A Progress Report on the Restoration of St. Augustine


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A Progress Report on the Restoration of St. Augustine
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Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board Newspaper Collection
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A Progress Report on the Restoration of St. Augustine
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Newspaper ( donor )
The St. Augustine Record


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Wednesday Afternoon Edition

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University of Florida
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Page Two THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Wednesday Afternoon. Sept.10, 1969

The Saint Augustine Historical Socie

-Extends Congratulaltions To

The St. Augustine Historical

~e ~and t~ O
Restoration reservat ion Commission

On this occasion of your first Decade of Progress we cornmend the entire commiion, as well as all others.who have participated in this great program. Our resolution below offers special
thanks to retiring Chairman Herbert E. Wolfe for his leadership -:
and untring efforts in tht great edeavnr.

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The St. Augustine Historical Society for many yea rs has maintained a contiuousprogra of search, re- /..
toration and preservation in many sections of the St. Augustine area, and we are prod of the strng spirt of[ii cooperation which exists between this Society and all groups working toward the restoration and preseration of, ;
everything cocrnn our city's istory-rich past.


Former Chairman H. E. Wolfe

Reviews Accomplishments

our land acquisition program has created its own problems with the increasTen years ago today, I had the pleasure of attending the first meeting ed valuations of adjacent properties due to improvements made by us. Land of the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission acquisition however, has been and will continue to be an extremely ital part and of being named its chairman. Since that time we have witnessed a pro- of the entire program. gram that many of us had only dreamt about becoming reality. With the co- Early in the program we realized that we would have to maintain a operation of the fine citizens of St. Augustine and St. Johns County, alongoed With the support of the State of Florida, we have been able to establish permanent construction crew, trained in our special method of construction. firmly a program illustrating in real life "The been able to ld est abish ty, St his became vital to insure restoration integrity and authenticity due to Augustine, Florida. life "The Nation's Oldest City," St. different types of construction as compared to modern methods. Shingle Nwt0nse Frin ap. splitting and hand hewn lumber are just two exar-Ies of he need for this In setting up this program, we had the able assistance of Earle W. type of crew. Normally however, utility work is subcontracted to local firms. Newton. Our basic plan of organization and later operation fell into four Our first project was the restoration of the Arrivas House. This work
main categories: research, land acquisition, construction and interpretation was commenced in 1961 and this two and one half story building is now and utlization. used as our headquarters, with craft shops on the first floor. Since restoring With the research done earlier by the Carnegie Foundation and by the the Arrivas House, we htve completed a total of 29 buildings ourselves, 'orida Board of Parks and Memorials, we were able to present early in our with private groups and individuals completing many others. In all of the years, a scale odel of the proposed restoration of St. Augustine. Along buildings, whether restored or reconstructed, our Commission has made it Yvith this model, a master plan of the development of the restoration pro- a point to insure authenticity in construction as well as architecture. It is gram was devised and published. Before this master plan was published interesting to note that in excess of $1,500,000 has been expended in land however, members of or commission visited many oter estoration pro- acquisition and construction in the past ten years by the commission and ects suchas Wil liamsburg, Old Sturbr idge Village and others to obtain their corporation.an
methods and 'wa y of operation. The basic objective of our program is to depict the colonial archiOur research program, I am glad to say, is a continuing thing. We have tecture and culture of St. Augustine during the period of 1565 to 1821. established excellent relations with the St. Augustine Historical Society and In accomplishing this we have restored and reconstructed eleven First Spanin fact have been assigned working space in their library for our historian. ish Period buildings, four British Period buildings, twelve Second Spanish We also have Worked closely with the Catholic Church, the National Park Period buildings and have acquired two early American buildings. The reService and many private groups and individuals in this research program. maining seven buildings represent the Colonial American period. Eight of Experts in cartography, archaeology, documentary history and historical the buildings are used as museums, six as craft shops, seven as private architecture are working together to provide the highest degree of authen- businesses and two as private residences. When it is realized that this has ticity to the restoration project. occurred only in a short ten year period, it is really amazing. The interpreArchaeological research has played a major role in our program di- tation program as with research, is a continuing program. As research derectly and indirectly. Directly, thru archaeology we have been able to verify velops information, it is brought to life by proper interpretation in our many the locations of original foundations and houses. Indirectly, we have been buildings. This has given us a decided edge in bringing actual life to Old able to assist other groups both private and public in furthering their his- St. Augustine's restored area. torical research. Research into the life and times of the city has provided The first ten years of St. Augustine's Restoration program has been valuable insights into the workings of our forefathers as well as to their years of extreme pleasure for myself, as I am sure it has been for other way of life. members of the commission. We have seen the concrete results of effective Land acquisition has been a major facet of our program and one that planning and a dedicated staff develop into one of the nation's leading has required a vast amount of time and energy. The Commission and St. restoration programs. The future of the program is limitless and I shall Augustine Restoration, Inc., have together, acquired a total of 34 parcels watch, with great interest, new developments in the restoration of the of land in our first ten years of operation. As happens so often however, Nation's Oldest City.


Director Bradley G. Brewer

Comments On The Future Course
When the basic concept of a venture is both challenging and practical duals, corporations, foundation s well as funds from governmental subhe the basic concept ofn a venture is both challenging and practical divisions have 'been used. These sources must be expanded and I am conad devoted persons are involved, then, complete success is eminent. The fident they will be. There are federal programs for funding restorations concept on which the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation under certain conditions; these I feel should be explored so as to determine ommission was established has not altered. The commissioners and staff whether or not it would be advantageous to acquire them But primarily, I have been devoted to their respective responsibilities, therefore we can be feel it will be private investors and foundations, both private and corporate, assured that its progress will have a decided influence on the economic that will finae restoration expeditiously in the future. growth of this community, thus becoming a successful venture. The evolution of restoration projects in the United States vary widely
Focusing on the future of a project with the magnitude of the res- from one to another. Basically because of the local history. Quite often the toration program, is an never-ending process. Adjustments come often and restoration here in St. Augustine is compared to that in Williamsburg, Virvary in scope. We are involved in a restoration project that will ultimately ginia. Our aims are the same, that of depicting the colonial architecture, cover a large area in a giving city. We must ever be mindful that our citi- culture and heritage of our communities. But one must remember that our zens must be able to make their living within much of the future restoration cultures were not the same. Williamsburg relates to the British during the area, therefore we must be cognizant of their needs and yet not lose the aim mid-eighteenth century and ours is the Hispanic culture of the 1 7th and 18th of recreating the architectural design and the atmosphere of our Hispanic centuries. The economics of the two cultures are entirely different. In Heritage for thie visitors, as authentically as is practical. Williamsburg they are depicating the lives of British farmers and land ownThree factors are predominant in focusing on the future. Research, ers and fathers of our republic form of Government. Whereas in. St. Augusinterpretation and financing are the paramount factors. Let us take up re- tine, ours was a garrison village. search for a moment. With each day we learn more about the buildings, In our endeavor to be as authentic as practical, we must provide what people and culture of our colonial city through diligent research efforts. So are considered necessities these days, such as air conditioning, etc. for the tnuch has been brought to light through this effort, that now we must take use of persons in a living city, but on the surface, as seen by the a new look at our master plan and reevaluate it. The second factor is inter- visitors, we must hide them whenever possible. To this end we will be strivpretation, which of necessity involves the ever increasing number of visitors ing with all knowledge available. t >our area. We must provide ways and means to properly interpret our The cooperation of the three major groups working on restoration: heritage more accurately and effectively, so that visitors will enjoy their the St. Augustine Historical Society, the National Park Service and the stay and tell others to stop in the future. Parking, routing of vehicles and Catholic Church has been greatly appreciated. We are looking forward to pedestrians, cleanliness of the area, meaning maintenance of buildings and many more years of working together with these fine organizations. grounds are but a few of the considerations which must be reevaluated. Yes, restoration in St. Augustine has an illuminating future. We must
There are many avenues of financing restoration in the future and cer- be thorough in our decision making each step of the way, but energetically tanly many will be used, It has never been the intent of the Legislature of focus our sights on the sound foundation of expert research and practical
c at lod f h whl rit i yprivainiy ig9ig.



Joseph Buclanti was an Italian mariner. His house k~s
been reconstructed at 2 Cuna Street by Mariean.
Buchanti House is maintained by the marine attraction as a free point of interest for tourists and townspeople in cooperation with the overall program of the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission.
Marineland is pleased to be a part of the ambitious project of bringing tolife the rich heritage of the Ancient City and its people. While serving an historical purpose, we are gratified that Buchanti House has found a contemporary use as well as a popular center for civic group meetings, parties and receptions.



