Section B


Material Information

Section B
Series Title:
Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board Newspaper Collection
Uniform Title:
St. Augustine Record, Historical Restoration Issue
Physical Description:
Newspaper ( donor )
The St. Augustine Record


General Note:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
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Dedicated to the Best RESTRATION
Interests of ThisISU
Oldest CitySetoB


St. Augustine Restoration Reaches Into This Great Nation's Past

Florida Found; Menendez Is Drake Attacks St. Augustine Restoration Old Glory Is WarBetween Flagler Era Is
Ponce de Leon's Founder Of And Sets Fire Is Sponsored By Carnegie Floating Over States Over; Launched Here
Feat Recounted St. Augustine To Old City Institution of Washington St. Augustine Peace Reigns With Luxury
St. Augustine, Florida, 1565,--On St. Augustine, Fla., April 19, Date of 1513 Is Fixed in the28th day of August, St. Augus- Member of Company Is Six Hundred Years of History Now Being Re- Stars and Stripes Now s.The WarBetweenthe States Ma
National Con- Florida coast after a most discour- Vivid Raconteur of constructed in Colorful Oldest City Replace Banner of tle sle wgd nio For o endin Ol St.
aging volage, fU ie tts state supplied the Confederacy with
sciousness We went ashore at the River of Raid Spain beef, corn, cotton, salt, and leather. Augustine Dolphins. The following is the sa ti 1lri Jand e in S t dgsto e There has been tany a tense mos t d b t t M e S i dt ion MendoToa give to th peo e o St. Augustine la.adh.n.n y ment when the ritiz e mf thS o toU FROM HISTORI Y hu fhe esaOain, e-s ieu n Das o e r e e. Historical Restoration is la hing back more lha ln six hun- S havig edl u r r o the waited to knowi f e u ha s c tR k ty garding the founding of the new ome o rs dred years into the history of this vicinity in order go present United Statwh on Jdelayy 19b thfo wineou aign sstin the deepest night CIndins ere 60 a Ao i Makdr Sin itor Liv A
d uaoniandale d for sn Stt. t which he o ad gigantic s m od one e ita w rhic cyin an re the ctures w c he recded Htoyy. isod imoatin explini t he we, a abeoplee to e ong ;f te frues t hesu ..e .a onoonfbrilugust nde. r the shore still in sight the 28 of of the development of this en gl .0sin, 1 this e whatfw e re to an s gtthe to g et c rney c ho to nr lte s ah fucro t
of Ancient l is- t hinaturay, thetd oA Sep M u early i n the morning, wee Special Edition to give to the people of St. b fugustiu tur dcyor ofs an e at ivaii neede si tany dep men tu Spaprplids. an

too 101t threm nemg teAmerca t qary of th atviyear:"Itcreired bu maliagn-agwretknevr ncnostsprohooayretriseBitofNtonycnpelalfomtepatbteecnb uroninuuritisblevdtataFenha
torahn Our ady, thegreat captain dise- like ... Be....cono, which w snd the entire Nation, insofar as. is possible a.....prehensive has relinquished -fo...... her claims niinslfor the Confederate army. itrcC y
barked with n umto ou bapictu dis- ec wffoild edCionn oie s lonmsur e view of th ubape, the philosophy, the methods of tesearch to the town her knights founded ene wiso b ae rlled that on March
T l t played, trumpets and other martial ied o d f t ois and the plans of this program which is concerned primarily two and a half ienturis g T h e, 1862 the Uion forces threatFria, -n Aril we .- msic. resoudin, lan amid salvos oeseanwnar, Obeeniel t- withe the.... porrain ofnc that hitr by masoandeutwfrts sunee. firs ...... .. U1........
coeeda new idannmed it ofatley e Flur-de- gaid ofii~ ~ndni Frace andJg~~ie
W na me it so ry~ngc~ p beas : t udehof tbiertie bdeg)reestr ver prtetervtion adnterpretatin0ofYitsphysal6rema ins. thellw stnadofSangaenvl omna t Rdgershe: L!'adn~
it is, sigh. ....n head, chanting the hymnede D)eum mnend r m in .. .. tU theshet tutin of .. Wsi gto ieae ac ladis wain at. las ..... ue hai ant might be wo oe to .. .. ... all-heis
fresh woodlands and i is level and Lauda .... The Adelantado marc.h- wene marce ucaommn g te s.rie r .... "Patri _ots" ttioe nterestedhintspopo s b ar .... and ymatlize th e Northern hauiansbut his o .. omplea-thog vetbuetri o
smooth; and also because we is- ed straight up to the cross, togeth- siWde to ..see wh at place th ...e e ri pt ieitro et d N t hin roommt ebd wstet an..d spt io .ymofz the ............pset when hes fonda th e w YoktS.Agutn rd
covered it at the time of Pascua de er With all those who accompanied he1l the; not eno n tm r r r poet toa mteeamns uad stegh adaprto f lce a up ewe n att e f or uw nd t .g9 or rveln iet SFlores (Easter),. Juan' Pocnce nd BeeingnhyInlk Effiegyan bewnd aeppoieoamnntaeads uunder_ the au....pthneduner.te outortyyougety oruongeeatontofthboagn oaf etorhe nowatdio.Aunstnesslancedotahee him;h aod kneonn thee all kisse had any knwldg thro at all. of the City Commission by Mayo 'eath. that it had been done by women of era f f
Kngto"en wse onm t te cross. Here the Generall tooke occasion[ao er. the ton "Te see to ms ake ne o emo a cn so, We wen.t ashore (inthe .......ty A .. In Old Plaza Walter B. Fr.......of which Dr. John The fora ceeoy of th e o hy t tk r h U" tA sm rf 1kdt h t 1 p h. ese ~ eo on s
tioes an~dtook formal possesson.Vof ed whteve ..dthey saw done. There- gral having t'heh Vantguard; and 17S6 _in l 775 cae ~th'e Amer" chairman. The firs~tmede ~ti g y i salute fired from.Castle San For the rest of the war, th~e cit Pc Poi r rtdf~ h:ts t
the land in the.n....... ou in pon Menenydez took possssio ogongi b ha mile upd or.....whatmo]re can Revolution. Of te fou....... National Committe on. October 26, Marcos a the istn ecanoote has remained under control of Fed- to Iersn nti.. iiu c
Ou~r three vessels had sailed ~om Majesty. All the officers then took cover- on the otherside of the river gained loyal. The thunders Of in3thendetermination to commeunefa d elaiveredt th e otne by ane paired, earthworks stehned faonr eayal.' rg ll~g San Jun ............ afternoonn, anoth Og of allegiance. to him as over agis a Fort, which newly .. ...ingto ...... Bunker..ill woke at onc 1" prlmiay historical Ameia o"fficr wa hoisted. ino and ba....cksbuilt. _is 1 g ""t u
Mar:ca.Onl T E yateur SudVw a heinr gene2ran ashdlantad f e e buF~ :ti~lt te Spanirds; ol reonih ve ec !hl~ oe al~ in S Au-sur e obehdiehctedaby tae 2 Is ti te Howsigi~famft~ aw td ev~er oConfederaten~ f oe pddAro:~ i~hisl
an exmn t h dcvr on On Stm r 10 the flet t e o he Frtwal l itl Ton or f "th e eve ih ul ciy ha man Dr. Ven E. dht n stf -tol dh cot rs ad at one
'April .. ... 2 ~ cam afe three.. . .. .. ... .. .. .. histori run French heetc Jea thaut wa t"g wihu wl ,bitowodAmrar oops ...... ed enea he ... "" p lyt "nth
voaedwthout difficulty util thy rahd uad the fleet wa pared to hav odinane for the the King of England. No Sons Par Service.n guards were relieved and te that n k.isn s gisda a s ar he esn l efnmso Apr 2,yael when all three vessels collectedCfor action, Ribeultefound- batirie" andVoe pnanwas a little of Liberty held conclave in T prkelnry~ suve .iat Spanish fo.........ched out past the Unio oficr ...... boldl thrugh thereitrhepgsowicae
: :we had the wind i n ... favor... g le. The tempest rendered the first shot being mad enby th enLieu- her p blc qu r e.r Loy al :s ern t.o l C o... mi.ttee in o g a uu y au~ ~ad te A. ... .n ....g~r I h.erL n a h t i sl n te is d b f t p dt l' lb t ~ ep e m aysre um a- U ie St.A g si e c a ten marchdirs. the faio usi~ f i i ii mromli e~ nn ~!

col no e. A lthoug hi t ynaseemed ship unmanaeble .and f ialytean gmewnrs hmsm e t teir on. ther ~r fit of June 1776 theWoUnd a on Marc 2,1937,. atve which Drame two old fortress.. we :Whrweengfrward the acu warete all ,Uat ifferenthponts Egrd t e through thet En- aso t izen joinued H in tek celeratr i nn bcoite reot er set Sem nol cW aron paluh ufiI .. ,. .... iM ae .Hthh.. .

rent was so. sro. gthatit. ws.. th casuhd f h e lower se n e'" T ay's gw..deeba erwards une- of the Kig' Bithay adnw ednd ted on ... ing wirth Unite Stte sloop wr reayth byv h !p d' ap 9]~nim 'e
sroeree tte wind. woo ou r Magt-a~nza ne.sodb a Frencha whic came fou wek lae or toay whe fac findingr. a whic outled rec o terapr the Sp ais rose n au ues ones e na vesl csanhrbut he cr ent Tshe fdelacard s relzn tha it ino us frmhem (ff o fh te t hav com fro Phla civi an I1d mltar oies n d the"ir h d u t d"S.Auutn
strindthe cabls. he a fle thir wu d ipsle gfor te legot hIn p the unehf th e drn e lpi oftf Deca to of In mo andoe del t he d etai aml ie to Spanis s o il... C tter .ain Ened Ao .. f ser euyo hsols iyg$

sle a.......ting ....,i n w o. .b:s W len r al toae kie Udr a c~ ltleo ing ecsnk.. .. .....d oarecommendations forod, hon tathame fu...ture l ri ry l sSoen Sp ~ ,en S~~
wsth an ul d notaiW anhd toar ack pFc f ot an owth an 'af awhzn elareas smle olethe urpe winter ocaed- phyia deeomn of St fs emked fo transprtati n, a l- nspaeu r udl er g. u ut7 fsae e dwhercmai haegnrlensomn ilb o o m .rm ermapae "" lrosftr win oran t llag e c rren aThnd l'h e o f athesity Isadt o exrs ter though th fotcaon retain pte Yt e arflc s wa s
1 h t iese peronsrce par ed ao t C p eeces M fod , m a-organze anaaet ne l ne ds o t ger e o ry o nDoa Bon "x h.. viw, atoniugh soth ay nwea's hl e 0 6 th e rowe rs a nd W en to vi ew h t anhcqiawlswt-h .. .e -hearad etes i h" udun a ng ,poo dbuntil ~~ o wsa astigoil a ccoun of t por fingers ohabuonsrewwntan need nou ffigy ee oe thew two prerb th iyCmi s etin. a nd a loca LPrtBolvend Hev Drai in ad 0 wihw.....wdat osr. arrire' (nh the sand "byals whic gur h e ne m g ept, asi aloto s ohn racok adstr e inot body......... .. "t. A s his ceemn mak .. ...... fufil h. teU M r. a v r
Atmp thi poin walls toPeug tae kol dge ofth egou nd Hid" y"sefetical P lnatngC of ColonYe l Butler'o s ssiigon; en and Millionso
oteso swntahrsm o ed wer And arnc essel he wea ase ah story as s th edin th forma- oe h ab e i cnt Auutn since s by Ininh attemted to sez loet th f ort M enede migh th y th di ftak t asing an nbh btt "'Y" -t h : tioB of. and inormyte buins May s th t a s an daO r m Ponec e e i o Ab... .tll i gre fal r t hatr the e nwol e Crour fortjud tote .vphs ca rry fatme id th een hs meorabl day be r oain t hetsofdiigou f D v sA t
tried toaidcnli ct, untils nh o see s fowdnze war ahb ing. oneo hbu oth e .as- againt Rhe pns st .... tion, w n~ e velomen t a rm i iwro (aderemt o c gasin when id St uthi laremnanTh of t e Inia stuc aalrvrt e h ea wihu manage wtout sam i sautw n d thrfr wit al snA a comt pa noram from ai s e ha nedo er S t Rorys Seinl Waga ne'fe n withoast ic an neary i lle to ism ies th e s dldir ben ver hotird a aned th pacet ae .he Onrc M4me heat the St. Auusin ine. th e tret f Pari in ,aye rs nms fextr orr war- r an u we ad to fiht Th Inin ahad t.. angth sc m a Frech- ofsmeo their pre.. s ..... lde ..t hores fA ria a t soca ton, the or 1763, ngln d a ing pr eviouslys inufrehdpoie o the emlomet otety .. .
bad othe arw an armed sarfrts ma he had withuhie as gue, The thu gon an b bein re "o e b 't^ u lines oerganizto orv the Frenh an d India War by thusn vounees th gener tu e er D ea with. oin. of ................... bon es fort ...... bu d n hmA ot trned] ...... aa nee ............. .... ...............lP........nhisorical h" f a rh s ie padessio .... [tieoffty iiotn of, dollrsend mr
fihv pis and o und t w i g als gon ahd,, ae wn of thir Rit frome t eaei oe runawa sla ises who perfc ean whic tim a cosdrabl poto fNrht e sarifiese of two tosan lis. n Catii ns Th e sa age th emsel e n up on e ur entine W ut Fot fotwt cam a ,rnhi Dr. fatei samed Direc o Amereets of St ug, u s e/estore d Janary 186 t stuts foul O t aeso reeie litl hur frmu ight- ned he fl A ugusinend being's P e *( fier one of the of the geeal ogr a fdeelac om p hat slathnd o Spaen an d -h dSpi in han ttevleo oe.w aeji hergmn f g. ert s, in eSt o Agsie ere falsopet b a ttle',eandth thth r' Frenc gatrjin. mh siciann ish ab r ofm g~v hhte~gshe Batris Besiege Old ofti ect, iding t ue isn oflaeugr ga te rtEngland Ther throw iS anntotrepidainaey e re intage Adnoestao broghOt ur s we....ytxlo uretherr annn p a e atd M..fatazas ceInlet p os ...ponedssesesioeyns in hFlosoryadida....o oost ............ retfo isw .. itl
er~~lm: scouy andaganaCe~ wnithao ut eiating~ hV~ e m ..a rude n it e a farinu~ ffFoiai h 'g leunge~ rsa r chin tiv Wity. ~ Thi pef~m h be-conl rod th[os. sinsof Indein and ofv t.e BY d A ugsc..Fa, 68--


Florida's Railroad History Should Be Carefully Preserved

1001 Years Of iFlorida's Great Benefactor O iAuguati .R a.d PalatkT ram "in .ay to stetad aiteoa b ada.
earsrii a oa bad condition, the embankments Trai Reached pletei ha+o o
0 Y a Of very narrow and the road poorly morn thatth, hedoles were City W ditched. Som por...tion requ..iring D y I '8 ; not inerped1uha ... Rail History make it safe." 8ih

By 1889 the entire road bed be--arrivedia oa tyMaaday. Mr.
Narrow Gauge ____. St. that and y orhek Is Rehearsed had beenreconstructed for a dis- e
tance of 25 miles, embankments ohan aaoatyaamatter ofhaidnne atpl fiftee fee andidl flio-ofi In 1877 Horse-Car L i Interesting Facts Are wideoeddto flftena fTt aadthOr- Later Became Part Of plete te o h Day pame In 1877 Horse-Car Line ~~~~oughty ditced. The Sao SehaatianBpatth oh.Thtiyoappr Ran Into This Old- Found in Old Rail bridge was filled inA for a distaao of Flagler Interests on gaaa oa to aay:
ot 500 feet. Atao450 feet of "Th-oogh traios roo Daytonato
est City Report the Dep Creek trestle wo filled East Coast St. Aogotio .. flrat aperatad
___i. after the atoodaod gaoga ohange ia Tho oidon h onJo homrtta1890. Mr. Whita operated tha road
Tebridges between Jacksonville 1890.n BahOsrer ewe DyoaadPaak ni
DESCRIPTION GIVEN STANDARD IN 1889 otd St. Augustino were in a very The Daytona Seach Oh saer hot ae Dt ansd Ptotha atbad condition and "all the timber edited hy T. E. Fitagad, oa Jo00- 1889
entirely too light for locomotives". ary 4th, 1936, issued an historical sonvilte, Tampa nd Kay Want RailOther Primitive Means of Entire Road Bed From Few of the bridges "had pile edition whioh dotad a goeat dal may, and shortly theofe to the foundations", the majority of the of space to the ado-nt of the float iateoestn con0rolled hy Mr. Flagloo. Transport Preceded Here to Palatka stringers resting on "mu sitts". train that ran. into Daytona Dacem- Mr. FlagIe had previooaly acqoiood
Flagler Regime Reconstructed Doriag tha year 1889, ott of th ber 2,1887. This was the St. Johnswaeahip of the nar gauge
F rRgmReosrce teutind wohe moy a 389 an o and Halifaalx River Railroad. road fom Sooth Jachonvitle to St.
trestles and water ways, 39 in numher, had been rebuilt and bulk- In this connection the Observer Augstina an alt os a 6-iaoh By Arthur L. Marsh Some very interesting facts on headed, and now admitted, "the said: gauge oailroadfrom St. Angnntine
Sixty years ago, railroad facili- early railroads in the vicinity of St. p,.sing of the heaviest engines". "There still resides in Jackson- to apaintantha St. Jon Stoe ties in Northeen Floridawerelimit-____ed. In 1877 there waa onlt- Augustine recently found while ville Myroan L. Howard, the con n th nf Palatha. Mo. Hoad and searching for historical data are Catrr e d thefnta an ar tainS "horse-car" railroad into St. Augus- arofa h Early Cars Used On to ntor Da t a and Edward S Flage tert until th af tine, the St. Johns Railway. Into cadition of the otd Joac ite, St. Florida Road Built Spencer, who was at the time suJacksonville, there was only one. ugustine and talifax River Rail- perintendent of the railroad. Mr. "Mo. Speerreatenanomher nf railroad, the Florida Central. One way that operated between Jackson- At Busy Fernandina Howard, now 68, is in the real estate interesting human eapeeiences. He ran from a landing on the St. Johns ville and St. Aagustme pri or to business, while Mr. Spencer, fiae recalls that during tha yellow gao-n River to the oldest town; the other 1889. The report states nhat "on years his senior, is engaged in the apidemhc at Jaehsonville in 1888,the con from Jaohkso-ville to Lahe City, February 3, 1889, the gauge of this The early passenger and freight building supply business." town ouncil of Daytana panned an where it connected with the Jack- r-ilroad formerly three feet was cars used on the Florida Central The railroad was built tthe To- ordinance prohibiting the teai sonville, Pensacola, and Mobile Rail- made standard". This necessitated and Peninsular Railroad Were built moka Riverin ,adpaeng frm coming into Daytona i i made, atnoe" Thina wereitte tradsfeire to Railoa andehusst which terminated a mar- that the "entire thirty-six miles"of warn trannfered ho hach, and pasned through Demand atanped hoochee. Both lines wa r in miser- narrow gauge road which was in Fernandina, we are told. The ferried across the rioer, as they slower than three milan an hao abn on ditin gnd a trip o. them operated at that time, "be taken up former were beautifully finished in- w ar when Dupont was the suthern "H al r.colleot, an 4nBtanae was any thing but pleasantand tored-th aria onit- native woods, natural colors terminus, and brought to Ormond whenMrs.U.JWhitdesirdt gettingn aS lato iner S r Agte b-curly pine, cedar, sweet gum, red and Daytona, U. J. White built the give a paety at the Hotel Omond,
woo, at that time, noe whos tha and spikes". bay, etc. railroad, which was financed by a She seotfor Me. Spenco, anhadhim while the terminal at Jaohsonite "At St. Augustine the main track There were no water colercs Wall Street operator, "Deacon" S. to gather alt the young people ha was ear the foot of Hogan Street. on extended from Orange Steet those days, but once in a while a V. White, no relation to thelbuilder. could Sad, and hrtog them to the
To reach Savannah from the oldest Depot to the New Union Depot, a anamcagwitha ot pat- teats 0. Wiltauma, a resident aS OrmndHotelnnnacialtrain.He town required twenty-four hours to distance of one-fourth of a mile. At able tank, carried on the arm like St. Augustine for many years, was sent out twunne s, and by 8 g tn as fra J acsonvil e, the an [ the St. Augustine Passenger Depot, a basket, and a glass or two, for engineer of that first train which o'cloob that eoeni g had gathered additional fifteen bourn to henoc a plotfor was laid hetweon the the thirsty ones. The water was of ran into Daytona. together ahoot 100 cuplen, and the Sadoanonah The trip to Lobe City traos, thirty feet wide and floe the same temperature as the atmos- It is interesting to note that the train deported over the So-, miles of Saantohourn t e m Jason- hoodr o and twenty-floe feet tong. phere, but it was as wet as any, schedule from Palatka to Daytona tra to Omond. They daned Villa. To re A Theewellsfor wter supplyoat and that sufficed. The track was was three hours, but in the winter untilll11otaowhenaruleogthe rirad a To rs tach Jackstin." No A o waer sopl ao very rough, the more so because a fast train was inaugurated with :hotel requred lights tohb put ant landed at Total, "thence by train." New Augustine were sunk and
Prior to 1877, a "tram-car", pulled boxed, each sixteen by sixteen and the 'fishpteo did not alto at a schedule of two hours for the 52 at that houe. The young pepte by a mulehad been the nly mode twelve feet deep. Depots were built suspended joints, but had to be on miles,. were nti amoodtogotodso Hat Bowden, South Jacksonville and ties. For that reason the springs It is evident that youth had its they at road in the ta ta Daybetrnspottai b tthetac had HENRY M LAGLER Syard." had to be kept from breaking by day then, for Mr. Howard as con- tona, re ted from hod Hs. Fannie a small steam locomoti vetandsoan, JANUARYs. an-noon, In New Augustine, "the yard means of solid rubber cylinders, doctor, who brought the first train M.Daidon mothrnoMrn. anh asmn ar stela d l tio and pan- 'across the river"-consisted of six about 10 inches high and the same to Daytona, was only 17 years old, W. Pope, and a musician at her iange r ear replaced the "mute-o ie"r
Trains to New York went to Live More than 50 years ago Henry Morrison oIagler came to St. Augustine, and showed to the people a sidings, "all laid with 30-pound a diameter one was put inside at the youngest passnger eonductor day), gathered at Jacksons Hall, Oak, to Dupont, Ga., then on to new way of life and living. His work here launched a tremendous period of development and expansion rails." The new and old yards to- each eliptical spring. But soon in the United States sonth of Wash- and danod until daylight Savannah, Charleston, Florence, that was to extend over the entire state. In any preservation and restoration program, the memory of gether, at St. Augustine, consisted these shock absorbers lost their ington, and east of the Mississippi "Mr. Hard relates that n and Wilmington. it was necessary Mr. Flagler's tremendous work must be cherished, and never lost sight of. of eighteen sidings, while at Jack- elasticity, became packed and as River, while Mr. Spencer as su- tickets wera sldin the eartydays-frtheoahpasengestaochanga in .o- g Thetsonville there was 5,660 feet of 60- hard as wood, which did not make perintendent at that time was nut until after an agency was establinhf a nd r to an x ra n t alng. Thedroad theseat ide of the St. Johns Riv... by all the roads runing into St. pound and 1,390 feet of 40-pound riding any eanie. The absence ofd T21. toarymuchpaper train, hod boo ra ha an on s rwn an t St A gas the St. Augustine Augustine. This depot was used by ;steel. brakes on the freight cars-the The Observer says that Mr. Span- money at that time, and Canductr setsn f tuycardwh s and e tras- epidemic of intensive railway con- and Palatka Railroad. There was four small railroads, the Jackson- The report further states that only ones being on the engine and cer relates shortly after Henry M. Howardwasoligedtonayaconsetso trcas amn gaheel to ans- struction had invaded the territory. a branch to Tocoi, on the St. Johns, villa, St. Augustine and Halifax when acquired the road between St. passenger cars-made it difficult to Flagler acquired control of the road siderable nnmher of nit-er "carD tao the oars from oae goug to an- A person did not have to be bumped a distance of 12 miles, known as the Railway, which had now been made stop trains at the proper places. in 1889, the gauge was changed whees" far chan in collecting ether- W ood-bareng loaomtevs and jerked into the Oldest City. The St. Johns Railroad. At this time standard gauge, the St. Augustine They often went by stations and from 36-inch to standard, turns. The railfare from Palatha pnlad nmall, woden. coaches, cot little "coffee or" had been re- additional narrow gauge roads were and North Beach Railway, the St. except the conductor. Brakemen, had to back up. Firing a wood- The method in which the change to Daytona Rach wan than $2.50. openplatformn andwithout tan- placed, and gustine had be- ,acquired by Mr. Flagler, and with Johns Railway, and the St. Angus- firemen, and even the baggage burner was a more artistic job than wan effetad might ha of interest "Soth Mr. Spencee and Mr. uirious conveniences gun to grow. the construction of numerous short tine and Palatka Railway. The master at times, aided in pitching cracbed up O he. The sticks war, The Daytona Beach paper says: Howard wee suflicientty familiar ea s Fortunate northern Flor- stretches of roads'at East Palatka most patronized road at this time "titered knots" into the tender and not shoved in end foremost, They "Mr. Howard as conductor and Jim with drioing a locomote tab, 'in Foid, especially the Northet ida and the East Coast, Henry M. and St. Augustine, were later con- wis the St. Augustine and North the firemen who had to feed the were thrown so that their middles Brennan as engineer came into Day- chargeof on in anomeegenoywban .setionFof the State, maybe divided Slagler began to develop the ter- averted into standard gauge lines and Beach Railway which ran to North fiery maw of the engine with fat hit the lower edge of the firebox tona one Saturday evening, im- necessary. Oe Mr. Hoad into three periods. ritory, and the early railroads soon consolidated into the "East Coast Beach, called in later yeara th, wood had no soft snap. These old door, which gave them a swinging, mediately picked up all n...c pulled a Negro Sunday a sonn Farst, weohad the mule, boa r entered into another period. Lines". Shortly after Mr. Flagler "Original North Beach". It was wood racks were great aids to farm- forward motion, piling them ro- gauge rolling stock from the ari- from Daytona to Pata, nd rtram-carperiod. RNt, we bad the 'en St. Johns Railway purchased the St Johns Railway, a advertised as the beach of suburban er who picked up fat wood on their wise to promote huening. A slled ouS sidings, and taok it to Palatka. turn ha atllwad the frman in pull wend-hurnorn, andonext the prennant Inn 188 theg PrAdn' affil equipment ith the mnte h 1881theiPresidentwsffieoatf part of the track was abandoned, residences, with charming ocations farms and carted it to the "racks", old fireman could cause 'the -sticks As they passed northward in h, ut of h yd while h cllctd day"Pion ei ot leaing a portion tweepm Tocoi foiwhintr an smmerlhen receiving about six dollars a court" come into any part O the fire- night, rews werean all ang the thefareSandtenhlimbedno-erh coaad oierers. laldineenril in Jackso ~ill.. R ichaord MeLaugh- Junction and St. Augustin to be had loN taxes, good m~a n the Stfor a lawslctd evn oto ewe ooifrwnjradsme it bo-_wnedt.tak1ed ocanefo nro ed oads" ween fot laid to Western lin was president, William Astor used as the railroad running nto St. sorfacetwell water, and ad a rmei t anlria between tee r 183 n Jooju tae RihodMtuhiuainan tAgsakt ohdpid
183, and those were the days when and J. F.D. Lanier, New York, and Augustine from the west. and easy access to St. Au ustie by th t brains aaisted 0f a dinkey John Westcot and J. Hallw. Old Depst Located on Riberia Street all rail, or by water. The do ..
engine, with a couple of combina- were directors. Henry Gaillard was According to some of the old resi- bridge over which the train ran, was tian enrs. Theairsnt roa was built generatfreight andtict agentaup dents who werei-ing inat oiinto tinted as being exactly fou iloes to connect the ports of St. Marks to May, 1880, The headquarters of of Orange Street, the original depot north of the Post Office. and St. Joseph on the Gulf. The the auditor was Tocoi. Several for St Augustine was located on Railroad Transportation Has Seminole Indian War and the panic forms of tickets were issued by the what was then caled Woodall Changed of 1817 caused the abandonment of St. Johns Railway in 1886, cover- Street, now called Riberia, and as Railroad transportation has ranother road that was to have been ing four points on the St. Johns located between Orange Street a tainly changed in the pas0 fifty
built from Jaeksonvill to Talla- River. The most interesting ticket Grove Avenue, at a point approxi- years. When one sees a modern hassee. In 1858, the St. Johns road issued covers a "special limited mately 200 ft north Of the old moat, streamlined string of rolling had been chartered, and partly built ticket" for one first-class passage on the east side of the street. Upon palaces streaming through the Tb, Union troops destroyed it due: fram St Augustine 0 Orage PoohI completion of the oew Union Depot woods, making hotwcoo sixto- and ingtheWar. Also during theWar T:agnolia, Green Cove Springs and on Malaga Street, which is the seventy miles an hour and rolling the railroads in North Gaogi Palatka, for account of the Jack- present depot for St. Augustine, the as smoothly as if on rubber, his played their pat in transporting sonville, Tampa and Key West Rail- old depot site on Woodall Street mind reverts back to the old fashtroops for the Confederacy, and rec- way. Another ticket read from St. was abandoned, and the building ioned wood burners with bulging ords indicate that the roads in the Augustine to West Tocoi, for a used at that time was moved across smoke stacks that used to clatter Sutat eas ad inty "special limited passage", and was the street, and is now owned by a along the rails at thirty and forty .Sou ea it had not hoes far the printed under the name of the Saint local resident, miles per hour, stopping every fifty
railroads, perhaps, progress in the Johns Railway of Florida, dated New Union Depot miles or so to "wood up" at some South would not be so far advanced. March 14, 1886. F.M. Clark was The new Union Depot as it was rack beside the track. "Wooding Meantime the Northern States general ticket agent at that time. known, was built by Mr. Flagler, in Up" those days was a job dreaded had advanced considerably with St. Augustine's First Railroad thelateB0's, and waste depot used by all hands of the train crew their railroad construction, and Time Table
were running trains long before a On December 1, 1888, a narrow
locomotive reached the Southern gauge line operated into St. Augustecritory. Ia 1832 the Central of fine from thesouth side of the St.
Gaegio.....gand, and theofirst osd Ji...bsra ilroa wst Aguo- S. ug~ t
rail wan tamped down in Satannah, tined the Visitnvithe Famousus
December15, 1835. Doriog 1831, tn Tin and Halifax Rio-cr Railway. VstteF m u
South Carolina, an engine hooted at hsodwao opened f.--amcomeDrais at oars o-e a sia-mite stretch. ni] ero-ice an June 18, 1883, andIL A ZO A YD A
Th.resprto...rirod a dvertised to 1884 as the "St.VI L ZO A D
The tue sprit o he ailod Auutine Route", Offices waco on
begun otter the CilWa.Te Jacksono-ille. W. Jero Green won
bad tracksrli ..dbe... Remrodcino h ol aosI T A G S I E

000- eitrndatotcieatyd. treasurer and general manger, and A ha bao Grnd Spi
ealyrioductionlri ... lamr of theaWoda FpamosnS AUSJI E
the real"pia......." Ncmex t th .D cel a .. PasO @
extend in all directions, Small table dated October 19, 188dn3oeho vst
stabasrnthe inside coute to showed seo-en station or stops ho- A gem indeed in the Villa Zorayan oty favst
S.ta..ab, and pro-war..nide-wheel titee St Augustin an..d Jachn.... and a pi, w.her ....a. mn while any hones..of interest, TH 1 1 l"to a
oeansteamshipratoav-annahMe Fil gler nesr dNrs nn teOdWof n stm iIi t rc i and Charleston. Alt tsraffic to paints asage urhssOdNarw i otemplntion ofteOdWrdspylas an uso wihroc taaite t Gauge Railrsad soth was wihrvrsemrte tw in-Mao- of 1886f that Mr. Interesting guides oil) make your tisit sne to bn remainthe small narrow gauge oaih'oadn
would carr y the settlers iota the Plagler ucae h ak.. le ee lasr :ne t ' intr or. Thcre wcce steamboat St Agustioe an Halifax Rio-or
lins 00ooee Coo-c Springo, Palat- Railroad, and to 1fi8 the rood beMsarecn City ntubaMore The tween bo uutieaa PltaonT O R '
feonil oat tppae atMonrd inTh
1837. Pram Rnterprise, freight was
New Smyrna and Titus-ille ad l 1 ~ *4
otepin ts u Thee lworn lion SilverA~- S 5. St. Augustine in the headqunrtnrs, summer and winter, nf a divarnified grnap af
wS enrin asug no e caledho Dennis Fotinso, Proprietor tourists snaking both entetainment and relaxatin. Wish a slrfs~l background
ceouhic the travel d o abd chitahdoiSre of enrly history the city offern many "different" spnts far the sightseer. -.... Oar net which tohe teel-ofae tK.. vrweefrteEcl ..
ncoayToae the co-hel-bans 0KonsepheefrteEelecof50benches na namsng the finest for bathing and driving..,- Golf, tennis, boating, and teitory adjaccnt to tho St. SEA FOOD PLATTERS"" Johns Rio-cr hate played pact to, 'Cooked ta The King's Taste" fishing, hnrseback aiding, and other shots san be had far your eanoyment. bistorp.
Nee opetheastf tFlorida~rs i A L SO A Delightful Place to Make Your Home ...

