CFlorida Adi. nistrtive kl L 14. No. 3. Sepe
Florida Administrative Weekly Vol. 14. No. 35. Septem
ber 2, 1988
9. DEPARTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL REGULATION
Board of Professional Land Surveyorp
RULE CHAPTER TITLE: Minimum Technical Standards
PURPOSE AND EFFECT: The Board of Professional Land
Surveyors is required to establish minimum technical
standards for land surveying. The proposed revisions clarify
and refine provisions in the existing rule. and provide
minimum technical standards for additional types of surveys.
SUMMARY: The proposed changes include new definitions,
a reordering of definitions, clarification and refinement of
existing minimum technical standards, and the addition of new
minimum technical standards for geodetic surveys and
ordinary high water mark surveys.
RULEMAKING AUTHORITY: 472.027, F.S.
LAW IMPLEMENTED: 472.027, F.S.
SUMMARY OF THE ESTIMATE OF ECONOMIC
IMPACT OF THE RULE: The proposed amendments to Rule
21HH-6 will add minimum technical standards for Geodetic
and Ordinary High Water Line (OHWL) surveys.
Additionally, these proposed amendments clarify and
otherwise modify existing minimum technical standards for
the preparation of land surveys in the State of Florida. The
estimated economic impacts of these proposed amendments
are summarized below. This statement of estimated impact
is based upon the presumption that the several definitions and
standards incorporated into these amendments, especially
with respect to OHWL surveys, are correct and adequate.
No agency costs are expected to be incurred beyond the costs
associated with development and adoption of these
amendments. The primary basis for this expectation is that
the two additional surveys dealt with in these amendments
already are conducted by Florida land surveyors. These
amendments simply direct and establish standards for
existing activity rather than creating additional activity.
No significant matters of cost have been identified for land
surveyors, individuals retaining land surveyors to conduct
surveys pursuant to these minimum standards, the State of
Florida. or the general public. This conclusion of no significant
cost results from the present existence of the additional
surveys addressed by these amendments.
If the proposed minimum technical standards are adequate,
these amendments should prove beneficial to all affected
parties. Land surveyors will receive the benefit of direction
in their preparation of surveys. The owners of property
desiring land surveys, especially OHWL surveys, will be
benefited by the existence of such standards and the assurance
of minimum quality of land surveys. The State of Florida will
be benefited by state sovereignty lands being properly
identified so that they may be protected from wanton or
inadvertent intrusion. The general public will receive the
benefit of enhanced protection of publicly owned lands.
It is estimated that there will be minimal beneficial effects
upon competition in that the specification of technical
standards may result in additional land surveyors competing
to do Geodetic and OHWL surveys. It is estimated that there
will be no effect on employment.
The body of the Economic Impact Statement provides all of
the data and methods used in making the estimates and
conclusions summarized herein.
S These proposed amendments may be marginally beneficial to
small land surveying businesses in that the tasks they must
Perform are provided minimum technical standards and in that
certain of the existing technical standards are clarified.
Additionally, small businesses needing land surveys may be
marginally benefited from the specification of minimum
technical standards and the increased reliability which such
standards should provide.
IF REQUESTED WITHIN 21 DAYS OF THE DATE OF
THIS NOTICE, A HEARING WILL BE HELD AT THE
TIME. DATE AND PLACE SHOWN BELOW:
TIME AND DATE: 9:00 a.m., September 30, 1988
PLACE: Center for Professional Development, The Florida
State Conference Center, Room 123-A, 555 West Pensacola
Street. Tallahassee. Florida 32306
THE PERSON TO BE CONtACTED REGARDING THE
PROPOSED RULE AND ECONOMIC IMPACT
STATEMENT IS: Allen R. Smith, Jr., Executive Director,
Board of Professional Land Surveyors. 130 North Monroe
Street, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0750
THE FULL TEXT OF THE PROPOSED RULES ARE:
21HH-6.002 Definitions. As used in this rule. the
following terms have the following meanings where the context
(1) Accretion: shall mean the gradual and imperceptible
accumulation of land along the shore or bank of a water body.
urvey shall mean the elderly preeess of determining deft
relating to the physical e ehemieal ehareter-isties of the earth,
and may be further defined il -eerdin to the type of date
obtained, the methods and instruments used, and the purpose(.)
to be served. Al surveys showing lad boundary information
must be in aeeerdenee with Rale 2I8 4 6,008 Fer purposes of
this ruee, types of surveys shal inelude, bet net be limited tot
the following definitions.
