted receiving a notice
of suspension may request a hearing, if requested, in writing to
the District ihi thirty (30) days of the mailing of the notice.
Tha hearing shall be conducted pursuant to Chapter 120, Florida Statutes.
Following such hearing, the District may extend such suspension
or may modify, revoke, or reinstate the permit. In the absence
of a request for a hearing, the Board may modify, revoke, or re-
instate the permit at th- end of a thirty (30) day period without
a hearing. ;:;onon o r ravoAion v be de on any one of the




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,


-uol ooing ground3:

(1) material misstatement or misrepresentation in the
application for permit;
L
(2) DFfiypr to comply with- these ruIes and with he
provis3ics set, fnrth in the permit; or

(3) .;terial cha:2ge of circumstances or conditions existing
or thO Ee a t*!.: nt .rt-.:." rec ipt of ;itt;ep notice
at the time such permit was -issud.
General Authority Law Implemented
Chapter 373. 4,0 E.S. SectfOW 3'73.lIo, F.S.
373.1193, F.S. .373..1.9, P.S.
373,17^ F, rS, 3 .4.
373.129, F.S.
377.133, T.S.
373.136, F.S.
12.4 .


0.u.u0 N.m.
16G-5.30 Limiting Conditions.--

(1) Receipt pf -the permit 1 cpns$4tute pwlpisi,, ,

b pbii arificial recharge system construction, re-
pad., modification, or abandonment, ,he r w*411
expire on the date specified on the perm t; fpq. :

( ,acilty may be reevaluated at any tirtem o 'asaue
that operation of the facility is not ca an ni ndue
damage to the water resources of the Disr4c b .an

everyF~care, each facility shall be reevaluated at,

( ,c ... I n faedy d i. .. tS t, .is pe-- .
(3), I' additioBn tp the requirements published by the

C epoaptment, the criterion for Lap4 Applicat4on, Methods
as, follows:
The hydraulic application rate shali be tiLtma

: by the infi.jration capacity of the soil and by
.. +1 . -* :. ; *...
the byjdauli conductivity of t.*e unoerlyiAg 4- _
S.lgical materials. e.. r,ts .
(4) -cpy qf- thp pcr'rit shhp br ppomi en,y d L ,tiirc;.
a3.l :ermanently affixed to the f.il ty, or, ,,the
*ii.. s +'' ', + -.- *" ..
ite du ingi construction, repair ioF.Agdff ougi

( ) dmA fdnent of anyi rtLficial recharge facility shall'
be -accimplis led ih accordance with the specifications
apnrov;ved by the District through the Department's Gulf Breeze

Office. Abandonment costs shall be borne by the owner of the


'e*.u









14



artificial recharge facility.

General Authority Law Implemehted

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, P.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.109, F.S.
373.171, F.S. 373.036, F.S.

160-5.41 Completion Report.--

".;.thi:, third () Jr; da;' aC-er completion o .ihe construction,

repair, modification, or abandonment of any artificial recharge

facility, except those excluded under 16G-5.041, the owner or

his authorized representative will submit a copy of the as-built

project drawings and report indicating any changes that were

made during construction, repair, modification, or abandonment

of the project to the District.

Any geologic samples as requested in Section 16G-5.06(6)(b)l

and Section 16G-5.10(3) will be forwarded to the Department of

Natural Resources, Bureau of Geology, in their containers to the

address specified thereon.

General Authority Law Implemented

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, F.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.126,, F.S.
373.171, F.S. 373.12:, F.S.
373.13p, F.S.
373.10, F.S.
373.243, F.S.
373.333, P.S.

16G-5.45 Emergency Authorization.--

(1) Permission to begin repair of an artificial recharge

facility prior to issuance of a permit may be granted,

when an emergency condition exists which justifies

such permission. If repairs are approved orally,

a written request must be mailed within three (3)

dais following the oral permission and must contain

all pertinent information required to evaluate the

request.








15



(2) The Executive Director of the District may grant

emergency authorization at his discretion with the

concurrence of the Governing Board. However, a

serious set of unforeseeable and unforeseen circum-

stances must exist to create an emergency.
I ; "-i u .. ~ ,'' ': jn -': ,*!.' be i cU o:.';'d b the Distr Lct

to determine the acceptability of granting such an

emergency repair permit, the District may require

from the owner of the facility to reimburse the Dis-

trict for additional expenses in addition to the

normal fee.

