<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Front Matter
 Introduction
 Site location and historic...
 Field methods
 Excavation findings
 Reference cited
 Appendix A: Historic background...
 Back Cover
 Back Matter
NEH USACH
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/USACH00009/00001
 Material Information
Title: Government House Archaeological Excavation, Preliminary Report
Series Title: Government House Archaeological Excavation Documents
Physical Description: Mixed Material
Creator: Piatek, Bruce John; Bond, Stanley C.; Martin, Mary; Parker, Susan
Publisher: City of St. Augustine Archaeological Program
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
48 King Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Government House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 48 King Street
Coordinates: 29.892465 x -81.313142
 Notes
General Note: 1st Rough DRAFT; 6/29/94; Project Number 1993.001; Date on cover given as June 23, 1993
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: West Plaza Lot
System ID: USACH00009:00001

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
    Front Matter
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Introduction
        Page 5
    Site location and historic background
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
    Field methods
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Excavation findings
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
    Reference cited
        Page 84
    Appendix A: Historic background report
        Page Appendix-0
        Page Appendix-1
        Page Appendix-1a
        Page Appendix-2
        Page Appendix-3
        Page Appendix-4
        Page Appendix-5
        Page Appendix-6
        Page Appendix-7
        Page Appendix-8
        Page Appendix-8a
        Page Appendix-9
        Page Appendix-10
        Page Appendix-11
        Page Appendix-12
        Page Appendix-13
        Page Appendix-14
        Page Appendix-15
        Page Appendix-16
        Page Appendix-17
        Page Appendix-18
        Page Appendix-19
        Page Appendix-20
        Page Appendix-21
        Page Appendix-22
        Page Appendix-23
        Page Appendix-24
        Page Appendix-25
        Page Appendix-26
        Page Appendix-27
        Page Appendix-28
        Page Appendix-29
        Page Appendix-30
        Page Appendix-30a
        Page Appendix-31
        Page Appendix-32
        Page Appendix-33
        Page Appendix-34
        Page Appendix-35
        Page Appendix-36
        Page Appendix-37
        Page Appendix-38
        Page Appendix-39
        Page Appendix-40
        Page Appendix-41
        Page Appendix-42
        Page Appendix-43
        Page Appendix-44
        Page Appendix-45
        Page Appendix-46
        Page Appendix-47
        Page Appendix-48
        Page Appendix-49
        Page Appendix-50
        Page Appendix-51
        Page Appendix-52
        Page Appendix-53
        Page Appendix-54
        Page Appendix-55
        Page Appendix-56
        Page Appendix-57
        Page Appendix-58
        Page Appendix-59
        Page Appendix-60
        Page Appendix-61
        Page Appendix-62
        Page Appendix-63
        Page Appendix-64
        Page Appendix-65
        Page Appendix-66
        Page Appendix-67
        Page Appendix-68
        Page Appendix-69
        Page Appendix-70
        Page Appendix-71
        Page Appendix-72
        Page Appendix-73
        Page Appendix-74
        Page Appendix-75
        Page Appendix-76
        Page Appendix-77
        Page Appendix-78
        Page Appendix-79
        Page Appendix-80
        Page Appendix-81
        Page Appendix-82
        Page Appendix-83
        Page Appendix-84
        Page Appendix-85
        Page Appendix-86
        Page Appendix-87
        Page Appendix-88
        Page Appendix-89
        Page Appendix-90
        Page Appendix-91
        Page Appendix-92
        Page Appendix-93
        Page Appendix-94
        Page Appendix-95
        Page Appendix-96
        Page Appendix-97
        Page Appendix-98
        Page Appendix-99
        Page Appendix-100
        Page Appendix-101
        Page Appendix-102
        Page Appendix-103
        Page Appendix-104
        Page Appendix-105
        Page Appendix-106
        Page Appendix-107
        Page Appendix-108
        Page Appendix-109
        Page Appendix-110
        Page Appendix-111
        Page Appendix-112
        Page Appendix-113
        Page Appendix-114
        Page Appendix-115
        Page Appendix-116
        Page Appendix-117
        Page Appendix-118
        Page Appendix-119
        Page Appendix-120
        Page Appendix-121
        Page Appendix-122
        Page Appendix-123
        Page Appendix-124
        Page Appendix-125
        Page Appendix-126
        Page Appendix-127
        Page Appendix-128
        Page Appendix-129
        Page Appendix-130
        Page Appendix-131
        Page Appendix-132
        Page Appendix-133
        Page Appendix-134
        Page Appendix-135
        Page Appendix-136
        Page Appendix-137
        Page Appendix-138
        Page Appendix-139
        Page Appendix-140
        Page Appendix-141
        Page Appendix-142
        Page Appendix-143
        Page Appendix-144
        Page Appendix-145
        Page Appendix-146
        Page Appendix-147
        Page Appendix-148
        Page Appendix-149
        Page Appendix-150
        Page Appendix-151
        Page Appendix-152
        Page Appendix-153
        Page Appendix-154
        Page Appendix-155
        Page Appendix-156
        Page Appendix-157
        Page Appendix-158
        Page Appendix-159
        Page Appendix-160
        Page Appendix-161
        Page Appendix-162
        Page Appendix-163
        Page Appendix-164
        Page Appendix-165
        Page Appendix-166
        Page Appendix-167
        Page Appendix-168
        Page Appendix-169
        Page Appendix-170
        Page Appendix-171
        Page Appendix-172
        Page Appendix-173
        Page Appendix-174
        Page Appendix-175
        Page Appendix-176
        Page Appendix-177
        Page Appendix-178
        Page Appendix-179
        Page Appendix-180
        Page Appendix-181
        Page Appendix-182
        Page Appendix-183
        Page Appendix-184
        Page Appendix-185
        Page Appendix-186
        Page Appendix-187
        Page Appendix-188
        Page Appendix-189
        Page Appendix-190
        Page Appendix-191
        Page Appendix-192
        Page Appendix-193
        Page Appendix-194
        Page Appendix-195
        Page Appendix-196
        Page Appendix-197
        Page Appendix-198
        Page Appendix-199
        Page Appendix-200
        Page Appendix-201
        Page Appendix-202
        Page Appendix-203
        Page Appendix-204
        Page Appendix-205
        Page Appendix-206
        Page Appendix-207
        Page Appendix-208
        Page Appendix-209
        Page Appendix-210
        Page Appendix-211
        Page Appendix-212
        Page Appendix-213
        Page Appendix-214
        Page Appendix-215
        Page Appendix-216
        Page Appendix-217
        Page Appendix-217a
        Page Appendix-218
        Page Appendix-219
        Page Appendix-220
        Page Appendix-221
        Page Appendix-222
        Page Appendix-223
        Page Appendix-224
        Page Appendix-225
        Page Appendix-226
        Page Appendix-227
        Page Appendix-228
        Page Appendix-229
        Page Appendix-230
        Page Appendix-230a
        Page Appendix-231
        Page Appendix-232
        Page Appendix-233
        Page Appendix-234
        Page Appendix-235
        Page Appendix-236
        Page Appendix-237
        Page Appendix-238
        Page Appendix-239
        Page Appendix-240
        Page Appendix-241
        Page Appendix-242
        Page Appendix-243
        Page Appendix-244
        Page Appendix-245
        Page Appendix-246
        Page Appendix-247
        Page Appendix-248
        Page Appendix-249
        Page Appendix-250
        Page Appendix-251
    Back Cover
        Back Cover
    Back Matter
        Back Matter 1
        Back Matter 2
Full Text















_(JCVIV- /1'AL
(1 93-06t1


Mc VJ&/Y










Government House Archaeological Excavation
Preliminary Report


Project Number 1993.001




Principle Investigator Bruce John Piatek
Archaeologist Stanley C. Bond
Archaeological Assistant Mary Martin
Historian Susan Parker



June 23, 1993




elev. of datum = 4.03 m above msl.


14


10\









Table of Content









List of Figures









Introduction:


The Government House archaeological excavation was conducted
by the Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board and its non-profit
direct support organization, Historic St. Augustine Incorporated.
The project was designed to be conducted in two phases. The first
phase began on January 24, 1993 with the field work continuing
until April 9, 1993. Laboratory analysis was conducted until June
14, 1993. The archaeological hands-on exhibit gallery was
interpreted as were the excavation units. The second phase of field
work began on June 14, 1993 and continued until September 9, 1993.

The goals of the excavation were varied and design to
accomplish a number of objectives. From the scientific perspective
the project goals were as follows: 1) attempt to identify 16th
century archaeological features and thereby define the northwest
corner of the 16th century settlement, with emphasis on the
watchtower and guard house depicted on the 15?? Boasio Map and
possibly locate Governor Canzo's 16th century house, 2) better
define the construction and structural evolution of the Government
House by identifying and dating of architectural features, and 3)
obtain new data on the daily life of the governors, their families,
servants and slaves.

One educational goal of the project was to provide for
professional development of an archaeological intern and to provide
direct work experience. The second education goal was to increase
the visiting public's understanding and appreciation of archaeol-
ogy. These goals were accomplished through the training of two
student interns and opening the site to the public with
interpretation of the finds and the process of excavation. An
archaeological exhibit area was designed, constructed, and operated
as a learning environment. The archaeological laboratory was
visible to visitor of the exhibit. Hand-ons exhibits which allowed
the visitors to see what had been found as well as replicate
fieldwork experiences were highly successful educational tools. The
site visit and exhibit experience was well received by the visiting
public.

The excavation began on January 23, 1993 and field work was
conducted seven days a week until April 9 when field work was
suspended until June 14, 1993 and concluded September 9, 1993.
Analysis was conducted on the material from the first excavation
phase during the period of April 9 to June 14, 1993. Units 1, 2,
3, 4, were excavated during this period as was the well shaft which
was designated as Unit 5. Unit 5 was a designation applied to the
combined area of Units 1, 2, 3, and 4 which were all contiguoius
with each other. The second excavation phase consisted of
excavation of Unit 6 and the excavation and removal of the well
shaft liner materials from Unit 5. The field work was completed
with the removal of the complete intact wooden barrel that served
as a well shaft liner for a well in the Governor's courtyard. The
field work, and exhibits by the end of the project had been visited
and enjoyed by 105,000 visitors.










