Title: Hydroscope Newsletter
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00002145/00001
 Material Information
Title: Hydroscope Newsletter
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: SWFWMD
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
Abstract: Hydroscope Newsletter, Vol 7, No. 1, January, 1976
General Note: Box 10, Folder 2 ( SF Taxation, ad valorem tax referendum-SWFWMD-1976 - 1976 ), Item 97
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00002145
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

":. -~~i'ith'~rnts .'~cpc~

WSI~Ltrrw aCeangrxwR~zl t

Volume 7, Ni

1. 1

"'P. BinWli
*IOW@, Ftrai 33512

Ptse ws 4ds 79 7211
NUl~Iri & Weunsds (S41 79.1211


January, 1976

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maui"A'ft -- t' I .."jilt^fff^"^ O
Southwest florida Water Manawflt CAWP) *^dCsi^ S
District (SWFWMO and th.e ., .

- as flood ontr a awb cies t in n M..onp. ad local
cooperatiyto t^the fsf gJggIg Fl-wid itB. tB new tahte ,'Fla shifted from
reo pmx s designed tet a n W iocatt
urban aseas. ated it *flflh a growing needfor
la te AI s bth jfbe State's water

p r t agencies involved in the search for Ae f d n O a
their solutions t in tf r d the a
Because of the growdirelated demands pAing TW. .... .watedn. p .' h F. .hy
for more and Sore fesh water d.Ung a perty O every major lake and feiwr. Oe wall the tnge of boundary
period when a large part of the State a promotipnal effort aid, "Why lie. In. t inat its gr status and cause
being subjected to a series otkerm Florida if yeo can't onie n the water it ad em t power?
doaught, the Florida Legislaturepassed b. Las of naturaffoodplain@ ad ta growing e a i, AeCiriu Court ?f the
s teWOn Arl, 11H, the Cldtk Court of the
Wter Resources Act of 1fi.- This A idence, of Stuturtl, damage due to n
Sexpressl the Lgislature' concern over flooding were the l'evta ruf. ior Fth Judi-- of Hse nd Count
Sthe protection 6f Florida's fresh water raiatal a bt bght.i anguished rrids for would so nR P se the confiuratn
redras s municipal, county and In- assistance as new lridians feinf the of WM tSit would nQW bO th
Sdustrini demands began to compete for hard way t*it they had built in wat was f SW tit i .u wa. e the.
Siw ter from chap, but limited, %ad once a ft odplain. P Fto es were grated -F u t- ract it.. *e thne
401Vb ned and pegthendth an ck eof ve s mind fe*fnd ck o er bond n ges
owebs of the two eistin water twe qstion w.hat's-goip to happen when "the boun e of
minetnrent di *ict and est btisWhe te a hurriin -hits? tn 'rmied out muu At ifsge
4h,.. iaWmq & every square *If of the On hi t m ther hand, record qualities of I-te s"Wue .w
Sa m und~der the jurisdiction o a woer water were being demanded. Brought on by rtr a i i tt
...ana na district. te a itn end ou. inf x. of people and o t
Wi 'thi I new districts were being cnsumpn om f more d, 0 s

-.z-h-dec- : .,as .,. --at 1,s W q .ilc a by
Srle .ar as.fe va t dsr 3tht

Att W
.aR- br'~ B~ _. A ..,
0*a thl
crtat, ~g ~5~t~ *
tjij~'L~llitF. tO9 0
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MEANS ....

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r V. A:;. .Oji.A -
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the ed a- untta

on.. the j appr -
'. w a

wa .te hrogou the Se w be

'pGbIR a* .trau residents deflne 'and
Tre thi tem. Also, the atflndntme..
S*W: eW.oud prevent the use d-vf tix
.*'f one ritwfthe State being used to pay
: r dson i ,m4of4 an wher.
",IJeqi~95~ir~t~ ,. ..A,-.ia, ,iimf .be

.f i" ri,^ det current law. For-

.f .3 ftotB w w -
SFFCD cur-
Blwe ?* twoum capability 6f
|,. ''i-i dfn. te. Wo'
* S' etwen the two drus- they incie;

oF: Stat- '
. teion State4 pkation

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p a-vote
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nat.ra'lto." "e lp~l.
Water shater seiand flodima. are
pee a wrid wme.bts. ,,
probFems Of war 4 aftct the at'9o (
i. etMtlay Fbdrili as 60 p -*eed to Po*t OfiW
eaigive them. emWsotion d ese bing. 3351 -.
mna apd f rtovelnsal matters talki
Waer h o, .ie cm ,em d -6se o- t"
axea -And unfrtLunitely, it is a .oie..c t a *4
tht e further a taxpayer gets from l wi i ('U A qa
dllar, the less control he has over i- why, __
'bLd ad where it will be spent.
ThkiWfWMD today operates on wh *s
bnown as the basin board concept wB hicAii l
atows every District resident an op-
po t to b mion direatly involved wiah :
water management dec~ions. There I~s 4
bisin board fir ea he ten w
basins of ,whidh iF 40 is c~q
Evenyitmenibberfplg f a basin board
at rrdent of a Cw ithy n the bSt-t
inits. Each beaed i~ along


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BACKCROUND the tax to vote for it. Significantly, the *r.ombined $30-million annuf budgets of the
'i 1972 there were two water lxing authority of all special taxing 'o existing districts, as well as the'
iumageet districts within the State, the districts (such as SWFWMD and additional funding that would be necessary,
Southwest Florida Water Management C&SFFCD) in existence when the new for the new ones? And most significantly, if
strict (SWFWMD) and the Central and ,Constitution4'went into effect was pre- the State were to assume this' funding,
hern Florida "Flood Control DistrictS served. Only new districts would be subject responsibility, would it mean the broad |
SFFCD)Both were originally created t9P the requirement. '' 't water management powers and respon-.
loodcontrol agencies to build, in By'1972, the growth that had begun in sibilities now vested in regional and local :
ationlwith the federal government, Florida in the mid-1960's was reaching new basin boards would then be shifted,0 .
ional projects designed to prt lar highs and all the classic problems associ- i al to State control?
Sareas.. ; ated with unrestricted expansion' began toJ
In the 1960's both population and appearnot the least of which ere those five management of the State'sat r
pdu stri thio with waters m w had resce but with no funds to support it, e
S' in Florid be S to he fWo original districts meanwhile d Legis re postponed implemnta
t rates. It became apparent grown as- greater responsibilities were the ndary changes .until.a re
h atu of m water-related prn ems given them by the Legislature and. as local :. definite aniysi he.taxin le
m u h n comprehensive a water problems became regional in scope. was av questions. c be
on lood' he major concerns of the water managers, further rifi udal r i
ii anamm 'districts -;became .0 further faheW by-7lud-kial r i SWn-Ffc
en n istrictsbecme Iso became paradoxical. On the one hand, anuary SWFWMD'initia a suit
agency Iedn F as' thousands of new 'residents came to with Herna Cou inorder to obtain
on. -Florida each'week, developers were com-' declaratory ee from theF
cause of the growth-related demands. peting for the remaining waterfront pro- ure ou hequestionwa asically:
more andpore fresh water during"a perty on every major lake and river. One will theDistr 's change of/boundary
hperio ahea large art of theState was promotional' effort asked, "'Why live in terminate its gr father status and cau
ig subjected to ai serious long-term idaif you can't live on the water?" it to losits ad lorem taxi power?..
ght, the'Florida Legislature passed the Loss of natural floodplains and a growing the Circ court of the
ter Resources'Act of 1972..'This'Act incidence of structural damage due to Fifth Judicial Circt Heando oun
sed 'the Legislature's .concern over flooding'were the inevitable results. Minor rle th
tectio ofF Florida's fresh 'water rainfalls' brought anguished cries for r tat te pro ed darychange
-c _. a would so materially r vise e configuration
."as "municipal,county and0 in-". assistance as new Floridians learned the WFD atno longer the
of SWFWMD that it no longer be the
trq l sands'began to compete for ,hard way that they had built in what was of S tat t was before the
haterfrom cheap, but limited, local lonce:a floodplain. Problems were growing special taxing distri ws e
races. It broadened and strengthened the and in back of everyone's mind remained da Constitution w revised in 1968. In
other words, if th undary changes
ulatory powers of the two existing water,, the question, what's going to happen when wd Resources Act
anaeent districts and established three a hurricane hits? mandated by the W Resources Act of
e a1972 were to be ca ied t, the numerous
thet putting everysquaremileof the On the other hand, record quantities of food control, w er s and wer
tateunderthe'jurisdiction ofa wawat water were being demanded. Brought on by resource ro t bhd
Sant .t resource protect effort of both districts
management district. ': the'tremendous influx of people and uldeitherbe wn limboorbe
SWhen th new districts" were being industry, consumption of more and more e under the exc sive contr of heStat
established' itseemed logical 'from a water was combined with a continuing SWFWMD i currently in le a la
hydrologic viewpoint to transfer parts of the long-term drought. The combination placed roces of p tg th quest
existing districts to the new districts. These increasing stress on existing water supply Florida S Court
legislated boundary changes to the two systems. The resulting competition for new e r
existing districts provided the basis for the supplies between city, county, agricultural When t law was original passed by
problems that have resulted in the need for and mining interests underlined the need the Legiture, it was not anticted that
amendment to the Florida Constitution. for an overall plan for water development he fu ing of these critical needed
i When the two original districts were and more effective regulations. This roger s would be jeopardized or at the
created, the Florida Constitution permitted prompted the Legislature to pass the Water app ximately $30-million program
the Legislature to authorize each an ad Resources Act of 1972. g carried be the two districts w
valoem taxing capability. It was reasoned '" The law is well designed and should ME
that water problems were for the most part ^ bring about eventual resolution of these WHY IS THE AMENDMENT.g
local or regional in natureand, therefore,' major' problems, but the changes it NECESSARY?
that the costs incurred in resolving them prescribed to the boundaries of SWFWMD Every person who knows about the wat
should be borne by those who would reap and C&SFFCD raised an important ques- problems occurring in southwest a
the benefits. Consequently, the laws that. tion: If carried out, would the changes mean 4 southeast Florida also knows that wa
ated the districts also established them the "grandfather" status of the two original management is one of the most im
special taxing districts with a limited ad ;, districts would be nullified and their taxing functions of government today and that it's
yaloremtax~s their primary source of capability lost? How would the numerous going to become more so as popular
nue. :,''"-'' .. and important flood control, conservation, continues its climb upward. The State
n1968, Florida voters approved major ~ regulatory and other water management resource is its lifeblood and as s
revisions to the State's Constitution. One of ; programs spread over the southern half of m protected and managed properly
he new provisions declared that property, Florida be financed? How would it affect it t the continuous attention of trai
owners could no longer be subjected to completion of the multi-million dollar dentists, the delicate qualitativean
taxes for new purposes without their ., federal projects which require extensive quantitative balances of that' resource
explicit approval. Before a new tax can be local participation and maintenance? Would would be destroyed, and the cities'
levied, the revised Constitution requires a the State have to take over the funding of industries that depend so heavily upon it

