Title: The Amazon: Measuring a Mighty River, Brochure
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00002239/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Amazon: Measuring a Mighty River, Brochure
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: US Dept of the Interior, Geological Survey
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Abstract: The Amazon: Measuring a Mighty River, Brochure
General Note: Box 10, Folder 12 ( SF Water Rights-Water Crop - 1973, 1976-77 ), Item 3
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00002239
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text


AMAZON

S.,pMasuring a
Mighty river




.
















Ud. APARTMENTT OF THE INTERIOR
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY us"I mF -1- i




-Awl


la'itf Ainmani^s aue'd largutsts riwr, dicharges an


-Bilif twh~ ai4era ae per day y


:. .Ig;..4a ceaya.ae .et of he .or d.
By "Fi~o&posn' t he An.,a teiyg;er coahrf dint.
"i:k .Ft^-all 3(a.o Ritpp & *ai i~fe second .iaggest
en6t theher







.4 t ain fi abistiRoose)vel) have
Stretagtlinthe Asiwon. Basista-datwi recesmalonly
a 4iqit a water r Oeas, data- has been
Sb. gant abe &b bhage South Amearicmn waterway.

T A~sn 's er is ftd by aswe duP 20 trittaries, swm ef
*:;. wllMfttaan ta)bPMata.&


4 # 7 ::.


I


I~.s' ~ ~tc~

r







Mu*44ctstdu4 AV
tomu ~td:~~r~~~-r;4 a~~i-siW;jli'i;


and tbf Bjiaii.j ^t^f

ts ~;.a = =se ie = ,




Goverameit in slouderf osW





Governts mein in sdy ig
the 06Braznesinsedf y
ments in 1969 and W 19
"moving oat"lethod. '-









, ^ ... .-
. i .. . -


_IL


nlow-.
-.


S- WNW3*ffl An*a -diooils. the river


AM. t6 O raieszide iafr tb
e-thie Mies to's s anies wide along the

Ste sea, the Amazon. rpeives drainiig
f 3 million sqa ts of land, a itaea
eq i b e conterm iFue

-, Alr. eer somer WD
.B h at # thee f..oia y .
that i agou


.a^ .'Sa^-;bhif .tsa f<^Bleiy(
.oQi*Vd bi tant nia tiae Th wet tropical fotiate
Confai:hSh TalaB& raises t gist's cWpo Sometines
dpnkabeus the:wto.rld's. a"tSpestadular greepheuse;
Oiistt c6ntauis as maay as 3,000 plant species 'per
senate mile. Except along tie river, however, the forest
has Wittle of the undergrowth that is associated with
jaugbe terrpain. ..*: .
-f faantrhe soil is the basia has been so thoroughly
waked of minearl toatein4al y stair hat it not
msacienmd faei E e-t ci u cwmops except
along the looad pias wbc A rir' overflow has
sep retrich sblayers of so. I,

The Aazld ivestiga ion wre cenducBed along the lower 900miile
Lho Fr1Wbt B r t
k' I.; ___ __ _


45


t


a-.. ,-


-


r --


... s~:;r '~4


R il~b~T I:~L~ ~ I1
t

.r:l
Y. -i~


.~SPLI*~f ~;)~~
i.~i15~3~S"~7:

f~~r.i~'~ Iili


- ;"



..~-

i




17 .- ;""
-


A*fAAZCt4

bAY N -


LL~ -'4


of -the higl y to. the western border of
pit d l70-ai'lt O IR. October 1972
ltosff^^ iw i;tgb ay tdat will skirt
tmitaod i tdfileaviBhaanug at the nortd-

"iaotdie, ad) ct -te the'.torters :with



0l hwa cij4r afmti- camnpaabte rate
;g.e tame.
& -f-.'< .l- "'? B., ,


states .
? .... -..^'-"M "
Contrary. -
area is not."

a range, 4_

85 pefenmt- e*ve
ranges from ,:
about 80 ic
rainfall occurring


For n ibtginfli l at Ro
deMelopirat:o Ap azma


trai4e on the river. The
of ih interest because i tfi dli
mixer4 and hydrode* -
Bramifan p,""Ain 4 p IOi
bain are .s~-i l
intefrt. Theo. Selim-Brazilak A
truck- ad busraffic as welt-'
TruIas-AmazotdhBway fu,kg
frotm e BeSS high
and to p-asen~r vehicle l...ir t .