. SITE LOCATION:

The Government House site is located in the area of the
colonial plaza in downtown St. Augustine. This location is
currently designated as Plaza Two under the subdivision of the City
of St. Augustine. The address for the parcel is 48 King Street,
however the courtyard area in which the excavation took place faces
onto St. George Street. Figure 1 illustrates the site location
within the City of St. Augustine, Florida.

HISTORIC BACKGROUND:

The history of Government House has been the topic of period
study by historians. The best overall historic study to date is the
one prepared by the National Park Service, Southeast Region in
1966. This study titled, "Report on Application of the State of
Florida for Transfer for Historic Monument Purposes of Old Post
Office Building and Site St. Augustine, Florida" on file in the lot
and block files of the Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board.
This document is included as Appendix A of this report as a the
best available historical overview of the Government House site.

Other important historical documents which bear on this site
are the historic maps of St. Augustine. The following are a series
of figures consisting other the primary historic maps that depict
the Governor's house. This series of building footprints depicted
on these historic maps illustrate the available cartographic data
on the evolution of the Government House structure.

Government House Historic Map Series:

FigureT?? is the Castello Map of St. Augustine from 1763.

Figure ??? is the Puente Map of St. Augustine from 1764.

Figure ? is the Rocque Map of St. Augustine from 1788.

Figure ? is the Survey of the Governor's Property Following the
American Acquisition in 1821.

Figure 4 is the Clement's Survey Map of St. Augustine from 1835

Figure ??? is a review of boundary changes from 1835 to 1890 at the
Government House site. Taken from Manucy and Arana 1965

Figure ?? Poe Map of St. Augustine from 1928

The following figures illustrate the evolution of the relative
size and shape of the Governor's complex of buildings. Primarily
the series illustrates the variation in the map maker's view of the
building and what was important to draw, as well as the general
pattern of building change through time. The first drawing depicts













North

I


Project Location


3~1YO 07~115~3
































































i n
I


VICINITY MAP







ILA
the Castello Map of 1763 which depicts a rather large connected set
of structures. Castello was an engineer and his map is assumed to
be more accurate and detailed that other maps produced by non-
professional map makers. Castello's map suggest two or three
primary structures perhaps connected by covered walkways of loggias
or smaller connecting rooms.









Figure ?? Castello Building 1763




p'^KAV^-(-


x',.L,".j
S -.


; ,,
.b, ."
i L


~I.


I






I





I


* U i,


ii


WI

I

I









The De Solis depiction is similar to the Catello but shows a
* separate small structure in the southeast corner of the property.
This structure is the guard house and Castello may have drawn a
connecting walkway or loggia which De Solis may not have depicted.









Figure ?? De Solis Buidling of 1764








I,'~
1
I
i


1


I~ m


IJ


I I
9 9
I
~I


S,,,j ~7t ,,
c~
*.









The Puente Building of 1764 illustrates the same core building
as is suggested by Castello and De Solis but does not depict the
guard house structure nor a connecting structure. This is likely
due to the Puente's goal as a map maker. He was interested in
documenting the primary structures that brought value to the
property and he may have been less concerned with secondary
buildings.









Figure ?? Puente Building of 1764






0'0 0


t


I,


* -*.. .,
.,,, ~


L


4.


i


*' I









The Rocque map of 1788 indicates that the governor's complex
of buildings had expanded. The primary building on the northeast
corner of the lot appears to remain with a series of addition
spreading to the south and to the west. The building in the
southeast corner of the lot has been enlarged but still is a
separate structure.




47F3ij


Figure ?? Rocque Building of 1788




C
*, -rd JSox3


~~1'I


/rO


I


I

I


I~

I


I : '*


a' ris


t
I
I
I
I

*t

I


I


It
I~f


* 1 ***


I









The United State Government survey the Government House lot
upon acquisition of the property in 1821. Figure ?? illustares the
building as it existed at that time. It consisted of an L-shaped
structure with no secondary structures.









Figure ? Survey of Governor's Property following American
acquisition in 1821



















S ...




-





6 1.4
".' "^ *. .. *^: ,-a 4
-- '-:; .-' "











T~ Ii- *I" -l# .


.. ..
., ., -. .;* '.. U. t,-.,f- ,Lg '

I .r, .,.. .. .. ,, ,
'..l .,"" Y. i-. ,
r,*?;'w'^t* F>A ^*'if-~~ JIi^&s.^^ -^^ ^ .
*w^ wt^ ''' **
'i~: -


--: '


*

.i it~i


I_(


'''


I ,r 1
"-4. .
--^T


" -


a


I-


~~:r s 1_









The structure remains the same shape as of 1835 when the
Clement's Map of St. Augustine was produced. This particular
drawing provides dimentions for the structure and the lot.









Figure ? Clement's Building form 1835




-- : I : ; : _


1 '' I i-


0



0









The Moncrief depiction of 1765 is reminsent of Castello's
drawing. It shows a main building with two secondary structures,
one to the west and one in the southeast corner of the lot. It
would appear that the secondary structures did not disappear and
reappear but where not indicated on the other maps because of the
map maker's attention to detail or his purposes and interest in
producing the map.









Figure ? Moncief Building of 1765








.
I
i


I
I-r


I
m-L-


0a


p .


m&. *]'


I=


I


I
II
LL


-m-w- .


T !\e i 7 "


IJ









Government House was redesigned in 1833 by Robert Mills.
Figure ? illustrates Mills plans for the building which maintained
the L-shape of the building. Figure ? is the drawing of Mills plan
for the redesign of the structure.









Mills 1833 redesign of Government House






i -----


---i-at & -tl-.wtoc i.t


-- ________________,**,.t~~ d4' Sfl


U-



I* I L10
ci L" -











I


1


t
b LZ

qj.TL1L. ~ C7

U


"


L-


r



* ~~


n U


'.
i t
0








t0







i' "
i-
r* S
0


0"*


LY __ _~ __


w-


ji









Figure ?? is a photograph showing Government in 1864 after
Mills design work had been accomplished.









Photo from 1864 of Gov House




6
/


q .


j









Government House was remodeled again and figure ? illustrates
the building plan from 1873. This plan produced the rectangular
building which would serve as the courthouse and post office.









Figure ? Kimball Plan for Government House 1873.












4~Ao


9I 7


a a a


1ZN.


0


aR~ot~ u~~


~dz~C~ ~rm~


a4-u.
54 ccr~~d ~s-ar:


sc~ ~~~;-~p~~


~~Jc6,









Manucy and Arana (1965) provide a footprint for the building
as the Post Office and Customs House in 1875 and an analysis of the
changes in the boudary lines for the property from 1835 to 1890.









Drawing of Boundary changes from 1835 1890. Taken from Manucy and
Arana 1965























^~--r


iAL
^__ *
^ .^. I


'...







-iL- ____.


.... +-~ I-T .... 'i C
1__: *


57 30/'-o*"


I- --. _-- _i


I\ go







1r ,

7 i






Jk f.4-.2 32 '1


c-L r A bL IIL


7:- o I a -C 5 P-.

Fus a






BOUNDARY CHANGES
S. I35- I9
BASl IoN '.A.GtiLLMORE MAP-8.so


~- L7~


-- 1I---


L----


cc r N 4 C~ ~ o A 'Cz


- .4.


0 .. -C









Figure with Gov. House building transet station datum and unit
location indicated.




































PROPERTY LINm 5. 0-


9


al
0)
1-^
2











FIELD METHODS:


A magnetic North oriented grid was established over the site
to provide horizontal control. A permanent transit station was
established to maintain vertical control. The 0 South, 0 East point
for the grid was located directly under the transet. All grid
coordinates were measured south and east of the OS,OE datum point.
All elevations were recorded as below datum, with the datum tied
into a city bench mark. The datum was 4.03 meters above mean sea
level. The location of the excavation units and the datum point are
indicated in Figure ???. The datum can be relocated by measuring 6.3
meters south from the center of the western set of double wooden
doors on the south wall of the east wing of the building (point B)
and by measuring 4.85 meters east of south edge of the northern
window on the east wall of lobby (point A). These reference points
are indicated in Figure ??? (same figure as above).

Unit 1 was a 2m by 2m unit with grid coordinates of: NW corner
at 2S,5E, NE corner at 2S,7E, SE corner at 4S,7E, SW corner at
4S,5E. Unit 2 was a 2m by 2m unit with grid coordiantes of: NW
corner at 3S,3E, NE corner at 3S,5E, SW corner at 5S,3E, SE corner
at 5S,5E. Unit 3 was a 1m by 1m unit with grid coordinates of NW
corner at 2S4E, NE corner at 2S5E, SW corner at 3S,4E, and SE
corner at 3S,5E. Unit 4 was a 1m by 2m unit with grid coordinates
of: NW corner at 4S,5E, NE corner at 4S,7E, SW corner at 5S,5E, and
SE corner at 5S7E. Unit 5 included the total area of all the four
units mentioned above. It consisted of the field specimens from
the unit surface generally 3mbd and below except where features
that had been left in place or pedestalled were removed. Unit 6 was
a 3m by 3m unit and was located at the grid coordinates of: NW
corner at 8.5S,5.5E, NE corner at 8.5S,8.5E, SW corner at
11.5S,5.5E, SE corner at 11.5S,8.5E.

All excavation was conducted by hand, primarily by trowel.
Soil samples of 2 liters were collected from all levels and
features. The excavated soil was water screened through quarter and
sixteenth inch mesh screen. Each excavation unit was assigned a
unit number. Field specimen numbers were assigned to each
provenance using the unit number followed by a decimal point and
a sequential field specimen number. This provided for greater
control over the field specimen numbers and maintained the field
specimen numbers in the sequence in which they were excavated by
unit.

The sixteenth inch sample from each provenance is curated
along with the faunal material and the soil sample material. These
samples are maintained at the Preservation Board and the specimens
are available for future study. Pending the availability of funds
samples will be subjected to appropriate analyzes by specialist at
the Florida Museum of Natural History. Metal objects that merit
conservation were pulled from the field specimen bags, labeled, and
prepared to shipment to the conservation laboratory at the Division









of Historical Resources in Tallahassee.

All artifacts were analyzed at the conclusion of the
excavation phase. Data was collected through direct data entry into
the personal computers using dBase III+ as the data base program
and custom software applications written by the author. Data fields
included item identification, group, count, weight, color, date
range, modifiers, fragment form and other variables. Once the
artifact data was collected then these data were used to enter
general field specimen data into the data base. This involved
describing the provenance and assigning a relative data to the
total field specimen. Descriptive project data was collected in the
data base and provides basic documentation of the project. This
project was assigned a project number of 1993.001. This number
indicates the year and sequence of the project within the year.










