How an Islamic Solution Became an Islamist Problem

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Material Information

Title:
How an Islamic Solution Became an Islamist Problem Education, Authoritarianism and the Politics of Opposition in Morocco
Physical Description:
1 online resource (284 p.)
Language:
english
Creator:
Wainscott, Ann M
Publisher:
University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Thesis/Dissertation Information

Degree:
Doctorate ( Ph.D.)
Degree Grantor:
University of Florida
Degree Disciplines:
Political Science
Committee Chair:
VILLALON,LEONARDO ALFONSO
Committee Co-Chair:
HOZIC,AIDA A
Committee Members:
BERNHARD,MICHAEL H
WALD,KENNETH D
JACOBS,MATTHEW FAY

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
authoritarianism -- education -- islam -- morocco
Political Science -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre:
Political Science thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract:
What are the long-term effects of reforms to a country’s educational system on party politics? How can authoritarian regimes employ public education to influence the significance of particular ideologies? In this dissertation I address these questions in the case of Morocco, an authoritarian monarchy in North Africa. Despite the waves of democratization that have swept sub-Saharan Africa and beginning in 2010, North Africa, Morocco remains under the control of a monarchy that faces very few constraints on its exercise of power. In this work, I address how the regime employed educational reforms to discourage ideological contestation and democratization, even in the midst of liberalizing reforms. I argue that fear of vibrant leftist student movements on university campuses in the midst of the Cold War led the regime to pay more attention to educational politics and specifically, to direct the country’s public school curriculum to discourage students from adopting leftist ideologies. These reforms included the closing of university departments believed to be the center of leftist ideology such as philosophy and sociology departments. At the same time, new departments of Islamic sciences were opened.Islamic sciences include a host of subjects necessary for understanding and interpreting Islamic law and doctrine. In the public schools, the hours of Islamic education were increased, while the curriculum for other subjects was rewritten to include more references to Islamic thinkers and ideologies. The state’s suppression of a major opposition movement, however, had a number of unintended consequences, including the rise of Salafist Islamist opposition groups in the 1980s and 1990s. In the twenty-first century, the state’s educational apparatus has been redirected away from supporting Salafi ideologies and toward supporting Sufism, an interpretation of Islam conceived of by the regime as more tolerant and less political. This work is based on 12 months of fieldwork in Morocco including interviews with Islamic education teachers,Ministry of Education bureaucrats, politicians, journalists and university professors as well as archival research at al-Tajdeed,the newspaper of the Parti de Justice et Democratie.
General Note:
In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note:
Includes vita.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description:
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description:
This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Ann M Wainscott.
Thesis:
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2013.
Local:
Adviser: VILLALON,LEONARDO ALFONSO.
Local:
Co-adviser: HOZIC,AIDA A.
Electronic Access:
RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2015-12-31

Record Information

Source Institution:
UFRGP
Rights Management:
Applicable rights reserved.
Classification:
lcc - LD1780 2013
System ID:
UFE0046213:00001