W) Leed or Boundary Surveyj shall mean a survey. the
primary perpese of whieh ineiudee but is net limited to, the
determining of the perimeters of a peeel e street of laed by
establishing or re establishing eornersn monumentse and
boundary tines feo the purpose of describing, leeating f fined
improvementss or pltting or dividing the pareel
(Wb Genstruetion Layoet Survey shell mean the
meaurements made, prior to eo while eenstru eion is in
progress to eenttel elevation hrisental position and
dimensions, and eenfiguratieh,
(C) Reed Survey no As-Built Survey. shall mean a
survey performed te ebtin herisental and veresic l dimensional
date se that the constreeted feeility may be leeated and
Id) Geedetie Survey! shall mean a survey of areas and
points affected by and taking into aeoeeunt the curvature of the
earth and astrenemie observations
(e) Gentrol Survey! shall mean a survey which provides
herieontal eo vertical position date for the support er control
of subordinate surveys er foe mapping.
(f Topegraphie Survey, shell mean a survey of the
natural and selected man-made features of a pert the earth's
surfeee by remote sensing andier green measurement to
determine herieon al and vertical spatial relations
S gl Hydrographie Survey shall mean a survey having
for its principal purpose the determination of date relating to
Florida Administrative. WeekiJ Vo. 14. No. 35. September 2, 1988
bodies of water, and which may consist of the determination
of one or several of the fotowing elasses of data: depth of water
and enfiguration of beHtom: directions and foree of current;
heights and times and water stages: and koeation of fixed
objets for survey and navigation purposes.
(h Quantity Surveys: shall mean surveys. for the
purpose of obtaining measurements of quantity.
(t Speeifie Purpose Survey: shall mean a survey
performedd for a specified purpose ether than as defined above;
(21 Avulsion: shall mean the sudden or perceptible loss
of or addition to land bt the action of the water or a sudden
change n the bed of a lake or the course of a stream. Gerner:
shall mean a point on a land b undary
(3) Bank: shall mean the natural feature of a water body
that confines the bed and physically separates it from the
adjacent lands. Menumenet shall mean a man made er natura
ebeet tha is permanent or semi permanent. and seed er
presumed to eeuepy any real property eerner point on a
boundary line- er referenee pein-
(4) Bed: shall -mean the land beneath a water body that
is subject to the continued presence and action of the water
in ordinary years excluding swamp and overflowed lands. The
upper mark of the bed is the ordinary high water mark
(OHWM). Witness Menumeant shaBemean any monument that
dees ent eeeupy the same defined position as the eerner itself
but whose relationship to the eerner is established.
(5) Benchmark: a relatively permanent material object,
natural or artificial, bearing a marked point whose elevation
above or below an adopted datum plane is known. Reference
Point shell mean any defined position that is or ean be
established in relation to another defined position.
(6) Corner: shall mean a point on a land boundary that
designates a change in direction, for example: points of
curvature, points of tangency, points of compound curvature
and so forth. Benehmaekt a relatively permanent material
ebjeet natural er artificial bearing a meaked poeit whose
elevation above or below an adopted datum plane is knowns
(7) Erosion: shall mean the gradual and imperceptible
wearing away of the earth along the shore or bank of a water
body. Map of Survey, Sketeh of Survey, Plat of Servey etr eher
similar les shall mean any drawing of a parcel er tract of
real property useed for the purpose of depleting the results of
a field survey, Saee survey drawing shall state the type of
survey it depiets as defined in this rule,
(8) Gradual and Imperceptible: shall mean that, although
witnesses may periodically perceive changes in the waterfront,
they could not observe them occurring. Even though the
witnesses may see from time to time that progress has been
made, they could not perceive it while the process is going on.
(9) Map of Survey, Sketch of Survey, Plat of Survey,
Right of Way Survey, or other similar titles: shall mean any
drawing of a parcel or tract of real property used for the
purpose of depicting the results of a field survey. Each survey
drawing shall state the type of survey it depicts as defined in
(101 Monument: shall mean a man-made or natural object
that is permanent or semi-permanent, and used or presumed
to occupy any real property corner. point on a boundary line,
or reference Loint.
(11) Navigable: shall mean that there is direct,
competent and substantial evidence that the water body or
portion thereof was being used, or was susceptible to being
used, in its natural and ordinary condition, as a highway for
commerce, over which trade and travel was or may have been
conducted in the customary modes of trade and travel on water
when Florida became a state on March 3, 1845.
(12) Non-tidal: shall mean water bodies in which there
is no ebb and flow of the tide. All water bodies referred toin
Section 21HH-6.007 are non-tidal.