188 Tbll p eved ofte oilgodaen ut This interesting nity has become the permanent home nf many residents at athar 1885ap wil t a pop- etgeai Sot
pa hops a mat raot at s n ities and states who enjoy and appreciate the ecnomical living sonditins here, oferio froad relt to that o
thceto Sp 000i 185-torican Wa. +oto the heanlthy climate, nd tha pleasant friendship nf or penpie. We now hao-e listed t88c SansAmsequent Wear, Foeaml
1oadintod ht.cquottinate w rail- a number of cea) bargains in homes and hnmesitas which nan haprhse nmlagrOer...oradarAaagrtyeobotauesnmdtbeadpra aneet a )E C .. et amn pa' a r e o

coahcame ito use. The mute g a maseca hafdbte a tbandofd a n s o
too better to....portootos. foittia + E ,I g e n e ,h-The wood-bucotng eogines, at- -R-i though still nomewhat ccudo, 'were\\ clsn-nuss salshd19 making thatr wtay towardo the Oldant City tn the Unted States. ManyRetos-nurs..Eabihd19 of the norl- oettters coming to St. 65 KING STREET TELEPHONE 75 Augustine toll how that tora aer
yica had improved, and of lean din- ...

specimens Specimen of Timetable Over 30 Yearsa go ra ortaton ..h o ial fare.. pr ps IN TOOMATO CEMETERY
OfTSmetabmles ofOf 01d S ...i...Hr... 2 t S...... 't id

*Are )iscovered rII a 'aat ;)ri dg e itsthihad a ii Hr.... 7 'te th.. ith t ha e here tly Aic to thrviez setleen of was one,2.00." a

ld Railroad Literature ptr oert f aich to Se he Long-Tife Resm eet Rtaailroad ha lcatu d ts1 wo d ways f t rie s tiat peiod. The iady w"Ait 01ltc aivingdainathe ctJtity itia tat iiBu .S I aaay a
i:Interesting to Many *,,, call Primitive Ways S 'tae et a e tet tatt hSt ... uttetphtI...ild, baaati~!Ock- th died ad the imaportane t
People and M iotls S 3]guttie She Sa' tt r th t ite ta ... taat .... tta tit a t... the t ~ ldf ttlte
_______ 2.0 ndthe etteine tat tiat Johns 'tgtainasfraTco we ,dtshdfrhrrltissem
A atnt tite filttt ittioficeof HHt ta t f aiatastso small thai f a ith atth larcncine f to'- i aiatdttby te factthat intad
T Vttt 'trtii ......h ..i.. poraa i tati in the tttd the atet tdi ......t."fa.....d Feb 'Sbnala;
ia at Fioidaia East Ctasttiof St.Agsnea rontdb div thetitni ma 'fScostefite ie l e dsa fiFb. 7, 186". Only thate
alit el" tie a itthedritert wittotthettit train 17on stts "Mtrriea !'iba 7,al a 0
mateay tere't wat' lad ietysoe t i s ti tiy' tat rsLe'entsta' altit~aaittitdttht'~tt 'a ha e i le D tc e ir dS i i tt ti t a ata ittt ahetae at an ir wi ht ril d S t A te erat ea h ad a
-YS with emegenies

Oled R bhiyr ad y t hat de Tiaaear ti e S i 0 ten t s ie ala ith ttettattataaait tt sal a'ttettdrive aaas tahi S aienat
aInroaz ek t ing ea oal any maorddo the tripA rahod"Tyodo"hrs.A utn~S i. fm ak o ,ne y the St ohens fi is ~e d ythe on a itn Hia imotneoGewdigo leaders f this aper wold reeaI those ays Yo took a b r ivte aneewr could rect .; a star isapr cto aais the 3ose-7 Maria enade' daughter

d ef e at e in g the Odtt Citaitho e eteip la daaap. Thtom 'ng idtwn iheto ingsley Gibstwhsename
thesta~s odtda e tste e i d hwuaSm be cSnil~t n i elat tani th' ~ io a non a t hthe das."atabntiat at'aross, th ei te D atconec fted ith dao adothant
glad t tell ta ta ot ht thteraiS- ltt' natrttw gatge teadfor ea t. C h e at tois S. A ea nut erwii 'si ooe atr fEs lrd.A dte t ad' con'etag the ery days. Ataiut'i ae itef Jathksotvilie ht at St St. Auteastt itte pett oetfia atred ith a bugtt. Ta St. ontly Sthre years at hsta "ttnsart", .: The ildest l .a'.. dattd, Sunday, ett9a ..arivaed atat.A.....t....f te J aack....le. St S... At..ttttatn Httet 'ta tat..e ad et .. ddeat n th'tthirdt attat....y
'Aritt 00184, and ised hy the guaiae aat5:30p. at astt onetite eat Haiax tat hagtaailthe aga fthuptil. aeasanite, Tampatandety West of those 'quaik -tvpatatt ao lry ii aagler wie t h all aiwa t atn es "A n the hfind ofosuitoe soa he r tioa.att a 5805 T hee t sed t h t a ist stae Jhap 'T ion S St. Atgustine taind teaqitteta ft nt hate that ata Pitahate it St1 Agu a and a tah" the "Gem City' tat sng and ias all taet tat. tanceofa %wetoa ately 8 i aot.' Far oth ..a.dtipaeonS twas sitatnunde a....... ieaatant Teiata....taeaaa..... o ,,,otathattoa ["S.: t Ytears
o t d Solla M . M o a naG e P a as. Sator -t t te at s t a r e efto e e at J ohn aand bM any Fhfwi o r a .i e t' iht. Another ade tisa T. etetytae O the adietraian'h ae th Augtiane theytae ta a.1L nKi a l. e c tues fat Sunday, a a'am aS hid aosquitoeat at r t Sat She aerhe owse that thet ae 14 1 8 8 5 O n l tot to tth e ea A e eu st m y o eng ta e h a at' s Aa happ ro a ingi T i st Caett d breatheta.'rvcaa fallawed by a tfaayld WE HAVE URGED THE PURCHASE etur. 01.00 ar the ofFtrtd tdp to MS. F. ot it' "came Jw oe depotPata St. Augustine. St. Agustine at Falata ad rt- says hat abe tal her h as w a Dart Jahn Wetiet ba the getaln O-. A R tarn. A a-at i oftetting fpe Oht ailroa toI EtA EASgAaaA arateTand Ottthee twer eyt a sda a s oed Sy the St. Agstinea J a w ae to K thsea tealn it Jsaeaiaonvaile Frot or. W scatt'I ha ae'eer heard f tsacolad aaxa ier a -dbe ohnee te a e th S oat to Tatte ar hLage oo w2.0, seing ad y any gla o E urso atou thtr they raided iarr aw g tauigetad fpotatito tiae t travel a disa eteenJac sni ille ad St. A awh tiae r letJa cksonTt the boest orti h is A Dor n ob e owii al On gm etiee st $i0. Also a e und c o ethedge afcSksAgtie ThSttp Slla Sit attt tab pip a St S
trip to Falatha aadttttern Ste $15.00.' by malt talated four at fiat mouth, tightly griped betiaeen Sit Tht Paitka Orait wi sttet Seam hoars. Tihe ttation at tat ti a teetab epiled, 'Qauite tre tir, wt tteain td Peeraim a a ahuh wan 9o 'eal you this arrve watRsor o St, Prsevainif-u

ThA Fltrida Sathde d y. Static. anae at5eeth Pane adeLeon ne ftgea ai tel l y o n." yea ,.L. Crawford, Spt. .d. AaK stands. Mts. Jce as' that ma y ancient landmarks in prospaci, Dcht 'utlok taly, Ge n. ans. Ag Ant. tiatit is ules tat o nr t he i rst0 tme 18 a 5 Tera s the ne inet Atothe at eadat A "New Sttte" This lateet g etamyla aS ta td ratilrad tiaetaSieacovering the aotetoaSiS Jtasaille Si. At- atould Sie downt atad bataiesUe tt esat e am su'.ar invttmtat in caelly aelected praper'eap Jasaionile eta St. Augustine, gustine ad HaliBlai aiety Srta Jacksonville t Si. Aagusin e an 883 tt aS ganteal ntresa aa aaud S a Sad tate to gat they Mer JnataP. torSt.ier A St'O r m tn d D a y t a N t S m y e a tn d ett a t h e p" Ge am a S it a tsp a t i i nt t hd i sii n it y p d "t a ,g ae g a n M a in e a w b a S e se m a r jus an ming a an awl als oever brigter

Ti 'tailie eading, "Tha St. Argo u t A. Shernitt "I ud ena t e ri Taga te was Mit oaten Be at "nt tine dtea it -t het past tt Rail Comfort Ocklawaha River Craft Plans Made Tob y.e. 1882-8, ati atJon Ttat ih e.... tya peap geat ing oe AgetB untthe aetiesoMAY WE SERVE YOU? Sail Were Strangely \\lt -th Efuna y litti e blihntad" at tail oat a they did noat g ne, that h To ay Is Based Names Of Boats Given Plao ee el a areall oer. Ihe kt a m-uth staa w at the aahTs. CoS spring or R eastoalu l pints an shf and brT e athe ot. is pi se er vic wrudas flndone bac the-vy W A EU G D

St.Ahstinetabodsp ioneermno Statue In 1915 posad aS a egie antd tt p aen Ctre S. TJhy scat a t Sty a horta- ]T A R trn aligts o A p On Tvar SltaS Ster botas whith gr eaawehgge d paint Sp. sgut ia at. and tat Start sa to Epnviy., a t PaRer of tS2 India Eaoymant aS modatnStciiies a sevd Fitrida bn ga nounc m at ma i t e tine and hte etare tatn flatS. S ighioat The tanitadaei e t e S te a m b o a t C a o tt a t h a ao m p e n s t io n s at i i n g d a y s m ar e t a a t t t ato d at J u l y 2 1 9 1 5 f p a s t a t h st a t n t o e t it a t a t i t u m ty e g i a tn d th e f a ty R E A TRol n tS Ule R beAmaa the Sytantit ta datd tht peattataft a peaslyt'fo nagtat a the Othla- tfa Iitn Raihtad Path a stlttoat t ".... west tia Myth, Saed t cotta
-o enr foriso $100 Aler a' around r in o edg e of RAsilroe d Therp thing i s corwen t.b Augustin this 0 triaytoP1885, adetusia ao "Ma1 Ea0t0. papbya tduyaetidbe atrRatiTntyleetptediedft'ouray MoritfiPvgeaamo-utVihtttiCathtlyeadagetaitgpitSdtbaetwet.A egnata ith

:)Day Eatataita" ta Si. Auguttine ntglettul ad unappaeaiative in aaRr he y eepoeld a mail a etatsad mbeei Stilt it liniedvloe 'fFoida's tat it texitece heat ene s Lighthtse tand StatShaeS." 53 KING STREET PRONE 18 T e dythaP bytt"aSa dttd if thty Sailtd do charish the th ttte to protect frt om soa eat staati. aa tttt St was a e aepg ie M Ctpa ed si- wtiatth .GeorgsAbt "At Tay rhe oo YeaS l atha, mtttry of the past, tad with tha a oatoTh t it y a . t nea wiee te, Pao g a t ion wl that ti oe 158 y....ago) the taS Ettaished tt 1880 he 2. H. Sltter a
W.~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~n L. Crwfrd probably G.a D. such Stan s. ss Joc says taa manye wil trvllngroe ti ieen-nintlnmrknpo

t lotida-Southetn Dapot at 8t:4S a. real deiigha the things tat. whith stucti ......haa ....lte tihSat pepla aittag tihe patS. td pataa mn tat tottpia d atl ta....t he Stat fe..a. Jackaa....ile
r. and a eadat St. Atgstin the.t.. tainthe world Smue pullithag tats Tcstory.y.." $2ta i. ny boatdaaaeaathtv ant o i antat it nithSe.AU1 'a. m Oat thit f"Net Rata hatsd. That it why feel that were ta e tabl corin thiaatha" tplendid, ea astonv ilae StgAu, Piola La ndtg, riat rg Ui S t g at ese Sty tta Stat Totot. Tha ariatad loettrmM r. H. M.Flag- Flotida railrtad piotteertag should "_Ala"__..._'d"_"__adsoe__ceb________roferng__doa__nisoer......_teo_...._,_ndalsSegsa,'Syteofiias._Th__rtercochAta_..._tmhes._ugsnbYs__e___,--__.
ato tJactagton atille vi it puutwne, ha m a d a lia aSa y frd Jall ovillg tat Stad Augsi tinei 18 i a af dhner al iat a gtoud a a Sadt i t o St theg .JhnF urero

me th ate iona aesta data aceflly pressed. That With t ildincotheailrads information gia-a eas thato numbeed aatr 65 people," he br ati osem tobeaey mca atof thstl of tJ,aconvi th asne "That sta twil ate soth to- said. S Mt, Capt at ad "tb-at inhet I .LNU. ad, tewTail Seserdo W. a tih ea "I gar'a i th eat was Miss Feading across "heI gaal Resorts St Atgstte. t h f uPe wattra. Tha andt oteae to paac r the ot t the itatit hdtat g a to it we W H Heu nt, TelS r als m a take d ito olWateeha rpyte Streat aS Buitltat gte Sat. l ittl S at h a ati boate atte id tg mistakdei~fei adt taeme Siatt dh the Todat its B'asedd Pal"Te a Fl t Sa eta STh te T. lius h addeds r haron n ado h ecte

Sth ft d h. R.ttlastad "0sW N ame gsO nat" it830i v ee t i 91erea a he et alt, Fiagiat a wght the a d hal C ,|
toted naadtrcldleda I th :AMERICAN AND CHINESE MEALS
-whereoouch dliSht aorynOf A8 O S ipeei 4 the Statuet1ae "Poarida" of anes nght t oied i e amd a the
to local e tantiatatce giJ.t he 2. TylH. Vt. 1 a !Rive btats w hich ger catea chtreed ha Stp Aahyslandm hee thcpar anttail- p a t A L or to Puesofllectndin Eoyment o modern : f te issred Floria tourist in early n Andemn .... hmade inthe tine. d ow the.. encted tond flocke.d thel. Th rairoa with :

i SteFmd tat Cm at n i i a ySt ehre The ta ft bgtn ea x at gh, odJulaa 2ging to ad tha the station to a spat na ih a t f REALTO
A n th he a e lig the itag tined ito this 152 and pti the t o the War toter.t Na a ar a at tiutal s at ge and Malaga SIeetatea 15 Kig Stret fo Ormpaite Slave Maket
.Consists of- Rail Folder- eoaia aS ta ae titat .. .ta t. at" sooaSt he r I a bat tstwte Ja 5h padastalaauo ms, wmt t s It re ee' i tt a~n mathSe H. ttt. Henne:"~r inat .. :
ers, Tim tables, and tha m, thit particla y ia ute aS th a att it e S a r a ape and f tH ee a nd -halt i eS t it t e a P aSeta l "Rati l ra ds eriaa l b S Augustine, the
papcrio"toS. uu tine, l ad v in y a s all tase he Sta it heh, einir d tt Fl d'a S-t a tae t h e w n t e t a s ty .. s o trresult he resri at ttf the fae ters tet he l a t ect at fo s ae ast he s u as t gaou a a l at lf t aldoat-a, m eatry at the pata a eatl wthand itahet aS le a-a it 1854, a nd is ala a a. Fg e tat tat eating ailtad tat Sd mati al, tgro dehand s othlle ted at aightuaed a S a te h hoat. S a te 'd says h i iight. The heat eat 10:0 a m Onths fye wa abasd.Tha i wh w fel hatwee te- "usawila, "iaath", splnddhroze"if-sie[iguesplendiLndigcomngtrSt outieabrtainfrmeT o.eTeAtr L.iah, a amply of thi potig their qanatt aeirdtong and eay aall tn Syslve te oficial.hethecoa totida Ea t Ctah t r ailway hat a lllaita af tha prteattainme at S dith e alt tipdan i of t he t ationcSit e eia d thng btt d a id d ly t oa l d i p la y a S r a d t ha t ritt t a hatd a in a woan af e an d e d th e p i t T e at ta t t a f t w h trsoadt timetahles, foldes, pota "Ate tha Wa tha Fadrtalg a- bhth at atutly lat a wy to g a sth gram~~~~~ on whc St. Auutnsotsote aes h frtsemrt atue rom forma thog totidtedidpt2th C N U Y 'T U

thsit e pa Te ll, ata, Ha tells tha roatss wept the St. Johns Stua o aS egiata ta tad tat itlea and a at dhat i nowa. E R d thtattayofhisaclleatio a asteahoat. Th o tLa ta ita iangatit S-SFloridatise Tes e w lotfat the dtba astEtbpie. The lading,t e geat tntttt of iT dlam ttera thte iSd
Go"Fot San y Otyta T haee d a s aa tees tt tat winter the Wat "tF idnight tis eCatdael St. A gattine hefora g ss golting old mapts f StVA- n mthe estatesupthe etvea hadecme ot -[- the fle fs 188S to aidt to ave Sea gusin an te nrteas s ctinofit fl ern g and asher ofr th iry-n raewreeps e ch nin rs. Say ersal aughesr a of fie oae n oe

Hida, epaciallyctldm an orailroadt oathfJa ..aa. Jil, edTheit Daiongto n ame. ithMark Matt coe t whar h th A re t a stew" teaiegmthealy m anasotran- this wasalucaties bained ior the M852, and up tte tiSm tAugutia ne. Ma Nly. ba S i Conttia ta th Oldeat City, It' i tihet bats. J p Bacalyuaeaig the ealuable old ma- "n ttht atly days the steamhoats .teiY sohatl prd Ent rprse acTmlaed sent locatio of.h wooiboter ue

aeatl arti al es, uchas ldaiload and a g artt ulam e of dese Hla i e
photograph... ailetad pat..., a e plac at fitted Sea the tas TaE CHIMES GRILL
aewold timetahles. My ollattion Same 'idla pettot mat generally on T i
Phat gtowa irmenaly within the th count a od what tha smoke 22 Cathadatl P a 'past tn 1year. I have someold rail- aft aitamat wat teat, Ste woald letadticktt eoad da tha St. Jehta attrt the a, 'Steamboat, St am- e Tasty He -Coathd Meala-The es Yot Ett Teased i hattat Tatoi ad St. Aga boat, ca ming abe r d the n t'haent
ite uanu o 1086, at a yd timetabl- the tohabitats aoald tcollet at the Tt Oat Frte d Shaimp dated 1083 fodeg th e "Ahfdtl whar5, t a haea the latest taint. Tigthe S. -vas formally, Manger ttwets Jatsonille and th e Old- saepal a a sttamet ta those daySt SLIs FLs de Ma net isnaunhe tat City; at aal past, datad wahaisetentimpoata." ctOur city ss The upon a program which will mean the 184, itatad Sty the Jacksonveille, St.Thelanding,_tothegreatannoyanceofTelastfuneralfromteold,_S r_",_A_1 Agatiny tad Sndita ivee s. perpetuation of the name of St. Augustine through the.
Ca,, tand signed Sty Ma. Flagler. Alao
ing orcoltngua l aps fted Au5 ond teettsu h ie a oe0th ieo 87i adt aebe

aste ad the othed sloti a yeart to come, The ancient lore which is this city's aightFita stecSatly ldmap SE. n alod ot fJ csnile di h ~oit htcm it ak M ncbohr o on*

Co., signed Sty E. angahafiu reaaidet,- t belonging sat remain history for the present and fu,."Pethapa aty eatst important
teltel that Iteigaccml atd, jttam- ihtwo ntsfrfe, z -W r

a 1884 cldes, siatd rty tha and a ture generations to enjoy.
faawodstovaille, St. Augusti on ad
Halifa y., adv e tis g 'Th e St.
pasti teS ', th 'Nae w Shoraat
radicketh .7 usd otri ....... $ J.h0. ywaShree the cry, 'SteThe Kiwanis Club is proud to endorse the Restoration tnd ry.iete o i and A g St. Frus or a t co igrud hep n'w enTy O rF ed S im

taiain eacS wa a' day wer aoper- Preservation program and wse urge taae coeainof etch
tied bete in t ea. At etading to
a tap apparing on the hath af citizen to join in thit great undertaking which is for the
:the Saidea' the trains ra tale to
S:i.A tate, iatic C aoasttasip good of St. Augustine, our county, our state and our countCa., Stafmer 'Greanmich,' Captatn try.' Fulford5, ailiag Str Naw Smyraarv oat Mandays, Wedntesdayt tand
a "Maan of theeiisentesof
ai ode a'citiens relate to the maoatatwhith St.'Augustihe a... tao Thep- f
p a a tha ,o al a, dayt. In
odthat prior ta 1803, thte taleyk o u u tieLsten to the
meansof travel toth Oldest City
wat by hoat dowa the St. Jaotn
ta-o tTatat, afta tat adt to... ..[h w n s C u
t a........e at the St.Jhnsa. Tha I A I
ati aShea-tieamatag taintpd ARE ACTIVELY numetha a ....aelaoatsiphe EDUCATION eqaS at' tht o haahtati the
ntad Statta. Tha JaonSyltester SUPPORTI.NG T EOU
and SylvaGlean weefastthaoate be
St~nin atohad ... ta li .... terl Of St. Augrustine, Flua.U
at slahta atkpmaae.... tha. RES$TORATION 03C An KonaaertineP .....
wth hegra teat enthuias, aad MEETINGS EVERY TUESDAY-12:15 s-. .- aenson teO vetado6tto
mats oftaathes exciting inidets, vr R dm tto
ettia.from tha pea aS national I' l, paotinent people, oftat ap'Paatita~thtpea.a Vi~asiting 4'l A ~ 1a WFOY
t! attet Si veat Ste tteaaboats off. a' I-ODAV EVENINGS
a ita at' tauti Si tha tie tand aSS 8 O'CLOCK :iihuranushttlt. Just astht ToO I thi
..'mfiitteh taa tclcktach the ________II____ I Stat at depatue, itey ta afft tha
t'ec otsa faaaaStitae atd Saitetr at
Sl !tta nd th crowd t rml etirn tto _______________tlf ahititalet,- proentade to at.
StEr-tythitg etas Stat inth al t a-- i"t'o'

~bulal grnts an th dow' bns ad 'last sawu a sailboat headin' u t uutn nldsaas t eat,~~~ heat. So the bttrpt tain elawed upand aatliav a eae oales taioha .The advertising Over Years E! to be closed in spite o the h.. way. S he traisl...aupand a... Indian "ta.. where lat
of this "crack"train always carried 'IOien came th news buch nn- his N o hre a line of planks were is fan on l se i
the picture ,a man the cow-W11(g 'Ile o'p.... ile. Only 01n inat I .. . d r
Of Rair di catche, dressed as a Floida cow- laid ...... pO deep sand to the watering be iaten "Gad'
Sg y with his extremely ide brim- a bottle, annointed hit.itelft.. h a wheelbar t
fle Rcu mad hat, The "Flying Cracker" anud oahe T at: a the windows could be opened the planks. I it he had a big jug For many a t a
wase pulled by t d-burning eco L73 b t a a "agTain. a at o apail full of sugar, -a w offered d thh a en
engines, with their big smoke -"The little towns passed, all stin o ti cups and a basket full they had been without faoadet-.
-tacks. One engine was named the4 t IntdiFt a ieT a eet e tat t td o adw.. We cheerfully paid tat ay t in t cvrsemdtoMe herulypi eral dy.TeIdassmt~z Man Who Came to Florida ::Key West" and the other .a th. Attempt 1 ?7 From St-ionlY two ways of transpoiuiz oe, ate and W..t".aad tha athas srn tha A tmp t a5e rte tpric askad, ate aad bad tha beria o at a it e t Baker". Other old engines were aa ta b ab A t a ailic Ih in 1879 Does Some the "Nassau", "W. S. Ache", Run Line From Jax tat .e to Palm Beach ma. aa bat and by ha at- t Plis O the machine.' We t ya h m "Maron, "Gaiaesvile", "Gvernr tia at '0 Palm Beach a, P1 we l on s .. sandy town many bgs of berries berhe Reminiscing Marvin", "anatte", "N.Oe to Talalhasste at St. Au :.. Back in 1896 satdy streets for the latter. No man captured me and brought ae at i by etges
reminiscing Marin", "Santa Fe", M. Ro- animals except cats and dogs wre to a hotel. Al Palm eah gather- oudian t tt eay berts". "Clay", "Panasofkee", 'At 7an :at seen paig elb e t d the at ai act t dti a h ad it "CoAftebir 'Haana", and the As early as 1834, a, a t ruled over that country. n asembling Florida railroad e n Cove, 1a tihe A:ea ataO t ttaat wter wi th asense of humor landscape became exceedingly de-to a negro band from N aassau. Onal wa that at dI asemblig oarida aanlraad "Orange". The "Cedar Keys" was made to organize a ompay to ept a- the t ed, fr all d i ee, and getting the personal col- another well-known old engine, build a line of railroad t t i t ae a ea i lata buildings ecept a teta f all sa, at ga so a handful of pamat batam ht r Oct l-knew ol aa bidalnofalr a ata mps Stations \ %p ad t Pl Ba rita tat bt d that at eid lections of pioneers, some amusing One of the most picturesque sonville to Tallahassee. Jackson- groos Aiandi i -i ::d a y foi it." w ad en ris have been dea veloped tha af "tlhemee -ipring of a89 T read that kewn only by painted tad cld pay fat tth ith gratitude. tries ha bet de lped that s of old time railroading was ville's first railroad as I td the water. A sa : : t Coast had had Litts piapple pat a ta gedy. "Abtt ld have been lost entireRailroad had Little pineapple patches a e ith the "cabbage head" locomotive, a "Plorida Atlantic aitA it alaaad bata tati ae taft dfaa Shipwre ed Mariner aidigIbdCa(geattaaeheeg passing ofthesemenof an olde wood-burner. Insidethetopofthe Railroaad", andfinaned tl.ougha laJohns ir, ::: l pacei was.andf whata ere sometimes gs seen unfenced t tfr Shirecked Mariner i td ia quat beieswhole andaa
getsioa Here are the retlie, stacks are cones, or propd e bond issae. Gadient began :- dait tas not dnany ma them. We began to get hungi and Of 1696 Manage d To MUCh pdunded to mix with atr O tis of one man who has been shaped devices, which are revolved the summer of 187 bu t yeliw which wereb a lated that d tp t fd hid tt e bi g thon of... one man wh has rnen it was on Lake ....lculated that we would stop at O
lorida residet for almost 60 by the draft and beatthe sparks to feVerepidemiC aused cessation y "ox teas. Pc: : Oe morning of that year Fort Pierce for supper. But nary Live On Palm Berries distubed, the clath hich .b 'ITcame gan theorida eie a9 td the btakwgat ai al cont a train from St. Augus- supper there. The country became ;"I .... t FlOrida in 1879 and st kam track wa finally aat..letd t.taa ame t twn tl .t.. withita...d - [t ar teadyi at bad alt. ma
setled on the ralodbet .i Bu .ner ... ~ i %vnteRa.Wefrtwn oadmreraywthtsad
tween~oa 0n Cohn y, beb13 18a0 until G-we:, ls std ta the railroad batmee City, lTarch J1 1860. Two das L, : a],then south east to duntes and chaparral. Things Tt the ad et l d t t ha Sp a t
ernandina an CededaprKey. The later the railroad an e ptl The fTae t Ta nl d tht mth flerait mdi:b tr'a1 int er 'ied andon he of.Jacksonille an'afl.' e train soppedbegan tolook serious. The ne -s unthinkable that any ne waste day marateat"
a a 'my, and Buners at at an ilelpian d 1a ) ': : inner. Not being hungry, I butch's peanut supply had given out. would eat palmetto berries, unless Oe fe d'Hi rssener coaches had brakes. The Lake City, and O thinking A deputation called upon the con they wer terally st ving as waseee havnfbe ruh rmEgad n t le n themselves of the owpoo! Luo fU to c servsi,:,l :y .I : ~r
raaigals e 35 pounds of soft iatn for su. ..a p t ppe some- doctor about feed. 'te said that if Jonathan Dickinson ter his party ..
amseect tio n Installed 0 idafartht Jt t. alt--rack as good; but the winds were favorable, a man wa ship.ecked in 1696 as he
The principal job of the section ta railroad rfi n i es and farther south would come in a sailboat from says 'Cast aay but spared from 0d t hfihedg land was to straightenbent rails. FE In 191 the people of Lake Cily .. ter ir am dhadnotWaveland, and bring sandwiches th crat,d..lug jaws of the in forta e e fieo ldte a built, the rail pe n 9 5 ruh oJ~kvleopl vne-Triiity e.;lr = ; : ::. r, az; :nwea d eer and ae sot Iwouladt andbigsnwce.te cal ernnial s f te ni St. Augustine mreae
Afire of old ties was itthea brought to Jacsnvile on at ax- Ky tetobe rassedover, sothe We craned out our heads to see hum n f Florida." Hi ta advertising folder put on the fire, when ht enough, cursion and a ceremony I. Theighta w way the smoke from the account of the affair and his trip Dembe, ,"kimayde afterwards Toeed ita wass fulle. Thet right the h i i ,eway aitened. Thetak at h yfullt were a atlfthse invaded enine blew. Looking east, we at up the oast from "Hoe Bay" to with a aiontesotsat a S'snake heads', that is, ends ofarked Improvement inJ igd t s bent upward, but as the trains Lake DeSoto. Th we of tftf s b n.sldom went faster than 15 miles Comfort of Travellers engie that pulled t train was her our if a ne head' was only aedJacksonville". An amusing t or three inches high, it mat- Was Result incident is told about its first ar- E"h.eatrad not. rival, a arge crowd d ha asembld "Those days the egines were the engineer saw his c-e fo
eUmed, not mbered. I emem- some fun, he suddenly plld th i namd the name of two the Florit4:_East Coast Railway has Te fun, e sun e h et teng te lor- thetat naCatRail tyta whistle cord and released the escape J. Dikison' and the 'Al- lve There was a Scramble fora e a'. a hoi ntld the oeampanyai titled many supposing the
"They were holy terrors for looks. ing engines in 1915. engine was about to explod
"In 1893, a branch road was built, Under date of Jily 7, 1915, the e War Beatw Ite Stat
itwas laid outby a young surveyor Rord carries a news story ay- played havoc wi the a
romantic temperament. Heing that the first oil burning Tracks were torn up. Someat,
amp, soas engies'bavegone ino use o the 7 c ied it through p ....... lines have gone int ... On the old railroad iron found its ... to way
get gratefull between southern division, the work of con the ay yards. Up to 1881 there Yee
io edtatehaetamrves', eteteeaw gat ieaaaak ''d titdtaftdi a alak. The muck empg vertig the coal burning lcomo- as only railroad ta Jackonille. ete roadbed took fire after drying ties into oil burnershaving bee The St. Johns Railway wasaoat-and a half mile of the roadbed undertaken in the main railway edin a peated os at St.Augustine. This meant 1858, and operated between eas burned up. A culvert that ewas at St Agtit. Thi att Tcoiand St. Augustine. The ata..tha na..... bam hoed-p by a reat departure from the accepted ti was originally on thwet id Salligator that got caught in it rules for railroading in this part of iof the San Sebastian River. During T h causing a dammingup of water that th dton1881 and 1883 two more railroads seipt Egadanother half mile ofmio the plan was to cert aboutwo were constructed the East Coast lempt away week. P
track. The engine, the'G .. 1a.mtive a ek frm the old of Florida leveland' was a heav 4-6-6 style coal burners to oil burners, In the late 1860s and he early machine and had to travel mighty until finally 50 oil burners were to the Slowly Oer the poor track. O e, in operation on the road. 81UuSt a co y-bat, tahe ck. Once, "There g us t I a ndy day, it became stalled The news story also says "Th erminals at Teco and West Tocoi. na amount of theheavy grass along will be tame d8 ltighta. gega atet alto at Ib bat p -ssing e ratils blowing across them and which probably will be coveted down the oe Johns ativer stppdat aking them slippery, later." Tocoi to it off passengers for St "Another old Florida railroad The Miami Herald"prinedquite Augustine nd other inter or points t,
built by slave labor, hired from a ong story on this important rail- Ad te a t bea fos
planters. Only shovel and wheel- road change and said "Thae new o ail- ain te ats he O
rsowe werea used for moving bal- buhg feature shad pa of The st. Johns Railw aof Florida I
iheest fills were ma great worth to the railroad con- ran from a point on the St. Johns
4ehgro leaving the mps. Th i the neeassity a caaing, tok- a point on the Sat Sebastian Rier
tlswere drivab mapower.A inA het;aits t e toie e ha Agie te7',S
seta f e at ree s ut a mokt e a b indetc. of thecoa r Aua tin e a ach ed by ha to
tpgaltiaheain t t inh locom oa Tti, lb tiibda
owehftrt e m. iaaattaaat a d te pin oe an aa n RpiOter
eaaaepiakm tmnaou4 0e,' whnere aeti ite: OAgusity. Na rachdbat t
elo and -6 inches in diameter, ant aTtItToc-a i, there entraininga hand
u;andleapnditheehere On tOhe onveri ed oil t buers the
ed found hs, and aeden whi hissing little peanut roaster; and
gratped at t fouait Theu eaad e coai ytout were jerked and bupped to the
oete te th aes e dh Ti ttane tfia Oldest City. No street a t Iighat were
'is aaul R ail ere t tS areler ioiwas apac ahe hotel
a jet ard; ade~anga -ons of ude oilt which isaon- n l
wred eyie ha a i tdwe '0' haddutheet ion pecans on tal
~i~E~~B~a ~ ~ sidered the e:~ quivalent of21 tons o
'e, Rte at pumped in the track praohaaa hia h sts a d hen the aedty south tetcoal. Ttttiehdal ad th e i og a bn
Ambure i the ballast. Taiayern Aaadtess dropped down, sFUA "lii ha e r the rains m t ed atattsa atthatriy:te m I rf r a p s s
weheatttlu ,eetd s illbe capaddle ofcover brnnted T tthelg nof the
ride fhr ahadtg e t e mh t ere a an e

iserete ieae iehiywaeSret 'eta teaar twhice theita ne taen ttadIefalg aa a
thxtsaieard in those days.,:The Id gt touaryi iag Yaees. a h tp i tie Aty
irt w rec ver heard of :as pa iatea paa g pioneer days to Floadaaliti

tien dendt. wth had batenen eta kaa t d mt t T api haatp OO) en tand a pas Tha a in 'ra "iip fedint t h urnaees bth a
intogit ad11 a. mheat e a steafIeozida Path ilaeRipp lataI ke aatiRsaol a E ag striowed da firing valve pg the
at box cars. t aThe train hadnat sgoau wP.
up for a stop and the enginer Siee tkeod t nh eam.. d honseq' ntl the amout of Ma R i t
bapno the T as t. sea gaeneted. thlo a hKllDaiyl, "aidihorses with trains wastaeatea it a e aransatatiia
hcn enatinteaod das, trtl A ck-ballasted roadbed, aandak b ie n the attle c ty, leseeod ae -a add to thepra sent- The late Robert aanaon tof this ddy moiern d n stem of this fine rail catas aly l atatriders and had good horses. The mod n veth chtai aiti as a yog man lied at Titus- a horses invariably won fi darst aE ag p a ins rsh t ad i, follin reor wasta a att the trains had not had time to fr during the busy winter season, made by him of primitive early gather speed afterleaving the sta- with a service Of surpassing excel- transpbrtation ilities: iot, and second bec lene being offered. Summer sched- e pit i crBd to keep his horse on a dead ules are aple, and make 1po~sible from Jacksonville d ays (185as ),y imore thnan a a l a mile. The through travel from various pars primitive means as the railroad engines had the best wind. of the country to stations along the then had gone about as far as Pa"Enginemen had to put hominy or line of the Florida East Coast Rail- laka, but the- palatial steamers cein the tender tankto somhat with a imum of comfort plied the St. Johns Rier as fa. a. so the leaks. The conductor and convenience. Air-conditioning Sanford, and from then on, tile,, o p of die largest of carri a pailof sad in the cor- Is the latest phase of this comfort: were two routes to reach the In hsls !ii of 6 or 8 feet and bination car, and when the tram plan of travel Coach travel has Ri1ver. At a thaime practicllIy a threatened to stall on acurve, he assumed a new and luxurious note, freight as transferred at Sa th a h y are in filled a tin cup with dry sand, on this railroad as well, and as a ford, to smaller stern wheelt boat hopped off, ran ahea the esult coach travel is becoming in- ald a long tortuous passageoudc a l h s t hs unusual an sprinkle d sad on the inside, of reasingly popular follow along souh on what was the rail. The e bination c hadr tdo ia knol..n as the uppl St. Johns, first a tleibitf to Slt Lake pitha transfer froe
its sides repaired ith pieces fro n there o Titusvile and then further bacon boxes. Fos SVaniis. qnilif TLp timpf f~ ml-."
eat Septea m at r a9 hr ia Csouth To Lrake P Tinseat, a IeW miles a