EXCAVATION FINDINGS:

The discussion of the excavation findings will refer to two
excavation areas, Unit 5 and Unit 6. Units 1, 2, 3, and 4 have been
combined for the purposes of this discussion since each unit
expanded upon the others. These four units are designated Unit 5.
Unit 6 is the single unit excavated to the south of Unit 5 (see
figure ?).









figure of excavation units locations










The soil zones will be discussed for both units 5 and 6. These
zones are the sheet midden deposits that represent on-going
behavior generally over a over long period of time and marked by
the slow build up of soils containing artifacts which were
generally not deposited as a result of a discrete activity or
behavioral acts.

Zone 1:

Zone 1 contradicts the concepts of zones being deposited in
a gradual process. Rather this zone consisted of black loamy soil
(10YR 6/1) deposited on the site as a single event to promote good
vegetation growth. This top soil zone was found in both excavation
units. This zone was deposited after the last major building phase,
therefore, post 1939. Artifacts in this zone were modern including
coins and other small items which could have easily been lost.

Zone 2:

Zone 2 was a dark yellowish brown sandy soil (10YR4/4) mottled
with a pale brown sand (10YR6/3). This zone represents the ground
surface during the last major building construction phase which
began in 1936. This zone was generally a thin deposit of disturbed
soil with modern building debris as well some colonial artifacts
which had been redeposited during the construction. The soil color
suggest that this zone was deposited during the construction
period. It appears to represent sub-soils that were removed during
construction, stock piled in the courtyard, used as backfilling
material, and the remainder was spread evenly over the courtyard.

Zone 3:

This zone is marked by a color change to a dark grey brown
sandy soil (10YR4/2) mottled with light brownish grey sand
(10YR6/2) including flecks and pieces of shell and other debris.
This soil is darker in color apparently it contains a higher amount
of organic material and staining. It represents the soil deposited
in the late to post colonial era up to the 1936 building renovation
event. Very few features were encountered in this zone.

Zone 4:

Zone 4 is a layer of tabby and rubble that is a much lighter
colored strata. This zone is, in and of itself, a set of features.
This zone consist of man made deposits of tabby and a layer of
small ballast rocks. This zone and the features that it consist of
will be discussed below.

Zone 5:

This zone consist of yellow brown sandy soil (10YR5/4) in unit
5 and was the well construction pit. In unit 6 this zone was a dark
brown soil (10YR3/3) with yellowish brown mottling (10YR5/6). The









bulk of the archaeological features were located in this strata.
In unit 6 zone 5 was the soil that accumulated as a result of human
occupation from the 16th century until the tabby floor (zone 4)
sealed off zone 5.

UNIT 5:

Post Mold 1 (FS#s 1.011, 1.014, 1.016 Elev. 2.13 to 2.58 bd)

This post mold first appeared as a large roughly circular area
that was designated as a feature (feature 2, unit 1). It consisted
of brown sandy soil and post dates the tabby floor (feature 1, unit
1) that was punctured by the installation of the post. The artifact
assemblage from the post mold fill provides a T.P.Q. of 1780 based
on transfer printed pearlware found within the fill. It is
suspected that this post was installed in the 20th century. This
suspicion is based on the presence of a grounding rod located in
the northeast quadrant of unit 6. This grounding rod was five feet
long and may have served as a ground for a communications antenna.
This suggest that the post was the support for an antenna or other
devise which needed to be grounded. The presence of a grounding rod
in association with a large deeply set post argues for an early to
mid-20th century date for this feature.

Construction Trash Pits (FS#s 2.006, 2.007, 2.008, 2.015, 2.024,
2.025, 2.026, 3.007, elev. 1.99 to
2.50 bd)

This feature was difficult to identify during field session.
It is a single elongated large pit with two linear (north to south)
depressions that parallel each other. These deposits contained
building rubble with areas of relatively clean soil having been
placed in the pit at various intervals. This pit feature appears
to have been filled at various intervals of time with varied types
of waste material both building rubble and soil. The feature is
located in the north west corner of unit 5. The feature cut through
the underlying tabby floor. It contained a large number of iron
objects, nails, window glass, and coal in addition to building
rubble. This rubble consisted of plaster, coquina fragments, and
mortar. The ceramic T.P.Q. for this feature is 1825 based on the
recovery of white wares. The occurrence of a fragment of a rubber
comb and insulated twisted copper electrical wire indicates that
the trash pit dates to the 1936 building construction episode. The
pit appears to be a waste pit for construction debris.

Tabby Floor A (FS#s 1.010, 1.012, 2.005, 3.008, 4.005
elev. 1.97 mbd to 2.05mbd)

A layer of tabby paving was encountered at 1.97 mdb. It
extended across all of unit 5 except where later activities had
disturbed it, such as the 1936 trash pit features discussed above.
The tabby averaged 6 to 8 cm thick. The artifacts above this paving
layer provide an early to mid 19th century date (1840) for the
deposit above the tabby. The tabby contained primarily pearlwares,









one puebla blue on white majolica, one english porcelain, and one
19th century crock sherd. The artifacts indicate a post 1780 to
early 1800s construction date for this feature. The deposits
directly below the tabby contained artifacts which indicate a 1780
to 1790 time period for deposition. These data suggest that the
tabby floor was constructed between 1800 to 1840. There was no
evidence that the tabby was an interior floor. No surrounding wall
foundations were encountered as an enclosure for a floor. This
features appears to be an exterior paving rather than an interior
floor. These data suggest that at least a large area, and perhaps
the entire courtyard, was paved with tabby. Further testing in
courtyard is needed to confirm this hypothesis by defining the full
extent of the tabby paving.

Tabby Floor B (FS#s 2.011 elev. 2.02 mbd to 2.08 mbd)

What appeared in the field to be a second layer of tabby
paving was exposed in the southwest quadrant of Unit 5, see figure
?. This layer of paving appears to have been the original tabby
surface. It likely weathered and was deteriorate when the second
tabby floor was poured. Tabby, a soft lime based mortar, would
weather quickly in exterior conditions. Deterioration of the tabby
surface would vary depending on the foot traffic, drainage
conditions and quality of each batch of tabby. Therefore, this
second floor level was only preserved in good condition in a
limited area of Unit 5. Once the surface had deteriorated it
appears that a second layer of tabby paving was added to the
governor's courtyard.









figure ? profile and or plan view of tabby floor











Ballast Rock Layer (FS#s 1.013, 2.009, 2.012 elev. 2.09 to 2.12
mbd)

A deposit of small water rounded flint river cobbles was found
immediately below the second tabby layer. These stones were mixed
in a matrix of light yellowish brown sandy soil (10YR6/4). These
water rounded stones were not of local origin and consisted of
black to dark brown and medium brown flint stones. These rounded
stones were river gravel that was most have come to St. Augustine
as ship ballast. These stones would have been dug from the river
bank, perhaps packed in cloth bags and stowed in hold of a sailing
vessel (reference on bags *****) which ultimately brought them to
St. Augustine. Incorporated in the stones were small snail shells.
A sample of these shells was sent to the Florida Museum of Natural
History for study by Malicologist Dr.???? He identified the
snails as snails of three species (list species ), which live in
water freshwater rivers. Two of the snail species are found in the
old world and one specie exist on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
These data suggest a Mediterranean or Spanish fresh water river
origin for this gravel.

The gravel after being unloaded from the vessel was used as
a paving material. It is appears that the stones were acquired by
the Governor, then poured onto the sandy soil in order to produce
a more attractive and cleaner surface area in the courtyard. The
stones must have quickly settled into the sandy soil. The artifacts
in the ballast rock paving layer provide a post 1790 date for this
feature. The tabby paving above the stones provided an improved
courtyard surface at by about 1800. Senior Enrique White who served
as the Governor of La Florida from 1795 to 1811 may have enjoyed
both the stone and tabby paved courtyard area.

Use of stone paving is a Spanish tradition.??????? It is also
found at other colonial sites.

(discuss other finds........... find documents)


Post Holes ... 1, 2, ppm 4, fea 2 & 3 (u4) (FS#s 1.017, 1.018,
1.021, 4.010, 4.028, 4.011

A series five of post molds were exposed immediately below the
tabby floor. These five post molds consisted of three large post
and two smaller post. They aligned roughly in a north to south line
(west of magnetic north by __ degrees), and were relatively
aligned with the current St. George Street.

These post molds began at the following elevations (within a range
of 20cm highest to lowest top elevation). Profile drawing of post
and refer to map of post pattern.

The pattern of post represent a north/south oriented wall with a









either a corner or interior wall of a possible wooden structure in
the northeast quadrant of unit 5. This building existed after 1700
based on the dates of provenances into which one post penetrated
(oyster shell footer) and predate the tabby paving of ca. 1800. The
artifacts from the post indicate a post 1650 date (puebla
polychrome 1.017) however, the occurrence of ballast stones in the
post fill of four of the five post molds indicates that the
building was removed at about the time the ballast stones were
placed in the courtyard (ca. 1800). The wooden structure
represented by these post molds would have existed in the late 18th
century, perhaps about 1790. The occurrence of ballast stone in the
post mold fill indicates that the building was removed either at
the time the ballast stone paving was put down, or after the
ballast stone paving but before the tabby paving was installed.
Given the sandy soil it is assumed that the ballast stones would
have been quickly buried in the sand, especially in areas subject
to foot traffic.

None of the post molds extended through the tabby. The bases
of wood post would be the first portion of a wooded building to
deteriorate and the failure of the support system would have
resulted in removal of the building. Post of the size indicated by
the post molds (25 to 30 cm diameter, and 12 cm diameter) would
have supported a substantial load. They suggest the occurrence of
a building or large loggia rather than a small porch, shed or
fence. It seems unlikely that the ballast stone paving would have
been used as both an interior and exterior floor covering material.
If the post represent an open loggia area it may have been paved
with the stones. If the post represent a building it would have
been removed prior to the paving with ballast stones, if we assume
that the stones were not used as an interior floor surface. It
seems likely that the post represent a wooden building with a
wooden interior dividing wall. Further testing is needed to
substantiate this assumption, however.

