Timucuan Architecture and Village Layout in St. Augustine at the Time of the Menendez Encampment


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Timucuan Architecture and Village Layout in St. Augustine at the Time of the Menendez Encampment
Series Title:
Archaeological Files of 39 Magnolia Avenue Site
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Mixed Material
Antoinette B. Wallace; Nick McAuliffe; Michael B. Tarleton; Carl D. Halbirt
City of St. Augustine, Florida
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Folder: Reports


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Saint Augustine (Fla.)
39 Magnolia Avenue (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
39 Magnolia Avenue Site (Saint Augustine, Fla.)


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BDAC # 04-0271
General Note:
Paper presented at the 59th annual conferenceof the Florida Anthropological Society in Avon Park, Florida

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University of Florida
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Timucuan ArchilectIrC and Village Layout in St. Augustine at the Timucuan Architecture and Village Layout in St. Augustine at the Timucuan Architectre and Village Layout in St. Augustine at the Time Time Time of the Menendez Encampment of the Menendez Encampment of the Menendez Encampment

by Anoinette B Wallace, Nick McAulife. Michael B Tarleton and Carl D by Antoinette B. Waace, Nick McAuliff, Michael B. Tarleton and Carl D. by Antointte B. Walace, Nick McAue, Michael B Iarlcton and Call D Halbirt Halbirt IalNbi

Paper presented at the 59th annual conference of the Flo da Paper presented at the 59th annual conference o the Florida Paper presented at the 59th annual confrcnce of the Florida Anthropological Society Arlopological Society Anthropological Society Avon Park, Florda Aron Park, Florida Aon Park, Florida

May 12, 2007 May 12, 2007 May 12, 2007

Abra- Abs-tract AbAtret In 2006. the Cly o Si Augusaine underouk archaeological investigations at 39 Magnolia I 206, lhe Ci, of St Augusline undertook archaeological nvestigatrons at 39 Mgnia I1 2006, the City of St. Augustine udaatook archaeologiial investigations at 39 Magnolia Ar hacurest daetothe later Avenue. T his activity resulted in thea mdisc eryoi o stucturs l al date oC the latte Avenue This activity ruled in the discovery o sucturesr ial date to car part ofhe S Johns l period Al d qntiy of earlySplrsh poary and bread part ofth St. Jo Ilb period A limited quantity f cly Spansh pottery nd hds p artolheSI John Ib period A liml.ted quntty of eal Spish paeyryan were found in middle deposits circmnscnra by r one of the srcs. Ihe property is we dden deposits circumscli d by one o rt ltrucures. The property i were found in midden depo si fcihrcu pscd, rbyu Theper approamately 00 lra norlh ohe15 Par l ra Menedezr ncapmc Thi mater al approximately 800 at north ofthe 1565 Pedra Menendez encampnent h ismal al approximately 00a t llorth ofthe 1565 edlo Mendezencmcpment ismarial provides essential infoannration r understanding limucar n lie ways at the cusp o provides essentiA information far understanding imucuan lie ways at the cusp ot provides essenial inmaton for undersanding Timucuan lite waysl cu o Europem colowiation espciall ina ted to m ucan architecture. village layout diet Europca cooniatiun espclt in reg di Timucuan architecture, village layout dit Eupeaen colonizarion espiac in rar at aTimucu.n arcicur illa e layu, diet. xrh a systms and paosible riaarl a ariiie, exchard e cys.ms and pileaaaaal atioitiea carh y ge systems ad posible riul aciiies

Int dction This report provides prelimbry information aid interpretation of c C i S ihis report provides preliminwy infomation and inprellon oh Ciy ofM This report provides prelim in y inbrmation and interpretation of the City ofSt Augusti achaeolqic investigation Yidcr the direction of City Archeulogist,, Carl Augustines archaeolic inesligations under the dir elion ol (:it A rc haeologist Carl Augustines archaeolgica investlgationsunder the direction of City Archaeologist Carl lialbirt Ihe pperty whirh contains a lateprehisric limuc n si e isiated at 3 Halb The popery which conWinsalate prehisoric Timuuanie i aed a Halbirt The properly which contains a late pnhistoric Timucan site is located at 39 Magnola Avcnue, 800 cfet due north of he Fountain ofiYourh Park which was theseo Magnolia Avenue 800 ieet due nolrh o fe lunin a Yauh P ic a t ie Magnolia Avenue, 800 fiet due north of the Fountain oYoubh park which was the sit if the A D 1565 Mnendez encmpment (DeAaA 002) (Figure 1)

Ihe Cilys in estigation as Aplemented under tIhe aegis o lis ArchaeouloIe The City's investigation was implemented under the ads ofits Archaeologidl Preservation Ordimnce, which madates that all new construction involving oundPreersion Ord-tm ance which dates thatall newconstton n involy m und Preservatin Ordinance, which makes that all new construction involvng ground- peletratiq disturbances in recogized wcihaeogial zones be evabled il potenlia penetrating disturbances in recognzed schaeologiml zones be eva-uaed for po-enlia peneratilg disturbances in recognzMd achaeo lcd o nes be wanted for poeni impacts to cultural resources The proposed construction at 39 Magnolia Avenue. hich impact t cultural rusurces The prposld conslluction at 39 MA g olia Aenue ch impacts Lo cultural resources he proposed consuctlon at 39 Maolia Avenue, hlch is privardy owned wil subdivide the east half l the property into flw ne singei priaely owned, will subdivide the eat haiof f the property into our new single i priaely owned, wil subdivide the east half lo the property into four ne single- imlily lots (Figure 2); ricnng criteria esublished in the ordinme d arhaeologleal fmnily lots (Figur 2); trigeng e ria emblished in the ordinme ad hac ,logicl family los (Figure 2); trig ing clitna established in the ordlmee aid achaeologi iel insiain !led inv-& talony
ild investigation Resench conducted at his property provides an llettlred picture I tucIan ReR mh conducted at this proper pro ides an ,fetterMd picture of Timuen Resemoh conducted at this property provides an ullttercd picture ot Timucum life in S. Augustine just prior to ihe a mval of Pedroi Menende i Ailrs in 1565 liie m St Augusine just prior to ithe rival of Pedro Menndez de A riles i 6 ife in St. Augusl jus prior to the arrival of Pedro Menende d AilA s in 15.5 Unlike other areas exru ed wihlin the city when achaeolocal deposits eibil Ilnike other areas exaated wihin the city whem acboeologcal deposits ehiit nlike other ars exwvated within the city where archaologied deposits exhibil multiple upallons. the evidence fom 39 Magnolia Avenue points o a disce cultural multiple aupaion, the evidence fom 39 Magolia Avenue points r cuural muiliplc occupation the evidene from 39 M olia Avenic poinLt so a dlSc culur] period period