General Authority Law Implemented

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, F.S.
'373.113, F.S. 373.119, F.S.
373.171, F.S.

16G-5.46 Inspections.--

(1) During the construction, repair, modification, or

abandonment of any artificial recharge facility, the

District may cause to be made such periodic inspections

as it deems necessary to insure conformity with ap-

plicable standards as provided. Duly authorized

representatives of the District may, at reasonable

times, enter upon and shall be given access to any

premises for the purpose of such inspection.

(2) If, during the construction and operation, repair,

modification, or abandonment, the District finds the

work is not being accomplished in accordance with

rules adopted pursuant to Chapter 373, Florida Statutes,

the District shall give the owner written notice

stating which rules have been violated and may order

that necessary corrective action be taken within a

reasonable time to be prescribed in such order. The

person named in the notice of violation or order may

request a hearing by filing a written petition to the









16



Board wi.thn thirty (30) days of the mailing of

the notice. In the absence of a request for a

hearing, the Board or the Department may modify,

revoke, or reinstate the permit at the end of the

thirty (30) day period without a hearing. Failure

to act in: acci.odance with the order of the District

or the Department after receipt of written notice

shall be grounds for revocation of permit.

General Authority Law Implemented

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, P.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.423, F.S.
373.171, F.S.

ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES

15G-5.80 Enforcement.--

Enforcement of these rules shall be as provided by Chapter

373, Florida Statutes.

General Authority Law Implemented

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.106, P.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.126, F.S.
373.171, F.S. 373.129, F.S.
373.133s F.S.
373.136, F.S.
373.243, F.S.
373.333, P.S.

16G-5.81 Penalties.--

Penalties for violation of these rules shall be as pro-

vided by Chapter 373, Florida Statutes.

General Authority Law Implemented

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.119, F.S.
373.113, F.S. 373.136, F.S.
373.171, F.S. 373.336, F.S.

16G-5.90 Forms and Irstructions.--

Application for an artificial recharge permit is to be made

on the foams (NWFWMD4 14) provided by the District or the Department's

Gulf Breeze Office and in compliance with instructions provided thereon..

General Authority Law Implemented

Chapter 373.044, F.S. Section 373.309, F.S.
373.113, F.S.
373.171, F.S.





,







P "F ?-LC.rT'gIO.-T0-. FOR ARTIFICIAL RECIth~ t

RT''H:.~EST FLORIDA WATER MANAGEMENTT DISTRICt
325 JO : KNi3X RCAD, SUCTE C-135
TALLAASSEE, FLORIDA 32303

This permit, including additional materials and information, will be scr.t in duplicate
.:Iir.T '.:n .:-17 a!::;.Lc.. Lbe fe.: r.o: D,".a.RT=?;T OF EN'IJVii0;:I~ONTAL gRGULATIO5I, NORTHWEST
DriSTL CT Or"' CE, 1383 S3iOREULIE CRa-VE, GULF BREEZE, FL 32561.


Nasme of Cwner

Address of Owner:





Site Location:





Facility Address:





Engineering Firm:

Firm's Address:





Type of Recharge
Facility


fi l T IT f .I irl~i~ t i t i i I II f
23 "'43
I'| I l I l I I i I l a I i t I I l I i l l I I I II l I I


.Iau.~ r and Street

.T3 .., 7 L= o
State Zip Code Area Nu
76 78 79 81 82
I El H or s CI [ E or w,
Township Range Sect.
85 95
I"E FII I I I i I Latitude: I 'n
County Deg 1M
107
I'"i l I I I I I II I I I I i
Number and Street
1 ,16, 18

City State Zi
23
I LI II I lIII I' I'I. I1


City

Ts- TT- A B

i (A,BC, or D) C D
ion Quarter
101
I I I Longitude: I II 1
in Sec Deg .It n Sec


p Code

II


45 65
i 1 "1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 i65! i ni i i 1 1 1 1 I I
Number and Street City
80 ,.82 87 90
S1] IEIE I Phone: t I 1 I-M 1 1 1
State Zip Code Area Number

8 I=Injection Well F-Spray Irrigatiop
R=Recharge Well P=Percolation Pdhd
C=Connector Well S-Land Spreading
D=Drainage Well O0Other !