WednesdayAfternoon, Sept. 10 1969 THE ST. AUG U STI NE RECORD Page e

Com iss ion Directs Program

Early in 1958, Governor Leroy succeeded by Edward Ball. W. er engaged Newton to organize historic areas and will recognize Lyndon B. Johnson, speal Collins met with a group of F. Rolleston resigned in 1960 and supervise the beginning of equal obligations to past and ceremonies for the Pan-Ame Florida Citizens to discuss Me- the program. Newton was later present." can Building and the Hispanic possibility f active restoration and was succeeded y Kent M- hired on a full time basis to The year 1960 also saw the Gardens, dedication of the Florf St. Augustine. As a result of Kinley who served one term, oversee the entire restoration presentation of a scale model of ida Heritage House and many tis meeting, the Governor plac- Sam T. Dell who served for program. the proposed restoration to the others. ed the matter before the Florida three year and Mrs. Elizabeth May of 1960 was a decisive commission and the acceptance The commission, as it had Board of Parks and Memorials Towers. Bishop Hurley died and one for the commission as they by them. The model covers the been organized in 1959 under the SMarch of 1958 This Board, was succeeded by Walter Booth. made .their first land acquisi- .area from the city gates south legislative act, functioed as a ; under Frank D. Uphurch Sr., Present members of the com- tion. This was the property lo- to Hypolita Street and from policy making body with day as chairman made a full study mission are Lawrence Lewis Jr., cated at 46 St. George Street bayfront to Cordova Street, and to day activities vested in a di4f St. Augustine and presented a Richmond and Palm Beach; which later became the Arrivas was made by Miss Lea Wells, a reetor, assisted by various staff proposal to the 1959. session of Edward Ball, Jackonville; Mrs. House, commission headquar- local architect, based on re- departments. The commission is he Florida Legislature. The May L.. Harwood, Daytona ters. In 1960 also, the commis. search completed in the sum- responsible for the fiscal
hn the St. Auutne Htor- mond Beach; John Bailey sio adopted ad statement of mer of 1960. solvency of the organization in ical Restoraion and Preserva- St Augustine; Jacob F. ya architectural policy which is Muchof the commission's that it oversees all activities ion Commission and outlining III, Jacksonville and Father still in effect and is considered .work in the ensuing several with final approval on fiscal n general the duties and respond Mihael V. Gnn, Gainesville one of the most important steps years was aimed partly at the matters. It is also responsible blity of the t commission. Gov- MThe commission held it's or- of the restoration commission, city's four hundredth anniver- for the overall plans and methrnor Collins signed the bill into ganizational meeting on Sept The last two paragraphs in par- sary in 1965. A complex of ods of operation of the restoralaw d it took effect in July of ember 1, 1959 at which time ticular are important to the-citi- houses including the Arrivas, tion program. Under the re195H E. Wolfe was named the zens of this area. Quote "The Salcedo and Ribera House were cently passed reorganization Appointed to the. original com- chairman, a position he held un- commission shall in every way completed,- as were- many oth- bill, the commission becomes a mission were Herbert E. Wolfe, til his resignation, due to' his encourage the private owners to ers. The original goals of the unit in the State of Florida D W. L. Simm II, Mrs. Henrietta health, in August 1969. The next restore accurately their prop- commission were surpassed in apartment of State, with basicalM. Poynter, Leonard Usina and day the commission held a pub- erty, providing advice and coun- 1965 in cooperation with it's ly the same functions. The .Wiliam F. Rolleston. The five lic meeting to hear the views el. It shall endeavor to protect sister group, the St. Augustine Secretary of State is responsible member commission was later of local and state citizens as to those who do so as well as the Restoration, Inc. The commis- for the commission's functions expanded to seven members the best methods of restoring St. historic interest of the commu- sion cooperated with local to the legislature. with the addition of Lawrence Augustine based on commission nity as a whole by cooperating groups in the staging of many The commission is presently Lewis Jr. and Bishop Joseph requirements as outlined in the with the city to institute ade- special events leading up to and embarked on a major updating urley. Mrs. Poynter resigned legislative act. .quate historic zoning and taxa- culminating with the four hund- of the master plan to bring it n 1959 and was succeeded by J. In November the commission tion policies." redth birthday on September 8, more into focus with current Lloyd of Daytona who served hired on a consulting basis, "It will cooperate with the 196. historical activities. It is also two terms and was succeeded Earle W. Newton to draw up a city in providing adequate faci- These events included the ded- making a comprehensive study by Mrs. May Harwood. Leonard master plan of restoration, and cities in a hospitable environ- dication of a complex of build- into the future direction and sina resigned in 1961 and was in February of 1960 they fourth- ment for those who live within ings by then Vice President growth of restoration.

Restoration Corporation

-Has Key Role In Program 0

Working in copartnership with of the Oliveros House. In at the corner of Charlotte and authorized to negotiate with the St Augustine Historical August of 1964, plans for the Ri- Cuna streets. At this same time, Southern Bell Telephone ComRestoration and Preservation bera House on north St. George work was progressing on plan- pany for construction of a new Street were accepted and con- ning and developing the Hispan- business office for the firm. It mResion, ic.he tA tos- struction was ordered to begin ic Garden located adjacent was felt that the property on irst form a corporation came as soon as possible. In February to the Pan American building on which the Pope garage was lobt n Janary f 1962 when of 1965 the corporation pur- St. George Street cated would provide an excelhe commission voted to n- chased the Laskey property on In January of 1966, the corpor- lent location with the front part strict its attorney to repare a St. George Street which was lat- ation agreed to purchase the being used for the telephone ofharter for n of a deve- er sold to the city. In October of Bath property known as the Old fcle and the rear part for corlopment corporation to secure 1965, the corporation received Spanish Inn. In March of 1966 poration storage. This ultimate- Lawrence Lewis Jr. and invest private funds in res- an offer from William L. the corporation purchased the ly came into being when the Chairman of Corporation toration projects for capital Sims II to purchase property Powers and Burton lot at the Herrera House was constructed gains. The group was activated and construct a building which corner of St. George and Cuna for the use of the St. Augustine with the constru
in March of 1962 and was co would be dedicated to the Sims streets. office of Southern Bell Teleposed of the members of the family. This offer was accepted At the corporation meeting in phone Company. of the Sanchez Ortigosa building commission, plus four persons and resulted in what is now May of 1966, a major move was August of 1966 saw further which was made into a carpinelected by the members of the known as Sims Silversmith Shop made when the chairman was progress being made by the cor- teria. corporation. The organizational March of 1967 saw the corpormeeting was held on May 11, ation exercising an option to purchase the Rogersd
s elected as president (ater purchase the Rogers-Edmund hanged to chairman), William property on St. George Street. L. Sims II as vice president At the present time, the corporand Eare Newton as secretary. ation has constructed a total of 0 The corporation was formed nine historical reconstructions to raise funds for land acquisi- and expended over one million
tinh areanstructionpr inera dollars in land acquisition and as outlined by the commission capital outlay This work was commenced The chairmanship of the corimmediately with great success poration changed hands in 1968 Land acquisition began in Sept- when H. E. Wolfe submitted his ember of 1963 when the corpora- resignation as -chairman. Lawrtion agreed to negotiate for the nce Lewis Jr. was named purchase of property at the chairman of the corporation, outheast corner of St. George with other members being, nd Cuna streets. The corpora- along with Wol f e, Mrs. tion became involved in 1964 Mary L. F. Wiley, Mrs. Lawrwith land acquisition for the ence Lewis Jr., William L. proposed Spanish government Sims II, William F. Rolleston, building which was eventually John Versaggi, W. 1. Drysdale, constructed on the corner of St. William Mills, Frank Harrold, George and Hypota streets. G. D Auchter Jr., John Bailey Negotiations were also under and Frank D. Upchurch Sr. way for the construction of the The purposes of the corporaPan American building to he tion, as established, are paral constructed in conjunction with lel to those of the St. Augustine the Organization of American Historical Restoration and PreStates and American Firms do- a n Comissi atinmo Z~~i~B"~s: P Ii aFm d, ~servation Commission in most g business iLat and Souh instances. The corporation proAmerica. gram however is supported by The corporation had earlier financial contributions from outacquired property at the north- side sources. The corporation is east corner of St. George and a private, non-profit educational Cuna streets and in June of 1964 corporation serving to augment
ared to sell this t L C. -the overall restoration program
f construction Rbera House Is Corporation Project ofthe nation's oldest city. -' E't?~~*F~i~t~;li.~~:r~ ~j ~t~;ij~;* R"11L.1 .:; ,i~j ~i ... of~ii rr~~~~ar *~cru P the:i~ nation'sil:: oldest ii i

Page Six THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECOR.D Wednesday Afternoon, Sept. 10, 1969

