Protest on the Fence Line

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Protest on the Fence Line Structure, Agency, and the Defense of Community against Petrochemical Pollution
Physical Description:
1 online resource (182 p.)
Language:
english
Creator:
Adams, Alison Eve
Publisher:
University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Thesis/Dissertation Information

Degree:
Doctorate ( Ph.D.)
Degree Grantor:
University of Florida
Degree Disciplines:
Sociology, Sociology and Criminology & Law
Committee Chair:
BROAD-WRIGHT,KENDAL L
Committee Co-Chair:
PERZ,STEPHEN GEORGE
Committee Members:
GATTONE,CHARLES F
FLOCKS,JOAN D
SHRIVER,TOMMY EUGENE

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
community -- contamination -- environmental-sociology -- social-movements
Sociology and Criminology & Law -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre:
Sociology thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract:
Recent social movement research has highlighted the importance of synthesizing structural and cultural social movement theories. Yet, how this synthetic approach plays out in environmental organizing remains unclear, particularly in the case of grassroots resistance to environmental contamination. Using the case of Ponca City, Oklahoma, this project examines how grassroots environmental movements mobilize against hegemonic institutions to contest meaning and responsibility in cases of environmental threats to human health. The data for this project include in-depth interviews, extensive newspaper coverage of the controversy surrounding petrochemical pollution in Ponca City, and archival materials. This research draws on two important theoretical frameworks. The multi-institutional politics approach acknowledges the significant power and influence of corporate businesses in shaping social movement emergence, mobilization, and outcomes. This study also draws on theoretical literature regarding industrial contamination, which provides explanatory power for grassroots challenges to powerful polluters. Thus, rooted in the multi-institutional politics approach as well as the literature on contaminated communities, this study examines: 1) how grassroots environmental movements engage with salient institutions in cases of community contamination; 2) the strategies and tactics grassroots environmental movements utilize when institutional avenues to addressing contamination issues are limited; and 3) how the tactical interplay between hegemonic institutions and grassroots groups plays out in cases of ambiguous pollution. Findings reveal that while the grassroots group initially employed institutional strategies in attempts to convince various elites to address the contamination, institutional elites responded with indifference or by ignoring the activists' claims. This lack of response served to radicalize the members of the group and they shifted to a repertoire of extra-institutional tactics in order to demand a buyout from elites. However, these extra-institutional tactics escalated the responses from elite institutions, and a series of severe retaliatory tactics were levied at the activists. Despite the escalation in tactical interplay, the activists were ultimately successful in pressing the corporate polluter for a complete residential buyout in 1990. This research concludes by discussing the implications of this study for advancing how researchers approach environmental contamination case studies, as well as how they make connections between structure and agency in these controversies.
General Note:
In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note:
Includes vita.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description:
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description:
This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Alison Eve Adams.
Thesis:
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2014.
Local:
Adviser: BROAD-WRIGHT,KENDAL L.
Local:
Co-adviser: PERZ,STEPHEN GEORGE.
Electronic Access:
RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2016-05-31

Record Information

Source Institution:
UFRGP
Rights Management:
Applicable rights reserved.
Classification:
lcc - LD1780 2014
System ID:
UFE0046658:00001