Title: The State Water Use Plan: Where Do We Go From Here?
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00002504/00001
 Material Information
Title: The State Water Use Plan: Where Do We Go From Here?
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
Abstract: The State Water Use Plan: Where Do We Go From Here?, April 1986, by Victoria Tschinkel and Gilbert T. Bergquist
General Note: Box 10, Folder 21 ( SF Water Use Plan, State-Water Element - 1977-78 and 1985 ), Item 6
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00002504
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text





Victoria Tichinkel


Gilbert T. Bergquist

Water is Florida's :ast important
natural resource. Florida's vast and
diverse Waters comprise a treasure
unimaginable in many other areas of
the country. Its waters aslport an
enormous and complex marine and
fresh water ecosystem; provide water
for a population of 11 million, and
irrigate the crops of one of the nation's
leading agricultural states. Water
draws millions of vacationers annually
and is the foundation of Florida's
industrial growth.,
More than 7.3 billion gallons of water
(Water Resources Atlas of Florida, pg.
fti) are withdrawn from surface and
gouindwater each day for public
0 supply and industrial, agricultural and
thermoelectric needs. And, statewide.
this much water can be delivered for.
use without undulystraining the capa-
city of the system, so vast is Florida's
water resource, Over the next fifteen
years, Florida will add the equivalent
of almost the present state of Georgia
Page 8

to its population. As that population
arrives, it will bring heavier demands
on water resources. But with careful
planning and management, growth
and all that it demands can be ac-
However, If we fll to show concern
for our water resources, if we fall to
implement mariires to'accommodate
this growth, limits will be placed on
Florida's future. Today's Florldlans
hold Florida's remarkable water sys-
tems in trust for tomorrow. How they
manage that trust will set the limits for
Florida in the 21st Century and beyond.
To protect our water resources and
to use them wisely, in the face of
SFlorida's dynamic future require vision.
We must visualize how water will be
used and how it will be protected. Our
Visions must be cle4, We must set
realistic goals for"Florida, and must
, implement the goal# to bring sub-
stance to our visions.
With the State and Regional Plan'

Sning Act of 1984, the Florida Legisla-
ture established the framework for a
strategic planning process to guide
Florida into the next century. The first
step, the development of the State
Comprehensive Plan (SCP), contained
25 goals and 362 policies which set
forth Florida's vision of its future, and
Sgoldance on to how that vision will be
implemented. This plan was adopted
in 1985. Implementation, the conver-
sion of the goals and policies, into
substance, begins with the develop-
ment of the State Water Use Plan and
the State Land Develpment Plan,
which are long range plans that im-
plement the State Comprehensive Plan

Dr. Tschinkel is the Secretary of
Florida's :Department of Environ-
mental Regulation.
Dr. Bergquist is Plarmning and
Sesiearch Administrator. Secretary's
Office, Department of Environmental
April 1986

1 ,h, Ai A,

and expand its guidance to all planning
agencies in the state. This article
focuses on the State Water Use Plan
and its very special role in growth
management and water planning. How-
ever, before discussing the Water Use
Plan, it is useful to examine the history
of water planning in Florida to better
understand where we are today.

The History of Water
In Florida
Water use planning is not lw to
Florida, but until fairly recently It
followed a decidedly different course
than the one we are following today. In
1850, the Federal Swamp Land Act
transferred all "wet and overflowed
lands" to the state, and the develop-
ment race was on. Four million acres
of central and south Florida, most of it
wetlands, were sold to Hamilton Dis-
ston in 1881 for $1 million cash, or 25
cents an acre. He, and others, began
to drain wetlands, reclaim land, and
attempt navigation projects, activities
that were common up to the early
1970s. The status quo for Florida
became drainage projects, canals, and
channelizations with no central state-
wide strategy to guide them.
The Water Resources Act of 1972
signaled the beginning of a new era of
water use planning in Florida. The act
sent a clear message-thestate wanted
a formal management system for the
use and protection of Its water re-
sources.The legislation required con-
sumptive use permits.regulated water
,well and surface water management
and storage, and caied for a state
water use plan.
In 1972 the passage of the Florida
State Comprehensive Planning Act
marked the beginning of an extensive
process designed to produce a state
comprehensive plan. In 1978 ae,mas-
sive, unwieldy plan was completed
that included a substantial water ele-
ment. It was the product of years of
work by state, regional and local
govemmetli and the private sector,
but in the end, the plan was rejected
by the Legislature. The first State
Comprehensive Plan never achieved
an important role, in state decision-
In 1980, the Department of Environ-
mental Regalation (DER), responding
to directions in the Water Reuse Act of
1972, drafted, in coordination with the


five water management districts, a
State Water Use Plan. The plan was
not adopted; instead a State Water
Policy, Chapter 17-40, Florida Ad-
ministrative Code, was substituted.
The Water Policy is a concise state-
ment of the major principles of water
use, and it is the foundation for the
watesrpolfees In today's. State Com.
prehestlve Plan.