Pre vious Rsearch
Previous Rserch
Previous Research The property at 39 Ma.noia, A-venue1 been subcto a in....... ..r
SI prop a agnuiaAvenuc en suhje to lw innil u'e r The property at 39 Magnolia Avenue had en subject to a lo intensi auger survey in 1981 by Snth and Bnd (1981:) Thirjy three aer holes were drillkd into yure in 1981 by Smith ld Bnd (1981) Ihin y Ihree auer hole were drilled into urey in 1981 by Smith and Bond (198:1) Tliny three auger holes were dnlkd inlo FAAA A~dAAA AAA~aAAdA A'~A AA'AAAAFA*A'I F'AA AA A FA AAAAA AFIAAA 2

documented (Smith and Bond I981:Figu, I1) wih a f w of the auger holes containing doemnented (Smith and Bond 1981l:Fig I I) ilh a fe11 ol he auger h1les cnmining documented (Smith and nd 981:Fig I ) with a fe of te eager holes coninin fragments of St. Johns and Sm Marcos p,-tery (Smith and Bond 1981.Figures 7 and 8. ia nents 1 St. Johns and -r Marcos pottery (Smith and Bond 981:Figurs 7 and R) fraents of St Johns and i Marcos pottery (Smith and Bold 181:Figules ? and 8, S Johns potry irs typically found in deposits dati lom the te prehistoric to the St Johnbs pottery is typically ound in deposits daing from the late prehistoric to the St Johns pottery is typically find in deposits dating -rom the late prhiric t Ih eNly 1600s, whereas San Marcos poltery is found in deplsits that date between 15g0 to early 1600s whereas San Marcos pottery is found in deposits thai date betwIeen 1580 a6 ely 1600s, wheern Sm Marcos pottery is Iund in deposits that date better 1581 t, 1763 -63 1763

n 1986, .dard S Chey (Figure 4). undertook a cmprhensive study ot all in 1986, d S (Fig ). ido a o nse 196, Edward S Ch, (Figure 4). undertook a omprehensive study of a Ihe pchaenologi 9surveyslha that had taken placelnorth ofCastillo de ilMarcos Oi e haeologillisule hat that had taken pl9e nurdl olCastillo de Si Malcos Of the archaeolowl surveyslhal that hadtaken place north ol Callo de an Marcos Oi importance to the investigation at 39 M lolia Aven-, was the delineation of a 16 to importance to the investigation 39 Manolia Avenue, w he delineation of a 16" to importance to the investigation a 39 M nolia Avenue, was the dlion ol a 16 17'" nur i (listed as No. 7) that m sured approximately 550 eet (cast-est) by 17I" cnury ie (listed as No 7) haL measured appro ximately 550 fiet (eastest) b 17' cnlury sile (lised as No. 7) that measured appro-matcl 550 let (e ) 300 e (,northsouth) This action. which includes most o the proper- y a social 300 feet (north-south Ih) This n, which include most of te prpert ao 300 fee(noh-outh) This h9lhion, which include ml9t ol the property a s ci t d with 39 Ma nolia Avenue, was identified as ontaiig the densst cncenraion oi St wth 39 M nolia Avenue, w dntified as conwining the densest concentration oSt 1ith 39 Manolia Avenue, was identified as containing nenllion o Jolm poetry in he lrvy (Chany 19867 Johns pottery n the sury ar (Chany 1986,3 p d,81-a1 91986: 7). Johns pottery in the survey area (Chancy 1986:37)

Field Wr1 ield Wrk Field Work

Based on the invesgaon by Smith nd Bond (81),Figure3) the ynhess Based theinveigaion by Snith andBond 1981), Figure 3) the snh Based ontheinvestigationby Smith and Bond (1981 (Figu r3) te synth by Chaney (1986), and e er fieldwrk by the City in the WliamS subdivision, it was by Chany (1986), and c r ieldwrk by the City i the Wilins subdivisionL itas by Chany (1986), and lier icid he Ci in 1 Wi bds, i sumised that the proposed area to be unpacted by construction o new single -fuil surmised thai the proposed area to be impacted by construction of new single ily surmised that the proposed area to be impacted by cunstruclion of new slin il? Isidens at 39 Magnolia Avenue contained poten tialiy signifint archaeologic-- residences at 39 Magnolia Avenue contained potentially signifiet archrologic rsidences at 139 Manoia Avenue contained poentily sai ii an amhrcologc, pois, These elier s tudies indicated a Native American ceupallol thought to date deposits ihese earlier studies indicated a Native American acupation thought to die deposits These earlier studies indicated a Native American xcuplton thought to date dunng the initial decades of European coloniaion of St. Augustine. Unfortunately, little dunng the initial decades of European coloniation o S. Augustine Unlibrtunately ltc during the initial decades of European coloniltiun of St. Augustine Un orr unaly lite actual testing cIre d in the proposed projt area I was theib'renecessary to sulvey actl testing curred in the proposed projt area I was therefore necessary o solvey actual testing o ed in thepropnsedprolr area Ihtwastherefoenecessartoure


flh ,-l- -d. l,- ht-d th, --y -p I j a p p,,y q-li- ,ld. lh, h-d ,, th, -- dil, Ill pl,,ly -d, ll ,, i6d -Thh, AIg di

AMchaeologica Suaey Ahacnlogcal Sumey Arhaeolgical Su- y

Th n i ons (wrker) occuen d twee n Novum br 2005 and lhe City s investigations (workers) occuned between Novemb r 2005 and The City s investigations (workers) occurred tween November 2005 and September 2006. ihe invetigation commenced with a systematic shovelpl surey o September 2006 The investigation commenced with a systematic shovel-plt survey of September 2006 The investigation commenced with a systematic shoe]piure of he property. A total or 7 shovel pils. spaed a 5 -metel intervals, wer cavaled down the property A tota of87 shovl pits, spacedat meterintervals, were cavaed down the property A total of87 shovel pit. sped at 5-metr inervals, were cavaleddow i1-o thle utrall srlk ]oil depo- All maeri as inildlk .r.-.cr.end through into he culul[ erile deposits All matril was initily dry screened thh into the culturally sterile soi depsis. *l material as initially dry screened through one-quarter inch mesh and all cultural debrs. including shell, was collected Afterwards. onequrter inch nesh and all cultur debris, including shell, was collected Aftcrwards. one-qg ter inch mesl anld all cultural debs. includia shell, wa collected. Afterwards the debris was wci-screened with the material snrled into categories (i c Nali e A merian the deb-s was wet-screncd with the material sorted io catlos (i Native Amencan tile debis was esreened With he matera srted into caLegone i. Native Amric and European r -nis. b hone. shell and metal) ad tlhn counted ind weiga. and European cra ics, bone. shell, and metal) and ihen counted and weid. and European series, bone shell, ad mcal) ad then cunted and Awelhd