Type of Permit: U[ C=Construct & Operate M-Modify
R=Repair A-Abandon

Check the following items included with this Permit Application:
S100
[-Location Map

[ -Application / Injection Rate

[ -Plans & Specifications as Prepared by P.E. (State of Florida)

C] Specific Procedures for Operation

[-Design,of Proposed Monitoring Facility

t--Other Pertinent Information the District may Require for Proper
Evaluation of this Application
3 -System Description

E -Cherical Analysis of Effluent
-----------------------------DO NT WRTE RLOW THIS LINE----------------------------------


108
L-atrict .aCtioi On n [ l=tcanted 2.CondLtional 3=Rejected
Pr-'cmit Application: (Sce Enclosure) (See Enclosure)
10l) 113 115 117
-U,-it l : [ Cu'uinty LI' Bdsien E- Fee EIcode
Code: Code: L Fee: $


125
SLL i 1I-1 I
Date


/ jy


Au~1vZ~ri ?~d Di ~rir:~ P.cprcc;~,lt.i ti


---~; -` ~'~'"`''~"''~"s%





#37
=wz


STATE Of FLORIDA
DEPARTMIIT Of ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION

A Proposed Rule on Lead Application of Domestic Wastevaters
Third Drafts Decesber 14. 1976


SECTI
sEc i
SECTI
SECTI


SECTI
SECTI
SECTI


ON I: iolicy, Intent and Definition'
o0 11: GrodWdwater Quality Crite*ia
ON IIIt Minimum Treatment, Disinfection
and Oter Requirements for Land
Application
ON IVs Design of Land ApplicatiQ ,Systems
ON Vs Monitorig of Groundwater
ON VII Engineering and Yydpologic Report


2


Treatment Process Technology Section
Bureau of Drinking Water and Special Programs
Division of Environmental Programs
904/4V8-1184


STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTINNT OF NWVIROlMENTAL REGULATION
A Proposed Rule on Land Application of Domestic Wastewaters
Third Draft: December 14, 1976


Section II Policy, Intent and Definition
A. Land Application Policy
It is the policy of the Department neither to endorse
nor reject any means of wastewater treatment and disposal,
but to encourage that all applicable alternative techniques
be studied and evaluated prior to the selection of a cost-
effective and environmentally acceptable treatment and disposal
process for any specific site. The Department requires that
each prospective land application site be assessed on an
individual basis and that projects be undertaken only after
significant social, economic, legal, hydrogeological, scientific
and engineering aspects are adequately evaluated.

8. Intent of this Rule
It is the intent of this rule to establish requirements and
recommendations for land application of domestic wastewater
effluents in order that, usable groundwaters, generally
containing 10,000 mg/1 or less of total dissolved solids, are
not so altered as to make them unsuitable either as sources
of drinking water supply or for other beneficial uses and.
because of the relationship between surface water and ground-
water in the hydrology of the application site, wvter quality
standards for surface waters in the vicinity are not violated.









C








e







C. Definition of Land Application
"Land Application", as hjeain regulated, shall include
any and all pitices which result in the discharge of domestic
wastewater effluents on, above, or under the surface of the
ground except direct injection by wells which are drilled and
cased to confined aquifers containing more than 10,000 mg/1
of total dissolved solids. Land application will include,
0 but not be limited to, recharge or percolation ponds, land
irrigation methods such as spraying, spreading, furrowingi
ditching, drainfields and soakage pits, or any other method
of direct or fpApQ d$schsrge of ,wasfteters to groundwater
having a total jpisolZv olid'4 cF tent of 10,000 mg/1 or
less. This rule will not pply. to the. dsposal of domestic
wastewater ~grsi. ptic tanks and other treatment facilities
with a average design flow of o000 gallons per day or less.

Section ti Groundwater Quality Criteria
T he groundwater resulting from the land application of
wastewater, including the ift ectedntiv waiter, shall meet the
following criteria. Exceptions to these criteria may b4 granted
on a case-by-case basis for groundwaters containing 10,000 mg/l or
Less of total dissolved solids. Such exceptions will be based on
information showing that such groundwaters are not reasonably
expected to be' sobrces of water supply.

