The Gallegos House

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Material Information

Title:
The Gallegos House Historic St. Augustine
Series Title:
St. Augustine Restoration, Inc. Interpretive Material
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Publisher:
Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board
Physical Location:
Box: 1SW6
Divider: [St. Augustine Restoration, Inc. Interpretive Material]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Saint Augustine (Fla.)
21 Saint George Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Gallegos House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 21 Saint George Street
Coordinates:
29.897052 x -81.313361

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
B7-L1
System ID:
USACH00001:00007


This item is only available as the following downloads:


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This is a simple house of the first Spanish period
in St. Augustine's history (1565-1763), the type in
which most average citizens dwelt at the time. It
was originally built in 1720, and is shown on a 1764
Spanish map as a masonry residence belonging to
Juan Garcia Martinez Gallegos. A later map, dated
1788, indicates a timber-frame house owned by Lucia
Escalona had been built on the lot.


Authentic methods of construction were used in
re-creating the old Spanish colonial home on its ori -
ginal site as the visitor sees it today. Oyster-shell
concrete, known as "tabby" (a corruption of the
Spanish word "tapia"), common until 1763 but not
employed thereafter, was used for walls, floor and
flat roof. The house has only two rooms, cooking
having been done on the porch or in the yard. Case -
ment windows are typically Spanish, though in the
original version there were probably only wooden
shutters. No openings were made in the north wall,
to keep out wintry winds. The door and loggia are
on the south, entry from the street being through a
gateway into the patio as with similar houses in
Spain. Garden, fruit trees, and shed all lie within
the walled area for security and privacy, as does
the cypress-pole fence surrounding the usual chicken
yard; most citizens of the old garrison town of neces-
sity raised much of their own food.













Presently the Gallegos House, being the restored
structure nearestthe City Gates, serves as the Infor -
mation Center for the state's Historic Preservation
area. Here in the former living-room of the house
the visitor may plan the day's sightseeing on a wall -
sized picture map, with explanations bythe costumed
hostess. In the back room, normally the bedroom,
one side has been left without a moisture sealing
plaster coating to reveal the successive layers of
slow-setting tabby which comprise the house. Also
onthis wall is a photographic enlargement of the 1788
map from the second Spanish period, showing pro -
perty lines and buildings, which has proved invaluable
in establishing precise locations for archaeological
and reconstruction work, each plot being numbered,
named, and described in addition to being drawn to
scale.


Photographic displays throughout the building give
the visitor glimpses of the many sights to see in the
area: exhibits, craft demonstrations, the Spanish
Inn, the restored Military Hospital, and a multitude
of others. An additional panel contains samples of
handcrafted objects made and available for purchase
in the Area. Books and pamphlets dealing with
various aspects of the project can be obtained here,
as well as tickets for admission to these buildings
for which an entry fee is charged.













Owned and operated by:

HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE
PRESERVATION BOARD
Division of Cultural Affairs
Department of State
Florida




Full Text







Presently the Gallegos House, being the restored

structure nearest the City Gates, serves as. the Ifor nation Center for the state's Historic Preservtion area. Here in the former living-room of the house the visitor may planthe day' s si seeing on a wall sized picture map, with explanations bythe Costumed.
hostess. Inthe back room normal the bedroom,
one side has been left Without a moisture- sealing pas.ter coating to revealthe successive layers of
4g

on ths wall is a photographic enlargementof the 1788 ..... map from the second Spansh perod, showing.pro

perty lines and building s, which has proved invaluable inestalishing precise locations for archaeologcal an reconstruction work, each plot being nmbe red, named,. and described in addition to being drawnbto



Photographic displays throughout the building give
the visito-r glmpses of the many sights to see in the areas. exhibts. craft demonstrations the. Spanish< Inn, the restored Miitary Hospital, and a multitude
.sofv ster... An additional pane.lcontinls o.I.i











handcrafted obje cts made and availble for pu h~ s

in the Area.. Books aynd pamphlts.e.n witn .aiou. aspects of the project can be obtained pr~ ~ as w.ell as tickets for admission totesebute. ilding s for which an entry fe s charged it ~~ Y.
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This isJ 'smple house of the firtSpaishperiod in4 St.-4 uustie, history 5 763, e which most average citizens. dwelt at the time.It ;,
wasori"g nallybuilt.- in'.1720,. andis shownon a' 1764 'Spa sh map as a masony residence b.elogn to Juan. Garcia Martinez Gallegos. A later map, dat.d 178 dates a tiiber-frartie house owned by LuCia .Escalona hadbeen built on the lot.,


.Authentic metods of construction were.used in
a g* Sp 0...... ........
re-creating the old Spanish colonial home on its ori
s t s s Si tod -yster-sh
cnreT. kion s a orru tion oft

Sai wr "apia"), common ,until, 173b.t.not
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S. ed thereafter was used for walls, floor anl. flat .roof. Thehouse has only two rooms, cookin........ aing been done. on the. porch br tn the yard. "se. ... nt indow s are typically Spanish tho augh 1 oigia~l.version the were probably only wooden

shter No openings were made in the north ,wall.,-l tkeep; outwintry winds. The door and log are onth south,. entry from the street being through a
g, atwa ino the ,ptio as with similar house son ine' : Spain. Garden, :fruit trees, and shed l e w
thewaled ,area for seuit and pivcy a's d...oes thecyh.ensspole fence su.rrou.ndtirn usual eochicken t.....
.l .... Th.o......Iy j r cookip.> .,
Smst......i.. zdns of. the oldga o .n t.o yw. ne.s6..
sityrapised muchso there wn afood.
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