S0 International Program

tfProvides Major 3Bost

The intent of the international bol of the cultural heritage Work progressed rapidly in ing countries depicting the com- of historic ir-esrvation. u program is to center the coun- which came to us from His- the international program and mon origins of honor was Dr. Jime Posad try's awareness on its hispanic panic American sources. This in August 1963 a communication culture. assistant e ry ee beginnings and to reflect in the can be a most important new was received from the U.S. am- In October of impressive t rganzation f Amen restored* Spanish colonial city symbolic bond with our Latin- bassador to the Organization of ceremoie were held honoringspeeches were blihed the its enduring link to the hispanic American neighbors to the American States, DeLesseps the Spanih m isr nf Pan American Union. nations. south, as well as to Spain across Morrison,, confirming the Pan ti6n and tourism, Manuel Fraga
Most important of all for the the ocean." American Union's participation ~
establishment of our "image" At the impetus of President in the Quadricentennial and res- nerstone ceremonies of the Casa s 'n ii Jlo f 196a g ol dr as a meeting ground for Latin John F. Kennedy, a program toration in the form of a major del Hidalgo. The arrival of the seniatin of ai o American and North American was launched to re-reate in St. exhibition center to complement stone itself made headlines tennis a o Culture has been the endeavor Augustine a visual symbol of the Spanish exhibition building. Madrid, Aviles, New York and imO Fracis c ranco dusin to take the the program out of a the unity of North and South The Spanish government, at a uste -i cae from ipe lv ce oe th The Spanish goernmeo Pedro Menendez de Pardo palae, purely local context. It is now America, to create a link be- full council of ministries and aitol increasingly considered a na- tween the two halves of the branches of government, estab- Aviles. Governor Haydon Burns tional and international project. hemisphere a similar symbol of lished a Spanish 400th Anniver- hed lepgation welcom- The ummit of the qdaric St. Augustine is a historic key the cultural heritage which sary Commission, naming as its h a ents held urng the mnath o to Latin America with their came to us from Hispahic- chairman, the minister of for- The 400th Annive similar heritage from Spain. St. American sources. eign affairs; vice president, the mittee a ~iuced pla fr a Septe r attended by many Augustine belongsto all Ameri- The dedication of the first undersecretary of tourism; sec- commemoratie edallion for distinguished visitors from th cans and in one sense, Spanish- phase of the restoration area retary, the director general of St. Augustine by the iiternation- United. States, Spain, Mexco speaking people over the entire was celebrated with impressive North American affairs and ally known Spanish sculptor, and South America. world have an interest in it. The ceremonies bringing together in members from each branch of Enrique Monjo. As the news of the restoration development of the international the quaint little city of St. Au- government, the Hispanic -Inst In April of 1965, atthe invit-. of the oldcity spread, the U.S., program has consitituted a ma- gustine such an array of digni- itute, and the municipality of tion o the Restoration and tate Department began ar jor phase of the involvement. taries ranging from our own Aviles. Quadricentennial Commission, rangements for having VIPs The program was launched vice president, senators, con- Invitations to participate in the Ambassadors of the Organ tourthe area. I August of 165 when, early in 1962, proposals gressmen, governor, cabinet, the program were extended to izatin of American States a the techial drectr of the were first made by former di- the President's National Quadri- all the nations of Latin Ameri- rived for a tourof theretora Spanish Ministry of Information rector Earle W. Newton to the centennial Commission 'mem- ca. The invitation to Mexico tion area and cornerstone cere. and Tourism, Gabriel E iaga government of Spain to estab- bers to the Spanish ambas- came during a visit of Ambas- moies of the Pan Amercan came as a guest of the Stat lish a cultural center here. In sador, director generals of sador Carrillo Flores in Decem- Center. In inspiring and unu- Department and commte October of 1962 Spanish Ambas- Spain's governmental, educa- ber of 1963. In a speech he indi- sual ceremonies iieach coun that visits to, Spain and the aud sador Antonio Garrigues arriv- tion and cultural agencies and cated that he would recommend 'try represented cemented a ence with Franc hadawak-i ed in St. Augustine to present many others, to his government some partici- stone for the center. Another ened a great dal of interest the formal invitation to become The President's interest in pation in the restoration pro- significant event was the open. recalling that t. August wa the sister city of Aviles, Spain creating the international role gram of the hispanic city. He ing of a Guatemaian exhibit de. once a part of Spai. and to look over sites for possi- was shown by naming to the suggested the presentation of dictated by the ambasadorof One othemaor events was ble construction of an exhibi- Quadricentennial Commission precious documents on micro- Guatemala and a showing,. the eventofihe federal govern tion center. such men as Herbert E. Wolfe, film and possibly establishment typical Guatemalan costumes. meant's dedication of the coine
Spain's participation was as- chairman; Henry Ford II, J. of a Mexican building. This same month restoration memorative stamp, heldin sured and the Ministry of Infor- Peter Grace, Edward Litch- Additional visits of Latin commission member, Mrs. C. courtyard of the Castillo de nation and Tourism accepted field, Lawrence Lewis Jr. Arch- American diplomats were in D. Towers Sr., spearheaded a Marcos in Auust. the responsibility for construc- bishop Joseph P. Hurley, Sena- order with the arrival of the drive 'to establish the ispanic Span's fidial delegation was tion. Thus the mother country tor Spessard Holland, Senator ambassador of Peru, Celso Pas- Garden between the Spanish eaed by General Cail made their commitment of con- George Smathers, Congressman tor. Talks were commenced and Latin American Centers. zo Vega, interior tribution to the restoration of D. R. Matthews and Congress- calling for a Peruvian Center The brthdate of the city's heads of government Spanish St. Augustine in the man William C. Cramer, who and an exhibit of pre-Columbian founder was not forgotten dur- tional and cultural institution form of a magnificent represen- were sworn in at ceremonies gold, ceramics and textiles ing the Quadricentennial year as well as Menendez's tation of their culture which is presided over by then Vice which would be sent for display and was celebrted with three descendent and the ambss forever linked with St. Augus- President Lyndon B. Johnson, in the Pan American Center. -day Fiesta Mnendez, having as dor, he Marques Merry d tine. on the balcony of the Arrivas That same month the Organi- one of its distinguished visitors, Val. The distinguished delega
The program received an ad- House. zation of American States was Sr. D. Nuno Aguirre de Career, tion had its counterpart repre ditional boost when on March The St. Augustine delegation presented with the invitation to Spanish minister at the embas- sentation, headed by Secretar 12, 1962, President Kennedy, arriving in Madrid in March of join in the 400th anniversary of sy in Washington. of the Interior SteadUd speaking at the National De- 1963 received from Spain the of- the founding of St. Augustine. A very successful Pan Ameri- attending t various functo mocratic Dinner in Miami, ficial acceptance of the invita- Attending were the ambas- can Sympd'ium on Histori Lat Ameic was represented spoke the often quoted words: tion for the Spanish government sadors of the Latin American Monuments, sponsored by the through he Orangazatio "When I recall how colonial Wil- to participate in the Quadricen- countries and members of the Pan American Union, National American Satewithit sere liamsburg has served so effect- tennial and the restoration of St. Quadricentennial Commission. Trust and National Quadricen- tary general Jose Moral Lively as a symbol of the bend Augustine. The delegation pro- The proposal was for a Latin tennial Committee, was,held in ing.a group. between English speaking peo- ceeded to Aviles to respond to American Center for a variety June of 1965. The more than 100 Ceremonies included gove ples on both sides of the At- the invitation brought by Am- of cultural activities including delegates representing Spain, nor's luncheon which brought lantic, I can see how valuable it bassador Garrigues earlier to art exhibits from the Pan Amer- Latin America and the United together the two governors of will be to have a similar sym- become sister-cities with Aviles. ican Union and the participat- States were leaders in the field :Contiued e age seven)

I a

< AfteroonSept. 10, 1969 THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Page S,& e