The Role of the State Water
Lim PUr
The strategic planning p'pcess in
Chapter 186, Florida Statutes, sets a
special role for the State Water Use
Plan. Florida's strategic planning pro-
cess has three distinct levels. The
State Comprehensive Plan (SCP) is a
broad direction-selting document that
provides policy-tlvel guidance on what
Florida wants for its future, it is the
policy foundation that guides all other
planning activities. The agency func-
tional plans are on the second level.
These are the plans by each state
agency thdt ilescritailow the agency
will use its resources and authority to
meet the goals, and to implement the
policies of thePltMrThe third level, the
comprehensive regional policy plan,
is required of each of the state's
Sregional planning, agencies. Thee
plans will allow the regional planning
agencies to identify the issues in the
Plan that have particular importance
for their regions and to provide guid-
ance to local governments.
The requirement for the StatetWater
Use Plan (SWUP) and the StatV Land
Development Plan. (SLDP) is in
186.021(3), Morida Statutes, the same
section that requires the agency
functional.plans. Accordingly, the two
plans are technically agency func-
tional plarrs, though, in fact; they are
very differeMt frdo the other agency
functional plans. the principal dif-
fereriqe is that the water use dnd land
development plns apply thei.uidance
of the state Rtn to the dise and pro-
tection of tw drtical reoiurces-land
and water. ThI other 'gencyfunc-
tional .ilans describe hoW each state
agency will ~oifV the stafe plan to the
operation of Its programs, an organiza-
tional response. Lke aH other state
agenciest.he *eR wil also prepare an
agency furictfbnal plan that Identifies
how its program will be guided by the
direction found in the State Com-


prehensive Plan, the State Water Use
Plan and the State Land Development
Plan. Afurtherdifference between the
plans is that the water use plan and the
land development plan must be com-
pleted six months before the other
agency functional plans. This seems
to be a reflection of the importance
placed on the roQf f land and water in
. growth mtanageeoetlknning by the
regulation. The water use plan inte-
grates the guidance of the State
Comprehensive Plan with respect to
water and expands upon that guid-
Sarlc, so other state agencies may
develop agency f Ijta l plans that
effectively'"impeh th state plan.
Further, the water use plan will guide
the water management districts, re-
gional planning councils and local
governments in their planning efforts.
A fundamental concern cutting
across the SWUP is the relationship of
water to growth management. The
following passage from the Introduc-
tion to the water use plan summarizes
the Department'primary assumptions
on that relationship:
Growth is tied to water resources
and, although not a constraint
from a statewide perspective, at
the present time, short term
problems are expected to occur
from time to time in areas which
are densely populated and in
which currently developed re-
sources are marginally adequate.
Overall, Florida is blessed with
large amounts of clean water
that should more than adequately
meet anticipated uses for the
foreseeable future. The critical
issues to beraddresed over that
period relate to determininghow,
wimre, and under what condi-
tions water resources will be dis-
Stributed to accommodate growth
and to protecting the water re-
sources itself from the impacts
of growth. The issue of the
: distribution of water Is only now
being seriously addressed; the
issue of the protection of the
resource Is a key element of state
policy and programs, and is
reflected in numerous regulatory,
managementrad acquisition pro-
grams. Actions to protect the
quality of the resource can con-
tinue to be a major constraint on
growth and will continue to in-
fluence the choice of areas most
suitable for growth. (SWUP, p, 1)
Page 9