(13) Ordinary High Water Mark (OHWM) and Ordinary
High Water Line (OHWL): shall mean the natural boundary
that separates the bed of a non-tidal water body from its banks;
for navigable water bodies the OHWM is the title boundary
between sovereignty submerged lands and riparian land: it is
the actual. observable, physical mark impressed on the bank
of a water body by the long continued presence and action of
the water during normal years, and reflects the point to which
the water has exerted dominance over the bed so as to wrest
the bed from terrestrial vegetation and destroy its value for
agricultural purposes. Generally, the OHWM is a visible mark
in which parties providing for a water boundary between them
would naturally have in their minds. In all cases the OHWM
is a natural object, and is to be sought for as other natural
objects are sought for and found by the distinctive appearances
they present. Generally. this natural boundary is capable, not
only of being ascertained upon inquiring but also, of being seen
and recognized in the common practical affairs of life. It neither
takes in overflowed land beyond the bank, nor includes swamps
or low grounds liable to be overflowed, but reclaimable for
meadows or agriculture, or which being too low for reclamation
though not always covered with water, may be used for cattle
to range upon as natural unenclosed pasture. The OHWM is
an ambulatory boundary and is subject to gradual and
imperceptible change due to erosion, accretion, reliction or
(141 Perceptible: shall mean that witnesses may perceive
changes as they take place.
(15) Reference Point: shall mean any defined position
that is or can be established in relation to another defined
(16) Reliction: shall mean the gradual and imperceptible
recession of water.
(17) Submergence: shall mean the gradual and
imperceptible disappearance of land under water caused by
natural rising waters or land subsidence.
-. (18) Survey: shall mean the orderly process of
determining data relating to the physical or chemical
characteristics of the earth, and may be further defined
according to the type of data obtained, the methods and
instruments used, and the purposes) to be served. All surveys
showing land boundary information must be in accordance with
Rule 21HH-C.003. For purposes of this rule. types of surveys
shall include the following definitions:
(a) As-Built Survey: shall mean a survey performed to
obtain horizontal and vertical dimensional data so that the
constructed improvements may be located and delineated.
(N) Condominium Survey: shall mean a survey
performed pursuant to Chapter 718, Florida Stat utes; however,
Florida Administrative Weekly Vol. 14. No. 31. September 2. 1988
the overall boundary survey being prepared for a condominium
project shall conform to these minimum technical standardss.
All other survey matters concerning the condominium shall
be according to Chapter 718. Florida Statutes.
(c) Construction Layout Surveyi shall mean the
measurements made. prior to or while construction is in
progress, to control elevation, horizontal position and
dimensions, and configuration.
(d) Control Survey: shall mean a survey which provides
horizontal or vertical position data for the support or control
of subordinate surveys or for mapping.
(e) Geodetic Survey: shall mean a survey of areas and
points affected by and taking into account the curvature of the
earth and astronomic observations.
(f) Hydrographic Survey: shall mean a survey having
as its principal purpose the determination of data relating to
bodies of water, and which may consist of the determination
of one or several of the following classes of data: depth of water
and configuration of bottom: directions and force of current:
heightsand times and water stages; and location of fixed
objects for survey and navigation purposes.
(g) Land or Boundary Survey: shall mean a survey, the
primary purpose of which includes, but is not limited to, the
determining of the perimeters of a parcel or tract of land by
establishing or re-establishing corners, monuments, and
boundary lines for the purposes of describing, locating of fixed
improvements, or patting or idviding the parcel.
(h) Mean High Water Line Survey: shall mean a survey
of the mean high water line as defined in Part II. Chapter 177.
i) Ordinary High Water Mark Survey and Ordinary
High Water Line Survey: shall mean a survey of the ordinary
high water mark as defined herein.
) Quantity Surveys: shall mean surveys for the purpose
of obtaining measurements of quantity.
(k) Record Survev: see as-built survey.
(1) Right of Way Survey: shall mean a survey of a strip
or area of land used or proposed to be used for the construction
and maintenance, according to the designated use of: public
or private way for purposes of travel; railroads. drainage or
irrigation canals: and any other public or private utility
(mt Specific or Special Purpose Survey shall mean a
survey performed for a specified purpose other than as defined
(n) Topographic Survey: shall mean a survey of selected
natural and man-made features of a part of the earth's surface
to determine horizontal and vertical spatial relations.
