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Japanese Climbing Fern (Lygodium Japonicum) Propagation and Invasion

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0045105/00001

Material Information

Title: Japanese Climbing Fern (Lygodium Japonicum) Propagation and Invasion Effect of Environmental Variables on Spore Germination and Consequences of Establishment for Understory Plant Communities and Habitat Quality
Physical Description: 1 online resource (70 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Ulrich, Jennifer Leslie
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2012

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: composition -- diversity -- ecology -- gametophyte -- germination -- habitat -- invasion -- light -- litter -- richness -- spore -- temperature
Interdisciplinary Ecology -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Interdisciplinary Ecology thesis, M.S.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Japanese climbing fern (Lygodium japonicum) is an invasive vine that isproblematic in forests of the southeastern United States. Improved understanding of thefern’s germination requirements might better inform early detection and preventionstrategies. In a controlled environment study, I evaluated how temperature, pine litter,and light intensity affected germination timing and success. I collected weeklygametophyte presence/absence and percent cover data from pots maintained atconsistent temperature, light, and litter regimes. I analyzed differences betweentreatments using chi-squared tests, Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, and the Wilcoxon each pairmethod. Higher temperatures spurred germination sooner than lower temperatures. Alower germination temperature threshold was reached between 10 and 15°C. Sporesunder litter germinated earlier and displayed greater gametophyte cover, especially atcolder temperatures. Light intensity did not significantly affect percentage of potscontaining gametophytes or percent cover. Much about the fern’s impact on natural systems remains unknown, including itseffect on biodiversity and habitat quality. In a field study, I compared understoryrichness, diversity, composition, and bobwhite food species cover between fern-invadedand -free plots across three longleaf pine sites. While no differences were noted forspecies richness and diversity between plot types, these parameters decreased withincreasing fern cover. Functional diversity was higher in invaded plots than free plots.Composition was different between plot types, with graminoids more associated withinvaded plots. Bobwhite food cover decreased with increasing fern cover. Managementshould include litter removal prior to temperature-dependent peak spore germinationand planting of native grasses to competitively discourage fern establishment.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Jennifer Leslie Ulrich.
Thesis: Thesis (M.S.)--University of Florida, 2012.
Local: Adviser: Bohn, Kimberly Kirsten.
Local: Co-adviser: Minogue, Patrick J.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2012
System ID: UFE0045105:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0045105/00001

Material Information

Title: Japanese Climbing Fern (Lygodium Japonicum) Propagation and Invasion Effect of Environmental Variables on Spore Germination and Consequences of Establishment for Understory Plant Communities and Habitat Quality
Physical Description: 1 online resource (70 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Ulrich, Jennifer Leslie
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2012

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: composition -- diversity -- ecology -- gametophyte -- germination -- habitat -- invasion -- light -- litter -- richness -- spore -- temperature
Interdisciplinary Ecology -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Interdisciplinary Ecology thesis, M.S.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Japanese climbing fern (Lygodium japonicum) is an invasive vine that isproblematic in forests of the southeastern United States. Improved understanding of thefern’s germination requirements might better inform early detection and preventionstrategies. In a controlled environment study, I evaluated how temperature, pine litter,and light intensity affected germination timing and success. I collected weeklygametophyte presence/absence and percent cover data from pots maintained atconsistent temperature, light, and litter regimes. I analyzed differences betweentreatments using chi-squared tests, Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, and the Wilcoxon each pairmethod. Higher temperatures spurred germination sooner than lower temperatures. Alower germination temperature threshold was reached between 10 and 15°C. Sporesunder litter germinated earlier and displayed greater gametophyte cover, especially atcolder temperatures. Light intensity did not significantly affect percentage of potscontaining gametophytes or percent cover. Much about the fern’s impact on natural systems remains unknown, including itseffect on biodiversity and habitat quality. In a field study, I compared understoryrichness, diversity, composition, and bobwhite food species cover between fern-invadedand -free plots across three longleaf pine sites. While no differences were noted forspecies richness and diversity between plot types, these parameters decreased withincreasing fern cover. Functional diversity was higher in invaded plots than free plots.Composition was different between plot types, with graminoids more associated withinvaded plots. Bobwhite food cover decreased with increasing fern cover. Managementshould include litter removal prior to temperature-dependent peak spore germinationand planting of native grasses to competitively discourage fern establishment.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Jennifer Leslie Ulrich.
Thesis: Thesis (M.S.)--University of Florida, 2012.
Local: Adviser: Bohn, Kimberly Kirsten.
Local: Co-adviser: Minogue, Patrick J.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2012
System ID: UFE0045105:00001


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PAGE 24

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