...digeat a...aTd... lkewia teard taa tearaitadooa S- matta, aong e an f it. The megatBtO grama, attags." third route and the one that
windows ef the: 'combination'. TheatrandhttaosnaisingersPaperhS dp after.I hadto take the train tha P U|eta ta a at a Talk. tp mail ..... hack-line from Enternee sded a 6 'Adapm.taldiataaliaapprise totusvila e ta tt a the ,

"The eat Pai made the tame byaitatramthe aingate "ri lb piueaples3 MbyARaIrN L F TIR T LS
ths eie toueal atead "lyittr nd hac-er tamtlwa.m 5"hus n hal bte wa
t io an Was utontthm ie ketf httetpatttanora I ~t tth ihh
a i~t a fa eei g aaewasuit. Aft "Txk Lnga astswigideporwa is atpeh thy itt atata Ituatbtad S) ) ~ t i a th t te lagtteeeseetttetT~eeeteb, ta e eda nee e a~te eaeedet
a tleh 11, 1831 itcatted firat hitl eaada ah "8Iaahaaa t la haas Id A g a Lat88wi
trle tnarai atoitaab e av e eta i Wgl ta e eweeaaa adt Stalk.1 W a dancha it th dylaetio lol -t -., 'tvat theor t e aaI lhaeeWapRterspia.e, ae~baaeesataseahdtbs~t
Samlk, diw ahata an thleiwetlldhadt e ti. Iki W Cta I aihar e neatlu aa hav sa taa aaltatelttttltt,
-doietw h kan by ea at ofatuateds rdrat rei ed de Ikeate o Ptaer idaig It utit .yidntastTdodsOdPie s sLte ob oe
demap Ik taom taa at di g a Ikeru y w4hl it9 te abal at- at0 arsIt a I -'tater 10lbpopis.tasoag
ter utar at th'ea ire it sotea o-wi yl a larat lipt ftr oml the shetlvesa an d dtoppAmcliockOra"baitr eapatiat Oralar aetat tght threaftt. Ya at lttaia miata atdathnotthed
The o 'Ta tt' plaGatead wthedirei ta t rtala at a t th e eahat.t ta aia .tit
st ks eaton th ataghe a at e hria tentrh abl Pand ten tatula tha tyat atat at dit i )o aCrood~aaispty
entde matted Itomadtiny hoed aeyahata ttaPt attttblfbh aa
theCiwtWr. he kia, ptedORn ard ateot apatatn ttti atad Atpealt ity Notan dit
Souel' ato tnyheraaeo 'Tit', eayttabegoe ailniathtabCin- fa.~t p ta 'h. OAE TS.AGSIE LRD whiak cutteat the 'Gaarap' atul tra tit d pauhenliviioettat a t'ir h itm Yea Ataly
staayi faa the Cftackaty Thaea "Appod aea like. Po praue alotaaataiyttgpttt A STSAILN OEFURHM EBYND IG HUE
'Ceet ma ay ttle eainfar "Gran, t matay hat a
that anhe n by e U ld tpian a n th~e nited taesThe "Pt owia Floarda Tra veal 1T T1 T Anaotbr pioather iht a eathem Bauto oaba itt atvanc -Oatlk app aa Nane tit E in.LX I ,~ I
hroweeedm.....t."Aarkeyaal w goulde .to faoalalla ttttge it nott .. at ............... N :T+ :7W M R L F U T E
eantatwasth 1k"irt lmth e t wata sThe "Ptpasg trais, a maetait t atifa i tan a te wishto J eranita tr Teuampari. O "Thia m ia ade the given day the Wsaye Itih he wi try ip." fo 3sot ar'e t s m ~~k ti ewrdoneeyucseMo-algadTrse hrs tei J arary le Ike yi Cauled States whi t e nan Jatb(6taonabat peid(heItud .g Dw sp -y 0 o : : ssp~mn yteOecnhrl mgn e utelreadsrn
ar. he -meatreth aft ae So t heapn)kandwil epat edatgatafa garmts at trae -aose theac~ibCc~-:,l q!,Sr~ 9Adr nuht ar h obndwih fthreerow
ahedi spt incto e n t he ite ito tithi at nn ta 12e tao fatm thr eita a t he aorn o a attatdro.ocl aer. therstaIth"nathe irema bate ta or s igh Padmance anda the so at, Tlria na aux'ra-aslat appo-b ttd"t ric :cs othe a t-a e anda wate hengo they whiatl i e Ca th m an- c ars. I a dt hours he p ieri pt ecaeeratoethte FartenC innra il niat e trtta~ aa oreatrt cl d, h the itin od diatlaiga...a....... ... :
Aericrasirstbolh....wpaosiontdrta..d neigh hraaelwae attt..... ltwtn apt,. e eteid ',> LD, J O L C I N O L I E
Sh 'Txsadth 'Gnrlweeaedrce ocruaeti in h enhs as~c tit arrve

St. Augustine

The Florida East Coast Railway is the only line
serving historic St. Augustine, oldest and quaintest city in the United States, founded by the
Spaniards in 1565.
This city is truly old, unique, romantic! It antedates the founding of Plymouth, in New England,
by 55 long years, and had been in existence 210
years when the Revolutionary War began.
Many interesting relics of its storied past remain
to charm and enlighten those who linger awhile
within its gates. Quaint narrow old streets, overhanging balconies, walled gardens; its massive
medieval castle of Son Marco, now Fort Marion;
the oft-pictured city gateway; its beautiful
shaded Plaa and many interesting old houses
bespeak its age and history.
Combined with this rich historical harm and Old
World atmosphere, one finds in St. Augustine
FLOR [DA AST COAS RAI WAYvaried resort attractia...s.. splendid golf,.bentitog, fine fishing, marvelous benches and conFORIDA -EAST COAST RAILWAY
~genial social life. Here the mognificent Fence de Leoq, a celebrated Flagler System Hotel,
offers its cordial hospitality in addition to many
kSt ulwtiys been



The Florida East Coast Railway and Flagler interests have cpnietently Ever since the purchase of the J~cksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax River Railway by Henry M. advertised St. Augustine for 50 years, They have done more in this respect
Flaglar, in 1885, tl Fkrida East Cast Railway has been known as "THE ST. AUGUSTINE ROUTE." than has the city itself as a community. Space featuring St. Augustine
Here Henry M. Fkger launched his first great development and established his railway headquarters. used in Florida East Coast Railway winter time tables, an example of
Realizing the value of St. Augustine's historical background, he constructed buildings in harmony with this which is shown above. These have a wide circulatin of over 100,0 iper atmosphere,--huldings, which today add to, rather than detract from, the city's Old World charm. year, St. Augustine receives such pubiiity from its railwag without

The Florida East Coast Railway hs always stressed its distinction as "THE ST. AUGUSTINE
ROUTE," because of the unique position and appeal of St. Augustine as the Oloest City in a
the United States. This historical interest has attracted more people to St. Augustine than
all other factors combined. It should be heightened rather than be allowed to decay.

As "THE ST. AUGUSTINE ROUTE", the Florida East Coast Railway is therefore fully
in accord with present plans for St. Augustine's Restoration.


The Florida East Coast Railway and its associated Flagler enterprises. are St. Augustine's and e

St. Johns County's largest taxpayers Their combined assessment amounts to approximately one.
third of the City and County total. 'Railway taxes help to educate your children and maintain local 'ss ?i .
governments. It is to the interest of every local citizen to aid in protecting their railway from the [ ]s
unfair competition of transportation agencies, which, instead of providing local tax revenue, require
tax revenue for the creation and maintenance of their facilities.

St. Augustine's largest payroll is its railway payroll. This amounts to approximately $1,000,000 per year, or almost $3,000 per day, all of which directly benefits local business interests. A

dollar spent for railway service returns many fold to the community in the form of taxes and wages. M AP APPEARING IN
Besides thse extra value to the community, the Florida Ht Coast Railway provides St. Augus- FLORIDA EAST COAST RAILW AY BOOKLETS
tine with steady, dependable, improved passenger and freight service at economical rates every
day ie the year. Each year St. Augustine is given generous representation in thousands of descriptive booklets iooued by the Florida East Coast Railway. The above map, three pages of text and illustrations, were de voted to St. Augustine in a b ket issued and widely dis ributed by the F lorid East Coast Railway
____ moper ilast winter, No other transportation agency publicises St. Augustine so extensively.


TRAVEL BY \TRAIN FLAGLERSYSTEM sHIP BY RAIL Always Safe, Reliable, Comfortable W. R. Kenan, Jr., and S. M. Loftin, Reeivers Free Pick-up and Delivery of less than carload Freight

I I I I i
al atr ombnd ts'jl ehi9 iee ahrta ealwdt6dcy

St J ph' T ~ ~~Famed Convent and School I rrived from Fr..... bu ... year bo e- n0 lrd F. E.C. Official not5 .....teJ .&tl.Mrhw .R18'ea~
S.Joseph's To fore. Dean Of Florida 1885.Ofcil :tcmeneUn~MLI 18,I
The public school for poor child- the of a line from
Cele rat It ~ ai~:~~~~~~X~~f ~ ~ ~ i en was continued after the Palaas ng rM nwyoftePlta n ~in Celebrate Its ing of the Academy for boarden Passenger Men way
and day pupils. No tuition was re- River Railway, which was
quired and the teachers only re- poratr ton ~ ,li, ,,,,,,,tasfre tWs 71s Birthda 1:" ~~o ooo ... .. p ......d on Mareh 4, 1881. (Pas71st Birffiday~~: ceived a salary of $20 a month. The FrRsoainsn
st~ r ay i: : :i i:IParochial School System and the Tocoi by ferry to Tocoi, where they ....ed Boarding Schoerection of the beautiful Cathedral entrained for St. Augustine, a Parish School building onSt.
Note GPrds SBoardinool b ui o t. J. D. Rahner Has Long distance of 15 miles.)" otd Bardng chol : ::: :iGeorge Street, a block south of the
for Girls Is Outcome Convent, followed the withdrawal Record With FEC Railof7Work h of the teachers from the public Roamig Stock i;a school. way Here R(~
Then an unexpected sacrifice was
; FROM FRANCE .expected of the Frenc.h Sisters. J. D. Rahner, general passenger
~They were asked to sever their con- agent of the Florida East Coast nection with the Mother House at Railway, is often referred to as
First Sisters Came as Le Puy and to become diocesan, "the dean of Florida passenger
Mission Laborers Mother Lazarus, who was Provin- executives". Mr. Rahner began Troubles of One cial at the time, being replaced by railroading in what are often reFrom Le Puy Sister Eulalia. ferred to as pioneer days in Florida. Lowe Are Cited in A school was opened at the cur- Wood-burning locomotives were
September 2. 1937, will mark the her of Rohde Avenue and San stirring the southern wilderness Od Recors
of 71 years since the Marco Avenue for the children of into life when he began his career.
SpissLS of t. Jsehar sin S. the parish living in North City. He was born in Augusta, Ga. His Eleven years later fire destroyed father, upon his return from the for
of the n the building and in 1891 Dr. ar- War Between the States, became a for one feature of one uial anud educational l needs ofpeiec the in- perio buldn anen19 r a-e
babi ......but especially to enrich nett donated sufficient pro pty on foreman in the shops of the old oor a G ......nt
San Sebastian Avenue for a school Port Royal and Augusta Railway. J. D. Rahner, known as dean of ouse garden of St. Augustine is yle lrks f the slaves who a fed After graduating from the public F iavery certain. It relates to the sad yecir: hu!ore? hadt been given their and church. Sisters solicited funds spol f uut, r ane ru fr"io. for the new school, the St. Agnes schol o Augusta, Mr. Rahnr troublesof one John Lowe. He was I vz L for th c betterment of the School being finished and opened in entered the seciice of the one of the first messengers to the I i1wit i slaves that these worthy the next two years with 80 pupils Savannah, Florida and Western Pioneer Recollections City Council and he addre ... two chid]eui of the eldest daughter of enrolled. Railway at Savannah as freight fn Tayor. On e 1a856 Th, l Ho lother Church left their Mother Elizabeth succeeded billing clerk. In 1890 he was trans- 94,1 eodFrance to face untold priva- St. Joseph's Convent and Academy, religious house, and school conducted by the Sisters of St. Joseph, Mother Sidonia as Reverend Mother ferred to Jacksonville as chief rate Are Of Much Interest the Iurs of two an three oo tion azi hardships. Of them a founded here almost 71 years ago, as a successor to earlier religious institutions, who was made Mistress of Novices. clerk of the same line. th chroicter has written: "They p)Ut Mother Stanislaus had been the first On July 1, 1892, he joined the in the afteron a sow with a young cractice ha wrttse-"Teytues sing executive ability beyond the mission of Irish and American Their only remuneration was thirty Mistress and she was succeeded by AFlorida East Coast Railway at St. one The ho ereno in hoatthae that self-forgetfulness average, Mother Sidonia proved an postulants, thus establishing the dollars a month for each of the two Sister Alypieus, then by Sister Augustine as chief clerk in the Pas- A pioneer's recollections of his How able and beloved leader, later being first school for colored children in Sisters teaching the boys. Theresa. Mother Elizabeth was fol- senger Department. This line was advent on the lower east coast, respecter of power apparently. wthe true disciples of Christ since the chosen to preside over the com- theState of Florida. The SisterS lowed by Mother Marie Louis then known as the Jacksonville, St. around Titusville, has been recorded Lowe goes an "I endeavoredt da Nn o f Christianity. It would re- Make French Lace Jowed by Moter Marie Louise asie Ri- ousa olos:cnfn te areal t hect munities in Florida. encountered much opposition be- time Gy securin: toreo the inspired penof del The heroic volunteers sailed from cause of the spirit of that period, By the light of candles and Where St. Joseph's Academy now way, and was at the time building "My most vivid recollection o hc r to recount the generous devotion h eo vlner al fo M o vv rcleto t ge h s ocd r S and the self immolation on the altar Havre, France, on the Lafayette on the aftermath of the Civil War. kerosene lamps the Sisters began raises its imposing structure, form- south from Daytona to NewnO h of charity of these first Sisters of August 3d, 1866. On the 23d of Sister Julia Clotilde was placed in fashioning French lace and other erly stood an old, dilapidated cot- Smyrna. In 1896, the year that arrival in August, 1886, is how out, n ol nyscr h tagekbl poorh beee
S. osphinS. ugstne" that month they embarked from charge of the school. articles of fancy work. These they taewhich porpeople often oc- Miami was founded, Mr. Rahner remarkably cool the breezes small n.Ite etrudwt St.Joseph Augustine." sold to the winter visitors; also copied, rent free; the old Penelton was promoted to the post of assist- were when we got outside under the the bel aste Thle missions of Mandarin, Jack- New York for Savannah where they Postulants From Savannah teaching them conversational house in which the firgt, second and ant general passenger agent, under shade 'of a palm tree. I, with my rectsanon yrernIpcud sonville, Fernandina, Palatka, St. were met by Reverend Father Du- Reverend Father Delafosse French. Music, painting and draw- third grades of girls of the Sisters' Joseph Richardson, who waste mother and family, came in on the a boy oass eincthn n
Ainbi-os (Elkto), Orlado, St.fau, V.G., whoconductd them o s the amr'soe in kson vland Sthe C t of h cntes oet brought five postulants from Savan- ing were taught after school hours. public school were taught, and a the general passenger agent. When first passenger train from Jackson- roping h. n y wy to t Marys Hme n Jcksovile ad te Coven oftheSistrs f Mrcynah in November of the same year By these means they were able to comparatively new building erected Joseph Richardson went to Atlanta ville. The Jacksonville, Tampa and market lac a e ntem
Ybor City (Tampa)were all found- where they were given a cordial and advised Mother Sidonia to e
ed by the "mother missio"nSt welcome. Following a day's rest, metexpenses. to. house the boys of the public as chairman of the Southeastern Key West Railroad was making its dle ofhecutosyadb dg Augusine, hey, on" hain St. the Sisters be.... the last lap on ...v into the fore res....ide.....of Such ........... wsmde by the school. All the structures..... de- Pa.....g~r, Cennf....... Mr. Rahner terminus here in connection with a Cotterwokokd ed...
,Auguestine, hesoy, toouag ant their boat journey, which ended at the Christian Brothers. This was pupils that in 1868 Mother Stauts-, molished with the exception of the remained inl charge of the passenger beat that Merrill and Stevens of forcibtokherauefom e itrsighsoy ruh wihsituated on the church property on laus obtained the Bishop's permis- latter which was moved to Aviles department at St. Augustine. Jacksonville had engaged my which a idwt e hr
difficulties and tales of self-sacri- Picolata where Father Aubril met Duin thaal er ne ahr ati adsn prt i rsvnfe ogwtotsy thm h tg oc ehdSouth Charlotte Street, in the same sion to solicit funds for a convent Street, next to the Old Don Toledo Durinh e aron, ars nder ahe r Captwee n itu s n toopkerate, inxoewrt sadcod rice.enggedeomtaeTthe ts St.Ae gu-olohanheashofwherotheParodandscholot behuiltontteeSiter'eHose.dosepcRicardsn, ndelterihen etwen TiusvlletndrRcklegese. Information set forth in this tingaed unortuaetey coul S.acgus chial School and Lyceum now stand. St. George Street site. Ladies of The coquina in the present stone in charge of the passenger traffic the latter place being the only rained ilti a. article is from the work of the teunouaeyc oul aco- Although this building provided the parish consented! to hold a fair, fence on St. George Street wcas department, Mr. Rahner was a winter resort on the lower east Onr uut, 5h rteaant above unnamed author, contained in modate only four, the others being better accommodations it was r $400 being netted for the originally in the building which pioneer in advertising the East coast the
,a booklet entitled "1866-1936. foll o min n Tor iherifo from being a suitable abode for the building fund. From that time until served as the first school house for Coast of Florida, and in the develop- "Ejybe m orsinldha, Sheaves Gathered From the Mis- Sg w. o d r f n"Enjoyable memories include sionary Fields of the Sisters of Picolata, the chronicler relates, was Ste ers. hcueifr nen fial the building of the Parochial School, colored children in the State of merit of tourist travel, which has those moonlight evenings spent 0ni a yr n ewn fe hm SitJspinFoia" dreadful. The road was covered e& er.Ternx n ia these fairs were annual events in Florida, and which was on the prop- since become such an important the dock, with the negro band made On hswybc emt"a
deepimudthros ased te ro aces topemanent St. Joseph's Convent, building 110 by 75 feet, met the dis- This structure was also the music this territory. He has seen Miami pat of their feet for a drum. and" Florida's first Bishop, the saintly oa nei6nn the places toe interestgnSt.
'Auusin ofot tohee withe un- swayes fro sietSt..TeAgsie approval of everyone with the ex- hall and was situated on St. George grow from a little Indian trading "'Oh, dem dar-kies how dry did loose. nafwm etsTbr- "
wereie warly e sed sdeThey A i ception of His Lordship and the Street, northwest of the parlors post to its present position of im- play and pat and sing, and dem turne remitting zeal to bring hope and wrach ardyth xaustednwo e theyso The Sisters of Mercy, who had Sisters. (then the chapel) and separated portance, crackers how dry did dance and looseanheddtmhoe aencouragementdw w t o sanst heartnasebWed MercyinSt.heAugustine. ises o hCntinued't ilt conduct rthe scholoplefor Cornerstone Laid from it by a concrete walk. Restoration Vital flirt and fling, P timeLoerahdheseerf
"and revive the faith within them. This Convent of Mercy was sit- to withdraw to Hartford, Conn., in Permission from the government Mother Mai'y James has been Asaon-ieridnofS. ndtemnanthsashshopudadsysTbiIni this trying mission Bishop Verot uated on St. George Street, opposite 1869, because of the dearth of sub-; to procure coquina from the Arias- the Superior since 1925, and assist- Augustine, Mr. Rahner has seen and the water, how dry did smile mediaeycmtoheGvr en needed 6o-laborers. He turned in- the Bishop's residence. The Sisters jects and the poverty of the people' tasia Island quarries was obtained ing her is Sister Thomasine. great changes come over the Oldest and shine and twinkle.' HousewihainetoofleSstinctively to his hoileland, France, remained there for several weeks who .were unable to support two by the Bishop. The cost of bring- 0 City, some for the better, and some "Those were the pioneer days in atingeo thron.
lan o mssonris ndmatysunilthirreovl o Old' St. communities. The saintly Irish ing it across Matanzas Bay on flat One story told of the old pilots seery iunhteresting o e landm a s i svile hntwis f o ardwls andere ow u st hv a uh r see ineretig od lndark di- ad r leghwsey o ide walks and tobeta egtcs rmty

finally wending his way to the Joseph's House" on Hospital Sisters of Mercy, Sisters Monica boats proved so high, however,that of St. Augustine is that the regula- appear, and views with apprehen- it took two good-sized mules to pull ing toca
'Mother-House of the Sisters of St. (Aviles) Street. Reverend Father and Mary Anna remained with the the work was discontinued for two tions sometimes chafed the men and, stun what the next 25 years may the family carriage through the to takeu os nodnneo Joseph at Le Puy where he asked O'Reilly had willed this property to Sisters of St. Joseph to assist them years, the greatest amount received instead of taking vessels in rota- do in destroying the individuality, sand of the streets. 1827dietthtaerccina aBreigiop cmmuity nd1e 9 i th outoorworkof teecrn-ontdnatonstot xcedingrew qtin, ne o th boasawthdisccewrma nnestahdshar ofthi co The"heffrstrailoadintooa tsviletloseiotuoticilltebelivose
Floria Vlnertogwihhm oBihp ertdeded it to thd munity. This was done at the re- On January 15, 1874, the corner- would slip away up North River in- reuniy unless a program of the was the old Jacksonville, Tampa and bell agi ngrudtect n
: Sixty members offered- them, Sisters of St. Joseph. The tract of quest of Bishop Verot. stone was laid, the impressive cere-' to Guano Creek, where the boats kind offered by: Carnegie Institution Key West, a narrow gauge road at onc hr oldbeapbi cosen: Sh oi n auigh be ial eStene tht rge SreeHo-t. eSseso t oehi lr an aknammnosrt could be very near to the ocean is carried out. Mr. Rahnier recalls which connected Titusville and San- outeryithmaktlceo e
hse:Ssters Sidonia JlipiatretoS.GrgSre. ida owe to the Sisters of Mercy a ious and educational event, in St. beach. Close watch would be kept the unique character of the b~uild- ford. The first train leaving Jack- thepocncraueThtneot
,Celenie, Julia Clotilde, Clemence, In those early pioneer days events debt of. gratitude which can never Augustine, and being Nvitnessed by for vessels coming from the north, ingq that have. been swept away, sonville for Palatka was on March ernor a abthuc a enl Josephine, Peter, and Louise moved rapidly for the Sisters who be paid. 'Their unfailing .kindness a large gathering of people, Sisters, and, Wheni one was sighted;- the pilot and says that, St. Augustine must 6, 1884, over the Jacksonville, much oebuthtteyrwa J oseph.' The study of English was were chiefly 'occupied in making, and cooperation paved the way for clergy and the Bishop. boat could be put across into the preserve what'she has, and follow Tampa and Key West Ry., which atpigtonsemtohvecad begun at once and months spent in themselves proficient in the Eng- speedy success for this early i- The words of the Bishop on that .collecting from the communities lish language 'and endeavoring to stun. y s occasion have been 'recorded hqs' ocean and a pilot put aboard long out a restoration progra"' if the was chartered in 1875, however atten in
an red iu rilso vr aeteoddlpdtdhue:bef ore there was any chance for the iden tity of this Oldest cit# is to be actual construction of the road be-1 (On0: te eods itga
snd rensposatceofeey akthoddiaiaehoesin Chosen to replace Mother Sidinia "The congregation of the Sisgers ofwacheetsinlapbL rsrvd enJckoilendPakaisre,
description. Pictures, inedals, beads which they lived more comfortable. as Superior was Mother Stanislaus, St. Josep~i was founded by Father wthhr oSga io, eev we akovleadPltaddeis)and -scapulars were packed for the They were also busily employed in, who viewed with increasing alarm Madaille, S. J., at, Le Puy,, France, m iorss i don iawsapone preparing an old building on their the ruinous condition of the house in 1650, and wherever these Sisters Moter idniawasapoinedSt. George Street property for the in which the Sisters were living and are established they 'Aim abo ve t he Superior of the little band of use of a school for the colored to be teaching. Handicapped for want of everthing to procure the Glory of m issiai;ges. A ...... of great opened in Novem.ber, 1866. This f unds, she could not..... provide God by doing good to their neighfihhihyeducated and posses-1 work was made possible by the ad- the necessities for, the commuiy bor. This building will be a- convent, a novitiate for candidates t0
Railroad Fashions Then and Now the-Sisterhood, and a normal school n for the training of teachers who
-7- will devote their lives t6 the Christeducation ofeered h es M |L
th Sister voisitte or g adn-h
s ickTis schovolutil a lmnA D EN R Y

Fotheo agitthe alse Fane
injuiou aibeatioulmotatue oimSs
woeh ]ich nd toseaated fign E H N JO TH740HN SS O niche ectefon. t ill' by
fotrerss rsdr istfr the pstriOBEI-UEDO U
infielit taRrnd Fathe re intlay"IO
the educa..tri of th." v r
though fopoiong day the wstrk e
contnud, fistpncial id came frm
ot.hosehinFldonring boa:rd- M ILKo u
1- rookyn, faile w., vondt wsarelyi
for their untilrn; efories in "ITe PA T URZ '