- e -w' ,j
-d





---4


in the


AMAZON CHANNEL


'"f ^ ^ "' I .

f~elp ^ ^ ''^ ctft~r~e
........ ....... ....
*JuArl&Vwc.r

k -s *:Maw es


82~;v3
.~~e~~ I1lr


.i n- .:c~l ord. .waw iwei q ay
.yshu4sp.iia^^EP~ita MUbwfalmk t fit kw -e ta


S'


~cl


:fl


i""
LI-
9
r






















































-t7t














-T7 -
-:- 'rur.Ipft~~jia&~`s~~,rlt-4'-p~I






1~j444 4 4. -.4 4- -



P-'r'*






A?4x


tfor the watCrtpuia$k&0:1, eaj;1y
basin hiasbn



w8W*exera *k'tklf as
(se *watr *0 -shni rs ."*

Ofte aV* 4 ba 4mB -



see ajie urt o 10F 1

WlA Qfw*rvwdrke'fOst h*
UnIalflk aft. hys, ibe Amazon do"t bNd a
delta. Instad, river's hh rate of rans-
ports its si'giRsStinent far o^^-gea
it.is fmirnts aptd ,
the coast of cgirt eNal and the
*, *
.~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r "' N:^^^^^


II

fl- S-


ei44

,


I.',
*tfl')


'is


1%'r V


- 4-" -~~ Y.Cqll-L


ll- M


:. jo Umnt-Sa aw kris.* w scnt team
fria^^ tedqgaitions j'l*y- 1963 during the
sa. Sauialiber::R3 dur-
i g W ~~~is ow n aIgust 194 diuing a period
of i 8ediea flow.
The primary objective of -i expedition was to
measure th disc t waIe, disso ved solids, and
sutiflpeli u lt -' rgtiVer, dnd
v, ii, ~4 that were
4oaradvely. -small
k d objective of
precise -data -on the
Ifhe-Massive transport
inidi Ws f~itin the~-tconfirents
I-I lof dite Mtr discharge and dis-
^ .;'.\^|^itu d-Aftzboa -ad set3osly hpt

4 *acIevs tkiba churied 1b fe artH's h iaS the
.fi. Id",-*"; .
- ,,-r




- *~ -. r -


.L'. s,


u--
:~rL~ ~a i
:. c-. ~

r;


ldtadun *mamca eqwipmsnu *4uiI tI
OftM*4Uq's.*C-i~t. ..









0iwysU&s rp


*4.6-

-w w


V~-JI~ --.- ~ ~ ~ i


ir. '* '- ~ -*1*


f


JeeFR~i-~F~' '
~i~~;~: i%.
~J L~~T~

i$t~i~aeni
::ea: iere
~o.oars~it


I~t~bFSI ~;~i~.Ctii~~.l-;dP~f~;
::ij. ~~~ '~il. *-;:: ~:~ ::r~: ~~:
I; =
II `i
Cj i


--I


16
P
iT&




nI .~ -F.. -


-' ---.


.all the .subsections i ls-hE









iei uskitake a
iatar In the Amazon



athe e
^^^g^^g~ii~aai~i BBEi-rsi ~ lgbe u ar


velocity and the
of the angle between the cross-
of the current meter vane are taken amual-y and
recorded. The resulting meiediscaW a hiF
computed with an electronic .4: iii
method isW both accurate a6 -f :
measurpent cant be madeat '
quarter hour. T hps seyver
can be made in one day and avi
as the final rpauit., The razi have used
the," moviqS.boat" inefi"7
Brat lian esineers ia^i, Maa| a 8
OWd"s bo.we ?4:M aP i&A -A e pi


tV*4dddI~ ~tW tbigt jr
maC end.. ,4;* Crnr4itt~


*1t .pq


pz~


; -. .


,.z #r44%
4.., mc
A>


o w4eing winched
itrAmsm '
Serial photographs
period shows that the
..io fod dpaid thruou such
-- V. -Francs may be. a ii-
i-,. .b e id chan"_elgbage."
>aewtssleee 9 a q because signiaficant ablve a
!({*Sloif(e~ td0wi- ., aeasured- ,aget
pipl; ntqrSe*.estal cL$. e B0a0ign

asii tes..',te s. ft4 -*ohe


-w


4h


^.;-s
I- *


*




_.\,,
WLZ
.?j i-. .-SQ.... r t.........


3&

as


w i*b as tba 1948


of the Anfa iB. being vaqo P uicnj
about 51( miles by NASA -En^gfifi
noogy Satellte (ERTS-I). Si.da-t.
lo.c..i~ urvey and aBii i .
-J r to updakbte nmaps.l:A
plot rcnt chat the:
rnadimr lm"ler Ibi

-ofthe 1eias as the a s
tesp( e 2 r ON.-



qweftbrw pwordo oaf*'

..7


s*ad:


.'. i "


~ -Thlta Of.'tuhe
It's wigs- it~


4:r









I.M





















mouth of theM river ws ere i it:i e eio qe -
40,00: dfi (0.2 bgafra Vfoja



Mexico. '

The flow of the river at Obidos was measured at
7,640,000 cfs in July 1963 (high stage); 2,5600
cfs in November 1963 (low stage); sad 5,810,W0
ds in August 1964 (intermediate'-tage). lTehihest
discharge rate measure by Brazilia .gi ine up
to June 1972 was 8,330,000 cfs,

At least ten places ,along the 50Q-mile
between the mouth of the river ad QI~C ,-
found to have depths of 300 firpt r
revealing that the bed of the rivers a sea
level.

* The Amazon is one of clear. nest rivers r
its choensal purity is eair thagte 4 agr
beter han that of sost publp Water "f94 I
United States. "
-** :h -"zo *s 'n -f '-i "lans **q ~ or.f~IT-f~.


.. .. ..




1973 0 U5-74




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