(19) Swamps and Overflowed Lands: shall mean lands
that lie on the landward side of the ordinary high water line
but that are so subject to inundation during the normal
planting, growing or harvesting season of the region that they
are not useful for normal agricultural purposes unless they are
drained to remove excess water or diked to prevent flooding.
(20) Terrestrial Vegetation: shall mean land plants, that
is plants that do not require standing or flowing water for
S'rmination, support. growth and survival, though they may
'"l"r:t. periods of inundation during each year after they
Become established. Woody plant species, including trees, are
classified as terrestrial vegetation.
(21) Witness Monument: shall mean any monument that
does not occupy the same defined position as the corner itself,
but whose relationship to the corner is established.
Speic Autho y 472.027 FS. Law Imphmud 472.027 S. HimWry-Nw 91-81. Foamnly
21HH-6.003 Minimum Technical Standards for Surveys
(Field and Office).
(1) In order for a map, sketch, or plat of a survey to be
acceptable in terms of this rule, it seek a survey must be full
and complete and shall be certified by the surveyor in
responsible charge as meeting these minimum technical
standards set forth by the Florida Board of Professional Land
Surveyors in Chapter 21HH-6, Florida Administrative Code,
pursuant to Section 472.027, Florida Statutes.
(2) All measurements made in the field must be in
accordance with the United States standard. using either feet
or metric, and made with a transit and steel tape, or other
devices with an equivalent or higher degree of accuracy.
Records of these measurements shall be maintained. With the
exception of geodetic surveys, all measurements shall refer
to either the horizontal or vertical plane. All computed data
or plotted improvements distaees and beerings must be
supported by eareful and accurate field measurements unless
clearly stated otherwise.
(3) All survey drawings must bear the name and street
and mailing address of the firm issuing the drawing. Each
drawing must also bear the name. registration number,
signature and raised embossed seal of the surveyor in
responsible charge. A surveyor practicing independent of any
firm must have his or her name and street and mailing address
on each drawing. All survey drawings must reflect any date
of revision. Any drawing ef a survey mast beat the aamer f km
or esidenee address. eity; eeetifieate nwmber amd signature
of the laod sureyr in responsible charge, &d date of the Bled
survey a set fesrh ai Seetions 478.021 nd 478.086. F&. Copies
of survey drawings shall have a raised embossed seal of the
land surveyor in responsible charge.
(4) A reference to all bearings shown must be clearly
stated, i.e., whether to "True North"; "Grid North as
established by the NOS"; "Assumed North based on a bearing
for a well defined line, such as the center line of a road or right
of way, etc.": "a Deed Call for a particular line"; or "the
bearing of a particular line shown upon a plat." References
to Magnetic North should be avoided except in the cases where
a comparison is necessitated by a Deed Call. Where bearings
are eekeed in the deed deeeriptien, e eon a eiginal plAt of
end being surveyed eemparise of the deed oe pte4 beings
with the beeainge used shell be shewe on all eeurse In all
cases, the bearings used shall be referenced to some well-
(5) A designated "north arrow" and scale and/or bar or
graphic scale of the map shall be prominently shown upon the
drawing. Any abbreviations used on the drawing must be
clearly noted within a legend appearing on the face of the
(6) The survey drawing must be in complete accord with
the real property description shown thereon or attached
Florida Administrative Weekly Vol. 14. No. 35. September 2. 1988
thereto; any discrepancies between the survey drawing and
the description must be shown upon the drawing. When a new
parcel is being created reference will be made on the survey
drawing to the closest government corner or land line or
(a) Where evidence of inconsistencies is found, such as:
overlapping descriptions, hiatuses; excess or deficiency;
conflicting erroneously located boundary lines or monuments;
or where any doubt as to the location on the ground of survey
lines or property rights exists, the nature of the inconsistencies
should be shown upon the drawing.
(bi When a new parcel is being created, reference will
be made on the survey drawing and in the description to the
closest government corner, land line. recorded plat, or other
fixed and recorded corner.
17) All changes in direction, including curves, shall be
shown on the survey drawing by angles, bearings or azimuths,
and will be in the same form as the description, or other
recorded document referenced on the drawing. Curved lines
with true curves shall show the radii, arc distances and central
angles, or radii, chord distances and chord bearings. Where
curved lines are not mathematically definable, that fact must
be noted upon the drawing with sufficient measurements
shown upon the drawing to position the line. AR angles shell
be shown directly n the drawing or by bearings er asimuths.
