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Restoration M Restoration
THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD, FRIDAY AFTERNOON, SEPTEMBER I
Restoration Of Ancient City Planned
Commission Is. Appointed
To Oversee Restoration
After a decade of hope, Restora by condemnation which is owned William L. Sims of Orlando, re tion for colonial St. Augustine by a church, a cemetery associ- tired President of Colgate-Palmseemed assured when in May of ation, or is presently used as a olive-Peet, Leonard Usina, vice 1959 Governor LeRoy Collins historical attraction; c h air m a n, People's National signed House Bill 774 establish- To demolish, clear or remove Bank of Miami, William Rollesing the St. Augustine Historical buildings from any slum area; ton, General Manager of MarineRestoration and Pre s ervation such work or undertaking may land, and Mrs. Nelson Poynter, Commission, giving it broad re- embrace the adaption of such publisher of the "St. Petersburg sponsibilities and unprecedented area to public purposes, includ- Times." Mrs. Poynter has since powers to accomplish its objec- ing parks or other recreational been succeeded by Saxton Lloyd, tives. or community purposes; or to President of Daytona Motors and "Whereas the act beginF. "St. provide decent, safe and sanitary past president of the National Augustine, Florida, is the oldest urban or rural dwellings, apart- Automobile Dealers' Association. community of the white race in ments or other living accommo- Mr. Rolleston was succeeded rethe United States having con- dations for persons of low in- cently by Mr. Kent S. McKinley, tinuous history, and come; such work or undertaking editor and publisher of the Whereas St. Augustine pos- may include buildings, lan d, "Sarasota News."
sesses historical values, cultural equipment, facilities and other After several organizational traditions and elements of unique real or personal property for meetings the Commission turned beauty and chaon, inchldin, im- necessary, convenient or desirable to officials of Colonial Williamsportant historical sites of state appurtenances, streets, sewers, bhrg, Virginia's famed Restoraand national interest such.as Cas- water services, parks, site prep- tion, for advice on staff and tillo de San Marcos and Fort Ma- aration, gardening, administra- planning. They in turn referred tanzas, outstanding examples of tive, community, health, recrea- the Commission to Earle W. NewSpanish military architecture of tional, educational, welfare or ton, currently developing a new c4the American colonial period, the other purposes; or to accomplish Center for the Arts and Sciences old city gates and other histori- a combination of the foregoing. in Connecticut. Newton had been To plan buildings and improve- first director of Old Sturbridge
al structurest. and houses of u- ments, to acquire property, to de- Village, a Massachusetts restoraWhereas, it isdesirable to as- molish existing structures, to tion project, and director of the suW the reesn nt copresea- construct, reconstruct, alter and state of Pennsylvania's Bureau atih oaaint e o repair improvements and all of Museums and Historic Sites,
Pedro Menendez de Aviles, founder of the Spanish city of and other important landmarks, worth k in connection there- as well as founder and editor for St. Augustine on September 8, 1565. st .tooos, sit and records of To acquire from the city of St. tage" magaz in. When director (Photo courtesy of St. Augustine Historical Society). antiquity, relating to St. Au- Augustine or St. Johns County, of the Harvard-Radcliffe traingustine, in order properly to in- the State of Florida, the United ing program for historical man. terpret and understand the his- States or any state thereof, or agement, he had often visited St. C t O tory ofthe state as wll as all any foreign country or colony, Augustine winters and walked
T os American history, now, there- any existing property, real or the streets planning a restoration gti, lft ham of th S. Agti R totio nd P
fore, personal by it now owned or he hoped one day wouldemerge. vation Commission and Kent McKinley of Sarasota, a commission member, look over a Be it enacted by the legisla- hereafter acquired, suitable for The challenge offered by the model of a restored section of St. Augustine with a 1788 appearance. Other members of Sture of tho State of Floida: the uses of the commission, and Commission was therefore ire- the commissio appointed by Florida's governor, are Leonard Usina of Miami, Saxton
Augustine Historical Restoration th for the purpose herein undertook to compile a Prelimi- (Photo by Charles Olson, Record staf photographer) oand Preservation Commission, a stated, or to act as trustee for nary Plan to cover a firstyear S Agusti te oldest per- old buildings, ll b the tting' body corporate, the purpose and any such property o under such program, which also looked bea a settlement in the Unitod foo tha "Day in Spain" celobra- function of which shall be to ac- terms and conditions as the yond that year to a full 25-year Stato oll be stye n o tio qouire, retore, preserve, contain owner a pocrib; poga nd theo oeo.s to A sl l e l 2 t to September 8 It seems a particularly appro- econstruct, reproduce and oper- To encourage in any lawful achieve it. Ap Peo t n is prd to th i cic ate for the use, b anefit. educa- business or activity deemed by Approving the program in De- r a that peoo Menendez do Aviles poiate time to publish this special o A architectural ol cy e tion, recreation, enjoyment and it necessary or useful in the full cember of 1959, the Commission founded Saint Augustine in the issue describing the work and eneral welfare of the people of exercise of its powers to estab- asked Newton to assume direcae of Spain. plans of the St. Augustine Res- this state and nation, certin lish, finance, maintain, and oper- tion of a new staff. By mid 1961
ogu otion ofthe toty o oeration a oioorvaton om ancient or historic landmarks, ate I the facilities c0 omplted this was composed of Robert pe C O
0 t interest of the city of St. Auaus- retl related to carrying out the The present ettffort stems from the St. S o tine Historical Res- careCul docutetary o a a oo oboo n be rfooao .a o celebration of St, Augustie in tiFtod, nd s ooo g se for which theeoms- a long history of hope and en- t o no'd Poaeonto t C toal and archetogict insogn- a oot io prsnoot baoto 0 As stSot, otb oto 965. terori y."oo sinon is reted. devr by St Aogustinis e o ti, ca d t o nob na 0 tho Co slo o
Aoog its powers, the Cor- The powers of condemnation ookd 5 el to b o forward In the o ssoO n O reqtested of Ito xeeu- tiit ithin the0 eo of the gnoo mage the dtlopont f to otbouhod: to aoqoioo nod leo orn gornotd thin thirotioo hoy0 rose boo tho Coo- tioe Direotr, Enol Neotoo, 0 Coooooioo nd othoo oopeat- o o t p
O hold, rent, lease, and dispose of new body quite Unprecedent- negie Institution of Washington statement of architectural policy ing bodies. Where preseain olooial arliiteetures of the type real and personal property or any ed among American preserva- undertook research and archeo- which could be a guide to its fu- ca beaccomplished, it shall take .used in St. Augustine, eeapt erointerest thereinfor its uthooized tionist bodies, and indicate the logical program. But this came to atiooe ee Mo, orheo atinN a beoatt- od it i vtoe n a n popose; serious intent of the legislature to nn end without otactual restor- otion totio 0 be P r- cptn io tm t whio gt
R estor aon Ibhetion crated davo by S. pted by thw o m- p cared to every reasonabe impeusthe C
To acquire tn its ow name by hat the job get 0o Etabo tion place o p i po t ot, dptd by the Cor- lihd it wil te reocedoae eodae the oloomao ntiot purchase, grant, devise, gift or a single stubborn oul has often on the beginning of World War mission March 29, 1960, follows: over reconstruction. Where his- restoration of the area In r Appreciation is expressed to the following civic- lease, on such terms and on- blocked the progress of an entire in 1939. When interest revive d It shall be the objective of this toric buildings have disappeared, projecte d for early restoration,
minded organizations and business concerns for spo r- ditions and in such manner as it community redevelopment pro- in 1958, a special committee ad- Commission to obtain, with its but re-creation of the historic no further investment in non-hissonng this special resto iotn edition and thus help- may deem necessary o expedient, gram. The Commission hasnever- visory to the Florida Board of own resources and those of environment is deemed impor toric buildings, for building or ing to give the state and nation the story of St. Au- or by condemntion.., exfo pt as th eless indicated its clear inten- Parks, headed b ut Frank D. Up- others, as nearly as possible a rtont, they shall be reeonstrutoed remodeling, shall be encouraged.
