Spanish Military Hospital

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Spanish Military Hospital Historic St. Augustine
Series Title:
St. Augustine Restoration, Inc. Interpretive Material
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Publisher:
Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board
Physical Location:
Box: 1SW6
Divider: [St. Augustine Restoration, Inc. Interpretive Material]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Saint Augustine (Fla.)
3 Aviles Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spanish Military Hospital (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 3 Aviles Street
Coordinates:
29.891837 x -81.311598

Notes

General Note:
3.71

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
B28-L2&4
System ID:
USACH00001:00004


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
'PAN ISN
YIILITAQV
HNOSDITlL


1I Istopie
St.
cAugustin0


I k -








On the west side of Aviles street near the plaza
there stood in the 18th century a Spanish military
hospital. During the British occupation of St. Aug -
ustine 1763 1783 a Scottish carpenter and builder
named William Watson purchased and remodeled into
a dwelling a stable which stood opposite it. Soon
thereafter he built a new house a few steps to the
southeast (Watson House), and his former residence
was remade into a convalescei.t home. Not long after
the Spaniards retook possession of the town a fire
destroyed the hospital. In 1791 the government pur-
chased the convalescent home and modified it for use
as a military hospital. This present structure is a
restoration of that historic edifice on its original site.



Above the main entrance the visitor first sees the
coat-of-arms of Charles IV, king of Spain during the
late 18th century. Entering the building one notices
first the apothecary shop with its pharmacist sur-
rounded by antique drug jars from Spain; in historic
times the resident apothecary had to grow his own
herbs and/or gather wild ones. On the counter is a
modern replica of a traditional mortar and pestle.
Behind the grille is visible an old Spanish marble
pill rolling slab, with marks for slicing pills from
a cylinder of medicinal material, some of which
would have been ground in the small bronze 18th cen-
tury mortar beside it. The book is an 18th-century
French volume of prescriptions, many of which are
in Latin. An antique balance scale with weights
Completes the main working area. Beyond it.in the
glass-topped case are 19th century doctors' bleeding
knives for letting blood from veins.




-. t "




Beyond the antique Spanish floor-chest and modern
reproduction reed chair can be seen the darkened
morgue, where relatives and friends of a dead soldier
might pray and burn candles for the traditional 24-
hour period. A grieving young lady in black sits, fan
and rosary at hand, beside the deceased. He, in
dress uniform, lies in an antique mortuary bed
brought from Spain; the sides are hinged to facilitate
movement of the body from stretcher to bed and bed
to coffin. The iron candle brackets are reproduc -
tions made in our -blacksmith shop.




Next is the doctors' office, where operations were
also performed. All furnishings except the bed are
18th century antiques. Here the resident physician
prepares further bandagirig of a soldier patient. Out-
side the door is the official bulletin board, on which
may be seen translations of excerpts from the Span-
ish Royal Army Medical Corps'regulations as to .per-
sorinel and their duties.




The large room beyond is the Officers' Ward,
being bigger, lighter, and airier than the rest and
including a table for eating and card playing. Hung
on one.of the wall clothing -pegs is an antique bed-
wrench for periodic tightening of ropes supporting.
the straw-filled mattresses. There is a door to the
loggia outside for use when weather permitted. A
water-jar and dipper stands in the corner. A toilet-
box with jar rests against the south wall. Each bed
is equipped with the necessary T bar and mosquito
net. The fireplace is used both for warmth and for




.* -* ,: -. .' ..... ...' .. ., .. '- '
- - - -.







heating water in the old kettle. A portrait of a saint
overlooks the room.




Through the next door is the Enlisted Men's Ward,
with beds for sergeants and corporals, a long shelf
for lowly privates (built for four butin an emergency
could accommodate eight). The ward attendant per -
forms nursing duties for the three patients, each
with different ailments. Minimum accessory items
are mosquito nets, toilet box, and candle holders.

****

At the rear of the building is located the Isolation
Ward, with two patients. Besides the standard fea-
tures this room also has floor --length white draw-
.curtains," pulledwhen the Governor or any other visi-
tor not previously exposed visited and/or inspected
the hospital, to prevent contagion. The stairway
leads to the second floor, historically the living quar -
ters for attendants and employees. Current plans call
for conversion of the upper story to a Museumof.
Florida Medical History as soon as sufficient funds
are found.