Because the majority of shovel pits containd shell and Naive Amcrica ceramics Because the majoy ol shovel pits contained shell and Native -nerica ccrunics. Because the majority of shovel pits contain shell and Naive Amera ernic. density maps (Figure 6) we- prepared for tise twn categories to asses whe density maps (Figure 6) wer prepared for them two calegones to assess wh re. density maps (Figure 6) ere prepped flr the-e ,, caeorie le poteial conenlralions cdsted (Figure 7) ourteen shovel pits contained European potential conenaions eislted (Figure 7) Fourten shovel pits conined European potential anantrations existed (Figure 7) Fourte n shovel pils contained European wares of which the most common ipe was coueeahenwam and a ew early uropean wares of which the most comulon type was coe- 1 ear henwa and a ear Furoan r of which the mnos onlmon type was coarse hcn ar and a few carly EuLropean majolis. Onef locale toward the southcentral portion of the property contained both majolicas One locale toward the south-central portion f the property contained both majolis. One locale toward he south-central portion of the property contained both abundanl shell and Native Ameriw pottery with the maiorlty idntill- d as St Johns abundant shell and Native Ame pottery wih th e mao ty identify d as St Johns abundant shell and Native Amen- pottery itlh the majority identied as St. John w (especially the check-stalnped vatlies) I his type accounts for more than 8 1% by ware (especially the check-samped v ,eies) This type amounts for more than 81% by ware (especially the chek-stamped vmeies) This tlype anconlts or more than 1% by wei h. Also recovered were oInme S Maces ware. Sm Pedro ware. and an weiit. Alsn recovered were some Sa Marcos wae. S Pedro ware and an weid ht Also recovered were som Sm M caes w are. Sm Pedro ware. and an unidemliable und-tempered ware nidenillable dnd-tcmpered -d unidentiliable nd-tempered ware. Subsequent to the surey, figuree 5) (Leave this on scren so Nick can point to Subsequent to the urvey, (Figure 5) (Leave this on screen so Nick can painr to Subsequent to tle surcy, (Figure 5) (Leave this on screen o Nick can point to structures as discussed two backhoe tBenhes (T and 2)ere excavaed structure a discussed) wo bacthoet rnchs (T cI h I and 2) caved structurs as diiscued) wo badckhi tlenches (rnchs 1 and 2) were excvate d

Through d yond those locations Iound to contn concenrat on oi hc. Nai e Ihrough and yond hose iocalions ound to co an n a o f hell N e through and yond those Icans und o na n ra o Amencan potery. or bolh iThese trenches were exvated to determ in the presence or American potery, or both These trenches wer excvaled to determine the presence or Amecan pottery or both .hese trenches cr clxvatled to detemine the presence or absence of whaeotlica fulures I he trenches ere in eess of 20 meters in length absence Ilf haeolo ical features The trnchbes we in excess f 20 meters in lienth absence of whnolgical features The trenches were in excess o 2 meters in Ingth Two isolated burials were alo found on the site cat of the shell and [artl-l Two ilated bunds were also found on the site e-t of the shell and xifict Two slated burids were also found on the site eat of the shel and tifac

Test Area Excavtion Seratee Test Arc Excaaiation Slrat c Tlest Ae Excavation Slrateg

Based on the survey results, to areas were slated lor further investigalon The Based on the suney result two arms were slated for further investigation IThe Based on the survey results, two areas were slated fotr urher invesigaion fhe fir oin as placed along hal portion o Trench I Mhich conlaincd a dense lrst location was placed along thai portion f Trench 1. which conmained a den 11rst locan was placd oj a portion of I rench 1. hich confined a dense concntration ol shell d Native Amencl ermnics The econd Ioation was placd concentration of shell ad Native knedcmi r irc Tile econd location was placed cncentratio of shell and Native m m c rics. I he second l-ocal plced lg Trenh 2 in an v i cnt nil a dense concenlraion of shell in what appeared to be along 1 rech 2 in an area contai a dense conceniralion of s1hel1 n whal aPPead to b alog Treh 2 n an aca containing a dense conce aion 1 she n what appeared to be a dilch The excaaIion srategy and reuts differed fr the I-tw loatios a dilch lhe excavaion strategy and results dil ferd for the two l tions a ditch The excavaion strategy and results differd for tihe two lw ions

Series o handexcavated test units re exavatcd along I rench 1 in order to A series of hand--avaled test units werle exvated along Trench I in order to A series of iand-cavated lest tits -ere exvrated along Trench I in order to mainain a ight control of the wifact distribution and quantiy. outeen t st units o nai ain a light control of the alaiect disribul[on ald quanlily Fourteen test units of maintain a tighl control or the atifact distlibulm and qity nl ily ten i ll of paying s-s were opened, with the levels excavaled accordlg to natural stratigraphic vuyll sis were opene d, ih the eel excavated accrdi to natural t ph yig i were opened, ith Ihe levels excavated cording o natural straigraphic aers when possible In rotaL approm aLely 38 quare meters we-r exalted o a deptl layers hen possible In total apprimately 38 ,qll-uale meters were excavaled h a dep h ayert when possible In total approximately 38 square meters wre md io a d-pth of re han 60 em blow present omd surface Soi stainswere then maked and ol more than 60 m belo present around surf e Soil ains ere hen m ked and of more than 60 em beof present ound sure Soil stains -ere then m ked and

(Stmture as well[ as a diverse assembled o pit leatures (Struure t) as well as a diverse assemblage of pit ealures (Structure 1) as well as a diverse assemble of pit features

