<%BANNER%>

System Justifying Beliefs and Community Service among College Students at the University of Florida

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042628/00001

Material Information

Title: System Justifying Beliefs and Community Service among College Students at the University of Florida
Physical Description: 1 online resource (99 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Monaghan, Kelly
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: community, justification, motivation, service, system, volunteer
Family, Youth and Community Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Family, Youth and Community Sciences thesis, M.S.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Community service participation is at an all-time national high. It is estimated 36% of college students participated in some form of community service in 2003 yet inequalities are still present in our social systems. This study aims to explore the relationship between community service involvement, motivation to volunteer, and system-justifying beliefs. System-justifying beliefs serve to reinforce and legitimize our surrounding systems. System-justification theory was used as a framework for this research study. The sample consists of n=892 undergraduate students at the University of Florida. A questionnaire was distributed measuring motivation to volunteer, level of involvement, and system-justifying beliefs. System-justifying beliefs were measured using four dimensions. Motivation to volunteer was measured across six dimensions. Data was analyzed using parametric and non-parametric ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Variables were also explored across comparison groups determined by level of involvement. Results show motivation to volunteer and level of involvement are both significant predictors of system-justifying beliefs at various levels of involvement. The six distinct dimensions of motivation to volunteer were also explored in regression models. Altruistic motives were found to have more of an effect on system-justifying beliefs than egoistic motives. Findings suggest future research should further explore these dimensions to volunteer with regard to system-justification. Future research should also focus on exploring the relationship between motivation to volunteer and individual dimensions of system-justification.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Kelly Monaghan.
Thesis: Thesis (M.S.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Swisher, Marilyn E.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2011-06-30

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0042628:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042628/00001

Material Information

Title: System Justifying Beliefs and Community Service among College Students at the University of Florida
Physical Description: 1 online resource (99 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Monaghan, Kelly
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: community, justification, motivation, service, system, volunteer
Family, Youth and Community Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Family, Youth and Community Sciences thesis, M.S.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Community service participation is at an all-time national high. It is estimated 36% of college students participated in some form of community service in 2003 yet inequalities are still present in our social systems. This study aims to explore the relationship between community service involvement, motivation to volunteer, and system-justifying beliefs. System-justifying beliefs serve to reinforce and legitimize our surrounding systems. System-justification theory was used as a framework for this research study. The sample consists of n=892 undergraduate students at the University of Florida. A questionnaire was distributed measuring motivation to volunteer, level of involvement, and system-justifying beliefs. System-justifying beliefs were measured using four dimensions. Motivation to volunteer was measured across six dimensions. Data was analyzed using parametric and non-parametric ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Variables were also explored across comparison groups determined by level of involvement. Results show motivation to volunteer and level of involvement are both significant predictors of system-justifying beliefs at various levels of involvement. The six distinct dimensions of motivation to volunteer were also explored in regression models. Altruistic motives were found to have more of an effect on system-justifying beliefs than egoistic motives. Findings suggest future research should further explore these dimensions to volunteer with regard to system-justification. Future research should also focus on exploring the relationship between motivation to volunteer and individual dimensions of system-justification.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Kelly Monaghan.
Thesis: Thesis (M.S.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Swisher, Marilyn E.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2011-06-30

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0042628:00001


This item has the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 11

Global Wealth

PAGE 13

Civic Participation A Call to Service

PAGE 15

Motivation to Participate Research Question

PAGE 17

H1: H2: H3:

PAGE 18

Theoretical Development Classical Perspectives Karl Marx

PAGE 19

Max Weber. Georg Simmel.

PAGE 21

Lewis Coser. Realistic Group Conflict Theory

PAGE 23

Social Identity Theory

PAGE 24

Social Dominance Theory

PAGE 26

Limitations to Social Identity Theory and Social Dominance Theory

PAGE 27

System Justification Theory

PAGE 28

Applications of System Justification Theory SJT and Status

PAGE 30

SJT and Discrimination and Race

PAGE 31

Psychological Benefits from System Justification

PAGE 33

Community Involvement

PAGE 34

Motivation to Participate in Community Service Activities

PAGE 35

Values. Social.