gustines restoration program: otherwise herein provided, in ac- tion to give every possible con- church of St. Augustine, turned restoration of theAncient walled in the form and on the siteo they The Commission shall in every
The Exghange Bank of St. Augustine. cordance with and subject to sate sideration to the personal needs for advice to Dr. Verne Chate- city of Saint Augustine. Recog- originally existed. Where histori- way encourage private owners to
The St. Augoustine National B oank. law applicable to ondemation of those who live ion n area line, who had supervised the nizlng that this area includes the eal data as to their original form restore accurately their property, City Baking Company. of property for public use, real marked for restoration. And it Ca o ge wobrk ten years before, present business heart of the is not complete, reasonbly ep- providing advice and counsel. It Stci atin B his opras oie property or rights or easements has repeatedly pointed out that A rport to the Governor and modern city, and that the ulti- resenttive structures may be re- shall endeavor to protect those St. Autioo ir toobSt. Society,. therein or franchises necessary or the Restoration will benefit not legislature recommended a ow mate sources of funds to accomp- constructed, an d sympathetic woho do so, as well as the historic
Fmin child A coaft of St. Augustineso s convenient for its purposes and only the community as a whole, sopeoial Comnission and a sub- lish its objective are yo t uner- uses found for tohem. It is not to' interests of the community as a
St Ag otioe sta toeontioo nd Poosovutio to use the sme so long nas its ex- but the individuals who live in stnantial appropriation, both of tain, the CoUmzihsion proposes to be assumed that all, or any large whole, by cooperating with the
| Commission. istence shall continue and to the historic area. which were shortly forthcoming. divide its project into a oie of part of these restored or recon- city to institute adequate histooi
Security Federal Savings and Loan. lease or make contracts with re- Shortly after signing the act, With solid state support, and the stageswhich may be approached structed structures will be opened zoning and tnxation policies. It
Florida Power and Light Company. aspect to the use or disposal of Governor Collins turned to one active support of City and County over a succession of years to ain- to the public, and it shall be the will cooperate with the city In St. Augustine and St. Johns County Chamber same, or p ny part thereof, i any of St. Augoustine's leading citi- hbae ked up by supplementary imize any possible unfavorable objective of the Commission to providing adequate facilities and of Commerce manner deemed by the commie- zens, Herbert E. Wolfe, to head appropriatio from each the impact on local business in terests, seek uses which can be consider- a hopitable environment for Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Co. sion to be in its best interest but usp the new organization. But to long awaited "loid Williams- The work which this Comnis- ed appropria within a historic those who live within the historic Retail Mierchanton Division, St. Augustine only for the purpose for which emphasize the state-wide value burg" now eems a very likely sion will oundertake, will be based res toration area, such, as rest- areas, and will recognize equal and St. Johns Cooty Chamber of Commerce. it in created .. nor shall any of the effort, he also appointed prospect. on the most authentic infora- dences, o businesses servin g the obligations to past and present
S The mtodo above nb s t the orth part ev old St. Au ustine rstof ed to it do ss o Model w o bu t by Lew W lle, St. Au stle o ohiteot, by to nlCAgmtie Resoaion nd Presoorotion Commisonon The project 00 nenring c topleiohn Exaiting historic boue built since 1786 prjeehoon rnther than thse pce- (Phto by Chrleso Olson, Recod stff phutogoaphor).
Page Two THE ST. AU G USTINE RECORD Friday Ahtarn .Srtember i, 1961
Charlotte Street From Cuna Street To Treasury Street, East Side
Historical Document Discoveries
Society Aids Describe Old Buildings
The architectural history of ments led to the discovery of four
colonial Latin America is a fasci- more 1763 appraisals of public
Restoration .o:o:.^:o @ er.::. -o;o 7 ,:o,::- u:
nating subject mostly because of buildings, including the Goverthe richness of standing struc- nor's Palace.
tures coupled with abundant
documentation. But St. Augus- These appraisals are not detine is quite typical since it tailed enough to serve as a comThe St. Augustine Historical lacks any such advantages. Archi- plete blueprint for a restoration Society has long been an import- tectural history of early St. Au- but they do introduce new archiant factor in preserving and in- gustine is a most difficult topic tectural information. For exterpreting the city's rich history and the results of its research ample, available data from easily are meager. The town was char- accessible English sources uniand has actually presed the res- acterized by a poor man's archi- foermly stated that all St. Augusoration of several history houses tecture which reflects a austi tine houses lacked chimneys and Its aried atiities hae garrison town. window glass until the 1763 luded the building up of its Utransfer. Yet the 1763 appraisals n resrh iary, the prefer Until the end of the First completely dispel this notion. For Spanish Period stone material example, the house of Don Anatis af hitoi sites and d was almost absent. Even the "O tonio Rodriguez, situated in the ings, special research projects portant official buildings, i- then Calle Mayor del Principal,, such as the translation of old eluding the Governor's Palace, had "two chimneys in the drasSpanish records, publications re- failed to be of durable material. ing room with their fronts decMost of the structures were of orated by glazed tiles." The aplated to the city's history, and wood. But by 1759 stone and praisal cited more than fifteen the development of its narrative shell had become a desired ma- windows "withtheir frames and museum. terial for the construction of glasses." The house was made of h was staouses of wealthier people, ac- hewn buttress stone and was of
Its library as started haore cording to newly found data. two stories with a good painted than fift years a by the late balcony facing the street. All Miss Emily Wilson, and now The death of i f an the appraised houses had flat comprises practically all known should not discourage the quali- roofs made of shingles. omprises practically atll known fled historian from looking for
sres of inforati elating documents that might contain The Governor's Palace was the to local history. The collection in- better or new architectural data. mo$ impressive structure in this eludes many rare and valuable Such a search is often as tedious poor man's architecture. The apbooks, maps, pictures, and a large and unprofitable, but sometimes praiser identified the building as volme of documentary material, as exciting, as the prospector's being of "Doric style architechunt for gold, silver or uranium. ture." It. was built of masonry,
uch of which is now on micro- It is a hit or miss affair. And was of two stories and had an film Additional material con- indeed when the historian finds observation tower. It had a large stantly being acquired as it is something he is as'joyous-and door, twelve wells, two dining, discovered and becomes azvail- ready to rush for a celebration- rooms, thirty-two windows, a able. as the prospector. But then you large balcony, eight gates, a
Thecan't pay for a drink with stuffy guard house, and a stable of
The Society ha carried on historical documents. Anyhow wood. The roof was of the same from time to time special re- there is an. intense intellectual type and material as most other search projects to better rgan- satisfaction,, resectable private buildings in 'Ze and iatpr itsotmrial. A St. Augustine which meant a flat
epnd i terpet i tieril. o While doing research this sum- s inultio ro Th me rnafa recent important contribitio n mer for the Restoration Comm s homsteadhad a, well kept o i i homested r -l~h ....
this field a the empoyment of ston I was afraid of misses B ehar which was surrou ded by a spe !ist, t translate" and ,I made a hit. Reading some do- a nce 100 den e. the thaci ny aisto o ede e d t orchard 0oit calendar the etensive Stetson ense (something a h istoan aee or resi and ety Collection of old Spanish d u- must develop after years of re- fe r et s t also had me This occupied aover two a- ice) told me might two lemon, sixteen peach, six rstimehave adsI learn that n 176 p egana eleven fig, onen.s
deal ol nw i eor atinreoat during the Spanish evacuation a cherry, ne since, and two Co ntne inthf ora,"!in copes pty mecbge A l y relating no the Moore sieg Spash engineer had made real grapefruit trees. There is no of St. Augustine in 1702. estate appraisals o the standing dhubt that the Governor lived in structures. Could not these ap- the mos comfortable building of
The Society's first extensive praisals contain architectural St. Augustine. publication project was the trans- data? But the flicker of hope nation and publication for the soon died when it became ap- The location of these appraisstoan.tangis ofr s ~ we evr ndSseuendo C HAE WARocumentatio irt timein English of Barcias parent that the field book con- ves that d ti "Chronological History of the training the appraisals had co- about St. Augustine architecture Continent of Florida," in cooper- pletely vanished. ca be located. A long search nation with the University of Flor through the astounding pis of da Press. More recently i has The flicker of hope appeared th g the s todin order. It
ap the oaen ad doc uets is in a deea It
cooperated with the University anew when it became pparent will e a long taskull of frustraof iami Press in the publication that copies of the appraisals had tions ith any missesand very S"Florida on Trial" by Dr. been give t the property few hits. But the harder th eCharles Arnade, and with the nes. And history tells us that search task, the more gratifying university of Florida Press n some of these owners returned will be the results. Wh inforthe printing of "The Siege of St. at English Ierlude and maion we possess today is far Augustine in 1702" by the same reclaimed their houses. Could better than what we knew beautho. A publication onthe they not have used in their legal fe the ation research bedoeore the Restora long p o e 'Fundamentals of St. Augustine presentation nn the copies of the an. In finishing, let me ask you:
ArChitecture," written by Mr. Ae- appraisals? The very competent dns a poor man's to soh as bert Manucy isnow nearing com- Mrs. Doris Wiles of the St. Au- Spanish. St. Auustine not depletion. gustine Historical Society recll- sern the saws historical treat- : ed that these legal papers were meant as sch splendid metropoli
In tha find of hiator sites located in Tallahassee in the as Spanish Lima, Mexico City or and buildings, the Society has ac. Field Note Division of the Di- Bogota, ne artistic British Witqaired and owns the Oglethorpe partmentof Agrlculture. Battery site on Davis Shores, the
site of Fort Nasa, and the site In Tallahassee we made the as St. Augustine were the very of the old ferry crossing on the strike. Appraisals of four St. life blood of Spanish colonial San Sebastian. It als acquired, Augustine houses of 1763 were America. And suh a town as restored, and preserves the Par- located and each one had good present day St. Augustine is part odes Arnau house on St. George architectural data. At least they of the main pulse of American Street, the Triay house on the had far better information than lile. neref Spanish and Cuna was ever known. Subsequent reStreets, and the Fornells house search through difficult docu- CHARLES W. ARNADE
One of its most recent projects has been the restoration of its
"Oldeet Hose" iroprty on St.