Where lines are eurved, the significant elements of the curve
Shall be shown upe the drawing. However, when interseting
lines are eonradial, ne less than the delta, radius and are, and
ehord bearing eo angle shell be shown upen the drawing
(8) If a survey is all or part of a lot which is part of a
recorded subdivision, lot and block numbers or other
designations, including those of adjoining lots, and the block
numbers must be shown legibly upon the drawing. When field
measured directions and distances vary from recorded
directions and distances, a comparison between the recorded
and measured directions and distances must be shown upon
the drawing. Where the block lines are straight, a comparison
between recorded directions and distances to field measured
directions and distances to the nearest street center line, right
of way intersection or other identifiable reference points must
be shown upon the drawing. Where the block lines are curved,
a comparison between the recorded directions and distances
and computed directions and distances based upon the recorded
data to field measured directions and distances to an
identifiable reference point will be shown. Where a difference
is found between the comparison of recorded directions and
distances and measured directions and distances to an
identifiable reference point, then a similar comparison must
be shown between the recorded directions and distances and
the measured directions and distances to an identifiable
reference point in the opposite direction. In areas where
reeorded lets and blocks are established, the measured
distances t he nearest intersection of a street or right of way
shall be show upon the drawing. Measured and plat distances
to intersecting streets or rights of way in both directions shall
S be shown if either of the measured distances vary significantly
from the original plat. If because of unusual bleek lengths this
is net pratial, distances to other identifiable survey points
may be used Any excluded portion of a lot(s) and the
dimensions thereof shall be shown upon the drawing.
(9) Surveys of parcels described by metes and bounds
within a traet of land shall show the following upon the
drawing: relationship of these pareels to at least one
established identifiable real property eerner Survey drawings
shall show all informative called for in the property description,
sueh as: point of eeommeneement course bearings distances
and point of beginning.
(a) The relationship of the parcels) to at least one
established identifiable real property corner;
(b) All information called for in the property description,
such as point of commencement, course bearings and distances,
and point of beginning:
(c) A comparison between recorded directions and
distances and field measured directions and distances when
they vary. This comparison shall include not only the boundary
but all courses called for in the property description beginning
with the point of commencement;
(d) The most current known abutting recorded
instrument or recorded plat:
(e) The dimensioned remainder of the parent tract when
surveying a parcel described by fractions.
"I) If a survey is of alley or any parts of a let4e) which
is part of a recorded subdivision, let and bleek numbers er ether
designations including these of adjoining lots and the block
number must be shown upe the drawing, either on the
detailed survey portion er on a location map
(4-) Ifs survey is part of a let4 which is p rt of a
reeerded subdivision. all dimensions called fer in the property
deseriptine of the parcel surveyed ad the eneluded part of
the lek(s) shall be shown peon the drawing
(10)44) All recorded public and private rights of way
shown on applicable recorded plats, adjoining or across the
land being surveyed shall be located and shown upon the
drawing. Easements shown on applicable record plats or open
and notorious evidence of easements or rights of way on or
across the land being surveyed shall be located and shown upon
the drawing. If streets or street rights of way abutting the
land surveyed are not physically open, a note to this effect
shall be shown upon the drawing. If location of easements or
rights of way of record, other than those on record plats, is
required, this information must be furnished to the land
(11U(4 Open and notorious evidence of boundary lines,
such as: whether fences, walls, buildings, monuments or
otherwise, shall be shown upon the drawing, together with
dimensions sufficient to show their relationship to the boundary
(12)l4) All visible encroachments onto or from
adjoining property or abutting streets must be indicated, with
the extent of such encroachment shown or noted upon the
drawing. In all cases where foundations may encroach and are
beneath the surface, failure to determine their location shall
be noted upon the drawing.
4151 Open and notorious evidence of easements or rights
of way on or across the lands surveyed shall be located or noted
and shown upon the drawing. If location of easements or rights
Florida Administrative Weekly Vol. 14. No. 35. September 2. 1988
of way of reeed-, other than these on reeerd plants, is required
this information must be furnished to the laed surveyor;
(13 146 Location of fixed improvements pertinent to the
survey shall be shown upon the drawing in reference to the
boundaries, either directly or by te offset lines. If fixed inteier
improvements are not located or do not exist, a note to this
effect shall be shown upon the drawing. Pertinent
improvements are improvements made for the enjoyment of
the property being surveyed and shall include docks.
boathouses, and similar improvements.
(14 )(4 Cemeteries and burial grounds located within
the premises shall be located and shown upon the drawing if
open and notorious, or if knowledge of their existence and
location is furnished to the land surveyor.