A. Affected groundwater is used or can be used as a source of
drinking tate' Supply. '
The maximum coniaminant levels for inorganic and organic
chemicals specified in the National Interim Primary Drinking
Water Regulations (40 CFR, Chapter 141) for drinking water


e







supply systems shall not be exceeded. Any amendments of the
National Interim Primary Drinking Water Regulations, and. any
National Revised Primary Drinking Water Regulati9ns hereinafter
issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency
prescribing standards for public water systems relating to
inorganic and organic chemical contamination shall automatically
apply in the same manner as the National Interim Primary
Drinking Water Regulations.
If the existing natural concentration of a parameter in
the groundwater exceeds the maximum contaminant levels for
inorganic and organic chemicals, there shall not be an increase
in the concentration of that parameter due to land application
of vasteihter.

B. Groundwater Uses Other than Drinking Watr Supply
The Department will establish the groundvater quality
criteria based on the existing quality and the pr4~est of
potential use of'the affected groundwater in the vicinity of
the land application site on a case-by-case basis.

Section IIIt Minimum Treatment' Disinfection, Storage, and Other
Requirements- or Land Application
A. Land Irrigation
i, 8I yv XttriatioA of Sod Farms, Forests and Fodder Crops
a. rBienday treatment as defined in Chapter 17-3, FAC.
b. Disinfection with chlorine to produce a minimum total
chlorine residual of l:0 9g/1 after 15 minutes contact at
maximum flow or disirfection to produce a median number rf
colrt*rm orqalsmms inot exceedinq 21 p.r 100 ml, ax detv::-.n<-d
from the bacterioloqlcal results of seven (7) consecutive
days of nampling during peak flow period.


_ _













c. Storage of the disinfected effluents in a holding pond
for no less than three (3) days based on average daily
flow.
The bottom and sides of the holding pond shall

be eled to prevent leakage of the effluents in excess
of 0.25 inch per day. This limit may be exceeded if
information relating to local soil and geohydrological
conditions and locations of water supply well. indicate
that the proposed leakage rate will not cause violation
of ground and/or surface water quality standards. If
there are water supply wells within 1000 feet of the
holding pond, the pond shall be sealed to limit the
leakage rate to a maximum of 0.1 inch per day.
Storage of disinfected effluent may not be required
if it can be demonstrated that fail safe measures (dual
filters, multiple chlorine application points, provision
for emergency discharge, etc.) are incorporated in the
system to insure constant compliance with the turbidity
and disinfection requirements noted in item 2(b) and
(c) below.
2. Spray Irrigation of Golf Courses, Cemetaries, Public Parks,
Landscaped Areas and Other Areas with Access to the Public
a. Secondary treatment as defined under Chapter 17-3, FAC.
b. The turbidity of the effluent before disinfection shall
not exceed five (5) Jackson Turbidity Units.
c. Chlorination to produce a minimum free chlorine residual
of 1. mag/1 elter 15 minutes contact at maximum flow or
di*tinfetion to produce a median number of Ecliform
orgAnismL aot exceeding 2.2 ter 100 al and Lim number of


4


coliform organism in any sample does not exceed
23 per 100 ml. The median value shall be determined
from the bacteriological results of seven (7) consecutive
days of sampling during peak flow periods.
d. Storage of disinfected effluents (same as in item 1(c)
above).
e. Irrigation restricted to hours when public does not have
access.

f.. Provision of readily identifiable "non-potable" notices,
marking or coding on all conveyance facilities or

appurtenances, and no cross-connections to public water
supply. Hose bibbs shall not be allowed.

g. Spray shall not reach within one hundred (100) feet of
water fountains or picnic tables at any time.
3. Spray Irrigation of Pasture Land
a. Treatment, disinfection and storage requirements are
the same as in (1) above.
'b. Pasture that has been irrigated with the effluents shall
not be grazed by dairy cattle within fifteen (15) days
after irrigation.
4. No Irrigation shall be permitted on:
Crops intended for human consumption, with or without
cooking.

B. Percolation Ponds
1. Treatment, disinfection and storage requirements are the s.nam
as in item (A)(l) above. However, in lieu of the 3-day
holding pond, a sand or multimedia filter may be substtituted.
The (Iltir nahll In ,i dnlqnr d nnd oiporated to I'rou'.,\'ce an

effluent whose turbidity does not exceed five (5) Jackson
Turbidity Unitl.







C


_ ~II^







e







2. Nitrogen and/or phosphorus removal may be required if the
pond locattln and soil/goohydrological characteristicL are
such to allow snmtaination of the groundwater or nutrient
enrichment of any surface waters due to the movementanud
discharge ot groundmbter carrying the effluents.

