Title: Drought Emergency Declared
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00002549/00001
 Material Information
Title: Drought Emergency Declared
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: Ledger
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Abstract: Drought Emergency Declared, 7/21/1981
General Note: Box 10, Folder 22 ( SF Water Modification - 1981-83 ), Item 19
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00002549
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text










Cloud-seeding aimed
at Kissimmee Valley


Dro

em,


ught
agency


By Rob art Bom. 42WrR
The AShOCtted PrO
TALLAHASSEE Gov. Bob Graham
Monday declared a disaster emergency
exists in parched Southeast Florida and
freed up to $100,000 instate money for a
cloud-seeding project aimed at replnish-
ing shrunken Lake Okeechobee. -
The cloud-seeding project, which South
Florida Water Management District
Director jack Maloy said could ultimate-
ly cost up to $450,000, should begin
around Aug. 1, Maloy said.
Maloy said Lake Okeechobee, which
supplies water for business, public use
and agriculture in Southeast Florida, has
dropped jronm its normal level of 1.5
feet about sea level to 9.8 feet, the lowest
reading ever recorded for the massive
lake.
And because the-area has received only
2.5 inches of precipitation so far in this
year's "rainy season," as opposed to the
average l6 inches, Maloy said the dis-
trict's water conservation efforts have
failed to meet the problem
". .W still don't seem able to break
the back of this drought," Maloy told
Graham at a Monday afternoon meeting.
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Graham, who had said before he was sympathetic to
Sthe district officials' plight, asked a few questions during
the meeting but showed no reservations in signing the
executive order, which lasts for 30 days. Graham said
the order probably would be extended.
Maloy has talked to firms in Colorado about the cloud-
seeding project, which he said should boost rainfall by
about 40 percent
The project will be aimed at the 4,000- square-mile
Kissimmee River Valley, which supplies about half of
Lake Okeechobee's water supply, Maloy said Twin- en-
gine planes will glide through the clouds above the area,
and workers will shoot the "seedable" clouds with cigar
tube-shaped flares containing droplets of silver iodide
and silver iodate, Maloy said
The "dynamic seeding" which- means that only clouds
already containing rain will be seeded, probably will last
through the rainy season ending in September.
Maloy said only a small amount of chemicals would be
used, about five pounds of crystals per 1,000 square
miles. Bob Wilkerson, head of the governor's Disaster
Preparedness office, said the effect on air and water
quality is negligible. Maloy said the district was attempt-
ing to find federal aid to help with the cost of the proj-
ect, but said the district could supply the remainder of
the cloud- seeding project pricetag if need be.
While Wilkerson said his office was optimistic about
the success of the project, it won't end the conditions
that have forced water management district officials to
Impose an up to 25 percent restriction on water usage
"I'd like to caution that this is mitigation, not a solu-
tion to the problem," Wilkerson said. "This will not re-
place the need for conservation and sound water man-
'agement policies."
Maloy said the 3.5 million residents of the Lake Okee-
chobee service area have been under a 10 percent water-
usage restriction since May, and a 2S percent cutback
for two weeks in June Through conservation effort
Maley said, Dade, Broward and Palm Beach public
water supply users have cut their uage from 600 million
gallons per day to 400 million gallons per day.
Officials said that a 50 percent reduction might be
ordered in some areas unless there is sufflcint rainfall.
Department of Environmental Protection Secretary
Victoria Tschinkel said similar conservation efforts may
be needed all over the state. Ms. Tschinkel said rainfall
around the state was one- third to one half off the nor-
mal mark.


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