(15)18) The surveyor shall make a determination of the
correct position of the boundary of the real property and shall
set monuments, as defined herein, unless monuments already
exist at such corners. All monuments, found or placed, must
be described on the survey drawing with date given te sho
their leetieo upen the green in relation to the boundary lines.
When the property corner cannot be set. a witness monument
shall be placed with data given to show its location upon the
ground in relation to the boundary lines or corner and se noted
upon the survey drawing. The corner descriptions shall state
whether found or set. size. material, and cap identification. The
distance along boundaries between monuments shall not exceed
fourteen hundred feet.
(a) When a arcel has either a natural or artificial feature
such as a roadway, river, lake, beach. marsh, stream, or other
irregular boundary as one or more of its boundaries, then a
monumented meander line will be established either directly
along or near the feature. Sufficient dimensions shall be shown
bewteen the meander line and the boundary line.
(b) If the surveyor is instructed not to locate the OHWM.
the location of the existing waters edge of the water body shall
be shown and dated and a note shall be placed on the survey
stating: "No attempt has been made to locate the ordinary high
water mark (OHWM). Only the waters edge as of (date) has
(16)18 Every boundary monument or witness
monument set shall:
(a) Be composed of durable material:
(b) Have a minimal length of 18 inches:
(c) Have a minimum cross-section area of material of 0.2
(d) Be identified with durable marker or cap bearing
either the Florida registration number of the land surveyor
in responsible charge, the certificate of authorization number
of the survey firm: or name of the survey firm: the number
will be preceded by LS or LB as applicable;
(el Be detectable with conventional instruments for
finding ferrous or magnetic objects. When a case arises due
to physical obstructions so that neither a boundary monument
nor a witness monument can practicably be set in accordance
with l(ae), then alternative monumentation which is durable
and identifiable shall be established for this particular
17)I 04 The accuracy of the measurements for the
'ur-e.y shall be based upon the type of survey and the current
or expected use of the land. The accuracy of the measurements
thus performed shall be substantiated by the computations
of a closed traverse; the relative error of closure permissible
shall be no greater than the following after angular balance:
Risk arees: Linear: 1 foot in 10,000 feet:
Angular: 15 seconds times the square root of the
number of angles;
Suburban: Linear: 1 foot in 7,500 feet:
Angular: 20 seconds times the square root of the
number, of angles:
Rural: Linear: 1 foot in 5,000 feet:
Angular: 30 seconds times the square root of the number
Specific Authority 472.07 FS. Law Implmmenud 472.027 S. History-Nw 9-1-81.
Amended 7-29-. Formrly 21HH6.03. Amended
21HH-6.004 Vertical Control and Topographic Surveys.
(1) Vertical Control Surveys: All elevations shown upon
surveys shall be based on a the level loop: closure in feet must
be accurate to a standard of plus or minus .05 times the square
root of the distance in miles (+ -8SV miles) AR surveys i this
elass shall show the datumn including a deseriptien of the
benehmaek4(s upon whieh the survey is based A second
benehmark, where pretieable, shell be used on eeeh survey
to confirm the level run efd first benehLmark
(2) Topographic Surveys: Vertieal Gentrel Surveyse the
level leep eleure in feet must be eeerate e a standard of plus
er minus 96 times the square reet of disetene in mile (+ 08
(a) The horizontal position of physical features must be
plotted to 1/20th inch of the map scale. If contour lines are
shown. then sufficient spot elevation must be obtained in order
to insure that all such lines are within 1/2 of the contour interval
80% of the time. When a test profile is run over the mapped
area in the field, the profile must be correct within one-half
of the contour interval 80% of the time, and the remainder shall
not be in error more than the contour interval. A surveyor shall
run test profiles and check horizontal distance when he certifies
the correctness of the information shown on a topography
survey obtained by aerial photography.
(b) All topographic surveys shall show elevations based
on a closed level loop from an established benchmark. This
closed level loop should run through or to a second established
benchmark to confirm the level run and the first benchmark.
All topographic surveys shall indicate the datum and a
description of the benchmark(s) upon which the survey is based.
A minimum of one site benchmark on or near the survey shall
be established and indicated upon the drawing.
(e) All topographic surveys shall have a designated
"north arrow", scale and/or bar o graphic scale of a map
permanently shown on the drawing. All topographic surveys
shall be certified as meeting these requirements.