PAGE 36

Protective. Understanding.

PAGE 37

Career. Enhancement.

PAGE 38

Summary

PAGE 39

Research Design Sample Selection

PAGE 41

I nstrumentation Level of Involvement in Community Service Activities Motivation to Volunteer

PAGE 42

Values. Social.

PAGE 43

Protective. Understanding. Career.

PAGE 44

Enhancement. System Justifying Beliefs Government.

PAGE 45

Belief in Individual Mobility. Belief in a Just World.

PAGE 46

Protestant Work Ethic. Group Equality.

PAGE 47

Extraneous Group. Procedure

PAGE 48

Sample Statistics Demographics

PAGE 49

Post hoc Assignment to Groups

PAGE 50

Test for Normal Distribution Tests of Central Tendency

PAGE 53

Multiple Regression Analysis Hypothesis One

PAGE 54

Hypothesis Two

PAGE 56

Hypothesis Three H3:

PAGE 57

Research Question and Hypothesis Hypothesis One

PAGE 59

Hypothesis Two

PAGE 60

Average Level of Involvement Dimensions of Motivation to Volunteer Values.

PAGE 62

Social

PAGE 63

Career

PAGE 64

Understanding.

PAGE 65

Protective.

PAGE 66

Enhancement. Hypothesis Three

PAGE 67

Altruistic Motive

PAGE 69

Egoistic Motives

PAGE 70

Post Hoc Analyses Always Significant Dimensions

PAGE 71

Never Significant Dimensions Sometimes Significant Dimensions

PAGE 72

Synthesizing Community Service and System Justification

PAGE 73

Limitations

PAGE 75

Implications for Future Research

PAGE 78

Please complete this portion before proceeding. I have read the procedures described in the Informed Consent document. I voluntarily agree to participate in the procedure and I have received a copy of this description. Participant: _______________________________________ Date: _________________ Do NOT write your name on the scantron DO write your UF ID number 1. What is your gender? a. Male b. Female 2. What is your current college classification? a. Freshman b. Sophomore c. Junior d. Senior e. Graduate Student 3. How old are you? a. 18-19 b. 20-21 c. 22-23 d. 24 or older e. I am under 18 years old 4. How many hours a week do you participate in community service activities? a. 1-5 hours b. 6-10 hours c. 11-15 hours d. more than 15 hours e. I do not participate in community service activities on a weekly basis. 5. How many times a month do you participate in community service activities? a. 13 times a month b. 46 times a month c. 710 times a month d. more than 10 times a month e. I do not partic ipate in community service activities on a monthly basis.

PAGE 79

6. On a scale of 1 -5 (5 being the most involved, 1 being the least involved), rate how involved you feel you are in community service activities. a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 e. 5 7. How many community service student organizations are you involved in? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 or more e. I am not involved in any community service student organizations. you Mark your answers on the scantron as follows: A = Strongly Disagree, B = Disagree, C = Neutral, D = Agree, E = Strongly Agree A = Strongly Disagree, B = Disagree, C = Neutral, D = Agree, E = Strongly Agree

PAGE 80

A = Strongly Disagree, B = Disagree, C = Neutral, D = Agree, E = Strongly Agree Mark your answers on the scantron as follows: A = Strongly Disagree, B = Disagree, C = Neutral, D = Agree, E = Strongly Agree A = Strongly Disagree, B = Dis agree, C = Neutral, D = Agree, E = Strongly Agree

PAGE 81

A = Strongly Disagree, B = Disagree, C = Neutral, D = Agree, E = Strongly Agree PLEASE READ THE DIRECTIONS CAREFULLY Mark A for True and B for False. A= TRUE B= FALSE