Redefining the Problem

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Redefining the Problem Socioeconomic Predictors of Mortality for Adults with Intellectual Disability
Physical Description:
1 online resource (325 p.)
Language:
english
Creator:
Landes, Scott D
Publisher:
University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Thesis/Dissertation Information

Degree:
Doctorate ( Ph.D.)
Degree Grantor:
University of Florida
Degree Disciplines:
Sociology, Sociology and Criminology & Law
Committee Chair:
ARDELT,MONIKA
Committee Co-Chair:
KOROPECKYJ-COX,TATYANA M
Committee Members:
ZSEMBIK,BARBARA ANN
PEEK,CHARLES W,IV
BARNETT,TRACEY E

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
disability -- mortality -- sociology
Sociology and Criminology & Law -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre:
Sociology thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract:
Background: Scholars suggest that socioeconomic disparities are likely causes of poor health and premature mortality for persons with intellectual disability. Yet mortality research on this population has not provided a proper theoretical framework for this contention or provided empirical evidence that education, employment status, and income are associated with mortality risk for adults with intellectual disability. Objective: The primary aim of this dissertation was to investigate whether socioeconomic disparities predicted differential mortality risks among adults with intellectual disability living in the United States. As part of this effort, a secondary aim was to provide a theoretical foundation for exploring the possible effects of socioeconomic status on mortality in the lives of those with intellectual disability. Methods: Data were analyzed from the 1997 to 2004 National Health Interview Survey linked with the National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality Files that match death certificate records from the National Death Index through 2006. Discrete time hazards modeling was initially utilized to estimate the effects of education, employment status and income level, as well as demographic and health related measures on mortality risk for adults with and without intellectual disability. After analyzing each group separately, analysis was utilized to determine whether lower socioeconomic status explained the mortality differential between adults with and without intellectual disability. Results: Age, level of education, and reported health status predicted mortality outcomes for adults with intellectual disability. Age, gender, level of education,employment status, reported health status and mobility limitation predicted mortality outcomes for the combined sample of adults with and without intellectual disability. The mortality differential between adults with and without intellectual disability was explained by the combination of socioeconomic and health status. Conclusions: Age, level of education, work status, and reported health status all were associated with mortality outcomes for individuals with intellectual disability. Based on these results, arguments were made for increasing public health efforts, educational opportunities, and work opportunities for adults with intellectual disability. In addition, results from analysis of the intellectual disability mortality differential lead to the conclusion that future research on mortality among adults with intellectual disability must attend to socioeconomic status, in addition to health status.
General Note:
In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note:
Includes vita.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description:
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description:
This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Scott D Landes.
Thesis:
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2014.
Local:
Adviser: ARDELT,MONIKA.
Local:
Co-adviser: KOROPECKYJ-COX,TATYANA M.
Electronic Access:
RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2016-05-31

Record Information

Source Institution:
UFRGP
Rights Management:
Applicable rights reserved.
Classification:
lcc - LD1780 2014
System ID:
UFE0046514:00001