The Casa Del Hidalgo, Spain's Contribution To Program

Other Nations Participating

(Continued From Page Six) The international program re-. bring Latin American students the Latin American nations. toration program and to decorlorida-The elected one Haydn ceived trong support from the on tours of the United States This monumental task was un- ate local citizens for their enurns and the hereditary gov- Mexican Foreign Ministry by and in January of 1967 planned dertaken a n d accomplisheddeavors to keep alive the spirit
ernor the direct descendant of sponsoring cultural events. The stops in St. Augustine were in- through the dedication of res Among those decorated wmer colony.
Menendez, the Count de Revilla first was the internationally augurated with the visit of 32 to hdicaion ofbr Ao oe crate resigedo. Dedatio of the Pan famous pianist, Carlos Barajas Brazilian students. That same toration commission member E. Wolfe, chairman of the resAmerican Center, Hispanic Gar- Who performed at a concert at month a group of Colombian ex- Mrs. C. D. Towers Sr. and her toration commission and Earle S t.orton, cmm i e adirer
den. and the Casa del Hidalgo the Hotel Ponce de Leon. change students were guests of committees. Earlier the garden W. Newton, executive director.
Included a fiesta, featuring Furither expansion of the in- the restoration and taken on a site had been dedicated by A project of the international dancer's from the.Spanish Pavi- ternational aspect of the restor- tour of the old section of the spanish, Latin Americanand program begun in 1963 became lion at the World's r ni s te establishment of city Spanish, Lat American. and a reality with the announcement
banquets. Religious ceremonies a Sister City relationship in July In March 1967 a success- S. officials during thq Quad- by Minister Fraga upon his reftluding the anniversary Mass 1966 with San Miguel de Allende ful 2nd annual conference of ricentennial celebrations. Focal turn to Madrid, that a statue of and' the cornerstone of the in Mexico. South Atlantic Societies was point of the garden is the statue Pedro Menendez de Aviles -new votive church. The similarities between San held with J. Ignacio Rubio of Queen Isabella, Her Catholic would be cast from the one in
An especially significant ob- Miguel and St. Augustine, in Mane, director of the National Majesty, by the internationally the plaza in Aviles and sent to
servance the government of that they are historically signi- Archives of Mexico, as the prin- known sculptress, Anna Hyatt St. Augustine as a token of the Mexico with a delegation head- ficant and their size and popul- cipal speaker at an outdoor din- Huntington. esteem, friendships and reed by the distinguished author- ation, plus San Miguel's cele- ner in the gardens of the Arri- An interesting summer exhi- lationship with their sister city.
editor, Dr. Alturo Arnaiz y bration of its 425th anniversary, vas House. The conference was bit opened at the Pan Ameri- The Third Annual conference Freg, presented microfilm of created through these facts and sponsored by the American As- can Center early in May called of the Florida Colombia Aldocuments in the Mexican arch- teir commn hispanic ties, a sociation for State and Local "Paintings by Mexican Chl- liance was held in St. Augustine ives pertaining to St. Augustine bond to make the affiliation History and the international dren." The colorful works by in mid October bringing peoples aid Florida and also opened an compatible. program of the restoration children from ages of 11 to 15 of two nations together in a city
exhibit of Meican paintings. In August of 1966 the city's commission. The theme of the from Mexico City, Tlalpam, that for more than half its life
As result of the fame St. 401st birthday was observed conference was "reconstituting Xochimilco, Taxco and others. was a part of the Latin AmeriAugustine Was -receiving in with a huge fiesta and one of the Hispanic Origins of the Uni- Conclusiveness of t he in- can world. Hemispheric underSpain, His Excellency Gregorio the honored guests was Sr. ted States in St. Augustine." fluence and interest in hispanic standing through mutual proLopez-Brave, minister of indus- Humberto Corral, official repre- Expanding on the special things which the program gen- grams was a main thought of
try made an official visit to St. sentative of the Mexican gov- events, Pan American Day was erated via its promotion of 'the conference.
Augustine and presented a ernment. His visit was directly observed with opening of a Per- tours, an entire exhibit was cornm- Observance of the birthday of statue of St. 'Mari to the Na- connected with the delegation's uvian exhibit at the Pan Amer- piled from articles loaned by the city's founder was celebrattional Park Service for the recent visit to Mexico and their ican Center which included a tour members which they had ed in February of 1969 with a chapel in the' Castillo de San proposal to establish a tourist number of original maps and gathered on visits to Spain and "Salute to Menendez." The proMa aos. information center here. prints covering the period 1528- Latin America. The collection gram increases in significance
In this fashion the memorial The international special 1755. The maps of South Amer- was entitled "Latin American each year and is co-sponsored
birthday anniversary calendar events program 'sponsored an ica and Peru was part of a col- Textiles and Jewelry," and was with the Sister City Committee.
year of 1965 ended but the mo- observance of Columbus Day lection of Antonio Lulli, min. shown in the Pan American The year 1969 marks a ten z.entum has just begun and the with ceremonies held in the ister-counselor of the Peruvian Center. year culmination of a great efmood set for the, international newly completed ispanic Gar- Embassy in Washington. Sr. In April of 1968 the interna- fort realized with love, which is program.. den and attended by the consul Lulli visited St. Augustine ear- tional office undertook an Inter- the only way to draw energy
The Quadricentennial year w geneals of Latin America and lier with the ambassador of American Festival of the Art. from weakness and overcome
extended by ict of Congress to Italy and special honor guard Peru. The festival was, co-sponsored all obstacles. St. Augustine is
de 1966. The new year be- of the Knights pf Columbus. Included in the Pan American by the National Endowment For conscious and proud of its Hisgan with .a three day Fiesta In December n exhibit of Week festivities was a large col- Arts and the Inter- American panic traditions and wants to Menendez "at which Governor pre- Columbian Costk- Rican lection of 66 Mexican paintings Institute of the Arts of Florida, impart to it the original accent Burns officiated at four dedica- treasures was dedicated in the of well known artists on exhibit and was devoted to the music that is without precedent in the tons. He dedicated the Ribera Pan American Center by Dr. at Government House and an of the United States and Mexico. United States. With these ideals ouse and officiallyded ed Margarita Macaya, Chairman Hispanic concert was given by In April of 1968T H.E. Manuel ahead andwith ten years of prothe north section of St. Gef~eo Intert Aniolan Onmis- the Continental Strings. Fraga Iribarnete panish minis- gress and accomplishments, Street as "Calle eal," follow- sii of Women. Early in May commemorated ter of information and tourism sights are set to fulfillment of ed by a colorful procession t A new facet the Internation- the elaborate and unusual ded- returned to St. Aigustine to of- other major phases of the progoernor.dedicated an exhibit at al program came into being ication of the beautiful Hispanic ficially open a new exhibit 'of gram with redoubled fidelity to the Pan Aerican Center and a with Operatio Amigo, a project Garden,. a symbolic link be- Spanish handicraft in the Span- achieve the final goal of an
itis xibitat Goveranient of: the Florid Publishing Corn- tween tthe mother country of ish exhibition building gallery, authentic colonial preservation
HIuse. pany, the purpose being to Spain and her former colonies, to view the progress of the res- and restoration n a living city.
i~~i:~:''K ~ ~ :n~" ~ fi~;~e!~ k~~; "<' .:~eenews bt:n~ a~hePn~ei- Tel U ~ cneec
4'F ~ 5~ :IirP~ f'~~ ,og, ~;.~ ~~ .r d b A eia~-FnCne eryi a ae fteFrd oohr l

4' 4',' ''4nt~~ ~e-~ i~/~ ~ omn:.ipne is ssdto o Saead oa Pinig yMeia halac:wa edi.S~uut

Pagi Eight THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Wedneday Aftenon Se~tO 1,96-9




And, of course, the tourist chapeau. So we say hats off again to St. Augustine. What better occasion than the 10th anniversary of the city's restoration. Congratulations to all who've made it possible., ln it- 404 years
St. Augustine. has seen
many a hat; doffed.
The Spanish helmet.' The plumned hat of The triCOrn.