SThe Conceptual Foundation
the State Water Use Plan
TenverttheoomrprerueM eplan's
directions into guidance that is Useful
to the Department and to other state
agescita,w a erietypfhlofatrhe were
considered. The flowing key ap-
prOmdhes to dling with environ-
tibrntal weues wre applied to the
issues fteted inthe SWUP:
1) regulatioM
2) management,
3) acquisition,
4) retrofitting (nastaling pollution
controls on previously existing
soue), .
5) restoration, and
6) sappo.tf Jrserch, education.
pubs infortnaton).
The- aT W of ths waide range of ap-
Sproahes to devlop poly guidance
led to a water use llan thrate muchF
; more agre~flt tnI present state
progmrgs, partleawti at Melates to
thyDpartment of Enwvinnmetal Re-
gulaMon a .Tie4partment. relied
almost exa ely upon regulation to
accomplished mission in thea pt But
powafu asl sreslaion lIt alone w
notprolet ourwarantdwasie epen-
dent -furci In the face of heavy
development prosure, at the water
use plan ~t challenging new roles
for the Department.
Key ssWues of the State
War tee Plan
The water use plan Is an extensive
document that ddal with wide and
divte range of ler'ssues. A few
issues merit specla attention.
Sto.watmer. Perhaps the most im-
portintWater qualy Iseurthat Florida
needs traddrs In the .rni 20 years
is itormwater. Stormwater ts respond
satie for a majority of the pollution that
ent&b Florida' surface water-as
much as 80 percent according to some
experts. In many water bodies, nearly
all the pollution is from stormwater
sources, which include urban storm-
water, agricultural runoff, construction
sito ruribfdrainage from mined areas,
l tree 6uttlng and leachate from landfills.
In Florida, stormwater Is responsible
for 450 times mote luspindyd solids
and ivne times more biochemical
oxygeridemand going Into tur waters
than sestge that Is di6harged aftei
secohdaty treatment. Stormwater
pollution is also responsible for 80 to

9s percent of he heavy metals in our
waters, and contilbutes as much
nutrients as trema sAireag VIWiualy
all the sediment If receivrI waters
comes from runoff. Expertasay the
"first flush".dfrunoff-lubout the first
inch-carries most of the conta-
minants, and this where ffdrts must
be concentrated to prevent nonpoint
Accordingly, the State Wter Use
Plan Hmts maageient of stormwater
as eras the most impoant issue it
address Th#m objeodve st am-
bitious targelforfeduuclg theeffects
of storwater poludtln. They are:
1) By 197 eaoh newd4velopment
in Florida iill treat lie atormwate
runoff so tht t least 80 percent of
the pollutean are renved. (SWUP,
p. 29).
2) By 2005 reduce stormwater
polution relUting from existing
developidit *nto naturtF surface
water systems by 30 percent.
SWURUP i; ga%.
S) By 2006-uduce the amount of
untreed atormwater ewneing Into
estdlne&systmen by 50 percent.
(8QUP, p. 46).
Acdtivemstef thie obiWtivm will
be .Kpenr PrnmlIAwl et matl e
f by the Dptrmaw a lAdiarth at the
Stotalcosts of managing Florida's
stonrmmwatto altlevev ees target
over the next 0 yeam w be ap-
prokimately O btaonri, more tan 65
per cent i te towtbtmtdcost of
implemlntiSg l' m edWrsv plan.
Iftheseoiat ik rtiatephieved
then pftective erprogr aie going
to be required. Several m4Wb lssuer
must be desk wih I any tormwater
legslatlon: the problem of tnprovirf~i
old stormw7lerystfmuwltout rquw
Ing commitment ot vast t6ms 6~
money; mdlintsliah' of stormwate
systems; and; te proper rte of the
reepective leWrsl If ~vMrnment. and
what -tSidard they sVould apply.
Tnie Deaitment wff sdWportlegisa-
tlonwhich addresseeach0f the malor
issues while protecting water quality.
The Florida House of Reprseentatives
has drafted stormwaterlegislation. The
Department is presesi y working with
the House Nal~ d R i urces Com-
mittee local sernments and private
dsVperas to produce the tdidst effec-
tive egitstulotI possible.
itsele, ea- $t. Agd.
tj irtuunttly, FtoridaIs IbWrened by
a legacy of poor dev*IWilh dii-