Owned and operated by:

HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE
PRESERVATION BOARD
Division of Cultural Affairs
Department of State
Florida

3. 71 -



-" -2
.. .. ,'-'" < .. ;




'PAN ISN
YIILITAQV
HNOSDITlL


1I Istopie
St.
cAugustin0


I k -








On the west side of Aviles street near the plaza
there stood in the 18th century a Spanish military
hospital. During the British occupation of St. Aug -
ustine 1763 1783 a Scottish carpenter and builder
named William Watson purchased and remodeled into
a dwelling a stable which stood opposite it. Soon
thereafter he built a new house a few steps to the
southeast (Watson House), and his former residence
was remade into a convalescei.t home. Not long after
the Spaniards retook possession of the town a fire
destroyed the hospital. In 1791 the government pur-
chased the convalescent home and modified it for use
as a military hospital. This present structure is a
restoration of that historic edifice on its original site.



Above the main entrance the visitor first sees the
coat-of-arms of Charles IV, king of Spain during the
late 18th century. Entering the building one notices
first the apothecary shop with its pharmacist sur-
rounded by antique drug jars from Spain; in historic
times the resident apothecary had to grow his own
herbs and/or gather wild ones. On the counter is a
modern replica of a traditional mortar and pestle.
Behind the grille is visible an old Spanish marble
pill rolling slab, with marks for slicing pills from
a cylinder of medicinal material, some of which
would have been ground in the small bronze 18th cen-
tury mortar beside it. The book is an 18th-century
French volume of prescriptions, many of which are
in Latin. An antique balance scale with weights
Completes the main working area. Beyond it.in the
glass-topped case are 19th century doctors' bleeding
knives for letting blood from veins.




-. t "




Beyond the antique Spanish floor-chest and modern
reproduction reed chair can be seen the darkened
morgue, where relatives and friends of a dead soldier
might pray and burn candles for the traditional 24-
hour period. A grieving young lady in black sits, fan
and rosary at hand, beside the deceased. He, in
dress uniform, lies in an antique mortuary bed
brought from Spain; the sides are hinged to facilitate
movement of the body from stretcher to bed and bed
to coffin. The iron candle brackets are reproduc -
tions made in our -blacksmith shop.




Next is the doctors' office, where operations were
also performed. All furnishings except the bed are
18th century antiques. Here the resident physician
prepares further bandagirig of a soldier patient. Out-
side the door is the official bulletin board, on which
may be seen translations of excerpts from the Span-
ish Royal Army Medical Corps'regulations as to .per-
sorinel and their duties.




The large room beyond is the Officers' Ward,
being bigger, lighter, and airier than the rest and
including a table for eating and card playing. Hung
on one.of the wall clothing -pegs is an antique bed-
wrench for periodic tightening of ropes supporting.
the straw-filled mattresses. There is a door to the
loggia outside for use when weather permitted. A
water-jar and dipper stands in the corner. A toilet-
box with jar rests against the south wall. Each bed
is equipped with the necessary T bar and mosquito
net. The fireplace is used both for warmth and for




.* -* ,: -. .' ..... ...' .. ., .. '- '
- - - -.







heating water in the old kettle. A portrait of a saint
overlooks the room.




Through the next door is the Enlisted Men's Ward,
with beds for sergeants and corporals, a long shelf
for lowly privates (built for four butin an emergency
could accommodate eight). The ward attendant per -
forms nursing duties for the three patients, each
with different ailments. Minimum accessory items
are mosquito nets, toilet box, and candle holders.

****

At the rear of the building is located the Isolation
Ward, with two patients. Besides the standard fea-
tures this room also has floor --length white draw-
.curtains," pulledwhen the Governor or any other visi-
tor not previously exposed visited and/or inspected
the hospital, to prevent contagion. The stairway
leads to the second floor, historically the living quar -
ters for attendants and employees. Current plans call
for conversion of the upper story to a Museumof.
Florida Medical History as soon as sufficient funds
are found.


Owned and operated by:

HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE
PRESERVATION BOARD
Division of Cultural Affairs
Department of State
Florida

3. 71 -



-" -2
.. .. ,'-'" < .. ;




'PAN ISN
YIILITAQV
HNOSDITlL


1I Istopie
St.
cAugustin0


I k -








On the west side of Aviles street near the plaza
there stood in the 18th century a Spanish military
hospital. During the British occupation of St. Aug -
ustine 1763 1783 a Scottish carpenter and builder
named William Watson purchased and remodeled into
a dwelling a stable which stood opposite it. Soon
thereafter he built a new house a few steps to the
southeast (Watson House), and his former residence
was remade into a convalescei.t home. Not long after
the Spaniards retook possession of the town a fire
destroyed the hospital. In 1791 the government pur-
chased the convalescent home and modified it for use
as a military hospital. This present structure is a
restoration of that historic edifice on its original site.



Above the main entrance the visitor first sees the
coat-of-arms of Charles IV, king of Spain during the
late 18th century. Entering the building one notices
first the apothecary shop with its pharmacist sur-
rounded by antique drug jars from Spain; in historic
times the resident apothecary had to grow his own
herbs and/or gather wild ones. On the counter is a
modern replica of a traditional mortar and pestle.
Behind the grille is visible an old Spanish marble
pill rolling slab, with marks for slicing pills from
a cylinder of medicinal material, some of which
would have been ground in the small bronze 18th cen-
tury mortar beside it. The book is an 18th-century
French volume of prescriptions, many of which are
in Latin. An antique balance scale with weights
Completes the main working area. Beyond it.in the
glass-topped case are 19th century doctors' bleeding
knives for letting blood from veins.




-. t "




Beyond the antique Spanish floor-chest and modern
reproduction reed chair can be seen the darkened
morgue, where relatives and friends of a dead soldier
might pray and burn candles for the traditional 24-
hour period. A grieving young lady in black sits, fan
and rosary at hand, beside the deceased. He, in
dress uniform, lies in an antique mortuary bed
brought from Spain; the sides are hinged to facilitate
movement of the body from stretcher to bed and bed
to coffin. The iron candle brackets are reproduc -
tions made in our -blacksmith shop.




Next is the doctors' office, where operations were
also performed. All furnishings except the bed are
18th century antiques. Here the resident physician
prepares further bandagirig of a soldier patient. Out-
side the door is the official bulletin board, on which
may be seen translations of excerpts from the Span-
ish Royal Army Medical Corps'regulations as to .per-
sorinel and their duties.




The large room beyond is the Officers' Ward,
being bigger, lighter, and airier than the rest and
including a table for eating and card playing. Hung
on one.of the wall clothing -pegs is an antique bed-
wrench for periodic tightening of ropes supporting.
the straw-filled mattresses. There is a door to the
loggia outside for use when weather permitted. A
water-jar and dipper stands in the corner. A toilet-
box with jar rests against the south wall. Each bed
is equipped with the necessary T bar and mosquito
net. The fireplace is used both for warmth and for




.* -* ,: -. .' ..... ...' .. ., .. '- '
- - - -.







heating water in the old kettle. A portrait of a saint
overlooks the room.




Through the next door is the Enlisted Men's Ward,
with beds for sergeants and corporals, a long shelf
for lowly privates (built for four butin an emergency
could accommodate eight). The ward attendant per -
forms nursing duties for the three patients, each
with different ailments. Minimum accessory items
are mosquito nets, toilet box, and candle holders.

****

At the rear of the building is located the Isolation
Ward, with two patients. Besides the standard fea-
tures this room also has floor --length white draw-
.curtains," pulledwhen the Governor or any other visi-
tor not previously exposed visited and/or inspected
the hospital, to prevent contagion. The stairway
leads to the second floor, historically the living quar -
ters for attendants and employees. Current plans call
for conversion of the upper story to a Museumof.
Florida Medical History as soon as sufficient funds
are found.


Owned and operated by:

HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE
PRESERVATION BOARD
Division of Cultural Affairs
Department of State
Florida

3. 71 -



-" -2
.. .. ,'-'" < .. ;




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