Francis Street to. more nearly
Its original form. Based on archaeological research and old pho- N
tographs, this involved the removal of the round tower on ths This issue has been prepared through joint conortheast corner of the structure,
and a small apartment addition on operation of the Record's Editorial Staff and that of the west. As in the case of many the Restoration Commission. It does not pretend to St. Augustine structures, these
had been added to the original cover all aspects of St. Augustine history or her atbuilding during the late 1800's.
traction. It concerns itself only with those sections
Iy with the work of the St. Au- within the walls of the Old City. Much more could be gustine Preservation and Resteration Commission, and has made said and pictured, but space is not available, The Comfindings and records. In fact, mission is deeply grateful to the Record and to the were it not for the vast amount of contributors for making this issue possible. preliminary work the Society has
a movement of this type would Historic houses restored or administered by the St. Augustine Historical Society are top to Historic buildings io public honda include Ike Cathedral, the searcety, he poesihle. bottom, the Oldest House, the Parades House (with Rodriquez House to its right), the Executive Director Library af the False House, recently restored by tasC.
TYLER VAN CAMPEN Llambias House, and the Triay and Fonells houses. _onial Dames and the Spanish Treasury building.,
Friday Afternoon September 1, 1961 THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Pe Thre
4U1. .7 P Threm
.................... ..................... .f ,:
Commission Records, Documents Houses
The prime jewels of any city- England and the ante bellum this time for field work were United States. Many of the sur- copies pertaining to this particu wide restoration program are, of south to the missions and pre- allotted for the completion of the vey. of the structures are repre- tat building will be made. To the course, its remaining original his- historic pueblos of the southwest, measured records of the entire sented by photographs only, but torie houses. Yet it is often sur- not neglecting the many cate- Pueblo of Acona, one of the most where measured drawings have eyes of the average layman a prising how little is known about gories of small rural buildings, important single records made by been made they also are included, completed set of these final drawthem of an authentic character. covered bridges, meeting-houses,. the survey. During 1936 and the and,in all instances,/photographic ings would resemble a set of And few have ever been archi- early mills, and others. first half of 1937 a federal pro- records. Almost all of the surveys architect's blue-prints such as we tecturnally analyzed. The first Because so many such records ject of the Workse Project Ad- are supplemented by a data shet have all sen at one time or tenp is always a carefulthmeasur-e made in the past through local- ministration made possible an 18 giving a brief history of thethe drawand reording oft th e pertinent ized and disconnected activities month field program of the sur- structure, its builder, owner, ma- nothe dditio to the d data about the house as it stands. have ot succeeded in placing at vey which operated in 31 states terials used, year built, and other igs of the plans, elevations and Eight significant the diospon of the p in and added substantially to the pertinent information. dtails of the building, the final tueh corded hthe public any olletio. S eq etofd g il ally const tnie r sA lea tdie representative collection which Subsquently, epar- A card index which is main- taina sheet which is referred Sthvey mtor than a one of can be easily consulted, it has ate state WPA projects o this taine by the National Park Serv- to s the tite heet. The title Survey oreag hatthan a scoremaied een deemed i tomethe character continued to operate ice contains a list of around 15,- heet wilt nomly e ntain a beendeeed wse o mke te seetwill normally contains
yearnfinshe, survey and its resulting collec- to some degree in Massachusetts, 000 structures determined to be small scale map ofthe city or The S eydiotieddig tion national in scope and t New Jersey, Rhode Island, Con- architecturall-- worthy of record- town showing the location of the the Survey, discontinued during necticut, Pennsylvania, Louisiana ing and preserving. This list was particular building. Als included the war years has now been preserve the Cogrecords in th e Li- and California until such activity roughly subdivided into priorities on the title sheet there will be rived. Searching for the means b oe ponessi to meet the was discontinued in 1941. for recording based upon certain brief his trial resume of the to -document additional buildings, possible to meet the
to domet additionalfor source m-idig, A PWA appropriation of $125,- factors of historic significance building and acknowledgements Cha Director Earle N ewton turnedna- teral in the fields of early Amer- 000 in 1959 to the National Park and imminence of destruction. In as to the architectural, archaeoloCharles Petersen, new coordina- ican history, andService enabled that office to St. Augustine there are some gical, and historical teams that tor of the program. A grant, to an arohitetore nd hietoryend establish four field groups, which sixteen buildings which have now have been involved in the research continue the work was made to to provide data required for sought to record especially sig- been recorded by the Historic of this building. With this infort Cmis onade n ioam antheatie nento aio an
te Cmminanauthentic restoration na nficant structu res previously American Buildings Survey. The nation a person unfamiliar with gotunder way with a team of omitted because of their inacces- HABS program has been on the building can quickly orient students from the University of During 1934 and 1935 activi- sibility. This group also complet- earned with St. Augustine struc- himself as to' the geographic loFlorida, under Professor William ties in various states and in e( the records for many surveys tures from as early as 1934. Some cation and historical impotence Stewart, in thesummer of 1960. Puerto Rico through a series of remaining f r om discontinued familiar St. Augustine buildings of the building. Five houses were painstakingly local work relief projects spon- earlier projects and compiled a which have already been recorded measured andplans drawn. They sored and supervised by the Na- comprehensive catalogue of the and photographed, and whose A finished set of architectural are: The Arrives House, 44 St. tional Park Service andfinanced measured drawings and photo- drawings are now available in drawings does. not alone complete George Street, the Rodriguez by the Emergency Relief Admin- graphs of the survey in the Li- the Library of Congress, are: the the historic recording of a strucIHouse, 52 St. George St., the istration, gave new impetus to brary of Congress. The work of C-thedral, C a s t i o de San ture under the HABS program. Ortega-MacMillan House, 224 St. the program. These activities the field groups is coordinated Marcos, the Fatio House, t h e In addition to the finished drawGeorge St., the O'Reilly House, nearly doubled the size of the through a central office located, Oldest School House, the City ings, the architect in charge of 13 Aviles St., aind the Poujoud- collection resulting from the first in Philadelphia. Gates, the Prince Murat Mouse, the recording team is requested Slater House, 105 St. George St. project. Concurrently, the small In all, the survey includes p th. Old Spanish Treasury, the During the summer of 1961 a allotment of the Public Work proximately 30,000 measured Trinity Church, and the CityLi- n the bilding. In this report
TriityChrch ad te CtyLi-othe arch it wr it s uppont
second team under Professor Administration funds provided for drawings and 30,000 photographs brary. With the addition of the the architect wite op plte Henry Edwards added to the list support of a skeleton headquar- covering some 7,600 h o u s e s, recordings of the Arrivas House, aot the ilding of particula the Lindsley House, the Penn- ters staff in the branch of plans churches, public buildings, mills, the Rodriguez House, Poujoud- architectural interest and merit. losa-Averro House, the Sarchez- and design of the National Park bridges, and other types of strue- Slater House, O'Reilly House and o 1fesribes in detailt the nonLeuro House, the "Spanish Inn," Service in Washington. The only tures important in the cultural Ortega-MacMillan House, the St. dition of the structure, give a end several others. PWA funds made available at and economic history of th Augustine sec of tf the ibrar description of the eighborhood The Historic American Build- of Congress is beginning to as- or father areas around the buildings Survey is a national pro- sume national importance, ing, and generally points out the gram for making and preserving things about the building which gram ton making and prserving Perhaps equally an interesting ran be raid better in words than records of existing structures of as the background ofthe AS an be on the draig.HABS historic and architectural signifi- program are the methods and In addition to the architect's cance.in the United States. The techniques'* whereby the HABS report on the building the hisprimary purpose of this program teams actually record and do the torian must also submita report is the onservation of our nation- drawings of these historically to company the final drawings. al cultural resources in historic important buildings. Since the In addition to giving the exact architecture This organization end of World War II the record- naia to the ~t~uetf~ thoughthecoopra-geographical location of h functions through the coopera- ing proc ess has been carried outtutuetatonyto Bon of te Ntionl Prk Srv;structure by state, county, towntion of the National Park Serv- uring the summer months by ic, the American Institute of teams of architectural students ship, oetc., the hitorian willalso 4~hCldP I nd:the Lir~ay ofsubmit a documented physical 9 Architot, and the Libay at from universities all over the history of the structure. Insofar ,k~&~ri Si... dthe Lii a ofdy~ te trcue no