should also be emphasized that the social classes which onco lived in those in the Bckingha-Smith and publication for St. Augustine. conjunction with the field notes of among them the Boot Boe, tic history of white st fmet in this this community, o- the types of and Lowery collectit, asome of At aothe consideration of im- the acheologist and the drawing co-tailed old Spanish Teeesy sommunity, lich dates from the schools and teaching which once had whihareinomnoootiptaoooll portance, the bjt of carto- and measurements p dbythe building, which is a etadi Fact-F nding R epor .o 1i5, has pasd throughmany vogoo hot-e in. polished form. Such work as graphic material will appeal engineer, givo a oommoary of this period ho...o both fom the stendL teiveto nd diotiot phase of A full utilization of the pan- hat hooo done thoc far in this proe- strongly to the student. During phase of the program. Photographs point of ito exterior aod ineoieo itt-lomst. Eah of these hoc ito scientific method of research in this liminary survey with newspapers the preliminary survey photostatic also have been used to record the furnihings, and hating impoteet o peculiar significance in the historical field will lead, it is sub- points to the fact that there in copies have been mode of many ap.......f important artifacts historcal tal ....toihcting t a
M ade B y C hatelain Is tto el as a relatioshipto emitted, toa much moot complete probably a great deal of informo- important maps applying to this di d thus far in the prelim- knowledge of hitoil
what cid hefote ond to what comprehension of the life history tion to be gained from such printed region, involving every period of onary survey. The pictorial ma- ad alo of many hase of thedoSU M ..a loped afterwards. lt of 11, Augustine. And when those sources of material, although n- white occupation. In this onne- trial to date include, old prints, malt and coltorl life in St. Acwould seem, therefore, unwise to studies have been made and their fortunately newspaper files in St. tion, guides to certain map colle- maps with pictorial features, photo- gustine. R estora tio Suim m ar settle upo a y one particular time full significance has been brought Augustine are not available local- tgraphicenlargement such asthose S r a
R eIt level as the point of emphasis, to the attention of scholar and the ly except for the period from 1889 to pepared by Mitt Jothston, stao-toot-ce teedoce pogram the motte of histoical layman alike, there should be de- to the present. It should be scoid many poblishd maps hate boon types and film trips. So this loot apple
ho tato o physical de velop- te-opcd in the citizen of this com- in passing that newspapers r noted. To 0ttmt to alate o- connection film copy records of to he associtod with the proposed ra era ht hd tgee to moo Bthe norinc evoopetlotepaprtneofoare
Monlths;ft aludey o at to h" grh to t mo nt. Rather, it is thought that munity, as well as in the visitor, a published here as far bck as the ly the importance of cart manuscripts maps and othe ilos- plan
V l in consltto th Mayor in th ph' phy of rosearh and do- better realization of the charm and Eighteenth Century and there ic a gaii moteiol is chic field f tatioou bane boos mode no a part one of the min feature of oboand other representatives of the velopment should be aone having as historical values of St. Augustine, published here as far back as the cors0 would be impossible in this of the records of tho soweY. Many tine realty listing the posnt with Scope City of St Asgu t"o a rd pon its purpose the gradual unfolding represented in its climate, its nat- with the period of American occu- report. goups and individuals in St. Aa- to
_____ : vul~t: the settiog upgofna taffhaving as of the story, considering origioo, u-al scenoey, its physical historical nation. Such o private collection Hoot.., a few obset-vations gustine have had a part in contrib- Thpohlemofolletinghist.
IS C M E E its purpose the conduct of the his- causes and effects and the various resources, and such modifications of newspapers, as that of Mr. Phil- should be made. The best single outing to the collection of pictures, an
o-IS COMPREHENSIVE yt to proide data for contributions of all natural and hu- and artificial elements as have been lip Yonge of Pensacola, containing index to maps is of course that of and this work represents one ofthe cal evidence concern, to he ecore IthereYphtof th-comittee o m influence to progress as m.- introduced by man into the natural St. Augustine: newspapeoc since Lowery involving his valuable col- finest cooperati-e activities in the arts. eol io eans i
Expresses Expert's View fact f sssed it tootto of timt d change. setting. The presentation of the 1830, con bo motioned an one col- lectio, now deposited in the Li- program thus far. Fortunate, too, to hat-c mod r..rds of oal Iaptsoiog~itohoooidhn toetht onthistconnection, thefatshosld assets of St. Auogustin-ito ntur-al lectiso offeing coonsideoable possi- booty of Congress. Dt-. Co-co had is the student in history is having teadiioeoletnsadpeie on Possibilities in a second bno t-atitt ...h.t decided Pt. Aogos chm an d its historical t-nources abilities for investigation. The sod a valuable map collecti and fot hic usc ter adequate colec-u .at-ootdod information, dealing
h ton pol te comments Toh -m ing ia or -presents a social challenge, which newspaper files in the Library of has brought together as well, ma- tinc Historia l oc sest, and at the s oo, rei s o O le t to atro in a fd and ao r- it will be interesting to discover Congress offers 'much, as also trials on the Minorcan colony at inistoicalS at the spec hoe li ofh eo dooopno. h otcis iing. growing scoia Pubitwlhoiictotngt isoe Lihrary, as well as les coot Oldest Cityiwath of h evel -op sTo goi. The object of researh whether the community will meet. newspapers of Jacksonville, Satan- New Smyrna. The guides to man- plete collections of Fort Marion, no g The following in the Fect-Fiod-"|was also to ptorid a hurs ff should he to single ot the individ-t Viewed in its entirety, a pro- nah and Charleston, wherein ma- script materials in the Library of the Fountain of Youth, and in the Spai s tir y r gcttn
e o bt d to Mart-c tport of this sood s-ommit- othua storia sites, idiags, o their aggressive research and development terials relating to St. Augustine Congress and in foreign archives files of several local commercial event, famous legal htte and, altong Report submite dyor N e t C on- t. o t"ttures ad t "mains, to find eve- program in St. Augustine should are likely to be found. contain many references to maps, photographs. u in fo Walter B. Fraser's N oationl Com- the po pose f tat possible shred of historical evi- otoresult in making this place a get Bibliogeraphical studies of this many of them in manoocropt for One of theprinci mitter for the Preseootatice a. to he record of these labot-atory sf history, at well s is preliminary muret-t hate decolt in and'at yet inaccessihle ond unsed inofinfomation which'e~b ise ofef iniroii Restoration od. At Pooce d foo tifieg of the Natotoo1 Ct places and the general life story of the fine arts and social democracy, the second Plaie with problems of by students of American history- imin denoe th it- t it co ity iconoie a the meeting he a ot once e on ac ndin, e al this community, and to stabiie,. useful not only in understanding manuscript material. In consider- Publications such asWinsos, t-O rohoologiner- With presee. e r rg e a. d accentuate thisp fully how life progress, but ingthis field it should be noted that ,poiosly, list and e f bho isto LecoelinIaeione dhiseinidsdicot-or mittgivplatodmiterDa. Pasoseaosemtueyssue
by Dr. John C. Merrim, president ands e problem o selection an cal history and the story which effective because of its objective in the aggregate this f t aionter s relating to igatthionis bThy mthe pisticu b:t f Car e ItittoandTher 0 o the hirsot-to c g000 with it, inuofar as posuibie "yeaim, fat more than the hooks t s e o f byft- h S Agsting. Tes In ttention it- ct manofthecomitte T reort outthework ff th itorical sur- ten sources constitutes by far the St. Augustine. The Florida His-ng aisto both th istoei o a e mao adspted u e "imouly by the n eot. VerneE. Chatelain formerly consistent with civic progress and and the class-rooms can be, in edu- largest single field of endeavor for topical Society publications have An cl Bociit- as well an for species ommit a nd immedio a t the hief histoio ad i as- social well-being. R ch should eating all classes of cities i ft ec Su guide also been the means of publishing The archeologist, as a part of his feature atico in the newopapeos. "t imedatly fby the chif inrm futur research Such gude as esa so activity, has made a preliminary Neeles osy hr sm e
edtbe basis foe wo k since coder- distant director in charge of th e ginotte t tbeoioetoth efo what may he t esed hiuto rical- thoco .of Carnegie Institution of impo rtant maps, s ketch and ti iy h s tmad a eota No edo e t s th e i and a taboo and o coetemphated: Branch of Htistoric Sites ond Puild- damontol historical vtlues existingmindedness". Washington, already mentioned, charts. sand od soic od ot te ad tofu of the Natioal Pa ei, h and ten a wipogam o it would e pointed t es- tematic effort has been, made to in anyreserhpogramh e e y DR. VERNE B. CHA TBL AIN W ashington, D. C., was selected to d enlop mnt should st rne to put that reseao h t-s eting St. Ao- to ho f ud in tho Library of Coo- p eally tho se is pictorial fo m, oompi e the full data ot th e Cosa- ot-ganifed to carry forward t hie
Eoecutie Seretay of the National dirt the historical survey follow- grass, point to the almost appalling give much information regarding t these mounds, a prog committee for the Preservation end Of hit appointmnt tos R ch will unify their physical treatment tion to the relationship of this area masses o manuscript source ma- the extent and degree gf the city tentative bibliography dealing with Fror Resmttor action oft. Aegtion Associat on the staB of Ca and o presentation udt condition to other regions in the United terials, comparatively little of from time to time. They're, of the work of earlier archeologists ele men s d l a co
Reatoiauiints of. Waugisgtoe. Suie- btototsada nuiot States. C~ inosocs and contracts trne optaiop ltl ffo iet ie hyao ftewr fctlc ohooit lmsssdteoctia eod
Institutions gof Washington. subse as harmonouso ahnd asa conducive to Ste co on n otrad which has been published. Among course, the best sources regarding in this region has been brought to- Ing of voic f s tie of The proposal for some form of quently, the members of Sub-Coin- public welfare as is possible. the foreign archinal deposits ceo- the position of narious houses, to gether throwing light upon pt-- thie
development program for the con- mittee No. 1 on fact -finding were Inofar as the written source m- will pt-oe both ffenas pi'easi, I the most significaot is that location of ancieot dofesse lines, hisrtoroi man as w oll as p rehisieic m ianrage opseibiBr atio of importantfeatues ad named, a follotws: Do. Waldo 1Q. teas ate concet-aed, the ideal pt-a- nMlatg at of the apees Podntes do il the moats and other militars for- animal. Thelof tootse remains ties m o nool vtale in tbeant cty of St. Au- Leland, Fermanent Petetaty, gram of -esea a h certainly shoud valuable o n.d will lead to a better Iola do Cuba to he fouod in the tifi atios and outposts. Especial- not-p much to ho done in this field the ginse, Flot-ida, is too whit-h has Amerioto Council oP Learned Pi- he to ascertain fully the natuto, on- cpA ion otop re scope a G a a significt in this ontio a-ecia of invetotigatiodo in asp futurs uh a b wod o ctin N of American history. As in study- Archive General de Indias at Se. ysgiiati hscneto aeo netgtn nayftr e-sc shsbe okdoti e
bsd coosideration for masy pont-a. tioties, Wahingtoo, D. C.; Do. Hot- tent, locatioin sod conditions of Ohotghis ta elobec 1t1ni 0 u, Spain. In this collection, so the mape of Drake t58t. Ast-doofo sech program whit-h will ho de- Englnudethaspcsote
It has been noted on numerous oc- Bert E. Bolton,, Professor of His- material, and to effect o the concen- ing history elsewhere, attention Vimtely 50-000 dou ns 17, ft la Pof Pde 16,th British nelopo d in Pt.Aogomwih Is Paso- Angian unc i of Agthne SoA asions by visitors and local in- tory, University o California; Dr. tration of the original manus ripts, must be given to the fact that St. Proxima y cuments have m P ma for the period 1763-1l78, i ng, it should ho noted thato Aieic i a
habitants alite' that the physical A. V. Kidder, Chairana, Division at cetera or copies thereof, in a ato rosu an talefdadbg C tjog Ititxs map for the British* Ad- ecataso otion thte primary put A e ict conditions in St, Augustine hav of Historical Research, Carnei central place of deposit, preferably conditioed as such,that it a0 0- geneai ohs pe-siod fto-in76 to inittty 1o 6fo, the Buiti o d Brtish pose of which ois msry the section with boen g aduall dr fag ma ore ad I otitutisol Dr. William E. Lingel- in te historical usaeuo and Ii- sented the norther-most advance 1821 and dealing with such subjects map of 1782, de la Rooque 1788, the nature of historic sites, pottery and sidersiy of oge t e o omoce into a chaotic state, whercni bath, Professor of Hittory, aithe- be tt, whith it io to e hopef may of Spain along the Atlantic sea- as Indian problems, colonial ft- Clements' Survey 1834, snd a their artifacts relating to the abor- grphica mateil s spa o fthe c iaef e n ioncl s e-it of P eonsylna Dr. Matt b d-ge e lop io na etio owith the board, that much of its story is in- nance, military, social and relig- set hotap iadeta outp 1,whi h fi es hat- boon fit coneod, ro ge e ra histical eh doce of thie o the cbm of the ld ity iu be- W. St ii g, Chief, Buo of Am- gearal pogra heafter for Sti extricably interwoven with con- ious matters. While copies of some as the tets, house and setd, a photograph Are- a ing lost. ican Ethtology, Smithsonian Is- Augustiot. This mttrial not only flits nolvng tbet- nations, firt-s documeats so toe Fapelos hane been otherastructures of that oriof. ological effor relating to Ohs hi-os FtiOtpp(tee se Those appreciating the rich his- stituton; together thoJowith Dr. JohnC.ill thtu w light poa toe maay Frat, then Ceat Britain, and mado, a groat promotion of them The tis atr sur t-has fit-en torii periodhaseIanlnot toana-his oily for anthrapologiesl
: orcl rdiinsad~sets of this Merrim lana Mr. Chatelaln. P .pot .... to piroposed deeomntF....te rat ia . adaget rprio te
toical traditiocoand asss ooblems of proposed development eventually the Americans them- Are still inaccessible to students of much atestios to pioial matri- tions for the purpose of obtaining a h ictos 0 i this area. gio h re gt he ous w ht oye e "t e t h ol al e ad uddreth tOoityao 0 f sto ration, tone of w hich selves. Throughout its history, un- this region, and the w working of s w which of course have peculiar th e eact i catio ma strem ents, A ad y e t nsi v s keltal em aina mat having tontinuous history i thoe h to Ai au ou-t the City of sho uld mode except in the light til thetime of the American Civil them p esents a practically virgin nalue in research, having as oat of and other data on the Moat Along bae b an...ct-ed whicb will enAmerica awas e tished sav St. A ustine tod oto interostod of rigid tests of histo ca accu- War, the military theme is very i- field r inetigatin its principal objectives the possible Orange Street to Fort Marion and able the stfont study the eie wa e aclen n .. 1 ... .. c "11 d t h t"oe-denelaomeai sf cerai hsic aa h"sapigoso etihsoi bony ctructue sod othor antheepoo watched ancient londinari disaP 0rsoss pledged to thousand dl- uch as that at la Ma- tgitl fontr es of tirises noll pear time after time through one laos, bhibs so was supplemented mt ai n with Sta Arn o her catis Af Aoth g irge to denelop evidence a e a u so o t geiap f s ssctcna i I teng i t ss a ra h D'stros firs by funds provided throgth D r J hn wnnmngah delg ihStAusietoterctrso script material pertains to the East structures in St. -Augustine. Pic- ieSrtodvlpeienegi
00use art C.Met-ri frous rio s g and Fn Ida papnro lob found Ito a t f regarding ancient house founda- ao c I thou acti f i M l Ce i Augutie and eventually defin-citi such as Svannh and of p01 tt Jh Coon M tsoud property aerseaswel ascity cOt, a welse by e t or ot A.otiooe aisory, elea l ng wi thfe entire Charleston. Library of Congreess. Th eon- period dot-to tho Ameritau Citil to to be of ths popl. i gaged in pasrffilsted investidib, d t o e sr ctlion sistascodgiven by the Florida WPA. tinto history toait Sbe theica Cinii to Chelaeofth pepl.ohis
t in5 A t e adra tain for the years from 1740 to War, are of course somewhat sampling process during the period gaion of the history of mdocies a s through the operation of Mr. Chatelain begat hit o a en. Undouobte- Sources of Information and Their i821 a variety of items, such as scanty. Atention has already been
natural as in te and change November 15, s i i t a 1y too, saunch of ths eoue ma e a Treatment in the Preliminary o:^ preliminary survey, indicates surgr a n hal a edition m n at
5 ~copse, l oht5 ueoy of wih tub Cu d a rial itself eventually sh would be pub- correspondence with the British called to the work of the artist L6- the considerable potentialities Of ugntieda it incoa ...all have conspird to brig abou .a suvy of matras to be found in 1au u Sre thorities, royal regulations and Moyne dealing with early "Indianthsmhoofdvlpnhiorcleincinbgvn oteiuta.::
c ondi ton in wh'h historic sites the libraries in Washington. On listed, not only the manuscrpt reC- The first consideration involves ae d reltn toaf N have been lost sight of, ancient Decemobe te came to St. Agus- ads, bot ae editions of oos now the problem of printed materials odoon, documents elating to lbs life in this region. Noteworthy evidence. Archeological work t- 0 moos and re-ome for whie edifices have passed into oblvion h peratin of insof they exist for the study e of East Foida to the also is the pictorial element. upon lting to historic sites is, of o rods ,
-nd~h' thtm k g e ayor and other civic leaders e are amos entry acces- of the history of St. Augustine and U tates, the embargo and the some of the earlymaps of St. A- closely coordinated with the fe- Staint end toe olemonts mating foi objc thMarao siblo Added to arisrspcsfrit nionet.T e s d loin revoluatiut of 179ati5t beinpeetgsie f hc odeape tive physical edence in so oi ffices were provided for ou - thete p ospets for its nironmentS. Thoestudint 'will tution of 1700, Iadian poeseats, gustine, of whet a ooacosaple search in the rittes records t de- secured from cepisentatve iiag have been squande ed. vey in the First National Bank research and scho warship will be the not be disappointed in the number aegso, problems, plans of fortifica- is the Drake map of 1586, showing termine as fully as possible "the persons of afoat racial s ..e o nt so a ooBuilding and other pc rsonnel st- development of studies looking o- and variety of printed books pam- tisasd publi bulinga, edicts, the Fort, some of the houses, es- -case history" of such sites. Need- A st orthed sinaes ts bated fsc~aor s he ms emt o es no t mhakeo lo ted to assist i carrying out the ward the complete collecin of the phlets, circulars, newspapers, et proceedings, secret correspondence cels ling in the harbor, and the less to say, n reconstruction atork nanqetisn frm suc stans-! so uch i fference how the iea prga "gt 1 traditional stories, to be gatheredcerafothsudofhir- nS.Agsie.n
originated of having bha ilefs ,for t rgam. Id1ding those selec i sdstn tmatically from different tea, ft the sdy of oi of the Governr, and many other getgraphical setting. Mention has c 1h done is St. Au tiao 10 piats as the cosidration of be who co nributed to the beginnings w B Roge Jo nson, Engf 00 i uy e ota 0 noti f gion. C ouootothe isno root subjot The Fapelos sod th East ite beea made of the .ap.of Atdevelopment poaso withouthe origit o the prgam which taos00 eWd Winter, Archeoogist; Albe lies le the ogfon, a colicilo thing at present as e definitive his- Florida papers constito only two St. Augus e,datindatg 8bout t1885 accompaniment of basically sound ff pe of athe program 'wh h r d MnuCy, H.stota-n; Blanceb pictures andthe rt ooted s dies to of St. Augustie, adno pu- Of many such sochil depsiti. which ontins c0tniaa eresn- archenogical esearoh. The fld in the preliminary s o Reyes, ypist; Miss Vera Smith, involved in the engineerng, photo- binho k at appeared lot Ottos ae he fouad in bibraris Iaon of narus soes andnoeof earchlneoslofdItoonogist, as in tes veli
-drawingtoaclose.,uffceit t say Typist; and Miss RthE Ha r"' g aphi d cbologal ati i- considers all possibesource iofn- in France, Great Britain', Rome streetsascthey.appeared at that gase of the id o oft 00tat it remained for Mayor Water Becretary. Alsit ho s ofe tons, begu undor the prliminyformation for such a study. There Mexico City and elsewhere. At time. It the survey thus far there gineer, and of the photographer velopent o ong a B sooI te the acti which that Miss P e 00 en i ..a.. J s y, and pnsiblyto be t tintedd are monographs concerned with Tallahassee in the State Archives have been accumulated certain accompanying such activities as has tales In ta lationeip In the lasto th e organization nf a Na- Ion, wonder t grtoot from the Car- in a futte pt-gram of research. special aspects of the toeld, whioh sr oun d source collectioos iso sketches, probably antedating the 000n menationed, coostue inp-oO- al d bpteta t sge nst Csomittea for the 0000va- negho Carporation, should coota to Beseting archenooial he re- haie b done reanoably well, mnscot 1for for the phi Civ War to su as one fea- 01blo histocal evidence dot-ped tito w 1ub ti. of is areta a. Mtching r. ugus e in order to make a search it should b noted that the u ch oe of Mrs. Conanr onthe ft osmi S se as data upon isad uingthe Moatanod Citys so fa dunog ito-ico e of the prei ne- o t sren dw l sO so. Faster's deep interest in this pr- photo aphic o ord undet the di- pr ml a su e arey di- period of Menendez and the earli- grantsand otherofficialdocuments. the coquina bridge crossing the nary survey. riuseoae gram n that r of Dt. Jot C. Moo- reCtion of M Chatoin fo th e tales is grea val ue not only in o est Slnish period, and Miss Bre- in the city vaults inAt. Augustine Moat, and another sketch from the Aside from archeological remains ally, ee ld ni dam sod others of aB Pposes of Ohis aue. I ths i Bld ef re histoo 0gins, y Iard's petining Io the British, are official manuscript records in- harbor emphasizing the entire developed through excavation be- redinoaectionwththedve Carneegis ntittion of Washing- Johnston arrived on December 15 as well in the historic period. AT- the second Spanish- and the Amer- evolving various transactions of the shore-line of St. Augustine front- low the surface tfothe ground, there et of historical e-idenoe tettoo, who, at the psychological hoo d cosnthoued in St. Augustine too- ohcolngtoai stofies and lbs wrtteln icas periods, ms the Flooida BlSt iygatemet atiual it oo pnByOtot aigpo-aolg i t uutnomn menn t h iead rwhi t mneet threw the weight of their ti January Sf. The nature tof tor sources will go band inthand in the Hiatorical Bociety sere, ies cte hiig overm to Asicuao p n Bah y uo1Sret dain oestigaoolrlsaoii-oAgsio eti oigclm ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I ththeisr?:en dHsoiclScey ei.. th e beginigo: h mrca pc- sibly before 1861. terest ing strctural materials in Augusi ..ria.. oia
Influence and support to the cartry- wort wil be rerred to hereafter ideal program of research, and in cononectioo eery vouse of the I bng out of the sur ey program, and some of her pictures are incur- passing it is well to note that such ies, ediod by Dr. I. A. Roboot- dod of occupancy in 1821. These With the more general use of lbs forms of walls, potions Of le h which it in hopod in time may bead porated in thin repn a method has be oed in the p-non, esenr ie all, as wli J s. the art oas ed rere ds are fairly cam- photgrPhotographs in the post-bellum pe- walls of ancient buildings, arches, cludes to prnbem of tsl a to a planfor savingwhat remains- It should be added that through iinry surve with, interesting quartrly magazines, have bee' plete from the year 1840. ied, there has come down to uswhc itdsm is.. hope inselS thimeys may leard~av poae hti eor.aiebeen ue nthe pre- son, levn init allc asnnra~m~S wsellr~ astegreswlsenmnye eera.'usin sati( o the physical history th opetio of eCity Man- results to be referred thereafter valuable. Mention should be made Manuscript sources involve the fairly complete record of featres o hopo, e o alo
guatine and utilizing a weli-aeti- ager, Eugen Masters, a WPA la- in this report, bee f wor-, also published ndr student is researchos in almost of to n and region for this pe- Sects of pbotogrnpts ad a partial of climate, s, reafalb sod eun her oflte works alan baseshe unpon stdn bor crewc in almostf h OWdseetpso hc h recorded list has been prepared..shinecniee nterafc t csbaled oily pla, basod upsn tho bet crow was provided or t e The ieal method of research for these auspices, such as Siebert's every direction. The St. Augus- St. A li stoic tp Udubtedly much hintodial vatue d euthia ptoft- it is believed, sould woton te Loyalistn of lbs Reo- tine Historical Bociety Library cn ho f. lde eo of w r e lt bor i or d atheitaes, aertep .o taricab assets existing here. whith was inaugooatod offiialp by be pawscicohlc that ih to sa, ltutionary period and Whitaker's, tains phototat andcopies a rof on s lotge matcolion a ra nge Isdoubedly mtahI hsorm v of ct tb a After a series of conferences be- Dr. Meriam upon his nisit to St. eery sience..nd at oshsts a do many of subjects including exterior sod material dn, losIt suet specified eonsjde t een Mayor Fraser. .d repro- Augustine on January 12. 0 T i nry n cinc an so should b hani g o do with lbs co mecial this type, Th e library interior h se.iews,..treet tet gino fol consideration in order trade with the Indians in the Brit- of Fort Marion National Munu- pictures of gardens, and of tr include, of course, the historic g-roaply bo y, and hue sentativeSt of Carnegiea Institutitn 'W direction edf Mo widate under t ta o a aspects o community life ish and Spanisi periods, notably teol also contains valuable photo- poctu aon ans of house itself, o nsutitoting as it d.oeo garogy alt ban d W ojog the Nationaof P9St a coot- cheologiut, d Mt. J h nt Ar- may be f allly appreciated. Signifi- that of the Panton, Leslie Coin- 0st material, secured from the cien ac lt, sh aorse-drawn 0 of th probable histie i o onof to upeia l cn ratin Igtesmeof13,ac pelgsadM.Jhsn ngi. east studies for- this rgion may to pany, Warnt Depsoteal thrug Ito his-e-toaw itn t tami r eords faiedofcinfcatntyo
aee appintned with a mere- neer. On'Februaryomwnnta cns.u s rhs gnmybept. War Department thr.....h the his- tra's ofSt........Inconctono
rittom noe, on thY 1 Ow to an mad e in the fields of physical a d Interesting published works, torical activities of the National with the comments regarding pho- thes tial o ntiia s berrhiperption Lro h human geography, cmate, foods, m t t W i tographic activities of Miss Johns- the problems in human history, as
ht -of persons of ntioo-wide poes- wort was undertaten, and O new o c to of atadpof the com parainen too attention was called to t affiio i d tige interested in Ithe possible con- arrangement made with'd MtaO- Aculture, plant ecology, paleontol- difficult of access, give to thi stud- phtstats of source material some houses of earlier periods in con-preparation of a lint o appeoi- said o-ogy and geology, rot the sources. of toe eorliest copied ftmthe Lowrperis so s-mately fiftyt historic' structures, tibutilon whicr the stury of thin ters, wherehy to city furihh ; i- etho s o a nt oaf rc h cearies. io the L owery co llectionj o th sectic a n o 00 The ordnrymtd-n dss-tyanih aneFrechuolwithtinei tntLipirytfoCogrestaboud Area migbtafter tthe Amoerictanocly acrow of sootme otobe paid citiesi hitor nops aFrintneeBysBevsNtn as h Butcbinghamo-Sotthfrmhes eloain.n e history, Also, i, was decided In 5ou1 of thefunds oft oipf r ocmaoaF stnoD~ysoo~r a asIoa otceabcaotml hla emiapmcig of theAgoi.Thsarne nt muoh more limited Boeld of r-esarch, alt proseres toe unusual pic- chlectosin Now Yok, and .from surva thele soeni to aempg,
Ntoo Comelmitty eetWingt o n h utine Ti atas met th wP h ri inot ving often a ccoideration lures of LoMoyen dealing with the the Library of the Wiconsin Iin- Natober Sotte 193 ashntncniu lat trouh time.obfniMroh only of wrion soure materlabs. earby Indiao life of Ibis region. Scey-O au bn~ i~ot ndaigittea nt
te ooto so196 a ica S dikioneno btuo oc-tosblteofttnPsab t egruitoofuhros Od paieculot diealinwth peosam otisb
0 soeetesblteso tmnPoal osngecleto fsc e ord coe il otes of whichtstow the cffrcs of limo and nos nh antio smandsorcailh aditof Cavralg member of! life ore rarely tobe gleaned and early picturosof dian licfei oinbog s Ispysclenoo tontaiheooconodusions ronehadc h ne paid titits to Pt. Augustiao ouestdaaresutsofinee writ- Americaahasocomparohcvaue, 5 oan- ogines lorat crytoe changune-o e orSt.h ghnicaenirnAesOsig Other things, toe commi o tteo ing toe colors of the pt-elim- ton rcotdo. Few oen ct-co recut-f loss illis that of White's coilection 5551-Sf asd those recorded with d Very aignificat wan tse disovnery
tookhcognizasnccofl"thesmoortane0 sur5ey aotongtem tfr Mar a ullianalyin ofthemcolt-os, Iheir relting tolthe Idians of the Vir- la Roctue's sureyioteyeart17e. dusing toe nous ofltoeuryo to future geneontins if the blos- o am itself, "Do. Leland, andneghbors and thi-enironmentf ia oegio. Fotusnoteiy, Ofso, osssg~i-oe t 00 O~ op r and cobtua of earty Spanlabsha 1s W. Eliot, contootled with inwiting, an evon to toe extent there ae ofairby accurate accounts 00 mos unsa sinfia 1 ar hi-tre 11alf pilt negatines a etiosoent on thia nontineot" and lb a iou 1l Ou-ooe Boat-f At to which they maote a practice, toe in publichedf for containing toe ihe oarby Catholic churct parish taten poobably in 1105, anof found p cuoarly"oflbhefirstlpermanent thet of the COether meeting of tot-jetine col og of prejtodice sources ftr tt- Poacs do Loon reorods of hirtho, marrdages and in cleaning ot asooom in the i white Stioement in the United I atonlm al Commnitte i t wan do- and attitude ecitates groat cau- story, and that of Menendoc. deaths, of which there is almost aCity Hall, oil made: apparently" at : Statos t(at st. Auguse)" bher defd to told a scond meetg of tioni atlb pact of the otudent in Ceneal narra tineahisorion of St. complete net-ion from the year 159. tho name lime and runerlag inor lb omte einfta h h owte nP.Agsioteuaof witten sources. C ose- Augutlic, ouch as those of Fair- Tho condition of these ceondo is a or les scopbleey toe principal hisoico eiogoshouid befaithfdily no toe onth nf Norcb517. quentin, the potactice of using un boots and Reynoids, pronido illu- matter of great coern sod illis streeta and featuren of St. Angusprecoerofd- of that it etould e- The dote of thot meetiog March t, pSciounfy, as.a..unilribution o his- oonatiog if not oalogether coin- hoped that nut of toe activity If tine, Possibly n prints bad eor pboee eey avne an dponsiblyto marts the enfof thOperoofthe topical ovdencette cobbectine di,- ple e survys. Murenner, senera theprlimoinar surey Obore soap boon made from toh uies th n fprn -atr teliiay opst apndo the report ciplineo of all ottor sciences and important cotributions'hat-a hesn come ssoceplafn rthir proeeno- before behog tot-nrd underoths sot--0 ingandeon stucting ..suc boor- tiehbfolowssrpresents rts, tpaticlary phsicl-rcordsfade f the churchbistor of St.tioas'aod more general use Att-y program. They consiutoe ~ onate....s t ct n ot non t goe acti_ i mthe in ofnaluaisciroca o... ugstio ouc..h s those..of Shea, present they sae in suc.h shape as..most importot historica eido.....
were one thin iats fofteacioys lento c tno bppamIoveringaga ier iloto EnopadUgheb at u- eopoiiiiaooosi o ssi.iafaoe-thn o its cabt hintpot son t-~ oto f~bt-cpn tf th S ot t- lae letcot ontheUpar of tehcluastsbpdbnthe HotempractiorcalendIA.acuet-sibole.rory.mentoned pte ciaotnt eatuirectintihe osNivey
n idenceeaod bor....iabie dots n m e~ and nt 0 0f Bdiue deat, all of which bill add o to Studies o U Unted Slates Csth- has.. eied sentral thoot..nd pht- FF-..... Benjamoin Johnstoa should
esonch ill ermt O~o tnesandValies ooton ttalof nfotsoaion ond icou Historical Sociott-. There in testot of manuscr1i0ptotore docu- beenioned. Foliowng toe peepfhorhwl emi" u oa finomto n n also published in a recent pamphlet menlo pertainin oFoia i-ffy hintot-riclboildings nddother
As a Benst step in t dy of a n approartiog the rottam of derotanding of life in S. Atouatone. fraio of alitoapriaey
proposed plan of denelopmoent it esc rtingtt tot St. Augustine Theophysicalonviroonrt ofapeo- o the Smithsonian Pnstitutin tory :f which many innolno espe-srtueisJononnhe
w dotermnod IhaI a sub-c0m- an lts eniot, Osot-ct-t con pie, to w e arefulyui ed ilaahlceetetcucmnetrlte~leo~ hdcaly stdid iAueguostinnue.o mtt Thr imuh erefctvwahsdeaost
miteettshoeformetd, lo furlothOderatiton ay be pointed out shod muchiigbtouonthasonscinghendanossand Indian matsriab of asimiiar nature io the nie rffco tema orphasona to the full committees ifomation bwitta no dfinite beat-bog, lt is fo" their stocesson and Iboit- fail- misbongsh o f orids sok ieBciga-S n oey uiqe tercontrof ton min peyerv regarding the documentlary data, thou hI, uon the ntute, oxtnt, oatsrospecting Otir indiniduab and oitoa of Fluso ifs Wartite cletsnfonsM onoiitr apconP uu
egenary and factual, hearing on ndusfiaonfrshaciiycletveee rss. heeo-and Critical Histor paffurd die- St eon ha stated without Oear of ing a faithful rocoa- tt-sugh ptaa eselement of toe 'oily by tse tUnliko atnrpt-ohlmsto otf hintorical caphoy of Pt. Augustine it nery cig- cussion of biblionrphaical malarial contradiction that the ut-h of in- tograpbs of hist-ric atrchtece
ooanihand ascsquaot occupa-t tesat-oh, ut-ibh bae nometims nificaona sitsiclimate, its fanas ti sahsola uoo nsiaig isipuadg gsloil ritc u e at
tIons and donnlopmont rebling to offrotedot otudn ltot tadinoa hn pflsf-cpraof Itotorybitepanofs faora.rfhe stdy to the oo osel sanhsorica umr esiaio lasfig n ipniy arttc, an ofte faah the arohitecture, customs, an ned hero onlp be euticof that mestit equipment of a Spanint toe nome way, Porknman has nolue, materials treating In St. Augunline ursof the notve nlikely to bane
inoa whioherietlto ot l Ott i-t progra tha n t u0p and bitthen, otbher furnishings of Ohe anolikewiseoBouroe and Priccstbey. asd Boot Flnrida, on walias nba basltig iitanoe. Puoh wont of WHEN THE HEAT GETS YOU DOWN . WHEN usiord lcavlimatial Os plan old" Thscnductod for tt purpose of ohod- house, macohion usod, and methods The published guides of the Cnme- baying of plons for theit- copying tout-to tall attention to the ahief YU WN LNYO UEIEFRDbK a~o~oitiihotie i th sn hisfoafrinit liht toofot os ha P transoortation, tato only be fir sotitottio of Washington are and enentuab coctra-tinu in one hintorical asst sol till remsaining soin OR WHEN YOU WANT YOUR DELICATE SALADS
ubcmitefrhroewIs in- in fesbeuonth ifeistory of astribed to certain caunes,; but in ildce alto Oh eass Pf at-chit-al mtagnificent deposit is an en0torpiso this City. AN DESRSTOLO HbRBS" --TE
otrcted to begin archeologicalto- this cotomun-ity andi oito the idea turn ace conditioning factors io the oatetialt, mny of ct-ibhaett be worthy of any resea-oh instituion Along witt the photogeaphic rec- ADDSET OLO HI ET...TE'
avnatio worb immoediately to sun- 00 mind of" Otranlotitpto -nlsoenhdciuoo hepol otdi ooioctno. i thisresolnsomorSO in cultirtod that t-fpt-ple, bfMonuJndso TEnIMEWHEeRELgIE WLLuOnTErJBeBST
so hand~ bring to ight cuth ct-i- oftbis cffortt nto a plato of phytital Pot- these reasoons they contitote Withou 1exhbusting this subiect no soot-c naluabe contributiot to there has alto born preparof a fonts on would eoabe toe National developoment, and ttine city plan- proper objoctints of tistor-ital reO it coat-h boinicated that during tbo toe ntdy of Ameriiean history rotc hist-ry" of th hotae stoIcCootoittee to .....idr Pulip the tul. ting for the ..... outnion ....tabili-.. "chn toanhed light upon tbe bis- pr-eiinia-y .....op a bibliography cold be at Ibis time tban te tote... phutograpted, setting nut [ FOR PURE CR S A IE
ure,oustos,and devedopnolf zatioo, iteprtaotion tdgotneal toryofot ityand argioo. It~t t-lrited matericl ba beenmasn and nyttotatie use of all i as mochdetail aspossibienthe RY T L C
LA igusthoe. St was thoughttal educational ... of th mtot-iais sould be noted an panning that ouad ....ict, ct-itte not complete by b mtras fotn tha nO rca.. An CORRECTEWEIGPO MP E RVICE
anmonfo-nnp her rtoloteemst rueue.Ano TOR EL EPGHT OE T 140 IC othinfor-mation wonld ho useful On aiustsficoered, tery few people, oes studens of ay easafodanoprni odso t Agutdic, l~e~ hoooiclgopn ftes
indoeeminingto bhat tent a The student wio ote ttong oth- history, tao descrito and explain of suggesting futhbet- rea fononBrchens hlin boolgoltcpigoIosb
veiopmet-t program thouif be er things taot Pt. Augotinocis the ho pritoitite nmacery and the lotting toward toe ot-eparatio of thin report no attempt can ho made loots of these photogrophstoas
t riod out, oaffctin, citt- tanntiog, oldest coommunity ot Obe white taco todst of ma facture, Pro too-a completely adequaor bibiliogr- o dea1 with all the ratmificatino noisories for ottor houors and DAILY DELIVERY SERVICE THROUGHOUT THE CITY
be possibe presert-atio, rerun- htaving otntituous history lot the parcaneof opt-op atd sugar, the phy. For thispurposoetfr in- of this poblem, yet it should ha houne-oltes alsotaerbrenpepare. -t
Inuinto.doresoationofit...ic United Statts, that...... ialstocb, app at-ac.. cit the growing tondi- fo an..d other aids totbe found in pointed out that it is atanskwhith Another- typeof pdetoria trenod NIl Ice
in and toe go oral. treatment of oWhile basitally Spotiob, hobo ion too one.. o..f, isdigo, the pt-c Litroct-of Cooent a ill tote ...o..ful organzatio .... d itt whbitt tt- no.. op has ben ns
Ri.Asgostine on a pool of its im-nsfuenred hy otit ar-nicoo p io fwoipotltthe bitt-at-ionninsOhioot-spiitt-gbane weavifgIcwothers, it libraries iotnt tp-fis thatiofat-ohhangico
efiate et-ironment. Nt-gro, tand ther Caurasion stocksu ftrocotton ofd wool, thte preopart-e- o ro n a-no tUic t lo o-.Eo tpf IEI TFO FDST T
Immediately afotrtbeformation Ail oftthethave hdtteir pcart itt and ft tharctrf ctino Pot-toi tane born mtade to fit- Prn to and parts~ otot t onitectinton urfori.E c p e fe-RBRAS.-FO FDbT
th ainlCommtittee stdits ptetogitihysical and, cultal Spanoish ditto, the tosl of cve ad nstimoate the value tO tring0 thin materials ttgether 00 towoaid becomettp h icbjct ofsoreOt meeting in October, Dt. Johon e irc a loSl. Augostine. It frost ad appearance at ootos sptcial sourc00 of moateriala uct an partial basin Porta definite history fob pictorial study, whi boeh i