(3) Minor elevations shown on boundary surveys, such
as floor elevations for flood certificates, does not result in the
survey being classified as topographic: however, the datum
shall be stated and the elevations shall be based on a closed
level loop run. Topographic Surveys. the herisontl position
of physie features must be plotted te 140th ineh of the fir
map seep. II a test profile is run ever the mapped area in the
Florida Administrative Weekly vol. 14. No. 35. September ., 1988
,. I II
field the profile must he correct within one-half of the contour
interval 80% of the time. and the remainder shall not be in
error more than the contour interval. A surveyor shall he
required to run test profiles if he is to certify to the information
shown on a topography survey obtained by aerial photography.
Specific Author:tv ;-O" FS L-, Implirmenwln 47202t PS Inutm-Ne. 9.1-1.
Fonnerly.21H11 604. Amnid .-d .
21HH-6.005 Construction Layout. Record or As-built.
and Quantity and eightt of Way Surveys.
(1) Construction Layout Survey: when requested by
either the owner or the eontraeteer the surveyor may provides
construction staking, for use by the contraeter. tThese stakes
must be based on controls established using the survey
standards as defined in Sections .6.003 and 46.004 of this rule.
The stakes provided should be adequate in number, and
horizontal and vertical position; and elevation so that the
physical items can be constructed from the plans as designed.
(2) As-Built or Record Surveys or As Built Surveys:
(a) When the surveyor performs as-built or record
surveys, he Reeerd Surveys or As-Bilt Surveys, when
per~ermed. shall obtain field measurements of vertical or
horizontal dimensions; of constructed improvements, so that
the ensietrued feeility ean be delineated in seeh a way that
the designer may determine the substantial aeeuracy of the
leeation of the eenstruesio'n Any and shall prepare drawings)
released shah which clearly show by symbols, notations, or
' delineations, those constructed improvements facilities located
by the field survey. All drawings prepared shall meet these
minimum technical standards as applicable and will be certified
(b) The horizontal accuracy shall be such that it may
be determined whether the constructed improvements) facility
encroaches upon adjoining properties or whether it is properly
placed on the property, in rights of way, or in easements
provided fe the facility. The vertical and horizontal accuracy
shall be such that it may be determined by the designer
whether the improvements were feeility was constructed with
(3) Quantity Surveys: when the surveyor may measures
and computes quantities, he shall as requested, by obtaining
horizontal and vertical dimensions adequate to delineate
graphically geometric configurations andor dimensions that
can be mathematically computed.
(4 Right of Way Survey: the survey shall indicate the
relationship of all section lines, quarter section lines, land grant
lines, recorded subdivision lines and recorded subdivision block
lines, that lie within or adjacent to the right of way that are
materially affected by the right of way. The relationship
between the lines and the rights of way shall be supported by
(a) Prior to the completion of a right of way survey for
the purpose of acquisition of property and engineering design,
a control survey consisting of the center line and/or base line
indicating the relationship, supported by field measurements,
of all section lines, quarter lines, land grant lines, recorded
subdivision boundaries, and recorded subdivision block lines
shall be performed.
(!b Final right of way survey drawings prepared after
acquisition shall show directly on the map or in tabular form
the appropriate book and page where the description is
Spnclac Authority 472.027 FS. Law Implem.nted 472.027. History-New 9-1-81. Formerly
21IHI4.0&. Amad ---
21HH-6.0051 Geodetic Surveys.
(1I All gpodetic surveys both vertical and horizontal,
relating to land surveys in the State of Florida shall be under
the direction of a land surveyor registered in the State of
Florida. All geodetic surveys. both vertical and horizontal, shall
conform to the Standards and Specifications for Geodetic
Control Networks as set forth by the Federal Geodetic Control
Committee (FGCC) in their most current publication.
(2) When global positioning systems are used for
geodetic surveys, all such surveys shall conform to the
Geometric Geodetic Accuracies Standards and Specifications
for Using GPS Relative Positioning Techniques as set forth
by the Federal Geodetic Control Committee (FGCC) in their
most current publication.
(3) Other uses of GPS shall be covered under the
appropriate section or sub-section, such as Topographic or
Speci Authorit 472.027 FS. Law Implemented 472.027 FS. History-New
21HH-6.0052 Ordinary High Water Mark (OHWM)
(1) Applicability and Intent. This rule establishes
additional technical standards, procedures, criteria and general
methodology to be applied by land surveyors registered in the
state of Florida for the determination of the location of the
ordinary high water mark (OHWM). It is the intent that nothing
in this rule is in conflict with established Federal and Florida
law and existing principles of accepted land surveying
standards. For the purpose of this rule, the terms ordinary high
water mark (OHWM) and ordinary high water line (OHWL)
may be used interchangeably.