C. Recharge Wells. Drainage Wells, Soakage Pits, Percolation Ponds
and Other Disposal Systems that Discharge to Shallow Aquifers
The Departent will not appov disposal systems that
discharge directly to a water table (shallow) aquifer that
serves as a source of public water supply except under the
following conditions:
1. No other alternative is available and the proposed facility
will be temporary.
2. The maximum turbidity of the effluents before disinfection
shall not exceed one (1) Jackson Turbidity Unit.
3. Chlorination to produce a minimum of one (1) mg/l of free
chlorine after 15 minutes contact at maximum flow or
alternative disinfection as prescribed in'item A(2)(c) above.
4. The total nitrogen content of the effluents shall not
exceed 10 mg/l (as N) before discharge to the aquifer.
5. Evaluation of the hydrogeology of the area and the locations
and depths of water supply wells in the vicinity indicates
that drinking water standards will not be violated.

D. Other Land App&Agation Systems .. e
The Department will eotahlih. the degrcpof .traptrp. (beyond
secondary, if necessary) disinfection and other requirements for land
appl icatia Isystoems other than covered above, on a. cao-by-oase
haisnl.


Section IV Design of Land Application Systems
A. Land Irrigation System Design
The irrigation systems shall be designed in accordance
with standard engineering practices. Acceptable standards
include those published by the U. S. Environmental Protection
Agency, Anrican Society of Agricultural Engineers, Florida
Irrigation Society, Water Pollution Control Federation MOP,
and the available engineering standards of the Soil Conservation
Service, V. S, Department of Agriculture.
1. Sprinkling System
The sprinklers must be so located as to give a non-
irrigated buffer zone around the irrigated area, and the
design of the buffer zone must consider wind transport
of the wastewaters. The system shall be designed to provide
an even distribution over the irrigation area. Sprinklers
adjacent to the buffer zone shall be designed to minimize
aerosol carry-over from the spray area (e.g., low pressure
sprays or short risers, or both).
2. Holding Basins
A holding basin, with a minimum capacity to store the
disinfected effluents for three (3) days, shall be provided.
The bottom and sides of the holding pond shall be sealed
to prevent leakage, as explained in item III(A)(1) above.
Sufficient free board shall be designed to provide a
suitable safety factor for the retention of the effluents
under circumstances such as storms, harvesting conditions
or maintenance of irrigation equipment. The need or extent
of additional storage (beyond the three-day mandatory period)


c


C I I a a eel I I















should depend upon the availability of back-up systems,
acceptable to the Department, for emergency discharge of
effluents.

3. Stores IoofA
The land application system shall be designed to
prevent runoff from entering the project site. If necessary,

benrm should be placed around the spray area for this purpose.
Storm runoff resulting from a two (2) year frequency

storm event shall be retained within the project area, and

may be discharged to the surface waters through controlled
release, if.pplicable p rfaW discharge standards are met.

4. Warning Sms i

Appropriate warning signs shall be posted around the
project boundaries to designate the nature of the facility.
5. Distribution Systems
TThe irrigation distribution system shall be designed
to facilitate "anntenance and harvesting of the irrigated
area, an to preclude ay damage resulting from, ti use of
maintenance equipment and harvesting machinery. Exposed

pipeS shall be labeled or color coded.
6. potable Water Cross-Connections

There shall be no cross-connections between the
irrigation system piping and a potable water supply source.

7. Suffer zones
a. To Surface Watersi The land application site shall be

located at a suitable distance from the nearest surface

.water to insure maintenance of water quality standards.
The required distance should depend upon the nature of

the soil and aquifer materials through which the waste-


water travels before discharge to the surface stream.

For granular (coarse grained) soils and aquifers a
travel distance of at least two hundred (200) feet
should be provided for loadings up to 2 inches per week.

Since the required travel distance can be reduced for
fine textured soils, the Department may require that, as

an alternative to travel distance, an underground
detention time of at least four (4) weeks be demonstrated
before drainage of the effluent to a body of surface

water.
b. Drinking Water Supply Source or Well
The following minimum distances shall be provided:
Design Capacity of Minimum Distance From The
the System -.GPV Wetted Periphery of 5ite (Feet)
Up to 25,000 200
25,000 to 50,000 300
Above 50,000 but
less than 100,000 400
100,000 nd above 500

The- minimum distance selected shall be justified

on the basis of the hydrogeology of the area, the
expected travel time of the groundwater from the
irrigation site to a water supply well, and the depth
of the water supply wells in the area.

