St. Augustine's Restored Spanish Quarter, Coping With Colonial Change and Conflict

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Material Information

Title:
St. Augustine's Restored Spanish Quarter, Coping With Colonial Change and Conflict
Series Title:
Spanish Quarter
Uniform Title:
Miscellaneous Items From "Graphics" Drawer #2
Physical Description:
Map
Publisher:
San Agustín Antiguo Foundation, Inc.
Physical Location:
Box: Graphics Drawer #2

Notes

General Note:
Wayfinding map for visitors to the Spanish Quarter Museum

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:
USACH00048:00001

Full Text



St. Augustine's

Spanish Quarter

invites you into
the Eighteenth-Century.


The State of Florida welcomes you to St. Augustine's oo 0"Spanish Quarter," an authentically restored eighteenthcentury colonial community based upon archaeological and historical research. As you stroll from house to house and meet the residents and craftspeople of this unique neighborhood, you will experience what life was like for the hardworking settlers who struggled to survive in St. Augustine. On this site, Spanish Floridians lived with their families close to Spain's fortress, the Castillo de San Marcos. Here the Spaniards coped with colonial change, international conflict, and the difficulties of frontier life. So, enter the Spanish Quarter and experience those trying times more than two hundred years ago.





ST. AUGUSTINE'S RESTORED



ilafi A1988



COPING WITH COLONIAL CHANGE AND CONFLICT





Please walk carefully
floors, paths and gardens are
just as rough and uneven SPANISH toda as they were during. QUARTER the 18th century. Smoking,. -Q eating, and drinking are not 6 I Q - U Existing Entrance permitted inside the I
buildings. The de Mesa- New Entrance Sanchez house ("I" on your I map), can only be toured on a I Entrance from scheduled basis. Guided tours Castillo de San begin on the hour and half arcos hour. Marcos
--- IExit
The Juan de Ribera House N
Since the residents of this property possessed
more money than most other people in St. El ,E ... ,..
Augustine, the spacious and beautiful
building with formal gardens shows the ,,, ,, 1--- V.
benefit of their wealth. They lived an J "
unusually luxurious life-style which -I--- "
included servants in their two-story, four-
room house on Calle Real (today's St. George T-- ,
Street).
The Martin Martinez Gallegos House Rest Rooms
In 1740, Artillery Sergeant Maitin Martinez ---- - '
Gallegos and his family resided in a house 0. 0,4.% 1 %i $lo similar to this small structure. Its design, w R I '
construction materials, and use were typical .r .
of many, if not most, soldiers' dwellings in V
the city.
The Lorenzo Gomez House I
Lorenzo Gomez, a foot soldier, earned less ----salary than Sergeant Martinez Gallegos, and
therefore, lived in a more limited space than I
his neighbor. A small store is situated in the Gomez House showing how some soldiers could have supplemented their small incomes. Imported goods arrived in St.
Augustine by supply ships and then were , \
bartered in such stores for local products and work. The large sprawling live oak tree, located behind the building, is only about 100
years old and would not have stood here in i.. .. '
1740 when wood was needed for fuel and
construction.
O The Blacksmith Shop
The Blacksmith served St. Augustine with I
his essential skills in a time when hardware '4
was hand-wrought. Today, the Blacksmith
forges many necessary metal objects for the
structures in the Spanish Quarter, working
with techniques employed by eighteenth- 11lil lllllli
century blacksmiths. Many items made by
the Spanish Quarter's Blacksmith are The Geronimo de Hita y Salazar House
available for sale in The Museum Store. Gernonimo de Hita y Salazar, a soldier, lived
OThe Bernardo Gonzales House with his large family in this house. Since
Bernardo Gonzales also served Spanish St. formal schooling was unavailable in St.
Augustine as a foot soldier. His house now Augustine, his children accepted adult has become a craft exhibition area where responsibilities early and helped with house spinning and weaving are demonstrated as chores. Some of the children's chores of that typical eighteenth-century European hand- time can be experienced by visiting crafts. Most textiles were imported into this schoolgroups min special hands-on activites,
city during Gonzales' lifetime. arranged by the Spanish Quarter staff.
Tour continued on back.




ST. AUGUSTINE'S RESTORED



iti 1988




COPING WITH COLONIAL CHANGE AND CONFLICT





O The Tabby Breezeway
The walls, located left of the breezeway, are built with "tabby," a rough oystershell concrete.
Coquina (ko-key-na), a natural shellstone quarried on nearby Anastasia Island, is the hard substance of the wall on the right side of the breezeway. Tabby served as a basic building material throughout colonial St. Augustine. The Gallegos House and Blacksmith's Shop were constructed of tabby. Coquina, cut and shaped into blocks, became the main building material of the Castillo
de San Marcos. Such shellstone was used in the construction of Gonzales House. O The Thatch and Pole Structure
Thatch and pole structures have existed historically in tropical areas throughout the Caribbean and Gulf Coast lands and islands. When designed as dwellings, they would include thatched walls as well. Thatched houses still exist in the tropics of Mexico and Middle and South America,
and are used by the Seminole Indians in South Florida.
0 The Antonio de Mesa and Juan Sanchez House
Two rooms of this house were constructed at the end of the First Spanish Period (1565-1763), when Antonio de Mesa made his residence in the building. By the Second Spanish Period (17831821), the house increased in size and space to become a two-story structure owned by Juan Sanchez. This furnished home reflects the lifestyle of a comfortable St. Augustine family in the
American Territorial Period (1821-1845).
The Jose Peso de Burgo and Francisco Pellicer House
This wooden structure is a reconstruction of a house that stood on this site in the Second Spanish Period (1783-1821). Two families shared residence in the eighteenth-century structure; each family held half of the "duplex" house, but owned an individual outbuilding functioning as a kitchen. Today, the building serves as "The Museum Store," where visitors can purchase items
produced by artisans, literature about St. Augustine' history, and other interesting items. O The Francisco Pellicer Kitchen
A candlemaker now occupies this wooden structure.


We hope you enjoyed your tour of homes and craft activities in this unique living history
village.
As you exit the Spanish Quarter, stop in The Museum Store where you will find a large collection of reproductions, jewelry, children's toys and games, handcrafted textiles, wrought-iron items, hand-dipped bayberry candles, books on Florida and St. Augustine,
Latin American imports and Seminole Indian dolls and clothing.
San Agustin Antiguo Foundation, Inc. Ameican As tiaion: P. O. Box 1987 St. Augustine, FL 32085 904/824-6383 or 824-3355 omr....

INT 1-88