(2) Minimum Technical Standards for Ordinary High
Water Mark Surveys. The following additional minimum
technical standards shall aply to all OHWM surveys:
(a) Existent location unless prior date specified. The land
surveyor will determine the location of the existent OHWM,
unless explicitly requested to determine the location of the
OHWM as it existed on a specified prior date.
(b) Surveys tied to corners or other monumentation. All
OHWM surveys shall be tied to a government land office
survey corner or some other well established survey monument
such as a permanent reference monument of a recorded
(c) Sinuosities. The survey shall generally approximate
the sinuosities of the OHWM with a meander line of accurately
measured courses and distances connecting together meander
or inflection points which the surveyor determines to be located
upon the OIIWM.
(d) Bearings and distances. The survey drawing shall
provide bearings and distances between adjacent points on the
meander line and for ties from the line to the referenced
monuments. Bearings should be based-on either astronomic
north or grid north of the Florida State Plane Coordinate
Floid Amiisr~tveWekl Vl. 4,No 3, eptmbr 98
(e) Course length. Courses shall be of such lengths as,
in the opinion of the surveyor, are needed to accurately depict
the irregularity of the ordinary high water mark.
(f) Dates. Each meander line of the survey shall be dated
to indicate the date on which the meander points were actually
established in the field. If a meander line is intended to locate
the OHWM as it existed on some prior date, the actual field
survey dates and the depicted prior date, and the means by
which the location was set, shall be noted on the face of the
(g) Monumentation. All meander or inflection points on
the OHWL survey shall be monumented either directly or by
(h) Independent judgment. The surveyor shall have
responsibility for and shall exercise his independent judgment
in making the final determination of the location of the OHWM.
The surveyor shall personally examine the bed and the banks
or shore of the water body to locate the positions of the OHWM.
(i) Criteria. The surveyor shall first examine the slope
of the bank and character of its soil for a well-defined line of
demarcation between the bed and the bank. The surveyor shall
then consider the following factors:
1. The banks of a water body often form a marked
escarpment at the limits of its bed. Such escarpments are
formed through the processes of erosion and over-bank deposits
of sediment during high water, forming natural levees. The
OHWL is located below and on the waterward side of the
2. The OHWL is to be found at that point where the
presence and action of the water is so common and usual and
so long continued in all ordinary years that it prevents the
establishment and growth of terrestrial vegetation.
3. The bed of a water body is unsuitable for agricultural
purposes caused by the continued presence and action of the
water flowing or washing over the bed. Larger particle sizes
and decreased organic matter and clays, which result from the
erosive and transportive effects of moving water, distinguish
the sediments found in the bed of the water body from the soils
found on the banks and in the swamp and overflowed lands
that extend landward from the OHWL.
4. The factors enumerated in paragraphs 1., 2., and 3.
are not to be considered as separate tests for determining the
location of the OHWL, but should be considered together as
complementary factors in locating the OHWL.
5. Supplemental evidence, including but not limited to
historical accounts of water levels, use of adjacent lands for
agriculture, statistical analyses of water levels, and prior
surveys of the OHWM. may be used to support the primary
criteria enumerated in paragraphs 1., 2., and 3. for
determination of the OHWL.
(j) Lands not included. The following lands are landward
of the OHWM of a water body:
1. Swamp or overflowed lands, and floodplains adjacent
to a water body that are subject to periodic flooding when the
water body overflows its banks.
2. Beds of non-navigable streams which connect with
the navigable water bodies.
3. Non-navigable sloughs, arms, bays. marshes, flood
channels and similar features that are connected to but are
distinct from the main body or channel of a navigable water
body, as distinguished from the shallow and non-navigable
margins of the main body or channel of the water body.
4. Any man-made flooded area, excavation, canal,
dredged area, or widened channel or border, of or connected
to a non-tidal navigable water body. In such cases, the last
location of the natural ordinary high water mark shall be fixed
using the best evidence available so as to exclude such man-
made change or feature, and shall be so noted on the drawing.
(k) Current Location Presumed to be Natural Location.
The current location of the OHWM shall be presumed to be
its natural location unless there is obvious, competent and
substantial evidence that a change has occurred as the result
of natural or man-made avulsion. If there is such evidence of
avulsion, the location of the OHWL of a non-tidal water body
shall be located at its last natural position before the avulsion.
Speiic Authority 472.027 FS. Law ImlK md 472.02 FS. History-New
Florida Adminisirative Weekly
Vol. 14. No. 15i, September Z, 1988