nh e w thot Hicks and his Indians op- eotiol and for loot ten years wun Colonel Gad. arice ioty ofetoe J o h n T e m p l e G r a v e s I I H a s C o l H u m h r eo o o t o o t o t a d a y t t. tfo o io ho h eto o t o o .. F r o o mtr o x y M a gt e S .
peared in a haughty mood. They judge of the probate court of St. Mrs. Humphreys continued to In 1784 power of attorney wan iwent to Humphreys' ho... nd, Johns Count,- He ras Worshipful live in the Bridge street hao e with g F ine M essay e F or Citizens a s om e w hiis Indion waited ou on the Master of St. Johns Lodge of her daughters. She lived twenty c rded dinLa C ground, Hicks strode up the high Masons. He was a mtmthr of the years after her huand's deathB r a (M na)
_______ 5) ] ig "steps to the porch and, n-hen in- City Council, mayor for a time, She is described as being "excep- he deputies Nicholas do Tries On Bridge St v;ted in by the Colonel, Hick re- and atong the papers found in the tionally lovely." A photograph of Old Spanish Custom, It father of the bride or ler brother, StrikesInspiratio Note Loves Old City fused to shake hands. Instead he city vault by the staff of the His- Mrs. Peck and Mrs. Humphreys, io take hio plae at the hetrethal.
strode across he room to the special torical Records and State Archives taken in hat is now the garden of Is Evident by Many In 1756 Pablo Catafal rare pewas He Talks on Came to Florida as In. big chair in which the colonel Surveys are invoices, receipts and the Old Spanish Treasury, shows er of attoney to Pedro Caca to always sat during talks and drop- inventories from U. S. Arsenals and Mrs. Humphreys still a fine looking Entries be his Poxy to marriage aod just
Restoration dian Agent Over Cen- ped into it, announcing "My chair, warehouses at Albany, N. Y., woman with refined fate nd pleas- before Christmos in the same poor my house, my land. You no like." Philadelphia, Schullkill and Boston, ing expression under the lace trim- Early in April Washington Geronimo Oliri authoriood Nocise
One of St. Augustine's sincerest tury Ago Realizing that the time had pastor once records of Col. Humphreys in med long tie cap she Is wearing. papers contained a little account of Joseph Caos tob his pra at soft words, Humphreys told Hicks 1816. The inventorying itn his hand- Next west of the Humphreys on the doings of a member of the dip- his marriage. admirers is John Temple Graves II, to take another seat. Hicks repeat- writing, when he was a Major at Bridge street was the Atwood lomatic corps, whose wedding was The moot infooottil bridegroom of Birmighamt Ala., a forme AT FORT KING ed bin ntatemcot of ownrship of Pittsfeld it thorpe of recruiting. plate, with a fine grove. A tragic taking place by proxy in his South ho was Inn buoy family traditis Floridian, and one of the South's everything more strongly than at Colonel and Mrs. Humphreys were affair whispered by old folks con- American country. The bridegroom states, In go to Cuba fur his wedheato onstpapeor torn, edinorS u first. Humphreys knew it was grandparents of Charles Floyd cerno a death of one of the family is Washingtn fouof himself a or- ding, tas one of the Fatioo and autst kno nist, and nootSettled In St. AugUS- action or else the Indians would be Hopkins, former postmaster of St. from yellow fever. The story runs eluded spot, with a piano therein, the bride woo Maria do haLo Acreout of hand. Reaching over, the big Augustine. Great grandchildren that the young son of the family and, during the time it was esti- dondo ofthe oed family ef that Mr. Gr yes was in St. Augustine tine After Planta- man picked up Hicks, walker to the are Charles F. Hopkins, Jr., George bravely arranged a funeral pyre mated the actual marriage cre- nametconneed both with the Sleet
t this pant spring, piazza rail with him anl threw him Couper Hopkins, Mrs. Howard E. and cmated tho bndy out t the many told be going on, the ab- adosecodSpsnishregisoosioF.ol
reenol a n He over down among the surprised C. Hawkins, Mrs. J. D. Ingraham, orange grove. sent bridegroom played appropriate Florida.
Indians who had come expecting Mrs. Arthur Sackett, and Robert Now all this carner is filled with melodies, and in his own mind went bride o who abhor
and on -, most interesting was There was no Cordova Street anything but the downfall of their Kingsley Hopkins. I tinss houses. through the same ceremony in M
the sce uthe Restoration Plan. when Col. Gad Htumphreys picked leader. Picking him up the band Colonel Humphreys died in 1859. which his proxy was representing thndn tspher iath preemies heowing Gra intet ,the out land on the west side of Maria got away, while Humphreys pre- While the old colonel passed away him in South America. ondit i meo p heiort
dintor f rese initedim to Sanchez Creek near the bridge for pared for most any trouble. In a just in time to miss the tragedy In Spanish Escrituras, it appears This brings to notice the many
edonrit e on the trato tinv Isstued h his home to replace the plantation few days Hicks appeared once of the War between the States, the that in December, 1784, "Capt. Juan records contained in the Spanish bridegrooms might cot bare taboo
HosendsatheH-sestnblishseent that had been burned more, in quite a different mood, and family had a representative in a Utrar having met a British pirate Escrituras of proxy marriages for adtagr sfan easy way to seado sf thin newspaper HeP sendsth John Temple Graves II, news- and pillaged by Indians a mile from from that time Hicks and Hum- son-in-law, father of Charles F. and being responibile for value of residents of old St. Augustine; also their suppod duties
following inspirational message, b ts pheye got along particuarly well. Hopkins, who bad resigned after his cargo, empoweetaogents to aol-t o briefs Con the Eos
whiphaered n l unist, w is Fort King. The ho... .ith tId t Florida (O
whichevy ent hol sincere in boae with St. Augot- wide porches stood about where After Colonel Humphreys came the Mexican War and married lect monies due him in Havana." papers which Miss Wilson made for Histoga .)
carefully and take to heart. is following the Restora- building now is at the northwest
ST. AUGUSTINE AND THE tin Proram with deepest interest. 00rnt af Bridge and Cordoa.
RESTORATION PLAN Mr. Graves was a visitor here this There were few houses in that past opting, and revelled in this section, and those not so near that By John Temple Graves ol y, ao in es- a man accustomed to life in wide
No one can visit St. Augustine at toration plans, which he said he felt spaces was likely to find his neighthis moment with a mind's eye to were vital to the preservation of the bars too close.
the restoration plan and fail i ap- charming atmosphere that people Col. Humphreys was born in Conplause for those statement of the come here to enjoy. necticut in 1786. His wife was plan who say that restoration is Mory Stoddad Lord of Pittseld,
only a part of what is offered. Mr tdadLmdo itfed
Neither can one take inventory of Fact-Finding Record Mass., a fit helpmat for a man born the almost infinite historic wealth to spend the best years of his life
there without understanding that Made BY Chatelain Is in active military service and Indian even in restoration the problem is Restoration Summary War and wounded at the capture of not merely how to restore, but also York, Upper Canada. He rose what to restore. previous Page) steadily in the army until the peace
Unlike Williamsburg, St. Augus- (Cootinued Prom P establishment resolted in a short
ginecomes to it sugrea' day aw"go- time of rest for him. But the
Ingeconcern". Williamsbuo gwaso amony of the oto-s~ib-pot i envir Pes~dnt.sntolhimtto Florida an
forgotten hamlet when the rest- onmental conditions, whether such Indreidnt agent i 1822 Humpridays
ere came, but St. Augustine meets are realized directly or indirectly. broug t ifn d -822 litte its own restorers as a modern com- The foliage on the trees, the flow- bought hewi ahnd ctw little unity, a oamens and popular bolt- ers in the gardens, the humidity in to be ho It mtt hav been a doy place,oacity as liino and alert the air, the general esthetic prob- tt e a ottmu d as Mes.
at this moment as ever in the cn- lems affected by plant life, the river uphre astome as ors.
tries it recalls. Also unlike Wil- the bay, the ocean; the types Hmo phcry wa s to the faFor of so immsburg, St. Augustine's mer- food, the absence of mountains, the offlce'satife'steioten o P eight [jis emany-colored. The history presence of various forms of a- years the Humphreys lived at their
ntis cb hed in Virginia has a quatic and land life, the length of lotion hotS a wile taoa the eonwath of hapte hot they arc seaons, the temperature -all these torment at Fort King and the halter s all in the pro re of a oniderations and many others, de- greater pr of the place was run as
single people, records of one great vebloped through careful ecological a 0upar plantation. Homphoeys Anglo-Saxon epin. The history St. studies, will go far in explaining tod fiends lb tho Iodiat. He Augsine s,oteotrh human existence as it affects St. was a big man who weighed 250
witl ertn more chapters, is not a Augustine and its vicinity. It is be- pound, tnd impresivt io Indian
oy on ..iviliatin ut rather lived that such studies should be minds. He is deso ibed as having
adrams of several cizations that made a part of the program of re- a oryinepingawithbiaphy'a erosed, eontsdd ad f ed. search, which is being suggested in sique and is said to have learned
Williamsburg is a descendant of this survey report. Somooeinnioewuessnoto
John Smith, the Englishmas but In connection with the survey, it interpreter was needed.
St. Augusinr descends trot One should be added that research has Severa children were born while
ela, the Indian, Ponce de Leon, the been conducted in several special the Humpheys were living on the po epmardt Ribaull, the Frenchta; fields, looking toward the develop- plantation, but family records list
Oglethar, the Englishman; a -n r _ent of an orderly plan of growth oelt one, Ca therine as bor at.
drew Joceksn, the American, a d and well-being for the future of St note A tgte-. Catherine nd Flagler, the modern developer. And F- Augustine. Questions have been nonteo datughte did not ar.
si unlike Williamsburg, St. An- raised and partially answeredas Oas oftthe anteache it to the economic basis of this cow- St. Augustine and is recalled by gos cn Oe seems tu hv inre historic ... i d indotrine,- its t ades, several pupils for her clever dispodscts intsrlt, mn.oeoiginal stone ito lyinseso inohrwod0h cpi
standing, morefistthings remoi- Isve bousi183 aseo nubrurotoopin
sg. Sa much of the bisto p thatmeans by which community life is Humphroys nerved until151t os muc of e history t now sustained and the question of Indian agent, but remained on the -asI eught to be served at Wil- how the proposed development plan plantation afterward until Indiana
liamburgaswt h ot eproduotia as ay modify such conditions hre- finally destroyed it.
r ain tht in o l as after. Questions have been raised A story is told of Humphreys the grea jo orias and answers sought to the prob- that gave rise to the expression
e great job would lem of why the tourist business, "Colonel Humphreys and John.
gi r leton which centered in St. Augustine Hicks compromise." Hicks was a
rem = dicov soeetin, fty years ago, has been displaced leader among the Indians. Time
iloeation, 'environing and presenV- at least in part and has gone to came when Hick's visits to the can-.
Ing ofoe. at- other parts f Florida or elsewhere. torment or to the agent's own house
Am oce boildng hides an a fStudies haye been made relating to half a mile away became lbss and
Went church epire. A circus banner traffic and traffic control in radvertises incongruously the oldest latioship to a proposed plan of de- 4. Pitolata. ...
school house, A gas tank affronts velopment, All of these problems 5. Francis de Pupa.
n old world sky line. A stream of need further research, as do special 6. Peyton'
modern taffie dissipates the spell legal consideration involving tho 7. Moultrto (Camp).
i f quaint and memory-laden streets. effective use of zoning, eminent do- S. Caroline. t'A g s i e s C T G A TJ13S-N w 9 7 EL I
)5m1 door'to lovely things are un- main, the possible development of 9. City dfenYesPGATY L NA3 ELECTROLU
lovely ones that don't belong. easements relating to private prop- a. Moosa. PART OP THE OLD CITY WALL
Crowding historic treasures are arty and the question of what is the b. 2nd line.
utilitarian things that spoil the best form of business organization c. 3rd line. Koolie Says
measuree and could serve the utility to carry forward the incidents of d. Redoubts. 'What a Contrsl The sd smeod of preservation end the new. The Ancient City t of elsewhere just as well. Spain 'is tourist trade in the event of a de- 10. Powder House lot south at St. Augustine, one of the best known hstorc relics in Ameria, formed on important part Ch
confused with England, Indian velopment program. Needless to Lewis Field.
trinket with French art, Menendez say, modifications of state law and C-Roas -d defense system of the old ce, being a part of the old wall which protected the early settlers fron ths with Asdrew Jacbson, the sixteonth cily charter along the right lines 1 Spanish Trail. attacks of Indians and other enemy. Life was just as precious to our early ancestors is those days s i century with the seventeenth or vi be necessary, and the research BellamyI to us during the present ea It istrue that the Indian has become a peace-loving citizen ol
eighteenth, ond fro wany a nowreing carriedforatrdthrough S. Beiogmy Todi
eihenh n rm mn o en are owr hog .King's Road. country, there is no Invading enemy-- UT ravaging disease still attacks, and against this "invaer storied stone or plank the sun and such local committees of citizens 4 Shell Road. Eaeyr hssI S edigeseep-bS es diso Food cabke o t poe tbiperaoures
rain take ruinous annual toll. and the bar as they have been 5 Anastasia- Island Road. Electrolux GAS Rdfeigssstsss cse he a ey helpl-guaedian. Fosd c0n be kept at propeenpea
To separate one civilization from formed, are very necessary, look- 6 Road. in this modern device and will dispel those germs which work havoc during summer heat .. .and, ,
another and save them all. To pro- ing toward ideal civic planning. 7. Picolata Road, there se many beneficial deliious dishes which can be prepared in an Electrolux that will bring see
toct history from holiday and hul- This report has not referred spe- D-Architecture energy and vitality to tired bodies, One of the 197 Electrolux models is pictured above together
day from history and have them ifically to a great deal of historical 1. Fort Marion. 55epi0 od siy sesised bo is es e 37 o od is pataod ou gen b
a-. bohTaloe nnatryofa m-evidence, the details of which 000 2. City Gobes. a resplica nof she Citp Gssss which tsdsp cmprises one unit of Foes Marion National toosnent.' both. To take inventory of a rmil-eiechedtisowihar CtyGe,
lion precious relics and administer to be found in the files and special 3. Old Wooden Schoolhouse.
them with a science that will pre- reports of the St. Augustine His- 4.Arcias House.
... tha anU d n art that wilt dis- torica Sorvoy. An examination of W LTki x--n H . n
ploy thaw. Those ara Ike triple bibliographical records, phototatic f. Old Curioity Shop.
tasks in whith thu Caroegie nsoti- copies nf maps and other data, aso- Spaoish boo.
Earned Societies,Othe Smithsonian periods and sujects, special re- Sptn~t~ar._______________Inotitotion, the Socinl Science No- ports, sketches, nd tune bioloroes 15 u0pnihs Pont ruYOffi a.
search Coo oil and the Carnegia of site nd hnoes, and studies 11' Trnly Epiocopab Gbhurcb,
Corporation, undor dioetion of cotiue yc~i a i- 2 idlyHue
ereChatain, tb~ the assist- triassuch a os s moly L. Wet 13. Sigetow Housoe.
V.. te S. Aogootino Hintorical .... ad Mrs. E. W.Lowoo....and ld 1. Mcogitben Hoom ....5|7
Socity, the mayon d rs n artifacts unovered thuso for itninx- 15. SI. Joseph's ControL.
nodecech pb r o Asa ataatin work, as well an other16MuaCofe ose
tin., and Florida's bending citizens, recra 00 eoe ntecus o 6 os,4 rde
are jined The a etuab k h sne trey, white inotplot it tho 17 Graho' Hoouse.
reoined. iThe om e t asks0avonhsns that o eohatstiva retina-oh 1.CotioHa
wider joining. Not all Ib has1 bee, poion to the oo....- 11. Cato do Coo ....
and national attmtion and aid that ravt n tfothisiei trfot 20a Webb Memoaiot LibraryI#.E a a gtmo ow t SC Ag 010's ctivty inthinSold It.Oldest Hoone. se eoss a ae ardemi.. illtttaSdream ailbtl A dma necomm HitolrcalIFraiu.r.inSt.LAg It..2. SI. Pt n oo..ks. 5650155W i 5655 m ....
true onless Ohore as a certain tea- lice and Viatiiy 13. Ning's Bokery.
~inily of sentiment ad of soaci- L.PREHISTORIC 24. Arkhwayonar Bat- and Teaa- i
flee un Iho parI of the people of StL A-Indiaa Mounds ury. '
Anu alsn themselves. Evno at 1. In SC. Jons Coonty, Dupont's IS. Worth Houset. see aessass
Williamsburg boere there was no aod Ihttan mounds (Petlicer 26. 5anchee Housto. saa e
moth bees complication of problem Cork vicinityl, Mones Creek 27. 51ato Market. s,
and ota neat many feelinfs atare Moond, Sanchea Mounod and 15. Cotholic Cathefrob. (
burtons the restoation program others Inoth of SC. Autgas- 2P. Puic Librory.
was poshed, Many individool cili- ho~e), ond monnds aloog SC. 29A~avis Shorts Suilding.
sees aere unableo a-aloe thu totab Johns liver. 3t. Patio Hoatse.(
abone their ow Cmaclion. Many B--Indian Villsge Silos 3PA Hoose, Ga-eon & Avibes.
ltsiurea amcldaoal Seloby. 11. O'Reilby Hoote.
likte bgioretas Mooy ci topaiory S. Tolomat, 12. Oon Ttledo Hoota. 'When bseter nsas see repored-Othe aook sill susse "Hot er s your hon s 50 present dec meseenieso shin
thdnag ntes eranygh tmhory to .SohIda ilae 3 t-oa tI
lained against the bung advan00ge. 4. 50 Johns Sitar Indian Village 3d. Pooc ode Leoot Hotesisl. leselaes s oaeTessleeo heIsbonaos sosst boaoueob hs
:Andin St. Aogustine omo thea-art- Sitaa. 15. Villa Zorat-ta. osde show fsmoas, their econ o aons foe thebr un- hsos. otr ohstsassurn o aacet handle, especisily obe ths eatour of hings, a huatn iolin IL. HISTORI bib. Meomorial Presbhyterian Chatroh, assa populasity, Oar nodesn gs sas sange oe ino ehe style cost is sonle oa esens a dy! Ws invite rou to fasther istiertobolot'oesownoaginst A-Sites 77. Spaoish Cemeotery. v~iatepesrst ehdfo oen,
a great eo-operativa e eporis otay S. Tobotato Viltoge. 38. Huguenoot Cemtercy. snd sie shae will odd 1o ehe attractiveness osd stoeffcossepe/se ab sdlo ads so
be ryan more preononcd. S. Norlb Indian Village Siie. 39. Shrioe oC Nuecstoa Sentra dos of o ithen.' nmao s metes heaer."
As on outsaider who hon arrogatod 3. 51. Augnstine Harhor Chonnel. a Lea-bo.
Iaobhimlf the pihI to love thin 4. Anastania Inland t~lat- Po- d0. oa" Touth Park. COOK W ITH GAS THE IDEAL FUEL
clonied ardbeautifolty both far sitions end Coqutioa Quarorieo. dl. ba-diano Buraial Gr-oand.
,hat it isoad foratha lit ltd toea- S. Pith Island. dl. Seawaoll
Sng,btInpnod thaerognce pa-- t. Nothm oeah. -13. Tarauy Street.________________ ________________hopo when I atltompt lbus to prech 7.Rt h's totaof. d3A Pueto Berde.
to he people of SC. Augutinon 00 8. laana Iolet ond Fort. dd. St. Aogusotine.
She n eeneiy of sutpptrthog their 5. Cope Canvral trloce of Si- dl. Pta-I Mabonzan.
awn projeoc Sot thea- noe titocs kaul's shipatrecks). 40. Arcoode, Pa-oat Pesidence.
"ather the otsiderns aye, if it in he- 15. Plona. 47. Conatilta-lon Monumto.
eat in its regard, aen toore oota- St. Plaotationso Poa-tenoope, etc. 48. Coradoa bo-Or.
than doors tbe oneocloerpIn my, 02. Poatderlots,nsouth and westi dim4. GoaceoM.ti,. Chutrch. 3 ah da
no rye ottlb .0: it pl....d a1 SC. aitt-litmits. 50. Sa-ido at ....o. Telephofle 18 a0C th d
Augoatino~ an. cd that ban at 13. Miosions, Tobomao aod Cono II. SCEtNIC tacted the gloating attention of the do la bece. A-Driveu
wohole coouno- depends for its at- 14. Tocoi. 1. PC. Johns Ria-a-c,
tioment 0p00 lbe ability of the 15. Piolota. S. Moaltr-ie PoioC.
people of It. Augtoioe to agree 56. 18dm Massacre. 3. Lewtis Point.
thot in this ins1ance the whole io noo B-PuF ocations 4. Oca-oo St-aore Boolevordst,
merlyaequalto teosumoofpllt bit .arion. 5. N-o a- Ba.
parts but io ......idrahly ga-rea- 0. ieato. .7. oo Pa a-a-.
than lint oam, 1,aIno, 7, Paot Valh.


The Entire NATION--Is Watfhing the Progrg Of Our


S 0 e we have reason to SMILE and show our...........~.." *" ...
....................................................... .................................. ......


The Program Results

In the few weeks that the m- As a result of our sueisful ef. chinery of intensive research has ns of addi ional vsibeen in operation preparatory to
nthe actual restoration of the his- tors from over the world are betorie "Mother City of the Na- ing and will be attracted to our tion," the eyes of the nation and city. St. Augustine will become
the world as well have been, foo
usewdold s. Avstie. bea shrine of our nation. All will S.come to St. Augustine with at
:4'''' ~ ~ ~ 4 ..4.. ......... j44'44444444

The time has come for us, the citi. awed reverence in honor of the zens of St. Augustine, to put our fearless and intrepid explorers, shoulders to the task and cooper- as well as those patient settlers
e to the li n te aune who braved untold dangers that
andu preraion we may live a life of peace and
and preservation. prseiyoa.
St. Augustine is now a center for today.

hitrcsud and researhpaefrtewrdt seehsoy Yes, millions will come find many as a continuously growing thing !will remain, to become one of us.
from the earliest times down to iOur city will grow and within it i
the present. Ours is a progrant added prosperity and the fullness
that will continue over a long period of time, and one which when of life.
completed we can point to witlh
pride of achievement. The Restoration progran4 wil n e egive great impetus to our city, Preservation and Restoratio St. Johns County and the State
will be possible only by real ae- o lrd sawoe
tion. All must help. It is a defo or th wole h
inite appeal to our CIVIC
PRIDE, and WE WILL MAKE <.These thiings and many otliers OUR CI Cty of The will be our reward for our full through our wholehearted coop- cooperation prompted by our
eration. A, CIVIQ oR naIoE.

CHAS. LEYVRAZ, Comitissioner GLEN THOMPSON, Comusstintr C. S. SMITH, Commissioner ,WALTER B. FRASfea ryr Coilissioie* RAY V. WILSON, Commissione r s

and presevation,

StAgsiei nwacne o

Bigraphies Of Wom en Of Earlier Day 3"n"ow Much Of Inee

liuried, and also Mis Lizi. "Gp er soldie"rslMisD :, ... To this end she be- flight to St. Augustin ............ f ... d.... d...a tec ..
The father Joh Brw mt," r nd o h r A ie o ab e Ms e cm the spirit in raising Two poster beds becm m... ied, so its buidi..
Old' Plaint Of it is said, came from Virginia or fnst r'etamnmn oteta h ril nteSceys Th
ta m~0"Le 9 South Carolina The family was. memor f O d S iBrt ....f the Southern dead. keeping is marked for having the the ... ...d
NS held to have bee we..ll-to-do before Fig re O f O d S A u. ust ,e Brtsh-Born, She -be..... the first president of two head posts of a different pal .t- wees n th w s at
N Clte the war of the 60's. Losses during 9 the Ladies' M~emorial Association, tern from the posts at the foot. wall anteoechmysr-sth the war years resulted in Mrs. 1 organized in St. Augustine in the The wood is now so frail that the two wit ielcs t6teace E~ oed Thel]Smith and her sister obvening the Famous H~ere fall of 1866 and ...........allowed specimen is not in condition to. be in this.. lwihhse ..lsd
E h e Th little store often described as The Charming Story Is Toldo !crparties, oef events sin whichcarmy togive up the position as long as displayed. are dcn ihsc lmymtra
Thread and Needle Shop. of International iGianoplys appear and sailing par- lvd te aiswrig Atog isDmetddntb otatwt h ev oun Itocupedth suteat oo i ie, oo wthTi Sbi fr avrwith her were Mrs. Julia Gibbs, marry, she brought up three fami- construtoastleenorm Eternal Feminine Notable t hocupead ole St u ustmine Alac tes tonn ao i n vicSe aos Local UDC Chapter Was wife of Col. George Gibbs; Miss A. lies of nieces, all children of sisters for anybbl iftathywr
In Stories of E irly women usd to descibe s hopping ,nee a background figu.... Soit Named for Adopted M. Llambias, Miss Lucy Abbott, who married army office.... There
there for the merest ribbon or bit was no wonder that Bartolo F Miss Isabel Benet and Miss Anna were three girls in each of the large ros Period of finery as a dignified operation "F. Avisse" is the mark on the Oliveros -was attracted so seriously. Daughter of City Humphrey. The monument which groups that made the house their A Snhc oqiawlleli verging on the purely social, not at upregofthe gracefully fash- The Villa Longa pride sometimesbu tands i ...n the Plaza.. is .....m o est a s h df t whe oall H.ermet .. .. .tioN.5,niae
CHARMRULED all commercial. The stock carried perdeofmuch a tribute to these undaunted had bought around 1840, a mer~ry but from, spsto n eaint
CHARM ~ us RULEDlde in ~ils ioned silver mug that Francis Jul- came to the surface. Btims These facts aotMs nawmnadterc-okr st salsmn hnalwr hr.tei
mut ae ncuedfiearice, veechanging even then and more- Dummett were copied from the files soldiers of the Southern Armies, This is the house known as the the usuloctninapi. for one lovely lace collar given to ian Avice brought with hirn to St. overe the young man 'was son of
Butt Great Strength of Lydia ....d which she still preserves,. Augfustin w...hen he ..... from his tht le Brt Oli .......ho lived Of Anna Dummett Chapter, No. whose..... it be..... Graham Hos ....which bag te ...... That ... o unSnhz h
CharacterShown in bore the price mark, $15. home in Le Mans, France. hard by the City Gates and every- 1089, United Daughters of the Con- During the latter part of her usual corner balcony on its second livedintesoehseothop Chrce hw nAsalrsmlrcp h ml-life she lived with her niece, Mrs. story. positesieoStGore tee cstomeravin decition enit thoug a beingfr sia son, tesal oykewta dnt toaayhn.Ti ac sredeay S y SiR EshrCrotJ. A. Enslow (nee Madison) and A descendant of the Dumnmetts, bought h rprya ae Time of Stress atedoor in aingardent wall. In this ggar- grandson,ben fGordon nAviceeoliveros, n igsake, was high iin tlfavor and, as ethe S. president of the chapter. her great-niece, Miss Anna bum- who was in St. Augustine recently, 1791, acrigt h elrto
t Sanih F Fliseyameden, next to the Hernandez house, who carries the old Avice name. father aged, Bartolo handled much The organization was named for mett Enslow, who later became said that in the family records is an of his ido radlCre
A pns lr elme aelater a hotel, was.....ry old and Avice Oliv..... has. this .....ller sil- busin.... for him with ....nd ....ults. her. The history .... originally Mrs. Sabin........nt of the ....... ofThomasH. Sa.. h e odhrit..
to St, Augustine in the 16th cen- Jarge pittosporumn, pronounced in ver mug in Key West. So the wedding day was set for given by Miss A. M. Llambias, andwhEight chpeyears after other iedeath, esoDummettsysrfroth thee sandaas. One in whatli Oi hN'paih4S.Gogbci
fur. t i oe o te irst detailed ta unpie tme s"Pty Bthsperfect piece of the sil- the Oliveros-Avice marriage.,. The verified by Miss Lucy Abbott. when D a h ater of the o n iteder ersonoe says frthe Ba ama s ; S-treetf18
mention of women there Is in St. Sporum." At one time a door was versmith's simplicity of art stands bridal robe was begun-finest sheer Dummett was born of English, par- organized in St. Augustine, the Since iti prpesy staes threhabenan Si A~ugustine history. cut into the house wall for entrance on the altar in-the home of one of gauzy stuff. The skirt was very, yt "saedthrhdbenn She wrote a letter and plaintively into the store but it was walled up Francis Avice's granddaughters in very full, "bouffant," Francis Avice cuts, on one of the Bahama Islands, name unanimously chosen for it isreto inthat Island and by thel .AgsieHsoia wailed "And I have not enough after the business was finally St.Ausine Dayd ftfoers day itwolaesm a dif hew upon rwace in t h arly yaso h 9hcnwsAn umt.Dmethdt aehsecp. clothes in which to fall dead." She closed. holds it handfu of flwes inismkn.Rwuoiowo a-tTeeae so may nedotes of He wa .....ggled aboard ship, been d ...drtedrcino h
adds a painful reason for her Miss Lizzie belonged to the so- memor r of the unknown grandfath- rowest satin ribbon was sewed Mbu 80hrfahrbogtbisgs Dumny its p planned tote d nones o his eown suar r- atosvtesruue i ('N ohng aoto e coditon. St tally ceremonious era of St. Au- er who lies buried in his homeland rounal the flowing shirt. The bodice Aot13 e ahrbogtbiga mn spsil oehrhghas shsrcr fe r ev wlea.Ts oyws oneacon of thefSt gustine. Having received a call, across 'the Atlantic. But Grand- also bad its share of the fine ribbon his'- -family to Florida, buying a in the Woman's Biographical file rival in this country shows that he ] showed vdneo ea n p ElnTir s osteed y wa .... of .dte she was. mot punctilio....about ..... mther Avice sleeps on this side of de......tion. It ..... adorable. Ca.... large sugar plantation near. New Of the Webb Memor..ial Library of ..... nt an. specially .....k person,. proachil .. iin htwudb
firt oserd b Mnede an i trnngit within ten days, always the ocean in old Tolomato Ceme- line Eulalie -was filled with breath- Smyrna, and going largely into the the St. Augustine Historical So- the insurrection and hogshead story difficult orear 7net with such disaster that the leaving all the calling cards eti- tery, the' Campo Sento of the Span- taking pride as she pictured the ap- sugar industry. During the Semi- clety. seem quite in keeping with other Thesarwyldigoteupe women were moved here for safety. quette then required., iards of Floride Orientale. pearance she would make in it as hole uprisings of the later,30's all As president. of the Ladies' Me- known matters. storyofN.5isnanpetrac Mention ~ ~ pvi ofwoeni te eyeftrthe ...... when the Bar- While this is intended to be atale she -wou.ld ....... .... teaaroofhtlcliybamunfend o al As oto .... wa-s 0 o ss .....
earliest chronicles is 'scanty. Mrs- racks poieafulround of gay- of Grandmother Avice, naturally pledge her marriage vows. Mr. Dummett moved his family to mental in securing the first space ary vttedt f t ulig
-E. W. Lawson, chairman of the pro- eties, Ms izewas always one cannot tell of it grandmother And then the unexpected hap- St. Augustine, which city remained for a monument site in the north- S Therearnoidcinso bgn tram co iefthe ..... Ang.... among the guests and has beende ....d not speak of grandfather ....pc- pened. The Cathedral priest-be the home of Miss unti weorne ..... wha is. tnowth-.e Ly w l ouse cne
tin Historil Soety grahcya- scribed as a popular partner at cially as Grandfather Avice seemed was French-appeared at the Acos- her death in 1899, at something ceum, location on South St. George rne aseisobigahcldances, because of her gaendsuch a romantic sort of person to ta-Avice home. over 80 years of age. Street. The shaft stood there until O
sketches an interesting feminine eaepaighraogtebs h rncide-hhdnvr "But' Carolina, daughter, you "Miss Dummett remained an Eng- application was made for its re- On St eorg no n whtiflecdesn caatrofdes oflacny heveamng t see tegahildre canot surel yonever oetol sbjc oth n f e ie sim racial abit crSome fof .the results, uu-carried ...... wa aan.. n .. i.... ... y ow, .. o, uo,o aren ove of tio n .., sen to an .... cit couni hasn igScla~an~ l~eroisiinnt
Just when Miss Lizzie's fondness Francis Avice was a lumber man the altar in such a dress-that butg wa nadetlvr fteinsn t nod iycuni a on this page, are compiled from for cats became pronounced is not in the days when Florida was one bodice so low in the neck-no rhy South and warmly espoused, its, been, unearthed by the Historical In eres Manysaldiis nti os written records, family, chronicles, known, but the cat tribe found her great, forest full of big qld trees, child, it is not possible." cause during the War Between the Records Survey staff, which car- have -neet] o h tdeto l reolcin fodfml reda devoted friend. One of her cats Oaks particularly that shipbuilders Then started a struggle. It States. Throughout those years ried a long list of names of promi- architecue o 2S.Gog servants, etc. nn eiet.Ms umt sN s 2 ad 5 aeSre The Smith-Treschka Group delight in the feline tribe was so in lumber lands in East Florida and insert a bertha to shield the low motherless children of General president of the-Memorial Associa- cii
InrduigMi' izi mih el nwnt erfind ht n-shipped his lumber abroad. 'His round~neck Carolina so delighted in. Hardee, her brother-in-law. She tion was granted lease of a twenty- Common Wall and Watksy' Huea enrmn~tenma ho inserhdbeng ciste Elizzie m thin ielkon there lnerie s trickny close companion -was Ch~arles Rob- Truth to tell, Carolina had no mind kept them much of the time, as near foot square in the Plaza for theth0 beth she most assuredly left it far cats, statuettes, big bats, little cats iou. He also came from France. to spoil the pet effect. his camps as possible, rendering monument. site. It is related that CinyMildredWtis r.Gog behind, for everyone referred to were showered on her at any gift Avice and Robiou, with their French It resulted in Carolina and her many services to the South and in raising funds for the monument Gibbsoefthhersadta her in the. familiar manner as "Miss day and many times in between. gallantry and politenesses, with mother rushing at another wed- ministering herself to sick and Meinmet arraed arny se-we :Lizzie". Mere mention of her name One little white china cat, with two their devotion to all the sports of ding dress and with only a week wounded. etimnssoeaprtlse- TebldgatN.5S.Goge oy :makes it evident that Only pleasant tiny bells on a ribbon around its St. Augustine, soon became much to the wedding day.. The new dress "After the anmd of the war years, cially intended to capture a junior Street, called The Old Curiosity strbulngadheuerpmemo'esattah t Mis Lizzie neck, is still leading a cherished ex- desired beaux of the city. -was just like the original wedding she returned to St. Augustine and audience. One is recalled as fea- Shop in recent times, is a never- tionsweeadthhosbin Smith. istence. So when Avice plainly showed his gown---copied with all its rows immediately began to devise wastring ten small boys costumed as ending Obet rsetion s to te n ous e rtdit om The first thing usually brought There are many who remember devbtion to Maria, daughter of the 'upon rows of stitched ribbon trim- to honor the memory of the South- Indians oewh~ofcame on tlthe. stage ito cnruedwhen variou~sP~t~eeal~ itpparWee oeAt tera ftenrhwl o out is her musical talent, specifi- with pleasure the joy a visit with house of Acosta, granddaughter ofIig u ihanc iheog he slfth dono e n otes T o fn Little Indas ndian, on stcted upots veeraemen atp hsposeaeeeaisr-ah 0ll ihatg but "playe ah ongan hiss enough teant. hearing down Don huan knees Two Littl Indians and satso ony churc authoritytaeentatis
in he Cathedral." it clings to her. wooden door in the garden gate, began to look -for 'favor from when the wedding party f ace d t h hughger ymher woud bred sinys" m ote "e iterfrne nteEciua 10 oun a!osbya nlsr One story relates to a prominent the caller was at once translated to Mar~ia's intimate friend, Rufina Mi- alar wh sitdi htpe-idct otos ftehuebd
business man, who declared whe ....other age. The fragra...e of a randa, daughter of Pedro Miranda, That, howe..... didn't end the repeating over and ove 'h buen fo........... still alive. then been built some time. place.olhedtnwafud"n
heknew Miss ha gon into e iensis ose bringsback a re-_ the two girls, be..... the envy of 'wedding dr.....story. So soon. as mother was a fren 0 n IndianDummett plantationn Ohome OThe 52hSt. George Streett nrhubedwith a wooden this o dI nteragrdno
th ahda opatc ewudmembranee of the large bush at the all their acquaintances. the wedding party returned from chief's squaw or Lieutenant's wife, Historical Society has in its' keep- second 'story and attic, is joined No. 54i9 sbleddtee ee
selvrquelintebcwanorth of the house, usually coy- The home of Mrs. 'M[argaret the church to the Avice home, the if sh ol epo ofr n-Inapsebdsadttws n oN. 4nsuha anrast mdeevrluilsitsm nF
fmlapaeoto e ih n rd with bloom and one was given Acosta, mother of MVaria Necia, bride dashed upstairs and when she one, that was her great delih. .s wmnIdaatak md oplble ta h w oss de
whn re~wthhe wnthugts 1sl on the walk and yawningly 'nor's House to the''City Gates, St. guests, much to their delight, it unosios4f n itees I a reeled the caller. GeorgeStreet, adjoining the home was in the banned low neck original "
a rae teatat sch ime. Wen dskyLyda, aistcra ofof Senora Acosta's father, Don wedding gown. That is bow Mrs.
Som ofherpupls til reall'he rce, opened the drawingroom Juan Villa Longa. That Villa Longa 13. F. 0liveros became noted for
theplesur thy hd i reeivng ooronewasinded n a atos-attneone eowndi tee etirwwetdhvinhtw -wddigrgwnsferon
her istrutionsinc she arel phee bW. eindeed i i zzi antoside "of the block from what is nowwedn.Iisadoeoftmws
cosetd o aea uilunes it erm reian ed" her tight-: Hypolita Str'eet, once San Patricio,ketitefalyormnyas
oneshoedrea dilr t stdyandlydran ack lhair,' distinct ive to the Street of the Cradle or Guns ni ut eetyidebti
diddiply ppicaio. oie nd enthiusiastic 'interest i Street. The Villa Longas and their hsnwvnse uta omn
SideyLaier petof heSoth-th wrld wlcmedonwth nhechldenr ndgrndcilreahadohegbrdes reseshae dneronn- ouhon
ladwoevgt oFoiahv rc fte socially great. mor e:than the aveag prdfr Tesse o rnfte vc
write a uadiaytble hd'tisDon Juant been sent -wssil utbeas heboh
ee mmkw wo Ontelarge mgn ali adc i
in rindl syleofonealaysfdte ltsboks, from Spain wkithi a detachment of e s-vf n io ol o
=1chn~ mhlsh magazines. the King's soldiers to :guard the cross to France to visit her and cee
painI is ize h a h lwayls continued ,her Frerngch great foit, when it was completed her husband's grave. So no ,mentodsvea people, that: Lanier and wit sme of. her: young years before the Spaniiards first tion o.f her godchild appeared in .
paeonawnintuetadfis, stude Spns tanaelf Foat he Eish i her will. But, after her own husp imentt much enjoyment. Th e p nynws Tuesda MrigRaings had come with him. tafnce reached the Oliveros family/
WehrMiss Lizzie's memory weeof patclritrs and: Margarita had married Don Do- in St Augustine. After muh orI pst closely connected with hier broughtt ogether a delightful group -mingo Acosta, and it was their respondence (still in family pos...
mui rwthi the home in which o utrdwmn agtr-MraNca owo session) and, after many taxes ha oog s n the family lived might be ques- Hr handwriting was as unusual the Frene a beam deotd bentkn rmi n rne
toned. For the two storied, bal, ashr character. In an age when iThe. name of Avice is connected small remainder of what had once. rulied, coqu_ rina and wood house at lit was fashionable to have quite witha number of grants and tracts, been a sizeable estate finally the northwest coiner of Teasury angular letters Miss LizZie wrote of waoodlanids, some on the North reached St. Augustine for the Sand Charlotte Streets, seems. to ]with each litter vertical and sepa- Rier, another down the Mata...... daughter of Julian Avice '
have been impressed, on memories rated.,thr out on the St. Johns where and Maria Necia Acosta W oeo~ple. 'l re an once she loaned for a inm 1834 one tract he acquired the This is the second chapter in the Athe time of wich most is re- fancy Idress affair' the beautiful right to buy is distinctly described local Chronicle, "Account of the
called the family consisted of three' white taffeta dress .which she had in the- contract as that tract on Oliveros Falmily," "A Sunday, Aftsisters, MrI Smith and two unmnar- wr-hnpresented at the French which Old Port Picolati was built by ernoon in Old St. Augustine" being
ried ladies, Miss Josephine Tr....h- Courte the nearly Spaniards. the first. As ....equel to "Grand-
ka and.Miss Mary Treschka; with It is indeed .a loss that she did Whether it was his frequent ab- mother Akvie" Mrs. George Alba ii :.."
Miss 'Lizzie as the fourth in the not write her reminiscences, for she sences or his many references to told of, her own mother, Mrs. B. F. -! "" .. Family group. liked people arid had known so well his desire to return to live in, Le Oliveros, and her interest in and Miss Lizzie haad a delicate ap- the socially prominent among St Mans, where his old 'home and'his kindness to strangers, whether a preciation of humor and was quite Augustine's winter guests, the Et.. sister were, made Maria Acosta lieutenant's wife or an Indian
sure she had a relatiVe who poe- erary men and women and others hesitate to consent to be his wife, chief's squaw. .... sessed the most uncommon, combi- of distinction, who only knew calr the descendants weren't told. Bt Mrs. Alba said "While St. Angusnation of the three most common city as a winter resort. for some years Avice wooed in tine was a military post years ago names in use.! His name was John In 1914, when, the fire started in vain. Theit at last, so family tra- there came a young lieutenant th Brown Smith, and he was her own the Florida House, west of the dition runs, Maria Acosta laugh- a Spanish briae and although 0her f ather. Some richly, bound books Smith home, Miss Lizzie was ill, ingly declared "Francis, Truly do was much gayety at herIso
o, nth~isritin"T Lziealn ad eplss lmstfrgt-Isee I shall have to min'y you to the Spaniard was lonesome as .there. conain mthsrpi"T er lon ib and hess Alotfor And wh G andohr Aiesekhrntietnu.S