Co res. Since t h e aims and United States working under the itrs ftta 0 nel hisorianatn
purposes~~e of thaitoirae s spsibletea historian at.- n SS ~ lWl j uposenos of the Historic Ammi- guidance ind strution of pro-it dt e thea a ~tempts to deemine the original i coh Buidings 5 e (M 5). fresnional arhiects. Normally the y architect in chageof uh and subsequent owners of the
are : soa sim- those of the St. structure, its date of erection,
Commis ,ae dermen f-aa ctu ethe originaloarchect, and whatandPie e oeverf informal on alter in oorative program eten the of a college or university. For and additions he can find. Finally Soi n was decided t u mertheSA gustine the historian must suggest furpo srtly ten the establish- HisriaR toratinad e other sources of information permmtof the Restoration Commi- a tion Commision engaged an tainng to the structure if he sin It was also felt that the aritectualesearh amfor han hedge of any hot for nelformed Restoration Cnom- the Univerity of Florida. Under as rkeanon has ant been able mission could benefit from the the cooperative program adapted to investigate tem. The final toeec inesigt thhe TheAina
aeiena of the HABS program between the HABS program and element necessary to complete .whi has beenin existence since the Restoration Commission this the recording of a building under 1935. In actual practice, the use research team also acted as the the HABS program is the archiO the esearch methods and re- HABS recording team for the tectural photographs. It is recording techniques of the HABS St. Augustino area. uired these photographs program has proven to be an in- T h e process of recording a hae taken a competent proSvaluable training ground for the building for the HABS program fessional photographer using prearchitectural staff of the Res- begins with the rough field notes scribed photographie'techniques. torationS Commission. and sketches which are made Wherever possible these photoThe HABS program was con- right at the building site. The graphs will show all four sides ceived in the depth of the de-d red in the depth of the d field notes consist of rough draw.- of the structure,, each tide shown preesio of the 1930s to alleviate ings and measured dimensions of to its best advantage. Additional the perilous condition of nearly the important features of the photographs are taken of the the whole profession of archi- house. A free-hand drawing is unique or unusual details of the tecture, Fostered by the National made of thefloor plans,r showing structure. Park Service, the American Insti- location of doors, windows, fire- The completed report that is tute of Architects and .the Li- places and other important fea- sent to the Library of Congress in baryof Congress, the survey tures, and then the actual true Washington D.C., consists of the operated nationally from Decem- dimensions are, recorded on the four elements outlined above, her 1933 to the following May. rough drawing. Similar drins namely: the finished architectural The results of this firs h field are made tor each floor of the drawings, the architect's report, proam ade the survey such ll building and for each interior tho historian's report, and the an acknowledged success that n and exterior elevation of the architectural photographs. Alt of
grement providing for its per- building. Next the unique and this material becomes part of aRetuton as a permanent nation- important details of the building the permanent file on the build. an program was concluded in 1934 are drawn up again in rough ing and the building file, in turn,
between the National Park Serv form, and the actual dimensions becomes part of the national pubie the American Institute of shown. Some of these details will li records. Architects, and the Library of vary from the mouldings on the Using the techniques and methCongress. It was obvious to archi- doorways or windows or the pat- ods described above the architectectural historians of the 1930s tern of the stonework to the tual staff of the Restoration that tho protion and prsno- mortise and tendon detail of the Commission has been able to bep telt adeidodth efc structural members of te build- come minutely familiar with possiole. It was decided therefore ing. Upon completion of the existing St. Augustine architecto record historically important drawings and measurements of ture. Under the cooperative plan buildings in the form of measured the field notes these rough sket. between the HABS and the Reshdrawings and photographs which ces are then taen back to the toration Commission copies of o would preserve the designs for drafting room where the real all the architectural drawings,
posterity. Such records would also process of making the finished architects' reports, historians' rebe invaluable if repair, restor- architectural drawings is begun, ports andphotographs of St. Auation or reconstruction were ever Using the field notes as a guide gustine buildings become part of thought disable. Thus the con- and reference; a set of prelimin- the permanent files of the Resservationa] character of the sur- ~ Bary architectural drang is oration Commission. Since many. vey provided for the recording, made. These drawings are ued of the construction details and through measured drawings and to check and coordinate wall decorative motifs used by the photographs, those important lines, fireplace and doorway lo- early builders in St. Augustine early structures so closely ass nations, floor heights, ceiling were used time and time again ciated with the founders and de- heights, roof over hang, chimney on buildings throughout the city, velopers of our nation. The serv- locations, etc. During this stage the material uncoveredthrough too rendered to the public irin of the nehitectural drag the HABS research on one building is making these records available important details and unusual often valuable in filling 0 hthe for study and inspection at the features of the building are also gaps on another building Where Library of Congress or in fur. drawn up and refined. When the investigation and research do not nishing printas of the measured preliminary architectural draw- supplyall the answers for the drawings and photographs to in- ins and details have been cor- reconstruction of a building, then
terested universities, organima- plated they are then checked and the information gathered from tions or individuals. The period re-checked to assure, as near as other buildings is used to make : :
of investigation defined for the possible, their absolute accuracy valid assumptions. Since the prosurvey, which, in the beginning, Oncethe difficulties andproblems ceso of recording and investi- i!; was roughly limited to the area encountered in the preliminary gating is continually going an of our history prior to 1860 has studies have been ironed out the the field of knowledge about St. since been extended to include drawings are now ready to be Augustine architecture is forever
significant historic structures up put into final form. These final expanding and thus the work of Old housesecentlyrecordediorhtHtoricAmeoanBuildongsSurveyincludetheOra to 1900 with the addition of out- Old houses remaining in private hands are the San Carlos drawings are the ones that will be the Restoration Commission bestanding ones of later dates. The House, the Lindsley House, the Penalosa-Averro House, set to the Library of Congress, comes increasingly more reliable tea-Macmilln House, the Poujoud-Slater House. and the O'Reilly House (Commission range f subjects runs the full there to become part of the perm- and authentic. Chairman H. E. Wolfe in foreground) all closed to the public, add the Spanish Inn which scope of the builders' at, from and the oldest Wooden School House. Only the latter is anent national record and to act the imposing mansions of New open to the public. as the originals from which all DONALD J. CONWAY has recently been restored and opened
,' .t.i ~i:::: .,
Pg. Four THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Friday Afternoon, September 1, 196
St. George Street From Cuna Street To The City Gates, W est Side
Arrivas House Is Restoration Test, Project Historians Seek
History is the endless search Each of the four doughtem, for, troth Wo hiotorins moot re- li ona(7),Jno11 rF T 'j -. i:td historic mut alsobe willing (1723) married twie. And as and .Ursu
____ II jflS l[!iI!'to dig up the past of iCo try, aone of them either picke thei
P1 stte, a city, or even a block or hushaods from* the hm o ahouThe historian who worhs hoght, their h shd t wihhistorioa restoration in-hblch.Consequetly~hte d ed astoc seroh into the poot oftheSpaihe eoa o i (y.ii. ( :'ii o a block or a house. He has to the Averos Jived inorw one
give attention to minuteness. houses of the bloc. l Ad such minute ness can be houses of today ca qiteS S. . "found only in the document which claimed that they eta see J a is the o key to story, foundations- or stillhave g.
s to 11, 1, irol ingredie ot heodA Only the document will ... ere building. The other the to ush history of St. Augus Avoroetc oresatnr where. tine house. In our particular parently today wo A
Cae the so-called Arrivas Houe
standing today on 46 St. George At least that is whatthehtn i; "Streetwas the targetof our sum- cal docowe eus. The
w.er research The abundant grapher and the Aroheo Spa esh dom available at will have to confirm hIs. Spanish documents sr. lai: ha thy W ~; .~: iseheatoryt ~ of~a r
the St. Auguotine :Hir wtooal So The Ar nv Rouse am ety -- many of them virg; the Avero cluster rg
tee, unread hefore rapidly wrigro hfut r !." .. Y. that is .a eoe- ail marriages of the fourh ei ". .. unfolded the history of 46 St. A d Avero daughter (the sirt
George Street It soon c e oap- child), Ursula, In 1788 t parentwa th tis f u um a ouets"elu.Te
parrt that thi use's ast was the age of fiftee d r te .. .a s f os c ea t g a s 0eh s o d eas h i g i n fa n t r I n h .. its town of St. Augustine But eo le o utm ""L:one lotbethhmewo p dare .nt that eo R Sicilyoa ht if parhous, jho u s U like ents. They had five c de.l
notstndeinisltin. Thee house frthe tosan defh. rft
woe e ntemately ed t the wi fte nheddod. Unre the"' ""w hol.. e r l It e or the idowoed Gmsua e Arrvas House (above) as another ta army officer d ... a Complex that covered the block.