W e y Aftee Sept la, t969 Tt 1 ST. A I AU U STINE RECORD Page Wine

SArchaeology, Research Basic

It is the functon. of the De- title was confirmed by the Govpartment of Rsearch and Con- ernor. Owners names in the ruction to provide infmatin Second Sanish Period are necessary for the authentic res cheted against the index to the toration and interpretaifoa of Testamentary Proceedlugs (the the colonial eit and to, super e(pvaleat to modem Probate Vise the St. Augustine u estora, Cst Record) for information on Commission's building pro- about the property in wills or gram. In order to accomplish law suits. After 1821 informathis, an inter-disciplinary ap- tion is obtained from the recproach is utilized involving the ords in the St. Johns County elds of archaeology architec- courthouse. These are some, but
e geography and history. not all of the documentary The research function has two sources involved in researching goals: One, to provide informa- the history of a site. In order to tion about a specific site, and, learn something about the occuTwo, information applicable to pants, such sources as the Caththe areas as a whle- edral Parish Records, various
When dealing with thie first, muster lists, servfc6 records, that of a specie site, the inii the card file of the St. Augus f toep is a cartographic study. A tine Historical Society, and pernumber of historic maps are sona8 correspondence are uf tdilized. These include the lied.
Pente, Moncrief, Rocque, Bar- The archaeologist i now givrfi and Clements which ace of e all of the information which the colonial period, and various has been gathered, and after A eoogis Ste m
Maps. The most difficult prob- site. After establishing various date to the original construction well as their social and financial such time consuming tasks. In S enountered scaein usi. Nothese on trols so that accu the ex- and to establish the evolu- standing in the c munity. earlier experiments, the comrnth draw. in different cavation begins. Although ech tionary sequence of the struc- The combined study is then mission actually did a number dits of measurement, such as site dictates slightly different ture. uiuped bT the architect as a these things in order to obtme Spanish vara the English procedures, the normal se- Given sufficient time and s a & resort er re. tml an accurate picture of just d o the surveyor's furlong, quence is to strip each square, funds, a striing operation construction, and by the inter- what the hand-mae article t tere is also the proble of a level at a time, hoping to ver the entire lot will reveal pretative staff as a guide in ex- looked like. In the fst two reror introduced in reprodu- maintain the normal or natural the location of we t pniY d st ng the dse n tnssThtin es, colomil practice n In order to compenate for stratigraphy of the area. In do trash pits. These features Con- srod st t of ~ wan wed t to the letthis problem of scale, a conver- ing this, al material that was stitute "time capsules" as the taming information of a more ter. In doing so, valuable inforSi factor is necessary It is deposited at a given time is material found in them was usu- general nature, useful for a city nation was obtained which is rivd at by measuring the maintained as a group In the ally deposited in a relativly wide interpretation, involves the later work allowed for the subgth of th e present blo and process of doing this, records short period of time. It is from synthesis of information from stitution of modern materials i aiming the scaled distance are made, e fm Of these s te s t we a specific site and extensive do- some areas. This is particularly Sthe colonial map into it. ings, otes and photographs. much of our knowledge concern- cumen research in both true in the frame work of the
accray of this factor will This i most important a the ing the occupants of the lot dur- primary and secondary sources. building, which is usually coS rectly proportional to the process of g n g successive periods The Con- Toward that end, the depart- ered by the roof, plaster, paint blity of the block's length ture self-destructve and, unlike tent of the eapsuo is u Iimg ha. beg.s the formation or trim. rogh time. The os success the historian who can examine ally of a durable nature, such of a research file which,when Acquisition of suitable buildSfactors come fronms blocks a document ovier and over the as pottery, metal, bone and complete, will give an accurate ing material is another probLich have known historic archaeologiA yhes oly Sla pottery t a specific picture of life is the colonial lem. During colonial times, ructurers at both ends. Since chance to look at his docu- type or pattern was usually city at various times. there was an abundant supply the cartographic study provides ment. made during a relatively short At the present time there is a of prime timber which yielded ation as t ownerhip, o- These excavations yield in- period of time, it is possible to tremendous amount of informa- high quality lumber. Pit sawing
ai r s burildingsad formation o both architectural use this as a time marker in tion waiting to he etriiacted produced boards up to 30 inchm architectural details, it and cultural significance. The assigning a date to the deposit. from the documents. This in- es wide. Most lumber was air ms the frame work for the physical size and location of the It is also useful as an indicator, udes records on impors and dried for several years before ellowiag research structure e is obtained as the of affluence; the more wealthy exports, accounting pa ers, ser- use. Today, it is almost imposIt now becomes the responsi foundations are exposed. This s a man, the more expensive his vice records of individual so- sible to get boards over 12 ince hs of, table service. Meta remains diers, and other correspondence es wide, and most lumber is ohtyioahinxstorian to to- tcolec -S paia ndMexicovandetheraan
lig in the blank spaces by Imasonry buldings and wood cover a wide range. Hard- concerning military and civil af- kiln-dried. It is necessary
chng t h e moments. with masonry founda- ware fragments help in the fairs therefore to order lumber from
include t account e sttt Anidea of the amount of in- a sawmillwell in advance, and ft available can be seen then store it until such time as ofb c Jess tie Fk h me t endhfo oi a e in the size of just one of sev- it is needed. This is particularly
m the r oe ai sh ,a hsfine, t wihert ie io ora lar ge collections of docu- true of material to'be used i m ens B, tthr are The East Florida t bg Pa- millwork, such as windows and IXbooksi ta provideel a soime e it ml to the Cli mat controetl
d ie b e sod t ingtiove which cover the seconddoors.
-a4,a rle s Period, contain approx- The commission's craft proSthe Escritur, w h se- P i the goud, weran give vimte 192,500 pages. Another gram is a very important ties gvres te s c e t ese s as to the diet of the o se o re, the Paples do Cuba, in source for materials. A shingle
er ofrits t e tie, cme oas probably has an equal, if splitting exhibit now produces
o oBi oheest, e ase & to ntot gHoter amount of material the necessary roof coverings, ic on the same period. The co- while the blacksmith shop is the s pelio and synthesis of this source for 95 per cent of the Sduring h he y the mater presents a formidable hardware used. This hardware d. There he British the ad obtained by the task. Frtunately a great deal is based on excavated type Loyist cla which is p a gog a re- of w has already been done from the site.
nes cntan s t ot htnhe in i this area by the St. Augus- Suppliers of authentic repro0wnas. In 1790 alit of unsold t thei sill, ean he site b ~5 t ine Mtorical Society as well ductions suitable for use in resCown properties, wa e rs tpe and i e a ote historians in the field tored buildings present still anby order of the ... u oit SI or the structure Or TheCalCendar of Spanish Docu- other problem. While the restorShis st th f thef ing he site at the Society's library ation effort in the middle and pluses and, if for w, an we tYp or tli en thUO tine, a gDod idea o ca be cited as an excellent ex- north Atlantic States has creatpraisal, In = a' s et SOm tt what the n l ike, ample. Another which has been ed a demand for reproductions Ws compiled T s th with and a pic r te sie alable and it quite use- in the English style, no such dearn of the person to whoi itispsb a grds hir de4 life an fu is the index to the Engi- mand hasexisted until recently
-aners, E eports, compiled by the for Spanish style accessoriesEar Park Service's histor- The result has been endless corSia, Lois Arana. There are also respondence with people in other lists and indexes to collec- Spain and Mexico and the attins that are useful guides to tendant difficulties of importing
the available material. In addi- these items.
tion, to, the guides to the docu- Concealment of modern utillments, there are several good ties presents still other probbooks that provide some infor- blemns. Climate control is almost mation on the subject, and most mandatory in exhibit buildings are well documente so that it today, not only for the comfort is: possible to go tothe original of the patron, but als for the sources for additional informa- protection of valuable antiques tion. Hot air registers must be lo, The second function of the de- cated so as to be unobtrusive partment, that of construction yet functional. Provision must supervisn, is basically one of be made for equiment mad fuel consultation with local archi- storage. Electrical outlets must teets and construction person- be located so as to be hidde nel to assure that the colonial by furniture or false panels. atmosphere is at lost. One .of Pluing must be located int i the major problems in main- inconspicuous areas so as not tainiug this atmosphere is in the to detract from the interpretause of moden materials; tion of the building.
i It goes almost without t saying, This, then, is a brief sum-, that i e bi ohibitively ex- mary of tf tn the Dpensive -' ry coqug a by apartment' of Research and Con....h nand, litz : yter shoill or structioli 'for the St. Augustine
E A e u o d oninto pests and boards, and other servation Commission.

Page Ten T'H E ST. AU G USTINE RECORD Wednesday Afternoon, Sept. 10 1969



404 years of continuous settlement is the proud he;. AND tage of this community founded by Pedro Menendez de Aviles in 1565 ... The Restoration and Preservation of this heritage enables the world to remember our historic past and bring them to see and visit us
now and always to enjoy this oldest city in the OF United States.


We sincerely congratulate the people of this community, the many outside participants and all who have contributed finances, labor and time to this internationally recognized endeavor.

Too, We Are Proud Of Our Own Restoration Project-Below.

This is the McHenry House at 69 St. George Street which was reconstructed by our firm in 1964. It is an outstanding example of a living" restoration and its architecture is of the early English colonial period.



8 Cathedral PI St. Auustine Fl.a Phone 824-1631

es Afternoon Sept. 10, 1969 THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Page Eleven