Gie time contains, (workers) the second sea investigated, which was aloe Given lime constraints (workers) the second sea investigated, which was alo g Given ime constrains, (workers) the second ea investigated, which a lng Trench 2 a the most part m -hi ly excavate d using a backhoe down o he Trench 2 was for the most part mcxhically excavated using a backhe down to the I rench 2 was fbr the most pan m-hically excaated using a backhoe d-ow the cultuly sterile sud A few Inations in -seected weas were hand-,exvated in order to culturally sterile sand A few Inions in seketed as were hand- excavated in order to culturally sterile sad A ew krtions in selected aers ere hand n order to
T'" 424W 44444444444 .44444 T4,~422,2 4~~2444 4 44'44444444444445

obtain a sple of anifts, especially .ound the ea oflfeature I (a rnp). Over 64 obin a su-ple ofani ipcily around the -ea o- eaure (a rp Oer bin a mle oriac, pill around the aeanfFeature I (a rp) Over 64 square meters were mechanicdly excavated to a depth o approximately 50 em below square meters were mhaniclly excavated to a depth of approximately 50 em below square meters were mechaniely ecavated to a depth of appoxnel 50 bel prent grodsur ue.A Allilstail nswerem p kedanddraw .(mapper Someo these prewnAgroAdsurface. AllAilsain were m pkeda Adrawn happenn) Someofthese pren groundsurie. Al*l ilstains Awe7mmakeduddran A.(mappe) Someoithese stins wre subseuently excavated. Documented we re the remains to a probable econd stans were subsequently excavated. Doeented were the remains to a probable second stains were subsequently excavated Documented were the remains to a probable second stature as well as an assortment i pit cures s -cture as well as an assrtment of pit features truclure as well l a ssortment of pi aur

Struclure l SLructuret Sruclure 1 Struc m I (Figure 8) represents the remains of a large cul building, which was only Sruclure i (Figur 8) parents e rmn a ecul buidin, hich s on Srucure (igure 8) represents the reins of a la cimur buildin, which was on partially excavated Nevenheless. a estimate a to the structures size was obtainable partanily excavated Nevenheless, a esimae as o the structure s si was obtainable partially excavated. Nevenheless, a estimate a. -, t the ri s bainal Ihe dneter ofStructure I i 68 m or 335 ue meters a The struc turc isp6S3, 1 The dieer Strucl e I ar mer in he rucure is The dim r orucure i is 6,8 m or 335 uar ers in a Th rutur defined based on two concentric lines of post holes du into the culturally sterile sands, defined based on two concentric lines o post holes dug into the culturally sterile sand defined based on to concentric lines of post holes dug into the culturally steri nd Reprented was a core support system with post holes averaging 30 cm in diameter by Represented was a core support system with post holes averaging 30 em in diamlcr by Represented was a core support system with pos holes avering 30 cm in diamete by 20 cm in depth and an outer wall franc with post holes averaging 15 cm in diameter by 13 20 cm in deplh and an outer wall f-re with post holes avcragi~n 15 em in diancter by 13 20 cm in depih and an outer wall frle w1ith pot holes averging 15 cm in dinneter by 13 cm ni depth (F 20 & F 57 PH) I he possibility exists that the slruclure may have had a e in depth (F 201 & F 57 Pi) The possibiliy exists that the strucure may have had a m in depth (F 26 & F 57 PH) The possbt h h ld

-nrl post hole central poAst hoe centual post hole

I rd the iner ofSlructure I was a lar casting pi (Feature 10) Iit toward the center ofStructum I xas a lae creating pit (lFcaure 10) that To ard the center fSrucure i was a large roasting pit (Feature 10) hat idencedto episodes oluse I declined by shell coucenlltraions and burn soi cA idenced o episodes elf use as defined by shell concenraions andburnt sol. A evidened two episodes ofuse as defined by shell concenraion and bumsl A radicabon date of 68040 RP .e., A Di 1300) was obtained roam the lowest Leel radiaaban date of 680, +40 BP (Ai, AD. 1300) was obtained ifonl tie owiest levl radi,. ban date aof 60 +40 BP [Le. AD. 1300) was obtained trm he lxwe I l wrihin this pit Other atures were daumented it hin tie contnes of Structure I, within this Oh r t at ure wre dwun d ihin he conies h rucure i hin thi pit. Or iaurs were du sruure I. including ive sll- illd rash pits and mixell eous charcoakash sains The tetl unit including live shell-llled rash pits and misellcous charcoalash sains The test un1ts including fie shei-tillcd trash pits and mi-ll eous charcoalash skins Th encompassing Structure 1arifacts) contained a large and diverse assortment ol cultural encompassingStructure I acirts) conlaincd a 1e anddiverse assortment of cultural encompassingStructure I (adifacts) contained a large anddiverse assurtment el cultural A ~ -d A i,, S,,-- pI AA-N-) f~A IA A AA A1p A A AAAAAFA A AA lA A A A AAA AAAAAG AAA AAA AAA AAIpAAAAA AAG.AA ,AAA A A, IAAAAAAAGbAA AAA AAIAAAP AAAA ~ ApAAAAAAAAAPAAGpAAAA-GFAAA6

nerl] hrouhout the enerl midden one inludng omary European -ae(e m al thruhu Ihit ,-neral midden one. include oear upean r (eg maeal thuhu e nral midden ne, inludin some eary purp ars Sio D Bmingo Blueonwhite and Scville Blue-on-blue) Il should bnoled Ihatl he Sto Domingo Blueon-white and Seville Blue-on-blue It should lh notd thatl Ithe Salo Domingo Blue-on-white and Seville Blueonblue) I should be noted that the European wrt s w r ecoverd from the up per levels of the general midden. European w-s we recovered from the upper levels ol the gene,,, midden, European wares ere recuvered flm the upper levls o the general midden

While only a limited sea outside th structure was exmnied, result indicate tha While only a limited arc outside he structure was exanined results idicate thai While only a limited -a outside the structure was examined suits indicate that

ouaii occedj round Structure I A tomul of 13 extramural atures (F 14 vousaetivities occurred ound Structure 1. Atotal of 13 extrnural fures (F 14 vious activities occred around Slrucure 1[ A toalof 13 extluml atulres (F 14 TP) & (F 14 TP Profile) ire docented, which include rsingpis charcoal pits TP) & (F 14 TProil) were doumented, which include roasng pits, haroal pils I) (F4 ITPProfile) were dumened which include rastin pits, chaoal pits and stains, trash pits, post holes miseleicous pits, and a linear deprsIBh m andtin ttrah piiti, pot holes miicel'eou piti, nd a linear depreoion hat my ad stan, trah pits, past hole, miscelBreous pits, and a linear dpressi ha rpre t a ditch., A second radi n ae of 910 40 (ie, A ) 1070) was obtained reprcnt a ditch, A second radic dt, A d dbone 0d ae of 910 1 40 i e. A. D 1070) was obtained fom a rostin pit(Feaure 6) adjacent to the sructure Ihis second mdiocbon date fro a roastingl pit featuree 6econd lorbn dae rmarn) djpit ur adjacent to the sure This second rradiocarb dae suggests the possibility o extended oci cupation at the site suggests the possibility of an extendd occupation at the ste sugess the possibility of a extended occupaion a ihe