In order for the ballast stones to have gotten into the post
molds, the stones would have been installed prior to the removal
or rotting of the post or shortly after the removal of the post.
It is suggested here that the post were removed and the paving
stones were placed in the courtyard as a single renovation event.
It is supposed that the deteriorated wooden structure was removed
and the ballast rocks were spread over courtyard with some of the
stones filling the voids left from the recently removed wooden post
or from the rotting bases of the post that may have not been
removed.

It is interesting to note that coprolites were recovered from
two of the post molds (fea 2 in unit 4, and fs 1.018 pm2). It is
not known at this time if the coprolites are of human or
domesticated animal origin. Their occurrence as fill material in
the post molds suggest that the voids from the post were
intentionally filled, either with night soil or more likely by
sweeping waste from the ground surface.










Oyster shell foundation southeast corner unit 5
(FS# 4.006 deposit above footer tpq 1780)

An oyster shell footer was discovered in the southeast corner
of unit 5. It began at 2.05 cmbd and continued to a depth of 2.61
cmbd or 56 cm in depth. This was clearly a earth formed oyster
shell foundation which is a common colonial construction technique
for construction of coquina of tabby buildings. The foundation pre-
dates the tabby floor and ballast stones. The soil above the
foundation was deposited after 1780 and the footer is assumed to
pre-date 1780. This foundation resulted in the placement and
excavation of unit 6 in which additional evidence of the foundation
was revealed. The foundation itself was not removed during the
excavation. The foundation indicated the northwest corner of a
structure. The overall form, function, and time period of this
feature will be explored more fully in the discussion of Unit 6.

THE WELL:

During the excavation of Unit 1 an area of soil was located
which manifest the typical mottled soil coloration of a well
construction pit. Areas of oyster shells were also located and
these were initially interpreted as a building foundation that may
have been bisected by the presumed well construction pit. The unit
was enlarged so as to encompass the suspected well feature. Each
subsequent unit (Units 2, 3, and 4 ) was excavated down to the
point at which the soil became saturated with water (__ mbd).
At this point the various units had a single level floor surface.
The designation of Units 1, 2, 3, and 4 were then combined as Unit
5. a single large excavation unit as depicted in Figure ??????. The
following discussion focuses on the well as a complete feature and
presents the conclusions from recovered data. The following
discussion will follow the sequence of behavior which was defined
from the excavation data, rather than discuss the features in the
sequence in which they were excavated. This should simplify the
presentation and present a more understandable presentation of the
behaviors which produced this feature.








figure ?????? combination od units 1, 2, 3, and 4











The water table is rather close to the surface in St.
Augustine. Drinking water could be obtained from shallow wells that
tapped into the surface ground water supply. Numerous wells have
been excavated in St. Augustine and the behavior sequence has been
clearly defined. Typical construction of a well in colonial St.
Augustine began with the excavation of a large funnel shaped pit.
The shape of the pit was determined by the poorly consolidated
sandy soil which required large angle of repose for the sides of
the pit. Figure ???? depicts the typical profile of a well
construction pit and the well shaft as found in archaeological
deposits.









Typical well profile figure --- see version on exhibit at band bld.











Once the pit was excavated to the water table, the well shaft
liner was constructed. Frequently wooden barrels, from which the
tops and bottom have been removed, were used as well shaft liners.
These "prefabricated" wooden tubes could be quickly lowered into
the pit forced into the wet sand and then stacked to produce a
sturdy well shaft. Wooden planks, hollow tree trucks, and coquina
stones were also used to construct well shafts but barrels were
the most common items used in the First Spanish Period. The
construction pit was back filled as the well shaft was constructed.
The soil that was used the fill the well construction pit is
typically a mix of different colored sands. Wells constructed in
this manner provided suitable water and would be serviceable until
the material used to as the shaft liner deteriorated and failed.
Once the well shaft failed it could be repaired or filled in and
a new well constructed. Spent well shaft were often filled with
trash and other refuse. Generally household wells were simple and
functional items necessary to every household.


Well Construction Episode:

FS#s 1.028, 1.040, 1.045, 2.027, 2.030, 2.035, 2.038, 2.039,
2.042, 3.018, 3.023, 4.008, 4.013, 5.001, 5.003

tpq = 1700 at fs 2.035, 1684 = fs 4.008

Mean Ceramic Date = 1648.38 or 1650

(two sherds out of 59 have a tpq over 1650 .. fs 2.035 puebla b/w
at 1700, fs 4.008 elres ware at 1684)
Elers ware is extremely small fragment, puebla b/w is also a small
fragment puebla may be miss id?

The well construction pit was the first stage in the
construction of a well in the governor's courtyard. This well was
a typical barrel well as evidenced by the wooden barrel found at
the base of the construction pit. The beginning manufacture date
for the most recent ceramics recovered from the construction pit
provide a date after which the pit was dug, or terminus post quem
of 1650. South's mean ceramic dating formula (South South, Bonath
) was applied to ceramic collection from each behavioral event
associated with the well: the digging of the well construction pit,
the repair of the original well, and the abandonment and subsequent
filling of the well shaft. South's formula provided a date of 1648
for the construction pit.

The construction pit was typical for barrel wells in colonial
St. Augustine. Artifacts recovered from the construction pit
typical of trash that was either dug out during construction, or
household refuse thrown into the pit as it was filled. A conch
shell which had been made into a dipper was recovered. It was
likely lost my the workers during the backfilling operation and









may have served as their drinking cup. Coprolites in the pit ?????


Well Repair Episode:
fs#s 1.032, 1.038, 1.027, 1.030, 1.034, 1.039, 1.042, 1.057,
2.031, 2.032, 2.034, 2.037, 2.041, 3.013, 3.017, 3.020, 3.022,
4.015, 4.017, 4.021, 4.025, 4.029, 5.002, 5.008, 5.022

tpq = 1650
(date from artifacts behind wooden post and other repair related
fs' = tpq of 1680 with Castillo poly

mean ceramic date of 1655.53
--- these looked at and changed or too small to be conclusive, only
three sherds that are later tpq than 1650, (fs2.037 playa poly),
fs 3.020 with san augustin b/w 1700, fs 5.002 with bacin 1750, fs
5.008 with puebla b/w at 1700.

The original barrels which served as the well shaft liner
eventually began to deteriorate and fail. The excavation revealed
the bottom barrel had remained serviceable but the two upper
barrels, above the water table, were replaced. Rather than
construct a new well the governor had this existing well repaired.
It seems likely that the Governor wished to retain the well at this
location within the courtyard. Otherwise, a new well could have
been constructed in another location. The mean ceramic data for
the repair pit indicates that the work took place at about 1656
(rounding mean ceramic date of 1655.5 to the next year). The
terminus post quem for this activity is 1650 based on 21% of
majolica types in the collection.

The repair of the well consisted of digging a repair pit,
removing the deteriorated wooden barrels and constructing a new
well shaft liner. The new liner was constructed by digging down to
the top of the bottom wooden barrel that was still structurally
sound. Coquina stones were laid in the bottom of the repair pit
perhaps to stabilize water saturated sands at the bottom of the
repair pit. Stones were also set out as a support or foundation for
a board and post well liner that was to be the new well shaft
liner. This liner consisted of four wooden post that had sharpened
and charred points and boards that were nailed to the post and
formed a roughly square box. It is unclear whether this box was
constructed and placed into the repair pit or constructed within
the repair pit. It is assumed, given the small size of the base of
the repair pit, that at least part of the square well liner was
constructed and set into the pit and upon its coquina stone
foundation. A large number of large pottery fragments and other
solid refuse was found at the back of each post and appears to have
been poured into a void behind the post. Perhaps these items were
intended to help hold the post in place. These pockets of artifacts
were clearly placed in the repair pit after the liner was in place
since the artifacts were only on the outside of the post and were
tightly packed together.









Once the new well shaft was complete, the repair pit was
filled with soil and a structure was built over the well. This
structure is indicated archaeologically by four shell foundation,
one at each corner of well shaft liner. These shell foundations
consisting primarily of oyster shells, and are typical foundations
for coquina stone or tabby construction. The shell foundations were
located immediately at the corners of the square well liner. Each
foundation was roughly round and the shells were packed into a hole
which had been dug into soil after the repair pit was filled. One
fragment of coquina was still mortared to the top surface of the
northeast shell foundation. Apparently, coquina stones were
mortared together over each foundation to form columns. The
artifacts that were recovered from the shell foundations provide
a terminus post quem of 1680 based on two small sherds of Castillo
Polychrome. The mean ceramic date was 1600, with eight of the forty
one sherds (19.5%) providing a 1650 terminus post quem. Castillo
Polychrome is an uncommon and poorly understood ceramic type and
its beginning date of 1680 maybe malleable. The alternative
explanation is that the structure was added much later than the
repair. However, the associations of deposits in the ground
indicate that repair and the construction of the structure were one
single event.

The archaeological evidence reveals that the well was
repaired, enlarged is size and changed in shape, and that coquina
columns were constructed at the immediate corner of the new well
shaft. Though there is no direct evidence, the stone columns must
have functioned as supports for wooden beams and a roof. It was
also the habit to plaster coquina stone work (Manucy 1962) and
undoubtedly the columns about this well were covered by a plaster
surface. Fragments of plaster were recovered in various levels
above the well but is not a directly associated with the well. The
recovered plaster fragments were primarily white but numerous
mustered yellow fragments, fewer rust red fragments, and occasional
dark bluish black fragments were found. There is no evidence of the
roofing material nor the form of the roof itself. Manucy (1962:99)
identifies palm and straw thatch as the most common roofing
material before 1700 with wood shingles or shakes also common.
Manucy (1962:102) mentions "affidavits of the carpenters back in
1690 that several government buildings were roofed with shingles".
He references in end note 138, Quiroga, April 1, 1688 and June 8,
1690 as the source for the carpenter's affidavits.

Clearly the new well in the Governor's courtyard was an
impressive addition. It appears that the ground water would have
covered the barrel that was left in bottom of the well. The new
well liner provided a square well shaft substantially larger that
the original round well shaft. Functionally, it appears it would
have been more difficult to construct this larger well while not
providing any significant improvement in water quantity or quality.
The well appears to have been enlarged and enhanced primarily for
artistic and social reasons. This well was different than the
common wells in town and certainly enhanced the courtyard and
better reflected the Governor's status within the community. It









also existed in the social space of the courtyard rather than in
a utility area of the compound which contained simpler wells.