Interpretation Is Key Role

As in any historical restora-poses, such as the Southern Bell Center), all of which were protion project the Department of Telephone Company offices, in vided with a few typical antique Interpretation in St. Augustine's which modern functional busi- furnishings for background but agency is responsible for what ness furniture and decor was these do not interfere with tourgoes inside the restored build- designed and built in Spanish ist traffic passing through. ings, to make them useful, dy style 'to complement the. exter- Regardless of the beauty and corative, and informative. To ior. authenticity of setting in any
iimplih this he f icuar Special problems of interpre- restored structure, most visicharge has sought gifts of loans station had to be solved in the tors will derive little benefit of antique furniture, furnish- Restoration's no-residential ex- from their brief glimpse of it ings, and artifacts of appropri- bibition buildings Such .as the
te perid from interested per- Bent Store, wherein a few unless properly guided. This Sf st furishigs in the 'office' were means pleasant, well informhe s be supplemented by hundreds of ed, and well-groomed hostesses available theseems were also early 19th century objects to and craftsmen. Though not inbtained by 'purchase, from adorn ceiling, walls, and evolved in the hiring and scheddealers in Latin American eit shelves for authentic atmos- uling of these key persons, the
s or in Spain iel phere. Even a blakbord'an- Department of Interpretation is bouncing ship arrivls sand car- responsible for. costumes and The Ribera House is a typical go was needed, as 'eagerly for providing each guide with a example of. a restored residence watched by housewives of earl- detailed formal script, plus conwhich bas been completely fur ier days in anticipation of pur- tinual informal answers to quesnished with authentic antiques chase of badly needed household tions that arise through contact
-to its supposed original appear items. Other unusual problems with the public. All must be ane. By contrast the Pa arose n interpreting the late able to brief visitors on the genAmerican Center, though archi- 18th century interior of the eral history of St. Augustine, tecturally a restored house Sims Silversmith Shop, which the work of its various historifunctions as an art gallery, with was once both residence and cal agencies, and the story of
Permanent display ofSpan- workshop, and the ells Prit each Restoration Commission ish colonial paintings ad sculp- Shop, for which a reproduction project in addition to providing ture upstairs and changing exhi of a 1780 model painting press a detailed description of his or its of pre-Columbian artifacts had to be made locally to com- her own building. ('winter season) and' Latin plement antique furniture, American popular arts (sum- books, and prints. Most difficult Much of the department's mer season) downstairs. A third of all was the Spanish Military work is unseen by the tourist. type of interpretation occurs: i Hospital, reopened during the Days or weeks of work have constructed historic building past summer, in which 13 life- gone into the designing, buildwhich are leased by the co- size figures were added to the ing, and installing of exhibits. mission to private individuals or authentically furnished five-room Antique furniture and other obcororrations for business ur- lower floor, all of whom had to jects must not only be acquired be provided with correct poses, but inspected, cleaned, fumigatwigs, and costumes of the see- ed, and repaired, then recordSond Spanish period. ed, inventoried, and insured COr S Cagainst loss or damage. MainteentioalAppreciative displays he nance of these has been an unbeen provide in.t ending process in. Florida's Of Assistance House, where lobby cases dep humidity and temperature rangThe St. Augustine Record vio a et Hu es; centuries old paintings are ,e adHftif R5 particularly susceptible to deis -deeply appreciative of the which ey periods in theio terioration from such causes, assistance rendered by staff of northeast Florida mayb so must be watched carefully members of th St. gast .nn elar, cbdeh for telltale signs. Dining Room In Ribera House
Preservation Comm on sea diorama fascinating, while As part of a state tax supthe preparon of this special adults exclaim over the Sanish ported agency the interpret ed Buchant of the commission and eort on the first 10 years of gold iand mementoes of the tion section has served the co ed in Mrine d' uchant work of the commission and
'the restoration program. We Flagler era. munity throughout the commis- House tourist center on Cuna various aspects of St. Augusre especially g teful to sion's existence as a counseling Street. Most recently a similar tine's history, with slides if deo se t f e omion frbished bedroomm withsev era s and resource center whenever service was performed for the sired, have been provided free for his valuable assistance. valuable antiques, but functions rees Lat deember new Florida Highway Patrol to any interested organization Also assisting in the prepaa- mainly as a setting for the modeled station on SR 16. Private indivi- at any time during the 10-year t n i :Tovar IHouse Museum's exhibits of materals and informa- crafts of spinning, weaving, and for the St. Augustine Historical duals contact the department life of the project. Unquestionation were r. Carleton candle- dipping. In a similar the St. ugusine almist daily for identification of bly this service will continue to Calkin the curator; Mrs. Rita categy are the Carpinteria or iety, and in October prov the antique objects; information is grow in scope as future plans Brien asstant and ca t shop, the aledo House ed background decor or the freely given though value esti- such as reconstruction of the Robert Steinbach, director of e l e Florida-Colombia Alliance con- mates are not, since this could Governor's Mansion materialize search and, construction c., ini erv a t eion. Last year he furni- be considered as competition and the long-anticipated Florida commission's bakery, and the ture was designed and acces- with commercial appraisers. Medical Museum becomes a Gallegos House (Information sory items prepared and instal- Informational lectures on the reality.

4~$ -

Psge Twelve THE ST:. AUGUST IN.E REC ORD. Wednesday Afternoon,- Slf 10, 1969

ii:~ ~ ~ :+, ~: B

... .. .

'M~ r: i

"k r,? ;":

..'r... :; : ";:
+~" : :V

S. :
:X1 ;: : 1 *J;

Would Be As Proud As We Are!. :

Those conquistadores who fought and bled, who

lived and loved, and who laid the foundations of this oldest permanent European settlement in these United States would indeed be proud if they could step over the thresholds of history today and return to our quaint and lovely city.

Our admiration and congratulations go to retiring chairman Herbert E. Wolfe, to retiring secretary-treasurer
William L. Sims, II, and to all members of the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission who have quided this endeavor through its first 10 years of progress. Our thanks and congratulations, too, go to the many other organizations, firms, governmental agencies, and individuals for their assistance in the restoration and preservation of the history-rich heritage of our beloved comm unity.
fA'AAni6 JA01&*

I.. Servng St.Augustine and St., Johns County,:Since 1894 ... :

P ngiay- Afternoon, Bep. I0, 1969 THE ST. AUGUS TINE RECORD Page Thiren

...... . . .. ........... ...
""4 '



ch ange

In ten short years dramatic changes have taken place in the nation's oldest city and special credit is due the St. Augustine Restoration and Preservation Commission for its leadership and dedication to the city's I restoration program.
St. George Street once again finds Itself bordered by quaint buildings like the Sanchez House an authentically detailed replica of the original structure used by early settlers.
As owner and restorer of the Sanchez House, Independent Life is proud to be a part of this fine community effort.


Page Fourteen THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Wednesday Afternoon Sept; 10; 1949


Reconstruction Houses Historical Society Library

Community Becomes nvolved

While the St. Augustine His- A recent example of the inter- tion and preservation and inter- vent their mis-representation or gustine restored the Perez
torical Restoration and Preser- est of business in the restora- pretation of St. Augustine his- misue,. Sanchez House on Charlotte
nation Commission and St. Aug- tion program is the acquisition tory has played a giant role. Reconstructed a Spanish col- Street.
uIstine Restoration, Inc. have by Independent Life Insurance The society subjected its old- onial building at 257 Charlotte Another major contribl~tor has been the principal factors in the Company of the 19th Century est house to professional invest- Street, also returned to private been the Catholic Church
current program, the restor- Sanchez House on St. George igation in order to make the ownership. 'through the restoration of the
ktion of colonial St. Augustine Street. The. firm, headed by Ja- history of that structure more Reconstructed Spanish colon- Cathedral of St. Augustine a
bias been a community project. cob Bryan III of Jacksonville, accurate. al dwellngs at 267 Chtrlotte construction t eo
The amazing progress of the has spent more than $200,000 It also has: Street and 74 Marine Street and building on Treasury Street.
past decade is due in no small qulrig, renovating and furnish- t T a the are n upie nt T ls o r
nesure to contributions to the ing with antiques this structure Preserved the adjacent Tovar the are no occupied as rental The list o fir cooperating program by numerous agencies, Independent Life maintains a House, a pre-1763 coquina dwel- property in their construction projects is
usiess firms and individuals musuem in the building and ling and installed in it an inter- Reconstructed a Spanish col long, but among the major conIn addition to the bienia p- keeps it open to the public. pretive museum telling the onial type building on historical tributors. are the St. Augustine
In addition to the biennial p- story of architectural techni- foundations at 271 Charlotte National Bank and Security
prop nations by the State of Another project undertaken ques and materials used in col- Street, in orter to supply ade- Fe,.eral Savings and Loan AssoFlorida and funds channeled into by private business was the re- onial Spanish buildings. quate quarters for its expand- ciation and the Florida ?oer
The program through generous construction of the Buchanti
Contributions to St. Augustine House on Cuna Street by Mar- Reconstructed the Fornells ing library and archives which and Light Company.
Itestoraton, Inc., the City of St ineland of Florida. The recons- House at the corner of Spanish it shares with the restoration The Flaglr Era Cordova o
Austaion, ndS. Johns County traction is of a wooden house and Hypolita streets, and the commission. tel has been reconstructed by hav e made annual appropria-' acquired by Josef Buchanti, be- Tria House at the corner of Restored and preserved a St. Johns County for use as a ae tions to assist the commis- lieved to be a refugee from the Spanish and Cuna streets, both Spanish colonial dwelling at 54 county courthouse and the City
Sion. New Smyrna colony, in 1785. of which have been returned to St. George Street, now occupied of St. Augustine is planning a
R orations and reconstruc- The house is maintained by private ownership with ade- as a residence and gift shop. similar project for the old Alcations have been undertaken by Marineland as a free point of quate restrictive clauses to pre- The Exchage Banko
priv .e and business segments interest and it also serves asa M E L L N G
of the community. Business popular center for community M E L LO N GOFi... firms, especially,, have cooper- group meetings, parties and reAnd facades in Spanish or colon- Other private projects in the ENDS BEST W ISH E
lal architecture where recon- main re.stoation area along the AND
istruc'ions were not practical. Calle Real include the reconA major contributor to the struction by Leonard Tucker ofC
kesto ation program has been the Carmona House, a First CONGRATUIATIONS
the National Park Service in Spanish Period house on origin- UPON THE SUCCESSFUL PROGRES OF THE
construction projects, exhibits al foundations; the Oliveros UPON THE'SUCCESSFUL PROGRESS OF THE and ---earch. One of the most House, a Second Spanish Period R E SRI P R E E "
SIPS was the reconstruction of foundations by L. C. Ringhaver; ST R T IO N .w r. i v
a pa of the Cubo Line, an old the reconstruction of the ri OF THIS HISTORY-RICH AREA
Spanish defense works of pali- tish Period McHenry House by
gades and moat which extended 'the Thompson Bailey Agency; ALWAYS A PLEASURE TO SERVE YOU
westward from the Castillo de the restoration of the AveroA YS LE U San Marcos, and the restoration House by Walter Crawbuck and
*f the City Gate. Situated atthe the reconstruction by R. L.L O G O PN E
entrancee to the main restoration Parks of a house on the -old i 1 much to help tell the overall The William K. Moeller's are I IONGO APPLIANCES
itory of colonial St. Augustine. restoring t h e Aguilar-Sequi 88 Phone
The NPS has also installed House at 224 St. George for use *w-- eI*
Anajor new exhibits at the cas- as a private residence. Riberia St W II 1001 829-953
tillo and is constantly involved The St. Augustine Historical Ribe-. .
tI An research. Society, long devoted to restoraretoa