I he two radio bon dates indiBte that the la e concentration of shell and Na ve The two radiocarbon tes indite that he ge concentration of shell and Native Ihe Iwo radiocarbon dates indicate that the lg concentration of shell d Natlve American pottery docunented fbr this portion of ihe property als within the StI Johns Amerin pottery documented lbr this purion of t he property falls within the S1 Johns Amen n pottery doe-ented fr this portion of ihe property llirs within the St John IIb period (A D 1050-1513) Even though the ceranic d radiocarbon tes sugesi a Ilib period (A.D 1050-1513) Even thouh the ceramic ad radiocarbon dates suggest a Ib period (AD 10501513) Even thouh the cermie and rdiocbon dates suest a Ihni li ion dhe 'l-ncr n P' l r ean ...... notably Santo Doming Blue. St Johns 1lb a-fiioln, the presence ol European cer ,ls notablyy Santo Domingo Blue- St Johns 11b affiiation. the presence of Eulopean ceramcs (nably Sito Domino Bl u

on-hite, Sevilla Blue-on-blue, and coarse thware forms) i alo sugeive f a earay on-whhit, Silla Bluonlu, and cre ar ) i alo ui e on e on-hie. Silla Blue-on-blue. d cose lhware tons) is also suestive oan a

on era occupation circa A D 1560s) contact era occupation (circa A D 1560s) contact era occupation (circa A D. 1560s) Structure 2 Slruet- e2 Structure2

The second sructure (Figure 9) (Stlucture 2) exvated is more enilnatic as tile The second structure (Figure 9) (Structure 2) exvated is more enimaic as the Ihe second structure (Figure 9 (Structure 2) exvated. is more enigmatic as he stains fnid as poholes am problematic Subsequcnl Lt the mechanicamrova of stains identified as post holes are problematic.-p, Subsequent to the mechani lelmoval of stains identified as pos hoies are problematic Subsequent to the mihanic rmoval of tihe overburden ad general midden deposits a senes of chicula to ovoid stains wd s he the overburden and genemi ridden deposits, a series ol circule to oiod stains with shell the overburden ad general midden deposits, a series of circuir to avo t l isll were identified in the cultural sterile soils These stains averaged 35 em in diameter were identified in he culturally sterile soils. These stains av eged 35 em in dimeter were identitled in the culturally sterile soils. hese stains averagd 35 cm in dimneter foninga rectanguu panem which measured 10 meters (east-west) by 6 er oming a aglw pa ich maurd mer e i) b 64 mters loming a rectanular pattem. which measured 10 meters (cast-wes) by 64 meters

7 7

(north south), or 64 square meters in ea. I he pNbem is that the stains iden ifid a (north-south) or 64 square meters in area. The problem is that the stains identifed as (north-suh), or 64 square meters in area. The problem is that the sin idlilEd probable posth,1 olesl ere shallo gnerd lessr an0 m in depth, which cts probable posholesweresallow generdy less lhan 10 em in depth, which cass probably posl hles were shalownw eneraiy less an 10 m indepthl, which cass nupickm as to their bing schitutural elments. The possibility exists that the soil suspicion as to their being m ixtural elements The possibility exists that Ihe soil suspicion as to their ing chitectual lenls he pssibilit y e tha he oil stains with companying shell debns repreants impressions to poss that ere paced. stains with accompanying shll debris reprownis impressions to pos-s that were placed plains with accompanying shell debrs reprents impressions to posts that were plad,

for all inion, on ing gund ura, al intention on he exstng g d surface for all inte on he estng g nd surface

hedistinguishing eleme (Figurei ) toSr r ee ws he Thedstngs me(Figre ) torcre however was he The dsnishing ementigure0) oSruc hor tile

d fe oa cued oi subena rampd eny tht pad been covered I he 42 discovery ofa cured mi-subterranean ramped ently ti had been coerd. The 4 2. discovery ol a ued mi-sub ne rped entry that had been c Th 2 meter longby 70 cm ide entry as entered along .he north wall At its i maiumy id A meter l y 70 m ngby cm id entry was cent-I d long ihe noth 1 wall. AtismiU depth, the rnp had ben cavated into the culturally slerile soil a dislce o 75 depth, the ramp ad en excavated into tihe cL[turly sturb soil a disnce of 0) 75 75 depth, the rap lad ben excavated into the culull erie oil a dilce o 75 meters (mp at) Two steps ere part ofhis dscen l behind the in meter (ramp e ) Two stps were part s descent. Jus behid th al ep meters ( p ) wostpswrparofth eni Iup

a r w renh which measured 50 m in lenth by 0 e in width that biscd ieasa arro trench which measured 50 m in e h by 10 m in width. thai bisected the as a now ench which measured 50cm in g by 0m in idth that be h ramp and may have been here a removable brler into and out of the rap was paed. rp ad may have been where a removable b er into and out of Ithe mlp as placed rp and may hae ben where a movable rier i and ou o the p was pced The r=p feature abrptly slipped a, the proposed nor0h wal OSt e whee I The r.p etu, -rplh sopped at the proposd north w, Ittpp .]I ,fet-t- -,
d p 1 1 - s b h T he-1 hi p p rpp fe t r ,r p l t p p a t th p r p o e n o rt w d 1 o f S c 2 w, amended at a steep ale Iwo shallow depressions in the culurally sterile soil at the ascended at a sleep angle iwo shall dcplress-ions in the culturally sterile soi i at he ascended a a steep agl. Two shallow depressions in the eultur sterile oil at the deepest point of ther np sugest the A 1,1prencd o a ladder. A- he top 1h rap.- jut1 deepe. point ohe raIp sueth the prene o-a laddr Atp fdd AthI fh p, I i wid a the nrl as a ]1gc horse conch shcll (Pleurop/oi giganteal (shell inside the nonl w all, was a ]14e horse conch shell (Plearlnca gigantea. (shell inside the north wall, was a large horse canch shell (Ple roplacoigtea he ,iii ii -,, ,h. hIili Tiui -1-i-d 1,-ip,-'.l 11 1 -h 1 P1.-111-11111J-1 (r1 0,6

fac) A series smallest holes (avern 12 m n dm r by 10 m in deph) as) A series of small pos h s (avergi 12 m in dinner by 10 m in deph afs) A series of small p holes (aeri 2 m in di er by 10 e in depth) were expose n f r h t hred aa one ,id, of Ihh cap hhih u th ihemp wa aowred rer exposed along one ide of the rap whi-h suee stst thth r p Ias oer-d (ramp BE) (ramp BE) (rnmp BE)