Well Shaft Fill Abandonment Episode:

fs#s 2.028, 2.031, 2.033, 2.036, 2.040, 3.016, 5.001, 5.007,
5.011, 5.012, 5.013, 5.014, 5.015, 5.017, 5.018

tpq = 1650
mean ceramic date of 1663.8, re-examined the sherds and they are
either small or were wrong id.. fs 2.028 1 puebla poly at 1700,
fs 2.033 1 st augustin b/w at 1700, fs 5.014 1 b/g basin at
1750 and 3 st. augustine b/w at 1700, and fs 5.017 1 puebla b/w
at 1700.

Coin is 1/2 real likely minted in mexico, Charles II coin he
ruled from 1665 to 1700. coin dates to 1668 to 1697.
pushes in fill of well up by a few years circa 1670 when used
with mean ceramic date of 1663.8

Eventually the wood from the repaired well shaft deteriorated
and at this point the well was abandoned. The artifacts deposited
in the well shaft yielded a mean ceramic date of 1664 (1663.8
rounded) with a 1700 terminus post quem based on 5 sherds out of
53. A one half real coin was recovered from this deposit. It was
minted in Mexico under the rule of Charles II who ruled Spain from
1665 to 1700. The coin lacked an indication of a date but these
cob coins were minted from 1668 to 1697. This dates the termination
of the well to circa 1670 considering the mean ceramic date and the
date of the coin. The termination date based on the terminis post
quem, however, is post 1700. This indicates that the well was
filled at about 1700.

The excavation revealed that the southwest corner post that
supported the wooden boards of the well shaft had been removed. The
other three post were found in the remaining corners and the bases
of the post were in remarkable good condition. The upper fill of
the well shaft contained small board fragments, large amounts of
shell that had fallen in from the corner foundations and one large
board that was at the top of the barrel. Generally, the well did
not contain the quantity of household refuse that is found in
colonial residential wells. Given the nature of the deposit it is
believed that the upper well shaft liner was demolished
intentionally to fill the well shaft. It appears that he southwest
post was pulled out. The upper portions of the other corner post
may have broken off during attempts to remove them. Soil and shell
from behind the boards of the well shaft tumbled into the void
along with broken board segments. If the well had been filled over
a period of days or weeks with household refuse then the deposits
outside the well shaft would have been left undisturbed rather
being part of the material that filled the abandoned well shaft.
The evidence suggest that when the well was abandoned it was
intentionally dismantled in an effort to maintain a clean and safe
social space.












The Well Repair Structure and the Barrel:


discuss it and removal and photographs

During the first excavation phase the units were excavated to
the water table and then the ground water was drawn down with a
well point system and the well shaft fill was excavated. Once the
fill was removed the quality of the preservation of the square well
shaft liner and the bottom barrel lead to a plan to remove these
artifacts in tact. The well shaft was filled with clean sand and
plans and preparation were made for the removal of these features.
Wooden structural elements have been removed from wells in St.
Augustine, including barrels after they were dismantled. A complete
intact barrel had never been removed from a colonial period St.
Augustine well.

The goal of removing the wooden liner and barrel were to
better document these items, have them available for study and to
eventually interpret them to the public. The effort to remove the
upper wooden boards and post well liner in one piece was not
successful. The structure did not have the rigidity or structural
integrity that was need for successful removal. Therefore, the
boards were and post labeled and removed to the laboratory.
Removal of the large soft wooden barrel with iron bands was
successful but presented logical and engineering difficulties.

The plan for removal of the well shaft liners called for
drawing down the water table, removing the fill sand from in and
above the wooden elements and then excavating around wooden
elements and lifting them out as complete items. It was hoped that
removal of the items as single intact structures would allow for
better documentation of the items under laboratory conditions and
without the pressures of below water table excavation.

The plan for removing the post and board liner called for
excavating around the boards and then placing a wooden support
structure under and around the boards and the post. Then the
remaining soil would excavated and the support structure would be
lifted with a winch and hand support. Unfortunately, this wooden
element lacked enough structural integrity to allow for intact
removal. As the soil was removed from the board they fell away from
the post and had to be removed as individual elements. Four
individual boards and three post were recovered from the
excavation. The bases of the post were perfectly preserved. The
bottoms of the post which appeared to be pine, were sharpened to
a point. The hatchet or adz cuts were clearly defined and the
pointed ends indicate that some portion of the post were driven
into the soil. Bark was still present as were carbonized bark
indicating the post were charred prior to cutting the pointed ends.
The charring does not appear to have been intended to remove the
bark but was limited to areas between the hatchet cuts, perhaps it









was intended to help preserve the post. The structure of the board
and post liner is illustrated in figure ????. Table ??? provides
the dimensional data on the post and board liner.
figure ???? drawing of borad and post liner or photo










Board and Post Well Liner Data


Post Elevation


S.E. Post


N.E. Post


N.W. Post ...................


Boards:


South Board .................

Dimensions .............


East Board ..................





West Board ..................





North Board .................


...................


It was necessary, for the removal of the intact barrel, to
place a three quarter inch plywood disk under the base of the
barrel. The round disk was cut in half and hinges were installed
so that the disk could be folded in half and therefore more easily
slipped under the barrel. A whole was drilled in the center of the
disk into which a long eye bolt with an expanding wing nut could
be fitted from above. The hinged disk had to be placed under the
barrel so that it stayed flat and rigid when upward force was
applied to it. The goal was to undercut the barrel slip the disk


3.21 mbd Top
4.07 mbd Base
86cm post length

3.35 mbd Top
4.12 mbd Base
77cm post length

3.42 mbd Top
4.14 mbd Base
72cm post



3.45 mbd Top
3.77 mbd Base
32cm height
3cm thick
98cm length

3.46 mbd Top
3.76 mbd Base
30cm height
3cm thick
113cm length

3.50 mbd Top
3.79 mbd Base
29cm height
2cm thick
122cm length

3.43 mbd Top
3.77 mbd Base
34cm height
2cm thick
100cm length









under it fit the eye bolt down through the barrel and into the
disk. Then a rope was to be clipped to the eye bolt and with guide
ropes, a pulley fastened to overhead beams, and a winch the barrel
would be lifted up to the surface. Unfortunately, high tide
corresponded with the final effort to remove the barrel and the
well points and pumps could not remove the water and maintain a dry
working surface. With great labor and the use of a recirculating
water hose the barrel was freed from the wet sand into which it was
sinking. The wooden disk was inserted and the barrel was
successfully removed in one piece. It was then photographed,
measures and carefully labeled and dismantled for conservation.
Currently the wood barrel staves and the iron bands are still
undergoing conservation treatment.

The barrel recovered from the well, see figure ????, appears
to have been made of oak, further examination of the wood is needed
to confirm this observation. The upper portion of the barrel was
lost to deterioration and use of the well. Seven iron bands were
recovered on the barrel but originally it was held together by ten
bands. The bands were placed in set of two with a set at the top,
at the bottom, and two sets on either side of the midpoint of the
barrel. The upper and bottom bands were doubled for greater support
of the barrel stave ends. The bong hole still contained a cork
stopper and below the stopper was a wooden plug fixed into a small
diameter hole. There was evidence that the cork and the wooden pug
were covered by a square metal plate, possibly copper, that was
held in place by small tacks. This would plate must have protected
the stoppers during transport.









Photo and figure of barrel detail with dimensions









Table ????? ........ Barrel Data


Barrel Data


Height ....................
Circumference ............


Diameter ................


1.08cm at the highest point
2.29cm Top
2.46cm Center
1.90cm Base
69cm Top Opening
59cm Base Opening


Staves


Number of Staves ........
Width at Mid-point ......


21
1.75cm


Iron Bands


Number of Bands .........
Width of Bands ..........
(missing a double band and


7
2.5cm
a single from original barrel top)


Other Details


Bung Hole Diameter ......
Peg Hole Diameter .......
Burg Hole Cover Plate ...


5cm
1.25cm
12cm across by 8.5 down
12 nails in the edge of the cover
plate with 5 across by 3 down


Possible Second Well Construction Pit:

fs#s 2.027, 2.030, 2.038, 5.003
elev.... 2.31
fs 2.027 tpq = 1650
mean ceramic date 1640.6

The base of Unit 5 never revealed a sterile soil deposit. The
well construction and repair pit covered the eastern majority of
the unit and an area of mottle sand cover the remaining unit floor.
This mottled sand deposit may be another well construction pit
since there is no other identified type of colonial feature that
extends so far below the ground surface. If this mottled soil
deposit is another well construction pit it would have been
constructed before the well discussed above. This is indicated by
the construction pit of the known well having cut through is other
mottled soil deposit. The artifacts from this deposit provide a
terminus post quem of 1650 based on one small Abo Polychrome and
one Aucilla Polychrome sherd. The twenty two other sherds were
first manufactured in the early seventeenth century. The mean
ceramic date for the deposit yielded a 1640.6 date. It seems likely









that a post-1650 construction date is too late for this "other
well" and that the two later sherds may have been contamination
from the other well construction pit. This possible since the two
mottled deposits was difficult to consistently distinguish from
each other during excavation. Further testing is needed to verify
the function and the date of this suspected second well
construction pit.


UNIT 6

Unit 6 was the focus of the second excavation phase. The unit
was located in response to the foundation identified in the
southeast corner of Unit 5. The goal of this unit was to identify
the outline, construction sequence and function of the structure
indicated by the foundation found in Unit 5. The same zones were
present in this unit as in Unit 5.