. ".it probably looked in th Tha family in colonial Span- dSpain, no had. an n
.ddle of the I 8th century. h America which nluded Flor- dreby Arrias .id a n o s th "i m o st im p o r ta t o W h e i 7 8 2 ,
ja i teatin Fareety ttese Whr ny a t in- St. Augustine 1
glui r ousixu6 t eephese A us e e woresrealnce n ne'7 ca pce
las' n ho. -u ," ...ae doan a th ir a telit ws no wasan io c0mT hig pti~o af ryr ofas this h -re soter we nthe huwinhere ued. Te m-or, inuediatef dmil
early~~w ers noa c ulosfel fail ofi ds Airiva. Bu o on rotni
18th and m 19I entoc Arriv s hon e h alsGo a many daughters nd Oany 0ou- ture that woo pa nfthe es. Ther chronology stretches
frnm the frightful siege of 1752 o etn noich o tn h through the block nd -fthehwuAnd thehoue elqfh Arias beo) sitpobbSpenish Piod int the gli ned to t right andsdrf Inerids asd finally r ous t thae eno as ra u
end i The Swcond Spnieh Pme-s oln c ad y the Aic One of them war ths iarm trouh tilding whore f ath e ra ngiF a d o the r a
English and Spanish documents Avero and mother give us conclusivprof tho t al cesco de Avero ad lived
of St. Augustin was in ashes raised their daugh after the l702 siege. A certainin sow, the A dea & Penaloza had lost his stoo atum, the ~very us
house. Penaloza's granddaughter sntmotoa e hA Ill nnw:s a Marioa Franesca a~roia iywasaa Avs-, ma Fnrpce. Ac tac wo i r family typical S who in 1711 married Th outsider tin e thoSpain e i ni ,,r nt cl~e-from the Canary Islands by h tineSpanish family or name-of Vetoriano Avero.. The f the A o "- oupie sed o l recreate ttd r t veeh
Ithenold Pernezahomestea, so, a monment to n average bo(788 fort) Spanash colonel family, Oh
fr sooth fortw Onthispatr0 a typical life, of typicaniewhmitioone gnroud on-tday's S. George hapepine, sorrows,ermrser-,~i Stret, hblrok"ff the Arrivaes s nres, nd a ty iral hnusot nuse s theyh heihoudein Furtherworo thed Avror e which sin daughters er horn. from tne Fir Spnie Pert The nely sr apparently diefo te itais Pri soon after Iris hi h. On e girl ihe S glish Interlude t 62C..be, died, to, within theyearof her 1788), to the Seond Sporish P8 "-id7" hirth aonascnonddaghtr riad. Any hestoricalmertmue....... e s irthe tn .... must recapture thsa
rac marroied dis1 arre a si fmyws throef oreige5d
eote leaverphe e of the hre f r e nals of hietor i e s tnd distiert periods. The four Averngto gr aconted fur, hnownohmin
whose propensity to winshsbaods Avernsoswit their s includes the A iv re toue, de
ard. have children no a source ef renamement to us. GHARLES W. ARPIADE
werwcc Ii agtrswr o
E ncavations benea the modern floor (the Arnivas Heorm8 Srenosald n oeemoMlrnwla ad peat onepas --tfal. ----try hi ea
St. George treet From .The City Ciatia TQ Curia Street5 Eaat Side pn &ddrtntp~~
iday Afternoon. September 1, 1961 THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Page Fie
History OfArrivas House
The rehaeologica work on the fore, i was easy to see that this ed, either by falling down or beAneasHous unfold un e u abbyflorwas nstren torndo a. 15 A cot he houce w ee s n se er e ad ad w ay in which the archaeologists she 8 1 g al g hd he e n the e itng ho e ilan had been works. added pla a tra wing to the hng henrg tosth. Aln at thinn toe te ince n u th e t time. yHe else ent the vahu e us r ela in- b e ho r th middle wa fAte the ae. ae gical work ht hose between the are thite were add div ding tha e n north tn he B A o or ofe ant the n ee t thba r and s. The ethe oe le oins fon an tho ao tre t he en q m of events and th a Bitish period 11617831 tahe pto ut t he p setIee t ie Many in s h fleeor addition y h o n. Then ej nes f t ooesdwerelp atl ovs ter earlier In laoie g at the Ari as h e o n e ou th d tash pet the mamm da e as a th c, t pe k ,f heen lent tint h e il dat- deie t e nede ri irt all d malnw od hheclo eat and
Shitetral te arheiqouis, the on- he are nelogial are ahll d deo dina, the s ip9 itnn hietery of d the hese brought Ialight the faet Iat the and hewn seasonry. weosa e e te fi r he e aain in the ana as nd San tes thi is w n eid th preset A- wathee t h se wan e rini ly
Hd is of the rom assH s
he r SAe ia wo r n e re ri as Ho e geasb 1c the at thepresent tree -iy f a e e.d ase toa H e u l wer 165- e a d The f irst dia cen ~aduiu lime. A tahhy eaor, all es te Adti 1 eatdod terth ef Aries
cswe Th ar e the er eon ern r a fstretso thit s s destelo s three SMT tal ostrte dame wall side
me tly in ar o whire there w S the estine a s i an theen r
w ae ntisony ahost r ofe the il,
it was ed dhpe i m Acit ts Esxl lr ldn H lpnte hvroen te an aempnletely
gsten thefl y rie t i ae
who tles new l nwas : bef Ad
dawa, ey w ald being iin eyste
oan sumt m era e the le to ilhist n earache thee added b g teet ~f the aea ioutide t hei ro e hanis ( ret ur arse. Sine there ste was eo ga r ee a
a ier ash e c lle tens, aiait al F t the e t t bishnie ue s ets debris w aeis o s
rofies iiam Soteew f tes au en rigina m r i i p ls untal d ti g ent i ne rsiy o Fl hor be g a a n
rshe ounre u ans in s to a tom e e bri o f ea I n a r c e v n n.
eenth a.d ,rivstHose A ne t m a s
rf ect goh n fes c a tran dent engno 18t e bal cw as nie tr tu snio bir e ae ps to s wr n u suti Thls e en t uak tre f.t
b 'otle s eand ish te r ty hin enr d sn ra 1i s d e rded, andhe l) I r so i p r S ~heroa lTaef nt naoi l ahed o s y seerFsel, ge ddei re r
ail may teh n dm ther wo Thesatrcon thel icte ot n
-fIOt n thi r o gee inuse o to l the fact t t eae r aticle. hinge d h i he l oa s in the sin t F n t d sles
D u il f ti Spanish o oabe n t Rc es ento a n ob the 1788,simmp "dt a e g aes the o t g Th te pente s
ne of St. Austine te 6a o 0 e e i he i rodosc b s he itso h s iae of t a riou types h e hs o el heed m n ll e al by a s h e coi er en th e i e mre p e wd ace hl n-tde t
sd "ien eande tn t tae i sI ns nging vpte h e r' n b
atibe a ecea d e y h u n n atid lso a structure n ueth ta b to it r na u he s eintn
i s ayla ea s g lh aapm ofinineefmnd a ry, id a t dam Briishot Sldaegs r io s e e e p ei ed aal ea is e ne o m- bu ldin ms ine e e ucti nce ef a e oe ae een a minly t at t n m ng te a F ia la e
cagsitebSpa nish a ( na p i ef t p eree o reat oit s ere asch res F en e f i dre idee ef the e dn lh se arilaro g et t. a f or iware o ia hwgan a
a t ht e a n in S ten ae ea s a pesil le eawe tlee. e ete he core dirt to ren the floon tothe ou
lirl of the d a ara outs e ent et Iopen e e a w hnas dn er- h ar ed A h ter pais i d The
eanig c i .e. T y reera seepsi n e 176 s hd I- m as set th thi e reeas d ami mawy be ant be the ens nmy bd
toceue h s p y Manini Of i sp e lm sei byihens ties kfe courtyar haesn r T w b f i te eo othel repasons fo e teepss Drin g i unc- Tt a r en 18 s e r n t ere deeer d thts par are t ver y eS sI.Ag innaap her wrhe ta btee mew byhe Ar dte usei at i th -angwr a s ae a tu I .wa rede thr e w ib he pes ib- s th e atr hindu
mader th in pth and bottne Mnd ably d oapd ealy IS bn sae Inen' btanya lbs e nte eat e wheoaha se d w sn eriqa-er a e and hee wlermedled we syn y Acries t aset e e y eau ir fsre lah time they ee
Betca ffrts o si iish p e f1810, i n he ernd anaey Waphatin i nasi drmf hl e fasosenre;f vr finnica e tht thai s ec ed in aur tnder the oldea felSat. e.s n earlier o s inte, l tanning stet aera ce ntury ofwt 'it : h es oa h igee oe amu e l e phar g e a p e th, wht te ine hsfe b s in an h e
ei ins aa en I the e n r el aceone gere t n wr egnr s th e e e were rsearil a e y girst ibaal te y ear dfSt fc in th A ie ea ava ta qas lne in1758.in tgeo reie ef the iro rae
pits e fst is p d lai, It eierp e d an a- W t Is lt a
H e, dilapidation stayed ean same mina acre tho street. Arrives Re se was foe nd a character It rmed thepa to irat ian f i s frmer car.
