Title: Table 1.1 Anomalous Physical Properties of Liquid Water
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00002181/00001
 Material Information
Title: Table 1.1 Anomalous Physical Properties of Liquid Water
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: Sverdrup, Johnson, and Fleming
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
Abstract: Table 1.1 Anomalous Physical Properties of Liquid Water
General Note: Box 10, Folder 6 ( SF Water Crop - 1978-1979 ), Item 10
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
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Bibliographic ID: WL00002181
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

I I e

alous in all its physical-
), Johnson, and Fleming's
ies and their significance.*
:rty-the temperatures at
nts of the hydrides of the
Bible (see Table A.2 in the
eight from H2S to H2Se
lnar progression is H2O,
s family of compounds,
greater than the melting
ne anomaly appears even
unablee comparison with
temperature yet in fact its
t to be! Clearly something
Skls in the liquid are not
evening their escape into
ich binds the water mole-
II understood and will be
n, the way in which the
however quite a different
even though the existence
(see Chadwell, 1927, for a
ts been the subject of in-

'tly monomeric with an
Charged clusters such as
ge in water vapor at low
"he solid state, ice, can be
ly characterized (and will
enters around the liquid
two, not a few, but many
nue to proliferate at an
because these theories fail
I. The situation has been
Write, "Increased efforts
e: R. A. Home, Surv. Progr.
lteractions, Holden-Day, Inc.,
r Electrolyte Solutions and lihe
Wicke, Angew. Chem., 5, 106.

Table 1.1 Anomalous Physical Properties of Liquid Water
(From Svcrdrup, Johnson, and Fleming, 1942, with permission of
Prentice-Hall, Inc.)

Comparison with Other Importance in Physical.
Property Substances Biological Environment

Heat capacity Highest of all solids and Prevents extreme ranges in ten-
liquids except liquid NHa perature; heat transfer by water
movements is very large; tends
to maintain uniform body tem-
Latent heat of fusion Highest except NHa Thermostatic effect at freezing
point due to absorption or re-
lease of latent heat
Latent heat of Highest of all substances Large latent heat of evaporation
evaporation extremely important in heat and
water transfer of atmosphere
Thermal expansion Temperature of maximum Fresh water and dilute seawater
density decreases with in- have their maximum density at
creasing salinity; for pure temperatures above the freezing
water it is at 40C point; this property plays an
important part in controlling
temperature distribution and
vertical circulation in lakes
Surface tension Highest of all liquids Important in physiology of the
cell; controls certain surface
phenomena and drop formation
and behavior
Dissolving power Iu general dissolves more Obvious ,implications in both
substances and in greater physical and biological phe-
quantities than any other nomena
Dielectric constant Pure water has the highest Of utmost importance in be-
of all liquids havior of inorganic dissolved
substances because of resulting
high dissociation
Electrolytic dissocia- Very small A neutral substance, yet contains
lion both H + and OH ions
Transparency Relatively great Absorption of radiant energy is
large in infrared and ultraviolet;
in visible portion of energy
spectrum there is relatively little
selective absorption, hence is
"colorless"; characteristic ab-
sorption important in physical
and biological phenomena
Conduction of heat Highest of all liquids Although important on small
scale, as in living cells, the mole-
cular processes are far out-
weighed by eddy conduction

"1 -' 1~-`1 ---0-'-''

-- "'--- II

1 '


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