c. To Public Roadways and Residences
Distances to public roadways, residences or

residentially zones area should depend upon the extent
of treatment and disinfection, method of irrigation
application, prevailing wind direction, and the presence
of shrubs or trees around the site.


t
1 ~---1~-~-1-..---1---- -~-~1~~ ~---c~-~---~.I-~- .-------I ~------.----







e


8. Sub-Surface Drainage
A subeqrfaae drainage system may be required to prevent
the water table from rising into the plant root zone. The
system mIy be buried drain-line or open drainage ditches.
The draimtl system shall be so designed that the water table
is drawn 4awn to provide for a minimum of 36 inches of
unsaturated roil thickness during the time when irrigation
is not practiced. The drainage, if discharged to surface
waters, es1l meet applicable water quality standards as
required under Chapter 17-3, FAC.
9. Hydraulic Avplication Rate
Hydraulic application rates shall, be related to the
ability of the vegtat~f a to utilize nitrogen and other
nutrients in the wastewater. Loading of nitrogen shall be
such as to optimize utilization by vegetation, and to promote
nitrIficat"in-denitrification reactions in the soil.
Application rAte is governed by the infiltration capacity
of tg-oil *,and the hydraulic conductivity of the underlying
gopogical materia4s, provided the design nutrient load is
within the asspiptatory capacity of the soil-plant system.
Typical hydraulic application rate for year-round plant
growth and harvest may be up to an average of two (2) inches
pg; ,eekF. In addition to the renovytive capacity of the soil-
plant. sy4tq, the quality and use of the existing groundwater
will dictate t ae 4pplicatiqu rate. In any event, however, the
amount of applicationn must not produce a water table sufficiently
higher to cause surface runoff or ponding of the applied wasto-
water. The Department will consider application rates, higher
than two (2) inches per week, based on adequate .sbetantiating
dtiJL to Justfyv thu bame.
10


Since soil-plant relationships are complex, the
Department's position in regard to hydraulic application
rates is that the initial design rate should be conservative
(up to 2 inches per week) and, depending on actual field
application under steady state conditions, the loadings may
be increased to optimum levels.
10. Other Land Irrigation Systems
The Department will consider for approval land
application systems involving overland flow, or flood or
ridge and furrow irrigation, based on information made
available to it.
11. Operation and Maintenance
The land irrigation system is a part of the treatment
facility and, therefore, shall be operated by a certified
operator in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 17-16,
FAC. The design engineer shall prepare an Operation/
Maintenance manual including the performance characteristics
of system components ad d service instructions. Standby:
facilities (parts on hand, such as auxiliary pumps, extra
sprinkler heads) shall also be provided.
12. Harvesting Crops
All irrigation systems designed to utilize crops for
the uptake of nutrients from the wastewaters shall provide
for harvesting and removal of the crop at regular intervals,
as approved by the Department.







11


c


gir T a a a I I a I I I I I I









Design of Percolation Ponds
Approval of disposal to percolation ponds shall be given
only when it is demonstrated to the Department that the proposed
disposal operation will not result in violation of water quality
standards applicable to ground and surface waters in the
vicinity# of the project. The factors which shall be considered
include, but I i gmt l'ijted be, the following

o Quality pnd quantity of the westewaters discharged
d Existit quality and use of the groundwater

;o Proximity to water s-oly wells aad bodies of surface


a Rydroqeoloq4io' characteristics of the site, including
water table and potentiometric surface bonfiqurations
for uaconfined aquifers with seasonal Ochanes, direction
and rate movement of grou~dwater, and potential
presence of fractures, solution cavities and sinkholes
in the stAeurtece formation$.
1. Hydraulic Application Sate for Percolation Ponds
Hydraulic application rates should computed on the basis
of a valid percolation test simulating the actual loading
conditions that prevail during the operation of the percolation
ponds. The design rate shall allow for the expected gradual
reduction in percolation rate due to long-term application
of wastewaters.

,The design hydraulic application rate should be related to
actual transmisslvity and permeability of the underground

format"ns at the project site which should be adequately
evaluated by the project engineer with assistance from U. S.

Geological Survey, Soil Conservation Service, Water Management

District or persons qualified by training and experience in
geology and hydrology.
The hydraulic application rate shall be limited to a
maximum of three (3) inches per day unless it can be shown
to the satisfaction of the Department that higher rates are
compatible with the quality of the effluents, quality of the
groundwater, depth to groundwater table and other hydrogeologic

conditions. C


2. Multiple Ponds and alternate Dosing
The percolation area shall be divided into two or more
cells of equal size to allow for alternative loading and

resting.