haIrges the hal sads. Parades (Doge) sad Red- d Ar in ha lalf-lar. There- d the te a es oae. d s S habitationThe broken dishes u.enary surc es, the cartog a- by the Spanish (i
'+++.: +i th d: Dd+) IldRd 9(~rra aidllr ~Cdt tpb iL~d ~ O nI ay
+ ++ + .
age Six THE ST. AU G USTINE RECORD Friday Afternoon, September 1, 1961
Treasury Street From Cordova Street To Bay, North Side
fN 1H REEINO,,.. ETS, THE CENTRAL AREA
ian A'''"' ST. AUGUSTINE, FLA.
City Projects Central Area Redevelopment Plan T FLA.
During 1959-1960 the City of and value prevail in the central prospects appear better than ever service establishments. Within ment s, motels, confectionery it -A REDEVELOPMENT PLAN ] St. Auustine established aCity area of St. Augustine. Its Cen- for the eventual restoration of this area the parking problem is stores, and many business and d Planning Commission and, with tral Business District is afflicted the historical area of St. Augus- most acute. The Central Busi- professional offices tend to gravi- Ij, ,,o: the aid of the Florida Develop- by the same problems of traffic tine. Restoration cannot be ac- nt:ss District is geographically tate to locations along major tttCEAL B... meant Commission, contracted congestion and parking, but be- complished overnight; its success central to the various residential streets, where they are more acfor a Comprehensive City Plan cause of the narrow streets these will require much study, the ex- service areas of the city, and ac- cessible by automobile. ith lMr. George Simons of problems are more serious than penditure of much money and cessibility is good from all direc- For the maximum benefit to be EOMSE-P .......oSED
Jacksonville. The pknn, as sub- in nther cities of comparable size. years of accomplishment toward tions. Fortunately, the Plaza area derived from relocation, cmIremitted to the city in May, 1960, The dual role of St. Augustine's an ultimate goal. Fortunately, the is spacious and easily accessible hensive planning of the selected contains a careful analysis of central area-as a commercial narrow street pattern basic to the to vehicular traffic via King anti area is required to accomplish th problems of the central area district and a historical-tourist historical atmosphere has not Cathedral Streets. Only that pr- off-street parking lots, wide busi-the ancient city. Aware of the cent:er-presents a dilemma in been disturbed too much over tion of the business district along ness streets, the location of the need for, as well as the prox- planning for the future. On the years of commercialization but St. George Street, which is one- various stores in relation to each imity of a restoration plan in one hand, the survival of the only a fe buildings of historic way south, is difficult of access. other, and eripheal access this same area, Mr. Simons Cr. tral Business District as the valuereain. The ultimate effect A very strategic area fo th viewed its problems in these principal commercial center re- of restoration n the land use elocation of busiess establish laned and additiona l street imterms.-Editor. quires wider streets; customer pattern is a problem for addition ments is suggested on the Cntral provements would be necessary to imp... traffic circulation. To t
and employee parking requires al study and determination, but Area Plan, figure 19, alon Kingto financmprove te properaffic acquisition. T The central area of St. Augus- vast areas for vehicle storage. On presumably many existing indus- Street West of Cordova. Reeti otit re pty addition tine is unique in that it comprises he oer ha th pe titn t d m e land uses shopping already available here ste ssrper a t a historical area dating back to and restoration of the area as a must be eliminated. Types of bus- includes a supermarket and drug town business corporation could the earliest beginnings of settle-is store. Others are under construc- be established and improvement t retention of the narrow strts ed without too much conflict o t would be aantageos bonds sold to participating ment of America. The area has t b twouldtbtatttn ue itb tttt et lit much of historical interest; its and parking areas of limited ex- iterest will. be specialty shops for retail stores to cluster in this ers. Parking revenues, collected
arwsttsetsw de teiged nt. Indeed. many of the exist- and service establishments cater- roviin by the cityon existing curb facili pedestrians and horse drawn businesses-with their in- ing principally to the tourist large areas for off-street pak- ties, would be used to finance accarts; the atmosphere is one of congruous signs, plate glass win- trade. Their space requirements i g. At the same time the relo- quisition and improvement of off. an intimate relationship between dows, and large space reuire- ad type of operation must area is reasonably close to sreet lots. Street improvement people anted environmental. The ments-are out of step with the such that the commercia atmos- would be financed by general obllrsltisef id sthe existing Central Business Disbu the tict s scto yss se b t is St b r's b y b fesili- ligttitn bn di. City Piatt p piets isutse busttet deveiopmet adtent tes t o rton t artees as well able charm, and the thousands of of the area as a whole. historical Most of thief will be tate relocation during the transi- THE HISTORICAL AREA visitors attracted annually to the rIHE FUTURE ROLE OF THE accomplished through compatible tional d O st ti. TOURIST CENTER PLAN as temporary parking solutions for interim business activity on St. George Stee. area make tourism an important ST. AUGUSTINE CENTRAL architectural design. this way the existing business The planning of the restorabasic industry in the St. Augus- AREA Every encouragement should district around the Plaza would tion of the Historical rea tine economy. be given the success of restora- supplement the new business is- vested in dthe HiSt. Augustine Hi AESTHETICSN ACCESSIrIL used. Signs of billboard propr- all this property y Re te e Modernization for commercial tion because of its importance to trict until such time as it became torical i t S Ag i H- IT AND TRAFFIC FLOW tions should be avoided. inesses may esetuld e
The central area of most cities unctins and the preservation of the economy of St. Augustine and wellestablished. The relocation t st ion and s
is one o. concentrated activity, the historical atmosphere are so to the cultural heritage of wel established. Ther tion Commission, and plans in- It is not enough to have an at- The' ompletion of Poncs e de wished ee oh t e te d f. withiwhichiassore areathere incomparable that consider- Aei. The t e d house those businesses luded in this report have been tractive historical show-place and Leon Boulevard (U. S. 1) will of- stroy the effet the e the principal retai, financial g ov- able thought must be given to the tfindinno benefitfrom thetourist coordinated with preliminary then display it poorly. People orta good prospect of overcming trance. eriniyal i etai, incis t- ise thght e e ge o S he et squarely faced by the community, trade and unsuited to the histori- plans of that bod. The Central e races now IMMEDIAT PROB erme ta, d administrative future role of the area. f te restoration is accepted as the al atmosphere. The Plaa area Area Plan deliits the are o must be attracted to the area over i lett the trae. A With the activities arelocated. In the past commercial function is to be con- ultimate goal, plans t re available to the traveler. A new With the foregoing long range the Central Business District, as tinued and intensified and the in- undetaken to relocate those con- and e r ts primary interest, and detailed well marked routes that are con- entrance from U. S. 1, proposed goals in mind,it is ecesry'that the core area is commonly known, tegrity of the Central Business mercia uses that are found to beservice plans will be formulated for a venient. It would be to St. Au- some months ago in a preliminary some attention be given to a has been the ae. f highs .e... District maintained i extensi e ....... e te th.....tred tnapialty ts"tet of restoration project ...- gestine' .e.sdit and advantage seytrt, it es. c tds ...st.t. problem of te.immediats s.