stone that have severely damaged
manyfts important natural systems.
This daWla muL t be aoessed and,
whreMefeatill, me syMse mretored
as neiy So tir previous condition
as poisibK The Stt WaUte Use Plan
clady recogaules the Importance of
restoratiohst a key inaegy for im-
proving lorida's enWronment by set-
ting a eumbr of objgtiaes:
1) By 2006 FIldda will restore
SOO0 aswes of degraded lakes.
(SWUP, p. 5.) :-
2) By 2066 Florida will restore or
reclaim 80,000 acro of degraded
Swetlands. eWU P, p. a&) ,.
3)0 y 2006 Florda wil restore 98
S lm and upgreadu,72- miles of
Sdea ed rivera. (SWUL prf6.)
4) Sy4001 Floridd Wa upgrade
the overall pollution cllmirnof 600
square miaes ordenmdestuaries.
(WUP, p. -56).
SP :Oy :0I Florod will restore 19
milers nchloelleUtedestua-
re .ewuP,.p. It)
6) Bymsmre wilbean increase
in the mWAMof fCtiUoMng wet-
asnldeaFt da over thoe In 1985.
(WUP1 p. T4
7) Sytbyear2000,theseiglades
Wi WaIleMktuafate Ob em as It did
Ih.100 aWe when ar Save Our
Eveiwoe Progrm was started in
Ai tfCea m (8wuP, p. s.)
An wnmple of the Department's
pabicip fmn effort ato store a
majorntloralayatin ItWeooperativ
pr-eti Stween the DepaWihent and
t_.i Sbu" Wi hdmwuanjeent
Orlitcet bi4iing the Kisasliai River.
The restoration Is anirntdiral element
in Governor Grh*W's- "88ve Our
terlades" program, diveioped in
01e50 protect, mlqge an rejuve-
nile W KMisifsM RiveRwSli Okee-
cl611ereCmtfrls yste m. Save Our
Evi e is dbtelifti toWteure that
tPe vwPade~ by tUw yea 2000, will
look ind function more as did in
1900 than it does today, and Itself is a
miot cooperative program.
The Keliommee River once mean-
dered 98 mile between Lake Klssim-
mee end Lake Okeochobee. It was
channeflted In tiW 1960, atthe State's
request, bi the U. S. Army Corps of
Engineers, and tthone-time haven for
fidt asN wildfe became a 48 mile
.disOhafge canal kthiwn to many
Floridlans as the "Klssimmee Ditch."
Tes Sftate dfvetopfci Watrategy for
tretorann of the river to rmtre up to