3. Pond Design
The design and construction of holding ponds and

percolation ponds shall be in accordance with the applicable
standards set forth under the most recent edition of the
"Recommended Standards for Sewage Works Great Lakes/

Upper Mississippi River Board ot 'State Sanitary Engineers*,

which is available from health Education Services, Post
Office box 7283, Albany, New York, 12224.

4. Percolation Pond Location
The texture of soil materials near the land surface must
be such that a direct rapid movement (short circuit) of the
water to potable water aquifer does not occur. Coarse sands
and gravels, open fractures in bedrock and cavernous carbonate
rocks are examples of conditions which may result in short
circuits. Te :'oil should be permeable and of such quality
that it will provide slow but continuous downward moveadet
of infiltrating wastewater. Limestone terrains with solution
cavities or other known hydraulic conduits in the bedrock
should b' avoided.

5. Buffer Zone for Percolation Ponds
'The following minimum distance shall be maintained between

the centerline of the berm to a water supply well:






13


_ I_ (_C_ ~~ 1~1







0


Design Capacity of
the SyMtM GPD
Up tp 15,0900
Above 15,090 but less
-than 3Q4000
30,000 to 40,600
Above 40,000.


0


Minimum Diitanoe
(Frot)
200
300
40o
500


hes mlnimWm distance to bodies of surface water shall
be one-half of the above required distance to a water
supply wI .
The required distance to a water supply well should
be increased on the basis of unfavorable soil and geo-
hydrologic conditions.
6. Emergency Discharge
Provisions shall be made for discharge of effluents
during emergencies such as heavy rainfall in order to
protect the integrity of the pond embankments.

Section Vs Monitoring of Groundwater
A. Location of Monitoring wells '
The locations of'monitoring s wI should be in accordance
with the hydroqeology of the sites aid the pr didted behavior
of the grdunda'ter flow, as determined by an e9ploratory-
program. The monitoring h o gram shall be designed to trae
the quality and direction of movement of groundwater at the
land application mite and shall be subject to final approval
by tie Department. '
A minitam of e gtroundat*r welltm1st be established
in each expYted dir6 tti of groundwater movement away from
the land appliiction site.


When feasible, the monitoring wells should be located
within the property owned or legally controlled by the
applicant through lease or other written agreement.
B. Background Water Quality
SBackgkrod water quality monitoring wells must be
established at locations wheke the chemical quality of the
groundwater samples is representative of the groundwater
entering the project site and is not affected in any way
by the land application.
At least' six samples should b collected and analyzed
for background water quality. Water level should be recorded
at the fime of bach sampling, and elevations (related to Mian
Sea'Levefl) established to at 'eat' 0.1 foot.


C. Monitoring well Construction'
Wells must be constructed so as to yield samples of the
groundwater from that part of the aquifer likely th receive
the wasteWater. Slotted or perforated casing must be provided
as necessary so that representative samples can be taken from
the required zone of groundwater. Some wells must' be constructed
so that thede representative samples will be available regardless
of the seasonal variations in the water table elevations. Wells
should be so constructed as to prevent artificial vertic1al rr.i.:rJtio-
of fluids outside the well easing. This well casing hall be
2-inch ortlUrgdir'nominal diSaeter (4inice being perferred) to
prOvide for pumping the water samples and measuring the water
levdt. Tihe well nls.ll bo p'mlped lonj enough to as, -ure a "freh"
sample. Th' ptocedure which can generally be followed when
pumping a saeplu is to evacuau t twice the vuluwe ut water


6


a~-31~1111111~111 -- ~--~-- I --r"r~-~c~C~rr ~C1111411111~eql












standing in the casing before collecting the water sample.

Wells should be constructed of materials whose corrosion
products would not interfere with the determination of key
parameters in water samples. wells should be fitted with a
ventilated cap.

D. Routine Monitoring
The ienitoting schedule and parameters shall be in
acorda:ne to Chapter 17-19, Florida Administrative Code.
No grounadeter onitoriVn will be required, however, for systems
with lees thal 0.1 AGM design flow if the following conditions
exists
1. There are no water supply wells within 1000 feet of the
lafd Idispdoal site, and
2. There is body of ear ace water within 500 feet of the

ite.

