Biomass Derived Monomers for Commodity Plastic Mimics

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Material Information

Title:
Biomass Derived Monomers for Commodity Plastic Mimics
Physical Description:
1 online resource (127 p.)
Language:
english
Creator:
Suda, Elizabeth R
Publisher:
University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Thesis/Dissertation Information

Degree:
Master's ( M.S.)
Degree Grantor:
University of Florida
Degree Disciplines:
Chemistry
Committee Chair:
MILLER,STEPHEN ALBERT
Committee Co-Chair:
WAGENER,KENNETH B
Committee Members:
SMITH,BEN W

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
biomass -- monomers -- plastics
Chemistry -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre:
Chemistry thesis, M.S.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract:
The central goal of this project is to chemically functionalize and polymerize biorenewable structures into viable and sustainable macromolecular materials. The polymeric materials we seek to synthesize will not only replace existing petroleum based materials, but will do so with improved thermal characteristics as well as prove potentially degradable. Motivation for this outcome stems from steadily increasing petroleum prices, concerns over security of oil supply and trepidations about climate change. Biomass, the only renewable source of fixed carbon, is a primary candidate for such products 1. Global interest in bio-derived and recyclable materials has increased exponentially due to the possibility for increased profitability and a positive reputation as promoting "green living" for companies. Producing biomass derived products would hopefully result not only in economically competitive products, but would do so while minimizing energy usage, chemical waste, and toxic emissions 2. The specific focus of this research is synthesizing aromatic/aliphatic based polyester monomers which will be polymerized to produce thermoplastics with thermal properties rivaling that of commercially produced polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polystyrene (PS). 13 Homovanillic acid (HVA), ferulic acid (FA), vanillic acid (VA) as well as hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA) were the monomers chosen. After functionalization, these biomass derived monomers would be attractive starting materials for both homopolymerizations and copolymerizations for obtaining A-B type copolyesters. Novel aromatic polyester copolymers were synthesized from these monomers with the intent to serve as greener alternatives to both polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polystyrene (PS). In addition, the effects of the chemical structure on the thermal properties were studied.
General Note:
In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note:
Includes vita.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description:
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description:
This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Elizabeth R Suda.
Thesis:
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Florida, 2013.
Local:
Adviser: MILLER,STEPHEN ALBERT.
Local:
Co-adviser: WAGENER,KENNETH B.
Electronic Access:
RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2015-12-31

Record Information

Source Institution:
UFRGP
Rights Management:
Applicable rights reserved.
Classification:
lcc - LD1780 2013
System ID:
UFE0046380:00001