Tabby Floor A: FS# 6.006, 6.006, 1.96 mbd to 2.00 mbd

The tabby floor deposit was encountered at 1.96 mbd and
covered the an area that measured 1.8 meters by 3 meters in the
eastern side of this 3 meter square unit. The floor had been cut
out where the electrical supply conduit for the existing building
was buried (see Figure ????, Drawing 1). The tabby floor extended
to 2.00 mbd and only appeared as a single tabby layer. This tabby
was a continuation of the tabby paving in Unit 5 (Tabby Floor A,
1.97mbd) which began at the same elevation in both units. The area
in the west half of the unit that lacked a solid tabby paved
surface was disturbed roots. No second tabby layer was identified
in Unit 6. The deposits immediately above the tabby floor (FS
6.005 and 6.006) contained one Ironstone sherd (tpq of 1800), two
Annular Pearlware sherds (tpq 1785) and five Transfer Printed
Pearlware sherds (tpq 1780), among others. The artifacts from below
the tabby floor (FS 6.009) provide a terminus post quem of 1800
based on six Ironstone sherds. These findings fit well with the
1800 to 1840 construction date determined for the tabby floor in
Unit 5.









plan view of unit 6 tabby floor











One difference in the materials recovered above and from the
tabby floor layer in this unit was a large amount of plaster
fragments. This suggest either a fallen wall or the refuse from
demolition of a coquina wall and the removal of old plastered wall
surfaces prior to reuse of the stone. The plaster retained from the
tabby floor layer totalled: 939 grams of mustered color (58%), 598
grams of white (37%), 52 grams of red (3%), and 42 grams of black
plaster (2%). Since the plaster fragments were above or mixed into
the tabby layer, the plaster must post date the floor itself.
Therefore, the plaster may have resulted from a remodeling in the
early to mid 19th century.

Ballast Rock Layer (FS#s 6.009 elev. 2.02 to 2.09 mbd)

The ballast rock paving in this unit was found immediately
under the tabby flooring at an elevation of 2.02 mbd. The rubble
layer was mixed in the disturbed western half of the unit. The
artifacts from this deposit provide a post 1800 date for it use.
This deposit is a continuation of the ballast rock paving discussed
in Unit 5.

Oyster Shell Footers: (FS# 6.016, 6.017, elev. 2.10 mbd to 2.52)

A substantial oyster shell foundation appeared at 2.10 mbd and
is indicated in figure ?????. This foundation was left in place
throughout the excavation. The foundation consisted of a
continuation of the western wall first located in Unit 5 which
turned both east and west along the north wall of Unit 6. The
foundation which consisted of primarily oyster shells packed in a
trench was 42cm deep and 30 to 35cm wide. As the excavation
continued a discontinuity was observed in the foundation. A later
foundation had been added to the existing foundation. The evidence
indicated that an east to west oriented wall was added to the rear
of a structure that had its northwest corner in Unit 5 and its
southwest corner in Unit 6. Figure ???? indicates the size and
location of the original walls and the addition wall.









foundations in Unit 6










The walls once supported by these foundation were the walls
of the governor's guard house as indicated on the Castillo Map of
1763, the De Solis Map of 1764, the Moncrief Map of 1765, and the
Rocque Map of 1788. Pablo Castello mentions the guard house in his
1763 appraisal and list a value for the beams and boards of the
flat roof of the Guard House (Arnade 1961:182). A concise date for
the construction of the guard house is not available from the
archaeological data. Post hole two which has a terminus post quem
of 1650 and exist under the first foundation indicates that the
first wall was constructed after 1650. A British Period deposit
abuts the north edge of the second foundation and indicates that
it must have existed prior the British Period (1763). Therefore,
the first foundation is older, dating perhaps to the early 18th
century and the second wall dating no later than 1763, the British
Period, or the mid-18th century. The Castillo Map of 1763
illustrates a rather large building on the southeast corner of the
Governor's lot which is connected to the main structure. This is
the area of the guard house (reference it Puente??). It seems
likely that foundations revealed in Unit 6 represent this 1763
structure.

Rubble Filled Feature

(FS# 6.011, 6.013, elev. 1.97 2.35)

A linear deposit filled with plaster, mortar and coquina
fragments extended perpendicular from the oyster shell foundation
in the eastern profile of Unit 6 (see figure ???? see unit plan
view as done above). This feature began at 1.97 mbd and extended
38cm into the surrounding soil (2.35 mbd). The top of this feature
was slightly higher than the top of the foundation. Differentiating
of this feature from the tabby floor layer was difficult. The
rubble filled trench appeared associated with the foundation
because it was perpendicular to the foundation and ran in a
straight line along the east wall of Unit 6. This feature appeared
in field to be an interior wall foundation for a small dividing
wall. The wall was assumed to have been masonry based on the
foundation material and lack of intrusive post molds. The shallow
depth of this feature and the use of rubble as the foundation fill
suggest that it was a secondary wall most likely interior of the
exterior support walls. The artifacts recovered from this feature
consisted of large amounts of plaster some of which was mustered,
red, and blue/grey in color, as well as a majority of white
plaster. The plaster was similar to that recovered from and above
the tabby floor layer. The ceramics provide a 1785 terminus post
quem based on two sherds of Annular Pearlware (FS # 6.013). This
date and the ceramic type matches with the plaster deposited
discussed in association with the tabby floor.

This feature is of undetermined function at this time and
requires further testing to determine it function and significance.
The date of the deposit and the plaster associate it with the
plaster deposit above and mixed with the tabby floor deposit. This









feature was assumed to be a trench during the excavation but the
eastern edge of the "trench" was never observed and the feature
could also be the edge of a large trash deposit. The western edge
of this feature was extremely straight and perpendicular to the
oyster shell foundations but appears to have been deposited years,
perhaps 80 or more) after the construction of the oyster shell
foundations. Since the plaster fragments overplayed the oyster
shell foundations (see drawing 1) this deposit was made after the
guard house walls were removed. This feature may be related to the
1834 U.S. Government's remodeling of the Government House and the
demolition and recycling of coquina blocks. The 1833 drawing for
the remodeling of Government House by Robert Mills (figure ???)
does not show the guard house structure. It was either removed as
part of this renovation or had been previously demolished.









Mills renovation plans











British Trash deposit: (Fs# 6.019, 6.021, elev. = 2.09 to 2.44)
35cm deep

Area 5 later defined as Feature 3 was a trash pit placed in
the corner of the Guard House as indicated in figure ??? (refer to
plan view of unit 6). The trash pit began at 2.09 mbd and continued
for 35 cm to a depth of 2.44 mbd. The feature contained creamware
and no pearlware which provides a terminus post quem of 1762. The
occurrence of creamware and absence of pearlware typically
indicates a British Period of occupation. A nearly complete dark
green glass bottle, perhaps a rum bottle, fit the 1730 to 1750
shape as defined by Noel Hume
(????:??). This feature contained large amounts of glass liquor
bottle fragment, leaded glass tumbler fragments, case bottle
fragments, fragments from a single clear leaded glass decanter, and
a bone handled iron table knife fragment, five pipe stem fragments
and as well as other artifacts. This feature appears to be the
discarded remains from a social event or celebration at the British
Governor's House. The balk of the artifacts suggest the consumption
of spirits since glass bottle fragments greatly out numbered all
other artifact categories.


Joise Hanger elev. = 1.97

A possible floor joise support was located in the northwest
corner of the unit. See Profile Drawing... This feature appeared
to be a combination of coquina and brick which served as a support
to elevate a joise board, the main structural element of a raised
wood floor, off the ground surface. It is unclear if there is an
association between the oyster shell foundations and this possible
floor support element. Further testing would be necessary to
substantiate this initial observation and to determine the relation
of possible floor surfaces to buildings. This feature was placed
on the ground surface above the British Period trash deposit.
Therefore, it is likely a Second Spanish Period feature. It may be
related to the Spanish renovations of 1785 1787 in which new
floors were added.


Post molds

PH 2 = FS 6.026, elev... 2.30mbd

The feature labeled in the field notes as Area 9 and as Post
Mole 2 was located partially under the oyster shell foundation.
This feature began at 2.30 mbd and extended into the soil 28cm. The
feature in plan view appears to be a trash pit rather than a post
hole. This feature was deposited after 1650 based on an Abo
Polychrome sherd found within the fill soil. The post 1650 date for
this feature helps in the development of a date range for the
construction of the oyster shell foundation as discussed earlier









in the report.


Two Other Post Molds

PH 3 & 4 -- Second Spanish (fs 6.027 = ph3 elev... 2.26, fs 6.025
= ph4, elev. = 2.68)

Two post molds which appear related based on top elevations
are Post Mold 3 was had a top elevation of 2.26 and Post Mold 4
with a top elevation of 2.30. The locations of these post are
illustrated in figure ???. Post Mold 3 had a 28cm diameter and a
depth of 53 cm with a pointed base. Post Mold 4 was 36cm in
diameter and extended 44cm to a slightly restricted point. Post
Mold 3 intruded into the British Period trash pit suggesting a
Second Spanish Period or later date. No temporally definitive
artifacts were recovered from the fill of Post Mold 3. Post Mold
4 cut through the oyster shell foundation and contained a sherd of
Gaudy Dutch Pearlware with a beginning date of 1820. It is unclear
what these post molds represent but the diameter of the post molds
suggest that they are possible building elements or other
substantial structural elements. It should be remembered that there
is no clear association, other than beginning elevation, between
these two features.









figure showing post mold locations











four possible fence post in drawing 4 shallow post molds in rough
line. FS 6.030 = ppm6, fs 6031 = ppm7, fs 6.032 = ppm8, fs 6.033
= ppm9 all start at about 2.40 check depth....

Four relatively small post molds were identified in the
southern half of Unit 6 at an elevation of 2.40 mbd. These post
molds are indicated in figure ????. The post roughly align with
each other and are of similar diameter and depth (10 to 15cm in
diameter by 8 to llcm in depth). Only one post mold contained
artifacts which were three small plaster fragments and one St.
Johns Plain sherd. These post are suggestive of a fence line which
may have roughly ran east to west. The number of post does not
provide conclusive evidence upon which to draw a conclusion.
Additional testing would be needed to verify this speculative fence
line.









figure of post mold locations











Shell Trash pit in southwest corner

fs 6.039 elev. = 2.37 to 2.60 columbia plain as tpq... post
1598 per Gov. Canzo or Boazio map....

A final feature to discuss in Unit 6 appears to be a trash
deposit located in the southwest quadrant of Unit 6 (see Figure
???). This feature was first referred to in the notes as Area 11.
This deposit had a beginning elevation of 2.37 mbd and extended
down to 2.60 mbd, or 23cm. The deposit consisted of a cluster of
whole oyster shells, quahog shells, razor clam shells and two
whelks with extraction holes, two fresh water clam shells,
charcoal, bone, six St. Johns Check Stamped sherds, an olive jar
sherd and a large Columbia Plain plate rim. These materials
appeared to have been deposited on an original ground surface
rather than as a trash pit. The Columbia Plain sherd indicates that
this feature is the only 16th century feature encountered during
this excavation. It appears to be sheet deposit of food and
tableware refuse.









figure of shell fill trash pit










finding of public excavation
visitors


--- 105,000 visitors images of









Overall Conclusions









Reference Cited


discuss artifacts with photos....
unusual
native types, colono wares,

perhaps examine status issue....

put color xeroxes in the report....