April 1960


'.. .1 1 1~ 11

Page 10

42 miles of the original Kissimmee dredge and fill projects. Although the
fiver, r.nomang lit046Q 21acres DNSQfi qA i VVpjfizd
of wOtUlm an& todlaa n thel ndapprg rtqapni q ~p pro-
procesa As a part ntes. rasegy, the, wegeal r .I e permi, poPlcess
South Florida W later Mig a t D- Dia- vp ihe i pilpqn was not
trft aietaldy haalsulrehOOof the,r ~ gleprjeYgo *itiwe atute
i,000A; ore of flo edl aded for or rule ut tl passage of the wet-,.
eomplete retorlor Thisguisition lnds.a. t
plan.,which ultiately may involve. Under t la,.a permit pyotbe
leaseback or other Innoat options, Issue Aps.MPi~p. pl 9s the
is onef-le diGtrift tspp Potes. Department reason~ urnces
The South Florid Wlate anage- mtht the proi~ s "p cqntry to the
mert District is sonPdu fl demon- pMlio il twor".A. 11 l which
station project to. teo riwa to re- a wiwt wh o pttly
atabl.haowrem eor a atwamor regime ,dggr anUtandgl ni W~Water
Inthe Kilulmm wR iertw tllThepro- uat bpitW a O ipai0y itn the public
ject wIi dven water back dio historic interest t furi thr ~le that if the
oxbow at. forer mpCmEat ds, and appWMrS t. f tq4 the Depart-
wate Ievelwpib( tueRutamtomatch .,w, wflperlt lcfrl ~ ,t, the Depart-
morecluoly the natus&pga and dry wMt .may FWeM M paaures pro-
perods of a typical Bveg adss hydro- pbio4 4lraaietotheapplicant.
period. ..- to "mitigate the adverse effects of the
Approu~ate~y 1,800.acre of wet- project." .. .:
lands will become Integrad into the The Deparspot Iaed interim
tverM e syatunm.Rite deMonstrwa- ; gSAe tt. i~9 personnel..
tlion peaeO. CaOtn s as arut Wamost 1.tCarify tfe ppeatentogeltin ono
been completed and wpta hs begun mitigation until I r"Alsopted. The
Io flew into tIhwoltldelexb ws. Twq, .ue M w ig dl pAqICmal i1aues, in-
y ars prntaerae y monitoring of cliowfl4 oaf s ~pw ipff-~ t mitiga-
wrMar qualitybphdrIecgteml hydraur. iona4to itlga% ttMtwuO the use of
lics, fish, wildlife andvaltation will conservation ae;neqita or gifts of
fellow. Jandto the *State afltigf. These
-Drdg-a N IaUlliA. An Isue : toplerevwer ivel htVOpJtkor the
of some controversy Jgeeiitgation ergulgp~Ipli.d, e 'ta active
of environmentally 1VWle areas .rovipqP et al oppqmunty. lt on
damnega or de4Sye edgeanMI is oe:. iqlredt t ian optioR
If. operatons. The ~ Ie Water Use that m# p a.n ralbp p t a ppplicant
Flanattempts to e9Sp" ar4(AtIonal project
apgrosac to'tp9I Itl, bLd requiring wo per- 3
.-toly the phyof the -,-ii r4. p pi does not
wdeo7wabtbypt qfl qj uiiring 4,5^bg ctpr, applicant
.tatall of the funacllopgp d y. oq ora ppptppro-
the resource pior to.diption or p pth rpt will be
destruction, b reptoua wll. The .., denL Ip p oipnt to re-
~ SWUPpolicy states: Niqutstor- ambgr,. t4at t appiant must.
tin or mltgation in drdgpland fill,. "'& *~t aideprqe idets which"
managsmentr4 d stora Alurfa o umay..e Ecaupdly t i r6lbect" This
waterL and _aIEing esalion pro- mea.n tlhatni4 app aton that ,
gRams t ,qurflthat e a e impacts doas nomtz q q4t ra fm fish and
to the) tWO,alure al fwtion of. wl.t:h for e~pp uld not
affected,S,elands are fully get." nalnrW i Wl Mitg
(8WUP. p. 58.) ,o li or popio I raplods thty con-
WriAtJenla are preaoted uqSer Chapw 8larnattoqs.Moippvqrgfw riy a
., ter 17-12, Ae ot. tie Qepartment, p c. for qhn iat mitiga-
ruM tOa4redoeand|Iomopr.lncts. ano tipn Ja oie. ,
th .WarrwAS. ,enrdelptrp tlands I 4Auj obiem w Vwts #Depart-
be obtained from tbe Department for F assure
any dredge od 1 prq*ic that would ,,, ah th of the
affect wpterms f the staJpThe Depart- peaWnits it .a It ipoo ertmeni
ment has beg4n to develop a rule policyJna ny:caseyaq migation i .
under this Act, to provide for the nee4d q, ts 'e propflpte provi-
mitigation of the adverse effects of slone forollow-upievlls to deter-


mine the success of the mitigation.
:qqpl, Ul F rage
Tanks. The r tiaed, petro-
leum storagetnks at 18OO00 operate
a31: a4oidJh sa ifarw aserto*
tirea to feida's gromunwwter. The
Departmentlas pearI,: active
petrolesl contaninationapspas, but
those amay bteeu a ia.kqleaking
.taniw in.te state,-:tlA pted cost
es uatiea lotion onwd nup
at tee;.. sla .rgen ly range from
$1500Q00 t;4oil WOwprsltp. The cost
can increase silgflspty at sites with
complicated geolog,;or where con-
tamination haa ao d .xtegsively.
.. 'Welthe mator oHlempanies may
be ablte eaborb thecostof cleanup,
the effects on smallereMopanies will
be more dna netnmiuanyeases, the
-I amallelnop~ aters ilmpy will not be
able to afford a lteanprh*ey will be
forced togsout of obuale, and the
Sitap wil te ewt th the .oblem.
RoMughly ft~W p~ obl ts alte identi-
fled Sto wearers dby "non-major"
oi8 ooimpali,-. 4h e plrptment is
psasantlynrfdng 3 an5sateasround
tratat wWat mntef itoca rd opera-