Although two, trash deposits and amorphous stains ere foud ithin the Althogh two trash posis and orphous stains Wee bund it n t Althouh two tlash depl,sits ad unorphlu sain ere Iud thii he confines o Stture 2mo fh ears xcavatd n a oh ste occud cones of Sru re 2, most of h far xcaated in this a o the si c red onines of Structure 2 ost he features cavated in area of the occu o itside the structure Documented we Frash) pits and charcoal slains, ( 92) which ou tside the stiruce Doemented were -uh pits d ch ,ond stains. (F )2) whi chi

indicate food preparation ad disposal civiies This pattern contrasts wih Strucure 1. indicate food preparation ad disposal tlvities I his pattern conrats wiih Structure I. indicate lod preparation d diposal activities. This pattern contrasts with Structure 1, where food preparation and disposal -.curred bohl inside tad outide the structure Also where Iod preparalin and disposal -urred both inside ad outside the structure Also where lod prparaion id disposal ed ith inside d outide the strulur A documented (Figure 9) outside the southwest comer of the structure was a cviiine documented (Figure 9) outside the southwest comer of Ihe structure was a curyIine dllmiented (Figure 9) outside the southwest comler otIhe structure was a curviinear ali,,ment of shell tha measured, at leas. 3 meier in -ength wilh the widlh trying irom ahl nent of shell that m -eured, at least. 3 meters in length with he width varying from aliment of shell ihal measured, at leas 3i meters in llth with the width varying fion 15 to 60 cm Tr Inge conch shells with he ends worked are cnsidel d to be part ii 15 to 60 cm Two large conch shells wilh the ends worked considend to be part of 15 to 60 em two large onh shells with the end worked are considered to be part of this feature Wlat Ihiis aigmnent associates with is uncle but it may form the this feature Wlt this aiglent associates wth i unl earh but it may fom the this feaurel Xhat hlalignmen associates with isi uncleI hut iti may orm the foundation to an architectural elemen that was par of Stcture 2 Atifacts recovered filundaion to an c -hitectural element that was part of S cture 2 Anifacts recovered fundation to an ite ral element that was part I Srucur 2 Arti revered lhom features within and around Structure 2 pl-e it during the St Johns Ib Penod. which from features within and -ound Struclure 2 plae it during the St, Jhns ilb Peoii. i which Trom flaies within and around Structure 2 place it during thie St Jlos ilb Period. which sug ls that it may be contempor ous wih Structure I suggest that it may be contemporneou with Strucure I suest that it ma be onteporane Structure I

Suhsequenl to the -a-do ent of Sttlure 2, hiI rap (ramp proile) was ied Subsequent to the andoment of Structure 2, the ramp (ramp profile) was filled Subsequent to the ab donn enl Structure 2, the ramp (rmp proile) was il led with a dense deposit of shell with little other cultural maehal (i.e. cernics boneh et) ith a dense deposi 1 shll with little other cultural maurial (i e cerics bl i c) withl a dense deposit of shell with little ther cultural matel (i eer bonec ) Ihis dilrs signiicly from the trash deposits lbund around either Strueture i or ihis differs siitieily irom the trash deposits ii un around either Structure i or This diffrs Iignilircly from the trash deposits fund around either Structure

ru e 2 which conind a mixture of shell, cernis ad animal bone (primuly Struce 2. which conmined a mxure o shell, ceranks and anima bone (primarily Structure 2. which contained a mixture ol shell ceramics, and a-mal bone (p imarIi esaiy resources. This guests intentional tiling with shell collected I lom the adjacent estry remurces) his suggests intentional illing with s Ihel collected iom the adjacent estuary remurces This guests intentional Ailing with shell collected ron tie adjacent nsh eIfftively sealitlg the rmp No other nation within the area of Structure 2 mwsh cletively seali (he rap No other In ion within the aea of Strucure 2 mush ektively sealing the ramp No other lnation within the area o Structure 2 conwined shell deposits as dense as that ol the ramp Given its si, the presence ofa contained sheik deposits as dense as that ofthe ranp ( Given its siz, the presence o col taied shell deposits as dense as tha ol the Ilp Given it sie e presence Mlped entry, .,d post-occupational activities (speciiedly tilig in the rnp) Stclure r-ped enlry, and pos occupaidnal activities (,speciicdly iling ill the ramp). Structure raped entry, ad post-occupaional activities ( speciicly filling in the ramp). Structure

2 may have en used for activities other than residential 2 may have used r viies her than resideniti-f, lal. 2 may have bn used for activities other than residential

The City s archaeologicd investgaion at39 Magnola Avenue rsulted in the The Cilyis archaeolobica investigation at 39 Magnolia Avenue resulted in the [ he iity archaeologic investigation at 39 Magnolia Avenue resulted in the diver off a St Johns Ilb-cupation. The possibility ex-s that theocup..i.nmy di ,o er o a St Johns l 1cupation he possibility exists that t d e f t Jhn I l he ton dicr oa ohn catin he possibiity ex theoccupatonnl

extend into the early decades ol European colniation of St Augustine but, this is by no extend into the early decades of Eoapean colonirsion o St Augustine bu. this is by no tend into the early decades of Emopean colonization of St. Augustine but, th i no mils enain as Spanish tilacts are generally limited to the upper elevations of the mers ce in n Spanish artifacts c generally limited to the upper elevaions of the mens nain as Spanish anifacts are generally limited to the upper elevations ot Ihr geneml cultural midden general ulurl midden genel culture midden

The discovery of a late plehistoric residenl structure. (Manuy structure) The discovery of a late prehistoric residentiastructure. (Manucy struure) Ihe discovery of a late prehistoric residntial trncurer (Mnu srtruclure) with possible early historical Elopean ceramics is provocalive Strclure provides with possible early historical European nrries i provocative Strucure I provides with possible ealy historical Eopean cerrics is p -roocative Stmturr I provide es mnlia information for understanding Native American liways especiallyy dier and esntial inoMmatrion for understanding N ati-ve Am cl lifeways (especidly diet and eslrnid inibrmation r derstanding Native Amecan lifewavs especiallyl diet and ,chge systems) either jut beor or right at the cusp ol European settlement. exchange systems) ilher just before or right at the cusp of Eopean setIrremerm exchme systems) either just belure or prght a the cusp of European sulmn Moroer Iis is one f o ew Timucm s tructures that have ben ecavatec d in Moreover this is one of only a few Timucun structures that have ben e cavated in Moreover, this is one of only a few I mucuan stuilcues t en ec d in northeast lorida It's size and post hole pattern helps to establish Timu-rn norlhet Flodda. Its size and post hole p m hep to etabsh Tmues norhes loda It ie n post hole patten helps to establish I mucul hiural le at uld have ben present hen Pedro Menendez settled St ieural styles that ould have -n present when Pedr, Menndez sealed St. whitectural styles that would have n present lwhen edro Mn d S Augustine as illustrated by the conjectural drawings o Albrt Manucy Augustine as illustrated by the conjectural drawig of lbert Manucy. Augustine as illustrated bV the conjectural drawhs o Albert Manue

Even though Structure 2 is enigltic ad problematic its discovery provides Even though Structure 2 is ednatic and problemaic, its discovery plovides Een though Structure is enigmatic d problemaic, its discr proi interesting incts of T imucAn life beyond settlement-subsisnence aiptationsi Aiough interesting reacts o Timucn lile beyond setl ement subsistence adaptaons Althoug interein fets of imucuan li beyond s n adp hou o eiture, iipossible ihat the strucure may have held ceremonial aor nlll conjecture, it is possible hat the strucure may have held cermonial ior ritul conjecture, it is possible that the stlucture may have held remonia ador rtual signif ce. Ihe distinguishingarchitectural elements tothi s srucur are is posulate signilicance The distinguishingchitectural emes to Ihis structure ar itsposLulale signiiciace The distinguishingarchirl eemn to i rucre is poll size and shape. ranp entry, and possibility of aniliary features finely the partialy size and shape, rp entry, nd possibiibi ofa iy fare nne Ihe prii ie and hape, rap enr, and piility o aluilwy features (nely t]e prtall posed shell alimem), 1lat ype(s) ofactivilties may have en involved is purely posed shell alignent) Whar ype(s) activities may have n involved is purely posed shell alipndent) What type(s) ofarctivitics may lve ken nvo i pur speculative or the moment although research into thmohistorical accounts of speculative for tile moment alhugh research into ethnahipstoricl acouns of speculave br the moment. though rscarh n th-itor-a a u l Southstem tribs may provide ues he rap may represent a coidor(passage) that Southeasterm tris may provide clues The rnp may represent a coidor(passage) that Southeastem tribs may provide cues The rp may represents comdopassage) tha led into and out of some type o archittural featumre (eg, a council house) led into and out of some type of amhitra1ur alum (eg., a council house) led into and oul of some type of aiNte ural feature (e ga council house)

When combined with otler City investigations in the Willirns subdiision, as el When combined with other City investigaions in the WiliMls subd ision as el[ When combined with other City investigations in the Wllies subdj isio wl h r earlier work by Smith and Bond (1981) and Chany (1986, the data fom as he suts o eier ork by Smith and ond (1181) and Chany (I 986) the data as the Irsuts of ier work by Smith and Bond (1981) and Chancy (98) da ro o or pp

39 Magnolia Avenue can provide a more Aom prehens picture to lem o la A nu ca pvi o copeiln picture o setl a 9 Mgnoli nue c provide a msr mpAeh-i e picture a to tl e lyou (Figure 4) within this area of St Augustine Accordlg to C(haney (1986: igure 15 and (Figure 4) within this area of St Augustine. According to (haney 1986: Figue 15 and (Figure 4) within this area of St Augustine Accoding t Chany (1986: Figure 5 and Table ), a nes of anifact concentrations, or sites, occurs between the church l Table 1) a series ul aifatt concentrations, or sites occurs between the church of I able 1 a series of rtillct nenrain ori, ocur b een the church of Nombre de Di-s ad the Flonda School for the Dea and Blind It is hypothesized herein Nombre de Dios and the lorida School fbr the Deaf Pd Blind It is hypothesized herein Nombre de Dis a d the Flonda School for the Deaf and Blind. It is hypo thezed herein thlt lhe St John ,omponnt m thue site ar- not discree nttie" rather .hey ae that the St. Johns comonens to these sites a not d-irete entities rahr i re that the S h mnnt to t i are icrete en rather thhe t are residential loci to a dispersed St. Jhns lib village that occurred along the b-nks oA the r 1sidential loci to a dispersed SI Johns lib vilge that oced along the bnks of tie rsidenti loci to a dispersed St Jobs fib village that occ ed aloq the nks ithe Maltanas River The lre shell nd Native American cermic concentration bund at 39 Mlsanzas Rver Ihe 1ge shell nd Nalive Amercan cernic concentraion Iound at 39 Malanla s River. The large shel ad Native American cernic concentraion fund at 39 Magnolla Avenuc is ne of these residential loc Magnalia Avenue is one oi these residential loci Magnolia Aenue i one oth ridi ocl
Ihe inlbn1ation dim ented at 39 Magnolia Avenue would not have en The info motion d minted at 39 Magnolia Avenue would nol have Men The infomation dmumenled at 39 Manolia Avenue would not have ben
psi without the Citys Archaeologe preservaion Ordinance The ordinance does possibc without the City s Arch,,olol Pserv aion Ordinance. I ishe orinance do- posibe itho th Citys Archaeolo l a PIl servation Orda nce. The ordinance doe n stop conrucin 1li eri is to document ad prvide an understanding 0 he not stop construction It's intent is to doculen ad provide an under standing tihe not s op construction Its intent is to docemen d provide an understanding othe chaeologia posits thatr e buied on a properBt Byenating d implemen ngsch _chloo aldeposis that e burid on aprperty By enacin impl emenng such chaeologMc deposils tha are bued ona proper By enaig d impemen ng uch an rdinae, le Ciy is helping to preserve its past hath preist,ric and historic an ordinance the ity is helping to preserve its past both prehistoric and historical an ordnance the City is helping to preserve i pa, bo rhiorc nd hiorcal ough he over and preseason of data tgh thh the recovery ad preservation of data through the very and preservation l data