WensayAtrnoSet 0,16 HES A G S IN E OR ae ite


Oliveos Hose Rconstuctin Mcnnry HuseEnglih Peio rjc




age Sixteen THE ST. AUGUSTUME RECORD Wed day Afternoon Sept

Our Best Wishes and Congrvatelaion

to' thChef Archtect of the Restoration Program.
A ma wh dared to ream

wih the alry to brin it to realy.
Th Honorabl Herbert E WAe.

k Is Our ope tat the amn Who follw i his feelseps
wi8 have an equal depth el
visionand the same boundless energy
to bring to completies the good work which he
has so nobly began.

atc~a n" anslair"~

a1 CORDOVA ST.Sal3 0451 l skMM
-4~C z -

Wednesday Afternoon, Sept. 10, 1969 THE ST. A U GUSTINE RECORD Page Seventeen

Little Known Facets Of Program City Resolution
Education and information schools all over. Special pamph- stations. An example of this is are two of the least noticed as- lets on various points of the pro- the cooperative work done byom m pects of the restoration pro- gram are supplied to educators the Commission with the Uni- C o m ends Program gram. i he restoration is de- on request. In addition, student versity of Georgia under consigned to depit a living corn- tours of the area are conducted tract with the National Educama~ity based on the early days on an almost daily basis during tional Television Network to "WHEREAS, the City of St. desirable to assure the. restoraof the nation's oldest. city. Edu- the school year. Most of these produce a television show on the Florida, possesses tion,the preservation and maincation is built into the program are self conducted tours with "What's New" series onSt, Au- Auustine, Florida, possesses tion, the preservation and mainfor those who visit the area, the teachers receiving specializ- gustine. Over 200 hours of time historical values, cultural tradi- tenance of these and other imhowever, there are many who ed materials prior to their tour. was devoted to this from basic tions and elements of unique portant landmarks, structures, are not able to visit and still re- The Restoration Commission script advice to location work. beauty' and charm, including sites and records of antiquity, quire basic facts about the ity also cooperates with graduate The show has been shown allhistoric sites of state re o St. Augtine, in or of St. Augustine. students on the university level over the nation and the Com- and national interest such as er properly to interpret and The Restoration Commission, working on many fields by sup- mission has obtained a copy for Castillo de San Marcos andFot er properly to interpret and nthrough its staff cooperates with plying special materials and use locally. Castillo de San Marcos and Fort derstandthe history of thestte educational plants all over the staff conferences The staff of the St. Augustine plea of Spanis miiry archi- as well as all American history; pies of Spanish military archicountry supplying special pro- The informtional aspect of Historical Restoration and Pre- tecture of the American Colon- and grams, lectures, pictures and the restoration program is an- servation Commission is ready ial period, the old city gate .WHEREAS, the Legislature of nany other items. Special slide other vital part that is seldom at all times to provide speakers, and other historical structures the State of Florida did in 1959 presentations, desighed to be noticed locally. The Commission special materials and other and houses of unusual interest; create the St Augustine Historiused by classroom teachers staff is called on to provide spe- items for interested groups on and with complete scripts and asso- cial information to newspapers, the restoration of the Nation's WHEREAS the Legislature of ical Restoration and Preservaciated material are used by magazines radio and television Oldest City. the State of Florida deemed it tion Commission, the purpose and function of which was to acquire, restore, preserve, maintain, reconstruct, reproduce and 1B FT ,operate for the use, benefit, education, recreation, enjoyment
and general welfare of the people of this state and nation, certain ancient or historic landm a r k s, sites, cemeteries, graves, military works, monuments, locations, remains, buildings and other objects of historical or antiquarian inter; est of the City of St. Augustine, Florida, and surrounding territory; and
WHEREAS, during its tedi
(10) year existence, the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation. Commission has purchased a number of properties and constructed a total of 16 buildings on them and has spent in excess of $1,700,000 in its operatios in St. Augustine; and
WHEREAS, the amazing pro gress of the St. Augustine His torical Restoration and Preservation Commission's program in restoring our city has contributed beyond all expectations to the social, cultural, historical and economic welfare of our city, state and nation and has been most satisfying and gratifying to the citzens of our community.
(1) That the City Commission of the City of St. Augustine, Florida,.does hereby extend to the members and employees of the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission its most heartfelt thanks and appreciation for the The Florida Power & Light Company outstandis g success of the Commission's restoration prograIm
pays tribute t during the first ten years of its pays tribute to existence.
(2) That the City Commission MR. H. E. W OLFE of the City of St. Augustine, MR. H. W Florida, does hereby congratuSld ate the St. Augustine Historical an t Restoration and Preservation Commission for its splendid ST. AUGUSTINE HISTORICAL RESTORATION achievements during the last ten years and does hereby pledge its fullest support and and PRESERVATION COMMISSION cooperation to the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission in continfor their work in restorng
estonng uing its successful restoration program resulting in such enorand beautifying the ancient city. mous benefits to our city, state anbeautifying the ancient city. gand nation.
(3) That the City Auditor and
Clerk be, and she is hereby, authorized and directed to furnWe are proud to have been a part ish copies of this Resolution to the members of the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and f this great project. Preservation Commission and its Executive Director, the Ron-, o6rable Bradley G. Brewer, and that a copy hereof be spread upon -the minutes .of this me011Aw c MWE~meeting and furnished to the press and radio. ADOPTED by the City Commission of the City of.St. Augu,-; r'.. ~st, -A.D., I960. J -i
James S. Lindsley

Page Eighteen THE ST. AU GUSTINE R ECOR Wedesday Afternoon, Sept. 10, 44

Crafts Deonstrate Progra
Bringing life to the restoration iron items is the blacksmith. A program is produced, in the our shop, printed a umber of same basiype face that
project is the craft program, smithy or ironworker was a vi- blacksmith shop from iron bars pamphlets or small book. Wells use a thae bs
which graphically demonstrates tal force in St. Augustine's de- and rolls. also started Florida's first news- press.
types of work done in the na. velopment. Today, the black- Printing and book binding was paper, the "East Florida Gazettion's oldest city in the Spanish smith, working at an open forge a comparative latecomer to St. te." Original copies of the paper It s hard t reAlizeu thi
and English periods. Although makes a wide variety of items Augustine, arriving during the maybe see at the University th early days of Stb Augustine the craft program is a compara- ranging from shutter dogs to English period when William of Florida in Gainesville. Our clothing had to be in ade r tive new facet of the project, it swinging sconces to nails and Wells established a print shop shop is now in the process of the Arrivals house, the yisitor has already become a viti pro- hooks. Almost all of the iron here. Wells, using a Franklin printing a replica lof the "'East Arrivas oHous take
gram serving to demonstrate work used in the. restoration type press as may be seen in Florida Gazette using the w an t
-raw heaoe en i er ntwol ad
the if ad timesof early St. and thenus ofthe two
Augustine as well as providing massive i:looms, ie s' necessary materials for the res- items rom the wolyrl It is
toration itself. inteeting t no that one f
One of the first crafts to be
developed was the arpinteria97 in Ohio and has been in or wood craft. In the early part almost c ns use since t
of this craft in the restoration ti e
program, it was devoted to the. eAr4
making office furniture an re- bn the a cand e i al licas of antique furniture here-
"eeded for 'houses restored or st tn t elo
reconstructed in our area. -dTo- our co rmuys
Sday, the earpintaria devotes it- aes ny us
s elf almosexclusivly to mak- infairlypletiful pl 'an
Sig ecaof brides' chests, "
monks' hairs and other items, r is dnd pe o es
a oll con pletly handmade and ere Tisa t e nintr s
and carved. Although the pori- hwthe wax i obtane an
mary purpose is to demonstrate o the candles the art of wood carving as it in a large copperpot
would have been practied inher an its any use the Spanish era, the resulting would have been a oen product is, in great demand y for the early settles of St. Anuer visitors. -gusti and the Floridas. Our
S Silver and pewter working is Saddle a d ilarnes shop tiob
n age old art and in denon- state a uses t can stations at the Si's Silver-ade of leather and
smith Shop. the visitor winl see cular, the basic types saddle tuie artsas it was practiced years and associated ite
ago. 'The Sim's Shop specializes an de
: in pewter spoons and related
items. In making the spoons, working of many e typ
the craftsman uses a split mold of leather.. to pour the molten pewter in. .The craft program ves a
After tthis cools the mold is major purpose
eparated and the rough spoon program de nst ba
removed. Hours of hand work sic wrk r irement for
remain to remove the rough ealyays. t one f the
edges and. smooth the spoon popular phaes of or program
down to a finished product. SpttPro ra an one that will conrsueto he Supplying restoration w it h emphasized in the'yers ahead.