Clearly, whn ltWate Oual
SA murance a metwas ,.pasak felthe
the LefisLetuer r'thq apartment
Should hraeantM*ipatlf 4Mmagnitude
of'te. pr bieMtha4MtqWi e faces
from leaking tragsersankeocilities.
The water quaedlO,; rawee trust
fund-established to address cleanup
'^alcentf 9ntnatea~tosazardous
waet Siteli pftieuter-is obviously
.qot largeqenu gh deal with a
Jpr- g tli ike, 1' Department's
Ss al th unded
cleanups, anoia to fully
add0.ss thr. "ia
Th State mu .st # nh to deal
tfeW*y wIt pO**ognt To do
this the p1porting
.lgiation wc could g te the
.ce, y, r cr4ddre8s the
problem Immedi'r. Tlhe legislation
wuld 4eyya 10ce4per b~rel tax on
rFoum product entering Florida.
Te m woulq1 to set up
,, .r mmfop fwndto ia~fe drink-
ing er ti o owners, as
well as to Iovlt efforts
and pay I clear
qpate. B p' < fl pReumpt
tht his or a ini rm will be
established d Ip9b d eal with this
thrMt j, but gr r, the water
use plan hals n an objective
Page 11

.^. ^^^^ .^^ ^.- ^.^^..^..^ ^^^^ ^.^ nn~i~i^ ^^Imp^


that states that Florida by 1996 should
initiatee a cleanup of 1200 petroleum
contaminated groundwater sites."
(SWUP, p. 33.) Although there may
be some discuaston about the imposi-
tion of the tax, the legislation has a
high probability of peasage.
Water Reues. A key Issue in ensuring
the efficient use of Florida's water
resources Is reuse. Florids now reuses
approximately 3 percent of It waste-
water, an amount that can be in-
crsed. The State Water Use Plan has
established an objective that states,
"By 1996 Florida will reuse 9 percent
of its wastewater." (8WUP, p. 24.)
The Department does not have the
authority to impose wastewater reuse
as a condition of a permit, but it does
encourage ruse where It s applicable.
As groundwater availability becomes
more limited, Increased demands for
potable water will have to be met from
alternative sources. The possibilities
Include water importation, demsanlza-
tion, andhe use of reclaimed water In
cases where potable water Is now
used in nonpotable needs such as
Irrigation. The Department has
(> awarded numerous sewage treatment
granteorprojects that involve effluent
reuse systems, Laluding a very suc-
ossul one In St. Petebug.
The Department has the general
responsibitoy teoversee mplemens
tlon of the State Water Use Plan by the
water management districts, and the
districts must Implement a water con-
servation and reuse program suited to
the needs of the water users in their
The water management districts
each approach wastewater reuse dif-
ferently. The South Florida Water
Management District (SFWMD) has
required applicants for deep well
wastewater jedlon permits to at least
study and report on the feasibility of
wastewater reuse. However, aSFWMD
study reported that reuse in Palm
Beach County probably would be
economically feasible for only 15
percent of potential users.
On the other hand, the St. Johns
River Water Management District now
mandates reuse by recipients of con-
sumptive use permits for freshwater.
The St. Johns district policy is to
achieve water conservation through
the direct reuse of reclaimed water.
The disagreement between these
two districts represents the extremes
on this Issue. The Northwest and
Page 12

Southwest Florida Water Managment
Districts both encourage reuse, but
they do not require It The Suwannee
River Water Management District does
not have a policy on reuse at this time
but is studying the Issue.
To enhance these present efforts,
the water use plan includes policies
that promote reuse. One would en-
ourgewaterand wasewatersystems
Jo "provide incentives for customers
who use effective wateror wastewater
saving devices." (SWUP, p. 24.) An-
other more dramatic policy would
"require the consideration of water
conservation measures for all users
through regulatory and nonregulatory
programs and review procee es at all
levels of government" (SWUP, p.
24.) Implementation of this policy
would elevate water reuse by making
it a formal element of regulatory

Making It Work
The Department has estimated that
the cost of implementing the State
Water Use Pm i approximate 49
billion dollars over the next 20 years.
The future of the SWUP depend not
only upon the cooperatbn of state,
regional and local gowmmnent but
also upon a continuing sate andlocal
commitment t provide the necessary
financial sources.
The State Water Use Plan will not
solve our water resource problems
overnight, but it doesprovide us with a
logical framework to help us address
them. We must set priorities outline
the strategies we will pursue, and
secure the resources we need to
achieve our objectives. With resources
supported by sound planning, we will
ensure Floridas water resources for
future generations.

April 1988


University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs