Title: 1987 Annual Report Northwest Florida Water Management District
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00000996/00001
 Material Information
Title: 1987 Annual Report Northwest Florida Water Management District
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
Abstract: 1987 Annual Report Northwest Florida Water Management District
General Note: Box 7, Folder 4 ( Vail Conference 1989 - 1989 ), Item 95
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
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Bibliographic ID: WL00000996
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

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and 16 counties, stretching from the St.
Marks River basin inJefferson County to
the Perdido River in Escambia County.
This includes 19 percent of the state's
total land area, and an estimated 8.4
percent of the state's population.
The District contains eleven large riv-
ers and many smallerstreams,including
Apalachicola River. Eight of these rivers
enter from Alabama or Georgia and con-
tribute 80 percent of northwest Florida's
surface water. Five major drainage ba-
sins, represented by Basin Advisory
Committees, are located within District

established by the District in 1979, follow
the geographic boundaries of northwest
Florida's major drainage basins. The
BACs include the Perdido-Escambia
Rivers Basin (BAC D, the Blackwater
Yellow Rivers Basin (BAC ID, the Choc-
tawhatchee River Basin (BAC II), the
lower Chattahoochee-Apalachicola-
Chipola Rivers Basin (BAC IV), and the
Ochlockonee-S Marks-Wakulla Rivr
Basin (BAC V). BAC members, drawn
fromlocal governments,businessesand
other sectors, meet twice a year to dis-
cuss topics of concerto thebasins,such
as basin-specific water management

Water management districts have the
authority to levy ad valorem taxes to
support the work of the District under
Chapter373,F.S. TheNorthwestFlorida
Water Management District's taxing au-
thority is limited to 5 percent of one mill
The state's other four districts are consti-
tutionally allowed one full mill. The
Northwest Florida District, however,
receives supplements from state general
revenue funds and other federal, state
and local funds for special projects.


uses. C
ing pop
ence on
tion of

The Nc
mran n

Introduction to the Northwest Florida

Water Management District

early periods of Florida's devel- Inl972,theFloridaLegislatureenacted
t, water management efforts con- the Water Resources Act, which pro-
ed on hurricane protection and vided a unique approach to water man- '
e of extensive areas of central and agement bycreating fiveregionalwater
lorida for agricultural and urban management districts. In keeping with -
urrently, Florida'a rapidly grow- the intent of this legislation, the gover-
nulation and increasing depend- nor and Cabinet in August 1974 dele-
water for residential, recreational gated primary authority for manage-
ustrial uses have heightened con- meant of the water resources of northwest
water management. Recentstate Florida to the Northwest Florida Water ---
es have focused on stormwater Management District. The District is "
growthmanagement,theacquisi- responsible for the conservation, prote-
cologically significant lands, and tion, management and control of the
euseandsensiblemanagementof surfaceandgroundwaters ofthe north-
and surface water resources. west portion of the state.

ysical Description Basin Advisory
rthwest Florida Water Manage Committees
4.iir4 .mnrcv 11 7nMi ur, miles TheBasin AdviMr vCnommittees(AC-

Table of Contents
2 Governing Board
5 Chairman's Message
6 Director's Message
24 Financial Summary
28 District Staff
29 Headquarters and Field Offices
SWater Resource Restoration
8 New SWIM Law Implemented in 1987
9 Dead Lakes Dam Removed
9 Restoration of Old Pass Lagoon Progresses
10 Lake Munson Sampling Program Completed
10 Lake Jackson Restoration Project Wins Award
Resource Analysis
11 Choctawhatchee River and Bay Programs
12 Ambient Ground Water Monitoring Program Update
12 Wakulla Springs Research Project Aids Ambient Ground Water Monitoring
13 Landfill Evaluations Proceed
13 Tallahassee/Leon County Stormwater Study Progressing on Schedule
Resource Protection and Management
14 Regulatory Responsibilities
15 Wetlands Program Highlights
15 Aquatic Plant Control Program Discontinued
16 Policies Proposed for Management of District Lands
16 Hunting Permits Available for District-Owned Lands
Technical Assistance
17 District Provides Planning Assistance
17 A-C-F Management Strategy Update
18 Evaluation of Dams
18 Jackson County Irrigation Program Terminated Early
19 Intergovernmental Coordination
19 Regional Utility Authority Receives Assistance
20 Aquaculture Proposal Funded
Public Information
21 New Roles for Districts Predicted at 12th Annual Conference
22 "WaterWays" Pilot Project
23 Library Update
23 1987 Publications

Highlights of 1987

The Northwest Florida Water Management District has continued its involvement with several nationally
significant projects in the areas of lake management, stormwater management, waste management and water
supply planning, and education.

Lake Jackson Restoration Project Wns National Award ............................................................................... 10
Leon CountylCity of Tallahassee Stormwater Study Progresses ............... .................................. 13
Regional Utility Authority Waste Management and Water Supply Plans Underway .......................................*.... 19
"WaterWays" Education Program Succesfully Field Tested in Lon CountyMiddle Schools .................................... 22

Governing Board Members

The activities of the District are overseen y a nine-member Governing Board appointed by the governor and con-
firmed by the Senate. Five members are appointed from each of the District's major hydrologic basins, and four
are selected at large throughout the District. The Governing Board's local perspective results in greater
understanding of the issues, needs and unique conditions in northwest Florida than would be possible under
a single statewide agency system of water management. Board members serve four-year terms without salary
and may be reappointed.

Tom S. Coldewey, Chairman
Gulf County resident Tom Coldewey has served on the Board since its chartering in
1973. Appointed from the Choctawhatchee River Basin, he has served twice as
Chairman of the Board and once as Vice Chairman. A graduate of the University of
Cincinnati, Mr. Coldeweyis atrusteeoftheAlfred du Pont Testamentary Trust, and
president of the Nemours Children's Clinic in Jacksonville. He serves as a director
on the boards of several state and national corporations and associations, and was
a Port St. Joe city commissioner for 20 years.

Ar |

Fred Bond, Vice Chairman
Fred Bond was appointed to the Board in 1979 from the Escambia River Basin. Mr.
Bond received his bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering fromAuburnUniver-
sity. He is a registered Professional Engineer in Florida and two other states and is
vice president of Baskerville-Donovan Engineering Firm in Pensacola. Mr. Bond's
civic contributions include serving on the boards for Lakeview Center in Pensacola
and the Rehabilitation Foundation of Northwest Florida. He served as a member of
the Escambia/Santa Rosa Coast Resource Planning and Management Committee
and is past president of Cantonment Rotary Club. Currently, Mr. Bond is active in
S:the Pensacola Area Chamber of Commerce, the Committee of 100, and Leadership

Candis Harbison, Secretary-Treasurer
Candis Harbison, a Bay County resident, was appointed to the Governing Board in No-
vember 1981 as an at-large member. She received her law degree from Florida State
University in 1982 and her bachelor's degree from the University of Tulsa. She has
served as a member of both the Citizens' Advisory Committee for theBay County 208
Water Quality Study, Coastal Advisory Committee, and as chairperson of the Bay
County Charter Study Commission. Mrs. Harbison, who lists her occupation as a
homemaker, is active in the local Audubon Society and League of Women Voters and
is currently volunteering as a Guardian Ad Litem for the 14th Judicial Court.

Clifford W. Barnhart
Clifford W. Barnhart, a Pensacola resident, was appointed to the Governing Board in
1987 as an at-large member. He attended Princeton University and received a
bachelor's degree from Franklin and Marshall University. He has most recently
served as president and publisher of the Pensacola News-Journal. Although retired
from a 36-year career in journalism, he remains active in business and many profes-
sional and civic organizations in Pensacola.

John M. Creel
John M. Creel, a Jay area farmer, was appointed to the Governing Board in 1987 from
the Blackwater and Yellow Rivers Basin. He received a Ph.D. in agronomy from
Auburn University, and was assistant agronomist at the University of Florida, where
he researched and taught soil and water relations and use. He has 15 years of
experience in production agriculture in Santa Rosa County.

* Andre Dyar
Andre Dyar, of Panama City, was appointed as an at-large member in July 1987. She
is a homemaker, a civic volunteer, and president of the Florida Federation of Republi-
can Women, Bay County Chapter. She is a member of the Bay County Republican
ExecutiveCommitteeand is volunteering as aGuardianAdLitemforthe 14thJudicial

Kenneth F. Hoffman
Kenneth F. Hoffman of Tallahassee, appointed to the Governing Board from the
Ochlockonee, Wakulla and St. Marks Rivers Basin in 1987, is an attorney with the
Tallahassee law firm of Oertel & Hoffman, P.A. Mr. Hoffman graduated from Ohio
University with a degree in journalism. After receiving his law degree, he did post-
graduate legal studies in natural resources lawat George Washington University. He
has served asatrialattorney fortheUS. Department ofJustice inthe Land and Natural
Resources Division handling water rights and land-use litigation, as chief counsel
Regulation), as assistant attorney general, and as counsel to the Florida Game and
*rash Water Fish Commission.


L. E. McMullian, Jr.
L. E. McMullian, Jr., of Bascom, was appointed from the Apalachicola and Chipola
Rivers Basin. The Marianna native is self-employed as a farmer and rancher, and is -
a board member of the Florida Farm Bureau Federation. He is a Mason, a Shriner and J
an Elk. He attended South Georgia and Chipola Junior Colleges and served in the
U. S. Navy for four years. Mr. McMullian was appointed to the Governing Board in

Lloyd E. Weeks

Lloyd E. Weeks, Laurel Hill, was appointed to the Governing Board in 1987 as an at-
large member. Mr. Weeks is a former Walton County Commissioner and is now
employedbyWaltonCounty. Mr. Weeks is a memberof the localboardofthe Selective
Service System, and owns and operates Weeks Auction Sales. A nativeFloridian and
graduate of Lake Wales High School, he served three years in the U. S. Army. He has
served on numerous boards and committees assessing the infrastructure needs in
rapid-growth areas.

Outgoing Governing Board Members

DIvage J. Runnels, outgoing boad member and Board Chairman from January 1984 to July 1987; Tom S.
Coldewy; Bil Smith, outgoing member;Fred Bond; Candis Harbison; Bob Price, outgoing member;and Marion
Tidwell, outgoing member. Not shown: outgoing member Blucher Lines.

S I.

Chairman's Message

During the past year, our District again gained greater responsibilities and
experienced unprecedented growth in programs and personnel. We entered a
period of greatly increased responsibility with passage of the Surface Water Im-
provement and Management (SWIM) Act, under which the State of Florida makes
a serious commitment to preserving our outstanding rivers, lakes, and bays. The
State's water management districts were charged with designating and ranking
these important water bodies according to their need for protection or restoration.
Our District's priority list is the first step in developing the management plans
needed for the protection and restoration of the selected rivers, lakes, and bays.

With completion of a technical evaluation and design of a circulation facility
for Old Pass Lagoon in Destin, the District took a major step toward the restora-
tion of an important water body. A considerable achievement in returning Gulf
County's Dead Lakes system to a natural state was the successful removal of the
Dead Lakes Dam, as mandated by the Legislature. Another far-reaching project
provided an analysis of ground water samples collected from a network of wells
established throughout northwest Florida.

Under the expanding Land Acquisition program, we began implementing
management policies for the nearly 90,000 acres of District-owned floodplains.
The District also initiated action on solutions to wastewater and solid waste
Tom S. Coldewey disposal for the Walton/Okaloosa/Santa Rosa Regional Utility Authority.

The District piloted the innovative "WaterWays" education program in Leon
County's six middle schools. "WaterWays" received a unanimously favorable
response from teachers as well as students, whose post-test scores rose by more
than 30 points. With this proof of educational soundness and technical accuracy,
"WaterWays" is set for expansion into five more counties next year.

District staff continued work on other significant projects, such as the Lake
Jackson Restoration Project, which received the 1987 North American Lake
Management Society Award for Technical Excellence. An aquaculture research
proposal received funding through the Florida Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services, and evaluation of Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission-owned dams continued. With a data collection network placed in
study areas and a priority list of flood prone areas drawn up, the Tallahassee/ Leon
County Stormwater Project progressed dramatically.

Would like to express my deepest appreciation to DavageJ. "Buddy" Runnels,
Jr., Governing Board Chairman from January 1984 to July 1987. Buddy's leader-
ship covered a period of progress and expansion for the District, and his influence
will continue to be felt for many years. He will be missed by the Board and District
staff, as will Marion Tidwell, Blucher Lines, Bill Smith and Bob Price. At the same
time, it is my pleasure to welcome several new Board appointees. The new mem-
bers are Lloyd E. Weeks-of LaurelHill, Clifford W. Barnhart of Pensacola, Kenneth
F. Hoffman of Tallahassee, Lloyd E. McMullian of Bascom, John M. Creel, Jr., of
Jay, and Andre Dyar of Panama City. The addition of such capable people to our
Board is especially timely as Florida enters a new era of water management and
greets a whole new set of challenges.

^It^^Q)z ^

Director's Comments

Florida is regarded as having the best system for water management in 4
the United States. The Water Resources Act of 1972 created five substate
; ., special taxing districts, with broad authority to plan, construct, operate,
: evaluate, and regulate almost any conceivable water resource program or
-"- : project. These districts were authorized to be governed by boards ap-
:l*.,:l ';U .';' pointed by the governor, and, as ratified by the state electorate in 1976 in
the form of an amendment to theStateConstitution, were given ad valorem
taxing authority. By 1977, each of the five districts had technical staffs, ba-
sic programs in place, and were levying at least some tax.

Since three of the districts were new (the exceptions are South and
Southwest Florida, which date back to 1949 and 1961 respectively), little
modification occurred in the districts' roles and functions until 1981. In that
year, the first of many new programs and responsibilities were assigned to
the districts in the form of Save Our Rivers, a water resources-related land
acquisition program funded at a rate of more than $30 million peryear. 1982
witnessed legislatively assigned water use permitting and water shortage
planning. 1983 saw the addition of water well contractor licensing and
driller registration added by the Legislature to the districts' agenda. In
J. William McCartney 1984, the Legislature assigned the regulation of agricultural and forestry
surface water projects to the districts, putting them for the first time in the
water quality and wetlands protection business. The 1985 Legislature
required the districts to develop a State Water Use Plan and gave them a
major role in reviewing the required Local Government Comprehensive
Plans, while the 1986 Legislature strengthened this planning role, requiring
the districts to develop Resource River Management Plans. In 1987, the
major initiative of the Legislature was to create the Surface Water Improve-
ment and Management Program, which required the districts to establish
programs to protect or restore Florida's lakes, rivers, estuaries and bays.
For the first time, and in a big way, the five districts were to undertake
water quality assessments and planning on a comprehensive basis in salt

While adding responsibilities to the State's water management dis-
tricts, the Legislature passed, almost unnoticed and (as later disclosed) by
mistake, 82-46 and, later, 84-94, Laws of Florida which required the water
management districtsto undergobothSundown and Sunset reviews. These
laws called for the 1988 and later legislatures to specifically reauthorize the
districts' governing boards and basin boards, as well as certain regulatory
functions. While these laws were initially viewed as an opportunity to
review and highlight district accomplishments, the districts soon learned
that there was going to be more to Sundown/Sunset than a perfunctory
reauthorization and that therewerereal issues "out there" which concerned
individual members of the Legislature. No one thought it too important or
even realized that, although the districts were relatively new agencies with
a new mission, 96 percent of the members of the Florida Legislature had

taken office after the districts had been justified and thus created. Only seven
of the 160 members of the 1988 Florida House and Senate had served during
the establishment of the districts, and many of the new members were not fa-
miliar with the role, the function and rationale for the districts. It seemed that
many new members of the Florida Legislature wanted to know:

"Who are thesewater management districts? Who are these agencies
who regulate my constituents? Who are these agencies which
function like state agencies, but for whose staffing, organization or
budgets Ido not voteon? Who are these agencies of appointed mem-
bers who levy ad valorem taxes in my district? Who are these
districts with big staffs, big buildings, and fleets of cars and air-
planes? Who are these districts, all of which seem to get bigger and
bigger each year? Who are they?"

Florida has the best water management program in the nation-we do a
great job managing water, but we all do a poor job in letting many important
groups, including the Florida Legislature, know of our programs, accom-
plishments and value to our State. Granted, there have been many special
committees and task forces in the last twelve years to evaluate the role,
activities and functions of the districts, but we have fallen short in telling the
Legislature who we are and in keeping them fully aware of our past and
current contributions to our State's citizens, our cities and our county
governments. We must continue to let them know that we do a very good
job in managing and protecting Florida's water resources and environment,
and that water management is also economic development, for much of our
State's economic base stems from the quality and quantity of our water
resources. We must likewise assure them that we are, in fact, accountable,
that we have necessary supervision, and that we are prudent stewards of the
public's dollars. We must develop and maintain strong and knowledgeable
advocates in both the House and the Senate to ensure that the message of the
districts and their value is continually heard in Tallahassee.

To fail in this is to do a great injustice to the members of the 1972 Florida
Senate and House of Representatives who in their farsightedness created the
best and most comprehensive water resource management delivery institu-
tion in the country.

3NA A'A&3

"Who are

these water



/ I~IC

Wa rReouc Rstrai 9

The SWIM Act directs Florida's water management districts to restore or protect water bodies of
regional or statewide significance.

New SWIM Law Implemented In 1987

Recognizing that the water qual-
ity of many of the State's surface
water bodies has been degraded or
is in danger of becoming degraded,
the Florida Legislature passed the
Surface Water Improvement and
Management (SWIM) Act during the
1987 Session. The Act directs the
State's five water management dis-
tricts to begin restoring'and/or pro-
tecting surface water bodies which
are of regional or statewide signifi-
cance, and to draw upon the assis-
tance and cooperation of several
state agencies.
The Act set aside $15 million to
restore specifically named water
bodies in the South Florida Water
Management District, the Southwest
Florida Water Management District
and the St. Johns River Water Man-
agement District, with $500,000 of
this money to be distributed evenly
among the five water management
districts for the preliminary task of
identifying and listing, in order of
importance, other water bodies
which are of regional or statewide
significance and in need of restora-
tion and/or protection.

The Act provides, generally, for
three major phases of implementa-
tion by the water management dis-
tricts. The first phase is develop-
ment of a list of water bodies that are
either degraded and in need of res-
toration or of good quality but in
need of protection. The list is to be
in priority order, as determined by
the District, and is to be updated
annually. The next phase centers on
development of management plans
for the water bodies in priority
order. The final phase will be im-
plementation of the plans.

During the latter part of the
year, the District began work on the
first phase of implementation of the
Act the development of a priority
list. The District defined "regional
or statewide significance" as: all
Outstanding Florida Waters or any
other water body that has a signifi-
cant economic, environmental or
recreational impact on more than
one county, including but not lim-
ited to lakes, rivers, estuaries and
coastal waters with special consid-
erations given to Outstanding Flor-
ida Waters.

The District held preliminary
meetings with the Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission, the Depart-
ment of Natural Resources, the De-
partment of Environmental Regula-
tion (DER), and the other water
management districts to establish
data sources, goals for SWIM, prior-
ity ranking methods, and water
bodies to be considered for priority
ranking. The District also began
gathering data and defining factors
by which to evaluate the water

By spring of 1988, the District
will submit theSWIM priority listing
to DER for approval. Once ap-
proved, management plans will be
developed for the water bodies in
priority order. Before adopting
these plans, the District will hold
public hearings in the vicinities of the
water bodies under consideration.
The District plans to work closely
with local governments to ensure
the preservation and restoration of
each water body on the priority list-
ing, as well as the integration of the
goals of the SWIM Act with local
planning efforts.



After more than three years of
hearings and legal proceedings cen-
tered on the Dead Lakes Dam, the
District accomplished removal of the
structure in December 1987, as di-
rected by the Legislature.

The 6700-acre Dead Lakes is lo-
cated in Gulf and Calhoun counties
northeast of Wewahitchka. The dam
was constructed in 1960 in an at-
tempt to stabilize possible severe
lake fluctuation. As a result, the
lake's sport fishing declined.

The legislative mandate to re-
move the dam was prompted by a
straw ballot held in March 1984,
when the citizens of Gulf and
Calhoun counties voted overwhelm-
ingly to have the dam removed.

Removal of the dam was com-
pleted on December 24, 1987, and is
expected to return the lake to a state
of natural fluctuation, improve fish
populations, decrease sediment
buildup, and increase germination
of cypress and desirable native
aquatic plants.

In the same month, 35 lakefront
property owners filed suit against
the State of Florida and the District.
Believing that the dam's removal
may result in extended low water
levels, the landowners are request-
ing compensation what they con-
sider their loss of water rights and
property values.

Dead Lakes Dam drawdon structure.

The eastern end of Destin's Old Pass Lagoon.

Restoration of Old Pass Lagoon Progresses

Restoration of Destin's Old Pass
Lagoon moved several steps closer
to reality during 1987. The 1987Leg-
islature appropriated $1.5 million at
the request of Senator Dempsey Bar-
ron for the construction of a circula-
tion facility that will restore the
water and environmental quality of
the lagoon.

In addition, the District has been
issued three of the four permits nec-
essary to begin the construction of
the facility. Dredge and fill permits
have been issued by the Department
of Environmental Regulation and
the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers.
The City of Destin has issued a con-
struction permit and the District is
continuing to work with the Depart-
ment of Natural Resources (DNR) to
secure its final approval.

Old Pass Lagoon has been the
focus of intense study by the District
and others since 1982. The solution
the District has determined will be
the most effective and economically
feasible involves an underground
pipeline and a pump that can move,
when needed, up to 50,000 gallons of
clean water per minute from the Gulf
of Mexico into Sandpiper Cove, the

most stagnant area of the lagoon.
The pump will be operated during
the outgoing tide, and only during
those times of year (generally the
three summer months) when oxy-
gen or pollution levels require an in-
fusion of clean, well-oxygenated

The restoration concept has
been endorsed by the Destin Har-
bor Board of the City of Destin and
the Old Pass Lagoon Subcommittee
of the Governor's Resource Man-
agement Committee. Agreements
are being reviewed by Destin Water
Users providing for routine mainte-
nance of the facility by Okaloosa
County for partial funding of the
facility's operation for five years, by
the landowners for the required
property easements, and by the City
of Destin providing for the transfer
of ownership of the facility to the
city one year after completion and
for maintenance of the facility.

Construction of the facility will
begin after theDistrict receives final
approval from DNR and agree-
ments are finalized with the prop-
erty owners and local governments.

: S,

In December 1987, the District,
in cooperation with the Department
of Environmental Regulation, com-
pleted a one-year sampling program
of water and sediment quality in
Lake Munson, located south of Tal-
lahassee. The sampling program is
the first phase of a multiphase effort
intended to restore water quality
and aquatic habitats in the lake. This
phase was intended to determine
the current health of the lake and
assess the impacts of stormwater

Originally a cypress swamp, the
255-acre lake was impounded in
1950 to alleviate flooding problems.
Since its creation, the lake has been
overloaded by wastewater effluent
and stormwater discharges which
has caused fish kills, algae blooms,
low game fish productivity, high nu-
trient and bacteria levels, and de-
pressed oxygen concentrations.

Prior to wastewater cleanup ef-
forts begun in 1979 by the City of
Tallahassee,ywastewater effluent ac-
counted for 65 percent of the bio-
chemicaloxygen demand (BOD) and
90 percent of the nutrient (nitrogen
and phosphorus) discharges to the

lake. Since 1984, when the city suc-
ceeded in eliminating effluent dis-
charges, the lake has experienced a
dramatic improvement in water
quality. While in 1980 Lake Munson
was ranked the seventh most de-
graded lake in Florida, District data
collected in 1987 shows that its nutri-
ent overload is beginning to de-
crease. The lake is currently ranked
fifty-second. This indicates the suc-
cess of lake restoration efforts to
date, and points out the potential
benefits of future restoration activi-

Stormwaterdischarges from the
23,393-acre watershed, including 51
percent of the City of Tallahassee,
currently account for all nutrient,
pollutant, and sediment loads that
continue to impact the water quality
and aquatic life of the lake.

The District will use the 1987
sampling study data, along with
water quality data collected from
major drainage features in the wa-
tershed, to recommend improve-
ments in stormwater quality in or-
der to prevent further impacts from
area development.

Lake Jackson

Restoration Project
Wins Award

In 1987, the Northwest Florida
Water Management District re-
ceived the North American Lake
Management Society Award for
Technical Excellence for the
District's Lake Jackson Restoration

The Lake Jackson Project, a facil-
ity consisting of an artificial marsh,
filter and detention pond, was de-
signed to alleviate stormwater pol-
lution in the Megginnis Arm section
of Lake Jackson in Leon County.
Completed in 1983, the Project con-
tinues to operate very effectively.
This year, several minor renovations
were made to the artificial marsh
section for improvement of storm-
water runoff treatment. This in-
cluded repairing and modifying two ,
dikes to improve flows and ease
maintenance, resetting culverts,
improving drawdown capabilities,
and some implementing of minor
erosion control.

The Lake Jackson Project is a na-
tionally significant model for reduc-
ing the degradation and destruction
of surface waters by urban runoff.
Chosen by the United States Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency for
this experimental process, Lake
Jackson provides the ideal model be-
cause it has a large watershed with
no surface outlets and has been
undergoing intense urbanization for
many years.

District staff collecting water dcmistry data from Lake Munson.

Lake Munson Sampling Program


Reouc Aiay

View of Choctawhatchee Bay from Basin Bayou State Park near Freeport, Florida.

Choctawhatchee River and Bay Programs

In 1987, the District, in coopera-
tion with the Center for Aquatic Re-
search and Resource Management
(CARRMA) at Florida State Univer-
sity, completed work on two major
programs on the Choctawhatchee
Bay and River system and initiated a

The first of these programs ex-
amined the Bay's ecological and bio-
logical characteristics, including
water quality, the distribution of
seagrasses and estuarine organisms,
and fisheries data. This information
was used in conjunction with the
District's three-dimensional hydro-
dynamic model of the Bay to exam-
ine the possible impacts of a pro-
posed mid-bay bridge. Based on the
predicted changes in the flow and
salinity of the Bay system, determi-
nations were made concerning the
overall environmental impacts that
could be expected following bridge

Work was also completed on a
sediment sampling program con-
ducted jointly by the District,
CARRMA, and the Department of
Environmental Regulation (DER).
Sediment cores taken from 25 sites
around the Bay were analyzed for a
variety of organic pollutants and
heavy metals. No significant concen-
trations of organic toxins were
found, although trace metals were
detected in some areas.

Criteria for the siting of marinas
were developed by the District and
CARRMA in conjunction with the
Florida Department of Community
Affairs. This included identification
of areas where special care must be
exercised in the planning and siting
of new marinas. A unique rating
procedure was developed for this
purpose that took into consideration
the hydraulics, water quality, and
biological characteristics of each
habitat area in the Bay.

In 1987, the District and
CARRMA began work on a mul-
tiphase program to assess the water
quality, hydraulics, and hydrology,
and the distribution of aquatic habi-
tats and floodplain tree communities
of the Florida portion of the Choc-
tawhatchee River basin. The
program's first phase focused on es-
tablishing a network of streamflow
and water quality sampling stations
throughout the study area. Identify-
ing the sources of sediments and
pollutants will substantially impact
the District's ability to manage both
the River and the Bay.

These programs, funded in part
by DER, continue a cooperative
venture between the District and
Florida State University that empha-
sizes a multidisciplinary approach to
estuarine management.


Ambient Ground Water Monitoring Program Update

Work on Phases III and IV of the
Ambient Ground Water Monitoring
Program continued in 1987. The
purpose of the program is to collect
data on the quality of ground water.
Information from this data will en-
able the District to establish back-
ground waterquality and to identify
trends in water conditions due to
changing land and water use.

Phase II of the program en-
tailed the sampling and analyzing of
water from the initial background
network of more than 300 wells the
District established throughout
northwest Florida. The first round
of water sample analyses was com-
pleted in June 1987. District hydro-
geologists obtained samples from
each well and analyzed them for
nutrients, major ions, metals, bacte-
ria, volatile organic compounds, and
radioactivity. Testing results were
published in a November 1987 re-
port, "Ground Water Sampling and
Analysis," and were also entered
into the District's Water Quality

Phase IV includes many tasks,

one of which involves the establish-
ment of a network of 50 to 70 domes-
tic wells in each county of the Dis-
trict. This network of wells will be
sampled by the Department of
Health and Rehabilitative Services
(HRS) over the next four years. The
joint program between DER, HRS,
and the District will provide data
that will be beneficial to all three

One of the major tasks for Phase
IV is the designation of "Very In-
tensely Studied Areas" (VISAs).
These areas were determined by
evaluating the hydrogeology, land
use, locations of potential point and
nonpoint sources, locations of exist-
ing ground water contamination,
and DRASTIC mapping. DRASTIC
is a standardized mapping system
for evaluating the susceptibility for
ground water contamination. The
entire District was mapped for both
the surficial and Floridan Aquifer
systems. The computer-generated
maps showed the variability of sus-
ceptibility to contamination in each

As part of Phase IV, the District
is documenting information con-
cerning all public water supply wells
and other wells six inches or larger in
diameter, in addition to compiling
data on potential sources of ground-
water contamination. Completion
of Phase IV is expected by March

Phase I, completed in 1985, con-
sisted of gathering background data
on the hydrogeology of northwest
Florida. Phase II entailed designing
and installing the initial background
monitoring well network. In estab-
lishing this network, the District
selected 106 existing wells and con-
structed 113 wells which are distrib-
uted throughout the District at
approximately 160 sites.

Funding for the Ambient
Ground Water Monitoring Program
comes from the Florida Department
of Environmental Regulation under
the Water Quality Assurance Act of
1983. The program is being imple-
mented by each of the state's five
water management districts.

Wakulla Springs Research Project Aids Ambient Ground Water Monitoring

In August of 1987, the District was approached by leaders of the Wakulla Springs Project to determine
if the exploration team could perform water sampling on behalf of the District while in the cave system.
The National Geographic-sponsored research project was designed to map, explore and study the
Wakuila Springs cave system. It was decided that water quality samples would be collected from within
the cave system to provide data for the District's Ambient Ground Water Monitoring Program. Since
Wakulla Springs represents a major discharge point from the Floridan Aquifer, samples from within the
cave system could potentially provide representative ground water quality values for a large area of the
Between October 26, and December 6,1987, an international team of divers and scientists explored
and mapped 3,000 feet of Wakulla Springs' caves. They discovered four major tunnels which flow
together to form Wakulla Springs and obtained five water quality samples for the District.
Purchased by theDistrict and TheNatureConservancy onJune26,1986, the2,888 acres, which include
the lodge, restaurants and boating facility, were repurchased by the Department of Natural Resources
on November 30,1987, making the springs part of the Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park. When
Wakulla Springs became part of the Florida State Park System, members of the Wakulla Springs Project
team were able to obtain a special permit allowing them access to the springs for exploration.

Landfill Evaluations


The third and final phase of the
District's landfill evaluation project
continued in 1987. The purpose of
the program is to examine variations
in the production and movement of
contaminants through ground water
under differing hydrolgeologic, cli-
matological and soil conditions. The
results are being utilized to predict
the potential for contamination of
ground water and to evaluate alter-
native measures to control the
movement of contaminants.

During Phase Three, District hy-
drogeologists tested a unique sam-
pling technique which can be used to
detect the release of leachate into
soil before it reaches the water table.
The Leon County landfill was the
site utilized for this experiment.
Sample data was used to verify com-
puter models used for predicting the
movement of contaminants. The
models were also used to predict the
dilution of leachate as it moves
through soils and the time it takes to
reach the water table.

The staff also utilized pollution
prediction techniques evaluated in
earlier phases of the project to show
potential contaminant movement
once it reaches the water table. This
information will be used in deter-
mining monitoring sites and sam-
pling schedules, and to ensure that
any proposed supply wells are lo-
cated at a safe distance from

Phase Two included mapping
ground water flow and contami-
nants at five selected landfills. The
results indicated that ground water
was contaminated at four of the five
sites selected. This phase also saw
the first use of numerical computer
modeling to simulate ground water
flow and contaminant movement at
municipal landfills in northwest
Florida. Phase One provided basic
information that defined potential
impacts on ground water and opera-
tional problems at each landfill in the

The development of a compre-
hensive stormwater management
plan for the Lake Lafayette, Lake
Munson, Lake Jackson, and Fred
George basins that the District be-
gan in May 1986 is progressing on
schedule. The purpose of the project
is to determine the most cost-effec-
tive approach to resolving current
and anticipated problems related to
stormwater flooding and water
quality impacts in the Tallahassee/
Leon County area.

A data collection program de-
signed to provide information on
the unique stormwater characteris-
tics of the study area is now in place.
The data collection network in-
cludes four weather stations, eight
water quality samplers, and five
lake-level stations. A total of 157
flow measurements have been per-
formed and 57 storms, 17 baseflow
and one rainfall event have been
sampled forwater quality character-

In addition, a listing has been
prepared of the highest priority
flood problem areas. Alternatives
for alleviating the problems have

been identified and are being evalu-
ated by District staff.

A public opinion poll on storm-
water issues was also completed in
1987. The unusually high return rate
indicated a high level of interest in
the community about stormwater
issues. The survey results have been
entered into the District's computer
data base and a summary of the
responses has been forwarded to the
City of Tallahassee and to Leon

In May 1988, a preliminary report
listing the areas with the most flood-
ing problems and most degraded
water quality will be presented to
city and county officials. The report
will also identify the most efficient
and cost-effective solutions.

The final product will be a master
stormwater plan which outlines re-
ferred management strategies, both
structural and nonstructural, along
with the associated cost estimates,
priorities and implementation
schedules. A computerized system
will give the local governments the
flexibility to update their plan as
conditions change in the watershed.

Stormwater flooding is a problem in Leon County.

Tallahassee/Leon County Stormwater

Study Progressing on Schedule


Resource Protectio a Managemen

Well drillers using the rotary well drilling method.

Regulatory Responsibilities

The District's Regulatory Divi-
sion protects and manages the water
resources of northwest Florida un-
der Chapter 373, F.S. With this rule,
the Legislature has given the water
management districts a mandate to
protect and manage water resources
by developing regulations, and by
issuing permits for the construction
of private and public wells and arti-
ficial recharge facilities, for con-
sumptive uses of water, for manage-
ment and storage of surface waters,
and for agricultural and forestry
surface water management projects.

In 1987, the District issued 8,862
water well construction permits, the
highest total since the program's in-
ception and a more than 10 percent
increase in number of similar per-
mits issued in 1986. District regula-
tory staff inspected the construction
of 2,818 wells and processed 8,287
well completion reports. In addi-
tion, permits for 15 artificial re-
charge wells were issued in the past

To obtain water well construc-
tion permits, contractors must be li-
censed by the District. Licensing
requires that contractors have two

years of well drilling experience and
pass a written examination. Well
drillers seeking registration with the
District must prove at least two
years of drilling experience and pass
at least two tests: a test on general
well drilling practices, and a specific
written test on use of rotary, jetting,
cable tool, auger/bail bucket, or
combination methods of well drill-
ing. The District registered 86 well
drillers and licensed 15 water well
contractors in 1987.

The District also sponsors the
Water Well Advisory Committee,
which was formed to offer water
well contractors an opportunity to
share their practical experience by
advising the District in matters deal-
ing with well construction. The
committee's nine members are ap-
pointed by the Governing Board for
a two-year term.

The 1979 Management and Stor-
age of Surface Waters Rule regulates
the safe construction, alteration, or
abandonment of certain dams, im-
poundments and associated works.
In 1987, three permits for nonagri-
cultural dam construction and 69
permits for agricultural and for-

estry-related surface water manage-
ment projects were issued. The
District and theDepartment of Envi-
ronmental Regulation have entered,
into an interagency agreement to co-
ordinate this program.

The long-range goal of the
District's Consumptive Use Pro-
gram, Chapter 40A-2, is protection
of water resources from depletion
and degradation. Under this rule,
the District permits consumptive
uses of water in order to provide for
the District's freshwater reserves by
permitting water withdrawal and
use. The District's permitting pro-
gram has been designed to accomo-
date the specific hydrological condi-
tions throughout northwest Florida.
In 1987, 200 new consumptive use
permits were issued, bringing the
total amount issued since implemen-
tation of the program to approxi-
mately 3,600.

All the District's permitting pro-
grams stress responsiveness to the
applicant's needs. Fundamental to
the program is a technical assistance
team that can be mobilized to pre-
vent unnecessary permitting delays.


The Northwest Florida Water Man-
agement District manages and regulates
activities within wetlands through its
Agricultural and Forestry Surface Water
Management Permitting Program.

This program was developed in re-
sponse to the Warren S. Henderson
Wetlands Protection Act of 1984 and
implemented by the District more than
three years ago through the adoption of
the Regulation of Agricultural and For-
estry Surface Water Management Proj-
ects, Chapter 40A-44, F.A.C. This rule
created one-stop permitting for agricul-
tural and forestry activities in wetlands.

During fiscal year 1987, the District
processed 52 applications for agricul-
tural surface water management permits
the majority of which were farm
ponds. The permitted projects affected
about 46 acres of wetlands of which
slightly more than 25 acres were pre-
served as a condition of the issued per-
mits. Approximately 20 acres were per-
manently converted for uses such as
farm ponds. In addition, 30 acres of
wetlands were created as the result of
specific permit conditions and appropri-
ate Best Management Practices.

Best Management Practices are pro-
cedures designed to protect the water

resources associated with the proj-
ect. This includes employing land
absorption areas and the use of
natural wetland systems. Best Man-
agement Practices and individual
permit conditions help protect and
preserve northwest Florida's valu-
able wetlands and associated natu-
ral resources.

Prior to the Surface Water Per-
mitting Program, very few permits
were issued due to the uncertainty

of controls for water quality im-
provement or preservation.

The wetlands in our region
are vital assets for protecting our
water resources by filtering pol-
lutants and controlling floodwa-
ters. Wetlands also serve as
prime habitat for waterfowl and
other wildlife, a basis for fisher-
ies, and refuges for rare and
endangered species.

On October 1, 1987, the District returned operation of the Aquatic Plant Control Program to the
Department of Natural Resources (DNR). Under contract to DNRsince 1981, the District contained the growth
of aquatic plants in 17 major rivers and lakes in northwest Florida. Some program objectives were to prevent
the spread of invasive plants and maintain boat trails. At the height of its activities, the program employed
three crews of technicians.

The District entered into the initial agreement with DNR with the understanding that the program would
generate sufficient revenue to be self-supporting. However, because of cutbacks in operating funds, the
District had to subsidize the program, which was not financially feasible for an agency with limited sources
of revenue.

In its last year of operating the program, the District treated hundreds of acres of water bodies throughout
northwest Florida. This included maintaining boating access in Lakes lamonia and Miccosukee, controlling
hydrilla in the Wakulla, Wacissa and St. Marks rivers, and treating water hyacinths in the rivers and lakes,
including Lake Talquin.

Forested wetlands along the Apalachicola River.

_ _1






Hunting Permits
Available for
District-Owned Lands

By the end of September 1987,
hunting permits for District-owned
lands along the Apalachicola, Choc-
tawhatchee, and Escambia rivers
were made available to the public.
The permits, which describe District
hunting regulations, cost $15.00 and
may be purchased at local tax collec-
tors' offices and designated suba-
Fees collected from the sale of
the permits will be used specifically
for the establishment and mainte-
nance of public access, wildlife, and
facilities and benefits appropriate to
diverse public recreational use
within District-owned tracts.
While public hunting lands are
experiencing a decrease in Florida,
90,000 acres of land for hunting and
recreation were made available
through the Save Our Rivers pro-
gram, created by the Legislature in
1981. The program is funded by a
small part of the documentary stamp
tax collected on real estate pur-
chased in Florida. Save Our Rivers
funds are used only to buy environ-
mentally important land needed for
water management and protection
of related water resources.

Policies Proposed for Management
of District Lands

The final months of 1987 were significant for the District's land acquisi-
tion and management program. The District's proposed management poli-
cies for nearly 90,000 acres of District-owned lands were reviewed by more
than 20 groups, including state natural resource agencies, legislative commit-
tees, federal agencies, environmental groups, hunters, fishermen and other
interested groups. In addition, the District held public workshops through-
out northwest Florida.

The District's proposed land management policies have the dual purpose
of providing District staff with day-to-day land management guidance, and
to communicate to the public the District's land management philosophy.

Authorized by the Florida Legislature to acquire land necessary for water
management, water supply, and the conservation of water resources, the Dis-
trict purchased tracts along the Apalachicola, Escambia and Choctawhatchee
rivers. Land management priorities for these purchases, as mandated by the
Legislature, include conserving and protecting water resources, protecting
and restoring floodplain ecosystems, and providing for public recreation
where compatible.

The proposed policies include guidelines for public activities such as hunt-
ing, camping and fishing. Revenue from proposed user fees would be
dedicated to land maintenance and restoration, and to completing improve-
ment projects. Such an arrangement would help ensure that these lands
become at least partially self-supporting, thus reducing the need to depend
completely upon future taxes for continued operation and maintenance.

Management of these areas willbe designed principally to serve residents
of northwest Florida. For state residents, a $10 annual resource area permit
was proposed for such approved activities as camping, hunting, and fishing.
Florida hunters aged 16-64 would pay an additional $5 license fee. Revenues
will be returned to the land in terms of improvements, such as the establish-
ment and maintenance of public access roads, camping areas, trails, and boat

Throughout the review and comment stage as well as during the work-
shops, the District received a tremendous response, and carefully considered
suggestions and made revisions in the proposed policy where appropriate.

Final approval of the District's proposed land management policies is
scheduled to be adopted by the Governing Board in January 1988. Following
approval, the District will begin development of detailed resource invento-
ries and site-specific management plans for each tract.



District planners continued throughout 1987 to provide technical assistance to regional planning councils with
their policy plans, and to city and county governments with their local government comprehensive plans (LGCPs).

The District assisted in the development and review of state-mandated regional policy plans for the West Florida
and Apalachee Regional Planning Councils, which were required to include guidelines for the preservation and con-
servation of water in their plans. The Regional Planning Councils adopted the plans in July 1987.

As required by the Legislature, District planners will review 80 LCGPs for consistency with District policies and
the goals of the regional policy plans. The LCGPs, due for review from October 1989 to March 1991, are required of
all cities and counties by the State's 1986 growth management legislation. District planners work closely with local
governments and their planners and consultants to provide them with technical information specific to their city and
county jurisdictions.

LGCPs must identify the resources available for potable water, recreation, drainage, sewage, solid waste, and re-
lated areas for the next five years, and provide cost estimates. In addition, provisions for conservation and manage-
ment of natural resources and environmentally sensitive lands are included in the plans.

The District assists city and aunly goerments in planing for growth.


During 1987, the District partici-
pated with the states of Alabama,
Georgia and Florida, and the Mobile
District of the Corps of Engineers
(COE) in a joint water management
effort within the Apalachicola-Chat-
tahoochee-Flint (A-C-F) RiverBasin.
This effort, initiated through a
Memorandum of Agreement in
1984, has the goal of developing a
responsible management strategy
Sfor the A-C-F system to be admini-
stered cooperatively through an in-
terstate mechanism which will be

designed as part of the study efforts.
A majority of this effort will be
completed by summer of 1988.
During 1987, the District was in-
volved in all aspects of this manage-
ment effort. Major accomplishments
*Participating in regular meetings
of the Drought Management Com-
mittee that developed and imple-
mented a regional strategy for miti-
gating the effects of water shortage
conditions in 1987. The Committee

also evaluated a drought index de-
veloped in 1986 for the upper por-
tion of the A-C-F basin.

*Developing an area-wide study
to determine ground water contri-
butions to the river system, particu-
larly in southwest Georgia, where
seasonal agricultural water use af-
fects ground water availability.

*Developing a computer model to
determine the freshwater needs of
Apalachicola Bay.


A report completed early in
1987, titled "Evaluation of Dams," is
the culmination of three years of
dam evaluation activity by the Dis-
trict. SinceOctober 1983, District en-
gineers have assisted the Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission in
evaluations of eight dams and one
dike in northwest Florida.

The purpose of these evalu-
ations is to determine whether the
dams are structurally sound and can
operate properly. District evalu-
ations also provide technical infor-
mation about those dams which may
require repairs or alterations, and

Evaluation of Dams

include suggestions on proper care
and maintenance for each facility.

On-site inspections are carried
out in accordance with the U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers' and Fed-
eral Emergency Management
Agency Checklist for Dam Safety
Evaluations. This checklist and its
parent manual list items for inspec-
tion on each type of dam and suggest
measures to prevent structural fail-
ure or future problems.

With the information provided
by these evaluations, potential cata-
strophic failures of these structures

should be prevented. Such failures
could destroy the dam and any rec-
reational benefits, prove detrimen-
tal to downstream properties, and
pose a potential public hazard.

The surface water facilities
evaluated for the report were Bear
Lake Dam, Joe Budd Pond Dam,
Hurricane Lake Dam, Lake lamonia
Dike, Juniper Lake Dam, Karick
Lake Dam, Smith Lake Dam, Lake
Stone Dam, and Lake Victor Dam.
The District used the information
gathered to begin alterations on
Lake Stone and Hurricane Lake
dams in 1987.

Jackson County Irrigation Program Terminated Early

InSeptember 1987, a District-ini-
tiated comprehensive study of irri-
gation methods in Jackson County
terminated after two of three years
because specially appropriated
funds were not continued by the
Legislature. The study's purpose
was to aid in conserving water and
increasing the efficiency of irrigation
systems. Working in cooperation
with the Chipola River Soil and
Water Conservation District, a Dis-

trict Irrigation Specialist provided
technical assistance to Jackson
County farmers who use center
pivot irrigation systems.

Water use by these systems,
which irrigate a total of 5,381 acres in
Jackson County, is in excess of 8
billion gallons annually. The study,
which used neutron probe evalu-
ations, plant stress level measure-
ments, tensiometer readings, and

computer analysis, found that suc-
cessfully applied water conservation
methods could realize a total water
savings of 800 million gallons.

In addition to improving the
economics of irrigation through
water conservation, participating
farmers showed crop yields signifi-
cant enough to gain prize-winning
recognition in county yield contests.

.......... ..

r __

A meeting of the Wadonl/Oalo /SaSnta Ra Regional Utility Authority hld at District

Intergovernmental Coordination

Since its inception, the District
has provided technical assistance to
other regional, state and local gov-
ernments. In 1987, numerous agen-
cies obtained the District's assis-
tance with water-related projects
and received water resources infor-
mation for inclusion in plans or re-

The District aided local govern-
ments by providing water resources
data for comprehensive plans, as-
sisting in the location of new public
supply wells, giving technical advice
onsurfacewaterproblems, develop-
ing public surveys and assisting in
many other areas. Technical advice
was provided to local committees
such as the Bayou Texar Foresight
Committee, the Lake Jackson Envi-
ronmental Advisory Committee
and the Apalachicola 380 Commit-

In 1986, tetrachloroethylenewas
detected in six public supply wells in
southern Escambia County. In 1987,
the District continued assistance to
the Escambia County Utility Au-
thority (ECUA) and the Department
of Environmental Regulation in de-
Sfining the hydrogeology of the area
and obtaining information on the

direction of ground water flow and
rate of ground water movement in
order to identify the source of con-
tamination and the potential long-
termimpact on the area. In addition,
the District assisted the ECUA in
drafting a well-head protection
ordinance which will provide spe-
cific measures for protection of the
area's wells and ground water sup-
ply from future sources of contami-

The District assisted the De-
partment of Environmental Regula-
tion with computer modeling of the
main producing zone of an aquifer,
geophysical logging of monitor
wells and gathering of hydrogeol-
ogical data near a proposed landfill.
Also receiving water resources in-
formation were Florida's Depart-
ment of Health and Rehabilitative
Services, Department of Correc-
tions and Department of Natural
Participation in the Florida Task
Force on Water and Wastewater
Advice, the Environmental Effi-
ciency Study Commission and the
Interagency Environmental Coordi-
nating Committee rounded out the
District's efforts to provide timely
and accurate technical assistance.

Regional Utility

Authority Receives


In 1986, an interlocal agreement
creating the Walton/Okaloosa/
Santa Rosa Regional Utility Author-
ity was executed between Walton,
Okaloosa and Santa Rosa counties,
and the cities of Fort Walton Beach,
Freeport, Destin and Gulf Breeze.
The Authority's responsibilities in-
dude engaging in interlocal agree-
ments for supplying water, acting as
the sole authority for producing and
supplying water on a regional basis,
and engaging in agreements with
other public or private entities for
provision of assistance in planning,
financing, constructing, operating,
maintaining and managing those
facilities the Authority deems ap-
In 1987, the Authority's second
year of operation, the District as-
sisted in developing regional solu-
tions to water supply, wastewater
and solid waste disposal problems.
The District also aided in the techni-
cal administration of contracts for
the preparation of a Regional Solid
Waste and Wastewater Disposal
Plan, the preparation of grant pro-
posals and contracts, and the devel-
opment of work programs for the
planning and implementation of
projects. In addition, the District
started work on an addendum to
the 1982 Regional WaterSupply Plan
for the tri-county area. This adden-
dum will update population and
water use projections to reflect ac-
tual growth in the area and to pro-
vide information on the timing for
developing new sources of water


Groundbreaking ceremony for the Northwest Florida Aquaculture Research and Demonstration Farm near
Blountstown, Florida.

Aquaculture Proposal Funded

In October 1987, an aquaculture research proposal
submitted by the District was chosen by the Florida De-
partment of Agriculture and Consumer Services and the
Aquacultural Council to receive funds through the Aq-
uaculture Development Aid Program. The project will
provide data on the environmental impact of increasing
aquacultural activity in Florida, and will also develop
strategies for minimizing effects of discharges from
aquaculture facilities.

The project is underway and is scheduled for comple-
tion by the end of 1988. The objectives of the study are
to provide:

data on water quality characteristics of discharges
from existing aquaculture facilities in northwest Florida;

assistance with the development of a demonstra-
tion/research facility in northwest Florida;

development of environmentally acceptable engi-
neering designs for aquaculture ponds in Florida; and

development of Florida-specific "Best Manage-
ment Practices for Aquaculture."

Site-specific data will be obtained from the North-
west Florida Aquaculture Research and Demonstration
Farm under construction in Calhoun County and from
other existing facilities. Findings from the study will be
disseminated through extension brochures, reports, and
workshops. A report, "Evaluation of the Potential for the
Aquaculture Industry in the North Florida Region," is
scheduled for publication by mid-1988.

Aquaculture involves the cultivation of various spe-
cies of plants and animals in both freshwater and marine
environments. The primary interest in Florida's aqua-
culture has been centered around catfish, tropical fish
and alligator production, but will soon include many

To date, a number of surface water management
systems developed specifically for aquacultural produc-
tion have been permitted for construction, operation
and/or water use throughout the state. Findings from
the District research project will help determine if special
aquacultural regulatory programs or standards will be
needed to accommodate the aquacultural facility while
being acceptable to good water management principles.


Pubi Infrmaio

DebomhDuggeroftheJuniorLeaguespeakingonnewpartnershipsbetweenwater management
districts and community organizations.

New Roles for Districts Predicted at 12th Annual Conference

New roles for Florida's five water management
districts evolved as the major focus of the 12th Annual
Water Management Conference held in October. Hosted
by the Northwest Florida Water Management District,
the conference attracted more than 370 registrants.

At the start of the two-day conference, Governor
Bob Martinez set the overall tone during the Governor's
Coffee by emphasizing the importance of the districts'
mission. "The key to Florida's future, to a great degree,
rests with your ability to cope with all the water resource
issues," he said.

Luncheon speaker Representative Peter Rudy Wal-
lace, chairman of a House Natural Resources subcommit-
tee on the Sundown Provision for the water management
districts, and banquet speaker John Vogt, President of
the Florida Senate, predicted dramatic role changes for
the districts as a result of legislation to be introduced
during 1988.

Citing recommendations from the Environmental
Efficiency Study Commission, both speakers said the
water management districts could be given additional
responsibilities involving permitting and environmental
regulation, assuming many duties of the Department of
Environmental Regulation (DER).

Other topics Wallace touched upon included more
legislation dealing with solid waste, permanent funding
for the Surface Water Improvement and Management
Act and theprovision of adequate funds if DERprograms
are transferred to the districts.

Both speakers also said there is a need to equalize the
districts' millage rates.

Sessions at the conference included panel discussions
entitled "The Water Supply Puzzle: Fitting Pieces To-
gether forFlorida's Future," "Alternatives to Traditional
Water Supply," and "One-stop Permitting: The Wave of
the Future?" In addition, the Northwest Florida Water
Management District hosted a panel discussion entitled
"Water Resources Information and Education: Exploring
New Partnerships." Representatives from the State
Chamber of Commerce, Florida League of Women Vot-
ers, Junior Leagues of Florida, Florida Federation of Gar-
den Clubs, Florida Farm Bureau, and the Bureau of
Economic Analysis for the Florida Department of Com-
merce suggested avenues for establishing better commu-
nication between their organizations and the water
management districts.

The 13th Annual Conference on Water Management
has been scheduled for October 27 and 28, 1988, at the
Florida State Conference Center for Professional Devel-
opment and Public Service located in Tallahassee.

"WaterWays" Pilot Project a Success

Leon County middle school student observing the District's water reourcs education
progamm's artesian aquifer experiment.

During the spring of 1987, the
District successfully field tested its
middle school water resources edu-
cation program in Leon County. The
program, "WaterWays: Exploring
Northwest Florida's Water Re-
sources," was taught to 2,000 sixth-
graders in Leon County's six middle
schools. "WaterWays" received
unanimously favorable responses
from teachers as well as students.
Pretest/posttest scores showed an
average net gain of 30 points on a
hundred point scale. Based on this
field testing, the District has begun
working toward making the pro-
gram available in the remaining 15
counties within its boundaries.

"WaterWays" is intended to pro-
vide the students with a broad,
general understanding of natural
systems and of the need for and
methods of water management. All
materials needed to implement
"WaterWays" are provided free of
charge to the 16 school systems
within the District. The components
of the program include five slide/
tape presentations, textbooks which
the students may keep, and teachers'
guides. In addition, the District
provides inservice training for each
participating school system.

The five-lesson program begins
with basic facts about ground and

surface water and the water cycle.
The program then progresses into
more complex subjects such as wet-
land functions, wastewater treat-
ment, and causes and solutions of
water quality and quantity prob-
lems. The fifth lesson concentrates
solely on the water resources charac-
teristics, issues and concerns unique
to each school region. Although this
program was designed particularly
for northwest Florida, "WaterWays"
could be easily adapted for state-
wide use.



1 7 I

Library Update

In 1987, the District library im-
plemented a long-range plan to im-
prove its ability to provide compre-
hensive water and land manage-
ment-related research and informa-
tion services to District staff, gov-
ernmental agencies and citizens in
northwest Florida.

The library's major achieve-
ments in 1987 included co-writing a
grant application for networking
with libraries and local and state
agencies in the 16-county area, coop-
erating with other water manage-
ment district libraries to coordinate
research and publications, and par-

ticipating in the state depository
program. The District has also
compiled a list of suggested water
resource books for public libraries,
provided bibliographic research for
the Surface Water Improvement
Management (SWIM) legislation,
and gave research assistance to stu-
dents from middle school to gradu-
ate levels.

The library's book collection
grew by 562 percent, while the
number of documents and maps in-
creased by 110 percent. This expan-
sion enabled the District to fill 2,500
information requests and 163 re-

quests for District publications. The
library is also establishing a compre-
hensive collection on the local and
natural history of northwest Flor-

This unprecedented growth in
services and materials indicates fu-
ture directions for the library. Plans
have been made to enter the 3,300-
volume collection on the District's
microcomputer database for ease of
access for all library users. The li-
brary also plans to enhance and for-
malize research relationships with
academic and technical libraries in
the District.


Reports and Studies
1985 Annual Water Use Survey.

Evaluation of Dams for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission.

Monitoring of Choctawhatchee River and Tributary Black Creek in Southern Walton and Washington Counties.

Ambient Ground Water Monitoring Program, Phase I: Ground Water Sampling and Analysis Report.

Availability of Ground Water at Selected Sites in Gadsden and Leon Counties, Northwest Florida.

Plans and Policies
Land Acquisition Program for the Northwest Florida Water Management District.


Ground Water In Escambia County, Florida.

WaterWays: Exploring Northwest Florida's Water Resources.

Before You Buy a Water WelL...Some Tips From the Northwest Florida Water Management District.

! I

I 1

i .i:i:.:i .:.i- .>.:.. .:ii:: :.::: .. .. ... ..... .:....., :.. :.i. *..-

Financial Statement
For Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 1987


Federal Sources:

DER-OCZM Coastal Zone Management 43,689
DER-EPA-205J Water Quality Studies 42,138

Total Federal Sources 85,827

State Sources:

DER Choctawhatchee Bay Management Study 7,500
DNR Aquatic Plant Control Program 192,038
Legislative Appropriation 987,402
FG&FWFC Technical Support 30,000
DER Water Quality Studies 51,049
DER Wetlands Program 260,000
DER Ambient Ground Water Monitoring 314,521
DER Dead Lakes Dam 65,000
DER Choctawhatchee River Basin 210,350
Resource Management Plan
DOA Jackson County Irrigation Study 22,500
DER WMD Lands Trust Fund 3,143,634

Total State Sources ,283,994

Local Sources:

Ad Valorem Taxes (.05 Mill) 844,447
Permit and Inspection Fees 33,900
Interest Earnings 375,376
Other Funding 298,476

Total Local Sources 1,552,399

Balance Brought Forward from Prior Fiscal Period 7,571,354

Total Revenue and Cash Balance 14,493,547


Salaries and Benefits 2,475,375
Contractual Services Consultant 427,224
Operating Expenses 633,971
Operating Capital Outlay 172,940
Debt Service 2,791,758

Total Expenditures 6,501,268

Fund Balance:
Restricted 7,539,733
Unrestricted 452,573


Combined Balance Sheet
September 30, 1987


Current Assets:
Checking Accounts and Petty Cash 16,962
Investment Accounts 618,028
Cash with Fiscal Agent 2,318,618
Other Investments 2,719,456
Accounts Receivable 217
Due from Other Governmental Agencies 4,494,356

Total Cunrrent Assets 10,167,637

General Fixed Assets:
Land and Improvements 29,684,225
Building and Improvements 917,260
Machinery and Equipment 1,298,951

Total General Fixed Asses 31,900,436

Other Debits:
Amount Available in Debt Service Fund 3,277,062
Amount to be Provided for Retirement 50,681
of General Long-term Debt Computer
Amount to be Provided for Retirement 161,010
of Unpaid Vacation
Amount to be Provided for Bonded Debt 24,482,938

Total General Long Term Debt 27,971,691

jTotal Assets and Other Debts 70,039,764


Accounts Payable and Accruals 398,806
Due to Other Governmental Agencies 5,329
Accrued Interest on Matured Bonds Payable 981,196
Matured Bonds Payable 790,000
Revenue Bond Obligation 27,760,000
Installment Contract Payment 50,681
Liability for Compensated Absences 161,010

Total Liabilities 30,147,022

Fund Equity:
Investments in General Fixed Assets 31,900,436

Fund Balances:

Designated for Debt Service 3,277,062
Designated for Land Acquisition 4,262,671

Total Reserved 7,539,733

Undesignated 452,573



Revenue and Receipts Fiscal Fiscal Fiscal
Year Year Year
1987 1986 1985
Federal Sources
Water Resources Council Funds -0- -0- -0-
U. S. Corps of Engineers -0- -0- -0-
CPRC Ft. Walton Bch. and Area Water Studies -0- -0- -0-
EPA-DER-Lake Jackson Restoration -0.0-0- -0-
DER-Bayou Texar/Carpenter Creek -0- -0- -0-
U. S. Department of Commerce-EDA Grant -0- -0- .0-
OCZM Choctaw. Bay and A-C-F River Studies 43,689 13,400 24,400
WFRPC-Assess. of Wetlands and Perc. Ponds -0- -0- 0
USGS-Water Use Plan -0- -0- -0-
EPA-DER-205J Ground Water/Water Quality Studies 42,138 12,500 50,891
Total Faedel Sources 85,827 25,900 75,291

State Sources
Choctawhatchee Bay Mgmt. Studies 7,500 -0- -0-
DNR Aquatic Plant Control Program 192,038 268,624 550,161
Legislative Appropriations 987,402 948,192 914,040
Destin/So. Walton Ground Water Study -0- -0- -0-
FG&FWFC Tech. Support Dams and MK Ranch 30,000 30,000 7,500
DER-Modeling Codes and Water Quality Studies 51,049 -0- -0-
Wetlands Program 260,000 260,000 291,500
DER-Ambient Ground Water Monitoring 314,521 170,992 205,032
DER-Old Pass Lagoon -0- 62,500 312,500
Homestead Exemption Trust Fund -0- -0- -0-
DER-Dead Lakes Dam 65,000 -0- 5,000
DER-Choctawhatchee River Basin Resource Mgmt. 210,350 52,500 -0-
DOA-Jackson County Irrigation Study 22,500 30,000 -0-
WMD Lands Trust Fund 3,143,634 5,188,258 3,640,944
Total State Sources 5,283,994 7,011,066 5,926,259

Local Sources
Ad Valorem Taxes (.05 Mill) 844,447 787,810 677,236
Permit and Inspection Fees 33,900 32,840 29,887
Interest Earnings 375,576 598,742 78,192
Other Funding 298,476 90,189 3,003,944
Total Local Sources 1,552,399 1,509,581 3,789,259

Revenue Bond Funds -0- 25,237,110 -0-
Total Revenue and Other Financing Sources 6,922,220 33,783,657 9,790,947

Aquatic Plant Control *
Salaries and Benefits 2,475,375 2,048,912 1,780,874
Professional/Consulting Services 427,224 292,695 167,378
Operating Services 633,971 574,337 726,646
Land Acquisition -0- 24,718,556 6,640,664
Operating Capital Outlay 172,940 460,229 88,761
Debt Service 2,791,758 2,982,732 42,646
Total Expenditures 6,501,268 31,077,461 9,446,969

Excess of Revenue and Other Financing
Source over(under) Expenditures 420,952 2,706,196 -0-
Fund Balance Restricted on 9/30 7,571,354 (3,201,698) -0-

Source over Expenditures and Fund Balance 7,992,306 (495,502) 343,978
Restricted Fund Balance on 9/30 (7,539,733)

FUND BALANCE UNRESTRICTED ON 9/30 452,573 369,656 865,158

Fiscal Fiscal Fiscal Fiscal Fiscal Fiscal Fiscal
Year Year Year Year Year Year Year
1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 1979 1978

-0- -0- -0- 54,118 36,472 8,950 35,800
-0- -0- -0- -0- -0- 9,745 24,114
-0- -0- -0- 25,000 5-5000 142,500 90,750
80,909 982,728 895,306 1,265. 605,735 -0- 22,700
-0- -0- -0- -0 0- -0- 22,017
-0- -0- 5,000 40,234 -0- -0- 320,000
35,707 7,070 23,063 2,000 4,800 -0- -0-
22,826 8,825 -0- -0- -0- -0- -0-
-0- -0- -0- -0- 8,000 -0- -0-
59,061 -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0-
198,503 998,623 923,623 122,617 710,007 161,195 515,381

50,000 11,105 88,895 -0- -0- -0- -0-
324,350 277,469 296,785 316,321 -0- -0- -0-
938,799 606,550 800,379 696,731 700,300 618,000 830,000
9,800 71,533 16,667 -0- -0- -0- -0-
30,000 -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- 5,300
3,420 -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0-
62,500 -0- -0- .- -o- -0- -0-
159,097 -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0-
97,000 -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- .0-
-0- 1,117 1,511 15,125 17,794 -0- -0-
-0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0-
-0- -0- -0- -0- W0- -0- -0-
-0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0-
-0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0-
1,674,966 967,774 1,204,237 1,028,177 718,094 618,000 835,300

618,883 566,547 526,008 480,284 402,078 370,345 319,297
20,233 9,926 5,140 6,215 12,700 16,875 15,333
48,784 57,186 102,791 74,968 55,466 38,298 30,563
169,929 7,604 8,468 1,280 4,968 2,041 10,250
875,829 641,263 642,407 562,747 475,212 427,259 375,443

-0- -0- -0-. -0- -0- -0- -0-

229,576 222,483 213,854 o- -0- -0-
1,440,209 1,040,469 913,582 789,946 703,489 544,794 565,305
178,967 431,060 445,883 281,780 256,954 190,992 257,412
495,276 267,959 291,771 212,683 187,692 188,499 199,898
-0- -0- --- .0- -0- -0- -0-
250,954 1,007,353 909,794 144,615 646,307 86,986 631,442
22,963 -0- -0- -0- 0- -0- -0-
2,388,369 2,976,417 2,783,513 1,642,878 1,794,442 1,011,271 1,654,057

-0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0-
-0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0- -0-
342,929 (368,757) (13,500) 70,663 108,871 195,183 72,067

521,180 178,251 547,008 560,508 489,845 380,974 185,791


Office of the Executive Director

J. William McCartney
Pat Blackshear
Madeline Strong
Leslie Frye Alien
Diane Beville
Hank Montford
Susan Whittle
Jim Smith

Executive Director
Intergovernmental Coordinator
Public Information Officer
Assistant Public Information Officer
Graphic Artist
Public Information Specialist

Administrative Services Division

David Covington
Ann Baggett
Joyce Dunaway
Patty Williams
Carla Campbell
Judy Dierking
Jack White
Helen Batts
Willie Williams
Jan Smith
Merle Williams
Gladys Collins
Linda Barton
Maria Culbertson
Terri Peterson
Vicki Grant
Glenda Scott
Grace Miller
Stephanie Wiggins
Carol Lowe
Denise Ayers
Dena Brockman
Suzy Green
Clarence Lowman
Herbert Wiggins
Pat Creel

Director, Administrative Services Division
Chief, Fiscal Control
Administrative Assistant to the Executive Director
Personnel Officer
Division Secretary
Agency Clerk
Facilities Superintendent
Fiscal Specialist
Field Office Manager Pensacola
Field Office Secretary Marianna
Division Secretary
Division Secretary
Division Secretary
Administrative Clerk Assistant
Accounting Aide
Accounting Aide
Secretarial Aide
Secretarial Aide
Clerical Aide
Clerical Aide
Clerical Aide
Maintenance Assistant
Maintenance Assistant

Regulatory Division

Fernando Recio
Richard Morgan
Cynthia W. McAnnally
Sandra Barrett
W. R. Albritton
Robert Echols
Jerry Sheppard
Welborn Duke
Gregory Davis
J. Earl Bright
J. W. Jordan

Director, Regulatory Division
Assistant Regulatory Administrator
Assistant Regulatory Administrator
Administrative Clerk
Field Inspector
Field Inspector
Field Inspector
Field Inspector
Field Inspector
Field Inspector
Field Inspector



Water Resources Division

Doglas Barr
Agustin Maristany
Don Ery
Jeffry Wagner
Ron Bartel
Linda Clemens
Tom Pratt
J. Alberto Rodriguez
Ruben Arteaga
John Barksdale
Breck Dalton
Debi Wiley
Brian Caldwell
Wyndham Riotte
Toby Benoit
Chris Richards
Lisa Fleischer
Rodger Willis
Eddy Rudd
Nicholas Wooten
Ross Curry

Director, Water Resources Division
Senior Hydrologist
Chief, Hydroengineering Section
Chief, Ground Water & Field Operations
Associate Hydrogeologist
Associate Hydrogeologist
Associate Hydrogeologist
Assistant Hydrologist
Assistant Hydrologist
Assistant Hydrogeologist
Hydrogeology Specialist
Hydrogeology Specialist
Hydrogeology Specialist
Hydrogeology Specialist
Hydrogeology Aide
Geophysical Logger Operator
Engineering Aide
Field Technician
Field Technician
Field Inspector
Assistant GIS Operator

Program Development Division
Richebourg McWilliams Director, Program Development Division
Dr. Christopher Howell Senior Water Resources Planner
Janet Starnes-Smith Assistant Water Resources Planner
Camille Bielby Assistant Water Resources Planner
Dr. George Fisher Senior Water Resources Planner

Technical Support Division

James Cason
Richard Musgrove
Hal Summers, Jr.
Robert Clay
Duncan Cairns
William Cleckley
Dave Barton
Tim Banks
Warren Lester
Gary Miller
Henry Barlow
Donald King
Robert Presnell
Don Conroy
Stanley Tucker
Simmule Turner

Director, Technical Support
Senior Hydroengineer
Senior Lands Administrator
Senior Systems Analyst
Associate Environmental Engineer
Associate Systems Analyst
Associate Engineer
District Lands Field Representative
Graphics Chief
Technical Draftsman
Survey Technician
Engineer Technician
Assistant Forester
Field Technician
Student Programmer Aide



Field Offices

Headquarters forth District's main
office is about 12 miles west of Tal-
lahassee on U.S. Highway 90. To
more conveniently serve the people
of northwest Florida, the District
has established field offices in
Pensacola and Marianna. Assis-
tance may be obtained from any of
the offices.

District Headquarters
Route 1, Box 3100
Havana, FL 32333
(904) 487-1770
Hours: 8"30 a.m. 5:00 p.m. (Eastern)

Marianna Office
300 Pelt Street
P.O. Box 900
Marianna, FL 32446
(904) 482-4017
Hours: 8:00a..m.-2:00 p.m. (Central)

Pensacola Office
Room 203
160 Governmental Center
Pensacola, FL 32501
(904) 436-8465
Hours: 7:30 a.m.-4.00 p.m. (Central)

Cover: Lake Jackson, Leon County.
Original watecolor by Tallahassee
artist Bill Rolo.

,) This annual report was published at an approximate printing cost of $2,631.44 or 91 cents per copy to inform the public about District activities.

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