O: Our Sin ere .

Cong..ratauations... A.

All of St.. Augustine con be prod of the effort pt into the St..

Augustine restoration and prese-rlation effort. We a are pleased,

too, and feel honored-that we were lled for many times-to si pply

special hard-to-get and, unusual materials often not associated

with present-day construction, such as long leaf yellow pine andspecial nails, etc. .

These and other special items add t o the authenticity of the ear-

ly day type or construction employed,i in the restoration .and prese r-+ ++ '

ovation project.

From Out, t Management and u t Staff

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meoain fte40t nivrayoftefunigo ti iy.W r hnrdbyhvn be nrutdwthsc n motntpoet

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innumerable orgniaton and ~ persons, ~ who ; made possible'E "Bi thecontrctin o tis rea bildng

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Herrera House Is Telephone Ofie Watson House Is Private Residence

A. Living Res toration Program

A goal of .the restoration of home which was reconstructed lotte Street, an example of by the St. Augustine Historical chez House restored by The Exleoonial St. Aigustine has been by the restoration corporation British Period architecture, and Society. The Leonard Tuckers change Bank of St. Augustine
of mangu it a yn res- ,for the use of Southern Bell the Ortega House on St. George reconstructed the Carmona houses an accounting firm. The thati no and i havingg rs Telephone Company as its St. Street are occupied as resi- House on St. George Street and Buchanti House, reconstructed tration,and~~thatain u-u Augustine business office. denies, as are several houses maintain a photo supply retail by Marineland of Florida is es has been achieved. Th e Waon House on Char- which have been reconstructed business there. The Perez-San- used as a center for community
Throughont the main restora- group meetings. The McHenry
ae alon te C a eeal Om Adams C m e s P House, reconstructed by ThompA ga otaras restored o e C om m en of son-Bailey Agency is a private

reeonstrheted buildings havel residence. been adapted for contemporary Dear riends:i cognizing the rich and colorful tions to Herbert E. Wolfe for his The Independent Life Insuras. My heartiest o gratulations historical heritage of this state, dynamic leadership in making ance Company houses its St. Auses of buildings reconstrnet- t youa on onyat s something that has been sadly restoration a reality. All Flor- gustine office in the Sanchez ed by the restoration cmmis- u ion tenth anniver- neglected by all too many of us. ida owes him a tribute for his House, a 19th Century residence n the restoratie i sary celebration of e foindig wf all the cities in Florida, St. efforts. which it acquired, and renovatni business irs and dvi. St. A Hto Augustine has led the way in Wishing you continued suc- ed.
s range from retail bus Restoration and Preservation restoring its tra e historical sign- cess in this great undertaking These and other fruits of the ses, to exh s f tm- iicace. I St. Augusne I ee and with warm personal re- restoration program thus serve
sh, to private residences to This is an important date not the potential of another "Wil- gards, I remain the role of being fictional as bUsiness offices. only for the people of St. Augus- liamsburg" in hthe making. Sincerely, well as oviding for the visitor e of the best examples is tine but all of Florida. It comr- In celebrating this date, itSicry, wla provdnfr sit
bat of the Herrera House on memorates one of the most im- would be remiss for me not to Tm Adams to St. gustie a picture harlotte Street, a colonial porteant developments in re- express ny pecial congratula- Secretary of State colonial St. Augustine.

Psaresianceh o seI IsrBusiness Office Ortega House, Another Residence 4), 0 p te rok ofbeing funtional a

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Wednesday Afternoon, Sept 10, 1969 THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Page Twenty-Three

Reconstructed Span sh

Military Hospital To

Become Medical Museumn

On the south side of St. Aug- ment purchased the convales- Straight, historian of the Florustine's main plaza, on Aviles cent center and modified it for ida Medical Asbeiation, that Street, there stoood during the use as a military hospital. The the building's facilities be exSpanded into a Museum of Flormid-eighteenth century a Span- building continued to function as ida Medical history. The idea ish government hospital. During such for a few years after was enthusiastically received by the British occupation of the
city from 1763 to 1783 a Scottish- Florida's acquisition by the Uni- the restoration commission and born carpenter and builder ted States. plans were accordingly drawn. named William Watson purchas- Early in 1966 the St. Augus- A local coordinating commited and remodeled into a dwel- tine Historical Restoration and tee, headed by Dr. James Deling some stables which were Preservation Commission re- Vito, was appointed, and funds located across from the hospital constructed on its original fouis sought from the medical assoon the east side of the street. dations the Spanish Military ciation's membership beg inning Several years thereafter he Hospital as it appeared in the in 1967. By the end of 1968 donabuilt a new house a few steps to 1790's. Antique furnishings we.e tions from the organization's exthe southeast, and his former installed where possible; repli- ecutive board plus five county residence was converted into' a cas were produced in the com- medical societies and a few in. convalescent home. Soon after mission's shops when originals dividual members were sufflthe Spanish retook possession of were not available. Six rooms cient to complete preparation of :Hos ital Pharmacy the town a fire destroyed the and a large loggia comprise the the ground floor for public viewold hospital. In 1791 the govern- ground floor area, which served ing; this included purchase of as the hospital proper; upstairs small accessory items to suprooms housed :medical service plement the commission's furnpersonnel in the 18th century iture and the addition of twelve but presently are vacant. costumed mannequins a doe- I Entrance from Aviles stremt tsr, a pharmacist, a ward atis into a large square room, tendant, and nine patients in half of which functioned as a various positions and attitudes, waiting room, the remainder Doors were opened-to visitors in being urille-ealosed for use a July of 919, with an approp. the pharmacy with its rows of ritely costumed gu in at apotheary jars, drying herbs, tendance. and equipment for filling pres- Financing of the refurbishing criptions. Three doors open of the hospital's second floor in from this area. On the left may museum style is now under be seen the morgue with its uni- way. Here will be installed exhiforsed "corpse" in the antique bit cases to house antique surgimortuary bed, before which sor- cal instruments and medical rowing relatives burnt candles equipment, occupying the cenand prayed during the 24-hour ter of a large room originally watch period. The center door- designed as a dormitory for way provides access to the medical attendants. A smaller doctor's office, wherein surgery room at the north end is under was also performed by the light consideration as a lounge, a liof a hanging oil lamp. To the brary, or an additional exhibiright the third exit is to the offi- tion area for the future. Present cers' ward, which has typical plans call for a series of twelve roped beds with straw mattres- mural paintings on 4'x8' panels ses and is slightly larger- and along the side walls of the main airier than the enlisted men's area, depicting the most signiroom beyond it. The latter has, ficant events in Florida's mediin addition to similar beds for cal history. It is hoped that non commissioned officers, a these may eventually be replaelong shelf covered with reed ed by dioramas, the paintings mats to accommodate four low- then becoming a circulating ex. ly privates (eight in an emer- hibit for display in schools gency). A small isolation ward around the state. Either way th for patients with contagious di- series should present an eseases is at the rear of the citing story including Indians, building. All wards have ae. early surgery methods, yellow cess doors to the loggia fever epidemics, and the first for sun and air. Posted on the successful ice-making machine, waiting-room walls are Spanish invented by Dr. John Gorrie to Royal Army Hospital regula- treat fever in 1860. tions as well as the daily menu, When completed the museum which consisted mostly of beef, will be the only one of its kin4 beans, and bread prepared in un- in the country, and will provide
-. imaginative ways. St. Augustine with another View Of Spanish Military Hospital In the fall of 196 a proposal "first" among its many historiwas made by Dr. William M. cal and educational attractions.

Patients In Officer's Ward Aide In Enlisted Ward

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Page Twenty-Four THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Wdneeday Afternoon, 3 9ii










TWhe voyage of Pedro Menendez de Aviles, June 29, 1565, to September 8, 1565, resulted in the founding of Saint Augustine 404 years ago.

The Restoration and Preservation of the glorious past of this history rich city has involved the work, thoughts and financing of many people through many years, but during the post decade, however, even greater strides have taken place. The solid foundation has now been laid, let us all continue in the march of progress to retain memories of a glorious past, the buildings, the history and other heritage concerning our town
and its people.

A Special Commendation To Herbert E. Wolfe

Through the leadership of retiring Chairman Wolfe, and the assistance of a carefully selected and dedicated commission, and the support of the people, this Restoration and Preservation of old Saint Augustine has reached new heights. It is not only recognized by our state and our own United States, but also by many other nations who have shown a great spirit of cooperation. Too, we commend the support of our own people here in Saint Augustine and Saint Johns County, particularly those individuals and firms who have given assistance through financing, buildings, research, and your contributions of talents and time to this worthy

1919 -* -.- C EgksI fl0 1969 N A INAL E AN I<

Member Ot Federal Deposit Insurae or-