~ sl t'hr?
IN THE ~ ~
S~ATION'S OLDEST e ITY
, GAE~DENS \i:
ARCMAE OfOGICAL .r
-tr ~I -1~aY ~3t 2- i -1 --Z
..;.- ~4;C --~i
2;; b- --.. "
? c--~rt~-~ ~1~- '; ""
~ =-, ,u L( ~'
r: ;1. .t r ar~
r ; r..i .i ''~-- p'"' L 3rPt~ .-h'
~i;ajl F --c :i
cr r r '11; p ri .... r
"- ~" ~s~SiJ~a~e~
~~E I~ 3%
r~a-;Ls .c: i
,~' ~i~ x
5_~ rc ~
-i ri -cl 11
t"~aP~FS;a~E~;f~"~i~,~0~~ ~9~: I /
7 .3 \3
,, ~ ic~Pc~-~e~-F;~e'~\~n'~l~lwsi~,~i
~a Pr~i~F ~Cl~e~E~iT~P~il~~
~' ur r
-- c ~=-.~vp Y. ~C-c~ t -;----;EEZ ~-~ I e T~-C: 1--ZL;i~,~C~C17
I r .c.
t z -r
13~; ~r~~a ~r\ a \ ~i~
I ~ ,
These parish records are preserved today at the Catholic Center in Jacksonville, Florida, about 35 miles was a part of Spain north of St. Augustine. was a part of Spain's
immense colonial empire.' Old maps are full of information, but The first Spaniards, dressed in researchers must use them very carefully. They were armor and swords, met Florida Inot always accurate nor drawn to scale, and measureIndians, wearing animal skins ments varied over time. Sometimes the mapmaker and tattoos The Spaniards came drew his document to benefit himself, his family to claim territory for their king .. and search for fabled riches. . Juan Ponce de Leon was the first Spaniard to come ashore in
Florida in 1513, beginning ah century of unsuccessful attempts to explore and exploit the peninsula. Spanish explorers trekked through the Florida woods with \ their men-at-arms, lucky if they \ survived Indian arrows or hurri- us caries. More than fifty years later) ",.e Pedro Menendez de Aviles founded ". j St. Augustine~Sieptember 8, 156 the city which endures V
-today. It is the oldst permanent European settlement in the \ 2 continental United States. or his country to the detriment of an opponent or enemy. Researchers use paper evidence along with the archaeological artifacts to develop a clearer picture UCH OF OUR HISTORICAL ofeveryday life in the past. knowledge comes from early documents. Spanish officials in the New World produced hundreds of thousands of colonial records, often in duplicate or triplicate. Special libraries in H A T S A R C H A E O L O G Y ? Spain and important colonial cities care for these fragile Archaeology is a science that studies activities of people papers. However, St. Augustine's Spanish residents left few in the past. Archaeologists want to know both the private letters or diaries that could provide insight to their How and Why of human behavior. We begin by daily lives and thoughts. digging up the remains people left behind. From these remains we try to explain their behavior and , life style. When we understand the past we better ..~-t n -, adSt /z ," ',,.. w ', understand ourselves.
Record of the burial on July 25, 1741, of the small son of
Juan de Fuentes and Agustina Perez
With a largely illiterate populace, the religious records kept by Roman Catholic priests often contain the only information on important personal events, such as birth, marriage and death.
AI s "vcj*1 tZ_1LA
~Zr tUL t IILLIZ$~TP C/L~~k it~c ~ ~ ......... ~J
RCHAEOLOGYIES Y ESI ~IFESTYLES IN THE SPANISH QUARTER
is not a search for treasure.
Today's archaeologist is not Settlers in St. Augustine had to adapt to a strange and threatening environment. Florida as not like Spain. DE RLBERA Indiana Jones. The true It had a different climate, new plants and animals, and hostile Indians. born about 1732 treasure of archaeology is as head of one o: the knowledge wve gain ~ [d'SHELTER ..., the families that livec about past peoples. ill AhI h d f ~~Besides protection against the 4 nteecvto Archaeology is the study 0 ar. Described ir weather, architecture is a cLaptch trash. hat people threw aay visible symbolofone'sc a typical colonial Spanish the parish records a tells us much about their eerday \'S.l *ybo of.on.* ....r building may be similar to the one located on "native of the Indiar telsusmuh bot her veydySt. Augustine settlers modified th se. lives. Pottery, glass, food, clothing and other broken Agstn l od h ton, he married the Spanish tow",n plan and
objects all ended up in trash pits. From these fragments architecture for the Florida a oman from th archaeologists reconstruct past life styles. Canary Islands. St 8 Augustine's Spanisk residents, like Ri
~e bera, sailed to Cub ~5~Z~7~incoming British ru
Often twnarchit&alogist. .e
f3~ ~ ~ o~f buildi~ssm a~_..
~j~: t ,the dra,~n-~1
5i r ~~by archaogit e
18th century trash pit Today's trash Bones tell us about the meals people ate, pottery and glass allow us to construct trade patterns; and items of Spain. local Indians taught them hox to grow corn, beans, and squash .7...... personal adornment show us what people wore. Information obtained through archaeological excavation is not usually available in documents. Our garbage today will give future archaeologists a similar glimpse of how TEST YU ARCHAEOLOGIA L KNOWLEDGE we lived. T S ,YU R
Archaeologists may use the material R C H A E 0 L 0 G Y is a time-consuming people threw away to determine how
and exact science. Archaeologists must excavate care- wealthy they were. We consider wealth
fully with trowels, brushes, and other small a sign of import nce and social status.
> tools. The excavated soil is passed through See ifou caYhgvtwhich objects belong
screens to recover even the smallest artiE to wealthy ornigR status individuals.
facts. The important discovery is not a
~single artifact, no matter how uni2 \que or valuable. It is the artifact's relationship with other
objects and ev idence found in
the ground. Through these 6 i:cBI a-relationships archaeologists 4 j :get the most complete pic- L?!Ph ~ ure of everyday life and a ilJp Broader viewY than docu- s~i "
This project has been financed in part with historic preservation grant assistance provided by the National Park Service, U.S. Department of Interior, administered through the Bureau of Historic Preservation, Florida Department of State, assisted by
the Historic Preservation Advisory Council.
St. Johns County Commission
St. Johns County Tourist Development Council
Ancient City Arts Alliance
San Agustin Antiguo Foundation, Inc.
Les Loggins Advertising and Public Relations
St. Augustine Archaeological Association
Accredited by the
Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board
48 King Street P.O. Box 1987
St. Augusti rida 32085
Design by Graphics Ink Design Studio
This publication was produced at a cost of $2500.00,
or $.20 per copy to distribute information about the Ribera Gardens Archaeological Excavation.