History of Ancient Coquina Fort Is Traced Through Centuries
Opain Erected Old Castillo de San Marcos History Of Old The OldSea Wall Indian Visitors Frm

San Marcos To Sea Wall Goes The wind blows north and the wind'blows south, Left Relics Behind
And the tides surge in at the harbor's mouthThe white gulls circle and poise afar Colsdoo os apndi
Defend Empire Back Century Where the breakers foam on the hidden bar. St. Augustine is Jess. y, 1780, 80
_______ _______ The slant sails glisten, the bright beams fali, will sot be osmarbable ifIndian
New World--Holdings En- Earlier Barrier Cited; And the waves lap low on the Old Sea Wall. "elis" ee Co d fres r ihee far
dangered After Ar- Description Given From Clear in the Plaza, the three bells chime Set is his Loyass in Est
mada Destroyed Dewhurst History At morn, at noon, at vesper time. Floidwrites "On Jaeuary 11, The quaint fort lien in a dream of days attended ten doye conelave at t. ENGLAND FEARED The When the Spaniard wended the sandy ways, Augusti, obiefs at the Mahawe,
______1q poss eawt hibpn When the fair-haired children laugh and call SMingu, Dlwee h ecta the Old Spanish Quarter from igsadTcrosan 20
Steps Taken by Don Matnzs Bay, s built about too To the floating ships from the Old Sea Wall. Chebe years ago, and it is understood that Creel to Safeguard Trade there was an earlier wall, remains Progress leaps on the heels of change, subsisted by Ohs Indian spenieten.
........ .. of which are located probably is The new grown..old, the old gro s..trange, dest S o sd Deputy See eta
Route ili .....: ..... '$ ;/':: what is now the middle of Bay St.
Here is what Dewhurst's History And a gayer life flows up and down saidthey someJto lean aboutafBy Evelyn Drysdale has to say about the wall as we The narrow streets of the ancient town fairs the suth to prnan attachknow it- Than ever they knew, those soldiers tallest to the Bitish Ceo ad onFe perions e Saizs that the de- 'The present Sea Wall was built Who strode long since on the Old Sea Wall. the soothe tribes is thie asutionof theSpash Aemada by
the English and the consequent re- I between 55 and d, under thesenti liaquishing of the title "mistress of supervision of Colonel Dancy now ta c(oned rtiulsemypessllte the sea" by Spain to England, was li ing (1881) at his orange grove Now when the moonlight's mellow sheen tribe stia tmeo al the the indirect cause of the sehe St. Jos Silvers the roofs of St. Augustine, sipped is to feed the masy, eefatin oC hintori and picturesque River. He was then a captain in The lovers linger side by side gees Castillo de Sa Moros, also es un the U. S. Army. The Sea Wall iess sod twos described fon'tsanCatl MeanMrcs, as nw tea feet above low water markb, On the path that obks on the gleaing tide- satethm ietlsdanseeha as Fort Marion. The old Spanish fort at St. Augustine is the finest specimen of medieval fortification a this cour- ten feet b ate base, And peace and joy hold the night in be te days sd noire tupn SpiraiigEgadss-seven feet thick at the base, and the Iec n o odtengti hal pssrea ni eseas kne try. It is the mecca for tourists from all the United States, and many foreign lands, the tegistnr shuns. Obree feet wide at the top, capped For love is lord of the Old Sea Wall. Bcown recorded that OL Augustise would have to depend upon her a national monumen, under the csre of the Hational Posh Service. with granite, and extends along the people nerr used to sueh things and fortifications to hold hd new ld C de San Marcs was mood- derided to drive out the intruder. scent of the Indians isio the Eer- entire front of the city, from the Some Minorcans Of the Turnbull colonists, was their ta t possessions, and so it was that on ed the following: "By the plan of The objective of the Spanish plan glades. old fort on the nor t soothe bar- Old St. Augustine Hew Snyrna aod aftern-rd teir phit a the a 0 s pead Sunday afternoon, October 2d, St. Augustin and its suburbs you was the destruction of ts ENelish In the Callo G sd iws epersi
1672, the governor and captain gen- have seen how exposed and defense- forts on the coast and the taking nandez captured King Phillip and quarters of a mile in length. priest in the little Capilla Minor- "their poverty ad their frienderal marked out the place where less is the condition of that city- of Savannah and Charleston. The his son, Coacoochee, and imprisoned Umde CslonelDaytego ern- 1Tome quc here to wichi so a y refer- ip Castillo de San Marcos was to be the wall that surrounds it, if such Spanish plans weoe foiled when a them in Fort Marion. Coacobche net spent three appropriatios oc --__ eansare node iS ri o Augustinei was located, in the name* of King can be called, is composed of cactus surprise attack was made by the was released with the understand- ing spent $20,000 previously in Tt somestin residentons OsAsfer 7 Auus tea s all hincoy iti eijoy thee Charles II of Spain. Also partici- ad plants, an yen avynotied. The English an St Simons Island, nar ing that he would arrange a parley preparation for the wonk. Captain S T ugustsne retaiserelatiMohaowiss and Senecas and Shawparing is lbs imps, v ees P0 n p5t,1syo av otcd TeEnlshoOS.heisIsadna presseerenes fort, which is built at the northern Fort Frederica. In the Battle of with the other Seminoles. The peprto fee two ap iis w Augustin e is eviens Alsornan s, 1786, Dave a e a a ipgos qute o s und were judges, royal officials and extreme of the city, is incapable of Bloody Marsh the Spanish advance parley was arranged, at whics oe s spent Own appropriatians with their island hone in oldest Hnrnacdez Gci-nilag oue tsinoorida.esil s noSergeant Major Don Nicholas sustaining 24 hours of living, al- was stopped and Georgia remained Osceola was captured. under a flag st $ rani s s it wa l by Deed e E5,L iBuras.iSoottooiny, say ine ed e shine of od Es esi rita Ponce de Leon. The governor, thougitswalleaeeingoodsoadi- Englisterritory. of true and brought o Poet ith grasite slas, was id wuas o ni 1705,soin Minre t ys tmtion, is Minora and mney inherited m attte c ifti seit with spade in hand, broke the tion and are thick and strong, yet Oglethorpe made a return yisit o Marion. The purpose of the cap- that the tquina was rapidly w is house is Misorca left i-b there. She tepowe rd on L had i ore atithat ried te ndina ground for the foundations. The the interior works are very much St. Augustine in 1743. Coming to ture was to break their spirit and gayueder the tread of pedes- iswife, gives it to Pr. Pedro Con- bias to nage first stone was laid about a week deteriorated, the rooms that form the Gates of St. Augustine he heard thus end the war, as well as to rec- trians using the wall as a prome- pos to be converted into masses. her. gained.
lae n h okpoeddudrnade. Much of the pleasure of this Fr, Pedro Campos was the priestI (One of the Record's series of (OofheRor'sriso laterad theorkpreededunderthe lower part of the four bastions, the guards on top of the fort calling oncile theCn to the iea of mou i who sailed from Port Mahon with Histograms.) d' is t heram s d ei n nocg delightful proensade is warred by wssaldCoPtMhswihHngoeo Hictcconi the direction of the engineer, are crumbling down owing to the to each other, but thought it futile west. To give them encourage- the narrocness of the curbisg Igaeio Dana. joists being rotten. These bastions to scale the walls of the old fort. meant a number of Cherokee Indians the dai ssinf tcult This The old wooden fortihad occupied should be built upon regular stone Failing to coax the Spanish rom were brought to the fort to parley is o e e
sen f the sane ores on whioh the arches. To this must be added that their invulnerable position, Ogle- with the Seminoles. An unusual lovers, who are credited with the proposed stone fortification was to its are to swell- thorpereturand to Georgia without meeting was held in the curtyard pinion that to see St Augustineth t stand. Thin wooden structure woe to -shelter all the neighborhood in striking ablow t Fort Marion betwea the gailya t it i ........y to
removed after work began on the hs ese of an approach by the n S apinht O nee to Ae e new stone fort. nsFrance ad England bedecked Cherosh....sod the See-the Sea Wall by moonlight, viewthey. stugl be- ole prisonere. The Sesinolesnre- te b solgt i The part started first was the eTemy." stole o1 th' stsl S ple re- ig the rippling waters of the bay, a r e s so ut e r w a ll l en g t h e b a y T g iv e p rst e t i n t t h e s o ld ie r s T h e at e y o d Ehe gle f e us e he t s e g g e so n to w it h th e r ea r f t h e t ef a n d t he T twh s Te tween France and England for the go west, so the meeting was ad- n ench seen interlede
By ~ ~ ~ ~~ en to7 tehep essuhadwsanthciiesoStAuuiebeighbripng eaa at iterbay, By 675theeat, out ad wst ndthecitzes o St Agusinehepossession of North America is journed and Osceola and his party to the sweeter music of their own
walls were completed and a small had rooms or casemates construct- well known. The 13 colonies played moved to Fort Moultrie in Charles- voices." ye.piide s oom was finished in the northeast edin the forte These roes with y n o their six-foct ceilings, were honb po intent part in ttot o bor. seola hod suffered tm hee o
-bastin. Tis roson won ued an 0a d Tb litlecisknow sof the part PFlorida tens, throat trouble whilea Fo way trf orled beia useen at hella powder magazine. proofed. The small building at the played in the struggle. While Marion and the cold salt air at Fort proving a barrier against the waBy 1 9thenouter walls entrance, called the dewilene,w Washington, Wolfe and othe ere Moultrie aggravated the disease. tears of the Matanas.
completed and a series o bildings built higher, and walls were raised. driving the French from North In January, 1838, in the presence of Suggestions made from time to housing arms and powder and lie- Five thousand palmetto poles were America, the English navy was his two wives, Osceola died of time with regard to widening Bay ing quarters for the officials were cut, negro labor was sent over, and attacking Spain's position in the quinsy. He was boned at Fart Street er tn Sling nut beyond the constructed in the parade grond, the line of defense free Castle San Went Indies. In 1762 lavana, Moaultrie and his grave is one of Sea Wall, and building another were commonly known as the Marcos to the City Gates was con- Cuba, was captured by the English the points of interest in Charleston. street to the east of the old wall, lourtyardsl. These foundations are s tedoeo nd and in the following year Spain and It is popularly believed that base brought sehemeno protests e eOglethoe Comes 'England made a treaty in which Osceola died of a broken heart, and from various quarters. Funds Needed The work had not been completed Cuba was returned to Spainen n- it is true that his grief over the un- The Sea Wall has its very real
Many difficulties were involved in when the English under General change for Florida. fair treatment to him and his people plare in Ohe historic setting of Xe the construction of the fort, chief James Oglethorpe invaded Florida. Castillo de San Marcos, called by might have shortened his days. city, and in the hearts of the peoamong these being the securing of They planned a surprise attack. the English St. Marks, became im The Seminole War, though very e. The accompanying verses funds. Since St. Augustine was Part of e es ed the portant during the American Rev- costly, did have the effect of bring- which are anonymous, appeared established as a military outpost to St. Johns River, captured the little solution. Florida did not join with ing much needed repairs to Fort s ome years ago in an old guide roect the trade route from Mexico forts known as San Francis de the 13 colonies. On the contraryAgtine. to Spain, it was decided that Mioico Pupa and Fort Picolata, both onthe ito Gnat Priai Mreps stonwd bk S
6 it remain loyl toGrea~ritinrepaired, the seawall'was started
.6,nd Central America should pay its Spanish trail leading from St. Au- and became Oh southern head- and a number of shallow gun boats
share for the fort's construction, gustine to Pensacola. The Spanish for In 1836 Win. Barcalo advertised sinoter bisrbelaegtigototswrorvninadwr- urtes n rts atte wee resonnendedishough strange- I 86Wn oolwav ln Aaother big probtow wan getting 00 50, were driven in and warn- against the other colonies. Many ly enough the Indians had not at- in St. Augustine that he had "relabor. Pleas were made for negroes, ing was received well in advance toriep from the southern colonies tacked the fort and there seemed eida good assortment of Liquors 8nd it was pointed out that the price of the attack on St. Augustine. The Rocked to St. Augustine. Troops little danger that the enemy would and Brandies, Holland Gin, Jamaica to nf localslavelabor w as high. people of thecity packed their were drilled at Fort St. Mar approach by water. The Seminole Rum Peach Brandy, Madeira Wine,
sere not found, eage elongig and og ditional room was provided at the Indian War brought a period of real Port Wine and a number of other to be very efficient. A practice shelter ho Castillo de San Marcos. fort by adding a second floor to a prosperitlu to St. Augustine. The wines direct from the importer. Any quite common in those days *as to N Oglethorpe, with a number of number of the rooms. The holes city was not only a port of entry articles of liquor purchased not
-send jail birds to new regions to vesses and troops appeared at the where the rafters were strung for troops and supplies, but also found to be pure will be taken back work out their sentences. inlet o St. Augustine, landed his across are still visible. thn pince bere tro ere drilled ad wey refunded."
The walls of Castillo de San troops on Anastasia Island, and thep ewhretopsweerildad oeyr Marcos had been completed a cow- captured the cattle of the Spanish War Scares Confederates Take Fort paratively short tiwe when the which had been sent there for pro- At times St. Augustine suffered Before Florida seceded 0rom the ig thie tdisan t read and mrin roand togive theeligiousntrcang,
English, who had been active in section. He placedhisguns in posi-. from war, scares Patriot bands Union, the fort was seized by Con- One of the teachers was Miss destroying Spanish missions, made tion and asked the Spanish Gover- were formed in Georgia for the pur- federate troops. At the time of Mather, one of the first graduates a raid on St. Augustine. This was nor Montiano to surrender. Mon- pose of attacking this city. Troops seizure, there was only the caretak- of Wellesley College, who ran a a in 1702. Governor James Moore, tiano replied that he should like to that were drilled in St. Augustine er in charge, and he handed over boarding school in St. Augustine. who was in charge of the expedi- shake the band of the Englishman to6kpartin the attack on Savannah the keys under protest. Had there tion, trained his guns on the fort in Castillo de San Marcos. This and Charleston. When Charleston been Union troops here, the spark TheesasMifseerterswho and found them ineffective. He aroused the ire of Oglethorpe and fell, a number of prisoners were that set off the war might have been Pratt had the Indians go to school sent vessels to Jamaica to get latg- a vigorous bonmbardment ensued. brought back to St. Augustine, in- at Fort Marion rather than at Fort one-half day and work one-half day. en guns. and while he waited sev- The bombardment, however, did eluding the lieutenant governor of Sumter. Seized in January, 1861, The Indians took a liking for this rat Spanish vessels entered th little dariage to the fort. It shat- South Carolina, General Christo- the fort was held until March, 1862 type of education and Pratt deharbor, frightened Moore, who tered the sentry box, the lookout pher Gadsden aiid three signers of The Union fleet in 1862 sent gun cided that if he could establish made a rather elusive retreat over- tower and part of the parapet wall. the Declaration of Independence, boats into the harbo at St. Au- schools he could civilize the Inland. He did succeed, however, in But in the main structure of the Arthur Middleton, Edward Rut- gustine. The Confederate troops diana. He started the Carlisle burning a part of St. Augustine. fort the balls did not penetrate ledge and Thomas Hayward, Jr. id the ardent sympathizers of the Indian School at Carlisle, Pa., and
This was the first occasion that more than one and one-half feet. Gadsden was confined in the fort Cosfedarat, caue left St. Angus- .asered as uand sturdy aid Cestillo de Sen Maros The English tried to ness the tor 4l weeks, tise at the appoch of Uno Osoa a isle bamie a Tol determined the fate sO the Spaonish Spanish to lesve Ohs protecting Frm 170.3 to 1821 Castillo de Corona.UcnaroltCrisebnw awde
inweienll, of the feet end only nn one SaneMaecssdidsot playsan iport- The nayor ot Ohs town smet the~ forwanynothers inthencouatry.
In 1721 CoL. Palwer of Soeth nonaiion did Obey sally forth Otoat past io the tint0ry cC Florida. gun hoots withauwhiteflag and nun- Grimobng 180- Aaout In00anf Caroliana oame to the Gates oft. mLawke a surprise attack on Ob It onasnt until the purchaoe so rendeed tbeoctynontheeucondtion Gfromishe Suebst werheldchere
Augustine ad found .that little Scotchs Higbhanders under Cal. Florida by the United Statcs shot thaot it he sot shelled. The Union Tetan hnuhpi-isiwose rniicose ffgso osedotetpofFtsas prcsners. They .sphtpart of e s I s A P l a u e T
Rinn anlSo Maro ann o the duneon of Caeotlo the Cor eunes latoe i menight. Marion. The aset moning the foag cltt~onsrabl atuen sdraowodg
Rian ew eSnMares, With Obo purchase uf Fort San pole was gose and it non suspected Thseir colored pictures in dufo and
The rinatry between. Spain and It was.sot the goes..of the ng- Morris. the Uniied Stae .......iced that Confedeate "no weeen-bsssdas seowTslobe o-,
uliswith the Indianu, both no- wuch an the lash of fond. The tory. The Fouoths New Hampushie theue picture, still existL After be-S n u i ~ ii i i ~ '.
Olo makiing bids for the fur trade Esglish bad bltochaded the islet a0t Change of Flags Volunteers ocupied StL Auguatcane ing held herefoabu wyer
wihthe red aces. Seth nationn Matans and StL Augustine. The tlo0 a aon o ni h tneo h a.Eia sa o hu w ee
ignited their Indian asies to tabs siege looted for 27day ae...d wcith isil den u .... n u dtl e hy nuns h Con.ede Rad Gernwo in hisband were takhaah
the oti ogosatOben eholidaypopudresso sywhen --on Tuesday, were maebkuc beCofdr to Fort Sill in Oislaomaw. Sown of 7 l e
T snl0 tgwtowhite heat 5aS, plus soldiers ancd Indians it Juy1,12,Osthii ~nw~ t edo sDcinws p ois group decided o go tu the ashen Gesesal Janes Oglethorpe can be readily understood 'h visited oer the fort foe the lost Union troops on their guard,. alse ssn estabslished the settlenet of there should be a food ahort... tine, eDuring the dismnbarisnent Indians lmsprionnd ...During thse Ipanish-Awerican S f a eLda nr
Savasnak in 1733, ad claisntd abe Runnes were senatto Moequito Icn f h Arican troops, the Asmer- During 8OIN and i876 the Cent War the Cost wan used assa prisoa SL.Jons Riser an the snohern tndtuthnerdnwtncthe cso ican flg wasnhoistedover the fort served ons apisn fee shout 72 foe Amserican troop,. About 110
baudey o Eglub ecitoy.Heget pansage to Cuba ad atfom tefor the tirst tine and a -salute. n-os weten Indiana who were ronded soldiers were held hers fee diebounarytopoEntlishaterioyme gOVmrnor of the plight of St. Au-fied. As the Anera,, troops up sod oeot toOLt Auguetins fol- riplissey sesnnsS f
built ortifcatios at srategc .tfrwed neartefot he panishlwig saydepedtionns omit- Fort Marion woe uned as an oitsecured ti other coloni~hi~t e s The. d ~ people her woos..... ver fl Sot... was d ... under .. utotd against the whiten wise had ..-.arsenal until shout 1907 sod ahout
andGoetcrinon is lessnand engert run sno vna. and thse Spsnnisguards rlieved of rnacbed upon Oheio territory, Ian i915 the St. Auguetine Histocral his buenat rii- n mkn The lark of guss and thse fact that~ duty. While the Spasish troo rhorggnnftheibandf pioners was Society woe given permission 0o0
Thee were difficulties oa ena on nany of the aoldiern hod nt hen marchod nut of lbs forI and puasd Captain P. H. Pratt, who dressed have exhibits is the fort and tol It's a home industry, with 48 experi-T On of hnoe
well so...c send. Thea Spanish paid contibued to the discs. tent. thse Aseriian furor.. they saluted them in oa..t-off military unitcr....operatfsaguid...ric. ry O eo h s
establishedd n coast guard along ohs Oslo 013 soldiers were availaisle, eons sobher end the Amorica troops oand drilled then,. He derided that In i92d Fort Macin wee decared ne mlyswho know H0W and Florida cast topO pr tc te trod- these including arwed Indiana and marched in. t seeshdthe wnay to civitize tics Iodin was national nonumest and in 1933 ecdepon Services
:igrot fo tepiaes nreunegroes. The only ligh hawseerhdtoechhmheEgihnueit woe trsaferred fros, the War DapW s
isgroue am eedSiensgs os the chancgo is h nam e fo and have ii mingle with white Departmennt tO the National Perk/ HAVE the equipment to turn out beau: Jekin' Er Fod horage Castilco de las Mar000 to Pcr0 people. Woomeu of SL. Augustine Service, Dmepatsent of the later- tifulmTheyaan
-: Sobsr0 Jenkis, on Eglicsh Thse governor made earneat pieas Marion noasnordooecc snut rc, volusteered to assist his, in Oeachs- ionI tiu work, he use soft water, RoghDr esan, on soiling along the Pine-ida for food, warning that if it were theadjutatgeneal'sniofiial2sl @ Rog r coastwhen aSpaninseoast guard notentbhgarison would prish, reutinglthatvolusneesn-honhadmdr ehd htgtm lte ship was patroling tic shoreline. The siege tooki place during June enlisted he cent to Fort Mlarion at theyh longeric The .... of tic roos..t guard busrd- and July, 1700, ad the hsuddinsg of SL. Augustine. 10 is knw, ...... w... STANDARD PR N I Gf cleaner and thylast FluffeDr
ed theEnglish vesselothe Spaniard sch a large ncisc of people inc ever, thatcthe cw namne honcord PRINTINGDr n cmand whacohed of Jesnkins' the fort mcade lining con ditiozs in- cthe Revolutiunary nor patriot ear,bhanded it tohim and auskedhim describable. General F rnis Marionc..N tops....s. it to his naje..ty.with The Eaglini s ne b... o n ..igilast The h ot.. the nwhite A N D O rICE SUPPLY CO It's a lot easier for me because all Ihave Family Finish
h~is connplinments. Jenkins present- sO Matosses Inlet end suyply yes- mas on Indin territoey, snd tics ed bin wnll-prescrved ear before Ohmesels mnaged to get in tics bassosrieforst Ontransfer the Seminoles to_ ____ tod isg hetedryclhsadtllM NS U ME emhos of porlianent, and told of snd succored the people of So. Au- tics Indianc rsscva tion ia Gklahcocatooiate h it cohsadcllM NS S M E abs depredstions of the Spanish gustine. Th~e Englishc made no led to tics Secminole Wor. Is tlccce One of St. Auguntisn' Old Entablished Concerns, 104fradie tosphy nd icS IT directed against Encglish, mcerrhants, progress in, their niege. Their doris tics Incdians cad negro sl...devon rvr oso b n ic UT Psrliamcet neimerscmade a vigor- soldiers suffered fros, heat, toe ancd ainos the negos received tnt- Where Friendlieness, Uooperation, and sue plea Coo was, nor Ohs protest guacs and noaquitons aed ihe lc teOr treatment fros, their Indian, Msderate Pricen Prevail. up my bundle. A Specialty of Pricme Miniuter Horace Walpole. of deisking wales. Finally be- nastes thou froma mny of theo That nigist bonfires horsed adI coming demorlized,they leftithese white owners, it wee nicen thaot Jo Prn ng E gavdS ti ey bells rang and it ls reported that shors,. slavesranaway foms the whites cc JbPitigE gaedSainr teresidWalpole, teaning nut uf is window, Ihns,,Tehyepeil.. r ob.. ign nig]tet nlSo. Auguntcatlifomitede srcjo.Sn lilM ed.. whenhn heheh thelzed njoininth ShetiiuliethscodcntscnieasmiolsawenThs dThishendane addedOF I E N toLIS

Spanish Alarmed Ano~i the r ick was anticipated, started is 1035 and wac foccght inatEeyDuipunTR L SO T W E SThe Spanisihbecam aiarmesdoa!s uthseSpaishorgancizedoaoargeodeultory fshcinfmoan idfiieo vr eciton"R L O T W T the royal engineer Antosn dnA A-] Sent. Thse king of Spais sant oee period. The Auericans iccpprted rendmd e aci uispection sofa cnicmbeto troop, accd cm, is tics bmcdlhccndn to run down, Incdians in MAIL ORDERS GIVEN PROMPT ATTENTION 112 RIBERIA STREET TELEPHONE 1024 Pp animsh fortiiatimon and urge 0 yeas 1703, ns find St. Augmudicce a mice Emerglades. Theoy wcres conu- 03 Hypolita Street Phone 440 that cicny of them ice reinforced. 1, plc hummccinf -ith atimity. Thecs scfcl, hcoever csmis tmeod:In isis 0010000O thce condition of ISpanishs tonic the isitiatie, ond bounds nwcon unablen Onore ths


Search For Youth Fountain Scenes at Famed Fountain of Youth 'Grandmother Peggy' Showed 0d Yuletide