estate values, greatest diversity street widening and parking im- doubtedly there will be a looffices. the years. if the routes could be made more tion one block north of Orange crn: Traffic o and off-street of economic activity, tallest build- provements ultimately would be period of transition before all The possibilities of relocation It is proposed that the City's attractive. It is demoralizing for Street. This entrance Will direct parking for tourists, shoppers, ings, and greatest concentration necessary. Normal growth would structures of incompatible de- are in keeping with trends ob- zoning powers be used to their the visitor to anticipate some- visitors to the Fort and City and eployees, who find itecesof people. The advent of the pri- require an increase in the co- sign and unnecessary commer- served in larger cities and to a maximum extent to assist the thing of unique beauty and be Gates through an open area that sary to come to theCetal Are rate automobile, however, has mereial area, which would add to ial land uses can be eliminated. lesser extent in St. Augustine. Commission in carrying out their greeted along the approaches by should ultimately be developed for various reasons. Ultimately; brought confusion and tension to the existing problems of parkingTHE The trend toward decetraliza- goals. Through zoning restric- the many garish signs and blat- as a large park and tourist re- the long range plans wili eli people antd congestion of vehicles; and te traffic cosgesgetion. Concu RELOCATIONL OF TE tion of the "convenie nce" goods tions it will be possible to halt ant businesses vying with each ception center overlooking the nate most of thneed f parig cosequently, many cities failing renty with these improvements TR INESS and services establishments from any future encroachments of in- other for the tourist dollar. restored Cuboe line. The establish- within the historiaI arta and to redesign their central areas to the'comi erial district would in- DISTRICT the central area have been str g compatible and uses, and the Study should be given to the met:of this street will permit provide fo it elsewhere How meet the space needs of the auto- crease in value, maki more dif- At this time the Central Busi- in the larger cities; but to some height of structures and cover- etment of sign regulations alterationof O s e Stret fr ever, here wo l be a rsion mobile are witnessing consider ficult any ultimate plan of res- ness District, as shown on the degree also in the smaller towns. age of the land can be controlled cnt o sizeglation terate the f eer r wi able decentralization from and rotation. accompanying map, is centered Grocery stores and meat markets; Additisnal improvements, af- et gthei e ad lat the e-ettablishment f the Cub e ped during whi a id decline in the Central Business Because of a renewed interest aroun the Plaza and along St. furniture stores, hardware stores, fecting the overall plan of the All signs, existing or proposed, line. It is important that the amount Of store et pofn t District. and the ormation of Sthe S Au- George Street. This is the main automotive sales and servicing, city but also related to the his- except those of a public, direc- city acquire all of that property sf be 'cnet desed Uat b Although :to a lesser degree: gustine Historical Restoration area of retail shopping, but in cleaning, laundry, tailorinig, torica] area must be consider- tional nature should e eliminat- fronting eten the east U sido .S these paring Jtft hese conditions to oancenation and Preservation Commission, addition Shere are many tourist and dressmaking establish- ed: ed from pulic right-oft s. i h1e ete O ge S street anf eiie ns a ttt i "
Furthermore, good taste should 0rove Stree to proidef sa opentaie e~planefsyit or yti t
be exercised by the city in.the view of the Fort, Cube line, and tion.
type of directional signs'that are City Ga tes from U. S. 1. Unless GEORGE W. SIMONS
Friday Afternoon, September 1, 1961 THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD PageSeven
. . . ~ ~ :.:::'
i J~. j. c'r ~ t.At.
-I I j Where And Who? Old
1A X_- 4 .
'jfiE Maps Tell The Story
.I- r Who lived at the corner of ably no one map could be more Hypolita and St. George in Old than a snapshot of a ohc ng
i i St. Augustine? What kind of a scene, but we do not even have house did he live in? How many this.
houses were there in Old St. Auo ~ ,z +.. ~gustine? Questions like these The Second Spanish Period haunt those trying to develop a
restoration plan for St. Augustine. Maps supply the bulk of One map, that by Manuelde
:! ++: + such information. Study of old I Rocque, serves to make up for maps has therefore been a part all the disappointments of earlier
R~ %Ocqtue -17,9& of the Restoration Commission's maps. In 1788 Roque surveyed research program. and measured the streets, lots
Di : rsac and buildings. He tells the owner, Rarely in North America was the construction matri, the
?: a city mapped as* often and as number of stories, the condition
eila Roque's detailed map of 1788 shows every house, keyed to a descriptive list. (Street elevations bordering top and bottom of page a have been projected from this,) Map tonsi- thoroughly as St. Augustine. Fr- and something of the roof matunately many of, the Ancient toriale fur coach huildiog in town.
ite hstriepal bass of restoration program. City's maps have survived and Further, his map even shows have been collected by the St. rooms in the buildings. No
Augustine Historical Society and modern map shows this mch!
the Castillb de San Marcos Li- Further his measurements were
brary. very precise. One gets a rose
match with eistin streets and
The First Spanish Period hioche. Archamlogicol diggsoge
H w Do You Restor A "Livng Cty" p,.ir., +A~une7B)Roqueor ,,,,i ws n.
verify Roeque' o pi....
i in g iTo date no really good maps What kind of city was this that prior to that of Arredondo (1787) Rocque portrayed? It was in
have been located. Thus there is real sense, All American." The
a definite paucity of information people were Spanish, English
$+i~~~ ~for most of that long periodfrom Minorcan and fo m the new
SHow does one start turn ane with the new City Plan. felt that the St. George Street reconstruction which will not fall omy of St. Augustine. It is not 1565 t 1768. However, we can United States. Its street plan and
a entire ty backward intime? These areas were blocked out, business area will gradually alongside such a route. These, merely dreaming of a restored visualize the town an the Span- fort were those of the early First
Jo D. Rockefeler did it with as on the map below. It Is ob- change from one of retail stores would be seized upon when avail. colonial city because America d left it. Spanish Period. A wall and:moat n s it fo e ca a r extended from the Castile tothe a+;+viou ifson o'er forty il- vio.us that there will remain is- serving local clientele to smaller able, because the entire city is an needed it for educational reasons In 1761 Juan Joseph Elixio de San Sebasti an. Many f its hl e b lion dollars, to cream Colonial lands of modern high investment shops serving the tourists who ultimate goal-but one removed or because it can be the saving sla Puente catalogued the town had the typical Spanish baloonis
Wilam urg. St uppe business prope for many will be flocking in increasing by perhaps twenty, five years. o the tourist business in St. Au. providig a list of owners, lot and loggias. The Egli. had haven'tgot tht kindof captal, yers, eseciall aroun the n dimensions, and construction ma- built steep roofs~ ms bdd havn't ~ot I at kid e'eapialt, years, especially aoed th3 numbers to visit the Restoration (Colonial Williamsburg is now gUstinohut planning exactly how dimensions rostrotl n ma huitetp0om oshn ciildPlazaandgne St. Georgo St. and areas. These shops can be readily more than 25 years old, and not the changes it propoes can.be leriale This list is keyed to a ings ut some flat ro e.... a '" accomodate in th smallr co-integrated into a new and more, rather poorl, drawn map. Thus mie 'e t and wa to reti a "living beeen Treasury and Hypolita accommodated in the caller o- complete) In the meantime,a pic ntstd into anew and e rat poorl d awn m p Thus maed. oquna was used with n ltlon suctures. prose rous community, in a se- th exact location of the houses stuco but also wooden huildin i lonial stuctures ture should be formed for the vis. P. .. + : +. ..s CC C gs
0,s. .. rppe nl ic u aresef t ar nhinet-orit e o f Old St. Agu lstine, using rsof s tages over the neSin Is 4idfIt.l Hon er, the general were common. A ga t e irst redevelopmet area The firstreabihtti0n area en- i many a possibleof the exst decades. I -ractero the na e ppa ent, Barracksto d at theSut end o d . o i oe w hee it can ha hoped e og o houses ane re Id crs mane of tow. The catb81.w. s .he .g
des in Ihe past information is tat al hose ees than a hn losnialbuildings alog Avile n d in th others alone the y action maps, showing not only the y.with s werea in o ofe les dr it som bl dred eurs od ould be remov- Ch rlott te t to cplm t with several buildings. "ho e ur's nreeos tn a 'tytang b a in se reple li t build- the many existing ones, for both Proaly few if any of the re- I o valuations of property 'lived where" waa fairly well exteni wh or the I e t qantity 0t make n Ths ld 00 do ithe resident and shops. This can be store nd reconstructed houses thought thecity, bud "improve- aswere. so d. Warehosee n aro
authentic restoration possible. ment" valuations (since man y'of.? ~81 ilg~ ~ ~ ~ ~
ythe ommision hr bypri- de on a. piemeal hasierater would, he opent the toui c so.n( aWe s rm t ac i wae r a~e's map ofSt. Augu05n at onre. Snc rieplaement then on arso approach, and is There is perhaps enough cow e- the existn bhuidings nould havc ee e aeohrmpstuon ugsieo 7
in 1788, with the supplementary out the picture. A map of 1764
l iIncrese values sustan- hence thou ght of as rehabilitation tion or the tourist ad mission to be removed in order to recono musm ef all th w l
data 't behd seet e struct). It has, plotted the 'con. b atlososhue u o
~- dat he iseme toset tially, and it is therefore argued rather than redevelopmen. The dollar now. And there is little s ). It has plod the. my stello Hons hss hutm ofuse l
thatrs perio aisur oa posbeonuseeprrylnueo eitn
pend~ as poesilie os to that piva e owners could actu- Catholic Church has already be- purpose in repeating the same gives sizes and shapesuse f existing or better than haseo faousr.
re ermor, It ally gain by cOOpe ratio n with gun a program if change and im. kind of visitor experience over structures, and evaluated them gves siAs and bha es center than
pe llygan b copeatin wthPuente. A map by Mloncrid in The AinericinPro Hod wh ich refle cted the t the Commission program. A. provement on its roperties near and over; the result is often re- for condition. All this is the kind 165 o w m, lots, ownerif and
uniue. characteristics of a city dyteCterlt mrv t e.of data which must be gathered
ne haractrim s c o ready one large hotel group is the Cathedral to improve its set section, of everything. Restored o data hic must e gathe ouses as they came into British 1834a survey was made to
passing~~hose aso theyis ram ing Oritishltedfrsbeoe nag In 183d'a no p as ad t s ssing o Spanish to Eng- considering rebuilding along the Sing. St. Augustine, will, after all, be and plotted first, before an agen- ownership. The mysterious "Mr. aid in determining legal wnerohan hkto Spanish hands, 1788 poe for a md m- a "Living City," and there will cy which hopes to build a 20th Fish" shows up as a major land ship so that the tangle of claims with the colorful story involved tor hotel. This kind of private mWhat course might the primaryll be need for many shops and of- century city, can know where to owner. The pattern of gardens and counter-claims atendan S planning in ooperato i e p twoi the ol fices serving the tourist, and dict its effot. This i he kind is displayed on a 1765 map by de upon the Spanish withdrawal +:?fn''.~th th hanged,+ both lhistoricly planning ins coerto wfewydw oth Ods fi fort necesr to+ kin.
and architecturally. the Commission can produce re H th, way down to the est homes for those who wish to live of information necessary to in- Solis. Although his gardens may could be clarified. The resulting markablaay. t e result n a short time. House," to create a visitor's path- here for long or short intervals. terest private donations, venture be over-elaborate, this map d es Where would you start? makable results in a short time. way"? With the new delop- The housing needs will grow with capitalor government appropri- show the kinds of "back yards" picture of lot lineand owpersi
Probably where land values are The second redevelopmet area ments on northern St. George St., the growth of both the tourists tion. It is a practical, business- which could have existed in the pattern but, unfortunately, opes
l ow, and building in a state of and the poecieredevelop- like approach to an educationalpatrbuuf
lwiand hr diing in tot he is one where problems are great d the prospectiv redevelop- and the numbers who serve them. I apro ta ecoa period no S how buildings. Other maps in
bligghert or daiodi htl woreidaISincudemjbuttrcturemre ofthe Musonofnktweeowhrewhosere Sowlocnkaprachto n cuctccal ored.actshoow ildbgildhinmgpsi er. It includes major structures et of the Mnon blok, we Craftsmen and many others will project. It endeavors to set the these early American years were t : a here is also a group of historic auchaa City Hell and the County could hope to direct the course of went to live near or at their oped-for project into the stream Our knowledge of St. AugusoOuses. The area between the Building. While generally conced- the Restoration along St. George shops of modern economic change, and tino in thc firat Spanish period taken from She Clmnt itr.
City Gates and Cuna St. seemed ed to be outmoded, it will take St. from the City Gates to Cuna direct the latter, in part at least, s better than one might hope So, while letters and travelers to qualify first. But looking longer to relocate these facilities, St. or Hypolita St., jogging over The Commission is now in pro- toward the accomplishment of its but poorer than one would want. accounts, as well as a few sketahad i eeedposbl't lyOlder maps would be desirable, ches, depict the AneBlu Si lod t aeemad po nile to lay and to convert the busineshuild. to and up Charlotte St. to the cess of making a series of. uture ends. Many a historic restoration r0der maps would to dtrn lo ceg, depict th Ant llum St
:~ij~: tler areas which one coulld adt ovr h uiesbid Greater accuracy in triangulation Augustine the map sources are
out othe aest w c o oings to small shops serving the Plaza; then up Aviles St. to "land use" maps to show how project has languished or perish- oul A un to p
op:e Scta eonokl, otcp yatip n tourist trade. Bridge, and Charlotte (or Ma- every reconstructed house could ed trying to buck the natural and and measurement would make not o helpful
the rnalu economic evolution rine) to Pt. Francis. There are be used for a purpose which would inevitable course of twentieth cen- possi' le precise locations on the After the war pictures and
e(: i : of the ity proceded in accord- In line with the City Plan, it is many historic opportunities for fit into the expanded tourist econ- tury development. But not here. up of today. The mp do not dranagl ogth permit a close Sell out She nuwher of sltos. portonyal of the city. Rut it Is
the kinds of rooms, the doors and a city with a blossoming tourist
iIwindows or the condition of trade, new hotels, rail and ferry i~iIR +houses in this period. Written lines--a city in which the 'aient documents must be depended land marks fight for survival.
upon ond it is unlikely that suok This fight continues. The fcw
can be found for every one of buildings which can be traced
the several hundred buildings of back to the ancient maps are
Re-deelm ent Are o + o .Theis period. Ptoratened it h either desco tion or alteration.
The Eglis Perod St St. Auguatine could oncme
otclt '.hb a a pilgrimage goal for all America. Rehobiitotio Ae iMaps such as those of Moncrief Unlike Williamhburg, it repreii;: and de Solie show us the be- sets somueh ofthegreatvarioty
eouve some maps after the end if ever th .nient heart of the
o the period. But to date no city were rebuilt to its ancient
sap has been found to show the pattern the business for the encity midway in the British c- ti community would boom as
cc patton. Such maps would be never before. With large amounts
interesting for those were excit- of capital this could be done
ing years. Houses were being torn rather rapidly. Whether slow
!log as Sho v uilt Rmaoel or apid the planofos such goal i w t vg as the Roglish is knoed upon nls o h d
put their stamp ontho om maps. Of these the Rocque Map
ty. The Minorcans came to town. of 1788 gives the most complete
The American Revolution was ive She ostnnlts
F fought and barracks were built. picture of what the Old City was OLD ST. AUGUSTINE Ships brought settlers aed goods. liher Refugees from Georgia and the
STe mpor ay Business Streafes PROJECTED DEVELOPMENT Carolinas glutted the town. Prob- JOHN S. DUINLE
lResferalen planning map divides the city Into zones representing preliminary propasals for restoration activity, Progress is expected to be feater in areas where land and improves 5011 valeadees are' lowest.
Page Eight THE ST. AUGUSTINE RECORD Friday Afternoon, Septembee, ,!9E Page Eight .. ".,i,!
.Bay Street FromTreasury Street To Cuna Street "
The Bennett Hotel has been purchased by the, National traffic and parking patterns in front of Castillo de San Mar- Monson Hotel demolition in underway. The Comm.ission existence in 1788, adapted to 'a modern motor hoteL Park Service and is being demolished to permit alteration of cos. hopes to arrange rebuilding of this block with structures in
~: 7T, 7
Spanish Governor's Palace, which was rebuilt as U.S. Gov- Bishop's Block, owned by the Catholic Chues e k1 ernment poatoffice along lines of the old Mansion, which Twentieth Century buildings for their stores to help blend in as outmoded and unsafe. The Commission a reh now emerged to view as Binhop's Block disappears. New, are crumbling all' nve cen teatl T~J better with the ndjarceni rastar. ing of 1788 structures on St. George Street forsap i 'low buildings on old corner site would retain original open t. Augstione to mahe way gor g f ation areas. The Commission has additional buildings for offices in inner court d feeling around Cathedral and Mansion and preserve view. an 18th century future. Two of not encouraged further investthe largest, bny-frang bntet- ph mont in properties in the firat outmondedbymotorcourtdvelop- ILahgos) n RU a nie &aIshiL restoration project areas, where mient-are slated for demolition all modern buildings will be rein 1961. The Catholic Church has begun to e m ov e antiquated with the Zoning Commission on moved, but it has recognized that ;removed the massive Bishops dwellings, and to confer with the proposed new buildings and al- it will be many years ofre the Block at the corner of St. George Commission as to their replace- terations. Some of the more vio- main retail center can be moved and Cathedral Streets, revealing meant With replicas of the harm- lent departures from colonial St. out of the historic area, in acthe handsome Post Office build- inog original Spanish colonial Augustine architecture-specified cordance with the recommendaisg, modeled after the original homes sod goeres. by the City Code-bane hero tios of the City Plan. Jo the Ysnarsin (Worth) House, alter naodemnation, in removed Governor's Monsion which stood The staff of Iba Commission avoided. And several merchbants eantime, iooprovrements of build- St. George Street home, neighbor to the Arcivas House hut anstreet byownerrand ishbeingcre-rected alongariginal oa ths site. Private owners have has been moat active, worhing have developed "Spanish" fronts tog facades hove baen welcomed. vacant and deteriorating in demslishedhyaw nnoaeu eolnnial pattern., erat en with the Gommission program.
MF a i
Marine S*e rm ai tee oAtllr;Ln