E. Compliance With Groundwater Quality Standards
Compliance with groundwater quo4ty standards sha1l be
verified from the samples of ,grunwatr at he,:boundary of
the land application site owned or legally controlled by the
permitted.

Section VI: Engineering and Hydrologic Report
Approval of land application projects will be based on the
evaluation df an edqindee*inqg and hydrologic report prepared by a
professional engineet retistered in F6lildacontaining the information
required in thit 6LfHon.; exeptioons from these requirements may be
granted by the department depending upon the nature and extent of

the project and its probable ipaedt on the quality and use of ground


16


and surface waters. Services of the U. S. Geological Survey or
Florida Bureau of Geology, and the USDA Soil Conservation Service
or Soil and water Conservation District or consultant trained in
the field of hydrology, geology, and/or soil classification, should
be obtained during the data collection.

A. Location
1. A copy of the USGS topographic map of the area (7.5 minute
series where published) showing the exact boundaries of
the site and showing adjacent land uses within one mile
of the.disposal.area boundaries and buffer zone.
2. All water supply wells within one-half mile (or 1000 feet, for

project involving less than 0.1 MGD design flow) of the boundary of
the efflueatdisposal systems shall be located and identified as to
use, e.g., potable, industrial, agricultural, and class of ownership,
eig;, public, private, etc. Depth of water supply wells including
the length oftcasing for all wells located within 1000 feet of the
boundary of the site should be included as available.
3. Present and anticipated land use within one mile of the
boundary of the project must be indicated on a map and may
be supplemented With notes.
4. If expansion of the proposed facility is expected, the
area which is likely to be used in the expansion must
be shown on the map and items (2) and (3) above addressed.

B. Hydrogeology (This section is not applicable to projects involving
less than 0.1 MGD design flow)
1. Information on the location and physical .fatur.es of k(okwn
solution openings and sinkholes within one mile of the
site is required.

17






C


L- ---------~clr~
-- ---------~-- -I---~-


















2. Provide hydrologic data necessary to evaluate the capability
of the project to perform successfully at this site on a
long-term betis. This informatibh should cover the vertical
and' hotitbtal pertmability of aquifers, the head relationships
between water table ahd aitesian aquifers, any confining beds,
and a prediction of the rate of direction of movement of the
reehargedf fluent. ...
3. The hydro a old 1 icl data should include information on the
annual range of groundwater elevations (perched and/or regional)
at the site.
4. The direction of groundwateraovement andthe points of discharge,
as existing and as anticipated 4,ue to the, land application
project, must be shown on map.
5. An evaluation of the changes in water table elevations due to
natural fluctuations and land application should be made. This
should include the effects of any groundwater mound that may
bmild up uAder the site.
C. Soils
For systems with a design average flow of less than 0.1 NGD,
a report of the USDA Soil Conservation Service covering the soil
characteristift at the site, and its recommendations in regard to
the proposed ptoafct may be submitted in lieu of the information
required in 'this section.
1. A soil mat of the disposal site, meeting the standards of
National Cooperative Soil Survey (USDA Soil Conservation
Service), must be furnished. The soils should be naspd. and
described.


2. The thickness of soils should be indicated. Indicate depth to
bedrock, cemented pan or other layer that would affect the
downward movement of water.
3. Physical and chemical characteristics of each significant layer
in the soil, sub soil and underlying formations to a depth of
10 feet below the average water table should be provided.
Characteristics noted should include texture, permeability,
available water capacity, organic matter content, pH and cation
exchange capacity.
4. Submit data on precolation and infiltration tests conducted at
several locations'within the site and show that the proposed
site is hydrologically capable of accommodating the total
amounts of wastes discharged year round. The design and
operation of land application system may ir:ori'orate
modification of the natural environment to provide the
desired hydrogeologic characteristics.
D.. Agricultural Practice'
1. The present and intended soil-crop management practices shall
be stated and the crops- identified. Provide data and other
documentation to verify the uptake of nutrients such as
nitrogen and phosphorus, salt tolerance, and yield of the crops.
2. Indicate the harvesting frcqjency and the ultimate use or disposa
of the crop.
3. Describe lengths of operating seasons, application periods ar.i
rates, and resting or drying period.
4. Describe plan to handle wastewater during harvest, or when
weather, pests, or other problems preclude land irr,.otion.


H


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