Has Endured Through Ages Ability To Save Her Money Customs Recalled

Had Part in History Mother of V. D. Capo hold the fort and be bombarded Gayety and Sorrow EnXa at itr ~sHradz Iprobably.
of Ponce de Leon and r ernan ez was Able to Buy Home, Another tale of watimer eon- countered and
Fltorida Krcern punishment meted out to
Florida Surprise Husband soldie.... Ca......strips were. made Rcre
S r down e with a hole through which the solSince the dawn of civilization, mothe w oi dier put his head and ends of the Christmas has not always been
there has been an almost contin- aa rit o before h was m ied to canvas formed into bags both beo earhmdeforfo tif itohind and in front. These bags were cheerful or merry for St. Augusyuth. It is understood that Japan V .enancio Capo, son of old John filled with rock pedig o the tie. Ce inly ot i 18, h was discovered more than 2,000 Capo, head pilot on the bar. The degree of the soldier's offence, twoe dray oter Ohtitmee the
years ago by a thousand young men Lived Through Troublous wedding took place in a house on St. usually some petty infringement. mother of Generalt Kiby Smith and maidens in search of a foun- Francis Street on whatisnowrop- Then the soldier had to march h h tain of youth. The Great Empire mes in Old St. erty of the St. Augustine Histori- around the top of the fort until his r m er room e e of Japan was founded as a result of ca Society. Mr. Capo says e ol- sentence was carried out. Sone- noAviles Street, nw the north this search for what might be Augustine ways understood that at the times soldiers were punished in this portion of the Public Library, "I termed a legendary fountain of the Widow Garito, known later in manner when they had been caught seefrom my window a group of temedlife as Grandmother Peggy, owned flirting too freely with girls of the men busily employed in preparing magic waters. Mrs. Joseph V. Hernandez was the house where she lived then. city whose parents complained to Biblical history shows that many th rl of Cept oiry f told the fmity ofgtff to be ereomtpeople threw away their crutches the oldest daughter of Captain A story was told in the family ofVe d the Pl.officer in command.g is w after bathing, in the pool of John Masters, whose life span her ability to save money. Venan- ed on Bethesda. came near covering the past cen- cio Capo was a pilot, or oarsman, being made by the ladies. We are So at the height of the Great try o he had ee r in 1 nd he re- Old Writers Failed all here in a state of excitement."
o a eig the tury, as he had been orn in 1806. vedmoneywoudhnd it overto M i Thirswent monherone iTedasi. As Empire of Spain, during the 15th Mary Dolores Masters' first hus- his wife. They had been living in To Mention Many Of Mrs. ith ote, the ity mst and 16th centuries, while that country was extending her frontier to band was named Tebault. Three a house on Charlotte Street, near Flowers Of That have bee t cited to ebre the far corners of the earth, it was children were born to the Tebaults, the fort. One day Venancio told Day Christmasin the ordinary Santa still believed that there existed while they lived in Jacksonvile Bonito they'd have to move be- Claus manner that year.
cause the house was to be sold. That ancient St. Augustine had
somewhere a fountain whose waters but only one, the little girl, Borgia,o h os or he r In discussing old gardens in St. some Christmas pfeasure'is evident would perpetuate life and even was lving when Mrs. Tebaut mar- for it?" Bonito asked. "Tell Augustine it is difficult to hear of from Governor Pedro de ra's maine see yrthfrl hydishieger red~ oropin Hereando, inrotherit?" Besiro reined. "Toil me Agetetedfirit eo~f make one youthful by drinking or ied Joseph V. Hernandez, brother when you come back tonight." any floweringgar- letters to his King. Ybara was bathing in its waters of Diego Hernandez, of that Her- Venancio had no idea that his wife den type. Gover At oe time And so Ponce de Leon, fmous nandez family most frequently had spent all he had given her. In a chapter on St. Augustine charges were made against him conquistador of Spain, who Scom- linked with the north end of the hent spe ae i adin s vtu that had onc he ome is agat Bonito Charles Lanman in "Advetres that he not n alo d gambling anied Christopher Columbuson old military city, itsmembers p-hat the of in Wilds of the United States and but took part himself whici he vigwanted to know what the price oft
eis second voyage in 1499 learned peering as substantial property --- -a- tish Provinces" which wasi from the Indians of Porto Rico that owners on old records. -This Her- t he booe war to be, a d woo e g" ri 1i h war es t in the land to the no hwest there nandez family does not seem con- told her she just said "I've got all printed in 186 mentions "the jon- mas time" and then he saysr it is was a fountain of eternal youth nected with the family of that Gen- The famous grotto within, which is found the Fou in of Youth,around which history, tradition and but $50 enough. If you can raise tuil, Spanish pink, re, otrleander, only for small amount "bot suffrom which one might drink and eralJoseph Maria Hernandez who legend center, and from which thousands drink annually: The facade a replica of one of the old Spanish that much we can buyit." An as- dtra, geniuomr itoom." It fcent tdmge yor dy, even if perpetuate his youth or he made was present at the capture of Os- missions, with its arches and bell tower, is of old coquina, time-worn and stained. Over it clambers vines tonished husband had to know all hes een customary to think o he had rt id of at young if he was old. ceola but Mrs. Joseph V. Hernan- and great magnolia trees cast their shadows. about where the money had come te wije cultivation and commer- cards," This legend appealed to Ponce de dez'sefther, Captain John Mast- fom, and when she told him it as cial culture of jonquils in Florida Less happy is the reference In Leon because he was growing old., erwe s a rather unwiing mm- money he'd handed her and she'd as a comparatively recent devel- the city record of 1840 when pHe bhad us red ah gover of brof tie group when Oei a saved, he decided he had a smart opment. This metion at that date plication made for payment of He had just served as governor ofer of the up when Osceol will interest plant lovers, costs of bringing the body of Porto Rico and had been forced to Mwas held. During the war Venancio Capo Leanman makes another refer man to town. It is just before give up the governorship for poli- Mrs. Hernandez is always allud- didn't have to go away because he ence that will interest persons es- Christmas and the man has aned tical reasons. And so, finding him- ed to as having been of striking was pilot. Bonito Capo used to pecially versed in Castle San Mar- himself in the woods of theDogself without anything to do on the figure and, although not especially tell her children how she had made cos' affairs. He refers to seeing lass plantation, which would be tropical island of Porto Rico, sur- tall, she made a rather command- therflag of truce that was r cn up a "heavy HeforSpanish money le action te whicend huro t rounded by flowers and beautiful ing appearane. Possibly she iad t the fortowhen t ar s p he in g ore e s ti e r ho rte senoritas, h decided it was time for also gained from her father the at te fo her the federal forces chest" esthe foot hoe hr ret section erts ep ed reins of tin e wealthhr ge ser e orce hat r- ereoff St. Augustine waiting to through it while in St. Augustine. Deaf and the Blind, him to spend some of the wealth he great power of endurance that en- hear whether the city would (One of the 'Record's ere of (One of the Recod's Histo gram had amassed in search of waters abled her to cope with the constant I which would make him young emergencies of her life. Also the render peacefully or proposed to Histograms.) series.) again. He remembered longingly tw, the father and. daughter, did
the grandeur of his routhful days not always agree on what was best
when he was in the court of the for Mrs. Hernndez, yet it was in
king. later years- always demonstratedFitting out three ship at his own that her judgment was able to pull W e A re H eartil
gen, he set sail for Bimini, the her through all the crises, eves if
Indian wordmeain si mply "'the old Captain John did storm his
land to the northwest." Three boats disapproval sometimes.
were selected since a voyage hadto In 1860 the Joseph V. Hernaninclude that number to make a dis- dez family was living in a house In Favor of T he coery official. on the west side of Charlotte
On March 27th, 1513, during the Street, their neighbors on the. south
Easter period Ponce de Leon, with being the Smith-Treschka househis three ships, sighted the coastaf hold at the corner of Treasury
Northb America. Becaeueofthetret'. Wenwwreednbetwe n.
Easter season and the profusion of orth and South, Joseph Hernanlo ers which could be seen oi dez was not slow in offeRing his ahnre,;Ponce de Leo cal te land services. Captain John Mster
Florida. On April 3d f the same wpa t the army age, and, after
year. he landed i iin ity of yvai o Indian fighting, he hod to which is now St. Augustine, whc emi t~home.
spot was destined too ter Au stine wan intensely pr.the ste oftieS ftpermanentwite Sr Other h ebds end Cabin
colony i rth America. Pree ha j'ned ap, leaving their
de Le n disembarkd an'emot es o struggle with the probin the h rbo of St A u no e that soon complicated exist5Ine days according to relish e S long as the Federals did
istoriatn 't netrem St. Augusie, Mrs. HerOvrookinigithe hrbor o St.Arr- nandnr managed to ae for 'er,
ustine,hidden awayamongst m children. All the men of Here is a lovely garden scene fom the Fountain of Youth Park, one of the beautiful spots in St. AuScovered oaks, cedars g fan i f'adm g age of her yo and hus- Hrstine, which has been a stistically d eveloped and landscaped by the owner, Mayor Walter B. Fraser. ina pic tresque seing of itropi nd's i rws eere wih tlhe ,on-EI
of the spring fr... which, ac d c t intoserce.: There wer
gin, liens tineldLe spinin waoo fedorete ferre au ee a m a tie sent in aplying she~ got a ing to legend, Ponce de Leen drak fn o be earried onsomehow to R e of L a anchez pepass to go through tne fYanhee
n his search for ternael youth food. Most families had lines, hand boong one of their For many years people fre all land o rtlying sections that they 1 l M ost Ttiril Spre s roung wom an wnt parts of the world have beaten e cutivaeod previoursetha, to the ewar.o Roilingl along to St. Augrtine and gated path to thi spot. They havoend Some familes soon went into the a r father's freedom, taking him We w great fascination in the stoy country, hoping te rae r at with her bac to te ld homestead s to gve expression of our Ponc de Leon, and have coerof least, It was no time for idle Daughter of SOuthern ,Uldgo out free St. Augtto IThre is the Emily Geiger ide, i far andnear, lured by the romantic women. s hold go out from St. Augustine. rand Lil Servosse's Rieide, hut none te Then me rmor of te mig Confederacy Performs stopped er work, and listened mre drg th thot f Lola
One who visits the Fountain o f of Federal vessels, also reports o rac After hearing of the road the forag- Sanchez, the young Floridian of the
Youth Park at St. Augustine will that thr might be bombard- Brave Deed ing party would take, and gaining Southern Confederacy. aunching this historic work. find many tings of interest which ments, if the city did not yield all necessary information, she told "The U. D. C. should look to it date bach for centuries. propt. There war much din- Panchita to entertain them until she that one chapter at least should be In294 wiS rettog rut oes pgreme t everwet to do, Tine The interesting account below returned.Lola nche chapter.
In 1934 while setting o ut orange agreement over what to do. The ol Snchez married Emael
trees within a short distance of te der men ,left in the city argued was written by Elizabeth W. Mu- Stealing softly from the house "Lola Ourst e antedates any clothing est Fountain of Youth spring, workers some one way, some another lings and published in a well- she sped to the horse lot, and Lopez, a Confederate soldier of the accidentally discovered an Indian MaorArnau resigned-refusedto known Atlanta paper in the early throwing a saddle on her horse rode St Augustine Blues; Eugenia mo- Auustine, completing fr h ars in one Burial Ground, where several hun- have any part in handing ver the ninetie and in 1910 reproduced for life to the ferry a mile distant; ied Albert ogro, nothr odred Indian seletons were found. city to Federal troops. The women in the Florida Times-Union. T there the ferry man took her horse d r According to the Smithsnian Insti- were much wrought: up, so that story deals with an incident in the and.gve a he boat. She rowed room. W e have not been content to live in the past, but tution these Indians were buried be- when Federal officers finally came, life of Lola 'Sanchez, who during hers.facross the St. Johns, met one Sans Inn tween 300 and 400 years :ago. Some ashore many women were active in her married life was Mrs. Emanuel Confederate picket, who knew her,
82 of these skeletons have been un- their indignation. Mary Hernan- Lopez, a resident of St. Aigustine. and gave her his horse: Out into the have endeavored to keep pace with the everc nging Cord by archaeologists and can de wasn't among those to show Mrs. Leoniece Davis of this city, night, through the woods she rode H Given e serenexactI ase they were placed any friendliness. a member of the family'of the gal- lik tine wind to Camp Davis, i sr conditions as evidence by the fine merchandising we mil there centuries ago. Indeed so spunky was she in her let Lola, says that the same story and a half away. Visitors will also see large xpresions, and in assertion of was aften repeated around the "Reaching the camp she asked
Spanish tennajnes, or water jars her beliefs and rights, that with family circle in the evenings. The forCatbDickinson (afterwardsen. f r me l nl r d s w eig hing approximately 1,000 87 non-con'batants, old men, won- story follows: Gickinson),andtoldhim theYkees Belonged to Don Juan feature, naming a few well-known, well-advertised ines pounds e a, which are some 200 en and children, Mos. Hernandez "The daring ride of a Florida girl were coming up the river Sunday Sanchez, Old Records years old. They will see also a and her own three little qhis were through the forest at night, and the morning, snd that the troops from number of careen approximately put on board what is described as disaster which befell the Federals St. Augusin would go out foeg- Reveal 0 SCHLOSS BROS. CO... 400 years old, taken from Morro a tugboat belonging to the Fder- in consequence is a thrilling annl ing, ins a southerly direction. Castle at Havana, Cuba; cannon atS. Cause her husband was of the Southland. "Then leaving the camp Lola .*lo es Beautiful" from Old Ironsides, and a collection with the Confederate army, Hrs. "During the war for southern in- Sanchez rode for her life indeed. Back in the second Spanish renf rare colic,, tio inroitego of oe- Hereondre bed her oetltte dependence there lived just opposite "She knew she must not be gime that house No. 43 on St. tries ago. A varied and intr..t- Street home confiscated, jusft as, Palatkh o. thr ..toana of the St. from home. Giving the G. PALM BEAGH ..
ing collection of relies of Spanish number of other wives of Coofed- Johns River, Florida, a Cuban picked his horse she recrossed the Ororgo atroet, cormonty rotted the Florida is housed in the old stone erate soldiers, gentleman, Mauritia Sanchez, by ferry, then mounting her waiting Old Spanish Inn, was pledged by its ......o the go...ds. Not knowing what might be nome, wins h in life had left the animal she struck out for hom owner, Don Juan Sanhez y Soto- Popular Summer Clothes
Mayor Walter B. Fraser has been ahead of her, Mrs. Hernandez tried Wht Indies to seek a home in the Dismounting some distance from mayor, as security for the funds of
in possession of the Fountain of o carry with her a fe possessions state of Florida. Many years had the house she turned her horse te Brotherhood do Ia Rosario. The R Youth property since 1927, and dur- she had taken out of her hee. passed since theh and Mr. Sanchez loose, a d r.ched home in time for Ing tin pout te pers hobo, done SUt she saw these pnut on another won at tie time of tin following in- supper and pleasantly entertained rame "Juan Sanchez" is most AS much to beautify the lovely esel, never to be seen again. The cident on old man, infirm and ih her guests untillate hour. closely connected with this old Underwear'and Acc essories grounds; and make this romantic tug fee which she and the children wretched health. The family con- "That night Capt. Dickinson house, because his father was also and historic spot ever more appeal- were put didn't get sway that sisted of an invalid wifo, one eon moched his e to intercept the Juan Sanche. His mother was ing to the thousands of visitorswho night. It was rough .n the bar. who was in the service of the Con- Yankees. He crossed from the Ctia de Soto Te oungr W ILSO BRS.. yearly drink from the sparkling The Federal pilots ..r too unfa- fed.ecy, and three daughter, Pan- west to the est side and surprised J . 4y... dhe nh waters of the spring, muter with the inht'r riy pee- chite, Lola and Eugenia. them on Sunday. Junwoe 55 pem old win Path. sge to attempt it until smoother "Suspicion had long fastened op- "A severe fight ensued. The er Hassettwas listing all the people Skipp e r
Quarantine Issued Th wair.TodosoebdtdenM.Sacnoo a spy 0 or moe Yarnro, Oe. Chatfiold, wan billed teethe city in t755. H a a e i:j....b on th ....ll vessel, dd Confederates, nd at the time of and Col. Boblo ourded aTd cap- a wom r six years older than himDays of 1839; Sanchez not ree ~.Anast a ria in g thin incident, the old men had ben bored. On th .m Sunday moor nlf, Meri dol C..mon Castoneds, 0 STETSON HATS .
s hreSuntil nextoerning, when torn 'from his home, and family, ing the Yankee gunboats went .up who was a daughter of Guisepe and Is Rider With I Message the tag 00 S utrside headed north. and was a prisoner in the old Span- ithe St. Johns to surprise the Con- Sebastina du Burgos. This latter
FIt esatStMoy't theeb inn Port San Maroon at St. Au- federated. They .r. y'rr much family seem to have p ......d .... :" MOOR=EAP $OX
Wintfe of 2035-St hadn't ended Coolly prepared to discharge the gustine. The girls occupied the surprised in turn. The Confeder- eral houses at the close of the first M R E D X when nerd of 18rhing sot of en unhappy party. There all were put home with their old mother, and ates were ready for them, disabled Spanish occupation and as at one tgiou dicea cfeiom Picouat.. and. left to Cind food and .tirely unprotected. Many a gunboat and eaptureda tr... time a Du Burg .o.d property JATZEN SWIM TGS
Therar e no, cd me o m Pi ola. shelter anyway they could. After times at night their house was port, also many prisoners were next to Juan Sanchez on the south, NSO t Phee iol dotba ts of sle long wanderings and many adven- surrounded by white and" negro taken by the Confederates. it seems to indicate that Juan Fort Heroe and Fort Peyton. tn, urges s. Hernandez brought her soldiers expecting to surprise them "The foraging party lost all Sanchez had found a wife in his 0 DELPARK PAJAMAS and ROBES... The city fathers promptly votd lile family to Orange Mills, where and find Confederates about the their wagons and everything they neighbor's house.
a quarantine against Picoiata and she managed to care for them ur- place, for the Yankees knew some had stolen, and again many pris- While Senora Maria det Carmen Mauricio Sanchez was the express til the war ended. One of these one was giving information, but oners were taken and Capt. Dicki- Sanchez was older than her hesrider who conveyed to the cem- little daughters devoted'herself to thought itwas Mr. Sanchez. roe opet for tine tor sisters tohim and fte We 0 to our mending officer at that post word the religious life at the age of 15 "The Southern soldiers were at the ferry (mo one Lola San- his death is heard of as having gone
of the city's action. All the forts and nuw, quite an oldwoman is inea higher up the St. Johns on the west ches crossed) to see the prisoners, to Havana to live. The two daughhod to hr notitod, e onyv met- Prnodla center Sin, ar to side. It was usual for the Yankee and wagons that had been taken. 'tors, Maia de los Delores and a privilege if we can be of any service to you. toe. Be qutin radio orders en ie smai her werto hane remor- officers to visit frequently at the "Time and again this daughter Maria del Rosario, n to have repane-fust the express ride ansd ire of her own about tbo trip o Sanchez home, and the girls, for of the Confederacy aided and abet- mained Unmarried he last heard at this time with Indians on the the boat. policy, (and information were ted the Southern cause, of. At that time they are selling east side-of the St. Johns ret the After th. wo wan over, H.. erdial in thair rception of them "Some time after a pontoon .. .. i. houer n.hich it is knon had
erfono riding. Hardly oere the ro- Horordofr,, gob brff k ~ebn St Aogs- rod2, h:ey gninodnsomep pote tioo eatrod, aed ronamod "The Throc horonin to f ilptfefy yar. despu t through before the scare tie. He husband hod bros in f='om the thieving soldiery. Sisters" in compliment to these The eriost description rhos nit subsided and the quarantine lifted, prson since the last battle of "One warm summer's night three brave young women, The pontoon "one story house of stone in This Mauricio Sanchez is prob- N..shville and as a result was a Yankee officers camentothe Sanchez was coming from Picolata to one of the divisions in good state
ably brother of that Lola Sanchez sfferer to the time of his death home to spend th c..ning. After Orange Mills. property of Don Juan Sanchez", "All That's Beat In Men's W ear" whoe thrilling night side from a'0out 1877. The paper granting a short tim e the three sisters left "Mr. Sanher still languished in and the original walls of this first th Sanche ho. 0. the sh.ce of his discharge from a prison camp the officers, od went to the dining Fort San M.r.s, hon..., o.d story are in evideco today. 47 KING STREET ST. AUGUSTINE, FL.
te it. Johns led to the surprise of at Camp Cha, in Ohioi in pos- room 0o prepare the supper. The Panchita grieved continuously over Inpart of this house at least there Federal soldiers and the killing of session of his son Mr. Henry Her- soldiers thinkisi og hoeovong themselves safe her father's unjust incarceration o is an old stone floor under the presCaptai Chatfeld for whom the nande, owner of the Ocean View oneed nothe discussion of a plan The old man was truly tnocent, ot wood foor. At one time there 0. A. R. Post of St. Augustine was Hotel. Mr. Hernandez believes to surprise the Confederates on his daughters were the informers,, was a balcony on tie second floor named. his meteor tine Sost numanSunday morning by sending the but he did not know this. eroo SL George Street. This was (One of the Recrds Histogram after the war to open a real board- gunboats up the river, and also by "Panchita determined to obtain ceoed only a few years ago, resi Ilrries.) ing house in St. Augustine. planning that a foraging party Ihis release if possible. After some dents of the city recall,





The Eyes of the NATIN


"The Cradle of American History"


St,-Augustine and .St. Johns County will play v it est important part in the "Ancient City's" Historic

The Chamber of Commerce is firm in the belief that the history of St. Augustine is the heritage of every citizen in this country. As one writer has said:
"Possibly no where else in the world is there a situation offering a: parallel to this program where the visitor will be able to see the physical manifestation of the complete long-time range story of a._.M ] great civilization in all the stages of its past forever running into ._..,{ its present.. With this great vision of p~st and present, the possi--bilities of contemplating what its future-and so the future of oure: entire country-may hold, will be unique in the history of manThe Chamber of Commerce has resolved to work hand in hand with the officials of the Restoration Movement, supporting them always in the carrying out of this tremendous historical p~roject.
CHAS. E. YOUNG, President
W. J. COZENS, JR., Secretary.



1 < ._ L . Iil i I ... :- -

B-14 TU T. C 1 S T INE RECORD SUNDAY, JULY 4,1937 Where Restoration Is In Progress MENENDEZIS
Ol H ue fOn Old Aviles Street 12 ME
Don Toledo Has
1 ~(Ceetineed feet Fieet Pege,
Museum Piece Section B.)
c t plied that he would aid Catholeis
Quaint Structure Is ad friends, but those ho belonged'
Well Worth In- I eel eeie. .tee....
ano d l of ed to give up their arms to him d section to study place themselves his mercy, ONaond Reid. they could do in which case e Od .... would d with them ha od gt.H,' .r should iet
of soAfter two hours the Fi'enen capA :- fol eain returned ad offered 50 0 Overhanging B a I o n v.A ducats change for AddsPicuresuenss ,tu i ... s ... ,,. ,-a, days- that
d--ided Pe,:h' ,a ask Delegate Levy their lives. Menendez refused d
Adds Picturesqueness o to West Point within half hour the rene h Brought their hlagse ot 6 e arqueand Charm ai elheynae buse,2 pt ,se le s, iteuhelmets, and breastples, i: f. eieeeeeeeeeeeeieee!lat eoeleg ee
eContaining u el elleet f ee d i e ahat al the Frenetmen would gie St. Augustine relies and an tiques is he eh e His o' 1, two Solis fo-eolr th vat d ill thehe
theOld d T le eetsecuit i ohupon Menendez odered 20 soldiers Aviles Street, one of the most inter- tradition tnd Jameee Walker Bonet teterthehat edhiegh etig showplaces in America and becae a Coloe. French over tn time. V. Btonet. anoherlBoetgree nendeze the French captain that in his Ancient City. Wes t Point joined the Hotchkissthe Frec The structure itself is believed to Arm Copny in Paritherefore he ould have to have been one of the first houses e ine
ilteiely of coquinaIe qi, and is thaleet e bind them. Thus the 208 Frenchbuihels ent eeeaheeeneel t heee- of the fermandfe ps best known, because of its mennendez asked omanti legend. According toif any e Cathlics w teo igh raceoeni endt Af eds teE ueet opte htote he Ie ,wn tradition Don Juan Toledo built he e eteeee Europ e teehee wact tc stones Eight tham the house for his Indian bride. The has never been in St. Agustine t said that they were. first white man to marry an Indian,Our great captain thereupon ]-sis father, the famous general of commanded.that they be marched
Dee Telede is said te hate se elleetl caee t Set.eeulefw aroused th e iof his native people J theedelAugustine and that t that he finally consented to fitep eie elte the er te ee the a line which he would drw thnr
Indiaan giel remid here, t die et to vd he Tshould be killed. And so it ws de eneats eintheeityidh the restored by the owners, Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Lewis of The Plains Vtirginia, who will occupy it as. their Onl e
-i ry en in te citypaid hi tbeir*submited to, he ResorationOffice
inter home. All plans for the restoration of the building were submitted the Bestoratien Office, and to St. Augustinete c l stated
ld .rcts but some of the od checked over by Dr. Verne Chatelain, director, and the engineers and architects working on the Restora that n ia SegeAtiee s unded in families, still unreconciled, did not Program.. It is pointed out that this evidence of cooperation is one of the most delightful phases of the tns e ehedetd
t yPedMe de adeAiles, On picturesque Aviles Street, one of the quaint and narrow thor- come to see him. And old Pedro did early endeavors of the Restoration Program. The house will have modern conveniences, and be essentially that this must be thepty the best eoMley neeieting ef oughfares which is in the heart of the Old Spanish Quarter, one finds not forget the slight. ieale htldecharc willepreal.
houes colshihed feoet cedoa With the Old House of Don Toledo, one 'of the really delightful old houses, When Miss Isabel started, there la beJean Riaheodet, and se h thettashe ...icg of the fEglish 186, which one is privileged t tee. The changing balcote the old garden ete o ted o the stories of the of letters there ls doubtee they I ed tthe Ilt, d eh th e
the coming of the English in 1586 w proc under Sir Francis Drake, the settle' a t theetde e interesting ... collect are. .h as to intrigue Bnet family. Te t t ebout Uncle would have felt he e C e o se eh od c ndiags tOh Satee ae Iefse meant was destroyed, nothing being e visitor. Stephen was a favorite. He was one house was honored our iglythe of the .eege brothers .. hem TheRt .e. It..etc.tordown O T T ..ea, fif et, trumpeters, a.d fo
left tdig te the dett Pedro ad helped raise. He lived cl fte M Iel deth It F rne oquna treasures s he said that they te Cath
fire which raked the little colony. Metolics, it all 16 persons Sa F e Matanzas in Cuba, was a merchant included some of the best features Whe Meedereturned t St.
uction ofin o isfolo~
the colony, the Spaniards disee.- e ith ete.y wrehse s a bachelor of tha second Spanish regime. Its recui a.... k, a fe.....atiocnc Of Tru Vivid te s t ae tled a, elthy n rool liea were inteting. It wat Stories Center About 5s- ea Sceth MaWhre Steeet. Aetgstic snch ef bi o
ee seawalls d the is- Iee t Sometimes he came to visit in St oe of the largest on St. George While old Col. Sanchez is only considered him cruel and othes lad across thely, nd ed this Augustine, alays eleganty dressed Street and the great shutters on eph S. Sanchez and represented directly through the thought he had acted as his Kig ld r the use and radiating success, a delightful both stories of the south end added one son Francis, as an indication of would expect of hi, for evenif f D Tole eig e the t Estean, First of Name to decided against her becoming a nun. figure of elegance. But a hurricane t o its picturesqueness. The rose His Daughters the extent of the Sanchez connec- they had been Catholic, andso hed of Dr eenere beie ee y the ws h a Firstss he tom Here wastr ae thhehanh -tion, it is said that i a recent been spared both the French and constructed. enumeration it w found there Spaniards would have stsviedcen One of its greatest elearms is the Come Here Had Ad- -a door on the St. George Streetide self was drowned and when his joining handsome grounds of the The euist itporttnt name eoa- eeer70eltitsconnectd ic aecoutt e the liwsited sfetrpliet ofth husstppngdretl i-The most important nmco-were over 70 relatives connected in accoln ftelmtdsple; Sthe s, teppig dietly estate was examined it as found his Loillard Villa property added to eted ith the e t th- st ith l Sche. quaint overhanging balcony facing venturous Life to what might have been part of a investments had been poor. There the attractiveness of that east side aecte e f tidge t eet some way with Col. Sanchez.
AvilesStree in te Oldeast conrof Bridge and Marine on narrow es te n t e terrace or patio at the south, where was little left of the supposed for- of the block. Streets is thet te Gel Joseph S detees tht the t eto Ses corner of ridgoep dMain But it is through the quartet of OL GLORY IS
Spanish Quarter, and a smaller o T e shutters kept out the hot afternoon tune. It was said this Stephen And what's there now? The shoe Seets tat seh daughters that the most FLOATING OVER Sanchez. There weeSanchez in esque events at tah mt t- oldT.N AUUSER
affording a glimpse of te lovely That large stone house on the sun, and a shuttered door gave en- bought tickets in the Havana lot- store at the cornerof St. George Sa. STTere weres aye i old garden in the rear. southeast corner of St. Georgeand trance to the rose garden. tery evety. year for fifty and never and Cua Streets. St. Augustine from earlist days- qe evets attach t the ld
The flooring is rough and un- Cuna Street was known bothabe- various Francisco Sanchez. Laterhouse For example, e f the hiat t deleadg ur f ts ed de Francis Sanchez, are noted as years very old ladies declined to follow teFist a, eten, what emtis efdthel! o gh e P ae et Benetf ate indtte trance way gave immediate bn- teeteIsabel always tad much otmchateging fashic. stead,' she ace .. o hearth as .llf a ..e. .Mis. abel Beohet Ittey te e tn th paios ittig re e vcoingio Sanchthe All th ghtinually hanging Vacifashi Sae. Instead, shetilly
insisted on clinging to styles she Section B.) i"
hyoe ea, tnd its stone walls have had other residents of note at on the second floor enthusiastically the War between the States she We p td e Jeete insisted ea s lingiag style, share ca o ie a B byizone era, ~~appears in public records. Th unhad liked yasprevious, so that ia chipped and scarred with the some time but these two dominate recalled by Miss Isabel's intimates. was active in trying to aid the 1690 Features Sanchez seem to be a line of their when she emerged for a stroll to involved sti e te feesbitge e eettbeetatl teWieteeebNe Seetehee a be oealily te a 1e ered~ fee a 9seell taisteleed an htestilitiea etith Speist marks of the ages. There are only its history. Its handsome furnishings were southern soldiers. With members own. No Sancehed es this eltown or for a social call, it would Spih two rooms on the lowerfloor with a While recollections of Miss Isabel visible evidence of the position of the faily in both armies every- tracedand described as this Col.e a ed like number on the upper story, tahDispa H r Joseph S. Sanchez, who received eldstronhold had originally reached by means of a are vividly related-by many, there Pedero Bnethad made for himself, thingthathppend igtpe added lustre as being the fathe of and all accessories that went with ladder thrust through a trapdoor are several of the oldest native born since he had been left fatherless at personal concern. Perhaps'one of the most inte- "the beautiful Sanchezbe girls that period. While herefriends atisb pessie distth'4 and pulled up after the ascended as who can speak of Pedro or King 14 to help bring up the younger There was one reason r the at- testing articles on display in this In the Sanchez family Bible, a might smile, it was indulgently, and armed fore against etiest means of protection. Benet as hebecame known children traction the house and Miss. Isabel city's showplaces, is the fine old e was described as a "very sweet Spart Contained within the old etruc- He became a powerful "Boss" of Sometimes Miss Bohnee' visitors had for the devout women of the porcelain wine tank of 1690, scns hded dgcd e ste old lady".e ture ae articles of furniture and his time, so powerful indeed that if wanted to talk again of the two Cathedral Parish. It is difficult to which is a feature of the collec- oi i relies of a varied chaacter, the any dared suggest action the King's Bnet boys, that Esteban and separate hat might be fact from Lion of relies housed in the IOld SeyVaedfeehe m tea Thean thera as the e ente- Aegestine, wtat otnetel Amdade'te
es d ee hving adherents kecnt aretey to his Fede, adenhteros pale, the d- eet might he fey. Bet there ie17' esiel ate, the hed tydipes, VeaDo Tf the Fetoiaeril D1g1 inerstn od oletii arid . aesan wsonly and seemed destine d to be contimi who cpue h pns t~~~~ been accumulated -through a per licies, et once the independent cided they ettcould no longer endure aatracetof aneant aho wasBt etheefirst Street.e Tes 40 iedW.twhen shedied. thCompared toethe atllye involved in tsome argument n a e was warned Que Da, Pero their stepmother and o ran away "ce0 ,"Ilzed wner Of a statute of th
of years whtypetah e teted e deteith many pieces corninggw ae e d the lsepa~er etd co eas away ecogniaede0twtereetescattelthe OOarrette Pi, of New York, agesmost of the daughters reached, which she distributed much videne with nescript f f
fromn old families in S. Angus- Beat," the Minorcan form of "Take from their Minorcan home. The Blessed Mother. Tradition says for 20 years curtte of the Met Mary Oates was young at her death, positive printed and written, een Ranges, Minons, SeinoIe, Th aitee. c re ropolitan Museum, has said of She left nO children. Next was a chalked up language It is said rga nd ae groes De The manager and hostess at the any men struggled for a could argue whether the father of dge te ty his statue had this wine tank, "Porcelain of son, Francis, born in 1820 It is there is still a house in town on Veatpised the leepig i Do Toledo House, Mrs. Clara B. measure of power in those days but the runaway boys had been Spanish been borne in Processio- through Imari. Japan. Date, 1690. Type only through this son's descendants which she declared she had put an del, pet the geeeison it teat, tee cMier, is a member of one of the old- Pedro is the only one of whom any or French. Some said it was from the seteets. unique!" Mr. Pier, whose collec- that the race of Ce. Joseph S. eternal epied he heighsle deplyd hic '
est families in St. Augustine. Her such dominance is clear. Barcelona in Catalonia, where there Many woe it is said have had tion is considered one of the finest Sacee lives today. house laughs at the idea but admits forest e the hat edvactage ted father was JosephD. Lopez, who While Miss Isabel wasn't influ ere aeyfe othF eltet thetr pryter efoe the satue in the world, bwad the diflt tash e gitlte ltowed the son, one there's been plenty trouble since it beca there ht ee gon hte, hece-lie haday gonee togh lInoca But~ this isit happily anweed bet was held .i
seed as this city's postmaster ential in the' same line as Old ehe hd ge t Mic t this i happily ad It e held i of passing upon the merits of all died young, the other married tweas came into their possession. This set eu det iet ef st nd s

Mia cy fe Ntew Seet's, ayoeih the past tho de- gre up int the cting tede ue feige oty Othes sty Upo a eent tisit hae, Ge- quickly widowed and left chi e woman presethed her Spanth sides mandel surrender of the e

