The Relationship of Time-of-Day Travel and Built Environment in Southeast Florida

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Material Information

Title:
The Relationship of Time-of-Day Travel and Built Environment in Southeast Florida Incorporating Parking Characteristics in Downtown Miami and Fort Lauderdale
Physical Description:
1 online resource (130 p.)
Language:
english
Creator:
Rachmat, Shanty Yulianti
Publisher:
University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Thesis/Dissertation Information

Degree:
Doctorate ( Ph.D.)
Degree Grantor:
University of Florida
Degree Disciplines:
Design, Construction, and Planning, Design, Construction and Planning
Committee Chair:
STEINER,RUTH LORRAINE
Committee Co-Chair:
ZWICK,PAUL D
Committee Members:
BLANCO,ANDRES G
SRINIVASAN,SIVARAMAKRISHNAN

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
built -- choice -- downtown -- environment -- florida -- time -- travel
Design, Construction and Planning -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre:
Design, Construction, and Planning thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract:
Urban planners, who are responsible for land use policies in urban areas, seek the capability of built environment factors to influence travelers’ behaviors.  Prior research has given less attention to the time-of-day dimension than to other dimensions.  Time-of-day choice study advances the travel demand modeling in several ways. First, policy makers need detailed information on peak hours. Second, socio-economic changes influence the travel model in specific periods. Third, it helps in the evaluation of travel demand management strategies, i.e. the ways to modify travelers’ behavior by maximizing current resources. Thus, this study seeks to understand the effects of individual built environment factors and the combination of those factors on time-of-day travel choices.  By combining these factors,this study reduces the impact of collinearity of those factors in statistical procedure.  In the Central Business District (CBD) areas, this study examines the potential of time-of-day choice to influence time-sensitive travel demand management strategies, such as time-restriction and time-variable parking pricing.  The National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) 2009 Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) add-on file is the main database used for this analysis.  Three counties, Palm Beach,Miami-Dade, and Broward, are used as a regional case study, with two CBDs—Fort Lauderdale and Miami—as specific cases. The parking inventory of these CBDs from a previous project at the University of Florida is used for this study. Using the ordered response model, this study seeks the significances of various variables, including socio-economic, trip characteristic, and built environment. This study’s results shows that built environment factors have a greater impact on time-of-day choice when considered in tandem.  Thus, the purpose of the trip—whether travelers are commuting to work or simply shopping—demonstrates the differences between choices during given periods of time. The relationship between time-of-day choice and a trip’s purpose occurs in the CBD level.  The percentage of parking spaces with time-restriction in the CBD has an effect on the time-of-day choice.  These results suggest that integration of built environment factors is important in creating land use policies to influence travelers’ behavior.  Specifically, the model recommends that local governments incorporate time-sensitive parking policies in CBD re-development.
General Note:
In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note:
Includes vita.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description:
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description:
This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Shanty Yulianti Rachmat.
Thesis:
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2014.
Local:
Adviser: STEINER,RUTH LORRAINE.
Local:
Co-adviser: ZWICK,PAUL D.
Electronic Access:
RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2016-05-31

Record Information

Source Institution:
UFRGP
Rights Management:
Applicable rights reserved.
Classification:
lcc - LD1780 2014
System ID:
UFE0046162:00001