Title: Aquifers Need Extra Protection
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00000799/00001
 Material Information
Title: Aquifers Need Extra Protection
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: The Tampa Tribune
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Abstract: The Tampa Tribune Article November 3, 1986
General Note: Box 7, Folder 2 ( Vail Conference 1987 - 1987 ), Item 75
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00000799
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text


















Aqufers Need

Extra Protection
Dr. John Ingham's Oct. 2 letter must
not go unchallenged. Apparently he has
failed to keep abreast of scientific data
accrued over the last decade. Even his
comments about Key West were In error.
There is a shallow freshwater aquier still
in existence In Key Wet that is used by
some of the residents a a potable water
source.
The Epidemiology Research Center
will be involved in testing many of the
potable water wells in that area to deter-
mine the virological stas of the ground
water because of the widespread use of
septic tanks.
Scientific Investattions in Maryland,
Texas, New York, and Florida conducted
during waterborne disease outbreaks
demonstrated viruses In ground water in
areas served by septic tanks. In Mary-
land, three different enteroviruses and,
for the first time in history, infectious
hepatitis virus were Isolated from ground
water.
Dr. Marc Sobsey had a portion of the
well water concentrates Inoculated into
two monkeys at the National institutes of
Health. Both developed hepatitis A. We
can no longer Ignore the threat of viral
contamination of ground water from sep-
tic tanks.
Great strides have been made in the
treatment of waste water. It Is possible to
produce reclaimed water that will meet
drinking water standards for potable
water. St. Petersburg has utilized nutrient-
rich reclaimed water for the past decade
with no deleterious effects on public
health. This reuse held the city's demand
for potable water at the same level over


the decade an spite of a population n-.
crease. .
Florida's continued growth can only
put additional straw on our aqulfes. Un-
less they are eil-protected and with-
drwal decreased by water reus the so-
called water shortages that we experi-
onced in the past will be a nothing com-
pared to those of the future.
RUlleborough County sad Tampa are
to be congradated on their current plans
for water re and pound water protec-
ion. Unfortunately, too many septic tanks
have been Installed in the county already
and more are being imalled dally.
To protect ground water, septic tanks
should be limited to one per lot of at eat
one acre and ewerage mrvlces expanded
as quickly as possible to developments
having multiple septic tanks per acre. Di
ficult decisions must be made and the
general public must recognize that the
days of tnexpenive water and mwerage
services ar pat.
.. waste water treatment and ground
water protection Wil cost only money, but
the alternative will take Its toll In llne
and sometimes death, particularly among
the very young.
It septic tanls had been the panacea
described by Dr. Ingham, public health
officials never would have endorsed
waste water treatment plants. Water-
borne disease outbreaks uch as typhoid
fever wer te Impetus for change. Let s
lear from history.
FLORA MAE WELLINGS
Director,
Epidemiology Research Center,
Department of health
and Rehabilitative Service
Tampa




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