Appendix A Historic Background Report







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


** Field Sp
BRICK
BUCKLE
CHALK
COAL
COIN
COIN
COIN
COIN
CW

EARRING

FASTER
FLINT
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
IRFRG

IRFRG

MORTAR
NAILUID
OJ

PLUMBFIX

PORENG

SMD

** Subtotal


Cnt Weight Dates


ecimen Number 1.00/1/


Brick
Buckle
Chalk
Coal
Coin
Coin
Coin
Coin
Creamware,
Plain
Jewelry,
Earring
Eye Fastner
Flint
Glass
Glass
Glass
Iron fragments,
UID
Iron fragments,
UID
Mortar
Nail, UID
Olive Jar UID
(unglazed)
Plumbing
Fixture
Porcelain,
English
San Marcos -
Decorated
**


1.30
5.40
1.10
4.00
5.00
5.10
2.30
6.02
0.08


1 0.01


0.01
2.20
1.00
2.10
7.60
21.05


9 19.01


237.56
11.30
10.08


1 9.00


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1762


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1820


Comments


THREE TEETH


1977
1972
1969
1974 AND 1972


0 0 MODERN


MODERN
FRAG FROM POINT TIP


0 0


TOPSOIL FILL


0 0 SPRINKLER FIXTURE


0 1.56 1745 1950


1 4.00


0 0


134 356.78 3507 3770


** Field Specimen Number 1.002
BONE Bone
BONE Bone
BRICK Brick
BUTTON Button
BUTTON Button
BUTTON Button
BUTTON Button
** Subtotal **
1T
*** Total ***


10.30
1.03
20.10
3.00
0.80
2.80
0.30


0 38.33


1 FISH VERTEBRE

MILITARY BUTTON

GLASS,METAL
4 HOLES


0 0


144 395.11 3507 3770


Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation






Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


** Field Sp
BRICK
BUCKLE
CHALK
COAL
COIN
COIN
COIN
COIN
CW

EARRING

FASTER
FLINT
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
IRFRG

IRFRG

MORTAR
NAILUID
OJ

PLUMBFIX

PORENG

SMD

** Subtotal


Cnt Weight Dates


ecimen Number 1.001/


Brick
Buckle
Chalk
Coal
Coin
Coin
Coin
Coin
Creamware,
Plain
Jewelry,
Earring
Eye Fastner
Flint
Glass
Glass
Glass
Iron fragments,
UID
Iron fragments,
UID
Mortar
Nail, UID
Olive Jar UID
(unglazed)
Plumbing
Fixture
Porcelain,
English
San Marcos -
Decorated
**


1.30
5.40
1.10
4.00
5.00
5.10
2.30
6.02
0.08


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1762


1 0.01


0.01
2.20
1.00
2.10
7.60
21.05


9 19.01


237.56
11.30
10.08


1 9.00


Comments


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1820


THREE TEETH


1977
1972
1969
1974 AND 1972


0 0 MODERN


MODERN
FRAG FROM POINT TIP


0 0


TOPSOIL FILL


0 0 SPRINKLER FIXTURE


0 1.56 1745 1950


4.00


0 0


134 356.78 3507 3770







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


Cnt Weight Dates


Comments


** Field
BONE
BONE
BRICK
BUTTON
BUTTON
BUTTON
BUTTON
CASING
COAL
COAL
COQ
CW

DEBIT
DIME
GLASFLAT
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
IRFRG

IRFRG

NAILUID
NAILUID
OYSTER
PIPES
PLASTER
PORPOW

POINT

PW

PW


PW

PWHP


PWHP


PWSH


Specimen Number 1.002


Bone
Bone
Brick
Button
Button
Button
Button
Shell casing
Coal
Coal
Coquina stone
Creamware,
Plain
Debitage
Dime
Window Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Iron fragments,
UID
Iron fragments,
UID
Nail, UID
Nail, UID
Oyster
Pipe Stem
Plaster
Porcelain,
Powder Blue
Projectile
point
Pearlware,
Plain
Pearlware,
Plain
Pearlware,
Plain
Pearlware, Hand
Painted Early
B/W
Pearlware, Hand
Painted Early
B/W
Pearlware,
Shell edge


10.30
1.03
20.10
3.00
0.80
2.80
0.30
1.00
9.00
70.14
105.80
2.00

1.70
2.20
4.10
3.00
1.00
1.24
1.40
3.20
1.00
2.30
161.00


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1762


10 50.28


180.18
315.00
150.00
0.80
12.20
0.07


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1820


1 FISH VERTEBRE

MILITARY BUTTON

GLASS,METAL
4 HOLES
PAT





POSSIBLE FLAKE
1918 LIBERTY DIME




SMOOTH RIM


POSSIBLY WINDOW


0 0


0
0
0
0
0
1710


1 8.60


0
0
0
0
0
1750


BORE #6


0 0


1 2.03 1779 1830

1 0.90 1779 1830


1.80 1779 1830


1 0.60 1775 1820


1 2.03 1775 1820


1 0.10 1780 1830







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


Cnt Weight Dates


Comments


REDWARENG Redware,
British
SALTGLZGRY Saltglaze, Grey
SJD St. Johns
Decorated
SMD San Marcos -
Decorated
TABBY Tabby
TABBY Tabby
** Subtotal **


1 0.80


0 0


0.50 1675 1800
0.50 0 0 CHECKSTAMP


1 3.10


0 0 SIMPLE STAMPED


0.90
241.50


321 1380.30 15814 ****







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


** Field Specimen Number 1.0031
BONE Bone
COAL Coal 5(
COAL Coal 51
GLASS Glass
GLASS Glass
GLASS Glass
IRFRG Iron fragments, 1!
UID
MARBLE Toy Marble
MILKGLASS Milkglass
NAILUID Nail, UID
PIPES Pipe Stem
PW Pearlware,
Plain
** Subtotal **


Cnt Weight Dates


1.03
109.01
63.02
2.07
1.02
1.02
26.08

2.70
0.05
25.00
3.50
0.08


0
0
0
0
1779


Comments



0
0
0 MIX SLAG
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0 BROKEN BELOW SHANK
1830


138 234.58 1779 1830







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


** Field SpE
ABOPOLY
BONE
BONE
COAL
COAL
CW

FAIENCE
GLASFLAT
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
IRFRG

IRFRG

IRFRG

MAJOLICUID


MILKGLASS
MILKGLASS
NAILUID
PW

SCREWM
SJP

SLAG
TABBY
TABBY
UIDOBJ

UNGLZCEW


WW

WWFB

** Subtotal


Cnt Weight Dates


ecimen Number 1.004'
Abo Polychrome 1
Bone 0
Bone 5
Coal 0
Coal 40


1


0.10
7.40
2.02
290.10
35.00
0.90

3.80
3.00
22.80
2.10
5.50
1.80
14.90


3 2.04

7 21.50


1650
0
0
0
0
1762

1500
0
0
0
0
0
0


Comments


1750
0
0
0
0
1820

1800
0
0
0
0
0
0


MIX SLAG




BOTTLE


0 0

0 0


1 0.90 1500 1600


Creamware,
Plain
Faience
Window Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Iron fragments,
UID
Iron fragments,
UID
Iron fragments,
UID
Majolica,
Manganese on
White UID
Milkglass
Milkglass
Nail, UID
Pearlware,
Plain
Screw, metal
St. Johns,
Plain
Slag
Tabby
Tabby
Unidentified
Object
Course Unglazed
Earthenware,
UID
Whiteware,
Plain
Whiteware, Flow
Blue
**


0
0
0
1779


1 162.70
1 4.70

2 37.40
.5 209.00
.2 63.10
5 225.10

1 40.50


0
0
0
1830

0
0

0
0
0
0


0 0


1 0.50 1820 1920

1 0.80 1820 1870


195 1194.66 11831 ****


1.30
0.03
34.60
1.07







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


** Field Sp(
ABOST
ABOST
BOLT
BONE
BONE
BONE
BOTTLE
BRICK
BRICKGL
BRICKUID
CASING
CASTILLO

COAL
COAL
COAL
COAL
COQUINA

CW

CW

GLASFLAT
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS

IRFRG

IRFRG

LEADGCE16A



MILKGLASS
NAILUID
NAILUID
NAILUID
OYSTER
OYSTER
PLASTER
POREUR


Cnt Weight Dates


ecimen Number 1.005


3.04
2.80
7.00
0.03
10.00
23.00
43.00
4.60
1.70
87.50
0.70
1.40


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1680


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1710


Sand tempered
Sand tempered
Bolt
Bone
Bone
Bone
Bottle, UID
Brick
Glazed Brick
Brick, UID
Shell casing
Castillo
Polychrome
Coal
Coal
Coal
Coal


Creamware,
Plain
Creamware,
Plain
Window Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass

Iron fragments,
UID
Iron fragments,
UID
Lead Glazed
Coarse
Earthenware,
Brn
Milkglass
Nail, UID
Nail, UID
Nail, UID
Oyster
Oyster
Plaster
Porcelain, UID
European


1 1.04 1762 1820

3 2.30 1762 1820


25.01
91.50
5.80
0.07
23.01
46.02
29.03
12.04
3.57


25 30.90 0

60 130.08 0

1 1.09 1500


0.01
47.00
162.07
18.04
92.50
740.00
49.30
7.01


Comments


NUT ATTACHED
DRUMFISH

1 FISH VERTEBRE
HAND APPLIED LIP







DISCARDED
BURNT
BURNT
COQUINA,TABBY
DISCARD
YELLOW POOLING


OXIDIZED


BASE MEDICINE
BOTTLE


0

0

0


2 WITH WHITEWASH


496.40
1340.00
65.80
79.06
488.50







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


Cnt Weight Dates


Comments


POROR Po
Or
PW Pe
P1
PW Pe
P1
PW Pe
P1
PWANNULAR Pe
An
PWMO Pe
Mo
PWTP Pe
Tr
PWTP Pe
Tr
PWUID Pe
RUBBLE

SALTGLZSCR
SJP St
P1
SLIPW Sl
li
(B
SMD Sa
De
SMP Sa
pl
SPIKEUID Sp
TABBY Ta
UID UTIL.
UID UTIL.
** Subtotal **


rcelain,
iental
arlware,
ain
arlware,
ain
arlware,
ain
arlware,
nular


UID


arlware,
cha
arlware,
ansfer print
arlware,
ansfer print
arlware, UID



. Johns,
ain
ipware, UID
ght paste
ritish)
n Marcos -
corated
n Marcos,
ain
ike, UID
bby