The late Me Lopez, who tas ades woeld bee ephasized it as ted seeal essel often eoine te secptin bot it Ce the aent. ete Cier greatly admieed this e o8i yeaes old. All bed metrked hee fa eliteetset ettessaidh tieteetely hknown as "Doe teas'et the heouae Ibis deteghter. Heatece thee his beether, Pedro, That wcell might beesinetethe ettee- unique ptercelain etine tech, de- chatesticie thatestoled it theit Aaothere ace ef the "hbeatetiful TheFtedaleteseeeedo Oeee econ runaways rieee the dee teeaeban hed t tet o te t B utspaingiuBeorig it the ondly tee t its hie an hind tc tres of Sance ih sasi orm v b Thtis establishaeat heieg the Sty- A t the deeth of har another, gone is w ayn N St et e tha bruet identlityhehe ee ldeaieg bed duttiers cof- Stee g is s ha d t S eebJua Her z, peopeety matt e eC tn se Ny be leqte ite ttheie latet life, Possibly equally an her atoin haether State yieldeine i e e irc oon y frmhee mra Behes 'oldn yach club Cat aw e gepinBntoa the astil tory The col gnowruessy U on g is r exent uisithee, tar- pictuesqe it ournce markeed whndse set her wbhusde don oer rtshsvreg.Th

steed otee 57 yeeec ago. Met. Mier's w ereoanged that Mica Isabel G e tte eti sit Ieele ltan the Tba tints qohe, tiet toteyhee atea AdkowL .ad "Dhei..tfe', the a od to.oitse hooch Gee. daueheethaieet cseeaeeetS S Gthe tt~e te t oa ie l igtbel siney tetoi- eete Picliet getetadmed ttetheist teer8 yeasts, btt tlhey b.. ea shes istteheeSetc t 'that.Iseaty ...eo.. l otid .d. theotithe

mother was Adelaide Usina, also a remained in sole possession of the uns that he tw e n coitnnand o brought offerings to it and would A one top cters the petieg their earlier years, but they have stairs in the hotel to find out "what treat oo ed t member of an old family. tea a he ..dt signed at Haana. This edro gladly, care for its robes. One ad there is a wooden spigot ot called. He teas ho. It is haed at ou." te- ate t i Ceeiete eteet
Meetiewas at the immediate corner of the smaied and on deha sd t tyoh family relates a death-bed scene, qther tme dati let soolt ot ei ths qt e e atedad, fhe e dvin ce e atatdos ee deeingt the eea o thstogh ground floor, instead of on thebal- sor id the IUniversity in Havanat p f enef Mss at bel came bringing h n ile, Steet, conied second floor as might have Eetbe die +ey"e e "te the statue to the dying man, who married Major Davis Foster of about the house, ships eeeed, ted the Stigh the old dowe oaeen epectad oless oe e h Estean married enaerna es St. Augustine Restoration Boston and was buried in 1901 in sailed benepce-nesoeke e refeld Mite 'thaefts eequet eeatn uutdeRscsetes Bceetdee eie eCI c ~ aldaee atettsessc ead, by ea of the ies s ere thoroughly. She had an intense ez he uuste an died without the la tt ffites of the Is Sponsored By Carnegie the National Cemetery. Their son, DRAKE ATTACKS t ney the though any madeeti aby one ofpnig othe fnsbrs.bough ths corner of the Cauna and churc. socso etesfe onwWsenlnl
welders in Europe. This was much itetetest it all the heppetings of the S'oge teete ftom Don An-hteb Institution of Washington General J. Clifford R. Foster, had a AND SETS FIRE tles d.eighb oodt e teele feete Dee At When Miss Isabel died in 1915 notable military career and only yond the Appaleehicole. Aed So hat last ticis H erbt ye Ma.e Mion gave hee teenage for keeping in Coe. Berte who bed ad it fesm the figure passed into the ... elat (Gentinued fe, C.iett Peg, pn ..sed eaway a few yeas ago. While TO OLD CITY in 1181 steeled the period ol the
of particular interest is an old touch with all thee hppeced Se- euo ; wtet aged relative and her children and Setin B) the three, old aunts lived out their -- Sectnd Spatieh oceupation ethith
pie, ad t b heSatiepee b hi ce otee t alth utsh tf the Spantiade eteetn etben t "__"_t t"et1eteedl"eSt Sstttonge.
piano, saidto be Che first imported by. iThis keen concern in all the it days in the old coquina house, Gen- (Continued frome First Page, haset eetos to St. Augustine. This belonged to comic gs ted g oiig s of b et .ld the B ritie The'e te ieg IC t A ugeetit .e tll te elf ...te the bedy of the st orey bet its toot, ral Foster tes devoted to their Section B.) .eent of e aisi g the flg el the
the Bernardo Segui family, says was sometimes believed to have had g u size Th zean s tyle o e t te i t t ey ne h ed i d fe ti tt t l Mrs. Mier, the stec owing the piano -so .. eight in her decision.. to hbs, sheeed issue. Bet it. Still they are pleased to pay it Wti . lfe wll tster passed y, theselees. Ad -n Utheiraru nige
tht beteiefe itm the laidsttete studie ofta Io e atragtedMietiAoRnsSO
beicg thse elern of the court it St t tnto the world when she had been e-e -, t e ,wo lo tuies o oet t thea l ts, Dhee rhe siete peseiawa, cdeeve. eAi o sd A TTACK .Augustine ise181wehen Spele esededl ienbthe.....t a late. atths. Gtbhees 'Deeee teeth'teld IC it ttyeible Cetel tell fof relegig ....tee pedote .....Kndi h rdeSre h.... h egatM r RVR F.
Flriitetid niedSats.A- aitond h the f erhalUtnerupton.adMis sSlatest teevnt AligPeroaatitsaieghstriatpaicedto-hos the threeesibeterstEugeteiaptfeedetCgNine ofohtheliehtheseetretadel. DAVgISedTTteed hi
______________________and pgemagetatl thsee Ma itt Gbdmstispirited oB le, whotees sad fllod theidd c hae th so ce ST.AUUSIN though ege hete leid te beatty heeante ehee etedpti e teleli te tietry hetter, at ae tionstee wieiege he thetege odi thi aed ohee poettd eelelips.e a etlloeteehs;ae t ca thief relief, there silI rean the slty, g" "elilet eeee see ehetsehe eetehttgeo httotidJtegettCilpll his ocpai tet" G isttct a po....ltie' platte etith this the hiffe teound ..t.e.. ..t ye'.. the It. Gtetlie te.. tel..11....d is bten IP.. ed feet the eegi tee.d p..p. ate be- It the .....liest lists eel.......ety le; ie a betmstee o~ e (tinaed Itett Fetrst Peg,
iscrtiptiotee "Meet Paet. Seoderip peratively lte yaes tgo by its dowen, etas lest teed y graedlatber Ites ef the Webb Librarey etC the It. com pert of ete consciousnesc, teede io 1767 by dse ho Pute lber haditna falin sdowe theeghthe Secttie B.) oee-ltime ower, Jehn Whiteyt, etewhsheeoohidigee h ed c aligdtseteteih
aad Wilinson. Ne. C3 Heateerhet, Stast peed the hoette te the public perished. My Iether Fedro, the Ategtin ee Ilistoyeyal Socieety. Gretotie actieity ted the desire to bet hew let buileg ontes coertt, teas by the samee ted teto est thstee tahe the feet. The ineaders teee Londote," Tb, pitn6 Is etidtte bee Stepen Vinetent Beetts IC. At- peeeellobsille, totemnfc u theetteebelongs t etomno orstbdinheer ulnheowaot20orsacd beeanlenlbbeets, ethieh is cret the es a shotephace sette 5 years ego. oldest ehild, wae' onely 14. Bet he geutine ettety "Stanish Boontieg ereeetanitrats Such as ieen odrigtee de lerere etho beet plcesof setbdy with swo and sogne thr teof ahelac ISd heeto tet t Poelic Libetry teid etbieh tee, built Several Speanich doubleoons, teorth helped brieg up the younegee cbild- edidnet aypear quite eteetenough tee etdblt mtakieg, traditionally dote teatr hod teto semall boeet utages betoe acy could coe pleely deatroyef seerythieg that lear the Segpi family it CCI. At- about IS ech in Aterticane teetey, tee, picked op 'te eductite aned glee hateylitest Ce Isabeel. Bet estit foode teed dishes, stories ted acosBridge Steet Thceet eo- dges codngt testr ol f hs l eae loosed, tee bearing the 1S9t he thought set teeee ol learening Chet Cf elf Ple ated iet lsabel teould lterttre eei1 tell teettribete, tendedle tie theby eetnt. let the ceere his esceet the Gotesetr has tcmpined "they panofiws eutheetey to Se. Iugus ol Re heWe burneed the Towene, demosl- bate laft nothing bet ethel I haete pineee it tesln ese ito takige fTe Do oeoHueblnshe otade tet oldeet bhert, Steileen, hteve known tehowet Williame Roe Lee trder thal t beharmonietusteed et eensus tf 1755, de la shced thesle atdteett ah youknw te eneal red lac- one ad Sepen inen Boer steti rsul my b rachdt 1 paetsft ew e thod etuees Themy tetthe adoe, tookaoetear te Ale thi hold. pieeleet tweoyears to flltheoder lto the Sisteet ot. Joseteph, stene'sCoentaries ebeee e h et ere going teeachieve ethetetld cityisbieingeepteedflortthes cottbral'gestdo onthiscyer.dtheye Foedinpanceaesiadl r asu eeb Alseteis eeld ete yleadeg et1ea Alss of espectial iteteat is thstVeefOd- Sre eetleee eiee~ tt~ oM ih Ti efele h etyftt seeitet i hesyc hth eel
first typeeter etsed ic the ctonetViwoO St. George etrets tof b;ltards, till en bet oneget sef Hetsey ahelftg lanwtey ho rnhph e a ld t e eel theou tytete wohe
tel St. Joseph. Ovee fifty yeers rueotofhe histortit areecand hoge ze errahdigmyhodtmunltetwnsud elf, the edt bet iegecieos- '"oct ep parking lets till be detelped, ghetbeetmn the pe s is hFR REIT Oneeofthe prests wettnte ee ltiee, ae efoener eel the teedae.Aeteeheronistice buildings will be sebadth nls bakFlrdate OL.HRE' eec he afe a tpeewriter,evidentlyeqetirae ore t5 rteted; overheed etires, silts, pohes sltedheRgictehFetiaBOMBARDMENT Whaen the piraete terte ready te aI ti ated ttiete tea pe ae icht04 ed eba, eefietie oblets tillThe Jeteeph Seanchet teete eppears___tiead ainc hn ~na terdsigrn ojcs wilbWentClemenet desisls835esuvey they tookhthea nas ted Ibhe sal Ac telmoat illegible es.... itios.....eedted e p-.blhefbet.tpeo..(eteltefleee iet Pgebo..eets.....tatateifse
abates it tas teed, byNthe Rose ii Inegaot.... ie.eclMes.......ei In epoal a eni.... Cniudfo is ae f.... sota .. do
GaTyebiate omay isra.heeteetee proetetwillreachbits geeateleia- veton fete somte tie. Meoranda Seetioa 5,) folhow themt, antd onhy whe they teitngate eyle is a handoe iee deveheped itt tederete tie all inicoaetht heetade exteetivee- wr aeyars h a ilt Spasish Wedding Ghect of ettny, thetradttgthr sa o pleerstothebhouse in1835landpro bwich hate gee btinegst Cc n e af d aaledlyeavg s t o i thy inetricately cedf bwhlic stid to thatheotheregttaeeofe1e0epwhich stales tha gfbitiacutotheagist hvcoefo'hePoncofpectuete The Muetumt weillhbeeade- ably edded te etetd bitcent te.le leho 71 i di~ee~eee~sh beta eels, leetat the Peeteites eel lstoryet of teltue prestecting in Whenehe firsteappears, lee is Jose still lives is the atindf elaay oftaasohiigcel eei.
Granda i Spin. he eautfulobjetivefasion he nti b stry etmio Sanehez or J. itione Grad- eta et ethieh tiate Goernor Mete, design wih ieie Tbver tee betvlbeeteeitty1f'SMN L WA deig, the lheti, tte athoeb SteAgteby eansetoepeiod ualy the naee che, possilyof CerolinahbeiegfetsourtowanEMIOEfA te p o1 the sheulder-high tabiset, roomsteach ontateeieig dioramast, at be gathered bhonors, fete the Jose Feet. Thes as neow the breve ENDED AFTER use fo it moif he~omerantemodlspicure, cart ofexp toa eteglitizted ieee Joeeph. Net people ef this leewe sht them- WEARY YEARS teofle th rits broutgphtere ioneeede peetite erelatig ef achee Sieeienfadeinlt aleSeraelyap- selest a this geat Poet let three _hy she Spanith Thae adcseet tindividual sttge ef thiee heistery ftetee fu pbitt etteieshe tehe sted heings an sltrategiet aloGf itea ete Pte t oange wee tha others, hisletians 'Weth these obletie ealitese letcin .
he hte pi ofthind,'s tete visitoereeaythenegetout o fled. Gol. Jepl I. Seethe, be- lhe etetey who fially, when teeo_ClcOUSeleeee..g.......ei ..eeeeeeethee fe....tet0.....i vet. s hefbling the Speniteh esign, the.....lIes fe.....e.....e"rtionletosa
aThee teshowtpest. tee"pi" C tetet itat peettt toppetee i Aegueseti ...ity epoeitie...t.etace hovee it tight tff the hat ....ised Florid a,... et he etetieth day, eel
baehieth Is self Ce he ovat 200 ~ their teantiteg teed teletteeshep Ce prer n cteetta lete' te teee he stioresn emeuntionh ahieeed etihnish"oe tteyr ar lleeeisc r~ yaes elf ted Cohe behlonged to -ttt the life progess of Ieetgee~tee e theiysfeteeiceone.t
1 t ist lobe Mettaseth. ...... so _____ ___ tee... iihig .. teUpi ed at thee state. English aere doting thee,.. teetiitec C..hees eta..tee eecSt. 'ughtin. Fahiond entire FLI It hee1 l the title Geolonel.H te thief tate fy the Seminles bhaee yelded, Sotlie e hehnoe oldieh UlnLRDAFUDitedl Sttes Marsehel fee Etes t Theie teet, toetee teed childre bed isbaeutifetlby hantd-eareed it tee E ENS lrd it tiewhen ervtewsf Greet heeams CI feet leong froma haeebeeeplaced othebipstteha thereare agaathurt Ilef detige. F lEAS RECOUNTED r equired ite eteing Cte district, the elf Geptaitn Johne Mast,,, tattled eaway fromt the heed they 0th e otstandleg parties ef Beteet hndiets, hightweytten and bees,, said te hate been fleet hous, teed tee tell. Oee evee etot, better fturnituet adispleyed lee the Dee (Cotinued Ieee tersttage, gangeee theetGegie betdaeter- bul5teeoth eel she Gity Gates, ae ahhtecresetiecseteta,Sfidst; Toledo Hoot, ilete the leanel teetI Ieetio B. itieg PEtst Flerid Get. Seanehee te be 'seet iet the boe Lee Sink peossibe tt6 sympatthizte soewethat Itletoo old lfes, aenee whieh Ia Ce be speeedy ien atite Latee betilt lee himel~tf itn Flletewood.eihtet Itelt is ac' Etrly Amteei .......he leg e.ngeer te.. ee (ete heel. e ... tll leeh leee ws eriff duringeaeperiod le.... Teae flee ....pee... le....edhaen, theeyileft thehoeto seitarlt ~e
bird eaeelt o 'vlin al t t ealeesse Itn eoteeduct eteldl M inkebeted Cthem tn bee tet- long" joureyle,ekelteendlisyee bled ega ilt-let. tTi'te o bb,~ Iea ie'e e moie stel oll fee the aftaire of the tffie poetee bee teceibing ic tie "itt" itt stande aete wheeen the tetetepetets lIt 1711f hi patcu lartegle!. ie lieg eel.. ee... ie ... Itoe Wte lee. hee et" bell, tight of bit ........ The Maeetersoh....tse le g sattiled aewe, the ..t.... tt. lte
lete ofi thi etnique. Tepe ee lso
lstltoeeeiet Teeetetto Hereewe haeve ett ietf ldle GeergeSttbefoeeoeeetele e i e alet e~~nt,.'e ol elousee ittgiosoeiteeted inl teota- eleven cldertet terte etill living, teeaeeeeeeoted everecnetethe silence about the decks,hile we-aeevelniqeahsests, including etwhithmade thisetetrteeeetfscintingee teepe lewt teel otet Ico'd C e lte' i t rheetle I. tLon of suih a mareltus rier -Al Tie hee enttelel t eetebesetncez lot Maoee let aheot were the cemeadeciheere weeepieg, t "blanches~t",edtetd lift) Gistehetehstaidbeeeeelte h tthteateteeet eelteeteaeelleelotoeheeteeee stgopeoedeteieetts egeeeitiidbnteeebeheeit h Atseerettfieeplaeeolebanknteod otheerighetguadedllte LllardelVlla yetteunds Th los ii h ~ z u d c'w: Ie letoida 'teen pet nds ed swampst hIe desendantets lie tie sots teed aeeazaitree seideadusedte sternsheeetsegoingefiely upon bile hitehen the a ......... is eBta et ....t..t itedeet... Peedro tee tie~ei~ttet ..... g' Stp .. i...............IW .. I .... t....i ..... heichtel intetl.......edete..encet ....lete 1 l..'~srpetedht tel Jeinl .thAuS. egealsle lb. S ueett... adtfthe eldeieees of pe....thedleey yeetettCe
"tb, icteeestie, leeatues eelth eabbee e oellettesleeaen itteteinllylfae usee 1te : m~ig te:pi.slocp tiu eetteed todatyeaneee reeein iethutig Ctgusiteltitdy eae grand- eeelaieay. peittsl e",ebeetabeepeettelel heetse A coin ated 151h is pe tieel prebebltyf 4 yeart ago, tate teoe eteun eet ee eeletitlemh ae at., tertthis oleeldemyseeeb eted litery,.tnd."

]ili~tory roupCharming Garden of Oldest House MauyHueOlden Charm On St. Francis Street "

Has Struggled On St. George X
Over 50 Years Is Described
-CStry ofLclSociety IsFamily Story Is Told
i One of Great ...............use
S Courage As It Was Known
Webb Memorial Library Was One of InterestIs Used By Many Re- Old Places of
search Workers City
"...By Phyllis W. Usina It may have had, and no doubt Every citizen in this community did have, in some earlier time, anhould make it a point to visit the other name attached to it, but it Webb Memorial Library on S.has come down to this year as "The
Francis Street, adjoining the Old- Manucv House". While it was iesHue n eoeaqane typical of houses of the second with the'amazing collection of in- Spanish period it was marked as bevaubetresesth erwihln ing a "yellow house". Three childt h p as uesthe r egwininkfrno h l oawoawy
FloiiIrida-rwit th prsn adfu insist, d on having the colored workture, and every citizen should also g man tint it yellow, say so. They are be made to appreciate fully the 111Mr. John Manucy and his sisters, meaning of the St. Augustine His- [ra n Mrs. Ca therine Caoao yikle torical Society and Institute of te adMsCthrn Miky
Science,- which group put forth a of St. Andrew's Court. Mrs. Oliveros tremendous Istruggle, encountering Manucy, a daughter-in-law Mrs. bite disppinten, aln th Ch]arles' arucy whose father-inw ay, so t a e t d y nd t e fu aw w as a broth e f old J h n T he Llam bias H ouse on St. F rancis Street w hich is part o f the -old-w or d c a mo4h t n r o tuegenerations a m a be enric.he Arched oggias, patios, and gardens filled with tropicallshrubs and floweraestiigfrsrso an ..l.teemnto.h.el.hruhfrdwinkolde yteus ftea h adeso l S.Agsineadte bv ieal ygipeo oe gn charm .... e fi low tint tha a e the th e atl the ...hf..d...which o....tches glimpses 'of the enc.hanting blue of Ma- .. By
collections. P al f ie d in the garden of the Oldest'Ho..... property of the St. Augustine Historical Society on St. Fr...... northeast corner ofdCuna and St......ubbed and scrubbed to satisfy,'- OdR sdn -L
De:tt Webb, wh ha a... colcto .. ..n tin ..... ......... ...hoo JoohnMau ada id o ard floorlm m sH m
.of prehistoric implements and rel- casemates another collection was h o ues laid abov the stne An eightq"at"t h eghoho
ics; Rev. Milon Walo, then pas- stred. Mr. Deow had ben in- History And Tradition Are When Seata Olivae oe .. 1ll
to o f the Prebyteria Churh, tereted yea afte yea in the ,o married.... .... ... panel folding door took up, ~ the wall sc at
wh o was an expert in shellstand work of the society but had given ]rC [ ] -,] ]aterinah Usina they lied in this betw.... the parlor ....d grand- I
os ~ atra constant.... .. ... wring .... to what wol hon e n n e ruse whr .... o o. Olvros was mother's bedroom... the sou.theastl
'history in many lines; Miss Mary happen unless the valuable c011ec- .ot. e easan e, scrroftehu .Wihwid s
Reynolds who was.. a .... plse tio was. house.d in a fireproof Wido mare -- John oty .... .. both west and *south Grand-[ ]I Pat o Pcursu
rotams, 1 ... g d St I Id" g S h th o "ty r /w T~ act D te'Ma- Now Me ny timmesii...alente t.tASt .... therDynect .... d h ..... cyould Seatne'onOsily
and Charlie Johnson, then lad f started anewl withinthe protective [ three Coquina records ... r this ram si. -spelled seen how often all he ....ighbors [...
x ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~urhsn fr org children to ... .... ......bsa se hog a e ste brothers...... weisiting thes Bntofail onh]/ racsSre
later be..... profe.......nd curato helped farthe by h Houses Held By Bar.. ..... ve. .. p broitthesof another corner. eButnwhen weathenr/! [
of teB snMuseu ndthed~i: aci heiat e o llc t ion oft Mr. Fgather Geiger :ls~i ott a ft gadmte peere f],,, Sadiguitd..... e
Oranzationche hosa a otcoeyrltd sit in her rocking chairin the piazzabyawsadoegousNo3
and .. .... a isSakcmied thei some. .... n 15.. yers .... ... time,. when -history is fo....... t" fathe hadleft awdo with west and th adoo opnng out on hose
collections, met ....ry week or to, When this was installed in the/ R.h . d fS ".s n oea . o. .
anld organized the first society. .. ates of the fort, the new. of the... gutn Historical... theinid ofS.d Augu s is fiv or .... daughters known... the th;e l ea~n d tao the twno]]ueaca~ ~ s
paror inthe Pesby eri .. ...oth t uutn i-tSoit n nttt fSi.. he discovery Imade by members of handsome Goritos. Yet while the storditche an .. ..i|tn...f tial av hlfl
al r nusds the "Pr.....byterin' cae of nttt. o c... ...ln eido ..,i the St.e Auusin His-. Society tand e Inttt ofy Scec eg room its.. ... thahgy..... 1
place,.. then latr as. the collectio gan in reaity. The War; Depart- purcha.... owners.hip and pre-| atdate ofthe building ofthe Old-life wa spent there In de itherer tefmlex cedfnd afternoons. If the big grape Ii oeecwthnadinn sruueobru h vw
built a n laced in theAlcazar legn ofgsellin~gephotographs ofthe servation of thr....old coquina |st Htouse, located on St. seems" as if the impression was.. abor hung with its long bunches of[/i!ii~ii ii: i!iii iii Itsfrn d...e. ..dyt
ered by the, late Henry M. Flag- tio....of coins by visitors the.... the, The watchword "pr.......ation" D uring Anbh approximately 50 the age f the, evulin"esry-! Teblon iealyt an ..
ler. ~ ~ wern ho.. ..eneed- society's operating expene w.. .. er e n ih e f year that te .house has been va(arlneM...Y ha....some ready; for the family and iiiiii i iii~ !i i tt t rni tetsrae
led, e tho se roo "ddt ss haepw s bee t h the societyl ora shown commercilly, those in says her mother and father were vstr.Ti room occupied by the late Judge purchase of the Chapin collection M sh fin prgrm The Histo"rica t e aoie eena.te of the buld wn.s the Edaree ous e a now iswidows. Th grape arotas r C.P. Mackey, in what is now the which enabled thip society to begin "" en thr was ar hugeet ...cMrthsa.o aO lae f e.iivew .. Ega hue ndnw s euy aa yaat hsaddas estviv ..ird e trethesditac, bot
St, ugusine ubll~i~ary uild ane. |Sciy wn~sth est Hous on ... ing, so his iscovery'has naturally te residence' of Mrs. Elbridge Ol .... n bananas poe- rs.colcionof ganucy thaswuvdtesrtpoang be-arerth
ig. ;Late the collection was moved Dr Webb ad Mr Depw were Webbr M "eem ; etoeroia.... .gl...,ato i ..a newr nowhnt stsoronucdturre.Aneannspe .. eamnoogte ha wng meme- of the soceuaan wasl bornghhe than warom'6
up .sar in v tha bulig Upo .. . .. .. .... .. ... .. the Once.. wh...i~ .... hntew r:te enthe yellowfever'Wast... il...facetgewyofheterbcnedous.W h
upstars~ a unmg, ongreat friends from the timety adjoining; the Villa C '. .atedahofD.Vde,. e s eeyug d" tt .3~ e_1a annonosa, [others who prize this, one. of St. Au- broke out, the father joined theinS.Agsnet okda ifhsh
thendeathionDr.sVadeersa dentistwere younguen, and in 'state-"stll further est, andgontheeguitilookleadingittractions. southern amycaona oitrinheisouthromi'St.oF wh aan a ex{pertin naural h mnt appearin~g in the society's corner of St. Francis and Char-I h date, in the light of a book, and the wif'emtookSher childrnr out yla a ..tipd o ,R c lst e .. oSre n utwso tor, an h a olcinwih11-1 Year Book, it is writen,lotStet.Svrlya ThteoaneresJhnM uyisR c lsG es hel hei had previously wanted cthe ws "That the socity -nwon the| doer tres erverityeao, []"h rnicnCnus fFo-t the SoieyRe. Mas e o sepathFr e to r. t ..oagied as a fearltr ess ort .. uyof man s /,!- O balconynthciyateGrhmeop steidheneane
ciety to purchase, te conlec n s Chauncey M. Depew Collectio n or ht ht f a, 152-161 Writen by a gehev ma who mus havn.
purcase by.. Webb orte o-e ro . On ', ough whit sko fo r so May~nard Geiger,OEM,isbeleved Whathapp,to e o se ..urexii ie nis cp hnte a DdesOdCr--been a loa for thent sadeOnrss artistic it eut. ciety. Hie was partially repaid for most ardent could an~ticipatei many years a esv u! now to be 1597, for in this book it ig the war years is vague and ho I a dykp for the sales orste 16P A~odn 0MssE iyWlo these specim.... by the soci.ety largely due to Dr. Webb's inspiring iswitnta h o... a t Lt ...t of the family hands is east end of the pla.... But he w..[asce tH oe this ...Z a t~e ~nre
..... time after that. 1tenthusiasm,..tiring zeal and, . [built upon the arfivl of Go....... no related. Poss.bly it Was "oldnoafidfaytngHedsrp Acntigs rf
, The rowgrowth e of o ethe n collection t above i all, a tos his faitnh that, hasa neverzo 'Henry cme heeH"onnunedorCaxes", whenuchhe chamero-hnoeafrad ounnythig. tadxstip as Qsaoerudringfe Ehlesprop-u crowded the society out of thvat faltered." [-- Says 2, 1597, "to be governor. erty of Confederate soldier owner the leaves from the orange trees t :pation u tswa ovnLne house and it as then cmpelled tol i inp d r d d This Oldest City Has / Romance, tradition ad quit, here was "sold". and boil them to make a drink. He'd/ in 178 he n ihlsTrbl
Ios nwa- n an ispirin addes de lee, a na e l fill a gallon can and take it to the Mlrs. Oliveros Manucy, 88, measurdte t.D LaRcus retth ernandez, Hous on DC eb ppain n ht peaceful beauty cling closely to the When John. anucy came back sick folks to give them to drink.| s^d a h map cf18 hw hshuea lott Street, in which ho.... they[ byD.Web peaii t hat Long History As Portbd %1 1, dn fro war,. Mr. Atwood persu. ad fou nd their hom ....til the fire of same year book, heastates:. Oldes Housenandrin lo vel gnarden, him to live in the big house thiat was When he'd get back h iis wife would[ Ha Old Sns well as a ale~edo 73i 1914. "Th h eardawor.k before the soci-| z e nerg it to t h thoiy usands wh nwha is no the nrth side ofsa,"onM uc yugrihupG pe neTla ,Included in the collhction in the ey is this tha it ivey difficlt| Mr Hnry Hr ae reet vii it...... l Sn Marc lot. Thah os .... in Ythe atic overthe kichnt l anpedn Lat(i a ondb :aba
Hernanez Hose wee som pre-afterall thse yers an afte all hat h feel was aruninentioalhWihin te waled gaden ae inhrputaton ofbeinghauntd bydakeiof themcloths.tYo'llcbctheend., hisori i pmns so large... t a t. ....athabe d o in.... sgt to .... Auutn' -ancent th/e pirs qu low-. cln d arm s some ned omore peeth had eogdo dinxt tatc the eve Bt be stMppng offR veros8 anUCsy of Noe .... mahmlybce~~ew
som o te upicte wre sen t attoge -ehv er another suc prestige. as .... exor ..... when fwp thevc spell ofodwrl hr tel idthr.Iseeblnedtiisdintadnekp n tipn OfRhe for therbatlpns
the Smithsonian Institute; the col- collection. What was comparatively mention was made of it in te overon along wit the knowledge Lucy Abbott before the war. John thin e ho e lea s unilerre f [ ~tieiy fewe worrsoIs who reeaall sreeing n f rolmm et which . easy sb.Wht years ee |agao mot ...f h ...t copayt int" t lds ta -, ... fo~nher .... ofiydnrlmdeSa~tdte wearil tranporttio sectio sieof.. the Knowahatthere masnys coloful insidet_ theydeie o 4i. eidthe househe whnwarse~h ...Waree.nb~ t he
anedte te ninocuaion andei shel ipets areie lorida Wepul@icit ingand1i poily iinid het rn~j ts of!i ~ Weg the ascafeald grgri... a tes in th Cty that hp:es. %O work.Of frnt :
which ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ hi weres putr down. by.. headnarte is tohe vaees Ait We. mus Mr .... neve saw aney ghst whil we live y EeyoywswiigfrfotMr.M a agtro ee andez~~~ak mannin St. coppe paste more than t/ stantis therece say inires daghe Carlin stao kill offg th feer Grnmte 'he ee oberer as som 6,0 year old addk tot coal tare colltheo iume everr. Auusin was thiis xotpr r litrdap r o Master s andt ey li ed pa up
they ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ol coain from kitche mid- wayli posile Whatr theiuary future call of an impovatc ofm the prsnpresent;ol ol saotiapls16r oue h as n n h e Accrdngto raitontheOles A 's mchdisi ason bot orh' h fail ad mad them he westier ofaheod, jt inside the hn o tos
mounds; human bones~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~n where showe aeto oft natra hisory wraid- we taemnt hveeee tinedfrm Fias hocaeefomthicnvntwasa umrputoultomaeols-heinck. veyaftenonohedeensoate ats ormdr cn-eane the cannibalistic habits of the shell~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~mohe canci dovr:eslsb ucaeo time sao tin herla887, toe thesAt ofpa Masters, dioces ofusm Panana seem Unilnpooieistsibtetk a l opr olr ndmk suc fiteett h salad alwaysn of Inia arow an llr th dbbordin schoo inecsdf loidperavlttoesan idgoas ,%rfet.Auutie.Ths:hee.wolcrreteevrewareoiwhrhemrypatcuary.Soe- Iti ous stone implements ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~col hear finen ate~ asa gate. ahe pied othe lie youn waores prdutca ajcetmerior hecovntwa octe heenh Satehesoh an ego canehrehue.tieswente idsweeeyur-ndn of Inia po1tteryoun d Ind evonth e i seto dorn w .e mu ts otfoinavy sow ht f i ust r se aln o t ands jeu st acos the m to bauyn bakteu ol h oue n a Oth hitri ero --h...yaok ntedoAbinhinsedigteh.. foboa..rdlaae n Caelofdeanoedd he ran alon the ow h. re Oc a te rs.acheMud th .... of the. any c0c... a
relics. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ m onl dupicte went addveyerrel haeeadsoe mpotaceasartrethromte ldetnoue.ohndSt.Gergebtnideomoeh"ua Sret"ro te'hus wllMot adfveflwe. ...:il One of t. Ausines spcis on to wat einng proerytahitorat rn- sba to p or Ceral y d | the ecorusd s of th sp tral it itre uecna tl s mry u reacnmater as he ean tkhr wa agtint.G nd the tim ofne th fire non aAcerail T Indian poey maTee frmp Homo- [libarso thate h istory nd lr scien e of the i t ms o lephnt' hae eth|ey reanid Intiutei cineneb faou Dr. S'hin ba rbe on e it o her apo.e a as sh stinh rs 7,whn the aspoar Mascnmter t. At re oe. n
sassa, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ moe Fla pipe was like aitr Gree vase dicoerd cane ben search, ou in th bok bee colce very nea St u hr i oyo alte rttnin
very~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~tnn comlet cotiue vauale liv- thr rouin chate and theap pizz room Sohhou..sroetat...ahppd udadeessteerebiyed,73. e. eit hewasooccuh-..... .....
-arnwgetly aieri d b l of the shoiety Th is isre aor lin teof S Agustin e I eywer accd th 160 belived tat tes e friars stn fo e.core mots r cn oud d roeat Grmthat pied asapeving lefdescemnd anamrg, 'ee~ae' Vedt he n artined w o f D ork th at Iaeittesociety archaooi al atahe s Had the beHis tha....59 their coven rnef. d h e~r n thy gp~ ard;l om oio net atodld e. Sheor dn schof an d oftebucorpesate by r Tey hiastorcamzo e?. early t hote workisedo be fnished.. thame from ...tereh i e ta ...... and Ch a e 's a of de la fo d .au m fedw ne eyn whea a nyon e tunghe thtip e rs co M. udyr od. Augus
history of St Augu sti e as sh o jut beinig tEverF d A1 gstn 18 h avn steairs bul nee eac tho e qick sosoe iito wouent uner he t e home Aong SGo ge hi fa:
tat An h'b' ox tht" t d f b'gd" g hat itu t pepeig. Wtt there did th ben"sedan o spihtal whe scon .da tory .. .. .... Aed lade haadan serveddiebern thsbuc
fully by maps. These ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~igr mapetteerte t thahstryanpiieceof heeihttostfhlehans'teththy emineautidteitcnvntaorerofheCaro.eheflwysMr. anca-as s fr s anwa t
veycope ig ~ and valuable 6ov-c~~tae~e i Fboe':e : f ore n thTeewro s all smoked a pie. lte sist s did be ......oveyrd afeof an seacht-e was m
ournd stasA pn h i t e an peas of te Soc ome f r th" t wer shipe o a d wer reuith n 177 oor oeindo nt t S et. rge st bro ite ie.Seree- aneol grapes left der.2gscendant ,ein itvr nrndt, "f h er snw fA Q1 1 h +k. f -- +1, -0 Q+ A--P q- -177 --y pp iQ the1-t+ "], o dd Gra rnmte





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