mental" t aders realize is ~eteri problems exist within i
assigned4the ."task oft responsib a. SSw D's levy ould actisa r. area and to develop a budget that addresses
m a nt to the'five districts. ~~e other words, a for th hose problems. Taxes collected by-the
ei ..t A amendment WFW Ints word. basin board can only be spent for purposes'
eliminate'a pr ictable' be a vote.for a hin th.atiumulthat will directly, benefit that basin; Board
gJorthe three new districts. I allowable m d. ly, a vote'' formembers 'have 'traditionally' been', pro-
em funding ow available two e ame nt by C&S residents minent, long-time residents of the counties
gin strits,- unless the islature woul w a vote for simply maintaimi ir they represent and are intimately familiar
ed t eave- current bound es as they with local problms.- -
re.The sult would event I ~lIt.,: HOW WILL A VOTE FOR THE
ryeFlo a resident.' EFERENDUM BE A VOTE FOR this n board concept thatall the
ln'addit all in oent. and in- CONTINUING LOCAL CONTROL OF participate of every individual w
dividualnp now bei enjoyed by' the WATER MANAGEMENTI c t w this country
average citiz throu 'thvarious basin No matter what is said, water-related was -built-..,
and governing. ov whe ,ndchow problems will continue to exist as Florida On March 9, voters will
S b s%, .0 veo growss' Rapidly expanding populated areas asked'to d if the support an
f and the arefastapproaching the- limits of their amendm o teYFlorda Con. ion that
.ansfar I l p l ca indivi uawater yst s, using serious will t a tax.n to exceed or
ate'mnag tp bems'.would havq t ate ges sthe population in-
oetewith. ect wide problems fo creases, lltheneed for homes nd is tki rmat is provi ed to assist
limited' ou .toft dollars' available supporting industries that must vie for the interested citizensin obtaining abetter
nthe herald approval ofVthe remaining land areas which many times are understanding ofthe issues involved.
endde wil sure hat the man natural floodplains r Should you have any question or desire any
im a ag nt programs 'Water shortages and flooding areonly additional information on this important
n rugho utthe te'wil.'be two' major water-related 'problems. The matter, please feel free to call E.D.'Vergara
si as local resident define and problems of water management affect the at (904)'796-7211 or write to SWFWMD,
lt .1'Also, the dment life offevery Floridian as does the need to Post Office..Box, Brooksville, Florida
al, ld preventthe u of taxes resolve them. Resolution of these highly 33512."' 4 *lF F."
one part of e State being u to pay involved and controversial matters takes
money that can only come from one source H YDROSCOPE
HOW WILL APPROVAL OF THE taxes. And unfortunately, it is axiomatic This document is produced monthly at an annual
,AMENDMENTAFFECT CURRENT' that the further a taxpayer gets from his printing and postage cost of 3,597.00 to provide
!M um 'MILLAGEST dollar, the less control he has over why, public oliials and private citizen a currns r
"' of Inlormation about the Southwest Florida Wafer
,Ihow and where it will be spent. Management District and its programs.
The SWFWMD today operates on what is BOARD OF GOVERNORS of the Southwest Florida
FM h known as the basin board concept which Water Management District (P. 0. Box 457.
SWFWMDIow,has' maximum allows every District resident an op- Brooksville, Florida33612,
taxi ability of 1.mills for water portunity to become directly involved with DerrillS. McAteer '" Chairman
management purposes. C&SFFCD cur- water'management decisions. There is a J. R. Graw Vice Chairman
rntly has maximum taxing capability ofbasin board for each of the ten watershed Thomas M. Van Der Veer Secretary
.O mill. basins'of which SWFWMD is comprised. Joe E. Hill .t Treasurer
Betwee tt they. in .d Every member appointed to a basin board is N. Brooks Johns'' Assistant Secretary
gh. a resident of a county within the basin's S. C. Bexley Assistant Treasurer
ofthe State'spopulation; limits. Each basin is aligned along natural Ronald B. Lambert Member
ofthe State's land'area ',watershed areas such as the Peace River Robert Martinez Member
56 of the State's taxable property .'Basin, Hillsborough River Basin, Withla- Lewis H. Homer Member
Scoochee River Basin, etc.' And each county Donald R. Feaster,. Executive Director
increased i since .must be represented on the board. Robert Atchison :. Editor
S Each basin board has the responsibility to Donna K. Parkin Assistant Editor
SBulk Rate
.-J U. S. Postage'
6.1 c Paid
SBrooksville, FL 33512
Permit No. 14

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