Aeknuhed-emenl,: This prjctI wouh no b ,ae ben possible without he sisance Acnold gE m en : ] his pret would noI hae ben posible Pi-]-ou t he assistance Arknu ledgemen- : This project wuld no ha-e ben ps, ble without the assisance of rolunteenrshoEme out dail, even duungthehioi summerotihs, to pariiepae nl volunteers who edmeout daihi eiondurlngthe hoisummormolii ihs tops cipe in ofoluneer aho ce ouldally, eun dunl he hot runner monh, to partic pte in ild aions and la fo Tha i exndd to i Ke n ob Knn ld x lon and lab f me is dd to Keh, Bo MeKinna Toni eld x ion and hab elni cha o i extended u gm Kehn Bob cK n Wal- Nfick hfculitft, Paul Jordon Phil Culti,rd, -rick[ Rbold Mike I aen Wae. Nick Mculi fe Paul Jrdnn. PhilGulli -rd Yicki Ruland, Mike Taltemn Walace Nick MAculile Paul J -rdon. Phil GuXliford, \icki Rlta. Mie Tarleon. Klw-l I [ud, Mall nsrronP, Hlen Gradison, ,d Puine Im anivy ikr thir ddiation Kely Llod, Matt amrngl ln G rion. d Pauine Lrmdey iar their dediclin Kely Lld, Mat Armtrong. Helen radio and Pauine 1.rvey ir thir d...a.lon and ountless hours in helping to presrxe St upustine s unique hilor Dr Kathlce and coatless hours in helping to plesene St Aumstl uique history Dr Kahlen and countles hours in helping to prsele St ugustine's unique history L-r Kalhleen Dtan Flrida MurumofNurlIHistory) ruld. Ioned funding o, e I-rl [)eagFl ru F k&De (lloridMu m ualllisor)gracotal, d-on lo-l-udlng-torte 1,o. raiubon dates as rll as prox idig minr support *m bur (}rat- eiss asised in radi-dbon date bl ell as proqing mor! support Ambr bri Weiss nii-sd h/ radbn dles as rell riding mo support mbr Ga -, b1,- l , ,fft- sisted i p-eparing the i"' ur L presened hrtin This manurlp, ,ad ceiling by C-all --mhr preparing 1ie iures p ,cntd herein This maucrip -ua editing hi Clara "ad an prepaing the t urs presented herein is ncripl vas ailing by Clar 111.har[ hl has raciously volunterd her imc. apr ise and support these past i7 ers Yihe has mistur rolunierc~ her dine, expertise and spport theser past i7 rear who ha grciousl5v oulu ecred her die expertise and suppo'lIrt tese i i 7 %oa toward making the archaooied rprits emalnating t om St Auutine both toiird mking thle hoica rport s manting iiore St Auutine bulb tovard making the ar chae loic report s eanallg Bor St iugustine both comprhnibl andt rea-able go preh1nibe a h,, 6rle comprehndile and -adahpe

Chany, Edard E. Chancy Edard Chaney, Edward E
Surey and Evaluation of Ahr eological Resources in the Abbot Tract and North Survey and Evalrtlon of Archaoloal Resoulces in the Abbot7 Trat and Nolth Survey and Evar tionf Archa logical Resources in the Abbott and h
City. SI Augustine Ms on file Florida Muscum ol Natural History, Gainesville (City St Augustine M on lile. Floi Museum of Naturl History. Gainesvile. City St Agustine Ms on ile, Florida Museum of Natural History. ain i.
Florida Flnd lorida

Deag, Kathlen Dege, Kathen Dean, Kathln
Summy Interpretaion of A*chonlgica Feld Work at the Fountain of Youdi Sumlay Interpranion of Archaeological Feld Work at the Foun ain oYu Simm r ld Iere It the A aounrin oFdoueh
Par Sic((S 1),195I 20O2 MIs on File loid uum o ul Hi Pk Si (8-SJ-) -2002 M on e Flinda Museum ofNatural Hisory. ParkSie ((8S31), 19512002 Ms on file. lorida Museum lallor.
nivAlI ty of lorida. Oinesile Uniers.tille ellol.y f Fld ainesiainil

lialbin,, Cl D Halbir, Cul D Halbirt CuI D 1993a Tie First Five Yis (1987 1992: The Cit o St. Augustine s Archaelo ), 19931 The First I ie Yes (1987-1992): Ihe Cit ofSt Augustinie s rchacology 1993a The First Five Years (19871992: The Cit oiSt uu in ch
Progran Paper presented a the 451" Annul Meetlng of the orida Program Paper presented a the 45'' Annal Meting f the Florida ProgrAn. Paper preseied at the 45" Annual Meeting of the Floid
An hropologiAd Society, Clearatel, lo r da. Anthrop logil Soi e l Clear er. Floda Anthl o poogi l Society Clewater Fl ida

993b Cly News: Orange Peiod Site Sudied in North City. S. Augustine 19935 City NeS: Orange Perod Site Studied in North Ch Sr Auguitine 1993b City News: Orange Period Site Studied in North City St Augustine
chaeologicalAssociation Newslettr Volumes 1 and 2, p5 Archaeological AssAh ociation",, Nwsetter V umes I and 2 p5. IArcaeoloicalAssociaion Neslhter. \lun I 2 p
A Great Famer ad Gardener:" Aclahological Evidence ofGovernor Jnes A Great Fanner ad Gardener: Arch l(lc vinca e oGovrnir James A Gleat armer d Gardener: Archaeological Evidence ofGoernor Jmes
Gran's Fann, St Augustine. East Florida. The Florida Anthlropologist 52 -2: Granes Fui, St. Augustine. Et Florida. he i F oi Anth[opologist 52 (12): Granls Fa. St. Augustine, Eat Floida The Flor7i7d Anthgpll i -2
57 71 .7-71 57 71

Halbirt, Cl D. and Linnca J Carver Halbirt, Cl D. and Linnea J Calrcer Halbirt. Cul D and Iinnea I Carer
Documented Aichaeologial Poas in St Augustine: An Invcnlory o(i the A(ly s Documented Archaeoloical Projec in S. Agustine: An Intfentry ofte ( ocumcned Archological Pr7icts in St Augustine: n Iner? otthe Ci
Archaeologic Resources Ms on tile City of St Augustine Plannlngld Archaoologic Resources Ms on flic, City ofSt Augustine Planningnd Arhologicd Reurcn. MS on ile, City of St. Atgustine Planinged
Building Dpartment. SI Augustine Building Depanment. St Augustin Building epalnment. St Augustine

Manucy Albert Manu Albert Manucy, Albert
lirihen i( .lAgusie, te People ond Their Home. U university Pressof Stenh e t Augustne The Peol and Their nome. University rss i guine. he People and Their Homes Uniri le of
[qorida, GaineHile ForPd, S ainevilu 1 Ponda. A aRile

Slmth. James M and Stan ey C Bond Smith, lames M and Stanicy C Bond Smth James M and Stanley C Bond 198 Phase Ill recha ol9 icaSur-ey fS u c, lda. M onfil. HistlricSt 1981 Phase rchaeroloicalSureyiSI ustie, lrida Ms otilellric S 1981 Phae ch o ca Sur e of gun. l ida Msontile lior
uu ll Ine Preieain Bod, S uguine, Flid A gusin Prr tion Board, S Augusine Floida Augusin Prerain Brid. S Auguine. I]i-

Key "Key 4Key K
SArea of Dispersed St. Johns ilb Village Area of Dispesed St. Johns Ilb Village Are of Disped St. John Ib illage
SProject Ae Project Ama ProjP t Am .

Chaney's 1986 Map of Proposed Archaeological Projects Chaney's 1986 Map of Proposed Archaeological Projects Chaney's 1986 Map of Proposed Archaeological Projects
in North City in North City in North City
F( iti Se >4?

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