1 0.01


0 0


3 6.50 1779 1830

9 14.05 1779 1830 1 HAS BLUE

1 0.02 1779 1830

1 2.00 1785 1830

1 0.06 1799 1830

10 5.02 1780 1830 THREE BLACK,WHITE


1.60 1780 1830


0.06
1130.00

9.01
2.40


178


174


1 2.50


1 2.00

1 2.00


50.55
2930.00
5.90
5.00


0
0


1830
0


BALLEST,COQUINA,TAB


4 1775
0 0

0 0


0 0

0 0 GRIT TEMPERED


FLOOR
UTILITARIAN UID
UID UTILITARIAN


392 8340.60 22709 ****







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


** Field Sp
BONE
BONE
BONE
BUTTON
CASING
COAL
CW

DOLL
GLASFLAT
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS

GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
IRFRG

LEADGCE


MEXCITYUID

MEXRED

MINIBALL
NAILSQUID
NAILSQUID
NAILUID
OJ

OJGLZ

OYSTER
PIPES
POROR

PORPOW

PUEBW
PWHP


PWHP


Cnt Weight Dates


ecimen Number 1.006


Bone
Bone
Bone
Button
Shell casing
Coal
Creamware,
Plain
Doll
Window Glass

Glass
Glass

Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Iron fragments,
UID
Lead Glazed
Coarse
Earthenware
Mexico City
Common UID
Mexican Red
Painted or Film
Minie Ball
Square Nail UID
Square Nail UID
Nail, UID
Olive Jar UID
(unglazed)
Olive Jar UID
(glazed)
Oyster
Pipe Stem
Porcelain, UID
Oriental
Porcelain,
Powder Blue
Puebla B/W
Pearlware, Hand
Painted Early
B/W
Pearlware, Hand
Painted Early


0.70
49.80
3.10
1.00
1.60
720.00
2.50


0
0
0
0
0
0
1762


1.00
15.12
26.60
12.10
7.10


5 5.20
5 31.50
2 1.10
9 7.00
4 15.20
1 0.20
3 9.80
4 144.30

1 1.30


1 1.30


0
0
0
0
0
0
1820


Comments


BURNT
4 HOLE

DISCARDED


DOLL ARM

BOTTLE

1 BASE,1 FRAG
CHICAGO





SOIL SAMPLE


0 0 SOIL SAMPLE


0 0


2 1.30 1550 1750


30.20
1.50
2.50
128.70
2.70


1 2.20


240.00
1.30
4.30


1 1.10 1710 1750


SOIL SAMPLE
SOIL SAMPLE


0 0


2 POSSIBLE
HANDLES,CUPS


0.90 1700 1850
1.60 1775 1820


2 1.30 1775 1820







B/W







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


PWSH

PWTP

PWTP

RUBBLE

SLIPW


SMP

SPIKEUID
WW

** Subtotal


Pearlware,
Shell edge
Pearlware,
Transfer print
Pearlware,
Transfer print


Slipware, UID
light paste
(British)
San Marcos,
plain
Spike, UID
Whiteware,
Plain
**


Cnt Weight Dates


1 2.70 1780 1830

1 6.50 1780 1830

1 0.70 1780 1830


0 2270.00

1 1.80


3 3.20


25.20
3.50


Comments


0 0 COQUINA,TABBY
DISCARDED
0 0


0 0

0 0
1820 1920


236 3790.72 17432 ****







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Cnt Weight Dates


** Field Specimen Number 1.007k
ABOPOLY 1
BONE Bone 2
CHARCOAL Charcoal 6
COAL Coal 6


COQUINA
CW

GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
IRFRG

NAILUID
OYSTER
PEBBLE
PENCIL
POROR

PWSH

SALTGLZSCR

SLAG
SLIPW


SLIPW


SMD

TACK
** Subtotal


Coquina stone
Creamware,
Plain
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Iron fragments,
UID
Nail, UID
Oyster
Pebble
Pencil
Porcelain, UID
Oriental
Pearlware,
Shell edge
Scratch Blue
saltglaze
Slag
Slipware, UID
light paste
(British)
Slipware, UID
light paste
(British)
San Marcos -
Decorated
Tack
**


0
1


0.30
7.40
1.80
10.80
1500.00
1.00

1.70
6.00
0.70
0.80
2.50

24.20
111.20
530.00
0.50
0.60


0
0
0
0
0
1762


Comments


0
0
0
0
0
1820


ABO POLYCHROME


BURNT

RAISED DECORATION
ON RIM



OXIDIZED



1 CLAM
BALLET


1 2.60 1780 1830

1 10.00 1744 1775


0.50
0.30


1 0.20


1 1.80

1 0.80


0 0


0 0

0 0


51 2215.70 5286 5425


Item Code







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


Cnt Weight Dates


Comments


** Field Specimen Number 1.008
BEADRAS Bead, Raspberry
BONE Bone 1i
BRICK Brick
BRICK Brick
COAL Coal
DELFT Delftware,


FAIENCE
GLASFLAT
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
HARMONICA
IRFRG

IRFRG

IRFRG

MEXRED

MILKGLASS
NAILCUT
NAILUID
OJ

OJ

OYSTER
PEBBLE
PLASTER
PLASTER
PUEBW
PW

PWTP

SMD

SMP

SPIKEUID
SSJ

UID UTIL
** Subtotal


Dutch
Faience
Window Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Harmonica
Iron fragments,
UID
Iron fragments,
UID
Iron fragments,
UID
Mexican Red
Painted or Film
Milkglass
Cut Nail
Nail, UID
Olive Jar UID
(unglazed)
Olive Jar UID
(unglazed)
Oyster
Pebble
Plaster
Plaster
Puebla B/W
Pearlware,
Plain
Pearlware,
Transfer print
San Marcos -
Decorated
San Marcos,
plain
Spike, UID
Spanish Storage
Jar


0.50
88.70
0.40
1220.00
186.10
0.70

2.10
10.00
15.50
30.60
218.00
12.80
16.20
0.10


30 50.70

2 1.80


0
0
0
0
0
1500

1500
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


0
0
0
0
0
1800

1800
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


SOUND BOARD


0 0

0 0


1 1.00 1550 1750


0.70
3.60
59.60
35.70


1 2.00


200.50
1550.00
177.50
45.00
0.30
0.60


0
1790
0
0


CUT NAIL WITH HEAD


0 0


0
0
0
0
1700
1779


0
0
0
0
1850
1830


BALLET
WHITEWASHED
YELLOW PAINT


1 1.40 1780 1830


7 19.70

1 0.30


19.30
74.20


3 1.00


0 0 1 CHECK STAMP

0 0


0 0
1500 1800


LARGE SHERD


0 0 UTILITARIAN UID


145 4046.60 13099 ****







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


Cnt Weight Dates


Comments


** Field
BONE
BONE
BRICK
COAL
COQ
CW

ELMORRO
GLASFLAT
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
IRFRG

LEADGCE


NAILUID
OJ

OJ

OYSTER
PIPES
PLASTER
PLASTER
PORPOW

PUEBW
PW

** Subtot1


Specimen Number 1.009
Bone
Bone
Brick


Coal
Coquina stone
Creamware,
Plain
I El Morro-b
Window Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass-
Iron fragments,
UID
Lead Glazed
Coarse
Earthenware
Nail, UID
Olive Jar UID
(unglazed)
Olive Jar UID/

Oyster
_P.ipe Stem
Plaster
Plaster
Porcelain,
Powder Blue
Puebla B/W
SPearlware,
-Plain
al **


1.10
2.10
16.40
182.60
1450.00
2.50

7.10
2.50
12.80
28.70
9.10
0.70
25.70


1 0.40


0
0
0
0
0
1762

1550
0
0
0
0
0
0

0


0
0
0
0
0
1820

1770
0
0
0
0
0
0

0


ANIMAL
PIG
FRAGS


40.10
1.10


3 26.70


61.10
2.00
10.30
11.90
0.90


0 0


0
0
0
0
1710


0
0
0
0
1750


0.70 1700 1850
0.90 1779 1830


1 4, 1 5

YELLOW PAINT



BLUE POOL


73 1897.40 8501 9020


-Ih


r~ok F1
i/-p







Page No.
05/29/94


Government House Excavation
Project Number 1993.001


Item Code


** Field Sp
BONE
BRICK
BUTTON
COAL
CROCK

GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
GLASS
IRFRG

MEXRED

MILKGLASS
NAILUID
NONLOCAL

OJ

OJ

OYSTER
PEBBLE
PORPOW

PW

PWSH

PWTP

SALTGLZ

SJP

SMD

SMD

TACK
** Subtotal


Cnt Weight Dates


ecimen Number 1.010-
Bone 9
Brick 4
Button 1
Coal 1
Crock, 19th 1
century
Glass 1
Glass 2
Glass 2


Glass
Iron fragments,
UID
Mexican Red
Painted or Film
Milkglass
Nail, UID


Olive Jar UID
(unglazed)
Olive Jar UID
(unglazed)
Oyster
Pebble
Porcelain,
Powder Blue
Pearlware,
Plain
Pearlware,
Shell edge
Pearlware,
Transfer print
Saltglaze,
White
St. Johns,
Plain
San Marcos -
Decorated
San Marcos -
Decorated
Tack
**


27.60
27.90
0.30
3.60
1.40

2.60
4.20
0.70
0.50
44.00


0
0
0
0
1800


Comments


1 EMBEDDED IN TABBY


BURNT


FRAG


BURNT


1 0.80 1550 1750


1.30
21.40
5.90


0 0


2 16.70

3 13.00


327.60
1300.00
0.30


SHELL TEMPER, NON
LOCAL


0 0 FRAG


0
0
1710


0
0
1750


MIX CLAMS
BALLEST


1 0.30 1779 1830 BLUE POOL

1 0.30 1780 1830

1 0.30 1780 1830

1 1.00 1710 1776


1 0.40

4 7.30

11 32.80

1 5.30


0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0


71 1847.50 12109 ****